2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AAIA?AO??

NAAeIAIEE IEAA IAAEIAE*

OAeE 338:91+308 (477.84)

AEIIII?EI-AAIA?AO?*IEE AIAE?C AEEOO?Ae?ssEUeIINO?IANAEAIIss
OA?III?EUeNUeEIAI IAEANIIAINONI?EUeII-OA?EOI??AEUeIIAI EIIIEAENO

11.00.02 — aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iooea? ?aai Ieeieaeiae/,

OAeIO ?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao??Io?oe?ei?
iiiiaioe —aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oauaanueeee I. ?.

eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

caa. eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao??

Caai?iaei?e A.A.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa —*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 15 ” n?/iy 1999 ?ieo i 14-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.163.01 i?e ?inoeooo? aaia?ao?? IAI
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252034, i. Ee?a–34, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 44.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aaia?ao??
IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 9 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee A .A . Aieueoeia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Na?aae iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo
Oe?a?ie i?ia?aeia i?noea caeiathoue ieoaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy aeia?iaooo oa
aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy. Aeey ae??oaiiy oeeo aeooaeueieo ieoaiue
iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iai?yie aeiiii?/iiai,
nioe?aeueiiai ? aeieia?/iiai oa oa?eoi??aeueiiai aniaeo?a, ye?
aeicaieyoue caeo/eoe o noni?eueia ae?iaieoeoai an? iayai? i?noeaa?
?ano?ne. Iniaeeaa cia/aiiy o oeueiio ieai? ia? aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/iee
iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Oeei i?iaeaiai i?enay/aii aaaaoi iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie ??cieo aaoi??a,
cie?aia aeey Oa?iii?euenueeiai ?aa?iio: A.ss.Canoaaaoeueeiai, I.A
Canoaaaoeueei?,

Aeooaeuei?noue caaaeaieo i?iaeai, ?oiy iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue,
aiaeii/an iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaea, iniaeeai ia ?a??iiaeueiiio oa ieae/eo
??aiyo, coiiaeee aea?? oaie ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai
iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai
eiiieaeno.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaeanii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea iai?yi?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ?? oa?eoi??aeueii?
no?oeoo?e ia iaeaniiio oa ?aeiiiiio ??aiyo. A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii?
iaoe ia?aaeaa/aeiny ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe oa iiaeeaeoe a?aeiia?aeii aei no/anieo oiia nooue
iiiyooy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ye nenoaie, aeyaeoe ci?ie a no?oeoo?? oa
iniiai? oa?eoi??aeueii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? oi?ie a aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/iiio
aniaeo?;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? iniiae ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee nenoai
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ia ??cieo ???a?o?/ieo ??aiyo oa a ??cieo
aniaeoao;

— aeine?aeeoe aieea oiia ? oaeoi??a ia oi?ioaaiiy iaeanii? nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy oa iniiaieo ?? i?ae?icae?e?a;

— aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? oa?eoi??aeueii? no?oeoo?e iaeanii? nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy;

— iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno (NOE).

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oai??y i?ciaiiy, nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy. A ?iaio? aeei?enoai?
ii??aiyeueii-aaia?ao?/iee, ea?oia?ao?/iee, oeiieia?/iee, noaoenoe/iee oa
?io? iaoiaee.

?noioiee aianie o ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c i?inoi?iaeie oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie aniaeoaie aeeooy ethaeeie, c?iaeee
I. O. Aaaoiiia, I. ?. Aeaena?a, A. A. Aeueio?i, A.I.Aiio?i,
A.A.Aaeaaaiia, ?.O.Aaeue/oe, A.I.Aie?eia, A.A.Aieueoe, A.A.Aieueoeia,
I.?.Aiiae, I.A.Aeie?i?i, A.?.Aeioeaiei, ss.?. AEoiainueeee,
O.Ae.Canoaaiee, A.A,Caai?iaei?e, N.?.?uoe, ?.I.Eaai, ?.?.Eaeiooeueea,
I.N. Eiaaeaiei, A.I.Eaiii, I.I.Eaa?aeue, I.I.Iaeaia?/oe, I.I.Iaeaia?/oe,
I.Ae.I?nooi, TH.?.I?oth?aiei, A.N.Iocaiia, A.I.?oaeaiei, E.A.?oaeaiei,
A.A.Noaiaiaiei, I.O.Oii?a, I.?.Oauaanueeee, I.?.Oaae?e oa ?io?.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai oa ?aeiiieo
oi?aae?iue noaoenoeee, iaeaniiai oa ?aeiiieo oi?aae?iue n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa oa ?ioeo onoaiia, noaoenoe/i? aeai? I?i?noa?noaa
noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie, iaoeia? ioae?eaoe??, iioi/ia ca?oi?noue oa aeani?
?ic?aooiee aaoi?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a : iiaeeaeaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy, ia??oiooaaii c
aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/ieo iiceoe?e iiiyooy nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy, aeyaeaii ?? no?oeoo?o, i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea oiia oa oaeoi??a
ia oi?ioaaiiy ? oa?eoi??aeueio i?aai?caoe?th aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee nenoai
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ??cieo ???a?o?/ieo ??ai?a. I?iaiae?ciaaii a
aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/iiio aniaeo? aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai NOE . ?ic?iaeaii iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?e oa oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?. Aei iaea?eueo aaaiieo ?acoeueoao?a, ui ?
i?aaeiaoii caoenoo, a?aeiinyoueny:

– ia??oiooaaiiy iaoiaee/ieo iniia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy;

– ioe?iea aio?iiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??th iniiaieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino?, cie?aia nioe?ii?e?iaeii?;

– i?iaaaeaiaa aaeueia ioe?iea eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy;

– aea/aiiy iniiaieo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai NOE;

– aiae?c eiiiiiaioii?, ooieoe?iiaeueii?, oa?eoi??aeueii? oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueei? no?oeoo?e nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy iaeaniiai NOE;

– aeyaeaiiy ? oei?caoe?y iniiaieo oi?i oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?;

– e?euee?nia oa ye?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy iaeano?;

