AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

In?iyi Ieaenaiae? Eaii?aeiae/

OAeE – 940.1/2: 338.98 (477)

AEIIII?*IEE ?ICAEOIE A??IAINUeEEO EIEII?E A AAEE*EI?, IA IIAe?EE? OA
AOEIAEI? A XIV-XIX NO.

07.00.01 – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? ?noi??? oa aoiiiie?oeee
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaciaeia Ieeiea ?ai?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
?noi??? oa

aoiiiie?oeee Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

I??ei Aaneeue Ieaen?eiae/, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?noi??ia?ao??,
aeaea?aeiciaanoaa oa iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

— aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaaeaiia Eaa Aaneeueiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e anana?oiuei? ?noi???
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 11 eenoiiaaea 1999?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.051.02 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e a
Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (340055, i.Aeiiaoeuee, 55, aoe.
Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 24, II ei?i., aoae. 32 ).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (340055, i.Aeiiaoeuee, 55, aoe.
Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 24).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
I.A.E?ai?a?i

3

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Caeiaoooy Oe?a?iith iacaeaaeiino?
a?aee?eei oe?ieee oeyo aeey a?eueiiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.
Iaeii/anii, oae? ae nai? i?ioeane ?icii/aeenue na?aae ia?iae?a, ye?
iaoeathoue a Oe?a?i?. Ca?ac ?o eoeueoo?a a?ae?iaeaeo?oueny, i?i ui
na?ae/eoue aeieeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo oiaa?enoa, cie?aia e
a??iainueeiai. Oe?a?ia i?iaiaeeoue caaaeaio iaoe?iiaeueio iie?oeeo,
i?eioeeie yei? cao?eniaai? o noaoo? 11 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie. I?ioyaii
aaaaoueio noie?oue iicaaaeaiee aeanii? aea?aeaaiino? oe?a?inueeee ia?iae
oiea?aioii noaaeany aei i?aaenoaaiee?a ?ioeo aoiin?a, ye? iaoeaee ia
eiai caie?. Iaeiei c iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ieo i?eeeaae?a ae?oaeiueiai
ni?a?nioaaiiy c ??cieie ia?iaeaie ? a??iainueea ae?anii?a, ui ?nio? a
Oe?a?i? c /an?a Ee?anueei? ?on?. Aiia ia o?eueee aeiiiiiaa? oe?a?inueeei
a??iaiai caa??aaoe iaoe?iiaeueio naiiaooi?noue oa i?aeo?eioaaoe ca’ycee
c aaouee?aueiith, aea e cia/iith i??ith ni?ey? ci?oeiaiith
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae Oe?a?iith oa A??iai??th.

A??iainuee? eieii?? i?eiee ia aoee caieiaieie a nia? oa ?cieueiaaieie
a?ae na?oo ina?aaeeaie. Aiie iaee cia/iee aieea ia aeeooy oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo. A ia?oo /a?ao oea noino?oueny aeiiii?ee. Ioaea aea/aiiy
aeiiii?/ii? ?noi??? a??iainueeeo eieii?e aeicaiey? e?aua c?icoi?oe
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie oiai /e ?ioiai ?aa?iio. Ca?ac a??iaie
Oe?a?ie ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? iaoe??. Oiio
aeine?aeaeaiiy ieioeiai a??iainueei? ae?anii?e a Oe?a?i? ia? ni?eyoe
iie?auaiith aca?ii?icoi?iiy, ci?oeiaiith aca?iiiiaaae oa aca?iiaeia??e
i?ae i?aaenoaaieeaie oe?a?inueeiai oa a??iainueeiai aoiin?a, a a
e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? – eiinie?aeaoe?? oe?a?inueei? iie?oe/ii? iaoe??.

Iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai aiae?co ie?aneaii? oaie iaoiiaeaia
a?aenooi?noth a ?noi??ia?ao?? ocaaaeueithth/i? i?aoe?, a ye?e ieoaiiy
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a??iainueeeo eieii?e Aaee/eie, Iiae?eey oa
Aoeiaeie ?icaeyaeaeeny a eiiieaenii.

Ia?aiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei?
oaie, iaae yeith i?aoeth? eieaeoea ni?a?ia?oiee?a Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (caoaa?aeaeaia I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie
i?ae caaaeueiith iacaith “Iaoeiaa oa iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy eo?no
?noi??? Oe?a?ie aeey i?e?iaeie/eo oa aeiiii?/ieo oaeoeueoao?a” ca ?
A-98-28).

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie, oiaoi
aaiethoe?y noeoiiino? o?ueio noa? oiai/aniiai ainiiaea?noaa (oi?a?ae?,
?aianea, n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa) i?ae aieeaii ciai?oi?o oa
aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a ? a?aeaeooy oeueiai i?ioeano ia ?ioeo aniaeoao
aeeooy a??iainueeeo eieii?e, ui oyaeyee c naaa a?eueo-iaio eiiiaeoi?
a?iiaaee, c ?ae?a?eiith oa th?eaee/iith aaoiiii??th, ?icoaoiaai? o
iaaiiio i?no?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ony ia’?eoeaia ?aaeuei?noue ?icaeoeo
a??iainueei? ae?anii?e a Oe?a?i?.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? (XIV-XIX no.) aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue ciiao
?icaeyiooe iaea?eueo aaaeeea? oaiaeaioe?? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
a??iainueeeo eieii?e a?ae /ano aeieeiaiiy iaeaeaai?oeo c ieo oa ia?oeo
aeieoiaioaeueieo na?ae/aiue i?i ?o ainiiaea?nueea aeeooy c XIV no. ? aei
iinooiiaiai cieeiaiiy eieii?e (o eeane/iiio ?o aeaeyae?), ?icii?ioaiiy
a?iiaae oa anei?eyoe?? a??iai i?ioyaii O?O no.

Aaia?ao?/i? iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue Aaee/eio, Iiae?eey oa
Aoeiaeio e iaoiiaeai? oei, ui a na?aaei? a?ee oa iiaee /an ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue a??iainueeeo eieii?e Oe?a?ie ?nioaaea a i?noao oeeo o?ueio
?aa?ii?a, ye? aoee i?oeii ca’ycai? i?ae niaith aeiiii?/ii. A??iainuee?
eieii?? a Aaee/ei?, ia Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei? iaee aaaaoi ni?eueiiai ye a
aeiiii?oe?, oae ? a noaeiai-aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio ono?i?, eoeueoo?iiio oa
?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o c’ynoaaii? iniiaieo iai?yie?a, oiia oa
oi?i aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a??iainueeeo eieii?e a Aaee/ei?, ia Iiae?ee?
oa Aoeiaei? o XIV-XIX no.; anoaiiaeaii? ia??iaeecaoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano
oa iaaeaii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e oeueiio ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ?icaeyiooe oi?ioaaiiy a??iainueeeo eieii?e oa i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a
ieo, /an oa i?e/eie ia?anaeaiiy a??iai aei Aaee/eie, ia Iiae?eey oa
Aoeiaeio; anoaiiaeoe e?euee?noue i?a?aoe?eieo oaeeue, iiaeaeueo?
aeaiia?ao?/iee ?icaeoie eieii?e, i?eaeecio /enaeuei?noue a??iainueeiai
ianaeaiiy i?ioyaii aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo; i?ine?aeeoaaoe ca’ycie
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a c? ci?iaie a aeiiii?oe?;

— aeine?aeeoe ?ieue oi?a?ae? a aeiiii?/iiio aeeoo? a?iiaae, a naia ??
iniiai? iai?yiee, oiiae ?icaeoeo, oi?ie, ani?oeiaio oiaa??a oa i?e/eie
ia?aoiaeo a??iainueeiai eoiaoeoaa aei oi?a?ae?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith i?iaeoeoe??th;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe ?icaeoie ?ai?nie/iai ae?iaieoeoaa o a??iainueeeo
eieii?yo; ?icaeyiooe eiai iniiai? aaeoc?, oiiae ?nioaaiiy, oi?ie
i?aai?caoe??, aieea ia i?noeaa? ooaeiaei? o?aaeeoe?? oa oaoi?eo;

— aena?oeeoe o/anoue a??iai o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, i?e/eie oa
oiiae aeieeiaiiy a??iainueeiai caieaaieiae?iiy, eiai oi?ie, a oaeiae
iaoiaee ainiiaea?thaaiiy a??iai ia caie?.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? oeea?e?caoe?eiee oa
oi?iaoe?eiee i?aeoiaee. O aeine?aeaeaii? aaoi? nie?aany ia aeiiae
i?eioeeio ?noi?ecia.

