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Екотоксикологічна оцінка фосфоритів місцевих родовищ України при використанні їх як добрив: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г. наук / Г.О. Буожис, Нац. аграр

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IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?N?OAO

AOIAEEN Aaiia Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE: 631.95:631.8//.2:631.453

Aeioieneeieia?/ia ioe?iea oinoi?eo?a i?noeaaeo ?iaeiaeu Oe?a?ie i?e
aeei?noaii? ?o ye aeia?ea

03.00.16 aeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a eaai?aoi??? aeioieneeieia?? ?inoeoooo

aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaaaoeueeee Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/,

?inoeooo aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia??

OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? aeioieneeieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe Aoaeee

Ethaeieea ?aai?aia, ?inoeooo caoenoo ?ineei,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? aiae?oe/ii? o?i??

ianoeoeeae?a;

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe Aeaenaiae?iaa

Ethaeieea Na?a??aia, ?inoeooo iaaeeoeeie i?aoe?,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

I?i?noa?noaa AIE, i. AEeoiie?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “13“ eeiiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.004.02 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? IAO, 252041,
Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 12 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaaee Iaiaeaeoe A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeey a?eueoino? i?ieo caiaeue Oe?a?ie oaeoi?ii, ui
e?i?oo? iioeiaeueio ?iaeth/?noue ? oinoaoiee ?aaeei, a iniiaiei caniaii
?aaoethaaiiy eiai – aeia?eaa. Aeey caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa Oe?a?ie a
oinoi?ieo aeia?eaao ?iii?oo?oueny cia/ia ?o e?euee?noue, a oea aeeeeea?
iaai? aeiiii?/i? o?oaeiiu?. Iaeiei c aa??aio?a ??oaiiy i?iaeaie ?
aeei?enoaiiy ne?iaeie i?noeaaeo oinoi?eoieo ?iaeiaeu. Oey ne?iaeia
i?noeoue iaaio e?euee?noue noiooi?o oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a, ye? i?e ??
canoinoaaii? iiaeooue caa?oaeithaaoe na?aaeiaeua oa i?iaeoeoe?th
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, cieaeoth/e ye?noue, oa iaaaoeaii aieeaaoe ia
a?ioo aa?ioeaiico. Oea – aaaee? iaoaee, ooi?eaee, ?aae?iaeoeai? ?cioiie
o?aio, oi??th oa ?io?. Aecia/aiiy ?o ai?noo o oinoi?eoao, aea/aiiy
iaeiie/aiiy a a?oio?, ?ineeiao oa o?aineieaoe?? a nenoai?
“a?oio-?ineeia” – iaiao?aeia oiiaa aa?iaeieia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
canoinoaaiiy oinoi?eo?a i?noeaaeo ?iaeiaeu Oe?a?ie ye cania?a o?i?caoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o
aecia/aii? iioaioe?eii? oa oaeoe/ii? iaaaciaee canoinoaaiiy oinoi?eo?a,
yea ? neeaaeiaith i?eioeei?a noai?aiiy no?eeiai ?icaeoeo aa?inoa?e, oa
aecia/a? ?? ye?noue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoiaeeoue aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio ?inoeoooo
aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI ? aeeiio?oueny a ?icae?e? Aea?aeaaii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “Iaoeia? iniiae noaeeo aa?iaeinenoai ia
1996-2000 ?iee”. I?iaeaia II. Aeioieneeieia?/ia ioe?iea iiethoaio?a a
a?ioe/ieo oa aa?ioe/ieo eiiiiiaioao aeinenoai aa?ieaiaeoaooa.
01.?ic?iaeoe aeioieneeieia?/i? ii?iaoeae ? ?ic?aooieiao ioe?ieo
iioaioe?eiiai ? oaeoe/iiai ??aiy ?ioaa?aeueii? iaaaciaee caa?oaeiaiiy
caniaaie o?i?caoe?? aa?ieaiaeoaoo?a Oe?a?ie.

Iiia? Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196 V 012976.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith aeine?aeaiue aoei aeaoe
aeioieneeieia?/io ioe?ieo iioaioe?eiiai oa oaeoe/iiai ?eceeo
canoinoaaiiy oinoi?eo?a Oe?a?ie a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a iii?oi?eiao iiethoaio?a o nenoai?
“oinoi?eo-a?oio-?ineeia” ae??ooaaeeny ne?aeoth/? caaaeaiiy:

– aecia/aiiy aaaeeeo iaoae?a (Zn,Ni,Co,Pb,Cd,Cu), ooi?o, ?aae?iaeoeaieo
?cioii?a o?aio oa oi??th o oinoi?eoao i?noeaaeo ?iaeiaeu ??ciiai
aaieia?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy;

– aea/aiiy ci?ie e?eueeino? aaaeeeo iaoae?a o ?ooiieo oi?iao o a?oio?
i?e canoinoaaii? oinoi?eo?a;

