Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?.?. IA*IEEIAA

?IAEEOeUeEEE IEEIEA IEEIEAEIAE*

OAeE 535.37:535.31:535.14:541.124:541.138:543.8

AEAEO?IEICIA ?AAeEEAE-?AEIIAIIAOeIEIA ETHIIIANOeAIOeIss NEEAAeIEO
I?AAII*IEO NIIEOE

01.04.05 — iioeea, eaca?ia o?ceea;

01.04.17 — o?i?/ia o?ceea, o?ceea ai??iiy oa aeaooo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Iaeana — 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1. Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaaei?iei Aiaoieie
Aioiiiae/, i?iaiaeiee iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee Oiceei-oaoii/iiai iinoeoooo
iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? ii. A.I. A??eiia IAI Oe?a?ie.

2. Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noe?ia Aeaaeeneaa
Aieiaeeie?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ceee I?eacianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

3. Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee niia?iaioiee
Oth??i Ieaenaiae? Aaeaioeiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? IAe? o?ceee
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o?ceee oa
o?ce/ii? iioeee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 29 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 1400
aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae41.051.01
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa (Oe?a?ia,
270026, i. Iaeana, aoe. Aeai?yinueea, 2, Aaeeea o?ce/ia aoae.).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa (Oe?a?ia, 270026, i.
Iaeana, aoe. Aeai?yinueea, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 10 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oaae/oe I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aei iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
?icae?e?a iioeee eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio — iieaeoey?ii? niaeo?ineii?? ?
ethi?ianoeaioe?? — a?aeiineoueny aea/aiiy iaoai?ci?a ? iioe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ethi?ianoeaioe??, yea aei?ii?ith?oueny i?e ??cieo aeaeao
caoaeaeaiiy (oioi-, oai?-, a?i-, ?aae?i-, aeaeo?i-, niii-, o?eai-), a
oaeiae ?icoe?aiiy noa? i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy oeeo aoaeo?a. Aeineoue
??aeei, iaeiae, aea/athoue na?o?iiy eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai i?ae /an
aeaeo?ie?co, ui aeeeeeaii ieceith ia’?eoeaieo ? noa’?eoeaieo o?oaeiiu?a,
ye? aeieeaathoue c iaiao?aeiino? ii?aeiaiiy i?aeoiae?a, ui
aeei?enoiaothoue a iioeoe?, aeaeo?io?i??, o?i?/i?e o?ceoe?, ?ioeo
aeenoeeie?iao. Oei/anii iaaeinoaoi? ?icoi?iiy i?e?iaee i?ioean?a,
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca ai?n?th na?oea i?e i?iioneaii? no?oio /a?ac
aeaeo?ii?ia?aei? na?aaeiaeua, ia?aoeiaeaea? anoaiiaeaiith iniiaieo
caeiiii??iinoae ? canooaaiith oeueiai aeineoue neeaaeiiai ?
iao?ea?aeueiiai iioe/iiai yaeua. Cacia/eii, ui neaaea na?o?iiy i?e
aeaeo?ie?c? (aaeueaaiiethi?ianoeaioe?y) ieneaeieo oa??a ia iiaa?oi?
aeaeo?iae?a o aiaeieo aeaeo?ie?oao niinoa??aaee c e?ioey XIX no. Eeoa c
na?aaeeie 60-o ?.?. XX no. nenoaiaoe/ii aea/athoue i?eioeeiiai iiaa
iioe/ia (ethi?ianoeaioia) aeaeo?ie?cia yaeua — aei?ii?ithaaiiy na?oea
i?eaeaeo?iaeieie i?inoi?aie eiiaeainiaaieo aeaeo?ii?ia?aeieo na?aaeiaeu
(iaaiaei? ? aiaei? ?ic/eie, ?icieaae), ui i?noyoue neeaaei? i?aai?/i?
niieoee c aeinoaoiuei aeiaaei eaioethaeeii noi?yaeaieo iiaea?eieo
(-(-ca’yce?a o iieaeoeao. Iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy yaeua, iacaaiiai
(aeaeo?i)aaia?iaaiith oai?ethi?ianoeaioe??th (AOE), aeicaieythoue
eeaneo?eoaaoe eiai ca niiniaii ooai?aiiy ai?oa?a (aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeaieo
iieaeoe) ye niaoeeo?/iee ??ciiaeae ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eii?
ethi?ianoeaioe?? (??E), ui caoaeaeo?oueny aia?a??th aeaeo?ie?co.
Iniaeeaino? yaeua o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie aeaeaie ethi?ianoeaioe??
iieyaathoue o eiai ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo (aeaeo?iaei? ?aaeoe?? iieaeoe i?e
i?io?eaii? aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio oa aecia?a?/i? i?eaeaeo?iaei?
?aeiia?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane ?ii-?aaeeeae?a aai ?aaeeeae?a — i?iaeoeo?a
aeaeo?ie?co), ui a?aeiinyoueny aei i?a?iaaoeae aeaeo?io?i?? i?aai?/ieo
niieoe ? o?i?/ii? o?ceee. Oe? i?ioeane ?i?oe?ththoue ?, a cia/i?e i???,
aecia/athoue ona yaeua aeaeo?ie?cii? ethi?ianoeaioe??. Aiie iinoa/athoue
aeineoue aenieo aia?a?th, iaiao?aeio aeey ooai?aiiy ai?oa??a,
ci?iththoue iioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaae? iiae?eo oac aeaeo?iae-?ic/ei.
Aeaeo?io?i?/ia caoaeaeaiiy na?oea a a??aaeeeaeueieo i?aeiieaeoey?ieo
?aeiia?iaoe?yo, nooo?ai a?ae??ciyth/enue a?ae iioe/iiai, cai?ioiueiai
aioo??oiueiiieaeoey?i?e aeaeo?iii?e ?aeaenaoe??, iaoiiaeth?
oi?eaeuei?noue yaeua AOE, eiai aaeee? iiaeeeaino? o aea/aii?
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a ia?aiino aeaeo?iia, ye?
noai?ththoue aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeai? noaie o eiiaeainiaaieo na?aaeiaeuao.
A?aeiii, ui ?aaeoe?? ia?aiino aeaeo?iia (?IA) a?ae?a?athoue aaee/acio
?ieue o aaaaoueio o?ce/ieo, o?i?/ieo ? a?ieia?/ieo nenoaiao. O?ce/i? ?
o?i?ei-o?ce/i? i?ioeane, ye? aecia/athoue aeieth ai?oa?a AOE —
aei?ii?ithaaiiy na?oea, noiooi? oa eiieo?oth/? ?aaeoe??, o a?eueoino?
aiaeia?/i? oei, ye? aea/athoue iieaeoey?ia oioi- ? oai?ethi?ianoeaioe?y,
oi/a ? a?aei?iiino?, iai?eeeaae, ii ?iia??iino? aei?ii?ithaaiiy na?oea
aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeaiieie noaiaie, ui canaeththoueny a aeaiaioa?iiio
aeo? ?aeiia?iaoe??. Oiio aeaeo?ie?cia iieaeoey?ia ??E (aai AOE),
neioacoth/e o nia? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iniiae e aenia?eiaioaeuei? caoiaee
aeaeo?io?i??, o?i?/ii? e?iaoeee, ethi?ianoeaioe??, o?ce/ii? aeaeo?ii?ee,
ia? ieceo o?eueee ?e i?eoaiaiieo aeanoeainoae ? caeiiii??iinoae ? ?, aac
noii?ao, naiino?eiei ?icae?eii iioeee oa o?i?/ii? o?ceee. I?e oeueiio
aaeueie aaaeeea? e aeooaeuei? ? ?? iiaeeeaino? ye “noi?aeiiai” yaeua o
iao?aaeeoe?eiiio canoinoaaii? aei cacia/aieo oa ?ioeo aaeocae ciaiue. A
naia, aei: iioeee (eaca?ia o?ceea — i?iaeaia eaca?a c aeaeo?io?i?/iei
iaea/oaaiiyi, oioiethi?ianoeaioe?y — aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeaieo /anoie, ?iia??i?noue ooai?aiiy yeeo i?e iioe/iiio
caoaeaeaii? aeineoue iaea, iioeea noeeioeeyoi??a); aeaeo?io?i??
(aea/aiiy aeaeo?iaeieo ?aaeoe?e i?aai?/ieo niieoe); o?i?/ii? e?iaoeee
(ia?aa??ea iieiaeaiue oai??? ia?aiino aeaeo?iia o eiiaeainiaaiiio
na?aaeiaeu?); ethi?ianoeaioiiai aiae?co; aeieia??; a?ieia??; iaaeeoeeie.
??ciiiai?ooy o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a aeieeiaiiy oa e?iaoeee AOE, i?ioean?a,
ye? i?io?eathoue o nenoai? i?ae /an aeaeo?ie?co, iaoiiaeth? neeaaei?noue
o ?oiueiio ?icoi?ii?. Oea noeioeth? aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee yaeua, ia?o
ca ana ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeo AOE-nenoai (eiiiiceoe?e) ?c iaaieie
aeanoeainoyie — ?ioaineai?noue, aoaeoeai?noue, eie?? na?o?iiy. Iniaeeai
aeooaeueii noai?aiiy oaeeo nenoai aeey iioiaeaeo?iiieo i?eno?i?a ?
AOE-aiae?co. Iaeiae oni?oia canoinoaaiiy yaeua iio?aao? iayaiino?
a?aeiia?aeieo oai?aoe/ieo iiaoaeia ? i?aeoe/ieo iaa?oiooaaiue. Aei
ii/aoeo ?iaioe caeiaoaa/a c oaie aeena?oaoe?? (80-o? ?.?.) aoee
a?aenooi? aaeaeaaoi? o?i?ei-o?ce/i? ? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeaeo?ie?cii?
??E i?aai?/ieo niieoe, ?oi?e oai?aoe/iee ?icaeyae oa aenia?eiaioaeueia
ai?iaaoe?y, a a?aeiiino? i?i i?e?iaeo oeueiai aoaeoo, oaeoi?e, ui
aieeaathoue ia aeo?ae aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeaieo noai?a iieaeoe i?e
aeaeo?io?i?/iiio caoaeaeaii?, aoee noia?a/eeaeie ? iaiiaieie.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy yaeua no?eioaaeinue iaaenieei ??aiai aenia?eiaioo, ui
iio?aao?, uiiaeiaioa, iaeii/aniiai aeei?enoaiiy iioe/ieo ?
aeaeo?io?i?/ieo iaoiae?a, a?aenooi?noth niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?eeaae?a ?
iaoiaeee. Aeieeea aeooaeueia iaiao?aei?noue oe?e?niiai i?aeoiaeo aei
noai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa iaoiaee/ieo iniia aea/aiiy yaeua AOE.
Oaeei /eiii, eiiieaeni? oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueii-iaoiaee/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe aacoiiaii
aeooaeuei? aeey iiaeeaeaiiai ?icoi?iiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeanoeainoae
iiaiai o?ce/iiai iioe/iiai yaeua ? eiai oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy, ia?o ca
ana a aeieia?? (aecia/aiiy noaio aeinenoai) ? a?iiaaee/ieo caaea/ao
(aiae?c ? ae?aaiinoeea a?inenoai). Oea — aaeueie aeooaeuei? e aaaeeea?
ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo a?aeiia?aeieo iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a ? aaeocae a Oe?a?i?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe io?eiaii caeiaoaa/ai i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ? i?eeeaaeieo IAe? c aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaee ?
canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a ? i?eno?i?a iioioaiio?ii?ee, ui ia i?ioyc?
aaaaoueio ?ie?a i?iaiaeeeenue o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee ca a?aeiia?aeieie i?ia?aiaie, iinoaiiaaie
? a?aioaie, aeeth/ath/e oaie, aea caeiaoaa/ aoa iaoeiaei ea??aieeii aai
a?aeiia?aeaeueiei aeeiiaaoeai: “Eco/eoue naycue iaaeaeo no?iaieai,
YOE-naienoaaie i?aaie/aneeo ethieiioi?ia e eo iiaaaeaieai a YOE-nenoaiao
n oeaeueth auaea/e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nicaeaieth iioeiaeueiuo YOE-

nenoai”, “Eco/eoue yaeaiea YOE n oeaeueth nicaeaiey i?eai?ia e ono?ienoa
yeaeo?iiiie oaoieee” (iinoaiiae I?aceae?? AI O?N? ?520 a?ae 19.12.81 ?.,
?434 a?ae 13.10.82 ?.); “Iiene, ?ac?aaioea e enneaaeiaaiea
YOE-eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa i?aaie/aneeo ethieiioi?ia aeey nicaeaiey
yooaeoeaiuo iioioaiio?iiiuo ono?ienoa” (i.7.2 Eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio
“Ethieianoeaioeey e ?acaeoea a? i?eiaiaiee”, caoaa?aeae. I? AI N?N?
16.12.82 ?.); i?ia?aia eiiieaenieo aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? o?ceee
I?iaoco O?N?, iae. ?376 a?ae 24.07.81 ?.; “?ic?iaea iaoiaeo AOE-aiae?co
?a/iaei o ??aeeiio na?aaeiaeu?”, “Aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a noai?aiiy,
i?eioeei?a oaoi?/ii? ?aaeicaoe?? eiiieaeno oeeo?iai? AOE-aia?aoo?e c
i?e?ii?ioeani?iei oi?aae?iiyi”, “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aeeiiioacii? AOE c
iaoith noai?aiiy iaoiae?a aiae?co aaoa?iaaiiino? i?ia?aeieo iiaa?oiiue”,
iae. I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ?78 a?ae 21.03.91 ?., ?68 a?ae 31.03.92 ?.;
“Investigation of Liquid-Phase Organic Electrochemiluminescence”, a?aio
O?yaeo Oe?a?ie ? I?aeia?iaeiiai iaoeiaiai oiiaeo ?E33100, 1995-1997
?.?., a oaeiae ca i?ia?aiaie aea?aeathaeaeaoieo IAe? I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?:
c’ynoaaiiy oeyoii oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
o?ce/ieo ? o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a aeaeo?ie?cii?
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? (aeaeo?iaaia?iaaii?
oai?ethi?ianoeaioe??) neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe — a?iiaoe/ieo
aoaeaaiaei?a ? aaoa?ioeeee?a o eiiaeainiaaiiio na?aaeiaeu? (??aee?
?ic/eie); aecia/aiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiy, ?ic?iaea ? aea/aiiy iia?oi?o
iaoiae?a canoinoaaiiy yaeua AOE.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? ? ?ica’ycai? ianooii?
caaea/?:

cae?enieoe iiaoaeiao aaeaeaaoieo o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo ? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae
i?ioeano aeaeo?ie?cii? ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? ethi?ianoeaioe??
neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe, i?iaanoe ?oi?e oai?aoe/iee ?icaeyae ?
aenia?eiaioaeueio ai?iaaoe?th;

