OE?A?INUeEA OA?IAOeAAOE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

_________________________________________________________

EENEE*AIEI A?eoi??y Na?a??aia

OAeE 615.322:582.717

OA?IAEIAIINOE*IA AEA*AIIss I?AAeNOAAIEE?A

?IAeEIE AA?ONIA?, A?ONEEII?, ?AIIEEIA? ?

?IC?IAEA IA ?O INIIA? E?EA?NUeEEO CANIA?A

15.00.02 – oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o?i?y oa oa?iaeiaiic?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oa?iaeiaiic?? Oe?a?inueei? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii?
aeaaeai??, I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio:aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EIAAEUeIA Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/

Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e oa?iaeiaiic??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NA?A?I Aiaoie?e Aaa?eeiae/

Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e iaaee/ii? aioai?ee

aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IAOTHI?I Aaiiaae?e Iaaeiae/

Oa?e?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?

ina?oe, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ee?i?/ii? a?io?i?? oa

noaeiai-iaaee/ii? oieneeieia??

aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe

I?AeI?OAEIEEIA TH??e Aaneeueiae/

Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiaee oeaio? e?ea?nueeeo cania?a,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? aiae?oe/ii? o?i??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? o?i?? oa oa?iaeiaiic??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 1 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 1000 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.605.01 i?e Oe?a?inuee?e
oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
Iooe?inueea, 53.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai?? (310168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aethoa?a, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 26 ” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?.N.A?eoeaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Cia/aiiy ? aaaeeeaa i?noea e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei o
oa?iaoeaaoe/i?e i?aeoeoe? caa??aa?oueny, a a inoaii? ?iee no??iei c?inee
o ca’yceo c aaaaoueia aacia?a/ieie ia?aaaaaie: o?i?/ia i?e?iaea
a?eueoino? e?e?a ?ineeiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaia aei
i?aai?cio ethaeeie, aiie ia aeeeeeathoue na?eicieo iia?/ieo ae?e, iaio
oiene/i?, iathoue aeineoue oe?ieee niaeo? oa?iaeieia?/ii? aeoeaiino?,
iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ia i?ioyc? o?eaaeiai /ano. Aeooaeueiith
i?iaeaiith oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? iaoee ? iiooe oa aea/aiiy iiaeo aeae?a ?ineei
a?o/eciyii? oei?e, ui ca?aeiiaiaeoaaee naaa o ia?iaei?e iaaeeoeei?, a
oaeiae noai?aiiy ia ?o iniia? iiaeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, i?aai?caoe?y
i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa c canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaenii? ia?a?iaee ne?iaeie
oa ?ic?iaee iaiao?aeii? ii?iaoeaii-oaoi?/ii? aeieoiaioaoe?? (IOAe).

Iaea?eueo iiaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ineei oa iayai?noue aeinoaoiuei?
ne?iaeiii? aace iiynith? ?ioa?an aei aea/aiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?.

O ca’yceo c oeei o yeino? ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iaie aoee aea?ai?
o?aaeeoe?ei? ieiaeiai-ya?aei? eoeueoo?e: i?aaenoaaieee ?iae?a Aa?on
(Grossularia Mill.) oa Nii?iaeeia (Ribes L.), ye? iaeaaeaoue aei
?iaeeie Aa?onia? (Grossulariaceae); caeaaia eoeueoeaiaaia a Oe?a?i?
?ineeia, ui aein? canoiniaoaaeany o yeino? aeaea?aea ea?ae?ioii?/ieo
ae?eiceae?a, iaia?noyiea oa?noenoa (Digitalis lanata Ehrh.) ?iaeeie
?aiieeia? (Scrophulariaceae), a oaeiae ?ai?o a?aeii? ye aooiiine,
aeaea?aea ae?a?oae?niiiae?aieo ae?eiceae?a ? aeaei?aoeai? /aaa?ieee — 7
aeae?a a?oneei ?iaeeie A?oneeii? (Celastraceae).

Oe? ?ineeie aaaao? ia ai?no ??cieo eean?a a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei
(AA?), aea aea/aeeny aiie iaaeinoaoiuei aai aacnenoaiii. C e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaieo a?aeiii, ui aeuacaaaeai? ?ineeie oe?iei canoiniaothoueny a
iaoeia?e ? ia?iaei?e iaaeeoeei?.

Iathoue i?noea a?aeiiino?, ui iie?naoa?eaei? eiiieaene oe?iei
canoiniaothoueny o iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe? o yeino? i?ioeae?aceiaeo,
iii’yeooaaeueieo, i?ioecaiaeueieo, ioeie?oe/ieo, i’yeeo i?iiinieo,
iaaie?eath/eo i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae ye oeeoioiene/i?, eiio?aoeaioeai?,
aioeaea?a?/i?, a?iiae?eai?/i?, ?ioiiiiaeoethth/?, a?iioieanoa?e-iai?/i?
caniae.

Aeeo/aiiy AA? c ?ineei ?iaeei Aa?onia?, A?oneeii? oa ?aiieeia?, ui
iathoue aeinoaoith ne?iaeiio aaco, oa aea/aiiy ?o o?i?/iiai neeaaeo oa
oa?iaeieia?/ii? ae?? ? io?eiaiiy c ieo iiaeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a noaee
i?aenoaaith aeey iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeaiiy iie?naoa?eaeiiai ?
i?e?iaeaiaioiiai (IA) neeaaeo ??cieo aeae?a ne?iaeie oa i?iaeoeo?a
oa?/oaaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo IA iaa?oiooaaee a nai?o i?aoeyo
A.?.Aa?iaaenueeee, A.I.Aeiia?aaeia ? A.A.Eiaaeuenueeee. A oaia??oi?e /an
oey i?iaeaia iaaoea iniaeeai? aino?ioe a oiiaao aeieia?/ii? iaaaciaee, a
i?e aeno?aiiethaaii? ia e?ea?nuee? ?ineeie, ia? ?icaeoie ii e?eueeio
iai?yieao. Ii ia?oa, ?o aea/athoue ye aeaea?aei aeieia?/ii
iacaa?oaeiaii? o?oine?iaeie oa o?oii?aia?ao?a; ii ae?oaa, — aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae anaioe?aeueieie aeaiaioaie ?
o?c?ieia?/ii aeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie, ui ? aaaeeeaei aeey ei?aaoaaiiy
caoai?thaaiue, iia’ycaieo c ii?ooaiiyi i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Oe?a?inueei? oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai?? (oeo? oaie AI 10.06.0037.91,
iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0198O007008).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe — aeae?eaiiy oa
aea/aiiy AA? o aeayeeo i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia?, A?oneeii?,
?aiieeia?, ?ic?iaea ia ?o iniia? iiaeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ??cii?
oa?iaeieia?/ii? ae?? c o?aooaaiiyi eiiieaenii? ia?a?iaee ne?iaeie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaea/?:

— i?iaaaeaiiy iiia?aaeiueiai o?oio?i?/iiai aiae?co aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia?, A?oneeii? oa ?aiieeia? ia ai?no ie?aieo
a?oi AA?, aeae?eaiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
eiiieaen?a oa aecia/aiiy ?o e?euee?niiai ai?noo;

— aea/aiiy oa?iaeieia?/ii? aeoeaiino? aeae?eaieo eiiieaen?a AA? c eenoy
nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi? ? iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi?;

— aecia/aiiy aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo a aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeaeao ne?iaeie oa
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo noanoaioe?yo ? anoaiiaeaiiy caeaaeiino? naciiiiai
iaeiie/aiiy IA o ?yae? o?oine?iaeia — oa?iaeieia?/ia noanoaioe?y —
e?ea?nueea oi?ia;

— cae?enieoe ii?oieiai-aiaoii?/iee oa oaiinenoaiaoe/iee aiae?c
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?iaeei;

— ?ic?iaea eiiieaenii? oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ?
aecia/aiiy oa?iaeieia?/ii? ae??: 70% ianoieee c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?
oa noanoaioe?? aethei??a?io; c eenoy iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? (c? o?ioo
i?ney iaea?aeaiiy «Eaioiceaeo») iie?naoa?eaeiiai eiiieaeno;

— noai?aiiy aiae?oe/ii? ii?iaoeaii? aeieoiaioaoe?? (AIAe) ia ne?iaeio oa
e?ea?nuee? caniae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia
o?oio?i?/ia aea/aiiy AA? aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeeie
Aa?onia? ?iae?a Aa?on (5 ni?o?a), Nii?iaeeia (20 ni?o?a) oa ?o a?a?eaeo
— eiooe; 7 aeae?a a?oneei, a oaeiae aaaaoaoeaieo oa aaia?aoeaieo i?aai?a
iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi?. Aeyaeaia iayai?noue a ieo ai?iieeneio,
aoaeaaiae?a, e?i?ae?a, oinoie?i?ae?a, noa?ei?a, ea?ae?inoa?i?ae?a,
oaiieueieo niieoe (i?inoeo oaiie?a oa ?o ae?eiceae?a, ieneei?e/ieo
eeneio, oeaaiii?ae?a, eoia?ei?a, aeoa?eueieo ?a/iaei), oei?io?e?a,
i?aai?/ieo eeneio, iae?i- oa i?e?iaeaiaio?a (IA).

C aeine?aeaeaieo ia’?eo?a a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio noai? aeae?eaii ?
anoaiiaeaii no?oeoo?o iiiaae 110 ?a/iaei: 4 — i?inoeo oaiie?a; 7 —
iio?aeieo aaicieii? eeneioe; 6 — iio?aeieo ei?e/ii? oa o?iii? eeneioe; 7
— eoia?ei?a; 22 — oeaaiii?aee; 2 — eaoao?ie, 1- oinoie?i?ae; 2 —
oei?io?ee, 1 — noa?ei, 6 — ea?ae?inoa?i?ae?a, 7 — aee?ieo oa 5 —
i?aai?/ieo eeneio, 21 — ai?iieeneioo, 28 iae?i- oa i?e?iaeaiaio?a.

Aia?oa aeae?eai? c ?ineei ?iaeeie Aa?onia? — 12 ?a/iaei, c ?iaeeie
A?oneeii? — 10, c iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? — 7.

Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueia ii?oieiai-aiaoii?/ia oa oaiioaeniiii?/ia
aea/aiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia? oa A?oneeii?.

?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y eiiieaenii? ia?a?iaee eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, yea
neeaaea?oueny c iine?aeiaiiai iaea?aeaiiy 70% ianoieee a?iiacioai?/ii?
ae?? oa iie?naoa?eaeii-iie?iaioeaeiiai noia?iiai i?aia?aoo «Aethei??a?i»
o aeaeyae? oaaeaoie oa a?aioe i?ioeaea?a?/ii? ae??.

Ia niin?a iaea?aeaiiy eiiieaeno iie?naoa?eae?a i?ioeaea?a?/ii? ae?? oa
e?ea?nueeee i?aia?ao «Aethei??a?i», yeee ai?uo? aeacaiee eiiieaen,
aeaeaiee iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 24032 a?ae 31.08.98 ?., a oaeiae ??oaiiy a?ae
18.03.98 ?. i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo Oe?a?ie ii cayaoe? ? 96052064 (cayaeaii
27.05.96) ia «Can?a aeey i?eai?/aiiy ?oo?aii? aeoeaiino?
nia?iaoici?ae?a», iniiao yeiai neeaaea? aethei??a?i; ia niin?a io?eiaiiy
na?oeaaeo ae?eiceae?a aeaeaii aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai N?N? ?1469611 a?ae
18.12.86 ?.

Aea/ai? o?ceei-o?i?/i? ? oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? noanoaioe??
aethei??a?io. ?ic?iaeaii iioeiaeueiee neeaae ? oaoiieia?y oaaeaoie
aethei??a?io 0,1a. Aeine?aeaeaia noaa?euei?noue noanoaioe?? oa oaaeaoie
aethei??a?io o i?ioean? caa??aaiiy.

Aia?oa aecia/aii e?euee?niee ai?no aee?ii? ie?? o aaaaoaoeaieo i?aaiao
nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, ?? aee?iieeneioiee neeaae; ai?no ai?ii- ? i?aai?/ieo
eeneio, aoaeaaiae?a, i?inoeo oaiie?a, eoia?ei?a, oeaaiii?ae?a, IA ye o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeaeao ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie, oae ? e?ea?nueeeo caniaao, a
oaeiae ea?aeaiie?ae?a o i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei A?oneeii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?/ia
noaia eiiieaenii? ia?a?iaee eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? c iaoith noai?aiiy
iiaeo e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a a?iiacioai?/ii?, na/ia?iii?, ?aia?aoeaii?
oa i?ioeaea?a?/ii? ae??; a oaeiae ia?a?iaee o?ioo — a?aeoiae?a i?ney
io?eiaiiy c eenoy iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? ea?ae?ioii?/iiai i?aia?aoo
Eaioiceae c iaoith aeiiii?/iiai aeei?enoaiiy o?oine?iaeie oa iaea?aeaiiy
iie?naoa?eaeiiai eiiieaeno, ui ia? ?ioiiiiaeoethth/o ae?th.

?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaaaeaeai? a oiiaao AAO «Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia
«Caei?ia’y» i?iaeoe ioneiaeo ?aaeaiaio?a ia iaea?aeaiiy noanoaioe??
aethei??a?io ? oaaeaoie aethei??a?io 0,1a, a oaeiae oaoiieia?/i?
?ino?oeoe?? ia a?aioee aeey ae?oae, iie?naoa?eaeiee eiiieaen c? o?ioo
eenoy iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? «Eaioiaethe?i» oa iie?naoa?eaeiee eiiieaen
c eenoy a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? a i?iaeo? OON ia «Eenoy
nii?iaeeie /i?ii?», «70% Ianoieeo eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?»,
«Aethei??a?i», «Oaaeaoee aethei??a?io 0,1 a», «A?aioee aethei??a?io aeey
ae?oae».

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa yaey? niaith
naiino?eio caaa?oaio iaoeiao i?aoeth.

Aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue ae??oaeueia ?ieue o aecia/aii? iaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oeyo?a ?? ?aae?caoe??, ieaioaaii? oa aeei?enoaii?
aenia?eiaioo, eiai ia?iaoe?, ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaii? iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioaaii? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue oa aeniiae?a, ui
caoeuathoueny. E??i oiai, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo
no/aniiai noaio

canoinoaaiiy i?ioeaea?a?eieo cania?a o oa?ai?? aea?aiiaoieia?e,
aea/aiee o?i?/iee

neeaae (c aeeo/aiiyi ?a/iaei a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio noai?) ?
ii?oieiai-aiaoii?/i? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia?
oa A?oneeii? c anoaiiaeaiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo (o?i?/ieo oa aiaoii?/ieo)
iciae ?iae?a oa ae?aaiinoe/ieo i?e?ineii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiai?
e?ea?nueei? ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie — eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? oa eenoy
a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi?; aecia/aiee e?euee?niee ai?no iniiaieo a?oi AA?
o aea/aieo ?ineeiao; ?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia oaoiieia?y io?eiaiiy
o?c?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo eiiieaen?a c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, c eenoy
a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi?, c o?ioo eenoy oa ei?ai?a iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi?
(i?ney iaea?aeaiiy «Eaioiceaeo»); i?iaaaeaiee i?e?iaeaiaioiee aiae?c oa
?ic?iaeai? iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy noiniaii ai?noo iae?i- ?
i?e?iaeaiaio?a a aeine?aeaeai?e e?ea?nuee?e ?ineeii?e ne?iaeie;
?ic?iaeai? e?ea?nuee? oi?ie — oaaeaoee aethei??a?io 0,1 a, a?aioee
aethei??a?io aeey ae?oae; 70% ianoieea c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?.