– aea/aiiy o?aineieaoe?? aaaeeeo iaoae?a a nenoai? “a?oio-
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea ?ineeia” i?e canoinoaaii? oinoi?eo?a;

-aea/aiiy aa?oeeaeueii? i?a?aoe?? iaoae?a ii i?io?eth a?oioo i?e
canoinoaaii? oinoi?eo?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

I?iaaaeaia aeioieneeieia?/ia ioe?iea iioaioe?eiiai oa oaeoe/iiai ?eceeo
canoinoaaiiy o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oe?a?inueeeo oinoi?eo?a oaeeo
?iaeiaeu: Iiai-Aia?in??anueeiai, Inee?anueeiai, I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeiai,
?aoi?anueeiai, Aieeinueeiai, Caeieaoi?anueeiai, Eioianueeiai.
Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ia?aoiaeo aaaeeeo iaoae?a aei aeaiaio?a
aeinenoai, ?ic?aoiaai? eiao?oe??ioe a?ieoioeyoe?? aaaeeeo iaoae?a.
Aea/aii aieea canoinoaaiiy oinoi?eo?a ia ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aaaeeeo
iaoae?a o ?ooiieo oi?iao o aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiio a?oio?, a oaeiae ia
ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a o ?ineeii?e i?iaeoeoe??. Anoaiiaeaii aieea
canoinoaaiiy oinoi?eo?a ia i?a?aoe?th aaaeeeo iaoae?a ii i?io?eth
aea?iiai-na?aaeiueii?aecieenoiai a?oioo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Io?eiai? iaoa??aee yaeythoue niaith aeioieneeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeei?enoaiiy i?noeaaeo oinoi?eo?a o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa? c iaoith caiia?aaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua oiene/ieie ?a/iaeiaie, i?e ?o canoinoaaii?.

I?iaaaeaia aeioieneeieia?/ia ioe?iea aeicaieeea:

– aeyaeoe ??ci? ??ai? ai?noo ?ooiieo oi?i oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a (aaaeeeo
iaoae?a, ooi?o, ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a o?aio oa oi??th) o ne?iaei?
??ciiai aaieia?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy, yea ia i?aeeyaaea caaaa/aiith oa o
eiioeaio?aoao;

– anoaiiaeoe ??aaiue iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ?ooiieo niieoe aaaeeeo iaoae?a o
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiio a?oio?, i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa i?e
canoinoaaii? oinoi?eo?a ye aeia?ea;

– ?ic?iaeoe i?iaiic iioaioe?eiiai ?eceeo caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo ooi?ii i?e
canoinoaaii? oinoi?eo?a Oe?a?ie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii i?iaaaeai? aiae?oe/i?,
e?c?iao?e/i?, aaaaoaoe?ei?, iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeeiiaia ?iaioa ii
oai?aoe/iiio ocaaaeueiaiith ? iaoaiaoe/i?e ia?iaoe? io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo aoee c?iaeai?
a?aeiia?aei? aeniiaee ? i?aeaioiaeaia aeena?oaoe?y.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeeeaaeaii ia
can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? o
1996-1998 ??. oa eaai?aoi??? aeioieneeieia?? ?AA OAAI; ia V c’?cae? OOAA
6-10 eeiiy 1998?., i.??aia.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 3 ?icae?e?a iniiaii? /anoeie,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia
ia 135 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 15 ae?aa?aiaie oa 26
oaaeeoeyie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia?aoiao? 200 iaeiaioaaiue,
na?aae yeeo 24 ?iicaiieo.

Iniiaia /anoeia

Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e

Ia iniia? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iieacaii, ui aeioieneeieia?/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea oinoi?eo?a ??cieo ?iaeiaeu caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o aaiaceno,
oeio oa neeaaeo. I?iaaaeaii aiae?oe/iee iaeyae iaaaoeaiiai aieeao
oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a, ui i?noyoueny o oinoi?eoao, ia aa?ioeaiic.
?icaeyiooi o?ceei-o?i?/i? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy i?e?ie?eueeinoae
iiethoaio?a a ia’?eoao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. I?iaiae?ciaai? ??ci?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ioe?iee yeino? ne?iaeie (ui aeei?enoiao?oueny ye
caniae o?i?caoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa) ca ai?noii iiethoaio?a, oa
anoaiiaeaiia iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy ?eceeo ?o canoinoaaiiy .

2. Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aenia?eiaioaeueia ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany o 1995-1998??. o eaai?aoi???
aeioieneeieia?? ?inoeoooo aa?iaeieia?? oa a?ioaoiieia?? OAAI oa ia aac?
*a?i?a?anueei? aea?aeaaii? iaeanoii? n?e?nueeiainiiaea?nueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe??.

Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee a?o/eciyi? oinoi?eoe oaeeo ?iaeiaeu:
Iiai-Aia?in??anueeiai, I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeiai, Inee?anueeiai,
Aieeinueeiai, Eioianueeiai, Caeieaoi?anueeiai,
Iaiaae/nueei-Eeaaainueeiai Iaeaeai/eeo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny a oiiaao iieueiaiai, e?c?iao?e/iiai,
aaaaoaoe?eiiai aeine?ae?a.

Iieueia? aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeeny a iieueia?e n?aici?i? *a?i?a?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaeanii? aeine?aeii? noaioe??, yea ?ici?uaia a
Eicaeaoeueeiio ?aeii? Ee?anueei? iaeano? ? a?aeiineoueny aei i?ai?/ii?
/anoeie E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Ieiua ae?eyiie o i?eeiae?eyii/ieo aeine?aeao noaiiaeea 35 i2,
iiaoi?i?noue – /ioe?e?aciaa. A?oio – aea?iiai-na?aaeiueii?aecieenoee
ieeoaaoi-noi?uaiee: pHnie – 5,4; a?ae?ie?oe/ia eeneioi?noue – 2,5
ia-aea/100 a a?oioo, ai?no aoiono (ca Oth??iei)- 0,8%, ?ooiiiai oinoi?o
(ca E??naiiaei) – 10,9 ia/100a a?oioo, iai?iiiai eae?th (ca Ianeiaith) –
5,0 ia/100a a?oioo, noia aa?a?aieo iniia – 4,0 ia-aea ia 100a.

Noaia aeine?aeo: 1. Eiio?ieue; 2. ?60 Aieeinueeee oinoi?eo; 3. ?60
noia?oinoao; 4. ?180 Aieeinueeee oinoi?eo.

Ae?iuoaaeeny ethiei, y/i?iue. Aiae?coaaeeny aaaaoaoeai? i?aaie ethieio,
a?ae?a?aieo o oaco iiaii? noeaeino?, nieiia oa ca?ii y/iaith.

C?acee a?oioo a?aeae?aee c i?iiai oa?o a ia??iae cae?aiiy a?iaeath
?ineei o a?aeiia?aeiino? c caaaeueii i?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

E?c?iao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny a oiiaao noaoe?iia?ieo
e?c?iao??a ia *a?i?a?anuee?e aeine?aei?e noaioe??.

Noaia aeine?aeo: 1.N30K90 – oii; 2.Oii+?n60; 3. Oii+?o60; 4. Oii+?n180
a caian ia 3 ?iee; 5. Oii+?o180 a caian ia 3 ?iee; 6. Oii+?o180+40o/aa
oi?oo; 7. Oii+?o180+40o/aa aiith.

(?n – noia?oinoao; ?o – e?oiii ca?ienoee oinoi?eo Aieeinueeiai
?iaeiaeua)

Acioi? aeia?eaa aiineee o oi?i? na/iaeie, eae?ei? – 40% eae?eii? nie?,
oinoi?i? – i?inoiai noia?oinoaoo oa Aieeinueeiai e?oiiica?ienoiai
oinoi?eoo.

C?acee a?oioo a?aeae?aee c i?iiai oa?o a ia??iaee oea?o?iiy ?ineei oa
cae?aiiy a?iaeath o a?aeiia?aeiino? c caaaeueii i?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.
E?c?iao?e/i? aiaee a?aeae?aee iiaoaiii, aiae?co i?aeeyaaa ona?aaeiaiee
c?acie ca ia??iaee aa?acaiue-o?aaaiue (aaniyia o?eueo?aoe?y),
/a?aaiue-na?iaiue (e?oiy o?eueo?aoe?y), aa?anaiue-eenoiiaae (in?iiy
o?eueo?aoe?y). A?a?? ?ineeiieo c?ace?a i?iaiaeeee o oace – oea?o?iiy oa
iiaii? noeaeino?, aiae?coaaeeny aaaaoaoeai? i?aaie oa aoeueae ea?oiie?.

Aaaaoaoe?eiee aeine?ae – i?eeininoaeiee. A?oio aeey aeine?ae?a
a?aeae?aee c i?iiai oa?o (0-20 ni) aea?iiai-na?aaeiueii?aecieenoiai
a?oioo. Oinoi?eoe oa i?inoee noia?oinoao aiineee o a?oio c ?ic?aooieo 60
ea/aa ?2I5. Eoeueoo?a – ioaieoey Ie?ii?anueea 808.

