OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO ?I.A.N.NEIAI?IAeE.

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 882

EICI?IA IENAIA AANEE?AIA

OAIOANOEEA OA ?AAEUeI?NOUe O

“Iano?uo neaceao” A.O. IAeI?ANUeEIAI..

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.02 — ?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i .A. N. Neiai?iaee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
O??ciai Eaii?ae Aai??oiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
?in?enueei? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e A?eai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ieiiaiei Ciy Oeiio??aia.

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e oe?a?iiciaanoaa Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo Oea/aiei Ieaia A?eai??aia.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: eaoaae?a ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e AEeoiie?nueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. ?.ss. O?aiea.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.64.053.03 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee (310168, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
Aethoa?a, 2, aoae. 215 A).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee
(aoe.Aethoa?a, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 15 ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee I.A.Ieaenaiei.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O no/ani?e e?oa?aoo?iciaa/?e iaooe? c?inoa? ?ioa?an aei oai?/ino?
A.O.Iaei?anueeiai /1803-1869/ — iaeiiai c iaea?eueo yne?aaeo ?
i?ea?iaeueieo ienueiaiiee?a OIO noi??//y.

Aei oeueiai /ano, iacaaaeath/e ia oe?eo ieceo ?ia?o
(e?oa?aoo?ii-a?ia?ao?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, niiaaae?a, aeneiaethaaiue,
aeeth/ath/e e eai?oaeueio i?aoeth aeaaeai?ea I.I. Naeoe?ia, aeaeaio a
1913 ?ioe?,), niinoa??aa?oueny ?noioiee ??ciia?e o iiaeyaeao ia i?noea ?
cia/aiiy ienueiaiieea a ?noi??? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e.

No/aniee e?eueeio e?oa?aoo?ieo iieie?iue, yeee caaaeaee aoa o oeaio??
eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy, a?i oa?eoia aei iueiai ye iaeei ?c iaooiaiiee?a
a?aeiiiai o?einionueeiai Ao?oea ethaiioae??a, yeee o na?aaeei? 20-o
?ie?a OIO noi??//y ia’?aeiaa aaaaoueio aeaeaoieo ienueiaiiee?a oiai
/ano. Aei Ao?oea aoiaeeee ?in?enuee? oa oe?a?inuee? e?oa?aoi?e. O
1823-1825 ?ieao o ?iaio? Ao?oea a?aa o/anoue oe?a?inueeee ienueiaiiee
I.Iaeneiiae/. Ae?ocyie Iaei?anueeiai aoee A.A.AEoeianueeee,
I.I.A’ycainueeee, I.A.Aiaieue, I.N.Iooe?i, I.Aeeiea .

Iaei?anueeee aoa ia?oei c ienueiaiiee?a, ooi aeniei ioe?iea e?oa?aoo?iee
oaeaio I.A.Aiaiey oa O.I. Aeinoi?anueeiai. O nai?o e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo
noaooyo a?i iiceoeaii ioe?iea ?aii? ?iiaioe/i? oai?e a?aeiiiai
oe?a?inueeiai e?oa?aoi?a I.I. Aoeaea-A?oaiianueeiai
(“Oaa?aeianueeee”/1828/, “?eaaeea”/1827/), iiyaa yeeo o e?ioe? 20-o
?ie?a OIO noi??//y a “Aanoieea Aa?iiu” ciaiaioaaea ii/aoie aiioe
oe?a?inueeiai ?iiaioecio.

Neiaie?/ii, ui ia?o? e?oa?aoo?ii-a?ia?ao?/i? ?iaioe, i?enay/ai?
oai?/ino? Iaei?anueeiai, oaeiae iia’ycai? c Oe?a?iith. Iaeio c ia?oeo
a?ia?ao?e ienueiaiieea aoei aeaeaii o Oa?eia? i?ioani?ii Oa?e?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo I. O. Noioeiaei o 1884 ?ioe?: “Eiycue A. O. Iaeiaaneee”.
Ia ii/aoeo OO noi??//y o Oa?eia? aoei iaae?oeiaaii e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/io
?iaioo ?ioiai oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaoey — A. A. E?c?ia: “ I/a?ee ec aeecie
e eeoa?aoo?iie aeayoaeueiinoe eiycy A.O. Iaeiaaneiai” /1907/.

?icea?o e?oa?aoo?iiai oaeaioo Iaei?anueeiai i?eiaaea? ia ii/aoie 30-o
— na?aaeeio 40-o ?ie?a. Oai?e oeueiai ia??iaeo oa?a?aee a naaa iaeoe?oa
eiei ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo anioe?aoe?e. O?einionueeee ?iiai Iaei?anueeiai
“?onneea ii/e” /1844/ ? oi?eaeueiith iai’yoeith ?in?enueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueei? aeoiee OIO noi??//y. Oe?e eiec? iaia? aiaeia?a
ye o ?in?enuee?e, oae ? a cao?aeii?a?iiaenuee?e e?oa?aoo??. Ca oi?iith
(a naia ae?aeia?/iith) “?onneea ii/e” aeecuee? aei o?einionueeeo
ae?aeia?a A?eai??y Neiai?iaee (“Ia/aeueiay aeaa?ue ei o?eno?aineiio
aeia?ii?aa?th” /1766/, “Ia?e?nn.?acaeaaie i oii: Ociae naaa”
/1769-1771/, “?acaiai? iyoe iooieeia ia enoeiiii uano?e a aeecie”
/1798/, “?acaiai?, iacuaaaiue aeoaaeo, eee aoeaa?ue ie?a” /1775/), ye?,
ye ? ?iiai Iaei?anueeiai, iioiaeyoue a?ae a?aeiieo ae?aeia?a Ieaoiia.

Iaeiae iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an, ia iao iiaeyae, aeeeeeathoue
iaeiaeine?aeaeai? oaioanoe/i? eacee ienueiaiieea, ia’?aeiai? iei o oeeee
“Iano?ua neacee n e?aniui neiaoeii, nia?aiiua E?eiaai Iiaeanoiae/ai
Aiiicaeeith, iaaeno?ii oeeinioee e /eaiii ?aciuo o/aiuo iauanoa,
ecaeaiiua A. Aacaeaniui” /1833/.

I?iaeai? oaioanoe/iiai ? ?aaeueiiai o eaceao Iaei?anueeiai aeine?aeieee
iaeaea ia i?eae?eyee oaaae. Ia nueiaiaei? ye a Oe?a?i?, oae ? a ?in??, a
oaeiae na?aae ?ia?o cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo a/aieo iaia? niaoe?aeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea aoei a i?enay/aia ?icaeyaeo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
oaioanoe/iiai ? ?aaeueiiai o oeueiio oeeee? oai??a.

Caaaeath/e ia cacia/aia aeua, o ?aoa?iaai?e ?iaio? cina?aaeaeo?oueny
oaaaa ia aeine?aeaeaii? naia oe??? i?iaeaie a oeeee? oai??a “Iano?ua
neacee n e?aniui neiaoeii, nia?aiiua E?eiaai Iiaeanoiae/ai Aiiicaeeith,
iaaeno?ii oeeinioee e /eaiii ?aciuo o/aiuo iauanoa, ecaeaiiua A.
Aacaeaniui”.

Oaia ?iaioe ii’ycaia c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie eaoaae?e na?oiai?
e?oa?aoo?e Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
A.N. Neiai?iaee, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
?a?iiaenueeiai ?iiaioecio ia?oi? iieiaeie OIO noi??//y.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — ?icaeyiooe “Iano?ua neacee” A. O. Iaei?anueeiai o
eiioaeno? oaioanoe/ii? ?iiaioe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e 20-30-o ?ie?a OIO
noi??//y; aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? cia?aaeaiiy oaioanoe/iiai oa ?aaeueiiai a
oeueiio oeeee? oai??a; i?iaiae?coaaoe “caaoaeueiaaio” oaioanoeeo
[oa?i?i TH. Iaiia] oa iienaoe oeyoe e caniae noai?aiiy “iaoaioanoe/ii?
oaioanoeee” [oa?i?i TH. Iaiia] Iaei?anueeiai.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aecia/aii? iaoe oi?ioeththoueny aieiai? iai?yiee
e iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1.I?iaiae?coaaoe i?iaeaiaoeeo oa aeai?iao nai???aei?noue oeeeeo
“Iano?uo neacie”; cai?iiiioaaoe aeai?iao eeaneo?eaoe?th oai??a ia
iniia? aiae?co ?o aeai?iai-ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae .

2.Aecia/eoe ?ieue ? i?noea “Iano?uo neacie” a e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean?
20-30-o ?ie?a OIO noi??//y.

3. Aeyaeoe ?ieue oa i?noea noee?ciaaiiai iiia?aea/a noiniaii
oaioanoe/iiai nthaeaoo oai??a.

4. ?icaeyiooe aaiethoe?th oaioanoe/ieo iioea?a Iaei?anueeiai o iia?no?
“Einii?aia”/1839/; i?inoaaeeoe o?ainoi?iaoe?th no?oeoo?ii-oeiieia?/ieo
?en oaioanoeee a oeueiio oeeee? oai??a.

5.Aeyaeoe iniiai? caniae cia?aaeaiiy oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e o
“?aae?noe/iiio” nthaeao? eacie.

6. I?iaiae?coaaoe iniiai? oeie oaioanoeee ienueiaiieea a
eaceao-a?ioaneao ( “ caaoaeueiaaio” oa “iaoaioanoe/io” ).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ? oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny oei, ui
i?iaeaia oaioanoe/iiai oa ?aaeueiiai o “Iano?uo neaceao” ia aoea ua
ia’?eoii niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeieoeueeiai aiae?co.O ?aoa?iaai?e ?iaio?
“Iano?ua neacee” A.O.Iaei?anueeiai ?icaeyaeathoueny ye naiino?eiee,
nai???aeiee o?einionueei-oaioanoe/iee oeeee. O aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa
aecia/a?oueny aeai?iaa niaoeeo?ea oeeeeo, i?iiiio?oueny eeaneo?eaoe?y
oaioanoe/ieo eacie. O ?iaio? oaeiae i?iaiae?ciaaii ia?ac noee?ciaaiiai
iiia?aea/a oa eiai ?ieue o oaioanoe/ii-o?einionuee?e i?iaeaiaoeoe?
oeeeeo, i?inoaaeo?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y oaioanoeee Iaei?anueeiai
(“Einii?aia” /1839/, “I?eaoneay e?anoueyiea” /1839/). Aia?oa
?icaeyaeathoueny e aiae?cothoueny iniiai? oeie oaioanoeee ienueiaiieea
(“caaoaeueiaaia” oa “iaoaioanoe/ia”).

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia? aiae?co
cia/iiai e?oa?aoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai iaoa??aeo ?iaeyoueny oai?aoe/i?
ocaaaeueiaiiy uiaei iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?in?enueei? ?iiaioe/ii?
oaioanoe/ii? i?ice 20 — 30-o ?ie?a OIO noi??//y. Oai?aoe/iiai aniaeoo
?iaioe noino?oueny oaeiae cai?iiiiiaaia aeai?iaa eeaneo?eaoe?y eacie,
yeo noai?aii ia iniia? aiae?co ?oi?o aeai?iai-ooaeiaei?o iniaeeainoae .

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oiio, ui a aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? ?ic?iaeaii nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie oaioanoe/iiai
oa ?aaeueiiai a “Iano?uo neaceao” A. O. Iaei?anueeiai; aeine?aeaeaii e
iienaii oeyoe oa caniae noai?aiiy oaioanoe/iiai ia?aeae?cio o
eaceao-a?ioaneao ienueiaiieea; ?icaeyiooi ?ieue ? cia/aiiy ia?aco
noee?ciaaiiai iiia?aea/a; aeyaeaii oa i?iaiae?ciaaii “caaoaeueiaaio” oa
“iaoaioanoe/io oaioanoeeo” Iaei?anueeiai; ?icaeyiooi oeyoe e “iaoai?cie”
?? noai?aiiy. ?aoa?iaaia aeena?oaoe?y ?, ii noo?, ia?oei e?ieii ia oeyoo
nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? oaioanoeee o o?einionuee?e i?iaeaiaoeoe?
“Iano?uo neacie” .

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee: “Iano?ua neacee” A. O. Iaei?anueeiai,
a oaeiae ie?ai? oai?e ?in?enueeeo ? cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo ienueiaiiee?a
20-30-o ?ie?a OIO noi??//y (I. N. Iooe?ia, I.A. Aiaiey, A.O. A.
Aioiaia, I. O. Aaeueoiaia, A. Iiai??euenueeiai, O. A. Aoeaa??ia,
I.Aanooaeaaa-Ia?e?inueeiai, ?.A. Ee???anueeiai, I.I. Ea?aic?ia, A.
A. AEoeianueeiai).

Ae??ooth/e iinoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? i?iaeaie, aeine?aeiee nie?aany ia
i?aoe? A. A. Aeiia?aaeiaa, I. Aaoo?ia, A.I. Aoeianueeiai, TH.A. Iaiia,
TH.I. Eioiaia, ?.I. I?aeaeoaii?, I.I. Naeoe?ia oa ?ioeo iaoeiaoe?a.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue aaaaoianiaeoiiai aiae?co “Iano?uo neacie”, ?
iieniai-aiae?oe/iee oa c?noaaiee iaoiae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
eiai iaoa??ae?a i?e aea/aii? eo?no ?noi??? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e OIO
noi??//y (o eaeoe?eiiio eo?n?, niaoeeo?n? e niaoenai?ia??). Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? iiaeia oaeiae aeei?enoiaoaaoe a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao c?
noee?noeee oa e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co oaenoo. Iaaaaeai? o ?iaio? oaeoe
oa iaea?aeai? aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie i?e ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo
iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a c ?noi??? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?e OIO noi??//y.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

I?i ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeiny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
OAeIO ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee o 1994-1995 ?ieao oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e OAeIO ?i.A.N.Neiai?iaee.

O iiaiiio ianyc? aeena?oaoe?y ?icaeyaeaeany ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
na?oiai? e?oa?aoo?e OAeIO ?i. A. N. Neiai?iaee 20 aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (229 iaeiaioaaiue).
Iniiaiee oaeno aeena?oaoe?? — 147 noi??iie, caaaeueiee ianya — 168
noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? oaie, ?? aeooaeuei?noue, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
e caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, c’yniao?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeeiiaii? ?iaioe, aecia/athoueny iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? “No/anieee ? iiia?aaeieee A. O.
Iaei?anueeiai o aeai?? e?oa?aoo?ii? eacee” neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
ia?aa?ao?a.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “?noi??y aea/aiiy “Iano?uo neacie”” A. O.
Iaei?anueeiai” ?icaeyaeathoueny iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/ai?
oeeeeo “Iano?ua neacee”, iaaieioo?oueny ia iaaeinoaoi?e aea/aiino?
oeeeeo, iniaeeai a aniaeo? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oaioanoe/iiai oa ?aaeueiiai.
Oai?/?noue Iaei?anueeiai i?eaa?oaea oaaao aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a,
na?aae yeeo iiaeia a?aecia/eoe ?iaioo I.I. Naeoe?ia “Ec enoi?ee ?onneiai
eaeaaecia. Eiycue A.O. Iaeiaaneee”/1913/, yea aei iaoiai /ano caa?aaea
nai? ?noi?eei-e?oa?aoo?ia cia/aiiy. Naeoe?iei ?ic?iaeaii cia/iee
a?o?aiee iaoa??ae ienueiaiieea, eiai i?aoey i?noeoue ia o?eueee aaaaoi
oe?iieo a?ia?ao?/ieo a?aeiiinoae i?i ienueiaiieea, aea e aea?
oa?aeoa?enoeeo Iaei?anueeiai, ye ieneeoaey oa ienueiaiieea “a ia?o?
aeaaaeoeyoue ?ie?a eiai ae?yeueiino? ( ia??iae ethaiioae??y oa
o?einionueei-i?noe/iiai ?aeaaeecio)” Naeoeei I.I. Ec enoi?ee ?onneiai
eaeaaeecia: Eiycue A.O. Iaeiaaneee. Iuneeoaeue. — Ienaoaeue. — I.:
Ecae-ai Naaaoieeiauo, 1913.- O.1. -*.1.- N.3.. Naeoe?i ia?oei ?c
aeine?aeiee?a ii?ooo? ieoaiiy i?i oaioanoeeo Iaei?anueeiai ? i?iiiio?
?? eeaneo?eaoe?th: “ …a eiai oaioanoeoe? iiaeia ?ic??cieoe /ioe?e
aieiaieo ??ciiaeaeiino?; ii-ia?oa, oaioanoeea, ye ciai?oiy oi?ia, ye a?a
oyae; ii-ae?oaa, eaceiaa oaioanoeea; ii-o?ao?, eia?/ia oaioanoeea oeio
ooii?e, ii-/aoaa?oa, i?aai?/ia (ineoieia?/ia) oaioanoeea” Naeoeei I.I.
Ec enoi?ee ?onneiai eaeaaeecia: Eiycue A.O. Iaeiaaneee. Iuneeoaeue. —
Ienaoaeue. — I.: Ecae-ai Naaaoieeiauo, 1913.- O.1. -*.2.- N.292.

