1

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

IAUAE?IA Ieueaa Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 536.424.1; 539.21; 548.4

OACIA? IA?AOIAeE

A E?ENOAEAO ? IE?AEAO SnTe

OA IAAeA?AOEAO SnTe/PbTe

01.04.07 — o?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?aaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio

Oi?aa?neoao? I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oaaei?aiei Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/ (i?ioani? eaoaae?e

o?ceee iaoae?a ? iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Oa?e?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo).

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaeethaeia ?aai Iaoa?eiae/ (aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo

o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea, iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ? oaoiieia?e

IIOe “Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”).

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eioe?i Aieiaeeie? Ii?na?ae/

(caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ce/ii? o?i?? Oa?e?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: IOE “?inoeooo iiiie?enoae?a” IAI Oe?a?ie

A?aeae?e eiiaeainiaaieo iieaeoey?ieo ie?aie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 12 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 16 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.03 o Oa?e?anueeiio

aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (310077, i. Oa?e?a, i. Naiaiaee, 4,

aoae. ?i. E.Ae.Neiaeueieeiaa).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 6 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.I.Iieaea

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oe?ieee ?ioa?an, yeee i?eae?ey?oueny
aeine?aeaeaiith iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo niieoe oeio IV-VI coiiaeth?oueny ?o
canoinoaaiiyi ye aeaoaeoi??a oa aaia?aoi??a ?*-aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
?iaeaeoe?eieo eaca??a, oa?iiaeaeo?e/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a, aeao/ee?a
Oieea, iaai?oi?acenoi??a oa ?i. Oe? aocueeiciii? iaoa??aee i?eaa?oathoue
oaaao aeine?aeiee?a ? ye c?o/i? iiaeaeuei? ia’?eoe aeey aea/aiiy cie?aia
oaeeo o?ce/ieo yaeu, ye no?oeoo?i? oacia? ia?aoiaee (OI),
ianoao?iiao??y, iaaei?ia?aei?noue.

Aiane?aeie iniaeeainoae ciiii? no?oeoo?e oa aeaeo?ii-oiiiiii?
aca?ii-ae?? niieoee oeio IV-VI a?ae??ciythoueny noeeuei?noth aei
iie?ii?o?cio, cie?aia aei OI naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai oeio. Coiiaethth/e
iano?ee?noue aeaeo?iiii? oa a?aoeiai? i?aenenoai o iaaiiio
oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?, OI ?noioii aieeaathoue ia aeanoeaino? oa
noaa?euei?noue ??cieo aaaeeeaeo c i?aeoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o oa?aeoa-?enoee.
Ine?eueee niieoee IV-VI oa?aeoa?ecothoueny cia/iei a?aeoeeaiiyi a?ae
noao?iiao???, yea coiiaeth? aenieo eiioeaio?aoe?th aeanieo aeaoaeo?a, OI
ia iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny aac a?aooaaiiy aeaoaeoii? i?aenenoaie e?enoaea
o ca’yceo c ?? aieeaii ia iaoai?ci ? oa?aeoa?enoeee OI, a oaeiae
iiaeeea?noth ?aae?caoe?? OI, ?i?oe?eiaaieo aca?iiae??th aeaoaeo?a
ianoao?iiao??? i?ae niaith.

Oe?iea canoinoaaiiy niieoe IV-VI o oiieiie?aeiaiio noai? aecia/a?
iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy niaoeeo?ee i?iyao OI a oiiaao, eiee ?ici??iee
aoaeo iiaea ?noioii aieeaaoe ia oa?iiaeeiai?/io ??aiiaaao. Ca inoaii?
aeanyoe??//y ie??i o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy aeanoeainoyie
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo niieoe (aaaaeaiiy aeii?oie, a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
noao?iiao???, io?eiaiiy oiieeo ie?aie oa ?i.) c’yaeeany iiaa oi?eaeueia
iiaeeea?noue ni?yiiaaii? ci?ie aeanoeainoae – noai?aiiy iaaea?aoie (IA)
ia ?o iniia?. ?ioa?an aei inoaii?o, ye c oai?aoe/iiai, oae ? c
i?aeoe/iiai aieo coiiaeth?oueny aeyaeaiiyi o IA ?yaeo aeanoeainoae, ye?
a?aenooi? o cae/aeieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a, iiaeeea?noth oi?aae?iiy ciiiith
no?oeoo?ith oa o?ce/ieie aeanoeainoyie, oe?ieeie ia?niaeoeaaie
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy. Ia oeae /an aaea noai?ai? i?eno?i? ia iniia?
IA ?c niieoe IV-VI, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a ?*-iioiaeaeo?ii?oe?,
caaaeyee iayaiino? o ieo niaoeeo?/ieo oa aaaeeeaeo c i?aeoe/ii? oi/ee
ci?o aeanoeainoae. O ca’yceo c oeei iinoa? i?iaeaia c’ynoaaiiy oa?aeoa?o
i?iyaeaiiy o IA oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a ??ciiai oeio, aeanoeaeo eiiiiiaioai.
E??i oiai, c iaeyaeo niaoeeo?ee ia’?eoo iiaeia i/?eoaaoe iiyae iiaeo OI.

Ia ii/aoie oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c aieeaii
aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a ia oaiia?aoo?i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, iaoai?ci oa e?iaoeeo OI o niieoeao IV-VI, aca?iiae??th
aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? i?ae niaith, ui i?eaiaeyoue aei ?o
oii?yaeeoaaiiy ? iiyae iiaeo OI, a oaeiae ?c niaoeeo?eith i?iyao OI o
oiieeo oa?ao oa IA, i?aeoe/ii ia aea/aeeny. I?ae oei, an? oe? i?iaeaie
noaiiaeyoue, aacia?a/ii, iaoeiaee ? i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an. Oea ? aecia/eei
aeooaeuei?noue iinoaiiaee oe??? ?iaioe.

Ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy – oaeo?eae ieiaa ? IA SnTe/PbTe. SnTe-
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaa oaca ci?iiiai neeaaeo c oe?ieei ( 1 ao. %)
iaeiinoi?iii?i ?ioa?aaeii aiiiaaiiino?, aenieith eiioeaio?aoe??th
aeanieo aeaoaeo?a (ia?aaaaeii eao?iiieo aaeain?e) oa iin??a ca?yaeo
?-oeio (1020-1021 ni-3). E?euee?noth oeeo aeaoaeo?a eaaei ea?oaaoe,
ci?ithth/e nooi?iue a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae noao?iiao??? a iaaeao ?ioa?aaeo
aiiiaaiiino?, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aea/aoe i?ioeane aca?iiae?? ?
oii?yaeeoaaiiy aeaoaeo?a. ?bTe – iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaa niieoea c aocueeei
(ia a?eueoa 0.03 ao. %) aeainoi?iii?i ?ioa?aaeii aiiiaaiiino?. SnTe ia?
OI naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai oeio i?e 100 E ? ia?aoiaeeoue aei
iaaei?ia?aeiiai (II) noaio i?e O 0.2 E, PbTe ia cacia? OI. IA SnTe/PbTe
— c?o/i? iiaeaeuei? ia’?eoe aeey aeyaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee i?iyao OI o IA,
ine?eueee o?eueee iaeei c eiiiiiaio?a IA ia? no?oeoo?iee OI oa II
ia?ao?ae. Ie?aee SnTe ? PbTe aeineoue oaoiieia?/i?, oi/ i?iaeaia
iaea?aeaiiy oa??a SnTe c eiio?ieueiaaiith noao?iiao???th caeeoa?oueny
aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?ceee iaoae?a ? iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? aoiaeeea a IAe? eaoaae?e ca
oaiaie, caoaa?aeaeaieie iaeacii I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ?37 a?ae 13.02.97,
“?ioa?aeeooc?y a iaaeoiieeo aaaaoioa?iaeo eiiiiceoe?yo oa iaaea?aoeao”
(? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197O001910) oa “?ic?iaea ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?iaeai
o?ceee oiieeo ie?aie ? noai?aiiy noaa?eueieo a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao
iiaeo iaoa??ae?a aeey aeaiaio?a aeaeo?ii?ee oa ?ioeo iaeanoae iaoee ?
oaoi?ee” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196O014669).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
anoaiiaeaiiy aieeao aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo (NOI), aeyaeaiiy
OI, coiiaeaieo aca?iiae??th aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? i?ae niaith, a
oaeiae anoaiiaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee i?iyao OI a oiieeo oa?ao SnTe ? IA
SnTe/PbTe.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe oae?
caaea/?:

— neioacoaaoe ia’?ii? e?enoaee SnTe c ??ciei nooiaiai a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
noao?iiao???;

— aeine?aeeoe oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? ia?aiao?a aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee,
eiao?oe??ioa oaieiaiai ?icoe?aiiy (EO?), aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? ,
eiao?oe??ioa Oieea RH, ?ooeeaino? iin??a ca?yaeo H a ?ioa?aae? 4.2-300 E
a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao SnTe c ??ciei nooiaiai a?aeoeeo a?ae noao?iiao???;

— aea/eoe aieea aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? ia aeeiai?eo e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee SnTe;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee io?eiaiiy oiieeo ie?aie SnTe c eiio?ieueiaaiith
eiioeaio?aoe??th aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? oa aeine?aeeoe oaiia?aoo?i?
caeaaeiino? aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeanoeainoae;

— aeine?aeeoe iaoai?ci ?inoo oiieeo oa??a SnTe ? PbTe iaeei ia iaeiiio ?
?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee io?eiaiiy IA SnTe/PbTe;

— aeine?aeeoe oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeanoeainoae
IA SnTe/PbTe a ?ioa?aae? 1.6 — 300 E.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

— Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai OI o
e?enoaeao oa ie?aeao SnTe c iaeii/aniei canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a
aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao?a a?aoee, EO?, aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeanoeainoae o
oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? 4.2 — 300 E. Anoaiiaeaii aieea a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
noao?iiao??? ia oaiia?aoo?o OI On a SnTe ? aieea nooiaiy aeineiiaeino?
no?oeoo?e ia oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiiy OI. Iaea?aeaia oaiia?aoo?ia
caeaaei?noue aeiaeaoeiaiai ieoiiiai iii?o iiaeeco NOI ? aeaia ??
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y ia iniia? oyaeaiue i?i aioo??oiueiciiia ?icn?yiiy ae??ie
ia i’ye?e iiae? OI-oiiii?a.