Noaia aaaaoaoe?eiiai aeine?aeo: 1.Eiio?ieue; 2.Inee?anueeee oinoi?eoiee
eiioeaio?ao ?60; 3.Aieeinueeee ca?ienoee oinoi?eo ?60;
4.Caeieaoi?anueeee oinoi?eo ?60; 5.?aoi?anueeee oinoi?eoiee eiioeaio?ao
?60; 6.I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeee eiioeaio?ao ?60; 7.Iiai-Aia?in??anueeee
oinoi?eoiee eiioeaio?ao ?60; 8.Oinoi?eoiee eiioeaio?ao Iaiaae/nueei
Eeaaainueei? oinoi?eoii? ieiu? ?60; 9.Noia?oinoao ?60.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a, ooi?o a oinoi?eoao, a?oio?,
?ineeiao i?iaiaeeeany iiia?aaeiy aeno?aeoe?y i?ia. A caeaaeiino? a?ae
iaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ??ci? aeno?aaaioe:

· noi?o n??/aii? oa ieaa?eiai? eeneio – aeey aecia/aiiy aaeiaiai ai?noo
AI o oinoi?eoao;

· I2I, 2-% eeiiiia eeneioa – aeey aecia/aiiy iioaioe?eii aeinooiieo oi?i
AI o oinoi?eoao;

· 1 N HCL aeey aecia/aiiy ai?noo iioaioe?eii aeinooiieo oi?i AI a
a?oio?;

· noi?o acioii? oa nieyii? eeneio aeey icieaiiy ?ineeiiiai iaoa??aeo;

· I2I , 0,2 N HCL aeey aecia/aiiy aiaei- oa eeneioi?ic/eiiiai ooi?o o
oinoi?eoao.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?iaa-aeno?aaaio – 1:10 aeey a?oioo ? oinoi?eo?a, oa
1:30 aeey ?ineei. Iiaeaeueoa aecia/aiiy AI (Zn, Ni, Co, Cu, Pb)
aacoaaeiny ia aeno?aeoe?? ?o c ?ic/eio aeeoai?eo?iea?aaciiii, ooai?aii?
c ?iiaie AI o iaaiiio ?ioa?aae? ?I a?aeiia?aeieo eiiieaenieo nieae
iaoae?a ? ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? ?o oeyoii o?iiaoia?aooaaiiy o oiieiio oa??
ni?aaioo c iiaeaeueoith e?euee?niith oa ye?niith ioe?ieith cii
eieae?caoe?? aeeoeciiao?a iaoae?a (iaoiae caoaa?aeaeaiee
Aea?aeo?ieii?n??th, ?50-97 a?ae 19.06.97 ? ocaiaeaeaiee I?i?noa?noaii
ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie). Eaaei?e aecia/aee iaoiaeii aoiiii?
aani?aoe?? ia aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiiio niaeo?ioioiiao?? AAS-30, ooi?
iaoiaeii i?yii? iioaioe?iiao??? ia ?iiii??? oi?aa?naeueiiio AA-74, o?ai,
oi??e iaoiaeii -niaeo?iiao???.

Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea aenia?aiaioaeueieo aeaieo cae?enithaaeany iaoiaeaie
aeenia?n?eiiai, ei?aeyoe?eiiai oa ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?c?a.

3. ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

3.1. Ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a, ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a o?aio oa oi??th o
oinoi?eoao

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui oinoaoi? ?oaee, a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aaieia?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa aaia?ao?/iiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy, ??ciyoueny
ca i?ia?aeia?/iei oa o?i?/iei neeaaeii ? i?noyoue ??cio e?euee?noue
oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a. Aeey aecia/aiiy ??aiy iaaaciaee canoinoaaiiy
oinoi?eo?a aecia/aee caaaeueiee ai?no iiethoaio?a oa ?o e?euee?noue o
?ooiieo oi?iao. Caaaeueiee ai?no oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a o oinoi?eoao
oa?aeoa?eco? nooi?iue ?o iioaioe?eiiai iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia aeiae?eey
i?e aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao, a e?euee?noue oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a o ?ooiieo
oi?iao oa?aeoa?eco? oaeoe/iee ?ecee iaaaciaee i?e canoinoaaii?
oinoi?eo?a.

3.1.1. Aaeiaee ai?no oiene/ieo aeaiaio?a o oinoi?eoao

Aiae?c oe?a?inueeeo oinoi?eo?a, i?iaaaeaiee a eaai?aoi???
aeioieneeieia?? ?AA OAAI iieacaa, ui aaeiaee ai?no Zn, Ni, Pb, Cd, Cu o
oinoi?eoao i?naaeo ?iaeiaeu, a ii??aiyii? c caei?aeiiieie, iaaaeeeee
(oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 – Aaeiaee ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a, ?aae?iaeoeaieo ?cioii?a o
oinoi?eoao

