2

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa

Aooeoeye ?inoeneaa Aaneeueiae/

OAeE
[618.3+618.5]-082:614,2(-202)(477,86)

Ai?aeai?ieia?y, i?iaiicoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeea aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??
na?aae n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a

14.01.01 – aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

A?iieoey, 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aoeiaeinuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??

Iaoeia? ea??aieee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieaenaiae? Ieoaeeiae/ THcueei,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeaca? Aieiaeeie?iae/ ssneinueeee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?en Oaaei?iae/ Iaci?/oe

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

sse?a Ii?oe?iae/ Nieuenueeee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieii-ii?
ina?oe.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 22 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 12-00
aiae ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee E.05.600.01 i?e
A?iieoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.I.?.Ie?iaiaa
(286018, i. A?iieoey, aoe.Ie?iaiaa, 56 )

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa (286018,
i.A?iieoey, aoe. Ie?iaiaa,56)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe I.?.Iieeaeueei.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Na?aae i?e/ei, ui iathoue iaea?eueo
iani?eyoeeaee aieea ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoe?th ae?iie ?
caei?ia’y iaeaooiueiai iieie?iiy, aaaeo/a i?noea iin?aea?
aeooa?nueea iaoieia?y. Ca inoaii?e /an a a?eueoino? e?a?i
a?aei?/a?oueny ??no iaoieia?? aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa i?neyiieiaiaiai
ia??iaeo, iaoa?einueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? oa nia?oiino?,
iniaeeai a aeieia?/ii iani?eyoeeaeo ?aa?iiao (Iano?eeiaa O.TH., 1994;
Aeieo?e/aiei E.I., 1996; Oaaei?iaa I.A., E?aniiiieueneee A.I., Eyaeineay
A.I., 1997; Na?ia A.I., Ao?aeoee A.I., O?ieiaa I.A., 1997).

O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue ai?aeai?ieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??, aeyaeaiiy aaaeo/eo oaiaeaioe?e ?
caeiiii??iinoae ?? ?iciianthaeaeaiino? a ??cieo a?eiaeo, i?ioan?eieo ?
nioe?aeueieo a?oiao, ca’yceo ?? c aeieia?/iei noaiii i?noeaaino?,
oiiaaie i?aoe?, iiaooo, niiniao aeeooy, oe?aeeeaeie cae/eaie,
aeno?aaai?oaeueiith iaoieia??th, ia?aianaieie aino?eie caoai?thaaiiyie
oa ?i.

Cacia/ai? ieoaiiy ye o a?o/eciyi?e, oae ? o ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo?? ia
ciaeoee ua iaeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy, ? aei oiai ae, ca ?yaeii ieoaiue,
a?aeiiino?, ui ? a e?oa?aoo??, noia?a/eea? (Eaiaoueaaa ?.E., Eiaaaiia
Ae.A., 1989; Eiaicaaa I.A., Eociaoeiaa I.I., Ao?eei TH.A., 1988).

Ca aeaieie ?yaeo aaoi??a (Eieiiee/aiei O.A., 1992; Eocueieoeeay I.I.,
1994; Iaeeoaaa C.A., 1990) aoaeoeaia i?io?eaeoeea aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??
o cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny iaoiaeaie i?iaiicoaaiiy. A?eueo?noue
?nioth/eo nenoai i?iaiicoaaiiy, ui iiaoaeiaai? ia aaeuei?e ioe?ioe?
iciae, aiinyoue a i?iaiicoaaiiy aeaiaioe noa’?eoea?cio, ui cia/ii
cieaeo? ?o oe?ii?noue. ?io? nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy, a a?eueoino? nai?e,
neeaaei? ? aeiaaathoue aaeeeeo cao?ao /ano aai ia?aaeaa/athoue cia/i?
a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Inue /iio i?iaeaia i?iaiicoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??
caeeoa?oueny aeineoue aeooaeueiith.

A oie aea /an iaeaea ia ?ic?iaeai? oe? ieoaiiy na?aae n?euenueeeo
aaa?oieo. Iaeii/anii a e?oa?aoo?? i?aeoe/ii ia cono??/athoueny
ioae?eaoe??, ui aeae?eythoue niaoeeo?/i? aeey n?euenueei? i?noeaaino?
/eiieee ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??, /a?ac oea iaia ni?ia ?
?? i?iaiicoaaiiy.

Iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie
caei?ia’y nenoaie iaaeeeinioeiaeueieo caoiaeia, iai?aaeaieo ia
i?ioieaeoeeo aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? oa ?? ianeiaeeia, iniaeeai a
nieuenueeie iinoeaainoi.

Caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy:

1. Iaea?aeaoe aeecueei aei ni?aaaeiio aeaii i?i ?iaii i no?oeoo?o
aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? na?aae nieuenueeeo aeeoaeia ?aaiiio I?eea?iaooy.

2. Aecia/eoe aieea aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoeith
aeiiie i caei?ia’y iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

3. Aeyaeoe /eiieee ?eceeo aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? a nieuenueeie
iinoeaainoi.

4. ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio i?iaiicoaaiiy ii ?aiiueiio aeyaeaiith aeooa?nueei?
iaoieiai?.

5. Ha iniiai anoaiiaeaieo caeiiiii?iinoae ?ic?iaeoe, aei?iaoaaoe i
ai?iaaaeeoe a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y ia nae? eiiieaen
iaaeeeinioeiaeueieo caoiaeia c oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioieaeoeee aeooa?nueei?
iaoieiai? oa ?? ianeiaeeia.

Haoeiaa iiaecia aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa c iiceoeie
nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaeo aeaia eiiieaenia iaaeeeinioeiaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
?iciianthaeaeaiinoi aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? na?aae nieuenueeiai ianaeaiiy
oa ?? ianeiaeee. Aeyaeai? /eiieee ?eceeo oei?? iaoieiai?. Ha iniiai
ioeiiee aieeao oeeo oaeoi?ia ia aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?
?ic?iaeaii nenoaio i?iaiicoaaiiy ii ?aiiueiio aeyaeaii? oei?? iaoieiai?.
Noai?aia i?aaiicaoeieia iiaeaeue i?ioieaeoeee iaoieiai? aaaioiinoi i
oneeaaeiaiue a iieiaao na?aae aeiiie nieuenueei? iinoeaainoi.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o aecia/aiii ?aiaiaiai i?noey
oaeoi??a iaaeeeinioeiaeueiiai oa aiieiai/iiai oa?aeoa?o, eio?i
?icoeiiththoueny a yeinoi ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?,
iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeaei i?iaiicoaaiiy, ui ? iaoeiaei
iaa?oiooaaiiyi ?ic?iaee nenoaie iaaeeeinioeiaeueieo caoiaeia
i?ioieaeoe/iiai eiiieaeno.

I?aeoeia cia/aiiy. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaiee aeeoa?aioeieiee
iaaeeei-nioeiaeueiee eiiieaen i?ioieaeoeee aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei?
iaoieiai?, ui caniiaaiee ia aaaaeaiii iiaeo niiniaia iaea?aeaiiy
ni?aaaei?o ?icii?ia ?iciianthaeaeaiinoi aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?, aeyaeaii
oa?aeoa?ii aeey nieuenueei? iinoeaainoi /eiieee ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy
aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? i noai?aiiy ia ?o iniiai nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo iaaeeeinioeiaeueieo caoiaeia, ni?yiiaaieo ia
i?ioieaeoeeo aeieeiaiiy iaoieiai? aaa?oiino?, iieia?a ? i?neyiieiaiaiai
ia??iaeo, i?eaaaea aei cieaeaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?, iaoa?einueei? i
ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiinoi.

Aeaeea?aoe?y eiie?aoiiai iniaenoiai aianeo aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaeo
iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a

1. ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueio i?ia?aio aeey nooe?eueiiai iae?eo
oa niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aaa?oieie.

2. Naiino?eii oeyoii i?iniaeoeaiiai oa ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy ca aaa?oieie,?iae?eeyie oa ii?iae?eeyie c
aeooa?nueeith iaoieia??th oa aac iaoieia?? c?a?aii ia?aeiio
?ioi?iaoe?th.

3. I?iaaaeaii iiaeeaeaiee e?euee?niee oa ye?niee aiae?c
?iae?eue,ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a na?aae n?euenueeeo
aeeoae?a.

4. Aea/aii /anoioo oa ?iciianthaeaeai?noue aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??
a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?.

5. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo aeae?eaii /eiieee ?eceeo oa
anoaiiaeaii ?o ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaao.

6. ?ic?iaeaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeieieiaiiy
aeooa?nueei? iaoiaia??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Iniaeeainoi ?iciianthaeaeaiinoi aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?
na?aae nieuenueeeo aeeoaeia o ca’yceo c aieeaii oaeoi?ia ?eceeo.

2. Haneiaeee aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? ia naei oa ?o aieea ia
?ai?iaeoeoeaio ooieoeith aeiiie oa caei?ia’y iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

3. Nenoaia i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe?? oa ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
“Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith” (*a?i?aoe?, 1996
?.); ia tha?eaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 50-??//th
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo (*a?i?aoe?, 1994 ?.)
oa ia XXVIII iaeani?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo-iaaeee?a
(?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994 ?.), ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae? aeooa?noaa ?
a?iaeieia?? ?1 oa nioe?aeueii? iaaeeoeeie, 003 ? noni?eueieo iaoe AAeIA
(1997-1998?.?.).

Ca iaoa?iaeaie aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii a?n?i iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, c ieo
o?e — a oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao. Iiaeaioiaaii i aeaeaii iioi?iaoeieiee eeno.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 139 noi?iieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, iethno?iaaia 13 ?enoieaie i 22 oaaeeoeyie.
Neeaaea?oueny c iaeyaeo eioa?aoo?e, iieno iaoa?iaeia oa iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy, /ioe?ueio ?icaeieia aeanieo aeineiaeaeaiue, caeiiaiiy,
aeniiaeia, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie, iieaae/eea eioa?aoo?e, aea
i?eaaaeaii 185 aeaea?ae, c ieo 111 aio/eciyieo i aeecueeiai ca?oa?aeaey
oa 74 aeaeaeiai ca?oaiaeaey ? aeiaeaoeo.

CI?NO ?IAIOE.

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a
aeaeieueea aoaiia. Ha ia?oiio aoaii nooeieueiei iaoiaeii aoea aeaia
iiaeeaeaia e?euee?nia oa ye?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaeieue, ia?aaiao
aaaioiinoi oa ianeiaeeia iieiaia na?aae nieuenueeeo aeeoaeia
Eieiieenueeiai oa Niyoeinueeiai ?aeiiia I?eea?iaooy.

Ia’?eoii aeineiaeaeaiiy neoaeeee ani aaaioii c nieuenueei? iinoeaainoi
aeacaieo ?aeiiia, ia yeeo ia OAIao, a aeieueie/ieo eiea?iyo, eiea?nueeeo
aiaoeaoi?iyo, iiia?ieo oa oeaio?aeueieo ?aeiieo eiea?iyo aoee caiiaiaii
ca 1992 ?ie iiaeeaiaeoaeueii ea?oe aaaioii? oa ?iaeieei, a oaeiae
aaaioii, yei i?ioyaii ?ieo i?eaoee c iioeo ?aeiiia ? iaeanoae.

Iaeeieoeath niinoa?aaeaiiy neoaeeea aaaioia, ia yeo aoea caiiaiaia
iaeieiaa ea?oa i aaaioiinoue a yei? caeii/eeany iieiaaie. Aeaea?aeaie
aea/aiiy neoaeeee iiaeeaiaeoaeueii ea?oe aaaioii? oa ?iaeieei (o 111/0),
iaaee/ii ea?oe aiaoeaoi?iiai oai?iai (o 025/0), eiio?ieueii ea?oe
aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo (o 030/0), inoi?i? oai?iae (o 003/0),
iaiiiiiiiaiaeii/i ea?oe aaaioii? oa ?iaeieei (o 113/0), inoi?i? iieiaia
(o 96/0), inoi?i? ?icaeoeo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (o 97/0) oa naiaeioeoaa i?i
ia?eiaoaeueio nia?oue (o 106-2/0).

Any iaaee/ia aeieoiaioaoeiy ia aaaioieo, a yeeo aoea caiiaeic?aia
aeno?aaaiioaeueia iaoieiaiy (oeoe?iaee aeiaaao, aiia?oiii/ia oai?iaa,
iaee?iiiy, ii?eiiao?eo, iaoieiaiy ia/iiee oa ii.), iiaeaeaaaeanue
?aoaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaiith. Anueiai aea/aii a?eueoa 6000 ??cieo
iaaee/ieo aeieoiaioia.

Ha anio aaaioieo caiiaithaaeany niaoeiaeueia ea?oa. A iiaeaeueoiio ani
noaoea?oe a oiaei aeeiaii/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy aoee aeiiiaiaii aeaieie c
iioeo aeieoiaioia (iaaee/ieo ea?o aiaoeaoi?iiai oai?iai, inoi?ie oai?iae
oa ii.)

Aeaii, yei ia aoee aiaeia?aaeaii a ia?aeiiiiaeieiaie iaaee/iie
aeieoiaioaoei?, aea ae?ae aaaeeeai aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo
aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? ic niiniaii aeeooy oa iaaee/iith aeoeaiinoth,
oai?iaaie aei ca/aooy, e?euee?noth aai?o?a a aiaiiac? , oa?aeoa?ii
i?aoe? oa oa?/oaaiiy, oe?aeeeaei cae/eai, cae?aeenue aaciina?aaeiuei o
aaaioieo aai ?o ?iaee/ia iieooaaiiyi. Anueiai aoei aeiiiaiaii oaeei
niiniaii 1522 noaoea?oe.

Oaeee iineiaeiaiee cai? iaoa?iaeo aeicaieea i?inoaaeeoe ca noaiii
caei?ia’y oa niiniaii aeeooy aaaioieo ye aei ca/aooy, oae i iiney ia
anio aoaiao aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy oa iaaeaiiy iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae aaaioiei.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? c iaoith aeyaeaiiy /eiieeia ?eceeo oa aioe?eceeo
aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? i aianaiiy iii?aa/eo eiaoioei?ioia a
?iciianthaeaeaiinoue oa ianeiaeee oei?? iaoieiai? a oaeiae ?ic?iaeaiiy
nenoaie ?? i?iaiicoaaiiy i?iaaaeaii ca niaoeiaeueiith i?ia?aiith
iieooaaiiy oa iaaee/iee iaeyae aaaioieo.

Iieooaaiiy noaaeei ia?aae niaith aeai iaoe. Ha?iaii c aeiaaiinoeeith,
iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eaeieyeany /eiieeai ?eceeo (niiniao aeeooy, oiiaai
iiaooo, i?aoei, oeiaeeeaei cae/eai), oiaoi oiio, ui iiaei a ni?eyoe
aeieeiaiith aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?, ii/eiath/e c ?aiiueiai aeeoeinoaa.

A aeioeieueie oa oeieueiee ia?iiaee a?aeeny aei oaaae
iaoa?iaeueiiiiaooiai oiiae nii’?, aeoiaaiiy a iiaiie ? iaiiaiie nii’?,
aaeeaaiiy ? ceiaaeeaaiiy aaoueeaie aeeiaieth. A ia?iiae o?oaeiai?
aeiyeueiinoi aea/aeenue ?iaeeiia iieiaeaiiy, iaoa?iaeueiiiiaooiai oiiae
aeeooy, aca?iiaiaeiineie iiae /eaiaie ?iaeeie oa a eieaeoeai, iayaiinoue
oeiaeeeaeo cae/ie o aaoueea ? iaoa?i (iaeiiiy othothio, aaeeaaiy
aeeiaieth), ineoi/ieo o?aai, o?aai /a?aia, eiioaeo c oiii/ieie
?a/iaeiaie aie ianooieaiiy iaia?oa, iaoieiai/ii iieiae a ieioeiio
e?euee?noue aai?o?a a aiaiiac?, a?iaeieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy oa iioa.

