3

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?NOI??? OE?A?IE

IIOEEUe*AE Ieaenaiae? Aaeaioeiiae/

OAeE 947.085.6 (477)

AENIEOAOAOe?ss O?OAeIAEO ?ANO?N?A OE?A?IE A?OEA??ANUeEITH I?IA**EIITH
O ?IEE IEOIAOe??

07.00.01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? neia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio, Nooei

Ieaenaiae? Ieaenaiae?iae/, aeaeai ?noi?e/iiai

oaeoeueoaoo Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, Eo/a? Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
?inoeoooo iie?oe/ieo oa aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aae?ae?anueeee Aiaoie?e
?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
ca’yceo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa –

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

,eaoaae?a iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.235.01 a ?inoeooo? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie (aae?ana: 252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie (aae?ana: 252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 14 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
Iaoyo A.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??

?noi??y iaoi? Aaouee?aueie ia??iaeo Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, iaiiaiaia
o?aa?ciii ? aaaaoia?aii?noth, aeeiai?ciii oa noia?a/eea?noth, oaeeth?
aaea ia iaeia iieie?iiy aeine?aeiee?a. Aaeeea A?o/eciyia a?eia, yeo a?a
?aaeyinueeee Nithc, yaeea na?oo ia eeoa aeaia?e aaee/acieo a?enueeiaeo
nee oa ?aeaieia?e. Oey a?eia ?aeue?oii iieacaea, yeo ?ieue o aeinyaiaii?
caaaeueii? a?enueeiai? ia?aiiae a?ae?a?a? aeiiii?ea oa ethaenueeee
iioaioe?ae — eaae?o?eiaai? o?oaeia? ?aca?ae ? ?iai/a neea.

Iaei??th ?c no?aoaa?/ieo oe?eae i?iaoeueeiai ?aeoo o a?ei? i?ioe N?N?
aoei ia?aoai?aiiy ieoiiaaii? oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie ia aa?a?ii-ne?iaeiiee
i?eaeaoie ? aeaea?aei aeaoaai? ?iai/i? neee aeey aeanii? a?enueeiai?
aeiiii?ee.

Iniiaith «no?aeii?» iie?oeee iaoeenonueei? I?ia//eie noaea eieii?aeueia
aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y oa aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c iath noai?aiiy
nenoaie aei?noiei? o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe?? «ooa?eueiiai ianaeaiiy». Oey
aeiey ia iieioea e Oe?a?io, yeo a?oea??aoe? aaaaeaee /e ia iaeaieiai?oei
?aca?aoa?ii ?iai/eo ?oe ia ieoiiaaieo ?aaeyinueeeo oa?eoi??yo.

Iaoeenonuee? ieaie aeei?enoaiiy ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a caaieiaaieo e?a?i
iaee anaioiiethth/ee oa?aeoa?. Ia caoiieai?e oa?eoi??? ?anioae?ee
oaoenoe cai?iaaaeeee caaaeueio o?oaeiao iiaeii?noue, yea a?oiooaaeany ia
oa?i??, caeyeoaaiiyo oa i?eionia?e i?aoe?. Iauaaeiiio aeceneoaaiith aoei
i?aeaeaia ana oeea?eueia ianaeaiiy. Iaeii/anii ieoiaioe oe?iei oa
ieaiii??ii aeei?enoiaoaaee i?aoeth nioaiue oeny/ a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo
?aaeyinueei? A?i??, ye? iieieeeny o oaai?ao ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.
I?ioyaii 1941-1944 ??. i?eueeiie iaoeo ni?aa?o/eciee?a aoee
aeaii?oiaai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy ye aeaoaai? ?iai/i? neee o a?enueeia?e
i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, aoaeiaaiiai A?oea?ii ia
e?ia? i?eueeii?a ?a?iiaeoe?a «oeny/ie?oiueiai ?aeoo». Aeey oiai, uia
iiaiith i??ith aeei?enoaoe iioaioe?ae iaoiai ia?iaeo c iaoith
caaeiaieaiiy a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo oa iie?oe/ieo oe?eae I?ia//eie o
a?ei?, ieoiaioe iaa?oue ii/aee cae?enithaaoe iaiaaeaio i?ioan?eio
i?aeaioiaeo iaiao?aeieo ?i oao?aoe?a ieae/i? oa na?aaeiuei? eaiee aeey
i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa eieii?ciaaii? Oe?a?ie.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a cia/i?e i??? coiiaeaia noaiii aea/aiiy oaie a
?aaeyinuee?e oa no/ani?e a?o/eciyi?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe?. ?noi?e/ia iaoea,
caciaaoe iaaaoeaieo aieea?a oioae?oa?ii? ?aeaieia??, ath?ie?aoe/ieo
iaoiae?a ea??aieoeoaa, aeiaiaoecio e iaeiiiaoaioiiai ao?o/aiiy,
aeyaeeany iani?iiiaeiith aeeaiei e ia’?eoeaii aeoeoia/eoe oe?eo ieceo
neeaaeieo ? iaiaeiicia/ieo i?iaeai ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.
Inoaii? iiai?noth noino?oueny e aena?oeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo
Ae?oai? na?oiai? oa Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? ai?i. Oi/a ca ?aaeyinueei?
aeiae oaia iaoeenonueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? aeoeaii
?ic?iaeyeany, iaeiae oea a?aeaoaaeiny a ?one? io?oe?eii? ia?o?eii?
?noi??ia?ao??, ui ?iaeei iaiiaeeeaei ia’?eoeaiee aiae?oeei-e?eoe/iee
?icaeyae oe?eiai ?yaeo aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai. sse iane?aeie oeueiai, a
?aaeyinuee?e oa a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? aei nueiaiaei? iaia?
eiiieaeniiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, niaoe?aeueii i?enay/aiiai
aea/aiith iie?oeee i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe??
a Oe?a?i? c ieoaiue aenieoaoaoe?? ?iai/i? neee oa o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a.
Oey i?iaeaia ciaoiaeeea nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia?aaaaeii a eiioaeno? oeo
?noi?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, o yeeo ?icaeyaeaeeny ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe
aeiiii?/ii? eieii?aeueii? aeniain?? «o?aoueiai ?aeoo» ia ieoiiaaieo
oa?eoi??yo N?N?. Oea caeaa?eueoiai ae?yeuei?noue eiioi?noe/iiai
i?aei?eey ? ia?oecainueeeo caaii?a ii c?eao ieai?a aeiiii?/ii?
aenieoaoaoe?? caoiieaieo oa?eoi??e, a oaeiae ai?ioueaa ?ia?oiee?a ?
naeyi i?ioe «iiaiai ii?yaeeo».

O ca’yceo c oeei ?nio? iaaaeueia iio?aaa a iaoia?aaeaeaiiio aiae?c? ?
ioe?ioe? eiie?aoieo ieoaiue, ui noinothoueny iaoeenonueeiai
ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio oa aenieoaoaoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie o
a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?anao ?aeoo. Naia caaaeyee oeueiio ia?aia
oaia iaeaaeeoue aei aeooaeueieo iai?yi?a ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. ?noi?e/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie, iicia/aii? a caaieiaeo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
?icoe?eoue aeioaia??oi? ciaiiy i?i oa?aeoa? ? ci?no neeaaeieo oa
noia?a/eeaeo nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
i?ioean?a, ui iaee i?noea ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a ia??iae
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? ? iei? niinoa??aathoueny a e?a?iao c
oioae?oa?ieie ?aaeeiaie oa a?enueeiai-iie?oeaenueeith aeeeoaoo?ith.

?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae aeiaaa? oaaaeiiai noaaeaiiy aei aeanii? ?noi???,
i?eiooo? a no/ani?e neeaaei?e aeiiii?/i?e oa iie?oe/i?e neooaoe??
a?aoiaoaaoe o?iee o?aa?/iiai ?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo, yeee iaaoa iao
ia?iae o ia??iae Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, iieieaoenue a ai?oeaio??
aeaiaith iaeaei?noie?oeo oioae?oa?ieo ?aeaieia?e no/aniino?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i? iniiae oa eiie?aoi? i?iyae
iaoeenonueeiai aeniain?ii?cio o noa?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie o ?iee
Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo ieoiaoe?eieo i?aai?a, yea aoea ni?yiiaaia ia
?ic?iaeo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o aeeooy caoiae?a anaioiiethth/i? o?oaeiai?
aenieoaoaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, oi?ioaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy
o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a Oe?a?ie a ?ioa?anao «o?aoueiai ?aeoo». Ia’?eoii iaoi?
iaoeiai? ?ica?aeee ? oaeiae i?ioan?eia i?aeaioiaea o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a
i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a ?iee ieoiaoe??.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae ieoiaoe??
Oe?a?ie a?enueeaie i?iaoeueeiai aa?iaooo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?a
ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? /1941-1944 ??./ Ia oie /an oa?eoi??th
Oe?a?ie aoei ia?aoai?aii ia ia’?eo anaioiiethth/i? aeiiii?/ii?
aenieoaoaoe??, aeaea?aei i?iieneiaeo, ne?iaeiieo, i?iaeiaieue/eo oa
ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a aeey iio?aa a?enueeiai? aeiiii?ee iaoeenonueeiai
?aeoo. Aiaeii/an ia??iae ieoiaoe?? aoa iaiiaiaiee iie?oe/ieie oa
a?enueeiaeie iiae?yie, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei aieeioee ia nioe?aeueio
no?oeoo?o oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, noai ?eieo ?iai/i? neee, a oaeiae
ia noaiiaeua o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Aaia?ao?/i? iaae? aeena?oaoe?? ioiieththoue oa?eoi??? ?aeoneii?na??aoo
Oe?a?ia oa ciie oeeo a?oie a?i?e «I?aaeaiue». Aea?? aaoi?ii aaia?ao?/ieo
iaae aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaiee oeie ianoaaeiaie, ui Oe?a?inueeo ?N?
i?ae /an ieoiaoe?? ?? iaoeenoaie oa ?o naoae?oaie aoei ?icae?eaii ia
/ioe?e ciie. Aaee/eia oa?eoea aei neeaaeo aaia?ae-aoaa?iaoi?noaa
/oa?eoi??? Iieueu? aiaeniaaii? I?ia//eiith/. Aoeiaeia, I?aaeaiia
Aanna?aa?y oa oa?eoi??? i?ae I?aaeaiiei Aoaii ? Aei?no?ii a?ae?eoee aei
?oioi??. Ia aiaeniaaieo caaa?aieeaie oa?eoi??yo Oe?a?ie ae?yee ii?yaeee
oa caeiiiaeaanoai, yea nooo?ai a?ae??ciyeiny ca nai?th ni?yiiaai?noth
a?ae iie?oeee ? caeiiiaeaanoaa, ui iaoeenoe i?iaiaeeee ? ao?ethaaee a
aeeooy ia oa?eoi??? aeaio ?ioeo cii — ?aeoneii?na??aoo Oe?a?ie, ui
ia?aaoaaa i?ae oeea?eueiei ieoiaoe?eiei oi?aae?iiyi, oa ciie oeeo a?oie
a?i?e «I?aaeaiue», a ye?e «ii?yaeeoaaa» aa?iaoo. Iaoeiaa aeioe?euei?noue
aeiaaaea a?ae aaoi?a aecia/eoeny oa?eoi??aeueii, uia a?eueo aeeaiei,
eiiieaenii ? ?aeue?oii aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee
oi?ioaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a ?aa?iiao, yeei ?aeo
io?oe?eii iaaeaa noaoon ieoiiaaieo.