?ic?********************************************************************
************************************************************************
************************************************************************
************************************************************************
************************************************************************
*****************************************************************

************************************************************************
******************ai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie iaoee» (Eo?ne, 1991), ia ?V Eiia?an? na?oiai?
oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (Euea?a, 1992), ia
?in?enuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Nicaeaiea eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa»
(Iineaa — N.Eoiaaia, 1992), ia Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ia?iaeiay e
iao?aaeeoeeiiiay iaaeeoeeia e iooe aa ?acaeoey» (Iieoaaa, 1993), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu oa?iaoeee»
(Oa?ueeia, 1993), ia ? Eiia?an? Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo
oiaa?enoa (Euea?a, 1994), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii? oa?iaoe?? a iaaee/io i?aeoeeo» (Oa?e?a, 1996), ia
?V I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c iaaee/ii? aioai?ee (Ee?a, 1997), ia ?V
?in?enueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiioe eiia?an? «*aeiaae e eaea?noai» (Iineaa,
1997), ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oai??y ? i?aeoeea noai?aiiy
e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a» (Oa?e?a, 1998), ia iaoeia?e nan?? A?aeae?eaiiy
o?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie «Iaoeia? iniiae ?ic?iaee e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a»
(Oa?e?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 1 iiiia?ao?th, 2
iaoaioe Oe?a?ie, 1 aaoi?nueea na?aeioeoai N?N?, 31 noaooth, c yeeo 9
iiiiin?aieo; 4 — o ca??eao noaoae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 10 oac aeiiia?aeae,
2 ca?oe i?i IAe?.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
320 noi??i-eao iaoeiiieno, ?ethno?iaaia 36 iaethieaie, 47 oaaeeoeyie ?
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 4 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui
i?noeoue 420 iaeiaioaaiue, c ieo 91 ?iicaiieo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eoaie iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee a?oiueee, eenoy, ei?a a?eie, ei?a
ei?ai?a nii?iaeeie /i?ii? (20 ni?o?a), nii?iaeeie /a?aiii? (3 ni?oe),
nii?iaeeie a?ei?, nii?iaeeie aeuei?enueei?, aa?ono a?aeoeeaiiai (5
ni?o?a), eiooe (a?a?eaeo aa?ono a?aeoeeaiiai ? nii?iaeeie i?ii?), ui
a?aeiinyoueny aei ?iaeeie Aa?onia? ? ye? aoee c?a?ai? a ??ci? ?iee ia
oa?eoi??? Oa?e?anueei?, Ee?anueei?, Iieoaanueei? ? Noinueei? iaeanoae;
oaeiae eenoy, ian?iiy, ei?a a?eie oa ei?a ei?ai?a 7 aeae?a a?oneei
?iaeeie A?oneeii? — a.ai?iaeaa/anoa, a.Naiaiiaa, a.ea?eeeiaa, a.Iaaea,
a.aeiaaie?eea, a.??ciinueea, a.*a?iy?aa, c?a?aieo o ??ci? ia??iaee
aaaaoaoe?? o Oa?e?anuee?e, A?eai?iae-Aei?no?ianuee?e iaeanoyo, o
ia?aaei?no? A?oeaeo oa o Oeaio?aeueiiio aioai?/iiio naaeo IAI Oe?a?ie
(i. Ee?a), ? eenoy, ian?iiy ? ei?ai? iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? ?iaeeie
?aiieeia?, ye? aoee i?aaeinoaaeai? iai ?inoeoooii e?ea?nueeeo ?ineei
(n.Aa?acioi/a Eoaainueeiai ?aeiio Iieoaanueei? iaeano?).

Ca aeaieie Iaenoaooi?aae?iiy naaeaeii?iio o Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano?
nii?iaeeio /i?io ae?iuothoue 15 ieiaeiai-ya?aeieo ainiiaea?noa ia ieiu?
395 aa (ia 1.01.97 ?.) (aac o?aooaaiiy ieiu, caeiyoeo o iniaenoeo
i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noaao).

Aeae?eaiiy ? o?oio?i?/ia aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei

i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia?, A?oneeii?, ?aiieeia?

O?oio?i?/ia ioe?iea aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?ineei ?iaeei Aa?onia?, A?oneeii?
oa ?aiieeia? ia iayai?noue iniiaieo a?oi AA? aeicaieeea anoaiiaeoe, ui o
aeuaicia/aieo ?ineeiao i?noyoueny a?euei? ? ca’ycai? ai?iieeneioe,
aoaeaaiaee, oaiieea?aiiia? eeneioe, i?ino? oaiiee, eoia?eie,
oeaaiii?aee, noa?i?aee ??cii? i?e?iaee, i?aai?/i? oa aee?i? eeneioe,
iae?i- oa i?e?iaeaiaioe (IA).

Aeey aeae?eaiiy AA? oa iiae?eo ?o ia ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? niieoee
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaee ?iciiae?eueiiai o?aeoe?iioaaiiy a nenoai?
«??aeeia-??aeeia», eieiieiai? o?iiaoia?ao?? ia iie?ai?ae?, oeaetheic? oa
nee?eaaae?, i?aia?aoeaii? o?iiaoia?ao?? ia iaia?? oa a oiieiio oa??
ni?aaioo c ianooiiith ?ao?iiaoia?ao??th oa ae??aiith e?enoae?caoe??th.

A ?acoeueoao? c on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia’?eo?a ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie o
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio noai? aeae?eaii 86 niieoe oa anoaiiaeaia iayai?noue
28 IA, iniiai? o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? yeeo i?aaenoaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo
1- 4.

2. O?i?/ia aea/aiiy aeae?eaieo niieoe

No?oeoo?o aeae?eaieo ?a/iaei anoaiiaeaii ia i?aenoaa? o?ce/ieo,
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa a?io?i?/ieo iaoiae?a aiae?co, a oaeiae iaoiaeaie
o?i?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue.

Iio?aei? oaiieo. C iio?aeieo oaiieo io?eiaii 4 niieoee (1-4)
(oaaeeoey1). Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaeythoue oe?acie ? nae?ae?iceae.

Oe?icie — aacaa?ai? e?enoaee eaaei ?ic/eiai? a aiae?, nie?o?. I?e
ia?iaoe? o?iiaoia?ai ae?aci?aaeoeaii oa ?ic/eiii eoao ?a/iaeia 1
caaa?aeth?oueny o ?iaeaaee eie??. I?ney eeneioiiai oa oa?iaioiiai
a?ae?ie?co aiia caeeoa?oueny aac ci?i, aoeaoeethaaiiy ?? i?ecaiaeeoue
aei ooai?aiiy iio?aeiiai n aeaiia aoeaoeeueieie a?oiaie. A ?*-niaeo??
a?aei?/ai? nioae iiaeeiaiiy a iaeano? 3400 (nie?oiaee a?ae?ienee), 3150
(oaiieueiee a?ae?ienee), 1602 — 1515 (N=N) oa 825 (iayai?noue
ia?acai?uaiiy a aaicieueiiio e?eueoe?) ni-1. A II?-niaeo?? ?a/iaeie
i?ioiie nie?oiaiai a?ae?ieneeo ?aciiothoue i?e /anoio? 4,58 i./ (o
aeaeyae? o?eieaoo), i?ioiie iaoeeaiiaeo a?oi — i?e /anoio? 2,61i./ (o
aeaeyae? o?eieaoo) oa 3,55 i./ (o aeaeyae? eaa?oaoo), a?iiaoe/i?
i?ioiie — i?e /anoio? 6,57 oa 7,00 i./. ( o aeaeyae? aeaio aeoaeao?a, ui
oa?aeoa?ii aeey ia?acai?uaiiy aaicieueiiai e?eueoey), i?ioiie
oaiieueiiai a?ae?ieneeo — a iaeano? 9,12 i./. (o aeaeyae? neiaeaoo).

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?a/iaeio 1 ye
4-iene-oai?eaoaiie (oe?icie), yea aoea aeae?eaia c ?ineei ?iaeeie
aa?oniaeo oia?oa.

Nae?ae?iceae aoa io?eiaiee c ei?e a?eie on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeae?a
?iae?a Ribes L. oa Grossularia Mill o aeaeyae? iacaaa?aeaieo e?enoae?a.
I?e oa?iaioaoeaiiio oa eeneioiiio a?ae?ie?c? ?icuaieth?oueny ia
i-oe?icie (N8I10I2, o.ieaae. 90-920N) oa D-aetheico. C ae?acioe?iaaiith
noeueoai?eiaith eeneioith ?ic/ei ?a/iaeie 2 caaa?aeth?oueny a
aeiaoi-ai?y/ee eie??. A OO-niaeo?? a?aei?/aeeny aeaa iaeneioie aae?aiiy
i?e 224 oa 279 ii. I?e aeiaeaaaii? ?ii?coth/eo aeiaaaie niinoa??aaany
aaoio?iiiee cnoa, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iayai?noue a?eueii? II-a?oie
oaiieueii? i?e?iaee. I?e ii??aiyii? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae
?a/iaeie 2 oa io?eiaieo a ?acoeueoao? ?? a?ae?ie?oe/ii? aeano?oeoe??
i?iaeoeo?a, ie ?aeaioeo?eoaaee oeth niieoeo ye nae?ae?iceae
(4-ieneoai?e-I-SYMBOL 98 f «Symbol» s 13b-D-aetheii??aiiceae). ?ai?o
oey ?a/iaeia aoea aeyaeaia o?eueee a ei?aiaaeuao ?iae?iee ?iaeaai?,
?iae?iee a?eoe/ii? oa a ei?? aocea cae/aeiiai.

OEb_`ueb__thu?0’/?yyyyOEb_`J/?____-eL_-AK_oIb_?ae?iceae aia?oa aeeo/ai?
c eenoy oa ei?e a?eie i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iae?a Nii?iaeeia oa Aa?on.

Iio?aei? aaicieii? eeneioe. Ia i?aenoaa? ye?nieo ?aaeoe?e ? aeaieo OO-
oa ?*-niaeo??a ?a/iaeie 5-11 a?aeianai? aei iio?aeieo aaicieii? eeneioe.
I?e iaoeethaaii? ?a/iaei 5,8,10 aoee io?eiai? iaoeeia? ao??e 7,9,11,
eeneioiee a?ae?ie?c yeeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy i-ieneaaicieii?,
aaeiai? ? nae?oeeeiai? eeneioe a?aeiia?aeii.

?a/iaeie 5,7-9 aia?oa aeae?eai? c eenoy oa ei?e a?eie i?aaenoaaiee?a
?iaeeie Aa?onia?; c eenoy a.ai?iaeaa/anoi? oa eenoy iaia?noyiee
oa?noenoi? aia?oa aeae?eai? ?a/iaeie 5,6,10,11.

Iio?aei? ei?e/ii? oa o?iii? eeneioe. ?a/iaeie 12-17 ca oeoi?anoeaioe??th
ieyi ia o?iiaoia?aiao o o?eueo?iaaiiio OO-na?oe? oa ye?nieie ?aaeoe?yie
a?aeianai? aei ieneei?e/ieo eeneio, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeaieie
OO-niaeo??a. A i?iaeoeoao eoaeii? aeano?oeoe?? ?a/iaei 13,15,16,17
ciaeaeaii i?ioieaoaoiaoth eeneioo, ?a/iaeie 12 — i-ieneaaicieio eeneioo,
?a/iaeie 14 — aai?e?iiao eeneioo. Eoaeiee a?ae?ie?c ?a/iaeie 15 oa 16
i?eaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy aea?iieaeoey?ieo e?eueeinoae eioaeii? oa
D-o?iii? eeneio. I?noea i?e?aeiaiiy eioaeii? eeneioe aei D-o?iii?
anoaiiaeaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie eaeoii?caoe?? oeeo niieoe. Ooai?aiiy
eaeoiio o?i?aeo niinoa??aa?oueny o?eueee aeey ?a/iaeie 16, ui aeaco? ia
iayai?noue a?ae?ienea?oie o N-5-iieiaeaiiy D-o?iii? eeneioe.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?acoeueoao?a ii??aiyiiy c
a??ia?aeieie c?aceaie ?a/iaeie 12-16 a?aeiia?aeii ?aeaioeo?eiaai? c
4-ieneei?e/iith (i-eoia?iaith),

3,4-ae?ieneei?e/iith (eioaeiith), 3-iaoiene-4-ieneei?e/iith
(oa?oeiaith), 5-I-eioa-

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeaye? o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? aeae?eaieo AA?

?Iacaa ?a/iaeieCaaaeueia oi?ioeaO. ieaae.,

SYMBOL 176 f «Times New Roman» s 12°N[a]EMBED Unknown, SYMBOL
176 f «Times New Roman» s 12° Aeaea?aei

io?eiaiiy 123456Iio?aei? oaiieo1. Oe?icie

(4-ieneoai?eaoaiie) N8 I10 I290-92

-1-5* e. a.**2. Nae?ae?iceae

(4-ieneoai?eaoee-I-yyyyOEb_`J/??aiiceae)N14I20I7160-162- 31,0

aiaea1-5 e. a.3. Oaiie (ieneaaicie)N6I6I43-45

Tk=182-185-1-3 e, e. a, 4 e.a,

5 e4. ?-Iaooie (2-ieneiaooae?i)N10I8I122-125-1,2 e.aIio?aei? aaicieii?
eeneioe5. i-Ieneaaicieia eeneioaN7I6I3213-215-1,4,5 e.a, 7,14 e6.
I?ioieaoaoiaa eeneioa

(3,4-ae?ieneaaicieia eeneioa)N7I6I4196-199-1 e,3e.a, 5 e, 7 e,

14 e

7.

Iaoeeaaiciao

N8I8I2

197-200

1,2 e

8.

Aaeiaa eeneioa (3,4,5-o?e-ieneaaicieia eeneioa )

N7I6I5

226-228

1,3,4-e.a,5 e

9.

Iaoeeaaeao

N8I8I5

156-157

1 e.a.

10.

Nae?oeeeiaa eeneioa

(i-ieneaaicieia eeneioa)

N7I6I3

157-159

1 e,3e.a,5e,7 e,

14 e

11.

