2

AeIIAANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

AOIAO Aaaa Iaaea?ie

OAeE 666.9:541.1

AEAEO?IAEOEAAOe?EIA OAOIIEIA?ss NEE?EAOIIAI AAOIIO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.23.05 — Aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee ? ae?iae

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iae??aea — 1999

16

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e ia eaoaae?? aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ? ae?iaieoeoaa
aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaoa??iei Aaneeue
Aiae??eiae/, Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ? ae?iaieoeoaa
aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?eIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Aenioeueeee TH??e Ai?eniae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ceee, o?i??
e aeaeo?ioaoi?ee Aeiiaanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e;eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Ea?iaiei ?aai Naiaiiae/, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo
aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ? ae?ia?a (Aeiiaoeueeee I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeo
ei?ii?aoe?y Oe?aoae)I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, eaoaae?a ae?iaieoeoaa aoae?aaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e ? ae?ia?a I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Iaeana)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 4 ia?oa 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae12.085.01 Aeiiaanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith: 339023, Aeiiaoeueea iae., i.
Iae??aea, aoe. Aea?aeaa?ia, 2, I iaa/aeueiee ei?ion, cae can?aeaiue.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e: i. Iae??aea, aoe.
Aea?aeaa?ia, 2, I iaa/aeueiee ei?ion.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 4 » ethoiai 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, e.o.i., aeioeaio N.I. Oaiiaaeia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Eiino?oeoe?ei? aoae?aaeuei? ae?iae ?c nee?eaoiiai
aaoiio a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oeaiaioiaaoiiieo iaioith ia 10-15%
nia?aa?o?noth, iiaeeea?noth canoinoaaiiy i?e ?oiueiio ae?iaieoeoa?
iaaeao?oeeoii? ne?iaeie — aaiia ? nee?eaoieo iaoa??ae?a i?e?iaeiiai ?
oaoiiaaiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Iaaeie?eii oaoiieia?? ae?ia?a ?c nee?eaoiiai
aaoiio ? iaiao?aei?noue ?oiuei? aaoieeaaii? ia?iaee i?e oeneo aiaeyii?
ia?e 0,8-1,2 IIa i?ioyaii 8-12 aiaeei. Oea i?aeaeuo? aia?ai?ii?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa, oneeaaeith? e oaei?iae/o? i?ioean a?ae?ioa?iaeueiiai
neioaco nee?eaoiiai aaoiio.

Cieceoe ia?aiao?e aaoieeaaii? ia?iaee ? caaacia/eoe iaiao?aei?
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino? ae?ia?a iiaeia ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy a?eueo
?aaeoe?eiini?iiiaeieo ??ciiaeae?a e?aiiacaienoi? neeaaeiai? a’yaeo/iai.
I?e a?aenooiino? aii?oieo aai neeiiiae?aieo nee?eao?a canoiniaothoue
?ioaineai? niiniae iiiaeo eaa?oeiaiai i?neo ? ia?ai?ooaaiiy aaoiiieo
noi?oae, aaiaeyoue o?i?/i? aeiaaaee aai cae?eniththoue iiia?aaeith
oa?iiia?iaeo i?neo. I?ioa cacia/ai? caniae iio?aaothoue aeiaeaoeiaeo
aia?aaoe/ieo ? iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao. O ca’yceo c oeei ia?niaeoeaiei
??oaiiyi caaea/? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia?? nee?eaoiaaoiiieo
ae?ia?a iiaea noaoe aenieiaieueoia aeaeo?e/ia iiey?ecaoe?eia aeoeaaoe?y
eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeeiiaia ?iaioa ? iaeiei c aoai?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui i?iaiaeyoueny ia eaoaae?? “Aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee ?
ae?iaieoeoai aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e” AeiiAeAAA ca oaiith E-2-5-96
“Eiiiiceoe?ei? aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee i?aeaeuaii? aeiaaia?/iino? ia
iniia? a?aeoiae?a i?iieneiaino? e aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? ?o
ae?iaieoeoaa”, a?aeiia?aea? i??i?eoaoiiio iai?yieo ?icaeoeo iaoee ?
oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie “Aeieia?/ii /enoa aia?aaoeea e aia?aicaa??aath/?
oaoiieia??” ? caaea/ai oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano ?anioae?ee *aae a aaeoc?
aoae?aieoeoaa.

Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaii? aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oaoiieia??
nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a ia iniia? anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae aieeao
aenieiaieueoii? aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe?? eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e ia
oaa?ae?iiy ? aeanoeaino? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

— aeine?aeeoe aieea ia?aiao??a aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe?? ia caeaoi?noue
aei iiiaeo eaa?oeiaiai i?neo;

— aea/eoe caeaaei?noue aeaeo?iiiaa?oiaaeo aeanoeainoae iiey?eciaaieo
eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e a?ae ia?aiao??a aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe??;

— iioei?coaaoe ?aaeeie a?ae?ioa?iaeueiiai neioaco ca e?eoa???i i?oeiino?
nee?eaoiiai aaoiio ia aeaeo?iaeoeaiaaieo iaoa??aeao;

— aeine?aeeoe i?iaeoeoe oaa?ae?iiy aeoeaiaaieo nee?eaoieo aaoii?a;

— aea/eoe ii?iao no?oeoo?o ? aeaoi?iaoeai? aeanoeaino?
aeaeo?iaeoeaiaaieo nee?eaoieo aaoii?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe ? aei?iaoaaoe a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eio
oaoiieia?th nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a ? aecia/eoe ?? aoaeoeai?noue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

? onoaiiaeaii caeiiii??i?noue aeaiiey?ecaoe?? aeaeo?iia?iaeaieo
eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e: no?oie no?eaiiy a?eueieo ca?yae?a (aei i’yoe
oaeeei); no?oi neaaiaaeni?ae?iaaieo ca?yae?a ia iiaa?oi? /anoie (25-50
oaeeei); no?oi ia’?iii? iiey?ecaoe?? /anoie (10 ae?a ? a?eueoa).
Iieacaii, ui aeoeaiaaiee noai iaeaiiai eaa?oeo coiiaeaiee a iniiaiiio
ia’?iiith iiey?ecaoe??th ? iaeiie/aiiyi ca?yae?a ia i?aeoacieo iaaeao;

? io?eiaii e?euee?nio caeaaei?noue aaeni?aoe?eii? ?iiino? iiaa?oi?
iaeaiiai eaa?oeo a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ? o?eaaeino?
iiey?ecaoe?? ? aecia/aia iaeanoue ia?aiao??a aeaeo?iia?iaee aeenia?n?e,
ui caaacia/othoue iaeneiaeueiee aoaeo ?oiuei? aeoeaaoe??;

? aeiaaaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaia a?ae?aoaoe?eia aeoeai?noue i?e aaoieeaai?e
ia?iaoe? iiey?eciaaiiai iaeaiiai eaa?oeo ni?ey? ooai?aiith a nee?eaoiiio
aaoii? noaa?eueieo a?ae?inee?eao?a eaeueoe?th;

? onoaiiaeaii, ui ?ioaineo?eaoe?y a?ae?ioa?iaeueiiai oaa?ae?iiy aaoiio
ia aeaeo?e/ii iiey?eciaaiiio iaeaiiio eaa?oe? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie
eiai caaaeueii? ? aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ii?enoino? ? iie?auo? aeaoi?iaoeai?
aeanoeaino? nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a i?e caieiaeaii?-aenoooaaii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

? aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?? ? ?aoe?iiaeuei?
?aaeeie aaoieeaaoaaiiy nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a ia?ie 100-500;

? ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?ei?e oaoiieia??
nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a ? cae?eniaii aeione aeine?aeaeoaaeueii? ia?o??
nee?eaoii? oeaaee;

? i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeoeaaoe?eii? oaoiieia??
nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a.

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?ei?e oaoiieia?? nee?eaoiaaoiiieo
ae?ia?a ia?aaeaii Aieiaea?nueeiio caaiaeo nee?eaoii? oeaaee (Aeiiaoeueea
iaeanoue). Ia oeueiio i?aei?e?inoa? aeiouaia aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?o?y
nee?eaoii? oeaaee I150. Ia 2,5% cieaeaia nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a neeaaea?oueny a ianooiiiio:

— aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e, aea?? ? iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue;

— i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a ? aiae?c ?o ?acoeueoao?a;

— ?ic?iaea “?aeiiaiaeaoe?e …” ? i?aai?caoe?y aeioneo aeine?aeaeoaaeueii?
ia?o?? nee?eaoii? oeaaee.

O ioae?eaoe?yo ?c ni?aaaoi?aie caeiaoaa/ai aeeiiaia oaea: aea/aii aieea
ia?aiao??a aeaeo?iia?iaee eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e ia caeaoi?noue aei
iiiaeo i?neo [2, 3, 11], e?iaoeeo oaa?ae?iiy ? oaciaee neeaae aaoii?a,
aaoieeaaiaaieo i?e ??cieo oeneao ? o?eaaeino? [4, 5, 8, 9],
aeine?aeaeaia ?ioaa?aeueia ? aeeoa?aioe?eia ii?eno?noue aeoeaiaaieo
aaoii?a [3, 5], aecia/aiee noniaic?eiee aoaeo iiey?eciaaiiai eaa?oeiaiai
ii?ioeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae iai?oaeaiino? ? o?eaaeino? iiey?ecaoe?? [3,
6], aecia/aii o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio ia
aeaeo?iaeoeaiaaieo iaoa??aeao [2, 4, 7-11].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iia?aeiieai? ia oaeeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
“Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie no/aniiai cae?ciaaoiio” (i.Ee?a, 1996 ?.);
“Oi?ioaaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia o?aai?ciaaieo oa?eoi??yo
E?eio” (i.N?ioa?iiieue, 1996 ?.); “?ano?niaeiiiii? iaoa??aee,
eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? oa nii?oaee” (i.??aia, 1996 ?.); “Eiii’thoa?ia
iaoa??aeiciaanoai ? caaacia/aiiy yeino?. 36 I?aeia?iaeiee nai?ia?
IIE-36” (i.Iaeana, 1997 a.); “Oi?aae?iiy aia?aiaeei?enoaiiyi” (i.Euea?a,
1997 ?.); “Oni?oe oaoi?/ii? o?i?? ia Oe?a?i?” (i.Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.);
“No/ani? i?iaeaie aoae?aieoeoaa” (i.Aeiiaoeuee, 1997 ?.); “Aeaaeai?/i?
/eoaiiy” (i. Iae??aea, 1998 ?.), Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ca i?aenoieaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ca 1996-1997 ?iee (i.N?ioa?iiieue, 1998 a.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a 11 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeyo: 3 noaoo? a iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ca??ieeao; 8 — o iaoa??aeao
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 155 iaeiaioaaiue ia
16 noi?. ? 3 aeiaeaoe?a ia 10 noi?. I?noeoue 103 noi??iee iniiaiiai
oaenoo, 31 ?enoiie, 20 oaaeeoeue, 8 iiaieo noi??iie c ?enoieaie ?
oaaeeoeyie.

INIIAIee CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?eaaaeai? iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, iieacaii ?o
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ?icae?e? 1 aiae?cothoueny noai ? oeyoe ?ioaineo?eaoe??
a?ae?ioa?iaeueiiai neioaco nee?eaoieo aaoii?a. O ?iaioao a?o/eciyieo ?
caei?aeiiieo o/aieo i?aee?aneth?oueny aaaeeea?noue ?aaoethaaiiy oaciaiai
neeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a oaa?ae?iiy aaiiyii-e?aiiacaiieo a’yaeo/eo, na?aae
yeeo iaea?eueo noaa?eueieie ? oiaa?ii?eo, CSH(I) ? CSH(II) — oace.
*eiieeaie, ui aecia/athoue iine?aeiai?noue ? oaeaee?noue iaoaii?o?cio
iiaioai??a, ?: neeaae a’yaeo/iai, ia?aiao?e aaoieeaaoaaiiy (o?eaae?noue
? oene), aeae ? aeenia?ni?noue e?aiiacaiiiai a’yaeo/iai. Iaeiicia/ii
noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui canoinoaaiiy ianoaa?eueieo oi?i e?aiiacaio ni?ey?
?ioaineo?eaoe?? oaa?ae?iiy.