. Ia aeaeue, aeine?aeiee eeoa ii?ooea iaeia c aieiaieo ieoaiue
oai?/ino? Iaei?anueeiai, ia ?ic?iaeaoe eiai aeieeaaeii.

?io? aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea (A.A. A?ii?on, TH.A.
Iaii, I.Ei?ioaee, A. ?. Naoa?ia, I. A. Oo?’yi) i?enay/ai? aai iaea?eueo
i?ci?i eiai oai?ai (oeeee “?onneea ii/e”), aai ?aii?e ?iiaioe/i?e i?ic?
a oe?eiio. “Iano?ua neacee” ?icaeyaeathoueny o?aaiaioa?ii, i?iaeaia
oaioanoe/iiai o eaceao aeine?aeieeaie iaeaea ia ii?ooo?oueny, a?aenooi?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, o yeeo ae ?icaeyaeaeeny iniaeeaino? cia?aaeaiiy
oaioanoe/iiai ? ?aaeueiiai a “Iano?uo neaceao”.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noth aeaoaeueiiai ?
anaa?/iiai e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai aiae?co “Iano?uo neacie”
A.O.Iaei?anueeiai, yeee aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ?ieue ? i?noea oeueiai oai?o
a e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean? 20-30-o ?ie?a O1O noie?ooy, c’ynoaaoe ?o
aeai?iao niaoeeo?eo, oeyoe ? caniae oi?ioaaiiy a?ioaneii? oei?caoe?? a
?aii?e ?iiaioe/i?e i?ic? ienueiaiieea, aea/eoe i?noea oa ?ieue
oaioanoeee o oeueiio oeeee? oai??a.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “AEai? e?oa?aoo?ii? eacee o oai?ao ienueiaiiee?a
ii/aoeo OIO noi??//y” oa o o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? “Eaceia? iioeae a
?in?enuee?e oaioanoe/i?e i?ic? 20-30 ?ie?a OIO noi??//y”
?icaeyaeathoueny eaceia? oa oaioanoe/i? oai?e ?in?enueeeo
ienueiaiiee?a ia?oi? /aa?o? OIO noi??//y ( I. Ea?aic?ia,
A.A.AEoeianueeiai A.Iiai??euenueeiai, I.Aanooaeaaa-Ia?e?inueeiai,
I.Aaeueoiaia, I.Naieianueeiai, ?.Ee???anueeiai, I.Niiiaa oa ?i), ye?
ia?aaeoaaee aeoiaeo “Iano?uo neacie” A.O.Iaei?anueeiai.

O e?oa?aoo?? 20-30-o ?ie?a OIO noi??//y aeieea? aaee/acia
caoe?eaaeai?noue eaceiaei aeai?ii. AEai? ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?ii?
eacee, yeee caii/aoeoaaa nai? o?aaeeoe?? ua a aeaaiuei?in?enuee?e
e?oa?aoo?? (“Iiaanoue i A?oa A?oiae/a”, eacea “Oaiyeei noae” oa ?i.),
o e?ioe? OVO — ia ii/aoeo OIO noi??//y noa? aeineoue iiioey?iei.

AEai?iaa aecia/aiiy “eacea” noa? iciaeith aeeaiiai, /oaeiaiai
iiia?aeaiiy i?i iaaecae/aeia, a yeiio ae?thoue eeo? oa aeia?? /a??ai?
aa?i?, aiaaoe??. Oea /a??aiee ? aeaeaeee a?ae i?ice aeeooy na?o. Naia
oaea ?icoi?iiy aeai?o eacee ciaoiaeeii o i?aoeyo aeaeaoieo
?in?enueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo oai?aoee?a oiai /ano — I.
O.Ia?ceyeiaa, I.Inoieiiiaa, A.Ieaen?ia. I.O. Ia?ceyeia o “E?aoeie
?eoi?eea” /1809/ a?aeiaaeiao? eaceo a?ae ?iiaio oa iia?no?, ye aeai?,
yeee caniiaaii ia oieueeei?iiio iaoa??ae? ? oaioanoe/iei ca nai?i
oa?aeoa?ii. A.Ieaen?i o “E?aoeii eo?na neiaaniinoe” /1832/ aecia/a?
eaceo, ye “iia?noue, yea caniiaaia ia ia?iaeiiio ia?iia??noa? oa
iia??’yo”. Ieaenei A.E?aoeee eo?n neiaaniinoe, i?eniiniaeaiiue e
i?icae/aneei i?iecaaaeaieyi.- NIa.,1832. — N.137-138.

?iiaioeee noai?ththoue aeanio e?oa?aoo?io eiioeaioe?th eaceiaiai aeai?o,
yea, c iaeiiai aieo, aa?a na?e ii/aoie o ia?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?yo,
oieueeei?ieo aeaea?aeao; c ?ioiai aieo, cacia? aieeao
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo o?einio?a oa ienueiaiiee?a (Aioiaia, O?ea,
??ooa?a).

Ia ii/aoeo 20-o ?ie?a OIO noi??//y eaceia? aeaiaioe i?iieeathoue a on?
e?oa?aoo?i? aeai?e: iia?noue ( A. Iiai??euenueeee “Eaoa?oianeay
iaeiaieoea” /1825/, I. Aanooaeaa-Ia?e?inueeee (“No?aoiia
aaaeaiuea”/1831/, “E?iaue ca e?iaue /1825/) ), ?noi?e/iee oa n?iaeii —
iiaooiaie ?iiai ( I. O. Aaeueoiai “ Nayoineaae/, a?aaeee ieoiiaoe”
/1835/, “Eiuae Aannia?oiue. Aueeia noa?iai a?aiaie” /1833/),
e?oa?aoo?ii-iie?oe/iee iaioeao ( I.Naieianueeee
“Aieueoie auoiae o Naoaiu” /1832/).

?icaeoie e?oa?aoo?ii? eacee a ?in?? eaea aeaiia oeyoaie: 1) eacee,
iaa?yi? nthaeaoaie i?iaoeueeeo ?iiaioee?a (iniaeeai
Aioiaia), ye? ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c neiaie?ei-?iiaioe/iei
(o?einionueeei) ona?aeiieaiiyi ae?eniino? ( A.Iaei?anueeee,
A.Iiai??euenueeee, O.A.Aoeaa??i); 2) eacee, ye? nai?i ei??iiyi
nyaathoue oieueeei?ieo o?aaeeoe?e (I.Niiia, I.Aaeueoiai, I.Iooe?i,
I.Aanooaeaa-Ia?e?inueeee, A.A.AEoeianueeee, ?.Ee???anueeee). O aaaaoueio
oai?ao ienueiaiiee?a-?iiaioee?a /oaeiaa noa? iaeiei ?c cania?a ?ice?eooy
aioo??oiueiai na?oo aa?i?a. Oaioanoeea .neoaeeoue ia o?eueee oeii
iiae?e, ye? ?icai?oathoueny a iia?noyo oa eaceao, aea e caniaii
ineoieia?/iiai iioeaoaaiiy oiai, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny. Iaaea ?aaeueiiai
/ ???aaeueiiai a oai?ao aaaaoueio aaoi??a oiai /ano /anoi ?icieoa,
oaioanoe/i? iiae?? iiaeathoueny ye ?aaeuei?, ye? iiaee a a?aeaoaaoeny a
ae?eniino?. AEai?e e?oa?aoo?ii? eacee e oaioanoe/iiai iiia?aeaiiy
iano?eueee o?nii caeeaeothoueny, ui iaaea i?ae ieie noa? aeoaea
i?ici?ith.