– ?ic?iaea iai?yi?a oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e oa oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai
iaeaniiai NOE.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aieiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? oi?aae?iiy
?aa?iiaeueiei ?icaeoeii ye iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? iaeanii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy iaeaniiai
NOE. Aeae?eaiiy ???a?o?/iiai ?yaeo oi?i oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy, oei?a ?aeiiieo nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy ( ia iniia? ?icaeoeo ?icnaeainueei?, ae?iaie/i? ?
nioe?ii?e?iaeii? ae?yeueiinoae ) aeicaieythoue aeyaeoe aeiaeaoeia?
?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ia iniia? aiae?co ia’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a
oi?ioaaiiy oa i?ioean?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano? ?ice?eoi nooue iiiyooy aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ye
neeaaeii?, oe?e?nii? nenoaie; aeaii aecia/aiiy oeueiai iiiyooy; aeyaeaii
??ci? oeie no?oeoo? oa iniiai? oi?ie oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??;
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo nenoai
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ??cieo ??ai?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeai? o noaooyo, iaae?oeiaaieo o
oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, cie?aia a Oe?a?inueeiio
aaia?ao?/iiio aeo?iae? (?3, 1998 ?.), I?eaei?i?ianueeiio iaoeiaiio
a?nieeo (? 58 (125), /a?aaiue 1998 ?.), Iaoeiaeo caieneao
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y
Aaia?ao?y, (?1 oa ?2 (7), 1998 ?.) oa ?ioeo. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieo” /i. Oa?iii?eue, 1997 ?./, ia I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa aeieia?/i?
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a” /i. Euea?a, 1997 ?./, ia
I?aeaea?aeaai?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caie?”
/i. Ee?a, 1997 ?./. ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo /1995, 1996 ??./, Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo /1997,1998 ??./. Caaaeueiee ianya ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue 2,1
aaoi?nueeeo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??: aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ( 188
iaeiaioaaiue) ? aeiaeaoe?a (60). Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 229 noi??iie,
iniiaia /anoeia – 150 noi??iie.

O anooi? iieacaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?ice?eoi oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue ?iaioe, ie?aneaii ia’?eo ?
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/io ? iaoiaee/io aaco.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy” ?ice?eoi
nooue iiiyooy «aeeoo?ae?yeueiinoue ianaeaiiy» ye nenoaie, aeyaeaii ??
no?oeoo?o. I?iaaaeaii oeiieia?th nenoai, noi?ioeueiaaii oai?aoe/i?
iniiae oi?ioaaiiy oeeee?a oa eiiieaen?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy,
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy iaeaniiai
noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno. Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeathoue iine?aeiai?noue aoai?a
aea/aiiy nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ye neeaaeiiai nenoaiiiai ooai?aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Ia’?eoeai? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai
noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno” ?icaeyaeathoueny
i?e?iaeii-aeieia?/i?, aaiaeaiia?ao?/i?, aeiiii?/i? oa nioe?aeuei? a?oie
oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy iaeanii? nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “No?oeoo?a nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? Oa?iii?euenueeiai
iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno” i?enay/aiee aea/aiith
oa aiae?co iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai
noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno ? iniiai? iai?yiee ??
oaeineiiaeaiiy” ia iniia? aiae?co oa?eoi??aeueieo a?aei?iiinoae ?icaeoeo
??cieo eiiiiiaio?a nenoaie, aaee/eie nenoaiioi?ioth/eo oeaio??a
aeae?eaii oi?ie oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaii ?o oei?caoe?th, aeaii e?euee?nio ? ye?nio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??.

1. Ianaeaiiy ? o?oaeia? ?ano?ne ii?yae c ?ioeie /eiieeaie ? iniiaith
oi?ioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo ooieoe?iiaeueii-oa?eoi??aeueieo ii?aeiaiue,
ye?, aca?iiae?th/e, oi?iothoue ?ioaa?aeueio nenoaio aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy iaeaniiai NOE. Iaeania nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy
(INAE) – oea oa?eoi??aeueia ii?aeiaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy a ?acoeueoao? aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
oa ?noi?e/ieo /eiiee?a, ui caaacia/o? a?aeoai?aiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie, ?? o/anoue o oa?eoi??aeueiiio iiae?e? i?aoe?.

2. Iaeania nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny ?c
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, iniiaieie c ieo ?:
nioe?ii?e?iaeia, ?icnaeainueea, ae?iaie/a, niiaeea/a, a?aeoai?thaaeueia
oa oi?aae?inueea ( ?en. 1). O i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe? aeaee
ii?aeiothoueny ? oi?iothoue ?ioaa?aeueio iaeanio nenoaio
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy. I?ae ieie ?niothoue o?ni? ooieoe?iiaeuei?
ca’ycee – iinaeainuee?, o?oaeia?, ianeoaiaoth/?, nioe?ii?e?iaei?,
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i?, oi?aae?inuee? oa ?i. Caaaeyee oeei ca’yceai
caaacia/o?oueny aioo??oiy oe?e?ni?noue oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy INAE .

3. Nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ia? niaoeeo?/io eiiiiiaioio,
ooieoe?iiaeueio, oa?eoi??aeueio oa i?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueeo
no?oeoo?e. Iniiai? aeaee ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ? iaeii/anii ??
eiiiiiaioaie (i?aenenoaiaie). Ae?iaie/a i?aenenoaia a?aeia?aaea?
i?ioeane ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa??aeueieo aeaa oa iineoa c iaoith caaeiaieaiiy
iio?aa ianaeaiiy iaeano? oa ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a, aecia/ath/e ?? o/anoue a
i?aeiaeaniiio iiae?e? i?aoe?. ?icnaeainueea i?aenenoaia oa?aeoa?eco?
i?inoi?iai-/aniao eieae?caoe?th ianaeaiiy, oi?io eiai i?aai?caoe?? ?
iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueieo i?ioean?a, niiaeea/a
i?aenenoaia— aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueieo aeaa ? iineoa. A?aeoai?thaaeueia
i?aenenoaia ?ice?eaa? aeaiia?ao?/i? oa ?io? aniaeoe a?aeoai?aiiy
ianaeaiiy iaeano? ? eiai nioe?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Nioe?ii?e?iaeia
i?aenenoaia a?aeia?aaea? aca?iiae?th ethaeeie c iaaeieeoi?i
na?aaeiaeuai; a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? aiia ?icaeyaea?oueny, ye niiaeeaaiiy
oa a?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a oeyoii o?oaeiai?, niiaeea/i? oa
?icnaeainueei? ae?yeueiino?. Oi?aae?inueea i?aenenoaia a?aeaeaa?
eii?aeeiaoe?th ?icaeoeo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ioaa?aeueii? iaeanii?
nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Ooieoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a a?aeia?aaea? ?ieue ??cieo eiiiiiaio?a o
?icaeoeo ie?aieo nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ? iieaco? ?o i?noea a
?ioaa?aeueiiio oeeee? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa ooieoe?th o
aioo??oiueiiaeaniiio ? i?aeiaeaniiio iiae?e? i?aoe?. Iniiaieie
aeaiaioaie oe??? no?oeoo?e ? oeeeee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?