?ic?iaeoe ? aeine?aeeoe ca aeiiiiiaith o?ce/ieo ? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
iaoiae?a — iieaeoey?ia niaeo?ineii?y, aeaeo?io?i?y — iia? yne?aa?
AOE-nenoaie c iie?aoeaiaie oa aaoa?ioeeee?/ieie niieoeaie, anoaiiaeoe
ca’ycie i?ae iiaoaeiaith ?oi?o iieaeoe ? AOE-aeanoeainoyie,
?aeaioeo?eoaaoe ai?oa?e, iaoai?cie ?o ooai?aiiy ? caaeaae?, aieea ia oe?
i?ioeane aioo??oi?o oa ciai?oi?o aeey nenoaie oaeoi??a;

?ic?iaeoe ? aeine?aeeoe iia? iaoiaee canoinoaaiiy AOE o ??cieo aaeocyo —
iioeea (iieaeoey?ia ethi?ianoeaioe?y, eaca?ia o?ceea, iioeea
noeeioeeyoi??a), o?ce/ia aeaeo?ii?ea, aeaeo?io?i?y, ethi?ianoeaioiee
aiae?c, aeieia?y, iaaeeoeeia oiui;

?ic?iaeoe ? noai?eoe iia? iaoiaeeee oa aia?aoo?o, ui ?aae?cothoue oe?
iaoiaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Cai?iiiiiaaii iia? o?ceei-o?i?/i? iiaeae? aeey ei?aeoiiai ia/eneaiiy
eiinoaio oaeaeeino? ??aeeiiioacieo aeaeo?ie?cieo aecia?a?/ieo
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?IA, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei ia?iaeaeaiiy ai?oa??a
? i?io?eathoue o ??cieo aia?aaoe/ieo iaeanoyo aeaeo?iiiiai ia?aoiaeo —
oea ni?ey? ?icoi?iith iaoai?ci?a AOE, ?ie? ??cieo aeaeo?iiieo noai?a
i?aai?/ieo iieaeoe, ye? ooai?ththoueny a aeaiaioa?ieo aeoao
a??aaeeeaeueieo ?IA.

2. ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueiee i?aeo?ae aeey aea/aiiy
iaoai?ci?a ? e?iaoeee “na?oeiaeo” ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a
o aeaeo?ie?ciaoaaieo ?ic/eiao

i?aai?/ieo aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a ia aac? aaeaeaaoieo, ui
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiieo, o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo ? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae
yaeua AOE; aoaeoeai?noue oeueiai i?aeoiaeo iieacaia i?e iiyniaii?
ethi?ianoeaioieo ? o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae AOE-nenoai.

3. Aia?oa aecia/aii ? iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei? ? aeinoaoi? oiiae
aeieeiaiiy ethi?ianoeaioe??, ui caoaeaeo?oueny aia?a??th aeaeo?ie?co ?
aei?ii?ith?oueny ??aeeeie ?ic/eiaie neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe.

) aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi?o A, i?iaeoeo?a (aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe
A*) ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?IA, a oaeiae e?iaoeeo AOE o caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia
caoaeaeaiiy ? aeanoeainoae nenoai; io?eiai? aeai? a?eueo aaeaeaaoii
a?aeaeaathoue iniaeeaino? aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E, a aeey iecee nenoai
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny ni?anoaaeaiiyi c ?acoeueoaoaie aenia?eiaioo.

5. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa e?eoe/ii ?icaeyiooi o?ce/i?, o?i?/i? ? oaoiieia?/i?
iaoiaee i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineaiino? AOE Iecl.

6. Aea/aii aeaeo?io?i?/i? oa AOE-aeanoeaino? iiaeo nenoai c? neeaaeieie
i?aai?/ieie niieoeaie, anoaiiaeaii e iaa?oioiaaii ei?aeyoe?th
(-aeaeo?iiii? iiaoaeiae ?oi?o iieaeoe ?c AOE-ni?iiiaei?noth; ia aac?
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo cai?iiiiiaaii iia?, caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie nenoaie, ye? aei?ii?iththoue aeniei?ioaineaio AOE
i?aeoe/ii o anueiio aeaeeiiio ae?aiacii?.

7. ?aeaioeo?eiaaii iaoai?cie ? e?iaoeeo “na?oeiaeo”
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?IA o aea/aieo AOE-nenoaiao ca aeiiiiiaith
?ic?aooieiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a, aeeth/ath/e e?iaoe/i?,
aeaeo?io?i?/ii-ethi?ianoeaioi?, a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? ? iaai?oiiioe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

8. Anoaiiaeaii e iaa?oioiaaii iaoai?cie aiiaeii? AOE neeaaeieo
i?aai?/ieo niieoe o nenoaiao ?c aiae?oe/iei ?aaaaioii (C6H5)4BNa ?
oei?eaeaie, aia?oa ia i?eeeaae? oeeo nenoai iieacaii oi?eaeuei?
ae?aaiinoe/i? iiaeeeaino? iioe/iiai AOE-iaoiaeo “na?oeiaeo ni?iiaeo
ianoie” eaa?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a, ye? i?iaeoeothoueny i?ae /an aeaeo?iaeieo
oa?aaea?anueeeo ?aaeoe?e oa oneeaaeiththoue aea/aiiy iaoai?ci?a oaeeo
i?ioean?a.

9. Anoaiiaeaii iniiai? i?eioeeie aiiiaaiiiai AOE-aiae?co, oai?aoe/ii e
aenia?eiaioaeueii aea/aii iaoai?cie aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E iecee iiaeo
aiae?oe/ieo nenoai, noai?aii iia? aenieioi/i? iaoiaeeee AOE-aecia/aiiy
neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe ? ai?ii?a.

10. Iieacaii iiaeeeaino? aaoa?iaaiiiai AOE-aiae?co — iioe/iiai aea/aiiy
in situ e?iaoeee oa?aaea?anueeeo i?ioean?a, no?oeoo?e (iai?a)i?ia?aeieo
iiaa?oiiue oa aecia/aiiy ?aaeien-iioaioe?ae?a — ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
ia?aiao??a neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe -, coiiaeai? anoaiiaeaiei
ca’yceii i?ae ?ioaineai?noth AOE ? oa?aaea?anueeei no?oiii. Ioe?iaii
aecia/aeueio ni?iiiaei?noue aiae?co; iaoaiaoe/ii i?iiiaeaeueiaaia
e?iaoeea AOE a?ey aeaeo?iaeieo iiaa?oiiue ??cii? aaiiao??? — ?acoeueoaoe
ei?aeththoue c aeaieie aenia?eiaioo; noai?aii i?eioeeiiai iiaee
aenieioi/iee AOE-iaoiae aecia/aiiy ?aaeien-iioaioe?ae?a.

11. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee i?ea?iaeueiee AOE-iaoiae aea/aiiy ia?aiao??a
a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oa?o o ?ic/eiao ?c eiiaaeoe??th.

12. Iaea?aeaea iiaeaeueoee oai?aoe/iee ?icaeoie i?iaeaia aaia?aoe??
na?oea i?e aeaeo?io?i?/iiio caoaeaeaii?; ia/eneaii aia?aaoe/i? ia?aiao?e
?aaeeio; cai?iiiiiaaii eiia?iiaai? aeiii?iaia? (iioe/iee ?
aeaeo?io?i?/iee) niiniae ooai?aiiy ?iaa?n?? canaeaiino? aeaeo?iiieo
??ai?a iieaeoe aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a o nenoai? c ia?aiinii aia?a??
aeaeo?iiiiai caoaeaeaiiy.

13. ?ic?iaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaee eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy
aeaeo?ie?cii? ?aeiia?iaoe?eii? iieaeoey?ii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? —
aeaeo?io?i?/ii-ethi?ianoeaioi?, a?ae?iaeeiai?/i?, iaai?oiiioe/i?,
niiiiioe/i?, aiiiaaiiiai e aaoa?iaaiiiai aiae?co.

14. Noai?aii ieceo i?ea?iaeueieo onoaiiaie, aeeth/ii c eiiieaenii
aeaeo?iiii-iioe/ieo i?eeaae?a “AEAI-2”, ye? ?aae?cothoue aeacai? iaoiaee
? iaoiaeeee.

Ca i?aenoieaie ?iaioe io?eiaii iia? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? ?acoeueoaoe o
aaeocyo iioeee ? o?i?/ii? o?ceee, ye? o noeoiiino? ?ica’ycothoue
aaaeeeao iaoeiao i?iaeaio — caeiiii??iino? i?ioean?a aoaeoeaiiai
ia?aoai?thaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? ? o?i?/ii? aia?a?? o na?oei ??aeeiiioacieie
aeaeo?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioieie nenoaiaie c? neeaaeieie i?aai?/ieie
niieoeaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? iaoeia?
?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee cai?iiiioaaoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? aaeoc?
aeei?enoaiiy yaeua ??aeeiiioaciiai aeaeo?ie?ciiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy na?oea
neeaaeieie i?aai?/ieie niieoeaie — a iioeoe? (iieaeoey?ia
ethi?ianoeaioe?y, iioeea noeeioeeyoi??a, eaca?ia o?ceea), o?ce/i?e
aeaeo?ii?oe? (iaeiaa?aioi? aei?ii?ithaa/? e ?iaeeeaoi?e), aeaeo?io?i??,
ethi?ianoeaioiiio aiae?c?, i?aai?/i?e o?i?? (neioac), aeieia??,
a?iiaaee/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oiui. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe ?ic?iaeaii
iia? iaoiaee, iaoiaeeee, eiiiiceoe??, i?eno?i? e i?eeaaee, ye? caoeuai?
18 aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ? 5 iaoaioaie. Oae, aia?oa ?ic?iaeai?
Aoe-niiniae oa aenieioi/i? AOE-iaoiaeeee c iecueeith iaaeath aecia/aiiy
i?aai?/ieo ? iai?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei o ??aeeeo na?aaeiaeuao iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe: iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy o?i?/ieo i?aai?/ieo eaioea?iaai?a
(iie?oeeee?/i? a?iiaoe/i? aoaeaaiaei?) o aiae? ia ??ai?, ieae/a iaae?
aeicaieaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e — a aeieia?? i?e aiae?c? ? iii?oi?eiao
aiaeieo aeinenoai; iaoiaeeeo AOE-aecia/aiiy ae?a?eeaoeeai?a ? ai?noo
aeii?oie o ai?ioiiieo aeeiiey?ieo ?ic/eiieeao, aeeth/ath/e i?ea?iaeueio
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy oei?eae?a AOE-oeo?oaaiiyi — o o?i?/i?e
i?iieneiaino? i?e ae?iaieoeoa? e aeei?enoaii? oeeo ?aaeoea?a;
AOE-iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?aaeien-iioaioe?ae?a i?aai?/ieo niieoe — o
aeaeo?io?i?/iiio i?aai?/iiio neioac?; AOE-iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ienaeaoo
— a a?iiaaee/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? ae?aaiinoeoe?; iaoiaeeee
aaoa?iaaiiiai aoe-aiae?co — i?e eiio?ie? i?iaeoeoe?? o
i?e?iaeaeo?ii?oe?, ae?iaieoeoa? naini??a. Iia? niiniae oa i?eno?i? —
aei?? iiooaeiino? oeueo?acaoeiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, i?i?aoth?i?
iaeiaa?aioi? ?iaeeeaoi?e oiui (A.n. 598415,605465, 1139292,1143199)
iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeieo aaeocyo, aeeth/ath/e
i?aei?e?inoaa I?iaoiio Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a
?aae?caoe?? eaca?iiai aoaeoo a nenoaiao c? “na?oeiaeie”
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie, ui caoaeaeothoueny aia?a??th
aeaeo?ie?co, iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy o ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo aoaeoeaieo
aeaea?ae eiaa?aioiiai aeaeeiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?c aeaeo?io?i?/iei
iaea/oaaiiyi. ?ic?iaeaiee