Ia o?aoueiio oa iiaeaeueoeo aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue ?ic?iaea
nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy ii ?aiiueiio aeyaeaii? aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? oa
i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaeae? i?io?eaeoeee na?aae n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?iciianthaeaeai?noue aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??.A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy
anoaiiaeaii ianooiia: aeey n?euenueeeo ?iae?eue I?eea?iaooy oa?aeoa?ia
aeniea caeiyo?noue ia ae?iaieoeoa? (aei 85,1%), oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeai?noue a?iaeieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue (aei 56%) cieaeaiiy
ieoiii? aaae iiaoi?ieo iieia?a (aei 38,1%), oaiaeaioe?y aei ?inoo
a?eiaeo oa thieo ia?a?noie, cia/ia ?iciianthaeaeaiiy o?ii?/ii?
aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??, aaeeea e?euee?noue ae?iie c aai?oaie a
aiaiiac?, ??no /enea iieia?a e?oiiei ieiaeii. Oaea iaaeeei-nioe?aeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea eiioeiaaioo n?euenueeeo ?iae?eue I?eea?iaooy a ye?enue
i??? iiynith? oa, ui aeooa?nueea iaoieia?y ia aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi???
neeaea 602 ia 1000 iieia?a aai 27 ia 1000 ae?iie oa?oeeueiiai a?eo.

A aeeiai?oe? a?aecia/a?oueny ??no aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? i?e caaaeueiiio
cieaeaii? /enea iieia?a.

Aenieith ? /anoioa aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? i?e ia?oeo iieiaao o a?oe?
15—17 ?ie?a, iaeieae/ee o a?oe? 18—19 ?ie?a. Ii/eiath/e c oeueiai
ia??iaeo /anoioa aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? iinooiiai ia?inoa?, iniaeeai
??cei c?inoa? aeooa?nueea iaoieia?y i?ney 30 ?ie?a, aieiaiei /eiii, ca
?aooiie ia?a?noie oeueiai a?eo.

O ?icieo aieiaeo a?oiao oa?aeoa? iaoieiai? ciiith?oueny. O aieiaie a?oii
15-17 ?ieia aeniea ?iciianthaeaeaiinoue aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? ca
?aooiie iieiaiaiai o?aaiaoecio aeey iaoa?i, o aieiaeo a?oiao 18-19 oa
20-29 ?ieia ia ia?oa iinoea aeoiaeyoue aiiiaei? iieiaiai? aeiyeueiinoi.
O aieiaeo a?oiao iiney 30 ?ieia aenieei ? ?iaaiue ?iciianthaeaeaiinoi
aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? ca ?aooiie ia?iniiie oa iia?aoeie eana?nueeiai
?icoeio.

A no?oeoo?i iaoieiai? aaaioiinoi ia?oa iinoea iiniaeathoue aiaii?
aaaioieo (37%), ia ae?oaiio iinoei — caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy (21,6%) ia
o?aoueiio — aanoice (14,6%). A iieiaao — cia/ia iinoea caeiathoue
aiiiaei? iieiaiai? aeiyeueiinoi oa ianai?/ania aiaeoiaeaeaiiy
iaaeieiieiaeieo aiae. Ha ieo i?eiaaea? aeecueei iieiaeie iaoieiai?, ui
cono?i/a?oueny, aeaui ?iaeoa cono?i/athoueny e?iaioa/i a iieiaao
(12,8%.). Aiieii-naioe/ii oneeaaeiaiiy aiaeii/aii a 9,8% aiae caaaeueii?
eieueeinoi iieiaia. A ?o no?oeoo?i aaaiia iinoea i?eiaaea? ia
iao?iaiaeiiao?eoe (62,9%) oa iani?iiiaeiinoue oaia i?iiaaeeie (11,5%).

Na?aae aeaeieaieo a?oi i?ioanie, ui iathoue iinoea a
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ?aaiiii, aoee ia/eneaii caaaeueii oa
noaiaea?oeciaaii iieaciee aooa?nueei? iaoieiai?.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeeainoth nieuenueeeo o?oaeiaieoeue ? ?o caeiyoinoue
iiney iniiaii? ?iaioe a iiaeniaiiio aeiiaoiueiio ainiiaea?noai, a
,ioaea, i iniaeeaee aieea ae?iaieoeoaa, aiaeiiaiaeii aei iiaeaieiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy , ui ianooue oei aeiiee.

Haeaieueo aeniei caaaeueii oa noaiaea?oeciaaii iieacieee aeooa?nueei?
iaoieiai? aiaeii/aii na?aae oaa?eiieoeue (?en.1). Aeey oei?? i?ioani?
oa?aeoa?iee aenieee nooiiiue oice/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe a
cae?eoiio i?eiiuaiii c aeiooaiei iieiaeaiiyi oiea a oiiaao iiaeaeuaii?
aieiainoi c ia?aiaaeaie oaiia?aoo?e, iiaeeiiii aaaeeeo i?aaeiaoia.
Aenieee nooiiiue aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai? aiaeii/aiee oaeiae na?aae
aeiiiainiiaea?ie. I?aoey oei?? a?oie nieuenueeeo aeiiie iia’ycaia c
aenieith caeiyoinoth a iiaeniaiiio aeiiaoiueiio ainiiaea?noai. O oei??
a?oie nii ca o?eaaeinoth ? iaioei 5-6 aiaeei. Aeey ieo oa?aeoa?ia
ia?aaoey?ia aiaeaiaeoaaiiy aeiii/eo eiinoeueoaoeie oa iecueea naiioa?ia
eoeueoo?a.

Haeaeueie na?aae i?ioanieieo a?oi o inia ia?aaaaeii ?icoiiai? i?aoei
caaaeueii oa noaiaea?oeciaaii iieacieee aeooa?nueei? iaoieiai?
aiaeii/aii o a/eoaeia, aeoiaaoaeia oa iaaee/ieo i?aoeiaieeia naea.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooa?nueea iaoieiaiy ia naei /anoioa cono?i/a?oueny o
aeiiie oeo i?ioanie, i?aoey yeeo iia’ycaia c iaii?iiaaiei ?iai/ei
aeiai, aenieei nooiaiai ia?aiai-ineoi/iiai oa o?ce/iiai iai?oaeaiiy,
iaeiiiaiioiith ?ooeeainoth.

Aiaeiiiiinoue o noaiaea?oeciaaieo iieacieeao e?aeiio a?oi i?ioanie
naiae/eoue i?i aacnoiiiaio iayaiinoue aoiieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia aeooa?nueei?
iaoieiai? a oiiaao i?aoei aeiiie a naei.

Anoaiiaeaii aeayei iniaeeainoi ia?aaiao iieiaia a caeaaeiinoi aiae
noaio

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Noaiaea?oeciaai? iieacieee aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? na?aae

ie?aieo i?ioan?eieo a?oi o?ce/ii? oa ?icoiiai? i?aoe?.

caei?ia’y aaaioieo. Hae/anoioa oneeaaeiaiiy a iieiaao aeieeathoue
na?aae aaaioieo c o?iii/iith aeno?aaaiioaeueiith iaoieiai?th, i?eaa?oa?
oaaao aenieee iieaciee oneeaaeiaiue na?aae aaaioieo c /eiieeaie ?eceeo.

Aaaeeeaei ? aieea aeayeeo oneeaaeiaiue ia?aaiao aaaioiinoi ia oa?aeoa? i
ia?aaia iieiaia. Na?aae aeiiie c oiciieiai/iei ia?aaiaii aaaioiinoi
iaoieiaiy iieiaia cono?i/a?oueny cia/ii ?iaeoa. Oneeaaeiaiiy aaaioiinoi
aanoicii, caa?icith ia?a?eaaiiy oa aiaii?th, a oaeiae iayaiinoue
/eiieeia ?eceeo aeey aaaioieo /anoi aaaeooue aei aeieeiaiiy oneeaaeaiue
a iieiaao.

Ha aeineiaeaeoaaiie oa?eoi?i? ia?iaeaeoaaiinoue neeaea 14,3‰. Ca inoaiii
i’youe ?ieia iaiioeeany oaiaeaioeiy aei cieaeaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiinoi a
e?a?. Aeyaeaii oaeiae aeayei iniaeeainoi iiaieiai? ieiaeiinoi. Haeaeua
ieiaeiinoue aiaeii/aia o aieiaie a?oii 20-24 ?iee, aeaui ieae/ee
iieaciee o aieiaie a?oii 25-29 ?ieia. ?acii c oei, aiaeii/aii aeayea
c?inoaiiy aeaiiai iieacieea o aieiaie a?oii 15-19 ?ieia oa ?icea
cieaeaiiy o aieiaie a?oii 30-34 ?iee.

