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IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AEIIII?EE I?IIENEIAINO?

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 622.012:338.45:658.588

Eaaaiia Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/

AEIIII?*I? IAOIAeE OI?AAE?IIss IAOEIAI-

OAOI?*IEI ?ICAEOEII I?AeI?E?INOA

AOA?EUeII? I?IIENEIAINO? OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 — aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ?

i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee —
1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ioi?iie i?aoe? (i. Aeiiaoeuee)

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio- aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie Aiioa Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo
aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Aeiiaoeuee), aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e IAI
Oe?a?ie Aeeiia Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/, ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie
(i.Ee?a), caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie
?aaiia Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie
(i. Aeiiaoeuee), caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii i?iaeai aeei?enoaiiy
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Neaee Aieiaeeie? Ai?eniae/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie (i.Oa?e?a), i?ioani? eaoaae?e oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
aeiiii?/iee oaeoeueoao, eaoaae?e «Iaiaaeaeiaioo» ? «Aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co
oa o?iain?a», I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia nan?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 11.151.01 a ?inoeooo? aeiiii?ee
i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 83048, i.
Aeiiaoeuee,aoe.Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 77.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aeiiii?ee
i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 83048, i.
Aeiiaoeuee,aoe.Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 77.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 3 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iieeiinueeee O.TH.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie ? caaacia/aiiy noiniaii oeueiai iacaeaaeiino? ? aaciaee e?a?ie ?
aeiaaeueiith ? iaa?aeeeaaeiith aea?aeaaiith i?iaeaiith. ?? ae??oaiiy
aeiaaa? iaaaeiiai aeoiaeo ?c e?eciaiai noaio ? oaeaeeiai i?aeeiio
aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, ine?eueee aoa?eey ? ?aeeiei aia?aiiin??i,
eio?ei aaaaoa Oe?a?ia.

?acii c oei ?icaeoie aoa?eueii? aaeoc?, caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo ianya?a
aeioneo eiieo?aioicaeaoii? aoa?eueii? i?iaeoeoe?? aeiaaathoue
iaa?aeeeaaeiiai ae??oaiiy neeaaeieo oaoi?/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo,
i?aai?caoe?eieo ? nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai.

Ca?ac a iaaecae/aeii caiaaeaaiiio noai? ciaoiaeeoueny oaooiee oiiae,
eiai oaoi?/ia iniauaiiy; ??cei aiaee ianyae aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey ? ??ai?
iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa
aaeoc?, ineaaea iaoeiaa oa ?iiiaaoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue.

A inoaii? ?iee aea?aeaaith cae?eniththoueny cia/i? caoiaee ii
aaeaioaoe?? aoa?eueii? aaeoc? aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ui ?icaeaathoueny
a e?a?i?. Cai?iaaaeaeo?oueny ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y oi?aae?iiy aoa?eueieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie ? oii?yaeeoaaiiy oaooiiai oiiaeo. I???ioaoe?y ia
?icaeoie ainiiaea?nueei? naiino?eiino? aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa ?
a??iith. Iaeiae oea ia ?aeeiee oeyo, ? a?i ia caaacia/o? oaeaeeiai
?icaeoeo a?eueoino? oieaeeiaiaeo eiiiai?e ? i?aei?e?inoa ii aeaeiaooeo
aoa?eey. Eeth/iaei caaaeaiiyi ooo ? oaoi?/ia ia?ainiauaiiy aoa?eueieo
i?aei?e?inoa ia aac? no/anieo aeinyaiaiue iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano
(IOI) i?e noai?iio a?aooaaii? o?iainiaeo iiaeeeainoae e?a?ie.

A oiiaao aino?iai aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaieo eioo?a iaiao?aeia aei?noea ?o
aeiiii?y, i???ioaoe?y ia oaeaeeo ieoii?noue, aeei?enoaiiy aeey ae??oaiiy
o?eueee iaa?ae-eeaaeieo i??i?eoaoieo aaeocaaeo i?iaeai oaoi?/iiai
ia?ainiauaiiy aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Oea, a caaaeueieo ?enao, ? ? oei iaeaaaeeea?oei iai?yieii, yeee iiaea
caaacia/eoe aeo?ae ?c e?ece ? iiaeaeueoee i?aeeii aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?.

A?aeiia?aeia eiioeaioe?y a aeaoae?ciaaiiio aeaeyae? oi?-ioaaeanue ?
oaeineiiaethaaeanue i?e aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? ? i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
aaoi?a aeena?oaoe??. ?icii/aoa ? ?? ?aae?caoe?y, yea oi?ea?oueny
ia?aaoaeiae ?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a?ae iao-ee aei caoiae?a uiaei
oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?.

Cia/iee aianie a ?icaeoie oai??? oi?aae?iiy iaoei-ai-oaoi?/iei
i?ia?anii, aoaeoeaiino? i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ?, cie?aia, o
aoa?euei?e aaeoc? c?iaeee aeaeaoi? o/ai?-aeiiii?noe I.I. Aeeiia,
A.I. Aeaenaiae?iaa, E.I. Aaoianueeee, Ae.N. Eueaia,
I.I. I?ioiaeueyeiiia, N.A. No?oi?e?i, O.N. Oa/aoo?ia, I.A. *oia/aiei,
I.?. Aiioa, I.?. ?aaiia, A.?. Iae?iao?a ? ?io?.

Oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo ? oi?aae?iiy aeiii-i?eith e?a?i c ?eieiaith
oi?iith ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oe?i-eiio ieai? aoee aena?oeai? a i?aoeyo
aaaaoueio ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo.

Ca inoaii? ?iee a ca’yceo c inai?iiyi a Oe?a?i? iiaeo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ieoaiiyi oi?aae?iiy ae?ia-ieoeoaii, iaoeith,
?iiiaaoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth aoee i?enay-/ai? ?iaioe aaaaoueio
aeine?aeiee?a, a oiio /ene? ? aaoi?a oe??? aeena?oaoe??. Aea oaeaeea
ci?ia ae?iaie/i? ? aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?
Oe?a?ie aeiaaa? aeia?aaeaeath/iai ?icaeoeo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
iaa?oioo-aaiue a?aeiia?aeii? iie?oeee a oi?aae?inuee?e ? ?iiiaaoe?ei?e
ae?yeueiino?.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai oaio aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, ui ni?yiiaaia ia
ae??oaiiy cacia/aii? i?iaeaie, a iaoiaee/iiio, i?aai?caoe?eiiio ?
aeiiii?/iiio iai?yieao ne?ae aaaaeaoe aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aaoi? aenooiaa
ea??aieeii ? aaciina?aaei?i aeei-iaaoeai iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ye?
aeeiioaaeenue a 1993-1999 ??. a ?AI IAI Oe?a?ie, Aeiiaoa?, ?ioeo
aeaaeai?/ieo ? aaeocaaeo iaoeiaeo i?aai?caoe?yo a ?aieao oe?eueiai?
eiiieaenii? aaeocaai? i?ia?aie “?ic?iaea iaoeiai-iaoi-aee/ieo iniia
?aoi?ioaaiiy aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? ? noai?aiiy oe?e?niiai
aeiiii?/iiai ? ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoa-i?ci?a, oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii aeey caaacia/aiiy
?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? ?ano?oeoo?e-caoe??
aaeoc?”. Iniiai? c ieo – oaia A419613000 (?AI IAI Oe?a?ie) “?ac?aaioaoue
iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea iieiaeaiey ii ?aoi?ie?iaaieth io?aneaaie iaoee a
oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee”; oaia A419819000 I-Oe1 (?AI IAI Oe?a?ie)
“Aiaeec eiiiaaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia a oaieueiie i?iiuo-eaiiinoe Oe?aeiu e
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth oi?aaeaiey eie”; oaia A419717000
(?AI IAI Oe?a?ie) “?ac?aaioaoue iaoaieci ?aaeecaoeee io?aneaaie
iao/ii-oaoie/aneie iieeoeee a oneiaeyo ei?ii?aoecaoeee IEE e IEI
oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe”; oaia 2219651030 (Aeiiaoa?) “?ac?aaioaoue
eiioeaioeeth nenoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey e ?aaeecaoeee iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
iieeoeee a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu”; oaia A419921000 I-Oe1 (?AI
IAI Oe?a?ie) «?ac?aaioaoue e inouanoaeoue i?ia?aiio ?aoi?ie?iaaiey e
no?oeoo?iie ia?ano?ieee io?aneaaie iaoee»; oaia 2219651010 I-Oe1
(Aeiiaoa?) “Enneaaeiaaoue yooaeoeaiinoue auiieiaiey e ?aaeecaoeee
io?aneaauo IEIE? a oneiaeyo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey OeEII, a oaeaea
eniieueciaaiey caaa?oaiiuo ?ac?aaioie ia i?aaei?eyoeyo Ieioaeai?iia
Oe?aeiu”.

?aeay, iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?aeay aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iieyaa? a iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo oai??? ? aeiii-i?/ieo iaoiae?a
oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii i?aei?e?inoa aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie c o?aooaai-iyi niaoeeo?ee ?o aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a
? o?iainiaeo iaiaaeaiue. ?? iaoith ? ?ic?iaea a?aeiia?aeieo
eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue iiai? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee, ?o
aeaoae?caoe?y, iaoi-aee/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy, inai?iiy a i?aeoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino? ? ia oe?e iniia? caaacia/aiiy i?aeeiio aaeoc? aei ??aiy, ui
a?aeiia?aea? aea?aeaaiei ?ioa?anai.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
noi?ioeueiaaii ? ae??oaii ianooii? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

i?iaiae?ciaaii no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? ci?ie oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ??aiy
aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, noaio oaoo-iiai oiiaeo ? eiai oaoi?/ii?
iniauaiino?;

aeaii ioe?ieo aeeiai?ee aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a aoa?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
? aieeao iaaaoeaieo /eiiee?a ia oe? iieacieee;

?icaeyiooi aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy ? iai?yiee oaeineiia-eaiiy no?oeoo?e
oi?aae?iiy aoa?eueiith i?iieneia?noth;

i?iaiae?ciaaii noai ? aecia/aii oaiaeaioe?? ci?ie iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? a aaeoc?; aeaii ioe?ieo ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe??
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue;

?ic?iaeaii ia aac? aea?aeaaieo ??oaiue eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy
? ?aae?caoe?? iiai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o aoa?euei?e
i?iieneiaino? a oe?eiio ? ia ?? i?aei?e?inoaao a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei ? ?ano?oeoo-?ecaoe?? oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth;

?ic?iaeaii a aeaoae?ciaaiiio aeaeyae? iaoeiai-iaoi-aee/ia caaacia/aiiy
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue iiai? eiioeaioe??, a oiio /ene? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
iaoee, i?aai?caoe?? ?iiiaa-oe?eiiai i?ioeano, iaa?oiooaaiiy i??i?eoaoieo
i?iaeai ? ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ? aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo
?ia?o (IAeAeE?), ?o o?iainoaaiiy, i?aaiaiai ?
?ioi?-iaoe?eii-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy;

?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?aae?iiy oaoi?/iei ? aeiiii?/iei
?icaeoeii eiie?aoieo i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?, a oaeiae a /anoei? ?o
o?iainiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei c i?aai?ca-oe?yie, ui iaaeathoue iineoae
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?ae-aeaiiy ?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ? aaeocaaeo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy, a
oaeiae ?iiiaaoe?eiee i?ioean o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? a ?o ?icaeoeo ?
oaeineiiaeaii?. Ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/athoue iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?
i?aa-i?caoe?? (IOI), caaiaee aoa?eueiiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aoaeaaeiaoai?
oa aoaeaia?a?iai? i?aei?e?inoaa c ?o oai?aoe/-ieie ? i?aeoe/ieie
i?iaeaiaie ?icaeoeo ? oi?aae?iiy.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeiei-a?/iith iniiaith
aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaoeiaa oai??y i?ciaiiy, nenoaiiee eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae
aei i?ioean?a ? ia’?eo?a, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny; ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iniiae
oai??? oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii, oai??? eiai aoaeoeaiino?, eeane/i?
i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo c oeeo iai?yie?a. Aaoi?
ea?oaaany caeiiaie Oe?a?ie, oeacaie I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, ??oaiiyie
O?yaeo, oiiaeiaeie ? e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaea?aeaie, ii?iaoeaieie oa
?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieie aeieoiaioaie aaeocaaiai ? i?aeaaeocaaiai
cia/aiiy. sse niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?iaio? aeei?enoaii
iaoiaee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, noaoenoe/iee,
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, i?iaiicoaaiiy, ?iaeaia?ieo,
aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a oa ?io?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniia-iee iaoeiaee
?acoeueoao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? ?
?ic?iaoe? aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii
i?aei?e-?inoa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, a oi?ioaaii? ia oe?e iniia?
iiai? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee a oiiaao no/anieo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a
e?a?i?.