?icaeoie ?in?enueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? eacee a 20-30-o ?ieao OIO noi??//y ?
?icaaeoaeaiei oa neeaaeiei i?ioeanii. Ienueiaiieee-?iiaioeee /anoi
?icoi?thoue i?ae e?oa?aoo?iith eaceith oaioanoe/io iia?noue, iniaeeai
ia iaiieyaath/e ia iaeiiio aecia/aiiio aeai??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe??, yeee ia? iacao “?ieue oaioanoeee o
nthaeaoii-eiiiiceoe?ei?e nai???aeiino? oeeeeo “Iano?ua ceacee””,
aeine?aeaeothoueny aeai?ia? iniaeeaino? oaioanoe/ieo oai??a,
?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaiaoeea anueiai oeeeeo, anoaiiaeth?oueny aaiethoe?y
oaioanoeee Iaei?anueeiai.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “I?iaeaiaoeea, oaioanoeea, aeai?iaa nai???aei?noue
“Iano?uo neacie”” aiae?cothoueny ?oi? ooaeiaei? oa aeai?ia?
iniaeeaino?, i?iiiio?oueny ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y.

On? eacee, ui neeaaeathoue ca??eo, a?aoiaoth/e ?oith
aeai?iai-eiiiiceoe?eio nai???aei?noue, iiaeia aoei a a?aeianoe aei
oaeeo aeai??a:

1. Eacee-a?ioanee (“Neacea i ia?oaii oaea, iaecaanoii eiio
i?eiaaeeaaeauai”, “Neacea i oii, ii eaeiio neo/ath eieeaaeneiio
niaaoieeo Eaaio Aiaaeaiiae/o Ioiioaiueth ia oaeaeiny a Naaoeia
Aine?anaiuea iicae?aaeoue naieo ia/aeueieeia n i?acaeieeii”).

2. Eacee-aeaai??? ( “Neacea i oii, eae iianii aeaaooeai oiaeeoue oieiith
ii Iaaneiio i?iniaeoo”, “Oa aea neacea, oieueei iaecai?io”).

3. Aeania eacee ( “?aoi?oa”, “I?inoi neacea”).

4. Ineoieia?/i? iiia?aeaiiy (“Eaioa”).

5. E?oa?aoo?i? ia?iae?? ( aai o?einionuee? a?ioanee) ( “AEeciue e
iioiaeaeaiey iaeiiai ec caeaoieo iauaaoaeae a noaeeyiiie aaiea, eee
Iiaue AEiei”).

Ia’?aeioth/e oe? ii noo? ??ciiiai?oi? oai?e a ?aeeiiio oeeee?, aaoi?
ia?ane?aeoaaa iaeio iaoo: cia?aceoe ea?oeie no/aniiai aeeooy o
eaceiai-oaioanoe/iiio ?ic??c?, iaiethth/e ?aaeuei? ca’ycee eaceiaeo
aeiaaee?a ? no/anii? ae?eniino?. “Iano?ua neacee” aoee nai???aeiith
oai?/ith “eaai?aoi???th” ienueiaiieea, aea iei ai?iaoaaany oie
ooaeiaei?e iaoiae, yeee ciaeaea na?e iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie o ianooiieo
eiai oai?ao.

Iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo cania?a ia’?aeiaiiy aeineoue ??ciiiai?oieo
oai??a o ?aeeiee oeeee ? ia?ac ??eiay Iiaeanoiae/a Aiiicaeee —
e?oa?aoo?ii? ianee ienueiaiieea. ?icaeyaeia? ia?aco noee?ciaaiiai
iiia?aea/a a eaceao Iaei?anueeiai i?enay/aii ae?oaee ia?aa?ao oeueiai
?icae?eo — “Ia?ac noee?ciaaiiai iiia?aea/a o “Iano?uo neaceao”
A.O.Iaei?anueeiai”.

Oiiaii-aeaai?e/i? e oaioanoe/i? ea?oeie, ciaeueiaai? o “Iano?uo
neaceao”, aeiaaaee a?ae aaoi?a oaei? ?iciia?aeii? oi?ie, a ye?e
oaioanoe/i? iiae?? ni?eeiaeeny a o?eueee ye ia?aeacai? , a ia ae?eni?.
Oaeei /eiii, ?iciia?aeue iioaioe?eii aeyaeeany e nai???aeiith oiiaith
iioeaoaaiiy iaeiia??iiai o oai?ao,ui ?icaeyaeathoueny.

Iiyaa ??eiay Iiaeanoiae/a Aiiicaeee ia noi??ieao “Iano?uo neacie” —
yaeua aeaeaei ia aeiaaeeiaa. Oea na?aeiiee e?oa?aoo?iee i?eeii, yeee
ni?ey? ooai?aiith ?aeiino? e oe?e?niino? anueiai oeeeeo oai??a .

Ia a?aei?io a?ae iooe?inueeiai ?aaia Iao?iae/a A?ee?ia, ??eiae
Iiaeanoiae/ — e?oa?aoo?ia ianea naiiai aaoi?a: iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui
Iaei?anueeee iaae?ey? iiia?aea/a nai?o eacie e?oa?aoo?iith a?ia?ao??th,
e??cue ia?ac ??eiay Iiaeanoiae/a ae?acii i?ina?/othoue ?ene
ienueiaiieea.

A?aeiia?aeii aei eeaneo?eaoe?? I. Aaoo?ia, o “Iano?uo neaceao” ie
cono??/a?iiny c iiiia?aeaeth oeio “iaeiini?yiiaaia aeaiaieinia neiai”
[oa?i?i I.Aaoo?ia ], a yeiio aieine aaoi?a oa iiia?aea/a
??aiini?yiiaai?, a i?ioeeaaei?noue iiia?ae? oeio “??ciini?yiiaaia
aeaiaieinia neiai” [oa?i?i I. Aaoo?ia ] , yeee ie cono??/a?ii o Iooe?ia
a “Iia?noyo A?ee?ia”.

O o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? ae?oaiai ?icae?eo ?icaeyaea?oueny aaiethoe?y
oaioanoeee o i?ci?oeo oai?ao ienueiaiieea (“Einii?aia”/1839/, “I?eaoneay
e?anoueyiea” /1839/).

O ae?oa?e iieiaei? 30-o ?ie?a Iaei?anueeee ieoa ?yae oaioanoe/ieo
iia?noae, ye? Naeoe?i oa?aeoa?eco? ye
“iaea?eueo cia/i? oa iaea?eueo aee?i/ai? oai?e i?noe/iiai ci?noo”.
Naeoeei I.I. Ec enoi?ee ?onneiai eaeaaeecia: Eiycue A.O. Iaeiaaneee.
Iuneeoaeue. — Ienaoaeue. — I.: Ecae-ai Naaaoieeiauo, 1913.- O.1. -*.2.-
N.90. Oea iia?no? “Neeueoeaea” /1837/, “Einii?aia”/1839/,
“Naeaiaiae?a”, /1841/.