? aeaioiaeaiee eiiieaen i?eeaae?a “AEAI-2” i?ecia/aii aeey aeei?enoaiiy
o aeuaiaaaaeaieo canoinoaaiiyo, a?i iaiaeii?aciai aeniiioaaany ia
a?o/eciyieo ? i?aeia?iaeieo aenoaaeao, aea io?eiaa aeiaai?iaee; a?ey 15
eiiieaen?a “AEAI” ae?iaeai? ca caiiaeaiiyie ? aeei?enoiaothoueny a
oi?aa?neoaoao ? iaoeiaeo caeeaaeao Oe?a?ie oa e?a?i NIAe, aeeth/ath/e
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, ?inoeoooe IAI Oe?a?ie — O?ce/ii?
o?i?? ?i. E.A.Iena?aeaanueeiai, i.Ee?a oa O?ceei-iaoai?/iee ?i.
A.A.Ea?iaiea, i.Euea?a, OeEA “Eiiaoa”, Aeaaeai?th ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa ?i. A.Ieaoaiiaa, i.Iineaa, ?inoeooo o?ce/ieo i?iaeai,
i.Caeaiia?aae, ?in?y oiui. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiai-iaoiaee/i?e ?iaio? OOO?A i?e aeeeaaeaii?
niaoeeo?n?a “No/ani? iai?yiee aeaeo?ii?ee”, ”Iioioaiio?ii?ea”,
“Eaai?aoi?iee aiae?c” aeey nooaeaio?a niaoe?aeueiino? 7.090.804 “O?ce/ia
? a?iiaaee/ia aeaeo?ii?ea”.

Eiie?aoi? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe oa iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno

1. ?acoeueoaoe iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy AOE-nenoai ?c aeeooc??th ?
eiiaaeoe??th i?e aieueoaiia?iiao?e/iiio aeaeo?ie?c? ia aac?
cai?iiiiiaaieo o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo iiaeaeae, ui aeicaieeee aecia/eoe
eiioeaio?aoe?eio e?iaoeeo ? eii?aeeiaoi? ?iciiae?ee ?aaaaio?a
(aeaeo?iaaia?iaai? ?ii-?aaeeeaee aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi?o) ? i?iaeoeo?a
(aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeai? iieaeoee) ?aeiia?iaoe?e, a oaeiae e?iaoeeo AOE.

2. Cai?iiiiiaai? e iaa?oioiaai? iioe/i? ? o?i?ei-o?ce/i? oiiae, ui
ooai?ththoue iiaiee iaa?? iaiao?aeieo ? aeinoaoi?o oiia aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aeaeo?ie?cii? ?aeiia?iaoe?eii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? ?ic/eiaie neeaaeieo
i?aai?/ieo niieoe, ui aeicaieeei cae?enieoe oe?eani?yiiaai? ?ic?iaee
iiaeo aoaeoeaieo AOE-nenoai.

3. Cai?iiiiiaai? ? aea/ai? aeaeo?iiioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeo nenoai c?
neeaaeieie i?aai?/ieie niieoeaie — aieueoiethiia?aie, eiioeaio?aoe?ei?
ethiia?aie, oa?iiethiia?aie, niiiethiia?aie, aoaeoeai?noue,
iaai?oiethiia?aie, ye? aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe ? iiynieoe caeiiii??iino?
iiaaae?iee ?ioaineaiino? e e?iaoeee aeaeo?ie?cii? ?aeiia?iaoe?eii?
ethi?ianoeaioe?? i?e ci?i? iaoiaeo ? iai?oae aeaeo?ie?co, eiioeaio?aoe??
?a/iaei, oaiia?aoo?e, iiooaeiino? oeueo?acaoeiaiai ? iai?oaeaiino?
iaai?oiiai iie?a.

4. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue niaeo??a AOE ? oeoi?anoeaioe?? (OE)
nenoai, ui aeicaieeee ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe ai?oa?e AOE — neiaeao-caoaeaeai?
iieaeoee neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe.

5. Iia? AOE-eiiiiceoe?? c? neeaaeieie i?aai?/ieie niieoeaie —
a?iiaoe/ieie aoaeaaiaeiyie ? aaoa?ioeeeeaie, ye? iathoue ?ioaineaia
na?o?iiy i?aeoe/ii o anueiio aeaeeiiio ae?aiacii?, ? ?acoeueoaoe ?oi?o
aeine?aeaeaiue.

6. Anoaiiaeaiiy e iaa?oiooaaiiy ca’yceo i?ae (-aeaeo?iiiith iiaoaeiaith
aeine?aeaeaieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe ? ?oiueith AOE-ni?iiiaei?noth (aeoiaeii
ai?oa??a o ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?IA), ye? iieacaee, ui aeiii?i?
aoiii? oa?oioaaiiy (CH3, OCH3 oiui), i?e?aeiai? o ?aaeoe?eiiaeoeai?
iieiaeaiiy iieaeoe, i?aeaeuothoue ?ioaineai?noue AOE aea/aieo
aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a.

7. O?i?ei-o?ce/i? iaoai?cie caoaeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiieo noai?a iieaeoe
aea/aieo aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a o aecia?a?/ieo aeaeo?ie?cieo
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo i?ioeanao ?c na?oeiaei?ii?ithaaiiyi,
iiyniaiiy aenieeo aeoiae?a caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe ? aeieace

oiai, ui ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ai?oa??a AOE — neiaeao-caoaeaeaieo
iieaeoe — ooai?th?oueny /a?ac noaae?th o?eieao-o?eieaoii? ai?a?eyoe??.

8. Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy
ca’yceo i?ae ?ioaineai?noth AOE ? aonoeiith oa?aaea?anueeiai no?oio, ui
iieacaei iiaeeea?noue o iioe/iiio eaiae? aea/aoe aeaeo?io?i?/i? i?ioeane
oa no?oeoo?i? aeanoeaino? iiaa?oiiue (iai?a)i?ia?aeieo aeaeo?iae?a.

9. Aenieioi/iee iioe/iee (AOE) iaoiae aecia/aiiy iioaioe?ae?a
aeaeo?iieeneaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a.

10. Iiaee iioe/iee AOE-iaoiae “na?oeiaeo ni?iiaeo ianoie” eaa?eueieo
?aaeeeae?a ? aea/ai? c eiai aeiiiiiaith iaoai?cie aeaeo?iaeieo ?aaeoe?e
? aiiaeii? AOE neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe o nenoaiao ?c aiae?oe/iei
?aaaaioii (C6H5)4BNa ? oei?eaeaie, ye? iieacaee o/anoue
a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueieo ?ioa?iaae?ao?a o ?aeiia?iaoe?yo ?c
aei?ii?ithaaiiyi na?oea.

11. Iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy iieaeoey?ii? AOE a iioeoe?
eiiaeainiaaieo na?aaeiaeu, o?i?/i?e o?ceoe?, ethi?ianoeaioiiio
(aiiiaaiiee ? aaoa?iaaiiee) aiae?c? oa ?ioeo aaeocyo, ui aeicaieeei
cai?iiiioaaoe iia? AOE-niiniae oa i?eno?i?, ia ye? io?eiai? aaoi?nuee?
na?aeioeoaa ? iaoaioe.

12. Iia? iaoiaeeee aiiiaaiiiai ? aaoa?iaaiiiai AOE-aiae?co, ye?
aeicaieeee aecia/aiiy iecee i?aai?/ieo ? iai?aai?/ieo niieoe o oe?ieiio
ae?aiacii? ai?noo, no?oeoo?e iiaa?oiiue (iai?a)i?ia?aeieo iaoa??ae?a, a
oaeiae iaoai?cie aieeao ia AOE eiiiiiaio?a, ye? aecia/athoueny.

13. Eiia?iiaaiee iioeei-aeaeo?io?i?/iee niin?a ooai?aiiy ?iaa?n??
canaeaiino? aeaeo?iiieo ??ai?a iieaeoe aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a o
a?ia?i?e nenoai? c ia?aiinii aia?a?? caoaeaeaiiy ?
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie, ye? ?i?oe?th? aeaeo?ie?c.

14. Eiiieaen iaoiaeee ? aeaeo?iiii-iioe/ii? aia?aoo?e “AEAI-2” aeey
aeine?aeaeaiue iioeei-aeaeo?io?i?/ieo ? o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
aeaeo?ie?cii? ?aaeeeae-?aeiiaiiaoeieii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? ??aeeeo
iiey?ieo na?aaeiaeu, ui aeicaieeei noai?eoe iaoiaee/io iniiao aea/aiiy ?
canoinoaaiiy yaeua aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? ocaaaeueiaiiyi
aeiaaioa?i?iiaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo, oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo ?ia?o,
aeeiiaieo caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi oa a?oiith ni?a?ia?oiee?a i?ae eiai
ea??aieoeoaii. caeiaoaa/ cae?eniea aea?? iaoeiaiai iai?yieo ?iaioe,
noi?ioethaaa ?? iaoo oa caaaeaiiy, i?ia?a iaea?eueo iiaiee c a?aeiieo
aiae?oe/iee iaeyae iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e ca oaiith ?iaioe, iaa?oiooaaa
eiioeaioe?th oa iinoaiiaeo oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ye? iieeaaeai? a iniiao aeena?oaoe??. Iaoeiaee aianie, c?iaeaiee
caeiaoaa/ai o ieae/aiaaaaeaiiio nieneo ?ia?o, ui iioae?eiaai? o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, ne?aeoth/ee.

?iaioe [4,6,16,27,29,46] ? iaeyaeaie, aea caeiaoaa/ nenoaiaoecoaaa ?
e?eoe/ii ?icaeyioa a?aeiia?aei? aniaeoe aeaeo?ie?cii? iieaeoey?ii? ??E.
O [2,3,5,7-11,13-15,17-24,26,28, 31-38,42,46] caeiaoaa/ noi?ioethaaa
iinoaiiaeo caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiue, o [3,5,8,15,18,21,38-41] cai?iiiioaaa
o?i?ei-o?ce/i? iiaeae? ??aeeiiioacii? aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E, cae?enithaaa
ia?iaeo, ioi?ieaiiy ?acoeueoao?a e?iaoe/ieo, aeeooc?eii-e?iaoe/ieo ?
eaaioiai-o?i?/-

ieo ?ic?aooie?a ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaeaeae. O
[10,13,19-21,24,26,28,38] caeiaoaa/ ?ic?iaea no?aoaa?th
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, o [5,7,10,13,14,19-21,24,26-29] a?i
?aeaioeo?eoaaa iaoai?cie ? e?iaoeeo aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E iiaeo nenoai. O
[31] caeiaoaa/ ?ic?iaea neeaae iiaeo AOE-eiiiiceoe?e, o [32-34,37]
cai?iiiioaaa aeei?enoiaoaaoe yaeua AOE aeey aei??thaaiiy
?aaeien-iioaioe?ae?a i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei, ?ioaineaiino? oeueo?acaoeo,
ia?aiao??a a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oa?o ? aecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ?a/iaei, o
?iaioao [35,36] aeine?aeaeoaaa cai?iiiiiaai? i?eno?i?. O
[6,11,16,22,24,26-28,42,46] caeiaoaa/ oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
iaa?oiooaaa aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E o aiiiaaiiiio aiae?c?
?ic/ei?a, aeeth/ath/e aeieia?/i? ? a?iiaaee/i? caaea/?, i?eeiaa
aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ai?iaaoe??
iaoiaeee aecia/aiiy, a o [7,14,23,29, 43] i?eeiaa o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ai?iaaoe?? AOE-iaoiaeo aaoa?iaaiiiai aiae?co. O
[5,39] caeiaoaa/ cai?iiiioaaa nenoaiaoecaoe?th ? iaoiaee iioei?caoe??
oa?aeoa?enoee AOE-i?eno?i?a. O ?iaioao [17,22,23,29,32,46] iienaii
?ic?iaeaiee oa noai?aiee ca ?i?oe?aoeaith caeiaoaa/a ? c ??aieie
iniaenoeie aianeaie i?ae ni?aaaoi?aie aaoiiaoeciaaiee eiiieaen
aeaeo?iiii-iioe/ieo i?eeaae?a “AEAI-2” aeey caoaeaeaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
??aeeiiioacii? AOE.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a ? iaa?oioiaai?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue
?iaioe aacothoueny ia aeieeaaeiiio ? anaa?/iiio aiae?c? no/anieo
oyaeaiue ii ?icaeyiooei i?iaeaiai, aiie caaacia/othoueny aeei?enoaiiyi
??ciiiai?oieo, aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo ?ic?aooieiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaeueieo o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo iiaeaeae,
aia?aoo iaoaiaoe/ii? o?ceee, iaoiae?a aeene?aoii? iaoaiaoeee oa
ni?anoaaeaiiyi ?c aeaieie aenia?eiaioo. Aeinoia??i?noue inoaii?o
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny: i?iaaaeaiiyi aeine?ae?a ??cieie iaoiaeaie o
eiio?ieueiaaieo oiiaao (iaoiaeeee i/euaiiy oa i?aeaioiaee c?ace?a,
iioaioe?ae aeaeo?iae?a, i?ia?aia aeaeo?ie?co, oaiia?aoo?a, aaiiao??y
aeine?ae?a oiui); iaiaeii?aciaei iiaoi?aiiyi aeine?ae?a; ia?iaeith
aeaieo iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee; aaeueie aeia?ith ei?aeyoe??th
?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo ??cieie iaoiaeaie; aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeee
caoaeaeaiiy oa aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a AOE ca aeiiiiiaith no/anii?
aia?aoo?e, aeeth/ii ?c iao?ieia?/ii aoanoiaaiei eiiieaenii “AEAI-2”.
io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ia noia?a/aoue iaeei iaeiiio, o aeayeeo i?inoeo
aeiaaeeao aiie ei?aeththoue ?c a?aeiieie aeaieie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ii?eethaeiaii
ia aaaaoi/enaeueieo Oe?a?inueeeo, caaaeueiinithcieo (eie. N?N?) ?
i?aeia?iaeieo c’?caeao, eiioa?aioe?yo, neiiic?oiao, ia?aaeao ? nai?ia?ao
?c iaae?oeoaaiiyi o a?aeiia?aeieo oacao (34 eiio., c yeeo 14 —
i?aeia?iaei?). A naia, ia:

Caaaeueiinithc. ia?aae? c iieaeoey?ii? ethi?ianoeaioe??, Oa?e?a, 1982;

IV, V Caaaeueiinithc. ia?aaeao. “Neioac, naienoaa, enneaaeiaaiey e
oaoiieiaey ethieiioi?ia aeey ioia?aaeaiey eioi?iaoeee”, Noaa?iiieue,
1982, 1985;

IV-VI Caaaeueiinithc. eiio. “I?aaie/aneea ethieiioi?u e eo i?eiaiaiea”,
Oa?e?a, 1984, 1987, 1990;

III I?aeia?. neiiic?oi c oai?aoe/ii? aeaeo?ioaoi?ee, Iineaa, 1985;

II, III Caaaeueiinithc. eiio. “Yeaeo?ioeie/aneea iaoiaeu aiaeeca”
Oiinuee, 1985, 1989;

XI, XII Caaaeueiinithc. ia?aaeao c aeaeo?io?i?? i?aai?/ieo niieoe,
Euea?a, 1986, Ea?aaaiaea, 1990;

International Soc. Electrochemistry 37th Meeting, Vilnius, 1986;

II, III Caaaeueiinithc. ia?aaeao c oai?ethi?ianoeaioe??, Ooa, 1986,
?eaa, 1990;

IX Caaaeueiinithc. ia?aae? c iiey?ia?ao??, Onoue-Eai’yiiai?nuee, 1987;

VII Caaaeueiinithc. eiio. c aeaeo?io?i??, *a?i?aoe?, 1988;

Iineianuee. nai?ia?? c aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? I? AI N?N?; Iineaa, 1989;

I Caaaeueiinithc. ia?aae? “Eeoeaaua enoi/ieee oiea”, Iiai/a?eanuee,
1990;

International Conf. on Analytical Chemistry “Electrochemical Analysis”,
Leipzig, Germany, 1991;

I?aeia?. eiio. “Yeaeo?ioeie/aneea iaoiaeu aiaeeca YIA-94”, Iineaa, 1994;

XVI, XVII Oe?a?inuee. eiio. c i?aai?/ii? o?i??, Oa?iii?eue, 1992,
Oa?e?a, 1995;

I?aeia?. eiio. “Oeceea e oeiey i?aaie/aneeo ethieiioi?ia-95”, Oa?e?a,
1995;

I-IV I?aeia?. eiio. “Oai?ey e oaoieea ia?aaea/e, i?e?ia e ia?aaioee
eioi?iaoeee”, Ooaina, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998;

International Soc. Electrochemistry 191st Meeting, Montreal, Canada,
1997; 192nd Meeting, Paris, France, 1997; 193rd Meeting, San Diego, USA,
1998;

I?aeia?. eiio. “I?iaeaiu oece/aneie e aeiiaaeeoeeineie yeaeo?iieee”,
Ee?a, 1997, 1998;

Anaoe?a?inuee. eiio. c aiae?oe/ii? o?i??, i?enay/.: 90-??//th a?ae aeiy
ia?iaeae. aeaae. A.E. Aaaea, Ee?a, 1995; 90-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeae.
/e.-ei??. IAI Oe?a?ie A.A. Iaca?aiea, Oaeai?iae, 1998.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 158 ?iaioao, c yeeo:
noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao — 22, noaoo? o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue —
12, aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa — 18, iaoaio?a — 5, aeaiiiiaaii ?ia?o — 4,
oac aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo — 98.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c?
nieneo oiiaieo nei?i/aiue ? iicia/aiue, anooio, naie ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? ainueie aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee
ianya ?iaioe 467 noi?., ?c yeeo nienee oiiaieo nei?i/aiue ? iicia/aiue
caeiathoue 22 noi?., 114 ?enoie?a, ?c ieo 5 ?enoie?a o oaeno?, a 109
?enoie?a iiai?noth caeiathoue 66 noi?., 12 oaaeeoeue, ?c ieo 2 oaaeeoe?
o oaeno?, 1 oaaeeoey iiai?noth caeia? 2 noi?. ? 9 oaaeeoeue o aeiaeaoeo
A; aeiaeaoee caeiathoue 38 noi?. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae neeaaea? 639 iaeiaioaaiue ? caeia? 60 noi?. oaenoo. Iniiaiee
ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 279 noi?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ?? ca’ycie
?c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaea/?.
A?aeia?aaeai? iaoeiaa iiaec-

ia, i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, a?aeiiino? i?i iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a, ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe ? ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

O ?icae?e? 1 iaaaaeaii iaea?eueo iiaio c a?aeiieo a?ae?ia?ao?th ?ia?o c
aeaeo?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioii? oaiaoeee a?ae 1964 aei 1998 ?.?., ui
ioiieth? i?iia?nuee? ?iaioe c aeaeo?ie?ciiai na?o?iiy ??cii? i?e?iaee,
iioae?eiaai? iai?ee?ioe? XIX — ia ii/aoeo XX no.no. I?iaaaeaii ??
nenoaiaoecaoe?th ca iaoeiaeie iai?yieaie, oeieaie ? e?a?iaie. E?eoe/ii
i?iaiae?ciaaii a?aeiiino? i?i i?e?iaeo AOE — niaoeeo?/iiai ??ciiaeaeo
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? ethi?ianoeaioe??, ui caoaeaeo?oueny aia?a??th
aeaeo?ie?co, i?aee?aneaii ?? a?aei?iiino? a?ae oioiethi?ianoeaioe??
?ic/ei?a; i?i a?aeii? iaoai?cie “na?oeiaeo” ?aaeoe?e o
aeaeo?ie?ciaoaaieo ?ic/eiao, i?i neeaae AOE-nenoai; aeei?enoiaoaaio
oa?i?iieia?th. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei? ? aeinoaoi? oiiae aeieeiaiiy AOE,
aia?oa aecia/aii iaa?? o?ce/ieo ? o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?aai?/iiai
ethi?iioi?o (aieiaiiai eiiiiiaioo AOE-nenoai), iaiao?aeieo aeey
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aia?a?? aeaeo?ie?co o na?oei. Iieacaii iiaeeeaino?
iaoiaeo AOE a iioeoe?, o?i?/i?e o?ceoe?, ethi?ianoeaioiiio aiae?c? oa
?ioeo aeiaeaoeao. Noi?ioeueiaai? iaae??oai? ia /an iinoaiiaee ?iaioe
caaea/?, ui ? iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ?icae?e? 2 ia aac? iaaaaeaieo ? e?eoe/ii ?icaeyiooeo oai?aoe/ieo
iiaoaeia o ?aieao cai?iiiiiaaieo iiaeaeae iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooie?a ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo “na?oeiaeo” i?ioean?a ?c ia?aiinii
aeaeo?iia o ?ic/eiao i?aai?/ieo niieoe, ui aeaeo?ie?cothoueny. ?icaeyae
caaaeueii? noaie (1) i?ioeano aeicaiey? i?ae?icae?eeoe eiai ia: a) iien
e?ia-

(A…A)* ( A* + A (1)

)# oa ianooiia ia?ai?uaiiy i?iaeoeo?a; b) iien e?iaoeee ? iaoai?cio
aeania ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo aecia?a?/ieo “na?oeiaeo” ?IA i?e
caaeaiiio oei? ianiia?aiino a y/aeoe? aecia/aii? aaiiao???, eiee
e?iaoeeo e aia?aaoeeo aeaiaioa?iiai aeoo aaaaeathoue a?aeiieie.

O ?aieao i?aeoiaeo a) ?icaeyiooi oai??? ??aeeiiioacieo aecia?a?/ieo
?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?IA, ci?ie a?eueii? aia?a?? (G0 yeeo aeineoue aaeee?
(aeae?eueea aA), ui aeicaiey? i?yia canaeaiiy aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeaieo
noai?a i?aai?/ieo iieaeoe-i?iaeoeo?a; e?eoe/ii ocaaaeueiaii ae?ac aeey
?iia??iino? (eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? ?aeiia?iaoe?e kbi) oeeo ?aaeoe?e; ia
aac? cai?iiiiiaaieo aaeaeaaoieo o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo iiaeaeae, ?en. 1,
cacia/ai? a?aieoe? i?eaeaoiino? oai???. a?aecia/aii, ui aeey ei?aeoiiai
ia/eneaiiy kbi ?aeiia?iaoe?e o “ii?iaeuei?e aeoeaaoe?ei?e”, ?en.1b, oa
“aacaeoeaaoe?ei?e”, ?en. 1n, iaeanoyo aeaeo?iiiiai ia?aoiaeo ?c
ooai?aiiyi iieaeoe 1A*, ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe ae?ac kbi(kdexp(-(G#/RT), kd
— aeeooc?eii-eiio?ieueiaaia eiinoaioa ?aeiia?iaoe?e, a o “aiiiaeueii?”
(aeey ooai?aiiy o ?noioii ae?aaaoe/iiio ia?aoiae? iaio i?aai?/ieo
iieaeoe-i?iaeoeo?a o iniiaiiio aeaeo?iiiiio noai?, /e iaei??? c ieo — o
o?eieaoiiio 3A) iaeano?, ?en. 1d, aea iniiaiee aianie o aia?a?th
?ai?aai?caoe?? Er aiinyoue aia?a?? ii?iaeueieo eieeaaiue inoeeeyoi??a
na?aaeiaeua (i???ioaoe?eia eiiiiiaioa) — a?eueo iia?eueii niaaeath/o ?c
?inoii ((G0( noaiaiaao, a ia aeniiiaioe?aeueio, caeaaei?noue
kbi(8(DV2((G0+Er(-3. Oea aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeey
AOE-nenoai ?c aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi?aie — iio?aeieie iaooae?i?ae?a.

O ?aieao i?aeoiaeo b) oai?aoe/ii aea/aia e?iaoeea AOE-?aaeoe?e aeey
aeecueeeo aei ?aaeueieo o?i?ei-o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae c? ci?iieie
ia?aiao?aie nenoaie (i?e?iaea ethi?iioi?o, ?aaeei aeaeo?ie?co,
eiio?ao?aoe?y aeaeo?iae?a); oea nooo?ai aeey ?icoi?iiy o?ceee i?ioean?a
o nenoai?, iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a aeaeo?ie?cii? ethi?ianoeaioe??,
iaiao?aeii? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ??cieo i?eno?i?a. O?ainii?o ?a/iaei o nenoai?
iaoaiaoe/ii iienothoue iaai?ii iae?i?eieo iaiaeii??aeieo iiaeeo?eiaaieo
??aiyiue 2-ai caeiio aeeooc?? O?ea c ii/aoeiaeie ? e?aeiaeie (ia
aeaeo?iaei?e iiaa?oi?) oiiaaie aeey i?ioean?a ia?iaeaeaiiy, caaeaae? e
?aeiia?iaoe?? /anoie aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi?o:

(2)

aea cj,k(cj,k(x,t) ? Dj,k — eiioeaio?aoe?? oa eiao?oe??ioe aeeooc?? j-i?
? k-i? oi?i /anoie ?c /anii aeeooy (j,k=1/kj,k. Caaaeueia aeey caaea/
aeeooc?eii? e?iaoeee AOE — ??oaiiy ??aiyiue oeio (2) c iae?i?eieie
“?aeiia?iaoe?eieie” /eaiaie. Oae, aea/aiiy e?iaoeee aia?aiaeinoaoi?o
?aeiia?iaoe?e c aaciina?aaei?i ooai?aiiyi ai?oa?a i?e
aieueoaiia?iiao?e/iiio aeaeo?ie?-

c o?aooaaiiyi eiieo?oth/eo “oaiiiaeo” ?aaeoe?e:

(3)

(3·10-4c0 aeinyaa?oueny ia a?aenoai? x(1 iei i?e iioeiaeueiiio ?aaeei?
caoaeaeaiiy, n: (1~10-5(10-2, (3(10-6. Oe?eia ciie ?aeiia?iaoe?? i?e
oeueiio ~10-5 ni.