I?e aeei?enoaii? o ae?iaieoeoa? aaoieeaaieo iaoa??ae?a e?enoae?/ieo
??ciiaeae?a e?aiiacaio aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy iaaoaa? oaeo aii?o?caoe??
iiaa?oi? eiai /anoie o i?ioean? iiae??aithaaiiy. Iiyao aii?oii? iaieiiee
ca’ycothoue c ?ai?aai?caoe??th no?oeoo?e iiaa?oiaaiai i?ioa?eo a
?acoeueoao? ?ic?eaaiiy ca’yce?a Si-O i?e iiiae? ? c iayai?noth aeaoaeo?a
no?oeoo?e. Oe? oyaeaiiy ocaiaeaeothoueny c eiioeaioe??th aeoeaieo
oeaio??a. Oaea ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y i?aeaeuaii? o?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? iaeano?
i?inoi?iaiai ca?yaeo eaa?oeiaeo /anoie aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe iaeei c
aoaeoeaieo niinia?a caoaeaeaiiy aeoeaieo oeaio??a — ca aeiiiiiaith
aenieiaieueoii? aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe??. Aeaiee niin?a iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye aeey aeaeo?iia?iaee nooeo aeenia?nieo iaoa??ae?a
(nenoaia oaa?aea-aaciiiae?aia), oae ? aeey aieiaeo noi?oae (nenoaia
oaa?aea-??aeea). A?i aeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaiee ia i?eeeaae? oeaiaioieo
aaoii?a, aea ia aea/aiee o oaoiieia?? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio. Aiae?c
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ? i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iioae?eiaaieo c aeaiiai
ieoaiiy, aeicaieea noi?ioethaaoe iaoeiao a?iioaco i?i iiaeeea?noue
?ioaineo?eaoe?? oeyoii iiia?aaeiuei? aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe?? eaa?oeiaeo
aeenia?n?e i?ioean?a iiiaeo i?neo ? oaa?ae?iiy nee?eaoiiai aaoiio.

Iaaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae ? iaoeiaa a?iioaca iieeaaeai? a iniiao
noi?ioeueiaaieo iaoe ? caaea/ ?iaioe.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee, i?eeiyoeo aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue.
sse ne?iaeii? iaoa??aee aeei?enoai? eaa?oeiaee i?nie (ai?no SiO2 —
97,25%) ? aaiii iaaiac?aeueia ae?oaiai ni?oo ca AINO-9179, ui oe?iei
canoiniaothoueny e o ?anioae?oe? *aae. Aaciaee ?iai/ee neeaae
nee?eaoiaaoiiii? noi?o? aoa i?eeiyoee ia iniia? iiia?aaei?o
aenia?eiaio?a i?e oaeiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? eiiiiiaio?a ca ianith: iaeaiee
i?nie:i?nie:aaiii aaoaia:aiaea=1:8:1:1.

Aeaeo?e/io iiey?ecaoe?th eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e (i?neo aai iaeaiiai
eaa?oeo) cae?enithaaee a?aeiia?aeii aei noaie (?en.1.) c oiaueiith oa?o
iaoa??aeo 4-5 ni i?e ??cieoe? iioaioe?ae?a ia aeaeo?iaeao 2-22 eA
(A=0,4-5 eA/ni).

Aeaeo?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iiey?eciaaieo eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e
ioe?ithaaee aaee/eiaie noniaic?eiiai aoaeoo ? no?oio ?ic?yaeo i?ney
ciyooy aeaeo?e/iiai iiey. Oaciaee neeaae i?iaeoeo?a a?ae?ioa?iaeueiiai
neioaco aea/aee ia c?aceao aaoieeaaiaaieo a’yaeo/eo ca aeiiiiiaith
aea??aaoia?ao??, ?aioaaiia?ao?? oa ?io?a/a?aiii? niaeo?ineii??.

?ENOIIE 1

?en. 1. Noaia iiey?ecaoe?? aeenia?nieo iaoa??ae?a ? aei??e no?oio
?ic?yaeo.

AeAI — aeaea?aei aeniei? iai?oae;

O 5-7 — aei??thaa/ no?oio;

1, 5 — aeaeo?iaee;

2 — aeenia?niee iaoa??ae;

3 — ia?aieea/;

4 — iia?o?yiee i?ioa?ie.

Ii?iao no?oeoo?o nee?eaoiiai aaoiio aeine?aeaeoaaee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iei
iaoiaeii, aeaoi?iaoeai? aeanoeaino? — ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaeeeaoi??a
aiaeeiieeiaiai oeio c iiae?eeith 10-5 i.

O?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? aaoii?a aecia/aee ca noaiaea?oieie
iaoiaeeeaie.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ioe?ithaaee noaoenoe/iei
aiae?cii c aeei?enoaiiyi IAII c aeia??/ith ?iia??i?noth 95%.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeo?io?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ? caeaoiino? aei iiiaeo
iiey?eciaaieo eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e.

Aea/aiiy e?iaoeee aeaiiey?ecaoe?? eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e i?ney ciyooy
ciai?oiueiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe, a?aeiia?aeii aei
i?eeiyoi? o?ce/ii? iiaeae?, o?e aeaee ca?yae?a o nenoai?: a?euei?
ca?yaee (/an noieo aei i’youeio oaeeei); neaaeiaaeni?aiaai? ia iiaa?oi?
(/an noieo 25-50 oaeeei); no?oie ia’?iii? iiey?ecaoe?? (10 ae?a ?
a?eueoa) (?en. 2.)

?ENOIIE 2

?en. 2. Caeaaei?noue no?oio ?ic?yaeo iaeaiiai eaa?oeiaiai ii?ioeo a?ae
o?eaaeino? aeaiiey?ecaoe??:

1, 2 — oaiia?aoo?a na?aaeiaeua 15iN ? 25iN a?aeiia?aeii.

Aeoeaiaaiee noai iiey?eciaaiiai eaa?oeo coiiaeaiee ia’?iiith
iiey?ecaoe??th ? caa??aa?oueny i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano.

Ia’?iia iiey?ecaoe?y (ineaaeaiiy ca’yce?a O-Si) ? iaeiie/aiiy
iiiiiiey?ieo ca?yae?a ia i?aeoacieo iaaeao (a?aee?eoa iiaa?oiy,
i?e?iaeaoaeoe a ?aaeuei?e no?oeoo?? /anoie eaa?oeo) ni?eythoue
i?aeaeuaiith caeaoiino? aei iiiaeo i?neo (oaae.1). Oeae iieaciee ? aeuei
i?e iaaaoeai?e iiey?iino? eiioaeoiiai aeaeo?iaea, ui ?iaeaeoo? aeaeo?iie
a nenoaio.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii-noaoenoe/iei iiaeaethaaiiyi (ANI) onoaiiaeaia
?aa?an?eia caeaaei?noue ieoiii? iiaa?oi? a?ae iai?oaeaiino? iiey ?
o?eaaeino? iiey?ecaoe?? i?neo ia?aae iiiaeii, yea iieaco?, ui
iaeneiaeueiee aoaeo aeinyaa?oueny aieeaii ia i?nie aeaeo?e/iei iieai 4-5
eA/ni i?ioyaii 0,5-1 oaeeei.