I?eioeeiiaith iiaeciith a?ae??ciythoueny:

i?iiiceoe?? a /anoei? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo aaeoc?, ui
noinothoueny oii?yaeeoaaiiy ia?aae? oa aioo??oi?o no?oeoo? IOI,
caa?aaeaiiy i?ia?aeieo ?inoeooo?a o aea?aeaaiiio i?aeii?yaeeoaaii?,
noai?aiiy ia aac? IOI iaoeiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy oa ?i.;

i?aai?caoe?y ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano a oiiaao aino?iai aeao?oeeoo
o?iainiaeo eioo?a aea?aeaae ? i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, yea i?noeoue a
nia? aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy oeei i?ioeanii, a?oioo?oueny ia
aeeaieeo ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, i???ioiaaia ia aacoiiaio
aeiiii?/io a?aeaea/o iiaiaaaaeaiue, aeei?enoaiiy aeineiiaei? e?aaeeoii?
iie?oeee aea?aeaae, nenoaie i?enei?aii? aii?oecaoe?? aeoeaieo oiiae?a
oiui;

i?eioeeie a?aeai?o iaa?aeeeaaeieo iaoeiaeo i??i?eoao?a ?icaeoeo aaeoc?,
ye? aacothoueny ia aenia?oieo ioe?ieao iaoeiaeo i?iiiceoe?e, ia
o?aooaaii? iiaeeeainoae iaoee, i?iaeooaaiiy, aoa?eueiiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy; i?e oeueiio ye ia?oi/a?aia? a?aeae?athoueny i?iaeaie,
ui i?noyoue a nia? ?ic?iaee, ye? ca ei?ioeee /an iiaeooue aooe
aeiaaaeai? aei i?iieneiaiai aeei?enoaiiy i?e i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao
eioo?a;

aeaoaeueia ?ic?iaea i?ia?aiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oi?io-aaiiy ieai?a
IAeAeE?, ui aeeth/a? iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo aaeocaaeo
i?ia?ai (OeEAI), aecia-/aiiy ?o iioeiaeueii? no?oeoo?e, ooieoe?e
ea??aiee?a ? aeeiiaaoe?a, aeiiii?/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy, aeaea?aea
o?iaino-aaiiy, iae?e ? eiio?ieue aeeiiaiiy;

i?eioeeie ? ii?yaeie o?iainoaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano a aaeoc?, ye?
caniiaaii ia iia?e nenoai? cai?ioiiai o?iainoaaiiy, aecia/aii? oe?i ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?iaeoeoe?th, a?aooaaii? aca?iieo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a
?iaanoi??a, ?ic?iaiee?a ? niiaeeaa/?a iiaiaaaaeaiue, a oaeiae
?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa ?i.;

iniaeeaino? ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiue a iaooe?, ui iieyaathoue a ?o
?icaeoeo ? iiaeeaeaii?, a?ae ?aii?o aei caeeth/ieo aoai?a aeeiiaiiy
IAeAeE?;

iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy iane?aee?a iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano o
aoa?euei?e aaeoc?, ye? iieyaathoue o aeei?enoaii? ? ocaaaeueiaii?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?iaie, ui i?noyoueny o aaeocaaeo, i?aeaaeocaaeo ?
aea?aeaaieo i?ia?aiao IAeAeE?.

Ia iniia? aeacaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii ? cai?iii-iiaaii
i?ea?iaeueio eiioeaioe?th oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? ii-ai?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?.

C aaaaoueio ieoaiue oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ? iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii ? i?aai?caoe??
?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue cia/ii aeia?aaeaea?
noi?aei? aaeoc? aaaeei? i?iieneiaino?, a oiio /ene? ? a e?a?iao NIAe. A
oeueiio iaaio ?ieue a?ae?a?aee ?ic?iaee aaoi?a.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?a-oe/ii ?ic?iaeaii
aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy ?iiiaaoe?eiei i?ioeanii o aeaeiaoaieo
aaeocyo i?iienei-aino?, noai?aii eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? iiai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?,
ui ni?yiiaaia ia caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a o
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiio eiiieaen? e?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aeoe/ia
cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia ?o iniia? ca
?i?oe?aoeaith aaoi?a i?aeaioiaeaii eiiieaeo iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?
?ino?oeoe?e, ye? noinothoueny ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe??
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o aaeoc?, ?ic?iaee ? aeeiiaiiy oe?eueiaeo
eiiieaenieo aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai, oi?ioaaiiy oe?i ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/io
i?iaeoeoe?th ? iineoae ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
caoiae?a IOI, ioe?iee aa?oino? iaeia aaeocaaeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
i?aai?caoe?e o i?ioean? ?o ei?ii?aoecaoe?? ? i?eaaoecaoe??.

Cacia/ai? aeieoiaioe caoaa?aeaeaii ea??aieie i?aa-iaie aaeoc?, oe?iei
oe?aaeiaaii, ? aiie aeei?enoiaothoueny i?aai?caoe?yie ? i?aei?e?inoaaie
aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae ca ?? iaaeaie.

Ia oe?e iniia? aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aaeeeo i?aai?-caoe?eio i?aeoe/io
?iaioo a /anoei? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? iaoee, inai?iiy i?ia?aiiiai i?aeoiaeo
aei oi?ioaaiiy ieai?a IAeAeE?, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a
o?iai-noaaiiy, oe?iiooai?aiiy, i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy, eiio?ieth,
o?aooaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ? o.i. Oei naiei c?iaeaii ia?o?
cia/i? e?iee aei ?aae?caoe?? iiai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?acoeueoaoe aeine?ae-aeaiue. A?i iieyaa? a
oiio, ui i?ae ea??aieoeoaii ? i?e aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? caeiaoaa/a
?ic?iaeaii a iaoiaee/iiio ieai? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii o i?aeoeeo a ianooaa?
aaeoc? i?ia?aiiee iaoiae oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith ae?yeuei?noth
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e a eiiieaen? c aeyaeaiiyi iaa?aeeeaaeieo
i??i?eoaoieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo, oi?ioaaiiyi ieai?a IAeAeE?, ae??oaiiyi
ii-iiaiio ieoaiue o?iainoaaiiy, oe?iiooai?aiiy, ia?eaoeiao, ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? iaoee ? ia oe?e iniia? aii?yaeeoaaiiyi ia?aae?, no?oeoo?e
oa aoiaeaeaiiy o ?eieia? a?aeiineie iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?aai?caoe?e
aaeoc? a oiiaao aino?iai aeao?oeeoo o?iainiaeo eioo?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? ? ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ? io?eiaee iiceoeai? a?aeaoee ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae? I?iaoaeai?iio, iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao ?inoeooo?a
Aeiiaoa?, aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? (i. Aeiiaoeuee) oa aaioaoi?/ii?
iaoai?ee (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee) IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaoe?iiaeue-ii? a??ie/i?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie I?iina?oe (i. Aei?i?i-iao?ianuee), A?aeae?eaiiy
aoa?eey, ai?th/eo neaioe?a ? oi?oo aeaaeai?? a??ie/eo iaoe Oe?a?ie (i.
Ee?a), i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? c i?e?iaeiioi?iiieo ? aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai oaoo (MEEI’99, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), ia eiioa?aioe?yo ?
?ino?oeoeaieo ia?aaeao ca o/anoth ea??aiee?a aeaaeai?/ieo ? aaeocaaeo
?inoeooo?a, oieaeeiaiaeo eiiiai?e, ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue ?
aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa, ui aoee i?iaaaeai? o 1994-1998 ??., a
oaeiae ia ?iai/eo ia?aaeao ea??aiee?a IOI a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo aaeoca-aeo i?ia?ai (OeEAI) ? a?aeai?o IAeAeE?
aeey aeeth/aiiy ?o o aaeocaa? ieaie a 1996-1998 ??.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o?e iiiia?ao?? (c ieo aea? aac
ni?aaaoi??a ianyaii 30,7 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa), 9 a?ioo?, 13 noaoae, a
oaeiae 8 ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a caaaeueiei ianyaii 129,51
ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa, c yeeo aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 69,14 ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa.
Ia?ae?e ioae?eaoe?e iaaaaeaii a nieneo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 6
?icae?e?a c aeniiaeaie, caaaeueiiai aeniiaeo, aeeeaaeaieo ia 370
noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, a oiio /ene? i?noeoue 25 ?enoie?a ? 39
oaaeeoeue ia 57 noi??ieao, a oaeiae nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 277
iaeiaioaaiue ia 28 noi??ieao.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

A aeena?oaoe?? caoeuathoueny aeiiii?/i? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii i?aei?e?inoa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae caniiaai? ia ieo iaoiaee/i? ? i?aai?caoe?ei? i?aeoiaee
aei oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?ca-oe?? iiai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee, yea
ni?yiiaaia ia e?ea?aeaoe?th e?eciaeo yaeu ? aeiiii?/iee i?aeeii aaeoc?.

?icae?e 1. Oaiaeaioe?? ci?ie oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ??aiy aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? ? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy. Ia?inoaiiy ca inoaii? ?iee
e?eciaeo yaeu a iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiio eiiieaen? iia’ycaii, aieiaiei
/eiii, c ??ceei nei?i/aiiyi ianya?a aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey, ui ? iane?aeeii
aaaaoueio oaoi?/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo i?e/ei.

A ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c noaio oaooiiai oiiaeo, oaoi?/iiai iniauaiiy
oaoo, aeeiai?ee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a aoa?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
? ci?ie no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth, yeee iieacaa ianooiia.

