OAEAI?IAeNUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AI?EA* ?AAAI ?EE?*

OAeE 537.311.33

AEAEO?IIII-I?E?INEII?*I? AeINE?AeAEAIIss

AIEEAO OIIA IO?EIAIIss IA AOAeIAO NEEAAeIEO OAEUeEIAAI?AeIEO NOAEIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.04.10 o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?ee?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oaeai?iae 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeieiaoeue Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/

Caea?iaonueeee ?inoeooo iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee, ineoieia?? oa iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiyIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, n. i. n.

Ianethe Aieiaeeie? O?ioeiiae/

?inoeooo aeaeo?iiii? o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo oioiyaea?ieo i?ioean?aaeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe, n. i. n.

I?eea A?eoi? ?aaiiae/

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?aI?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:?inoeooo
o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «2» aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 61.051.01 i?e Oaeai?iaenueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 294000, i. Oaeai?iae, aoe.
Aieioeia, 54.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo (i. Oaeai?iae, aoe. Eai?ooeueia, 9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «17» /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

ae. o?c.-iao. iaoe, i?io. AEAOeEAI Ae.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oaeueeiaai?aei? neeiiiae?ai? iai?ai?ia?aeieee (ONI)
i?eaa?oathoue oaaao aeine?aeiee?a oi?eaeueiei ii?aeiaiiyi
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo, iioe/ieo ? iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo aeanoeainoae, ye?
?iaeyoue ?o ia?niaeoeaieie aeey noai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ca
ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi aeaiaio?a i?eeaae?a oa i?eno?i?a i?e?i- ?
iioiaeaeo?ii?ee. I?e aiae?c? /eneaiieo ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo
aeine?aeaeaiith no?oeoo?e ia’?iieo ONI, i?eaa?oathoue oaaao ?ica?aeiino?
a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoaoao, io?eiaieo ??cieie aaoi?aie aeey
noaeie iaeiiai neeaaeo. Oea iia’ycaii c aaeaioeai?noth aeaiiai eeano
iaoa??ae?a, iiaeeea?noth ?aae?caoe?? aeey iaeiiai ceeaaeo e?eueeio
??cieo no?oeoo?ieo noai?a, oi?ioaaiiy yeeo, o eiaeiiio ie?aiiio
aeiaaeeo, iia,ycaii c oaoiieia?/ieie oiiaaie neioaco neea. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui no?oeoo?a ? o?ceei-o?i?/i? ia?aiao?e ONI ? /ooeeaeie aei ciai?oi?o
aieea?a: ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, na?oea, oeneo, oaiia?aoo?e oiui.
Oea aeiaaa? aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy an?o aca?iica’yce?a ii noai?:
oaoiieia?y no?oeoo?a aeanoeaino? canoinoaaiiy ONI. Oiio aea/aiiy
aieeao oiia iaea?aeaiiy ia no?oeoo?o ONI ? iaiao?aeiei ye o ieai? ?o
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy, oae ? aeey noai?aiiy iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii?
oaoiieia?? ?o aeaioiaeaiiy.

O?aaeeoe?eiei iaoiaeii iiaeeo?eaoe?? no?oeoo?e oa o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
ia?aiao??a ia’?iieo ONI ? aeia?? iaiao?aeiiai neeaaeo neea. Aiaeii/an
ana oe?oa aea/athoueny iiaeeeaino? cae?eniaiiy no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ii?
iiaeeo?eaoe?? ONI, i?ae yeith ne?ae ?icoi?oe oe?eani?yiiaaia oi?ioaaiiy
??cieo no?oeoo?ieo, i?e?ino?oeoo?ieo oa oaciaeo noai?a neea, oeyoii
ci?ie oaoiieia?/ieo oiia neioaco. Oea aeicaiey? oe?eani?yiiaaii
ci?ithaaoe aeanoeaino? ? o?ceei-o?i?/i? ia?aiao?aie noaeie. Ine?eueee,
ca a?aeii aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ia oeae /an ia ae?iaeaii ?aeeii?
aeoiee uiaei aoaeiae ??cieo noai?a ONI iaeiiai neeaaeo, i?iaeaia
no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ii? iiaeeo?eaoe?? i?aaenoaaey? ye i?aeoe/iee, oae ?
iaoeiaee ?ioa?an.

Oaeaeea ioieiaeaeaiiy ia?aa??oiai ?icieaao ? o?aaeeoe?eiei iaoiaeii
io?eiaiiy neeiiiae?aiiai noaio. I?e oeueiio ?a/iaeia, ui
ioieiaeaeo?oueny, ia? noeeuei?noue aei ?aae?caoe?? e?eueeio i?ii?aeeiaeo
noai?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny aia?a?yie i?i?ioi?a aeaeo?iiiiai oa?io ?
??ciei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue. O iaoeiaeo eaai?aoi??yo
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeaaeiino? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo ia?aiao??a ONI a?ae aa??thaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee oa oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao. Iaeiae,
oe?eani?yiiaai? no?oeoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy o oeueiio iai?yi?
iaiaaeoaaeeny, a iniiaiiio, iaoiaeaie E?- oa ?*-niaeo?ineii??.
Aeeo?aeoe?ei? iaoiaee i?e oeueiio iaeaea ia aeei?enoiaoaaeeny. I?aeoe/ii
cian?i iaaea/aieie caeeoaeeny iniaeeaino? i?e?ino?oeoo?e ONI. ?? ca’ycie
c na?aaei?i oa aeeaei?i ii?yaeeaie neea oa aieea ia ia? oaoiieia?/ieo
oiia neioaco ia o?eueee ia ?icaeyaeoaaany, a o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
iaa?oue ia anoaiiaethaaany. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
iieaeoey?ii-niaeo?ineii?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/eoue i?i
caa?aaeaiiy iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue, a aeeo?aeoe?ei? iaoiaee —
i?i iaci?ii?noue iieiaeaiue ia?oeo ? ae?oaeo eii?aeeiaoe?eieo ?aae?on?a
oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie iaa?oue oiae?, eiee aa??thaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
oiia neioaco ni?e/eiy? a?ae/ooi? ci?ie ?o o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a. Oea
icia/a?, ui nooo?a? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie i?e aa??thaaii? oaoiieia?/ieo oiia
neioaco iathoue a?aeaoaaoeny ia ??ai? na?aaeiueiai ii?yaeeo oa
i?e?ino?oeoo?e. I?ina?/oth/a aeaeo?iiia i?e?ineii?y oa aeaeo?iiia?ao?y
aeicaieythoue a iaeiiio aenia?eiaio? aea/aoe ??ci? ianooaai? ??ai?
(aeeaei?e ? na?aaei?e ii?yaeee oa i?e?ino?oeoo?o) no?oeoo?ieo noai?a,
ye? ?aae?cothoueny o ??cieo ?aaeeiao neioaco neea. Oiio o iaoeiaiio ?
i?aeoe/iiio ieai? ? aaaeeeaei i?iaaaeaiiy aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo oa
aeaeo?iiia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeiae ONI (aeeaeiueiai oa
na?aaeiueiai ii?yaee?a ? i?e?ino?oeoo?e), io?eiaieo a ??cieo
oaoiieia?/ieo oiiaao.

Caycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aoiaeeea o
aeeiiaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o: Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino?
noai?aiiy ?ioaa?aeueii-iioe/ieo aeaiaio?a ia iniia? oaeueeiaai?aeieo
neeiiiae?aieo iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a (iiia? aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
01.89.0044118); ?ic?iaea oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie ? oa??a ia ?o iniia?,
?aaeei?a ?o aeniiioaaiiy ? o?i?/iiai i?iyaeaiiy i?e noai?aii?
aeniei?icae?eueiiai iiaa?oiaaiai ?ae?oo (iiia? aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
01.8.90088433).