Oinoi?eoeAi?no, ia/eaZnPbNiCoCuCdUThOinoi?eoe ?iaeiaeu
Oe?a?ieInee?anueeee oin.eiioe.10,010,012,08,010,00,26–Aieeinueeee ca?i.
oin.10,08,010,0 6,08,00,109,94,6Caeieaoi?anueeee
oino.14,012,018,018,014,00,8866,83,7?aoiianueeee
oin.eiioe.14,08,016,09,07,00,6013,63,5I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeee
oinoi?eo.eiioe.14,08,010,012,08,00,4132,47,2Iiai-Aia?in??anueeee
oinoi?.eiioeaio?ao10,06,08,010,06,00,6329,610,5Iiaeeueia-Eeaaainueeee
oino.eiioeai.10,04,04,08,08,00,3041,37,2Caei?aeiiia oinoi?eoia
ai?ioii?ai?ue?anueea200,025,081,0–1,549,010,0A?yinueea32,048,038,0–5,0
45,04,0Aa?oi?eainueea90,062,0
50,0–5,0130,08,0E?iaenainueea50,043,011,0–5,048,09,0Aeaeaaaeue Iie,
Aeaee?1888,2-17,124,015,565,010,4Aaona,
Ooi?n15111,4-16,628,030,082,013,0Oo??aaa,
Ia?ieei25212,0-15,537,09,775,08,0Ei?ooen, Ne??y1928,7-9,123,08,860,04,7

Ai?no eaaei?th a ieo eieeaa?oueny o ae?aiacii? a?ae 0,1 aei 0,88 ia/ea,
oeeieo, naeioeth, i?eaeth, i?ae? – a?ae 4 aei 18 ia/ea. Aeey
caei?aeiiieo oinoi?eo?a caaaeueiee ai?no AI ciaoiaeeoueny a oaeeo
iaaeao: Zn – 32-252 ia/ea, Ni – 11-81 ia/ea, Pb – 8,2-62,0 ia/ea, Cd –
1,5-30,0 ia/ea, Cu – 23-37 ia/ea. Oinoi?i? aeia?eaa ?aaeaiaioothoueny a
iniiaiiio ii ai?noo eaaei?th. Aeey oeueiai aeaiaioo anoaiiaeaia AAeE a
oinoaoi?e ne?iaei?, yea ia iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 8 ia/ea.

Anoaiiaeaii o oinoi?eoao iayai?noue ?aae?iaeoeaieo aeaiaio?a – o?aio oa
oi??th, ye? iathoue aaeeeee ia??iae iai?a?iciaaeo (5-10 ie?ae.?ie?a).
Oinoi?eoe i?noyoue oe? aeaiaioe a ??cieo e?eueeinoyo – o?aio a 5-20
?ac?a a?eueoa i?ae oi??th. Iaea?eueoo e?euee?noue o?aio ? oi??th
ciaeaeaii o Caeieaoi?anueeiio oinoi?eo? – U-66,8 ia/ea; Th-3,7 ia/ea.
?ic?aooiee e?eueeino? oeeo aeaiaio?a, ui iiaeooue iaae?eoe aei a?oioo
i?e aianaii? 1,5 o/aa aeaiiai oinoi?eoo (180 ea/aa ?2I5), iieacaee, ui
i?e??no e?eueeino? o?aio oa oi??th i?e oeueiio iiaea neeaaeaoe 0,03
ia/ea. Oeae iieaciee iaaaaaoi iaioee ca oiiiaee ai?no o a?oio? (aeey Th
– 5 ia/ea, U – 1 ia/ea) ? o oae?e e?eueeino? ia aeeeeeaoeia caa?ice
iaaeieeoiueiio na?aaeiaeuo. I?e canoinoaaii? ?ioeo oinoi?eo?a, aea oe?
aeaiaioe ciaoiaeyoueny a iaioeo e?eueeinoyo, iiaeeea?noue caa?oaeiaiiy
a?oioo – iaeieiia??ia.

Ioaea, a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue a?o/eciyieo oinoi?eo?a aoei
aeyaeaii, ui aaeiaee ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a ia ia?aaeuo?
aeioieneeieia?/ieo ii?iaoea?a. Ca ai?noii aaaeeeo iaoae?a,
?aae?iaeoeaieo aeaiaio?a, aiie e?au? a?ae na?oiaeo aiaeia?a.

3.1.2. Ai?no ?ooiieo oi?i aaaeeeo iaoae?a (AI) o oinoi?eoao

Oiene/i? aeanoeaino? AI aeyaeythoueny eeoa oiae?, eiee aiie
ciaoiaeyoueny o ?ooiiiio noai?, oiaoi iiaeooue iaoe o?oioiene/io ae?th,
aieeaaoe iaaaoeaii ia a?oioiao a?ioo, i?a?oaaoe ii i?io?eth a?oioo ?
o.ae. Oiio a aeine?aeaeaiiyo cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?eyeany aea/aiith
oinoi?eo?a ia ai?no AI o ?ooiiiio noai?.

