I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

IINOIEIANUeEEE Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 65.014.1

AEIIII?*IA OA I?AAI?CAOe?EIA CAAACIA*AIIss

?ANO?OEOO?ECAOe?? A??IE*I-CAAAA*OAAEUeIEO

EIIA?IAO?A O NO*ANIEO OIIAAO AINIIAeA?THAAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.06.01 — «Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ?

i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa»

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?eeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?ieiiaiei Aaneeue ?aaiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii?
aeiiii?ee

Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Naee? Aieiaeeie? ?ee?/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioa

Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Caeoeaaa Ethaeieea Ieoaee?aia,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai

eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio

?inoeoooo i?iaeai
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy ? aeieia??

Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie
(i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

(i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.03 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320027, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 27, i?ini. E.Ia?ena, 19.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320027, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-27, i?ini. E.Ia?ena, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 23 aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

eaiae. oaoi. iaoe, aeioeaio
A.A. Oa?/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeuei? eiia?iaoe a?ae?a?athoue
aaaeeeao ?ieue a a??ie/iaeaeiaoai?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. Aiie
iinoa/athoue ne?iaeio ia iaoaeo?a?ei? caaiaee, a oaeiae caaacia/othoue
cia/io /anoeio aaethoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue a ?anioae?eo. E?eciaee noai
aaeoc? iaoiiaeaiee no?eeei iaae?iiyi aeaeiaooeo ei?enieo eiiaeei. A
ii??aiyii? c 1991?. a?aeaoeiny cieaeaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa
cae?ci?oaeiiai eiioeaio?aoo c 59,0 aei 35,2, ia?aaioeaaiai — c 4,2 aei
1,9 iei o ca ??e. Ianya aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey nei?ioeany ia 120 iei o,
oiaoi a 2,7 ?aca. Aeo?ae i?aei?e?inoa ?c e?eciai? neooaoe??
cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? i?eaaoecaoe?? a aeoe?iia?i?e oi?i? ?o
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a.

?eieiaa neooaoe?y aeiaaa? aaeaioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa aei ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, aeey /iai iaiao?aeia ea?aeeiaeueia ia?aaoaeiaa an?o noa?
ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi ia?aoai?aiiy ae?iaie/eo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? c
iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aoaeoeaiino? ? ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai c iaeii/aniith aaeaioaoe??th aei ?eieiaeo oiia oa oi?ioaaiiyi
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieo ia?aaaa.

Ia aeaeue oai?aoe/iei aniaeoai ? i?aeoe/iei aeei?enoaiiyi ??oaiue c
ieoaiue ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? iaaea?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae, i?i ui
na?ae/eoue iaea /enei i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?ioa aeey a??ie/eo
i?aei?e?inoa aeoaea aaaeeeai aaea nueiaiaei? iaoe iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
? aeina?ae, ye? a i?noeee ??oaiiy caaea/ ii iniiaiei iai?yieai
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??.

I?eaaoecaoe?y i?aei?e?inoa ia?aaeaa/a? aei?noeee eiio?ieue ? iia?aoeaia
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ii i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? c oei, uia ?o ia?niiae
i?aoethaaa ii iiaeeeaino? aoaeoeai?oa, i?ae o eiieo?aio?a.
I?iaeoeoeai?noue aecia/a? anth aeiiii?eo i?aei?e?inoaa. Ia ia? iiaeia
aieeaaoe oeyoii oi?aae?iiy, c iaeiiai aieo, ethaenueeeie ?ano?naie, c
?ioiai, — aaciina?aaeiuei ae?iaie/eie i?ioeanaie. Nueiaiaei? oi?aae?iiy
ae?iaieoeoaii i?iaeoeoe??, yea cae?enith?oueny ia aac? i?eeiyoi?
oaoiieia??, ia iiacycaii c aaeeeeie o?oaeiiuaie, aea oi?aae?iiy
ethaenueeeie ?ano?naie a ieai? aacia?a?aiiai c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
yaey? niaith neeaaeio iaoeiao ? i?aeoe/io caaea/o. Ieoaiiy ieaioaaiiy
oiiaeo ?iai/i? neee iiaeii? ae??ooaaoenue ni?eueii c ieoaiiyie
aoanoaoe?? ? ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?iai/eo i?noeue a oaoiieia?/ieo oeaoao, a
oaeiae caaacia/aiiy caeiyoino? i?aoe?aiee?a i?aei?e?inoaa.