Iaoa ?iaioe: aeine?aeeoe i?yieie i?ina?/oth/eie
aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieie iaoiaeaie ??ci? ianooaai? ??ai? no?oeoo?e
neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie (aeeaei?e ? na?aaei?e ii?yaeee oa
i?e?ino?oeoo?o), ?o aca?iica’ycie oa aieea ia ieo oaoiieia?/ieo oiia
neioaco (oaiia?aoo?e ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ? oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy
?icieaao).

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee ?ica’ycai? ianooii? caaea/?:

1. A?aei?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeaioiaeaiiy, aeinooiieo aeey
aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue „ia i?ina?o”, oiieeo (20—50 ii)
neie?a noaeie, a yeeo caa??aa?oueny no?oeoo?a ia’?iiiai c?acea.

2. Aeine?aeaeaii i?yieie aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieie oa
aeaeo?iiia?ao?/ieie i?ina?/oth/eie iaoiaeaie aeeaei?e oa na?aaei?e
ii?yaeee ? i?e?ino?oeoo?o noaeie a?ia?ii? As—S (As2S3, As2S5), iio??eieo
As—S—I, Ge—As—S, Ge—As—Te, /aoaa?ii? Ge—As—S(Se)—I nenoai.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e neeiiiae?aiiai o?enoeueo?aeo
ieo’yeo, yea aeicaiey? a ?aieao ?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo iienaoe aanue iaa??
no?oeoo?ieo noai?a, ui ?aae?cothoueny o iueiio i?e aa??aoe??
oaoiieia?/ieo oiia neioaco.

4. Anoaiiaeaii iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie no?oeoo?e neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie i?e aa??aoe?? neeaaeo oa oiia neioaco.

Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee noaeea a?ia?ii? As—S (As2S3, As2S5),
iio??eieo Ge—As—Te, As—S—I, ? /aoaa?ii? Ge—As—S(Se)—I nenoai.

Oaeee aea?? iaa?oioiaaiee ianooiieie i??eoaaiiyie:

a aniaeo? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue o?enoeueo?ae ?
iaioanoeueo?ae ieo’yeo ? oeiiaeie neeiooai?thaa/aie ? neeaaeiaeie
/anoeiaie aaaaoueio oaeueeiaai?aeieo nenoai, a?ae?a?athoue iniiaio ?ieue
o oi?ioaaii? ?o no?oeoo?e, ui aeicaiey? ?icaeyaeaoe ?o ye iiaeaeuei?;

a i?eeeaaeiiio aniaeo? ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iaea?aeaiiy aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo noaeie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ciith
noeeuei?noth aei neeoaaiiy, aoaeiaith ? /ooeea?noth aei oaoiieia?/ieo
aieea?a, a oaeiae ? ia?niaeoeaieie aeey aeei?enoaiiy o aeaeo?iii?e
oaoi?oe? ? iioiaeaeo?ii?oe?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. O ?iaio? canoiniaoaaeeny i?ina?/oth/?
aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/i? oa aeaeo?iiia?ao?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1. Anoaiiaeaii oa?aeoa?i? aeey noaeie a?ia?ii? As—S (As2S3, As2S5),
iio??eieo As—S—I, Ge—As—S, Ge—As—Te, /aoaa?ii? Ge—As—S(Se)—I nenoai
i?e?ino?oeoo?i? oeie, eeaneo?eaoe?th yeeo iiaeia i?iaanoe ia iniia?
aeaio iciae: i?e?iaeenia?niino? oa i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino?. Iieacaii, ui
i?e?ino?oeoo?a ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi aeeaeiueiai ? na?aaeiueiai ii?yaee?a
neea, a ?? oei aecia/a?oueny aoaeiaith ? niiniaii c’?aeiaiiy iniiaieo
no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue.

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aa??thaaii? oaiia?aoo?e ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee
?icieaao o iaaeao 8701370E ? oaeaeeino? eiai ioieiaeaeaiiy o iaaeao
10-2E/n 1,5102E/n o noaeeao As2S3 ? As2S5 ?aae?co?oueny iniiaiee iaa??
iiaeeeaeo aeey ieo no?oeoo?, yeee iiae?ey?oueny ia aeaa iniiai? oeie:

A aiiiaaiiee, aieiaiei iioeaii yeiai ? a?i??ai?aeaeuei? no?oeoo?i?
iaeeieoe? AsS3/2 aeaiee oei ioiieth? noaeea c i?e?iaeenia?niith
no?oeoo?ith ??ciiai nooiaiy oaycaiino? ? iaia?a?aiith aii?oiith n?oeith

A i?e?iaaoa?iaaiiee, ooai?aiee aaoa?iaoiiieie inaaaeiiieaeoey?ieie
iaeeieoeyie As4S5, As4S4, As4S3 ? oeeee?/ieie aa?aaaoe?yie aoii?a n??ee
S8 ?aae?caoe?y aeaiiai oeio no?oeoo?e a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e On1370E ?
Vio102E/n ? aecia/a?oueny i?ioeanaie aeenioe?aoe?? ?icieaao.

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aae?caoe?y no?oeoo?e iaia?a?aii? aii?oii? n?oee o
o?enoeueo?ae? ieo’yeo a?aeaoaa?oueny o?eueee i?e On870E ? Vio10-2E/n ?
iaoiiaeaia a?aeoai?aiiyi o c?aceo o?ain-i???ioaoe?? no?oeoo?ieo
iaeeieoeue AsS3/2, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey no?oeoo?iiai iioeao e?enoae?/iiai
As2S3.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy On ? Vio ni?e/eiy? ??no nooiaiy
i?e?iaeenia?niino? noaeie As2S3 ? As2S5 an?o oei?a i?e?ino?oeoo?e, a a
iaaeao ?aae?caoe?? aiiiaaiiiai oeio no?oeoo?e As2S3 iaoiiaeth? ia?ao?ae
a?ae iaia?a?aii? aii?oii? n?oee aei inaaaeiiieaeoey?ieo o?aaiaio?a c
??ciith nooi?iith oaycaiino? i?ae niaith; c?inoaiiy nooiaiy
i?e?iaeenia?niino? neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3 a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?acoeueoao?
ca?eueoaiiy o nee? /enea no?oeoo?ieo o?aaiaio?a c oeen-i???ioiaaieie
no?oeoo?ieie iaeeieoeyie AsS3/2.

5. Iieacaii, ui iiaeeo?eoth/e neeaae (a?ae niieoe nenoaie As—S (As2S3,
As2S5) aei neeiiiae?aieo nieaa?a nenoaie Ge—As—S(Se)—I), oa nooi?i/aoi
ci?ithth/e oaiia?aoo?o neioaco ? oaeaee?noue ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao,
iiaeia ci?ieoe iaa?? iniiaieo oei?a no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue ? ciaioeoe
nooi?iue i?e?iaeenia?niino? oa i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino? ceeaeo ? io?eiaoe
iioe/ii iaeii??aei? neeaaei? oaeueeiaai?aei? noaeea c iaia?aae caaeaieie
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie ia?aiao?aie.