Aaaeeeao ?ieue oaeiae a?ae?a?aee ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee, noaoenoe/iee
oa ?ao?iniaeoeaiee iaoiaee. Canoinoaaiiy aeacaieo aeua i?eioeei?a oa
iaoiae?a aeaei iiaeeea?noue aea/eoe oa aeine?aeeoe oaio ? aeinyaoe
iinoaaeaii? iaoe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia aac? aeinyaiaiue
a?o/eciyii? oa ?iicaiii? ?noi??ia?ao??, aiae?co ?ai?oa iioae?eiaaieo oa
iiaeo a?o?aieo aeaea?ae aia?oa eiiieaenii ?icaeyaea?oueny aeiiii?/iee
?icaeoie a??iainueeeo eieii?e Aaee/eie, Iiae?eey oa Aoeiaeie ye ia’?eo
niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeaii ia??iaeecaoe?th aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a??iainueeeo eieii?e, ui
iiae?ey?oueny ia /ioe?e aoaie. I?ine?aeeiaaii ca’ycie i?a?aoe?eieo oa
aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a ?c ci?iaie a aeiiii?oe?. ?icaeyiooi aaiethoe?th
oi?i oa ci?io iai?yie?a ae?yeueiino? a??iainueeiai eoiaoeoaa, /an ?o
iaea?eueoiai ?icea?oo, ani?oeiaio oiaa??a oa aaia?ao?th ?oiueiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aia?oa iinoaaeaii i?iaeaio o/ano? a??iai o cai?iaaaeaeaii?
a aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?aa?iiao iiaeo ao?aeoacieo ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei oa
?icaeyiooi oaeoi?e, ye? noaee ia ia?aoeiae? ?oiueiai ?icaeoeo.
I?ae?aoiaaii e?euee?ni? iieacieee noiniaii ?icaeoeo a??iainueeiai
?aianea. ?aeiino?oeiaaii oeaoiao i?aai?caoe?th a??iainueeeo ?ai?niee?a.
Aia?oa aeaii ?icai?iooo ea?oeio o/ano? a??iai o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? oeeo o?ueio ?aa?ii?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae, oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae
Aaee/eie, Iiae?eey oa Aoeiaeie ? a ?ioeo e?a?ciaa/eo aeaeaiiyo,
iin?aieeao, anooiieo noaooyo oa eiiaioa?yo aei oaiaoe/ieo oa ei?ionieo
aeaeaiue a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a. Oae, cie?aia, aeaye? iaoa??aee,
iioae?eiaai? a iaei?e ?c noaoae, aoee aeei?enoai? aaoi?aie iiiia?ao??
“Aoeiaeia: ?noi?e/iee ia?en” (*a?i?aoe?, 1998). ?o oaeiae iiaeia
canoinoaaoe aeey ?ic?iaee aoc?anueeeo eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a “?noi??y
Oe?a?ie” oa “?noi??y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie”. Iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeuee?e
?iaio? a i?noeyo eiiiaeoiiai i?iaeeaaiiy a??iai a no/ani?e Oe?a?i?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a i?aoe?. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? ?noi??? oa aoiiiie?oeee Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy oa oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, ui
i?noyoueny o aeena?oaoe??, aoee aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii i?e i?aeaioiaoe? oa
aeeeaaeaii? niaoe?aeueiiai eo?no “Na?aaeiueia?/ia oe?a?inueea i?noi”
aeey nooaeaio?a-eoeueoo?ieia?a E?aiaoi?nueeiai aeiiii?ei-aoiai?oa?iiai
?inoeoooo, ?iai/i? i?ia?aie aei oeueiai niaoeeo?no. Caaaeueia
eiioeaioe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai ie?ai? aniaeoe ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o
aeiiia?aeyo aaoi?a ia anaoe?a?inueeeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo: O
Anaoe?a?inuee?e neaa?noe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooiaia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
neia’yi o eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueei? oa na?oiai? eoeueoo?e” (*a?i?aoe?,
1992 ?.); ?? Aoeiaeinuee?e ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aei
aeoie?a iacae e?ath Aoeiaeia (600-??//y ia?oi? ienaiii? caaaeee)”
(*a?i?aoe?, 1992 ?.); ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneiai e
nioeeaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?acaeoey iauanoaa” (E?aiaoi?nuee, 1995 ?.); ?
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e noiaeiciaa/?e eiioa?aioe?? (Ee?a,
1997 ?.); ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie aeiiii?/iiai oa aoiai?oa?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ia iaae?
oeny/ie?oue” (E?aiaoi?nuee, 1997 ?.); Anaoe?a?inuee?e
?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iiae?eey oa
I?aaeaiii-No?aeia Aieeiue a ?iee Aecaieueii? a?eie na?aaeeie XVII no.”
(Noa?a Neiyaa, 1998 ?.).

NO?OEOO?A ? CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (14 noi?., 226 iaca), aeiaeaoe?a (16 noi?.).
Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue 210 noi??iie.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai
i?aaeiao oa ia’?eo, o?iiieia?/i? oa aaia?ao?/i? iaae?, iaoo ? caaaeaiiy,
iaoiaee/i? canaaee, aeacaii ia iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie oa ?? aeaea?aeueia aaca”
i?noeoue ?noi??ia?ao?th ieoaiiy, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny ca o?iiieia?/iei
i?eioeeiii, oa oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeaea?ae.

Iaea?eueoeo oni?o?a o aena?oeaii? ?noi??? a??iainueeeo eieii?e
?noi??ia?ao?y aeinyaea a inoaii? aeaa noie?ooy. A ?? ?icaeoeo iiaeia
aeae?eeoe oae? ia??iaee:1) c ii/aoeo O?O no. aei 90-o ?ie?a oeueiai ae
noie?ooy; 2) c 90-o ?ie?a O?O no. aei e?ioey 30-o ?ie?a OO no.; 3) c
e?ioey 50-o aei ii/aoeo 80-o ?ie?a; 4) 90-? ?iee OO no.

Ia?o? niaoe?aeuei? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/ai? ?noi???
a??iainueei? ae?anii?e iaeaaeaee aei eea?eeaeueiiai iai?yieo
?noi??ia?ao?? (O.-E.Caoa?eanaae/, N.Aa?ii/, Ae.Aeai) Zacharyasiewicz
F.-K. Wiadomosc o ormianach w Polsce// Biblioteka naukowego zakladu
imienia Ossolinskich. – Lwow, 1842; Baracz S. Rys dziejow ormianskich. –
Tarnopol, 1869; Dan D. Armenii orientali din Bucovina. – Cernauti, 1891.
. A ?o ?iaioao, ?noi??y ae?anii?e caiaeeeanue, ia?aaaaeii, aei ?noi???
oea?eae.

C 90-o ?ie?a XIX no. c’yaeythoueny i?aoe? i?enay/ai? ie?aiei i?iaeaiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo eieii?e. A?aeiiee iieuenueeee aeine?aeiee
A.Eiceinueeee Lozinski W. Patrycjat i mieszczanstwo lwowskie w XVI-XVII
wieku. – Lwow,1892; Lozinski W. Zlotnictwo lwowskie w dawnich wiekach
1384-1640. – Lwow,1889; Lozinski W. Ormianski epilog lwowskiej sztuki
zlotniczej. – Krakow,1901. aeine?aeea ae?yeuei?noue a??iainueeeo
thaae???a oa oiiae aaaeaiiy euea?anueeeie a??iaiaie no?aeii? oi?a?ae?.
I.Aaeueoea? aena?oeea i?aaia? oiiae aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a??iai
Eueaiaa. Balzer O. Sadownictwo ormianskie w sredniowiecznym Lwowie//
Studya nad historia prawa polskiego. – Lwow,1909. – T.4. – Z.1.
E.Oa?aa?/iaa oi?ea?oueny o/ano? a??iai o ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? oa ?aianea
Eueaiaa. Charewiczowa L. Handel sredniowiecznego Lwowa. – Lwow, 1925;
Handel Lwowa z Moldawia i Multanami w wiekach srednich// Kwartalnik
historyczny. – Lwow, 1924. – R.38. – Z.1-2; Lwowskie organizacje
zawodowe za czasow Polski przedrozbiorowej. – Lwow, 1929. O caaaeueieo
i?aoeyo oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a (TH.N?oe?inueeiai, ?.Eeiie/aiea,
I.N.A?ooaanueeiai) Naoeeineee A. Ai?iae Eaiaiaoe-Iiaeieueneee. –
E.,1895; Eeiie/aiei ?. Noni?euei? aa?noae Aaeeoeueei? ?one XIV-XV a.//
?onueea ?noi?e/ia a?ae?ioaea. – Euea?a,1899; A?ooaanueeee I.N. ?noi??y
Oe?a?ie-?one. – E.,1994-1995. – O.5-6. i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa o/ano?
a??iai a aeiiii?/iiio aeeoo? na?aaeiueia?/iiai oe?a?inueeiai i?noa.