Eiiaaeoe?y ?ic/eio a AOE-y/aeeao oeyoii eiai i?iea/oaaiiy (oee?eoeyoe??)
ca aeiiiiiaith ciai?oiueiai i?eno?ith (iaa?oaiiy aeaeo?iae?a),
i?ecaiaeeoue aei iecee iiceoeaieo /eiiee?a — i?aeaeuaiith Iecl,
noaa?eueiino? ? a?aeoai?thaaiiino? ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?eueo /anoi, /a?ac
a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? iniaeeaino?, canoiniaothoue IAeA — iaa?oia? aeeneia?
aeaeo?iaee ? IAeA c e?eueoeai (IAeAE). Iaoiaee IAeA ? IAeAE aei ii/aoeo
iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aaeueie ??aeei canoiniaoaaee aeey aea/aiiy
iaoai?cio ? e?iaoeee AOE-?aaeoe?e. Iaie cai?iiiiiaaii, iaa?oioiaaii ?
aeine?aeaeaii aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo IAeA aeey aaia?aoe?? caoaeaeaieo
/anoie i?e iaeeaaeaii? ia ?iai/ee iaa?oiaee aeaeo?iae IA?-iai?oae c
aiie?ooaeaie, aeinoao-

; iaoaiaoe/ii i?iiiaeaeueiaaia ? ae??oaia caaea/a ianoaoe?iia?ii?
aeeooc?eii-eiiaaeoeaii? e?iaoeee “na?oeiaeo” ?aeiia?iaoe?e, oneeaaeiaieo
ia?aeaeueieie “oaiiiaeie” ?aaeoe?yie i?iaeoeo?a aeaeo?ie?co, a oiiaao
eiio?ieth oaeaeeino? ?aeiia?iaoe?e Ne aeinoaaeith /anoie oa/??th aei
iiaa?oi? IAeA ? a?ae ia? a iaeanoue AOE-?aeiia?iaoe?e. Iaea?aeaii ae?ace
aeey no?oio oa?aaea?anueeiai aeaeo?ie?co iF, oaeaeeino? Ne, iieiaeaiiy
oeaio?o iaeano? ?aeiia?iaoe??, aea/aii ?oi? e?iaoeea ? caeaaei?noue a?ae
oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy IAeA. Oae, Ne aecia/a?oueny oaeaee?noth
“oii?neoaaiiy” /anoie-?aaaaio?a ?c ??ciiiai?aaeaieo iioie?a o ?aaeoe?eio
ieiueio

(4)

(/(, rd — ?aae?on aeenea. E?i?eia caeaaei?noue Ne a?ae iF aeiaiaeeoue
ei?aeyoe?th aaoa?iaaiieo (iF) ? aiiiaaiieo ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo
(Iecl) i?ioean?a. Iniiaia i?e/eia aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeniei? oa noaa?eueii?
“eiiaaeoeaii?” AOE — i?eoaeaeoaiiy ia?aiino /anoie-?aaaaio?a eai?ia?iei
iioieii ?ic/eio a iaeanoue ?aeiia?iaoe?? o a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiio oa??, ui
i?aeaeuo? ?iia??i?noue “na?oeiaeo” ?aeiia?iaoe?e o ii??aiyii? c a?eueo
iia?eueieie aeeooc?eieie i?ioeanaie.

(ii ii?iae? aei IAeA), ui oioiaei?, ye aeiaaaeaii, ?iciiae?eai ai?oa?a
o e?iaoe/iiio ?aaeoe?eiiio oa?? (ciia ?aeiia?iaoe?e), ?en. 4.

i?e aeai?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aeiii?a ?nio? iioeiaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y
aeoeaioi?a cA.

O ?icae?e? 7 iienai? i?ea?iaeuei?, o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ?ic?iaeai?
aia?oa, aeaeo?iiioe/i? iaoiaeeee oa aia?aoo?a, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo. O ?iaio? aeaeo?io?i?/i? aeine?aee i?iaiaeeee e AOE
caoaeaeoaaee aieueoaiia?iiao?e/ieie iaoiaeaie — oeeee?/i?
aieueoaiia?iiao??y oa aiia?iiao??y (aeaeo?ie?c IA?-iai?oaith),
noaoe?iia?iee aeaeo?ie?c o y/aeeao ?c ia?ooiieie aeaeo?iaeaie, a oaeiae
iaoiaee, ui aeei?enoiaothoue a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? aeaeo?iaee — IAeA(E), ye?
iiey?ecothoue e?i?eii-ci?iiith aai iino?eiith iai?oaith. Aeacai? iaoiaee
e?eoe/ii i?iaiae?ciaai? ?c o?aooaaiiyi ?oiuei? i?eaeaoiino? aeey
aea/aiiy aeaeo?iiioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee yaeua aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E. Ca
aeiiiiiaith oeeo iaoiae?a aecia/aee ?aaeien-iioaioe?aee i?aai?/ieo
niieoe — aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a, iai?ioi?noue aeaeo?iaeieo i?ioean?a,
/an aeeooy (noaa?euei?noue) aeaeo?iaaia?iaaieo ?ii-?aaeeeae?a oiui.
?a?no?aoe?th iioe/iiai a?aeaoeo nenoaie — ?ioaineaiino? AOE —
cae?enithaaee ?c aeei?enoaiiyi iniiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo caoiae?a
iieaeoey?ii? ethi?ianoeaioe??. Iaaiaeyoueny aeai? i?i ?ic?iaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? onoaiiaee — aeey ?ioaa?aeueieo ? niaeo?aeueieo
aei??thaaiue, aeeth/ii c aecia/aiiyi aaniethoii? ?ioaineaiino? AOE oa
aoaeoeaiino? ia?aoai?thaaiiy aia?a?? aeaeo?ie?co o na?oei oioiiao?e/iei
iaoiaeii ?c aeei?enoaiiyi na?oeia?aeaeaath/i? ii?iaeieie — ?ioaa?oth/i?
noa?e, aeey iaai?oiiioe/ieo, oeueo?acaoeiaeo, a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo,
oaiia?aoo?ieo aeine?ae?a oiui. I?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa ioe?ieai iioeaie
??cieo aenia?eiaio?a, ui neeaaeathoue 5(10%. Iaaiaeyoueny iaa?oiooaaiiy
nenoai aeaeo?iae?a, ye? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe o AOE-y/aeeao, oa
iecea eiino?oeoe?e y/aeie ? ethaaoieo iiaeoe?a, ?ic?iaeaieo aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ??cieo aeine?ae?a, aeeth/ii ?c iaea?eueo neeaaeiith y/aeeith
aeey ?iaioe c nenoaiith IAeA(E) c? neeaaeo eiiieaeno “AEAI-2”. Iienaii
?ic?iaeaiee ? aeaioiaeaiee aaoiiaoeciaaiee eiiieaen aeaeo?iiii-iioe/ieo
i?eeaae?a aeey aeaeo?io?i?/ieo, AOE-aeine?aeaeaiue ? aiae?co “AEAI-2”,
?en. 14. Aei neeaaeo eiiieaeno aoiaeyoue aeaeo?io?i?/iee i?ia?aiaoi?
AOI-3, ui aaia?o? e?i?eii-ci?iio iai?oao ? caaacia/aiee
a?iioaioe?inoaoii aeey ?iaioe o ?aaeei? IAeAE, AOE-aiae?caoi? AOEA-2 ?c
ethaaoiei iiaeoeai, a oaeiae ?iioeueniee i?ia?aiaoi? IA?-3, ui aaia?o?
IA?-iai?oao c oeeo?iaei aaci?aeno?i?/iei onoaiiaeaiiyi aiie?ooae ?
o?eaaeinoae ?iioeuen?a ? iiaeeea?noth a?aeeeth/aiiy iai?oae a?ae
AOE-y/aeee o iaocao i?ae ?iioeuenaie. Canoinoaaiiy “AEAI-2” aeicaieeei
?noioii i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue, a?aeoai?thaai?noue aei???a, nei?ioeoe
?oi?e /an, i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? aenia?eiaioaoi?a oiui.
Oaeiae iienai? iaoiaee/i? ieoaiiy aaoa?iaaiiiai aiae?co, i?aeaioiaee oa
eiio?ieth c?ace?a.

AENIIAEE

1. Aia?oa aecia/aii oa iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei? e aeinoaoi? oiiae
aei?ii?ithaaiiy AOE — niaoeeo?/iiai ??ciiaeaeo caoaeaeoaaii? aia?a??th
aeaeo?ie?co ? aoaeoeaii o?ainoi?ioth/i? ?? o na?oei
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? iieaeoey?ii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? ?ic/ei?a.

2. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeo?ae aei iieno yaeua AOE, ui ?icae?ey?oueny
ia a) iien e?iaoeee ? iaoai?cio aeania aeaiaioa?iiai aeoo i?ae?iiiiai
ia?aiino aeaeo?iia o na?aaeiaeu?, yea ai?ieneiothoue nooe?eueiei
ae?aeaeo?eeii c iaaiei niaeo?ii /anoio, b) iien e?iaoeee ? iaoai?cio
aeania neeueii aecia?a?/ieo “na?oeiaeo” ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo
?aaeoe?e i?e caaeaiiio oei? ianiia?aiino a y/aeoe? iaaii? aaiiao???,
a?aeiieo e?iaoeoe? ? aia?aaoeoe? aeaiaioa?iiai aeoo.

3. O ?aieao i?aeoiaeo a) ?icaeyiooi oai??? ??aeeiiioacieo aecia?a?/ieo
?aaeoe?e ia?aiino aeaeo?iia, e?eoe/ii ocaaaeueiaii ae?ace aeey
eiia??iino? (eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? kbi) oaeeo ?aaeoe?e. Iieacaii iaae?
i?eaeaoiino? oai???, ei?aeoi?noue ia/eneaiiy eiinoaio oaeaeeino?
AOE-?aeiia?iaoe?e c aeoiaeii iieaeoe 1A* ? 3A o aacaeoeaaoe?ei?e ?
aiiiaeuei?e iaeanoyo aeaeo?iiiiai ia?aoiaeo, ui aenia?eiaioaeueii
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeey nenoai ?c iaooae?i?aeaie.

4. o ?aieao i?aeoiaeo b) oai?aoe/ii aea/aii e?iaoeeo AOE-?aaeoe?e aeey
aeecueeeo aei ?aaeueieo o?i?ei-o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? ci?iieo
ia?aiao??a nenoaie (i?e?iaea ethi?iioi?o, ?aaeei aeaeo?ie?co,
eiio?ao?aoe?y aeaeo?iae?a oiui), ui nooo?ai aeey ?icoi?iiy o?ceee
i?ioean?a o AOE-nenoaiao, iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a aeaeo?ie?cii?
ethi?ianoeaioe??. I?e oeueiio:

io?eiaii aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey e?iaoeee ciie ?aeiia?iaoe?? oa
eiioeaio?aoe?eii? e?iaoeee ai?oa?a aia?aiaeinoaoi?o AOE-?aaeoe?e,
oneeaaeiaieo “oaiiiaeie” o?i?/ieie ?aaeoe?yie o y/aeoe? c ia?ith
ia?ooiieo aeaeo?iae?a ? iaia?ai?ooaaiei (iaeiii??ia aeeooc?y) ?ic/eiii,
ui i?aeaea?oueny o?iiiaiia?iiao?e/iiio aeaeo?ie?co;

, ai?oa?a ? /an ?oiueiai anoaiiaeaiiy o ii?iaeueiiio aei IAeA iai?yieo
aecia/athoueny oiaueiith e?iaoe/iiai ?aaeoe?eiiai oa?o ? k1; i?e
aeinoaoiuei aaeeeeo k1 e?iaoeea AOE-?aaeoe?e a y/aeeao c IAeA ?
i?iea/eith aeineoue noiaea. ?ioa?i?aoiaaii c?inoaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oa
noaa?eueiino? AOE, ui niinoa??aathoueny o ?ic/eiao ?c eiiaaeoe??th;

oai?aoe/ii aea/aii e?iaoeeo AOE o oiieeo oa?ao ?ic/eio, aeeth/ath/e
?aaeei IA?-caoaeaeaiiy, caeaaeiino? AOE a?ae i?aeaeaeo?iaeii? a?aenoai?
? eiioeaio?aoe?? ethi?iioi?o, ui ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie
aenia?eiaio?a.