— Aia?oa a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao ? oiieeo ie?aeao SnTe c aenieith
eiioeaio?aoe??th ianoao?iiao?e/ieo aaeain?e aeyaeaii aeaa iiaeo OI a
oaiia?aoo?ieo ?ioa?aaeao 135-150 ? 200-215 E. I?eionea?oueny, ui oe? OI
iia’cai? c i?ioeanaie ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? ?
ooai?aiiyi iaea?eueo aia?aaoe/ii aea?aeieo eiio?ao?aoe?e. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui oa?aeoa? oaiia?aoo?ieo aiiiae?e aeanoeainoae a iaeanoyo oeeo OI
caeaaeeoue ye a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeanieo aeaoaeo?a, oae ? a?ae
e?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a (oaeaeeino? iaa??ao-ioieiaeaeaiiy, oiaueie ie?aee,
nooiaiy no?oeoo?ii? aeineiiaeino? ? o.ae.). Anoaiiaeaii aieea
?aeaenaoe?eieo yaeu ia oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiiy OI. Iieacaii, ui i?ioeane
ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaoaeo?a a?eueo eaaei ?aae?cothoueny o oiieeo ie?aeao ?
ii?ioeiaeo c?aceao o ii??aiyii? c ia’?iieie e?enoaeaie.

— Aecia/aia caeaaei?noue a?aoeiai? oaieii?ia?aeiino? ia’?iieo e?enoae?a
SnTe a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? eao?iiieo aaeain?e a ?ioa?aae? 300-650 E.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui eao?iii? aaeain?? ? oeaio?aie aoaeoeaiiai ?icn?thaaiiy
oiiii?a. Iiia?a/iee ia?a??c ?icn?yiiy ia aaeain?yo neeaaea? S = 2.5
ai2, aea ai — ia?aiao? aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee, ui aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
?ic?aooieaie ca oai???th Eeaiaina.

— Aia?oa aeyaeaii aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? EO? a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? aeanieo aeaoaeo?a c i?i?ioiii i?e neeaae? 50.4 ao. % Oa,
yeee a?aeiia?aea? iaeneioio ia e?eaeo e?ea?aeona ? nie?aeona a nenoai?
Sn-Te. I?eionea?oueny, ui iaeneiaeueia aeeiai?/ia no?ee?noue SnTe i?e
iaai?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a (~1.6 % aaeain?e a eao?iii?e
i?aea?aooe?) ? iai?yiei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi ?nioaaiiy OI, coiiaeaieo
i?ioeanaie oii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiieo aaeain?e i?e ?o cia/i?e
eiioeaio?aoe??, a i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy EO? a?aeiia?aea? iioeiaeueiiio
neeaaeo oii?yaeeoaaiiy.

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee io?eiaiiy oiieeo ie?aie SnTe c eiio?ieueiaaiith
eiioeaio?aoe??th aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao???. Anoaiiaeaia ei?aeyoe?y i?ae
cia/aiiyie ? oaiia?aoo?iei oiaeii e?iaoe/ieo eiao?oe??io?a o ie?aeao
SnTe oa nooiaiai no?oeoo?ii? aeineiiaeino?, oiaueiith ? neeaaeii ie?aie.
Iieacaii, ui cia/aiiy ?ooeeaino? oa nooiaiaaiai eiao?oe??ioa o
caeaaeiino? I(O) c?inoathoue i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iie?- aei
iiiie?enoae?/ieo ie?aie ? ciaioaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? iin??a. Anoaiiaeai?
ia?aaaaei? iaoai?cie ?icn?yiiy ae??ie a ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ieo ?ioa?aaeao.
Iieacaii, ui ia a?aei?io a?ae NOI i?e OI, iia’ycaieo c i?ioeanaie a
aeaoaeoi?e i?aenenoai?, ia? i?noea ia o?eueee ci?ia ?ooeeaino? iin??a
ca?yaeo, aea ? eiao?oe??ioa Oieea.

— Aeine?aeaeaii iaoai?ci ?inoo ie?aie SnTe ? PbTe iaeia ia iaei?e.
Iieacaii, ui ie?aee SnTe ? PbTe ?inoooue iaeia ia iaei?e ca iaoai?ciii
O?aiea-aai aea? Ia?aa, aecia/ai? iniiai? ia?aiao?e ?inoo (e?eoe/ia
oiaueia inaaaeiii?oiiai oa?o, ia??iae n?oee aeeneieaoe?e
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ia i?aeoaci?e iaae? oa ?i.)

— Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii NOI o IA. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino?
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa i?iyaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo OI o IA SnTe/PbTe, ye? a
cia/i?e i??? coiiaeththoueny oa?aeoa?ii aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy ia i?aeoaci?e
iaae? i?ae /an OI. A ?acoeueoao? oeueiai aaee/eia aeiaeaoeiaiai
aeaeo?iiii?o, ui noi?iaiaeaeo? OI, caeaaeeoue a?ae i???ioaoe?? oa??a.

— Ciaeaeaii iaaei?ia?aeiee ia?ao?ae o iai?oaeaieo IA SnTe/PbTe (TC~ 3.4
E) ? anoaiiaeai? oiiae eiai niinoa?aaeaiiy. Aeyaeaii iia??oaiiy II
aeanoeainoae i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iai?oaeaieo IA aei aeeneieaoe?eieo.
Iieacaii, ui II o IA SnTe/PbTe niinoa??aa?oueny a oiiaao inaaaeiii?oiiai
?icoyaiooiai noaio oa??a SnTe.

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe ? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae
ia?aiao?a aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee, eiao?oe??ioa oa?i?/iiai ?icoe?aiiy,
aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?, eiao?oe??ioa Oieea, ?ooeeaino? iin??a ca?yaeo a
e?enoaeao oa ie?aeao SnTe, ye? aeyaeee oaiia?aoo?i? aiiiae??
aeanoeainoae, i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?nioaaiiy NOI a SnTe oa anoaiiaeththoue
caeaaei?noue oa?aeoa?a eiai i?iyao a?ae nooiaiy aeineiiaeino?
e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e, a eiai oaiia?aoo?e — a?ae nooiaiy a?aeoeeaiiy
a?ae noao?iiao??? SnTe.

2. O e?enoaeao oa oiieeo ie?aeao SnTe c aenieith eiioeaio?aoe??th
ianoao?iiao?e/ieo aaeain?e e??i a?aeiiiai NOI niinoa??aathoueny,
i?eiaeii?, ua aeaa OI a ?ioa?aaeao 135-150 oa 200-215 E, ye?, iaiaaii,
iia’ycai? c i?ioeanaie ia?aaoaeiae aeaoaeoii? i?aenenoaie e?enoaeo,
?i?oe?eiaaieie aca?iiae??th aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? i?ae niaith.
Oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiiy oeeo OI caeaaeeoue ye a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeanieo
aeaoaeo?a, oae ? a?ae e?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a (oaeaeeino?
iaa??ao-ioieiaeaeaiiy, oiaueie ie?aie ? o.ae.)

3. I?e iaai?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? (eao?iiieo
aaeain?e) e?enoae SnTe ia? iaeneiaeueio aeeiai?/io noaa?euei?noue, i?i
ui na?ae/eoue i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy EO?. Oea ? iai?yiei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi
?nioaaiiy OI, coiiaeaieo i?ioeanaie ia?a?iciiae?eo eao?iiieo aaeain?e
i?e ?o cia/i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ? ooai?aiiy oii?yaeeiaaieo eiio?ao?aoe?e,
ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue i?i?ioio a?eueii? aia?a??.

4. Oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiiy NOI, aeanoeaiai SnTe, o IA SnTe/PbTe ?noioii
caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?a aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy ia iaaeao oa??a o i?ioean?
OI, yea aea? iniiaiee aianie o ci?io iii?o a iaeano? ia?aoiaeo. Aaee/eia
? oa?aeoa? iai?oaeaiiy, ui aeieea? o i?aeoaci?e iaae?, caeaaeaoue a?ae
i???ioaoe?? ?inoo oa??a.

5. O iaaea?aoeao SnTe/PbTe c iai?oaeaieie oa?aie niinoa??aa?oueny
iaaei?ia?aeiee ia?ao?ae c e?eoe/iith oaiia?aoo?ith ~3.4 E.
Iaaei?ia?aei?noue o IA SnTe/PbTe niinoa??aa?oueny eeoa ca oiiae
inaaaeiii?oiiai ?icoyaiooiai noaio SnTe. Aaaaeaiiy aeeneieaoe?e
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? o i?aeoacio iaaeo SnTe/PbTe cieaeo? iai?oaeaiiy ia
?ioa?oaen? (aiae. interface — iiaa?oiy ?icae?eo) ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
i?eai?/aiiy iaaei?ia?aeiino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue no?oeoo?e, oaieiaeo oa aeaeo?io?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a oa oiieeo ie?aie oaeo?eae?a ieiaa-naeioeth o
oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ia i?aeoeoe?
aeey oi?aae?iiy aeanoeainoyie oeeo iaoa??ae?a.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee io?eiaiiy oiieeo ie?aie SnTe c eiio?ieueiaaiith
eiioeaio?aoe??th aeanieo aeaoaeo?a, a oaeiae iaoiaee iaea?aeaiiy oeyoii
aaeooiii? eiiaeainaoe?? iai?oaeaieo, /anoeiai iai?oaeaieo oa
aeeneieaoe?eieo IA iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny i?e noai?aii? ie?aeiaeo
oa?iiia?aoai?thaa/?a, aeaoaeoi??a ?*-aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa ?io?o i?eno?i?a,
a oaeiae i?e i?iaaaeaii? iaai?oieo, iioe/ieo, iaai?oiiioe/ieo oa ?io?o
aei??thaaiue, i?e yeeo noaaeyoueny iniaeea? aeiiae aei iino?eiino?
oiaueie ia’?eoa oa yeino? iiaa?oi?.

Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?icoe?ththoue
oyaeaiiy i?i i?e?iaeo oa iaoai?ci OI, ?ieue aeanieo aeaoaeo?a o
a?aoeia?e ianoaa?eueiino? e?enoae?a, niaoeeo?eo i?iyao OI o oiieeo oa?ao
? IA ? iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o eaeoe?eieo eo?nao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/ee. Aaoi?eith aaciina?aaeiuei ?ic?iaeai?
oaoiieia?? i?eaiooaaiiy ? io?eiai? ia’?ii? e?enoaee, oiie? ie?aee oa
iaaea?aoee ia iniia? oaeo?eae?a ieiaa-naeioeth; aeine?aeaeaii no?oeoo?o
io?eiaieo ia’?eo?a; i?iaaaeai? aei??thaaiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino?,
aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?, eiao?oe??ioa Oieea, iaai?oiiii?o, eiao?oe??ioa
oaieiaiai ?icoe?aiiy o oe?ieiio oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?; i?iaaaeaii
ia?iaeo oa aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo; i?aeaioiaeai? iaoa??aee aei
ioae?eaoe?e; noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaiou
ii?eethaeiai?, aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia III Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? c o?ceee ? oaoiieia?? oiieeo iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo ie?aie
(Iaaii-O?aieianuee, 1990); 22th International School of Physics of
Semiconducting Compounds (Jaszowiec, Poland, 1993); 3 Ananithci?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea oaeueeiaaieaeiuo iieoi?i-aiaeieeia”
(*a?iiaoei, 1991); 1 Iiaeaocianuee?e eiioa?aioei? “Iaoa?iaeiciaanoai i
oiceea iaiiai?iaiae-ieeiaeo oac ciiiiiai neeaaeo” (Iiaeei, 1991); V
Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioei? “Oiceea i oaoiieiaiy oiieeo ieiaie neeaaeieo
iaiiai?iaiaeieeia (Oaeai?iae, 1992); 2 Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioei?
“Iaoa?iaei-ciaanoai i oiceea iaiiai?iaiaeieeiaeo oac ciiiiiai neeaaeo
(Iiaeei, 1993); 4 Iiaeia?iaei?e eiioa-?aioei? c oiceee i oaoiieiaii
oiieeo ieiaie (Iaaii-O?aieianuee, 1993); 1 Iiaeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioei?
“Iaoa?iaeiciaanoai aeiaciiiaeiaieo i oaeueeiaaiiaeieo
iaiiai?iaiae-ieeia” (*a?iiaoei, 1994); 1 International Autumn
School-Conference “Solid State Physics: Fundamentals and Application”
(Uzhgorod, Ukraine, 1994); 7th Inter-national Conference on Narrow Gap
Semiconductors (Santa Fe, USA, 1995); Spring Meeting Materials Research
Society (San Francisco, USA, 1995); International School-Conference
“Physical Problems in Material Science of Semiconductors” (Ukraine,
Chernivtsi, 1995); International Conference “Material Science and
Material Properties for Infrared Optoelectronics” (Uzhgorod, Ukraine,
1996); IV Ukrainian-Polish Meeting on Phase Transition and Ferroelectric
Physics (Dniepropetrovsk, Ukraine, 1998); IV International Conference
“Materials Science and Material Properties for Infrared Optoelectronics”
(Kyiv, Ukraine, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 27 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue.
C ieo 11 noaoae o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa 16 oac aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe: Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 6
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?c 334
iaeiaioaaiue. Aiia i?noeoue 147 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 4
oaaeeoe? oa 49 ?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aia iaoa ?iaioe;
aeeeaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ? noi?ioeueiaai? iieiaeaiiy, ye?
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno; aeacai? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o
iaoeiaa iiaecia.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e” iaaaaeai? caaaeuei? a?aeiiino?
i?i oaeo?eaee ieiaa oa naeioeth – oacia? ae?aa?aie, ?ioa?aaee
aiiiaaiiino?, e?enoae?/io oa ciiio no?oeoo?o. Aieiaia oaaaa
i?eae?ey?oueny ?icaeyaeo aeaieo i?i NOI o SnTe, a oaeiae OI a nenoai?
SnTe-PbTe, iaaei?ia?aeiinoue o niieoeao IV-VI. ?icaeyiooi iaoiaee
io?eiaiiy ie?aie SnTe ? PbTe, a oaeiae iaaaaeaii iaeyae ?ia?o c aea/aiiy
aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeanoeainoae ie?aie SnTe. Iienai? aeanoeaino? IA
SnTe/PbTe ? c?iaeaii iaeyae iayaieo ?ia?o ii II o IA. C aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo aeieeaa?, ui aeai? i?i NOI o SnTe ia??aeei
noia?a/i?, na?aae ieo i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?ie ? ?iaioe, a yeeo ae NOI
aeine?aeaeoaaany iaeii/anii ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo iaoiae?a ia c?aceao c
eiio?ieueiaaiith noao?iiao???th. I?aeoe/ii ia aea/aeeny ? ieoaiiy,
iia’ycai? ?c aca?iiae??th aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? i?ae niaith, a oaeiae
OI, coiiaeaieie ia?a?iciiae?eii oeeo aeaoaeo?a, iai?eeeaae, ?o
oii?yaeeoaaiiyi; ia c’yniaoaaeany niaoeeo?ea i?iyaeaiiy OI o oiieeo
ie?aeao ? IA. O caeeth/i?e /anoei? e?oa?aoo?iiai iaeyaeo noi?ioeueiaai?
iniiai? caaea/? ?iaioe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioo” iienaii iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee ia’?ii? e?enoaee SnTe,
iie?- ? iiiie?enoae?/i? ie?aee SnTe, a oaeiae IA SnTe/PbTe. Ie?aee
io?eioaaee ca iaoiaeii oa?i?/iiai aeia?iaoaaiiy o aaeooi? 10-4 Ia, a
oaeiae ca iaoiaeii “aa?y/i? no?iee” ia neei ? (001)KCl, a IA – oeyoii
iine?aeiaiiai inaaeaeaiiy oa??a SnTe e PbTe ia i?aeeeaaeee (001)KCl ?
(111) nethaee. Aoei canoiniaaii oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:
i?e?ino?oeoo?iee, aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iee, aeaeo?iiia?ao?/iee,
?aioaai?anueea aeeo?aeoiiao-??y, aei??thaaiiy EO?, , RH, iaaiaoiiii?o ?
oaieii?ia?aeiino? . Aei??thaaiiy ? RH i?iaiaeeee a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?
4.2 – 300 E aai 77 –300 E ia c?aceao, aeaioiaeaieo o oi?i? iiaea?eiiai
oiee?aneiai o?anoa, i?e iino?eiiio no?oi? e??cue c?acie oa iaai?oieo
iieyo c ?iaeoeoe??th 0 – 1.5 Oe.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “Oacia? ia?aoiaee a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao oaeo?eaea ieiaa”
i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith oaiia?aoo?ieo OI a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao
oaeo?eaea ieiaa, anoaiiaeaiith aieeao aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? ia
iaoai?ci ? oa?aeoa?enoeee OI, a oaeiae aeyaeaiith ?ie? oeeo aeaoaeo?a a
?nioaaii? no?oeoo?ieo ianoaa?eueiinoae a?aoee.

Ia?oa /anoeia ?icae?eo i?enay/aia nenoaiaoe/iiio aeine?aeaeaiith
a?aeiiiai c e?oa?aoo?e NOI ca iaoiaeaie aei??thaaiiy oaiia?aoo?ieo
caeaaeiinoae ia?aiao?a aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee (a), EO? () oa e?iaoe/ieo
aeanoeainoae (RH, , H) ia iie?e?enoae?/ieo c?aceao c ??ciei ai?noii
oaeo?o. Aeey noao?iiao?e/iiai neeaaeo SnTe eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieeei aeyaeoe oaiia?aoo?i? aiiiae?? a, , ? H a iaeano? 90-100 E.
Aia?oa niinoa??aaeany /?oei ae?aaeaia -aiiiae?y, i?eoaiaiia OI ae?oaiai
?iaeo, ia caeaaeiinoyo (O) aeey c?acea ?c noao?iiao?e/iei neeaaeii.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiaeaoeiaa cieaeaiiy ?ooeeaino? H, coiiaeaia
aca?iiae??th aeaeo?ii?a c OI-oiiiiaie i?e NOI, neeaaea? 8 %, a RH i?e
oeueiio i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ith?oueny.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo oa e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iieacaa, ui oa?aeoa? i?iyao
NOI ia oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoyo e?iaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ?noioii
caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy no?oeoo?ii? aeineiiaeino? c?ace?a. Aaee/eia
aiiiaeueiiai aeiaeaoeiaiai ca?eueoaiiy aeaeo?iiii?o c?inoa? a i??o
cieaeaiiy nooiaiy no?oeoo?ii? aeineiiaeino? e?enoae?a ? iiyae
aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoai?ci?a aeaeo?ii-oiiiiii? aca?iiae??, cie?aia i?e
ia?aoiae? a?ae iiii- aei iie?e?enoae?/ieo c?ace?a.