Aeno?aeoe?y 2% ?ic/eiii eeiiiii? eeneioe aeicaiey? aeeo/aoe c
Aieeinueeiai ca?ienoiai oinoi?eoo – 25-30% Zn, Ni, Cu oa 55-41% Pb, Co,
Cd. O aiaei?ic/eii?e oi?i? ciaoiaeeoueny 12%-Zn, 7%-Ni, 5%-Co, 15%-Pb,
8%-Cu, 1%-Cd (?en.1). Oiaoi cia/ia /anoeia iaoae?a ciaoiaeeoueny o
eaaei?ic/eii?e, iioaioe?eii aeinooii?e aeey ?ineei oi?i?. C
Iiai-Aia?in??anueeiai, ?aoi?anueeiai, Inee?anueeiai (?en.2) oa
Caeieaoi?anueeiai oinoi?o?a 2-% eeiiiiith eeneioith aeeo/aeiny 50% Zn,
Ni, Co, a aiaeith aeno?aaoaaeiny 15-25%. *anoea Cd, ui aeeo/aeany
eeiiiiith eeneioith c oeeo oinoi?eo?a, neeaaeaea 20-25%, a ai?no
aiaei?ic/eiiiai eaaei?th noaiiaea 3-5%.

C oinoi?eoiiai eiioeaio?aoo IEI (?en.3) eeiiiiith eeneioith aeeo/aeiny
aeecueei 40% Zn, Ni, Co, Pb a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?, a aei aiaeiiai
?ic/eio ia?aoiaeeei 10-18% oeeo iaoae?a. *anoea i?ae? oa eaaei?th i?e
aeeo/aii? 2-% eeiiiiith eeneioith neeaaeaea 18-17%, a i?e aeno?aeoe??
aiaeith – 3-4%.

Ioaea, aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui oinoi?eoe a?aecia/athoueny
aenieith e?euee?noth AI o iioaioe?eii aeinooii?e oi?i? a?aeiinii
caaaeueiiai ai?noo, ui iiaea ni?eyoe aeoeaiiio ia?aoiaeo aaaeeeo iaoae?a
c oinoi?eo?a aei aeaiaio?a aa?iaeinenoaie.

3.2. I?iaiic aeieia?/ii? caa?ice ooi?eaeiiai caa?oaeiaiiy

a?oio?a i?e canoinoaaii? i?noeaaeo oinoi?eo?a

Na?aae ?a/iaei, ui noaiiaeyoue iniaeeaee ?ioa?an aeey neoaeae
iii?oi?eiao ? ??aaiue yeeo iiaeiai ia?aaoaaoe i?ae eiio?ieai, ? ooi?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aecia/aiith ai?noo ?ooiieo oi?i ooi?o o oinoi?eoao
Oe?a?ie iieacaee, ui eiioeaio?aoe oinoi?eoieo ?oae (ai?no ?2I5 a yeeo
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 19-28%), i?noyoue cia/ii a?eueoo e?euee?noue
ooi?o, i?ae oinoi?eoe, ye? ia i?aeeyaaee ia?aeii?e ia?a?iaoe?.
E?euee?noue aiaei?ic/eiiiai, eeneioi?ic/eiiiai, caaaeueiiai ooi?o o
eiioeaio?aoao aoea o 5-10 ?ac?a aeuith i?ae o ne?eo oinoi?eoao (oaae.2).

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29000300000031303000070007000700040000002d010700040000002d01080004000000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picscalex101010009000003570900000800190000000000050000000902000000000500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Oaaeeoey 2 – Ai?no ooi?o o oinoi?eoao i?noeaaeo oa caei?aeiiieo ?iaeiaeu

Ai?noooi?o, ia/eaOinoi?eoAi?no ?2I5, %aiaei?ic/eiiee eeneioi-?ic/ei.
(0,2N ICL)caaaeue-ieeInee?anueeee oin.eiioe.19,0 82,0
936,02400,0Aieeinueeee ca?i. oinoi?eo8,6 41,0
447,01800,0Caeieaoi?anueeee oinoi?eo12,6 70,0 610,01250,0?aoiianueeee
oin.eiioe.28,0 87,0 900,01875,0Eioianueeee aeaoeii. i?iaeoeo8,7 36,0
410,01125,0Aieeinueeee aeiaiiaee oino.7,9 45,0
78,31325,0I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeee oin.eiioe.27,9 110,0
1300,03250,0Oeaie I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeiai ?iaeiaeua4,1 27,0
86,0375,0Iiai-Aia?in??anueeee oin.eiioe.25,0 78,0
1053,02775,0Iiai-Aia?in??anueeee aeaoe.i?iae.8,3 6,6
433,0950,0Oinoi?eo.eiioe. IEI25,0 44,0 1110,02375,0Oeaie IEI9,6 4,2
200,0700,0Oinoi?eoia ai?ioii e?a?i
NIA?ai?ue?anueea–23000,0A?yinueea–21000,0Aa?oi?eainueea–25000,0E?iaen
ainueea–25000,0IEI- Iaiaae/nueei-Eeaaainueeee Iaeaeai/ee

