11

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??

Oeaeoeueea Iaoae?y Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 658.336:007:681.3.06 (043.3)

aenia?oi? Iaoiaee ? iiaeae? ea?oaaiiy

i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a

a?aaoe/ieo nenoai

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.13.03 — “Nenoaie ? i?ioeane ea?oaaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?aa?neoao? oeea?eueii?
aa?aoe??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoaeeiaiei Aiaoie?e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao

oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

oai?aoe/ii? aeaeo?ioaoi?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Naiieeia A?eoi? Aeieo?iae/, ?inoeooo

i?iaeai iiaeaethaaiiy a aia?aaoeoe?

IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

E?eo Aiae??e Aai?a?eiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
“EI?”,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oaoi?/ii? e?aa?iaoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo eini?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie

oa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai eini?/iiai aaaionoaa Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 21__aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 14-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.062.05 a Ee?anueeiio
i?aeia?iaeiiio oi?-aa?neoao? oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

A?aeceae ia ?aoa?ao, caa??ai? ia/aoeith onoaiiae, i?ineii iaaeneeaoe ca
aae?anith: 252058, Ee?a, i?. Einiiiaaoa Eiia?iaa, 1, a/aiiio nae?aoa?th.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
i?aeia?iaeiiai oi?aa?neoaoo oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 16 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe A.A.Aaneaeiaa

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. sse?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? aaciaea aenieoaoaoe??
no/anieo oaoi?/ieo nenoai, cie?aia ? iia?o?yieo ei?aae?a (IE), aenoaa?
aeiaeaoeia? aeiiae aei aoaeoeaiino? ? iaae?eiino? iia?aoi?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?. Ethaeeia — iia?aoi? iaae?eaia oi?eaeueiith cae?ai?noth
ocaaaeueithaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?iaioo oaoi?/ii? nenoaie, oi?ioaaoe
i?ia?aio ea?oaaiiy nenoaiith, i?eeiaoe ? aaia?oaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
neaiaee.

Iaaeiioe?iea ethaenueeiai oaeoi?a i?e ea?oaaii? neeaaeieie oaoi?/ieie
nenoaiaie ? i?e/eiith aei 40 — 50 % aaa??e ? eaoano?io, ye? aeieeathoue
i?e aei?iaiaoaaiiyo ?aeao ? e?oae?a. Cie?aia, ca 1997 ??e ca aeaieie
cania?a ia’?eoeaiiai eiio?ieth 28 aa?aeiiiai?e Oe?a?ie ca?a?no?iaaii
a?aeoeeaiiy a ?iaio? eiiieaeno “IE-ae?iaae-na?aaeiaeua”, c yeeo: 11% —
ii?ooaiiy i?aaee aenieoaoaoe?? IE; 35% — ii?ooaiiy /a?ac iiieeee
i?eiooaaiiy IE.

Noaiaea?oe ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaia i?aeoeea ?NAI uiaei caaacia/aiiy aaciaee
iieueio?a (SARPs) aeicaieythoue aeae?eeoe iniiai? iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a: aaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a ? iaoiae?a
i?aae’yaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??; ?ic?iaeo ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ??cieo
i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a; aaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a
? iaoiae?a eiio?ieth ciaiue; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cania?a ?a?no?aoe?? ?
iaeiie/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaa/aiiy.

O?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee iaa/aiiy oi?ioaaeeny aeanyoe??//yie. Aea
?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo a iao?e e?a?i?
(A.I.Nae?eaeia, A.Ae.Naiieeia, A.I.Aeiaayei, A.ss.Naaaeue?a, ?.N.I?iia,
A.A.Iaaeia, A.I.Ca?aeianueeee) ? o aeayeeo caei?aeiiieo (?.Aioonaeaiea?,
E.?iaaieaii, AE.I?aaea, J.R.Anderson), na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ?nioth/?
iaoiaee ? caniae i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy ia aeinoaoiuei
a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniei aeiiaai, ye? i?aae’yaeythoueny aei
aoaeoeaiino? ? iaae?eiino? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a a?aaoe/ieo nenoai.

Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iei iaaeie?eii o?aaeeoe?eiiai i?ioeano iaa/aiiy ?
ianeaiee oa?aeoa? oniiai aeeeaaeaiiy ciaiue, ui ia aeicaiey?
cae?enithaaoe cai?ioiee ca’ycie a?ae iniae, yea iaa/a?oueny aei
aeeeaaea/a c iiaeeea?noth iiaeaeueoiai eiio?ieth oa ?iaa??aioiino?
ioe?iee yeino? canai?iiy aeaeea?iaaieo ciaiue. Ca aeaieie ineoieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ethaeeia caiai’yoiao? 10 % i?i/eoaiiai, 20 % ii/ooiai ?
30 % iiaa/aiiai. Aeyaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy aoae?ia?coaeueieo cania?a
ciaioo? ia 40 % iaiao?aeiee /an iaa/aiiy ? ia 20 % ca?eueoo? ??aaiue
canai?ii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoai i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a
cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e, ye? aeicaieythoue a ?aieao ?aeeii? nenoaie iioei?coaaoe
i?ioean iaa/aiiy ? caaacia/eoe aaciaeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?aaoe/ii?
nenoaie.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiith iaoeiaith caaea/ath ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo
iaoiae?a aiae?co ? neioaco nenoai ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy oaeei
/eiii, uia ca iaeneiaeueii ei?ioeee no?ie iaa/eoe iia?aoi?a caaeai?e
noi? ciaiue, oi?iue ? iaaee?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey aeeiiaiiy i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino?.

?nioth/? iaoiaee ioe?ithaaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee aeei?enoiaothoue
aeiionoei? a?aie/i? a?aeoeeaiiy cia/aiue /aniaeo ? oi/i?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ea?oaaeueieo ae?e iia?aoi?a aai ?iia??i?noue aeeiiaiiy
eiio?ieueiiai caaaeaiiy. Ine?eueee oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y iaa/aiiy iineoue
ia/?oeee oa?aeoa? ? eaae?o?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea iia?aoi?a ia i?noeoue
eiie?aoieo ia?aiao??a ??aiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee, aeooaeueiith iinoa?
caaea/a ?ic?iaee aenia?oieo iaoiae?a ioe?ithaaiiy i?ioeano iaa/aiiy.

Nenoaie ? i?ioeane ea?oaaiiy iaa/aiiyi iia?aoi??a oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iaaecae/aeiith neeaaei?noth aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o aca?iica’yce?a ? ?
neaai oi?iae?ciaaiith iaeanoth iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iiaeae?
ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy aoaeothoueny ia oi?iae?caoe?? iieno
ia’?eo?a ? neioac? no?oeoo?, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue niaoeeo?eo
?ioi?iaoe?eii? aca?iiae?? iia?aoi?a ? oaoi?/ii? nenoaie. Ca?aene iaaoaa?
aeooaeueiino? caaea/a iiaeaethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? iia?aoi?a a nenoai?
iaa/aiiy, yea iieyaa? a e?euee?niiio ioe?ithaaii? ooieoe?e iai’yo? ?
aeyaeaii? iaoaiaoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae, ye? anoaiiaeththoue aca?iica’ycie
i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?ioi?iaoe??, ui iaaeoiaeeoue, oaeaee?noth ??
caiai’yoiaoaaiiy ? o?eaae?noth caa??aaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? /anoeiith ieaiiaeo ?ia?o: aea?aeathaeaeaoii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe (IAe?) 293-AA93: “?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
eiii’thoa?ii? oaoiieia?? a aeeaeaeoe/ieo nenoaiao iaa/aiiy oaeoeueoaoo
aa?aoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy” ca 1993-1995 ??.; aea?aeathaeaeaoii? IAe?
704-AA96:“Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae noai?aiiy nenoai ea?oaaiiy e?oae?a
c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo iae?i?eiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ?ooo
aaaaoiia?aiao?e/ieo ia’?eo?a ca 1996-1998 ??.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy: ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?nioth/eo
iaoiae? i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a ? caaacia/eoe aaciaeo a?aaoe/ii?
nenoaie oaeeie ?ic?iaeaie: no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? iiaeaiiy ? aeai?eoi?a
ea?oaaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieie ciaiiyie; aenia?oieo iaoiae?a ioe?ithaaiiy ?
?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aiao??a ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy a nenoai? iaa/aiiy;
iiaeaeae canai?iiy ? caa?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a iai’yo? iia?aoi?a;
i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a
a?aaoe/ieo nenoai.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeinyaa?oueny ae??oaiiyi oaeeo iaoeiaeo caaea/:
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieo i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie ? i?ioeano
ea?oaaiiy iaa/aiiyi a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu?; aiae?c ?nioth/eo
iiaeaeae iiaeaiiy ciaiue, iaoiae?a ioe?ithaaiiy ? ea?oaaiiy ciaiiyie a
i?ioean? iaa/aiiy; ?ic?iaea iiiaeeiii? iiaeae? iaoeiaiai ci?noo
iaa/aiiy, iaoiaeeee aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ciaiue ? oi?iue iia?aoi?a,
iaiao?aeieo aeey aeeiiaiiy i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?; iiaeaeae ea?oaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieie iioieaie aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo
aeai?eoi?a i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy; iaoiaeeee ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? oa aiae?co
ia?aiao??a ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy; iiaeae? canai?iiy ? caa?aaeaiiy ciaiue a
aeiaai/ani?e iai’yo? iia?aoi?a; i?ia?aiia ?aae?caoe?y nenoaie ea?oaaiiy
i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iia?aoi?a a na?aaeiaeu? ia?niiaeueiiai eiii’thoa?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— i?iaiae?ciaaii i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/i? caniae ? iaoiaee aeoea?caoe??
iaoeiaiai ci?noo iaa/aiiy, cai?iiiiiaaii ???a?o?/io iiaeaeue
aeaeea?aoeaiiai iiaeaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue, yea a?oioo?oueny ia
ia’?eoii-i???ioiaai?e iaoiaeieia?? i?iaeooaaiiy;