Ae?iaie/a Niiaeea/a?icnaeainueeaOi?aae?inueeaA?aeoai?thth/a
Nioe?ii?e?iaeiai?aenenoaiai?aenenoaiai?aenenoaiai?aenenoaiai?aenenoaiai?
aenenoaia

IA AA NI IA NA AeA ?? E?
OO AO AA Ass ?E ? IN AI ? II
?Ae

1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2

?enoiie A.1.2. Eiiiiiaioia no?oeoo?a nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?

Ae?iaie/a i?aenenoaia: IA — i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/a ae?yeuei?noue (1. Ae-ai
cania?a ae-aa; 2. Ae-ai i?aaeiao?a niiaeeaaiiy); AA-aa?i-ae?iaie/a
aei-noue (1. ?ineeiieoeoai; 2. oaa?eiieoeoai.); NI —
nioeiaeueii-iiaooiaa ainiiaea?nueea aei-noue (1. ae?. aeaee iineoa, 2.
aaaeaiiy aeiiaoiueiai ai-aa). Niiaeea/a iiaen-ia .: IA — niiae.
iaoa?iaeueieo aeaa (1.i?iae. oa?/oaaiiy, 2. iio? iao. aeaaa); CA —
niiae. nioeiaeueieo aeaa (1.inaioa, 2. iaaeaoeeia); AeA — niiae.
aeooiaieo aeaa (1. eoeueoo?a, 2. ienoaoeoai). ?icnaeainueea iiaen-ia .:
?? — ?aaiiiaeueia ?icn-iy (1-iaeania); E? — eieaeueia ?icn-iy (1-
?aeiiia, 2- eouiaa ). Oi?aaeiinueea iiaen-ia .: OO — oa?eoi?iaeueia
oi?aa. (1. iaeania, 2. ?aeiiia, 3. iinoeaaa); AO — aaeocaaa oi?aa. (1-2
oi?. eiie?aoieo aaeocae). Aiaeoai?thaaeueia iiaen-ia .: AA — aeania
aiaeoai?aiiy (1. ); Ass — aiaeoai?aiiy yeinieo oa-oee ianaeaiiy (1.
oice/ieo, 2. i?ioanieieo). Nioeiii?e?iaeia iiaen-ia .: ?E i ?N —
?ano?niei?enooaaiiy i ?ano?niniiaeeaaiiy (1-2. — aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy,
caieaei?eno. i o.i.); A? i II — aiaeoai?aiiy oa ioi?iia i?e?iaee (1-2. —
?aeoeueoeaaoeiy caiaeue, iiiioi?eia, caiiaiaeia ni?aaa i o.i.); ?Ae-
?ae?aaoeieia aeiyeueiinoue (1-2 — oo?eci, naiioa?ii-eo?i?oia oa iioi).

Iniiaith oeeeeo aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ? nioe?ii?e?iaeiee i?aeoeeee. Ia
eiai aac? oi?iothoueny aa?oeeaeuei? ii?aeiaiiy ?ioeo i?aeoeeee?a
(ae?iaie/iai, ?icnaeainueeiai, niiaeea/iai oa ?i.). Nioe?ii?e?iaeiee
i?aeoeeee ioiieth? ?ano?niei?enooaaiiy, ?ano?niniiaeeaaiiy, a?aeoai?aiiy
?ano?n?a, ioi?iio i?e?iaee, ?ae?aaoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue. ?icnaeainueeee ?
ae?iaie/ee i?aeoeeeee ooieoe?iiothoue ia?aeaeueii, caaacia/oth/e oiiae
aeey niiaeea/iai, a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai oa oi?aae?inueeiai i?aeoeeee?a.

4. Oa?eoi??aeueia no?oeoo?a nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy — oea
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ? aca?iia ?ici?uaiiy oi?i oa?eoi??aeueiiai
cina?aaeaeaiiy ??cieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?. Aeaiaioe oa?eoi??aeueii?
no?oeoo?e ooai?ththoue a?aeiia?aeiee ???a?o?/iee ?yae:

— aeaiaioa?ia nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (ANAE) — ii?aeiaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao iaeiiai ianaeaiiai ioieoo. Iaiao?aeiith
oiiaith ANAE ? iayai?noue ae?iaie/iai i?aei?e?inoaa ? oeaio?o aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee. O ooieoe?iiaeueiiio a?aeiioaii? ANAE a?aeiia?aea? oeeeeo
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy. Ca ooieoe?iiaeueiei cia/aiiyi ANAE
iiae?eythoueny ia i?ino? (iathoue nenoaiiooai?thth/a cia/aiiy eeoa a
iaaeao ianaeaiiai ioieoo) ? neeaaei?, ye? ? aacith aeey oi?ioaaiiy
nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aeueo oa?eoi??aeueieo ??ai?a, cie?aia eouiaeo,
?aeiiieo, i?ae?aeiiieo oa iaeanii? nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?;

— eouia? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (ENAE) — oa?eoi??aeuei? ii?aeiaiiy
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy aeae?eueeio ANAE, ui oyae?thoue o nai?io
ooieoe?iioaaii? aei yaea?, ye? aeeiiothoue ooieoe?th eouiaeo nenoai
?icnaeaiiy;

— ?aeiii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (?NAE) aeeth/athoue
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy an?o ANAE oa ENAE o iaaeao
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio. Nenoaiiooai?thth/a ?ieue a a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a aeeiio?oueny ?aeiiiei oeaio?ii;

— i?ae?aeiii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (INAE) — oea oa?eoi??aeuei?
nenoaie, ui oi?iothoueny ia aac? neeaaeii? ANAE, yea nai?i
nenoaiiooai?thth/ei cia/aiiyi (iioaioe?aeii) i?eoyao? ie?ai? ?NAE;

— iaeania nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (INAE) ii?aeio? aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue
ianaeaiiy on?o ?aeiiieo ? i?ae?aeiiieo nenoai o iaaeao aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
iaeano?.