O ae?oa?e /anoei? ?icae?eo 3 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aieeao aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? ia aeeiai?eo e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee.
Io?eiai? caeaaeiino? oiiiiii? oaieii?ia?aeiino? p, EO?, ?oo-eeaino?
iin??a ca?yaeo H a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeanieo aeaoaeo?a i?e ??cieo
oaiia?aoo?ao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca?yaeaeai? aaeain?? ? oeaio?aie
aoaeoeaiiai ?icn?yiiy oiiii?a: aenia?eiaioaeueii ciaeaeaiee ia?a??c
?icn?yiiy oiiii?a ia aaeain?yo a SnTe neeaaea? s 2.5 ai2, aea ai-
ia?aiao? aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee SnTe, ui aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/iiai ?ic?aooieo a?aeiia?aeii aei oai??? Eeaiaina.
Iieacaii, ui aaaaeaiiy eao?iiieo aaeain?e i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?noioiiai
cieaeaiiy ?ooeeaino? oa ca?eueoaiiy aianeo ?icn?yiiy ia ca?yaeaeaieo
aeaoaeoao o caaaeueia cia/aiiy H.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy nooiaiy a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae noao?iiao???
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai niaaeo oaiia?aoo?e NOI ? i?e 50.4 ao.% Oa NOI
ia niinoa??aa?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, cao?thth/e aeaeo?iiio oa a?aoeiao
i?aenenoaie, aeaoaeoe ianoao?iiao??? noaa?e?cothoue ianaaiaoiaeaeo?e/io
eoa?/io oaco. C ?ioiai aieo, c?inoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? aeanieo aeaoaeo?a
aaaea aei ca?eueoaiiy eiia??iino? ?o aca?iiae?? i?ae niaith oa
ia?a?iciiae?eo o e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe? c ooai?aiiyi eiio?ao?aoe?e,
a?aeiia?aeieo i?i?ioio a?eueii? aia?a??. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
i?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy EO? a iaaeao ?ioa?aaeo aiiiaaiiino? SnTe i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao aeueo ca D niinoa??aa?oueny aeey neeaaeo 50.4 ao.% Oa, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? iaeneioio ia e?eaeo ieaaeino? a nenoai? Sn-Te.
I?eionea?oueny, ui ca?eueoaiiy aeeiai?/ii? noaa?eueiino? a?aoee SnTe c
?inoii eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? iia’ycaia c i?ioeanaie
oii?yaeeoaaiiy aaeain?e. Ianeeaaeiee ?ic?aooiie iieaco?, ui neeaae 50.4
ao. % Oa a?aeiia?aea? ooai?aiith AOeE-a?aoee aaeain?e c ia?aiao?ii a =
4ai,, aea ai – ia?aiao? aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee. C io?eiaieo aeaieo
aeieeaa?, ui aeieea? iiaeeea?noue OI, iia’ycaieo ia c iii’yeoaiiyi
iiia?a/ii? iiaee, a c ia?aaoaeiaith aeaoaeoii? i?aenenoaie e?enoaeo a
?acoeueoao? i?ae/anoeieiai? aca?iiae??. Aeyaeaiith oaeeo OI i?enay/aia
o?aoy /anoeia ?icae?eo 3.

O c?aceao ianoao?iiao?e/iiai SnTe (50.4 ? 50.8 ao.% Oa) ia
oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoyo a(O) aeyaeai? aea? aiiiae?? a ?ioa?aaeao
135-150 oa 200-215 E, iaea?eueo /?oei ae?aaeai? aeey c?acea ?c 50.4 ao.%
Oa, a yeiio aiie noi?iaiaeaeothoueny cia/ieie (1.5 %) no?eaeaie a ?
ia?aoiaeii EO? a iaeanoue a?ae’?iieo cia/aiue. Iano?ee?noue e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee o iaaieo oaiia?aoo?ieo ?ioa?aaeao iia’yco?oueny c OI o
i?aenenoai? aeanieo aeaoaeo?a – ianoao?iiao?e/ieo aaeain?e, coiiaeaieie
?o ia?a?iciiae?eii o eao?iii?e i?aea?aooe? i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e oa
neeaaeo. I?eionea?oueny, ui cia/ia aaee/eia aoaeo?a, ye?
noi?iaiaeaeothoue OI o c?aceo c 50.4 ao.% Oa, ? a?ae’?iiee ciae EO? a
iaeano? aiiiae?e coiiaeai? ae??th e?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a – ia??aiiaaaeiei
oa?aeoa?ii aeo?aeiiai noaio a ?acoeueoao? oaeaeeiai ioieiaeaeaiiy aei
oaiia?aoo?e 80 E ? ?aeaenaoe?eieie yaeuaie, ye? iathoue i?noea i?e
iaa??a?. Oea i?eiouaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeeeaoiiao?e/ieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae EO?, ciyoeo i?e ??cieo
oaeaeeinoyo iaa??ao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui, ii/eiath/e c ~ 180 E, e?ea? (O)
ni?aiaaeathoue aeey ??cieo oaeaeeinoae iaa??ao. Ca?eueoaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? eao?iiieo aaeain?e i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino?
aeeooc?eieo i?ioean?a, caaaeyee /iio aaee/eia aoaeo?a, ui
noi?iaiaeaeothoue OI, ciaiueoo?oueny.

O ?icae?e? 4 “Oacia? ia?aoiaee a oiieeo ie?aeao SnTe” iienai?
?acoeueoaoe io?eiaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e oa e?iaoe/ieo
aeanoeainoae oiieeo ie?aie SnTe o oe?ieiio oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?.
I?iaaaeaii eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue ?c anoaiiaeaiiy aieeao ??cieo
oaeoi??a – iaoiae?a iaea?aeaiiy ie?aie, oaiia?aoo?e i?aeeeaaeee, neeaaeo
aeo?aeii? iaaaaeee – ia neeaae oa e?iaoe/i? aeanoeaino? ie?aie SnTe. Ia
iniia? i?iaaaeaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y io?eiaiiy iiii-
oa iie?e?enoae?/ieo oiieeo ie?aie SnTe c eiio?ieueiaaiith
eiioeaio?aoe??th ianoao?iiao?e/ieo aeaoaeo?a. Iaee?au? ?acoeueoaoe aoee
iaea?aeai? i?e canoinoaaii? iaoiaeo “aa?y/i? no?iee”: ci?ithth/e neeaae
aeo?aeii? iaaaaeee aaeaaaeiny io?eioaaoe ie?aee aeniei? no?oeoo?ii?
aeineiiaeino? c eiio?ieueiaaiith eiioeaio?aoe??th iin??a ca?yaeo a
?ioa?aae? (0.5-10)1020ni-3 ? H = 40 — 1350 ni2/An. I?i?iaeueia
eiioeaio?aoe?y iin??a, iaea?aeaia o ie?aeao SnTe, aeyaeeany ieae/ith,
i?ae a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao, ae?iuaieo aac canoinoaaiiy niaoe?aeueieo
oaoiieia?e. Cia/aiiy H iiiie?enoae?/ieo ie?aie SnTe a?aeiia?aeaee H
ia’?iieo e?enoae?a. I?e cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e i?aeeeaaeee c?inoaea
iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaa eiioeaio?aoe?y aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? o ie?aeao.

Aeey ie?aie c ??ciith eiioeaio?aoe??th iin??a pH io?eiai? caeaaeiino? ,
RH, H a?ae O a ?ioa?aae? 4.2 — 300 E. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaee/eia
eiao?oe??ioa b o noaiaiaa?e caeaaeiino? HO-b aecia/a?oueny nooiaiai
no?oeoo?ii? aeineiiaeino? ie?aie, O ? pH, ci?ithth/enue a iaaeao b = 0
0.85. Cia/aiiy b cieaeothoueny i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iiii- aei
iie?e?enoae?/ieo ie?aie, a oaeiae ?c c?inoaiiyi pH. I?e ca?eueoaii? O
aei 150-200 E b c?inoa?, ui a?aeiia?aea? ia?aoiaeo a?ae ?icn?yiiy ia
?ii?ciaaieo aeaoaeoao (eao?iiieo aaeain?yo) aei ?icn?yiiy ia aeonoe/ieo
eieeaaiiyo.

Ia caeaaeiinoyo RH(T) ? H(T) aeey a?eueoino? ie?aie iiaeia aoei
aeae?eeoe aeaa ?ioa?aaee: o ia?oiio (aei 150-200 E) cia/aiiy RH
caeeoaeiny i?aeoe/ii iino?eiei, a H ciaiooaaeany; o ae?oaiio – cia/aiiy
RH c?inoaei, a eiao?oe??io b o caeaaeiino? H(O) ciaiooaaany. Cae/aeii
c?inoaiiy RH c oaiia?aoo?ith o niieoeao IV-VI iiynith?oueny ia iniia?
aeaiciiii? iiaeae? ? iia’yco?oueny ?c c?inoaiiyi aianeo o i?ia?aei?noue
iin??a c “aaaeei?” i?aeciie i?e i?aeaeuaii? oaiia?aoo?e. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
ca iaaieo oiia (a iiiie?enoae?/ieo ie?aeao c iaaiith oiaueiith oa
eiioeaio?aoe??th iin??a) ia?ao?ae a?ae iaeiiai ?ioa?aaeo aei ae?oaiai
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiyaith /?oei ae?aaeaieo aiiiae?e (i?i?ioi?a) RH ? H
aeecueei 200 E, a a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao aeaio aiiiae?e iiaeeco 130 ? 200
E. A?aoiaoth/e oeae oaeo, a oaeiae iayai?noue aiiiae?e ia oaiia?aoo?i?e
caeaaeiino? ia?aiao?a aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee ia’?iieo e?enoae?a, aoei
aeneiaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui niinoa?aaeai? aiiiae?? ? i?iyaeaiiyi OI,
iia’ycaieo c ia?a?iciiae?eii aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao???. Aenie? cia/aiiy H
? b a oeeo ie?aeao ieae/a 200 E aeacothoue ia iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy
oii?yaeeiaaii? no?oeoo?e, a ye?e ?icn?yiiy aeaeo?ii?a ia aeaoaeoao
aeyaey?oueny neaaeei /a?ac ?o ia??iaee/iee ?iciiae?e o e?enoae?/i?e
a?aooe?. Ine?eueee oe? i?ioeane a cia/i?e i??? eiio?ieththoueny
e?iaoe/ieie oaeoi?aie, oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiiy OI iiaea aooe ?noioii ??ciei.
No?eaeiiiae?aiee oa?aeoa? OI a aeayeeo c?aceao oa iinooiiaee a
a?eueoino? ie?aeiaeo c?ace?a oa ia’?iieo e?enoaeao, i/aaeaeii, coiiaeai?
naia e?iaoe/ieie oaeoi?aie, ye? aecia/athoue ianooaa ? nooi?iue
oii?yaeeoaaiiy ianoao?iiao?e/ieo aaeain?e. Oae, i?e iaeeo oiaueiao
ie?aie i?ioeane oii?yaeeoaaiiy iiaeooue aooe oo?oaeiai? caaaeyee
cia/iiio aianeo iiaa?oiaai? aia?a??. O ia’?iieo e?enoaeao a ii??aiyii? c
oiieeie ie?aeaie oo?oaeiai? i?ioeane aeeooc??, ui ia?aoeiaeaea?
ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaoaeo?a. Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui a oiieeo ie?aeao ca
iaaieo ianoaaei ooai?ththoueny a?eueo ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey ?aae?caoe??
i?ioean?a ia?aaoaeiae nenoaie aeaoaeo?a. Iiaeeeaa ?aae?caoe?y
i?e?iaeiiaiiiai noaio. Aeneiaeth?oueny i?eiouaiiy, ui c?inoaiiy RH c
oaiia?aoo?ith, yea niinoa??aa?oueny a SnTe, iia’ycaia c i?ioeanaie
?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy aeaoaeo?a oa/aai iiyaith aeaoaeo?a iiaiai oeio.