— noi?ioeueiaai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?eioeeie ea?oaaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieie
ciaiiyie a eiii’thoa?i?e nenoai? iaa/aiiy (ENI);

— ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoeei-iiiaeeiio iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue
? iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei? oa aeinoaoi? oiiae neioaco i?i?iaeueii?
no?oeoo?e ciaiue aeey ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy; ae?aeiioe/iee iaoiae
aiae?co no?oeoo?e aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue a ?iciiae?eaieo nenoaiao;

— ?ic?iaeaii aaeaioeai? aeai?eoie ea?oaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieie iioieaie;
iaoiaeeeo aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ciaiue ? oi?iue iia?aoi?a,
iaiao?aeieo aeey aeeiiaiiy i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?; iaoiaeeeo
aecia/aiiy ooieoe?e iaeaaeiino? ciaiue iia?aoi?a ciaiiyi nenoaie
iaa/aiiy ? aeeiai?/i? oeaee ioe?ithaaiiy; iaoiaeeeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe??
ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy; iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue canai?iiy ?
caa?aaeaiiy ciaiue a iai’yo? iia?aoi?a; i?iaiae?ciaaii ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
i?ioeane a nenoai? iaa/aiiy ia iniia? noaeeo /ano ? ia?aiao??a
?ioi?iaoe?eii? iiaeae?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie,
iaoiaee, iiaeae? ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy, a oaeiae aeai?eoi?/ia ?
?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy iieeaaeaii a iniiao i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe??
eiii’thoa?ii? nenoaie i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a. A ?iaio?
iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia aoai? ia?aaeo?aiaaea?ii?
i?aeaioiaee aenia?oieo iaoiae?a ? iiaeaeae ea?oaaiiy c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a a?aaoe/ieo nenoai.
I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee iieiaeaiiy,
ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? aenia?oi? iaoiaee ? iiaeae?
ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iieeaaeaii a iniiao ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?e
aeeiiaii? athaeaeaoieo IAe? 293-AA93 oa IAe? 704-AA96.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeei?enoai?: i?e ?ic?iaoe?
aeai?eoi?/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy eiii’thoa?ieo
nenoai iaa/aiiy ? eiio?ieth ciaiue a eieaeuei?e ia/enethaaeuei?e ia?aae?
ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie oaeoeueoao?a aa?aoe?eiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, aaoiiaoeee ?
ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee EIOOeA; a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a
ea?oaaiiy aa?aoe?eieie nenoaiaie a Aea?aeaai?e eueioi?e aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie; a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai? oaie Oeaio?aeueiiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
?inoeoooo ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie; a nenoai? iaa/aiiy a I?aeia?iaeiiio
iaoeiai-iaa/aeueiiio oeaio?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ? nenoai IAI ? II
Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iai?yie aeine?aeaeaiue, ?aea? ? iaoiaee
?ic?iaeyeenue aaoi?ii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue, iaaiai?thaaeenue ? ioae?eoaaeenue ia oaeeo
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (IIE) ? nai?ia?ao: IIE “I?iaeaie oa
ia?niaeoeae oi?aae?iiy ye?noth i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a”, 1993 ?.;
ca?oi?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? (IOE) EIOOeA ca 1993 ?.;
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? c i?iaeai canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo
iaa/aeueieo nenoai, 1994 ?.; ca?oi?e IOE iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a
oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1994 ?.; i?aeia?iaei?e IOE “Aaeiieea-95”; ca?oi?e IOE
EIOOeA ca 1995 ?.; IIE “I?iaeaie aaaaoinooiaiaai? i?aeaioiaee aaeaeaa??a
oa oao?aoe?a c iai?yio: “Aa?aoe?y oa einiiiaaoeea”, 1995 ?.; IOE
“I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai ianeoaeeaaiey e
oi?aaeaiey iiaeaeaeiuie iauaeoaie” “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey-96”; i?aeia?iaei?e
IOE “Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe iieaoia a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo”,
1997 ?.; XVII ca?oi?e IOE EIOOeA ca 1996 ?.; ca?oi?e IOE EIOOeA ca 1997
?.; i?aeia?iaei?e IOE “I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai
ianeoaeeaaiey e aaeiieee aicaeooiuo noaeia” “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e
aaeiieea-98”.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe iioae?eiaai? a 23
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao: 6 noaoae a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
?ia?o (4 — iioae?eiaaii aaoi?ii iniaenoi), o?e iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo
aeaeaiiy, 14 — a iaoa??aeao ? oacenao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a, aeo?a
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 161 iaeiaioaaiue ?
i?noeoue 236 noi??iie, c yeeo 183 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 11
oaaeeoeue, 63 ?enoie?a.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? aeeeaaeaii nooue ? noaiiaeua iaoeiai? i?iaeaie oa iaa?oioiaaii
aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a, aeai?eoi?a ? iiaeaeae ea?oaaiiy
i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a a?aaoe/ieo nenoai; noi?iiaaii oe?e?,
caaea/?, iaoeiao ? i?aeoe/io iiaecio ?iaioe.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? c?iaeaii aiae?c i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a
o?aiaaea??a ? no/anieo eiioeaioe?e i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy
iia?aoi??a. ?icaeyiooi i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy ? iaoiaeeeo ea?oaaiiy
iaoeiaei ci?noii iaa/aiiy, a iniiao yeeo caeeaaeaii ae?yeuei?niee
i?aeo?ae aei iaaoooy ciaiue. Aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia i?iaeaiiiio i?eioeei?
ea?oaaiiy ciaiiyie a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy.

Caaea/a aeoea?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua iaa/aiiy ? ae?iaeaiiy
iioeiaeueieo ea?oaaeueieo ae?e ae??oo?oueny ia iniia? eiai?oeaieo
iaoai?ci?a ea?oaaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieie ciaiiyie: eiii?eyoe??,
i?ioeaaeo?ae?caoe??, eiiiiceoe??, eii?aeeiaoe??, ocaaaeueiaiiy,
?icae?eaiiy, iineeaiiy.

Ia iniia? aiae?co aeeaeaeoe/iiai ? eiai?oeaiiai i?aeoiae?a aei i?iaeaie
iaa/aiiy noi?ioeueiaaii ?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?eioeeie ea?oaaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieie
ciaiiyie: a?aeiia?aeiino? oe?eae iaa/aiiy nenoai? ciaiue ? oi?iue
iia?aoi?nueei? ae?yeueiino?; no?oeoo?oaaiiy iaoeiaiai ci?noo aei
iaiiae?eueieo aeaiaio?a ciaiue (?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia’?eo?a) a iaaeao
aeenoeeie?ie c iaoith aeyaeaiiy i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo ca’yce?a ?
ea?oaaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieie ciaiiyie; ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aca?iica’yceo
ciaiue ?c nenoaiith oi?iue; ca’yciino? ? iiaiioe aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue,
iaiao?aeieo aeey oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?iue aeeiioaaoe i?ioan?eio
ae?yeuei?noue.

Aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaeooaaiiy ENI. ?ic?iaeaii ???a?o?/io iiaeaeue
no?oeoo?e aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue a ENI, yea a?oioo?oueny ia iiaeoeueiiio
i?eioeei? ? aeicaiey?: oi?iaeueii anoaiiaethaaoe eia?/io ca’yci?noue
aeaiaio?a ciaiue; oniaaeeiaoaaoe ciaiiy c iiaeoe?a aa?oi?o ??ai?a;
iaiaaeeoe eean ?ioi?iaoe?eieo ia’?eo?a iiooeo; oi?ioaaoe iiaeoe?
ia’?eo?a ia iniia? iaoai?ci?a aeeo/aiiy iaaei??iino?
(i?ioeaaeo?ae?caoe?y), eiiiiceoe?? ? ocaaaeueiaiiy, ui aeicaiey?
iia?aoi?o ia?iaeyoe aeeaeaeoe/i? ciaiiy c aenieith aoaeoeai?noth.
Aiane?aeie cacia/aiiy iiiaeeie a?aeiioaiue i?ae iiaeoeyie iiaeia
iiaoaeoaaoe no?oeoo?o, yea a?aeiia?aea? ??ciei oe?eyi aeei?enoaiiy
ciaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee ? aeai?eoie ea?oaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieie iioieaie aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue a nenoai? iaa/aiiy.

I?iaiae?ciaaii aeei?enoaiiy eia?/ii?, i?iaeoeoe?eii?, o?aeiiai? ?
ia’?eoii-i???ioiaaii? iiaeaeae aeey iiaeaiiy ciaiue a ENI. Iaoeiai
iaa?oioiao?oueny ia?niaeoeai?noue ia’?eoii-i???ioiaaii? iaoiaeieia??
iiaeaiiy ciaiue a nenoaiao iaa/aiiy. Aaaaeaii iiiyooy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ia’?eoa (?I) ye aeaiaioa?ii? nieneiai? iaeeieoe? ciaiue. C onueiai
??ciiiai?ooy a?aeiioaiue ?I aeae?eaii a?aeiioaiiy, ye? aeanoea? aacai
aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue.

Iaoeiaee ci?no iaa/aiiy cia?aaeaii o aeaeyae? niaoe?aeueii? iiiaeeie,
yea caaeiaieueiy? aeeaeaeoe/i? i?eioeeie ? oi?iaeueii ia’?aeio? aeaiaioe
iiiaeeie O aeaieo a aeayeo no?oeoo?o.

Aecia/aiiy. No?oeoo?ith I aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue iacaaii a?ia?ia
a?aeiioaiiy I Xx Q ? oaea, ui aeey aoaeue-yeeo ia? ia’?eo?a xi , xj
aeaea?oiaiai aeiaooeo Xx aeaiaio?a iiiaeeie X ni?aaaaeeeai:

Hxi, xji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, xjj = , Hxi, xji , Hxi, xjj Q.

Oea icia/a?, ui aeaiaioo iiiaeeie Q a?aeiioaiue aca?iii iaeiicia/ii
a?aeiia?aea? o?eueee iaeei aeaiaio aeaea?oiaiai aeiaooeo Xx.

Aeiaaaeaii oai?aio i?i oi?iaeuei? e?eoa??? ?nioaaiiy aea?aaa ii/aoeiai?
no?oeoo?e ye i?aeiiiaeeie iiiaeeiii? iiaeae?, yea a?aeiia?aea?
aeeaeaeoe/iei i?eioeeiai iiaiioe ? ca’yciino? ciaiue, iaiao?aeieo aeey
oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?iue aeeiioaaoe i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue.

Oai?aia. Aea?aaii D a?ia?iiai a?aeiioaiiy I ? aeania i?aeiiiaeeia D
H aeaiaio?a, /enei yeeo iiaeiii aooe ia iaeeieoeth iaioa, i?ae a O,
ca?aaoeny c I ia iiiaeei? O ? caaeiaieueiyoe oiiao ca’yciino? aeaiaio?a
a D.

Aeiiaa ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ca’yciino? aeaiaio?a a D ? ca?a D c I ia iiiaeei?
O aea?aaeaioia a?aenooiino? oeeee?a i?e oi?ioaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
iioie?a.

?ic?iaeaii aaeaioeaiee aeai?eoi ea?oaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiei iioieii ia
iniia? noae-nieneiaeo iiaeaeae, yeee aeicaiey? aiane?aeie aaia?aoe??
iiaeeeaeo no?aoaa?e iaa/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe i?ioean iaa/aiiy
iia?aoi?a.

Aeai?eoi oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iioieo V i?noeoue i?ioeaaeo?e:

1. Ia iiiaeei? O aenia?oii caaeaieo ?I oi?io?ii aeaea?oiaee aeiaooie ?
aeeo/a?ii ia?e (xi , xj), aeey yeeo i j. Aeae? i?ae ia?ith (xi , xj)
?icoi??ii aeaiaeaiaioio iiiaeeio xi , xj Oo . Noi?iiaaia iiiaeeia Oo ?
aaciaith aeey ia/?oei? iiaeiiiaeeie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 Oo, yeo
caaeiaieueiy? ooieoe?y iaeaaeiino?:
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(xi , xj ) =
picscalex100010009000003a40200000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c024005c0281200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbcffffff80280000fc0400000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200110000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a6e043a0001000000ef0008000000320ade043a000100
0000ee0008000000320a22023a0001000000ef0008000000320a42033a0001000000ed00
08000000320aa6013a0001000000ec0010000000fb0240fe000000000000900100000002
0002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a4504
b71b01000000ce0008000000320aa501181d01000000ce0017000000fb0240fe00000000
00009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc790400
00002d01000004000000f00101000c000000320a4504e42009000000e7ede0e9e4e5edee
2e0008000000320a45047b2001000000200008000000320a4504c21e02000000ede50800
0000320a4504601e01000000200008000000320a45047f1b01000000200008000000320a
4504d2190100000020000c000000320a4504aa100a000000e2b3e4edeef8e5ededff0800
0000320a4504d10f02000000202008000000320a4504720b01000000200009000000320a
4504cb0803000000e4ebff0008000000320a4504f2070200000020200a000000320a4504
ff02060000002020ffeaf9ee08000000320a4504cb0102000000302c08000000320a4504
00010200000020200c000000320aa5012a2009000000e7ede0e9e4e5edee2c0008000000
320aa501c11f01000000200008000000320aa501e01c01000000200008000000320aa501
c31a0200000020200c000000320aa5019b110a000000e2b3e4edeef8e5ededff08000000
320aa501c21002000000202008000000320aa501fa0b02000000202009000000320aa501
530903000000e4ebff0008000000320aa5017a080200000020200a000000320aa5018703
060000002020ffeaf9ee08000000320aa501530202000000312c08000000320aa501b901
02000000202017000000fb0240fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc79040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000
320a4504101d01000000510008000000320a4504341a01000000710009000000320a4504
490d030000002c20780008000000320a4504e20b01000000780008000000320aa501711e
01000000510008000000320aa501951b01000000710009000000320aa5013a0e03000000
2c20780008000000320aa501da0c01000000780017000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001
010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc79040000002d01
000004000000f001010008000000320a91040e1b01000000690008000000320af1016f1c
01000000690008000000320af101c20d01000000b30017000000fb02c0fe000000000000
9001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc7904000000
2d01010004000000f001000008000000320a9104520f010000006a0008000000320a9104
c80c01000000690008000000320af1014310010000006a000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000000000000000

2. Noi?iiaaiee iio?e V vi = q i (xi , xj) iiaeiai ca?aaoeny c
ii/aoeiaith nenoaiith aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue ia aenia?oii caaeai?e O
iiiaeei? ?I:
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(xi , xj ) i = X; aeey N aeaiaio?a vi V, aea i = 1, N.

Ca?a noi?iiaaii? iiiaeeie V c ii/aoeiaith nenoaiith ciaiue ia iiiaeei? O
ia?aaeaa/a? iae?e aeeaeaeoe/iiai e?eoa??th iiaiioe ciaiue. Aeae?
iio??aii aaanoe i?ioeaaeo?o ia?aa??ee iiiaeeie V ia ?ioi?iaoe?eio
ca’yci?noue c iaoith aeyaeaiiy a?aeiioaiiy aea?aaeaioiino? (iiae?aiino?)
aeey aeaiaio?a iiiaeeie O.