A??ia?aei?noue oa iaa?oioiaai?noue io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a
aa?aioiaaia i?iaaaeaiiyi, ii?yae c aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieie oa
aeaeo?iiia?ao?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie „ia i?ina?o” aoaeiae
oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie, iacaeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?c canoinoaaiiyi
iaoiaeee ?aioaai?anueeiai i?e?iaiae?co, neaioth/i? aeaeo?iiii?
i?e?ineii?? oa aeaioiaeaiiy ?aie?e; canoinoaaiiyi caaaeueiiaeciaieo
no/anieo oai?aoe/ieo oa ia/enethaaeueieo iaoiae?a (o?ueioe?ieiaee iaoiae
?aeaenaoe?? no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae?, iaoiae iiaoaeiae e?eaeo ?aae?aeueiiai
?iciiae?eo aoii?a (E??A)); i?iaaaeaiiyi ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a ia iniia? inoaii?o aeinyaiaiue
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo o a?o/eciyieo oa
caei?aeiiieo aeaeaiiyo, ?c caeo/aiiyi ?acoeueoao?a
iieaeoey?ii-niaeo?ineii?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue (?*- ?
E?-niaeo?ineii??); aeei?enoaiiyi aenieioi/ieo i?eeaae?a oa iaeaaeiaiiy
oeio AIA-100A, AI?-100; aeei?enoaiiyi aeey aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a
aei??thaaiue /eneiai? ia?iaee iaea?aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ?
iiaeaethaaiiy c aeiiiiiaith ia?niiaeueiiai eiiithoa?a.

Iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aia?oa io?eiai? a?aeiiino? i?i i?e?ino?oeoo?i? noaie neeaaeieo
oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie, ?o ca’ycie c ?ioeie ianooaaieie ??aiyie
no?oeoo?e oa aieea ia ieo oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a neioaco ?icoe?ththoue
iao? ciaiiy i?i aoaeiao neeiiiae?aieo iaoa??ae?a. I?iaaaeaia
eeaneo?eaoe?y aeyaeaieo oei?a i?e?ino?oeoo?e. Iiaoaeiaaia
oaiia?aoo?ii-oaeaee?nia TV-ae?aa?aia neioaco neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3
aeicaiey? ?iaeoe aea?? iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo oiia neioaco aeey
io?eiaiiy noaeie c iaia?aae caaeaieie oeiii no?oeoo?e ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieie
ia?aiao?aie. Caaaeuei?noue anoaiiaeaieo oaiaeaioe?e aeey noeueo?ae?a
ieoyeo i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiyie no?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/ii?
iiaeeo?eaoe?? neeiiiae?aiiai As2S5. ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aae?caoe?? o neeiiiae?aieo oaeueeiaai?aeao ?
oaeueeiaaeiaai?aeao ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo noai?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a o/ano? a ieaioaaii? oa i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a, oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooieao ?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??ae?a aei
ioae?eaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee i?aaenoaaeai?
ia I-?e Ananithci?e oeie? ii oa?iiaeeiai?oe? ? oaoiieia?? io?eiaiiy
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo e?enoae?a ? ie?aie (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1986), II-?e
Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea oaeueeiaaieaeiuo e
eenei?iaeiniaea?aeaueo iieoi?iaiaeieeia» (*a?i?aoe?, 1986), V-?e
Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? «O?ieiua iieoiiaiaeieee e eo eniieueciaaiea»
(Eeoei?a, 1987), XX-io Ananithciiio c’?cae? ii niaeo?ineii?? (Ee?a,
1988), I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iae?enoaeee/aneea iieoi?iaiaeieee-89»
(Oaeai?iae, 1989), i?aeia?iaei?e ia?aae? „Physics and technology of
nanostructured, multicomponent materials” (Oaeai?iae, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 17 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue, iniiai? c yeeo i?eaaaeai? a e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio
aeaa, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 154 iaeiaioaaiue.
I?noeoue 148 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 38 ?enoie?a, 32
i?e?ioioia?ao??, 9 oaaeeoeue, 6 aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aena?oeai?: aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aeacai? iaoa, iaoeiaa iiaecia,
i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue, ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaia ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea no/anieo oyaeaiue
i?i aoaeiao noaeie nenoaie AsS oa aieea ia ia? oaoiieia?/ieo oiia
neioaco. Iieacaii, ui ?aaeueia no?oeoo?a ONI ? i?yiei iane?aeeii niiniao
?o io?eiaiiy, ui no?oeoo?ia a?iioaca i?i aoaeiao noaeie nenoaie AsS ia?
aeoiaeeoe c no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae?, yea ioiieth? yeiaea?eueoo e?euee?noue
oei?a no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue, ui aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe aieea ia ia?
oaoiieia?/ieo oiia neioaco. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui iniiaieie
iiaeeo?eoth/eie oaoiieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie no?oeoo?e ONI ? oaiia?aoo?a
?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee oa oaeaee?noue ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao.

Iienaii iaoiaeeeo neioaco neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3. Iaa?oioiaaii aea??
?aaeei?a neioaco ie?aieo c?ace?a, ye? ioiiethaaee ae?aiacii oaiia?aoo?
a?ae O1=870E i?i?iaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e, i?e ye?e aca?iiae?y ieoyeo c
n??eith a?aeaoaa?oueny o ?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano (150 aiaeei), aei
O3=1370E iaeneiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e, i?e ye?e ua iiaeia io?eiaoe
aiiiaaii? noaeea, O2=1270E oaiia?aoo?e, i?e ye?e cae/aeii neioacothoue
noeueo?aee ieoyeo. Aea?? oaeaeeinoae ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao V1=10-2E/n ?
V3=1,5102E/n iaiaaeoaaany aenia?eiaioaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie. Oaeaee?noue
ioieiaeaeaiiy V2=1,5E/n aoea aea?aia ye iioeiaeueia aeey neioaco
noeueo?ae?a ieoyeo. O iiaeaeueoiio c?acee, neioaciaai? o ??cieo
?aaeeiao, iicia/aii As2S3(TiVj) (i, j= 1, 2, 3), aea Ti ? Vj
a?aeiia?aei? oaiia?aoo?e ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ? oaeaeeino?
ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao. I?eaaaeai? cia/aiiy o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a c?ace?a
neeiiiae?aiiai o?enoeueo?aeo ieo’yeo, io?eiaieo o ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo
oiiaao neioaco.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?ena’y/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao oiia io?eiaiiy ia
i?e?ino?oeoo?o neeiiiae?aieo o?e- ? iaioanoeueo?aeo ieo’yeo.

I?ina?/oth/? aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/i? iaoiaee aeiaaathoue i?aia?oaaiiy
oa??a oiaueiith 25—50 ii, aeey /iai aoea aeei?enoaia iaoiaeeea
oeueo?ai?e?ioiioaaiiy ia’?iieo c?ace?a ?c oaeaee?noth 0,5—2ii/n.
Ia?aeaeueii i?iaiaeeeeny iacaeaaei? aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaeie ?c canoinoaaiiyi o?aaeeoe?eii? iaoiaeeee ?aie?ee.

Aeey iaeiiicia/iiai iienaiiy aeyaeaieo oei?a i?e?ino?oeoo?e noaeie
aeei?enoiaoaaeany ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y ii nooiaiyi i?e?iaeenia?niino? oa
i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino?. O yeino? e?eoa??y i?e?iaeenia?niino? aoei
i?eeiyoi a?aeiioaiiy e?eueeino?, /?oei eiio?anoiaaieo ia
aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiio cia?aaeaii?, a?aieoeue i?ae inaaaeica?iaie
aei e?eueeino? inaaaeica?ai ia a?ae??ceo aeiaaeeiith 0,1 iei. O yeino?
e?eoa??y i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino? — e?euee?noue a?aieoeue i?ae ??ciioeiieie
aeaiaioaie i?e?ino?oeoo?e ia a?ae??ceo aeiaaeeiith 0,1 iei.

Aiae?c aeyaeaieo oei?a i?e?ino?oeoo?e iieacaa, ui ca?eueoaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ? oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao
aaaea aei ?inoo nooiaiy i?e?iaeenia?niino? oa i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino?
neeiiiae?aieo As2S3 ? As2S5. „Ioeueiaee” nooi?iue i?e?iaeenia?niino?
neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3 ?aae?co?oueny o?eueee i?e ioieiaeaeaii? ?icieaao
a?ae Tn870E c? oaeaee?noth Vio10-2E/n. O ia’?i? oaeeo c?ace?a
niinoa??aathoueny i?e?ie?enoae?/i? aeeth/aiiy. Ca?eueoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ?icieaao iiiaae 1370E i?eaiaeeoue aei ?aae?caoe??
i?e?iaaoa?iaaiii? no?oeoo?e neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3, yea aecia/a?oueny
nooiaiai aeenioe?aoe?? ?icieaao ? oaeaee?noth eiai ioieiaeaeaiiy.