5. Noai?aii iia? aeniei?ioaineai? AOE-eiiiiceoe?? (A.n. 683214, 807380,
809968, 858328,875836,1094336,1094337,1111480,1145670,1317916) ?c
aeaeo?ie?ciei na?o?iiyi o ??cieo ae?eyieao aeaeeiiai niaeo?a, ye? iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe o i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ao.

6. Aea/aii e ?ioa?i?aoiaaii aieiai? aeaeo?iiioe/i?, aeeth/ath/e niaeo?e,
oa aeaeo?io?i?/i? aeanoeaino? AOE-nenoai ?c cai?uaieie
1,2-ae?a?eeaoeeaio, 1,4-aeea?ieeaaicieo, 2,5-aeeoai?eienacieo,
(2-i??acie?io, iaooae?i?aeo.

7. Anoaiiaeaii ei?aeyoe?th AOE-ni?iiiaeiino? iieaeoe aea/aieo neeaaeieo
i?aai?/ieo niieoe o ?ic/ei? c ?oiueith aeaeo?iiiith iiaoaeiaith.
Iieacaii e iaa?oioiaaii, ui aeiii?i? aoiii? oa?oioaaiiy o
?aaeoe?eiiaeoeaieo iieiaeaiiyo iieaeoe i?aeaeuothoue Iecl /a?ac
ca?eueoaiiy eiia??iino? ?aeiia?iaoe?e ?ii-?aaeeeae?a.

8. ia aac? ?acoeueoao?a aeaeo?io?i?/ieo, niaeo?aeueieo aeine?ae?a ?
iieiaeaiue oai??? aae?aaaoe/ieo i?ae?iiieo aeaeo?iiieo ia?aoiae?a o
?ic/eiao aecia/aii aia?aaoeeo, ?aeaioeo?eiaaii iaoai?cie ooai?aiiy ?
aei?ii?ithaaeueii? caaeaae? ai?oa??a AOE o aea/aieo nenoaiao. Iieacaii,
ui ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?c ieo ? aia?aiaeao?oeeoieie T-oeio c
o?eieaoieie ?ioa?iaae?aoaie. ia/eneaii eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? canaeaiiy o
?aeiia?iaoe?eieo aeaeo?iiieo ia?aoiaeao neiaeao-caoaeaeaiiai,
o?eieaoiiai ? iniiaiiai noai?a iieaeoe, iieacaii, ui inoaii? ia aaaaoi
ii?yaee?a ieae/a — iane?aeie aeniei? aecia?a?/iino? “na?oeiaeo”
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?IA. cai?iiiiiaaii iiyniaiiy aenieeo aeoiae?a
aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeaieo iieaeoe o aecia?a?/ieo ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo ?IA c?
na?oeiaei?ii?ithaaiiyi o ?ic/eiao, ui aeaeo?ie?cothoueny. Ca aeiiiiiaith
“iaai?oiiioe/ii? ae?aaiinoeee” ?aeaioeo?eiaaii iaoai?cie AOE-?aaeoe?e
aea/aieo nenoai. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ca?aathoueny c ?ic?aooieaie
e?iaoeee ?IA, aeaeo?io?i?/ieie ? niaeo?aeueieie aeaieie — oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?oith aeinoia??i?noue.

9. Aia?oa ?aae?ciaaii eiiieaeniee
oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueii-iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie
AOE-aiae?co ?ic/ei?a, iieacaii oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? AOEA o iaooe?,
oaoi?oe?, aeieia??, iaaeeoeei?. I?e oeueiio:

o aiaeii-eoaeiiio ?ic/ei?;

iieacaii ia?aaaae aeei?enoaiiy AOEA o ae??oaii? aeieia?/ieo caaea/,
aeeth/ath/e aiae?c aiae aeey aecia/aiiy neeaaeo i?aai?/ieo
caa?oaeithaa/?a — oiene/ieo eaioea?iaaiieo iie?oeeee?/ieo a?iiaoe/ieo
aoaeaaiaei?a, cai?iiiiiaaii i?inoo, iaae?eio ? aeiiii?/io AOE-iaoiaeeeo
?oiueiai aecia/aiiy o aiae? a ?ioa?aae? 10 iI(0,1 ieI (??oaiiy i?i
aeaea/o iaoaioo Oe?a?ie a?ae 09.12.98 ii cayaoe? ?98010440/4550;
cayaeaii 27.01.98).

10. Aia?oa ?aae?ciaaii eiiieaenia oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueia aea/aiiy
in situ ca aeiiiiiaith aiiiaaiii? aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E aaoa?iaaiieo
aeanoeainoae iiaa?oi? aeaeo?iae?a ? oa?aaea?anueeeo ?aaeoe?e
aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a, oneeaaeiaieo o?i?/ieie noaae?yie c eaa?eueieie
?ioa?iaae?aoaie. I?e oeueiio:

aeieacaia e?i?eia ei?aeyoe?y aeaeo?io?i?/ieo ? iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae
AOE-nenoai (oaeaee?noue ? no?oi oa?aaea?anueeeo i?ioean?a, oaeaee?noue
ianooiieo aiiiaaiieo “na?oeiaeo” ?IA, ?ioaineai?noue AOE), yea aeicaiey?
a iioe/iiio eaiae? c aenieith oi/i?noth aecia/aoe ia?aiao?e aeaeo?iaeieo
i?ioean?a i?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei ?c AOE-aeoeai?noth; cai?iiiiiaaii ?
aeine?aeaeaii iiaee iioe/iee iaoiae aenieioi/iiai aecia/aiiy
?aaeien-iioaioe?ae?a i?aai?/ieo aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a ?c
AOE-aieueoiethiia?ai (A.n.1075140);

iieacaii, ui iaoiae aaoa?iaaiiiai AOE-aiae?co iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe
aeey a?coae?caoe?? aeaeo?io?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? no?oiii?ia?aeii? iiaa?oi?
in situ, ioe?iai? eiai a?aie/i? iiaeeeaino?, o ?aieao cai?iiiiiaaii?
o?i?ei-o?ce/ii? iiaeae? aea/aia oa ?ioa?i?aoiaaia e?iaoeea AOE a?ey
aeaiaio?a aeaeo?iaeii? iiaa?oi? ??cii? aaiiao???;

ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai iioe/iiai iaoiaeo a?coae?caoe??
oa?aaea?anueeiai no?oio iaea?aeaii cia?aaeaiiy ? cae?eniaii
oioiaeaeo?e/io ?a?no?aoe?th ?iciiae?eo AOE ii iiaa?oi? ??cieo
aeaeo?iae?a.

11. Aia?oa aea/aii ae?aaiinoe/i? iiaeeeaino? iioe/iiai AOE-iaoiaeo
“na?oeiaeo ni?iiaeo ianoie” eaa?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a, o o./. ?aaeeeaeueieo
?ioa?iaae?ao?a aeaeo?iaeieo ?aaeoe?e i?aai?/ieo niieoe, oneeaaeiaieo
ianooiieie (aeaeo?i)o?i?/ieie noaae?yie. Aeine?aeaeaii aeaeo?io?i?/i? oa
AOE-aeanoeaino? ?ic/ei?a iecee aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi??a ?c aiae?oe/iei
?aaaaioii Ph4BNa {Ph=(C6H5)}; ?aeaioeo?eiaaii iaoai?ci aeaeo?iieeneaiiy
Ph4B- ? eiai aiiaeii? AOE, ui aeeth/a? noaae?th ooai?aiiy
?aaeoe?eiiaeoeaieo eaa?eueieo ?ioa?iaae?ao?a Ph( c ?oi?i ianooiiei
“ia?aoiieaiiyi” eao?ii-?aaeeeaeaie o “na?oeiaeo” ?aeiia?iaoe?eieo
aecia?a?/ieo i?ioeanao.

c ooai?aiiyi ?ioa?iaae?ao?a – aeaeo?io?i?/ii iaaeoeaieo aeaeo-

.

13. Aia?oa AOE-iaoiaeii aea/aii ia?aiao?e a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oa?o o
?ic/eiao ?c eiiaaeoe??th (A.n.1242807).

14. ?icaeyiooi aeei?enoaiiy AOE-iaoiaeo o aeayeeo iaeanoyo o?ceee,
o?i??, iioiaeaeo?ii?ee ? cai?iiiiiaaii ieceo oai?aoe/ieo,
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie i?eno?i?a, ui
ooee?cothoue yaeua AOE. I?e oeueiio:

cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee i?ea?iaeueiee niin?a aei??o iiooaeiino? oeueo?acaoeo
(A.n. 1226300) ii ?a?no?aoe?? ?ioaineaiino? aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E o ??aeei?;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaeiaa?aioiee AOE-?iaeeeaoi? ?c i?aeaeuaieie
?ioaineai?noth aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? ?ano?nii ?iaioe (A.n.1252813);

cai?iiiiiaaii eiia?iiaaio iaoiaeeeo caoaeaeaiiy eiaa?aioiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy o AOE-nenoaiao c ia?aiinii aia?a??, ui ii?aeio?
aeaeo?ie?c ?c eaca?iei i?aeea/oaaiiyi, iai?eeeaae, iaiinaeoiaeieie
?iioeuenaie acioiiai eaca?o;

cai?iiiiiaaii i?eno??e aeey eiio?ieth iioaioe?inoaoe/ieo i?eeaae?a, o
oiio /ene? e AOE-i?ia?aiaoi??a (A.n.1422122).

15. Iienaii ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioo ? aia?aoo?a. I?e oeueiio:

i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioo, ui aeei?enoiaothoue aeey
caoaeaeaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?ie?cii? ??E — iiaeeo?eiaai?
aeaeo?io?i?/i? (aieueoaiia?iiao??y o y/aeeao ?c ia?ooiieie ?
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieie aeaeo?iaeaie, aeaeo?ie?c IA?-iai?oaith) oa iioe/i?
(ethi?ianoeaioi?); ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaiaaii ia cia/i?e e?eueeino?
AOE-nenoai ieceo i?ea?iaeueieo iaoiaeee ? i?eno?i?a, ye? aeicaieythoue
i?iaiaeeoe eiiieaeni? aeaeo?io?i?/i? e AOE-aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiiiaaiiee ?
aaoa?iaaiiee AOE-aiae?c;

e?eoe/ii ?icaeyiooi e nenoaiaoeciaaii eiino?oeoe?? AOE-y/aeie ?
aeaeo?iaeieo nenoai aeey aeei?enoaiiy o eiie?aoieo caaea/ao, ?ic?iaeai?
i?ea?iaeuei? y/aeee ? aeaeo?iaei? nenoaie, ye? aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe
aeine?aee o noaoe?iia?ieo ? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?ic/eiao, a oaeiae i?e
??cieo ciai?oi?o oiiaao;

?ic?iaeaii oa noai?aii aaoiiaoeciaaiee eiiieaen aeaeo?iiii-iioe/ieo
i?eeaae?a aeey aeaeo?io?i?/ieo, AOE-aeine?aeaeaiue ? aiae?co “AEAI-2”.

Nienie iniiaieo iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1. ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue iaoiae a yeaeo?ioeiee
i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee//Eoiae iaoee e oaoi. Na?. Yeaeo?ioeiey. -I.:
AEIEOE, 1993.-O.39.-N.173-184.

2. Ethieianoeaioeey aeaooeiiiiiaioiuo nenoai i?e noaoeeiia?iii e
eiioeueniii aicaoaeaeaiee/Eaaooei I.O., Oea/ TH.A., Aieiaaiei A.I.,
Aeyoeiaa A.E., ?iaeeoeeee I.I.//Oe?. oec. aeo?iae.-1974.-O.19,
?4.-N.547-551.

3. Auo A.E., Aieiaaiei A.I., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Aeeoooceiiiay eeiaoeea
aeeaeeioaciie yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeee//AEo?i. i?eee.
niaeo?.-1981.-O.34, aui.3.-N.424-429.

4. Auo A.E., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?iaaia?e?iaaiiay oaieethieianoeaioeey
?anoai-

?ia ethieiioi?ia//Eca.AINNN?.-Na?.oec.-1983.-O.47, ?7.-N.1360-1364.

5. Auo A.E., ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aeaenaiae?oe A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiiai eiaeeeaoi?a n i?iea/eie aeoeaiie
n?aaeu//Yeaeo?iiiay oaoieea.-Na?.4.-1984.-Aui.6.-N.53-57.

6. Auo A.E., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeey e aa
iao/ii-oaoie/aneia i?eiaiaiea//Eca. AI NNN?.-Na?. oec.-1987.-O.51,
?3.-N.584-590.

7. Auo A.E., Eoeiaa A.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Iaoaieciu
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeee eiiiiceoeee, niaea?aeaueo aieiiu
oei?a//Yeaeo?ioeiey.-1987.-O.23, aui.7.-N.928-935.