3. Aeey aenia?oii caaeaiiai aeaea?aea xi a iiiaeei? O ia?aa??y?oueny
a?aeiioaiiy q i Q iaeei xi aei iaeiiai xj ? iaeei xi aei i?aeiiiaeeie
Oi O c aeaiaioaie, aeey yeeo caaeaia a?ia?ia a?aeiioaiiy q i Q. I?e
oeueiio i?aeiiiaeeia Oi O aecia/a? ??aaiue ???a?o?? iiaeaiiy ciaiue aeey
caaeaiiai xi. Aeae? i?ioeaaeo?a iiaoi?th?oueny aeey aeaea?ae c iiiaeei
Oi ? ia?aa??ythoueny a?ia?i? a?aeiioaiiy q i Q c i?aeiiiaeeiith O Oi c
iaoith oi?ioaaiiy Xj O Oi. I?ioeaaeo?a aaaaea?oueny aeeiiaiith, yeui q
i Q aecia/aia ia iiiaeei? O.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee aaeaioeaiee aeai?eoi aeicaiey? aaia?oaaoe ?I ia ??cieo
??aiyo neeaaeiino? aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue (?en.1). Cae?eniaii aiae?c
e?eoa???a, ye? coiiaeththoue neeaaei?noue iaoa??aeo, yeee aea/a?oueny.
?ioi?iaoe?eio neeaaei?noue cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aoe ca aeiiiiiaith
eiao?oe??ioa iane/aiino?: ki = I/ I , aea I = I’ + I — caaaeueia
e?euee?noue ?I; I’, I — e?euee?noue aaea a?aeiieo ? iiaeo iiiyoue. Ianya
ne?a na?aaeiueiai ?I: Nn? = N / I , aea N — caaaeueia e?euee?noue ne?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ae?aeiioe/iee niin?a aiae?co aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue, ye?
aeicaieythoue aoaeoaaoe aeai?eoie oi?ioaaiiy eean?a aea?aaeaioieo
no?oeoo? c ?icia?aeaeaiiyi ia/enethaaeueiiai i?ioeano. Noi?ioeueiaaii
i?aaeea ia’?aeiaiiy i?aeno?oeoo? c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy iiaii? no?oeoo?e
aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue. ?icaeyiooi oi?iaeuei? i?aaeea ?iciiae?eo no?oeoo?e
I ia /anoeie I1, I2 I ? i?aaeea ia’?aeiaiiy D1 H1, D2 H2 i?aeiiiaeei
D1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 D2 c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e D. I?e iiae?e? iaiao?aeii
aeio?eioaaoenue oiiae: I1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 I2 = ?, aea ? — ca’ycia i?aeiiiaeeia.

Oaa?aeaeaiiy 1. sseui i?aeiiiaeeia aeaiaio?a iioieo ? Di , Dj ?
caaaeueiith aeey oeeo i?aeno?oeoo?, oi a ?acoeueoao? ia’?aeiaiy Di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 Dj io?eia?ii iiaio no?oeoo?o D.

Oaa?aeaeaiiy 2. sseui ia?aoei Di , Dj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 P aei??aith? ionoi, oi ia’?aeiaiiy Di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 Dj ia ? no?oeoo?ith D.

Oaa?aeaeaiiy 3. sseui ia?aoei Di , Dj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 P aei??aith? aeayeei i?aeiiiaeeiai Bi , Bj e Bi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 Bj ?, oi ia’?aeiaiy Di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 Dj ia ? iiaiith no?oeoo?ith D.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio
aaia?aoe?? aea?aaeaioieo i?aeno?oeoo? (A.1) ii??aiyii c iaea?eueo
a?aeiieie (A.2) aeicaieeee aeyaeoe cia/io caeaaei?noue ?inoo aeo?ao
iaoeiiiai /ano a?ae no?oeoo?ii? neeaaeiino? aac aeaieo, yea
aecia/a?oueny /eneii eean?a no?oeoo?e aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue (?en.2).
Cai?iiiiiaai? iiiaeeii? iiaeae? no?oeoo?e ? ae?aeiioe/iee niin?a
iiaeaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue aeicaieeee iiaoaeoaaoe aoaeoeai? aeai?eoie
ea?oaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieie iioieaie, ye? aea?aeii a?ae??ciythoueny ca
aeo?aoaie iaoeiiiai /ano a?ae ?nioth/eo, ui aeiaiaeeoue i?aeoe/io
aeioe?euei?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ic?iaee aeai?eoi?a
ea?oaaiiy aacaie aeaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee i?ioeano
iaa/aiiy ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii no?oeoo?iee i?aeo?ae aei oanoiaiai
eiio?ieth ciaiue c iaoith aecia/aiiy a?aeiioaiue ciaiue ? oi?iue a
nenoai? iaa/aiiy. C?iaeaii aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iiaeaeae iia?aoi?a,
yeee iaa/a?oueny: ??cieoeaai?, ia?oo?aaoe?eii?, iaa?eaeii? ? aeiaaaeaii
aeioe?euei?noue ?oiueiai canoinoaaiiy.

Oi?iaeueii i?ioean iaa/aiiy iia?aoi?a iiaeia iieacaoe ye ae??oaiiy
iioei?caoe?eii? aaaaoie?ieiai? caaea/? oi?ioaaiiy ciaiue ? oi?iue ia
eiaeiiio e?ieo iaa/aiiy. No?oeoo?o iiaeae? i?ioeano ia?iaee ciaiue
aoaeaii ioioiaeithaaoe c aano?aeoiei a?aoii S o aeaeyae? aeayeiai
a?aeiioaiiy ia iiiaeei? aeaiaio?a ciaiue xi X ? oei?a a?ia?ieo
a?aeiioaiue vi V. E?ioeaaa iaoa Z (?en.3) iaa/aiiy oi?io?oueny,
aeoiaey/e c aeiia eaae?o?eaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee niaoe?ae?noa ? ?
i?aei-iiaeeiith aaciai? iiiaeeie ciaiue X, aea aeey xZ caaeaia ooieoe?y
iaeaaeiino? z(x).

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe Z aecia/a?oueny aeinyaiaiiyi i?aeoe?eae Tj O. Iiiaeeia
O oi?io? eean oe?eae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 Tj = Z, ? aeae? aei oi?ioaaiiy iaa/ath/eo ae?e ? no?oeoo?oaaiiy
ciaiue ia aeaiaioe x1, … , xk , ye? ia iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai
iiae?eo (ieaei?e ??aaiue), i?e oeueiio xi T , T X .

Cacia/eii, ui ciaiiy (oi?iiy) Y iia?aoi?a ? ia/?oea i?aeiiiaeeia
iiiaeeie X c aeayeith ooieoe??th iaeaaeiino? y (x), yea oa?aeoa?eco?
nooi?iue canai?iiy aeaiaioa xi iiiaeeie ciaiue X, xi X. Ia/?oea
i?aeiiiaeeia Y iiiaeeie X yaey? niaith iiiaeeio ia?: Y = (x /Y(x)), xi
X, Y(x) [0 …1]. Aeey caaeaiiai aeaiaioa t ciaiue aa?oiueiai ??aiy
aenia?oii caaeaii no?oeoo?o ciaiue o aeaeyae? ooieoe?? v = G (xi , t ),
aea i = 1, k. Oey ooieoe?y aeey eiaeii? ia?e (xi , t) aeaiaio?a ciaiue
??cieo ??ai?a o?eno? o?eueee iaeia a?aeiioaiiy (i?aaeie — iauaaeie) c
iiiaeeie V. Iiiaeeio V a?aeiioaiue i?ae aeaiaioaie ciaiue xi ,t aeaio
non?aei?o ??ai?a cia?aaeaii aaaiaeie eiao?oe??ioaie V (x), ye? caaeai?
aenia?oii ia aoai? no?oeoo?oaaiiy ciaiue ? iiaoaeiae aea?aaa oe?eae
(oi?iue).

Ioe?ieii aianie aeaiaio?a ciaiue xi ieaeiueiai ??aiy o oi?ioaaiiy
iaeeieoe? ciaiue Oj aa?oiueiai ??aiy. Aeey i?eaaaeaiiy aei ii?iaeueiiai
aeaeyaeo OjX ? oi?ioaaiiy ?aeeiiai aaceno iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe ia?ao?ae
aei a?aeiinieo aaaiaeo eiao?oe??io?a: (xi) = V (xi)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 (xi), i = 1, n, i?e oeueiio aeio?eio?oueny oiiaa: (xi)= 1, i = 1,
k , aea k — /enei ?ioeeaeaioe?e. Oiae? iiiaeeia Y ciaiue iia?aoi?a Y = =
(xi / y (xi)) , aea y (xi) = [0 ; 1] — nooi?iue iaeaaeiino? aeaiaioa
ciaiue xi X nenoaie i?aeiiiaeei? Y.