Iniaeeaee aieea ia i?e?ino?oeoo?o neeiiiae?aiiai o?enoeueo?aeo ieo’yeo
ia? cia/aiiy oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao. Oaeaee?noue
ioieiaeaeaiiy V3=150E/n ni?e/eiy? iiyao o noaeeao i?e?iaoeueaaoie oa
caoiieaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a ?icieaao a eiai ia?i. Ui iiynith?oueny
cae?iaiiyi ?icieaao oa aeieeiaiiyi eiiaaeoe?eieo iioie?a o iueiio,
aeeeeeaieo iaae?iiyi oeneo ia??a iaae iei, i?e ??ceiio ioieiaeaeaii?.

Oaeaee?noue ioieiaeaeaiiy V2=1,5E/n ? iaea?eueo «oaoiieia?/iith». An?
noaeea a?oie T?V2 oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaeii??aeiith no?oeoo?ith,
iacaeaaeii a?ae ?? oeio, ? iicaaaeai? iniaeeainoae, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey
noaeie a?oi TiV1 ? TiV3.

Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iiaoaeiaaii oaiia?aoo?ii-oaeaee?nio TV-ae?aa?aio ? oaiia?aoo?ii-/aniao
Tt-ae?aa?aio neioaco neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3. Ca noai?iith oa oeiii
i?e?iaeenia?niino? TV-ae?aa?aio iiaeia ?icaeoe ia aea? iaeano?: A
aiiiaaiiiai ? A aaoa?iaaiiiai oeio no?oeoo?e. Tt-ae?aa?aia iiaoaeiaaia
aeoiaey/e c i??eoaaiue i?i i?ioean ??aiiaaaeiiai ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao.
Aoaeue-yeee noai nenoaie iiaeia cia?aceoe ia e?ea?e ??aiiaaaeiiai
ioieiaeaeaiiy oi/eith. A?ao?e eiaeiiai ?aaeueiiai i?ioeano neioaco
cia?aaeaiee a?ae??ceii, ui ii/eia?oueny c oi/ee, yea a?aeiia?aea?
oaiia?aoo?? ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ?icieaao ia e?ea?e ??aiiaaaeiiai
ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao, ? cae?i/o?oueny o oi/oe?, yea a?aeiia?aea?
e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??. Oea aeicaiey? o ?aeeiiio i?aeoiae? ?icaeyaeaoe
aanue ae?aiacii ci?ie oaiia?aoo? ?coa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ? oaeaeeinoae
ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao ? iiynieoe iiae?ai?noue no?oeoo?e c?ace?a
io?eiaieo o neeueii a?aei?iieo oaoiieia?/ieo oiiaao neioaco.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeiiiae?aiiai As2S5, aeey yeiai, i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae
iaeiiai ?aaeeio neioaco aei ?ioiai, niinoa??aa?oueny oa ae oaiaeaioe?y
ci?ie no?oeoo?e, ui ? aeey As2S3, aeicaieythoue noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i
oeiia?noue oaeeo ae?aa?ai aeey noeueo?ae?a ieoyeo.

Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy ia??aiiaaaeiino? i?ioeano neioaco i?e eaca?iiio
nieaaeaii? oeooe As2S3 oa aeaiaioa?ieo eiiiiiaio As2S5 (oaeaee?noue
ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaaeaiiai ia?io o oaeiio i?ioean? noaiiaeoue 105E/n),
iiaiai oeio no?oeoo?e ia aeieea?: c?acee iathoue i?e?iaeenia?nio
aaoa?iaaiio no?oeoo?o ooai?aio oeeee?/ieie oa?oioaaiiyie aoii?a n??ee ?
aaoa?iaoiiieie eeanoa?aie caaaa/aieie aoiiaie ieoyeo. Ca oeiii ?
nooiaiai i?e?iaeenia?niino? neeiiiae?ai? As2S3 ? As2S5, io?eiai?
eaca?iei neioacii, iiaeia ?ici?noeoe ia e?a? ia??aiiaaaeii? ae?eyiee
TV-ae?aa?aie neioaco. Oea aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aa??thaaiiy
oaiia?aoo? neioaco ? oaeaeeinoae ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao o iaaeao
V=10-21,5·102E/n, O=8701370E, aeicaiey? ioiieoe iniiaiee iaa?? oei?a
no?oeoo?e, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey neeiiiae?aieo As2S3 ? As2S5.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?ino?oeoo?e iiaa?oi? ? i?eiiaa?oiaaeo iaeanoae
oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe c?inoaiiy nooiaiy
i?e?iaeenia?niino? iiaa?oi? c?acea o ii??aiyii? c eiai ia’?iii. Ia
iiaa?oi? c?ace?a c no?oeoo?ith iaia?a?aii? aii?oii? n?oee, io?eiaieo i?e
oaiia?aoo?ao ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee On870E ? oaeaeeinoyo ioieiaeaeaiiy
?icieaao Vio10-2E/n, niinoa??aa?oueny ea?oeia aeaii??ii? e?enoae?caoe??
ii iaoai?cio aeaiae?eoiiai ?inoo e?enoae?/ii? oace. Aeiey e?enoae?/iino?
iiaa?oi? neeaaea? 70%. I?e oeueiio aeyaeaii «oainoe» iiaa?oiaaeo noai?a
o i?eiiaa?oiaa?e iaeano? ONI, ye? i?inoyaathoueny o ia?i c?acea aei
2000ii.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaia iaoiaeeea no?oeoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
?ic?aooieo e?eaeo ?aae?aeueiiai ?iciiae?eo aoii?a (E??A) noaeie oa
?acoeueoaoe aeaeo?iiia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue As2S3, ? cai?iiiiiaaia
?aeeia no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue neeiiiae?aiiai o?enoeueo?aeo ieo’yeo, ui
a?aoiao? ci?io no?oeoo?ieo ? o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a neea i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae
iaeii? oaoiieia?? neioaco aei ?ioi?.

A?aoiaoth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y E??A i?iaaaeaia ia iniia? iiae?eo c?ace?a ca nooiaiai
i?e?iaeenia?niino? oa i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino?, ca?aeii TV-ae?aa?aie
neioaco As2S3.

C?acee, io?eiai? i?e oaiia?aoo?ao ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee On870E ?
oaeaeeinoyo ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao Vio10-2E/n, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iaeiaioeie cia/aiiyie eii?aeeiaoe?eieo /enae zS(As)=3,8 ? zAs(S)=2,3,
ye? ? aeaui a?eueoeie a?ae a?aeiia?aeieo cia/aiue aeey e?enoaeo, ui ?
oeiiaei aeey o?enoeueo?aeo ieoyeo. ?o no?oeoo?a caaeia?eueii iieno?oueny
iiaeaeeth o?ain-i???ioiaaieo no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue AsS3/2. Iaeiae,
iiaoaiiee oa?aeoa? aeia?iaoaaiiy neie?a, i?e iaa??aaii? aeaeo?iiiei
i?iiaiai, na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue o ieo eaac?ieineeo i?e?iiaeanoae,
aeia?eueii? i???ioaoe??.

