IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO O?CEEE

AIEEI Ieaen?e Aaeaioeiiae/

OAeE 531.711:621.375.9

AENIA?EIAIOAEUeI? AeINE?AeAEAIIss ?ACIIAIN?A

IANE*AIIss AIOO??OIUeI?ACIIAOI?IIAI

IIAEEIAIIss A He(Ne/I2 EACA?AO C

AENIEI*ANOIOIITH IAEA*EITH

01.04.05 ( iioeea, eaca?ia o?ceea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a ( 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a eaai?aoi??? eaca?ii? niaeo?ineii?? a?aeae?eo
oioiaeoeaiino? ?inoeoooo o?ceee Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

ssOeAIEI Eaii?ae Iao?iae/,

?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AI?U Aiaoie?e Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

E?AA*AIEI A?eai Eineiiae/,

?inoeooo i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai o?ceee ? a?io?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, canooiiee
aee?aeoi?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, ?aae?io?ce/iee oaeoeueoao,
eaoaae?a ?aae?io?ceee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 25. 11. 1999 ?. i 1430 aiae. ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.159.01 i?e ?inoeooo? o?ceee IAI

Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 03650, Ee?a-39, i?ini. Iaoee, 46

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ceee

IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 03650, Ee?a-39, i?ini. Iaoee, 46

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ‘‘ 25 ’’ aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ?uoe A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aae?e-iaiiia? eaca?e, /anoioa yeeo noaa?e?ciaaia ca
?aciiainaie iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy o iieaeoey?iiio eiae?, oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny a oi/ieo aei??thaaiiyo o no/ani?e o?ceoe? oa
oaoi?oe?. I?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an aei oaeeo eaca??a coiiaeaii ?o
canoinoaaiiyi o iao?ieia?? aeey i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? iaeeieoe?
aeiaaeeie — iao?a, aecia/aiiy yeiai ye oeyoo, ui i?ioiaeeoue na?oei o
aaeooi? ca 1/299792458 n, aoei i?eeiyoi o 1983 ?ioe? [1]. O 1997 ?ioe?
I?aeia?iaeiee Eii?oao c i?? oa aaae ?aeiiaiaeoaaa aeaaiaaeoeyoue
aoaeiiieo aeiaaeei oaeeue noaa?e?ciaaieo ca /anoioith eaca??a aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a iao?ieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? i?e ?aae?caoe?? iaeeieoe?
aeiaaeeie [2]. Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?c ieo aeey i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy ? aeiaaeeia oaee? He–Ne eaca?a ((=633 ii), noaa?e?ciaaiiai
ca eiiiiiaioaie iaaeoiiei? no?oeoo?e (ION) e?i?? iiaeeiaiiy R(127)
eieeaaeueii? nioae 11–5 aeaeo?iiiiai ia?aoiaeo B3(ou+(X1(g+ iieaeoee
127I2. Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui aeiaaeeia oaee? 633 ii iaeaaeeoue aei
aeaeeiiai ae?aiaciio, aea aeia?a ?ic?iaeaii caniae oa iaoiaee
?ioa?oa?iiao?e/ieo aei??thaaiue, a oaeiae i?inoioith, aeiaaia?/i?noth oa
iiaeeea?noth eaaei? ?aae?caoe?? oaeeo eaca??a o aaaaoueio eaai?aoi??yo
na?oo.

Ia nueiaiaei? ?iaioa iaae oaeineiiaeaiiyi He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a
i?iaeiaaeo?oueny ? aei ieoaiue i?aeaeuaiiy ?oi?o iao?ieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a i?iyaey?oueny no?eeee ?ioa?an. Iniaeeai aaaeeeaeie ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia aeinyaiaiiy a?aie/ieo cia/aiue
noaa?eueiino? oa a?aeoai?thaaiino? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy oaeeo
eaca??a. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy oeeo iao?ieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a iaiao?aeii
aeine?aeeoe iniiai? o?ce/i? i?ioeane a eaca?ao ?c
aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?iei iae?i?eiei iiaeeiaiiyi, ye? aecia/athoue oi?io
?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeai? o ?iaio?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeooaeueieie, ine?eueee aiie ni?yiiaai? ia c’ynoaaiiy
i?e?iaee aneiao??? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy, ui ? iaei??th c
iniiaieo i?e/ei, yea iaiaaeo? a?aeoai?thaai?noue /anoioe He–Ne/127I2
eaca??a [3], oa ia aea/aiiy iiaeo, a?eueo eiio?anoieo oa aoaeoeaieo
/anoioieo ?aia??a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe
aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany a ?aieao i?iaeo?a
IAI Oe?a?ie (Aeeiai?ea eiaa?aioiiai eaca?iiai caoaeaeaiiy aoii?a ?
iieaeoe oa o?ceea aenieinoaa?eueieo eaca??a(, iiia? Aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0198U002137, (Iae?i?ei? aoaeoe o aca?iiae?? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy c
aoiiaie oa iieaeoeaie oa o?ceea aocueeeo iioe/ieo ?aciiain?a(, iiia?
Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0195U016823, i?iaeo?a Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue O4/365–97–24 oa O4/341–97–24 ? i?iaeoo
2I/1380–97 Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue iaoee ?
?ioaeaeooaeueii? aeaniino? (?ic?iaea iiaeo eaca?ieo nenoai oa ea?oth/eo
i?eno?i?a eaaioiai? aeaeo?ii?ee(.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeaeuaiiy noaa?eueiino? /anoioe
aei?ii?ithaaiiy He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a, c’ynoaaiiy o?ce/ieo i?e/ei
aneiao??? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy, ?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoiae?a
io?eiaiiy aocueeeo ? aenieieiio?anoieo ?aciiain?a a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao
oa aeei?enoaiiy ?o aeey noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e aia?oa:

Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeaii ?aciiaine iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy a
He–Ne/127I2 eaca?? c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii ?
iieacaii, ui ?o aeei?enoaiiy ye /anoioieo ?aia??a aea? ciiao i?aeaeueoe
noaa?euei?noue /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaeaea a o?noue ?ac?a ii??aiyii c
aiaeia?/iei eaca?ii c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii aneiao??th ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai
iiaeeiaiiy eiaeo oeyoii aei??thaaiiy ? aiae?co iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a
/anoioe noaa?e?ciaaieo eaca??a o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? aeaa?aoe?e /anoioe
(1,5–20 IAoe) ? iieacaii, ui aiia coiiaeaia ni?eueiith ae??th
e?iciiiae?aieo aeanoeainoae iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua oa i?oaeieo
c?oeiaiue iieaeoe iiaeeiath/iai aaco, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iith
oaeaeeino? ?oiueiai ?ooo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii ?aae?ciaaii iaoiae niaeo?ineii?? iane/aii?
aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?ii? oeoi?anoeaioe??. Iaea?aeaii ?aciiaine
?ioaineaiino? iane/aii? oeoi?anoeaioe?? aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?iiai
iiaeeiath/iai aaco a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao ? iieacaii, ui ?oiy
eiio?anoi?noue ia ii?yaeie ia?aaeuo? eiio?anoi?noue ?aciiain?a
iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy.

Aeei?enoaii ?aciiaine ?ioaineaiino? iane/aii? oeoi?anoeaioe??
aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?iiai iiaeeiath/iai aaco a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao aeey
noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe ? iieacaii, ui e?iciiiae?ai? aeanoeaino?
iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue ia ?oith oi?io.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy a /anoioiinoaa?e?ciaaieo He–Ne/127I2
eaca?ao iaea/ee iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii ?, ye iane?aeie,
cia/ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy aiie?ooaeieo ooi?a aeo?aeii? iiooaeiino? eaca?a
aea? ciiao cia/ii i?aeaeueoe noaa?euei?noue /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy
ii??aiyii c eaca?aie c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio ca oiiae
aeei?enoaiiy oeo naieo eiaeieo eii??ie oa oeo naieo nenoai aaoiiaoe/iiai
i?aeno?ithaaiiy /anoioe a aiaeia?/ieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo oiiaao.

Ooi/iaiiy i?e?iaee aneiao??? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy a
He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao aea? ciiao ia/enethaaoe cnoae /anoioe aeey a?aeiieo
ia?aiao??a eaca?a ? a oaeee niin?a aecia/eoe oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
a?aeoai?thaaiino? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy noaa?e?ciaaiiai He–Ne/127I2
eaca?a.

Iieacaii, ui eiio?anoi?noue iae?i?eieo ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino?
oeoi?anoeaioe?? ia ii?yaeie ia?aaeuo? eiio?anoi?noue ?aciiain?a o
aeo?aei?e iiooaeiino? eaca?a, a e?iciiiae?ai? aeanoeaino? iiaeeiath/iai
na?aaeiaeua, ye? ? iaeiei c iniiaieo aeaea?ae aneiao??? ?aciiain?a
iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy, i?aeoe/ii ia aeathoue aianeo a aneiao??th
?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe??. Aeei?enoaiiy inoaii?o ye
?aia??a aeey noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe iiaea iaaeaoe iiaeeea?noue nooo?ai
i?aeaeueoe noaa?euei?noue oa a?aeoai?thaai?noue /anoioe ii??aiyii c
?nioth/eie He–Ne/127I2 eaca?aie.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a oaeineiiaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
onoaiiaee oa ?ic?iaoe? ? aeaioiaeaii? aeayeeo aoce?a iaeaaeiaiiy, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaeiny a aenia?eiaioao; i?aeaioiaoe? oa i?iaaaeaii?
aenia?eiaio?a; ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo; o/ano? o iaaiai?aii?
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa o iaienaii? noaoae; aeiiia?aeyo ?acoeueoao?a
?iaioe ia eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao ??ciiai ??aiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
i?aenoieia?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? ?O IAI Oe?a?ie — 1999 ?.; aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? ia eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th APS, USA — 1999,
ia XXV? URS? General Assembly, Canada — 1999, X?V I?aeia?iaei?e
oeie?-nai?ia?? (Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe ? e?enoae?a(, Iaeana — 1999 ?.,
eiioa?aioe?? ?a?iiaenueeiai o?ce/iiai oiaa?enoaa EPS-11, London — 1999,
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia nai?ia?ao eaai?aoi??? eaca?ii? niaeo?ineii?? oa
a?aeae?eo oioiaeoeaiino? ?O IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae, ia?ae?e yeeo
aea?oueny iai?ee?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui i?noeoue
91 iaeiaioaaiiy ia 13 noi??ieao. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 150
noi??iie, i?eaaaeaii 40 ?enoie?a (40 noi??iie) oa 4 oaaeeoe? (1
noi??iea).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiue, iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo eaca?ao iaea/ee iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii,
aeiaaaeaii iaiao?aei?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?aciiain?a
?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe??, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?iaioe, aecia/aii
iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, ie?aneaii ca’ycie ?iaioe
c iaoeiaeie oaiaie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iaeyae aeei?enoaiiy aocueeeo iioe/ieo
?aciiain?a o eaca?ao c iae?i?eiei aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?iei iiaeeiaiiyi
aeey noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy eaca??a, iienaii ooai?aiiy
ION a iieaeoey?iiio eiae?, c?iaeaii e?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae ?icaeoeo
aae?e-iaiiiaeo eaca??a, noaa?e?ciaaieo ca ?aciiainaie iane/aiiai
iiaeeiaiiy a iieaeoey?iiio eiae? ca 30 ?ie?a, iienaii ia?aaaae He–Ne
eaca??a c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii, iaaaaeaii
iaeyae iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue cnoa?a /anoioe noaa?e?ciaaieo
He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ie?aneaii caaaeueio iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iienaii i?eioeeie ae?? ? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee, iaaaaeaii ioe?iee iioeaie aei??thaaiue.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi
noaa?eueiino? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a c iaea/eith
iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii oa aneiao??? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai
iiaeeiaiiy a aeo?aei?e iiooaeiino? eaca?a.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaa?eueiino? /anoioe He–Ne/127I2
eaca??a (=633 ii c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii
iieacaee, ui caaaeyee iiieaeaiiio ??aith ooi?a o oaeeo eaca?ao
noaa?euei?noue /anoioe ?oiueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a e?eueea ?ac?a aeua,
i?ae o eaca??a c iaea/eith noaeei no?oiii, ? neeaaea? i?eaeecii 5(10-13
aeey /ano ona?aaeiaiiy 100 n [1*,2*]. Oaeei /eiii, aeei?enoaiiy o
aenieinoaa?eueieo nenoaiao eaca??a c aeniei/anoioiith iaea/eith iiaea
aooe aei?aaaeaiei, ine?eueee aiaeia?/i? nenoaie c iaea/eith noaeei
no?oiii iathoue ieae/? iao?ieia?/i? ia?aiao?e.