Iiaa i?aeianaiiy ?ioa?ano aei ?noi??? a??iainueei? ae?anii?e a Oe?a?i?
ii/eia?oueny c e?ioey 50-o ?ie?a. Aoei i?iaaaeaii o?e ni?euei? nan??
oe?a?inueeeo oa a??iainueeeo a/aieo, ?acoeueoaoii /iai aoea ioae?eaoe?y
o?ueio ca??iee?a “?noi?e/i? ca’ycee oa ae?oaeaa oe?a?inueeiai oa
a??iainueeiai ia?iae?a” (1961, 1965, 1971). Aeine?aeaeaiith ?noi???
a??iainueeeo eieii?e Iieoooy i?enay/ai? noaoo? A.A.A?aaiaaoeueeiai,
A?aaiaaoeeee A.A. A?iyineea iinaeaiey ia caiaaeiioe?aeineeo caieyo//
Enoi?e/aneea nayce e ae?oaeaa oe?aeineiai e a?iyineiai ia?iaeia (aeae? –
ENAe). – A?aaai,1961. – Aui.1; Eiai ae. A?iyineay eieiiey a Niyouia//
ENAe. – E., 1965. – Aui.2; Eiai ae. A?iyineia iinaeaiea a Eooao// ENAe.
– A?aaai,1971. – Aui.3. a yeeo a?i oi?ea?oueny ?icaeoeo oi?a?ae? oa
?aianea o XVII-ia ii/aoeo O?Ono. Oi?aiaaeuei? ca’ycee aoeiaeinueeeo
a??iai c i?noaie Cao?aeii? Oe?a?ie aoee ?icaeyioo? o i?aoeyo
I.I.Iiaea?aaenueei?. Iiaea?aaeneay A.I. Ia a?iyineeo iinaeaieyo a
Iieaeaaee e eo ?iee a ?acaeoee oi?aiauo naycae no?aiu n
caiaaeiioe?aeineeie caieyie (XVI-XVII aa.)// ENAe. – A?aaai,1971. –
Aui.3; ?? ae. Oi?aiaua nayce Iieaeaaee ni Eueaiaii a XVI-XVII aa.-
Eeoeiaa, 1968. ?noi??? a??iainueeiai ?aianea a ae?anii?? i?enay/aia
noaooy ss.I.E?ny.88 Eenue ss.I. O/anoea a?iyi a ?acaeoee ?aianea a.
Eueaiaa// ENAe. – E., 1965. – Aui.2. A ioae?eaoe?? I.O.Eioey?a
aena?oeththoueny aeaye? aniaeoe o/ano? a??iainueei? a?iiaaee Eueaiaa o
oi?a?ae? oa ?aiane?.99 Eioey? I.O. A?iyia a yeiiiieea n?aaeiaaaeiaiai
Eueaiaa (XIV-XV aa.) // ENAe. – A?aaai,1971. – Aui.3. Aaee/aciee aianie
o ni?aao aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? euea?anueeeo a??iai o XVIIno.
c?iaeee aeine?aeaeaiiy I.E.E?eaii?n.110 E?eaiiin I.E. ?ieue eueaianeie
a?iyineie eieiiee a ?acaeoee oi?aiaee ia caiaaeiioe?aeineeo caieyo a
ia?aie iieiaeia XVII a.// ENAe. – E., 1965. – Aui.2; ?? ae. E enoi?ee
a?iyineie eieiiee ai Eueaiaa ai aoi?ie iieiaeia XVII a. // ENAe. –
A?aaai,1971. – Aui.3. 0 O a??iaiiciaa/eo i?aoeyo a?aeiiiai ?noi?eea
ss.?.Aeaoeaae/a111 Aeaoeaae/ ss.?. A?iyineea eieiiee ia Oe?aeia a
enoi/ieeao e eeoa?aoo?a XV-XIX aa. – A?aaai,1962; Eiai ae.
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee o a??iainueeeo aeaea?aeao XIV-XV no.// A?o?ae
Oe?a?ie. – 1970. – ?5; Eiai ae. ?icnaeaiiy a??iai?a ia Oe?a?i? a
XI-XVIII no.// Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee ca??iee. – 1971. –
Aei.1; Eiai ae. Ae?aaiyy ?onue e A?iaiey a iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneeo
naycyo O?-O??? aa. (Enoi/ieee enneaaeiaaiey oaiu)// Ae?aaiaeoea
ainoaea?noaa ia oa??eoi?ee NNN?. Iaoa?eaeu e enneaaeiaaiey (1982 a.). –
I., 1984. 1 aeine?aeaeothoueny aeaea?aeiciaa/? oa ?noi??ia?ao?/i?
i?iaeaie ?noi??? a??iainueeeo eieii?e a Oe?a?i?. Iiiia?ao?y
A.?.A?eai?yia112 A?eai?yi A.?. Enoi?ey a?iyineeo eieiiee Oe?aeiu e
Iieueoe (A?iyia a Iiaeieee). – A?aaai,1980. 2 oaeoe/ii ?
oi?aa?naeueiith ?iaioith c ?noi??? a??iainueei? ae?anii?e ia Iiae?ee?. O
i?aoe? Aeae.I.Aaeonoyi ie?aiee ?icae?e i?enay/aii
aeaei?aoeaii-i?eeeaaeiiio ienoaoeoao, ? iia’ycaiei c iei aaeocyi
?aianea. 113 Aaeonoyi Aeae.I. Eoeueoo?iay aeeciue a?iyineeo eieiiee
n?aaeiaaaeiaie Iieueoe (XVI-XVII aa.). – A?aaai,1981. 3

Iiaee aoai ?icii/aany c 90-o ?ie?a. C aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? c’yaeeenue a
oeae /an, oio?einy a a?aecia/eoe noaoo? ss.?.Aeaoeaae/a oa A.N.
Aeaenaiae?iae/a, e iiiia?ao?th-iin?aiee I.A.Iao?iaa.114 Aeaoeaae/ ss.?.
Aeaai?e Euea?a o a??iainueeeo oa a??iainueei-eei/aoeueeeo aeaea?aeao//
Oe?a?ia a ieioeiio. – Ee?a-Euea?a,1992. – Aei.1; Aeaenaiae?iae/ A.N.
A?o?ai? iaoa??aee aei ?in?enueeiai ai?ciaeo a a?ia?ao?? euea?anueeiai
iaey?a a??iainueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy Neiiia Aiaooiae/a// Oe?a?inueeee
a?oaia?ao?/iee ui??/iee. – E., 1992. – Aei.1; Iao?ia I.A. A??iaie ia
Iiae?ee?. – Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1995.

4

Ioaea, ca aeaa noie?ooy c?iaeaii aaaiiee aianie o aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? a??iai a Aaee/eie, ia Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei? (o iaea?eueoeo
eieii?yo). ?acii c oei caeeoeeinue aaaaoi i?iaeai, ye? iio?aaothoue
naiai ?ica’ycaiiy. Aei ieo ne?ae a?aeianoe o/anoue a??iai o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?, oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ?aianea ?
oi?a?ae?, e?euee?noue i?ioan?e oa ?o iioe?aiiy o eieii?yo. Aein? iaia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea aeaaaei a caaaeueio ea?oeio aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
a??iainueeeo eieii?e a?ae ?o aeieeiaiiy aei caiaiaaeo.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny c
iioae?eiaaieo oa a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a. Inoaii? caa??aathoueny a
Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio ?noi?e/iiio a?o?a? Oe?a?ie o i?no? Eueaia?
(OeAe?AE), o oiiae? 52 (“Iaa?no?ao i?noa Eueaiaa”), a naia o 3-io iien?,
ui i?noeoue aeoia? eieae XIV-XVIIIno. Iaaia cia/aiiy iathoue aeoe
euea?anueeiai a?iaenueeiai (noa?inoeinueeiai) noaeo, i?ae
th?enaeeeoe??th yeiai ia?aaoaaea /anoeia a??iai – iaoeaioe?a
E?ae?anueeiai ia?aaei?noy (oiiae 9 OeAe?AE). A Oeaio?aeueiiio
aea?aeaaiiio ?noi?e/iiio a?o?a? Oe?a?ie a i?no? Ee?a? (OeAe?A)
caa??aathoueny noaeia? aeoe a??iainueei? a?iiaaee
Eai’yioey-Iiae?euenueeiai (oiiae 39, iien 1), ye? i?noyoue oe?eaa? aeai?
c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo eieii?? a XVI-XVIII no. A
*a?i?aaoeueeiio iaeaniiio aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? (*IAeA) caa??aa?oueny
cia/iee aeaea?aeueiee iaoa??ae, yeee oi?ea?oueny e i?iaeaie
a??iainueeiai caieaaieiae?iiy ia Aoeiaei? a e?ioe? XVIII-XIX no. (oiiaee
1, 3, 29, 320). Aeaye? c oeeo aeieoiaio?a aoee iioae?eiaai? a?o/eciyieie
oa ca?oa?aeieie aeine?aeieeaie o O?O-OOno.115 Pomniki dziejow Lwowa z
archiwum miasta. – Lwow,1892 – 1921. – O.1 – 4; Studii si documente cu
privire la istoria rominilor/ Publ. de N.Iorga. – Bucuresti, 1904 –
1913. – Vol.6,7,23; Surete si Izvoade (Documente slavo-romane)/ Publ. de
G.Ghibanescu. – Iasi, 1907 – 1922. – Vol.2,3,5,11; Documente Bucovinene/
Publ. de T. Balan. – Cernauti,1933 – 1942. – Vol.1 – 6; A?oea
THai-Caiaaeiie ?innee, ecaeaaaaiue a?aiaiiie eiienneae aeey ?acai?a
ae?aaieo aeoia, auni/aeoa o/?aaeaeaiiie i?e Eeaaneii, Iiaeieueneii e
Aieuineii aaia?ae-aoaa?iaoi?a. – E., 1869, 1893. – *.5. – O.1; *.8. –
O.1; Oe?aeinei-a?iyineea nayce a XVII a.: Nai?iee aeieoiaioia/ Iiaea.
ss.?.Aeaoeaae/. – E.,1969; Enoi?e/aneea nayce ia?iaeia NNN? e ?oiuiee a
XV- ia/aea XVIIIaa.: Aeieoiaiou e iaoa?eaeu a 3-o o. – I., 1965 – 1970.
– O.1 – 3; Oi?a?aey ia Oe?a?i? XIV–na?aaeeia XVII no. Aieeiue ?
Iaaeaei?i?yiueia. – E.,1990. 5

Ca ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi oa oi?iith caa??aaiiy aeei?enoai?
aeaea?aea iiaeooue aooe iiae?eai? ia ianooii? aeaee:

— caeiiiaeaa/? aeaea?aea (i?ea?ea? oa oeace iieuenueeeo ei?ie?a,
iieaeaanueeeo eiyc?a oa i?aaenoaaiee?a ?o aaei?i?no?aoe??, iinoaiiae
naei?a ?a/? Iiniieeoi?);