Nthaeaoia e?i?y “Einii?aiu” aeaoaeiao?oueny oae naii, ye ? o “Iano?uo
neaceao”: oaioanoeea ooo nai???aeii ia?aie?oa?oueny c ?aaeuei?noth.
Iaeiae, yeui a “Iano?uo neaceao” oaioanoeea aoea “iioeaiaaiith” (
oaioanoe/iei iiae?yi aeaaaeiny ?aaeueia oeoia/aiiy), oi a “Einii?aia”
ye?nii ci?ith?oueny oa?aeoa? oaioanoe/iiai. “Einii?aia” yaey? niaith
“iiaeeeai… ?aeeio i?noe/io iia?noue o ?in?enuee?e e?oa?aoo??, yea
oa?i?iieia?/ii oi/ii a?aeiia?aea? ci?noo oeueiai neiaa”. Oo?ueyi
I.A.No?aiiay iiy noaeueaa: I aeecie Aeaaeeie?a Oaaei?iae/a Iaeiaaneiai.-
I.:Eieaa,1991.- N.326

Iiae?yie o “Einii?ai?” ea?othoue ???aaeuei? neee. Aieiaiee aa?ie oai?o —
Aieiaeeie?, yeee io?eiaa o ?aiiueiio aeeoeinoa? a?ae e?ea?y A?ia, ae?oaa
eiai o?oee, aeeoy/o ?a?aoeo — einii?aio. ?acii c einii?aiith Aieiaeeie?
iaea?aeaa a?ae e?ea?y e oaoaeueiee aea?: ia?aaeaa/aoe a einii?ai?
iaeaooi? iiae??, ye? iathoue o?aieoeny c iei aai eiai aeecueeeie.

Ia?aaoaath/e iaeii/anii o aeaio na?oao — i?noe/iiio e ?aaeueiiio, aa?ie
iia?no? ii/eia? a?ae/oaaoe ?icaeai?iiy: a?i iaiaaa?oueny a?aeoeeeoe
?nioaaiiy ???aaeueiiai na?oo. ? o?eueee oiae?, eiee i?noe/iee na?o
a?eaa?oueny a eiai aeania aeeooy, iacaaaeaee c?oeioaaaoe eiai uanoy,
Aieiaeeie? ii/eia? ?icoi?oe oo o?aa?/io i?e?a/ai?noue, i?i yeo eiio
?iciia?aeaa aeieoi? A?i.

Iioea aine?an?iiy ia?oey — iiia?eiai /ieia?ea Ae?ce, yeee nai?i
“aine?an?iiyi” iacaaaeaee c?oeioaaa uanoy Aieiaeeie?a, — o ??cieo
?ioa?i?aoaoe?yo oaea cono??/aany a ?iiaioe/i?e e?oa?aoo??. Aeineoue
caaaeaoe “I?eiao aeaio” Iooe?ia, ?iiaioe/io iia?noue Aanooaeaaa —
Ia?e?inueeiai “No?aoiia aaaeaiuea”, “Neaceo i ia?oaii oaea, iaecaanoii
eiio i?eiaaeeaaeauai” naiiai Iaei?anueeiai. O an?o oeeo oai?ao
oaioanoe/ia ae?noa? oe?eeii ?aaeueia, “caiia” iiyniaiiy. A “Einii?aia”
oaioanoe/ia iiaa?iaiiy ia caieth a?aoa iaaoaa? ii-ni?aaaeiueiio
i?noe/ieo ?en.

Iaia?aaeiaei? naiai “aine?an?iiy” a?ao c’yaey?oueny o i?i?i/iio ni?
nai?e ae?oaeei?, a?i iiia?aaeaea? ?? i?i nai? iiaa?iaiiy ?
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca c?aaeo.

sseui o “Iano?uo neaceao” nii ? ooaeiaei?i i?eeiiii, yeee aeicaiey?
aaoi?o-iiia?aea/aa? cia?aaeaoe iiae?? oaioanoe/iiai ieaio, iiai?noth
ci?iath/e c naaa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca a??ia?aei?noue oiai, ui
a?aeaoeiny, oi a “Einii?aia” ienueiaiieea oe?eaaeoue nii ye
ineoieia?/iee noai i?aai?cio. Oaioanoeea, caeiath/e cia/ia i?noea o
nthaeao? oeueiai oai?o, ia?aoai?th?oueny ia niin?a i?ciaiiy
iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo.

Iaeyaeath/enue ia oeyo, yeee i?ieaeaii ienueiaiieeii a?ae “Iano?uo
neacie” aei “Einii?aiu”, iiaeia iii?oeoe, ui ia ci?io oaioanoeoe?, ui
iaea ca iniiao o?einionueeee oa ineoieia?/iee aiae?c yaeu ae?eniino?,
i?eeoia o?einionueeee i?noeoeeci. Oaioanoe/ia a ooaeiaei?e na?aeiiino?
ienueiaiieea o?ainoi?ioaaeiny e iaaoei i?noe/ieo ?en. I?e oeueiio
caeeoeeanue iniaeea?noue ii?aeiaiiy oaioanoe/iiai oa o?einionueeiai
ieai?a ?iciia?ae? , yea aoea oa?aeoa?iith aeey “Iano?uo neacie”.

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy “Iiaoeea oaioanoe/iiai o
eaceao Iaei?anueeiai” i?enay/aii aiae?co iiaoeee oaioanoe/iiai a eaceao
Iaei?anueeiai. Ie??i
eacie oeueiai oeeeeo, a oeueiio ?icae?e? ia’?eoii aiae?co ? “Enoi?ey i
iaoooa, eioea e eyaooea” /1834/, ui ca ia?aeiiei caaeoiii iaea oa?eoe
aei ca??ee eacie, aea ia oa?eoea, a aoea iaae?oeiaaia /a?ac ??e i?ney
eacie o “Aeaeeioaea aeey /oaiey” ca i?aeienii “A. Aacaeaniee” i?ae
caaieiaeii “Io?uaie ec caienae E?eiay Iiaeanoiae/a Aiiicaeee”.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? oeueiai ?icae?eo ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? ?ene
“caaoaeueiaaii?” oaioanoeee [oa?i?i TH.A.Iaiia]. Oaioanoe/i? oai?e
i?iaoeueeeo ? ?in?enueeeo ienueiaiiee?a 20-30-o ?ie?a O1O
noi??//y i?iiiiothoue /eoa/aa? aeaa i?ioeeaaeieo iiaeyaee ia /oaeiaa,
aea aeiaeiiio c ieo ia a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaae. O no/aniiio
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? ca ieie cae??ieeiny aecia/aiiy “caaoaeueiaaii?”
oaioanoeee. Iaii TH.A. Iiyoeea Aiaiey. Aa?eaoeee e oaia. -I.: Coda,
1996.-N.57. ?iiaioe/ia e?oa?aoo?a ae?iaeea oe?eo nenoaio i?eeii?a, ye?
aeicaieythoue ienueiaiieeo iaenoa?ii aaeainoaaoe ia a?ai? ?aaeueiiai oa
oaioanoe/iiai ( eeane/iei ao?eaiiyi oaei? nenoaie noaa
oa?? Aioiaia “I?uaia ethaeeia” /1815/). Aieiaiee aoaeo oaei? oaioanoeee
iieyaa? a oiio, ui iiae?? ???aaeueiiai ieaio ci?uothoueny ca iaae?
aaoi?nueei? iiceoe?? “na?aeea” ( ca iaae? aacoiiaii a??ia?aeiiai).
?iciia?aeue i?i /oaeiaa ia?aaea?oueny o oi?i? /ooie, ni?a,
aaethoeeiaoe?e.