O ?icae?e? 5 “Oacia? ia?aoiaee o iaaea?aoeao SnTe/PbTe” aeeeaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy OI o IA SnTe/PbTe. Aeine?aeaeai? oiiae oa aecia/ai?
iniiai? ia?aiao?e ai?oaen?eiiai ?inoo o aaeooi? ie?aie SnTe e PbTe iaeia
ia iaei?e ca iaoai?ciii O?aiea-Aai-aea?-Ia?aa. Aecia/aia e?eoe/ia
oiaueia inaaaeiii?oiiai ?inoo hC = 10 ii, ia??iae n?oee aeeneieaoe?e
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ia i?aeoaci?e iaae? ? = 32 ii. Iaoiaeaie i?ina?/oth/i?
aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? aea/aii no?oeoo?o i?aeoacii? iaae? ? iieacaii
iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy i?e aaeooii?e ai?oaen?? iai?oaeaieo
inaaaeiii?oieo, /anoeiai iai?oaeaieo oa aeeneieaoe?eieo IA SnTe/PbTe.
I?iaaaeai? aaeueaaiiiaai?oi? aeine?aeaeaiiy IA SnTe/PbTe a ?ioa?aae?
oaiia?aoo? 1.5 — 300 E ? iaai?oieo iieyo aei 1.5 Oe. Iaea?aeai?
oa?iiiieueia? caeaaeiino? i?ia?aeiino?, eiao?oe??ioa Oieea, iiia?a/iiai
oa iicaeiaaeiueiai iaai?oiiii?o. Aeyaeaii II ia?ao?ae o IA c ia??iaeii
16.5 ii (ON 3.4 E). Aea/aiiy eooiaeo caeaaeiinoae ae?oaiai e?eoe/iiai
iiey iieacaei, ui II ia ? eaac?aeaiaei??iith, ye o IA nenoaie PbTe/PbS,
aea aiia eieae?co?oueny ia i?aeoacieo iiaa?oiyo. Aenia?eiaioaeueii
iieacaii, ui II o IA SnTe/ PbTe coiiaeaia iai?oaeaiei, ?icoyaiooei
noaiii oa??a SnTe ? iiaea aooe iia’ycaia ye c ?ici’yeoaiiyi oiiiiiiai
niaeo?a, oae ? c iaaiei a?aeiiniei ?icoaooaaiiyi oa?i?a L6+ ? L6- PbTe
oa SnTe ia aaoa?iiaae?. Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a no?oeoo?ieo oa
aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaei, ui II o IA PbTe ? SnTe ia
iia’ycaia, ye o IA nenoaie PbTe/PbS, c ?nioaaiiyi ia i?aeoacieo iaaeao
n?oie aeeneieaoe?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino?, nooi?iue aeineiiaeino? yeeo o IA
SnTe/PbTe cia/ii ieae/ee, i?ae o PbTe/PbS. Aaaaeaiiy aeeneieaoe?e
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? o i?aeoacio iaaeo SnTe/PbTe /anoeiai cieaeo?
iai?oaeaiiy o oa?ao SnTe ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?eai?/aiiy II, a oie /an,
ye o IA PbTe/PbS ?aaoey?i? n?oee aeeneieaoe?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ia
?ioa?oaenao coiiaeththoue II.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee i?iyao no?oeoo?ieo OI o IA aoee io?eiai?
iai?oaeai? IA SnTe/PbTe c i?oaeii caeaoi?iiaaieie oa?aie aac
aeeneieaoe?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ia iaaeao ?icae?eo oeyoii oa?i?/iiai
aeia?iaoaaiiy o aaeooi? oa iine?aeiaiiai inaaeaeaiiy oaeo?eae?a ieiaa oa
naeioeth ia i?aeeeaaeee (001)KNl oa (111) nethaee. O IA (001) SnTe/PbTe
e??i aiiiae?? aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?, iia’ycaii? c II ia?aoiaeii, a
?ioa?aae? 60-130 E aoei niinoa?aaeaii iaeneioi , iaea?eueo /?oei
ae?aaeaiee o ia?oiio oeeee? ioieiaeaeaiiy. O iiaoi?ieo oeeeeao
ioieiaeaeaiiy aiiiaeueiee iaeneioi i?aeoe/ii cieeaa. Aeey IA (111) SnTe/
PbTe aiiiae?y ia niinoa??aaeany, ? caeaaei?noue (O) caeeoaeany
iaci?iiith o an?o oeeeeao ioieiaeaeaiiy. Aeey iiyniaiiy niinoa?aaeaieo
aoaeo?a aoee ?icaeiai? oyaeaiiy i?i aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy ia iaaeao oa??a
i?e OI. Ine?eueee oa? SnTe, yeee cacia? OI, o ieiuei? (001) aei?noei
ca’ycaiee c aeaiia noi?aeieie oa?aie PbTe (caaaeyee ?aae?caoe?? oa?iaiai
?inoo ca iaoai?ciii O?aiea-Aai aea? Ia?aa a aeai?e i?e?ioaoe??), oi i?e
aeinyaiaii? no?oeoo?iiai OI ia iaaeao oa??a iiaeii? aeieeiooe
aeiaeaoeia? cnoai? iai?o-aeaiiy, ye? iiaeooue ci?iaoeny o?eueee a
?acoeueoao? aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy ??ciiai oeio. Iniiaiee aianie o ci?io
iii?o IA a iaeano? ia?aoiaeo aea? aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy ia iaaeao oa??a.
A?aenooi?noue aiiiae?? o IA, ui aoee ae?iuai? a i???ioaoe?? (111) iiaea
iaoe oaea iiyniaiiy. ?iiaiaae?e/i?noue aeieea? ca ?aooiie aeoyaiaiiy
e?enoaeo oeio NaCl acaeiaae in? <111>. O i???ioaoe?? (001) ?icoyaoth/?
iai?oaeaiiy iathoue ye ii?iaeuei?, oae ? oaiaaioe?ei? neeaaeia?. O
aeiaaeeo ae i???ioaoe?? (111) cnoaia (aeioe/ia) iai?oaeaiiy, yea iiaea
aeeeeeaoe ooai?aiiy ? ?oo aeaoaeo?a, a?aenooi?, caaaeyee /iio
oaiia?aoo?ia caeaaei?noue i?ia?aeiino? ia ia? aiiiae??.

O ?icae?e? 6 “Iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a” c?iaeaii i?aenoiee ?acoeueoao?a
eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy OI o ia’?iieo e?enoaeao, oiieeo ie?aeao ?
iaaea?aoeao. C’yniao?oueny iiaea?eia ?ieue aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao???,
ye?, c iaeiiai aieo, ci?iththoue oaiia?aoo?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee NOI, a, c
ae?oaiai aieo, i?e cia/i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aca?iiae?thoue i?ae niaith, ui
i?eaiaeeoue aei iiaeo OI, iaoiiaeaieo i?ioeanaie ia?a?iciiae?eo
aeaoaeo?a. Aeyaeaia niaoeeo?ea i?iyao OI o oiieeo oa?ao, iia’ycaia c
?ici??iei aoaeoii, oa iaaea?aoeao, aea OI cae?enith?oueny a oiiaao
neeaaeiiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE

1. Ia iniia? eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiy oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae
ia?aiao?a aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee, EO?, aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? oa eiao?oe??ioa
Oieea a ?ioa?aae? 4.2.-300 E i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?nioaaiiy
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai OI a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao oa ie?aeao SnTe; anoaiiaeaia
caeaaei?noue oaiia?aoo?e OI a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao???
? iieacaii, ui aaee/eia oaiia?aoo?ii? aiiiae?? ieoiiiai iii?o c?inoa?
i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iiii- aei iie?e?enoae?a.

2. Iaoiaeaie ?aioaai?anueei? aeeo?aeoiiao???, aei??thaaiiy EO? oa
aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeanoeainoae anoaiiaeaii, ui e??i naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai
OI o e?enoaeao oa oiieeo ie?aeao SnTe iiaeooue ?aae?coaaoeny ua,
i?eiaeii?, aeaa OI (i?e 135-150 E ? 200-215 E), ye?, iaiaaii, iia’ycai?
c i?ioeanaie ia?aaoaeiae aeaoaeoii? i?aenenoai? e?enoaeo i?e ci?i?
oaiia?aoo?e. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue i?ioean?a, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei
a?aoeiai? oa aeaeo?iiii? ianoaa?eueiino?, ui a?aoiao? iiaeeea?noue
aeaeaeiai oii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiieo aaeain?e i?e iaaieo ?o
eiioeaio?aoe?yo, ooai?aiiy i?e?iaaoa?iaaiii? no?oeoo?e, ui neeaaea?oueny
c oac c a?eueo iaiaaeaiith noao?iiao???th, a oaeiae eieaeoeaieo aoaeo?a
o ae??eia?e i?aenenoai? e?enoaeo.