Iaea?eueo? e?eueeino? aiaei?ic/eiiiai oa eeneioi?ic/eiiiai ooi?o
anoaiiaeai? a oinoi?eoieo eiioeaio?aoao I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeiai (110 ?
1300 ia/ea), Iaiaae/nueei-Eeaaainueeiai Iaeaeai/eeo (44 ? 1110 ia/ea),
Iiai-Aia?in??anueeiai (78 oa 1053 ia/ea) oa Inee?anueeiai (82 ? 936
ia/ea) ?iaeiaeu. Ai?no caaaeueiiai ooi?o o a?o/eciyieo oinoi?eoao
ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao 375-3250 ia/ea, ui cia/ii iaioa a?ae eiai ai?noo
o caei?aeiiieo oinoi?eoao (21000-25000ia/ea).

?ic?aooiee e?euee?no? aiaei?ic/eiiiai ooi?o, yeee iiaea iaae?eoe aei
a?oioo (i?e ii?i? aianaiiy 180 ea/aa ?2I5 oinoi?eo?a) iieacaee, ui
canoinoaaiiy Iiai-Aia?in??anueeiai aeaoeii?oiaiai i?iaeoeoo oa oeai?a
IEI i?ecaaaea aei iaaeoiaeaeaiiy – 14,4 ? 7,8 a/aa F, aai 0,006-0,003
ia/ea a?oioo, oeai?a I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeiai ?iaeiaeua, Aieeinueeiai
aeiaiiaiai oinoi?eoo, Caeieaoi?anueeiai oinoi?eoo a?ae 100 aei 120 –
a/aa, aai 0,030 ia/ea a?oioo. Oe? e?eueeino? cia/ii iaio? ca anoaiiaeai?
AAeE aeey aiaei?ic/eiiiai ooi?o o a?oio? (10 ia/ea).

Oaeei /eiii, aeei?enoaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo oinoi?eo?a ye aeia?ea ia
noai?thaaoeia caa?ice ?eceeo caa?oaeiaiiy a?oio?a ?iiaie ooi?o.

3.3. Caeiiii??iino? ia?aoiaeo AI ?c oinoi?eo?a aei a?oioiaiai ?ic/eio

A eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aoei aea/aii caeiiii??iino? ia?aoiaeo AI ?c
oinoi?eo?a aei ?ic/ei?a i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo ?I i?ioyaii /ano.

Aeai? aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue, ui c oinoi?eo?a i?e ?I=4,01 ca /an
aeno?aeoe?? iaaeoiaeeei 5-8,8 ia/ea oeeieo, 1,5-5 ia/ea i?eaeth, 0,3-2,5
ia/ea eiaaeueoo, 1,3-2,5 ia/ea i?ae?, ui noaiiaeoue 30-65% a?ae
caaaeueii? ?o e?eueeino?. I?e ?I=6,86 aeno?aaoaaeiny 1,0-18% a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? Zn, Ni, Co, Nu (?en.3).

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui canoinoaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo
oinoi?eo?a ia a?oioao c eeneith ?aaeoe??th ?ic/eio iiaea ni?eyoe
cia/iiio ia?aoiaeo AI (aei 65% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?). Aei a?oio?a
c iaeo?aeueiith ?aaeoe??th na?aaeiaeua AI c oinoi?eo?a iaae?eaea cia/ii
iaioa (1,5-16%).

3.4. Aieea oinoi?eo?a ia ai?no AI o a?oio?

Aeai? aaaaoaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui oinoi?eoe ni?eyee
i?aeaeuaiith ai?noo a a?oio? o ?ooiieo oi?iao Zn, Co aei 2,5 ia/ea, Cd
aei 0,4 ia/ea, i?e ??ai? ia eiio?ieueiiio aa??aio? – 1,0; 1,7; 0,1
a?aeiia?aeii (oaae. 3). Canoinoaaiiy oinoi?eo?a ia i?ecaiaeeei aei
ia?aaeuaiiy ??aiy AAeE, ye? anoaiiaeai? aeey ?ooiieo oi?i AI o a?oio?.

I?ae ai?noii iioaioe?eii aeinooiieo oi?i AI o oinoi?eoao oa ?o
e?euee?noth o ?ooiieo oi?iao o a?oio? a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a anoaiiaeaia
o?nia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue. Eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? aeey Zn, Ni,
Co, Pb, Cd, Cu noaiiaeee a?aeiia?aeii – 0,96; 0,53; 0,79; 0,45; 0,78;
0,54. Ioaea, c i?aeaeuaiiyi e?eueeino? iioaioe?eiiaeinooiieo oi?i AI a
oinoi?eoao – i?aeaeuo?oueny e?euee?noue AI o ?ooiieo oi?iao o
aea?iiaii?aecieenoiio a?oio?.