Iaei?anueeee aeeneo/a ei?enoo?oueny caniaaie “caaoaeueiaaii?”
oaioanoeee, a?aeoai?thth/e neeaaeio nenoaio iiaoeee oaioanoe/iiai.
Oaioanoeea ia i?inoi ao?o/a?oueny a ae?eni?noue, aea noa? /anoeiith
?aaeueiiai aeeooy oaeith i??ith, ui ?ieiee aoaa? aaaeei a?aeiaaeoaaoe
na?o ?aaeueiee a?ae oaioanoe/iiai.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? o?aoueiai ?icae?eo ““Caaoaeueiaaia” oaioanoeea o
eaceao-a?ioaneao Iaei?anueeiai” ?icaeyaeathoueny oeyoe oa caniae
noai?aiiy oaioanoe/iiai ia?aeae?cio a “Neacea i ia?oaii oaea, iaecaanoii
eiio i?eiaaeeaaeauai, oa “Neacea i oii, ii eaeiio neo/ath eieeaaeneiio
niaaoieeo Eaaio Aiaaeaiiae/o Ioiioaiueth ia oaeaeiny a Naaoeia
Aine?anaiuea iicae?aaeoue naieo ia/aeueieeia n i?acaeieeii”. O oeeo
oai?ao aeey cia?aaeaiiy oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e, ui aie?oathoueny a
?aaeueio, iiaooiao iianyeaeaii?noue, Iaei?anueeee aaea?oueny aei oi?ie
nio. Nii o ieo ? iaeiei c aeaiaio?a “caaoaeueiaaii?” oaioanoeee,
“aei?aaaeaiiyi” oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e, yea aeicaiey? aaoi?o-iiia?aea/aa?
cia?aaeaoe iiae?? ???aaeueiiai ieaio, iiai?noth ci?iath/e i?e oeueiio c
naaa “a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue” ca a??ia?aei?noue oiai, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny.
Cia?aaeaiiy iaaecae/aeieo iiae?e o eaceao-a?ioaneao ?icai?oa?oueny ia
iaae? oaioanoe/iiai oa ?aaeueiiai. Aaoi? i?aea ia i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
oa?iieoeth, aea i?aea e ia aeacaao??o? ??. *e aoee oaioanoe/i? iiae??
aeeeeeai? i?e?iaeiith ?iaioith i?aena?aeiiino? (niii), /e o a?o
/eiiaiee?a ( o eacoe? i?i ?aaia Aiaaeaiiae/a) ni?aaae? ao?ooeeany
iioiea?/ia neea, — a oaeno? i?aea ia oeueiio ia iaaieioo?oueny. Eiaeii?
ieo? /eoa/aa? i?iiiio?oueny aeaa i?i/eoaiiy, ? ?oiy neeaaeia aca?iiae?y
oa “a?a” a?aeoai?ththoue ? iiaeeaeththoue oaioanoe/iee ia?ac.

O?ao?e ia?aa?ao ““Iaoaioanoe/ia oaioanoeea” Iaei?anueeiai” i?enay/aii
?icaeyaeo iniaeeainoae niieo/aiiy ?aaeueiiai ? oaioanoe/iiai a “Iano?uo
neaceao”. Ii?yae c i?eeiiii “caaoaeueiaaii?” oaioanoeee ienueiaiiee
ei?enoo?oueny e ?ioeie. A eaceao-a?ioaneao Iaei?anueeiai ie cono??/a?ii
ii?aeiaiiy oaioanoe/ii? oaaoee c aeoaea ?aaeueieie, eiie?aoieie
aeaoaeyie. Oaea ii?aeiaiiy oaioanoe/iiai e ?aaeueiiai a iaaeao iaeiiai
oai?o ? aeoaea oa?aeoa?iei aeey aaaaoueio oai??a I.Aiaiey (“Aa/a?e ia
oooi?? a?ey Aeeeaiueee”, “I?n”, “Oeiaeue”).O e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? oeae
ooaeiaei?e i?eeii iaea?aeaa iacao “iaoaioanoe/ii? oaioanoeee” [oa?i?i
Iaiia].

Aeey ?icaeyiooeo eacie-a?ioane?a Iaei?anueeiai oa?aeoa?iei ? oa, ui
a?ia?aiea noai?th?oueny ia niieo/aiiyi a?ia?aie?/ieo aeaoaeae, a
ii?aeiaiiyi oaioanoe/ii? oaaoee ?c “cae/aeieie” iiae?iaeoeyie.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeae?eaii e i?iaiae?ciaaii oi?ie aeeaii-iacae/aeiiai a
ieai? cia?aaeaiiy e ieai? cia?aaeoaaiiai a “Iano?uo neaceao”
Iaei?anueeiai I?eioeei eeaneo?eaoe? oi?i aeeaii-iacae/aeiiai o ieai?
cia?aaeaiiy e ieai?, ui cia?aaeo?oueny, aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii TH.Iaiiii [
Iaii TH.A. Iiyoeea Aiaiey. Aa?eaoeee e oaia. -I.: Coda, 1996
.-N.94-95].. C oi?i aeeaii-iacae/aeiiai o ieai? cia?aaeaiiy a
Iaei?anueeiai cono??/athoueny: aeeaia o ?ici?uaii? /anoei oai?o;
ii?ooaiiy ia’?eoeaii? nenoaie a?aeoai?aiiy ae??; aeia?ci o iia?
iiia?aea/a. C oi?i aeeaii-iacae/aeiiai o ieai? cia?aaeoaaiiai a
Iaei?anueeiai cono??/athoueny: aeeaia oo?o/aiiy oaa?eie a ae?th;
aeeaia e iacae/aeia o iiaaae?ioe? ia?niiaae?a; aeeaia a i??eoaaiiyo
ia?niiaae?a; aeeaia e iacae/aeia o i??caeuao ia?niiaae?a. Iaea?eueo
/anoioieie c oeeo aeaio oi?i ? aeia?cie, ye? noai?ththoue ia?ac
noee?ciaaiiai iiia?aea/a oa aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaathoue ia oaioanoe/iee
nthaeao oai?o (aeia?/ia iaieioaiiy a “Neacea i ia?oaii oaea, iaecaanoii
eiio i?eiaaeeaaeauai”, aeia?/i? aeneiaethaaiiy ia?niiaae?a o eacoe? i?i
?aaia Aiaaeaiiae/a).

O aeniiaeao iiaeaii ocaaaeueiai? ?acoeueoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaeaieiai?oeie ?c yeeo ?:

1. “Iano?ua neacee” A.O.Iaei?anueeiai ? nai???aeiei
e?oa?aoo?ii-o?einionueeei oeeeeii oai??a, aeecueeeo ca oaiaoeeith
naoe?e/iiai cia?aaeaiiy ea?oei no/anii? ae?eniino?.
On? oaioanoe/i? oai?e oe??? ca??ee i?noyoue c?oeiaiiy o?einionueei? i???
c ae?eni?noth, aiie iiaoaeiaai? ia iacae/aeiiio ii?aeiaii? oyaethaaieo
i?eaiae c iiaooiaeie iiae?iaeoeyie e eiio?anoieie oa?aeoa?aie
ia?niiaae?a. Oeaio?ii, yeee i?aai?co? aanue oeeee, ? ia ?aeeiee
oaaoeueiee no?eaeaiue, a ?aei?noue ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/ii? nii?oaee,
i?iaeaiaoeee, oi/ee ci?o ia oaioanoe/i? iiae??. Aeey oeueiai oeeeeo
oa?aeoa?iei ? oaiaoe/iee i?eioeei ia’?aeiaiiy ??ciiiai?oiiai iaoa??aeo
(ia aeiaaeeiaa iacaa oeeeeo “Iano?ua neacee”).

2. Niaoeeo?/iith iniaeea?noth oai??a ? neeaaei? ca’ycee i?ae oi?iaie
?iciia?ae?: ii?aeiaiiy eaceiaeo, oaioanoe/ieo, ineoieia?/ieo ?
o?einionueeeo iioeaaoe?e o iaaeao iaeiiai oeeeeo oai??a. Naia oiio a
ca??oe? ciaoiaeyoueny aeoaea ??ciiiai?oi? o aeai?iaiio a?aeiioaii?
oai?e: a?ae aeeaeaeoe/ieo ? ii?ae?caoi?nueeeo eacie, a yeeo ?iiaioe/i?
iioeae, nie?oath/enue, ooai?ththoue iaeaea aioiai?anueeee
oaioaniaai?e/iee ia?ac eyeueeiaiai na?oo, aei eacie-a?ioane?a, o yeeo
i?eioeeie, ui aoee ae?iaeai? o noa?? iiaoeee /oaeiaiai, i?iaeiaaeothoue
ae?yoe a aeaui ?ioiio noeeueiaiio ?aa?no??: aiie ii?aeiothoue o nai?io
nthaeao? ?aaeueio oaaoeo oa oaioanoe/i? iiae??, yeei aea?oueny iaaia
ineoieia?/ia iioeaaoe?y, aea i?e oeueiio caeeoa?oueny ?iiaioe/ia
oa?iie/?noue oa aeai?no?noue (“Neacea i ia?oaii oaea”, “Neacea i oii, ii
eaeiio neo/ath eieeaaeneiio niaaoieeo Eaaio Aiaaeaiiae/o Ioiioaiueth ia
oaeaeiny a Naaoeia Aine?anaiuea iicae?aaeoue naieo ia/aeueieeia n
i?acaeieeii”, “Eaioa”).