3. Iieacaii, ui e?euee?noue aeacaieo OI ? oa?aeoa? oaiia?aoo?ieo
aiiiae?e aeanoeainoae caeaaeaoue a?ae eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a
ianoao?iiao???, oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy c?acea, oiaueie ie?aee ?
oaiia?aoo?e i?aeeeaaeee, a oaeiae e?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a (oaeaeeino?
iaa??ao-ioieiaeaeaiiy, o?eaaeino? aeo?eiee i?e iino?ei?e oaiia?aoo?? i?e
aei??ao). Aeo?aeiee ia??aiiaaaeiee noai c?ace?a, ui ia? i?noea i?e
aa?ooaaii?, i?ecaiaeeoue i?e iaa??a? aei iaeeaaeaiiy OI ? ?aeaenaoe?eieo
yaeu. Oea, c iaeiiai aieo, aecia/a? a?eueo neeaaeio ea?oeio
oaiia?aoo?ieo aiiiae?e, a, c ae?oaiai aieo, a?eueo ae?acia i?iyaeaiiy
OI. Aeyaeaii, ui i?ioeane ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaoaeo?a eaaoa ?aae?cothoueny
o oiieeo ie?aeao oa ii?ioeiaeo c?aceao, i?ae o ianeaieo e?enoaeao, ui
iia’yco?oueny ?c c?inoaiiyi aeeooc?eii? ?ooeeaino? o oiieeo oa?ao a
ii??aiyii? c ia’?iieie e?enoaeaie.

4. Aecia/aia caeaaei?noue oaieiaiai iii?o a?aoee ? EO? SnTe a?ae
eiioeaio?aoe?? eao?iiieo aaeain?e i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui eao?iii? aaeain?? ? oeaio?aie aoaeoeaiiai ?icn?thaaiiy oiiii?a, ui
noeioeth? i?ioeane ?o oii?yaeeoaaiiy i?e cieaeaii? oaiia?aoo?e.
I?i?iaeueia cia/aiiy EO? niinoa??aa?oueny i?e neeaae? 50.4 ao % Oa, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? iaeneioio ia e?eaeo e?ea?aeono oa nie?aeono. Iaeneiaeueia
aeeiai?/ia oa oa?i?/ia noaa?euei?noue SnTe i?e 50.4 ao.% Oa
iia’yco?oueny c i?ioeanaie oii?yaeeoaaiiy ianoao?iiao?e/ieo aaeain?e.

5. Iaea?aeai? oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? aaeueaaiiiaai?oieo aeanoeainoae
e?enoae?a ? ie?aie SnTe a ?ioa?aae? 4.2 – 300 E ? aeine?aeaeaii aieea OI
ia ?o oa?aeoa?. Anoaiiaeai? ia?aaaaei? iaoai?cie ?icn?yiiy iin??a
ca?yaeo a ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ieo ?ioa?aaeao ? cia/aiiy nooiaiaaiai
eiao?oe??ioo a oaiia?aoo?i?e caeaaeiino? ?ooeeaino? iin??a ca?yaeo i?e
??cieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? ? nooiaiy no?oeoo?ii?
aeineiiaeino?. Iieacaii, ui i?e c?inoaii? oaiia?aoo?e ia? i?noea
ia?ao?ae a?ae ?icn?yiiy ia ?ii?ciaaieo aeaoaeoao aei ?icn?yiiy ia
aeonoe/ieo ? iioe/ieo eieeaaiiyo. Aeyaeaii cieaeaiiy nooiaiaaiai
eiao?oe??ioo i?e c?inoaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? ?
ia?aoiae? a?ae iiii- aei iie?e?enoae?/ieo ia’?eo?a. Iaea?aeai?
oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? aeiaeaoeiaiai ieoiiiai iii?o i?e
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiio OI ocaiaeaeothoueny c oai???th Eiaayo?, ui a?aoiao?
aioo??oiueiciiia ?icn?yiiy iin??a i’yeith iiaeith OI-oiiii?a. I?e
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiio OI ia niinoa??aa?oueny ci?ia eiao?oe??ioa Oieea, a
oie /an ye aeey ?io?o OI oaea ci?ia ia? i?noea, ui iiaea aooe iia’ycaii
c oii?yaeeoaaiiyi aaeain?e.

6. Aeine?aeaeaii iaoai?ci ?inoo ie?aie SnTe oa PbTe iaeia ia iaei?e,
aecia/ai? iniiai? ia?aiao?e ?inoo (e?eoe/ia oiaueia inaaaeiii?oiiai
oa?o, ia??iae n?oee aeeneieaoe?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ia i?aeoaci?e iaae?
oa ?i.). ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea io?eiaiiy i?e aaeooii?e eiiaeainaoe??
iai?oaeaieo inaaaeiii?oieo, /anoeiai iai?oaeaieo oa aeeneieaoe?eieo
iaaea?aoie SnTe/PbTe.

7. Aeyaeaii II ia?ao?ae o iaaea?aoeao SnTe/PbTe ?c iai?oaeaieie oa?aie c
TN3.4 E. Iieacaii, ui II niinoa??aa?oueny o?eueee ca oiia
inaaaeiii?oiiai ?icoyaiooiai noaio SnTe. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy
aeeneieaoe?e iaa?aeiia?aeiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?eai?/aiiy II.

8. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ?aae?caoe?? OI o IA SnTe/PbTe. Iieacaii,
ui i?iyaeaiiy OI caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o aeaoaeoiooai?aiiy ia
i?aeoaci?e iaae? a i?ioean? OI, yea a naith /a?ao, coiiaeaia
i???ioaoe??th ?inoo oa??a.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CAeIAOAA*A CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

1. Mironov O.A., Chistyakov S.V., Skrylev I.Yu., Fedorenko A.I., Sipatov
A.Yu., Savitskii B.A., Shpakovskaya L.P. Nashchekina O.N., Oszwaldowski
M. The galvanomagnetic properties of short-period SnTe/PbTe
superlattices // Superlattices and Microstructures.-1990.-V.8.-?
4.-P.361-363.

2. Mironov O.A., Chistyakov S.V., Fedorenko A.I., Shpakovskaya L.P.,
Sipatov A.Yu., Savitskii B.A., Nashchekina O.N., Oszwaldowski M.
Superconductivity of non-strained PbTe-PbS and strained PbTe-SnTe
superlattices // Acta Physica Polonica A.-1991.-V.80.-N 3.-P.329-332.

3. Fedorenko A.I., Nashchekina O.N., Savitskii B.A., Shpakovskaya L.P.,
Mironov O.A., Oszwaldowski M. Strain in PbTe/SnTe heterojunctions grown
on (001) KCl // Vacuum.-1992.-V.43.-? 12.-P.1191-1193.

4. Rogacheva E.I., Sinelnik N.A., Nashchekina O.N., Popov V.P.,
Lobkovskaya T.A. Defects of non-stoichiometry and dynamic stability of
SnTe crystal lattice // Acta Physica Polonica A.-1993.-V.84.-?
4.-P.733-736.

5. Ie?iiia I.A., Oiaeianeay E.I., Iauaeeia I.I., Oaaei?aiei A.E.,
Iaea?ianeee I.I. Aiiiaeee yeaeo?ii?iaiaeiinoe e no?oeoo?iua oaciaua
ia?aoiaeu a naa?o?aoaoeao PbTe-SnTe // Ooieoeeiiaeueiua
iaoa?eaeu.-1994.-O.1.-? 2.-N.132-134.

6. Nashchekina O.N., Rogacheva E.I., Shpakovskaya L.P., Pinegin V.I.,
Fedorenko A.I. Non-stoichiometric defects in semiconductor SnTe thin
films // Material Research Society Symposium
Proceedings.-1995.-V.378.-P.255-260.

7. Rogacheva E.I., Gorne G.V., Nashchekina O.N. Deviation from
stoichiometry and lattice properties of semiconducting SnTe phase //
Material Research Society Symposium Proceedings.-1995.-V.378.-P.107-112.

8. ?iaa/aaa A.E., Iauaeeia I.I. Oi?i/iaiea ?aoaoee i?e eaoeiiiuo
caiauaieyo a iieoi?iaiaeieeiaii niaaeeiaiee SnTe // Iai?aai.
Iaoa?eaeu.-1995.-O.31.-? 6.-N.723-726.

9. Mironov O.A., Makarovskii O.N., Nashchekina O.N., Shpakovskaya L.P.,
Litvinov V.I., Oszwaldowski M., Berus T. SnTe phase transition in
strained superlattices PbTe/SnTe // Acta Physica Polonica
A.-1995.-V.88.-? 5.-P.853-856.

10. Nashchekina O.N., Rogacheva E.I. Temperature anomalies of transport
properties in SnTe epitaxial thin films // Physica Status
Solidi.-1998.-V.169.-N 2.-P.235-238.

11. Nashchekina O.N., Isakina A.P., Prokhvatilov A.I., Rogacheva E.I.,
Fedorenko A.I. Low temperature lattice instability of SnTe // Low
Temperature Physics.-1999.-V.25.-N 4.-P. 390-395.

12. Ie?iiia I.A., *enoyeia N.A., Ne?ueaa E.TH., Neiaoia A.TH., Naaeoeeee
A.A., Oaaei?aiei A.E., Oiaeianeay E.I., Iauaeeia I.I. Eiaa?niua
yieoaeneaeueiua naa?o?aoaoee ia iniiaa oaeueeiaaieaeia naeioea e ieiaa –
iiaeaeueiua iauaeou AONI // Oac. aeiee. 3-e Ananithci. eiio. ii oeceea e
oaoiieiaee iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo ieaiie.- Eaaii-O?aieiane.- 1990.- *.2.-
N.338.

13. ?iaa/aaa A.E., Iauaeeia I.I. Ianoaoeiiao?e/aneea aaeainee e
oaieii?iaiaeiinoue iiiioaeeo?eaea ieiaa //Oac. aeiee. 3 Ananithci. eiio.
«Iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea oaeueeiaaieaeiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeia».-
*a?iiaoeu.-1991.-*. II.- C.40.

14. Ie?iiia I.A., *enoyeia N.A., Oaaei?aiei A.E., Oiaeianeay E.I.,
Neiaoia A.TH., Naaeoeeee A.A., Iauaeeia I.I., Ioaaeueaeianeee I.
Yecioe/aneay naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoue yieoaeneaeueiuo naa?o?aoaoie ia iniiaa
oaeueeiaaieaeia naeioea e ieiaa // Oac. aeiee. 3 Ananithciie eiio.
«Iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea oaeueeiaaieaeiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeia.»-
*a?iiaoeu.-1991.- *.I.- N.15.