Aeey ioe?iee nooiaiy a?aeiia?aeiino? ciaiue Y iio??aiei ciaiiyi T
nenoaie ia caaeaiiio ??ai? aeaeea?oaaiiy ciaiue nei?enoa?iiny ooieoe??th
oniaaeeoaaiiy iioiiie-iauaaeie. Ia/eneaiiy ooieoe?? oniaaeeoaaiiy T
aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aianie ie?aiiai aeaiaioa xi ciaiue — iioiie?a o
oi?ioaaiiy aeaiaioa tj ciaiue — iauaaeea ? yaey? niaith caeaaei?noue:

Y (t) = Y (x) * (x) , Y (t) = Y(x) *V (xi)/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 (xi), aea i=1, n.

Caaeai? a?aeiioaiiy ia iiiaeei? aeaiaio?a ciaiue — iioiie?a
aeicaieythoue ia/eneeoe cia/aiiy ooieoe?? iaeaaeiino? Y (t j) ? ioe?ieoe
nooi?iue canai?iiy ciaiue iia?aoi?ii ia ?ic?aooieiaiio ??ai? — iauaaeeo:

Y (t j) =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 (Y (xi) * V (xi) /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 V (xi)).

Oaeei /eiii, cae?enieaoe iaaeaaia?/i? aei??thaaiiy ia ieaeiueiio ??ai?
no?oeoo?e ciaiue iiaeia aeeiiaoe iie?ieiaa cai?oaiiy aeaiaio?a ciaiue ?
c a?aooaaiiyi oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? ioe?ieoe aeinyaiaiiy e?ioeaai? iaoe
iaa/aiiy.

Aeey ia?aoiaeo aei eeane/ieo ioe?iie ciaiue o e?iaa?noe/ieo oa?i?iao
?ic-?iaeaii aeeiai?/i? oeaee ioe?ithaaiiy. Nei?enoa?iiny e?iaa?noe/iith
ci?iiith (“Ioe?iea”, Term, Q), aea Term = “iacaaeia?eueii”,
“caaeia?eueii”, “aeia?a”, “a?aei?iii”, Q — aaciaa iiiaeeia ioe?iie
ciaiue ii /eneia?e oeae? Q=[0…1]. Ia/?oea i?aeiiiaeeia iiiaeeie Q
yaey? niaith iiiaeeio ia?: =(A (q)/q), q i Q, A (q) [0…1]. A
?acoeueoao? aenia?oiiai iieooaaiiy oi?io?oueny iao?eoey aenia?oieo
ioe?iie c aeaiaioaie m i j, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue cia/ou?noue aeaiaioa q
i ii??aiyii c aeaiaioii q j aeey aecia/aiiy e?iaa?noe/iiai iiiyooy, yea
iieno?oueny ia/?oeith iiiaeeiith .

Cia/aiiy ooieoe?? iaeaaeiino? A iiaeia iiaeaoe o aeaeyae? aii??e/iiai
aaeoi?a h c aeaiaioaie: h i =A (q i), i=1, 2, … , n ; iiia?i?
ii??aiyiiy — iao?eoeath I a?aeiioaiue c aeaiaioaie m i j = h i / h j.
Aeey aecia/aiiy j-ai aeaiaioa aaeoi?a h ciaoiaeeii noio aeaiaio?a a
eiaeiiio j-io noiaioe? iao?eoe? I, c a?aooaaiiyi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 i = 1 , m i i = 1, noia aeaiaio?a i-ai noiaioey: kj =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 i j =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(h i / h j) =(1 /h j)*
*picscalex63010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02600220031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbeffffffe00200001e0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600010000000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320ae901370001000000e5000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000806148000000
0000h i = 1 / h j , oiae? aaeoi? h j = 1 / kj (?en.4).

A ?iaio? aeeeaaeaii iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiioaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
ia?aaaae ciaiue iia?aoi?a ia iiiaeei? aoaeiiieo ciaiue nenoaie, yeee
aeicaiey? aeeiiaoe ?ioaa?iaaio ioe?ieo ciaiue. Ia/?oea a?ia?ia
a?aeiioaiiy R aecia/a?oueny ye noeoii?noue ia? (x, y) aeaiaio?a ciaiue
iia?aoi?a ? ciaiue nenoaie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ooieoe??th iaeaaeiino?
R (x, y), yea eiaei?e ia?? (x, y) noaaeoue o a?aeiia?aei?noue nooi?iue
iaeaaeiino? a?aeiioaiith R. I?aenoieiaa a?aeiioaiiy R ia iiiaeei?
aeaiaio?a ciaiue iia?aoi?a aecia/a? a?aeiioaiiy ia?aaaae ?
ia/eneth?oueny x, u X ca oi?ioeith:

R(y, u)=V F S (y, z) F -1 (x, u)= MAX[ MIN( F S (y, z), F -1 (x,
u))].

A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii e?eoa??? oanoiaiai eiio?ieth (ia’?eoeai?noue,
iaae?ei?noue, aae?aei?noue, oi/i?noue iaoiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo
aei??thaaiue), ye? ?aae?ciaai? iaoiaeeeaie: I.1 — nenoaia aeeiio?
“aei?noea ii??aiyiiy a?aeiia?ae? c aoaeiiii; I.2 — i?iiiio?oueny aea??
aa??aio?a a?aeiia?aeae, aiaethth/e aei aoaeoo “i?ciaaaiiy c ioe?ieith ca
aeaiaaeueiith oeaeith; I.3 — i?ney ii??aiyiiy a?aeiia?ae? c aoaeiiii
nenoaia i?iiiio? iiaeeea? aa??aioe a?aeiia?aeae c ioe?ithaaiiyi ca
?aiaiaith oeaeith; I.4 — nenoaia aeeiio? aenia?oia ioe?ithaaiiy c
a?aooaaiiyi a?aeiinieo aaa caieoaiue ? a?aeiia?aeae ca ia/?oeith oeaeith
[0,1].