Iniiaiith iaoith ?iaioe ? eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae
iie?oeee i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?
uiaei aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy a 1941 —
1944 ??. oa caoiae?a, cae?eniaieo iaoeenoaie o oeueiio iai?yi? ?
ni?yiiaaieo ia oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?eioniai? i?aoe? ia iniia? caaaeueii?
o?oaeiai? iiaeiiino?.

Ca?aene aeieeaathoue aieiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— aeine?aeeoe iaoai?ci ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ieoiaioaie ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie i?eioeeio i?eioniai? o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe?? anueiai
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy;

— ?ice?eoe eiie?aoi? oeyoe oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?eioniai? i?aoe? oa
iniaeeaino? oeueiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i?;

— iieacaoe nooue eieii?aeueii? o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe?? iaoeenoaie
ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie;

— ?icaeyiooe iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe?? oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy
oa a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo;

— iieacaoe oa i?iaiae?coaaoe i?ioean aeaii?oaoe?? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ia
?iaioo aei I?ia//eie oa aeine?aeeoe oiiae aeeooy ? i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo
«inoa?aaeoa??a»;

— ioe?ieoe ianooaae aeei?enoaiiy iaoeenoaie o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie,
a oaeiae i??o aoaeoeaiino? iie?oeee ieoiaoe?eieo i?aai?a o noa??
i?aai?caoe?? o?oaeiai? iiaeiiino? oa caeo/aiiy aei i?aoe? ie?aieo
nioe?aeueieo a?oi;

— iieacaoe nioe?aeueia noaiiaeua i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a
oiiaao ai?iaei? ieoiaoe?? oa ?ice?eoe nooue nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee
ieoiaio?a;

— aeine?aeeoe iniiai? canaaee oa ?icaeyiooe ci?no eiie?aoieo caoiae?a
ieoiaio?a o noa?? i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy oa i?aeaioiaee o?oaeiaeo
?aca?a?a aeey aeanieo iio?aa.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie. Ia?o? ?iaioe, a yeeo ?icaeyaeaeiny
ieoaiiy i?i noaiiaeua ianaeaiiy ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e Oe?a?inueei? ?N? oa
iaoeenonueeee ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei, c’yaeeeny ua i?ae /an a?eie. Aeoaeia
E. Aa?aa?e aeaaaeoeyoiai a?eo. — Na?aoia, 1942.; Aai aea: Ceiaeayiey
iaioeaa a Eeaaa.-I.,1945.; Eiai ae: 778 o?aa?/ieo aei?a Ee?aa.-E.1945.;
?iiia I. Cei/einoaa i?ioe?a o Aeiiaan?.-E.,194; Iiae/aiei E.
A?oea??anueea e??ia//eia // I?i i?iaoeueeo caiaeueio ?aoi?io ia
oei/aniai ieoiiaai?e Oe?a?i?/.-Na?aoia,1942.;Ne?i/oe I.
Ethaeiaea?e.-E.1945.;Ooeueaa C. Ai?ioueaa oe?a?inueeiai naeyinoaa i?ioe
i?iaoeueeeo caaa?aiee?a /AI O?N?/. — Ooa,1942.-N.37-48. Ei?i?e/oe I.
A?oea? — ethoee ai?ia oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.-E.,1941., oa ?io?.
Ioae?eaoe?? ai?iieo ?ie?a aoee a iniiaiiio i?enay/ai? aee?eooth cei/ei?a
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a oa ?oiuei? eieii?aeueii? iie?oeee.
Na?aae ?ioiai a oeeo ?iaioao ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy e ie?ai?
aniaeoe aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie. I?aoe? ia??iaeo a?eie oa ia?oeo
i?neyai?iieo ?ie?a iaee, ye i?aaeei, ioae?oeenoe/iee oa
aa?oaoe?eii-ia?o?eiee oa?aeoa?. A ieo aeoaea a?aeiee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae,
ui iia’ycaii ia?o ca ana c oaia?noth aeaea?ae oa oeaico?ieie
iaiaaeaiiyie. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, ie?ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ana ae i?noyoue
oe?iiee eiino?oeoeaiee iaoa??ae, yeee ?ice?eaa? nooue ieoiaoe?eii?
iie?oeee iaoeeno?a, cie?aia, o noa?? aenieoaoaoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae oe?a?ioe?a iica ?? iaaeaie.

I?ioyaii 60-o — 80-o ?ie?a ?aaeyinueeeie ?noi?eeaie, a oiio /ene? e
oe?a?inueeeie, iioae?eiaaii aeanyoee i?aoeue, o yeeo o??th /e ?ioith
i??ith ?icaeyaeaeeny iaai? aniaeoe iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee eieii?aeueii?
o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe?? oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy oa a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo a
Oe?a?i?. Uii?aaaea, oey i?iaeaiaoeea a aaniethoi?e a?eueoino? i?aoeue
aeine?aeaeoaaeany ia?aaaaeii a eiioaeno? «anaia?iaeii? ai?ioueae a oeeo
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo a?enuee», «c?eao eieii?caoi?nueeeo ieai?a
iaoeenonueeeo ieoiaio?a», iieaco «ea??aii? ? ni?yiiaoth/i? ?ie?
Eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? o ai?iouea? c ai?iaii ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi???»
oiui. Eaooa N.I. Eieainiia naeyinoai ?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie a ?iee Aaeeei?
A?o/eciyii? a?eie.- E.,1965.; A?eai?iae/ Ae. e ae?. Eiiioienoe/aneia
iiaeiieuea ia Oe?aeia a aiaeu Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu.-E.,
1976.;THuaiei I.Ae. Aa?oaoe?y ? i?iiaaaiaea eiioi?no?a Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe??.-E.,1962.;Eecy E.?. ?aeaieia?/ia
?iaioa a oeeo ai?iaa//Oe?.?no.aeo?i.-1974-?9.; Eeth?ieiAe.I. Aa?oiaai?
ia?o??th /I?i aa?i?/io ai?ioueao i?ae ea??aieoeoaii i?aei?eueieo
i?aai?caoe?e o?oaeyueo E??iaia?aaeueie a ?iee Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii?
a?eie.-E.,1973.;Eiaaeue I.A.Aieiaa ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?eueiee?a Ee?aa//
Oe?.?no.aeo?i..-1982.-?5,oa ?io?. A oeae ia??iae c’yaeythoueny iaoeia?
i?aoe?, o yeeo oia?oa aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ??ciiiai?oi? eiie?aoi? aniaeoe
«iiaiai ii?yaeeo». Oea, ia?o ca ana, iiiia?ao?? ? noaoo? I.A.Eiaaey,
E.A.Eiiae?aoaiei, A.?.Eo/a?a, A.A.Iaoioana, I.I.Caai?oeueea,
A.O.THaeaieiaa, A.I.Caineiaa, A.I.Iai’yoiai, I.N.Aeeoeaaiai oa ?ioeo
aeine?aeiee?a, ye? aeineoue aeieeaaeii coieiyeeny ia oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
caaaeueieo canaae iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee aeiiii?/ii? aenieoaoaoe??
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e oa ia eiie?aoieo iai?yiao ?o ?aae?caoe??. Eiaaeue
I.A. ?noi??y iai’yoa?: E?eaaaee oeyo oaoeno?a ia Oe?a?i?.-E.,1965.; Eiai
ae: Ai?ioueaa ?ia?oiee?a ca c?ea oaoenonueeeo ieai?a aeei?enoaiiy
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie: Aei 35-??//y aecaieaiiy oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a?ae
i?iaoeueei-oaoenoneeo caaa?aiee?a// Oe?.?no.aeo?i.. -1979. -? 6.; Ii
aea: Ai?ueaa ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu i?ioea oaoenoneiai ?aanoaa. -E., 1979.;
Eiaaeue A.N. Aeieoiaio ui aee?eaa? ieaie i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo
ieoiaio?a//Oe?.?no.aeo?i..-1971.-?6.; Eiiae?aoaiei E.A. E?ao ieai?a
oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a uiaei iia?aaoaaiiy iiieneiai-ne?iaeiiiai
iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie // Oe?.?no.aeo?i.. 1977.-?1; Aeeoeaaee I.N.,
Ai?ioueaa o?oaeyueo i?iieneiaeo oeaio??a Oe?a?ie ca c?ea oaoenonueei?
ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee /1941-1944 ??/ //A?o?ae Oe?a?ie-1974.-?1. Caineia
A.I. Aaaeouay neea anaia?iaeiie ai?ueau: Ai?ueaa niaaoneiai ?aai/aai
eeanna ia a?aiaiii ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee NNN? /1941-1944 aa./ -I.,
1984.; Iaoioan A.A.A?aa?aeieoeueea aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea a?oea??anueeeo
ieoiaio?a o Aaee/ei? //Oe?.?no.aeo?i. -1970.?1; A?eion A.Ae., Eo/a? A.?.
Ae?? ia?oecai?a ? i?aei?eueiee?a ii c?eao oaoenonueei? iie?oeee
iia?aaoaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa//Oe?.?no.aeo?i..-1974.-?10.;
Caai?oeueei I.I., THaeaieia A.O. E?ao aeiiiie/aneeo ieaiia oaoenoneie
Aa?iaiee ia a?aiaiii ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee NNN?.1-a ecae.-I., 1970.;
Iie aea: E?ao ieaia «Ieueaeaiao?a»: I n?uaa yeiiiie/aneeo ieaiia
oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee ia a?aiaiii ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee NNN?. 2-a
ecae.-I.,1974.; C-a ecae.-I., 1980.; oa ?io?. Aiaeii/an i?iaeaiai
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie o a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo
?ioa?anao ?aeoo aeinoaoiuei? oaaae ia i?eae?eyeiny, ai naia iinoaiiaea
oaeiai ieoaiiy noia?a/eea a?aeii?e ia?o?ei?e aen?ii? i?i
«anaioiiethth/ee iao??ioeci ?aaeyinueeiai ia?iaeo». Caaaeueiei
iaaeie?eii iacaaieo aeua i?aoeue, ye ? acaaae? ?noi??ia?ao??
?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo, ? i/aaeaeia ?aeaieia?/ia caoi?ai?noue oa
iiaa?oia?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaoueio i?iaeai noiniaii oaie
iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee aeei?enoaiiy ethaenueeeo ?ano?n?a ieoiiaaieo
oa?eoi??e. Cae/aeii, c’yaeyeeny ?iaioe, a yeeo ia’?eoeaii
aena?oethaaeeny ?noi?e/i? oaeoe oa iiae??. Na?aae ieo caneoaiao? ia
oaaao iiiia?ao?y I.A.Eiaaey «Ai?ueaa ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu i?ioea
oaoenoneiai ?aanoaa», a ye?e eoeiny i?i aenieoaoaoe?th i?aoe?
oe?a?inueeeo «inoa?aaeoa??a» o I?ia//ei?, a oaeiae a?aeiia i?aoey
I.I.3aai?oeueea oa A.O.THaeaieiaa, ui aeo?eiaea o?e aeaeaiiy. ?iaioo
aeine?aeiee?a, ia iao iiaeyae, oiaiiaeeeaethaaea i/aaeaei?noue
?noi?e/ieo ia?aeaeae, aeeeeeaieo oioae?oa?iith nooi?noth iaio ?aaeei?a
— a?oea??anueeiai ? noae?inueeiai.