15. ?iaa/aaa A.E., Iauaeeia I.I., Iiiia A.I. Ioeeiiaiea io noaoeiiao?ee
e oaieiaua naienoaa SnTe // Oac. aeiee. 1 Iaaeaocianeie eiio.
«Iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea e oeceea iieoi?iaiaei. oac ia?aiaiiiai ninoaaa».-
Iaaeei.- N.42.

16. Ie?iiia I.A., Oiaeianeay E.I., Iauaeeia I.I., Oaaei?aiei C.C.
Aiiiaeee yeaeo?inii?ioeaeaiey a naa?o?aoaoeao PbTe-SnTe // Oac. aeii.
V-? Oe?a?inueei? eiio. “O?ceea ? oaoiieia?y oiieeo ie?aie neeaaeieo
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a”.- Oaeai?iae.- 1992.- N.122-124.

17. Iauaeeia I.I., Ieiaaei A.E., ?iaa/aaa A.E., Oiaeianeay E.I.
No?oeoo?a e aaeueaaiiiaaieoiua naienoaa oiieeo ieaiie ieaiie SnTe //
Iaoa??aee IV I?aeia?iaeii? eiio. c o?ceee ? oaoiieia?? oiieeo ieiaie.-
?aaii-O?aie?anuee (Oe?a?ia).- 1993.- *.2.-N.234.

18. Rogacheva E.I., Sinelnik N.A., Nashchekina O.N., Popov V.P.,
Stepanova S.V. Defects of non-stoichiometry and dynamic stability of
SnTe crystal lattice // Abstr. of the 22 Intern. School of Physics of
Semiconducting Compounds.- Jaszowiec (Poland).- 1993.- P. 112.

19. Oaaei?aiei A.E., Iauaeeia I.I., Oiaeianeay E.I. Enneaaeiaaiea oacu
ia?aiaiiiai ninoaaa Sn1-xTe a oiieiieaii/iii ninoiyiee // Oac. aeii. II
Oe?a?inueei? eiio. “Iaoa??aeiciaanoai ? o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo oac
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20. ?iaa/aaa A.E., Iauaeeia I.I. Oi?i/iaiea ?aoaoee i?e eaoeiiiii
caiauaiee a iieoi?iaiae-ieeiauo niaaeeiaieyo oeia A4A6 // Oac. aeiee. 1
Iaaeaeoia?iaei. eiio. ii iaoa?eaeiaaaeaieth oaeueeiaaieaeia e
aeiaciiiaeiaiuo iieoi?iaiaeieeia.- *a?iiaoeu.- 1994.- O.1.- N.159.

21. Nashchekina O.N., Shpakovskaya L.P., Fedorenko A.I., Mironov O.A.
Structural phase transitions in the strained superlattices PbTe-SnTe //
Proceedings of the 1st Intern. Autumn School-Conference “Solid State
Physics: Fundamentals and Applications” (SSPFA’94).- Uzhgorod (Ukraine)-
1994.- P.R75-R76.

22. Mironov O.A., Makarovskii O.N., Nashchekina O.N., Shpakovskaya L.P.,
Fedorenko A.I., Roga-cheva E.I. Manifestation of SnTe phase transition
in the strained superlattices PbTe/SnTe. // Abstr. of the 7 Intern.
Conf. on Narrow Gap Semiconductors. – Santa Fe, New Mexico (USA).-
1995.- P.47.

23. Fedorenko A.I., Nashchekina O.N., Pinegin V.I., Rogacheva E.I.,
Shpakovskaya L.P. Electrical properties of SnTe thin films // Intern.
School-Conf. «Physical Problems in Material Science of Semiconductors».-
Chernivtsi.- 1995.- P.129.

24. Nashchekina O.N, Rogacheva E.I., Shpakovskaya L.P., Pinegin V.I.,
Fedorenko A.I. Non-stoichiometric defects in semiconductor SnTe thin
films // Abstr. of MRS 1995 Spring Meeting.- San-Francisco (USA).-
1995.- P.53.

25. Fedorenko A.I., Nashchekina O.N., Pinegin V.I., Rogacheva E.I.,
Shpakovskaya L.P. Growth of SnTe thin films with controlled
concentration of non-stoichiometric defects // Abstr. of Intern. Conf.
«Material Science and Material properties for Infrared
Optoelectronics».-Uzhgorod (Ukraine).-1996.- P.157.

26. Rogacheva E.I., Nashchekina O.N., Fedorenko A.I. Deviation from
stoichiometry and ferroelectric phase transition in SnTe. // Abstr. of
the IV Ukrainian-Polish Meeting on Phase Transitions and Ferroelectric
Physics.- Dniepropetrovsk (Ukraine).- 1998.- P.99.

27. Nashchekina O.N., Rogacheva E.I., Fedorenko A.I. Phase transitions
and transport properties in the SnTe crystals and thin films // Abstr.
of IV Intern. Conf. “Material Science and Material Properties for
Infrared Optoelectronics”.- Kyiv (Ukraine).- 1998.- P.110.

Iauae?ia I.I. Oacia? ia?aoiaee a e?enoaeao ? ie?aeao SnTe oa iaaea?aoeao
SnTe/PbTe.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/i?o iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.07 – o?ceea oaa?aeiai
o?ea. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

?iaioa i?enay/aia eiiieaeniiio aeine?aeaeaiith oaiia?aoo?ieo
ianoaa?eueiinoae o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae (ia?aiao?a aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee,
EO?, aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?, eiao?oe??ioa Oieea, ?ooeeaino? iin??a ca?yaeo)
a ia’?iieo e?enoaeao ? ie?aeao SnTe oa iaaea?aoeao SnTe/PbTe c iaoith
anoaiiaeaiiy aieeao aeaoaeo?a ianoao?iiao??? oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee naaiaoiaeaeo-?e/iiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo (NOI), aeyaeaiiy
oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a (OI), coiiaeaieo aca?iiae??th aeaoaeo?a
ianoao?iiao??? i?ae niaith, a oaeiae anoaiiaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee i?iyao OI a
oiieeo oa?ao SnTe ? iaaea?aoeao SnTe/PbTe. O e?enoaeao oa oiieeo ie?aeao
SnTe c aenieith eiioeaio?aoe??th eao?-iiieo aaeain?e e??i a?aeiiiai NOI
niinoa??aathoueny, i?eiaeii?, ua aeaa OI a ?ioa?aaeao 135-150 oa 200-215
E, iaiaaii, iia’ycai? c i?ioeanaie ia?aaoaeiae aeaoaeoii? i?aenenoaie
e?enoaeo. Oa?ae-oa? i?iyao oeeo OI caeaaeeoue ye a?ae eiioeaio?aoe??
aeanieo aeaoaeo?a, oae ? a?ae e?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a (oaeaeeino?
iaa??ao-ioieiaeaeaiiy oa ?i.). Iieacaii, ui i?iya NOI, aeanoeaiai SnTe,
o iaaea?aoeao SnTe/PbTe ?noioii caeaaeeoue a?ae i???ioaoe?? ?inoo oa??a.
O iaaea?aoeao SnTe/PbTe c iai?oaeaieie oa?aie aeyaeaii iaaei?ia?aeiee
ia?ao?ae c e?eoe/iith oaiia?aoo?ith ~3.4 E. Aaaaeaiiy aeeneieaoe?e
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? o i?aeoacio iaaeo SnTe/PbTe i?ecaiaeeoue aei
i?eai?/aiiy iaaei?ia?aeiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oacia? ia?aoiaee, oaeo?eae ieiaa, ianoao?iiao??y,
aeani? aeaoaeoe, ia’?ii? e?enoaee, oiie? ie?aee, iaaea?aoee, oaieia?
aeanoeaino?, aaeueaaiiiaai?oi? aeanoeaino?, oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino?
aeanoeainoae, iaaei?ia?aei?noue.

Iauaeeia I.I. Oaciaua ia?aoiaeu a e?enoaeeao e oiieeo ieaieao SnTe e
naa?o?aoaoeao SnTe/PbTe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.07 — oeceea
oaa?aeiai oaea. — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia.
1999.

?aaioa iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio enneaaeiaaieth oaiia?aoo?iuo
ianoaaeeueiinoae oece/aneeo naienoa a iauaiiuo e?enoaeeao e oiieeo
ieaieao SnTe, a oaeaea naa?o?aoaoeao SnTe/PbTe n oeaeueth onoaiiaeaiey
aeeyiey aeaoaeoia ianoaoeiiao?ee e ae?oaeo oaeoi?ia ia oa?aeoa?enoeee
ecaanoiiai naaiaoiyeaeo?e/aneiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaea (NOI), auyaeaiey
oaciauo ia?aoiaeia (OI), iaoneiaeaiiuo acaeiiaeaenoaeai aeaoaeoia
ianoaoeiiao?ee iaaeaeo niaie, a oaeaea onoaiiaeaiey niaoeeoeee
i?iyaeaiey OI a oiieeo ieaieao e naa?o?aoaoeao.

I?iaeaia aeeyiey aeaoaeoia, a oii /enea aeaoaeoia ianoaoeiiao?ee ia OI
eiaao, ii e?ae-iae ia?a, aeaa aniaeoa. N iaeiie noi?iiu, aeaoaeou iiaoo
aeeyoue ia OI, eciaiyy eo oaiia?aoo?o, oa?aeoa? i?ioaeaiey e o.ae. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, acaeiiaeaenoaea aeaoaeoia i?e eo cia/eoaeueiie
eiioeaio?aoeee iiaeao i?eaanoe e iiaui OI, naycaiiui n ia?ano?ieeie
aeaoaeoiie iiaenenoaiu. Ana ?anoe?ythuaany eniieueciaaiea iaoa?eaeia a
oiieiieaii/iii ninoiyiee o?aaoao auyniaiey niaoeeoeee i?iyaeaiey OI a
iecei?acia?iuo nenoaiao, a oe?ieea ia?niaeoeau oi?aaeaiey naienoaaie
iauaeoia i?e eniieueciaaiee naa?o?aoaoie i?eaeaeatho aieiaiea e i?iaeaia
OI a naa?o?aoaoeao.