1. No/aniee iaaeoi caiouaiee noai oaooiiai oiiaeo Oe?a?ie iia’ycaiee c
oei, ui ii/eiath/e ua c 70-o ?ie?a caeeaaeaiiy iiaeo iiooaeiinoae aeey
aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey o ii??aiyii? c 60-ie ?ieaie ciaioeeinue iaeaea a 6
?ac?a.

Iniiaieie i?e/eiaie noa??iiy oaooiiai oiiaeo ? c?inoaiiy aeeaeie
?ic?iaee, oneeaaeiaiiy a??ie/iaai-eia?/ieo oiia, oaeaeea ae/a?iaiiy
caian?a aoa?eey a i?iaeoeoeaieo ieanoao ? ia oeueiio oii? cai?oaiiy
?ia?o c ?aeiino?oeoe?? oaoo.

2. Oaoi?/iee ?icaeoie aoa?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?yii iia’ycaiee c
i?enei?aiiyi IOI. Ia?ainiauaiiy oaoo Oe?a?ie a ae?oa?e iieiaei? 70-o ? a
80-o? ?iee oa?aeoa-?ecoaaeinue iaiaaeaieie eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiyie,
iinooii-aei a?aenoaaaiiyi ??aiy oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?e a?ae na?oiaeo
aeinyaiaiue ?, ye iane?aeie, ana a?eueoei iia??oaiiyi
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaeoi iaiaaeai? o?iainia? iiaeeeaino? aea?aeaae ?
aaeoc?, a 1993-1998 ??. aoei noai?aii aaaaoi aeae?a a??ie/ioaooiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy ? oaoiieia?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniei aeiiaai ?
aeiaaaeai? aei noaae?? i?aeaioiaee ?o oe?ieiianooaaiiai na??eiiai
aeioneo.

Iaeiae /a?ac a?aenooi?noue eioo?a o oaoo ? caaiae?a aoa?eueiiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy aaeeea e?euee?noue ?ic?iaie oe?aaeo?oueny ?
ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny a e?ioeaaiio ae?iaieoeoa? a iacia/ieo ianooaaao aai ?
cian?i ia oe?aaeo?oueny.

Noaiiaeua ?c aeei?enoaiiyi a??ie/i? oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?e iiaiai
oaoi?/iiai ??aiy ia aoa?eueieo oaooao Oe?a?ie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oei, ui
a no?oeoo?? ia?eo iniiaieo aeae?a a??ie/ioaooiiai iaeaaeiaiiy (AOI) iia?
caniae canoiniaothoueny a iaeeie/ieo aecaiiey?ao, aai cian?i a?aenooi?.

3. A?aei?/ai? iaaeie?ee a oaoi?/iiio ?icaeoeo oaoo iicia/aeenue, ia?o ca
ana, ia e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo oa?aeoa-?enoeeao ?o ?iaioe. Oea i?eaaei o
1990-1996 ??. aei ??ceiai cieaeaiiy caaaeueieo ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa a
on?o i?aeaaeocyo aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? (?en. 1), iaae?iiy ??aiy
i?iaeoeoea-iino? i?aoe? ?ia?oieea ii aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey (?en. 2) ?
ca?eue-oaiiy nia?aa?oino? ?yaeiaiai aoa?eey ? aoa?eueii? i?iaeoeoe?? a
ii??aiyeueieo oe?iao (?en. 3). O 1997-1998 ??. niinoa??aa-einue aeayea
iie?ioaiiy iniiaieo oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe aaeoc?. Oea, a
iniiaiiio, iia’ycaii c aieeaii i?aai?caoe?eiiai /eiieea, ine?eueee
?noioieo c?ooaiue o oaoi?/iiio ia?ainiauaii? oaoo ca oeae ia??iae ia
a?aeaoeinue. I?e/eie oeeo yaeu aeieeaaeii i?iaiae?ciaaii a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.

?en. 2. Na?aaeiueii?ny/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ?ia?oieea ii
aeaeiaooeo ia aoa?eueieo oaooao

?en. 3. Aeeiai?ea nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo ?yaeiaiai aoa?eey ii
I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie

C?inoaiiy nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey ? iaeiith c aieiaieo i?e/ei
??ceiai iia??oaiiy o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoa-o?a ae?yeueiino? aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?. Aac aea?aei?aeo?eiee a 1998 ?. na?aaei?e ??aaiue
caeoeiaino? neeaaeaa 17,2% (ca aioo??oi?ie ?eieiaeie oe?iaie). ?c 239
ae?th/eo oaoo (oaoi?/ieo iaeeieoeue) o?eueee 19 i?aoethaaee
?aioaaaeueii.

A ia?niaeoea? ?aioaaaeueia ?iaioa ae?th/eo oaoo, ui caeeoathoueny a
aenieoaoaoe??, ?o ainiiaea?nueea naiino?ei?noue iiaea aooe caaacia/aia,
a iniiaiiio, ca ?aooiie oaoi?/iiai ia?ainiauaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa,
aeeth/ath/e iaa?aeeeaaei? caoiaee a noa?? aaciaee i?aoe?, aeieia?? ?
oeyoii noai?i? aeiiii?? ?ano?n?a.

4. I?eeiyo? O?yaeii ??oaiiy i?i ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, aei
iiaoaeiae nioe?aeueii ci???ioiaaii? aaaaoi-oeeaaeii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
? eia?/iei ?ica’ycaiiyi i?iaeaie aoaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee
? ae?ia-ie/eo a?aeiinei, aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa.

A 1995-1996 ??. ii/aee cae?enithaaoenue aeoeai? caoiaee uiaei
ia?aoai?aiiy oi?i aeaniino?, no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy o aoa?euei?e
i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, ye? ?aaeaiaioiaai? oeacaie I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie,
iinoaiiaaie O?yaeo ? ??oaiiyie I?iaoaeai?iio.

Aei e?ioey 1998 ?. o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie aoei noai?aii 19
aea?aeaaieo oieaeeiaiaeo eiiiai?e c aeaei-aooeo ? ia?a?iaee aoa?eey.
I?iaeiaaeothoue oaeiae ooieoe?i-ioaaoe 6 ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue ? 17
naiino?eieo oaoo. ?ic-aeyaea?oueny ieoaiiy uiaei iiaeaeueoiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy oi-?aae?iiy aaeoccth oeyoii noai?aiiy aoa?eueieo
eiioea?i?a, aei neeaaeo yeeo ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeeth/eoe ii?yae c oaooaie
? caaaa/oaaeueieie oaa?eeaie oaoiieia?/ii iia’ycai? c ieie i?aei?e?inoaa
ianeoaiaoth/i? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.

Aaeaioaoe?y aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iio?aao? /ano ? ia?aeaae?o?eaoe??
ea??aieo eaae??a ? oao?aoe?a.

Iaeiae iaea?eueo? neeaaeiino? iieyaathoue a iaaeoi aaaeeiio o?iainiaiio
noai? aaeoc?, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?iiiaaoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue,
oaoi?/iee noai aoa?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, o?oaeia? a?aeiineie oiui.

Aeo?ae aaeoc? c oeueiai noaiiaeua, ye ? aea?aeaae a oe?eiio, aa/eoueny,
aieiaiei /eiii, ia oeyoo i?enei?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano,
iaooeeueiiai i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeoeaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee. ? ooo,
aacia?a/ii, ?eieia? a?aeiineie iathoue a?ae?a?aoe iia?e?coth/o ?ieue.

?icae?e 2. Iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ae?yeueiino? o
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? a ?ao?iniaeoea?; ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae.

1. Ieaioaaiiy iaoee, iniaeeai ia?niaeoeaia, ia ia?oeo aoaiao aoei
ianenoaiiei ? iaeiiieaeniei. ?? aeinyaiaiiy aoee ?acoeueoaoaie
ae?yeueiino? ?ic??ciaieo iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a ? ie?aieo o/aieo. I?ney
aea?aeaaieo ??oaiue i?i ia?ao?ae iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ia
aini?ic?aooieia? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy a e?ioe? 70-o ?ie?a aoei ?ic?iaeaii
iaoai?ci ia?niaeoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy ? noeioethaaiiy iaoee ia iniia?
oi?ioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oiiai ?iaeo i?ia?ai. Iaeiae oeae iaoai?ci iaa aaaaoi
iaaeie?e?a, ye? i?iaiae?ciaaii a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.

2. Aiae?c aeeiai?ee ?icaeoeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai iioaioe?aeo aaeoc? a
90-o ?ieao i?ney iaaoooy Oe?a?iith aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino? aeyaea
ieceo iaaaoeaieo oaiaeai-oe?e, ye? iia’ycai? c oaia??oiueith
aeiiii?/iith e?ecith a aea?aeaa? ? aaeoc?. Ia ii/aoie 90-o ?ie?a o
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie caa??any aaeeeee iaoeiaee iioaioe?ae
(oaae. 1).

Iaea?eueo noaa?eueiith aoea a?oia aaeocaaeo IOI. Ia e?iaoeue 1998 ?.
o?noue ?inoeooo?a aoei ei?ii?aoeciaaii, a ?aooo — caa?aaeaii ye
aeeeth/ii aea?aeaai? i?aai?caoe??. Inoaii?i /anii aaaeaoueny
i?eaaoecaoe?y aeayeeo ei?ii?aoe-ciaaieo ?inoeooo?a. Aoei oaeiae
i?iaaaeaii aioo??oith no?oeoo?io ia?aaoaeiao a aaeocaaeo ?inoeoooao ?
nei?i/aii iaeaea 20 a?aenioe?a iaoeiaeo, i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo
a?aeae?e?a ? eaai?aoi??e, ye? ia iaea?aeaee aea?aecaiiaeaiiy.

3. Ca inoaii? ?iee cia/ii nei?ioeeanue e?euee?noue i?aa-i?caoe?e IAI
Oe?a?ie, iaa/aeueieo ?inoeooo?a, i?aeaaeo-caaeo i?aai?caoe?e ?
i?aei?e?inoa, ?inoeooo?a ?ioeo aaeocae, a oaeiae eiia?oe?eieo
i?aai?caoe?e ? o??i, eio?? caeo/aeenue aei aeeiiaiiy aaeocaaiai ieaio
IAeAeE?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a 1996 ?. i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai iaoiaeo ae??oaiiy
neeaaeieo ae?iaie/eo, oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo
i?iaeai aaeoc? ia iniia? oi?ioaaiiy oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo aaeocaaeo
i?ia?ai aeicaieeei oii?yaeeoaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, cia/ii e?ea?aeoaaoe
ae??ai? oaie, aacia?niaeoeai? aai ia?aae/ani? iai?yiee IAeAeE?, ?o
aeoaethaaiiy.

I?ioa, ?aae?caoe?y i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai iaoiaeo i?e aeeiiaii? aaea
caieaiiaaieo i??i?eoaoieo IAeAeE? ?noioii no?eio?oueny aeao?oeeoii
eioo?a, yeee iino?eii c?inoa?. Caaaeueiee ianya oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai
o?iainoaaiiy oaeeo ?ia?o ca 1992-1998 ??. nei?ioeany a 9 ?ac?a.

4. Iacaaaeath/e ia ??cea nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? IAeAeE? ? ianya?a
o?iainoaaiiy, a 1998 ?. iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?ey-eanue noai?aiith
i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e ? cania?a ?ic?iaee aoa?eueieo ?iaeiaeu a
neeaaeieo a??ie/iaaieia?/ieo oiiaao ? ia aaeeeeo aeeaeiao.