Iaoeenae?oeeeao

N8I8I3

(-6) — (-9 )

Te=221-223

1 e,3e.a,5e,7 e,

14 e

Iio?aei? ei?e/ii? oa o?iii? eeneioe

12.

n-Eoia?iaa eeneioa

(4-ieneei?e/ia eeneioa)

N9 I6 I3 .I2I

212-213

1,4,7,14-e

13.

Eioaeia eeneioa

(3,4-ae?ieneei?e/ia e-oa)N9 I8 I4194-197-1,4,7,14-e14. Oa?oeiaa eeneioa

(3-iaoiene-4-ieneei?e/ia e-oa)N10 I10 I4168-170-1,4,7,14-e15.
Oei?iaaiiaa eeneioa

(5-I-eioa?e-D-o?iia e-oa)N16 I18 I9203-205-32,8

(iao)1,4,5,7,14-e16. Iaioei?iaaiiaa eeneioa

(3-I-eioa?e-D-o?iia e-oa)N16 I18 I9Aii?o+2,6

(ao)1,4,5,7 — e17. ?cioei?iaaiiaa eeneioa

(3,4-, 3,5- ? 4,5-I-aeeeioae?e-D-o?ii? eeneioe)N25 I24I12Aii?o-14
eIio?aei? eoia?eio18. Oiaae?oa?ii

(7-ieneeoia?ei)N9 I6 I3232-234-1 a?., e, e.a, e.e.19. Aa?i?a?ei

(7-iaoieneeoia?ei)N10 I8 I3117-119

-1 a?., e, e.a, e.e., 2, 3e, e.a, 4,5,7,14 e20. Neiiieaoei

(6-iaoiene-7-ieneeoia?ei)N10 I8 I4202-204-1 a?., e, e.a, e.e., 2,

3 e, e.a, 4,5,7,14 e21. ?cineiiieaoei

(6-iene-7-iaoieneeoia?ei)N10 I8 I4198-200-4 e, 5 e,7 e, 14 e22.
Aneoeaoei (6,7-ae?ieneeoia?ei)N9I6I4268-270-7 e, 14 eI?iaeiaaeaiiy
oaaeeoe? 112345623. Aneoeei (6-(6-oD-aethei-i??aiicee-7-ieneeoia?ei)
N15I16I9204-206-146

(iao)7 e, 14 e24. Oeeoi?ei (6-(6-i?ei
_thuD-aetheii??aiiceeeoia?ei)N15I16I9

212-215-105

(iao)7 e, 14 eOeaaiiiee

A?oia eaiioa?ieo25. Eaiioa?ie (3,5,7,4′-oao?a-ieneoeaaii)N15 I10
I6275-277-1-2 a?, e, 4e, 5e,

7e, 14e26. Ano?aaae?i ( (o?aaae?i_?0’/?yD -aetheii??aiiceae)N21 I20
I11175-178-12

(ao)1-2 a?, e, 4e, 5e,

7e, 14e27. AEb_`ueb__thu?0’/?D-eneeii??aiiceaeN20I18I15198-201-8,0

(ao)7 e28. Eaniaaeei (eaiioa?eo?ei)

(3,7-(3,7-uebL-?aiiii??aii-cee-5,4′-aeeieneoeaaii)N27 I30
I14201-203-10,0

(ao)7 e29. I?eioeoei?ei [[_eioeoei?ei
_/?yyD-aetheii??aiicee-(6y_yOEb_`L-?aiiii??aiiceae]N27 I30 I15220-222-66

(iao)1 a?, e,e.a, 7 e30. Eaiioa?ie-3-aetheieneeiceaeN26 I28
I15188-190-80

(iao)1 e,e.a,4 eA?oia eaa?oeaoeio31. Eaa?oeaoei
(3,5,7,3′,4′-iaioa-ieneoeaaii)N15I10I7310-312-1 a?, e, 2e, 4,5,7- e32.
?cieaa?oeeo?ei (
(ieaa?oeeo?ei_/?yyD-aetheii??aiiceae)N21I20I12228-230-33

(iao)1 a?, e, 4 e33. A?ia?iceae (
(_a?iceae_u?0’/?yyD-aaeaeoii??aiiceae)N21I20I12236-239-59,9

(ao)1 a?, e, 4 e34. ?aeiioo?ei (
(eiioo?ei_?0’/?D-eneeii??aiiceae)N21I18I11203-205-17,0

(iao)1 a?, e, 4 e35. Eaa?oeeo?ei (
(a?oeeo?ei_?0’/?L-?aiiii??aiiceae)N21I20I11182-184-118,6

(iao)1 a?, e, 4 e36. Nie?aiceae
(eaa?oeaoei-4′—_a?D-aetheii??aiiceae)N21I20I12209-211-69,0

(iao)1 a?, e, 4 e37. ?ooei [[_
_i_b__thu?0’/?yyD-aetheii??aiicee-(6y_yOEb_`L-?aiiii??aiiceae]N27I30I161
88-190-30

(iao)1 a?, e, 2e, 4,5,7- eA?oia i??eoeaoeio38. I??eoeaoei
(3,5,7,3′,4′,5′-aaena-ieneoeaaii)N15I10I8300 c ?icneeaae-1 a?,e,e.a,

4,5 — e39. Eaiiaaenoeeo?ei (i??eoeaoei-3-I-
?yyD-aetheii??aiiceae)N21I20I13252-254-24,0

(iao)1 a?, e,

4 e40. I??eoeaoei-3-I-/?D-eneeii??aiiceaeN20I18I12188-19210,0

(iao)1 a?, e,

4 e41. I??eoeeo?ei (i??eoeaoei-3-I-
_?L-?aiiii??aiiceae)N21I20I12199-200-149,0

(ao)1 a?, e,

4 eA?oia ai?aaieio42. Ai?aaiei (5,7,4′-o?eiene-oeaaii)N15I10I5347-349-14
eI?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 112345643. Ai?aaiei-4′- I- a
-D-aethei-i??aiiceaeN21I20I9203-206-5,0

(iao)14 e44. Einiin??i
(ai?aaiei-7-I-_/?D-aetheii??aiiceae)N21I20I10178-180-65,7

(iao)14 eA?oia ethoaie?io45. Ethoaie?i
(5,7,3′,4′-oao?aiene-oeaaii)N15I10I6330-331-14 e46. Ae?iniaoei
(5,7,3′-o?eiene-

4′-iaoieneoeaaii)N16I12I6310-315-14 eEaoao?ie47. (+)-Eaoao?i
(3,5,7,3′,4′-iaioa-ieneoeaaai-3-ie)N14I15I6175-178+17,5

(ao)1-5 e.a, 7 e, e.a, 14 e48. (-)-Ai?eaoao?i
(3,5,7,3′,4′-iaioa-ieneoeaaai-3-ie)N14I15I6243-245-60,8

(ao)1-5 e.a, 7 e, e.a, 14 eNa?oeaa? ae?eiceaee49. Aeea?oieneaai?i [3 3
a?oien?-iene-5 ?-iene-5 (22)-aiie?ae]N23I34I4248-252+18,5

(oei?io)7,13 e, i, e.e;

14 e, i50. Eaiiiaaiie [14 14 iia?iene-

5 5 b_`ueb__ (22)-aiie?ae]N23I34I5235-238+28,3

(oei?io)7,13 i, e.e51. Aaiiiiiceae (aeea?oieneaai?i-3-I-
a-L-?aiiii??aiiceae)N29I44I8244-246-26,46

(iao)7,13 i, e.e52. Aaiiieiceae (eaiiiaaiie-3-I-
a-L-?aiiii??aiiceae)N29I44I9158-160-13,3

(iao)7,13 i, e.e53. Aetheiaaiiieiceae [eaiiiaaiie-3 a
-(-(_iL-?aiiii??aii-ceaei-4′- a-D-aetheii??aiiceae)]N35I54I14Aii?o-8,75

(iao)7,13 i, e.e54. Aaiiiaaiei [11_iiiaaiei_?0’/?yyyyOEb_`J/?____f_K_
(22)-aiie?ae]N23I34I6273-276+13,5

(oei?io)7,13 i, e.eOinoie?i?aee55. Eaoeeoei

(oinoaoeaeeeoie?i)-Ainei

Iiae?aia-1-5 e,7 e, 14 eNoa?i?aee56. OEb_`ueb__thu?0N28I50I138-140+37,5

(oei?io)1-5 e,7 e,Oei?io?ee57. Oei?io?e AN55I72I5N4Mg117-120-1-5 e,7
e,58. Oei?io?e AN55I72I5N4Mg120-130-1-5 e,7 e,

I?ei?oea: * 1 — nii?iaeeia /i?ia (20 ni?o?a) 2 — nii?iaeeia /a?aiia (3
ni?oe);

3 — nii?iaeeia a?ea; 4 — nii?iaeeia aeuei?enueea; 5 — aa?on a?aeoeeaiee

(5 ni?o?a); 6 — eiooa; 7 — a?oneeia ai?iaeaa/anoa;

8 — a.Naiaiiaa; 9 — a..ea?eeeiaa; 10 — a. Iaaea;

11 — .aeiaaie?eea; 12 — a.??ciinueea; 13 — a. *a?iy?aa;

14 — iaia?noyiea oa?noenoa

e -eenoy ?ineei, e.a.- ei?a a?eie, e.e.- ei?a ei?ai?a, i -ian?iiy

?e-D-o?iiith (oei?iaaiiaith), 3-I-eioa?e-D-o?iiith (iaioei?iaaiiaith)
eeneioaie, a ?a/iaeio 17 ye noi?o 3,4-, 3,5- ? 4,5-I-aeeeioa?e-D-o?iieo
eeneio aai ?cioei?iaaiiao.

Iio?aei? eoia?eio. Aeaia a?oia i?aaenoaaeaia 7 ?a/iaeiaie, ye? aoee
a?aeaeai? ?c iaaecaiieo aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?ineei
?iae?a Grossularia Mill.; Ribes L.; Euonymus L; Kalonymus
(G.Beck.)Prokh. oa Digitalis L.

Eoia?eiiao i?e?iaeo ?a/iaei 18-24 i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?icuaieaiiyi ?o
eiaeenoiaiaeiaaith eeneioith a na?aaeiaeu? ??aeeiai oaiieo ? ioeoiaiai
aia?ae?eaeo aei eoia?eio (?en.1). Aiae?c aeaieo OO- ? ?*-niaeo??a
aeae?eaieo niieoe aeicaieea ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?o ye ieneeoia?eie.
Iayai?noue a ?*-niaeo?ao ?a/iaei 19,20,21 aeaio nioa iiaeeiaiiy a
iaeano? 2980-2843 ni-1 aeaco? ia iayai?noue iaoienea?oie. No?oeoo?o
eoia?ei?a inoaoi/ii anoaiiaeaii ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aea/aiiy
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ?o iaoeeueieo iio?aeieo. Iieiaeaiiy oa
oa?aeoa? cai?niee?a oaiieueiiai ?aaeeeaeo eoia?ei?a anoaiiaethaaee ca
i?iaeoeoaie iaoeethaaiiy oa aoeaoeethaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo niieoe
(?en.1).

Aiane?aeie iaoeethaaiiy ?a/iaeie 18 aoa io?eiaiee iaoieneeoia?ei
(aa?i?a?ei) c o.ie. 117 -119 iN, yeee ia aea? aeai?an?? oaiia?aoo?e
ieaaeaiiy i?ia ci?oaiiy c ?a/iaeiith19. I?e aca?iiae?? ?a/iaeie 19 c
i???aeei??i a?ae?ioei?eaeii ooai?th?oueny oiaae?oa?ii. Iaoeethaaiiy
?a/iaei 22 i?ecaiaeeoue aei io?eiaiiy neiia?iio (6,7-aeeiaoieneeoia?eio)
c o.ieaae. 144-146iN (?en.1). Ci?oai? i?iae ?a/iaei 18,19,22 c
oiaae?oa?iiii, aa?i?a?eiii ? aneoeaoeiii a?aeiia?aeii ia aeaaaee
aeai?an?? oaiia?aoo?e ieaaeaiiy. I?e iaoeethaaii? ?a/iaei 20 oa 21
oaeiae aoei io?eiaii iio?aeia c o.ieaae. 144-146iN, ui ia aeaaaei
aeai?an?? oaiia?aoo?e ieaaeaiiy c 6,7-aeeiaoiene-eoia?eiii. Aeai? OO- oa
?*-niaeo?iniei??, a oaeiae aeecuee? cia/aiiy Rf o ??cieo nenoaiao
?ic/eiiee?a na?ae/aoue, ui ?a/iaeie 20 ? 21 ? ?ciia?e. Ii??aiyiiy
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae, OO- oa ?*-niaeo??a, a?aenooi?noue
aeai?an?? oaiia?aoo? ieaaeaiiy ci?oaii? i?iae c a??ia?aeieie c?aceaie
neiiieaoeio oa ?cineiiieaoeio aeicaieeee ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?a/iaeio 20 ye
6-iaoiene-7-ieneeoia?ei (neiiieaoei), a ?a/iaeio 21 — ye
6-iene-7-iaoiene-eoia?ei (?cineiiieaoei).

O?iiaoia?ao?/ia iiaaae?iea ?a/iaei 23, 24 a ??cieo nenoaiao ?ic/eiiee?a
aeicaieeea ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui aiie aeyaeyththoueny ae?eiceaeaie
ieneeoia?eio. ?acoeueoaoe eeneioiiai ? oa?iaioaoeaiiai a?ae?ie?co
i?aeoaa?aeeee oea i?eiouaiiy (?en.1). O a?ae?ie?caoao iaoiaeii
o?iiaoia?ao?? ia iaia?? c a??ia?aeieie c?aceaie na?aee?a
?aeaioeo?eiaaiee aneoeaoei 22 ? D-aetheica. A?aeii? 6- ? 7-
ae?eiceaee aneoeaoeia: aneoeei ? oeeoi?ei. Aeey aeieaco i?noey
i?e?aeiaiiy D-aetheice aei aneoeaoeio i?iaaaeaii iaoeethaaiiy ?a/iaei 23
? 24 c iiaeaeueoei a?ae?ie?cii i?iaeoeo?a iaoeethaaiiy. O a?ae?ie?cao?
?a/iaeie 23 o?iiaoia?aoe/ii aeyaeai? 6-iene-7-iaoieneeoia?ei ?
D-aetheica, a ?a/iaeie 24 6-iaoiene-7-ieneeoia?ei ? D-aetheica, ui
aeicaieeei ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aeae?eaio ?a/iaeio 23 ye 6-0-i ?
D-aetheic??aiicee-7-ieneeoia?ei aai aneoeei, a ?a/iaeio 24 ye 7-0-aiiy
D-aeth??aiicee-6-ieneeoia?ei aai oeeoi?ei.

C on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeae?a ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie ?aeaioeo?eiaai?
niieoee eoia?eiiai? i?e?iaee (18-24) aeae?eai? aia?oa.