5. I?aai?caoe?eii-oi?aae?inueea no?oeoo?a — oea ???a?o?/ii aii?yaeeiaaia
nenoaia i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy a
iaaeao iaaieo oa?eoi??e. Aiia oa?eoi??aeueii ?aae?co? iaoai?ci i?eeiyooy
??oaiue, a?ae yeeo caeaaeeoue no?aoaa?y ? oaeoeea aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy. Oi?aae?iiy nenoaiith aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? aaco?oueny ia
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiio oa aaeocaaiio i?eioeeiao.
Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiee i?eioeei aeeth/a? ??ci? oa?eoi??aeuei?
oi?ie oi?aae?iiy nenoaiaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
iaaiei oa?eoi??aeueiei nenoaiai ?icnaeaiiy. Ca aaeocaaei i?eioeeiii
cae?enith?oueny oi?aae?iiy ie?aieie aeaeaie noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeae. Oe? aeaa i?eioeeie aca?iiiiaycai?.

6. Oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ioiieth?
?icnaeaiiy oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy ia oa?eoi??? ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino?. Aiie aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? i?io?eaiiy aeeoo?ae?yeueieo
i?ioean?a o ??cieo ?? oa?eoi??aeueieo oi?iao ? noai?ththoue on?
ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae aeey a?aeoai?aiiy ? caaacia/aiiy aeeooy ethaeae c
o?aooaaiiyi oa?eoi??aeueieo aniaeo?a oi?aae?iiy. Oi?iaie oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ? aeaiaioe oa?eoi??aeueii?
no?oeoo?e, iia’ycai? nenoaiith oi?aae?iiy.

7. Iniiaith ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ?
noeoii?noue ia’?eoeaieo oiia oa oaeoi??a, ui oi?iothoue na?aaeiaeua
i?iaeeaaiiy. Aiii ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ii?aeiaiiy ia iaai?e oa?eoi???
i?e?iaeiiai, aeiiii?/iiai, nioe?aeueiiai, i?aaiaiai, eoeueoo?iiai oa
ii?aeueiiai na?aaeiaeu, ui noi?ioaaeenue ?noi?e/ii ? cia/iith i??ith
aecia/athoue aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy. Cie?aia, na?aae oiia ?
oaeoi??a a Oa?iii?euenueeiio iaeaniiio NOE aeae?ey?oueny aeae?eueea a?oi
oaeoi??a, ui iaea?eueoith i??ith aieeaathoue ia caei?ia’y ?
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy: i?e?iaeii-aeieia?/i?, aaiaeaiia?ao?/i?,
aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei? oa ?io?.

I?e?iaeii-aeieia?/i? oiiae ? iaoa??aeueiith iniiaith aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy caaaeai oa ?? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aeae?a: i?e?iaei? oiiae aeey
?icaeoeo aa?iae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?, i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/i?,
?icnaeainueei? ae?yeueiino?, i?e?iaeii-?ae?aaoe?ei? oa
i?e?iaeii-eoeueoo?i? oiiae.

Ia oa?eoi??? iaeano? iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaeie ? oiiae, ui iaeaaeaoue aei
ia?oi? a?oie oiia. Aiie coiiaeththoue ?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
niaoe?ae?caoe?th. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei aeey ?icaeoeo
i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? ? aeaeiaooie aoae?aaeueii? ne?iaeie
oa ae?iaieoeoai aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a. Ii?aeiaiiy ??aieiiiai
?aeue?oo, iii??ii-eiioeiaioaeueiiai ee?iaoo oa aeineoue aonoi?
a?ae?in?oee cia/iith i??ith aecia/eee oi?ie iinaeaiue ? ?icnaeaiiy
ianaeaiiy, aieeioee ia oi?ioaaiiy i?no oa ?ioeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a.
Cia/iee ?ae?aaoe?eiee oa i?e?iaeii-eoeueoo?iee iioaioe?ae oaeiae
noai?ththoue oiiae aeey ?icnaeaiiy oa a?aeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy (iayaia
aaeeea e?euee?noue i?ia?aeueieo aiae ? a?ycae, ??ciiiai?oieo iai’yoie
aeeai? ? iaaeeai? i?e?iaee, a oiio /ene? Iiae?euenuee? Oiao?e oa ia/a?e
a a?inao).

?icaeoie ?icnaeainueei? i?aenenoaie cia/iith i??ith coiiaeth?oueny
aaiaeaiia?ao?/ieie oaeoi?aie, ye? a naith /a?ao caeaaeaoue a?ae
aeiiii?/iiai oa nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo iaeano?. E?eciaee noai
ainiiaea?noaa iaaaoeaii aieeioa ia aeaiia?ao?/i? i?ioeane. Oea aeyaeeiny
o cieaeaii? i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo ianaeaiiy, iicia/eeiny ia iai?yiao,
aaee/ei? oa no?oeoo?? i?a?aoe?e, a oaeiae aeeiai?oe? /enaeueiino?
ianaeaiiy iaeano?, o?oaeiaeo ?ano?nao, ?o oa?eoi??aeueiiio
cina?aaeaeaii? oa caeiyoino?. Oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy i?e?iaeiiai
a?aeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy, iniaeeai o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?,
iineeth?oueny, iacaaaeath/e ia aeyaeai? cai?ioi? i?a?aoe?? – c i?no aei
n?euenueeeo iinaeaiue. Oea iaea?eueoa ae?aaeaii o E?aiaiaoeuee?e oa
Cae?ueoeuee?e ?NAE.

8. Eiiiiiaioia no?oeoo?a Oa?iii?euenueei? INAE aeeth/a?
nioe?ii?e?iaeio, ?icnaeainueeo, ae?iaie/o, niiaeea/o, a?aeoai?thaaeueio
? oi?aae?inueeo i?aenenoaie.