— aeoia? aeaea?aea (iinoaiiae i?aai?a i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, noaeia?
ae?iee, i?ea?ea? aeaniee?a i?no, nea?ae, caiia?oe, aeiaiai?e
eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo, i?aiaee, canoaae oa ?io? i?eaaoi? aeoe);

— ae?eiaiae/? aeieoiaioe (eieae i?ioieie?a i?aai?a i?nueeiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, a??iainueeeo noaeiaeo oa ?ae?a?eieo onoaiia,
aano??enueei? e?aeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe?? Aoeiaeie);

— e?oiiene, cie?aia “Eai’yiaoeueea o?ii?ea”, yeo neeaaeaee i?noeaa?
a??iainuee? nayuaieee (ioiieth? ia??iae c 1410 ii 1652??.) oa e?oiien
a??iaieia ss.-O.THcaoiae/a, a yeiio a?aeia?aaeaii aieiai? iiae?? c
?noi??? Eueaiaa 1624-1700??.;

— ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/i? oai?e, a naia: “O?aeoao i?i aea? Na?iao??”
I.Iaoianueeiai (1517?.); “Iien Iieaeaa??” Ae.Eaioai??a (1714-1716??.);
“Iien Aana?aanueei? iaeano?” I.Na?iue?ia (1816?.); iiene Aoeiaeie
A.I?aaaec?/a-Oioiinueeiai (1880?.) oa ?.N.I?iaeaia. Aei oeueiai ae aeaeo
iaeaaeaoue uiaeaiieee, niiaaaee oa ca?oe iaiae??aiee?a, aeeieiiao?a oa
i?n?iia??a (I.A?oiaaaa, A.Eynioa, ss.Niaanueeee, N.Eaoaoe?, O.oii
Aa?aeoi, A.-I.I?aeo oa ?io?);

— aa?ia?ao?/i? oai?e, cie?aia “Ee?ai-Ia/a?nueeee iaoa?ee”;

— oai?e na?aaeiueia?/ii? ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e, a naia iiaia
“?ienieai?y” N.O.Eeaiiae/a (1584?.);

— eieioiie, oiaoi iai’yoi? caiene ??ciiai /ano oa ci?noo c?iaeai? ia
noi??ieao aiaineoaeaaieo eieaeie ia?aienoaa/aie, nayuaieeaie aai ae
iiaeie aeanieeaie;

— ai?a?ao?/i? aeaea?aea, oiaoi na?aaeiueia?/i? iaiene, c?iaeai? ia
no?iao a??iainueeeo oea?eia oa iiianoe??a, a oaeiae ia oa/ea?ao
(iai’yoieo noaeao oa iaaea?iaeao).

Aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai cia/iiai eiiieaeno aeieoiaioaeueieo oa ia??aoeaieo
aeaea?ae aeicaieeei caeeanoe i?oei? i?aeaaeeie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oi?ioaaiiy a??iainueeeo eieii?e oa i?a?aoe?ei?
i?ioeane a ieo” ?icaeyioo? /an oa i?e/eie ia?anaeaiiy a??iai aei
Aaee/eie, ia Iiae?eey oa Aoeiaeio, aeieeiaiiy eieii?e, ?o iiaeaeueoee
aeaiia?ao?/iee ?icaeoie, /enaeuei?noue a??iainueeiai ianaeaiiy, ca’ycie
i?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a c? ci?iaie a aeiiii?oe?.

C’yniaaii, ui i?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy a??iainueeeo eieii?e aoea ao?aoa
A??iai??th iacaeaaeiino?, ? ye iane?aeie iinooiiaee aeiiii?/iee caiaiaae
e?a?ie. I?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane a?aeaoaaeenue a e?eueea aoai?a. Aiie iaee
o?e oi?ie: i?a?aoe?y aaciina?aaeiuei c A??iai??; i?a?aoe?y c ?ioeo
eieii?e (E?ei, Iieaeiaa, Aieeiue ? o. ae.) aei aeine?aeaeoaaieo o?ueio
?aa?ii?a; ?, ia?aoo?, i?a?aoe?y i?ae naieie ?aa?iiaie oa ana?aaeei? ieo
(c iaeiiai i?noa aei ?ioiai, /e aei n?euenueei? i?noeaaino?). Oe?
ia?anaeaiiy iaee ianiaee oa?aeoa?, ye i?aaeei c a?enueeiai-iie?oe/ieo
i?e/ei, /e iiiaeeiieee, eiee ia?anaeyeanue iaeia ?iaeeia, c aeiiii?/ieo
i?e/ei. A??iainuee? ia?anaeaioe? ?ooaeenue ca iai?yieii iaeaaaeeea?oeo
oi?aiaaeueieo oeyo?a oiai /ano ? inaeyeenue a oeaio?ao i?aeia?iaeii?
oi?a?ae?. A??iainueea eieii?y o Eueaia? aeieeea aaea a ae?oa?e iieiaei?
O???no. A ?acoeueoao? ci?ie oi?aiaaeueieo oeyo?a, a oaeiae ao?aoe
iacaeaaeiino? E?e?e?enueeith A??iai??th, a??iainuee? eieii?? o 80-eo
?ieao XIVno. c’yaeythoueny o Eai’yioe?-Iiae?euenueeiio, No/aa?, N??ao?
oa Aioioaiao. Aaoi?ii anoaiiaeaii, ui ca aeine?aeaeaiee ia??iae a
Aaee/ei?, ia Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei? aeieeei 25 a??iainueeeo eieii?e.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane o?eaaee aei O?Ono. aeeth/ii.

Ca i?ae?aooieaie aaoi?a, a??iaie noaiiaeee cia/io /anoeio ianaeaiiy
Eueaiaa, Eai’yioey oa No/aae (o ae?oa?e iieiaeie XVI-ia?o?e iieiaei?
XVIIno.): i?eaeecii 12-15% a?ae onueiai ianaeaiiy i?no. Iaea?eueoeo
aeiiii?/ieo iaiaaeaiue a??iaie caciaaaee, c aieo iieuenueei-i?iaoeueeiai
iao?eoe?aoo, o Eueaia? oa Eai’yioe?. Oiio c na?aaeeie XVIno. iia?
ia?anaeaioe? inaeythoueny o iaaaeeeeo i?noao oa i?noa/eao, ui ye i?aaeei
iaeaaeaee iaaiaoai. Caiaeii, ooaee ii/eiathoue ia?anaeyoenue euea?anuee?
oa eai’yiaoeuee? a??iaie. I?ioyaii ae?oai? iieiaeie XVI- ia?oi? iieiaeie
XVIIno. e?euee?noue eieii?e c?inoa? c 6 aei 14. Ia ii/aoie 1670-eo ?ie?a
e?euee?noue a??iainueeeo eieii?e aeinyaea 20. Aaoi?ii i?ae?aoiaaii, ui a
oeae /an a Aaee/ei? oa ia Iiae?ee? iaoeaei 20-30 oeny/ a??iai, ia
Aoeiaei? — aeecueei 5-6 oeny/. Na?eiciiai oaea?o a??iainueeei eieii?yi
caaaeaee iiae?? iieuenueei-oo?aoeueei? a?eie 1672-1676??. oa 27 ?ie?a
oo?aoeueei? ieoiaoe?? Iiae?eey. A ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVII-XVIIIno. a??iaie
ana a?eueoa a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noao; o
iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieo, c oe??? oi/ee ci?o, ?aa?iiao aeieeathoue iia?
eieii??.

A inoaii?e /aa?o? XVIIIno. Aaee/eia oa Aoeiaeia iieieeenue i?ae
aeaaeith Aano???, a Iiae?eey — ?in??. Aoea e?ea?aeiaaia th?eaee/ia
aaoiiii?y a??iainueeeo a?iiaae. O 80-eo ?ieao XVIIIno. ia?aoiaoaaeanue
21 eieii?y. E?euee?noue a??iai a oeae /an nyaaea 7,6 oen. Oaeei /eiii,
ca noie?ooy a??iainueea ianaeaiiy nei?ioeeinue a 4 ?ace. Iaeii/anii
a??iaie ana a?eueoa ?icnaeythoueny c i?no oa i?noa/ie ii naeao, aea
caeiaeenue n?euenueeei ainiiaea?noaii. I?ioyaii O?Ono. a?aeaoaa?oueny
?icii?ioaiiy a??iai ia cia/i?e oa?eoi???. A na?aaeei? O?Ono. a??iaie
iaoeaee a 65 naeao Iieoooy oa Aoeiaeie. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a e?ioe? O?Ono.
a??iainuee? eieii?? inoaoi/ii i?eieieee nai? ?nioaaiiy o eeane/ieo
oi?iao. I?enei?aieie oaiiaie a?aeaoaaeanue anei?eyoe?y a??iai c
iieyeaie, oe?a?ioeyie oa ?oioiaie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Oi?a?aey a aeiiii?/iiio aeeoo? a?iiaae”
aeine?aeaeothoueny iai?yiee, oiiae oa oi?ie oi?a?ae? a eieii?yo.