Ie??i caaaeaieo aeua i?aoeue, ??ciiiai?oi? aniaeoe i?iaeaie
aenieoaoaoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e Oe?a?ie ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia noi??ieao ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ocaaaeueithth/eo ?ia?o c
?noi??? Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie oa ?ooo Iii?o ia ieoiiaaieo
oa?eoi??yo. Enoi?ey Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu Niaaoneiai Nithca.
1941-1945 a.a.: A 6-oe o.-I 1960-1965.; Oe?a?inueea ?N? o Aaeee?e
A?o/eciyi?e a?ei? ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco 194?-1945 ??.;a 3-o o.-E.,
1967-1969.; ?noi??y Oe?a?inueei? ?N?: o 8-ie o.10-oe ei.-E, 1977. -O. 7.
-Oe?a?inueea ?N? o Aaeee?e A?o/eciyi?e a?ei? ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco
/1941-1945/; Ia?iaeiay aieia a oueo oaoenoneeo ieeoiaioia ia Oe?aeia: A
2-o ei.-Ei.1.Ai?ueaa a iiaeiieuea. -E., 1985, oa ?io?. A oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ie?ai? ?icae?ee i?enay/ai? ?ice?eooth noo? ? ci?noo
oaoenonueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio, iie?oeee aeiiii?/ii? aenieoaoaoe??
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e oa i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy. ?acii c oei, cacia/aiei
i?aoeyi i?eoaiaii? iaaeie?ee ca?aeaieia?ciaaii? ?aaeyinueei?
?noi??ia?ao?? a o?e ?? /anoei?, yea noino?oueny oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeioe/i? oa aeecuee? ca ci?noii ? o?iiieia??th i?iaeaie /Oe?a?ia a
aeniain?ii?nueeeo ieaiao i?iaoeueeiai oaoecio, ai?ioueaa oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo i?ioe iia?aaoaaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?? ?anioae?ee iaoeeciii,
aeei?enoaiiy a?oea??anueeith I?ia//eiith aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo
ieoiiaaieo oa caeaaeieo e?a?i ?a?iie/ ?icaeyaeathoueny a aeieoi?nueeeo
oa eaiaeeaeaonueeeo aeena?oaoe?yo I.I.Oaaaoeyea, O.I.Oaeaa?ia,
E.A.Eiiae?aoaiei, I.N. Aeeoeaaiai oa ?ioeo. Aeuoeaaie I.N. Ai?ueaa
oe?aeineiai ia?iaea i?ioea ia?aaeaiey e yenieoaoaoeee Oe?aeiu
iaiaoeei-oaoenoneeie caoaao/eeaie /1941-1944/: Aaoi?ao. …e.e.i.-E.,
1968.; Eiiae?aoaiei E.A. Niaaoneay enoi?e/aneay iaoea i e?aoa ieaiia
iaiaoeei-oaoenoneeo caoaao/eeia a ioiioaiee i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu a
aiaeu Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu.: Aaoi?ao.: …e.e.i.-E.,1977.;
Oaeaaei O.I. Eniieueciaaiea oaoenoneie Aa?iaieae yeiiiie/aneiai
iioaioeeaea ieeoie?iaaiiuo e caaeneiuo ainoaea?noa Aa?iiu ai Aoi?ie
ie?iaie aieia.: Aaoi?ao. …ae.e.i.-I.,1973; Oaaaoeye I.I. Oe?aeia a
yeiaineiienoneeo ieaiao aa?iaineiai oaoecia /1933-1939 aa./: Aaoi?ao.
…ae.e.i.-E., 1984, oa ?io?.

Iia?oi?e aoai o ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? ?noi??ia?ao?? ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee
oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie a Oe?a?i? a ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie ii/aany
iai?ee?ioe? 80-o — ia ii/aoeo 90-o ??. Inoaii?i /anii c’yaey?oueny
aeineoue aaeeea e?euee?noue i?aoeue, aaoi?e yeeo iaiaaathoueny
ia’?eoeaii ? aeaaaeaii iiaeaoe aiae?oeei-e?eoe/iee ?ica?? ??ciiiai?oieo
i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo Ae?oai? na?oiai? oa Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii?
ai?i. Iaeiae aeeaiei ? anaa?/ii ?icaeyaeoaaia i?iaeaia iaoeiaoeyie ia
ii?aoeueiaoaaeany. Ca inoaii? ?iee a iaoeia?e ia??iaeeoe? oa a
??ciiiai?oieo ca??ieeao iioae?eiaaii eeoa e?eueea noaoae c aeioe/ieo oai
? ocaaaeueithth/? i?aoe? I.A.Eiaaey. A?o?ia ?.A. «O?iainiaa a?eia»
o?aoueiai ?aeoo ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a 1941-1944 ??. //Oe?.
?no. aeo?iae.-1995.- ?3.; Eiai ae: Iie?oeea oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie uiaei
aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie aeey iio?aa a?i??
/1941-1944 ??./ //Ae?oaa na?oiaa a?eia ? Oe?a?ia. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? /27-28 ea?oiy 1995 ?./.-E., 1996.-N.112-118.; Eiaaeue I.A.
Oe?a?ia o Ae?oa?e na?oia?e ? Aaeee?e A?o/eciyi?e a?eiao /1939-1945 ??./
Ni?iaa no/aniiai eiioeaiooaeueiiai aa/aiiy.-E.,1994.; Eiai ae:
Oe?a?inueeee ia?iae o ae?oa?e na?oia?e oa Aaeee?e A?o/eciyi?e a?eiao
/1941-1945 ??./ //Oe?.?no.aeo?i.-1990.-?3.-N.88-95.; Eiai ae: 1941-1945
?iee. Oe?a?ia //Oe?. ?no.aeo?iae.—1991.-6.-N.C-23.; Eiai ae: Ae?oaa
na?oiaa ? Aaeeea A?o/eciyia a?eia oa nueiaiaeaiiy. ?icaeoie
?noi?eea//Oe?. ?no. aeo?iae.-1995.-?3;Ei?ieue A.TH. O?aaaae?y
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie /1941-1944 ??./
//Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oe?a?ia a ?iee Ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie 1939-1945» 9-10 eenoiiaaea 1994 ?.-E., 1994.-N.84-88.;
Iai/aiei I.I., Aiiaea?aiei I.I, Iaaeaeea N.N. Iie?oeea
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo ieoiaio?a ia Oe?a?i? a ieoaiiyo aa?a?ieo
a?aeiinei //Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? «50-??//y
ia?aiiae iaae oaoeciii: iane?aeee oa o?iee» 4-5 o?aaiy 1995
?.-E..,1995.-*.1.-N.137-143.; Oaa/aiei O.I. Aei ieoaiiy i?i e?ao
a?oea??anueeiai «iiaiai ii?yaeeo» a Oe?a?i? //Iaoa??aee
iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oe?a?ia a ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie
1939-1945» 9-10 eenoiiaaea 1994 ?.-E., 1994.- N.-80-82., oa ?io?. O
1998-1999 ??. Eaa?euoeii A.?. oa A?o?iaei ?.A. caoeuaii eaiaeeaeaonuee?
aeena?oaoe??, iaeiei c aniaeo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy yeeo noaa iaoeenonueeee
aeniain?ii?ci a aeaiia?ao?/ii-o?oaeia?e noa??. Eaa?euoe A.?.
Oaoenonueeee ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei a cao?aeieo iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie.: Aaoi?ao.
… e.?.i. – E., 1998.; A?o?ia ?.A. Aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y «o?aoueiai ?aeoo»
oa i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie a ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie.: Aaoi?ao. …
e.?.i. – E., 1999. Iaeiae, ye ? ?ai?oa, i?aoeue, o yeeo ae i?iaeaia
aenieoaoaoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie ?icaeyaeaeany a eiiieaenii, ia
?nio?.