Oaaeeoey 1. Eiao?oe??io caeaoiino? aei iiiaeo iiey?eciaaiiai i?neo

Iiey?i?noue eiioaeo-Ieoiia iiaa?oiy iaeaiiai i?neo, i2/eaiiai
aeaeo?iaea200300400450iaaaoeaia1.261.451.371.30iiceoeaia1.121.151.211.18

Noniaic?eiee aoaeo iiey?eciaaieo eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e aea/aii ye ia
i?eeeaae? ianoiiiae?aieo (A/o=0,27), oae ? ia i?eeeaae? ?icaaaeaieo
(A/o=25) nenoai. sse aeenia?n?ei? na?aaeiaeua aeei?enoai? iane/aiee
?ic/ei aaiia (1,07 a/e) ? 0,1i ?ic/ei KCl. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeoacia
aca?iiae?y ia iaae? ?ic/ei-iiaa?oiy /anoie, a, ioaea, ? iai?iia ?ii?noue
iiaa?oi? i?aeaeuothoueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai
iiey. O ?acoeueoao? iiey?ecaoe?? ?icoe?th?oueny iiaea?eiee aeaeo?e/iee
oa? (IAO) iaaeiei aeenia?nieo /anoie ? ciaioo?oueny u?euei?noue
naaeeiaioaoe?eiiai inaaeo. Oe? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i ca?eueoaiiy ca?yaeo
iiaa?oi? iiey?eciaaieo eaa?oeiaeo /anoie ? aeaeo?inoaoe/ieo nee
a?aeooiaooaaiiy i?ae ieie.

Ia iniia? ANI caeaoiino? aei iiiaeo i?neo ? noniaic?eiiai aoaeoo
aecia/ai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe?? eaa?oeiaeo
aeenia?n?e:

— iiey?i?noue eiioaeoiiai aeaeo?iaea — iaaaoeaia;

— iai?oaa iiey?ecaoe?? 15-20 eA (E=3-5 eA/ni);

— o?eaae?noue iiey?ecaoe?? 0,5-1,0 oaeeei.

O ?icae?e? 4 i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a
no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy nee?eaoiaaoiiieo noi?oae ia noaae?? iiia?aaeiuei?
aeo?eiee, caeaaeiino? i?oeiino? ? oaciaiai neeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a oaa?ae?iiy
aaoiio a?ae ia?aiao??a aaoieeaaoaaiiy. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaio?a
ia?aeaeueii aeaioiaeyee c?acee 3-o na??e:

1 — aaoiiia noi?o aaciaiai neeaaeo aac aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe?? —
eiio?ieueia na??y;

2 — aaoiiia noi?o ia aeoeaiaaiiio iaeaiiio eaa?oe?;

3 — aaoiiia noi?o, iiey?eciaaia ia?aae oi?ioaaiiyi c?ace?a.

Aeaoi?ioaaiiy IAO i?e iiey?ecaoe?? aaoiiii? noi?o? (nenoaia O-?) ni?ey?
iacia/iiio i?aeaeuaiith ?? ieanoe/ii? i?oeiino? (?m), a
aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?y iaeaiiai eaa?oeiaiai i?neo (nenoaia O-A) — cieaeaiith
?m /a?ac iaeiie/aiiy ca?yae?a ia i?aeoaci?e iaae? ? c?inoaiith
aeaeo?inoaoe/ieo ? no?oeoo?ieo nee a?aeooiaooaaiiy.

Aieea niinia?a aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe?? eiiiiiaio?a nee?eaoiiai aaoiio
ia caeaaei?noue eiai i?oeiino? a?ae ia?aiao??a aaoieeaaoaaiiy
aeine?aeaeaii c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/iiai ieaio aenia?eiaioo
Aiena-Aaie?ia. sse iacaeaaei? ci?ii? i?eeiyoi oene aaoieeaaoaaiiy
(O1=0,4-0,8 IIa) ? o?eaae?noue ?ciaa?ioa?i?/ii? aeo?eiee (O2=4-12
aiaeei). A?aeiia?aeii aei io?eiaieo aeaieo (?en.3.) ia ieaei?o ??aiyo
oeneo ? /ano aaoieeaaoaaiiy a?eueo aenieith i?oei?noth oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
nee?eaoiee aaoii ia iniia? iiey?eciaaii? aaoiiii? noi?o?. I?aeaeuaiiy
i?oeiino? aaoiio a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iiynith?oueny aieeaii iiey?ecaoe??,
yea ciaioeea aeano?oeoeai? i?ioeane ia noaae?? i?aeeiio oeneo. Ia’?iia
iiey?ecaoe?y eaa?oeiaeo /anoie (i?neo ia?aae iiiaeii aai iaeaiei
ii?ioeii) aea? a?eueo aeniea cia/aiiy i?oeiino? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio i?e
oeneo aaoieeaaoaaiiy 0,6-0,8 IIa o anueiio ae?aiacii? /ano
a?ae?ioa?iaeueiiai neioaco.

Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? aeicaieeee ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe i?e
ae?iaieoeoa? nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a ia?ie 100-200 aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?th
aaoiiii? noi?o? c ianooiiith aaoieeaaiith ia?iaeith i?e oeneo 0,4 IIa
i?ioyaii 4-5 aiaeei. Aeey aaoii?a ia?ie 300-500 aeioe?eueii aeoeaoaaoe
iaeaiee eaa?oeiaee i?nie. I?e oeueiio aeey iaea?aeaiiy aaoii?a I300 ?
400 iaiao?aeia ?ciaa?ia aeo?eiea i?e oeneo 0,6 IIa i?ioyaii 4 ? 6
aiaeei, a aeey aaoii?a I500 — i?e oeneo 0,8 IIa i?ioyaii 8 aiaeei.

Eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaciaiai neeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a a?ae?ioa?iaeueiiai
neioaco aaiiyii-e?aiiacaiiiai a’yaeo/iai iieacaee, ui aeaeo?e/ia
iiey?ecaoe?y i?ecaiaeeoue oaea ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo aaoieeaaoaaiiy aei
i?enei?aiiy i?ioean?a oaa?ae?iiy ca ?aooiie a?eueo aeoeaii? o/ano?
e?aiiacaienoi? neeaaeiai? a a?ae?aoiooai?aii?.

A ?acoeueoao? ooai?ththoueny a?eueo cae?enoae?ciaai? iecueeiiniiai?
a?ae?inee?eaoe (iineeaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo aiae?oe/ieo e?i?e ?OA a
ii??aiyii? c a’yaeo/ei eiio?ieueii? na???) ? noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey
oi?ioaaiiy noaa?eueieo a?ae?inee?eao?a a?oie CSH(II). I?aeaeuaiiy
nooiaiy a?ae?aoaoe?? aaiiyii-e?aiiacaiiiai a’yaeo/iai ia aeoeaiaaiiio
eaa?oeiaiio ii?ioeo a?aecia/a?oueny ? ia aea??aaoia?aiao (oaae.2).