Oeaaiiiee. C oeaaiii?aeieo niieoe iaie aoei io?eiaii 22 ?a/iaeie, ui
a?aeiinyoueny aei iio?aeieo eaiioa?ieo (?a/iaeie 25-30), eaa?oeaoeio
(?a/iaeie 31-37), i??eoeaoeio (?a/iaeie 38-41), ai?aai?io (?a/iaeie
42-44), ethoaie?io (?a/iaeie 45, 46) (oaae.1). Aeine?aeaeoaai? ?a/iaeie
a?ae??ciythoueny i?ae niaith nooiaiith a?ae?ieneethaaiiy aieiaiai
oai?eueiiai ?aae?eaeo (e?eueoea A) o oeaaiiieia?i yae??, i?e?iaeith oa
i?noeai ii?aeiaiy oeoe?iaiai eiiiiiaioo o ae?eiceaeao.

Ia i?aenoaa? oe?ai?aeeiiai? ?aaeoe?? ca A??aioii, o?iiaoia?ao?/ii?
?ooiiino? a ??cieo nenoaiao i?aai?/ieo ?ic/eiiee?a ?a/iaeie
25,31,38,42,45,46 a?aeianai? aei aae?eii?a oeaaiiie?a, ?a/iaeie
26,27,32-36,39-41,43,44 — aei iiiiceae?a, ?a/iaeie 29,30,37 — aei
a?iceae?a, a ?a/iaeia 28 — aei aeeae?eiceae?a. Noaia o?i?/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue oeaaiiie?a ia i?eeeaae? eaiioa?ieo oa eiai ae?eiceae?a
i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.2. ?icoaooaaiiy a?eueieo ienea?oi i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee
OO-niaeo?iniei??th ?c canoinoaaiiyi ae?aaiinoe/ieo (?ii?coth/eo oa
eiiieaeniooai?thth/eo ?aaaaio?a). A ?*-niaeo?ao oeeo niieoe ?
oa?aeoa?i? aeey a?iiaoe/ii? /anoeie oeaaiii?ae?a nioae iiaeeiaiiy:
3410-3300 ni-1 (oaiieuei? ienea?oie), 1665-1650 ni-1 (ea?aii?eueia a?oia
iae??iio), 1620-1470 ni-1 (neaeaoi? eieeaaiiy a?iiaoe/ieo e?eaoeue).

Ano?aaae?i (26) aeyaeaiee ? aeae?eaiee iaie c on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo
iaie aeae?a a?oneeie. A?i i?aaenoaaey? ?ioa?an ye ?a/iaeia, ui ia?
i?ioecaiaeuei? aeanoeaino?. Oiio aeine?aeaeai? ?ineeie iiaeooue aooe
?aeiiaiaeiaai? ye aeaea?aea aeey io?eiaiiy ano?aaae?ia.

?a/iaeia 26 a?aeiinii eaaei a?ae?ie?co?oueny 0,3% oei?enoiaiaeiaaith
eeneioith, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey oeaaiiieae?eiceae?a, cai?uaieo
oeoe?iaei eiiiiiaioii ii iieiaeaiith C-3. O i?iaeoeoao aeyaeai?
eaiioa?ie ? oeoe?iaee eiiiiiaio, ?aeaioeo?eiaaiee ca o?ceei-o?i?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie, iio?aeiiio — oai?eicaciio ? ?acoeueoaoaie ii??aiyeueiiai
o?iiaoia?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c ae?ia?aeiei c?aceii aetheice, ye
D-aetheica. I?e oa?iaioaoeaiiio a?ae?ie?c? ?a/iaeie oaeiae ooai?th?oueny
aae?eii- eaiioa?ie ? D- aetheica. Eiio?ao?aoe?y ae?eiceaeiiai oeaio?o ?
?ici?? ieeniiai oeeeeo aecia/ai? ca aeaieie ?*-niaeo??a ? ii??aiyiiyi
iieaeoey?ieo iaa?oaiue ?a/iaeie 26 ? a?aeiia?aeieo oai?eae?eiceae?a, ye?
aeicaieythoue ia?aaeaa/eoe ? ii??aiyi??aiicio oi?io aetheice o ?a/iaei?
26. Eiio?ao?aoe?y i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oaeiae eaaeei a?ae?ie?cii
oa?iaioii — ?aiiiae?anoacith. I??aiiciee oeeee a?ie ? D-
a?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iiaeeiaiiyi 3 iieae iaoaia?eiaeaoo iao??th c
aeae?eaiiyi I iiey io?aoeii? eeneioe. Ci?oaia i?iaa c a??ia?aeiei
c?aceii ano?aaae?io ia aeyaey? aeai?an?? oaiia?aoo? ieaaeaiiy ia
iaia?iaeo o?iiaoia?aiao ? ia? ?aeeio ia?icae?eueio ieyio.

Oaeei /eiii, io?eiai? aeua aeai? aeicaieythoue ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe ?a/iaeio
26 ye 5,7,4′-o?eieneoeaaii-3-3-eieneoeaai??aiiceae (ano?aaae?i).

Ai?aai?i-4′—_?aD-aetheii??aiiceae (43) ?cieueiaaiee a i?ioean?
i?aia?aoeaiiai ?iciiae?eaiiy ia iaia?? noie niieoe c eenoy iaia?noyiee
oa?noenoi?.

O aani?aoe?iiiiio niaeo?? a?aei?/ai? iaeneioie iiaeeiaiiy i?e 270 ii,
ooai?aiiy iea/a i?e 295 ia oa iaeneioia i?e 335 iai. I?e aeiaeaii?
o?iiiaaiieo ?aaeoea?a a?aecia/ai cnoa iaeneioi?a iiaeeiaiiy o
aeiaaioaeeueia?e iaeano?. Oae, a i?enooiino? eae?th a?ae?ieneaeo
ooai?th?oueny ?ioaineaiee iaeneioi a iaeano? 400 ii, ui i?eoaiaiee aeey
i?iaeoeoa ?aaeoe?? a?eueieo oaiieueieo a?ae?ienee?a oeaaiii?aeii?
iieaeoee. I?ae ae??th oei?ieneaeo oee?eii?th ooai?th?oueny oaeaoiee
eiiieaen ii eaoieenei?iaeo o N-4 oa a?ae?ieneeo o N-5 oeaaiii?aea, ui
aeeeeea? yaeua aaoio?ii?? c ooai?aiiyi iaeneioio i?e 395 ii. I?e
aeiaeaii? e?enoae?/iiai iao??th aoeaoaoo ooai?th?oueny iaeneioi
na?aaeiuei? ?ioaineaiino? a iaeano? 390 ii, aaee/eia aaoio?ii?? neeaaea?
55 ii, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue a?eueiiai a?ae?ieneeo ii N-7
aeae?eaii? ?a/iaeie 43.

Eeneioiee a?ae?ie?c i?iaiaeeee o nie?oiaiio ?ic/ei? aeine?aeaeoaaii?
niieoee, a ?acoeueoao? yeiai aoa io?eiaiee aae?eii, yeee
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ca OO-niaeo?ii, ye oeaaii c iaeneioiii iiaeeiaiiy a
iaeano? 268, 333 ii oa iea/ai i?e 292 ii. Ca o?iiaoia?ao?/iith
iiaaae?ieith oa niaeo?aeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie a ii??aiyii? c
a??ia?aeiei c?aceii aae?eii ?aeaioeo?eoaaee c ai?aai?iii.
O?iiaoia?ao?/iee aiae?c aoaeaaiaeiiai caeeoeo o ii??aiyii? a
aeae?eueeiia c?aceaie iiiinaoa?eae?a i?e o?ee?aoiiio iine?aeiaiiio
?ao?iiaoia?aooaaii? o nenoai? ?ic/eiiee?a: i-aooaiie-ioeoiaa
eeneioa-aiaea (4:1:2) ia iaia?? aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui oeoe?iaee
o?aaiaio ?a/iaeie 43 i?aaenoaaeaiee aetheicith.

Oaeei /eiii, ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiiai eiiieaeno aeine?aeaeaiue
anoaiiaeaii, ui iienaia aeua niieoea, ? 4′-aetheiceaeii ai?aai?io ?
ioa?aeoa?eciaaia ye ai?aai?i-4′-I-_eo__.o__@??aiiceae. Oey ?a/iaeia
aeineoue ??aee?nia aeey ?iaeeie ?aiieeia?, a c eenoy iaia?noyiee
oa?noenoi? aeae?eaia aia?oa.

Einiin??i (44) ?cieueiaaii iaie o?eueee c eenoy iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi?.
?aaeoe?y ii A??aioo iaaaoeaia. sse?ni? ?aaeoe?? oae? ae nai?, ui ? o
?a/iaeie 43. I?e o?iiaoia?ao?? ia iaia?? aeyaey?oueny a iaeano?
aooaioe/iiai einiin??io. E?euee?niee a?ae?ie?c i?ioiaeeoue a aei?noieeo
oiiaao (i?e eei’y/eii? ia i?ioyc? 2-3 /an?a), a ?acoeueoao? io?eiaii
(61%) aae?eiio. O aiaeyiiio caeeoeo i?ney iaeo?ae?caoe?? ai?ii?oii
AA-17 (II- oi?ia) ? oia?thaaiiy, aeyaeyee oeoei? IO a ??cieo nenoaiao
?ic/eiiee?a: i-aooaiie-ioeoiaa eeneioa-aiaea (4:1:2),
i??eaeei-aaicie-aooaiie-aiaea (3:1:5:3) ? ??aeeee oaiie. Ai?e?iooaeaoii
ia o?iiaoia?aiao aeyaeyee D-aetheico. Ae?eiceae ca aeaieie OO-niaeo??a
ia? a?euei? ienea?oie i?e N-5 oa N-4′. A i?enooiino? aoeaoaoo iao??th a
OO-niaeo?? a?aei?/a?oueny aaoao?iiiee cnoa iaeneioi?a aeiaaioaeeueiai?
nioae, ye? iathoue i?noea ? a aae?eii?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ciaoiaeaeaiiy
aoaeaaiaeiiai cai?nieea i?e N-7. Ca i?aaeeii Eeyeia anoaiiaeee, ui
D-aetheica ca’ycaia c aae?eiiii aeiaa?eiceaeiei ca’yceii oa
ciaoiaeeoueny o i??aiici?e oi?i?. I?e oa?iaioaoeaiiio a?ae?ie?c?
?a/iaeie 44 oaeiae io?eiaiee aae?eii, a?aeiia?aeiee ai?aai?io ?
aoaeaaiaeiee eiiiiiaio — D-aetheico.



Ana aeuacacia/aia aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe, ui ?a/iaeia 44 ?
5,4′-7-7-_ D-aetheii??aiiceeoeaaiiii aai einian??iii. Oey niieoea
aeeo/aia aia?oa c eenoy iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi?.

Ae?- ? a?iceaee oeaaiii?ae?a aeyaeai? ? aeae?eai? iaie c eenoy
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia? oa A?oneeii?.

Io?eiai? ?a/iaeie aoee ?aeaioeo?eiaai? ca o?ceei-o?i?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie, ?acoeueoaoai o?i?/iiai aea/aiiy, aeaieo niaeo??a a OO- ?
?*- iaeano? ? o?iiaoia?ao?/iei ii??aiyiiyi c a??ia?aeieie c?aceaie; ii
??cieoe? iieaciee?a iieaeoey?ieo iaa?oaiue ca Eeyeiii 0-a?iceae?a, ui
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, ? a?aeiia?aeieo iiiiae?eiceae?a. A ?acoeueoao? aoei
iieacaii, ui L-?aiiica o an?o c?aceao, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny,
ciaoiaeeoueny a aoia???aiici?e oi?i?. C?acee aoee i?aeaeai? ieeneaiith
ia?aeenii aiaeiy c iiaeaeueoei eoae-iei a?ae?ie?cii i?iaeoeo?a, ui
ooai?eeeny. O i?iaeoeoao eoaeiiai a?ae?ie?co ieeneaieo ?a/iaei aoea
aeyaeaia a?ica, yea c ?aaeoeaaie: ae?oai?eai?i c i-ai?ceaeeiii ?
ae?oai?eai?i c ii/aaeiith ia?aoai?thaaeany a caaa?aeai? i?iaeoeoe
caeaiiai ? ?iaeaaiai eieuei?o a?aeiia?aeii. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui i?e
ieeneaii? ia?aeenii aiaeiy oeaaiii?ae?a, ooai?aiiy neeaaeiiai ao??o,
yeee a?ae?ie?co?oueny eoaii i?e iiaeaeueo?e ia?iaoe?, iiaeeeai eeoa i?e
cai?uaii? oeoe?iaei eiiiiiaioii iieiaeaiiy N-3 oeaaiii?aea. Oeae oaeo
i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaee aeai? OO-niaeo?ineii?? c ae?aaiinoe/ieie ?aaaaioaie.
A?aei?/ai? aeua caaa?aeaiiy oa?aeoa?i? aeey a?ic c ii?yaeeii ca’yceo
1ie?co?oueny?noue aeyaeaieo a?ic aei aetheii??aiiceaei- (6″-)- cai?uaii?
??aiiceaeai (?ooeiic?) aoea i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ia?eiaeaoiei ieeneaiiyi, a
i?ioean? yeiai iiaeeia?oueny 4 iiey iaoaia?eiaeaoo iao??th c aeae?eaiiyi
2 iieae io?aoeii? eeneioe. Aeyaeaia a?ica o an?o c?aceao ia
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ?ooeiice i?e ?o ni?eueiiio o?iiaoia?aooaaii? a
nenoaiao i-aooaiie-ioeoiaa eeneioa-aiaea (4:1:5) ? aoeeaoeaoao-io?aoeia
eeneioa-aiaea (10:2:3). 0-A?iceaee, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny,
a?ae?ie?coaaeeny oa?iaioii ?aiiiae?aioacith, ui oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
ii?yaeie ca’yceo (1y a?ae ?ooei? aeua aeai? aeicaieeee ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe
aeae?eaio ?a/iaeio 29 ye eaiioa?ie-3-I-iaea (4:1:5) ?
aoeeaoeaoao-io?aoeia eeneioa-aiaea (10:2:3). 0-A?iceaee, ui
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, a?ae?ie?coaaeeny ooei).