Ca?oa?aeia ?noi??ia?ao?y i?i i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeo ieoiaoe?eio iie?oeeo
a Oe?a?i? aacoaaeany, ia?aaaaeii, ia ia’?eoea?nonueeeo i?aeoiaeao aei
aena?oeaiiy oaie, aea o nai?io aei?iaeo oaeiae ia ia? eiiieaenieo
niaoe?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith eieii?aeueii?
aeniain?? I?ia//eie, ci???ioiaaii? ia aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
ieoiiaaii? Oe?a?ie. Iniiaiee eiiieaen i?aoeue cao?aeieo o/aieo
noino?oueny oa?eoi??? anueiai ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco. A oe?a?inueeiio
eiioaeno? iiaeia caaaeaoe e?eueea i?aoeue, o yeeo iia?aeii
?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy aeceneoaaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?inueei?
?N? o ?iee iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe??. Bohatyk N.G. The economy of Kiev
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Zeitgeschichte.- 1973.- ? 21.- S.245-248.; Eichholtz D.
Wirtschaftspolitik und Strategie des faschistischen deutschen
Imperialismus im Dneper-Donez-Industriegebiet 1941-1943 //
Militargeshichte — 1979. ? 18. -281-296.

Caoaaaeo?ii, ui ie?ai? aniaeoe oaie iaoi? aeena?oaoe?? aaea
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny. Cie?aia ?nio? iecea ?ia?o, o yeeo ?icaeyaea?oueny
ieoaiiy aenieoaoaoe?? i?aoe? ianaeaiiy ieoiiaaieo e?a?i ?a?iie ia
i?eioniaeo ?iaioao a ?aeoo.99 Herbert U. Fremdarbeiter. Politik und
Praxis des «Auslander-Eisnsatzes» in der Kriegswirtschaft des Dritten
Reiches.-Berlin, Bonn, 1985.; Herbert U. Europa und der «Reichseinsats».
Auslandische Zivilarbeiter, Kriegsgefangene und KZ-Haftlinge in
Deutschland 1938-1945.-Essen, 1991, oa ?io?. Cao?aei? ?noi?eee
niaoe?aeueii ia aea/aee iniaeeainoae iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee
aenieoaoaoe?? i?aoe? ?aaeyinueeeo a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo ia ieoiiaai?e
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. Iie?oeea ?aeoo uiaei ?aaeyinueeeo a’yci?a aena?oeaia
o aeaio i?aoeyo i?iaoeueeeo o/aieo, o yeeo oaaaa aeoeaioo?oueny ia
caaaeueieo canaaeao oe??? iie?oeee, a ia ia eiie?aoieo i?iyaao ?? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.110 Streit Ch. Keine Kamaraden. Die Wehrmacht und
die sowietischen Kriegsgefangenen 1941-1945.-Stuttgart, 1978.; Streim A.
Die Behandlung sowietischer Kriegsgefangenen im «Fall Barbarossa». Eine
Dokumentation.-Heidelberg; Karlsruhe, 1981.0 Iaaiee aianie o aea/aiiy
oe??? oaie c?iaea oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee ae?anii?e I.Ia?oi/ae.111
Ia?oi/ae I.A. Nenoaia i?iaoeueeeo eiioeoaai??a oa iie?oeea aeieuoaaiiy a
Oe?a?i?.- A?ii?iaa, 1963. 1

Ie?ai? aniaeoe eieii?aeueii? iie?oeee iaoeeno?a ia ieoiiaai?e Oe?a?i?
?icaeyaeathoueny ? a i?aoe? A.Eineea, iaeiae aaoi? ia i?eae?eea
aeinoaoiuei? oaaae ?icaeyaeia? iaoeenonueeiai aeniain?ii?cio o noa??
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?aco?c?a oa i?aai?caoe?? ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie i?eioniai? i?aoe?, a?eueoa cina?aaeeaoenue ia iie?oe/ieo
aniaeoao «iiaiai ii?yaeeo».112 Einee A. Oe?a?ia ? I?ia//eia o Ae?oa?e
na?oia?e a?ei? — Ia?eae, Iueth-Ei?e, Euea?a,1993.2

Eiiieaeni?oa ? aeieeaaei?oa iaoeenonueea iie?oeea aenieoaoaoe??
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e N?N? ?icaeyaea?oueny o
iiiia?ao?? iieuenueeiai aeine?aeieea A.Aiionyea.113 Bonusiak W.
Polityka economiczna III Rzeszy na okypowantch obszarah ZSRR
/1941-1944/.-Pzesow, 1981. 3 Eiai i?aoey i?enay/aia oa?eoi??? anueiai
N?N?, /a?ac oea «oe?a?inueeee iaoa??ae», oi/ a?i ? cia/iee ca ianyaaie,
aoaeoueny a caaaeueiiio eiioaeno?, oo?oaeith/e aiae?c iniaeeainoae
iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee naia a Oe?a?i?. Ie?ai? aeai? i?i ieoiaoe?eio
iie?oeeo a?oea??aoe?a oa noaiiaeua oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy
aaia?ae-aoaa?iaoi?noaa ciaoiaeeii a ?iaioao *.Iaaeae/eea. Caaaeii
cao?aeia ?noi??ia?ao?y, iath/e a nai?io aei?iaeia? cia/io e?euee?noue
i?aoeue c i?iaeai iaoeenonueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio, ia i?eae?eeea
aeinoaoiuei? oaaae aena?oeaiith iniaeeainoae «iiaiai ii?yaeeo» ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, cie?aia, aeei?enoaiith I?ia//eiith iioaioe?aeo
i?noeaaeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a.

C?iaeaiee iaie aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie aea?
i?aenoaae aeey aeniiaeo, ui aei inoaiiueiai /ano ia i?iaiaeeeiny
eiiieaeniiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oeee i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei?
ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? c ieoaiue ?iai/i? neee oa o?oaeiaeo
?aca?a?a. Aeioaia? a?o/eciyia oa ca?oa?aeia ?noi??ia?ao?y
aeine?aeaeoaaea oeth oaio iiaa?oiai, a eiioaeno? ?icaeyaeo aeiiii?/ii?
aeniain?? «o?aoueiai ?aeoo» ia Noiae?, a oae? ?? aniaeoe, iai?eeeaae, ye
i?aeaioiaea o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a /a?ac nenoaio ii/aoeiaeo oa na?aaei?o
i?ioan?eieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, caeeoa?oueny nooe?eueiith «a?eith
ieyiith» a ?noi??ia?ao?? iaoeenonueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?.
Naia iaiao?aei?noue aeae?eaiiy iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee aenieoaoaoe??
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a naiino?eiee ia’?eo niaoe?aeueiiai iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/eea a cia/i?e i??? aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? caaaeueiiiaoeia? i?eioeeie
?noi?ecio ? nenoaiiino?. O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee
iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei
aea/aiiy oaie. Aaoi? ea?oaaany oaeiae i?eioeeiaie, ye? nie?athoueny ia
aeinyaiaiiy a?o/eciyii? ? ca?oa?aeii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee, a?aooaaa
aaaeeea? a eiioeaiooaeueiiio ieai? ?ic?iaee oeo o/aieo, oai?aoe/i?
aeniiaee ? ocaaaeueiaiiy yeeo ni?eyee inieneaiith oa oi?ioaaiith
i?eioeeiiaeo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea? eiiieaen
a?o?aieo oa ae?oeiaaieo aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? caeaa?eueoiai
aaiaeyoueny aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao aia?oa. Aieiaiee ianea a?o?aieo
aeaea?ae, aeei?enoaieo aaoi?ii, caa??aa?oueny o oiiaeao Oeaio?aeueiiai
aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao aeueo i?aai?a aeaaee oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie /OeAeAAI
Oe?a?ie/ oa Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue
Oe?a?ie /OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie/. Ii?aoeueiaai? iaie iaoa??aee c oeeo a?o?a?a
iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia aea? a?oie. Aei ia?oi? a?aeiinyoueny
aeieoiaioe ?aaeyinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, ui ia’?aeiothoue a?aeiiino? i?i
ieoiaoe?eio iie?oeeo iaoeeno?a, noaiiaeua ianaeaiiy a oiiaao ieoiaoe??.
A OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie aei oaeeo iaeaaeaoue: Iaoa??aee oe?a?inueei?
?anioae?eainueei? eii?n?? ii iae?eo caeoe?a ? cei/ei?a, caiiae?yieo
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeie caaa?aieeaie /1943-1945 ??./ — O.3538;
Eieaeoe?y aeieoiaio?a c ?noi??? Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie — O.4620. O
oiiaeao OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie aeieoiaioe ?aaeyinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy,
aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii, iayai? na?aae iaoa??ae?a Oeaio?aeueiiai eii?oaoo
EIO — O.?.; Eiiniiieo Oe?a?ie-O.7; Eieaeoe?y aeieoiaio?a c ?noi???
Eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? Oe?a?ie a ia??iae Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie -O.57;
Iaoa??ae?a Eii?n?? c ieoaiue ?noi??? Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie i?e AI
O?N?- O.166. Na?aae oeeo aeieoiaio?a cia/ia e?euee?noue oaeeo, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny aia?oa. Oea, cie?aia ca?oe ?ica?aeoaaeueieo i?aai?a,
aeiiia?aei? caienee, iaeyaee IEAN O?N?, ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iia?aeiieaiiy,
eenoe ? caa?iaiiy, ui i?ieeaathoue na?oei ia iiae?? a Oe?a?i? ia??iaeo
ieoiaoe??.

Ae?oaa a?oia aeei?enoaieo a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a — oea iaoa??aee
i?iaoeueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, ui caa??aathoueny a i?ea?iaeao, oioieii?yo oa
ia?aeeaaeao c oioieii?e. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue c ieo ua i?eiee ia
aeei?enoiaoaaeany aeine?aeieeaie. Na?aae oiiae?a OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie aei
oaeeo iaeaaeaoue: iaoa??aee ooaao ?iia?nueeiai ea??aieea A.?icaiaa?aa
aeey ieoiiaaieo no?aeieo iaeanoae-O.3676; ?aeoneii?na??aoo
Oe?a?ie-O.3206; Eieaeoe?? i?e?ioioieii?e aeieoiaio?a
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo onoaiia, a?i?enueeeo a?oi oa ?o i?ae?icae?e?a ia
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??yo — O.EIO-8. O oiiaeao OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie
aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee i?iaoeueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy cono??/athoueny
na?aae aeieoiaio?a Iniaeeaiai naeoi?o OeE EIO-O.1.-Ii.23. Aiie i?noyoue
?ioi?iaoe?ei? iia?aeiieaiiy ieoiaoe?eieo i?aai?a i?i aeiiii?/ia ?
iie?oe/ia noaiiaeua a Oe?a?i?, iaieioaiiy ? caa?iaiiy ieoiaoe?eii?
aeaaee aei ianaeaiiy, iioi/i? aeieoiaioe iae?eo ?iai/i? neee oiui. Eii??
oa ia?aeeaae i?iaoeueeeo aeieoiaio?a iayai? oaeiae na?aae iaoa??ae?a
caaaeoaaieo iaie O.57 oa O.166 oeueiai a?o?ao. Oea aee?aeoeae, iaeace oa
aeiaeaoee aei ieo ?aeoni?i?no?a A.?icaiaa?aa, A.Aa??iaa, O.3aoeaey, ui
noinothoueny aeiiii?/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? ieoiiaaieo ?aa?ii?a N?N? oa
Oe?a?ie, aeceneoaaiiy ?iai/i? neee, nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ieoiaio?a;
oaeaa?aie, eenooaaiiy, ?ino?oeoe?? oa eii?? aee?aeoea A.Eioa, ye?
iaeaaeaee aei oi?aae?iiy a ?aeoneii?na??ao? Oe?a?ie, oa ?io? aeieoiaioe.