Aaeeeo e?euee?noue ?ia?o ? eioo?a aoei iai?aaeaii ia i?iaeaie aaciaee
i?aoe? ? iaaeeoeeie, a oaeiae ia ?iaioe c iaoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy
eiiieaeno aeiiii?/ieo ? oi?aa-e?inueeeo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c
no?oeoo?iith ia?aaoaeiaith aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? a oe?eiio ?
aaeocaai? iaoee cie?aia.

5. O?iainia? o?oaeiiu? iaaaoeaii aieeioee ia eaae?iaee neeaae aaeocaaeo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?aai?caoe?e (?en.4).

Nei?i/aiiy eaae?iaiai neeaaeo a iaai?e i??? ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe
iaaaoeaiei /eiieeii, iaeiae, aeao?oeeo eioo?a, ui iai?aaeythoueny ia
iaoeo, iecueeee ??aaiue ? ianai?/ania aeieaoa ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ii?ooeee
i?e?iaeiee i?ioean caeo/aiiy ? i?aeaioiaee a ani??aioo?? ? aeieoi?aioo??
iieiaeeo iaoeiaeo eaae??a, aecaaee iaae?iiy i?anoeaeo iaoeiai? i?aoe?.

6. Aeina?ae ca?oa?aeieo aoaeaaeiaoaieo e?a?i a /anoei? i?aai?caoe??
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue i?i aaeeeo ??ciiiai?oi?noue
a?aeiia?aeieo oi?ioaaiue (a?ae iaeeo i?eaao-ieo aai a neeaae?
i?iieneiaeo no?oeoo? iaoeiaeo o??i aei aaeeeeo aea?aeaaieo ?
i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e). Aeoaea ??ciiiai?oieie ? ? iaoiaee caeo/aiiy
iaoee aei ae??oaiiy aaeocaaeo i?iaeai. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny aeiiii?/i?
i?eueae, caioi/aiiy i?aai?caoe?e ? ie?aieo o/aieo, /?oea iiaeaoeiaa
iie?oeea ? o.i. I?e oeueiio ne??cue a?aecia/a?oueny iaiao?aei?noue
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino? oeyoii ?iaanooaaiiy
iaoee.

A e?a?iao c ?icaeiooith ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith i?aeoeeo?oueny oi?ioaaiiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai, a oiio /ene? ? i?aeia?iaeieo, iai?eeeaae a
?aieao ?a?iiaenueeiai Nithco.

?en. 4. *enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a a iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?aai?caoe?yo
I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie o 1990 — 1998 ??.

Aaeeea cia/aiiy i?eae?ey?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio caaacia/aiith i?ia?ai ?
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue (cie?aia, /a?ac ?ioa?iao), ia ui aeo?a/athoueny
aaeee? eiooe.

Ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? iaoee iiaea aooe i?eeiyoiee ? o ian a
/anoei? i?ia?aiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?aeia?iaeii? eiiia?aoe??, niieo/aiiy aeniei?
eiioeaio?aoe?? iaoeiaeo nee c o/anoth ae??aieo eiia?oe?eieo o??i ? a?oi
o/aieo, oe?ieiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy iaoee, a?eueo ae?eiai?
nenoaie i?euea ? caioi/aiue ? o.i.

?icae?e 3. Eiioeaiooaeuei? ieoaiiy oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei
?icaeoeii aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? aaeoc?.

1. Aea?aeaaia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie ia?aaeaa/a?
ia?ai???ioaoe?th an?o a?aeiia?aeieo i?ia?ai ia ae??oaiiy ia?oi/a?aiaeo
i?iaeai ? caaaeaiue, ye? ni?yiiaaii ia caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa e?a?ie a
iniiaieo noa?ao aeiiii?ee. Na?aae aaaaoueio iaoe?iiaeueieo i??i?eoao?a
ne?ae a?aecia/eoe e?eoe/i? ? aenie? oaoiieia?? aia?aicaaacia/aiiy,
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, aaciaee i?aoe?, ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua,
ye? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c i?iaeaiaie ?icaeoeo aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?.

?ic?iaeaia a 1993 ?. i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a “Eiioeaioe?y oi?aae?iiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie” ia
oaia??oi?e /an aeiaaa? nooo?ai? ia?a?iaee ye a i?eioeeiiaiio
a?aeiioaii?, oae ? a /anoei? aeaoaeueiiai aeeeaaeo ? iiaeaiiy o aeaeyae?
?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? caciaee iiaiai ia?ainie-neaiiy ? aeaoaeueii?
i?i?iaee a iaoiaee/iiio, i?aai?ca-oe?eiiio, o?iainiaiio ? i?aaiaiio
a?aeiioaiiyo oae? iniiai? ieoaiiy:

?ieue aea?aeaae o aeai?? iaa?aeeeaaeieo i??i?eoaoieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo,
aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai; iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?o
iaa?oiooaaiiy;

i?aai?caoe?y aaeocaaeo IAeAeE?, ni?yiiaaieo ia ae??-oaiiy i??i?eoaoieo
i?iaeai ia iniia? i?ia?aiiiai i?aeoiaeo;

aaeaioaoe?y ia?aae?, aioo??oi?o oi?i ? no?oeoo? iaoei-ai-aeine?aeieo,
i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?inoeooo?a ? ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?e aei oiia
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ui ?icaeaathoueny;

?ic?iaea ?iaanoeoe?eii? ? oe?iiai? iie?oeee a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e noa??;

iaoiaee/ia, i?aaiaa ? ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
iie?oeee, yea i?iaiaeeoueny a aaeoc?;

?iaeeeaoeaiee i?aeo?ae ea??aiiai aaeocaaiai i?aaio aei oi?aae?iiy
oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?.

Ia ?en. 5 a noaiaoe/iiio aeaeyae? iaaaaeaii iiceoe?? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
(iaiaaeaeiaioo) ?iiiaaoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?
Oe?a?ie.

2. I?eioeeiiaei ? oa iieiaeaiiy, ui aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue – oea
aaciaa aaeocue; oi?aae?iiy ?? oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii ia? cae?enithaaoenue c
aeaiaioaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?e noai?iio aeio?eiaii? caeii?a
Oe?a?ie.

A?aoiaoth/e neeaaeia o?iainiaa noaiiaeua aaeoc? ? aea?aeaae, e?euee?noue
iaa?aeeeaaeieo ia?oi/a?aiaeo i??i?e-oaoieo i?iaeai ? a?aeiia?aei?
?iaanoeoe?? a ?o ?ic?iaeo noai?i iaiaaeothoueny.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ? oaoi?/i? i??i?eoaoe aecia/athoueny c o?aooaaiiyi ?o
iaa?aeeeaaeiino?, ?ano?nieo iaiaaeaiue, iiae-eeainoae iaoee, aoa?eueiiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, ?aaeueieo iio?aa ae?iaieoeoaa. Ca ?i?oe?aoeaith aaoi?a
?o aoei ?ic?ia-eaii ia ia?niaeoeao (10-15 ?ie?a) ? ia iaeaeeae/? 2-3
?iee.

3. Ia?ae?e iaa?aeeeaaeieo i??i?eoaoieo i?iaeai, ye? i?ieoee aenia?oeco,
iiaea aooe eaae?o?eiaaii ye ia?niaeoeaio aea?aeaaio (aaeocaao) i?ia?aio
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?. Oaea i?ia?aia
iineoue ocaaaeueithth/ee oa?aeoa? ? iio?aao? aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy ca iaeii??aeieie iai?yieaie oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo
aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai, eiaeia ?c yeeo iiaeiia, a naith /a?ao, i?noeoe
ia?ae?e eiie?aoieo IAeAeE?, ui ca nai?i ci?noii a?aeiia?aeathoue
oaiaoe/i?e ni?yiiaaiino? OeEAI.

Ii?yaeie oi?ioaaiiy OeEAI, ?o ?aae?caoe??, a oaeiae ooieoe??
i?aai?caoe?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ca aeeiiaiiy i?ia-?ai ? ie?aieo
IAeAeE?, aeaoaeueii ?ic?iaeaii a aeena?oaoe??.

4. Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiai? aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee iinoaaea aino?o
i?iaeaio aoiaeaeaiiy a oeae i?ioean iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? noa?e ye
iaa?ae’?iii? neeaaeiai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a noni?euenoa?
? ia’?eoeaii aenoioa caaea/o ?ic?iaee iiaeaeae oi?aae?iiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie i?aai?caoe?yie, aeeth/ath/e ye aioo??oi? iaoai?cie,
oae ? ca’ycee c ?eieiaeie ? ia?eieiaeie na?aaeiaeuaie.

Aiae?c ia?aaaa ? iaaeie?e?a oeeo iiaeaeae iieacaa, ui ia aeaiiio aoai?
iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei ? noai?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy
«IOI-aoa?eey».

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueio noaio o/ano? aea?aeaaieo ?
i?eaaoeciaaieo IOI, a oaeiae iaoeiaiai ia’?aeiaiiy a oi?ioaaii? ?
?aae?caoe?? aaeocaai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee.

5. Aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaia oi?ioaaiiy oe?i ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/io
i?iaeoeoe?th iaiao?aeia aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano a
aaeoc?, a oaeiae aeey ioe?iee ia’?eo?a ?ioaeaeooaeueii? aeaniino? (I?A)
iaoeiai-oaoi?/-ieo i?aai?caoe?e i?e ?o i?eaaoecaoe?? ? ooieoe?iioaaii? a
?eieiaiio na?aaeiaeu?. I?e oeueiio a?aoiao?oueny iiaa nenoaia o?iainiaeo
aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae an?ia o/anieeaie ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, yea
caniiaaia ia e?oeaic?eieo aeiai-ai?ao ? iiaa?iaii? aneaioaaiue, ui
a?aeia?aaeaii ia ?en. 6.

6. I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeiinei a noa?? ?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ui
caniiaaia ia ?yae? caeii?a Oe?a?ie ? aoiaeeoue a ci?no “Iieiaeaiiy i?i
aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai oiiaeo iicaathaeaeaoieo eioo?a oe?eueiaiai
i?ecia/aiiy I?iaoaea-i?iio Oe?a?ie aeey o?iainoaaiiy IAeAeE?”, aoei
aia?oa aaaaeaii o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?. I?eioeeiia? onoaiia-ee
oeueiai Iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeeth/athoue nenoaio cai?ioiiai o?iainoaaiiy ?
e?oeaic?ei? a?aeiineie, caniiaaii ia aeine?aeaeaiiyo, i?iaaaeaieo a
aeai?e aeena?oaoe??.

7. Iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano iathoue cae?enithaaoe
i?ia?aei? IAe? aaeoc? ? IAI Oe?a?ie i?ae ea??aieoeoaii I?i?noa?noaa.
Ia?oueny ia oaac? noai?aiiy ? nai?/ania iiiiaiaiiy aaieo ii?iaoeaieo,
?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?aai?caoe?e, ae?iaie/eo i?aei?e?inoa ? eiiiai?e,
ye? caeiathoueny ieoaiiyie oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
iie?oeee.