O neeiiiae?aieo c?ace?a As2S3 c i?e?iaeenia?niith no?oeoo?ith i?e
ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ? oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy
?icieaao a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy ieiu i?ae ia?oeie eii?aeeiaoe?eieie
iaeneioiaie E??A ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ia?oeo eii?aeeiaoe?eieo /enae, oa
ciaioaiiy ?ici??o iaeano? na?aaeiueiai ii?yaeeo, ?ic?aoiaaiiai ii
iieiaeaiith iaeieooiaiai iaeneioio aeaeo?iiia?ai neeiiiae?aieo c?ace?a,
a?ae 0,52 aei 0,48ii. Aeey iienaiiy ?o no?oeoo?e aoea i?eeiyoa iiaeaeue,
a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue iaoai?ci iaeiie/aiiy caieiaieo o?aaiaio?a c
oeen-i???ioiaaieie no?oeoo?ieie iaeeieoeyie AsS3/2. Iiyaa caieiaieo
aa?aaaoe?e aoii?a o nee? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi /enea
iaeaeeae/eo non?ae?a o na?aaeei? o?aaiaio?a ? ?inoii iaiiii? o
i?ii?aeeao i?ae ieie. Ciaioaiiy aonoeie, i?e c?inoaii? eii?aeeiaoe?eieo
/enae iiynith?oueny ?inoii ia’?io iaiiii?.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e neieiiiae?aiiai As2S3 aeoiaeeoue c
ieaaiiai ia?aoiaeo a?ae oa?oaaoiai aei inaaaeiiieaeoey?iiai oeio
no?oeoo?e. Aiia aea? aeia?a ocaiaeaeaiiy c aenia?eiaioii; aeicaiey?
ioiieoe cia/io e?euee?noue aaoa?iaoiiieo aa?aaaoe?e, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey
neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3, ? a ?aieao ?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo aeaoe iiyniaiiy
no?oeoo?iei iniaeeainoyi c?ace?a, io?eiaieo o ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo
oiiaao neioaco.

A?aoiaoth/e aeieth ??ciioeiieo aeaiaio?a i?e?ino?oeoo?e o ia?i? c?ace?a,
io?eiaieo a oaoiieia?/ieo, oiiaao yeei a?aeiia?aea? iaeanoue A
TV-ae?aa?aie neioaco, aeeaei?e ii?yaeie i?e?iaaoa?iaaiieo noaeie As2S3
iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe ye noi?o oeeee?/ieo aa?aaaoe?e aoii?a n??ee S8 ?
iieaeoey?ieo i?iaeoeo?a aeenioe?aoe?? oeio As4S5, As4S4, As4S3.

Aeo?eiea neie?a i?ae aeaeo?iiiei i?iiaiai i?eaiaeeoue aei, oa?aeoa?iiai
aeey noaeie caaaa/aieo n??eith, ?icieaaiiy ? iiyae oiiei? no?oeoo?e
iaeneioi?a aeaeo?iiia?ai neeiiiae?aieo c?ace?a As2S3. Oea
?icaeyaea?oueny ye na?aeioeoai ia ei?enoue ?nioaaiiy o neeiiiae?aiiio
o?enoeueo?ae? ieo’yeo AsAs-cayce?a, /anoeia yeeo neiioeaio?iaaia a
oaycaieo o no?oeoo?o neea iieaeoey?ieo iaeeieoeyo AsAs3/3.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao ci?ie neeaaeo oa
oaoiieia?/ieo oiia neioaco ia aoaeiao neeiiiae?aieo iaoa??ae?a iio??eieo
Ge—As—Te, Ge—As—S, As—S—I, oa /aoaa?ii? Ge—As—S(Se)—I nenoai.
Anoaiiaeaii iineeaiiy oaiaeaioe?? aei ooai?aiiy i?e?iaaoa?iaaiii?
no?oeoo?e ONI i?e ca?eueoaii? /enea nieaaethaaieo eiiiiiaio.

O noaeeao eaac?a?ia?iiai ?ic??co (GeS2)x(As2S3)1-x nenoaie Ge—As—S
anoaiiaeaii ?aae?caoe?th i?e?iaaoa?iaaiiiai oeio no?oeoo?e, ooai?aiiai
aa?aaaoe?yie no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue AsS3/2 ? GeS4/2, oa?aeoa?ieie aeey
a?aeiia?aeieo a?ia?ieo niieoe.

Iaeanoue neeiooai?aiiy o nenoai? GeAsTe neeaaea?oueny c aeaio /anoei.
Aeey noaeie o iaeano? 0 As 25%, 5 Ge 20%, 75 Te 85% oa?aeoa?iee
i?e?iaaoa?iaaiiee oei i?e?ino?oeoo?e c neeueiei nooiai
i?e?iaeenia?niino?. Aecia/aeueio ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? ?o no?oeoo?e
a?ae?a?a? aenieee ai?no Te. O iaeano? 35 As 65%, 0 Ge 25%, 30 Te
60% ?aae?cothoueny noaeea c inaaaeica?ienoith i?e?ino?oeoo?ith.

Noaeea eaac?a?ia?iiai ?ic??co (As2S3)x(AsSI)1-x nenoaie As—S—I
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?e?iaaoa?iaaiiei oeiii no?oeoo?e, ooai?aii?
no?oeoo?ieie iaeeieoeyie oeiiaeie aeey niieoe As2S3 ? AsI3. Ca?eueoaiiy
ai?noo As2S3 o ?o neeaae? i?eaiaeeoue aei ?inoo nooiaiy
i?e?iaeenia?niino? ? i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino? no?oeoo?e.

Ca?eueoaiiy /enea eiiiiiaio aaaea aei iineeaiiy oaiaeaioe?? ooai?aiiy
i?e?iiaiaeii??aeii? no?oeoo?e ? iiyae o nee? i?inoi?eo (ii?yaeea 1—3
iei) iaeanoae c ??cieie oeiaie no?oeoo?. O oaeeo aeiaaeeao io?eiaiiy
iaeii??aeieo noaeie, oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy cae/aeieo oaoiieia?e, noa?
i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaei. ? o?e oeyoe ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/?. Ia?oee —
ci?ithth/e oaoiieia?/i? oiiae neioaco, ?aae?coaaoe noaoenoe/iee
?iciiae?e ??ciioeiieo no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue o nee?. Oiaoi ?aae?coaaoe
i?e?iaaoa?iaaiio no?oeoo?o neea. Ae?oaee — iiaoaiiei ca?eueoaiiyi
oaiia?aoo?e ?icieaao ?aae?coaaoe aiiiaaiiee oei no?oeoo?e neea, c iiaei
oeiii no?oeoo?ii? iaeeieoe?. O?ao?e — ?aae?coaaoe iiaee oei no?oeoo?e
ci?ithth/e neeaae.

sse ne?aeo? c iaoanoaa?eueii? ae?aa?aie noaio nenoaie Ge—As—S—I ii
?ic??co AsSI—GeS2, i?e cia/iiio ia?aioieiaeaeaii? iiaeeeai io?eioaaoe
iaeii??aei? neeiiiae?ai? c?acee o anueiio eiioeaio?aoe?eiiio ?ioa?aae?.
Oea aeicaiey? iiaeeo?eoaaoe no?oeoo?o noaeie aa??thth/e oaiia?aoo?e
?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee ? oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao.
Aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeai? ii e?enoae?caoe?ei?e
caeaoiino?, oaiia?aoo?i?e caeaaeiino? a’yceino? ? iniaeeainoae o?i?/ii?
aca?iiae?? o nenoai? Ge—As—S—I iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo oaoiieia?/ieie ?
c?acee ia iniia? a?ia?ii? nenoaie As—S c iaaaeeeeie aeiaaaeaie Ge ? I
(noia?iee ai?no yeeo ia a?eueoa 20%). Aeey ieo canoinoaaiiy nooi?i/aoiai
ca?eueoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e neioaco ? ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy
?icieaao aeicaiey? io?eiaoe iaeii??aeiee i?e?iaeenia?niee oei
i?e?ino?oeoo?e.