8. Auo A.E., Aieiaaiei A.I., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. O?ainii?o aauanoaa a
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoee?othueo ?anoai?ao//Yeaeo?ioeiey.-1987.-O.23,
aui.8.-N.1067-1072.

9. Aieiaaiei A.I., ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Nae?ue E.A. Aiaeec
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeee a aacyeaeo?ieeoiuo oiieineieiuo
y/aeeao//AEo?i. i?eee. niaeo?.-1989.-O.51,aui.5.-N.773-777.

10. Aieiaaiei A.I., ?iaeeoeeee I.I., *aiaeaaa E.A.
Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeey ?anoai?ia a y/aeeao n a?auathueiny aeeneiaui
yeaeo?iaeii i?e aeiiey?iii eiioeueniii
yeaeo?ieeca//AEo?i.oec.oeiee.-1990.-O.64, ?3.-N.766-771.

11. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aieiaaiei A.I. Aiciiaeiinoe eiioeueniie
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeee i?e aiaeeca aauanoa a
?anoai?ao//Yeaeo?ioeiey.-1991.-O.27, aui.2.-N. 197-201.

12. ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue aiaeec ?anoai?ia//AEo?i.
aiaeeo. oeiee.-1992.-O.47, aui.10-11.-N.1765-1793.

13. Ai?caiei I.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Ieiaeiaa ?.A., Iaeean E.ss.
Yeaeo?ioeie/aneea e yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiua naienoaa i?iecaiaeiuo
iaooaeeieaea//Yeaeo?ioeiey.-1993.-O.29, ?2.-N.253-260.

14. Eoeiaa A.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue iaoiae
enneaaeiaaiey iiaa?oiinoe yeaeo?iaeia e aecoaeecaoeee oa?aaeaaaneeo
i?ioeannia. Iaoiaeeea, aiia?aoo?a e yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey//Oai aea.-N.261-266.

15. Aieiaaiei A.I., Eoeiaa A.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I.
Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey iiaa?oiinoe yeaeo?iaeia
e aecoaeecaoeee oa?aaeaaaneeo i?ioeannia. Aeeoooceiiii-eeiaoe/aneay
iiaeaeue YOE a y/aeeao n yeaeo?iaeaie n ?acee/iuie iiaa?oiinoiuie
aeaoaeoaie e aaoa?iaaiiinoueth//Oai aea.-1993.-O.29, ?7.-N.837-843.

16. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aaeao A.I., Auo A.E. Aeinoeaeaiey, i?iaeaiu e
ia?niaeoeau YOE-aiaeeca//AEo?i. aiaeeo. oeiee.-1994.-O.49,
?9.-N.920-925.

17. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Eoeiaa A.A., Aaeao A.I., Auo A.E. Aiia?aoo?a
“YEAI-2i” aeey aiiiaaiiiai e aaoa?iaaiiiai YOE-aiaeeca//Oai
aea.-N.1029-1031.

18. Aieiaaiei A.I., Auo A.E., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. O?ainii?o aauanoaa a
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoee?othueo ?anoai?ao. Eiiaaeoeaiue ianniia?aiin a
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiuo y/aeeao//Yeaeo?ioeiey.-1994.-O.30,
?9.-N.1138-1144.

19. Aaeao A.I., Eoeiaa A.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue
iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey iiaa?oiinoe yeaeo?iaeia e aecoaeecaoeee
oa?aaeaaaneeo i?ioeannia. Ii?a-

aeaeaiea ?aaeien-iioaioeeaeia i?aaie/aneeo aeaiiey?ecaoi?ia a
yeaeo?iaeiuo i?ioeannao, ineiaeiaiiuo oeie/aneie noaaeeae e i?e aunieeo
oiiiauo oieao yeaeo?ieeca//Oai aea.-N.1145-1155.

20. Aaeao A.I., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue (YOE) iaoiae
enneaaeiaaiey yeaeo?iaeiuo ?aaeoeee, ineiaeiaiiuo oeie/aneeie noaaeeyie.
Iaoaieciu ?aaeoeee ieeneaiey e aiiaeiie YOE a nenoaiao n
oao?aoaieeai?aoii iao?ey//Yeaeo?ioeiey.-1996.-O.32, ?11.-N.1369-1378.

21. Ai?caiei I.A., Auo A.E., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yia?aaoeea e eeiaoeea
aiiiaaiiuo YOE-?aaeoeee ia?aiina yeaeo?iia a ?anoai?ao
iaooaeeieaeia//Oai aea.-N.1379-1385.

22. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Eoeiaa A.A., Aaeao A.I., Aieiaaiei A.I. I?eai?u
aeey i?iaaaeaiey yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiiai e yeaeo?ioeie/aneiai
aiaeeca aauanoa a ?anoai?ao//Nia?aiaiiua i?eai?u e iai?oaeiaaiea aeey
oeie/aneeo e niaeo?aeueiuo eaai?aoi?ee.-I.: IAeIOI, 1990.-N.28-33.

23. Eoeiaa A.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Onoaiiaea aeey i?iaaaeaiey
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiiai aiaeeca i?iaiaeyueo iiaa?oiinoae//Oai
aea.-N.33-37.

24. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aaeao A.I., Ai?caiei I.A. Aiciiaeiinoe
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiiai iaoiaea ii?aaeaeaiey i?eianae a ai?ioiiiuo
aeeiiey?iuo ?anoai?eoaeyo i?e eo i?iecaiaenoaa e i?eiaiaiee//Nia?aiaiiua
iaoiaeu aiaeeoe/aneiai eiio?iey ia i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo.-I.:
IAeIOI, 1991.-N.94-98.

25. ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiua aeaoaeoi?u a
aeeaeeinoiie o?iiaoia?aoee//Nia?aiaiiua i?eai?u e iai?oaeiaaiea aeey
oeie/aneeo e niaeo?aeueiuo eaai?aoi?ee.-I.: IAeIOI, 1991.-N.21-27.

26. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aaeao A.I., Ai?caiei I.A. YOE-aiaeec
iieeoeeeee/aneeo a?iiaoe/aneeo oaeaaiaei?iaeia a aiaea//Oai
aea.-N.104-108.

27. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aaeao A.I. Aiciiaeiinoe YOE-aiaeeca i?aaie/aneeo
aauanoa a iauaeoao ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu//Eino?oiaioaeueiua iaoiaeu
aiaeeca a yeieiaee.-Na. iao/.-iaoiaee/. o?oaeia.-Aui.1.-?eaa: Yiaei,
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28. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aaeao A.I., Aaae?ee A.E., Ieiaeiaa ?.A.
Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue iaoiae eiio?iey i?iaeoeoia ?aaeoeee Aeooeaa
i?e neioaca aeea?eeyoeeaiia// Nia?aiaiiua i?eai?u e iai?oaeiaaiea aeey
oeie/aneeo e niaeo?aeueiuo eaai?aoi?ee.-I.: Oe?AeC, 1992.-N.20-25.

29. Auo A.E., Eoeiaa A.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue
aaoa?iaaiiue aiaeec: oai?ey, iaoiaeeea, aiia?aoo?a//O?ceei-o?i?/i?,
no?oeoo?i? oa ai?n?ei? aeanoeaino? oiieeo ie?aie ? iiaa?oi? oaa?aeiai
o?ea.-Oai. na. iaoe. i?aoeue//I?ae ?aae. aeaae. I.A. Iaoiaee?ia.-Aei.2,
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30. ?iaeeoeueeee I.I. Aeaeo?ie?cia ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eia
ethi?ianoeaioe?y ??aeeeo na?aaeiaeu oa ?? canoinoaaiiy o
iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ? ae?aaiinoeoe?//Yeaeo?iieea e
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31. A.n.807380 NNN?, IEE N09K 11/06. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiay
eiiiiceoeey/Iaeean E.ss., Auo A.E., Ai?iiaiei O.I., ?iaeeoeeee
I.I., Eoeiaa A.A. (NNN?).-

?2573756/23-04; Cayaeaii 26.01.78; Iioae. 23.02.81, Athe. ?7.-4 n.

32. A.n.1075140 NNN?, IEE G01N 27/52. Niinia ii?aaeaeaiey iioaioeeaeia
ieeneaiey e ainnoaiiaeaiey aauanoa, niiniaiuo e
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeee/Auo A.E., Eoeiaa A.A., ?iaeeoeeee I.I.
(NNN?).-? 3512027/18-25; Cayaeaii 12.11.82; Iioae. 23.02.84, Athe. ?7.-6
n.

33. A.n. 1226300 NNN?, IEE G01 N 29/04,H04 R 29/00. Niinia ecia?aiey
eioaineaiinoe oeueo?acaoea/Aeaenaiae?oe A.A., Aieia TH.N., Auo A.E.,
Ei?naeia A.N., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. (NNN?).-?3805758/25-28; Cayaeaii
24.10.84; Iioae. 23.04.86, Athe. ?15.-4 n.

34. A.n. 1242807 NNN?, IEE G 01N 27/50. Niinia ii?aaeaeaiey ia?aiao?ia
aeae?iaeeiaie/aneiai iia?aie/iiai neiy/A.A. Aeaenaiae?oe, A.E. Auo, N.E.
AEaeaiia, I.I. ?iaeeoeeee (NNN?).-?3847212/24-25; Cayaeaii 10.01.85;
Iioae. 07.07.86, Athe. ?15.-2 n.

35. A.n. 1252813 NNN?, IEE G09 F 9/00. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue
eiaeeeaoi?/Aeaenaiae?oe A.A., Aieia TH.N., Auo A.E., Ei?naeia A.N.,
?iaeeoeeee I.I. (NNN?).-?3862635/24-24; Cayaeaii 27.02.85; Iioae.
23.08.86, Athe. ?31.-3 n.

36. A.n.1422122 NNN?, IEE G 01 N 27/48. Ono?ienoai aeey eiio?iey
iioaioeeinoaoe/aneeo i?eai?ia/A.E. Auo, A.I. Aieiaaiei, A.A. Eoeiaa,
I.I. ?iaeeoeeee (NNN?).-?3993081/31-25; Cayaeaii 23.12.85; Iioae. 07.09.
88, Athe. ?33.-4 n.

37. Iao. 16056 Oe?a?ia, IE? G01 N27/416. Niinia aecia/aiiy aiiiiia
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38. Auo A.E., Aieiaaiei A.I., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey
yeaeo?iiiie no?oeoo?u yeaeo?iaeoeaiuo niaaeeiaiee ia eceo/aoaeueiua
naienoaa yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiuo eiiiiceoeee//Aeai. Oe?IEEOE.-1982,
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39. Aeaenaiae?oe A.A., Auo A.E., ?iaeeoeeee I.I.
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iaoiaeu iioeiecaoeee ia?aiao?ia//Aeai. Oe?IEEIOE.-1985, ?352 OE-85
AeAI.-56 n.

40. Auo A.E., Aieiaaiei A.I., ?iaeeoeeee I.I. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiuo yeaiaioia//Aeai. Oe?.IEEIOE.-1985, ?51 OE-85
AeAI.-31 n.-A.O. AEIEOE “Aeai.iao/i.?aaiou”.-1985, ?5(163).

41. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Aieiaaiei A.I., Ii?ioianeee TH.E. Eeiaoeea
yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiuo ?aaeoeee yeaeo?iiiiai ia?aiina n ?acee/iie
naiaiaeiie yia?aeae//Aeai. Oe?IEEIOE.-1987, ?1983-Oe 87.-13 n.-A.O.
AEIEOE “Aeai. iao/. ?aaiou”.-1987, ?11 (193).

42. Belash E.M., Borzenko O.V., Rozhitsky N.N. The analytical
application of electrochemiluminescence//International Soc.
Electrochemistry 37th Meeting.-Extended Abstr.-Vilnius,
1986.-V.III.-P.393-396.

43. Belash E.M., Bykh A.I., Kukoba A.V., Rozhitsky N.N. Application of
electrochemiluminescence for investigation of some parameters of
electrode processes in organic electrochemistry//Ibid.-V.IV.-P.15-17.

44. ?iaeeoeueeee I.I. No/aniee noai aeaeo?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioiiai aiae?co
?ic/ei?a//Anaoe?. eiio. c aiae?oe/ii? o?i??, i?enay/. 90-??//th a?ae
aeiy ia?iaeae. aeaae. A.E. Aaaea.-Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae?.- Ee?a, 1995.-N.8.

45. Rozhitskii N. Mathematical Modeling of the Electrogenerated
Chemiluminescence Kinetics in Fluid Solutions with Convection Flow and
Its Application to the Hydrodynamics Boundary Layer Study//International
Soc. Electrochemistry 193rd Meeting.-Meet. Abstracts.-San Diego, USA,
1998.-P.899.

46. ?iaeeoeeee I.I., Auo A.E. Yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioiue iaoiae a
aeiiaaeeoeeineeo enneaaeiaaieyo//Oai?ey e oaoieea ia?aaea/e, i?e?ia e
ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee.-Na. iao/. o?oaeia.-Ooaina, 1998.-N.380-383.