I?eoaiaiia ?aciiainai iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy aneiao??y coiiaeth?
caeaaei?noue /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy noaa?e?ciaaiiai eaca?a a?ae
aeaa?aoe?? D /anoioe (iiaeoeyoe?eiee cnoa). Ca aeaeyaeii oe???
caeaaeiino? iiaeia ?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i a?aeiinio ?ieue ??cieo aeaea?ae
aneiao??? ?aciiain?a. Iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeie c ieo ? iae?i?ei?
e?iciiiae?ai? aeanoeaino? iiaeeiath/iai aaco oa c?oeiaiiy iieaeoe
iiaeeiath/iai aaco, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iith oaeaeeino?.

Aeey (e?iciaiai( iaoai?cio caeaaei?noue iiaeoeyoe?eiiai cnoao (( a?ae
aeaa?aoe?? D /anoioe o aeiaaeeo neaaei? aneiao??? iieno?oueny ae?acii:

(1)

aea (lens — ia?aiao?, ui a?aeia?aaea? ?ieue aoaeo?a i?inoi?iai?
iaiaeii??aeiino? ((lens<<1), ( — iaeii??aeia oe?eia e?i?? iiaeeiaiiy, m=D/2(. Iaae?eii ?ic?aooaaoe ia?aiao? (lens iaiiaeeeai, ine?eueee a?i caeaaeeoue a?ae ?yaeo ia?aiao??a eaca?a, oi/i? cia/aiiy yeeo cae/aeii iaa?aeii?. Aeey c?oeiaiue iieaeoe iiaeeiath/iai aaco, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iith oaeaeeino?, oey caeaaei?noue o aeiaaeeo neaaei? aneiao??? iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae? (2) aea (coll — ia?aiao? aneiao??? ((coll<<1), iaae?eii ia/eneeoe aaee/eio yeiai, ye ? o aeiaaeeo e?iciai? aneiao???, oaeiae iaiiaeeeai, ine?eueee a?i caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aiao??a, aaee/eie yeeo a?aeii? o?eueee ca ii?yaeeii aaee/eie. Ine?eueee aeey ??cieo iiaeaeae aneiao??? caeaaeiino? cnoao /anoioe (( noaa?e?ciaaiiai eaca?a a?ae aeaa?aoe?? D /anoioe a?ae??ciythoueny, oi i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiue He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?eyeany aei??thaaiiyi iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a. Iecueeee ??aaiue aiie?ooaeieo ooi?a o He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao c aeniei/anoioiith iaea/eith aeaa ciiao io?eiaoe oe? caeaaeiino? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? aeaa?aoe?e /anoioe a?ae 1,5 IAoe aei 20 IAoe [2*,3*]. A iaeano? aaeeeeo aeaa?aoe?e caeaaeiino? aeey ??cieo eiiiiiaio ?icoiaeyoueny, ui iia'ycaii c aieeaii non?aei?o eiiiiiaio ION eiaeo ia oi?io ?aciiaino. C iaoith ia/eneaiiy aianeo non?aei?o eiiiiiaio ION a iiaeoeyoe?ei? cnoae, ui iaea?aeai? a aenia?eiaio?, aoei ia/eneaii ia?aiao?e ?aciiain?a oeyoii ia?iaee eiioo??a o?aouei? aa?iii?ee. Iaeii??aei? oe?eie ?aciiain?a noaiiaeee (i=2,5(0,1 IAoe (aeey on?o eiiiiiaio oe? aaee/eie a iaaeao iioeaee ni?aiaaeaee), eiio?anoiino? ?aciiain?a noaiiaeee ki=(1,7(0,1)(10-3 (aiie, ye ? oe?eie, ni?aiaaeaee aeey on?o eiiiiiaio). ?acoeueoaoe a?aei?iaiiy ?ic?aoiaaieo cnoa?a, coiiaeaieo aieeaii non?aei?o eiiiiiaio ION, a?ae iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a, ui aoee io?eiai? a aenia?eiaio?, i?aaenoaaeaii ia ?en. 1 (aenia?eiaioaeuei? oi/ee). Ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeae? aneiao???, ca?aeii c yeith aianie aei iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a, ui niinoa??aathoueny i?ney aeeeth/aiiy i/aaeaeiiai aca?iiiai aieeao non?aei?o eiiiiiaio, aeathoue iae?i?ei? e?iciiiae?ai? aeanoeaino? iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua oa c?oeiaiiy iieaeoe iiaeeiath/iai aaco c? ci?iith oaeaeeino?, iieacaea, ui oe? iaoai?cie a?ae?a?athoue i?eaeecii iaeiaeiao ?ieue. Aoei io?eiaii cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aneiao??? (lens=-(5,2(0,2)(10-2 oa (coll=(0,90(0,05)(10-2 [2*,3*]. Aianie eiaeiiai c iaoai?ci?a aneiao??? aei ?acoeueooth/iai iiaeoeyoe?eiiai cnoao iieacaii ia ?en. 1. ?en. 1. Iiaeoeyoe?ei? cnoae, coiiaeai? aneiao???th ?aciiain?a: 1 — aianie e?iciaiai iaoai?cio; 2 — aianie c?oeiaiue, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iith oaeaeeino?. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiiyi ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii ? noaa?e?ciaaiiai ca ieie eaca?a. O aeaiiio ?icae?e? iia?aeiiey?oueny i?i oa, ui aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?i? ?aciiaine ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? iiaeia niinoa??aaoe ?, a?eueo oiai, aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey aoaeoeaii? noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao ia (=633 ii. I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoae aiie?ooae oa eiio?anoiinoae ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy oa ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? a?ae oaeeo ia?aiao??a eaca?a ye eiao?oe??io i?aeneeaiiy G aeoeaiiai na?aaeiaeua, a?aeiioaiiy eiao?oe??io?a ia?aciiainiiai oiiiaiai iiaeeiaiiy oa iaiane/aiiai ?aciiainiiai iiaeeiaiiy abgr/a0, aoaeoeaii? e?eueeino? N eiiiiiaio ION a ieie? ?aciiaino. Iieacaii, ui iioeiaeuei? oiiae niinoa?aaeaiiy ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae iioeiaeueieo oiia ?a?no?aoe?? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy. Iaeneiaeueia eiio?anoi?noue ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy iaiaaeo?oueny oiiiaei iiaeeiaiiyi. A He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao aiia noaiiaeoue (10-3 [4]. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ia? eiio?anoi?noue ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? i?aeoe/ii ia iaiaaeo?oueny oiiiaei iiaeeiaiiyi ? aecia/a?oueny eeoa aoaeoeaiei /eneii N eiiiiiaio ION e?i?? iiaeeiaiiy eiaeo. Ine?eueee eiao?oe??io oiiiaiai iiaeeiaiiy abgr eiaeo ia (=633 ii ia ii?yaeie ia?aaeuo? eiao?oe??io ?aciiainiiai iiaeeiaiiy a0 [5], oi eiio?anoi?noue ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? ia? ia?aaeuoaaoe ia ii?yaeie eiio?anoi?noue ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy. ?a?no?aoe?y ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? cae?enithaaeany ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiiiai iaoiaeo o?aouei? aa?iii?ee. O ?acoeueoao? ia?iaee eiioo??a o?aouei? aa?iii?ee aoei aecia/aii eiio?anoiino? ?aciiain?a oa ?o oe?eie. Oe?eie a iaaeao iioeaee aoee iaeiaeia? aeey on?o eiiiiiaio ? neeaaeaee (=2,5(0,2 IAoe. Eiio?anoiino? ?aciiain?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei neaiaeo oeoi?anoeaioe?? noaiiaeee Kg=(2,6(0,2)*10-2, Kf=(2,4(0,2)*10-2, Ke=(2,2±0,2)*10-2, Kd=(1,8±0,2)*10-2 ? aeyaeeeny i?eaeecii ia ii?yaeie a?eueoeie, i?ae eiio?anoiino? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy kg=kf=ke=kd=(2,4±0,1)*10-3 [4*] (oe? aaee/eie ? aeaui a?eueoeie, i?ae io?eiai? a iiia?aaeiueiio ?icae?e?, ine?eueee aeiaaeeia iiaeeiath/i? eii??ee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? aoea a?eueoith). ?aciiaine ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? eiaeo aoee aeei?enoai? ye /anoioi? ?aia?e aeey noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe eaca?a. Aeey noaa?e?caoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eiiiiiaioe f oa g, ye? aeyaeeeny iaea?eueo eiio?anoieie. Oene ia?e eiaeo neeaaeaa p=22 Ia, aeaa?aoe?y /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy D=12 IAoe. Io?eiaii, ui ianoaa?euei?noue /anoioe eaca?a, noaa?e?ciaaiiai ca ?aciiainaie ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? eeoa aeaui ia?aaeuo? ianoaa?euei?noue /anoioe eaca?a, noaa?e?ciaaiiai ca ?aciiainaie iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy eiaeo, ? neeaaea? 4*10-12 aeey /ano ona?aaeiaiiy 100 n [4*]. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a /anoioe He–Ne/127I2 eaca?a iieacaei, ui i?ae /an noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy eaca?a ca ?aciiainaie ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? iiaeoeyoe?eiee cnoa a iaeano? aaeeeeo aeaa?aoe?e ? iaeaea ia ii?yaeie iaioee, i?ae aeey eaca?a, noaa?e?ciaaiiai ca ?aciiainaie iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy eiaeo a aeo?aei?e iiooaeiino? (?en. 2). Oea na?ae/eoue, ui e?iciiiae?ai? aeanoeaino? iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua, ye? ? iaei??th ?c aieiaieo i?e/ei iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a, i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue ia ?aciiaine ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe??. ?en.2. Caeaaei?noue iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a ((, coiiaeaieo aneiao???th ?aciiain?a, a?ae aeaa?aoe?? /anoioe D: e?eaa 1 — cnoa /anoioe eaca?a, noaa?e?ciaaiiai ca ?aciiainaie iane/aii? oeoi?anoeaioe??, e?eaa 2 — eaca?a, noaa?e?ciaaiiai ca ?aciiainaie iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy eiaeo a aeo?aei?e iiooaeiino?. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?a?no?aoe?? neaiaeo oeoi?anoeaioe?? oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy iioe/ii? nenoaie cae?aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy oioii?eeia/?a c a?eueoith eaaioiaith aoaeoeai?noth, a iaeano? niaeo?aeueii? /ooeeaino? yeeo eaaeeoue aanue niaeo? neaiaeo oeoi?anoeaioe??, aeicaieeoue cia/ii i?aeaeueoe a?aeiioaiiy neaiaeo aei ooio, yea a oiiaao iaoiai aenia?eiaioo aecia/aeiny ae?iaiaeie ooiaie oioii?eeia/a, ? caaaeyee a?eueo?e eiio?anoiino? ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? oa a?aenooiino? iiaeoeyoe?eieo cnoa?a aeanoue ciiao nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe noaa?euei?noue oa a?aeoai?thaai?noue /anoioe ii??aiyii ?c ?nioth/eie He–Ne/127I2 eaca?aie. I'yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ca??aiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai He–Ne/127I2 eaca?a (?O-2) c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii c eaca?ii AeA-3 (AeIAI (Iao?ieia?y(, Oa?e?a), yeee aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo Aea?aeaaiiai aoaeiia iaeeieoe? aeiaaeeie. Ca??aiiy c aoaeiiieie eaca?aie ? aaaeeeaei aoaiii o ?ic?iaoe? aenieinoaa?eueieo eaca??a, i?ecia/aieo aeey a?aeoai?aiiy iaeeieoe? aeiaaeeie. I?ae /an ieo aecia/athoueny iniiai? iao?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ic?iaeaieo eaca??a. Iaoith i?iaaaeaieo ca??aiue aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a??iino? iaoiaeee aei??thaaiiy iao?ieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ?ic?iaeaiiai eaca?a oa io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oeyoii ii??aiyiiy c eaca?ii AeA-3, iniiai? iao?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee yeiai a?aeii? oa i?aeoaa?aeaeai? ?yaeii i?aeia?iaeieo ca??aiue [6,7]. Aeey ei?aeoii? ioe?iee noaa?eueiino? oa a?aeoai?thaaiino? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy eaca?a iaiao?aeii ciaoe nooi?iue aieeao oeo ia?aiao??a, ye?, iacia/ii ci?ithth/enue a ?aaeei? noaa?e?caoe??, iiaeooue i?ecaanoe aei iii?oieo cnoa?a /anoioe. Oaeeie ia?aiao?aie ? oene ia?e eiaeo a eii??oe?, aaee/eia aeaa?aoe?? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa iiooaei?noue eaca?a. I?ioyaii ca??aiue aoei i?iaaaeaii aei??thaaiiy cnoa?a /anoioe eaca?a ?O-2 a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e a?/iiai ia?inoea eiaeii? eii??ee, oeneo ia?e eiaeo oa aeaa?aoe?? /anoioe. Aaee/eie cnoa?a ciaoiaeyoueny a oa?aeoa?iiio aeey He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a ae?aiacii? [8,9]. A?aei?ii?noue /anoio i?ae eaca?aie ?O-2 oa AeA-3 aoei aecia/aii ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo iao?eoeue ??cieoeaaeo /anoio [10], yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny i?ae /an ca??aiue eaca??a [9,11,12]. Aiia noaiiaeea 1,2 eAoe, a ?? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy — 3,2 eAoe [5*]. I?iaaaeaii aei??thaaiiy noaa?eueiino? /anoioe aeoo?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy eaca??a ?O-2 oa AeA-3. Aeey /ano ona?aaeiaiiy 100 n io?eiaia cia/aiiy ianoaa?eueiino? noaiiaeei 7,9*10-13 [5*]. Aeaeii, ui oey aaee/eia ianoaa?eueiino? ia?aaeuo? oa?aeoa?io ianoaa?euei?noue aeey /anoioe aeoo?a aeaio eaca??a c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii [2*], oa aeyaey?oueny ieae/ith, i?ae oa?aeoa?ia aeey eaca??a c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio [7]. Oea icia/a?, ui iniiaiee aianie a ianoaa?euei?noue aea? eaca? c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio — AeA-3. Ioaea, oeyoii aaciina?aaei?o aei??thaaiue aeiaaaeaii, ui noaa?euei?noue /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy He–Ne/I2 eaca??a c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii ia?aaeuo? inoaiith aeey eaca??a c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo ca??aiue anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiai? iao?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ic?iaeaiiai He–Ne/I2 eaca?a c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii a?aeiia?aeathoue e?eoa??yi, ye? noi?ioeueiaaii a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? 