Ia oaia??oi?e /an aeey aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ca iniiaieie
?ic?iaeaie aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaioiaeaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii 8
?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a, ia?ae?e yeeo iaaaaeaii o nieneo
i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

Cacia/ai? ?ic?iaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey i?aeoe/ii?
?aae?caoe?? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue cai?iii-iiaaii? Eiioeaioe??.

8. A oiiaao ?eieiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia??ai? c i?aai?caoe??th a
aaeoc? ?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? iaaea?oueny aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii aaciina?aaeiuei ia eiie?aoieo
i?aei?e?inoaao aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeaoaeueii ?icaeyiooi nenoaio naii?aao-ethaaiiy
oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa.

?icae?e 4. Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy nenoa-ie oi?aae?iiy oaoi?/iei
?icaeoeii i?aei?e?inoa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?. A ?icae?e?
i?iiiiothoueny aeaoae?-ciaai? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aeeiiaiiy
iniiaieo caoiae?a, ui iia’ycai? c ?ic?iaeith ? ?aae?caoe??th iiai?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?.

1. Aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?yiiaaii, a iniiaiiio, ia ?ao?iniaeoeao ?
no/anio oaoi?/io iniauai?noue aoa?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iathoue ca iaoo
aeyaeaiiy i??i?eoaoieo i?iaeai, aecia/aiiy “aocueeeo i?noeue” ?
neoaeaoue aacith aeey oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie. Oe?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia??iaee/ii aeeiiothoue i?ia?aei? aaeocaa? IOI.
I?aai?caoe?eia noaia a?aeai?o i??i?eoao?a, aecia/aiiy ia?ae?eo
oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai ? i?ia?aeieo ?inoeooo?a,
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca ?o oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?th, iaaaaeaia a
aeena?oaoe??.

2. Oi?ioaaiiy OeEAI cae?eniththoue i?ia?aei? ca i?ia?a-iaie iaoeia?
i?aai?caoe??, eio?? i?ecia/athoueny i?i?noa?-noaii ia iniia? eiieo?niiai
a?aeai?o ?c /enea aea?aeaaieo aai aei/??i?o IOI a neeaae? iaoeiaiai
ia’?aeiaiiy. Aiie cae?eniththoue aenia?oiee a?aea?? IAeAeE? o neeaae?
OeEAI. A ooieoe?? i?ia?aeieo ?inoeooo?a, aieiaieo ?ic?iaiee?a ?
ni?aaeeiiaaoe?a IAeAeE? aoiaeyoue i?aeaioiaea oaoi?/ieo caaaeaiue,
ioi?ieaiiy aeiaiai??a ? e?oeaic?eieo oaiae, aeiii-i?/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy,
ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?io-aaiiy oe?i, i?aai?caoe?y o?iainoaaiiy
OeEAI ? o.i. Aeaoaeueii ooieoe?? ?ic?iaiee?a OeEAI, oi?ie, ci?no ?
ii?yaeie neea-aeaiiy aeieoiaio?a ?aaeaiaioiaaii iaoiaee/ieie
aeac?a-eaie, ui i?aeaioiaeaii ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeaii? aeena?oaoe??.

3. A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ? aecia/aii i?eioeeiia? iniaeeaino? ia?eaoeiaiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue a aaeocaaeo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo. Aiie
iathoue aooe ea??aiith eaieith a ?iiiaaoe?eiiio i?ioean? i?e oi?ioaaii?
i?ia?ai, aecia/aii? ia?ae?eo ia?niaeoeaieo IAeAeE?, iioei?caoe?? OeEAI,
ioe?ioe? ?o iioaioe?eii? aoaeoeaiino?.

Ooieoe?iiaeueio noaio ia?eaoeiao ia iniiaieo aoaiao noai?aiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? iiai? oaoi?ee iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 7.

Aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi ? noai?aiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo neoaea a neeaae? IOI, ia
eaaeo/e aaea i?i caaiaee aoa?eueiiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, ? caaacia/aiiy ?o
aeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? a no?aoaa?/ieo ieoaiiyo oi?aae?iiy ?iiiaaoe?eiei
i?i-oeanii.

4. A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? i?aeoiaee ? oe?oiiai? iaoiaee
aecia/aiiy ?iaeaen?a ?ioeyoe?? aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a c iaoith
iiaeeeaino? ?o ni?anoaaeaiiy ? ioe?iee ?aaeueii? aeeiai?ee.

?ic?iaeaii iao?eoeth ?iaeaen?a ?ioeyoe?? aeo?ao ia IAeAeE? ca 1992-1998
??., yeo iaaaaeaii a aeena?oaoe??.

5. Ioe?iea aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ? eeth/iaei aoaiii ?ic?iaee ??cieo
ainiiaea?nueeeo ??oaiue ia an?o ??aiyo ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?. A
?iiiaaoe?eiiio i?ioean? oaea ioe?iea ia? cae?enithaaoenue a?ae
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aei i?aeoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoaiiy
iiaiaaaaeaiue ia eiie?aoieo i?aei?e?inoaao.

A Oe?a?i? aae aei ia?oi? iieiaeie 90-o ?ie?a i?ae-i?e?inoaa ?
i?aai?caoe?? aaeoc? ei?enooaaeenue “A?aiaiiuie iaoiaee/aneeie
?aeiiaiaeaoeeyie ii eiiieaeniie ioeaiea ia?ii?eyoee IOI a oaieueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe”, ui aoee ?ic?iaeai? OeIAeA?aoa?eey (i. Iineaa) ?
iioae?eiaai? a 1990 ?. Iaeiae oeae aeieoiaio iaa nooo?a? iaaeie?ee ye a
oai?aoe/iiio, oae ? a i?aeoe/iiio a?aeiioaiiyo.

I?eioeeiia? ieoaiiy eiai iiiaeaiiy ? i?ea’ycee aei no/anieo oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeeiiaii a aeai?e ?iaio?.

Ia oe?e iniia? aoei ?ic?iaeaii, caoaa?aeaeaii ? oe?iei ?icoe?aaeiaaii
nii/aoeo oei/ania? (a 1994 ?.), a iio?i (a 1995 ?.) inoaoi/i?
“Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
ia?ii?eyoee iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe».

6. Iaoai?ci aecia/aiiy aeiaia??ii? oe?ie ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/io
i?iaeoeoe?th Oeae iieyaa? a ii??aiyii? a?aie/ieo oe?i Oei ? Oea ?
?iciiae?eo ??/iiai aoaeoo A?, yeee ooai?th?oueny a e?ioeaaiio
ae?iaieoeoa? i?ioyaii ia??iaeo aenieoaoaoe?? ae?iao Oa c o?aooaaiiyi
/anoee ?, yea iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaieeai (aeeth/ath/e ?iaanoi?a) ?
niiaeeaa/o (1 — ?). Oe? /anoee aecia/athoueny ?c canoinoaaiiyi
niaoe?aeueii? oeaee, yea a?aoiao? o?oaeiaee ? oai?/ee aianie eiaeiiai
o/anieea, aai ae ia aeiaia??ieo canaaeao.

??/iee aoaeo, ui i?aeeyaa? ?iciiae?eo, aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

A? = , a?i., (1)

a aeiaia??ia oe?ia, ui aenoiooa ye i?iiiceoe?y i?e cae?eniaii? aeoo
eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo, ca oi?ioeith:

Oeae = Oei (1 — ?) + Oea ? , a?i. (2)

Noie e?oeaic?eieo ieaoaae?a (Sj), ye? ia?aaeathoueny j-i ?ic?iaieeai,
aecia/athoueny /anoeith a?ae noie, iiaa?iooi? ?iaanoi?o ? anoaiiaeaii?
ca aeiaiai?ii:

Sj = N , a?i., (3)

Bj– aeo?aoe j-ai ?ic?iaieea, a?i.;kij– eiao?oe??ioe ?ioeyoe??;Ap–
iioaioe?eiee ianya aeioneo ae?iao, iae.;T– ia??iae na??eiiai aeioneo
ae?iao, ?ie?a;N– e?euee?noue ?aae?ciaaieo ae?ia?a i?ioyaii cae?eniaiiy
e?oeaic?eieo ieaoaae?a, iae.;– /anoea e?oeaic?eieo ieaoaae?a, ui
iaeaaeaoue ?ic?iaieeai, /anoee iae.Io?eiaiee a e?ioeaaiio ae?iaieoeoa?
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo (i?e??no i?eaooeo I) ?iciiae?ey?oueny i?ae
?ic?ia-ieeaie ? niiaeeaa/aie a?aeiia?aeii aei ?o /anoee j ca oi?ioeith:

Ij = Ep j Te , a?i. (4)

A aeaoae?ciaaiiio aeaeyae? cai?iiiiiaaiee a aeena?oaoe?? iaoai?ci
ooai?aiiy oe?i, ?iciiae?eaiiy ieaoaae?a ? aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eaooeo
aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye?
aeo?eiaee aeaa aeaeaiiy (1993 ? 1995 ??.), oe?iei ?icoe?aaeiaai? ?
aeiaaaeai? aei an?o aaeocaaeo i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e.

7. Aeeeaaeaiee iaoai?ci oe?iiooai?aiiy iieeaaeaii a iniiao aeaoaeueii?
(cai?noue oe?oiiaii?) ioe?iee aa?oino? ia’?eo?a ?ioaeaeooaeueii?
aeaniino? (I?A) aaeocaaeo IOI i?e ?o ei?ii?aoecaoe?? (i?eaaoecaoe??).
Aeiaeaoeiai a?aoiaaii eiao?oe??io aioiaiino? ?ic?iaee ? no?ie na??eiiai
aeioneo ae?iao, yeee caeeoeany ia iiiaio ioe?iee. A?aeiia?aei?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeei?enoaii i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaoiaee/iiai aeieoiaioa,
caoaa?aeaeaiiai I?iaoaeai?iiii ? Oiiaeii aea?aeaaiiai iaeia Oe?a?ie.

8. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui o?iainoaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano ia? a?oiooaaoeny ia aacoiiai?e aeiiii?/i?e a?aeaea/?
iiaiaaaaeaiue ? ia ia?ao aaainiaaieo eioo?a c ?o ia?iuoaaiiyi o /an?.

Aeaea?aeaie o?iainoaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano o aoa?euei?e
i?iieneiaino? ?: athaeaeao, aaeocaaee ?iiiaaoe?e-iee oiiae, e?aaeeoe
aaie?a, aeani? eiooe (iaeiie/aiiy) aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa. Ia?a eioo?a
(?en. 6) caaacia/o?oueny caaaeyee nenoai? cai?ioiiai o?iainoaaiiy. ?ioei
aeaea?a-eii o?iainoaaiiy ? i?enei?aia aii?oecaoe?y aeoeaieo
i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a. Iniiaieie ? iaoiae noie ?ie?a ? iaoiae
iiieaeath/iai caeeoeo. Iai?eeeaae, noia aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue A
i?e iiaeai?i?e noaaoe? neeaaea? a /a?aiaiio ?ioe?:

Ai+1 = 2Na (C — wmetafile8? ??TH????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??????uAy??????aea Na– ii?ia aii?oecaoe?? i?e ??aiii??iiio
nienaii?, /anoee, iae.; N– ii/aoeiaa aa?o?noue ia’?eoa, ia yeee
cae?enith-thoueny aii?oecaoe?ei? ia?aooaaiiy, a?i.; wmetafile8?
??TH???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? AA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??????uAy??????Aeacaiee iaoiae noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
?ioaineaiiai iiiaeaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy, ui noeioeth? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee
i?ia?an.