Iaoa??aee oeaio?aeueieo aea?aeaaieo a?o?a?a i?aai?/ii aeiiiaiai? ?
eiie?aoeciaai? aeieoiaioaie c ?aa?iiaeueieo a?o?aieo ca??ie —
Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao i. Ee?aa /AeAIE/ oa Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao
AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano? /AeAAEI/. Iniaeeai oe?eaao aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?th i?noyoue iaoa??aee AEeoiie?nueeiai aaia?aeeii?na??aoo — O.
?-1151, AEeoiie?nueei? i?nueei? Oi?aae -O.?-2375 oa ?io? oiiaee a?o?ao.
Oea aein? iaa?aeii? a iaoeiaiio ia?ao aeieoiaioe i?i ae?yeuei?noue
i?noeaaeo i?aai?a ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? i?nueeiai oa ?aeiiiiai
??aiy.

Iniiaio a?oio ae?oeiaaieo aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaea?ae neeaaeathoue
ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a i?i ieoiaoe?eio iie?oeeo iaoeeno?a ia
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??yo N?N? ?, cie?aia, a Oe?a?i?. ?o iiaeia ?icae?eeoe
ia aea? a?oie. Ia?oa — oea aeieoiaioaeuei? ca??ieee, ye? ia’?aeiothoue
iaoa??aee, ui ?ethno?othoue caaaeuei? canaaee ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee
iaoeeno?a ia an?e oa?eoi??? N?N?.114 Aiaoiiey aa?annee: Iiaua
aeieoiaiou i aiaiiuo oeaeyo oaoenoneiai eiia?eaeecia ai Aoi?ie Ie?iaie
aieia: Ia?. n iai..-I..,1975; Aeieoiaiou ia ieeoiaoeeiiiie iieeoeea
oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee ia oa??eoi?ee NN? /1941-1945 aa./-I., 1985;
Ith?iaa?aneee i?ioeann iaae aeaaiuie aiaiieie i?anooiieeaie: Na.
iaoa?eaeia a 7-ie o.- I.., 1957-1961.; I?anooiiua oeaee — i?anooiiua
n?aaenoaa: Aeieoiaiou ia ieeoiaoeeiiiie iieeoeea oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee ia
oa??eoi?ee NN? a 1941-1944 aa.-I., 1968, oa ?io?. 4 Aei ae?oai? a?oie
iaeaaeaoue ca??ieee, ui ia’?aeiothoue aeieoiaioe, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei
noinothoueny i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?
1941-1944 ??.115 I?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeee ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei ia Oe?a?i?
1941-1944 ??. Ca.aeie. ? iaoa??ae?a.- E.,1951.; I?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeee
ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei ia Oe?a?i?. Ca. aeie. ? iaoa??ae?a.-E.,1963.;
Niaaoneay Oe?aeia a aiaeu Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu 1941-1945 aa.:
Aeie. e iaoa?. a 3-o o.-E., 1980; A?iie/eia a ?iee Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii?
a?eie1941-1945 ??.: Ca.aeie. ? iaoa??ae?a.-Iaeanna, 1971, oa ?io?.5

Iaa?oue iacaaaeath/e ia ae?acio oaiaeaioe?ei?noue oa iaeiiaie?noue
i?aeai?o aeieoiaioaeueii? aace, oe? ca??ieee ? aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii c
oe??? i?iaeaie.

*eneaiio a?oio iaoa??ae?a, aeei?enoaieo i?ae /an ?iaioe iaae
aeena?oaoe??th, noaiiaeyoue ia??iaee/i? aeaeaiiy ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaee, a
oaeiae i?ana oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?aeii? aaei?i?no?aoe??. Iaaiith i??ith
iaie aeei?enoaii e ?aaeyinueeo ia??iaeeeo /an?a a?eie oa iaioa?io
e?oa?aoo?o.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi?ia? aaeaeiny
i?iaeaio iaoeenonueeiai aeniain?ii?cio a noa?? aenieoaoaoe?? o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie aeae?eeoe a naiino?eiee ia’?eo niaoe?aeueiiai
iaoeiaiai ?icaeyaeo. ?icoe?aii aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie, ine?eueee aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao caeo/aii cia/io e?euee?noue
iiaeo aeaieo, iaa?aeiieo aein? aeieoiaio?a oa ae?oeiaaieo aeaea?ae.
C?iaeaii ni?iao a?ae?eoe a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo ?aeaieia?/ieo noai, ui
oyae?ee iaeiia?/i?noth aena?oeaiiy oaie a ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao??.
C?a?aii, ii?aoeueiaaii oa iiaeaii o aeaeyae? aeiaeaoe?a aei iniiaiiai
oaenoo aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?th, yea oiai/ith? aeeeaae eiie?aoiiai
iaoa??aeo ? aea? ciiao e?aua oyaeoe caaaeueiee ia?aa?a iiae?e, i?i ye?
eaeaoueny a ?iaio?. Aeine?aeaeaii ieceo aniaeo?a oaie, ui ia ciaeoee
aeieeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy, a iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??: iaoai?ci ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ieoiaioaie o?oaeiai? iiaeiiino? oa noai?aiiy nenoaie i?eioniai? i?aoe? a
Oe?a?i?; oi?ie ? iaoiaee aenieoaoaoe?? i?aoe? oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy,
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo oa «inoa?aaeoa??a»; noai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ia?aae? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe oa i?aeaioiaee o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a a ia??iae
ieoiaoe??; nioe?aeueia iie?oeea iaoeenonueei? aeaaee uiaei i?aoethth/iai
ianaeaiiy oiui.

Iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy eiai iaoa??ae?a oa aeniiae?a a iaienaii?
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c aeecueeeo oa aeioe/ieo oai, a oaeiae o aeeeaaeaii?
eo?n?a c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie oa ?noi??? neia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?aia ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e ?noi??? neia’yinueeeo ia?iae?a IIO ?i.
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, ia can?aeaii? a?aeae?eo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo Ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-ca?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo
aeeeaaea/?a ? ni?a?ia?oiee?a IIO ?i. I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a 1996-1999 ??., a
oaeiae ia ?? Anaoe?a?inueeiio neiiic?oi? c i?iaeai aa?a?ii? ?noi???
/i.*a?eane, *a?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai,
1997 ?./.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii o naie iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Aeena?oaoe?y iiaoaeiaaia ca i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iei i?eioeeiii,
no?oeoo?ii iiae?eyth/enue ia anooi, /ioe?e ?icae?ee, aeniiaee, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoee. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? 207 noi??iie.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny c a?o?aieo oa
aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, niiaaae?a, aeia?aeeiaeo oa noaoenoe/ieo
aeaeaiue, e?oa?aoo?e, ia??iaeeee – anueiai 206 iaeiaioaaiue. Aeiaeaoee
aei oaenoo ?iaioe ia’?aeiothoue iaeio noaio, 7 oaaeeoeue oa iaeei oaeno
aeieoiaioo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, ie?aneththoueny
o?iiieia?/i? oa aaia?ao?/i? ?aiee, iaoa, caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/a?oueny no/aniee ??aaiue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aeaea?aeueia aaca, ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «I?iaeaia iaoeenonueeiai aeniain?ii?cio
o noa?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie a
?noi??ia?ao??» aena?oeth?oueny noai aea/aiiy oaie a ?aaeyinuee?e,
a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e ?noi?e/i?e e?oa?aoo??. Ine?eueee a
?noi??ia?ao?? iaia? niaoe?aeueieo i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo ?icaeyaeo iniia ?
i?iya?a iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee aenieoaoaoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie,
oi aaoi? coieiy?oueny ia ?noi??ia?ao?/iiio aiae?c? e?oa?aoo?e c
aeioe/ieo i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie oa
ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue.