1 (C?-1997) I?aeia?iaeiiai eii?oaoo c i?? oa aaae. O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao iaea/ee iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii ?, ye iane?aeie, cia/ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy aiie?ooaeieo ooi?a aeo?aeii? iiooaeiino? eaca?a aea? ciiao aeinyaoe ianoaa?eueiino? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy 5*10-13 aeey /ano ona?aaeiaiiy 100 n, ui iaeaea a o?noue ?ac?a iaioa, i?ae ianoaa?euei?noue /anoioe aiaeia?/iiai eaca?a c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio. Oeyoii aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeaaeiinoae /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy noaa?e?ciaaiiai He–Ne/127I2 eaca?a a?ae aeaa?aoe?? /anoioe eaca?a, iaea?aeaieo a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? aeaa?aoe?e (1,5–20 IAoe), anoaiiaeaii, ui aneiao??y ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao i?e ?o ?a?no?aoe?? a neaiae? aeo?aeii? iiooaeiino? eaca?a coiiaeaia ni?eueiith ae??th e?iciiiae?aieo aeanoeainoae iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua oa i?oaeieo c?oeiaiue iieaeoe iiaeeiath/iai aaco, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iith oaeaeeino? ?oiueiai ?ooo. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii iaoiae niaeo?ineii?? aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?ii? iane/aii? oeoi?anoeaioe??. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ca?a?no?iaaii iae?i?ei? ?aciiaine oeoi?anoeaioe?? a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao ? anoaiiaeaii, ui ?o eiio?anoi?noue ia ii?yaeie ia?aaeuo? eiio?anoi?noue ?aciiain?a a aeo?aei?e iiooaeiino? eaca?a. Aia?oa cae?eniaii noaa?e?caoe?th /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a ca ?aciiainaie iane/aii? oeoi?anoeaioe?? eiaeo. Iacaaaeath/e ia a?aeiinii iaeo aoaeoeai?noue nenoaie cae?aiiy oa ?a?no?aoe?? oeoi?anoeaioieo oioii?a, yea neeaaeaea 0,01 %, ianoaa?euei?noue /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy aoea aeecueea aei noaa?eueiino? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy cae/aeii aeei?enoiaoaaieo aiaeia?/ieo eaca??a c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio ? neeaaeaea 4*10-12 aeey /ano ona?aaeiaiiy 100 n. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui e?iciiiae?ai? aeanoeaino? iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue ia aneiao??th ?aciiain?a aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?ii? iane/aii? oeoi?anoeaioe?? ?, ioaea, ia iiaeoeyoe?ei? cnoae /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy noaa?e?ciaaieo eaca??a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a ?iaioao: 1*. Aieei I.A., Eeoie?o I.I., Iaa??eei A.I., ssoeaiei E.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaa?eueiino? /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a c iaea/eith aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii // Oe?a?inueeee iao?ieia?/iee aeo?iae. — 1998. — Aei.4 — N.37–39. 2*. Aieei A.A., Iaa?eeei A.I., ssoeaiei E.I. Aneiiao?ey ?aciiainia ianuuaiiiai iiaeiuaiey a He–Ne/127I2-eaca?ao n iaea/eie iiia?a/iui A* ?ac?yaeii // Eaaioiaay yeaeo?iieea. — 1999. — O.28. — ?2. — N.151–156. 3*. Boyko O.V., Negr?yko A.M., Yatsenko L.P. ?od?ne-stab?l?zed He–Ne laser pumped by transverse rf-d?scharge // O?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a, eaaioiaa oa iioiaeaeo?ii?ea. — 1999. — O.2. — ?1. — N.133–141. 4*. Aieei I.A., Eeoie?o I.I., Iaa??eei A.I., ssoeaiei E.I. ?aciiaine iane/aii? oeoi?anoeaioe?? aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?iiai iiaeeiath/iai aaco — iia? aoaeoeai? ?aia?e aeey eaca?ieo noaiaea?o?a /anoioe // OOAE. — 1999. — O.44. —?6. — N.709–711. 5*. Aieei I.A., Ea/aeiaa I.I., Iaa??eei A.I., ssoeaiei E.I., Ia/ao?i TH.I., Nioeaeianueeee A.I. Ca??aiiy He–Ne/I2 eaca??a c iiia?a/iei A* ?ic?yaeii c He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ii Aea?aeaaiiai aoaeiia iaeeieoe? aeiaaeeie Oe?a?ie // Oe?a?inueeee iao?ieia?