Aeine?aeaeai? iniiai? ia?aiao?e, ye? aecia/athoue aae?aei?noue iaoiaeo
iaaeaaia?/ieo aei???a: neeaaei?noue, ?iciiae?eueia caeaoi?noue,
ii?iaeueiee caeii ?iciiae?eaiiy (?en.5). Aea??ea ?iciiae?eaia ca
ii?iaeueiei caeiiii ? oano aaaaea?oueny aae?aeiei, yeui |As| <= 0.2, aea As - aneiao??y, yea aecia/a?oueny neioai?noth ooieoe?? ?iciiae?eaiiy. As aoaa? e?ai (I.1) ? i?aaineioaiith (I.2). ?iciiae?eueia caeaoi?noue aecia/a?oueny ca aenoeanii Ex. Aeey ooieoe?e ?iciiae?eaiiy ieinei ? aino?iaa?oeo Ex - a?ae’?iiee. Aenoean iacia/iee, yeui Ex<=0.5. Oi/i?noue aecia/a?oueny ye i?i?iaeueia i?eionoeia iiieeea iaoiaeo. Eiao?oe??io neeaaeiino? kc 1 ? aecia/a?oueny ye i??a a?aeoeeaiiy na?aaei?o cia/aiue ?acoeueoao?a a?ae na?aaeeie ii?iaeueiiai caeiio ?iciiae?eaiiy. I?eioeeiiaei ieoaiiyi i?iaeooaaiiy aenia?oieo caaaeaiue ? aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? aeiaaeeie oanoo. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e ?ic?aooieo ca i?iiiiiaaiith iaoiaeeeith I.4 e?euee?noue caieoaiue aac ii?ooaiiy aae?aeiino? oanoo aeey ??aiy cia/ouino? ? = 0.05 iiaea aooe nei?i/aii ii??aiyii c I.1 a?ae 90 aei 20. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy caaeiaieueiy? i?eioeeie iaae?eiino? ? aae?aeiino?. Aeiaaaeaii a?aeiia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/ieo aei??thaaiue ii?iaeueiiio caeiio ?iciiae?eaiiy ? iioeiaeueiiio /eneo oanoiaeo caaaeaiue. A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?iiiio?oueny iaoiaeeea ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy a nenoai? iaa/aiiy, eiee neaiaeaie ea?oaaiiy ? aeaiaioe ciaiue, ye? aeene?aoii aaia?othoueny ENI a iaai? iiiaioe /ano. Caaea/o ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy ae??oo? ?ioaeaeooaeueiee ?aaoeyoi?, yeee i?aeeeth/a? ? aeeeth/a? ?I a iaai?e iine?aeiaiino? c a?aooaaiiyi e?eoa???a ca’yciino? ? iiaiioe aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue. Ia ao?ae nenoaie o aeaeyae? eiio?ieueieo caaaeaiue iiaea?oueny oano-neaiae (?en.6) ? a iaai? i?ii?aeee /ano t1, t2, t3 aei??th?oueny aeo?aeiee neaiae, yeee ?iaeoeo? nooi?iue canai?iiy ciaiue iaa/a?iei. I?iiiio?oueny ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiao?oueny iiaeaeue canai?iiy ? caa?aaeaiiy ciaiue a iai’yo? iia?aoi?a o aeaeyae? aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy: k2 + k1 + ki y(t) = k u(t), aea y(t) - aeo?aeia aaee/eia, yea aei??th?oueny, u(t) – caaeaia ao?aeia aaee/eia (oano-neaiae), yea yaey? niaith ?I, ki (i = 0, 1 ... n) - ia?aiao?e nenoaie, ye? iienothoue ineoio?c?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iia?aoi?a. Aeey ia?aiao?e/iiai neioaco iiaeae? canai?iiy ? caa?aaeaiiy ciaiue oi?io?oueny nenoaia aeaaa?a?/ieo ??aiyiue a iao?e/i?e oi?i?: picscalex100010009000003050400000200170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c02e006c01d1200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffa4ffffff801d0000840600000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000800110000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320a5905d01c01000000fa0008000000320aa903d01c0100 0000fa0008000000320a6106d01c01000000fb0008000000320af901d01c01000000f900 08000000320a5905561801000000ea0008000000320aa903561801000000ea0008000000 320a6106561801000000eb0008000000320af901561801000000e90008000000320ae003 ef16010000003d0008000000320a6205cf1501000000fa0008000000320ab203cf150100 0000fa0008000000320a5806cf1501000000fb0008000000320a0202cf1501000000f900 08000000320a6205371301000000ea0008000000320ab203371301000000ea0008000000 320a5806371301000000eb0008000000320a0202371301000000e90008000000320a5905 e21001000000fa0008000000320aa903e21001000000fa0008000000320a6106e2100100 0000fb0008000000320af901e21001000000f90008000000320a5905400001000000ea00 08000000320aa903400001000000ea0008000000320a6106400001000000eb0008000000 320af901400001000000e90008000000320acc05380801000000a20008000000320acc05 490201000000a20008000000320acc05120201000000a20008000000320ac60333080100 0000a20008000000320ac603450201000000a20008000000320ac6030e0201000000a200 08000000320ac001530801000000a20008000000320ac001640201000000a20008000000 320ac0012d0201000000a20017000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000cc04020010 54696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc9e040000002d01010004000000f001 000008000000320ae605321c01000000290008000000320ae605fe190100000028000800 0000320ae003361c01000000290008000000320ae003f91901000000280008000000320a da01171c01000000290008000000320ada01191a01000000280008000000320ae003ed11 010000002a0008000000320ae605431001000000290008000000320ae6050f0e01000000 280008000000320ae605cd0a01000000290008000000320ae60599080100000028000800 0000320ae605de0401000000290008000000320ae605aa0201000000280008000000320a e003481001000000290008000000320ae0030b0e01000000280008000000320ae003d10a 01000000290008000000320ae003940801000000280008000000320ae003e30401000000 290008000000320ae003a60201000000280008000000320ada0128100100000029000800 0000320ada012a0e01000000280008000000320ada01b20a01000000290008000000320a da01b40801000000280008000000320ada01c30401000000290008000000320ada01c502 01000000280017000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657320 4e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc9e040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000 320a3f06461b01000000330008000000320a3904411b01000000320008000000320a3302 461b01000000310008000000320a3606ef1401000000300008000000320a3904ed140100 0000310008000000320a3c02e81401000000320008000000320a3f06570f010000003300 08000000320a3f06e10901000000330008000000320a3f06f20301000000330008000000 320a3904530f01000000320008000000320a3904dc0901000000320008000000320a3904 ee0301000000320008000000320a3302570f01000000310008000000320a3302e1090100 0000310008000000320a3302f20301000000310017000000fb0240fe000000000000bc02 010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc9e040000002d01 010004000000f001000008000000320ae605ac1a01000000740008000000320ae6051019 01000000750008000000320ae003a71a01000000740008000000320ae0030b1901000000 750008000000320ada01c71a01000000740008000000320ada012b190100000075000800 0000320add05ee13010000006b0008000000320ae0030c14010000006b0008000000320a e301ec13010000006b0008000000320ae605bd0e01000000740008000000320ae6052f0d 01000000790008000000320ae605470901000000740008000000320ae605420701000000 790008000000320ae605580301000000740008000000320ae6051c010100000079000800 0000320ae003b90e01000000740008000000320ae0032b0d01000000790008000000320a e003420901000000740008000000320ae0033d0701000000790008000000320ae0035403 01000000740008000000320ae003180101000000790008000000320ada01d80e01000000 740008000000320ada014a0d01000000790008000000320ada0162090100000074000800 0000320ada015d0701000000790008000000320ada01730301000000740008000000320a da0137010100000079000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02 1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0100000400 0000f0010100030000000000470001000000c06f440000000000. Aeey ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie o?eno?ii cia/aiiy ooieoe?? y(t) ? ?? iio?aeieo a a?aie/ieo oi/eao i?aei?ioea- n?a. ?ica’ycoth/e nenoaio ??aiyiue, cia- oiaeeii cia/aiiy aaeoi?a [k0, k1, k2 ]. Ao?aeia ae?y u(t) iieno?oueny ooieoe??th aeaeyaeo: 1, i?e 0 < t <= ti, 0, i?e ti < t < . Iaaaaeai? aiae?oe/i? aeniiaee aeicaieythoue noi?ioethaaoe iiaeaeue i?ioeano caa?aaeaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue a iai’yo? iia?aoi?a a oaeiio aeaeyae?: y (t) = y1 (t) + y2 (t), aea y1(t) - iiaeaeue i?ioeano canai?iiy ia ?ioa?aae? 0 < t < ti: k k + k2 p1 v k + k2 p2 v , k2 p2 p1 k2 p1( p1 - p2) k2 p2( p2 - p1) y2 (t) - iiaeaeue i?ioeano caa?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? iia?aoi?ii ia ?ioa?aae? ti < t < t1: – – – – k -k + yi p1 (k1 + k2) -k + yi p2 (k1 + k2) , k2 p2 p1 k2 p1( p1 - p2 ) k2 p2( p2 - p1) aea p1, p2 - ei?ai? oa?aeoa?enoe/iiai ??aiyiiy. Aiae?c io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae (?en.7) aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaee: oaeaee?noue canai?iiy ? caaoaaiiy o iia?aoi??a ciaoiaeyoueny a i?ioeeaaeii i?iii?oe?ei?e caeaaeiino? - /ei a?eueoa ? oaeaeoa canai?ii ?ioi?iaoe??, oei iia?euei?oa aiia caaoaa?oueny; aeey aeinyaiaiiy an?ia iia?aoi?aie caaeaiiai ??aiy aea/aiino? iaiao?aeii noi?ioaaoe ea?oth/? neaiaee ??cii? o?eaaeino?. Aeyaeaii, ui ocaaaeueiaiei ia?aiao?ii i?ioeano canai?iiy ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ia?aiao? k1 (?en.8). Ia?aiao? ki iiaeae? iia?aoi?a oa?aeoa?eco? caeaoi?noue o?eaaeiai caa?