9. I?e oi?ioaaii? oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo aaeocaaeo i?ia?ai aaaeeeaiai
cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue i?iaiici? ioe?iee ?o aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a a
ia?niaeoea?. Iaea?eueo i?eeiyoieie na?aae iaoiae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ?
?iaeaia?ii-aeiiii?/i? iaoiaee, ui aeicaieythoue a?aoiaoaaoe
aaciina-?aaei?e aieea ia ?acoeueoaoeai? iieacieee ae?iaieoeoaa
eiie?aoieo i?ia?ai ? ie?aieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ?ic?i-aie. Iai?eeeaae, a
j-io ?ioe? ca caaaeaieie ?acoeueoaoaie ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?ai i/?eo?oueny
??/ia aeiiii?y c nia?aa?oino? An, a ??aaiue aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey – Ae, oi
cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oi-no? ii??aiyiii c aaciaei ?ieii neeaaea?:

N = , a?i/o. (6)

I?e oeueiio oa?i?i ieoiiino? Oi aeiaeaoeiaeo eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao E ca
oeeie i?ia?aiaie neeaaea?:

Oi = , ?ie?a. (7)

?icae?e 5. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?ai oaoi?/iiai
?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ia aoaeaaei-aoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao. Aea?aeaaia
?aaoethaaiiy ? o?iai-niaa i?aeo?eiea ae?yeueiino? aoa?eueieo
i?aei?e?inoa, yea c /anii ia? nei?i/oaaoeny, ia ca?eueiy? ?o a?ae
naiino?eii? oai?/i? ?iaioe a aaeoc? oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ?
aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai ??aiy ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

I?ia?aia oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa (O?A) oaoo ? ?ic??c?a ? iaeiei
c aaaeeeaeo aeieoiaio?a, ui aeoea?cothoue ae?iaie/o ae?yeuei?noue
aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?ae-i?e?inoa. Oiio aiia ia? oi?ioaaoeny c
aeia?aaeaeaiiyi a?aeiinii caaaeueii? i?ia?aie ae?iaieoeoaa ?
a?aoiaoaaoenue i?e ?? neeaaeaii? oa caoaa?aeaeaii?, iniaeeai a /anoei?
aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a.

Iaiao?aeia, ia?o ca ana, ia?ai???ioaoe?y oaoo ia iiaio naiino?ei?noue a
iaeaaiaeaeaii? ai?eciioaeueieo ca’yce?a c noi?aeieie ae?iaieoeoaaie,
i?aai?caoe?yie, ui cae?eniththoue o?iainoaaiiy, iinoa/aiiy, oa ?ioeie.
Oaeo ae naiino?e-i?noue ? ca?ioa?aniaai?noue oaooe iathoue aeyaeyoe a
ioe?ioe? oaeoe/ieo aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie.

Oaoiieia?y i?ia?aiiiai oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/-iei ?icaeoeii
aoaeaaeiaoaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa iaaaaeaia ia ?en. 8.

Iaoiaee aeeiiaiiy ie?aieo aoai?a ? aeae?a ?ia?o aeieeaaeii ?icaeyiooi a
aeena?oaoe??.

O i??o inai?iiy iiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy i?ae-i?e?inoaa ana iaioa
iiaeooue ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia aaciiai-?ioi? aea?aeaaia aai aaeocaaa
o?iainoaaiiy oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa. O aeiaaeeo, eiee oaooa
aaaea? io?eiaoe e?aaeeo aaieo ia aoaeue-yeee aei?iaee cao?ae, e?aaeeoi?,
cae/aeii, aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee a?cian-ieaio, yeee iaa?oioiao? aoaeoeai?noue
?iaanoeoe?e, iiaa?iaiiy e?aaeeoo a iaoiiaeaiee oa?i?i ? aa?aioiaai?
ieaoaae? ii iueiio.

Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?ai O?A ?ic?iaeaii c
?i?oe?aoeae aaoi?a ? i?e eiai aaciina?aaei?e o/ano?, caoaa?aeaeaii,
oe?iei oe?aaeiaaii ? aeiaaaeaii aei an?o aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa
Oe?a?ie, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue ?o a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

?icae?e 6. Aecia/aiiy ?ici???a ieaoaae?a aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa ca
?ioaeaeooaeuei? iineoae c aieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ? ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?e.
Aea?aeaaieie caeiiaie, iinoaiiaaie O?yaeo, a oaeiae aeieoiaioaie, ui
?aaeaiai-oothoue aaciaeo ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a, ioi?iio i?aoe?, ioi?iio
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? o.?i., anoaiiaeaii ii?yaeie iaia’yceiai?
iiia?aaeiuei? aenia?oece i?iaeoii? ? eiino?oeoi?nueei? aeieoiaioaoe??,
eiio?ieth noaio ae?th/iai iaeaaeiaiiy, ia’?eo?a ae?iaie/iai
i?ecia/aiiy, oaoiiei-a?/ieo i?ioean?a, aoae?aaeue, nii?oae ? ?ioa.
Iiae?ai? ?ioaeaeooaeuei? iineoae iathoue iaia’yceiaee oa?aeoa?.

?ioee aeae ?ioaeaeooaeueieo iineoa ia? oa?aeoa? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
aeiiiiiae i?aei?e?inoaai ? ia ? iaia’yceiaei.

A ?iaio? aeeiiaii aiae?c ?ioaeaeooaeueieo iineoa, ui aoee iaaeai?
aoa?eueiei i?aei?e?inoaai ? i?aai?caoe?yi a 1996-1997 ??., ? cae?eniaii
?o eeaneo?eaoe?th. Aiae?c na?ae/eoue i?i iaaei??ii aaeeeee ?ica?a aeaieo
c o?oaeiaeo ? aa?o?nieo aeo?ao iaa?oue aeey iaeii??aeieo aeae?a iineoa
oa a ?yae? aeiaaee?a i?i yaia caaeuaiiy oe?i a?aeiinii na?aaei?o
?ici???a aeo?ao.

A iaea?eueo caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? oe?ia ?ioaeaeooaeueii? iineoae
aecia/a?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi aeo?ao aeeiiaaoe?a ? aeiiii?/ieo
?acoeueoao?a i?aei?e?inoa-niiaeeaa/?a.A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii ni?iuaio
oi?ioeo ? iao?eoeth aeo?ao.

sseui a ?acoeueoao? ?aae?caoe?? caoiaeo, a?aeiia?aeiiai iaaeai?e
iineoc?, ia i?aei?e?inoa? a?aenooi?e aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, oi oe?ia iineoae
Oei aei??aith? aeo?aoai aeeiiaaoe?a Ai, oiaoi:

Oei = Ai , a?i. (8)

I?e iayaiino? ia i?aei?e?inoa? aoaeoo (ca ieaiiaeie ?ic?aooieaie) aei
aeo?ao ia iineoao aeiaea?oueny /anoea aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo, ui iaeaaeeoue
?ic?iaieeai:

Oei = Ai +( Oea — Ai) ? , a?i., (9)

aea Oea – aa?oiy iaaea oe?ie ?ic?iaee (iineoae), ui caaacia/o?
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo.

Ae?o/ea ca iineoao c o?aooaaiiyi aoaeoo aai aac iueiai ?iciiae?ey?oueny
i?ae ?ic?iaieeaie, aeeth/ath/e i?aaie eiio?ieth ? iaaeyaeo, i?iii?oe?eii
?o aeo?aoai.

Ia iniia? iaaaaeaieo iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a ?ic?iaeaii ? caoaa?aeaeaii
ea??aiee ii?iaoeaiee aeieoiaio «Iineoae ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o,
anoaiiaeaiiy ?ici???a ieaoa-ae?a. Iaoiaeeea».

Aeniiaee

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee io?eiaoe aeniiaee oai?aoe/iiai,
iaoiaeieia?/iiai oa iaoeiai-i?eeeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Iniiai? c ieo oae?:

1. Aeo?ae c e?ece a iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiio eiiieaen? e?a?ie iiaea aooe
aeinyaiooee aaea o oaia??oi?e /an eeoa ca ?aooiie noaa?e?caoe?? ?iaioe
aoa?eueii? aaeoc?, a a iae-aeeae/?e ia?niaeoea? — ca ?aooiie ?icaeoeo ye
ia’?iieo, oae ?, aieiaiei /eiii, aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ?? i?aei?e?inoa.

2. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ??aiy aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?, ?? ae?iaie/iai oa iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo, oaiaeaioe?e ?o
ci?ie a ?ao?iniaeoea? aeicaieea ia o?eueee i?inoaaeeoe ?o ?oo aei
no/aniiai e?eciaiai noaio, aea e aeyaeoe /eneaii? i?e/eie oeueiai yaeua.

3. Cae?eniai? a 1996-1998 ??. caoiaee uiaei ?ano?oeoo-?ecaoe??
oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth, ei?ii?aoecaoe?? ?? i?aei?e?inoa oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy
oaooiiai oiiaeo aea?eueiythoue ?i?oe?aoeao i?aei?e?inoa ? ia’?aeiaiue
(eiiiai?e) ? aeicaieythoue ca ?aooiie cae?eooy ia?aioaaaeueieo
ae?iaieoeoa iie?ioeoe na?aaei? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ii aaeoc? a
oe?eiio. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio iaa?yae /e iiaeeeaa oaeaeea aeiiii?/ia
c?inoaiiy, ine?eueee a?eueo?noue oaoo oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oaoi?/iith
a?aenoae?noth ? aeiiii?/iith ianoaa?euei?noth.

4. Iniiaiith eaieith, ca aeiiiiiaith yei? iiaeeeai “?ica’ycaoe” aocie
noia?a/eeaeo ianoaaei, ui no?eiothoue ?icaeoie aaeoc? i?e aino??e
ianoa/? o?iain?a, ? oaoi?/iee i?ia?an, i?enei?aiiy yeiai iiaeiii ? iiaea
aooe caaacia/aii a oiiaao aeeaiei? o?iainiai? e?ece aaeoc? ? aea?aeaae a
oe?eiio. Aeey oeueiai, ye iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia? aooe noi?iiaaia ?
aaaaeaia a ae?th i?eioeeiiai iiaa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ?
aaeoc?. ?ic?iaoe? a?aeiia?aeii? eiioeaioe??, ?? aeaoae?caoe?? oa
i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaiith aoee i?enay/ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiaoaa/a o
1992 — 1998 ??.

5. Eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? iiai?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? iieyaathoue, ia?o ca
ana, a iia?e?caoe?? coneeue iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oa
i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo i?aai?caoe?e ? i?aei?e?inoa aoa?eueiiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ia ae??oaiiy iaa?aeeeaaeieo i??i?eoaoieo i?iaeai
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aaeoc? i?e noai??e aeiiii?? oa
aeioe?eueiiio aeo?a/aii? eioo?a.

Ia aac? aecia/aieo i??i?eoao?a ?aae?co?oueny i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaee
i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy aaeocaaiai ieaio IAeAeE?, i?aai?caoe?? iaoee ?
?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano a oe?eiio.