Aaoi?ii aeiaaaeaii, ui oi?aiaaeuei? ca’ycee i?ae A??iai??th oa
oe?a?inueeeie caieyie aoei anoaiiaeaii ua ca /an?a Ee?anueei? ?on?.
A??iainuee? eoioe? aeeiioaaee ?ieue iina?aaeiee?a a o?aiceoi?e oi?a?ae?
No?ae-Cao?ae. A??iaie caeoiiaoaaee no?aei? oiaa?e a E?eio oa Iniainuee?e
?iia???, ? aacee ?o aeae? ia cao?ae, ei?enooth/enue Oaoa?nueeei, a
caiaeii e Iieaeaanueeei oeyoii. O cai?ioiueiio iai?yieo a??iaie aeaiceee
ia No?ae ?a?iiaenuee? oeaieie oa ?io? ?ai?nie/? ae?iae.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aei a?aaeo eiia?oe?eieo ?ioa?an?a a??iainueeiai
eoiaoeoaa aoiaeeee ?iae?y, Ia?n?y, A??iai?y, N???y, ?aeiao, Iaea Ac?y oa
oe?ea ?a?iia (ca aeiyoeii Neaiaeeiaa??). A na?aaei? a?ee ocaeiaae
aieiaiiai iai?yieo o?aiceoii? oi?a?ae? – ia no?ae oa cao?ae a?ae
A??iai?? – aeieea? nai???aeiee eaioethaeie a??iainueeeo
oi?aiaaeueii-?ai?nie/eo eieii?e. Oiio o?aiceoia oi?a?aey iinooiiai
iaaoea oi?ie anoaoaoe, eiee a??iainuee? eoioe? yei?nue iaei??? eieii??
ia?aaiceee oiaa? ia iaaiiio a?ae??ceo oeueiai oeyoo ? aeae? ia?aaeaaaee
c ?oe aei ?oe a??iaiai c ?ioeo eieii?e. Aaeeoeuee?, iiae?euenuee? oa
aoeiaeinuee? a??iaie a i?aaeaiiiio oa no?aeiiio iai?yieao
aaciina?aaeiuei oi?aoaaee a E?eio, Eiinoaioeiiiie?, Iae?e Ac??, A??iai??
oa ia i?aii/? Ia?n??. A ?ioeo, a?eueo a?aeaeaeaieo, ?aa?iiao Noiaeo oa
Caoiaeo aiie ae?yee ca aeiiiiiaith nai?o aaaio?a, i?eeaae/ee?a oa
oaeoi??a. E??i oiai, o eoioe?a aoee ua o/i?, neoae (/aeyaeue), aeey
ia?aaacaiiy oiaa??a aiie iaeiaee oo?iai?a. Aeey aeaeaeeo iiaei?iaeae
eoioe? ia’?aeioaaeenue a ea?aaaie.

A ?acoeueoao? aaeeeeo aaia?ao?/ieo a?aee?eoue e eiieo?aioe??
?a?iiaeoe?a a??iainuee? eoioe? (c na?aaeeie XVIno.) ii/eiathoue a?eueoa
oaaae i?eae?eyoe oi?a?ae? c non?aei?ie e?a?iaie oa caieyie. C’yniaaii,
ui aiie aeoeaii ae?yee a ?in??, Eeoa?, A?ei?on??, I?on??, N?eac??,
Oai?uei?, O?aineeueaai??, Iieaeaa??, ia Aaeeaiao oa oe?a?inueeeo caieyo
?a/? Iiniieeoi?. Ooo a??iaie i?iaeaaaee no?aei? oiaa?e ? caeoiiaoaaee
i?iaeoeoe?th i?noeaaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aaaaoi a??iainueeeo eoioe?a aaea ia iiaee io?eioaaoe ye ?ai?oa aenieeo
i?eaooe?a a?ae no?aeii? oi?a?ae?. Oiio aiie iinooiiai ia?aoiaeyoue aei
eieaeueii? oi?a?ae?. Ooo ?i aeiaaeinue c?oeiooeny c th?eaee/ieie
iaiaaeaiiyie ?o ae?yeueiino? c aieo eaoieeoeueeiai iao?eoe?aoo. *anoeia
a??iainueeeo eoioe?a (iaio caiiaeia) a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVI-XVIIno.
ia?anaey?oueny aei iaaaeeeeo i?no. A??iaie aeeaaeathoue a?io? a ?ic?iaeo
??cieo i?iiene?a, c iaoith aenii?oo ne?iaeie aei Cao?aeii? ?a?iie;
?iaeyoue ni?iae canioaaoe ?icn?yi? iaiooaeoo?e, iaeiae cono??/athoue
ii?? c aieo oeao?a. A ?a/? Iiniieeo?e, c ?? iaaeioi?eaieie oaiaeaeueieie
a?aeiineiaie, ia?aoai?aiiy eoiaoeueeiai eai?oaeo ia i?iieneiaee aoei
oaeoe/ii iaiiaeeeaei. Oe? i?ioeane ua a?eueoa iineeththoueny a ae?oa?e
iieiaei? XVIIno. Aaaaoi ooi c a??iainueeeo eoioe?a aeeaaea? a?io? a
caiaeuei? ia?oee.

O XVIIIno. a??iainueea eoiaoeoai ia?aaaaeii caeia?oueny aenii?oii
ooaeiae oa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? aei Cao?aeii? ?a?iie, a
oaeiae oeiea?noaii, ine?eueee no?aeia oi?a?aey aaea inoaoi/ii caiaiaea.
A inoaii?e /aa?o? XVIIIno., a ?acoeueoao? i?e?aeiaiiy Aaee/eie oa
Aoeiaeie aei Aano???, aoee neaniaai? na?aaeiueia?/i? iaiaaeaiiy ia
aieiae?iiy caieath. A?aeoaia?, a??iainuee? eoioe?, ui e aei oeueiai aaea
i?oeii aoee ca’ycai? c n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei ae?iaieoeoaii,
eoiothoue oa i?aiaeothoue ia?oee ia Aoeiaei? oa a Aana?aa??, ? i?ioyaii
O?Ono. ia?aoai?ththoueny ia aaeeeeo caieaaeaniee?a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “?ai?nie/a ae?iaieoeoai o a??iainueeeo eieii?yo”
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?icaeoie ?aianea a ae?anii??; ?icaeyiooi eiai iniiai?
aaeoc?, oiiae ?nioaaiiy, oi?ie i?aai?caoe??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a??iainuee?
eieii?? a i?noao Aaee/eie, Iiae?eey oa Aoeiaeie aoee ia o?eueee
ina?aaeeaie oi?a?ae?, aea e aiaieuaie ?icaeoeo ?aianea. A??iainuee?
?ai?nieee c’yaeeenue a eieii?yo a?ae naiiai ?o canioaaiiy.

Iaea?eueo neeaaeiei aoei noaiiaeua a??iainueeeo ?ai?niee?a o Eueaia?,
aea ?o ia i?eeiaee aei oeao?a ? caai?iiyee noai?thaaoe aeani?.
A??iainueeei ?ai?nieeai-ia?oa/ai aeiaiaeeeinue iino?eii ca nai? i?aaa.
sse?nii iiaee aoai ii/eia?oueny i?ney 1654?., eiee a??iaiai aoei
aeicaieaii anooiaoe aei oeao?a. O ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVII-XVIIIno. aaea
a?ae/oaathoueny e?ecia? yaeua a oeaoiaiio ?aiane? e oeaoe iio?aaoaaee
i?eieeao iaaii? e?eueeino? iiaeo ethaeae. ??cieoey a i?aaiaiio noaiiaeu?
eaoieee?a oa a??iai iinooiiai cieea?. O XVI-XVIIno. a??iainuee?
?ai?nieee iaee o Eai’yioe?-Iiae?euenueeiio aeani? oeaoe. O XVIIIno. ?o
i?eeiaee aei oeao?a, aea iaioaaee eaoieeee. Noaiiaeua a??iainueeeo
?ai?niee?a ia Aoeiaei? aoei a?eueo ni?eyoeeaei i?ae o Eueaia? oa
Eai’yioe?. Aiie aoee ia’?aeiai? a iaoe?iiaeuei? oeaoe, ye? ?nioaaee a
No/aa? oa Aioioaiao. Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith a??iainueeiai ?aianea ia
Aoeiaei? oa Iieooo? aoa eiai o?niee ca’ycie c n?euenueeei
ainiiaea?noaii, i?iaeoeoe?th yeiai aiii ia?a?iaeyei.

*anoeia a??iainueeeo ?ai?niee?a, iaaaeiaieaieo nai?i noaiiaeuai o
Eueaia? oa Eai’yioe?, ia?anaey?oueny aei iiaeo eieii?e, ye? aeieeee o
iaaaeeeeo i?noao a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVI-XVIIco. Nthaee oaeiae
iaieeaathoue a??iaie c? Noiaeo. Aeaniee? i?no aea?oaaee a??iaiai ??ci?
i?ea?ea?, cie?aia e i?aai noai?thaaoe oeaoe (a ssceiaoe?, Ciei/aa?,
Niyoei? oa Iiaeeaa?-Iiae?euenueeiio). C 25 a??iainueeeo eieii?e
Aaee/eie, Iiae?eey oa Aoeiaeie iayai?noue ?ai?niee?a cao?eniaaia aaoi?ii
o 18. A??iainuee? oeaoe ?nioaaee o 7 eieii?yo.

Ca i?ae?aooieaie I.N.Eiiiai a Oe?a?i? a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVIIno.
iae?/oaaeinue aeecueei 300 i?ioan?e.116 Eiiiai I.N. I?noa Oe?a?ie a
ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVIIno. – E., 1963. – N.174. 6 Na?aae ieo o?eueee
aeecueei 100 aoei nooi ?ai?nie/eo. Na?aae a??iai, ye? iaoeaee a
Aaee/ei?, ia Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei?, aaoi?ii ia?aoiaaii 53 i?ioan??,
cie?aia 26 nooi ?ai?nie/eo. C-iii?ae a??iainueeeo eieii?e iaea?eueoeie
?ai?nie/eie oeaio?aie aoee Euea?a (41 i?ioan?y, cie?aia 23 nooi
?ai?nie/eo) oa Eai’yiaoeue (a?aeiia?aeii 26 oa 9). Iaea?eueo iioe?aiith
i?ioan??th na?aae a??iai aoei nai’yiieoeoai, eiai iayai?noue cao?eniaaia
i?eiaeii? o 10 eieii?yo.