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a aeiaai/ani?e iai’yo? ? c ?inoii ki o?eaae?noue caa?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? ciaioo?oueny (?en.9). Ca?eueoaiiy k2 na?ae/eoue i?i ?ia?oe?ei?noue ieneaiiy (?en.10), yea coiiaeaia ineoieia?/ieie oeiaie ethaeae (oiea?ee, naiaa?i?e, iaeaioie?e, oeaaiaoee). ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea eeaneo?eaoe?? iia?aoi??a aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe ea?oaaiiy iia?aoi?ii ? yaey? niaith ooieoe?th T1 =F (y0, v1) a?ae oaeaeeino? canai?iiy (?en.11) ? ??aiy aea/aiino? (?en.12). Noaea /ano T2 oa?aeoa?eco? i?ioean caaoaaiiy ciaiue iia?aoi?ii ? yaey? niaith ooieoe?th T2 = F (ym, v2) a?ae ??aiy aea/aiino? (?en.13) ? oaeaeeino? caaoaaiiy (?en.14). A ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeey a?oi iia?aoi??a, yea aecia/a?oueny a?aeiioaiiyie k2, k1, ko i?e caaeai?e oanoia?e ae??. A i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aenia?oiee i?aeo?ae ? i?eioeeie i?iaeooaaiiy ENI. I?iiiio?oueny iaoiaeeea i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie iaa/aiiy a eieaeuei?e ia/enethaaeuei?e ia?aae?. Aeine?aeaeothoueny ieoaiiy aeai?o i?ia?aiieo ? aia?aoieo cania?a ?aae?caoe?? nenoaie iaa/aiiy. ?ic?iaeaia aenia?oia nenoaia ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy a na?aaeiaeu? Delphi 4 i?ae Windows 95. Aea?? na?aaeiaeua coiiaeaiee ?icaeiooei a?ao?/iei ?ioa?oaenii ? iiooaeieie i?ia?aiieie caniaaie ia?iaee aac aeaieo aoaeue-yeiai oi?iaoo. Aaca aeaieo nenoaie ?aae?ciaaia ca aeiiiiiaith ia?aaeaai? ooee?oe InterBaseClient5.1. I?ia?aiia ?aae?caoe?y ENI aeeth/a? a naaa i?aenenoaie: aenia?oiiai caiiaiaiiy aace aeaieo, ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy, oi?ioaaiiy oanoiaeo caaaeaiue ? aenia?oieo ioe?iie, aenia?oii? ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a. Aaca ciaiue i?aaeiaoii? iaeano? i?iaeoo?oueny a oae?e iaoiaee/i?e iine?aeiaiino?: ?iciiae?e iaoeiaiai ci?noo i?aaeiaoii? iaeano? ia ?icae?ee ? aecia/aiiy a iaaeao ?icae?eo a?aeiia?aeieo oai; aeae?eaiiy no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a iieno; aecia/aiiy iie?a aeaieo ? iaoiae?a ea?oaaiiy ia’?eoaie; aea?? oeio ca’yceo i?ae ia’?eoaie; iiaoaeiaa aecaiiey?a IO. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaii? aenia?oii? nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaiiai iaa/aiiy (ANAI) ca e?euee?noth e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ? ii??aiyiiy c ?nioth/eie aiaeiaaie (?en.15). O aeniiaeo noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?. INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE OA AENIIAEE 1. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c i?ia?aiii-oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? no/anieo eiioeaioe?e i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?ioean ia?aaeo?aiaaea?ii? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a eiii’thoa?ii? oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy iaa/aiiyi. 2. ?ic?iaeaii oai?aoeei-iiiaeeiio iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue ? aeiaaaeaii oai?aio i?i nenoaio oi?iaeueieo e?eoa???a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeeaeaeoe/iei i?eioeeiai iiaiioe ? ca’yciino? ciaiue. 3. ?ic?iaeaii aaeaioeaiee aeai?eoi ea?oaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiei iioieii aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue ? aaia?aoe?? ??cieo noeaia???a iaa/aiiy, yeee aaco?oueny ia noae-nieneia?e iiaeae?. ?ic?iaeaii ae?aeiioe/iee niin?a aiae?co aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue ? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeai?eoi?a oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a. 4. Iiaoaeiaaii oi?iaeueio iiaeaeue i?ioeano iaa/aiiy c ia/?oei caaeaiith oe?eueiaith ooieoe??th. A aeaaa?? ia/?oeeo iiiaeei ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy i?ioeano iaa/aiiy, yea aeicaiey? cieceoe noa’?eoeaiee oaeoi? a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae iiaoaeiae aeeiai?/ieo oeae ioe?ithaaiiy aeey iano?ithaaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie c a?aooaaiiyi aeiia eaae?o?eaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee niaoe?ae?noa. 5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ia?aiao??a ? iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ia’?eoa ea?oaaiiy o aeaeyae? aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo. Aeaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue canai?iiy ? caa?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iia?aoi?a, yea aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ??aaiue caa?aaeaiiy ciaiue o iia?aoi?a c ieeiii /ano ? ieaioaaoe iaa/aiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??. I?iaiae?ciaaii ?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?ioeane a nenoai? iaa/aiiy ia iniia? noaeeo /ano. 6. ?ic?iaeaii aenia?oio nenoaio ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a a?aaoe/ieo nenoai ia aac? eieaeueii? ia/enethaaeueii? ia?aae? i?ae Windows 95 a na?aaeiaeu? Delphi 4. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Iaoiaeeea i?eiyoey ?aoaiee a eioaeeaeooaeueiuo nenoaiao iao/aiey n ia/aoei caaeaiiie oeaeaaie ooieoeeae // A?niee eioOea. ?1, 1998 - E. : EIOAA, 1998. - N.307-314. 2. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Aiaeec niiniaia i?eia?aoaiey e eniieueciaaiey ciaiee a eioaeeaeooaeueiuo iao/athueo nenoaiao //I?iaeaiu aaeiieee: Na.iao/.o?. - E. : EIOAA, 1997. - N. 243-250. 3. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Eiioeaiooaeueiua iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii iao/aiey a nenoaia “iia?aoi?-o?aiaaea?” //I?iaeaiu aaeiieee: Na.iao/.o?. - E. : EIOAA, 1997. - N. 251-257. 4. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I. I?iaeaiiua aii?inu oi?aaeaiey a y?aaoe/aneeo nenoaiao iao/aiey // Eeaa?iaoeea e au/eneeoaeueiay oaoieea. Aui. ? 116 - E., 1998. - N.29-41. 5. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Iaoiae eaeaioeoeeaoeee iauaeoia a y?aaoe/aneie nenoaia oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii iao/aiey // Eeaa?iaoeea e au/eneeoaeueiay oaoieea. Aui. ? 121 - E. , 1999. - N.52-58. 6. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Aeai?eoie/aneea ycuee e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea: Eiiniaeo eaeoeee. - E.: EIOAA. 1998.-160 n. 7. Oeaeoeeee A.I., Oeaeoeeay I.I., Naa/oe I.I. No?oeoo?iue aiaeec eioaeeaeooaeueiuo nenoai oi?aaeaiey n aeaeiiiiceoeeae e ?ania?aeeaeeaaieai au/eneeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia // A?niee EIOOeA. ?.2, 1999 - E. : EIOOeA, 1999. - N.115-124. 8. Oeaeoeueeee A.I., Oeaeoeueea I.I., Naa/oe I.I. oa ?i. Ia/enethaaeueia oaoi?ea ? i?ia?aioaaiiy / Iaa/. iin?aiee. - E.: EIOOeA. 1998 - 184 n. 9. Oeaeoeeee A.I., Oeaeoeeay I.I. Aeai?eoie/aneea ycuee e i?ia?aiie?iaaiea: Aeeaeaeoe/aneay nenoaia.*.2, - E.: EIOAA, 1996 - 84 n. 10. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue i?ioeanna iao/aiey. //Ca?oia IOE Iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1994 ?.E.:EIOAA,1995.- N.60. 11. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeee A.I., Oeaeoeeay I.I., Ua?aeia A.I. Eiiiuethoa?iay oaoiieiaey iao/aiey ii aeenoeeieeia eaoaae?u // Io/aoiay IOE EIOAA ca 1993 a. - E.: EIOAA,1994.-N.72. 12. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I. No?oeoo?iue niinia i?aaiecaoeee i?ioeanna iao/aiey a nenoaia “iia?aoi? - o?aiaaea?”// III Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay IOE “Aaeiieea-95”. - E., 1995.-N.79. 13. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I., Iaeueoeaa E.A. I?iaeaiiua aii?inu aeoeaecaoeee i?ioeanna iao/aiey a eiiiuethoa?iie n?aaea //IIE “I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae oi?aae?iiy ye?noth i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a”. E., 1993. - N.118. 14. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Oi?iaeecaoeey iienaiey nenoai “iia?aoi?-o?aiaaea?” //IIIIaaeaeoia?iaeiay IOE “Iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey nenoaiiie yooaeoeaiinoueth ooieoeeiie?iaaiey yeaeo?ioeoee?iaaiiuo e ieeioaaeii-iaaeaaoeeiiiuo eiiieaenia”. - E.: EIOAA, 1995.-N.79-80. 15. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I. Eiae/aneia no?oeoo?e?iaaiea iao/iiai niaea?aeaiey iao/aiey // IIE “I?iaeaie aaaaoinooiaiaai? i?aeaioiaee aaeaeaa??a oa oao?aoe?a c iai?yieo: “Aa?aoe?y oa einiiiaaoeea”.- E.: EIOOeA. 1995. - N.26-27. 16. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I., Ua?aeia A.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue i?aaenoaaeaiey ciaiee a iao/athueo nenoaiao // “Aaeiieea-95”. E.: EIOAA, 1995. - N.86. 17. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I. Ia?niaeoeae noai?aiiy eii-i’thoa?ieo o?aiaaea?ieo nenoai// Caioia IOE ca 1996 ?. - E.: EIOAA, 1997. 18. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I. Yenia?oiia ioeaieaaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iioieia //XIOE EIOOeA. - E., 1996.-N.67. 19. Eoaeeiaiei A.A., Oeaeoeeay I.I. I?eiaiaiea eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaee a i?aaiecaoeee i?ioeanna iao/aiey aaeaoeeiiiuo niaoeeaeenoia// IIOE ”I?iaeaiu niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoai ay?iiaaeaaoeeiiiiai ianeoaeeaaiey e oi?aaeaiey iiaeaeaeiuie iauaeoaie”. - E., 1996. - N.36. 20. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Iaoiaeeea i?aaenoaaeaiey ciaiee a eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoaiao iao/aiey //Iaaeaeoia?.IOE “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey-96”. - E., 1996.-N.67. 21. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Ia?niaeoeau nicaeaiey eiiiuethoa?iuo o?aiaaea?iuo nenoai //Iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeo. eiio. “Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe iieaoia a iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo”. - E., 1997. - N.70-71. 22. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Oi?aaeaiea i?ioeannii iao/aiey a y?aaoe/aneie nenoaia//IIOE “Ay?iiaaeaaoeey e aaeiieea-98”.-E.: EIOAA, 1998. - N.128. 23. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Iaeeiaeiia ioeaieaaiea a y?aaoe/aneeo nenoaiao iao/aiey //Ca?oia IOE oi?aa?neoaoo ca 1997 ?. - E.: EIOAA, 1998.- N.97-98. AIIOAOe?? Oeaeoeueea I.I. Aenia?oi? iaoiaee ? iiaeae? ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a a?aaoe/ieo nenoai. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.13.03 - nenoaie ? i?ioeane ea?oaaiiy, Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??, Ee?a, 1999. A ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c no/anieo eiioeaioe?e i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?ioean ia?aaeo?aiaaea?ii? i?aeaioiaee iia?aoi??a a?aaoe/ieo nenoai eiii’thoa?ii? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii oai?aoeei-iiiaeeiio iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e aeeaeaeoe/ieo ciaiue ? aaeaioeaiee aeai?eoi ea?oaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiei iioieii ia iniia? noae-nieneia. Iiaoaeiaaii oi?iaeueio iiaeaeue i?ioeano iaa/aiiy c ia/?oei caaeaiith oe?eueiaith ooieoe??th. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aenia?oiiai ioe?ithaaiiy, yea aeicaiey? cieceoe noa’?eoeaiee oaeoi? a i?ioean? i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. I?iiiio?oueny iaoiae iiaoaeiae aeeiai?/ieo oeae ioe?ithaaiiy aeey iano?ithaaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo ioe?iie c a?aooaaiiyi aeiia eaae?o?eaoe?eii? oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aeaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue canai?iiy ? caa?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iia?aoi?a, yea aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ??aaiue caa?aaeaiiy ciaiue o iia?aoi?a c ieeiii /ano ? ieaioaaoe iaa/aiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??. ?ic?iaeaii aenia?oio nenoaio ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy iia?aoi??a a?aaoe/ieo nenoai ia aac? eieaeueii? ia/enethaaeueii? ia?aae? i?ae Windows 95 a na?aaeiaeu? Delphi 4. Eeth/ia? neiaa: nenoaie ? i?ioeane ea?oaaiiy, iaa/aiiy, aenia?oi? iaoiaee ? iiaeae?, ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y, aeai?eoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy. Oeaeoeeay I.I. Yenia?oiua iaoiaeu e iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii iao/aiey iia?aoi?ia y?aaoe/aneeo nenoai. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.13.03 - nenoaiu e i?ioeannu oi?aaeaiey, Eeaaneee iaaeaeoia?iaeiue oieaa?neoao a?aaeaeaineie aaeaoeee, Eeaa, 1999. A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai aiaeec i?ia?aiiii-oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa e nia?aiaiiuo eiioeaioeee i?aaiecaoeee i?ioeanna iao/aiey e iao/ii iainiiauaaaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?ac?aaioee e aiaae?aiey eiiiuethoa?iie oaoiieiaee iao/aiey a i?ioeann i?aaeo?aiaaea?iie iiaeaioiaee iia?aoi?ia. Ia iniiaa aeeaeaeoe/aneiai e eiaieoeaiiai iiaeoiaea e i?iaeaia iao/aiey noi?ioee?iaaiu eioi?iaoeeiiiua i?eioeeiu oi?aaeaiey aeeaeaeoe/aneeie ciaieyie. ?ac?aaioaia oai?aoeei-iiiaeanoaaiiay iiaeaeue no?oeoo?u aeeaeaeoe/aneeo ciaiee e aeieacuaaaony oai?aia i nenoaia oi?iaeueiuo e?eoa?eaa, oaeiaeaoai?ythueo i?eioeeiai iieiiou e nayciinoe ciaiee. Aeey oi?aaeaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiui iioieii e aaia?aoeee ?acee/iuo noeaia?eaa iao/aiey i?aaeeaaaaony aaeaioeaiue aeai?eoi, iniiaaiiue ia noae-nieneao. I?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea yooaeoeaiinoe aeai?eoiia no?oeoo?iiai aiaeeca aac aeaiiuo. Iino?iaia oi?iaeueiay iiaeaeue i?ioeanna iao/aiey n o/aoii ia/aoei caaeaiiie oeaeaaie ooieoeee. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea yenia?oiiai ioeaieaaiey i?ioeanna iao/aiey, iicaieythuay nieceoue noauaeoeaiue oaeoi? a i?ioeanna i?eiyoey ?aoaiee. ?ac?aaioai iaoiae iino?iaiey aeeiaie/aneeo oeae aeey iano?ieee eeiaaenoe/aneeo ioeaiie n o/aoii o?aaiaaiee eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiie oa?aeoa?enoeee niaoeeaeenoa. Eceiaeaia iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey iaaeaaeiinoe, aaeeaeiinoe e iioeiaeueiiai /enea oanoiauo caaeaiee. I?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec e aeieacaoaeuenoai yooaeoeaiinoe iaoiaeeee yenia?oiiai ioeaieaaiey i?ioeanna iao/aiey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea eaeaioeoeeaoeee ia?aiao?ia e iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue iauaeoa oi?aaeaiey a aeaea aeeooa?aioeeaeueiiai o?aaiaiey aoi?iai ii?yaeea. Iino?iaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue i?ioeannia onaiaiey e nio?aiaiey ciaiee a iaiyoe iia?aoi?a, iicaieythuee i?iaiice?iaaoue o?iaaiue nio?aiaiey iaaueia o iia?aoi?a n oa/aieai a?aiaie e ieaie?iaaoue iao/aiea n oeaeueth iiauoaiey eaaeeoeeaoeee. I?iaaaeai aiaeec eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia a nenoaia iao/aiey ia iniiaa ia?aiao?ia iiaeaee e iinoiyiiuo a?aiaie i?ioeannia. ?ac?aaioaia e aiaae?aia yenia?oiay nenoaia oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii iao/aiey iia?aoi?ia y?aaoe/aneeo nenoai ia aaca eieaeueiie naoe iiae Windows 95 a n?aaea aecoaeueiie ?ac?aaioee i?eeiaeaiee Delphi 4. Eeth/aaua neiaa: nenoaiu e iiaeaee oi?aaeaiey, i?ioeann iao/aiey, yenia?oiua iaoiaeu, eaeaioeoeeaoeey, aeai?eoie/aneia iaania/aiea. Shibitskay N.N. Expert methods and models of management of process of training of the operators of ergatic systems. - Manuscript. The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of engineering science in the speciality 05.13.03 - system and processes of management, Kiev International University of Civil Aviation, Kiev, 1999. Scientifically proved in the work is the necessity of development and introduction for computer technology of training operators in process of presimulator preparation. Worked out is the structural model of didactic knowledge and adaptive algorithm of management of an information flow based on flow down - list models. The formal model and technique expert evaluation of the process of training with the indistinctly given criterion function is developed. The technology of identification of parameters both mathematical model of mastering and preservation of the information in operator's memory is developed. Developed introduced is the expert control system of training process of the operators of ergatic systems on the basis of local network under Windows 95 in environment of visual development of the appendices Delphi 4. Key words: systems and processes of education control, expert evaluation, identification of objects, models of management.

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