47. ?iaeeoeueeee I.I. ?ioiiaeaeo?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioiee aiae?c — iiaee
??ciiaeae a?iiaaee/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ae?aaiinoeee//Anaoe?. eiio. c
aiae?oe/ii? o?i??, i?enay/. 90-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeae./e.-ei?. IAI
Oe?a?ie A.A. Iaca?aiea.-Iaoeia? aeiiia?ae?.-Oaeai?iae, 1998-N 19.

?iaeeoeueeee I.I. Aeaeo?ie?cia ?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eia ethi?ianoeaioe?y
neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie 01.04.05 — iioeea, eaca?ia o?ceea; 01.04.17 —
o?i?/ia o?ceea, o?ceea ai??iiy oa aeaooo.-Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?. Ia/i?eiaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1999
?.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oai?aoe/iiio oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
aeine?aeaeaiith o?ce/ieo ? o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a aeaeo?ie?cii?
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? — aeaeo?iaaia?iaaii?
oai?ethi?ianoeaioe?? (AOE) neeaaeieo i?aai?/ieo niieoe o eiiaeainiaaieo
na?aaeiaeuao, aecia/aiith, iaa?oiooaaiith, ?ic?iaoe? ? aeine?aeaeaiith
iia?oi?o iaoiae?a canoinoaaiiy yaeua AOE. Cae?eniaii iiaoaeiao
aaeaeaaoieo o?i?ei-o?ce/ieo ? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?ioeano,
iaoaiaoe/iei iiaeaethaaiiyi oai?aoe/ii ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino?
aeaeo?ie?cii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? o ?ic/eiao ?c aeeooc??th oa eiiaaeoe??th.
Iioeei-aeaeo?io?i?/ieie iaoiaeaie aeine?aeaeaii AOE-aeanoeaino? iiaeo
yne?aaeo nenoai ?c neeaaeieie i?aai?/ieie niieoeaie — a?iiaoe/ieie
aoaeaaiaeiyie ? aaoa?ioeeeeaie, anoaiiaeaii ca’ycie i?ae oeeie
aeanoeainoyie e aeaeo?iiiith iiaoaeiaith iieaeoe aeacaieo niieoe.
C’yniaaii iaoai?cie aeieeiaiiy ai?oa??a AOE, ?aeaioeo?eiaaii oe? /anoee,
aieea ia ?o ooai?aiiy aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o aeey nenoaie oaeoi??a.
Cai?iiiiiaaii e iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o iioeoe?,
o?ce/i?e aeaeo?ii?oe?, aeaeo?io?i??, ethi?ianoeaioiiio aiae?c?,
aeieia??, iaaeeoeei? oiui. ?ic?iaeaii ? noai?aii iia? AOE-iaoiaeeee,
i?eno?i? oa aeaeo?iiii-iioe/io aia?aoo?o “AEAI-2”, ye? caaacia/othoue
oaea canoinoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaeo?iaei? oa?aaea?anuee? i?ioeane, aeaeo?ie?cia
?aaeeeae-?aeiia?iaoe?eia ethi?ianoeaioe?y, aeaeo?iiii-caoaeaeai?
iieaeoee, aeaeo?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe?y (AOE), aeaeo?ioai?ethi?iioi?,
ai?oa?, AOE-aiae?c, ?ii-?aaeeeaee, aeaeo?iiii-iioe/i? i?eeaaee “AEAI-2”,
iaoai?cie AOE, ?aaeoe?? ia?aiino aeaeo?iia, neeaaei? i?aai?/i? niieoee.

?iaeeoeeee I.I. Yeaeo?ieeciay ?aaeeeae-?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiay
ethieianoeaioeey neiaeiuo i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.05 – iioeea, eaca?iay oeceea; 01.04.17 —
oeie/aneay oeceea, oeceea ai?aiey e ac?uaa.-Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao ei. E.E. Ia/ieeiaa Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu,
Iaeanna, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoe/aneiio e yenia?eiaioaeueiiio
enneaaeiaaieth oece/aneeo e oeieei-oece/aneeo iaoaieciia yeaeo?ieeciie
?aaeeeae-?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiie ethieianoeaioeee — yeaeo?iaaia?e?iaaiiie
oaieethieianoeaioeee (YOE) i?aaie/aneeo niaaeeiaiee a eiiaeaine?iaaiiuo
n?aaeao, ii?aaeaeaieth, iainiiaaieth, ?ac?aaioea e enneaaeiaaieth
iiaaeoeo iaoiaeia i?eiaiaiey yaeaiey YOE. Inouanoaeaii iino?iaiea
aaeaeaaoiuo oeieei-oece/aneeo e iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae i?ioeanna,
iaoaiaoe/aneei iiaeaee?iaaieai oai?aoe/anee ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe
yeaeo?ieeciie ethieianoeaioeee a ?anoai?ao n aeeoooceae e eiiaaeoeeae.
Iioeei-yeaeo?ioeie/aneeie iaoiaeaie enneaaeiaaiu YOE-naienoaa iiauo
y?eeo nenoai ni neiaeiuie i?aaie/aneeie niaaeeiaieyie — a?iiaoe/aneeie
oaeaaiaei?iaeaie e aaoa?ioeeeeaie, onoaiiaeaia naycue iaaeaeo yoeie
naienoaaie e yeaeo?iiiui no?iaieai iieaeoe oeacaiiuo niaaeeiaiee.
Auyniaiu iaoaieciu aicieeiiaaiey yieooa?ia, eaeaioeoeoee?iaaiu yoe
/anoeoeu e aeeyiea ia eo ia?aciaaiea aioo?aiieo e aiaoieo aeey nenoaiu
oaeoi?ia. I?aaeeiaeaii e iainiiaaii i?eiaiaiea ?acoeueoaoia a iioeea,
oece/aneie yeaeo?iieea, yeaeo?ioeiee, ethieianoeaioiii aiaeeca,
yeieiaee, iaaeeoeeia e ae?. ?ac?aaioaiu e nicaeaiu iiaua YOE-iaoiaeeee,
ono?ienoaa e yeaeo?iiii-iioe/aneay aiia?aoo?a “YEAI-2”, iaania/eaathuea
yoe i?eiaiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eii-?aaeeeaeu, yeaeo?iiii-iioe/aneea i?eai?u “YEAI-2”,
iaoaieciu YOE, ?aaeoeey ia?aiina yeaeo?iia, neiaeiua i?aaie/aneea
niaaeeiaiey, yeaeo?ieeciay ?aaeeeae-?aeiiaeiaoeeiiiay ethieianoeaioeey,
yeaeo?iiii-aicaoaeaeaiiua iieaeoeu, yeaeo?ioaieethieianoeaioeey (YOE),
yeaeo?ioaieethieiioi?, yeaeo?iaeiua oa?aaeaaaneea i?ioeannu, yieooa?,
YOE-aiaeec.

Rozhitskii N.N. Electrolysis radical recombinative luminescence of
complex organic compounds.-Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree by specialties 01.04.05 — optics, laser
physics; 01.04.17 — chemical physics, physics of combustion and
explosion.-Odessa Ilya Mechnikov State University of Ministry of
Education of Ukraine, Odessa, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to elucidation by theoretical and
experimental investigations of physical and chemical physical mechanisms
of complex organic compounds electrolysis radical recombinative
luminescence or electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL), to definition,
substantiation, development and investigation of ECL newest methods
utilization in physics, chemistry and other fields. The most full known
analytical review of scientific literature concerning ECL phenomenon,
back to pioneer works on light emission during solution electrolysis,
published in the end of 19th — the beginning of 20th centuries
has been car out. Critical review is made of ECL nature as a specific
type of luminescence, excited with rather high efficiency by
electrolysis energy, and its differences from solution photoluminescence
are defined. The adequate chemical physical models of electrolysis
recombinative luminescence processes are proposed. On a base of those
models the calculations by mathematical modeling of the recombinative
electron transfer reactions (ETR) organic electrochemiluminescers
reagents (ion-radicals) and products (electronically excited molecules,
i.e. emitter) concentration kinetics as well as ECL kinetics in systems
with diffusion and convection flow are carried out and new results are
obtained. Among the latter are the light-emitting recombinative
reactions profiles, its distance from the working electrode plane
surface, dependence on electrolysis mode, rate of initial Faradaic
reactions etc. Those allow parameters of ECL and its excitation
conditions optimization etc. Expressions for Faradaic current and
light-emitted recombination zone kinetics in energosufficient systems
with direct ECL emitter formation complicated by “dark” reactions under
step bipolar electrolysis on stationary and hydrodynamic (rotating disc)
electrodes are obtained and analyzed by both digital and analytical
solutions. ECL kinetics regularities in cells with forced convection
solution flow by rotating disc electrode or laminar flow along the plane
electrode are obtained and studied. It is shown that ECL reactions
kinetics in both cases are quite similar. With the help of a set of
optical and electrochemical methods ECL properties of new bright systems
with complex organic compounds — electrochemiluminescers from chemical
classes of aromatic compounds (stylbens, divinylbenzols etc.) and
heterocycles (such as arylpyrazolines, naphtalimides) in different modes
of electrolysis luminescence excitation are investigated. A set of
criteria for recombinative luminescence emission, excited by Faradaic
electroorganic and solution radical recombinative reactions, has been
established for the first time. Also the correlation are found of
studied organic compounds ECL properties and their molecules
(-electronic structure. Namely, hydrogen atom substitution by electron
donor atomic groups in electrochemiluminescer molecule reaction active
sites increases ECL intensity due to probability rise of recombinative
processes between electrogenerated ion-radicals. ECL emitters’ formation
and decay mechanisms have been determined by a set of experimental and
calculation methods, ETR rate constant definition for population of
products — organic electrochemiluminescers molecules — different
electronic states including. The emitter’s identification has been
carried out by spectral, electrochemical, magnetooptical and other
methods, including new “light spin traps” method of free radicals
intermediates definition by their catching in light-emitting
recombination with electrochemiluminescers electrogenerated
ion-radicals. Also influence of different internal and external factors
for ECL system upon emitter formation — compounds nature, temperature,
ultrasonic, magnetic fields has been established and interpreted. On a
base of considered chemical physical models, obtained results of
experimental investigations and radical recombination rate constants
calculations, the explanation is proposed of very high rates (compared
with diffusion limited one) of product molecules electronic-excited
states (singlet or triplet) direct population in pair of ion-radicals
ETR recombinations. The reason is organic luminescer molecule
impoverishment and/or enrichment by electrons in electrochemical
Faradaic processes leading to exergonic (several eV) recombination
accompanied by light quanta emission. Successive consideration of
solution homogeneous direct and indirect ECL analysis (ECLA) methods is
carried out for the first time. The possibility of ECLA accomplishment
is based upon established correlation between electrolysis luminescence
intensity and analyte, i.e. object of definition, content. New methods
of different organic substances quantity definition, toxic cancerigenic
polynuclear aromatic compounds including (this is very essential for
ecology) with quite little limit of detection, up to 0,1 nM, by
measuring electrolysis luminescence intensity emitted from analyzed
system, have been developed and investigated. Obtained results show good
ECLA possibilities in different discussed applications — ecosystem
analysis, biomedical researches and diagnostics etc. Also the new method
of heterogeneous ECLA has been developed and investigated, that is in
situ (in electrolyzed solutions) luminescent studies of Faradaic
processes as well as electrode surface structure. Pointed method essence
based upon obtained mathematical relation between ECL intensity and
Faradaic current and consists of electrolysis luminescence intensity
measurement versus working electrode potential — so called
voltolumogramms — instead of traditionally obtained Faradaic
current-potential dependencies (voltammogramms). The former makes it
possible to study process in question with much more precision due to
absence of background electrolysis current influence, which distorts
voltammogramms. This is experimentally confirmed on a number of
investigated systems consisted of different organic
electrochemiluminescers and aprotic dipolar solvents and a new optical
(ECL) method of organic compounds fundamental parameters definition,
namely their redox-potentials, has been developed and studied. The
results of mathematical modeling of ECL kinetics near electrode surfaces
having different structure defects are correlated quite well with
experimental data — model electrodes ECL images. The obtained in
dissertation results of complex organic compounds electrolysis
luminescence investigation are proposed to utilize in optics (molecular
luminescence, laser physics), physical electronics (incoherent light
indicators) etc. Thus, new efficient ECL indicator has been developed
and the problem of a laser with electrochemical pumping has obtained
further development with proposed combined underthreshold optical and
electrochemical excitation in luminescers binary systems with electronic
energy transfer from donor to acceptor. Appropriate new methods,
equipment and “ELAN-2” electronic optical apparatus for ECL and
electrochemical experiments and liquid analysis are designed and
constructed, and its utility has been proved.

Key words: complex organic compounds, “ELAN-2” optical electronic
apparatus electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL), ECL analysis,
electrolysis radical recombinative luminescence, ECL kinetics and
mechanisms, electrochemiluminescers, electrode Faradaic processes,
electron exciting molecules, emitter, ion-radicals, recombination
processes.

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