A??iainuee? ?ai?nieee Eueaiaa aoee oneaaeai? ye ae?iaieee i?aaeiao?a
?iceioo. Oea ae?iaieoeoai io?eiaei iacao “Euea?anueei? iaiooaeoo?e”.
Iaeno?e ??cieo niaoe?aeueiinoae aoee o?nii iia’ycai? i?ae niaith a
i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa. A?aeaoaaeanue niaoe?ae?caoe?y ?ai?niee?a ia
yeiionue iaeiiio aoai? oeueiai i?ioeano, a?aeiia?aeii c?inoaea ?o
eaae?o?eaoe?y. I?ae /an ?iaioe iaeno?o aeiiiiiaaee i?aeiaeno?e oa o/i?.
Aaaaoi ooi c oeaoiaeo iaeno??a oa?iii aeaaaa caiiaeaiiy ia?oa/ai, ye?
?iaeee iaai? iia?aoe?? c ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo. Ana oea noai?thaaei
ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae aeey aeieeiaiiy ?icn?yii? iaiooaeoo?e. Iaeiae ??
aaiethoe?? aei a?eueo ?icaeiaieo oi?i caaaaeaee na?aaeiueia?/i? oeaoia?
iaiaaeaiiy. Oiio iaiooaeoo?e noai?ththoueny a iaeaiueeeo i?eaaoieo
i?noao. Iaea?eueo a?aeii? a??iainuee? iaiooaeoo?e a ?a/? Iiniieeo?e –
“ia?ny?i?” niaoe?ae?coaaeenue ia oeaoeoa?, eeeeia?noa? oa aeaioiaeaii?
iiyn?a. A oeeo aaeocyo a??iainuee? ?ai?nieee i?aoethaaee ia?aaaaeii ia
caiiaeaiiy. Iaeiae a?aeii? e aeiaaeee ?iaioe ia ?eiie, eiee i?iaeoeoe?y
aeaiceeanue aei aaeeeeo i?no aai ia naeie oa naeieee. A ?ioeo aaeocyo
a??iainueeiai ?aianea (a ia?iaoe? oe??) ia?aaaaeaea ?iaioa ia ?eiie.
A?eueo?noue ?ai?niee?a naiino?eii ?aae?ciaoaaea naith i?iaeoeoe?th /a?ac
aeani? e?aiieoe?.

I?ioyaii O?Ono. ?aianei iinooiiai a?aeoiaeeei ia ae?oai?yaei? iiceoe??,
iinooiath/enue a?eueo aeaoaa?e oaa?e/i?e i?iaeoeoe??.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? “O/anoue a??iai o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?”
aena?oeaii i?e/eie oa oiiae aeieeiaiiy a??iainueeiai caieaaieiae?iiy,
eiai oi?ie, iaoiaee ainiiaea?thaaiiy a??iai ia caie?.

O/anoue a??iai o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? cao?eniaaii
aaea ia ?aiiueiio aoai? ?nioaaiiy eieii?e. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaaaeee?
caiaeuei? aieiae?iiy iaea a??iainueea oea?eaa. Aoee na?aae a??iai ?
oeyooe/?-caieaaeanieee (nobili). C XIV – aei 70-eo ?ie?a XVIIIno.
iaea?eueo iioe?aiith oi?iith caiea?ianoaa o a??iainueeeo eieii?no?a aoei
i?ei?nueea ainiiaea?noai ia i?nueeeo a?oioao. *ei iaioa aoei i?noi, a
yeiio ?nioaaea a??iainueea a?iiaaea, oei a?eueoei aoei cia/aiiy
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a aeeoo? i?uai. A i?ea?eayo
iaaiao?a-aeaniee?a i?eaaoieo i?noa/ie – a??iainueeei a?iiaaeai
iaaeaaaeenue a ei?enooaaiiy i?i? caie? oa ianiaeua. A i?ei?nueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? a??iai ia Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei? aaaeeeaa i?noea caeiaei
?icaaaeaiiy ooaeiae aeey oo?eiaiiy yei? aiie iaee n?iiaeao?.
Aoeiaeinuee? a??iaie caeiaeenue e aeiia?aaea?noaii. A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao
iaeaaaaoo? i?aaenoaaieee aa?o?aee a??iainueeeo a?iiaae io?eioaaee
aeica?e ia eoi?aeth n?e aai iaea?aeoaaee ?o ca caneoae ia?aae ei?iiith.
O XVIIIno., a ca’yceo ?c caiaiaaeii i?nueeiai aeeooy, ua a?eueo c?inoa?
aaaa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a aeiiii?oe? a??iainueeeo eieii?e.
Iaeiae canoa??e? na?aaeiueia?/i? iaiaaeaiiy aaeueioaaee ia?ao?ae
eoiaoeueeiai eai?oaeo a n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai.

Iiaee aoai o/ano? a??iainueeeo eieii?no?a o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa? ii/eia?oueny c i?e?aeiaiiyi Aaee/eie oa Aoeiaeie aei
Aano??enueei? ?iia???. A?aeoaia? aiy?nuee? ia?oee oa caie? ?ae?a?eiiai
oiiaeo i?aiaeothoue, a c /anii ? aeeoiiaothoue, a??iainuee? eoioe? c
No/aae, Noai?neaaa, Niyoeia oa Eoo. A iiia?aaei?e ia??iae aiie
aenii?ooaaee c Aoeiaeie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th,
ia?aaaaeii ooaeiao. C 80-eo ?ie?a XVIIIno. aiie ia’?aeiothoue o nai?o
?oeao oi?a?aeth oa ae?iaieoeoai, i???ioothoue eiai ia ?eiie,
cai?iaaaeaeothoue ?aoe?iiaeuei?, a?eueo ?ioaineai?, oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Ca i?ae?aooieaie aaoi?a ia na?aaeeio O?Ono.
a??iainuee? caieaaeanieee aieiae?ee i?eaeecii 70-80 naeaie a
Aano??enuee?e Aoeiaei?, ui neeaaeaei o?aoeio an?o caiaeue e?ath. Aiie
oaeiae i?aiaeoaaee caie? ? a ?in?enuee?e Aoeiaei? (Oioeinueeee iia?o) ?
a Aana?aanuee?e iaeano?.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaaaeai? caaaeuei? i?aenoiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a??iainueeeo eieii?e.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (XIV-ia?oa iieiaeia XVIno.) a??iainuee? eieii??
aeieeaee ia iaeaaaeeea?oeo iai?yieao i?aeia?iaeii? o?aiceoii? oi?a?ae?
No?ae-Cao?ae, ? nai? aoee ?? aeoeaieie o/anieeaie. A eieii?yo
i?aoethaaee e a??iainuee? ?ai?nieee. sseui o Eueaia? ?i aeiaiaeeeinue
ai?ioenue ca i?aai caeiaoenue ?aianeaie, oi o Eai’yioe? oa ia Aoeiaei?
aiie iaee aeani? oeaoe. A??iaie oaeiae caeiaeenue n?euenueeei
ainiiaea?noaii. Iaaaeee? caiaeuei? aieiae?iiy iaea a??iainueea oea?eaa.
Caaaeothoueny e caieaaeanieee-oeyooe/?. Iaeiae aieiaiith oi?iith
caieaaieiae?iiy aoei i?ei?nueea ainiiaea?noai, yea aaeiny i?uaiaie ia
oeo ae?eyieao caie?, ui iaeaaeaee i?noo.

Aeey aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a??iainueeeo eieii?e ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?o
?noi??? (ae?oaa iieiaeia XVI- ia?oa iieiaeia XVIIno.) nooo?aa cia/aiiy
iaee iane?aeee aaeeeeo aaia?ao?/ieo a?aee?eoue. A??iainueea eoiaoeoai
aaea?oueny aei a?eueo aeoeaii? eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a non?aei?o
aea?aeaaao oa ?aa?iiao. A oeae /an ia iaeia c ia?oeo i?noeue aeoiaeeoue
oi?a?aey ?in?enueeei ooo?ii ia e?i?? Iineaa – Eiinoaioeiiiieue.
Aoeiaeinuee? a??iaie o aaeee?e e?eueeino? aenii?oothoue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th c Iieaeaanueeiai eiyc?anoaa aei
Cao?aeii? ?a?iie. A ??cieo e?a?iao ?ioa?ane eoioe?a i?aaenoaaeyee
/eneaii? aaaioe, oaeoi?e, i?eeaae/eee. Oi?a?aey aaeany iioii, aaeeeeie
ia?o?yie, ? ia neoaea? eoioe?a ia?aaoaaei aaaaoi oo?iai?a oa /aeyae?.
Aaaao? a??iainuee? eoioe? noathoue ia /ie? ni?aaaei?o oi?aiaeo aeii?a. A
oeae /an ia i?aeeii? aoei e a??iainueea ?aianei, iniaeeai o? eiai
aaeoc?, ye? aoee iia’ycai? c ae?iaieoeoaii i?aaeiao?a ?iceioo.