Eiaoioei?ioe a?oooi oa iaooi aiaeoai?aiiy naiae/aoue i?i ae?ae
iacaaeiaieueio aeaiia?aoi/io neooaoeith, yea neeaeany na?aae
nieuenueeiai ianaeaiiy ia I?eea?iaooi. Nueiaiaeii ia?iaeaeoaaiinoue
caaacia/o? eeoa ia 70% ?iaaiue aiaeoai?aiiy nieuenueeiai ianaeaiiy. Oiio
ai?ioueaa ca aeeooy i caei?ia’y eiaeii? aeeoeie iiaeiia noaoe
ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi noniieuenoaa oa i?aaiia ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Iane?aeee aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??. Caei?ia’y iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia?o ca ana
aecia/a?oueny caei?ia’yi oa niiniaii aeeooy iaoa?i. Oea i?inoaaeo?oueny
i?e i?iniaeoeaiiio niinoa?aaeaiii ca aaaioieie oa aeioueie,
ia?iaeaeaieie aiae oeeo iaoa?ia. Aeioe, ioeiiaii caei?iaeie, a iniiaiiio
ia?iaeeeeny aiae caei?iaeo iaoa?ia c oiciieiai/iei ia?aaiaii aaaioiinoi
aac /eiieeia ?eceeo (91.8%).

Caei?ia’y iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aecia/aeiny ca e?eoa?iyie aeiiioaiinoi,
iaaeiiioaiinoi, ia?aiioaiinoi, caoai?thaaiino?, o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo. Onio
c iciaeaie ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieiai? ia?iaeeeiny 56,3% aeioae.

Aaaeeeaith iciaeith o?c?ieia?/ii? c??eino? ieiaeo, a, ioaea, ? caei?ia’y
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ? ?inoi-aaaia? iieacieee iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai. Iaie
i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ( aeiaaeeie oa
iane o?ea) ia iniia? neaiaeueieo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae na?aaeiuei?
a?eoiaoe/ii? aaee/eie. A?aeoeeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeaieo
iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai ia 1 (aaee/eio na?aaeiueiai eaaae?aoe/iiai) ie
?aooaaee ye iaae? aeiionoeieo na?aaei?o eieeaaiue aaee/eie.

Na?aae iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a ?aa?ii? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeinoia??ii ciaioeeany
e?euee?noue ae?oae c ii?iaeueiith ianith o?ea i?e ia?iaeaeaii?
(2500-3499 a).

C?inea e?euee?noue ae?oae c aaeeeith oa iaeith ianith o?ea. Na?aae
aaeeeiaaaiaeo ae?oae aeiey a?aaionueeeo (c ianith o?ea a?eueoa 5000 a)
neeaaea? aeecueei 13%. Aaeeea iana o?ea iiaiia?iaeaeaieo /ano?oa
niinoa??aa?oueny o ae?iie c aiaeie?eiiith iaoieia??th.

??no /enea iaeiaaaiaeo ae?oae c cao?eieith ?icaeoeo oa a?iio?io??th
?-?? nooiaiy niinoa??aaany o ae?iie, ye? caeiaeenue aaaeeith o?ce/iith
i?aoeath i?ae /an aaa?oiino? a ??eueie/eo a?eaaaeao.

Anoaiiaeaii /?oeo caeaaei?noue ??aiy ia?eiaoaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? oa
nia?oiino? a?ae iane o?ea i?e ia?iaeaeaii?. Oae, ia?eiaoaeueia
caoai?thaai?noue na?aae iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ianith o?ea aei 2000 a neeaea
100%, ia?eiaoaeueia nia?oi?noue ae?oae oe??? aaaiai? a?oie neeaea 83,3%,
a a?oi? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ui ia?iaeeeeny c ianith o?ea a?ae 2001 a aei
2500 a, ia?eiaoaeueia caoai?thaai?noue neeaea 94,6%, ia?eiaoaeueia
nia?oi?noue 12%, a a?oi? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c ianith o?ea a?ae 2501 a aei
3500 a ia?eiaoaeueia caoai?thaai?noue neeaea 11,3%, nia?oi?noue 0,7%.

Ia?oaiia?iaeaeoaai?noue neeaaea? a?eueoa iieiaeie an?o ia?eiaoaeueieo
ao?ao. Anueiai ia?iaeeeiny 25 ia?oaeie. Na?aae ieo 14 aeiiioaieo, 10
iaaeiiioaieo, 1 ia?aiioaia. Aea/ath/e iniaeeaino? eiioeiaaioo ae?iie,
aaa?oi?noue o eio?eo cae?i/eeany ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiiyi, anoaiiaeaii, ui
na?aaei?e a?e ae?iie a a?oiao c aioaiaoaeueiith oa ?io?aiaoaeueiith
nia?oth ieiaeo nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyany, neeaaeath/e 26,7 ?iee, iaeiae
caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao ii??aiyii a?eueoa aeiey ae?iie 35-39 ?., 40 ?ie?a
? noa?oa oa aei 18 ?ie?a ye a a?oi? aioaiaoaeueii?, oae ? a a?oi?
?io?aiaoaeueii? nia?o? ieiaeo. Aeine?aeaeoth/e nioe?aeueiee oa n?iaeiee
noai n?euenueeeo ae?iie, o yeeo niinoa??aaeiny ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiiy,
iiaeia a?aecia/eoe, ui iai?oeeany aeayea oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy /enea
aeiiiainiiaea?ie (3 ?c 13 – aioaiaoaeueii oa 2 c 12 — ?io?aiaoaeueii) a
oe?e a?oi?. Oaea ae oaiaeaioe?y oa?aeoa?ia aeey n?iaeiiai noaio –
c?inoa? /enei ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiue o ae?iie, ui ia ia?aaoaathoue o oetha?
(3 c 13 oa 1 c 12).

sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 1, o cia/ii? aeie? ae?iie (3 c 25) aeaia
aaa?oi?noue, ui cae?i/eeany ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiiyi, aoea ia?oith; ia?oeie
aoee ? iieiae iaeaea o iieiaeie c ieo (10 c 25). Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao
cia/ia e?euee?noue aeeeaei?a a aiaiiac? (9 c 25) . Aai?oe a
aiaiiac? aeyaeaii o a?eueoa iieiaeie ae?iie c ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiiyi.
Oaeei /eiii aeooa?nueeee aiaiiac o a?eueoino? ae?iie, ui ia?iaeeee
ia?oaeo ae?oae, aeyaeany iaoyaeaiei.

Niiaoe/ia iaoieia?y ca?a?no?iaaia o 18 aaa?oieo, ui ia?iaeeee ia?oaeo
ae?oae. *ano?oa o ae?iie aeyaeyeeny iaee??iiy (9 aeiaaee?a),
caoai?thaaiiy ie?ie

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeooa?nueeee aiaiiac ae?iie c aioaiaoaeueiith oa ?io?aiaoaeueiith
nia?oth ieiaeo

Nia?oue ieiaeoIa?oiaaa?oi?Ia?oi?iaey/?Iiaoi?ii?iaey/?
(2-3-4)Aaaaoi?iaey/? (5 ? a?eueoa)Aai?oe a aiaiiac?Aeeeaei? a
aiaiiac?Aeoii?/-ia aaa?o-i?noueAioa-iaoaeueia

2

7

9

1

11

6

1?io?a-iaoaeueia

1

3

5

4

3

Anueiai

3

10

14

1

15

9

1

(6 aaa?oieo), a?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa (2 ae?iee), aaaeea oi?ia oeoe?iaiai
ae?aaaoo (1 aeiaaeie). Iaeia ?c ?iae?eue ia?aaoaaea ia iae?eo o
ia?eieiaa c i?eaiaeo o?ii?/iiai aeeiaie?cio. Aaaaoi ae?iie, iniaeeai c
aioaiaoaeueiith nia?oth ieiaeo, ia?aianee aino?o ?ani??aoi?io a??onio
?ioaeoe?th a ia?oiio o?eiano?? oa a a?eueo i?ci? oa?i?ie aaa?oiino?.

O oanoe ?iae?eue aaa?oi?noue ia?aa?aaea aac oneeaaeiaiue,
aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? ia aeyaeaii, aea niinoa??aaeanue cia/ia
e?euee?noue /eiiee?a ?eceeo, ye-io: aeeiaie?ci iaoa??, iae?iiy othothio
iao??’th, iaiiai? n?i’?, aaaeea o?ce/ia i?aoey a iie?.

A oa?aeoa?enoeoe? caei?ia’y iiaiia?iaeaeaieo cia/ia i?noea iin?aea?
?aiiy iaiiaoaeueia nia?oi?noue.

A aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? ?c 2450 aeeaiia?iaeaeaieo aei 168 aiaeei
aeeooy iiia?ea 21 aeeoeia.