/iee aeo?iae. — 1999. — Aei.1. — C.47-49. E?oa?aoo?a, ui oeeooaaeanue: Documents Concerning the New Definition of the Metre // Metrologia. — 1984. — V.19. — P.163–177. Revision of the mise en pratique of the definition of the metre. Recommendation adopted by the Comit( International des Poids et Mesures at its 86th meeting. Recommendation 1 (CI-1997). Brillet A., Cerez P. Laser frequency stabilization by saturated absorption // J.Phys.Colloq — 1981. — V.42. — No.1. — P.73–82. Cerez P., Brillet A. Factors which limit the reproducibility of iodine stabilized He-Ne lasers // Metrologia. — 1977. — V.13. — No.1. — P.29–33. Hanes G.R., Lapierre J., Bunker P.R., Shotton K.C. Nuclear hyperfine structure in the electronic spectrum of 127I2 by saturated absorption spectroscopy, and comparison with theory // J. of molecular spectroscopy. — 1971. — V.39. — P.506–515. Chartier J.-M., Chartier A. International comparisons of He–Ne lasers stabilized with 127I2 at ((633 nm (July 1993 to september 1995) // Metrologia. — 1997. — V.34. — P.297–300. Nioeaeianueeee A.I., Iaa?ao?e A. Ca??aiiy Aea?aeaaieo aoaeii?a iaeeieoe? aeiaaeeie Oe?a?ie oa Neiaa//eie // Oe?a?inueeee iao?ieia?/iee aeo?iae. — 1998. — Aei.4 — N.51–52. Oa?aaaa TH.A., Aa?aiiaa E.TH., Caoa?aiei TH.A., Iaeueieeia I.A., Oaaei?ei A.E. Noaaeeece?iaaiiua He–Ne/127I2 eaca?u ia 633 ii aeey ?aaeecaoeee aaeeieoeu aeeeiu — iao?a // Ecia?eoaeueiay oaoieea. — 1998. — ?6. — N.62–68. Stahlberg B., Ikonen E., Haldin J., Hu J., Ahola T., Riski K., Pendrill L., K(rn U., Henningsen J., Simonsen H., Chartier J.-M., Chartier A. International comparisons of He–Ne lasers stabilized with 127I2 at ((633 nm (July 1993 to september 1995) // Metrologia. — 1997. — V.34. — P.301–307. Bayer-Helms F., Chartier J.-M., Helmcke J., Wallard A.J. Evaluation of the International intercomparison measurements (March 1976) with 127I2-stabilized He–Ne lasers. Spacing of the hyperfine structure components // PTB-Berict. — 1977. — V.PTB-ME17. — P.139–146. Hu J., Riski K., Chartier A., Chartier J.-M., Picard S. Comparison of 127I2-stabilized He–Ne lasers at 633 nm between the MIKES amd the BIPM // Metrologia. — 1997. — V.34. — P.417–419. Bisi M., Bertinetto F. Frequency reproducibility of He–Ne lasers at (=612 nm using the frequency modulation spectroscopy technique // Metrologia. — 1997. — V.34. — P.451–457. Aieei I.A. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aciiain?a iane/aiiy aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?iiai iiaeeiaiiy a He–Ne/I2 eaca?ao c aeniei/anoioiith iaea/eith. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 01.04.05 — iioeea, eaca?ia o?ceea. ?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy He–Ne/127I2 eaca??a c iaea/eith iiia?a/iei aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii iieacaee, ui ianoaa?euei?noue /anoioe ?oiueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? iaeaea a o?noue ?ac?a ieae/ith i?ae aeey eaca??a c iaea/eith ?ic?yaeii noaeiai no?oio ? noaiiaeoue 5*10-13 aeey /ano ona?aaeiaiiy 100 n. Ooi/iaii i?e?iaeo aneiao??? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy, yea iieyaa? o ni?euei?e ae?? e?iciiiae?aieo aeanoeainoae iae?i?eii iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua oa i?oaeieo c?oeiaiue iiaeeiath/eo iieaeoe, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ci?iith oaeaeeino?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aciiain?a ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe?? aioo??oiuei?aciiaoi?iiai iiaeeiath/iai aaco a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao iieacaee, ui ?o eiio?anoiino? iaeaea ia ii?yaeie ia?aaeuothoue eiio?anoiino? ?aciiain?a iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy o aeo?aei?e iiooaeiino? eaca?a, a e?iciiiae?ai? aeanoeaino? iiaeeiath/iai na?aaeiaeua i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue ia ?oith oi?io, ui ?iaeoue oe? ?aciiaine ia?niaeoeaieie aeey aeei?enoaiiy ye aoaeoeaieo ?aia??a /anoioe. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aciiaine iane/aiiai iiaeeiaiiy, aneiao??y ?aciiain?a, He–Ne/I2 eaca?, iaea/ea aeniei/anoioiei ?ic?yaeii, noaa?euei?noue /anoioe aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ?aciiaine ?ioaineaiino? oeoi?anoeaioe??. Aieei A.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey ?aciiainia ianuuaiey aioo?e?aciiaoi?iiai iiaeiuaiey a He-Ne/?2 eaca?ao n auniei/anoioiie iaea/eie. — ?oeiienue. Aeenca?