A ea/anoaa iauaeoia enneaaeiaaiey aua?aiu niaaeeiaiea SnTe e
naa?o?aoaoee SnTe/PbTe. Oe?ieee eioa?an e enneaaeiaaieth
iieoi?iaiaeieeiauo niaaeeiaiee oeia IV-VI ii?aaeaeyaony eo i?eiaiaieai a
ea/anoaa aeaoaeoi?ia e aaia?aoi?ia EE-eceo/aiey, eiaeaeoeeiiiuo eaca?ia,
oa?ii-i?aia?aciaaoaeae e o.ae. Yoe oceiciiiua iaoa?eaeu i?eaeaeatho
aieiaiea e eae oaeiaiua iiaeaeueiua iauaeou aeey eco/aiey oaeeo
oece/aneeo yaeaiee, eae no?oeoo?iua OI, ianoaoeiiao?ey,
naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoue e o.ae.

Aia?aua i?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniia enneaaeiaaiea NOI a e?enoaeeao e ieaieao
SnTe n iaeiia?aiaiiui eniieueciaaieai iaoiaeia ecia?aiey ia?aiao?a
yeaiaioa?iie y/aeee, EO? e aaeueaaiiiaaieoiuo naienoa a eioa?aaea
oaiia?aoo? 4.2-300 E. Onoaiiaeaii aeeyiea ioeeiiaiey io noaoeiiao?ee ia
oaiia?aoo?o OI a SnTe, a oaeaea aeeyiey noaiaie niaa?oainoaa no?oeoo?u
ia oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiey OI. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi e?iia NOI a e?enoaeeao e
oiieeo ieaieao SnTe iiaoo ?aaeeciaaoueny aua, ii e?aeiae ia?a, aeaa OI,
i?aaeiieiaeeoaeueii naycaiiua n i?ioeannaie ia?a-no?ieee aeaoaeoiie
iiaenenoaiu e?enoaeea i?e eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo?u. I?aaeeiaeaia iiaeaeue
i?i-oeannia, i?eaiaeyueo e ?aoaoi/iie e yeaeo?iiiie ianoaaeeueiinoe,
o/eouaathuay aiciiaeiinoue aeaeueiaai oii?yaei/aiey eaoeiiiuo aaeainee,
ia?aciaaiey iee?iaaoa?iaaiiie no?oeoo?u, a oaeaea eieeaeoeaiuo yooaeoia
a aeu?i/iie iiaenenoaia e?enoaeea. Iieacaii, /oi eiee/anoai oeacaiiuo OI
e oa?aeoa? oaiia?aoo?iuo aiiiaeee naienoa caaenyo io eiioeaio?aoeee
aeaoaeoia ianoaoei-iao?ee, oaoiieiaee i?eaioiaeaiey ia?acoea, oieueiu
ieaiee e oaiia?aoo?u iiaeeiaeee, a oaeaea io eeiaoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia
(nei?inoe iaa?aaa-ioeaaeaeaiey e ae?.). Enoiaeiia ia?aaiiaaniia
ninoiyiea ia?acoeia, iieo/aaiia i?e caeaeea, i?eaiaeeo i?e iaa?aaa e
iaeiaeaieth OI e ?aeaenaoeeiiiuo yaeaiee, /oi, n iaeiie noi?iiu,
ii?aaeaeyao aieaa neiaeioth ea?oeio oaiia?aoo?iuo aiiiaeee, a, n ae?oaie
noi?iiu, aieaa io/aoeeai i?iyaeyao OI. Iaia?oaeaii, /oi i?ioeannu
ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey aeaoaeoia eaa/a ?aaeecothony a oiieeo ieaieao e
ii?ioeiauo ia?acoeao, /ai a ianneaiuo e?enoae-eao, /oi naycuaaaony n
oaaee/aieai aeeoooceiiiie iiaeaeaeiinoe a oiieeo neiyo ii n?aaiaieth n
iauaiiuie e?enoaeeaie. Ii?aaeaeaia caaeneiinoue oaieiaiai nii?ioeaeaiey
?aoaoee e EO? SnTe io eiioeaio?aoeee eaoeiiiuo aaeainee i?e ?acee/iuo
oaiia?aoo?ao. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eaoeiiiua aaeainee yaeythony oeaio?aie
yooaeoeaiiai ?annayiey oiiiiia, /oi noeioee?oao i?ioeannu eo
oii-?yaei/aiey. Ieieiaeueiia cia/aiea EO? niioaaonoaoao ninoaao 50.4
ao.% Oa, ioaa/athuaio iaene-ioio ia e?eauo eeeaeaeona e nieeaeona a
nenoaia Sn-Te. Iaeneiaeueiay aeeiaie/aneay e oa?ie/a-neay noaaeeueiinoue
SnTe i?e 50.4 ao.% Oa naycuaaaony n i?ioeannaie oii?yaei/aiey
ianoaoei-iao?e/aneeo aaeainee.

Iieo/aiu oaiia?aoo?iua caaeneiinoe aaeueaaiiiaaieoiuo naienoa e?enoaeeia
e ieaiie SnTe a eioa?aaea 4.2 – 300 E e enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea OI ia eo
oa?aeoa?. Onoaiiaeaiu i?aiaeaaeathuea iaoaieciu ?annayiey iineoaeae
ca?yaea a ?aciuo oaiia?aoo?iuo eioa?aaeao e cia/aiey noaiaiiiai
eiyooeoeeaioa a oaiia?aoo?iie caaeneiinoe iiaeaeaeiinoe iineoaeae
ca?yaea i?e ?acee/iuo eiioeaio?aoeeyo aeaoaeoia ianoaoeiiao?ee e noaiaie
no?oeoo?iiai niaa?oainoaa. Iaia?oaeaii nieaeaiea noaiaiiiai
eiyooeoeeaioa i?e oaaee/aiee eiioeaio?aoeee aeaoaeoia ianoaoeiiao?ee e
ia?aoiaea io iiii- e iieee?enoaeee/aneei iauaeoai. Iieo/aiiua
oaiia?aoo?iua caaeneiinoe aeiiieieoaeueiiai oaeaeueiiai nii?ioeaeaiey
i?e NOI niaeanothony n oai?eae Eiaayoe, o/eouaathuae aioo?eciiiia
?annayiea iineoaeae iyaeie iiaeie OI-oiiiiia.

Enneaaeiaai iaoaieci ?inoa ieaiie PbTe e SnTe ae?oa ia ae?oaa,
ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua ia?aiao?u ?inoa (e?eoe/aneay oieueia
inaaaeiii?oiiai neiy, ia?eiae naoee aeeneieaoeee ianiioaaonoaey ia
iaaeoaciie a?aieoea e o.ae.). ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea iieo/aiey i?e
aaeooiiie eiiaeainaoeee iai?yaeaiiuo, /anoe/ii iai?yaeaiiuo e
aeeneieaoeeiiiuo naa?o?aoaoie SnTe/PbTe.

Iaia?oaeai NI ia?aoiae a naa?o?aoaoeao SnTe/PbTe n iai?yaeaiiuie neiyie
n TN 3.4 E. Iieacaii, /oi NI iaaethaeaaony oieueei a oneiaeyo
inaaaeiii?oiiai ?anoyiooiai ninoiyiey SnTe, a aaaaeaiea aeeneieaoeee
ianiioaaonoaey i?eaiaeeo e iiaeaaeaieth NI.

Onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe iaaethaeaiey e oa?aeoa?a i?iyaeaiey OI a
naa?o?aoaoeao SnTe/PbTe. Iieacaii, /oi i?iyaeaiea OI caaeneo io
oa?aeoa?a aeaoaeoiia?aciaaiey ia iaaeoaciie a?aieoea a i?ioeanna OI,
eioi?ia, a naith i/a?aaeue, ii?aaeaeyaony i?eaioaoeeae ?inoa neiaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaciaua ia?aoiaeu, oaeeo?eae ieiaa, ianoaoeiiao?ey,
nianoaaiiua aeaoaeou, iauaiiua e?enoaeeu, oiieea ieaiee, naa?o?aoaoee,
oaieiaua naienoaa, aaeueaaiiiaaieoiua naienoaa, oaiia?aoo?iua
caaeneiinoe naienoa, naa?oi?iaiaeeiinoue.

Nashchekina O.N. Phase transitions in bulk crystals and thin films of
SnTe and SnTe/PbTe superlattices. – Manuscript.

Thesis for the scientific degree of candidate of physical and
mathematical sciences, speciality 01.04.07 – solid state physics. —
Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to complex investigation of temperature
instabilities of physical properties (unit cell parameter, thermal
expansion coefficient, electrical conductivity, the Hall coefficient,
charge carrier mobility) in SnTe bulk crystals and thin films and
SnTe/PbTe superlattices. The aim of the work was to establish effect of
nonstoichiometric defects and other factors on characteristics of the
ferroelectric phase transition (FPT), detect new phase transitions (PT)
caused by defect interactions and reveal specificity of phase transition
manifestation in SnTe thin layers and SnTe/PbTe superlattices. In SnTe
bulk crystals and thin films with high concentration of cation
vacancies, at least two more PT in addition to the known FPT were
observed in the ranges 135-150 K and 200-215 K. They are believed to be
connected with restructuring in the crystal defect subsystem. The
character of manifestation of these PT depends both on native defect
concentration and kinetic factors (rate of heating/cooling, etc.) It was
shown that manifestation of the FPT inherent in SnTe, in SnTe/PbTe
superlattices significantly depends on layer growth orientation. In
SnTe/PbTe superlattices with strained layers, superconductivity with the
critical temperature ~3.4. K was detected. Introduction of misfit
dislocations onto SnTe/PbTe interfaces led to suppression of
superconductivity.

Key words: phase transitions, tin monotelluride, nonstoichiometry,
native defects, bulk crystals, thin films, superlattices, thermal
properties, galvanomagnetic properties, temperature dependences of
properties, superconductivity.

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