Aei neacaiiai aeua iio??aii aeiaeaoe, ui ?nio? o?niee aaiaoe/iee ca’ycie
i?ae ?aeaioeo?eiaaieie a?iceaeaie ? iiiiae?eiceaeaie. Oae, a?iceaee 29
oa 37 iathoue iaeei ? oie aea oeoe?iaee eiiiiiaio (?ooeiico), a
i?ii?aei? i?iaeoeoe a?ineioaco 0-a?iceae?a o aeaeyae? iiiiceae?a
oeaaiii?ae?a aeyaeai? o aeaeao nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, aa?ono a?aeoeeaiiai,
a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi?, a.*a?iy?aa oa ?ioeo aea/aieo aeaeao a?oneeie a
cia/i?e e?eueeino? o a?eueiiio noai?. Oaeoe, ui niinoa??aathoueny,
aeicaieythoue ia?aaeaa/eoe iiaeeeaee i?e?iaeiee i?ioean ae?eiceaeoaaiiy,
oaeiae, ye ? iaoeethaaiiy, o aeaeyae? e?ioeaai? noaae?? a?ineioaco
oeaaiii?ae?a a ?ineei?. sseae aaeeea e?euee?noue iiiiae?eiceae?a aoea
?acoeueoaoii a?ae?ie?co a?iceae?a, a oeueiio aeiaaeeo, e?euee?noue
iiiiae?eiceae?a ia iiaeiia aoea ia?aaeuoaaoe e?euee?noue aae?eii?a,
ine?eueee a?aeiia, ui ca’ycie aae?eii — oeoe?iaee eiiiiiaio cia/ii
neaa?o, i?ae ca’ycie aoaeaaiae — aoaeaaiae.

Eaniaaeei (eaiioa?eo?ei, ?a/iaeia 28) aoa aeeo/aiee iaie c eenoy
a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi?. Ca ye?nieie ?aaeoe?yie, o?iiaoia?ao?/iith
iiaaae?ieith a ??cieo nenoaiao ?ic/eiiee?a ?a/iaeia 28 aoea a?aeianaia
aei oeaaiii?ieo -3-ae?eiceae?a,a ca aeaieie iieaeoey?ii? iane,
aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo, ai?noo aae?eiio (47,6%) i?ney e?euee?niiai
eeneioiiai a?ae?ie?co aoea ioa?aeoa?eciaaia ye niieoea, yea i?noeoue
aeaa aoaeaaiaeieo caeeoe?a ? iaeei aae?eii, oiaoi ye aeeae?eiceae. I?e
eeneioiiio a?ae?ie?c? ooai?th?oueny 1 iieue eaiioa?ieo ? 2 iieue
L-?aiiice, iiceoe?? oeoe?o a iieaeoe? aoee aecia/ai? aeey 3 ? 7.
?a/iaeia 28 aoea ioa?aeoa?eciaaia ca aeaieie OO-niaeo?ineii??,
eeneioiiai a?ae?ie?co ? o?iiaoia?ao?/iei ii??aiyiiyi c a??ia?aeiei
c?aceii eaniaaeeio.

I?eioeoei?ei (29) aeeo/aiee iaie c a?oiueie, eenoy, ei?e a?eie
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iae?a Nii?iaeeie oa A?oneeie.

Ca iiia?aaei?ie ye?nieie ?aaeoe?yie ? ii ?acoeueoaoao aecia/aiiy
iieaeoey?ii? aaae niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii aeae?eai? ?a/iaeia
a?aeianai? aei 0-a?iceae?a oeaaiiie?a. I?e e?euee?niiio a?ae?ie?c?
?a/iaeie 29 (160 ia) io?eiaii 78 ia (~49%) aae?eiio — eaiioa?ieo, a o
aiaeiiio caeeoeo o?iiaoia?ao??th ia iaia?? aecia/ai? D-aetheica ?
L-?aiiica. Oa?iaioaoeaiee a?ae?ie?c i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy aae?eiio
— eaiioa?ieo ? oeoe?iaiai eiiiiiaioo — ?ooeiice.

Oaeei /eiii, io?eiai? aeua aeai? aeicaieeee ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe aeae?eaio
?a/iaeio 29 ye eaii_mPUe@_________oEb?eioeoei?ei).

Eaoao?ie. A?oia 2-oai?eaaicii??aio i?aaenoaaeaia aeaiia ?a/iaeiaie 47,
48, ye? aeyaeai? ? ?cieueiaai? iaie c on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?ineei
?iae?a Aa?onia?, A?oneeii? oa ?aiieeia?.

Aeai? ?a/iaeie ca ye?nieie ?aaeoe?yie, oeoi?anoeaioe?? ?o a OO-na?oe?
aei ? i?ney i?iyaeaiiy 1% ?ic/eiii aai?e?io aoee a?aeianai? aei
oeaaiiie?a (eaoao?i?a). Iayai?noue iaeneioi?a iiaeeiaiiy a iaeano? 280
ii oa iaaaeeeee aaoio?iiiee cnoa (13-15 ii) a i?enooiino? aoeeaoo
iao??th na?ae/eoue i?i a?ae-nooi?noue a iieaeoeao aeine?aeaeoaaieo
?a/iaei noi?yaeaiiy c ea?aii?eueiith a?oiith. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
oeaaiiieiaeo aae?eii?a aeine?aeaeoaai? ?a/iaeie iioe/ii aeoeai?, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aenooi?noth iiaea?eiiai ca’yceo a iieiaeaii?
2(3).

O?iiaoia?ao?/iee aiae?c ?a/iaei 47, 48 a ??cieo nenoaiao i?aai?/ieo
?ic/eiiee?a ? ii??aiyiiy ?o o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeicaieeei
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?o ye D-3,5,7,3′,4′-iaioaieneoeaaii, (+)-eaoao?i oa
L-3,5,7,3′,4′-iaioaieneoeaaii, (-)-ai?eaoao?i.

Na?oeaa? ae?eiceaee. C aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei A?oneeii?
oa ?aiieeia? iaie aoei aeae?eaii 6 ea?aeaiie?ae?a, ye? a?aeiinyoueny
aei a?oie aeea?oieneaa-i?io (?a/iaeie 49,51); a?oie eaiiiaaiieo
(?a/iaeie 50,52,53), a oaeiae aaiiiaai?i.

?a/iaeie 49,50,54 aeathoue on? oa?aeoa?i? ?aaeoe?? aeey ea?aeaiie?ae?a:
iiceoeai? ?aaeoe?? Eaaaey, ?aeiiiaea, Eaaeaea. ?aaeoe?y c
oao?ai?o?iiaoaiii (ia iayai?noue ?cieueiaaiiai iiaea?eiiai ca’yceo a
?a/iaei?) iaaaoeaia. Ca iieaeoey?iith ianith oa aeaiaioiei neeaaeii aoee
a?aeianai? aei aae?eii?a. Oeae oaeo oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeo? caaa?aeaiiy
aeaieo ?a/iaei i?ney ?ic/eiaiiy ?o o eiioeaio?iaai?e n??/ai?e eeneio?
(aeiaoa _eai? ?aaeoe?? Eaaaey, ?aeiiiaea, Eaaeaea?a/iaeia 49
(aeea?oieneaai?i) aoea aeae?eaia c iaoa?iaioiaaiiai ian?iiy a.
ai?iaeaa/anoi? oa a.*a?iy?aa o iaoeaiiio aeaeyae? aia?oa, c yeeo aoee
oaeiae io?eiai? iiiiceaee ea?ae?inoa?i?ae?a: ae?eiceae aeea?oieneaai?io
(51) oa ae?eiceaee eaiiiaaiieo (52, 53). Ia iaethieo 3 i?aaenoaaeaia
noaia o?i?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ea?ae?inoa?i?ae?a ia i?eeeaae? eaiiiaaiieo
oa eiai ae?eiceae?a.

Aaiiiiiceae (51), iieaeoey?ia iana ? aii??e/ia oi?ioea yeiai
a?aeiia?aeathoue noa?i?aeiiio iiiiae?eiceaeo. OO-niaeo? iieaco? o?eueee
iaeei iaeneioi iiaeeiaiiy i?e 217 ii, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? iayai?noue
aooaiie?aeiiai e?eueoey. I?e eeneioiiio a?ae?ie?c? eiioeaio?iaaiith
n??/aiith eeneioith a aoeaoii? ooai?th?oueny aae?eii — aeea?oieneaai?i
? oeoei? — L-?aiiica, yea ciaoiaeeoueny a i??aiici?e oi?i?, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oei oaeoii, ui oeae ae?eiceae aeoaea iiaaii
a?ae?ie?co?oueny ?icaaaeaieie i?ia?aeueieie eeneioaie. Aiae?c
iieaeoey?ieo iaa?oaiue ae?eiceaeo (51) ? aae?eiio o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
i?aaeeii Eeyeia iieaco?, ui L-?aiiica i?e?aeiaia aei aae?eiio
ci?e?eiceaeiei ca’yceii.Oaeei /eiii, ?a/iaeia 51 yaey? niaith
aaiiiiiceae (aeea?oieneaai?i-3-I-iio o a?aeiia?aeiAaiiieiceae (52). Aea?
iiceoeaio ?aaeoe?th ia ea?aeaiie?aee, iaaaoeaio — Eaeea?a-E?e?ai?
(?aaeoe?y ia 2-aeacieneoeoei?). A eiioeaio?iaai?e n??/ai?e eeneio?
?ic/eiy?oueny ? ooai?th? ianooii? caaa?aeaiiy, ye? ci?iththoueny a /an?:
0 oae — neaaea aeiaoa; 1 oae — aeiaoa; 30 oae — ?iaeaaa; 120 oae —
o?ieaoiaa.

A OO-niaeo?? iae?/o?oueny o?eueee iaeei iaeneioi iiaeeiaiiy i?e 219 ii,
eio?ee, ia?yaeo c ye?nieie ?aaeoe?yie, oa?aeoa?eco? iayai?noue
aooaiie?aeiiai e?eueoey. ?*-niaeo? aaiiieiceaeo i?noeoue nioae i?e1785 ?
1745 ni-1, ye? iaeaaeaoue N=I a?oi? aooaiie?aeiiai e?eueoey, a oaeiae
i?e 1622 ni-1, ye? iaeaaeaoue ca’ycaiiio iiaea?eiiio ca’yceo oiai aea
eaeoiiiiai e?eueoey. Iaeneioie iiaeeiaiiy, oa?aeoa?i? aeey
aeueaeaa?aeii? a?oie a?aenooi?. Noa?i?aeio i?e?iaeo ?a/iaeie
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue nioae iiaeeiaiiy o iaeano? aaeaioieo (2940 ? 2880
ni-1) ? aeaoi?iaoe?eieo (1473,1456,1385ni-1) eieeaaiue a?oi NI, NI2 ?
NI3 oeeeeiiaioaiiia?a?ae?ioaiaio?aiiaiai yae?a. I iayaiino?
a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi oa?aeoa?eco? oe?iea nioaa i?e 3440 ni-1.

A?ae?ie?c aaiiieiceaeo ca Iaiieoii-C?aa?oii i?ecaiaeeoue aei io?eiaiiy
aae?eiio — eaiiiaaiieo oa iiiinaoa?eaeo, yeee ia? o.ieaaeaiiy i?e
88-95ii_ae?ieEMBED Unknown + 5,4 ± 3° (n 0,92; a aiaeyiiio ?ic/ei?
/a?ac 30 oae); i?e o?iiaoia?aooaaii? ia iaia?? i?noeoueny ia ??ai? c?
c?aceii L-?aiiice. O?oaei?noue eeneioiiai a?ae?ie?co na?ae/eoue i?i
i??aiicio oi?io oeoe?iaiai eiiiiiaioo, a aiae?c iieaeoey?ieo iaa?oaiue
ae?eiceaeo 52 ? aae?eiio ca?aeii i?aaeeo Eeyeia iieaco?, ui L-?aiiica
c’?aeiaia c aae?eiiii ia ?eiceaeiei ca’yceii.

A?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue aaiiieiceaeo 10370 EAAe. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ae?eiceae 52 ye
eaiiiaaiie-3-I-__Z7__(r)7__??aiiceae aai aaiiieiceae.

Aetheiaaiiieiceae (53) — oea aii?oia, o?iiaoia?ao?/ii ?iaeea?aeoaeueia
niieoea. Aea? iiceoeai? ?aaeoe?? aeey na?oeaaeo ae?eiceae?a ? aae?eii?a
c aooaiie?aeiei e?eueoeai, ?aaeoe?y Eaeea?a-E?e?ai? — iaaaoeaia. C
eiioeaio?iaaiith n??/aiith eeneioith niinoa??aathoueny ianooii?
caaa?aeaiiy: 0 oae — ei?e/iaaa, 90 oae — nei?-caeaia; 150 oae —
nia?aaaeiaa.

Oa?iaioaoeaiee a?ae?ie?c ?a/iaeie 53 i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy
D-aetheice oa iiiiae?eiceaeo, yeee i?ney ia?ae?enoae?caoe?? c aoeaoiio
(30 ia) oiieoueny i?e 158-160_*>__,>EMBED Unknown -13,3?±5i (n 1,0;
iaoaiie). Aea? iiceoeai? ?aaeoe?? Eaaaey, ?aeiiiaea, Eaaeaea. ?aaeoe?y
Eaeea?a-E?e?ai?- iaaaoeaia. A eiioeaio?iaai?e n??/ai?e eeneio?, ye ?
aaiiieiceae, ?ic/eiy?oueny c aeiaoei caaa?aeaiiyi, yea /a?ac30 oaeeei
ia?aoiaeeoue o ?iaeaaa, a /a?ac 2 aiaeeie — o o?ieaoiaa. I?e
o?iiaoia?iooaaii? ia iaia?? i?noeoueny ia ??ai? c a??ia?aeiei c?aceii
aaiiieiceaeo. Ci?oaia i?iaa ia aea? aeai?an?? oaiia?aoo?e ieaaeaiiy
(158-160i). ?*-niaeo? io?eiaiiai iiiiae?eiceaeo ?aeaioe/iee niaeo?o
aaiiieiceaeo.

Aeoiaey/e c i?aaenoaaeaieo aeaieo, a oaeiae ii??aiyiiy iiey?iino?
aetheiaaiiieiceaeo c ?ioeie na?oeaaeie ae?eiceaeaie ? niinoa?aaeaiiy
aeeiai?ee oa?iaioaoeaiiai a?ae?ie?co, ae?eiceae 53 aoa a?aeianaiee aei
a?iceaeo. Ii??aiyiiy iieaeoey?iiai iaa?oaiiy aetheiaaiiieiceaeo ?
aaiiieiceaeo ca i?aaeeii Eeyeia iieaco?, ui D -aetheica ca’ycaia
ethei?eiceaeiei ca’yceii, a o?oaei?noue eeneioiiai a?ae?ie?co
na?ae/eoue i?i i??aiicio oi?io oeoe?iaiai eiiiiiaioa.