3.Iaeiei ?c iniiaieo i?eioeei?a cia?aaeaiiy oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e o
eaceao-a?ioaneao ? i?eioeei oaioanoe/iiai ia?aeae?cio, aai
“caaoaeueiaaii?” oaioanoeee, yeee aeicaiey? Iaei?anueeiio iaenoa?ii
aaeainoaaoe ia a?ai? oaioanoe/iiai oa ?aaeueiiai.

Aeey cia?aaeaiiy oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e, ui aie?oathoueny o ?aaeueio,
iiaooiao iianyeaeaii?noue, Iaei?anueeee aaea?oueny aei oi?ie nio. Nii o
eaceao ienueiaiieea noa? iaeiei ?c aeaiaio?a “caaoaeueiaaii?”
oaioanoeee, aei?aaaeaiiyi oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e, yea aeicaiey?
aaoi?o-iiia?aea/aa? cia?aaeoaaoe iiae?? ???aaeueiiai ieaio, iiai?noth
ci?iath/e i?e oeueiio c naaa “a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue” ca a??ia?aei?noue
oeo oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o eaceao.

4. ?icaeyioo? a aeine?aeaeaii? oi?ie aeeaii-iacae/aeiiai o ieai?
cia?aaeaiiy e ieai? cia?aaeoaaiiai aeicaieythoue iai aiai?eoe i?i
“iaoaioanoe/io oaioanoeeo” Iaei?anueeiai, yea aeoi? c “caaoaeueiaaiith”
oaioanoeeith ? aieiaiith c iniaeeainoae ii?aeiaiiy ?aaeueiiai e
oaioanoe/iiai ieai?a cia?aaeaiiy o “Iano?uo neaceao”.

“Iaoaioanoe/ia oaioanoeea” ? iaei??th c yne?aaeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?en,
i?eoaiaiieo ooaeiaei?e iaia?? ienueiaiieea.

5. O i?ci?o?e oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea iaoiae “caaoaeueiaaii?” oaioanoeee
ciaeaea na?e iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ? i?iaeiaaeaiiy (“*a?iay ia?/aoea”,
“AEeaie ia?oaaoe”, aeaye? iiaaee c oeeeeo “?onneea ii/e”). Ciaeaeooue
nai? i?iaeiaaeaiiy e ?iiaioe/i? iioeae aeaina?o?a, ye? a oai?/ino?
Iaei?anueeiai ia?ic?eaii iia’ycai? c ae?aiaoe/ieie c?oeiaiiyie
?aeaaeueiiai e ?aaeueiiai na?o?a, o?einionueeei i?aeoiaeii aei i?iaeai
ethaenueeiai aeeooy.

?acii c oeei iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe iniaeea?noue aaiethoe??
oaioanoe/ieo iioea?a o oai?/ino? Iaei?anueeiai. Iaeiei ?c yne?aaeo
i?eeeaae?a oaei? aaiethoe?? ? “i?noe/ia” iia?noue “Einii?aia”, o ye?e
aeaiaioe iiaoeee oaioanoe/iiai, ae?iaeai? a “Iano?uo neaceao”,
iinooiathoueny i?noeai ?iiaioe/i?e i?noeoe?. ?iiaioe/ia eiioeaioe?y
aeaina?o?a, yea ca?iaeaeo?oueny a “Iano?uo neaceao”, iaaoaa?
iaeneiaeueii? ae?aciino? oa a?ae/ooiino? o i?ci?oeo oai?ao
Iaei?anueeiai.

6. Iniaeea?noth cia?aaeaiiy oaioanoe/ieo iiae?e o “Iano?uo neaceao” ?
aeei?enoaiiy ienueiaiieeii o?ao?e noee?ciaaiiai iiia?aea/a. C iaeiiai
aieo, caaaeyee aeaaaeai?e o?ao?? iiia?aea/a — ??eiay Iiaeanoiae/a
Aiiicaeee, oaioanoe/i? iiae?? eacie ni?eeiathoueny ye ae?eni?:
“?iciia?aeue” noa? nai???aeiith oiiaith iioeaaoe?? iaeiia??iiai. C
?ioiai aieo, iiyaa iiia?aea/a ia noi??ieao “Iano?uo neacie” — yaeua
cian?i ia aeiaaeeiaa. Oea na?aeiiee e?oa?aoo?iee i?eeii, yeee ni?ey?
noai?aiith ?aeiino? e oe?e?niino? anueiai oeeeeo oai??a.

Oeeee eacie Iaei?anueeiai ? iaeiei c yne?aaeo ? i?ea?iaeueieo oai??a, a
yeeo oaioanoeea ? nai???aeiith “iiaith” inyaiaiiy ae?eniino?, ui ia
iiaea aooe aeine?aeaeaia e inieneaia ?ioeie caniaaie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Iiyoeea oaioanoe/aneiai a “Iano?uo neaceao” A.O. Iaeiaaneiai //
Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. A. N. Neiai?iaee: Na??y e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai — Oa?e?a, 1998.-? 9 (20).
— N. 51-54.

2. Iniaaiiinoe iino?iaiey aeiaeciia a ?a/e iiaanoaiaaoaey a “Iano?uo
neaceao” A.O. Iaeiaaneiai // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A. N. Neiai?iaee: Na??y
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai — Oa?e?a, 1998. — ? 9 (20). N. 47-50.

3.Ia?ac noeeeciaaiiiai iiaanoaiaaoaey a “Iano?uo neaceao” A. O.
Iaeiaaneiai // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee: Na??y e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai — Oa?e?a,
1998. — ? 9 (20). — N. 55-59.

4.O?ainoi?iaoeey oaioanoe/aneeo iioeaia a “ienoe/aneeo” i?iecaaaeaieyo
A.O.Iaeiaaneiai // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee: Na??y e?oa?aoo?iciaanoai
— Oa?e?a, 1999. — ?1 (22). — N. 32-35.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eici?ia I. A. Oaioanoeea oa ?aaeuei?noue a “Iano?uo neaceao” A.O.
Iaei?anueeiai. Aeena?oaoe?y (ia i?aaao ?oeiieno) ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai
nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 10.01.02. —
?in?enueea e?oa?aoo?a. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. A. N. Neiai?iaee, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith oaoanoeee oa ?aaeueiino? o
“Iano?uo neaceao” /1833/ A.O. Iaei?anueeiai. Oaioanoe/i? eacee
ienueiaiieea ?icaeyaeathoueny e c?noaaeythoueny c oai?aie ?in?enueeeo oa
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo ienueiaiiee?a 20-30-o ?ie?a OIO noi??//y
(I.Aiaieai, A.O.A.Aioiaiii, A.Iiai??euenueeei, I.Iooe?iei,
I.Aanooaeaaei-Ia?e?inueeei, A.Aaeueoiaiii oa ?i.)

O ?iaio? i?iaiae?ciaaii oeie “caaoaeueiaaii?” oa “iaoaioanoe/ii?
oaioanoeee” o “Iano?uo neaceao” A. O. Iaei?anueeiai,
?icaeyiooi ia?ac noee?ciaaiiai iiia?aea/a — ??eiay Iiaeanoiae/a
Aiiicaeee, yeee “ii?aeio?” ??ciiiai?oi? o nthaeaoiiio a?aeiioaii?
oaioanoe/i? eacee a ?aeeiee oeeee. O aeine?aeaeaii? i?inoaaeo?oueny
o?ainoi?iaoe?y oaioanoe/ieo iioea?a o i?ci?o oai?ao ienueiaiieea
(“Einii?aia” /1839/), i?iiiio?oueny aeai?iaa eeaneo?eaoe?y eacie ?c
o?aooaaiiyi aeai?iai? niaoeeo?ee eiaeii? c ieo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaioanoe/i? eacee, “caaoaeueiaaia” oaioanoeea,
“iaoaioanoe/ia oaioanoeea”, a?ioaneiee ia?ac, noee?ciaaiee iiia?aea/.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eici?ia I.A. Oaioanoeea e ?aaeueiinoue a “Iano?uo neaceao”
A.O.Iaeiaaneiai.