Oaaeeoey 3 – Ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a o a?oio? i?e canoinoaaii? oinoi?eo?a

Aa??aio aeine?aeoAi?no iaoaeo, ia/ea (1N HCL)ZnNiCoPbCdCu
Eiio?ieue1,01,21,71,20,12,3Inee?anueeee
oin.eiioe.2,01,52,31,50,32,8Aieeinueeee ca?i.
oinoi?eo2,51,22,51,60,12,8Caeieaoi?anueeee
oinoi?eo1,81,72,51,70,42,7?aoiianueeee
oin.eiioe.1,71,42,01,50,22,6I?aaeaiii-Inee?anueeee
oin.eiioe.1,51,31,71,70,12,4Iiai-Aia?in??anueeee
oin.eiioe.1,31,41,81,50,22,4Oino. eiioe.
IEI1,51,42,51,50,12,5Noia?oinoao1,31,52,01,50,22,5AAeE23,04,05,02,00,73,
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3200540009000000320a560956030100000033005400040000002d010400040000002d01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?en. 3. Aeno?aeoe?y Zn, Ni, Co c Aieeinueeiai ca?ienoiai

oinoi?eoo a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeoe?? ?ic/eio

Aeai? iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui i?e canoinoaaii?
Aieeinueeiai ca?ienoiai oinoi?eoo ia oii? i?ia?aeueieo oa i?aai?/ieo
aeia?ea o ii?iao 60 oa 180 ea/aa ?2I5 e?euee?noue AI o ?ooiieo oi?iao
ca?eueoeeany a?aeiinii eiio?ieueiiai aa??aioo, aea ?o eiioeaio?aoe?y
nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyeany a?ae aa??aioa, aea canoiniaoaaee noia?oinoao.
Oae, i?e aianaii? oinoi?eoo o ii?i? 180 ea/aa ?2I5 e?euee?noue Zn
noaiiaeea 1,8 ia/ea, Ni – 1,9 ia/ea, Co – 3,0 ia/ea, Pb – 1,5 ia/ea, Cu
– 1,7 ia/ea. I?e aianaii? noia?oinoaoo o o?e nai?e ii?i? ai?no oeeo
aeaiaio?a a?aeiia?ii aoa – 1,5; 1,9; 3,0; 1,2; 1,5 ia/ea. ??aaiue AI ia
eiio?ieueiiio aa??aio? aoa a?aeiia?aeii aeey Zn – 1,2 ia/ea, Ni – 1,3
ia/ea, Co – 2,0 ia/ea, Pb – 0,5 ia/ea, Cu – 1,2 ia/ea. E?eueeino? AI o
?ooiieo oi?iao i?e oeueiio ia ia?aaeuoaaee ??aiy AAeE. Ioaea,
canoinoaaiiy Aieeinueeiai ca?ienoiai oinoi?eoo, ye aeia?eaa i?e ii?i?
aianaiiy 180 ea/aa ?2I5 ia aoaea aeaea?aeii caa?oaeiaiiy
aea?iiai-i?aecieenoiai a?oioo AI.

3.5. Aieea oinoi?eo?a ia aa?oeeaeueio i?a?aoe?th AI ii i?io?eth a?oioo

E?c?iao?e/eie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aianaiiy
Aieeinueeiai ca?ienoiai oinoi?eoo a ii?i? 60 ea/aa ?2I5 i?ecaaei aei
iii?oiiai i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? i?a?aoe?? ii i?io?eth a?oioo Zn, Ni,
Pb. ?o e?euee?noue o o?eueo?aoe?eieo aiaeao (e?oi?e ia??iae) c?inea o
5-10 ?ac?a o ii??aiyii? c oiiii oa a?aeiia?aeiith aeicith noia?oinoaoo ?
neeaea aeey Zn – 2,5; Ni – 1,0; Pb – 1,0 (oaae.4.).

Canoinoaaiiy ii?ie oinoi?eoo o 180 ea/aa ?2I5i ia i?ecaaei aei
iiaeaeueoiai i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? AI o e?ceiao?e/ieo aiaeao, ui
iiaea aooe iane?aeeii noai?aiiy ??aiiaaae aeey aeaiiai oeio a?oioo o
ni?aa?aeiioaii? i?ae ?ooiieie ? ca’ycaieie oi?iaie AI ? ? ooieoe??th

Oaaeeoey 4 – Aieea Aieeinueeiai ca?ienoiai oinoi?eoo ia aa?oeeaeueio
i?a?aoe?th aaaeeeo iaoae?a ii i?io?eth a?oioo (e?c?iao?e/iee aeine?ae)

Aa??aio aeine?aeo Ai?no iaoaeo, ia/e Zn Ni Co Pb Cd CuOii-
N30K900,30,1

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