Ia?aaaaeii eaioethaeeiaa ?icoaooaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue o noaeeao
nenoaie Ge—As—Se—I aeicaiey? iiaeeo?eoaaoe ?o no?oeoo?o aaaaeaiiyi o
neeaae iacia/ii? e?eueeino? (2—4%) n??ee, aeey yei? oa?aeoa?ia oeeee?/ia
aoaeiaa no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue. Oea ni?e/eiy? ?oeioaaiiy i?inoi?eo
iaeanoae, noi?iiaaieo eaioethaeeiaeie no?oeoo?ieie iaeeieoeyie ?
ooai?aiith i?e?iaeenia?nii? no?oeoo?e, c ?iciiae?eii ??ciioeiieo
aeaiaio?a no?oeoo?e aeecueeei aei noaoenoe/iiai.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co aeyaeaieo i?e?ino?oeoo?ieo oei?a noaeie a?ia?ii?
As—S (As2S3, As2S5), iio??eieo As—S—I, Ge—As—S, Ge—As—Te, /aoaa?ii?
Ge—As—S(Se)—I nenoai, anoaiiaeaii, ui ?o eeaneo?eaoe?th iiaeia i?iaanoe
ca aeaiia iciaeaie: i?e?iaeenia?niino? oa i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino?. Oaea
eeaneo?eaoe?y aeicaiey? a?coae?coaaoe ca’ycie ??cieo ianoaaieo ??ai?a
no?oeoo?e (aeeaeiueiai oa na?aaeiueiai ii?yaeeo ? i?e?ino?oeoo?e)
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo neeiiiae?aieo iaoa??ae?a, iaeiicia/ii iienaoe ?o
no?oeoo?o a iaeano? na?aaeiueiai ii?yaeeo ? oieeiooe iaii?icoi?iue, ui
aeieeathoue ia iniia? iaiaeiicia/iino? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a
iieaeoey?ii-niaeo?ineii?/ieo oa aeeo?aeoe?eieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e neeiiiae?aieo As2S3 ? As2S5, io?eiaieo a
??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo oiiaao neioaco (On=8701370E, Vio=10-2E/n105E/n),
iieacaee, ui iniiaiee iaa??, iiaeeeaeo aeey ieo no?oeoo? ?aae?co?oueny
i?e aa??thaaii? On o iaaeao 8701370E ? Vio o iaaeao 10-2E/n 1,5102E/n,
ui aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe oaoiieia?/i? oiiae iaea?aeaiiy neeiiiae?aieo
noeueo?ae?a ieo’yeo.

Iniiaiee iaa?? oa?aeoa?ieo aeey neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3 no?oeoo? iiaeeeai
?icae?eeoe ia aeaa iniiai? oeie:

aiiiaaiiee, aieiaiei iioeaii yeiai ? no?oeoo?ia iaeeieoey AsS3/2

i?e?iaaoa?iaaiiee, ooai?aiee aaoa?iaoiiieie inaaaeiiieaeoey?ieie
iaeeieoeyie As4S5, As4S4, As4S3 ? oeeee?/ieie aa?aaaoe?yie aoii?a n??ee
S8 oeae oei no?oeoo?e ?aae?co?oueny i?e On1370E ? Vio102E/n ?
aecia/a?oueny i?ioeanaie aeenioe?aoe?? ?icieaao.

Iiaoaeiaaia oaiia?aoo?ii-oaeaee?nia TV-ae?aa?aia neioaco neeiiiae?aiiai
As2S3, yea aeicaiey? ?iaeoe aea?? iioeiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo oiia
neioaco aeey io?eiaiiy noaeie c iaia?aae caaeaieie no?oeoo?ith ?
o?ceei-o?i?/ieie ia?aiao?aie.

3. I?e?ino?oeoo?a neeiiiae?aiiai o?enoeueo?aeo ieo’yeo c „ioeueiaei”
nooiaiai i?e?iaeenia?niino? ?aae?coc?oueny o?eueee a oiiaao neioaco
On870E ? Vio10-2E/n. Aeey oaeeo c?ace?a oa?aeoa?iee ?yae iciae, ye?
na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue a ieo eaac?ieineeo ae?eyiie no?oeoo?e oa
ii/aoie e?enoae?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a (?cieueiaaiee iaeieooiaee iaeneioi
ia aeaeo?iiia?ai? neiea; iiaoaiiee iaoai?ci aeia?iaoaaiiy i?e iaa??aaii?
aeaeo?iiiei i?iiaiai; iayai?noue i?e?ie?enoae?/ieo aeeth/aiue a ia’?i?
oa aeaii??ia e?enoae?caoe?y ii iaoai?cio aeaiae?eoiiai ?inoo
e?enoae?/ii? oace ocaeiaae a?eueii? iiaa?oi? c?acea; iaeiaioa, c on?o
anoaiiaeaieo aeey neeiiiae?aieo c?ace?a o?enoeueo?aeo ieo’yeo, cia/aiiy
ia?oiai eii?eiaoe?eiiai /enea). Oea aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
?aae?caoe?y no?oeoo?e iaia?a?aii? iaaii?yaeeiaaii? n?oee o o?enoeueo?ae?
ieo’yeo iaoiiaeaia a?aeoai?aiiyi o c?aceo o?ain-i???ioaoe?? no?oeoo?ieo
iaeeieoeue AsS3/2, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey no?oeoo?iiai iioeao e?enoae?/iiai
As2S3. Ii?ooaiiy oaei? i???ioaoe?? ni?e/eiy? ia?ao?ae aei
i?e?iaeenia?niiai oeio no?oeoo?e neea.

4. Anoaiiaeaii caaaeueio aeey an?o no?oeoo?ieo oei?a neeiiiae?aiiai
As2S3 caeiiii??i?noue aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a neioaco, a naia:
i?aeaeuaiiy nooiaiy i?e?iaeenia?niino? noaeie i?e ca?eueoaii?
oaiia?aoo?e neioaco ? oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiiy ?icieaao. Oea aeicaieeei
iiaoaeoaaoe no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue, yea a?aeia?aaea? aeyaeai? iniaeeaino?
oa aca?iica’ycie ?o aeeaeiueiai oa na?aaeiueiai ii?yaee?a ?
i?e?ino?oeoo?e, ? a ?aieao ?aeeiiai i?aeoiaeo iieno? aanue iaa??
no?oeoo?ieo noai?a, ui ?aae?cothoueny a neeiiiae?aiiio As2S3 i?e
aa??aoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo oiia neioaco. Iieacaii, ui c?inoaiiy nooiaiy
i?e?iaeenia?niino? neeiiiae?aiiai As2S3 a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?acoeueoao?
ca?eueoaiiy o nee? /enea o?aaiaio?a c oeen-i???ioiaaieie no?oeoo?ieie
iaeeieoeyie AsS3/2.

5. Iniaeeaee aieea ia i?e?ino?oeoo?o neeiiiae?aieo noeueo?ae?a ieo’yeo
ia? oaeaee?noue ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao:

V3=150E/n ni?e/iy? iiyao o noaeeao i?e?iaoeueaaoie oa caoiieaiiy
iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a o ia?i.

V1=10-2E/n ni?e/eiy? ci?io oeio i?e?ino?oeoo?e ? iiyao i?e?iaeeth/aiue
eeoa i?e ioieiaeaeaii? a?ae T1=870E.

V2=1,5E/n ? iaea?eueo «oaoiieia?/iith». An? noaeea a?oie T?V2
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaeii??aeiith no?oeoo?ith, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?? oeio, ?
iicaaaeai? iniaeeainoae, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey noaeie a?oi TiV1 ? TiV3.