?ENOIIE 3

?en. 3. Aieea o?eaaeino? aaoieeaaoaaiiy ia i?oei?noue nee?eaoiiai
aaoiio.

a, a, a) — oene aaoieeaaoaaiiy — 0,4, 0,6 ? 0,8 IIa a?aeiia?aeii;

1 — eiio?ieuei? c?acee aaoiio;

2, 3, 4 — aeaeo?e/ia aeoeaaoe?y i?neo ia?aae iiiaeii, iaeaiiai eaa?oeo,
aaoiiii? noi?o? a?aeiia?aeii.

Oaaeeoey 2. Oa?aeoa?enoeea aea??aaoia?ai a’yaeo/eo aaoieeaaiiai
oaa?ae?iiy

Ia?aiao?e aaoieeaaoaaiiy: oene, IIa//an, aiaeeiOaiia?aoo?ia iaeanoue,
iNAo?aoa iane, %Ciae ? oaiia?aoo?a oaieiyoaeoo, iNCaaaeueia ao?aoa iane,
%0.2/2.020-2803.66/3.51*-150/-13020.1/20.1280-4000.78/0.88+340/+315400-5
557.33/7.67-525/-515555-8458.33/8.00-825/-8150.4/420-3253.7/3.8-175/-150
18.6/21.2325-4300.9/1.16+370/-430-6354.8/6.32-585/-515635-9509.2/9.9-945
/-8250.8/8**20-3358,55/3,8-/-14,6/17,8335-4953,17/2,91-/-480495-6651,45/
2,54665-8051,45/3,88+830/+820I?ei?oea:*) — o /enaeueieeo i?eaaaeai?
aeai? eiio?ieueii? na???, o ciaiaiieeo — aeey iiey?eciaaiiai a’yaeo/iai;

**) — iaae ?enith i?eaaaeai? aeai? aeey eiio?ieueii? na??? a’yaeo/iai,
i?ae ?enith — ia aeoeaiaaiiio eaa?oeiaiio ii?ioeo.

Ca aeaieie ?*N nee?eaoiiai eaiaith aeaeo?e/ia iiey?ecaoe?y eaa?oeiaiai
ii?ioeo i?ecaiaeeoue aei iineeaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?eieo eieeaaiue ca’yceo
Si-O (aiae?oe/ia e?i?y iiaeeiaiiy 470 ni-1) ? aaeaioieo eieeaaiue SiO4
(870 ni-1). Iineeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? iiaeeiaiiy a ae?aiacii? 3420-3470
ni-1 ?c ca?eueoaiiyi o?eaaeino? aaoieeaaoaaiiy aeoeaiaaieo iaoa??ae?a
oeaco? ia i?aeaeuaiee ai?no o a’yaeo/iio eii?aeeiaoe?eii-ca’ycaieo a?oi
OH, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo a?ae?inee?eao?a eaeueoe?th. Io?eiai? aeai?
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?eeiyoo iaoeiao a?iioaco uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy o?i?/ii?
aeoeaiino? iiey?eciaaiiai eaa?oeo a ?acoeueoao? iineaaeaiiy ca’yceo
Si-O.

O ?icae?e? 5 aea/ai? ii?iaa no?oeoo?a ? aeaoi?iaoeai? aeanoeaino?
nee?eaoiiai aaoiio.

Aeani? aeaoi?iaoe?? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio ye /eiiee aoiinoa?ino?eeino?
caeaaeaoue ia o?eueee a?ae neeaaeo i?iaeoeo?a oaa?ae?iiy, aea ? a?ae
oa?aeoa?enoee ii?iai? no?oeoo?e. Ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii?
ii?iiao??? anoaiiaeai? ?noioi? a?aei?iiino? a aeeoa?aioe?eiiio
?iciiae?e? ii? o aaoii? ia iiey?eciaaiiio iaeaiiio eaa?oe? (?en. 4.).

?ENOIIE 4

?en. 4. Aeeoa?aioe?eiee ?iciiae?e ii? o nee?eaoiiio aaoii?.

1 — eiio?ieueiee neeaae;

2, 3 — aaoii ia aeaeo?iaeoeaiaaiiio eaa?oeiaiio ii?ioeo;

1, 3 — aaoieeaaoaaiiy i?e 0,6 IIa i?ioyaii 8 aiaeei;

2 — aaoieeaaoaaiiy i?e 0,8 IIa i?ioyaii 8 aiaeei.

A ii??aiyii? c aaoiiii eiio?ieueiiai neeaaeo a?aecia/aia cia/ii iaioa
e?euee?noue ii? ?c ?aae?onii iiiaae 10-4,5 i, aea a?eueoa ae??aieo ii?
?c ?aae?onii iaioa 10-5,5 i. Oe? a?aei?iiino? iiyniththoueny
i?aeaeuaiiyi nooiaiy a?ae?aoaoe?? aaiiyii-e?aiiacaiiiai a’yaeo/iai ?
ni?eythoue no?eeino? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio i?e caieiaeaii?-aenoooaaii?.

I?e ia?aeiiiio noo?ii? iaiai?ioia onaaeea aaoiio eiio?ieueii? na??? aeua
? neeaaea? 0,70 ii/i i?ioe 0,60-0,62 ii/i aeey aaoiio ia aeoeaiaaieo
iiey?ecaoe??th iaoa??aeao.

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy ia?aeiii? onaaeee c?ace?a iiaeai? ia ?en.5.

?ENOIIE 5

?en. 5. Onaaeea nee?eaoiiai aaoiio i?e ia?aeiiiio aenoooaaii? c?ace?a.

1 — eiio?ieueia na??y;

2 — aaoii ia iiey?eciaaiiio eaa?oeiaiio ii?ioeo;

3 — c?acee ia iiey?eciaai?e aaoiii?e noi?o?.