Iniiaia /anoeia ae?iie, ui ao?aoeee ae?oae, o oeueiio ia??iae? aoee o
a?oe? 20-34 ?ie?a (15 ae?iie – 70%), iaeiae cia/io aeieth neeaee iieiae?
iaoa?? – aei 18 ?ie?a (3 ae?iee c 21) oa noa?oiai a?eo a?ae 35 ?ie?a (3
ae?iee).

A aeine?aeaeoaai?e a?oi? e?euee?noue ia?oi- ? iiaoi?iiaaa?oieo i?eaeecii
iaeiaeiaa (10 ia?oiaaa?oieo oa 11 iiaoi?iiaaa?oieo). A aiaiiac? aai?oe
cono??/aeeny o 6 ae?iie c 21. O?e ae?iee c oe??? a?oie ia ia?aoaaee ia
iae?eo a ae?ii/?e eiinoeueoaoe??, iaeia c ieo ia?aae iieiaaie o?eaaeee
/an i?aoethaaea c aoeaoiiiaeie oa?aaie. O aeaio aaa?oieo c oe??? a?oie
oetha ia aoa ca?a?no?iaaiee.

Na?aae ae?iie c ae?oueie, ui caaeioee a ?aii?e iaiiaoaeueiee ia??iae
aeyaeaii oneeaaeiaiiy aaa?oiino?: caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy a ??ci? oa?i?ie —
o 16, aanoic — o 3, ?aii?e oieneeic – o 5, o?ii?/ia oaoiieaoeaioa?ia
iaaeinoaoi?noue – o 4, o?ii?/ia aioo??oo?iaia a?iien?y ieiaeo – o 6,
oi??iiaii?ii?o – o 1 aaa?oii?. O i’yoe ae?iie aaa?oi?noue ia?aa?aaea aac
oneeaaeiaiue, aea iaee i?noea oaciaa ia?aaeeaaeaiiy ieiaeo,
aaaaoiie?aeia aaa?oi?noue, no??ie? ?iaee, aaeeeiaaaiaa aeeoeia.

Ui noino?oueny aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??, oi o 2 ae?iie
niinoa??aaeinue iaee??iiy, o 1 – o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo. Iaeia ae?iea ca
oeaeaeaiue aei iieia?a ia?aianea aino?o ?ani??aoi?io a??onio ?ioaeoe?th.

sse aeaeii c oaaeeoe? 2, a?eueoa /anoeia ae?oae, ui iiia?ee a ?aiiueiio
iaiiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?, ia?iaeeeeny iaaeiiioaieie 13 c 21, i?e/iio 17
ae?oae iaee iano o?ea i?e ia?iaeaeaii? iaioa 2500 a. Ca oeaeith AIAA? ia
ia?o?e oaeeei? aeeooy 15 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iaee ioe?ieo iaioa 7 aae?a,
iaeaea 2/3 ae?oae aoee /ieia?/i? noao?.

sse aeo?ea? c aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai, iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue i?e/eie
ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino?, ine?eueee ?o aiae?c aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
cia/ei?noue ie?aieo caoai?thaaiue a ??ai? nia?oiino?.

A?ae an?o i?e/ei a ia?eiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? caaeioei 46 ae?oae. A
no?oeoo?? i?e/ei ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino? aaaeo/a i?noea iin?aeaee
aioo??oiueioo?iaia a?iien?y ? ano?en?y a ?iaeao 24 aeiaaeee
(52,5%) ? 20 aeiaaee?a (80%) na?aae i?e/ei ia?oaiia?iaeaeaiue.
Na?aae i?e/ei ?aiiuei? iaiiaoaeueii? nia?oiino?

Oaaeeoey 2

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?oae, ui iiia?ee a ?aiiueiio iaiiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?

Aeiiioai?noueIana o?ea i?e ia?iaeaeaii?

Ioe?iea ca oeaeith

AIAA? ia ia?o?e oaeeei?, aaeeNoaoueAeiiioai?Iaaeiii-

oai?Ia?aii

oai?1000-19991500-19992000-24992500-29993000-3499 3500-39994000 ?

a?eueoa0 – 34 — 678 – 10*ieia?/a AE?ii/a

7

13

1

4

4

9

2

1

1

6

9

5

1

13

8

ia?oa i?noea caeiaee neiae?ii ?ani??aoi?ieo ?iceaae?a oa ?i.
?ani??aoi?i? noaie, neeaaeath/e i?e oeueiio 8 aeiaaee?a c 21 (aai
38,1%), ae?oaith ca cia/ei?noth i?e/eiith ?aiiuei? iaiiaoaeueii?
nia?oiino? aoee aioo??oiueiiaoeiaa a?iien?y ? ano?en?y a ?iaeao oa
iieiaiaa o?aaia (4 aeiaaeee 3 21 aai 19,05%). ?acii c oei neiae?ii
?ani??aoi?ieo ?iceaae?a a caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino?
caeiaa ?? i?noea (8 aeiaaee?a ?c 46), neeaaeath/e 17,4%.

Anueiai na?aae n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a ia?oaiia?iaeaeoaai?noue ia
aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi??? neeaea 9,8‰, ?aiiy iaiiaoaeueia nia?oi?noue
7,9‰, ia?eiaoaeueia nia?oi?noue 17,7‰.

*eiieee ?eceeo oa aioe?eceeoaeooa?nueei? iaoieia??. No?aoaa?y
i?io?eaeoeee aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? aoaeo?oueny ia a/aii? i?i /eiieee
?eceeo oa iiia?aaeaeaiith oe?aeeeai? ae?? ?o.

O ca’yceo c oeei ianooiiei aoaiii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa aea?? ia’?eo?a ?
?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aeey aeyaeaiiy /eiiee?a ?eceeo
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? oa ?ic?iaee nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy. C oe??th
iaoith aoee aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee i?iaaaeaieo ca niaoe?aeueiith
i?ia?aiith iieooaaiue oa iaeyaeo aaa?oieo. Aeey a?oioaaiiy iaoa??aeo aoa
aeei?enoaiee iai?aaeaiee a??aiiaaaeaiee a?aea?? ii iaoiaeo ia?ii?
aea??ee. Iaoaiaoe/iei aia?aoii neoaeea e?eoa??e I??niia, iaoiae aaaiaeo
?iaeaen?a, eiao?oe??io ?aiaiai? ei??aeyoe??, eooiaee ia?aoai?thaa/
O?oa?a oa ?i.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?yae ?c caaaeueiia?aeiieie
oaeoi?aie oaeeie, ye aai?oe a aiaiiac?, a?iaeieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy
iaoa??, aeno?aaai?oaeueia iaoieia?y, ?noioiee aieea ia aeieeiaiiy
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? iathoue oaeiae aaeeaaiiy aeeiaieth oa iae?iiy
othothio iao??’th, a?e iaoa??, n?iaeiee noai, noinoiee a n?i’? oa
eieaeoea?, iniaeeaino? iiaooo n?i’?, oa?aeoa? oa?/oaaiiy oa oa?aeoa?
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? iaoa??.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui na?aae n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a cia/ii ??aeoa
cono??/athoueny oae? oaeoi?e, ye neaey/ee niin?a aeeooy, iaioa /enei
ia?iaeaeaiue aac oethao, ?iceo/aiue oa ?i. ?acii c oei, aoee aeyaeai?
niaoeeo?/i? aeey naea /eiieee ?eceeo aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??: eiioaeo c
io?ooio?i?eaoaie, i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie, eiioaeo c oaa?eiaie oa ?i.

?cieueiaaiee aieea /eiiee?a a ?aaeueiiio aeeoo? cono??/a?oueny aeoaea
??aeei, iaeaea caaaeaee ia? i?noea ii?aeiaia ae?y oaeoi??a. Iaie ia
iniia? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui c ?inoii /enea
ii?aeiaii? ae?? oaeoi??a, aeooa?nueea iaoieia?y c?inoa?.

Iaeiae, ciaiiy i?i iani?eyoeea? oaeoi?e aeicaiey? aeaoe o?eueee ye?nio
ioe?ieo ?o aieeao ? ia iiaea ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i aeae?eaiiy aeey
aeeoa?aioe?eiiai aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy aaa?oieo c i?aeaeuaieie
/eiieeaie ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??.