6. Aa??thth/e neeaae a?ae neeiiiae?aieo niieoe nenoaie As—S aei nieaa?a
nenoaie Ge—As—S(Se)—I ? oiiae iaea?aeaiiy (On o iaaeao 8701370E ? Vio o
iaaeao 10-2E/n 1,5102E/n) iiaeia io?eiaoe noaeea c ??ciei oeiii
no?oeoo?e ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieie ia?aiao?aie. I?e oeueiio, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
/enea eiiiiiaio, niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei ooai?aiiy
i?e?iaaoa?iaaiiiai oeio no?oeoo?e ? ?inoo nooiaiy iaiaeii??aeiino?
noaeie, aae aei ao?aoe iioe/ii? iaeii??aeiino?. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aaiaey/e o neeaae iia? eiiiiiaioe, ?
nooi?i/aoi ca?eueooth/e oaiia?aoo?o neioaco, iiaeia ci?ieoe iaa??
iniiaieo oei?a no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue neea. Ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino?
ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao ni?ey? noaoenoe/iiio ?iciiae?eo ??ciioeiieo
no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue, ui, caaaeii, aaaea aei iaae?iiy nooiaiy
i?e?iiaiaeii??aeino? ? aeicaiey?, iii?e ca?eueoaiiy caaaeueiiai /enea
eiiiiiaio, io?eiaoe iioe/ii iaeii??aei? neeaaei? oaeueeiaai?aei? ?
oaeueeiaaeiaai?aei? noaeea.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o ianooiieo ?iaioao:

1. Aeyeoaa O.O., Ai?ea/ A.E., Eaaieoeeee A.I., Eoeoa I.A., Oe?oeae
TH.TH. Iaoaieciu no?oeoo?iuo i?aa?auaiee a aii?oiuo ie?ieao
iiiinaeaieaea iuoueyea, eniieuecoaiuo aeey iioe/aneie caiene
eioi?iaoeee//Eaaioiaay yeaeo?iieea, 1986.E. N. 6977.

2. Oeieiaoe I.A., Ai?ea/ A.E., Oeieiaoe A.A. Iniaaiiinoe iieo/aiey
iaeii?iaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeiuo no?eie nenoaiu GeAsSI// Yeaeo?iiiay
oaoieea, na?. Iaoa?eaeu. 1987, aui. 6. N. 6366.

3. Oo?yieoea E.E., Ai?ea/ A.E., Oeieiaoe A.A., Ia?ueyi I.E., Coaaiue
A.A., Eaeeie/ N.E., Oeieiaoe I.A., Iieeuoe I.A., Oeiaoia A.I.
Iniaaiiinoe e?enoaeeecaoeee aii?oiuo eiiaeainaoia nenoaiu GeAsTe//
Iiaa?oiinoue. 1989. ? 12, N. 147152.

4. ?iniea E.E., Oeieiaoe I.A., Caoea?eiiay O.I., Ai?ea/ A.E., Oeieiaoe
A.A. Aeeyiea oneiaee iieo/aiey ia no?iaiea e naienoaa noaeeiia?aciuo
noeueoeaeia iuoueyea// Na.: Iieo/aiea e naienoaa neiaeiuo
iieoi?iaiaeieeia. OaeAeO. 1991. Eeaa, OIEAI, 1991. N. 106115.

5. Oeieiaoe I.A., Aaaeai A.E., Aa?aiiaa E.I., ?ioei N.N., Ai?ea/ A.E.,
Eaeeie/ N.E., Aeiaio I.A., Oo?yieoea E.E., Iieeuoe I.A., Oeiaoia A.I.,
Oeieiaoe A.A. Oaeueeiaaieaeiua iaoa?eaeu aeey yeaiaioia yeaeo?iiiie
ia?iaioee eioi?iaoeee// I?iniaeo AAeIO NNN?, Oaeai?iae. 1987. 3n.

6. Oo?yieoea E.E., Ia?ueyi I.E., Ai?ea/ A.E., Coaaiue A.A., Aa?aiiaa
E.I., Oeieiaoe I.A. Iniaaiiinoe oioi- e oa?iie?enoaeeecaoeee aii?oiuo
eiiaeainaoia nenoaiu GeAsTe// Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee «Iae?enoaeee/aneea iieoi?iaiaeieee89». Oaeai?iae. 1989, o.
2. N. 221223.

7. Khiminetz V. V., Rosola I. I., Zacarinnaja T. A., Khiminetz O.V.,
Borkach E.I. Effect of preparation conditions of structure and
properties of glassy arsenic sulfides// In: Solid State Chemistry: Proc.
Int. Conf. (Pardubice, Juna 1830, 1989), Czechoslovakia, Pardubice,
1989. P. 329330.

8. Borkach E.I., Ivanytskiy V.P., Luksha O.V Investigation of nanoscale
microstructure of As2S3 glasses by electron microscope technique// In:
Physics and technology of nanostructured, multicomponent materials:
Proc. Int. Workshop. (Uzhgorod, September 24—26, 1998), Ukraine, 1998.
P. 69.

9. Oo?yieoea E.E., Ia?ueyi I.E., Coaaiue A.A., Ai?ea/ A.E., Oeieiaoe
I.A., Iieeuoe I.A., Oeiaoia A.I., Oeieiaoe A.A. No?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey a
naaoi/oanoaeoaeueiuo neiyo GeAsTe, eiaeooee?iaaiiua EE-eceo/aieai e
oaiia?aoo?ie/ Oaeai?iae. 1988.— Aeai. a Oe?. IEEOE 19.10.88., ? 2664—
Oe88— 43n.

10. Ai?ea/ A.E., Eaaieoeeee A.I., Eoeoa I.A., ?iniea E.E., Oeieiaoe A.A.
No?oeoo?ii-oaoiieiae/aneay iiaeeoeeaoeey e TV-aeeaa?aiia neioaca
noaeeiia?aciiai o?enoeueoeaea iuoueyea/ Oaeai?iae, 1999.— Oe?. Aeai. a
AeIOA Oe?aeia. 8.02.99, ?37-Oe99.- 16n.

11. Ai?ea/ A.E., Eaaieoeeee A.I., Eoeoa I.A., Oeieiaoe A.A. No?oeoo?a
iiiaieiiiiiaioiuo noaeeiia?aciuo iieoi?iaiaeieeia/Oaeai?iae, 1999.— Oe?.
Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?aeia. 8.02.99, ?38—Oe99.— 20n.

12. Ai?ea/ A.E., Eaaieoeeee A.I., Eoeoa I.A., Oeieiaoe A.A. Iniaaiiinoe
no?iaiey naiaiaeiie iiaa?oiinoe e i?eiiaa?oiinoiie iaeanoe noaeea
As2S3/Oaeai?iae, 1999.— Oe?. Aeai. a AeIOA Oe?aeia. 8.02.99, ?39—Oe99.—
6n.

Ai?ea/ ?. ?. Aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oiia
io?eiaiiy ia aoaeiao neeaaeieo oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.10 — o?ceea
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?ee?a. — Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, Oaeai?iae, 1999.

I?ina?/oth/eie aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ieie oa aeaeo?iiia?ao?/ieie
iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaii aieea oaiia?aoo?e ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee oa
oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao ia no?oeoo?o neeiiiae?aieo iaoa??ae?a
nenoai As—S, As—S—I, Ge—As—S, Ge—As—Te, Ge—As—S(Se)—I. Anoaiiaeaii
c?inoaiiy nooiaiy i?e?iaeenia?niino? oa i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino? noaeie c
?inoii ia??aiiaaaeiino? i?ioeano neioaco. Iiaoaeiaaia
oaiia?aoo?ii-oaeaee?nia ae?aa?aia neioaco neeiiiae?aiiai o?enoeueo?aeo
ieo’yeo. Ci?ie aeeaeiueiai oa na?aaeiueiai ii?yaee?a o?enoeueo?aeo
ieo’yeo c ?inoii oaiia?aoo?e ?cioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee oa oaeaeeino?
ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao iiyniththoueny iaeiie/aiiyi caieiaieo no?oeoo?ieo
o?aaiaio?a, ye? i?noyoue oeen-i???ioiaai? no?oeoo?i? iaeeieoe? AsS3/2.
Aeine?aeaeaii i?e?ino?oeoo?o iiaa?oi? oaeueeiaai?aeieo noaeie. Iieacaii,
ui aeiai?ii aoai?a nooi?i/aoiai i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e neioaco oa
aa??thaaiiyi oaeaeeinoae ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao iiaeeeai ?aae?coaaoe o
aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo noaeeao iaia?aae caaeaiee oei no?oeoo?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaeueeiaai?aeia neei, o?enoeueo?ae ieo’yeo, neioac,
aeaeo?iiia i?e?ineii?y, no?oeoo?a.