?c ca?eueoaiiyi /enea oeeee?a iaaia?ai?iiiai caieiaeaiiy-aenoooaaiiy
onaaeea c?ace?a aaoii?a ia aeoeaiaaieo iaeaiiio eaa?oe? aai aaoiii?e
noi?o?, ui a?ae??ciythoueny ae??aiiii?enoith no?oeoo?ith, aeyaeeany aeua
a ii??aiyii? c? c?aceaie eiio?ieueii? na???. Ciaioaiiy cia/aiue
onaaei/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e aaoiio eiio?ieueiiai neeaaeo i?ney 60 oeeee?a
iiaea aooe iiyniaia ia i?aenoaa? oeueo?acaoeiaeo aeaieo aoaeoii
ciaou?eueithaaiiy a ?acoeueoao? iaeiie/aiiy aioo??oi?o iai?oa. Oea
iicia/a?oueny ia i?oeiino? aaoiio. Oae, aeey eiio?ieueii? na??? a
?ioa?aae? 75-100 oeeee?a caieiaeaiiy-aenoooaaiiy anoaiiaeaii cieaeaiiy
i?oeiino? aaoiio i?eaeecii ia 20%, a c?acee c aeoeaiaaieo aaoii?a /a?ac
100 oeeee?a i?aeaeueee i?oei?noue ia 20-33%. Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i a?eueoo noaa?euei?noue ? aeiaaia?/i?noue nee?eaoieo
aaoii?a, aeaioiaeaieo ii aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oaoiieia?y.

?icae?e 6 i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao ?
ioe?ieo aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? ae?ia?a
?c nee?eaoiiai aaoiio.

Ia Aieiaea?nueeiio caaiae? nee?eaoii? oeaaee ?aae?ciaaii niin?a
aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?? aaiiyii-e?aiiacaiiiai a’yaeo/iai i?ioyaii 0,5 oaeeei
i?e iai?oaeaiino? iiey 4 eA/ni. Aaoieeaaoaaiiy nee?eaoii? oeaaee
i?iaaaeaii ca ?aaeeiii 3+2+5+2 aiaeeie i?e oeneo a aaoieeaa? 0,6 IIa.
?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue i?eaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 3.

Oaaeeoey 3. O?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? nee?eaoii? oeaaee

IieacieeIae. ae-i??o?aaeei aaoieeaaoaaiiy ae?ia?a3+2+5+2 aiaeei i?e 0,6
IIa3+3+8+3 aiaeei i?e 0,8 IIaAeoeaiaaia a’yaeo/aCae/aeia
oaoiieia?yCae/aeia oaoiieia?yNa?aaeiy
aonoeiaea/i3167016401650Aiaeiiiaeeiaiiy%6,87,47,1Iaaea i?oeiino?:

i?e aeaei?

i?e noeneoIIa

3,2

15,8

2,8

11,4

2,9

13,1

Aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?y a’yaeo/iai aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe ia?eo oeaaee a?ae I100
aei I150 ? ciaioeoe ia?aiao?e aaoieeaaoaaiiy — 3+2+5+2 aiaeei i?e p=0,6
IIa i?ioe 3+3+8+3 aiaeei ? p=0,8 IIa.

Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee ia i?eeeaae? aeaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa
iieacaee iiaeeea?noue cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? ia iniia?
aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? ia 2,5% (3,6 a?i/o.o.oe.).

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii “?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?ei?e oaoiieia?? nee?eaoiaaoiiieo ae?ia?a”.

AENIIAEE

1. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii e aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui
ia’?iia aeaeo?e/ia iiey?ecaoe?y eaa?oeiaeo /anoie ? iaeiie/aiiy ca?yae?a
ia i?aeoacieo iaaeao ni?eythoue ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a iiiaeo i?neo ?
oaa?ae?iiy nee?eaoiiai aaoiio, i?aeaeuothoue aoaeoeai?noue oaoiieia??
ae?ia?a.

2. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiii??i?noue aeaiiey?ecaoe?? aeaeo?iia?iaeaieo
eaa?oeiaeo aeenia?n?e: iine?aeiai?noue no?eaiiy a?eueieo ?
neaaeiaaeni?aiaaieo ia iiaa?oi? /anoie ca?yae?a, caa??aaiiy aeoeaiaaiiai
noaio /anoie i?ioyaii 7-10 ae?a, coiiaeaiiai ia’?iiith iiey?ecaoe??th.

3. Aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe?? eaa?oeiaeo
aeenia?n?e, ui caaacia/othoue ?ioaineo?eaoe?th iiiaeo ? ca?eueoaiiy
aaeni?aoe?eii? ?iiino? eaa?oeiaeo /anoie: iiey?i?noue eiioaeoiiai
aeaeo?iaea — iaaaoeaia; iai?oaa iiey?ecaoe?? 15-20 eA (A=3-5 eA/ni);
o?eaae?noue iiey?ecaoe?? 0,5-1,0 oa.

4. Iieacaii, ui aeey nee?eaoieo aaoii?a I100 ? 200 aoaeoeaia aeaeo?e/ia
iiey?ecaoe?y aaoiiii? noi?o? c ianooiiei aaoieeaaoaaiiyi ae?ia?a i?e
oeneo 0,4 IIa i?ioyaii 4-5 aiaeei. Aeey aaoii?a I300-500 aeioe?eueii
aeoeaoaaoe iaeaiee eaa?oe ? i?iaiaeeoe aaoieeaaio ia?iaeo ae?ia?a i?e
0,6 IIa (I300 ? 400) aai 0,8 IIa (I500).

5. Aeaeo?e/ia iiey?ecaoe?y aaoiiii? noi?o? aai iaeaiiai eaa?oeo
caaacia/o? ?ioaineaia a?ae?aoiooai?aiiy i?e oaa?ae?ii? nee?eaoiiai
aaoiio a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /ano (4-12 aiaeei) ? oeneo (0,4-0,8 IIa)
aaoieeaaoaaiiy ca ?aooiie aeoeaaoe?? e?aiiacaienoi? neeaaeiai?.