AE?iie ?c caa?icith aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??, iiaeia aeyaeoe
o?eueee ia iniia? /?oeiai aecia/aiiy noeoiii? ae?? iani?eyoeeaeo
/eiiee?a. I?aaeeueio ioe?ieo noeoiii? ae?? oaeoi??a a oiiaao
iaaecia/aiino? iiaea aeaoe o?eueee nenoaia i?iaiicoaaiiy, ui aaco?oueny
ia oai??? eiia??iino?.

Iaie ia ?acoeueoaoao ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeaieo i?i
/eiieee ?eceeo c aeei?enoaiiyi iine?aeiaiiai aiae?co Aaeueaea ?
eiia??iiniiai iaoiaeo Aae?na ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
i?iaiicoaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??. A ?ic?iaeo aoee aeeth/ai? eeoa
/eiieee ?eceeo c ei?aeyoeaiei ca’yceii ia a?eueoa 0,5 (rxy) eiao?oe??ioa
ei?aeyoe??.

Iiaeaeue iiaeaia o aeaeyae? oaaeeoe?-iao?eoe? ( oaae. 3). Iaaee/ia
iai’youe nenoaie i?iaiicoaaiiy ioiieth? 156 iciae. ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee
?ecee aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? aecia/athoue ca
oaaeeoeath-iao?eoeath oeyoii ciaoiaeaeaiiy oa ae?eaiiy ia100
aeaaa?a?/ii? noie i?iaiinoe/ieo eiao?oe??io?a, aeyaeaieo o ianoaaeoaaii?
iciae. ?acoeueoaoe ae?eaiiy ni?anoaaeythoueny c oeaeith ii?iaiaiai
cia/aiiy noia?ii? ae?? oaeoi??a. Oeaea ?ic?iaey?oueny ia iniia?
ee?i?/iiai aei?iaoaaiiy nenoaie. Ia oeae? aeae?eaii o?e i?iaiinoe/i?
a?oie: a?oia ni?eyoeeaiai i?iaiico, a?oia iani?eyoeeaiai i?iaiico oa
a?oia, ui aeiaaa? aeiaeaoeiaiai ianoaaeaiiy (i?iaiic noii?aiee).

Oaaeeoey 3

?iai/a ea?oa i?iaiicoaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? na?aae ae?iie o
n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?

? a?oie iciae

A?oie iciae? iciaee

Iacaa iciae

IE123451A?e iaoa??117 — 20-12.4221 — 2523.7326 — 30 (ia?o?
iieiae)-4.2426 — 30 (iiaoi?i? iieiae)18.7531 — 35 (ia?o? iieiae)-73.3631
— 35 (iiaoi?i? iieiae)-67.4735 oa a?eueoa (ia?o? iieiae)-60.2835 oa
a?eueoa (iiao. iieiae)-58.32A?e aaoueea9Aei 40 ?ie?a29.21040 ?
a?eueoa-75.63 Nioe?aeueia
iieiaeaiiy11?ia?oieoey-60.5Iaoa??12Neoaeaiaaoeue-12.813Eieainiieoey17.41
4Aeiiiainiiaea?ea13.74Ina?oa15Aeua-24.8I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 3

12345Iaoa??16Na?aaeiy
niaoe?aeueia11.317Na?aaeiy4.418Ii/aoeiaa1.25Oa?aeoa? i?aoe?19Ia?aaaaeii
?icoiiaa6.3iaoa??20Ia?aaaaeii o?ce/ia8.521I?/i? ci?ie-17.822Iicaii?iiaa
?iaioa-26.123*ano? a?ae?yaeaeaiiyO6Nooi?iue o?ce/ii?
iai?oae24Aeniea-34.525Na?aaeiy19.226Iecueea8.57Nooi?iue
ia?aiai-27Aeniea-27.4ineo?/iiai
iai?oaeaiiy28Na?aaeiy-3.629Iecueea12.48?iaioa
aeeiio?oueny30Neaey/e-3.431Noiy/e-5.732A c?aiooiio noai?-8.933A?ey
eiaa??a-9.234A cae?eoiio i?ei?uaii?-3.835Ia na?aeiio
i?ei?uaii?65.89I?e?iee?iao ?iai/iai36Aeniea
oaiia?aoo?a-35.7i?noey37Iecueea oaiia?aoo?a-19.438Aeniea
aieia?noue-26.110Eiioaeo c no?oiaie aeniei? /anoioe39-60.711Eiioaeo c
o?i?/ieie ?a/iaeiaie40-6.312Eiioaeo c
ieeii41Iaoaeaaei-26.742I?ia?aeueiei-21.413?iaioa iaoa?? noi?iaiae-43C
i?iooe?aeeeainoyie-23.5aeo?oueny44Aac i?iooe?aeeeainoyie31.514?iaioa
aaoueea noi?iaiae-45C i?iooe?aeeeainoyie-22.7aeo?oueny46Aac
i?iooe?aeeeainoae20.715N?i’y47Iiaia3.648Iaiiaia-20.916N?iaei?
aca?iia?aeiineie49Aeia??9.0650Iiaai?-29.917Oa?/oaaiiy51?aaoey?ia6.452Ia
?aaoey?ia-7.953Iaiaaeo? i?eeii ?ae?24.954Ia iaiaaeo? i?eeii
?ae?17.955A?aei?/a? i?eoio?O18Aaeeaaiiy aeeiaieueieo ia-56Ia
aaeeaa?6.7ii?a iao??’th57??aeei-7.458Ceiaaeeaa?-54.919Aaeeaaiiy
aeeiaieueieo ia-59Ia aaeeaa?60.5ii?a
aaoueeii60??aeei-1.761Ceiaaeeaa?-40.1

I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 3

1234520Iae?iiy othothio iao??’th62Ia iaeeoue 23.263Iii??ii
iaeeoue-35.964Aaaaoi iaeeoue-42.721Iae?iiy othothio aaoueeii65Ia
iaeeoue21.966Iii??ii iaeeoue6.867Aaaaoi iaeeoue-48.222O?ce/ia
aeoeai?noue ca68Caeiaeanue nii?oii48.1inoaii? 3 ?iee69O?ce/iith
ca?yaeeith51.070Uiaeaii? i?iaoeyiee11.371Aaaea neaey/ee niin?a
aeeooy-57.023Uiaeaiiee a?aeii/eiie72A?aeii/eaa?19.873Caaaeaee
i?aoeth?-26.124Eaa?oe?i?
oiiae74Oi?io?12.975Iiaai?-58.825Aaa?oi?noue76Aaaeaia88.677Ia
aaaeaia-73.326Oa?i?i i?ae cae?i/aiiyi78Aei 6 ?ie?a7.5iiia?aaeiuei?
aaa?oiino? ?7912 — 24 ?iee-12.4ianooieaiiyi aeaii?8024 ?
a?eueoa-48.227A?e iaia?oa81Aei 12 ?ie?a-50.38212 — 147.88315
—1636.584A?eueoa 16 ?ie?a-51.528*an anoaiiaeaiiy
iai-85C?aco6.8no?oaoe??86*a?ac 3 — 6 i?nyoe?a-18.787I?ci?oa 6
i?nyoe?a-26.729O?eaae?noue iaino?oaeueiiai8821-33.5oeeeeo (a aeiyo)8922
— 25-12.09026 — 2725.59128 — 2915.39230 — 35-12.030Ii?ooaiiy iaino.
oeeeeo a93Aoei-38.5ia??iae eiai noaiiaeaiiy94Ia aoei3.531*enei
iiia?aaei?o iieia?a95Ia aoei-12.49619.29728.5983-5.2994 ?
a?eueoa-48.232Aai?oe ia?aae oaia??o-100Ia aoei11.2iueith
aaa?oi?noth1011-33.31022 ? a?eueoa-51.233Niiioaii? aai?oe a
aiai-103Aoee-33.5iac?104Ia aoei6.634?iaeeeeny ia?oaeie
a1051-4.9aiaiiac?1062 ? a?eueoa-86.535Nia?oue aeeoeie a iaiia-1071-67.3