6. Eiioeaioe?y aecia/a? i?eioeeiia? i?aeoiaee aei ??oaiiy oeeo aaaeeeaeo
i?iaeai. Na?aae oaeeo i?aeoiae?a – ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
i?aai?caoe?e ? aaeaioa-oe?y ?o aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei; iia? (ia
cai?ioi?e iniia?) i?eioeeie o?iainoaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano;
?aaoeth-aaiiy oe?i ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?iaeoeoe?th c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a ?? ?ic?iaiee?a, aeaioiaethaa/?a, nii-aeeaa/?a, a
oaeiae ?iaanoi??a; i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy iaoei-ai-oaoi?/ii? iie?oeee, ui
cae?enith?oueny a aaeoc? ? o. ?i.

7. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iiai? eiioeaioe?? caaacia/aii iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iith
oa ?ino?oeoeaiith i?i?iaeaie. Aeey oeueiai aoei ?ic?iaeaii,
caoaa?aeaeaii, aeiouaii oa aeiaaaeaii aei an?o i?aai?caoe?e ?
i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc? oe?ieee ia?ae?e ?ino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo
aeieoiaio?a, aeaoae?coth/eo anth aeiiii?/io ae?yeuei?noue, ui iia’ycaia
c ?aae?caoe??th iiai? eiioeaioe??. Oaeo iaoiaee/io i?aeaioiaeo a 1993
-1998 ??. aoei i?iaaaeaii c ?i?oe?aoeae, i?ae ea??aieoeoaii ? i?e
aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?a.

8. Na?aae iaeaaaeeea?oeo ??oaiue ? caoiae?a, oaea ai?iaaaeaeaieo aai
caieaiiaaieo aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe, iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe ianooii?:

cae?enith?oueny ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie
i?aai?caoe?yie;

ai?iaaaeaeaii i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaee i?aeo?ae aei i?aai?caoe?? aaeocaai?
iaoee oeyoii oi?ioaaiiy OeEAI, ui a?oioothoueny ia a?aeai??
iaa?aeeeaaeieo i??i?eoaoieo i?iaeai ? eiie?aoieo IAeAeE?, ye? aeeth/aii
a oe?eueia? i?ia?aie. Iiae?aiee i?aeo?ae aaea a 1997 ?. aeicaieea ??cei
nei?ioeoe aeoaethth/o oaiaoeeo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaeiaoaeoeai?
aeo?aoe ia IAeAeE? c aea?aeaaieo ? aaeocaaeo oiiae?a, i?ae?eoe aei
aii?yaeeoaaiiy aioo??oiuei? oa ciai?oiuei? no?oeoo?e IOI;

aaaaeaii ye iaia’yceia? /?oe? iaoiaee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?acoeueoao?a
aaeocaaeo IAeAeE?, a oaeiae iaoiaee ?aaoethaaiiy aeiaia??ieo oe?i ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?iaeoeoe?th;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiae cai?ioiiai o?iainoaaiiy IAeAeE? ia iniia? e?oeaic?eieo
aeiaiai??a ? oaiae, ui aeicaiey? caaeiaieue-ieoe aeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane
?iaanoi??a, ?ic?iaiee?a, ae?ia-iee?a iiaeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? ?o
niiaeeaa/?a;

?aaeaiaioiaaii iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui an? aoaie IAeAeE? iathoue
noi?iaiaeaeoaaoeny ia?eaoeiaiaeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie. Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee aac
oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue i?ecaanoe, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a aaea
i?ecaaee aei ia?iiai aeo?a/aiiy eioo?a;

ai?iaaaeaeaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c oi?ioaaiiy ??/ieo i?ia?ai
oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa aoaea-aeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoa an?o oi?i
aeaniino?, ye? oe?iei ieie aeei?enoiaothoueny;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy oe?ie ?ioaeaeooaeueieo iineoa
i?aei?e?inoaai c aieo IOI ? i?aai?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aaeyiiy oa
eiio?ieth.

9. Oe?ieee eiiieaen iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ? iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie,
aeeiiaieo a i?ioean? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ? aacith aeey
aeiei??iii? ia?aaoaeiae ?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? o aoa?euei?e aaeoc?,
ui ni?yiiaaia ia i?enei?aiiy aeoiaeo ?? c e?eciaiai noaio. Caeiaoaa/
aa?a o/anoue a i?aai?caoe?ei?e ?iaio? I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie c
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo iei aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aecia/athoue iia? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoiaee aei ae??oaiiy
i?iaeai oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino?.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 33 iaoeiaeo i?aoe?.

Na?aae ieo iaeaaaeeea?o?:

1. Eaaaiia A.E. Yeiiiie/aneea iaoiaeu oi?ie?i-aaiey e ?aaeecaoeee
ainoaea?noaaiiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie iieeoeee a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.
— Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998.-448 n.

2. Eaaaiia A.E., Iaeaiao?a A.A., Oa?/aiei A.Ae. Eiiiaaoeeiiiue i?ioeann
e yooaeoeaiinoue iiaie oaoieee a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.- Ee?a:
Oaoi?ea, 1994.- 266 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iaa?oioiaaii ci?no oa ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?th
?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie (n. 3-60,
126-146).

3. Eaaaiia A.E. ?ieue oaey a yia?aaoeea Oe?aeiu e oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneee
o?iaaiue oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiii-noe. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. —
84 n.

4. Eaaaiia A.E. I?ia?aiie?iaaiea oaoie/aneiai ?acaeoey oaieueiuo oaoo. —
Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. — 28 n.

5. Eaaaiia A.E. I ninoiyiee, ?acaeoee e caaea/ao iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe a oaieueiie i?iiuo-eaiiinoe Oe?aeiu. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI
Oe?aeiu, 1999. — 32 n.

6. Eaaaiia A.E. Iaoaieci oi?aaeaiey eiiiaaoeeii-iuie i?ioeannaie ia
nia?aiaiiii yoaia (ia i?eia?a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu). —
Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. — 44 n.

7. Eaaaiia A.E. Iao/ii-oaoie/aneea i?aaiecaoeee eae iauaeo
i?eaaoecaoeee. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — 56 n.

8. Eaaaiia A.E. Yeiiiie/aneea i?aaeiinueee ?acae-oey oaieueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — 48 n.

9. Eaaaiia A.E. ?aaoee?iaaiea iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ia i?aaei?eyoeyo
oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. — 37 n.

10. Eaaaiia A.E. Oi?aaeaiea iao/ii-oaoie/aneeie i?aaiecaoeeyie oaieueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu ia io?aneaaii o?iaia a oneiaeyo eo
ei?ii?aoecaoeee (i?eaa-oecaoeee). — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. —
68 n.

11. Aiioa A.E., Ae?aiaa?a A.I., Eaaaiia A.E., Iienaaa A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea
iiaeoiaeu e oi?aaeaieth eiii-aaoeeiiiuie i?ioeannaie a oaieueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. — 40 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/aii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?aai?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? aaeocaaeo IAe? a iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy (n.19-24);
iaaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ia?aaoaeiae no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aaeocaaeie
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieie i?aai?caoe?yie (n.25-30).

12. Eaaaiia A.E. I?iaeaiu oi?ie?iaaiey aii?oeca-oeeiiiiai oiiaea a
oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe // Ainnoaiia-eaiea e ?acaeoea i?iiuoeaiiiai
iioaioeeaea: — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1995.- N. 148 -156.

13. Ae?aiaa?a A.I., Iienaaa A.A., Eaaaiia A.E. Io?aneaaua iniaaiiinoe
oi?aaeaiey IEE e IEI oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe a oneiaeyo eo
ei?ii?aoecaoeee (i?eaaoe-caoeee) // Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea
yeiiiieee: i?aeoeea e i?iaeaiu. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1995. —
N.14-29.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: cai?iiiiiaaii noaio ?ai?aai?caoe?? IAe? ? IEI
aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? oa ?icaeyiooi nenoaio caoiae?a uiaei
ia?aaoaeiae i?aaicaoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo no?oeoo?.

14. Eaaaiia A.E. I?iaeaiu ?aoi?ie?iaaiey io?anea-aie iaoee a oneiaeyo
ia?ano?ieee oaieueiie i?iiuo-eaiiinoe i?e ia?aoiaea aa e ?uii/iui
ioiioaieyi // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1996.- ?3.-N. 2-6.

15. Iaiooia A.E., Eaaaiia A.E., Aoaeyineee A.A., A?aiaiei A.I.
Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaa-iey eiiiaaoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
a oaieueiie i?iiuoeai-iinoe // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1996.- ?8.-N. 3-8.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/aii i?aeoiaee aei cai?ioiiai iaoiaeo
o?iainoaaiiy IAeAeE? (n. 6-7).

16. Eaaaiia A.E., Iaeaiao?a A.A., Oa?/aiei A.Ae., O?iiaiei I.A.
Yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu oaoie/aneiai ?acaeoey oaieueiuo i?aaei?eyoee //
Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1998.- ?6.-N. 3-6.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: i?iaiae?ciaaii i?aeoeeo oi?ioaaiiy i?ia?ai
oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa aoa?eueieo oaoo (n. 4-5).

17. Eaaaiia A.E. Ii?aaeaeaiea ?acia?ia ieaoaaeae ca eioaeeaeooaeueiua
oneoae, ieacuaaaiua i?aaei?eyoeyi iao/ii-oaoie/aneeie i?aaiecaoeeyie //
I?iaeaiu ?acae-oey i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?ae-iu,
1998. — N.25-46.

18. Eaaaiia A.?. Aieea ?ioeyoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia aeeiai?eo aa?o?nieo
aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? // Iaiaaeaea? (Aanoiee
Aeiiaoeeie ainoaea?no-aaiiie aeaaeaiee oi?aaeaiey). — 1999. — ? 3(5). —
N. 9-17.

19. Eaaaiia A.E. Aii?inu ia?eaoeiaa a eiiiaaoeeii-iii i?ioeanna a
oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe // Yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — 1999. — ? 3(5).
— N. 48-55.

20. Eaaaiia A.E. Oaieueiay i?iiuoeaiiinoue eae nin-oaaeythuay
yia?aaoe/aneiai naeoi?a yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu // Yeiiiieea i?iiuoeaiiinoe. —
1999. — ? 2(4). — N. 27-34.

21. Eaaaiia A.E. I?iaeaiu auoiaea ec e?ecena oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe
Oe?aeiu // Yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau noaaeeecaoeee yeiiiieee
Oe?aeiu. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. — N. 3-11.

22. Kabanov A.I. On state, development and tasks of the scientific
activities in the coal industry of Ukraine // International Symposium on
Mine Environmental and Economical Issues (MEEI’99). — Dnipropetrovsk:
National Mining University of Ukraine, 1999. — P. 629-633.

23. Eaaaiia A.E., Iaeaiao?a A.A., Oa?/aiei A.Ae. Eiioeaioeey
oi?ie?iaaiey e ?aaeecaoeee iao/ii-oaoie-/aneie iieeoeee a oaieueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu a oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee e ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
io?an-ee. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, Aeiioae, 1996.- 51 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii o?iainiaa ? i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? aaeocaai? iie?oe-ee (n. 26-33).