6. Nee?eaoiee aaoii ia iiey?eciaaiiio iaeaiiio eaa?oeiaiio i?neo ia?
iaioo a?aee?eoo ii?eno?noue (10,5%), iaioo e?euee?noue ii? c R>10-4,5 i
? ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ae??aieo ii? c R<10-5,5 i. A?i o ii??aiyii? ?c cae/aeiei nee?eaoiei aaoiiii ia? a?eueo iecueea cia/aiiy ia?aeiii? iaiai?ioii? onaaeee (0,62 ii/i - i?ioe 0,70 ii/i) ? i?aeaeuaio no?ee?noue i?ioe iaaia?ai?iiiai caieiaeaiiy-aenoooaaiiy. 7. ?ic?iaeai? “?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ...” ? i?iaaaeai? ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oaoiieia??. ?? canoinoaaiiy aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe nee?eaoio oeaaeo ia?ee 150 cai?noue 100 i?e iaeii/aniiio ciaioaii? oeneo (0,6 IIa) ? o?eaaeino? (5 aiaeei) aaoieeaaoaaiiy a ia??iae ?ciaa?ii? aeo?eiee ae?ia?a. 8. Aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eia oaoiieia?y aeicaiey? cieceoe nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ia 0.47 a?i/o.o.oe. (0,5%) ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy aeo?ao ia oaoiieia?/iee ia? ? ia 3.6 a?i/o.o.oe. (2%) o ca’yceo c i?aeaeuaiiyi ia?ee nee?eaoii? oeaaee. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao: 1. Aaaa A. Aaoieeaaiay ia?aaioea aeoeae?iaaiiiai neeeeaoiiai aaoiia / “Io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e ooeeecaoeey iooiaeia”. Aanoiee AeAANA, 1996. – Aui. 96-3(4). – N.146-149. 2. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Aaaa A. Yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeey neeeeaoiiai eiiiiiaioa aaoieeaaiuo iaoa?eaeia / Aaeaaiaeiue iao/.-oaoi. nai?iee Aeiii?iino?ieIEEi?iaeoa “Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu no?ieoaeuenoaa”, Aeiiaoee, III “Eaaaaeue”, 1997. N. 98-99. 3. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Aaaa A. Yeaeo?e/aneay iiey?ecaoeey e naienoaa eaa?oeaauo aeenia?nee / “Eiiiiceoeeiiiua iaoa?eaeu aeey no?ieoaeuenoaa”. Aanoiee AeAANA, 1998. – Aui. 98-1(9). – N.153-156. 4. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Aantheaae/ N.A., Aaaa A. Yooaeoeaiinoue aaoieeaaiuo iaoa?eaeia ia aeoeae?iaaiiuo neeeeaoiuo eiiiiiaioao / ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea e yeieiaey i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia. Na. o?oaeia. O.1. – Iaeaaaea, 1995. - N.95. 5. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Aaaa A. Eioaineoeeaoeey oaa?aeaiey neeeeaoiiai aaoiia / Nai?iee o?oaeia ii oaoie/aneie oeiee. E.: OOI, 1997. - N.292-294. 6. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Aaaa A. Noniaiceiiiue yooaeo iiey?eciaaiiiai eaa?oeaaiai ii?ioea / Eiiiuethoa?iia iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiea e iaania/aiea ea/anoaa. Iaoa?eaeu e 36 Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiio naieia?o IIE-36. - Iaeanna, 1997. - N.105. 7. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Aaaa A. Yia?ainaa?aaeaiea a oaoiieiaee aaoiia ia iniiaa yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeeiiiuo aicaeaenoaee / Oi?aae?iiy aia?aiaeei?enoaiiyi. – Euea?a, OcIA A?aoe Ne?ioeinuee? ? Ei. - 1997. - N.157. 8. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Euaa E.I., Aaaa A., Oaiioieeia TH.E. Aaoiiu ia aeoeae?iaaiiuo aeenia?niuo eiiiiiaioao / “Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie no/aniiai cae?ciaaoiio” Ia?oa anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y. – Ee?a, 1996. – N.239-240. 9. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Aaaa A. Aeaeo?iaeoeaaoeey a oaoiieiaee neeeeaoiiai aaoiia / “?ano?niaeiiiii? iaoa??aee, eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? oa nii?oaee”. - Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??. ??aia, 1996. - N.41. 10. Iaoaeaiei A.A., Euaa E.I., Aaaa A. Aaoiiu ia aeoeae?iaaiiuo ayaeoueo / “Oi?ie?iaaiea ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu ia o?aaiece?iaaiiuo oa??eoi?eyo E?uia” – Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. *anoue III – Neioa?iiieue, 1996. – N.29-30. 11. Aaaa A. Iiey?ecaoeeiiiay aeoeaaoeey neeeeaoiaaoiiiuo eiiiiiaioia / Iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eiioa?aioeey i?ioanni?nei-i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneiai ninoaaa ii eoiaai iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie ?aaiou ca 1996-1997 aiaeu. I?ia?aiia e oacenu eiioa?aioeee. Neioa?iiieue, 1998. – N.114. AIIIOAOeEss Aoiao Aaaa Iaaeaeie. Yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeeiiiay oaoiieiaey neeeeaoiiai aaoiia. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.05 – no?ieoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu e ecaeaeey. – Aeiiaanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Iaeaaaea, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?aoaieth aeooaeueiie caaea/e – ?ac?aaioea yooaeoeaiie yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee neeeeaoiiai aaoiia, iicaieythuae nieceoue yia?aiaieinoe iiiiea eaa?oeaaiai ianea e aaoieeaaoaaiiy ecaeaeee. A ?aaioa ?acaeaathony i?aaenoaaeaiey i iaoaiecia aeoeae?othuaai aeaenoaey aiaoiaai aunieiaieueoiiai yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey ia aeenia?niua neeeeaoiua iaoa?eaeu – eaa?oe. Eco/aiu ?aciaeuaaaiinoue eaa?oeaaiai ianea e yeaeo?iiiaa?oiinoiua naienoaa aeenia?niuo /anoeoe, iiaeaa?aioouo yeaeo?e/aneie iiey?ecaoeee. Auaeaeaii 3 aeaea ca?yaeia iiey?eciaaiiie eaa?oeaaie aeenia?nee: naiaiaeiua ca?yaeu; neaai aaeni?ae?iaaiiua ca?yaeu ia iiaa?oiinoe /anoeoe; ca?yae iauaiiie iiey?ecaoeee. Iieacaii /oi, iauaiiay iiey?ecaoeey e iaeiieaiea iiiiiiey?iuo ca?yaeia ia iaaeoaciuo a?aieoeao (ioe?uoay iiaa?oiinoue, iee?iaeaoaeou a ?aaeueiie no?oeoo?a eaa?oea) niinianoaotho iiauoaieth ?aciaeuaaaiinoe ianea. Iaiaiiay aieinoue iiaa?oiinoe eaa?oeaauo /anoeoe iiauoaaony n ?inoii