I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 3

12345oaeueiiio ia??iae? (aeiaaeee)1082 ? a?eueoa-88.236Aiiiae?? ?icaeoeo
o ae?oae,109Aoee-34.7ui ?iaeeeeny ?ai?oa110Ia aoei2.437?aii? oieneeice a
aiaiiac?111Aoee-18.7112Ia aoei10.638I?ci? oieneeice a
aiaiiac?113Aoee-58.9114Ia aoei17.239Iaa?ieia?/i? ii?ooaiiy o ae?oae, ui
?iaeeeeny ?ai?oa115-37.040Aacie?aei?noue a?eueoa 2—5
?.116-42.341Ia?aae/ani? iieiae a ieio-1171 aeiaaeie-26.1eiio1182
aeiaaeee-37.21193 ? a?eueoa-44.542Iaaeiiiooaaiiy a aiaiiac?120Aei 35
oeaei?a-74.612136 — 37 oeaei?a-24.743Ia?aiiooaaiiy a
aiaiiac?122-26.544Iieiae a ieioeiio ianith123Aei 2500 a-31.71244000 a ?
a?eueoa-6.445Caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy125A ?aii? no?iee-45.8aaa?oiino? a
aiaiiac?126A i?ci? no?iee-96.446Iaoieia. iieiae a
aiaiiac?127-96.647Iieaciee iane oa ?inoo128??no 150 ?
a?eueoa-39.3iaoa??129Iana ia 25% aeua ii?ie ii ?iaeaeno
Eaoea-59.748A?iaeieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy a
aiaiiac?130-99.449I?neyiia?aoe?ei? ?oaoe? ia iaooe? (e??i eana?aaiai
?icoeio 2-o ??/ii? aeaaiino?)131-88.650Iiaiooai?aiiy iaoee oa
y?/iee?a132-77.051?noi?ei-oea?a?eaeueia iaaeinoaoi?noue133-86.952Aaaee
?icaeoeo iaoee134-76.453?ioaeoe?? a aiaiiac?135-69.554Aocueeee oac136I
nnooiaith-45.4137?? nooiaith-89.555Aino?? caoai?thaaiiy i?ae /an
aaa?oiino?138-73.656Aaaee na?oey aac ii?ooaiiy
e?iaiia?ao139-58.657A?ia?oii?/ia oai?iaa140?
noaae??-57.058A?iioii?y141-30.259Caoai?thaaiiy ia/?iee oa aeia/eo oeyo?a
aei aaa?oiino? oa caaino?aiiy i?ae /an
aaa?oiino?142-41.860I?aaeae?aaao143-63.2I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 3

1234561Aiai?? (aaiiaeia?io iaioa ii?ie ia
10%)144-57.862Eiaaoeiiao??145-51.063I?iiao?? oa ?io? caoai?thaaiiy
146-37.564O?ii?/i? niaoeeo?/i? ?ioaeoe?? (a?ooeaeueic, oieniieaciic,
e?noa??ic)147O65Aaaaoi?acia? i?eeiie iaaeeeaiaio?a i?ae /an
aaa?oiino?148-72.966Ae?aaeaiee ?aii?e oieneeic149-80.767E?iaioa/? a
ia?o?e iieiaei? aaa?oiino?150-76.468I?ci?e oieneeic
(iao?iiao?y)151-48.269?acon iaaaoeaia a?oia
e?ia?152-64.770Aaaaoia?aeaey153-76.471Iaeia?aeaey154-21.072N?aeie/ia
i?aaeeaaeaiiy155-35.773Ia?oa a?oia e?ia?156-51.2

Iaoiaeeea ?iaioe c nenoaiith i?iaiicoaaiiy

I?ia?aia i?iaiicoaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? ioiieth? 156 iciae
(/eiiee?a).

sse?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie caeaaeeoue a?ae
aeinoia??iino? oa iiaiioe c?a?aieo aeaieo i?i /eiieee ?eceeo oa
i?aaeeueiino? caiiaiaiiy i?iaiinoe/ii? ea?oe. Ea?oo o?aaa caiiaithaaoe
c?aco i?e ianoaaeaii? aaa?oii?. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii caa/anii
caaiooaaoe iaiao?aeio e?euee?noue i?iaiinoe/ieo ea?o (oeiia?aonueeei
niiniaii aai ca aeiiiiiaith iiiaeeeueieo cania?a). I?e caiiaiaii?
oaaeeoe? o?aaa a?aeiia?aeaoe ia an? caieoaiiy, ia iaoooth/e oeie,
i?iaiinoe/i? eiao?oe??ioe yeeo iae?.

Oaaeeoey caiiaith?oueny i?aee?anethaaiiyi iciae oa a?aeiia?aeieo ?i
eiao?oe??io?a.

?iaeea?aeoeueiee ?ecee aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? ca i?iaiinoe/iith ea?oith
aecia/a?oueny ca iayaieie o ianoaaeoaaii? aaa?oii? iciaeaie oeyoii
ciaoiaeaeaiiy ? ae?eaiiy ia 100 aeaaa?a?/ii? noie i?aee?aneaieo a ea?o?
i?iaiinoe/ieo eiao?oe??io?a. ?acoeueoao ae?eaiiy ni?anoaaey?oueny c
oeaeith ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy noia?ii? ae?? oaeoi??a. Oeaea ?ic?iaey?oueny
ia iniia? ee?i?/iiai aei?iaoaaiiy nenoaie .

Nenoaia iaae?eia (eiia??i?noue aaciiieeeiaiai i?iaiico neeaaea? 90-92%),
i?inoa a ?iaio? ? ia aeiaaa? aeey ?iaioe c iath niaoe?aeueii?
i?aeaioiaee. Iniiaia i?ecia/aiiy nenoaie – canoinoaaiiy ?? a ia?aeiieo
eaieao i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie caei?ia’y, ia?aaaaeii aeooa?eaie OAI?a,
e?ea?nueeeo aiaoeaoi??e oa ae?eueie/eo e?ea?aiue, aea, ye i?aaeei,
a?aenooi? e?ea?? aeooa?-a?iaeieiae. Nenoaia i?iaiicoaaiiy ?aae?ciaaia ia
AII.

AENIIAEE

1. Anoaiiaeai? aeinoia??i? oaeoe ?iciianthaeaeaiino? aeooa?nueei?
iaoieia?? na?aae n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a I?eea?iaooy ia iniia?
i?iniaeoeaiiai iaoiaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy: 27 ia 1000 ae?iie oa?oeeueiiai
a?eo oa 602 ia 1000 iieia?a.

2. Ia nae? /anoi cono??/a?oueny aeooa?nueea iaoieia?y o a?oe? aei 17
?ie?a oa i?ney 30 ?ie?a i?e ia?oeo iieiaao, cia/ii ??aeoa — o a?oe?
19-20 ?ie?a. Ii/eiath/e c oeueiai ia??iaeo, aiia iinooiiai ia?inoa?.

3. Na?aae n?euenueeeo i?ioan?e iaeaeu? caaaeuei? oa noaiaea?oeciaai?
iieacieee aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? a?aei?/ai? o oaa?eiieoeue.

4. Aaaeo/a i?noea a no?oeoo?? iaoieia?? aaa?oiino? iin?aeathoue aiai?y
oa caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino?, a no?oeoo?? iaoieia?? iieia?a —
aiiiae?? ?iaeiai? ae?yeueiino? oa ianai?/ania a?aeoiaeaeaiiy
iaaeieiie?aeieo aiae, a no?oeoo?? i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo —
aiaeiiao?eoe.

5. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao iieia?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae noaio
caei?ia’y aaa?oieo oa ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino?. Oneeaaeiaiiy a iieiaao ia
nae? iae/ano?oa aeieeathoue na?aae aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iith
aenoaaai?oaeueiith iaoieia??th oa /eiieeaie ?eceeo.

6. ?c nioe?aeueii-a?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a iaea?eueoee aieea ia aeieeiaiiy
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? iathoue a?e iaoa??, ina?oa oa n?iaeiee noai,
noinoiee a n?i’? oa eieaeoea?, oa?aeoa? o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?,
aaeeaaiiy aeeiaieth oa iae?iiy iao??’th, aaia?e/i? caoai?thaaiiy, ooo/i?
aai?oe, iaeiio?ieueiaaia canoinoaaiiy iaaeeeaiaio?a i?ae /an aaa?oiino?.

7. Ia nae? cieaeaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?inoii /anoioe
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? oa oneeaaeiaiue a ?iaeao.

8. A?eueoa iieiaeie ae?oae c iciaeaie ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??
?iaeeoueny a?ae iaoa??a c oneeaaeiaiiyie aaa?oiino? oa o?ii?/iith
aeno?aaai?oaeueiith iaoieia??th.

9. ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? ?iia??iiniiai iaoiaeo Aae?na oa iine?aeiaiiai
aiae?co Aaeueaea nenoaia i?iaiicoaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? aeinooiia,
i?inoa a iiaiaeaeaii? ? aenieiaoaeoeaia. Eiia??i?noue aaciiieeeiaiai
i?iaiico 90-92%.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. Aeey ?aiiueiai aeyaeaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? ai?iaaaeeoe ia OAIao,
e?ea?nueeeo aiaoeaoi??yo, iiia?ieo oa ?aeiiieo e?ea?iyo nenoaio
i?iaiicoaaiiy.

2. Nenoaio i?iaiicoaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? canoiniaoaaoe a
ianooii?e iine?aeiaiino?: ia?oee ?ac — aei aaa?oiino? (i?ney cai?aeaey)
— a eaa?iao? ieaioaaiiy n?i’? /e i?aaiao ?AANo, ae?oaee — a ae?ii/?e
eiinoeueoaoe?? i?e ia?oiio a?aea?aeoaaii? oa acyoo? ia iae?e, o?ao?e —
i?e ioi?ieaii? aeae?aoii? a?aeionoee.

3. An? ae?iee c iani?eyoeeaei i?iaiicii iiaeii? aooe ianoaaeai?
aeooa?-a?iaeieiaii oa, i?e iaiao?aeiino?, ?ioeie niaoe?ae?noaie.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

1.Aeaye? aniaeoe ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai caei?ia’y ae?iie ia nae? // Iaaee/i?
a?no?.-1998.-?1.-n.14-16.

2.Ai?aeai?ieia?/i? aniaeoe aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? o ae?iie n?euenueei?
i?noeaaino? / Oac. eiio. iieiaeeo
a/aieo-iaaeee?a.-?aaii-O?aie?anuee,1994,-n.40.

3.Iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? na?aae ae?iie a
n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? / ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno, aei.4 ii i?. Nioe?aeueia
a?a??ia oa i?aai?caoe?y ioi?iie caei?ia’y ?96-34 (ni?aaao. ssneinueeee
Oe.A.)

4.Iniaeeaino? no/aniiai eiioeiaaioo ?iae?eue ia nae? oa ?o aieea ia
a?aeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy ? caei?ia’y iioiinoaa // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai ?
a?iaeieia?y.-1998.-?3.-n.102-103.

5.Iniaeeaino? aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o n?euenueeeo ae?iie I?eea?iaooy //
Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee-1998.-o.2-?3-4.-n.6-10.

6.?iaei?ic??oaiiy o ae?iie, ui i?iaeeaathoue a ?aae?aoe?eii caa?oaeiai?e
cii? / Oac. eiio. “Iieiae? iaoeiaoe? – ioi?ii?
caei?ia’y”.-*a?i?aoe?,1994.-n.30-31.(ni?aaao. ssneinueeee Oe.A.)

7.No?oeoo?a aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? o aaa?oieo, ui i?iaeeaathoue o
n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? / Iaoa??aee neiiic?oio “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae ianaeaiith”.-*a?i?aoe?-Aiaaeueoieuei,1996.-n.55-56.

8.Oeoe?iaee ae?aaao ye oaeoi? ?eceeo aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? /
Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? “A/ai? Aoeiaeie – ia?iaei?e ioi?ii?
caei?ia’y”-*a?i?aoe?,1994.-n.30-31.(ni?aaao. ssneinueeee Oe.A.)

9.*eiieee ?eceeo oa nenoaia i?iaiicoaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? na?aae
ae?iie a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?. // E?ea?nueea
ni?aaa.-1998.-?2.-n.161-166. (ni?aaao. ssneinueeee Oe.A.)

AIIOAOe?ss

Aooeoeye ?.A. Ai?aeai?ieia?y, i?iaiicoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeea
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? na?aae n?euenueeeo aeeoae?a.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.01. – aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y.
A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa,
A?iieoey, 1998.

A ?iaio? aia?oa c iiceoe?e nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aeaii eiiieaenio
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iciianthaeaeaiino? aeooa?nueei?
iaoieia?? oa ?? iane?aee?a na?aae n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy. Aeyaeaii
/eiieee ?eceeo oe??? iaoieia??. Ia iniia? ioe?iee aieeao oeeo oaeoi??a
ia aeieeiaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? c aeei?enoaiiyi iine?aeiaiiai
aiae?co Aaeueaea oa eiia??iiniiai iaoiaeo Aae?na ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio
i?iaiicoaaiiy ii ?aiiueiio aeyaeaii? iaoieia?? aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa
i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo. Canoinoaaiiy oaei? nenoaie ia i?aeoeoe?
i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue ?ici?ciaaaiiy aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? iaeaea a 3
?ace.

Ia iniia? aea/aiiai iaoa??aeo ?ic?iaeaii aeniiaee ? noi?ioeueiaaii
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa noai?aii i?aai?caoe?eio iiaeaeue
i?io?eaeoeee iaoieia?? aaa?oiino? ? oneeaaeaiiue a iieiaao na?aae ae?iie
n?euenueei? i?noeaaino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeooa?nueea iaoieia?y, /eiieee ?eceeo, nenoaia
i?iaiicoaaiiy, n?euenueea ianaeaiiy, ai?aeai?ieia?y.

AIIOAOeEss

Aooeoeye ?.A. Yieaeaieieiaey, i?iaiice?iaaiea e i?ioeeaeoeea aeooa?neie
iaoieiaee n?aaee naeueneeo aeeoaeae.

Aeena?oaoeey yaeyaony ?oeiienueth ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie
eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.01. – aeooa?noai
e aeiaeieiaey. Aeiieoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei.
I.E.Ie?iaiaa, Aeiieoea, 1998.

A ?aaioa aia?aua c iiceoeee nenoaiiiai iiaeoiaea aeaia eiiieaeniay
iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea ?ani?ino?a-iaiiinoe aeooa?neie
iaoieiaee e aa enoiaeia n?aaee naeuenueeiai ianaeaiey. Aeyaeaiu oaeoi?u
?enea yoie iaoieiaee. Ia iniiaaiee ioeaiee aeeyiey yoeo oaeoi?ia ia
aicieeiiaaiea aeooa?neie iaoieiaee n eniieueciaaieai iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai
aiaeeca Aaeueaea e aa?iyoiiniiai iaoiaea Aaeana ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia
i?iaiice?iaaiey ii ?aiiaio auyaeaieth iaoieiaee aa?aiaiiinoe, ?iaeia,
iinea?iaeiaiai ia?eiaea. Eniieueciaaiea oaeie nenoaiu ia i?aeoeea
iiauoaao yooaeoeaiinoue auyaeaiey aeooa?neie iaoieiaee ii/oe a o?e ?aca.

Ia iniiaaiee eco/aiiiai iaoa?eaea naeaeaiu auaiaeu e noi?ioee?iaaiu
i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, a oaeaea nicaeaia i?aaiecaoeeiiiay iiaeaeue
i?ioeeaeoeee iaoieiaee aa?aiaiiinoe e ineiaeiaiee a ?iaeao n?aaee
naeueneeo aeeoaeueieoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeooa?neay iaoieiaey, oaeoi?u ?enea, nenoaia
i?iaiice?iaaiey, naeueneia ianaeaiea, yieaeaieieiaey.

ABSTRACT

Hutsulyak R.V. Epidemiology, prognostication and profilaxis of
abstetric pathology amond rural populations.

The dissertation is a manuscript for seeking the scientific degree of
Candidate of medical Sciense in speciality 14.01.01. – Obstetrics and
Gynaecology – Vinnytsya State Medical University named after
M.I.Pyrogov, Vinnytsya, 1998.

A complex medical characteristic of prevalence of obstetric patology and
its putcome amond the rural populations is presented in the reseach for
the first time on the basis of a system approach. Risk factors have been
determined. A system of prognostication with a veiw of an early
diagnosis of the pathology of pregnancy, childbirth and afterwards birth
period have been elaborated on the basis of the appreciation of the
influence of these factors and the origin of obstetric pathology, using
Wald’s sequential analysis and Bayes’s probability method. The
application of this system in practice raises the efficiency of the
obstetric pathology almost three times.

Based on the obtained findings conclusions have made and practical
recommendations have been formulated. A model of prophylaxis of the
pathology of pregnancy and complications of the rural populations in the
country side have been made.

Keywords: obstetric pathology, risk factors, system of prognostication,
rural populations, epidemiology.

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