Nioe?ii?e?iaeia i?aenenoaia – oea ii noo? an? aeaee
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, ye? iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia o?e a?oie: ?o?aeuei?,
iai?a?o?aeuei? oa ia?o?aeuei?. Aiie ii?aeiothoue o nia? aieea on?o
aeae?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua. A iaeano?
ia?aaaaea? ?o?aeueiee oei ainiiaea?thaaiiy, yeee ioiieth? aa?iae?iaie/o,
?ae?aaoe?eio oa i?e?iaeiioi?iiio ae?yeuei?noue. O oa?eoi??aeueiiio ieai?
iaea?eueoa a?i ae?aaeaiee o i?aaeaii?e, oeaio?aeuei?e ? no?aei?e
/anoeiao iaeano?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny cia/iei ?icaeoeii n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa. ?ae?aaoe?eia ? i?e?iaeiioi?iiia ae?yeuei?noue iathoue
a?aaeueiee oei iioe?aiiy ? eieae?cothoueny ia i?aaei? — Ai?u?anueea ?
Cae?ueoeueea, ia noiae? — Aonyoeinueea, ia i?aii/? — E?aiaiaoeueea
?aeiii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy. Iai?a?o?aeuei? aeaee
oa?aeoa?i? i?noeue ?ic?iaee i?e?iaeieo ei?enieo eiiaeei, ia?aaaaeii
aoaeiaoa??ae?a. A?aaee ?o iioe?aiiy iaea?eueoa eiioeaio?othoueny ia
caoiae? iaeano? — Aa?aaeainueea oa Iiianoe?enueea ?NAE, a oaeiae o
E?aiaiaoeuee?e, Caa?acuee?e, Aonyoeinuee?e, Oa?aaiaeyinuee?e,
Ai?u?anuee?e ?NAE. Ia?o?aeueia ae?yeuei?noue a iniiaiiio oyae?? aei
i?nueeeo iinaeaiue ? oa?eoi??aeueii ni?aiaaea? c? nioaith iaea?eueoi?
eiioeaio?aoe?? i?nueeiai ianaeaiiy, ui i?inoyaioeany c i?aii/? a?ae i
E?aiaiaoeue ia i?aaeaiiee no?ae aei i. Ai?u?a.

O no?oeoo?? ?icnaeainueei? i?aenenoaie Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?
ia?aaaaea? n?euenueea ?icnaeaiiy. Oea iicia/a?oueny ia ooieoe?yo an?o
?ioeo i?aenenoai:

— aecia/a? iaaaoeai? oaiaeaioe?? o a?aeoai?thaaeuei?e i?aenenoai?;

— coiiaeth? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo niaoe?ae?caoe?th iaeano? ?
ia?aaaaeaiiy o no?oeoo?? i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? caeiyoino? o
aaeocyo, iia’ycaieo ?c ia?a?iaeith n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ne?iaeie oa
ianeoaiaoaaiiyi n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

— a?aeaeaa?oueny ia no?oeoo?? ? aaee/ei? oiaa?iia?ao ? niiaeeaaiiy
ianaeaiiy.

9. Oa?iii?euenueea INAE o oa?eoi??aeueiiio ieai? ? oe?e?niith
?ioaa?aeueiith oi?iith oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iaeaniiai ??aiy. O
ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aniaeo? — oea ?ioaa?aeueiee oeeee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?,
ui oi?io?oueny ia iniia? ??cieo oei?a ca’yce?a i?ae iniiaieie aeaeaie
ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy. Oa?eoi??aeuei? a?aei?iiino? ?icaeoeo eiiiiiaio?a
nenoaie (ianaiia?aae ae?iaie/i?) oa iayai?noue ia oa?eoi??? iaeano?
iinaeaiue, ui aeeiiothoue nenoaiiooai?thth/o ooieoe?th ia ??cieo ??aiyo
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??, noai?eee ia?aaeoiiae aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy
a INAE /ioe?ueio i?ae?aeiiieo, 17 ?aeiiieo, 26 eouiaeo oa 610
aeaiaioa?ieo nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Aeae?eaiiy iniiaieo oi?i oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? cae?enith?oueny ia
iniia?:

— aaee/eie aaeueii? ioe?iee nenoaiiooai?thth/iai cia/aiiy oeaio??a
oa?eoi??aeueieo nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (oaae. 1);

— aaee/eie ?ioaa?aeueii? aaeueii? ioe?iee ?icaeoeo an?o eiiiiiaio?a
(i?aenenoai) oa?eoi??aeueieo nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, yea
aecia/a?oueny ye noia ?iaeaen?a ?icaeoeo eiiieaeno iieaciee?a aeey
eiaeiiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe
?ieue iaaiiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino? o ?icaeoeo nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?,
a?aeoae ooieoe?iiaeueia cia/aiiy oa niaoe?ae?caoe?th oa?eoi??aeueieo
nenoai.

Iii?iei ea?eanii oa?eoi??aeueieo oi?i aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ?
?icnaeainueea i?aenenoaia. Aiia aeeiio? ooieoe?th aaceno aeey oi?ioaaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueieo ni?eueiinoae ianaeaiiy ? ?o aeeoo?ae?yeueieo oei?a.
I?ioa ?ieue ianaeaieo ioieo?a o aecia/aii? oei?a aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ia
caaaeaee ? ae??oaeueiith, ine?eueee iai?yiie ? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy caeaaeaoue oaeiae a?ae
i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai, aeaiia?ao?/iiai iioaioe?aeo oa
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia oa?eoi???. ?icaeoie ?icnaeainueei?
i?aenenoaie (ca aaeueiith ioe?ieith) coiiaea aeae?eaiiy a iaeano?
/ioe?ueio a?oi ANAE, ye? a?ae?a?athoue ??cio ?ieue o nenoaiiooai?aii? ?
aecia/athoue cina?aaeaeaiiy ie?aieo oa?eoi??aeueieo oi?i
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Ia?oa a?oia iinaeaiue ia’?aeio? iaea?eueo? i?nuee? iinaeaiiy iaeano?
(Oa?iii?eue, *i?oe?a, E?aiaiaoeue, Aa?aaeaie) c ioe?ieith ?icaeoeo
?icnaeainueei? eiiiiiaioe 3,5 aaea ? a?eueoa. Aiie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
aeuei ?icaeoeii i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/i? oa nioe?aeueii-iiaooiai?
ae?yeueiinoae ? iacia/iei ??aiai ?icaeoeo aa?iae?iaie/i? noa?e.
Nenoaiiooai?thth/a cia/aiiy iinaeaiue aeaii? a?oie iieeaaeaia a iniiao
aeae?eaiiy /ioe?ueio i?ae?aeiiieo nenoai (?en. 2): Oa?iii?euenueei?
INAE, ui ioiieth? aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy 8 aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
?aeii?a (Oa?iii?euenueeiai, Oa?aaiaeyinueeiai, Eic?anueeiai,
Cai??anueeiai, Caa?acueeiai, Eaiiaaoeueeiai, I?aeaiei/enueeiai,
Aonyoeinueeiai); *i?oe?anueei? INAE — 4 ?aeii?a(*i?oe?anueeiai,
Ao/aoeueeiai, Ai?u?anueeiai, Cae?ueoeueeiai); E?aiaiaoeueei? INAE — 2
?aeii?a (E?aiaiaoeueeiai, Ooinueeiai); Aa?aaeainueei? INAE — 3 ?aeii?a
(Aa?aaeainueeiai, I?aeaa?oeueeiai, Iiianoe?enueeiai).