Aeoiaey/e c noaio ?ic?iaee oaie, yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iaeiaeine?aeaeai?noth aai iiaa?oia?noth aiae?co i?iaeai
aeaiia?ao?/ii-o?oaeiai? iie?oeee i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo ieoiaio?a a
Oe?a?i?, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie i?i ?? iaoeiao aeooaeuei?noue.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? «Nenoaia i?eioniai? i?aoe? ? caaaeueia
o?oaeiaa iiaeii?noue ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a ?iee iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe??
/1941-1944 ??./». O eiai ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
caaaeueii? o?oaeiai? iiaeiiino? oa oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie i?eioniai? i?aoe?»
?icaeyaeathoueny ia?aaeoiiae, eiie?aoi? oeyoe ? iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy
nenoaie i?eioniai? i?aoe? ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. Oeae i?ioean iiaeia
oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia o?e aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? a?enueeia? ?inoaioe??
aa?iaooo ii/aee ianiai aeei?enoiaoaaoe oeea?eueia oe?a?inueea
ianaeaiiy aeey nai?o iio?aa. Ianooiiei aoaiii noaei cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
caaaeueii? o?oaeiai? iiaeiiino?. Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aeey caaacia/aiiy
aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue o aaeoc? caeo/aiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
ieoiaioe canoiniaoaaee ?yae caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iae?e, ?a?no?aoe?th
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, iaiaaeaiiy i?a?aoe?? oa ieeiiino? eaae??a
oiui. A noeoiiino? oae? caoiaee neeaee iniiao nenoaie i?eioniai?
i?aoe?, ui noi?ioaaeany i?ioyaii inai? 1941-aanie 1942 ??.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e «Aeceneoaaiiy i?aoe? oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
a aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?anao oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie» i?enay/o?oueny
?icaeyaeia? caaaeueieo iai?yi?a ? eiie?aoieo oeyo?a, oi?i ? iaoiae?a
o?oaeiaiai aeceneoaaiiy oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. Ieoiaioe
aeei?enoiaoaaee i?noeaaa ianaeaiiy ye aeaoaao ?iai/o neeo aeey
a?aeiiaethaaeueii-?ic/enieo ?ia?o, o aoae?aieoeoa?, ia i?iieneiaeo
i?aei?e?inoaao, a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, ianeoaiaoaaii?
?io?ano?oeoo?e, aia?aaoeoe?, aeaeiaoai?e ?iaeono??? oa ?ioeo noa?ao.
Ii?yae c aeia?ia?eueiei iaeiii aoea iioe?aia ? o?oaeiaa iia?e?caoe?y.
Aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a ia??iae ieoiaoe?? Oe?a?ie
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny oaeeie oa?aeoa?ieie yaeuaie ye aeao?oeeo
eaae?o?eiaaieo eaae??a, iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?, iineeaiee
??aaiue aenieoaoaoe?? ?iai/i? neee. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaoeenonuee?e
I?ia//ei? cia/iith i??ith aaeaeiny aeei?enoaoe i?noeaaee iioaioe?ae
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie aeeeth/ii o nai?o a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo
oe?eyo.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e «Nioe?aeueia iie?oeea «iiaiai ii?yaeeo» oa noaiiaeua
i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy a oiiaao i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe??».
?ioaineaii aenieoaooth/e ?iai/o neeo, iaoeenoe ia iiaee ia a?aooaaoe
aeaiaioa?ieo nioe?aeueieo iio?aa i?aoethth/eo – i?iaeiaieue/iai,
o?iainiaiai caaacia/aiiy, i?i?iaeueiiai iaaee/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oiui.
Nioe?aeueia iie?oeea iaea i?iiaaaiaeenonueeee oa?aeoa?, i?iaiaeeeany c
iaoith aeayeiai noeioethaaiiy ae?iaie/i? aeoeaiino? i?aoethth/iai
ianaeaiiy. A ?aaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? «iiaiai ii?yaeeo» iaoeenonueea iie?oeea
uiaei oeea?eueiiai i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie iaaoea ?en oae
caaiiai «nioe?aeueiiai iaiaa?oaaiiy». C ?aooith, iaoeenoe cian?i ia
a?aooaaee aeaiaioa?ieo nioe?aeueieo iio?aa iai?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy.
Caaaeii nioe?aeueia noaiiaeua i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy aoei ae?ae
oyaeeei.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «O?oaeiaa aenieoaoaoe?y ?aaeyinueeeo
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo oa «inoa?aaeoa??a» ye /eiiee a iaoeenonuee?e nenoai?
i?eioniai? i?aoe?» ?ice?eaathoueny iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe??
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie oa oe?a?inueeeo «inoa?aaeoa??a
» a ?aeoo.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? «Aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe? a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo ia
ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?inueei? ?N?» ?icaeyaeathoueny ?aeaieia?/i?
ia?aaeoiiae, caaaeuei? canaaee oa eiie?aoi? i?iyae iaoeenonueei?
iie?oeee ianeeueieoeueeiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aoe? ?aaeyinueeeo
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo a Oe?a?i?. Oeyoii ?ioaineaii? aenieoaoaoe?? a’yci?a
iaoeenoe niiae?aaeeny ?ica’ycaoe nai? aino?? ieoaiiy ianoa/? o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a oa iiiiaieoe ieie aeanio a?enueeiao i?iieneia?noue. ?iai/?
eiiaiaee a’yci?a aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeey aeeiiaiiy iaeaaae/eo oa
iaaacia/ieo aeey aeeooy ?ia?o. I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? aoea
i?i?iaeueiith, a oiiae oo?eiaiiy iacaaeia?eueieie. A?enueeiaiiieiiaieo
aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaee o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa aeiaoai?e
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. Ca?aeii c aeyaeaieie iaie aeieoiaioaie ia Oe?a?i?
a ?iee ieoiaoe?? ciaoiaeeeiny iiiaae 180 oaai??a aeey
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo oa 70 aeey oeea?eueieo in?a. Ieoiaoe?eia aeaaea
aeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaea i?aoeth ca?eueiaieo c iieiio a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo
— oe?a?ioe?a, ia?aaeon?i a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e «Ianeeueieoeueea aeaii?oaoe?y oe?a?inueeiai
ianaeaiiy ia ?iaioe aei I?ia//eie». A iueiio ?icaeyaeathoueny
ia?aaeoiiae, i?e/eie, iniiai? canaaee, oi?ie ? iaoiaee aeaii?oaoe??
oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ia ?iaioe aei ?aeoo. I?ae /an iaai?o
?iai/eo ?oe ieoiaioe canoiniaoaaee i?iiaaaiaeenonueeee i?an, iaoiaee
ineoieia?/iiai oeneo, a?aeaa?oo a?aoith, iia?ice, caeyeoaaiiy, oa?i? ?
?ai?an??. Iaoeenonueea iie?oeea aeaii?oaoe?? aeyaeeany aeineoue
aoaeoeaiith — ? Oe?a?ia aeaea ?aeoo iaea?eueoee ?iicaiiee eiioeiaaio
?iai/i? neee aeey i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e «Oe?a?inuee? «inoa?aaeoa?e» ia i?eioniaeo ?iaioao o
a?enueeia?e i?iieneiaino? oa n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? iaoeenonueeiai
?aeoo» oe?eeii i?enay/o?oueny aena?oeaiith i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c
aeei?enoaiiyi o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ia
oa?eoi??? I?ia//eie. «No?aei? ?ia?oieee» c Oe?a?ie ca nai?i noaoonii
aoee i?e??aiyi? aei ?aaeyinueeeo a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo, i?aeaeaaaeeny
nenoaiaoe/i?e ?ania?e oa nioe?aeuei?e aeene?ei?iaoe??. Aiie oo?eioaaeeny
a oaai?ao ca eieth/ei ae?ioii, oa?/oaaiiy aoei cian?i iaaeinoaoi?, a
ca?ia?oia ieaoa i?i?iaeueiith. ?ia?oieee c? Noiaeo aoee iicaaaeai?
naiaiaee ia?anoaaiiy. Iiaeooy, oo?aoe, a?aooe oa oa’yciaiiy a
eiioeoaai?ao aoee cae/iei yaeuai. I?eaoe? aei I?ia//eie oe?a?inuee?
oao?aoe?, iaa?oue o? c ieo, ui caieineeeny aeia?ia?eueii, i?aoethaaee,
ye i?aaeei, ia ca niaoe?aeuei?noth, aeeiioth/e iaeaae?o?eiaai? aaaee?
?iaioe. Aeey noa?e i?aoe? «inoa?aaeoa??a» c Oe?a?ie aoee oa?aeoa?i? oae?
yaeua, ye iacaaeia?euei? oiiae i?aoe?, a?aenooi?noue oaoi?ee aaciaee,
iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?. O?aieyeeny aeiaaeee a?eueo no?eiaiiai,
iaa?oue i?eoeeueiiai noaaeaiiy i?ioe?a aei ?ia?oiee?a c Oe?a?ie, iaeiae
aiie aoee iiiaeeiieeie ? noaiiaeee aeeeth/aiiy c «i?aaee».

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «Caoiaee ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaee uiaei
i?aeaioiaee o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a Oe?a?ie aeey iio?aa a?oea??anueei?
I?ia//eie» aeine?aeaeothoueny iniiai? canaaee iie?oeee ? eiie?aoi?
caoiaee ieoiaio?a o i?aeaioiaoe? o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy eiai a a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?anao
?aeoo.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e «I?aeaioiaea oao?aoe?a ieae/i? eaiee /a?ac nenoaio
ii/aoeiaeo oa i?aeaioia/eo i?ioan?eieo oe?e, iaa/aeueieo iaenoa?aiue oa
eo?n?a» i?enay/o?oueny ?icaeyaeia? iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i? a
aaeoc? ii/aoeiaiai i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy. Ia oe?ieiio oaeoe/iiio
iaoa??ae?, ui eiai ie aia?oa aeei?enoiao?ii, iieacaii i?ioean
i?aai?caoe?? oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy oaoiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ieae/iai
??aiy — i?ioan?eieo i?aeaioia/eo oe?e, o/eeeu, eo?n?a. Aaoi? c?iaea
ni?iao ioe?ieoe nooi?iue aoaeoeaiino? a?aeiiaeaii? ia?aae? i?ioan?eiiai
iaa/aiiy o i?aeaioiaoe? niaoe?ae?no?a ye i?i?iaeueiee.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e «Iaoeenonueea iie?oeea a noa?? i?aeaioiaee
niaoe?ae?no?a c na?aaeiueith oa aeuith niaoe?aeueiith ina?oith a
Oe?a?i?». A iueiio ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie iaiaaeaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a 1942-1944 ??. ia?aae? na?aaei?o
i?ioan?eieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a /oe?e, o/eeeu, oaoi?eoi?a/ oa ie?aieo
aoc?a, o yeeo cae?enithaaeany i?aeaioiaea oao?aoe?a aeey iio?aa
ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaee. Aeaye? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee ?ethno?othoue eiioe?eo, ui
noaany i?ae A.?icaiaa?aii oa A. Eioii ia a?oio? ??cieo i?aeoiae?a oaoa ?
i?aeeaaeiai aei ieoaiue a?aeiiaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? oa aeui? i?ioan?eii?
ina?oe a Oe?a?i?. sseui na?aaei? o/eeeua oa oaoi?eoie iiaeaeoaee ana ae
i?aoethaaee, oi ?ai?aai?ciaai? oaeoeueoaoe ? a?aeiiaeai? aoce /anoi
?nioaaee eeoa a ca?oao ieoiaoe?eieo i?aai?a. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui
aeiaeai oaoi?eoi, ?inoeooo /e oaeoeueoao ia ni?ii?any iaa?oue ia ia?oee
aeione niaoe?ae?no?a, ioaea i?i aoaeoeai?noue a?aeiiaeaii? iaoeenoaie
ia?aae? na?aaei?o oa ie?aieo aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ia iiaea aooe e
iiae. I?e/eiith oeueiai aoa ? oaeoi? /ano, yeee c ii/aoeo 1943 ?ieo
i?aoethaaa ia N?N?.