Ai?ea/ A. E. Yeaeo?iiii-iee?ineiie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey oneiaee
iieo/aiey ia no?iaiea neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeiuo noaeie. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.10 — oeceea
iieoi?iaiaeieeia e aeeyeaeo?eeia. — Oaeai?iaeneee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao, a. Oaeai?iae, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey ninoieo ec aaaaeaiey, /aou??o aeaa, auaiaeia, nienea
eeoa?aoo?u (154 iaeiaiiaaiee). Iauee iau?i aeenna?oaoeee 148 no?aieoe
ia/aoiiai oaenoa, aeeth/ay 38 ?enoieia, 32 iee?ioioia?aoee 9 oaaeeoe, 6
aeiiieiaiee.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth i?inaa/eaathueie
yeaeo?iiii-iee?ineiie/aneeie e yeaeo?iiia?aoe/aneeie iaoiaeaie
iiaeeoeoee?othuaai aicaeaenoaey aa?uee?iaaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo oneiaee
neioaca (oaiia?aoo?u ecioa?ie/aneie auaea?aeee e nei?inoe ioeaaeaeaiey
?anieaaa) ia no?oeoo?o neiaeiuo oaeueeiaaieaeiuo noaeie.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e aa?uee?iaaiee oaiia?aoo?u ecioa?ie/aneie auaea?aeee
?anieaaa On a i?aaeaeao 8701370E e nei?inoe aai ioeaaeaeaiey Vio a
i?aaeaeao 10-2E/n 1,5102E/n a noaeeao As2S3 e As2S5 ?aaeece?oaony
iniiaiie iaai? aiciiaeiuo aeey ieo no?oeoo?, a eioi?ii iiaeii auaeaeeoue
aeaa iniiaiuo oeia:

aiiiaaiiue, iniiaiui no?oeoo?iui iioeaii eioi?iai yaeythony
ie?aieaeaeueiua no?oeoo?iua aaeeieoeu AsS3/2 aeaiiue oei ioaaouaaao
noaeea n iee?iaeenia?niie no?oeoo?ie ?aciiai nooiaiy oaycaiiinoe e
iaia?a?uaiie no?oeoo?iie naoeie;

iee?iaaoa?iaaiiue, ia?aciaaiiue aaoa?iaoiiiuie iieaeoey?iuie
aaeeieoeaie As4S4, As4S3 e oeeeee/aneeie ia?aciaaieyie aoiiia na?u S8
?aaeecaoeey yoiai oeia no?oeoo?u i?ienoiaeeo i?e On1370E ? Vio102E/n e
ii?aaeaeyaony i?ioeannaie aeennioeeaoeee ?anieaaa.

No?oeoo?a iai?a?uaiie aii?oiie naoee ?aaeece?oaony a o?enoeueoeaea
iuoueyea oieueei i?e oaiia?aoo?a ecioa?ie/aneie auaea?aeee On870E e
nei?inoe ioeaaeaeaiey ?anieaaa Vio10-2E/n.

Iino?iaia oaiia?aoo?ii-nei?inoiay aeeaa?aiia neioaca noaeeiia?aciiai
o?enoeueoeaea iuoueyea, iicaieythuay i?iecaiaeeoue iiaeai?
oaoiieiae/aneeo oneiaee neioaca aeey iieo/aiey noaeie n iaia??ae
caaeaiiie no?oeoo?ie. Eciaiaiey aeeaeiaai e n?aaeiaai ii?yaeea
o?enoeueoeaea iuoueyea n ?inoii oaiia?aoo?u ecioa?ie/aneie auaea?aeee e
nei?inoe ioeaaeaeaiey ?anieaaa iauyniythony iaeiieaieai caieioouo
no?oeoo?iuo o?aaiaioia, niaea?aeaueo oeen-i?eaioe?iaaiiua no?oeoo?iua
aaeeieoeu AsS3/2. Oaaee/aiea eiee/anoaa oaeeo o?aaiaioia
nii?iaiaeaeaaony oaaee/aieai eii?aeeiaoeeiiiuo /enae e iau?ia iaiiii? a
iiaeaee.

Onoaiiaeaii niioaaonoaea oeiia iee?ino?oeoo? iau?ia e iiaa?oiinoe
noaeie, n oaiaeaioeeae e aic?anoaieth noaiaie iee?iaeenia?niinoe ia
iiaa?oiinoe ia?acoeia ii n?aaiaieth n eo iau?iii.

Onoaiiaeaia ?aaeecaoeey a noaeeiia?aciuo iaoa?eaeao nenoai As—S—I,
Ge—As—S, Ge—As—Te, Ge—As—S(Se)—I iee?iaaoa?iaaiiiai oeia no?oeoo?u.

A ?aaeeia iiyoaiiiai iiaeu?ia oaiia?aoo?u neioaca e oaaee/aiee nei?inoe
ioeaaeaeaiey ?anieaaa a noaeeao nenoaiu Ge—As—S—I ?aaeece?iaaia
iee?iaeenia?niay no?oeoo?a n noaoenoe/aneei ?ani?aaeaeaieai no?oeoo?iuo
yeaiaioia aaeieue anaai iau?ia ia?acoea.

Iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue nieaeaiey noaiaie iee?iaeenia?niinoe e
iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiinoe noaeeiia?aciuo iaoa?eaeia nenoaiu Ge—As—Se—I
aaaaeaieai a ninoaa iaaieueoiai eiee/anoaa (2—4%) na?u.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaeueeiaaieaeiia noaeei, o?enoeueoeae iuoueyea, neioac,
yeaeo?iiiay iee?ineiiey, no?oeoo?a.

Borkach E. I. Investigation of synthesis conditions influence on
compaund chalcogenide glasses structure by electron microscope
technique. — Manusript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree of physical and mathematical sciences by
speciality 01.04.10 — semiconductor’s and dielectric’s physics —
Uzhgorod state university, Uzhgorod, 1999.

Synthesis conditions influence on structure of chalcogenide glassy
materials in system As—S, As—S—I, Ge—As—S, Ge—As—Te, Ge—As—S(Se)—I was
investigated by direct electron microscope technique. Growth of
synthesis instability lead to growth of microdispersness and decrease of
homogenity of glasses. The „temperature-cooling rate” synthesis diagramm
for glassy arsenicum trisulphide is produse. Short and middle order
changes in glassy arsenicum trisulphide explained by accumulation of
located regions containing cis-orianted AsS3/2 structural unit groups.
Surface microstructure of chalcogenide glasses was investigated. Define
that predicted type of structure can be realise in compaund chalcogenide
glasses by synthesis temperature and cooling rate variations.

Key words: chalcogenide glass, arsenicum trisulphide, synthesis,
electron microscope technique, structure.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 04.06.99. Oi?iao 60o90/16.

Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Oe?aae 100. Caiiaeaiiy ? 2240.

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294013, i. Oaeai?iae, aoe. Aaaa??ia, 101. Oae. (oaen) 2-37-99.

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