24. Eaaaiia A.E., Oo?/aiei A.E., Caoa?ia A.I., Iaeaiao?a A.A., Oa?/aiei
A.Ae., Ieeieaaaa I.A., A?a-iaiei A.I. Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii
oi?ie?iaaieth e ?aaeecaoeee oeaeaauo eiiieaeniuo io?aneaauo i?ia?aii
(OeEII) iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai ?acaeoey oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu. —
Aeiiaoee: Ieioaeai?ii Oe?aeiu, Aeiioae, 1996.- 69 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/aii iniiai? ooieoe?? o/aniee?a ?ic?iaee
oa ?aae?caoe?? OeEAI (n. 8-18).

25. Eaaaiia A.E., Aiioa A.E., Ae?aiaa?a A.I., Iie-naaa A.A., Iaeaiao?a
A.A., Oa?/aiei A.Ae., A?aiaiei A.I. A?aiaiiay iaoiaeeea ioeaiee
noieiinoe eiouanoaa io?aneaauo iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo i?aaiecaoeee a
i?ioeanna eo ei?ii?aoecaoeee. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1996.- 51 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?ea-oe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a oa i?aaiao aaco ioe?iee aa?oino? I?A (n. 7-10,
26-29).

26. Eaaaiia A.E., Iaeaiao?a A.A., Oa?/aiei A.Ae., A?aiaiei A.I.
Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oi?ie?i-aaieth oeai ia iiaoth
iao/ii-oaoie/aneoth i?iaeoeoeeth (aoi-?ia ecaeaiea). — Aeiiaoee:
Ieioaeai?ii Oe?aeiu, Aeiioae, 1995.- 37 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aecia/aii aca?iia?aeiine-ie a ?iiiaaoe?eiiio
i?ioean? oa iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?io-aaiiy oe?i ia iiao
iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?iaeoeoe?th (n. 4-10, 20-26).

27. Eaaaiia A.E., Oo?/aiei A.E., Caoa?ia A.I., Iaeaiao?a A.A., Oa?/aiei
A.Ae., Aieei N.I., Ieeiea-aaa I.A., A?aiaiei A.I., Aaaaa Y.E.
Iaoiaee/aneea ?aei-iaiaeaoeee ii ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
ia?i-i?eyoee iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna a oaieueiie i?i-iuoeaiiinoe
Oe?aeiu. — Aeiiaoee: Ieioaeai?ii Oe?aeiu, Aeiioae, 1995.- 238 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee ?ic-?aooieo iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a IOI ??cieo iai?yie?a (n. 42-66).

28. Eaaaiia A.?., Iae?iao?a A.?., Oa?/aiei A.Ae., ??aiaiei I.I., Aa?aa
A.?. Ea??aiee ii?iaoeaiee aeieo-iaio «Iineoae ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o. Anoaiiaeaiiy ?ici???a ieaoaae?a. Iaoiaeeea.» — Aeiiaoeuee:
Aeiiaoa?, 1998. — 43 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?e-i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?ioaeaeooaeueieo iineoa (n. 9-10, 27-35), iaoiaee aecia/aiiy ?o oe?ie
(n.16-18), a oaeiae ii?yaeie ?iciiae?eo ieaoaae?a ca iineoae (n.18-19).

AIIOAOe?ss

Eaaaiia A.?. Aeiiii?/i? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei ?icaeoeii
i?aei?e?inoa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01- Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa.- ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? IAI Oe?a?ie, Aeiiaoeuee,
1999.

I?iaiae?ciaaii ?icaeoie ? noai i?iieneiaiai ? iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo
aoa?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a Oe?a?i? ? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth.
?icaeyiooi eiioeaiooaeuei? ieoaiiy oi?aae?iiy ?iiiaaoe?eiei i?ioeanii,
cai?iii-iiaaii iia? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ? ??oaiiy, ye? caaacia/othoue
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoeiai? oa ?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ?o aea?aeaaia
?aaoethaaiiy a ?eieiaeo a?aeiineiao. Iniaeeao oaaao caa?iooi ia
oaeineiiaeaiiy ieaioaaiiy iaoee, ia ieoaiiy ooai?aiiy oe?i ia iiao
iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?iaeoeoe?th, o?iainoaaiiy, ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
caoiae?a IOI, i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?
?iiiaaoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiioeaiooaeuei? ieoaiiy, oi?aae?iiy, iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee, ?iiiaaoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue, ?aaoethaaiiy, ooai?aiiy oe?i,
o?iainoaaiiy, aoaeoeai?noue caoiae?a IOI, i?aaiaa caaacia/aiiy.

SUMMARY

Kabanov A.I. Economical methods of management of scientific and
technical development of coal industry enterprises of Ukraine. —
Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree by speciality 08.06.01 — economy of
enterprise and organization of production. — The Institute of Economy
of Industry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Donetsk,
1999.

The development and condition of the industrial and scientific potential
of coal production in Ukraine and the structures of branch management
have been analyzed. Conceptual problems of management of innovational
process have been considered. New methodological approaches and
solutions that provide the development of scientific and innovational
activities and their state regulation in market conditions have been
proposed. Special attention has been given to the improving of planning
of science, to the problems of price formation for new scientific and
technical pro-duction, financing, efficiency evaluation of the measures
of scientific and technical progress, legal providing of scientific and
technical development and innovational activity.

Key words: conceptual problems, management, methodological approaches,
innovational activity, regulation, price formation, financing,
efficiency of medsures of scientific and technical progress, legal
providing.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eaaaiia A.E. Yeiiiie/aneea iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey iao/ii-oaoie/aneei
?acaeoeai i?aaei?eyoee oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — Yeiiiie-ea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa. — Einoeooo yeiiiieee i?iiuoeaiiinoe IAI Oe?aeiu,
Aeiiaoee, 1999.

I?iaiaeece?iaaii ?acaeoea e ninoiyiea i?iiuoeai-iiai iioaioeeaea
oaieueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a Oe?aeia. Ioia/aii auno?ia noa?aiea oaooiiai
oiiaea, iaoaeiaeaoai-?eoaeueiia aai ninoiyiea a n?aaiaiee n ?acaeouie
oaeaaeiauaathueie no?aiaie aeeaeiaai e aeaeueiaai ca?oaaaeuey, ieceee
o?iaaiue e io?eoeaoaeueiay aeeiaieea iiiaeo aaaeiaeoeo iieacaoaeae
i?iecaiaenoaa. Ane?uou i?e/eiu yoeo yaeaiee, n?aaee eioi?uo aeaaiuie
yaeythony iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiay eiaanoeoeeiiiay iieeoeea
i?aae-oaeuenoaa auaoaai NNN? ii ioiioaieth e Aeiiaanno, aeoaieia
e?eceniia ninoiyiea io?anee e ainoaea?noaa a iineaaeiea aiaeu, i?in/aou
a oaoie/aneie iieeoeea e ae?. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iineaaeiea ia?ii?eyoey
I?aaeoaeuenoaa Oe?aeiu ii aoiaeaeaieth io?anee a ?uii/iua oneiaey
oicyenoaiaaiey.

?anniio?aiu iaaeinoaoee ieaie?iaaiey iaoee a i?aae-oanoaothuea
ia?eiaeu, ii?aaeaeaiu oaiaeaioeee eciaiaiey no?oeoo?u iao/iuo
i?aaiecaoeee e /eneaiiinoe ia?niiaea a iineaaeiea aiaeu, /oi naycaii n
oii?yaei/aieai oaiaoeee a ?acoeueoaoa ?aaeecaoeee i?ia?aiiiiai
iiaeoiaea, a n ae?oaie noi?iiu – n ino?ui aeaoeoeeoii oeiainiauo
n?aaenoa. ?anniio?aiu i?eioeeiu i?aaiecaoeee iaoee a ca?oaaaeiuo
no?aiao.

Ii?aaeaeaiu eiioeaiooaeueiua aii?inu oi?aaeaiey e iaoiaee/aneea
iiaeoiaeu e niaa?oainoaiaaieth iao/ii-oaoie/aneie iieeoeee, a eioi?ie
aeaaiuie aii?inaie yaeythony ?acaeoea eiiiaaoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe,
ioai? iaioeiaeiuo i?ei?eoaoiuo i?iaeai, iao/ii iainiiaaiiue i?ia?aiiiue
iiaeoiae e i?aaiecaoeee IEIE?, ainoaea?-noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea iaoee e
aaeaioaoeey aa e ?uii/iui oneiaeyi, iiaua i?eioeeiu ia?aciaaiey oeai e
eiaanoe-oeeiiiie iieeoeee, aica?aoiua iaoiaeu oeiaine?iaaiey ia iniiaa
aaconeiaiie yeiiiie/aneie ioaea/e iiaiaaaaeaiee, ia?eaoeiaiaua
enneaaeiaaiey, eiaeeeaoeaiue iiaeoiae e oi?aaeaieth oaoie/aneei
?acaeoeai eiie?aoiuo i?aaei?eyoee e ae?.

?ac?aaioaiu aeaoaeueiua iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoi-aeu e ?aoaieth anao
oeacaiiuo aii?inia oi?aaeaiey io?aneaaie iaoeie e eiiiaaoeeiiiui
i?ioeannii e nicaeaia niioaaonoaothuay aaca a aeaea aeaoaeece?iaaiiuo
eino-?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/aneeo aeieoiaioia, eioi?ua ecaeaiu, ooaa?aeaeaiu e
oe?iei eniieuecothony a iao/ii-oaoie/aneeo i?aaiecaoeeyo e ia
i?aaei?eyoeyo io?anee. Iniaia cia/aiea eiatho iaoiaeeee oi?ie?iaaiey e
?aaeecaoeee OeEII, ii?aaeaeaiey aeiaiai?iuo oeai ia iao/ii-oaoie/aneoth
i?i-aeoeoeeth, ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe ia?ii?ey-oee IOI,
ii?aaeaeaiey noieiinoe iauaeoia eioaeeaeoo-aeueiie nianoaaiiinoe iao/iuo
i?aaiecaoeee, aeeth/ay aii?inu i?aaiaiai iaania/aiey iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe e ae?.

Iiae?iaii ?anniio?aiu aii?inu oi?ie?iaaiey e ?aaeecaoeee i?ia?aii
oaoie/aneiai ?acaeoey oaieueiuo i?aaei?eyoee, a oaeaea ii?aaeaeaiey oeai
ia eioaeeaeoo-aeueiua oneoae oaieueiui oaooai, iaoeiino?ieoaeueiui
caaiaeai e ae?oaei i?aaei?eyoeyi e i?aaiecaoeeyi io?anee ni noi?iiu
iao/iuo i?aaiecaoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiioeaiooaeueiua aii?inu, oi?aaea-iea, iaoiaee/aneea
iiaeoiaeu, eiiiaaoeeiiiay aeayoaeueiinoue, ?aaoee?iaaiea, ia?aciaaiea
oeai, oeiaine?iaaiea, yooaeoeaiinoue ia?ii?eyoee IOI, i?aaiaia
iaania/aiea.

____________________________________________________________

Iiaei. aei ae?oeo 28.10.99. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iaii? ae?oe. ?3. Ion.
ae?oe. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 2,0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ? 404.

340048, Aeiiaoeuee, Oiiaa?neoaonueea, 77.

?ioai?eio ?AI IAI Oe?a?ie.

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