Aei ae?oai? a?oie iinaeaiue a?aeiinyoue 17 oeaio??a ?aeiiieo nenoai
(ioe?iea ?icnaeainueei? ae?yeueiino? 1,9–3,4 aaee). Aeey ieo oa?aeoa?iee
aaaaoiaaeocaaee ?icaeoie ae?iaie/i? i?aenenoaie. Aenie? iieacieee
caeiyoino? o aaeocyo iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? iniaeeai a
iaae?iaie/?e noa?? (53% i?aoethth/eo) caaacia/othoue iiaiioe?iiee
i?ioean aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a.
Iinaeaiiy oe??? a?oie ? iniiaith aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?i
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ?aeiiiiai ??aiy. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
??cieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? o iaaaaeaieo oi?iao oa?eoi??aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? aeaei ciiao aeae?eeoe oae? oeie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

21

Aeaiaioa?ii nenoaie aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi oa ?oi?

nenoaiiooai?thth/a cia/aiiy

?icnaeainueea eiiiiiaioaIanaeai? ioieoeethaei?noue a oen.
/ie.?iae.noaoonaaei?i. ooieoe?yaaeaae ?icaeoeoNenoaiiooai?thth/a
cia/aiiy.Oa?iiiieue234,818,8i.OeIN321,824,9*i?oeia30,12,4i.Oe?N24,45,0E?
aiaiaoeue24,41,9i.Oe?N23,94,5Aa?aaeaie
18,41,5i.Oe?N23,54,076,96,22,833,638,5Oa?aaiaey17,71,4i.Oe?N23,43,9Caa?a
ae15,31,2i.Oe?N23,23,7Ao/a/14,41,2i.Oe?N23,23,7Ai?uia12,01,0i.Oe?N23,03,
4Caeiueee 10,90,9i.Oe?N22,93,3Eaiiaoei10,40,8nio.Oe?N1,52,32,6Eiciaa
9,40,8nio.Oe?N1,52,32,6Iiaeaiei/enuee
9,00,7nio.Oe?N1,52,22,5Cai?ia8,30,7i.Oe?N22,73,1Aonyoei7,20,6nio.Oe?N1,5
2,12,4Iiianoe?enuee 7,10,6i.Oe?N22,63,0Ooinuee
5,20,4nio.Oe?N1,51,92,2Iiaeaaeoei4,00,3i.Oe?N22,32,610,10,81,834,139,0Ii
/a?a 9,00,7i.-11,71,9Oi?inoeia
8,10,6i.-11,61,8Eiie/eioei7,40,6i.-11,61,8A.Aa?aciaeoey
6,20,5nio.-0,51,01,1Neaea Iiaeieuenueea
5,30,4nio.-0,50,91,0Aeoiiaaoeue5,00,4nio.-0,50,91,0Oianoa4,80,38nio.-0,5
0,881,0Neaeao4,50,36i.-11,361,6Ieeoeeioei4,00,32nio.-0,50,820,93Iaeueieo
ey Iiaeieuenueea 4,20,34nio.-0,50,891,0Ei?iiaoeue
3,60,29nio.-0,50,790,90A. Ai?ee
3,50,28nio.-0,50,780,90A?eiaeeia3,40,27nio.-0,50,770,88Caaiaenueea
3,40,27nio.-0,50,770,88Cieioee Iioie 2,90,23nio.-0,50,730,84Caeicoei
2,80,22nio.-0,50,720,82Eiceia2,00,16nio.-0,50,660,76Ae?oaeaa
1,90,15nio.-0,50,650,744,50,360,617,5220,0Aoaeaiia
2,80,22n.-0,10,320,37A.Aeeai/ie2,40,19n.-0,10,290,33Cieioieee
2,10,17n.-0,10,270,31I?iaiaeia 2,10,17n.-0,10,270,31Aieiaiaeieoey
2,00,16n.-0,10,260,30No?onia 1,70,14n.-0,10,240,28A.Aeaaea?eaee
1,30,10n.-0,10,200,23ssaieueieoey
1,50,12n.-0,10,220,252,60,20-0,12,182,5Ana?aaeiueiio12,51—1,0387,40100C
a ?icnaeainueeith oa a?aeoai?thaaeueiith aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth ianaeaiiy
aeae?eaii 5 oei?a:

— c iiceoeaiith aeeiai?eith /enaeueiino? a oe?eiio (Ao/aoeueea,
I?aeaa?oeueea ?NI oa i. Oa?iii?eue);

— c iiceoeaiith aeeiai?eith a n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino? ? iaaaoeaiith a
i?noao (Oa?iii?euenueea ?NAE aac i. Oa?iii?eue);

— c iaaaoeaiith aeeiai?eith /enaeueiino? a oe?eiio, i?e iiceoeaieo
iieacieeao o i?noao (Aa?aaeainueea, Iiianoe?enueea, Eic?anueea,
Cai??anueea, Caa?acueea, Eaiiaaoeueea, Ooinueea, I?aeaiei/enueea,
*i?oe?anueea ? Ai?u?anueea ?NAE);

— c iaaaoeaiith a oe?eiio, i?e iiceoeaieo iieacieeao o n?euenuee?e
i?noeaaino? (E?aiaiaoeueea, Cae?ueoeueea ?NAE);

— c iaaaoeaiith aeeiai?eith a oe?eiio (Oa?aaiaeyinueea oa Aonyoeinueea
?NAE).

Ca ?icaeoeii nioe?ii?e?iaeii? aeae?eaii 3 oeie, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
aaee/eio aio?iiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia na?aaeiaeua:

— c iacia/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi aiane?aeie ia?aaaaeaiiy ?o?aeueieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino? (Ooinueea ? I?aeaa?oeueea ?NAE);

— ?c cia/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi ca ?aooiie ia?aaaaeaiiyi ?o?aeueieo aeae?a
(Eaiiaaoeueea, Cae?ueoeueea Cai??anueea, Eic?anueea) oa ia?aaaaeaiiyi
ia?o?aeueieo ? ?o?aeueieo aeae?a nioe?ii?e?iaeii? ae?yeueiino?
(Iiianoe?enueea ? Ao/aoeueea ?NAE);

— c iaea?eueoei aio?iiiaaiiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi c ia?aaaaeaiiyi ?o?aeueieo
aeae?a (I?aeaiei/enueea, Aonyoeinueea, Oa?aaiaeyinueea, *i?oe?anueea) oa
ia?aaaaeaiiyi ia?o?aeueieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? (E?aiaiaoeueea,
Caa?acueea, Oa?iii?euenueea ?NAE).