Oaeei /eiii, ?a/iaeia 53 yaey? niaith
14_oIb_i?iene-5„Ib__Ib_TaZ_x/K_he?ae-3__lOb_0?]_a¤__

>OI-2 I?eaiooaaiiy

aeno?aeoo2.1. I?eaiooaaiiy 70%

nie?ooAeno?aaaio> 2.2.Aeno?aeoe?y ne?iaeie >O?io
v
vOI-3.I/euaiiy nie?oi-aiaeiiai aeno?aeoo
a?ae-noithaaiiyi ? o?eueo?aoe??thOI-5. Aeno?aeoe?y aiaeith c
i?ae?a??aaiiyiAiaea> vvOI-6.
Eiioeaio?oaaiiy

aiaeieo aeno?aeo?aIIA-4 Oanoaaiiy ? oiaeoaaiiy «70% ianoieee c

eenoy nii?iaeeie»vOI-7. O?eueo?aoe?yvOI-8. Oia?thaaiiy
v Nie?o
aoeeiaee>OI-9. Inaaeaeaiiy iie?naoa?eae?a ? o?eueo?aoe?y
vOI-10. Noo?iiy, iiae??aiaiiy,

i?in?thaaiiy INE
v vOI-11. Oaaeaooaaiiy
INEOI-13. A?aioethaaiiy INE v
vIIA-12. Oanoaaiiy ? oiaeoaaiiy «Oaaeaoie
aethei-??a?io 0,1 a»IIA-14. Oanoaaiiy ? oiaeoaaiiy «A?aioe aethei-??a?io
aeey ae?oae»

?en. 4. Eiiieaenia oaoiieia?y ia?a?iaee eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?

Oaeei /eiii, a ?acoeueoao? eiiieaenii? ia?aiaee ne?iaeie aoee io?eiai?
oaaeaoee aethei??a?io 0,1 a oa a?aioee aethei??a?io aeey ae?oae, ye?
iathoue i?ioeaea?a?/io ae?th i?e iie?iicao ? aea?iaoeoao (noanoaioe?y
aethei??a?io ia? ua e eiio?aoeaioeaio ae?th); 70% ianoieea eenoy
nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, ui aeyaeea a?iiacioai?/iee, ae?o?aoe/iee oa
?aia?aoeaiee aoaeoe; eaioiaethe?i (a?aioee), yeee ia? ?ioiiiiaeoethth/o
oa oeeoii?ioaeoi?io ae??.

Aecia/aiiy a?ieia?/ii? aeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a.
Iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an c ?ic?iaeaieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ia? noanoaioe?y ?
oaaeaoee aethei??a?io 0,1 a, ye? io?eiothoue n eenoy oe?iei
eoeueoeao?ii? ieiaeiai-ya?aeii? eoeueoo?e — nii?iaeeia /i?ii?.

Aea/aia i?ioeaea?a?/ia ae?y aethei??a?io ia iiaeaeyo aea?a?/ieo ?aaeoe?e
iaaaeiiai ? iia?eueiiai oeio, ?ioiiiiaeoethth/a oa eiio?aoeaioeaia
aeoeai?noue, a oaeiae a?iiacioai?/ia, ae?o?aoe/ia oa ?aia?aoeaia
aeoeai?noue ianoieee eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? 70%. Cia/iee ?ioa?an
i?aaenoaaey? aeyaeaia a?iiacioai?/ia ae?y ianoieee, oiio ui a?naiae
a?o/eciyieo e?e?a oaeiai ni?yioaaiiy ae?? ia Oe?a?i? i?aeoe/ii
a?aenooi?e. A?iiacioai?/ia aeoeai?noue ianoieee ii?aae?eaia ia ??ai?
E?ni?i?o?eeo (Aaeuea?y, O?aioe?y): ai?no caeeoeiaiai acioo o e?ia?
oaa?ei, ui io?eioaaee ianoieeo eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? — 33,99±2,26
(ia%), a o oaa?ei, ui io?eioaaee E?ni?i?o?ee — 34,20±3,25 (ia%).

Eaioiaethe?i oa iie?naoa?eaeiee eiiieaen c eenoy a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi?
aeyaeee cia/io ?ioiiiiaeoethth/o oa oeeoii?ioaeoi?io aeoeaiino?, ui
aeicaieeei ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ?o aeey a?eue iiaeeaeaieo oa?iaeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

AENIIAEE

Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia oa?iaeiaiinoe/ia aea/aiiy aeayeeo
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia? (20 ni?o?a nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, 5 ni?o?a
aa?ono a?aeoeeaiiai oa ?o aea?eaeo eiooe); A?oneeii? (7 aeae?a a?oneei);
?aiieeia? (iaia?noyiea oa?noenoa). Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue a ieo
ai?iieeneio, iaioeae?a, aoaeaaiaei?a, oinoie?i?ae?a, noa?i?ae?a,
ieneei?e/ieo eeneio, eoia?ei?a, oeaaiii?ae?a, i?inoeo oaiie?a,
aeoaeeueieo ?a/iaei, i?aai?/ieo eeneio, ea?aeaiie?ae?a.

Iaoiaeaie ?iciiae?eueiiai o?aeoe?thaaiiy a nenoaiao ??aeeia-??aeeia,
aaeni?aoe?eii? oa ?iciiae?eueii? o?iiaoia?ao?? ia iie?ai?ae?, nee?eaaae?
oa ?ioeo ni?aaioao c aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia’?eo?a aeae?eaii o
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio noai? ? anoaiiaeaia aoaeiaa 58 ?a/iaei,
?aeaioeo?eiaai? — 21 ai?iieeneioa, 10 c eio?eo iacai?ii?, oa 28 iae?i- ?
i?e?iaeaiaio?a.

Aia?oa c i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeeie aa?onia? aoee aeae?eai? oe?icie,
nae?ae?iceae, oaiie ? SYMBOL 98 f «Symbol» s 13b-iaooie, aaeiaa
eeneioa, iaoeeaaeao, 4 eoia?eie: oiaae?oa?ii, aa?i?a?ei, neiiieaoei oa
?cineiiieaoei; 5-ieneei?e/ieo eeneio: n-eoia?iaa, eaaiaa, oa?oeiaa,
oei?iaaiiaa oa iaioei?iaaiiaa eeneioe, 4 ae?eiceaee: a?ia?iceae,
?aeiioo?ei, nie?aiceae, eaiaa?noeeo?ei, 1 oinoie?i?ae — eaoeeoei oa 1
noa?i?ae — SYMBOL 98 f «Symbol» s 13b-neoinoa?ei, 2 oei?io?ee — A oa
A; a c i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeeie a?oneeii? aeae?eai? aoaeaaiaei?,
ai?iieeneioa, 28 IA, iio?aei? aaicieii? eeneioe: n-ieneaaicieia,
i?ioieaoaoiaa, nae?oeeeiaa eeneioa oa iaoeenae?oeeeao, 5 iio?aeieo
ei?e/ii? oa o?iii? eeneioe, 6 eoia?ei?a: aa?i?a?ei, neiiieaoei,
?cineiiieaoei, aneoeaoei, aneoeei oa oeeoi?ei; 6 iaoeaieo ea?aeaiie?ae?a
(ia o?eueee c ian?iiy, a e c ei?e ei?ai?a): ae?a?oieneaai?i, eaiiiaaiie,
aaiiiiiceae, aetheiaaiiieiceae, aaiiieiceae, aaiiiaaiei; a oaeiae c
eenoy iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? aia?oa aoei aeae?eaii ? aeine?aeaeaii
aoaeaaiaeiee eiiieaen ? aeae?eaii a ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio noai? 6
eoia?ei?a: aneoeei, aneoeaoei, oeeoi?ei, neiiieaoei, ?cineiiieaoei oa
aa?i?a?ei, 2 iio?aeieo ai?aai?io: ai?aai?i 4SYMBOL 162 f «Symbol» s
13c-I-SYMBOL 98 f «Symbol» s 13b-D-aetheii??aiiceae oa einiin??i
(ai?aai?i-7-I-SYMBOL 98 f «Symbol» s 13b-D-aetheii??aiiceae), 2
iio?aei? eaoao?io: (+)-eaoao?i oa

(-)-ai?eaoao?i, oei?io?ee A ? A; 21 ai?iieeneioo c ian?iiy ? eenoy, 28
IA.

Aecia/aii e?euee?niee ai?no ??cieo a?oi AA? o aaaaoaoeaieo ?
aaia?aoeaieo i?aaiao i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia?, A?oneeii?,
?aiieeia?. Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo A?O aecia/aii ye?niee oa e?euee?niee
ai?no ai?iieeneio o an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeaeao ne?iaeie, a oaeiae o
e?ea?nueeiio cania? — aethei??a?i?. Aoei anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue 21
ai?iieeneioe, 10 c yeeo ? iacai?iieie.

E?euee?niee ai?no iie?naoa?eae?a a eeno? ??cieo ni?o?a nii?iaeeie /i?ii?
eieeaaaoueny a iaaeao 12±2%, a aethei??a?i? — 33,41±2,5%,
a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a — 13,71±0,35%, o?iiiaeo eeneio, iaioeae?a a?ae
10,97 aei 31,19 % a eeno? a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/anoi? oa a?oneeie *a?iy?aa
— 8,2±1,05% iie?naoa?eae?a; a eeno? iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? — 8,15±0,59%.
Ca aeiiiiiaith aaeue-o?eueo?aoe?? anoaiiaeaiee aaoa?iaaiiee neeaae
iie?naoa?eaeiiai eiiieaeno c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? (aethei??a?io).

Iaoiaeii A?O aecia/aiee ai?no aee?ii? ie?? o aaaaoaoeaieo i?aaiao
nii?iaeeie oa ?? aee?iieeneioiee neeaae (7 aee?ieo eeneio), ca yeei aiia
a?aeianaia aei iaaneoath/eo ie?e. A eenoeao nii?iaeeie /i?ii? ai?no
noaiiaeoue 1,58 %; a ei?? a?eie — 1,07 %; a ei?? ei?ai?a — 0,26 %.

Iaoiaeii aeeoa?aioe?eii? niaeo?ioioiiao??? aecia/aii ai?no oeaaiii?ae?a
a eeno?, a?eeao, ianoieee c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, a eeno? a?oneeie
ai?iaeaa/aoi? oa *a?iy?aa. A eeno? nii?iaeeie /i?ii? a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ni?oo a?i neeaaea? a?ae 1,49 % aei 2,44 %; o a?eeao — 0,18 %, o
ianoieoe? — 0,16 %, a eeno? ??cieo aeae?a aa?ono a?aeoeeaiiai noaiiaeoue
1,68-1,81 %; a eeno? a?oneeie ai?iaeaa/aoi? 2,22 %, a a eeno? a?oneeie
*a?iy?aa — 3,18 %.

O 26 aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeaeao ne?iaeie iaoiaeii ai?n?iiii? oa
aoiiii-aani?aoe?iiii? ieaiaiii? niaeo?ineii?? aecia/aiee ye?niee oa
e?euee?niee ai?no 28 IA oaeeo ye: Ca, Cr, Cu, Mg, Mn, Cd, Al, K, Mo, Ni,
I, Pb oa ?ioeo.

Anoaiiaeai? iniiai? aiaoiii-ae?aaiinoe/i? iciaee eenoy nii?iaeeie
/i?ii?, aeuei?enueei?, /a?aiii?, aa?ono a?aeoeeaiiai, eiooe, a oaeiae 7
aeae?a a?oneei: a. ai?iaeaa/anoi?, a. *a?iy?aa, a. Naiaiiaa, a.
ea?eeeiai?, a. ??ciinueei?, a. Iaaea oa a. aeiaaie?eei?.

9. Ia iniia? ii?oieiai-aiaoii?/iiai oa o?oio?i?/iiai aiae?co
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeae?a ?ineei i?iaaaeaii oaiioaeniiii?/ia aea/aiiy
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei Aa?onia? oa A?oneeii? ? c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui ??ae
Aa?on oa Nii?iaeeia ? naiino?eieie, a ia ia`?aeiaieie, ye aaaaeaeiny
?ai?oa, o ??ae Nii?iaeeia; ia a?aei?ii?noue a?ae oeueiai ??ae A?oneeia ?
A?oneeiie?an, ca no/anieie nenoaiaoe/ieie oyaaie, ae?enii iiaeia
aaaaeaoe iaeiei ?iaeii — A?oneeiith.

10. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiiieaeni? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee
eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? aeey io?eiaiiy ianoieee oa i?aia?aoo
«Aethei??a?i», a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy o?ioo c eenoy iaia?noyiee
oa?noenoi? i?ney io?eiaiiy i?aia?aoo «Eaioiceae» ? iaea?aeaiiy
e?ea?nueeiai caniao «Eaioiaethe?i».

11. ?ic?iaeai? iia? e?ea?nuee? caniae: Oaaeaoee aethei??a?io 0,1 a
i?ioeaea?a?/ii? ae?? i?e iie?iicao ? aea?iaoeoao, ye? caaa?oeee ? oaco
ee?i?/ieo aei?iaoaaiue, a oaeiae a?aioee aethei??a?io aeey ae?oae
i?ioeaea?a?/ii? ae?? ? ianoieeo c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? 70 %
a?iiacioai?/ii?, na/ia?iii? ? ?aia?aoeaii? ae??, aeiee?i?/i?
aei?iaoaaiiy yeeo caaa?oai? a OeIAeE Oe?OA oa ia eaoaae?? o?c?ieia??
Oe?OA a?aeiia?aeii. Oa?iaeieia?/iee can?a «Eaioiaethe?i»
?ioiiiiaeoethth/i? oa oeeoii?ioaeoi?ii? ae?? ciaoiaeeoueny ia
aeiee?i?/ieo aei?iaoaaiiyo a IAe? i?e?ia?ieia?? oa ?ioiieia?? ?i.
?.?.Ia/ieeiaa.

12. ?ic?iaeai? i?iaeoe OON ia «Eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?», «Aethei??a?i»,
«Oaaeaoee aethei??a?io 0,1 a», «A?aioee aethei??a?io aeey ae?oae»,
«Ianoieea eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?». Ia?o? o?e i?aaenoaaeai? aei
Oa?iaeiiaeiiai Eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie.

13. ?ic?iaeai? i?iaeoe ioneiaeo ?aaeaiaio?a ia noanoaioe?th aethei??a?io
oa oaaeaoee aethei??a?io, ye? ai?iaaaeaeaii? ia AAO «Oa?iaoeaaoe/ia
o??ia «Caei?ia’y».

14. Oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa a?aioe aethei??a?io aeey ae?oae
i?ioeaea?a?/ii? ae??, iie?naoa?eaeiiai eiiieaeno c eenoy iaia?noyiee
oa?noenoi? «Eaioiaethe?i» ?ioiiiiaeoethth/i? oa oeeoii?ioaeoi?ii? ae??,
a oaeiae ianoieee c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? na/ia?iii?, a?iiacioai?/ii?,
?aia?aoeaii? ae?? i?ieoee ai?iaaoe?th a oiiaao AAO OO «Caei?ia`y» ii
?ic?iaeaiei oaoiieia?/iei ?ino?oeoe?yi.

15. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean Oe?a?inueei?
oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? aeaaeai?? oa Caii??cueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaia a ioae?eaoe?yo:

Iaoeia? noaoo? oa iiiia?ao??

Oeoioa?aiey aeea?ae/aneeo i?iyaeaiee / Eenee/aiei A.N., sseiaeaaa E.A.,
Caaieioiue A.A, Eiaaeaa A.I., Ni?ieeia A.A. — Oa?ueeia: Oa?ueeia, 1998.
— 112 n.