Aeenna?oaoeey ( ia i?aaao ?oeiiene) ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie
eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.02.- ?onneay
eeoa?aoo?a — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao
ei. A.N.Neiai?iaeu. — Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?aoaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oaioanoeee e ?aaeueiinoe a
“Iano?uo neaceao” A.O.Iaeiaaneiai. Oaioanoe/aneea neacee ienaoaey
?anniao?eaathony e niiinoaaeythony n i?iecaaaeaieyie ?onneeo e
caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneeo ienaoaeae 20-30-o aiaeia OIO aaea ( I. Aiaieai,
Y.O.A.Aioiaiii, A. Iiai?aeueneei, A.Iooeeiui, A.Aanooaeaaui-Ia?eeineei,
A.Aaeueoiaiii e ae?.).

N?aaee iano?iai eeoa?aoo?iiai iaoa?eaea, eioi?ui i?aaenoaaeaia
eeoa?aoo?iay aeeciue oiai a?aiaie, caiaoii auaeaeythony iiaeciie naiae
oaiaoeee “Iano?ua neacee” A.O. Iaeiaaneiai.Ana neacee, ninoaaeythuea
nai?iee, iiaeii auei au ?ani?aaeaeeoue ii neaaeothuei aeai?ai:

1. Neacee-a?ioanee (“Neacea i ia?oaii oaea, iaecaanoii eiio
i?eiaaeeaaeauai”, “Neacea i oii, ii eaeiio neo/ath eieeaaeneiio
niaaoieeo Eaaio Aiaaeaiiae/o Ioiioaiueth ia oaeaeiny a Naaoeia
Aine?anaiuea iicae?aaeoue naieo ia/aeueieeia n i?acaeieeii”).

2. Neacee-aeeaai?ee ( “Neacea i oii, eae iianii aeaaooeai oiaeeoue
oieiith ii Iaaneiio i?iniaeoo”, “Oa aea neacea, oieueei iaecai?io”).

3. Nianoaaiii neacee ( “?aoi?oa”, “I?inoi neacea”).

4. Ineoieiae/aneea ?anneacu (“Eaioa”).

5. Eeoa?aoo?iua ia?iaeee (oeeinioneee a?ioane) (“AEeciue e iioiaeaeaiey
iaeiiai ec caeaoieo iauaaoaeae a noaeeyiiie aaiea, eee Iiaue AEiei”).

Iauaaeeiyao yoe ?acii?iaeiua i?iecaaaeaiey a aaeeiue oeeee ia?ac
?anneac/eea — E?eiay Iiaeanoiae/a Aiiicaeee. Oaioanoe/aneea ea?oeiu,
i?aaenoaaeaiiua a “Iano?uo neaceao”, o?aaiaaee io aaoi?a oaeie oi?iu
iiaanoaiaaiey, a eioi?ie oaioanoe/aneea niauoey iiaee auoue aini?eiyou
oieueei eae ?anneacaiiua, a ia aeaenoaeoaeueiua. Oai naiui,
?anneacuaaiea iioaioeeaeueii yaeyaony naiaia?aciui oneiaeai
iioeae?iaee iaaa?iyoiiai a ?anniao?eaaaiuo i?iecaaaeaieyo.

I?iecaaaeaiey yoiai oeia (a nia?aiaiiii eeoa?aoo?iaaaeaiee ca ieie
cae?aieeanue ii?aaeaeaiea “caaoaee?iaaiiay” oaioanoeea [oa?iei
TH.Iaiia]) i?aaeeaaatho /eoaoaeth aeaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo acaeyaea ia
/oaeaniia, ii ie iaeiiio ec ieo ia ioaeatho i?aaeii/oaiey. Aeaaiue
yooaeo oaeie oaioanoeee ninoieo a oii, /oi niauoey e??aaeueiiai ieaia
niauathony ca i?aaeaeu aaoi?neie “naeaeaoaeueneie” iiceoeee (o.a. ca
i?aaeaeu aaconeiaii aeinoiaa?iiai). Iiaanoaiaaiea i /oaeanao ia?aaeaaony
a oi?ia neooia, niia, aaeethoeeiaoeee. Iaeiaaneee aeanoyua iieuecoaony
n?aaenoaaie “caaoaee?iaaiiie” oaioanoeee, aini?iecaiaey neiaeioth
nenoaio iiyoeee oaioanoe/aneiai. “Caaoaee?iaaiiay” oaioanoeea a
“Iano?uo neaceao” anooiaao a neiaeioth e ?acaaoaeaiioth nenoaio
ioiioaiee n “iaoaioanoe/aneie oaioanoeeie” [oa?iei TH.A.Iaiia]
ienaoaey, eioi?ay nicaeaao a ?yaea neo/aaa “i?aaeiinueee” aeey
aicieeiiaaiey oaioanoe/aneeo neooaoeee ( ?anniio?aiiua aeiaeciu a ?a/e
iiaanoaiaaoaey e ia?niiaaeae). Iienaiiua oi?iu “iaoaioanoe/aneie
oaioanoeee” iicaieytho oaeaeaoue iniaaiiinoue ?aaeecaoeee eaoaai?ee
“oaioanoe/aneia” e “?aaeueiia” a neaceao Iaeiaaneiai: aieueoeinoai
i?eia?ia ec ?acia?aiiuo iaie oi?i “iaoaioanoe/aneie oaioanoeee”
ieacuaaao aeeyiea ia ?acaeoea nthaeaoa a neaceao ienaoaey (
aeiae/iia iauyaeaiea a “Neacea i ia?oaii oaea…”, “no?aiiua”
auneacuaaiey ea?ieia ca eai?iui noieii a neacea i Aiaaeaia Eaaiiae/a,
“no?aiiia” aiaoaoaeuenoai aeeaioiiai a aeaenoaea, iaiau/iia a
?aniieiaeaiee /anoae i?iecaaaeaiey — “caianee?iaaiiia” i?aaeeneiaea
Iaeiaaneiai a iaeiie ec neacie-“?aoi?oa”). A neiaeiii ia?aieaoaiee
neaci/iie, oaioanoe/aneie e oeeinioneie o?aaeeoeee aicieeaao
iaiiaoi?eiia naiaia?acea yoiai i?eaeiaeueiiai oeeeea i?iecaaaeaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaioanoe/aneea neacee, “caaoaee?iaaiiay” oaioanoeea,
“iaoaioanoe/aneay oaioanoeea”, a?ioaneiue ia?ac, noeeeciaaiiue
iiaanoaiaaoaeue.

ABSTRACT.

Kozorog O.V. Fantasy and reality in “Particolored tales” by
V.F.Odoevsky. Accepted as a manuscript.Thesis presented for a
competition of Candidate’s Degree of philological sciences on speciality
10.01.02 — Russian Literature. — Kharkov State Pedagogikal University
named after G.S.Scovoroda, — Kharkov,1999.

The thesis is dedicated to analysis of fantasy and reality in
“Particolored tales” /1833/ by V.F.Odoevsky. Fantastic tales by the
writer are considered and compared with works of Russian and
West-European writers of the twenties-thirties of the XIX century
(N.Gogol, A.T.A.Gofman, A.Pushkin, A. Bestudzev-Marlinskiy,A.Veltman and
some others) .

Types of “veiled” and “non-fantastic” fantasy in “Particolored tales”
by V.F.Odoevsky are analysed and descripted, the image of the stilized
narrator Iriney Modestovich Gomozeika. This image could unite various
fantastic tales’ plots in a single whole cycle. We follow the
transformation of fantastic motifs in the late works of the writer (
such as “Kosmorama” /1839/) is also traced. In addition classification
of the tales to their genreshefic character is proposed.

The key words: fantastic tales, “veiled” fantasy,
“non-fantastic” fantasy, grotesque image, stilized narrator.

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