iai?yaeaiiinoe yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey. Ia iniiaa yenia?eiaioaeueii-noaoenoe/aneeo iiaeaeae ii?aaeaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u yeaeo?e/aneie iiey?ecaoeee eaa?oeaauo aeenia?nee:  iiey?iinoue eiioaeoiiai yeaeo?iaea – io?eoeaoaeueiay;  iai?yaeaiea yeaeo?e/aneie iiey?ecaoeee 15-20 eA (A=3-5 eA/ni);  i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iiey?ecaoeee 0,5-1,0 iei. Iieacaii, /oi iiey?eciaaiiue iieioue eaa?oeaaue ianie iaeaaeaao iiauoaiiie oeie/aneie aeoeaiinoueth i?e aaoieeaae?iaaiee neeeeaoiiai aaoiia, /oi iaania/eaaao aunieea oeceei-iaoaie/aneea naienoaa ecaeaeee. Ia iniiaa yenia?eiaioaeueiie ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ?acee/iuo aa?eaioia yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeee ?aeiiaiaeiaaii i?e i?iecaiaenoaa neeeeaoiaaoiiiuo ecaeaeee ia?ie 100-200 i?eiaiyoue yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeeth aaoiiiie niane n iineaaeothuae aaoieeaaiie ia?aaioeie i?e aeaaeaiee 0,4 IIa a oa/aiea 4-5 /ania. Aeey aaoiiia ia?ie 300-500 oeaeaniia?acii aeoeae?iaaoue iieioue eaa?oeaaue ianie. I?e yoii aeey iieo/aiey aaoiiia I300 e 400 iaiaoiaeeia eciaa?iay auaea?aeea i?e aeaaeaiee 0,6 IIa a oa/aiea 4 e 6 /ania, a aeey aaoiiia I500 – i?e aeaaeaiee 0,8 IIa a oa/aiea 8 /ania. Eiiieaeniuie enneaaeiaaieyie oaciaiai ninoaaa i?iaeoeoia aeae?ioa?iaeueiiai neioaca ecaanoeiai-e?aiiacaienoiai ayaeouaai onoaiiaeaii, /oi yeaeo?e/aneay iiey?ecaoeey i?eaiaeeo oaea ia ia/aeueiuo noaaeeyo aaoieeaae?iaaiey e onei?aieth i?ioeannia oaa?aeaiey ca n/ao aieaa aeoeaiiai o/anoey e?aiiacaienoie ninoaaeythuae a aeae?aoiia?aciaaiee. Iiauoaiea noaiaie aeae?aoaoeee ecaanoeiai-e?aiiacaienoiai ayaeouaai ia aeoeae?iaaiiii eaa?oeaaii ii?ioea niinianoaoao eciaiaieth ?ani?aaeaeaiey ii? a neeeeaoiii aaoiia. A iai ii n?aaiaieth n aaoiiii eiio?ieueiiai ninoaaa ioia/aii cia/eoaeueii iaiueoaa eiee/anoai e?oiiuo ii? n ?aaeeonii aieaa 10-4,5 i, ii aieueoa iaeeeo ii? n ?aaeeonii iaiaa 10-5,5 i. Yoe ioee/ey niinianoaotho iiauoaieth noieeinoe neeeeaoiiai aaoiia i?e iiia?aiaiiii oaeaaeiaiee-aunooeaaiee. I?e ia?ae/iie nooea iaia?aoeiay onaaeea aaoiia eiio?ieueiie na?ee auoa e ninoaaeyao 0,70 ii/i i?ioea 0,60-0,62 ii/i aeey aaoiia ia aeoeae?iaaiiuo iiey?ecaoeeae iaoa?eaeao. N oaaee/aieai /enea oeeeeia iiia?aiaiiiai oaeaaeiaiey-aunooeaaiey onaaeea ia?acoeia aaoiiia ia aeoeae?iaaiiuo iieioii eaa?oea eee aaoiiiie niane, ioee/athueony iaeeiii?enoie no?oeoo?ie, ieacaeanue auoa ii n?aaiaieth n ia?acoeaie eiio?ieueiie na?ee. Ii, anee aeey eiio?ieueiie na?ee a eioa?aaea 75-100 oeeeeia oaeaaeiaiey-aunooeaaiey ioia/aii nieaeaiea i?i/iinoe aaoiia i?eia?ii ia 20%, oi ia?acoeu ec aeoeae?iaaiiuo aaoiiia /a?ac 100 oeeeeia iiauneee i?i/iinoue ia 20-33%. Iieo/aiiua yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaiiua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i aieueoae noaaeeueiinoe e aeieaiaa/iinoe neeeeaoiuo aaoiiia, ecaioiaeaiiuo ii yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee. Iiuoii-i?iiuoeaiiua eniuoaiey ?ac?aaioaiiie yeaeo?iaeoeaaoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee neeeeaoiiai aaoiia iieacaee aiciiaeiinoue nieaeaiey naaanoieiinoe neeeeaoiiai ee?ie/a ia 2,5% ca n/ao yeiiiiee ia?a e iiauoaiey ia?i/iie i?i/iinoe ecaeaeee. Ii ?acoeueoaoai enneaaeiaaiee ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: neeeeaoiue aaoii, yeaeo?e/aneay iiey?ecaoeey, aaoieeaae?iaaiea, oaoiieiae/aneea ?aaeeiu, naienoaa aaoiiia. AIIOAOe?ss Aoiao Aaaa Iaaea?ie. Aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eia oaoiieia?y nee?eaoiiai aaoiio. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.05 - aoae?aaeuei? iaoa??aee ? ae?iae. - Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Iae??aea, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ??oaiith aeooaeueii? caaea/? - ?ic?iaoe? aoaeoeaii? aeaeo?iaeoeaaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio. O ?iaio? ?icaeaathoueny oyaeaiiy i?i iaoai?ci ae?? ciai?oiueiai aenieiaieueoiiai aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia aeenia?ni? nee?eaoi? iaoa??aee - eaa?oe. Aea/aii caeaoi?noue aei iiiaeo eaa?oeiaiai i?neo ? aeaeo?iiiaa?oiaa? aeanoeaino? aeenia?nieo /anoie, i?aeaeaieo aeaeo?e/i?e iiey?ecaoe??. Iieacaii, ui iiey?eciaaiee iaeaiee eaa?oeiaee i?nie ia? i?aeaeuaio o?i?/io aeoeai?noue i?e aaoieeaaoaaii? nee?eaoiiai aaoiio ? caaacia/o? aenie? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? ae?ia?a. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Eeth/ia? neiaa: nee?eaoiee aaoii, aeaeo?e/ia iiey?ecaoe?y, aaoieeaaoaaiiy, oaoiieia?/i? ?aaeeie, aeanoeaino? aaoii?a. ABSTRACT Ahmat Abba Ngalbiok. Electroactivation technology of silica concrete - Manuscript. The dissertation for a degree of candidate of technical sciences in speciality 05.23.05 - building materials and products. - Donbass state Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture Ministry of Education of Ukraine, Makiivka, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to solving acute problem - development of effective electroactivation technology of silica concrete. Some ideas about the mechanism of outside high voltage electrical field of activision on dispersed an silica materials – quarts are developed. Grindability of quarts sand and electrosurface dispersed particles, being subjected to electric polarization have been studied. Polarized ground quarts sand has been shown to possess higher chemical activity in the process of autoclaving silica concrete and that ensures high physical and mechanical of products. Some recommendations based on results of researches have been worked out. Keywords: silica concrete, electric polarization, autoclaving, technological modes, concrete properties.

Похожие записи