Ca iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo ae?iaie/i? oa ?ioeo i?aenenoai aeae?eaii 3
oeie:

— ?c cia/iei ?icaeoeii ae?iaie/i? i?aenenoaie oa aeineoue ?icaeiooeie
?icnaeainueeith niiaeea/ith oa nioe?ii?e?iaeiith i?aenenoaiaie
(Oa?iii?euenueea c a?aooaaiiyi i. Oa?iii?eue, E?aiaiaoeueea,
*i?oe?anueea, Aa?aaeainueea, Caa?acueea oa Oa?aaiaeyinueea ?NAE);

— ?c na?aaei?i ?icaeoeii ae?iaie/i? i?aenenoaie oa ?icaeiooeie
nioe?ii?e?iaei?e, a?aeoai?thaaeuei?e ? niiaeea/?e i?aenenoaiaie
(Eaiiaaoeueea, I?aeaiei/enueea, Aonyoeinueea, Ao/aoeueea oa Ai?u?anueea
?NAE);

— ?c iecueeei ?icaeoeii ae?iaie/i? i?aenenoaie oa cia/iei ?icaeoeii
niiaeea/i? oa a?aeoai?thaaeueii? i?aenenoai (Cai??anueea, Eic?anueea,
Cae?ueoeueea, Iiianoe?enueea, Ooinueea ? I?aeaa?oeueea ?NAE).

Aeey o?aouei? a?oie aeaiaioa?ieo nenoai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (?io? i?noa ?
naeeua i?nueeiai oeio, ui ia ? oeaio?aie ?aeiiieo nenoai) c aaeii
?icnaeainueei? ae?yeueiino? a?ae 0,6–1,8 oa?aeoa?ia aocueeiaaeocaaa
no?oeoo?a ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?, cia/ia /anoea yei? i?eiaaea? ia
i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/o. Oeei iinaeaiiyi aeanoeaa oaeiae a?aeiinii aeniea
caeiyo?noue o aa?iae?iaie/?e noa?? ? iacia/ia o nioe?aeueii-iiaooia?e.
Aeaia a?oia iinaeaiue ? iniiaith aeey aeae?eaiiy eouiaeo nenoai
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

Iniaeeaino? /aoaa?oi? a?oie iinaeaiue coiiaeththoueny noaoonii (naea) ?
i?iyaeythoueny o iaeieae/?e na?aae a?oi iinaeaiue aaeuei?e ioe?ioe?
?icnaeainueei? ae?yeueiino? (iaioa 0,5 aaea), niaoeeo?/i?e no?oeoo??
caeiyoino?, iaeeo ianyaao ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?ioeo ?enao, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.

10. Iniiai? iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai NOE.

No/aniee ?icaeoie oa niaoeeo?/ia no?oeoo?a ? oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y
iaeanii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? iieaco?, ui ?o oaeineiiaeaiiy
iiaeiii i?ioiaeeoe a oaeeo iniiaieo iai?yiao:

— i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue aeieia?caoe?? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy
oeyoii nei?i/aiiy ?ici?aiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue. Cie?aia
o ?NAE ?c iaeaeuith eiioeaio?aoe??th aa?i-ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?
(I?aeaiei/eoeueea, Aonyoeinueea, Oa?aaiaeyinueea. *i?oe?anueea) oa o
?NAE, a no?oeoo?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue yeeo cia/ia aeiey
noee?a a?eueoa 7 a?aaeon?a (Iiianoe?enueea. Aa?aaeainueea oa Ao/aoeueea
) ; ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a ai?ioueae c
oe?aeieeaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ? iae?i?aoeaii eiioo?ii?
i?aai?caoe?? oa?eoi???; ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? no?oeoo?e iin?a?a ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiiy ianya?a ae?iuoaaiiy oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a oa ?ioeo caoiae?a;

— ?aoe?iiae?coaaoe aeei?enoaiiy i?noeaaeo aoae?aaeueieo ?ano?n?aa
Ao/aoeuee?e, Cae?ueoeuee?e, oa Caa?acuee?e ?NAE, cie?aia aaiiye?a,
a?iniaeo ia?aae?a, aoae?aaeueiiai eaiaith, i?ne?a oa ?ioeo aeey
iineeaiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoae?aaeueii-?iaeono??aeueiiai eiiieaeno, ye
iaeiiai c iaea?eue ?aioaaaeueieo a iaeano? oa iineeeoe eiai ?icaeoie a
?ioeo ?NAE. Oea aoaea ni?eyoe aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo iaeano? oa
ae??oaiith aaaaoueio nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai: nei?i/aiith aac?ia?ooy,
noai?aiith iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, i?aeaeuaiith iaoa??aeueiiai noaiiaeua
ianaeaiiy;

— o no?oeoo?? ae?iaie/i? i?aenenoaie INAE, ia?aaeon?i o eaae?e
i?iieneiaino?, aeioe?eueii i?iaanoe ia?ai???ioaoe?th ia iiaeeea?
aeaea?aea ne?iaeie;

— aeoea?coaaoe ae?yeuei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
??cieo oi?i aeaniino?,aeei?enoiaoth/e aenieiye?niee aa?i?ano?niee
iioaioe?ae, aaaao? n?euenuee? o?oaeia? ?ano?ne,o?aaeeoe?? ianaeaiiy.
Oaycaoe on? ainiiaea?noaa a ?aeeio nenoaio, oeyoii noai?aiiy ni?eueii?
?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, iaoeiii-oaoi?/ieo noaioe?e, ia?eaoeiaiai? oa
aa?io?i?/ii? neoaeae;

— ?aaoethaaoe i?a?aoe?ei? iioiee oa noeioethaaoe ia?iaeaeoaai?noue
oeyoii ?icoe?aiiy ia?aae? e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a ? noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeey iieiaeeo n?iae, iniaeeai a ?NAE c
iaea?eueo iaaaoeaiith aeaiia?ao?/iith neooaoe??th ( Oa?aaiaeyinueea,
Aonyoeinueea, Eaiiaaoeueea oa ?io?);