E?euee?nia aea/aiiy oeaaiii?ae?a o iaaecaiieo i?aaiao nii?iaeeie /i?ii?
/I.A. E?eai?o/ei, A.N.Eenee/aiei, A.I.Eiaaeueia, A.I.Eauaiei
//Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. — 1994. — ? 3.- N.82-85.

Eenee/aiei A.N., E?eai?o/ei A.A., Eiienna?aiei I.O. Eeieaeu Ribes nigrum
// Oa?iaeii. — 1998. — ? 2. — N.26-28.

Eoia?eiu nii?iaeeiu /i?iie /A.A.E?eai?o/ei, A.N.Eenee/aiei, Eiaaeaa A.I
A.I.Eiienna?aiei, //Oa?iaeii. — 1995. — ? 10. — N.23-24.

Eenee/aiei A.N., Ea?oiaciaa E.N., N??a E.I. O?oio?i?/ia oa aiaoii?/ia
aea/aiiy aa?ono a?aeoeeaiiai // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. — 1997. — ? 6. — N.89-92.

I oa?ie/aneeo o?ainoi?iaoeeyo na?aea/iuo aeeeiceaeia e aaeeeiiia. /E.O.
Iaea?aae/, A.E.Ianeaiieeia, A.E.Iaaeee, A.N.Eoeaaeia, Ae.A.Ieueoiaee,
N.A. Eenee/aiei, TH.A.*a?iyaa //Oeiey i?e?iae.niaaeei. — 1987. — ? 3. —
N.462-463.

Oa?iiia?aoai?aiiy ea?aeaiie?ae?a. /?.O.Iaea?aae/, I.?.Iaae?e,
A.N.Eoeaa?ia, I.?. Ianeaii?eia, Ae.A.Ieueoiaee //Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. — 1987.
— ? 5. — N.55-59.

Eenee/aiei A.N., Eiaaeueia A.I., Eii?na?aiei I.O. Oaiieuei? niieoee
eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?. Iia?aeiieaiiy 1. Ieneei?e/i? eeneioe // A?niee
oa?iaoe??. — 1995. — ? 1/2 — N.101-102.

Oaiieuei? niieoee nii?iaeeie /i?ii?. Iia?aeiieaiiy 2. I?ino? oaiiee
/I.O.Eii?na?aiei, I.A.E?eai?o/ei, A.N.Eenee/aiei, A.I.Eiaaeueia //
A?niee oa?iaoe??. — 1998. — ? 1(17) — N.118.

Oe?icie ec Ribes nigrum /I.O.Eiienna?aiei, A.A.E?eai?o/ei, A.N.
Eenee/aiei, A.I.Eiaaeaa //Oeiey i?e?iae.niaaeeiaiee. — 1997. — ?1. —
N.123-124.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Ieia?aeueiua aauanoaa a i?aaiecia /aeiaaea e a
?anoaieyo. Iaoieiaee e i?iocaaieaaaiey //I?iaeci? — 1999. — ? 11. —
N.32-34.

Eenee/aiei A.N. ?ieue ieia?aeueiuo aauanoa a i?aaiecia /aeiaaea.
//I?iaeci? — 1999. — ? 12. — N.38-40.

Eenee/aiei A.N. ?ic?iaea neeaaeo oa oaoiieia?? io?eiaiiy
i?ioeaea?a?/iiai i?a-ia?aoo «Aethei??a?i» o oi?i? oaaeaoie. //
Oa?iaoe.aeo?iae. — 1997, ? 3. — N.54-57.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Aea/aiiy aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo aaaaoaoeaieo oa
aaia?aoeaieo i?aai?a i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei aa?onia?, a?oneeii? oa
?aiieeia? // A?niee oa?iaoe??. — 1999. — ? 2(20) — N.160-163.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Aea/aiiy aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo nii?iaeeie /i?ii?, aa?ono
a?ae-oeeaiiai oa ?o aea?eae?a // Oa?iaoe.aeo?i. — 1997. ? 4. -N.77-80.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Aecia/aiiy ye?niiai oa e?euee?niiai ai?noo ai?iieeneio o
i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei aa?onia?, a?oneeii? oa ?aiieeia? //Oa?iaeii.-1999.
? 2.-N.22-24.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeiooeeiii? ae?? ??cieo o?aeoe?e aeno?aeoo nii?iaeeie
/i?ii? / A.A. Ia?oeiia, A.N.Eenee/aiei, I.A.Ni?eyinueea, N.Ae.Ia?aiio,
I.O.Naiiaei?eiaa // Ee?i?/ia oa?iaoe?y. — 1998. — O.2, ? 3. — N.89-91.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?c?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo niieoe ?iaeo Ribes L./
A.N.Eenee/aiei, A.I.Eiaaeueia, A.A.E?eai?o/ei, I.A.Nooiaeiaa
//O?c?ieia?/ii aeoeai? ?a/iaeie.- 1999. — ? 1(27). — N.77-90.

Oiene/i? aeanoeaino? iiaiai aioeaea?a?/iiai i?aia?aoo «Aethei??a?i»
/E.A. sseiae?aa, ?.?.Aaae??aa, E.A.Aani?ia, A.A.*?e?oe?ia,
A.N.Eenee/aiei //A?niee oa?iaoe??. — 1998. — ?1 (17). — N.103-107.

Ia?niaeoeaiua iai?aaeaiey a iaeanoe eco/aiey eaea?noaaiiuo ?anoaiee e
nicaeaiea ioa/anoaaiiuo oeoii?aia?aoia /A.I.Eiaaeaa, A.N.Eenee/aiei,
E.A. AEo?aaaeue, E.Y.Oia?aaaa, A.A.Caaieioiue, A.A.Nooiaeiaa,
O.A.E?anieeiaa, A.A. Ei?ieue //I?iaeci?. — 1998.-? 22. — N.39-40.

Aoaeaaiaee nii?iaeeie /i?ii? / A.N.Eenee/aiei, I.A.E?eai?o/ei, A.I.
*ooaiei, I.A.Ea?aiiaa., E.A.sseiaeaaa //Iaoeia? iniiae ?ic?iaee
e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a: Iaoa??aee Iaoeiai? Nan?? A?aeae?eaiiy o?i?? IAI
Oe?a?ie. — O.:Iniiaa, 1998. — N.292-295.

Eii?na?aiei I.O., Eenee/aiei A.N., E?eai?o/ei I.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeeie Grossulariaceae //
Iaoeia? iniiae ?ic?iaee e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a: Iaoa?e?aee Iaoeiai?
Nan?? A?aeae?eaiiy O?i?? IAI Oe?a?ie. O.:Iniiaa, 1998. — N.135-139.

Eenee/aiei A.N., Eoeaoia N.A., E?eai?o/ei A.A. Oa?iaeieiae/aneia
eco/aiea a?iioieeoe/aneiai aeaenoaey i?ioeaianoiaoe/aneiai nai?a
?anoaiee. //Na.noaoae IEE oa?aiee. O.:Iniiaa, 1994. — N.147-151.

?ac?aaioea i?iiene aeaoneie eaea?noaaiii oi?iu — a?aioe aethei?eaeia e
aa oa?iaeieiae/aneia eco/aiea. / I.O. Naiiaeieeiaa, E.A.sseiaeaaa, A.N.
Eenee/aiei, N.I.Eiienna?aiei, A.A.I*eeeoeeia, A.TH.Eioaaay //O?oaee
i?aeia?iae-ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oai??y ? i?aeoeea noai?aiiy e?ea?nueeeo
i?aia?ao?a». — O.:Iniiaa, 1998. — N.248-254.

Aeiiacioaie/aneay aeoeaiinoue ianoieee e nooiai yeno?aeoa ec eenoueaa
nii?iaeeiu /i?iie / A.A.E?eai?o/ei, A.N.Eenee/aiei, N.E.Naeueieeiaa,
A.I. Eiaaeaa //Aanoi. i?iae.nia?.iaaeeoeeiu. — 1996.- ?2. — N.116-119.

Eenee/aiei A.N., E?eai?o/ei A.A. Nii?iaeeia /a?iay e aa eniieueciaaiea a
iaaeeoeeia // Aanoiee i?iaeai nia?aiaiiie iaaeeoeeiu. — 1996. — ? 3. —
N.10-19.

Eenee/aiei A.N., Ia?eiaa A.I. Eco/aiea oeeoii?ioaeoi?iie aeoeaiinoe
eiiieaena AAA ec eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu /a?iie // Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee
e iaaeeoeeiu. — 1997. — ? 17. — N.27-32.

Eenee/aiei A.N., E?eai?o/ei A.A. Aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aauanoaa
e?uaeiaieea ioeeiiaiiiai. /O?oioa?ai?y a Oe?a?i?. — 1998. — ? 1. —
N.22-23.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Eco/aiea aieiieeneioiiai ninoaaa aaaaoaoeaiuo i?aaiia
nii?i-aeeiu /a?iie // Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e
iaaeeoeeiu-1997-?8.-N.153-160.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Ieia?aeueiua aauanoaa a i?aaiecia /aeiaaea e a
?anoaieyo. Eaea?noaaiiua ?anoaiey — enoi/ieee ieia?aeueiuo aauanoa.
//Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu. — 1997. — ? 14. — N.19-32.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Niaoeeoe/aneay oiene/iinoue aethei?eaeia. /Aanoiee
i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu. — 1997. — ? 14. — N.15-18.

Iaoaioe

Iao. 24032 Oe?a?ia. IEA A61E 35/78. Niin?a iaea?aeaiiy eiiieaeno
iie?naoa?eae?a i?ioeaea?a?/ii? ae?? oa e?ea?nueeee i?aia?ao
«Aethei??a?i», yeee i?noeoue aeacaiee eiiieaen / A.N.Eenee/aiei,
A.I.Eiaaeueia, I.A.E?eai?o/ei, E.A.sseiae?aa, A.A.Caaieioiee,
I.A.Noi?oi, O.I.Coa/aiei, I.A.Na?aa?yeiaa, I.A.A?ii?ia (Oe?a?ia). —
Cayae.28.12.95; Iioae.31.08.98. Athe. ? 4.

Iiceoeaia ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae 96052064 Oe?a?ie a?ae
18.03.98?. IIE A61E 35/78. A.N.Eenee/aiei, I.A.E?eai?o/ei, A.I.Ia?eiaa,
O.A.TH?/aiei /»Can?a aeey i?eai?/aiiy ?oo?aii? aeoeaiino?
nia?iaoici?ae?a».

A.N. 1469611 NNN? IEE A61E 35/48. Niinia iieo/aiey na?aea/iuo
aeeeiceaeia /E.O.Iaea?aae/, A.E.Iaaeee, A.N.Eoeaaeia, A.I.?aaeiiae/,
N.A.Eenee/aiei (NNN?). — ? 4163913/3. — Cayae. 18.12.86; Iioae.1.12.88.
Athe. ? 3. — 2n.

Iaoa??aee c’?cae?a ? eiioa?aioe?e

Aea/aiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iie?naoa?eaeiiai eiiieaeno c eenoy nii?iaeeie
/i?ii?. /A.N.Eenee/aiei, A.I.*ooaiei, I.A.E?eai?o/ei, I.?.Ea?aiiaa
//Oac.aeii.iaoeiai

-i?aeoe/.eiio. «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie oa?iaoe??». — Oa?e?a. — 1994.
-N.77-78.

Eco/aiea aioeaeea?ae/aneie aeoeaiinoe aethei?eaeia. /A.A.Aanieia, E.A.
sseiaeaaa, A.N.Eenee/aiei, A.E.Eaaoiaiei, E.A.Ea?aooaaa //Iaoa?eaeu IV
?in.iaoe. eiia?. «*aeiaae e eaea?noai», Iineaa. 1997. — N.155.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Eco/aiea oeaaiiieaeiiai ninoaaa aaaaoaoeaiuo i?aaiia
iaeioi?uo aeaeia aa?aneeaoa // Oac.aeii. IV I?aeia?iae.eiio. c iaaee/ii?
aioai?ee, Ee?a. — 1997. — N.396.

Eenee/aiei A.N., Aioeiaineay E.A., Eaoiiiaa I.E. Aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaiaiey
i?aia?aoia eaea?noaaiiuo ?anoaiee aeey ei??aeoeee eiioiiaeiaoeeiia i?e
?acee/iuo caaieaaaieyo // Oac.?ani.iao/ii-i?aeo.eiio. e 70-eaoeth OOE. —
Oa?ueeia, 1991. — N.221-222.

Eenee/aiei A.N., E?eai?o/ei I.A. E?euee?nia aecia/aiiy aeoaeeueieo
?a/iaei o iaaecaiieo i?aaiao nii?iaeeie /i?ii?.
//Oac.aeii.iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio. «Aeinyaiaiiy no/anii? oa?iaoe?? — a
iaaee/io i?aeoeeo». O.:Iniiaa, 1996. -N.208-209.

Eenee/aiei A.N., Ia?eiaa A.I., E?eai?o/ei A.A. Aeeyiea AAA ianoieee ec
eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu /a?iie ia eeaoee einoiiai iicaa. //
Oac.aeiee.?in.iao/.eiio. «Nicaeaiea eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa». Iineaa —
N.Eoiaaia, 1992. — N.128.

Eeiioeeueiua aauanoaa iaeioi?uo aeaeia ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey.
/N.A.I?ieiiaiei, A.N. Eenee/aiei, O.E.Enaeiaa, E.I.Na?ay //Oac.aeiee. IV
nuacaea oa?iaoeaaoia NNN?, Eacaiue. — 1986. — N.245.

Ia?eiaa A.I., Eenee/aiei A.N., E?eai?o/ei A.A. Aeaenoaea eiiieaenia AAA
ia eeaoee einoiiai iicaa //Oac.aeiee.iao/.-i?aeo.eiio. «Aeiiia?aaeaeaiey
a i?iiuoeaiiinoe». Iaica. 1993. — N.27-28.

Ia?niaeoeau i?eiaiaiey eaea?noaaiiuo o?aa aeey ei??aeoeee ioeeiiaiee a
eiioiiie nenoaia. /E.A.Aioeiaineay, A.N.Eenee/aiei, A.A.Aaioeia,
I.O.Eiienna?aiei //Oac.aeiee.iao/.-i?aeo.eiio. «Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
oa?iaoeaaoe/aneie iaoee e i?aeoeee. Eo?ne, 1991. — O.2. — N.187-188.

Kislichenko V. Prospects of using the Black currant leaves for
profilactis and treatment of certain deseases.// Abstract Book, IV
Congress of the WFUMA, Ukraine, 1992. — P. 413-414.

Ca?oe i?i iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo

Eenee/aiei A.N. ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee eiiieaeniie ia?a?aaioee eenoueaa
nii?iaeeiu /a?iie e iieo/aiea ia aai iniiaa noiia?iuo eaea?noaaiiuo
i?aia?aoia. Io/ao i IE? (caeeth/eoaeueiue) /?0194U010649. — Oa?ueeia,
Oe?OA, 1994. — 13 n. (AeNI).