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.05 — iioeea, eaca?iay oeceea. Einoeooo oeceee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ia n iaea/eie iiia?a/iui auniei/anoioiui ?ac?yaeii iieacaee, /oi ianoaaeeueiinoue /anoiou eceo/aiey oaeeo eaca?ia ii/oe a oanoue ?ac ieaea ianoaaeeueiinoe /anoiou eaca?a n iaea/eie ?ac?yaeii iinoiyiiiai oiea e ninoaaeyao 5*10-13 aeey a?aiaie on?aaeiaiey 100 n. Aieaa ieceee o?iaaiue aiieeooaeiuo ooiia iicaieee i?iaanoe yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey iiaeoeyoeeiiiuo naeaeaia /anoiou eceo/aiey noaaeeece?iaaiiuo He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ia a oe?ieii aeeaiaciia aeaaeaoeee /anoiou 1,5–20 IAoe n aunieie oi/iinoueth. Aiaeec iaeeiaeiie caaeneiinoe aaee/eiu iiaeoeyoeeiiiiai naeaeaa io aeaaeaoeee /anoiou eceo/aiey eaca?a, iieo/aiiie iinea ioieiaiey ?ann/eoaiiiai iiaeoeyoeeiiiiai naeaeaa, iaoneiaeaiiiai i/aaeaeiui aeeyieai ninaaeieo eiiiiiaio naa?ooiieie no?oeoo?u iieaeoeu ?2 ia oi?io ?aciiaina ianuuaiiiai iiaeiuaiey, io iieo/aiiuo a yenia?eiaioa caaeneiinoae iicaieee ooi/ieoue i?e?iaeo aneiiao?ee ?aciiainia ianuuaiiiai iiaeiuaiey, eioi?ay ninoieo a niaianoiii aeaenoaee eeiciiiaeiaiuo naienoa iaeeiaeii iiaeiuathuae n?aaeu e oi?oaeo noieeiiaaiee iieaeoe iiaeiuathuae n?aaeu, nii?iaiaeaeathueony eciaiaieai nei?inoe. Enneaaeiaaiey ia?aiao?ia ?aciiainia eioaineaiinoe oeoi?anoeaioeee a He–Ne/127I2 eaca?ao iieacaee, /oi eiio?anoiinoe iineaaeieo ii/oe ia ii?yaeie i?aauoatho eiio?anoiinoe ?aciiainia ianuuaiiiai iiaeiuaiey a auoiaeiie iiuiinoe eaca?a. I?e eniieueciaaiee ?aciiainia eioaineaiinoe oeoi?anoeaioeee a ea/anoaa ?aia?ia aeey noaaeeecaoeee /anoiou eaca?a ianoaaeeueiinoue /anoiou ninoaaeea 4*10-12 aeey a?aiaie on?aaeiaiey 100 n. N?aaiaiea yenia?eiaioaeueiie caaeneiinoe iiaeoeyoeeiiiiai naeaeaa /anoiou He–Ne/127I2 eaca?a, noaaeeece?iaaiiiai ii ?aciiainai eioaineaiinoe oeoi?anoeaioeee, io aeaaeaoeee /anoiou eceo/aiey eaca?a n caaeneiinoueth, iieo/aiiie aeey He–Ne/127I2 eaca?a, noaaeeece?iaaiiiai ii ?aciiainai ianuuaiiiai iiaeiuaiey a auoiaeiie iiuiinoe eaca?a, iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue, /oi eeiciiiaeiaiua naienoaa iiaeiuathuae n?aaeu i?aeoe/anee ia aeeytho ia oi?io ?aciiainia eioaineaiinoe oeoi?anoeaioeee. Yoe naienoaa aeaeatho ?aciiainu eioaineaiinoe oeoi?anoeaioeee ia?niaeoeaiuie aeey eniieueciaaiey a ea/anoaa yooaeoeaiuo ?aia?ia /anoiou. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aciiainu ianuuaiey iiaeiuaiey, aneiiao?ey ?aciiainia, He–Ne/I2 eaca?, iaea/ea auniei/anoioiui ?ac?yaeii, noaaeeueiinoue /anoiou eceo/aiey, ?aciiainu eioaineaiinoe oeoi?anoeaioeee. Boyko O.V. Experimental investigations of intracavity saturated absorption resonances in He-Ne/I2 lasers pumped by rf-discharge. — Manuscript. Thesis for candidate of science degree in physics and mathematics by speciality 01.04.05 — optics, laser physics. Institute of Physics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The experimental investigations of He–Ne/127I2 lasers pumped by transverse rf-discharge have shown that the frequency instability of such lasers is about six times as low as the instability of the lasers pumped by dc-discharge. It is achieved 5*10-13 for the integration time 100 s. The sources of the asymmetry of saturated-absorption resonances were determined as the joint action of the lenslike properties of the absorbing medium and the elastic velocity-changing collisions of absorbing molecules. The first observation of the resonances of the fluorescence intensity of the intracavity absorbing gas in He–Ne/127I2 laser shown that their contrast is about one order larger than contrast of the saturated-absorption resonances in the output power and that the lenslike properties of the absorbing medium don't affect their shape. Due to these properties the resonances of the fluorescence intensity are efficient references for the laser frequency standards. Key words: saturated-absorption resonance, asymmetry of resonances, He–Ne/I2 laser, rf-discharge pumping, frequency stability, fluorescence intensity resonance.

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