O aeniiaeao c?iaeai? ocaaaeueiaiiy c iniiaieo i?iaeai ?iaioe, ye?
aeianai? ia caoeno. Aeena?oaio i?aee?aneth?, ui a iniia? iie?oeee
iaoeeno?a o noa?? aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a ieoiiaaii?
Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeany i?eioeei caaaeueiiai iaia’yceo i?aoe?, ?aae?caoe?y
yeiai ia i?aeoeoe? iia’ycoaaeany ?c canoinoaaiiyi ye iaoiae?a neeiaiai
oeneo, oae ? caoiae?a aeayeiai nioe?aeueiiai caioi/aiiy i?aoethth/eo.

Iaaieioo?oueny, ui iaoith iie?oeee ieoiaio?a o noa?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
aoei iiaia oa oe?eueiaa aeceneoaaiiy ?iai/i? neee. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, a
oiiaao ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio i?eioeei caaaeueii? o?oaeiai? iiaeiiino?
iaaoa i?aai?caoe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy o aeaeyae? nenoaie i?eioniai? i?aoe?,
yea a iniiaiiio noi?ioaaeany i?ioyaii inai? 1941 — aanie 1942 ??.

Cacia/a?oueny, ui «nenoaia i?eioniai? i?aoe?» — iiiyooy oiiaia, yea
ia’?aeio? ieceo caoiae?a iia?e?caoe?eiiai oa i?aai?caoe?eiiai ci?noo,
ni?yiiaaieo ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caaaeueiiai iaia’yceo i?aoe?, iae?e oa
?a?no?aoe?th o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, iaiaaeaiiy i?a?aoe?? oa ieeiiino?
?iai/i? neee. ??aaiue aenieoaoaoe?? an?o eaoaai??e i?aoeacaeaoiiai
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aoa iaaecae/aeii aenieei, a i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? —
i?i?iaeueiith.

Aaoi? a?aoiaioiaaii noaa?aeaeo?, ui nioe?aeueia iie?oeea ieoiaio?a
noiniaii i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy iaea i?iiaaaiaeenonueeee oa?aeoa? oa
noaaeea ca iaoo noeioethaaoe ae?iaie/o aeoeai?noue. O ?aaeuei?e
i?aeoeoe? aiia iaa?aea ?en oae caaiiai «nioe?aeueiiai iaiaa?oaaiiy», i?e
yeiio caoiaee nioe?aeueiiai caioi/aiiy ii?aeioaaeeny c aei?noieei
o?oaeiaei i?eionii oa iai?ee?eoei oa?i?ii.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?aaeyinuee? a?enueeiaiiieiiai? oa oe?a?inuee?
«inoa?aaeoa?e» ?icaeyaeaeeny iaoeenoaie ye ?aeeiee eiioeiaaio o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a, ui iaa aeei?enoiaoaaoeny c iaea?eueoith aoaeoeai?noth oa
i?i?iaeueieie cao?aoaie. I?e oeueiio iaoiaee aenieoaoaoe?? iaaoaaee
iaeaei?noie?oeo oi?i, ye? /anoi iaaeoaaee c o?ce/iei aeieuaiiyi.
Iaeii/anii iaoeenonueea ea??aieoeoai aoei ciooaia, aeoiaey/e c
a?enueeiai-iie?oe/ieo ?aae?e ? aeey i?aeo?eiee i?i?iaeueii? ae?iaie/i?
aeoeaiino? oeeo eaoaai??e o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, canoiniaoaaoe noiniaii ieo
iaai? nioe?aeuei? i?ia?aie.

Aeena?oaio iaaieioo?, ui noai?aiiy ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie iaiaaeaii?
ia?aae? i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy aoei neeaaeiaith iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee o
noa?? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? oa ia?aaeaa/aei caeaa?eueoiai i?i?iaeueio
oaoiao i?aeaioiaeo eaae??a, iio??aieo ieoiaioai niaoe?aeueiinoae.

Oaeei /eiii, ieoiaoe?eia i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueea aaei?i?no?aoe?y a
Oe?a?i? oa iaoeenonueea ea??aieoeoai ?aeoo caaaeii ni?iiiaeeny
aeei?enoaoe iayaiee a Oe?a?i? iioaioe?ae o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o nai?o
a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo oe?eyo.

Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— a iniia? iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a ieoiiaaii? Oe?a?ie ia?aaoaaa i?eioeei caaaeueiiai iaia’yceo
i?aoe?, eiai ?aae?caoe?y iia’ycoaaeany ?c canoinoaaiiyi ye iaoiae?a
neeiaiai oeneo oae ? caoiae?a i?i?iaeueiiai nioe?aeueiiai caioi/aiiy;

— iaoith iie?oeee ieoiaio?a o noa?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a aoei iiaia oa
oe?eueiaa aeceneoaaiiy iayaii? ?iai/i? neee;

— a oiiaao ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio i?eioeei caaaeueii? o?oaeiai?
iiaeiiino? iaaoa i?aai?caoe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy o aeaeyae? nenoaie
i?eioniai? i?aoe?, yea noi?ioaaeany i?ioyaii inai? 1941-aanie 1942 ??.;

— «nenoaia i?eioniai? i?aoe?» -iiiyooy oiiaia, ui ia’?aeio? ieceo
caoiae?a iia?e?caoe?eiiai oa i?aai?caoe?eiiai ci?noo, ni?yiiaaieo ia
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caaaeueiiai iaia’yceo i?aoe?, iae?e, ? ?a?no?aoe?th
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, iaiaaeaiiy i?a?aoe?? oa ieeiiino? ?iai/i? neee;

— ??aaiue aenieoaoaoe?? an?o eaoaai??e i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy a
Oe?a?i? aoa iaaecae/aeii aenieei, a i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?
-i?i?iaeueiith;

— nioe?aeueia iie?oeea ieoiaio?a iaea i?iiaaaiaeenonueeee, oa?aeoa? oa
noaaeea ca iaoo noeioethaaoe ae?iaie/o aeoeai?noue;

— o ?aaeuei?e, i?aeoeoe? «iiaiai ii?yaeeo» nioe?aeueia iie?oeea iaa?aea
?en oae caaiiai «nioe?aeueiiai iaiaa?oaaiiy», eiee iaai?
i?iiaaaiaeenonuee? caoiaee ii?aeioaaeeny c aei?noieei o?oaeiaei i?eionii
oa oa?i?ii;

— a?enueeiaiiieiiai? ? oe?a?inuee? «inoa?aaeoa?e» ?icaeyaeaeeny
iaoeenoaie ye ?aeeiee eiioeiaaio o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ui iaa
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny c iaea?eueoith aoaeoeai?noth oa i?i?iaeueieie
cao?aoaie;

— noai?aiiy iaiaaeaii? ia?aae? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe aoei neeaaeiaith
iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee o noa?? i?aai?caoe?? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oa
ia?aaeaa/aei aeeeth/ii i?i?iaeueio oaoiao i?aeaioiaeo eaae??a o noene?
oa?i?ie;

— caaaeii ieoiaioe ni?iiiaeeny aeei?enoaoe iayaiee a Oe?a?i? iioaioe?ae
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o nai?o a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo oe?eyo, iaeiae
aoaeoeai?noue aenieoaoaoe?? ??cieo ?? eiioeiaaio?a aoea iaiaeiaeiaith.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Nenoaia i?eioniai? i?aoe? oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a ?iee
iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe?? 1941 — 1944 // Iieiaea iaoe?y. — 1996. — ? 4. —
N.186-209.

2. Aeiiii?/iee eieaai?aoe?ii?ci a Oe?a?i? a ?iee iaoeenonueei?
ieoiaoe?? /1941-1944/: i?e/eie ? i?iyae.- E.: OAeIO ?i.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa , 1997.- 29 n.

3. I?ioan?eia iaa/aiiy ? i?aeaioiaea o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a a Oe?a?i? a
ia??iae i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?? /1941-1944/: iie?oeea ?
i?aeoeea aa?ani?a. — E.: «I?aeia?.o?i.aaaioe?y», 1998.- 36
n.-A?ae?ia?.:n.33-35.

4. O?oaeia? ?ano?ne ?aaeyinueeeo a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo oa «inoa?aaeoa??a»
c Oe?a?ie o iaoeenonuee?e a?enueeia?e aeiiii?oe? a ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie. — E.: «I?aeia?. o?i. aaaioe?y», 1998.- 49n.- A?ae?ia?.: n.41-48.

5. Iiaia ieoaiiy a iie?oeoe? iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaee a
Oe?a?i? // ?noi??y a oeie?.- 1998.- ? 12.- n.10-13.

6. Ieaie oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie o aeei?enoaii? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
Oe?a?ie ia ii/aoeo ieoiaoe?? //a?aaiue-aa?anaiue 1941 ?./ // Iaoeia?
caienee Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i.I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.- 1999.- *.1.- n. 215-221.

7. ”Iiaee ii?yaeie” a ieoiiaai?e Oe?a?i? /1941-1944/ // Iai’youe
noie?oue. – 1999.- ?1. – n.97-105.

Aiioaoe?y

Iioeeue/ae I.A. Aenieoaoaoe?y o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie a?oea??anueeith
I?ia//eiith o ?iee ieoiaoe?? — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth
07.00.01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, E.,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
Oe?a?ie o a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?anao I?ia//eie a ?iee
?aaeyinueei-i?iaoeueei? a?eie ? iaoeenonueei? ieoiaoe??. A ?iaio?, ia
iniia? oe?ieiai eiea a?o?aieo aeaea?ae, ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue yeeo
aaiaeeoueny aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao aia?oa, aena?oeth?oueny eiiieaen
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c i?iyaaie ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee oaoenonueei?
I?ia//eie ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a aeaiia?ao?/ii-o?oaeia?e noa??. Aia?oa
c?iaeaii ni?iao eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeoiia, eiie?aoieo
oeyo?a ? iaoiae?a o?oaeiaiai aeceneoaaiiy iniiaieo eaoaai??e
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy. ?icaeyaeathoueny oa a?aeiia?aeii
eaae?o?eothoueny eiie?aoi? i?iyae iaoeenonueei? iie?oeee o noa??
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a Oe?a?ie. Aeine?aeaeothoueny iniaeeaino?
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ieoiaio?a noiniaii i?aoethth/iai ianaeaiiy, a
oaeiae iniaeeaino? o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe?? oa nioe?aeueiiai noaiiaeua
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo oa «inoa?aaeoa??a». Aia?oa ?icaeyaea?oueny iie?oeea
ieoiaio?a a aniaeo? i?aeaioiaee o?oaeiaeo ?aca?a?a aeey i?iieneiaino?,
oi?aae?inueei? noa?e ? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie;
aiae?cothoueny ?? i?e/eie oa iane?aeee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caaaeueia o?oaeiaa iiaeii?noue, ?iai/a neea, nenoaia
i?eioniai? i?aoe?, aeceneoaaiiy, o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, o?oaeia? ?aca?ae,
nenoaia oaoiaiai iaa/aiiy.