Eenee/aiei A.N. Nicaeaiea e i?aaiecaoeey i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa
i?aia?aoa ia iniiaa iieenaoa?eaeiiai eiiieaena ec eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu
/a?iie. Io/ao i IE? (caeeth/eoaeueiue) /?0195U015911. — Oa?ueeia, Oe?OA,
1996. — 12 n. (AeNI).

Eenee/aiei A.N. Oa?iaeiaiinoe/ia aea/aiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei
aa?onia?, a?oneeii?, ?aiieeia? ? ?ic?iaea ia ?o iniia? e?ea?nueeeo
cania?a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 15.00.02 — oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o?i?y ?
oa?iaeiaiic?y. — Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi eiiieaeniiai o?oio?i?/iiaiai ?
ii?oieiai-aiaoii?/iiai aea/aiiy aaaaoaoeaieo i?aai?a 30 i?aaenoaaiee?a
?iaeeie aa?onia?, 7 — a?oneeii? ? 1 — ?aiieeia?. A ?acoeueoao?
aenia?eiaioo aoei aeae?eaii a ?iae?a?aeoaeueiii? noai? ? anoaiiaeaii
no?oeoo?o iiiaae 110 ?a/iaei: 4 iio?aeieo oaiieo, 7 iio?aeieo
aaicieii?, 6 ei?e/ii? oa o?iii? eeneio, 7 iio?aeieo eoia?eio, 22
oeaaiii?aee, 2 eaoao?ie, 1 oinoie?i?ae, 2 oei?io?ee, 1 noa?ei, 6
ea?ae?inoa?i?ae?a, 7 aee?ieo oa 5 i?aai?/ieo eeneio, 21 ai?iieeneioo, 28
iae?i- oa i?e?iaeaiaio?a (IA). Anoaiiaeaia ae?iai?ea iaeiie/aiiy IA a
??ci? ia??iaee aaa?oaoe??, a oaeiae iiaeeea?noue caeeoaoeny o
oa?iaeieia?/ieo caniaao i?ney aeno?aaoaaiiy e?ea?nueei? ?ineeiii?
ne?iaeie. I?iaaaeai? ii?oieiai-aiaoii?/i? ? oaiioaeniiii?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ?iaeei aa?onia? ? a?oneeii? ? anoaiiaeai?
ae?aaiinoe/i? iciaee ia ??ai? ?o ?iae?a. ?ic?iaeaii 5 i?iaeo?a
OON:»Eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii?», «Ianoieea eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? 70%»,
«Aethei??a?i», «Oaaeaoee aethei??a?io 0,1 a», «A?aioee aethei??a?io aeey
ae?oae». ?ic?iaeai? eiiieaeni? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee eenoy nii?iaeeie
/i?ii? aeey io?eiaiiy ianoieee ? noanoaioe?? «Aethei??a?i», a oaeiae
aeei?enoaiiy o?ioo c eenoy iaia?noyiee oa?noenoi? i?ney io?eiaiiy
i?aia?aoo «Eaioiceae» ? iaea?aeaiiy e?ea?nueeiai caniao «Eaioiaethe?i».
Aeyaeaia a?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue aethei??a?io — i?ioeaea?a?/ia; ianoieee
c eenoy nii?iaeeie /i?ii? — a?iiacioai?/ia, ae?o?aoe/ia, ?aia?aoeaia;
eaioiaethe?io oa iie?naoa?eaeiiai eieiieaeno c eenoy a?oneeie
ai?iaeaa/anoi? — ?ioiiiiaeoethth/a oa oeeoii?ioaeoi?ia.

Eeth/aa? neiaa: oa?iaeiaiinoe/ia aea/aiiy, ?iaeeie: aa?onia?, a?oneeii?,
?aiieeia?; nii?iaeeia, aa?on, eiooa, a?oneeia, iaia?noyiea, aiaoii?/ia
aoaeiaa, o?oio?i?/ia ? oa?iaeieia?/ia aea/aiiy, a?ieia?/ii aeoeai?
?a/iaeie, e?ea?nuee? caniae: ianoieea, a?aioee, oaaeaoee, oaoiieia?y,
noaiaea?o?caoe?y.

Eenee/aiei A.N. Oa?iaeiaiinoe/aneia eco/aiea i?aaenoaaeoaeae naiaenoaa
e?uaeiaieeua, aa?aneeaoiaua, ii?e/ieeiaua e ?ac?aaioea ia eo iniiaa
eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oa?iaoeaaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 15.00.02 — oa?iaoeaaoe/aneay oeiey e
oa?iaeiaiicey. —

Oe?aeineay o?iaoeaaoe/aneay aeaaeaiey, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eiiieaeniiai oeoioeie/aneiai e
ii?oieiai-aiaoiie/aneiai eco/aiey aaaaoaoeaiuo i?aaiia 30
i?aaenoaaeoaeae naiaenoa e?uaeiaieeiaua; 7 — aa?aneeaoiaua; 1 —
ii?e/ieeiaua. A ?acoeueoaoa yenia?eiaioa auei auaeaeaii a
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii ninoiyiee e onoaiiaeaia no?oeoo?a aieaa 110 aauanoa: 4
i?iecaiaeiuo oaiiea, 7 i?iecaiaeiuo aaicieiie, 6 — ei?e/iie e oeiiie
eeneio, 7 i?iecaiaeiuo eoia?eia, 22 oeaaiiieaeia, 2 eaoaoeiia, 1
oinoieeieaea, 7 aee?iuo e 5 i?aaie/aneeo eeneio, 21 aieiieeneiou, 28
iae?i- e iee?iyeaiaioia (IY). Onoaiiaeaia aeeiaieea iaeiieaiey IY a
?acee/iua ia?eiaeu aaaeoaoeee, a oaeaea eo aiciiaeiinoue iaoiaeaeiey a
oa?iaeieiae/aneeo n?aaenoaao iinea yeno?aeoeee eaea?noaaiiiai
?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey. A 26 aeaeao enneaaeoaiiai ?anoeoaeueiiai nu?uey
iaia?oaeaii 28 IY iaoiaeii yienneiiiie e aoiiii-aaeni?aoeeiiiie
ieaiaiiie niaeo?ineiiee. Aia?aua ec i?aaenoaaeoaeae naiaenoaa
e??aeiaieeiaua auee auaeaeaiu oe?icie, naeeae?iceae, oaiie e SYMBOL 98
f «Symbol» s 13b-iaooie, aaeeiaay eeneioa, iaoeeeaaeao, 4 eoia?eia
(oiaaeeeoa?ii, aa?iea?ei, neiiieaoei e ecineiiieaoei); 5 ieneei?e/iuo
eeneio (n-eoia?iaa, eioaeiay, oa?oeiaa, oei?iaaiiaa e iaioei?iaaiiaa
eeneiou), 4 aeeeiceaea (aeia?iceae, ?aeiioo?ei, nie?aiceae,
eaiaaenoeeo?ei), oinoieeieae (eaoeeoei) e noa?ieae (SYMBOL 98 f
«Symbol» s 13b-neoinoa?ei), 2 oei?ioeeea — A e A; a ec i?aaenoaaeoaeae
naiaenoaa aa?aneeaoiaua auaeaeaiu iieenaoa?eaeu, aieiieeneiou,
i?iecaiaeiua aaicieiie eeneiou (n-ieneaaicieiay, i?ioieaoaoiaay,
naeeoeeeiaay eeneioa e iaoeenaeeoeeeao), 5 i?iecaiaeiuo ei?e/iie e
oeiiie eeneiou, 6 eoia?eiia (aa?iea?ei, neiiieaoei, ecineiiieaoei,
yneoeaoei, yneoeei e oeeoi?ei); 6 ea?aeaiieeaeia (ia oieueei ec naiyi,
ii e ec ei?u ei?iae): aeeaeoieneaaiei, eaiiiaaiei, yaiiiiiceae,
aetheiyaiiiceae, yaiiiaaiei; a oaeaea n eenoueaa iaia?noyiee oa?noenoie
aia?aua aue auaeaeai e enneaaeiaai iieenaoa?eaeiue eiiieaen e auaeaeaii
a eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii ninoiyiee 6 eoia?eiia (yneoeei, yneoeaoei, oeeoi?ei,
neiiieaoei, ecineiiieaoei, aa?iea?ei), 2 i?iecaiaeiuo aieaaieia:
aieaaiei e einiineei, 2 eaoaoeia: (+)-eaoaoei e (-)-aieeaoaoei,
oei?ioeeeu A e A, 21 aieiieeneiou ec naiyi e eenoueaa. Onoaiiaeaiu
iniiaiua aeeaaiinoe/aneea aiaoiie/aneea i?eciaee eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu
/a?iie, e?aniie, aeueieeneie, e?uaeiaieea ioeeiiaiiiai, eioou e 7 aeaeia
aa?aneeaoa: ai?iaeaa/aoiai, *a?iyaaa, Naiaiiaa, ea?eeeiaiai, eaciineiai,
Iaaea e aeeeiiie?ueiai. Ia iniiaa ii?oieiai-aiaoiie/aneiai e
oeoioeie/aneiai aiaeeca eco/aaiuo aeaeia ?anoaiee i?iaaaeaii
oaiioaeniiiie/aneia eco/aiea i?aaenoaaeoaeae naiaenoa e?uaeiaieeiaua e
aa?aneeaoiaua e ii?aaeaeaiu eo aeeaaiinoe/aneea i?eciaee ia o?iaia
?iaeia. Ii?aaeaeaii eiee/anoaaiiia niaea?aeaiea ?acee/iuo a?oii AAA a
aaaaoaoeaiuo e aaia?aoeaiuo i?aaiao i?aaenoaaeoaeae ?iaea Aa?oniaua,
A?oneeiiua, ?aiieeiaua. I?e iiiiue iaoiaea AAEO ii?aaeaeaii ea/anoaaiiia
e eiee/anoaaiiia niaea?aeaiea aieiieeneio ai anao enneaaeoaiuo aeaeao
nu?uey, a oaeaea a eaea?noaaiiii i?aia?aoa — aethei?eaei. Auei
onoaiiaeaii iaee/ea 21 aieiieeneiou, 10 ec eioi?uo yaeythony
iacaiaieiuie. Eiee/anoaaiiia niaea?aeaiea iieenaoa?eaeia a eenoueyo
?acee/iuo ni?oia nii?iaeeiu /a?iie eieaaeaony a i?aaeaeao 12±2%, a
aethei?eaeia — 33,41±2,5%, ainnoaiaaeeaathueo naoa?ia — 13,71±0,35%,
o?iiiauo eeneio, iaioeaeia io 10,97 aei 31,19 % a eenoueyo aa?aneeaoa
ai?iaeaa/aoiai e aa?aneeaoa *a?iyaaa — 8,2±1,05% iieenaoa?eaeia; a
eenoueyo iaia?-noyiee oa?noenoie 8,15±0,59%. I?e iiiiue
aaeue-oeeueo?aoeee onoaiiaeai aaoa?iaaiiee ninoaa iieenaoa?eaeiiai
eiiieaena ec eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu /a?iie (aethei?eaeia).

I?aaeeiaeaiu aeey aiaae?aiey a i?iecaiaenoai eiiieaeniua oaoiieiaee —
ia?a?aaioee eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu /a?iie aeey iieo/aiey ianoieee e
noanoaioeee «Aethei?eaei», eniieueciaaiey o?ioa eenoueaa iaia?noyiee
oa?noenoie iinea iieo/aiey i?aia?aoa «Eaioiceae» e iieo/aiey
eaea?noaaiiiai n?aaenoaa «Eaioiaetheei». Iainiiaai iaoiae — i?yiiai
i?anniaaiey — aeey iieo/aiey oaaeaoie aethei?eaeia 0,1 a e eco/aiu eo
oeceei-oeie/aneea naienoaa, a oaeaea ia?aiao?u ea/anoaa, eioi?ua auee
aeeth/aiu a niioaaonoaothuea ?acaeaeu i?iaeoia AON. ?ac?aaioaiu i?iaeou
AON :»Eenouey nii?iaeeiu /a?iie», «Ianoieea eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu /a?iie
70%», «Aethei?eaei», «Oaaeaoee aethei?eaeia 0,1 a», «A?aioeu
aethei?eaeia aeey aeaoae». Ii?aaeaeaia aeieiae/aneay aeoeaiinoue:
aethei?eaeia — i?ioeaiaeea?ae/aneay i?e iieeeiicao e aea?iaoeoao,
eiio?aoeaioeaiay; ianoieee eenoueaa nii?iaeeiu /a?iie —
aeiiacioaie/aneay, aeeo?aoe/aneay, ?aia?aoeaiay; eaioiaetheeia e
iieenaoa?eaeiiai eieiieaena ec eenoueaa aa?aneeaoa ai?iaeaa/aoiai —
eiioiiiiaeoee?othuay e oeeoii?ioaeoi?iay.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oa?iaeiaiinoe/aneia eco/aiea, nii?iaeeia, e?uaeiaiee,
eiooa, aa?aneeao, iaia?noyiea, aiaoiie/aneia no?iaiea, oaiioaeniiiiey,
oa?iaeieiae/aneia eco/aiea, aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aauanoaa, ianoieea,
a?aioeu, oaaeaoee, oaoiieiaey, noaiaea?oecaoeey.

Kislichenko V.S. The pharmacognostic study of some species of
Grossulariaceae, Celastraceae, Scrophulariaceae family and development
on their basis of medications. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree in specialty 15.00.02 — Pharmaceutical
Chemistry and Pharmacognosy. Ukrainian Pharmaceutical Academy, Kharkov,
1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the phytochemical study of some species
of Ribes and Grossularia genus (Grossulariaceae family); Euonymus and
Kolonymus genus (Celastraceae family); Digitalis genus (Scrophulariaceae
family). More then 110 compounds have been isolated: 4 phenolics
derivatives, 7 benzoic acid derivatives, 6 cinnamic acid derivatives, 7
coumarins, 22 flavonoids, 2 catechins, 1 phospholipid, 2 chlorophils, 21
amino acid and 28 mineral elements (ME). The dynamics of seasonal
accumulation of VE of the some species of Grossulariaceae, Celastraceae,
Scrophulariaceae family has been studied. The anatomic diagnostic
indications of leaves for species of Ribes, Grossularia, Euonymus and
Kolonymus genus have been determined. The Temporary Pharmacopoeia
Articles «Black Current leaves», «Glucoribin», «Tablets Glucoribini 0,1
g», «Granule Glucoribini for children», «Tincture from leaves Black
Current 70%» have been developed. The biological activity of the
medications, obtained from the leaves of the Black Current has been
proved to have an antiallergenic, immunoprotentiator, anticonceptive and
antiblastic effect.

Glossary: pharmacognosy study, Ribes, Black Current, Grossularia,
Ioshta, Euonymus, Digitalis, anatomic diagnostic, chemotaxonomy,
biological activity, medications, tablets, tincture, granule,
technology, standartization.

PAGE 1

PAGE 1

Похожие записи