Aeiiii?/i? oa th?eaee/i? iaiaaeaiiy, ?ae?a?ei? aii?iiy, cioneee /anoeio
euea?anueeeo oa eai’yiaoeueeeo a??iai ia?anaeyoenue aei iaaaeeeeo i?no
oa i?noa/ie, i?ae i?ioaeoe?th iaaiao?a. Nthaee ae i?yio? a?eueo?noue
iiaii?eaoeeo a??iainueeeo ia?anaeaioe?a. A??iainuee? ?ai?nieee
noai?thaaee ooo aeani? oeaoe. Eoioe? iieiyeenue aeeae/a aei i?noeue
aaciina?aaeiueiai ae?iaieoeoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??,
yeith aiie oi?aoaaee. Iaaiaoe iaaeaaaee a ei?enooaaiiy a??iaiai cia/i?
ae?eyiee i?ieo caiaeue oa ianiaeu. Ioaea, a aeiiii?oe? iiaeo eieii?e
cia/ii c?inoa? aaaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (ae?oaa iieiaeia XVII- o?aoy /aa?oue XVIIIno.)
iii?oiei noa? caiaiaae aeiiii?ee a??iainueeeo eieii?e, i?e/eiith yeiai
aoea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia oa a?enueeiai-iie?oe/ia e?eca, ui ioiieea
??/ Iiniieeoo oa Iieaeaanueea eiyc?anoai. A??iainueea eoiaoeoai ana
a?eueoa oaaae i?eae?ey? eieaeuei?e oi?a?ae?, ao?aeueieoeoao oa
oeiea?noao. A??iaie aenooiathoue a ?ie? i?aiaea??a ia?oe?a, aai
a?aeeoiiee?a aea?aeaaieo iiaeaoe?a oa ieo. Iaea?eueo? i?eaooee aeaaaea
oi?a?aey ooaeiaith, i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy ? ne?iaeiith. Aaaaoi ooi c
eoioe?a-a??iai aeeaaeaa eai?oae o ia?ooii?noue, caaiaeea o?eueaa?eiaa
ainiiaea?noai. C na?aaeeie XVIIno. caiiaei? a??iainuee? ?ai?nieee
iinooiiai i?eeiathoueny aei euea?anueeeo oeao?a. Ni?iae a??iai
i?aai?coaaoe oi/a a ?icn?yi? iaiooaeoo?e iaooiaooaaeenue ia oeaoia?
caai?iie. A??iaie iinooiiai caeeoathoue aaeee? oa na?aaei? i?noa ?
ia?anaeythoueny aei ?aa?ii?a c iaea?eueo ?icaeiaiei n?euenueeei
ainiiaea?noaii – Iieoooy oa no?aeieo ?aeii?a Iiae?eey.

*aoaa?oee aoai a ?icaeoeo a??iainueeeo eieii?e (inoaiiy /aa?oue
XVIII-XIXno.) ii/eia?oueny c ia?aoiaeii Aaee/eie e Aoeiaeie i?ae aeaaeo
Aano???, a Iiae?eey – ?in??. A??iainuee? eoioe?, ui e aei oeueiai o
aaeeeeo ianooaaao aeaiceee ia cao?ae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th, a?aeoaia? i?aiaeothoue, a c /anii ? eoiothoue caiaeuei?
ia?oee. A??iainueeee eoiaoeue inoaoi/ii ia?aoai?th?oueny ia aaeeeiai
caieaaeanieea, ?aeeiee ca’ycie yeiai c oi?a?aeath oea i?iaeaae
i?iaeoeoe?? ae?iaeaii? o aeaniiio ainiiaea?noa?. Ia ae?oai?yaei?
iiceoe?? a?aeoiaeeei ?aianei, iinooiath/enue iaiooaeoo?i?e oa oaa?e/i?e
i?iaeoeoe??. A??iaie ana a?eueoa ?icnaeythoueny c i?no oa i?noa/ie ii
naeai. Oaeei /eiii, a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icii?ioaiiy a??iai ia cia/i?e
oa?eoi???. A e?ioe? O?Ono. a??iainuee? eieii?? inoaoi/ii i?eieieee nai?
?nioaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aaoi?ii ia?aeiieeai aeiaaaeaii, ui ae??oaeueia ?ieue o
aeieeiaii?, ?icea?o?, caiaiaae? oa cieeiaii? a??iainueeeo eieii?e a
Aaee/ei?, ia Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei? iaeaaeaea naia aeiiii?/iiio /eiieeo.
Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaaeenue a
na?aaeei? a??iainueei? ae?anii?e oeeo o?ueio ?aa?ii?a, aaciina?aaeiuei
iia’ycaia c ?? aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii.

NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E AAOI?A

1.Aeieeiaiiy a??iainueeeo eieii?e ia Aoeiaei? oa aeaiia?ao?/i? i?ioeane
a ieo i?ioyaii XIV-XVII no.// Ieoaiiy noa?iaeaaiuei? oa na?aaeiueia?/ii?
?noi???, a?oaieia?? e aoiia?ao??: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae. – *a?i?aoe?:
*AeO, 1997. – Aei.4. – N.69-77 (0,6 ae?. a?e.)

2. Aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie a??iainueeeo eieii?e ia Aoeiaei? XIV-XVII no.//
Ieoaiiy noa?iaeaaiuei? oa na?aaeiueia?/ii? ?noi???, a?oaieia?? e
aoiieia??: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1998. – O.1. –
N.66-75 (0,6 ae?. a?e.)

3. ?ae?a?eia aeeooy a??iainueeeo a?iiaae Aoeiaeie ca aeiae
na?aaeiueia?//y ? iiaiai /ano// Ieoaiiy noa?iaeaaiuei? oa
na?aaeiueia?/ii? ?noi???, a?oaieia?? e aoiieia??: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae. – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1999. – O.2. – N.115-128 (0,8 ae?. a?e.)

4.Oi?aiaa ae?yeuei?noue a??iai ia oa?eoi??? ?a/? Iiniieeoi? a XVI – I
iieiaei? XVII no.// O Anaoe?a?inueea neaa?noe/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Aeooiaia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy neia’yi o eiioaeno? ?a?iiaenueei? oa na?oiai? eoeueoo?e”:
Oace aeiiia?aeae (18-20 o?aaiy 1992 ?.). – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1992. – O.1.
– N.35-36 (ni?aaaoi? – Aaeoo A.I.) (0,1 ae?. a?e.)

5.A??iaie a ?noi??? Aoeiaeie// Aei aeoie?a iacae e?ath Aoeiaeia
(600-??//y ia?oi? ienaiii? caaaeee): Oace aeiiia?aeae oa iia?aeiieaiue
?? Aoeiaeinueei? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? eiioa?aioe?? (2-3 aeiaoiy 1992
?.). – *a?i?aoe?: *AeO, 1992. – N.134-135 (ni?aaaoi? – Aaeoo A.I.) (0,1
ae?.a?e.)

6.Yaiethoeey iaoeeiiaeueiiai a?oeoaeoo?iiai noeey a iaiyoieeao
a?iyineiai ciae/anoaa ia Oe?aeia// Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu
yeiiiieei-yeieiae/aneiai e nioeeaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?acaeoey iauanoaa:
Iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey. – E?aiaoi?ne: EYAE, 1995. – *.2. –
N.25-26 (0,2 ae?. a?e.)

7.A??iainueea eieii?y Eueaiaa ii/. XVII no. a “Aei?iaei?o iioaoeao”
N?iaiia Eaoaoe?// Ieoaiiy noa?iaeaaiuei? oa na?aaeiueia?/ii? ?noi???,
a?oaieia?? e aoiia?ao??: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae. – *a?i?aoe?: ?ooa,
1996. – Aei.1. – N.63-72 (ni?aaaoi? – Aaeoo A.I.) (0,6 ae?. a?e.)

8.O/anoea a?iyineiai eoia/anoaa Oe?aeiu a ?acaeoee oi?aiauo naycae n
Iineaie a XIV-XVIIaa.// I?iaeaiu anaiauae enoi?ee: *oaiey, iinayuaiiua
iaiyoe aeaaeaieea I.A. Ei?inoiaoeaaa (Nai?iee noaoae ?in. oi-oa ae?.
ia?iaeia). – I., 1997. – N.128-136 (0,6 ae?. a?e.)

9.Oi?ie caieaaieiae?iiy oa ?icaeoie n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa o
a??iainueeeo eieii?yo Aaee/eie oa Iiae?eey a XIV-XVIII no.// Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie aeiiii?/iiai oa aoiai?oa?iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ia iaae?
oeny/ie?oue: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E?aiaoi?nuee: EAA?, 1998. –
N.240-248 (0,6 ae?. a?e.)

10.I?aaiaa noaiiaeua a??iainueeeo ?ai?niee?a o Eueaia? XIV-XVIII no.//
Iaoa??aee Ia?oi? Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? noiaeiciaa/i?
eiioa?aioe?? (7-10 ea?oiy 1997): Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: Iaoe.
oi-o “Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y”, 1998. – Aei.1. – N.83-90 (0,5 ae?.
a?e.)

11. Oi?ie caieaaieiae?iiy oa ?icaeoie n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa o
a??iainueeeo eieii?yo Iiae?eey a XIV-XVIII no.// Iiae?eey ?
I?aaeaiii-No?aeia Aieeiue a ?iee Aecaieueii? a?eie na?aaeeie XVII no.:
Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? ?noi?eei-e?a?ciaa/i? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? (19 aa?aniy 1998 ?ieo) / ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI
Oe?a?ie oa ?i./ ?aae. eie.: Niie?e A.A. (aieiaa), Noaiaieia A.N. (iaoe.
?aae.), Aaaeaiia E.A. oa ?i. – Noa?a Neiyaa: Iiae?eey, 1998. – N.162-169
(0,5 ae?. a?e.)