Annotation

Potylchak O.V. The exploitation of labour resources of Ukraine during
the occupations — Manuscript. The dissertation on competition of a
scientific degree of the candidate of historical sciences on a
speciality 07.00.01 — history of Ukraine. — Institute the Ukrainian
history of Ukrainian National Academy of sciences. Kiev, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of use of a manpower of Ukraine
in military-economic interests of Germany within the nazis-German war
and nazis occupation. In the dissertation on the principles considerable
circles archives files, majority what introduce to scientific studies
for the first time, analysis complex of the question occupation policy’s
of the fascist Germany on the territory of the Ukraine in the
demographic-labor field. Attempt of complex research of the
preconditions, concrete ways and methods of labor operation of the basic
categories of the efficient population for the first time are made.
Displays of nazis policy in the sphere of use of labour reserves of
Ukraine are qualified, and concretely considered. The features of social
policy occupant`s of the rather working population, and also feature of
labour operation and social rule war prisoners and «osterbayteres» are
investigated. Policy occupant`s in aspect of preparation of labor
reserves for an industry, administrative sphere and agriculture of
Ukraine for the first time are considered, its reasons and consequences
are analyzed.

Key words: general labour service, labour, system of compulsory work,
exploit, labour resources, labour reserves, system of professional
training.

Aiiioaoeey

Iioueue/ae I.A. Yenieoaoaoeey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia Oe?aeiu aeoea?ianeie
Aa?iaieae a aiaeu ieeoiaoeee — ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea
o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01
— enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. — Einoeooo enoi?ee Oe?aeiu IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia
Oe?aeiu a aiaiii-aeiiiie/aneeo eioa?anao Aa?iaiee a aiaeu
niaaonei-aa?iaineie aieiu e iaoeenoneie ieeoiaoeee. A ?aaioa ia iniiaa
iaoe?iiai e?oaa a?oeaiuo enoi/ieeia, aieueoay /anoue eioi?uo aaiaeeony a
iao/iue iai?io aia?aua, inayuaaony eiiieaen aii?inia, naycaiiuo n
i?iyaeaieyie ieeoiaoeeiiiie iieeoeee oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee ia oa??eoi?ee
Oe?aeiu a aeaiia?aoi-o?oaeiaie noa?a. Aia?aua naeaeaia iiiuoea
eiiieaeniiai enneaaeiaaiey i?aaeiinueie, eiie?aoiuo iooae e iaoiaeia
o?oaeiaie yenieoaoaoeee iniiaiuo eaoaai?ee ?aaioiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey.
?anniao?eaathony e niioaaonoaaiii eaaeeoeoee?othony eiie?aoiua
i?iyaeaiey iaoeenoneie iieeoeee a noa?a eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo
?aca?aia Oe?aeiu. Enneaaeothony iniaaiiinoe nioeeaeueiie iieeoeee
ieeoiaioia ioiineoaeueii ?aaioathuaai ianaeaiey, a oaeaea iniaaiiinoe
o?oaeiaie yenieoaoaoeee e nioeeaeueiiai iieiaeaiey aiaiiiieaiiuo e
«inoa?aaeoa?ia». Aia?aua ?anniao?eaaaony iieeoeea ieeoiaioia a aniaeoa
iiaeaioiaee o?oaeiauo ?aca?aia aeey i?iiuoeaiiinoe, oi?aaeai/aneie
noa?u e naeueneiai oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu, aiaeece?othony aa i?e/eiu e
iineaaenoaey.

Iniiaiie oeaeueth ?aaiou yaeyaony auyaeaiea ia iniiaa eiiieaeniiai
aiaeeca enoi?e/aneeo enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u, iniaaiiinoae iieeoeee
iaiaoeei-oaoenoneie ieeoiaoeeiiiie aaeieieno?aoeee a Oe?aeia ii
eniieueciaaieth o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia ianoiiai ianaeaiey a 1941-1944 aa. e
ia?ii?eyoee, inouanoaeaiiuo iaoeenoaie a yoii iai?aaeaiee e iai?aaeaiiuo
ia oi?ie?iaaiea nenoaiu i?eioaeeoaeueiiai o?oaea ia iniiaa anaiauae
o?oaeiaie iiaeiiinoe. Aeey aeinoeaeaiey iinoaaeaiiie oeaee aaoi? ?aoee
neaaeothuee ?yae caaea/: enneaaeiaai iaoaieci ?ac?aaioee e aiaae?aiey ia
oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu i?eioeeia i?eioaeeoaeueiie o?oaeiaie iiaeiiinoe anaai
o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey; ?ane?ue eiie?aoiua iooe oi?ie?iaaiey
nenoaiu i?eioaeeoaeueiiai o?oaea e iniaaiiinoe yoiai i?ioeanna a
Oe?aeia; iieacae nooue eieiieaeueiie o?oaeiaie yenieoaoaoeee iaoeenoaie
ethaeneeo ?ano?nia; ?anniio?ae iniaaiiinoe o?oaeiaie yenieoaoaoeee
a?aaeaeaineiai ianaeaiey e niaaoneeo aiaiiiieaiiuo; ?ane?ue i?ioeann
aeaii?oaoeee ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu ia ?aaiou a Aa?iaieth e enneaaeiaae
oneiaey aeecie e ?aaiou oe?aeineeo «inoa?aaeoa?ia»; ioeaiee ianooaau
eniieueciaaiey iaoeenoaie o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, a oaeaea noaiaiue
yooaeoeaiinoe iieeoeee ieeoiaoeeiiiuo i?aaiia a noa?a i?aaiecaoeee
o?oaeiaie iiaeiiinoe e i?eaea/aiey e iae ?aciuo nioeeaeueiuo a?oii
ianaeaiey; iieacae nioeeaeueiia iieiaeaiea ?aaioathuaai ianaeaiey
Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo ieeoiaoeee e ?ane?ue nooue nioeeaeueiie iieeoeee
iaoeenoia; enneaaeiaae iniiaiua iieiaeaiey e niaea?aeaiea iieeoeee
ieeoiaoeeiiiie aaeieieno?aoeee a noa?a i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iao/aiey e
iiaeaioiaee o?oaeiauo ?aca?aia aeey nianoaaiiuo ioaeae.

A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey aaoi? i?eoae e neaaeothuei
auaiaeai: a iniiaa iaoeenoneie iieeoeee eniieueciaaiey iioaioeeaea
o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia aue iieiaeai i?eioeei anaiauae o?oaeiaie iiaeiiinoe
ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu. Aai ?aaeecaoeey auea naycaia n eniieueciaaieai eae
iaoiaeia neeiaiai aeaaeaiey, oae e iaeioi?iai aeaeeiiai «nioeeaeueiiai
iiiu?aiey». Oeaeueth yoie iieeoeee auei iieiia e oeaeaaia eniieueciaaiea
eiathuaeny ?aai/ae neeu. A oneiaeyo ieeoiaoeeiiiiai ?aaeeia i?eioeei
anaiauae o?oaeiaie iiaeiiinoe i?eia?ae oi?io nenoaiu i?eioaeeoaeueiiai
o?oaea, eioi?ay noi?ie?iaaeanue a ia?eiae inaie 1941 – aaniu 1942 aa.
Yoa nenoaia yaeyaony iiiyoeai oneiaiui, eioi?ia iauaaeeiyao ?yae ia?
iiaeeecaoeeiiiiai e i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai oa?aeoa?a, iai?aaeaiiuo ia
i?eaea/aiea anaai o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey e o?oaeiaie iiaeiiinoe,
o/ao e ?aaeno?aoeeth o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, ia?aie/aiea iea?aoeee ianaeaiey
e naycaiiie n yoei oaeo/anoe eaae?ia. O?iaaiue yenieoaoaoeee anao
eaoaai?ee anao eaoaai?ee o?oaeiniiniaiiai ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu aue
/?acau/aeii aunieei i?e ieieiaeueiie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea.
Nioeeaeueiay iieeoeea ieeoiaioia eiaea i?iiaaaiaeenoneee oa?aeoa? e
eiaea oeaeueth «noeioee?iaaiea» i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeoeaiinoe. A
?aaeueiie i?aeoeea «iiaiai ii?yaeea» nioeeaeueiay iieeoeea i?eia?aea
/a?ou oae iacuaaaiiai «nioeeaeueiiai iaiaa?e?iaaiey» /iieeoeea «eiooa e
i?yieea»/, eiaaea iiiu?eoaeueiua ia?u i?eiaiyeenue ia?aeeaeueii n
aeanoieei o?oaeiaui i?eioaeaeaieai e ioe?uoui oa??i?ii. Aiaiiiieaiiua e
oe?aeineea «inoa?aaeoa?u» ?anniao?eaaeenue iaoeenoaie eae aaeeiue
eiioeiaaio o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia, eioi?ue aeieaeai aue eniieueciaaoueny n
iaeaieueoae yooaeoeaiinoueth i?e ieieiaeueiuo cao?aoao. Nicaeaiea
ia?aie/aiiie naoe i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey auei ninoaaeythuae
iaoeenoneie iieeoeee a noa?a i?aaiecaoeee o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia. Yoi
i?aaeoniao?eaaei ieieiaeueioth i?ioanneiiaeueioth iiaeaioiaeo eaae?ia. A
oeaeii oaoenou noiaee eniieueciaaoue eiathueeny a Oe?aeia iioaioeeae
o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia a naieo aiaiii-yeiiiie/aneeo eioa?anao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: anaiauay o?oaeiaay iiaeiiinoue, ?aai/ay neea, nenoaia
i?eioaeeoaeueiiai o?oaea, yenieoaoaoeey, o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu, o?oaeiaua
?aca?au, nenoaia i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iao/aiey.

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