— ?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iiaeeeaino? iniiaieo yaea? nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ( i?no ) aeey noai?aiiy iaiao?aeieo
nioe?aeueieo ia?eo?a o n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?, ia?aaeon?i o
E?aiaiaoeuee?e, *i?o?anuee?e oa Aa?aaeainuee?e ?NAE;

— oaeineiiaethaaoe aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiee iiae?e iaeano?
a?aeiia?aeii aei noi?iiaaieo yaea? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy, oeyoii
i?neeaiiy a ieo oi?aae?iiy ? naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia ieciaiio ??ai?, cie?aia
a Aonyoeinuee?e, Cae?ueoeuee?e oa ?ioeo ?NAE.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? a oaeeo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. I?e?iaeii-aeieia?/i? oiiae oa?eoi??? ye iaoa??aeueia iniiaa
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai
eiiieaeno //Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu io?aiu caiee: O?. iaaeain. iao/.
eiioa?.- E.: NIIN, 1997.— O. 3.— N. 126–129.

2. Ieoaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa aeieia?/iiai i?iaiico ?icaeoeo
i?ei?nueeiai ?aeiio //Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a: Iaoe. aeii. iaoe.-i?ae. eiio., 17–18
ea?oiy 1997. — Euea?a: ??Ae IAI Oe?., 1997. — O.2. — N. 145–149 /a
ni?aaaoi?noa?/.

3. Oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy
//?aa?iiaeuei? aniaeoe ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoe.
i?aoeue. — Oa?iii?eue, OAIA, 1997. — N. 101–106.

4. Aeiiii?/i? ? nioe?aeuei? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanii?
nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? //Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y Aaia?ao?y. — Oa?iii?eue, 1997. — ?1.
— N. 55–60.

5. I?e?iaei? ?ano?ne oa?eoi??? ye iaoa??aeueia iniiaa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy //Aoaeoeai?noue ?aoi?ioaaiiy aa?a?ii? noa?e ? oeyoe
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a Iiae?eey : Iaoa??aee
iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio. — Oa?iii?eue: OAIA, 1996.— N. 64–66.

6. Aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/i? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy //Oe?a?ia ? na?o (?noi??y: ieioea ?
no/ani?noue): Oai. ca. i?. nooae. ? ani. ?noi?. o-oo OI?.—
Oa?iii?eue,1995.— N. 132–134.

7. Aei i?iaeaie a?aooaaiiy oaeoi?a aiaeieo ?ano?n?a a ?ici?uaii?
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?aa?iio //Ca. iaoe. i?. ca iao. i?aei.
iaoe.-i?aeo.eiio. “Iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieo”.— Oa?iii?eue:OAIA, 1997.— N. 18–19 /a ni?aaaoi?noa?/.

8. Aeieia?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy a
iaeaniiio noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiio eiiieaen? //Oace aeii.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.— I?aeei: II?, 1995.— N. 34–35.

9. Oi?aae?inueea oa nioe?ii?e?iaeia i?aenenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai
eiiieaeno // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Na?. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998.
— ?58 (125). — N. 36–45.

10. Oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanii? nenoaie
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy oa iniiai? iai?yiee ?? oaeineiiaeaiiy
//Oe?a?inueeee aaia?ao?/iee aeo?iae 1998, ? 3. — N. 32–36.

11. Aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/iee aiae?c nioe?ii?e?iaeii?
i?aenenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai
noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno // Iaoeia? caienee
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y Aaia?ao?y. —
Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — ? 2. — N. 65–68.

Aiioaoe?y

Naaeiaiee I.I. Aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/iee aiae?c aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai
eiiieaeno. — ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 11.00.02 — aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y.
— ?inoeooo aaia?ao?? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith i?iaeai aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy
Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaeaniiai noni?eueii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai eiiieaeno. Aiia
i?noeoue aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?/iee aiae?c, oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? iniiae
ioe?iee ??aiy ?icaeoeo, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy ? aeyaeai? oa?eoi??aeuei?
a?aei?iiino? ?o ?icaeoeo. Oea aeaei ciiao aeae?eeoe iniiai? oi?ie
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeanoe ?o oei?caoe?th, ia??oioiaaoe
iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeanii? nenoaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

Aiiioaoeey

Naaeiaiee I.I. Yeiiiieei-aaia?aoe/aneee aiaeec nenoaiu
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe ianaeaiey Oa?iiiieueneiai iaeaniiai
iauanoaaiii-oa??eoi?eaeueiiai eiiieaena.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.02 — yeiiiie/aneay e nioeeaeueiay
aaia?aoey.- Einoeooo aaia?aoee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth i?iaeai aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe
ianaeaiey Oa?iiiieueneiai iaeaniiai iauanoaaiii-oa??eoi?eaeueiiai
eiiieaena. Iia niaea?aeeo yeiiiieei-aaia?aoe/aneee aiaeec,
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/aneea iniiau ioeaiee o?iaiy ?acaeoey, ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiey aeaaiuo eiiiiiaioia nenoaiu aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe ianaeaiey
e eo oa??eoi?eaeueiuo ioee/ee ?acaeoey. Ia iniiaaiee yoiai auaeaeaiu
oi?iu oa??eoi?eaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee, i?iaaaeaia eo oeiecaoeey,
iainiiaaiu iai?aaeaiey oniaa?oainoaiaaiey oa??eoi?eaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee
Oa?iiiieueneie iaeaniie nenoaiu aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe ianaeaiey.

Annotation

Sadovnik O.P. Economic and geografical analisis of life process of
Ternopil regional socio-territorial complex. Manuscript.

The thesis seeking for a degree of Kandudat Nauk (Geography)in
speciality 11.00.02. — Institute of Geography of National Academy of
Science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis deals wite the problems of life process of population of
Ternopil regional socio-territorial complex. The economic and
geographical analisis is carried out in the tesis. The work also
contains theoretical and metodological principles of evolution,
formation and development level of the system.

The results of scaentific investigation of the basic components of life
process sustem of the local population and their territorial
distinations are included. The thesis points out the main forms of
territorial organization and works out their typology too. The thesis
motivates directions of improvement of territorial organization of
Ternopil regional life process of the population.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ianaeaiiy, nenoaia
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy, aeaiaioa?ia nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?,
eouiaa nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, iaeania nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?,
?aeiiia nenoaia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/ee ia?niiae,
oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y.

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