AIIOAOe??

In?iyi I.E. Aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie a??iainueeeo eieii?e a Aaee/ei?, ia
Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei? a XIV-XIXno. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.01 – ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. – Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo a??iainueeeo
eieii?e a Aaee/ei?, ia Iiae?ee? oa Aoeiaei? a XIV-XIXno. O
aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa eiiieaenii ?icaeyioo? /an oa i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy
a??iainueeeo eieii?e, ?o iiaeaeueoee aeaiia?ao?/iee ?icaeoie oa
i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane i?ae ieie, iniiai? iai?yiee, oiiae ?nioaaiiy oa
oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? a ieo oi?a?ae?, ?aianea oa n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa. Aeaii ia??iaeecaoe?th aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo eieii?e.
C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui ae??oaeueia ?ieue o aeieeiaii?, ?icea?o?,
caiaiaae? oa cieeiaii? a??iainueeeo eieii?e iaeaaeeoue naia aeiiii?/iiio
/eiieeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eieii?y, aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie, i?a?aoe?y, anei?eyoe?y,
oi?a?aey, y?ia?ie, oiaa?, ?aianei, oeao, caieaaieiae?iiy, i?aiaea,
n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai.

Ineiyi A.E. Yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea a?iyineeo eieiiee a Aaee/eia,
Iiaeieee e ia Aoeiaeia a XIV-XIXaa. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01 – Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. – Aeiiaoeeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey a?iyineeo
eieiiee a Aaee/eia, Iiaeieee e ia Aoeiaeia a XIV-XIXaa. Aieueoie aeeaae
a eco/aiea i?ioeiai a?iyineie aeeanii?u a Oe?aeia aue naeaeai
ioa/anoaaiiuie e ca?oaaaeiuie o/aiuie XIX-XXaa. A oi aea a?aiy eo
iiaeoiae e enneaaeoaiie oaia aeaeaei ia anaaaea ioee/aeny
ananoi?iiiinoueth. Oae, a aieueoeinoaa ?aaio XIX aaea i?ei?eoao
ioaeaaaeny eco/aieth a?iyineie oea?eae e aa ?iee a enoi?ee eieiiee.
Aaoi?u eiioea XIX – ia?aie o?aoe XXaa. i?aeiouanoaaiii enneaaeiaaee
aii?inu i?aaiaie aeecie eieiiee, /oi aea eanaaony eo yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey, oi aieueoa anaai aieiaiey auei oaeaeaii eco/aieth oi?aiaee ni
no?aiaie Ainoiea e eneonoaiaaae/aneiio aiaeeco a?iyineiai ?aianea a
aeeanii?a. Enoi?eia?aoey niaaoneiai ia?eiaea caieiaeanue, aeaaiui
ia?acii, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneei ?acaeoeai eieiiee. Iaeiaei a
aieueoeinoaa enneaaeiaaiee yoi aeaeaeinue a io?uaa io iauae eaiau
enoi?ee aeeanii?u. E?iia oiai, iiiaea enoi?eee yoiai ia?eiaea iiaoi?yee
onoa?aaoea ioeai/iua eiioeaioeee, au?aaioaiiua eo i?aaeoanoaaiieeaie.
Iiyoiio a aeaiiii aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee aia?aua eiiieaenii
?anniio?aiu a?aiy e i?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey a?iyineeo eieiiee, eo
aeaeueiaeoaa aeaiia?aoe/aneia ?acaeoea e iea?aoeeiiiua i?ioeannu iaaeaeo
ieie, iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey, oneiaey nouanoaiaaiey e oi?iu i?aaiecaoeee a
ieo oi?aiaee, ?aianea e naeueneiai oicyenoaa.

A aeenna?oaoeee iainiiaai ?yae iieiaeaiee, eioi?ua ioee/athony iao/iie
iiaeciie. Oae, aia?aua aeaia ia?eiaeecaoeey yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey
eieiiee, i?e/ai a niioaaonoaee n aeaiia?aoe/aneeie i?ioeannaie, eioi?ua
eiaee a ieo ianoi, a oaeaea iniiaiuie aaoaie ?acaeoey eae naiie
aeeanii?u, oae e enoi?ee oao ?aaeiiia, a eioi?uo iia nouanoaiaaea.
Naeaeai auaiae, /oi ?aoathuay ?ieue a aicieeiiaaiee, ?anoeaaoa, oiaaeea
e en/aciiaaiee a?iyineeo eieiiee i?eiaaeeaaeeo yeiiiie/aneiio oaeoi?o.
Oae, ia?aiia/aeueii, a?iyineea eieiiee, aicieeoea a e?oiiaeoeo ai?iaeao,
?aniieaaaaoeony ia oi?aiauo iooyo iaaeaeo Ainoieii e Caiaaeii, eiaee
i?aeiouanoaaiii oi?aiai-?aianeaiiue oa?aeoa?, n i?eonaaeaaiui naeueneei
oicyenoaii ia ai?iaeneeo caieyo, ea?aaoei aoi?inoaiaiioth ?ieue. A
?acoeueoaoa iinoaiaiiiai oiaaeea ainoi/iie oi?aiaee a?iyineia eoia/anoai
ia/eiaao ioaeaaaoue i?ei?eoao oi?aiaea i?iaeoeoeeae (aeaaiui ia?acii
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie), au?aaaouaaaoaeny a Oe?aeia, Iieaeaaee e ae?oaeo
ninaaeieo no?aiao. Ia?aie/aiea yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe a?iyi a
e?oiiuo ai?iaeao i?eaiaeeo e ia?anaeaieth cia/eoaeueiie eo /anoe a
iaaieueoea ai?iaea iiae iie?iaeoaeuenoai iaaiaoia. Yoiio i?ioeanno
niinianoaiaaea e iauay aa?a?ecaoeey yeiiiieee enneaaeoaiuo ?aaeiiia.
Onoa?aaoea oaiaeaeueiua ii?yaeee i?aiyonoaiaaee ?acaeoeth ao?aeoaciuo
ioiioaiee a ai?iaeao, iiyoiio a?iyia ana aieueoa aoyaeaathony a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiia i?iecaiaenoai. Iaeaieueoaa ?acaeoea aeaiiue
i?ioeann i?eia?aoaao n eiioea XVIII aaea, eiaaea auee eeeaeaee?iaaiu
iiiaea n?aaeiaaaeiaua ia?aie/aiey. Iaeiaei iieiiianooaaiay
aeayoaeueiinoue a?iyi a aa?a?iii naeoi?a yeiiiieee i?eaiaeeo e eo
?annaeaieth ii naeai e, niioaaonoaaiii, e ?aniueaieth eieiiee e
anneieeyoeee a?iyi a eiiyoie/iie n?aaea a XIX aaea.

A ea/anoaa aaaeiaeoaai iaoiaeieiae/aneiai i?eioeeia iao/iiai
enneaaeiaaiey aunooiaao i?eioeei enoi?ecia. Aaaeioth ?ieue oaeaea
ea?atho n?aaieoaeueii-enoi?e/aneee, noaoenoe/aneee e ?ao?iniaeoeaiue
iaoiaeu. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee eniieuecothony
oeeaeeecaoeeiiiue e oi?iaoeeiiiue iiaeoiaeu. Eco/aiea yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey a?iyineeo eieiiee /a?ac i?ecio eiioeaioeee i iineaaeiaaoaeueiie
niaia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo oi?iaoeee iicaieeei aieaa eiiieaenii
?anniio?aoue nia?aiiue oaeoe/aneee iaoa?eae a aeeaeaeoe/aneii aaeeinoaa
anao aai ninoaaiuo. A naith i/a?aaeue, oeeaeeecaoeeiiiue iiaeoiae aeae
aiciiaeiinoue auyaeoue niaoeeoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey a?iyineiai
yoiina a aeeanii?a /a?ac aai naycue e acaeiiaeeyiea n aaoiooiiiui
oe?aeineei ianaeaieai enneaaeoaiuo ?aaeiiia. Ana yoi i?eaaei e
ni/aoaieth a aeenna?oaoeee nianoaaiii enoi?e/aneiai, yeiiiie/aneiai e, a
ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie, yoiieiae/aneiai ciaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eieiiey, yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea, iea?aoeey,
anneieeyoeey, oi?aiaey, y?ia?ea, oiaa?, ?aianei, oeao, caieaaeaaeaiea,
a?aiaea, naeueneia oicyenoai.

Osipian A.L. Economic development of Armenian colonies in Galichina,
Podolia and Bukovyna in the XIV-XIXth centuries. – Manuscript.

Thesis for receiving a candidate’s degree in historical sciences,
speciality 07.00.01 – History of Ukraine. – Donetsk State University,
Donetsk, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the problem of economic development of
Armenian colonies in Galichina, Podolia and Bukovyna in the XIV-XIXth
centuries. In the given scientific investigation the question of time
and reasons of appearance of the Armenian colonies, their demographic
development and migration within them, the main directions,
circumstances and forms of organization trade, handicraft and
agriculture are considered in complex for the first time. The
periodization of the economic development of the colonies is proposed in
the thesis. The author can draw a conclusion that the economic
development is the main factor of the appearance, prosperity, decline
and disappearance of the Armenian colonies.

The key words: colony, economic development, migration, assimilation,
trade, fair, goods, handicraft, workshop, ownership of land, tenure,
agriculture.

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