Oiio a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaaia ? ae??oaia aeooaeueia
iaoeiaa caaea/a, yea iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio ? i?aeoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo ??oaiue, ye? caaacia/othoue ?aioaaaeueio
?iaioo a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?ie ia iniia?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia?niiaeo a no/anieo oiiaao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia aac? oaiaoe/ieo ieai?a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie a
aaeoc? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oa ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy i?e aeaeiaooeo
ei?enieo eiiaeei, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii?
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? i?ia?aie «Noai?aiiy aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
iaoa??aeueieie i?e?iaeieie oa o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie» (o.060302 ? A?
0.196.U.014.143 ? o. 0603004 ? A? 0.198.U.000.104).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — caaacia/aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaino? ?iaioe a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a Oe?a?ie oeyoii
iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ??oaiue c iniiaieo iai?yie?a
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia?niiaeo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
noi?ioeueiaai? ? ae??oai? ianooii? iaoeia? caaea/?:

1. Anoaiiaeoe iai?yiee ? ci?no ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa i?e ?o ooieoe?iioaaii? a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

2. Ocaaaeueieoe no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy a??ie/i-aeaeiaoaieie
i?aei?e?ino-aaie, aea/eoe aca?iiae?th no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a ?
ooieoe?ei? iaiacycee ?o ea??aiee?a ? anoaiiaeoe i?eioeeie aoae?aieoeoaa
i?aai?caoe?eii-ae?iaie/eo no?oeoo? no/anieo i?aei?e?inoa.

3. ?ic?iaeoe oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeey aeai?o niiniao caaacia/aiiy
ia?ai?iiiai iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th oa iioei?caoe?? /enaeueiino?
i?aoethth/iai ia?niiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a.

4. Aeine?aeeoe i?aai?caoe?th ? aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
?iai/eo i?noeue ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiy eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeanieie neeaie.

5. Neeanoe aeai?eoi i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ii aeioe?eueiino? oa oa?i?iao
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a a oiiaao
ainiiaea?nueeiai ?eceeo.

I?aaeiao ? iac?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoai?ci aieeao i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ?
ieaioaaiiy oiiaeo ?iai/i? neee ia aeiiii?/i? ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? aeey
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a Oe?a?ie, ?ic?aooiee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iaaaaeai? noiniaii aei AAO «I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeee ACE».

Iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith
aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae, iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee, aeine?aeaeaiiy iia?aoe?e, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co,
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aenia?oece oa aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? caoeuathoueny a aeena?oaoe??:

1. Iaeiaio? ieoii? aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? aeinyaathoueny
i?e iiaaoaii? eieeaaiue iiieoo ca ?aooiie iiiaaeii?iiai? ?iaioe
iino?eii? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo, yea ci?ith?oueny i?yii i?iii?oe?eii
o?oaeii?noeino?, na?aaeiueiio a?aeoeeaiith i?ny/iiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa
i?ioyaii ia??iaeo ieaioaaiiy ? ni?aa?aeiioaiith i?ae niaith o?eaaeino?
oeueiai ia??iaeo oa eiao?oe??ioa i?aeaeuaiiy iieaoe iiiaaeii?iiaeo
?ia?o.

2. Aeo?aoe ia iieaoo i?aoe? aoaeooue a?aeiia?aeaoe ianyao ae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe?? a oiio aeiaaeeo, yeui /enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a
onoaiiaeth?oueny ca /eneii iaeeieoeue oaoiieia?/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy, a
/enei iaeeieoeue aecia/a?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi i?ae niaith
iae?iia??i?oeo ioe?iie iiieoo ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? onoaoeoaaiiy.

3. Aeioe?euei?noue ?iaanoeoe?e a ?aeiino?oeoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a
onoaiiaeth?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui eai?oaeuei? aeo?aoe ia
?aeiino?oeoe?th, yea cae?enith?oueny i?ney cae?i/aiiy oa?i?io
aii?oecaoe?? ae?th/iai onoaoeoaaiiy, ciaioothoueny ia aaee/eio aeioiaeo
i?aei?e?inoaa a?ae ia?ao oeeo ?iaanoeoe?e a ?ioeo noa?ao ae?yeueiino?,
ia ?aeiino?oeoe?th ?ai?oa no?ieo aii?oecaoe?? eai?oaeuei? aeo?aoe
c?inoathoue ia aaee/eio caeeoeiai? aa?oino? onoaoeoaaiiy, a
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe ia i?iaeoeoe?th ? iieaoo aaie?anueeeo a?aenioe?a
ca ei?enooaaiiy e?aaeeoii cieaeothoueny.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue

Iniiaiee iaoeiaee ?acoeueoao iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iai?yie?a
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa ? iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ??oaiue ii oeei iai?yieai c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino?. A naia:

1. Aia?oa nenoaiaoeciaai? iai?yiee ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiioaiue,
aecia/aii ci?no iai?yie?a, caeaoieo ia?aaanoe i?aei?e?inoaa c e?eciaiai
noaio aei o?iainiaiai icaei?iaeaiiy.

2. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea onoaiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaiacyce?a
ea??aiee?a no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a ? ?o aca?iiae??, yea
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui aaco?oueny ia iaoiae?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aenia?oece, yeee aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe oaeoe/iee
?iciiae?e ? aeeiiaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e.

3. Aeey iioei?caoe?? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ea?c???a neeaaeai?
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? noia?ieo aeo?ao ia ae?iaie/? i?ioeane
aeaeiaooeo ?oaeii? ne?iaeie, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui
nia?aa?o?noue ne?iaeie aecia/a?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ianyao
?ice?eaieo ? aeaeiaoaieo ?ia?o, a aeo?aoe, iiacycai? c iieaoith i?aoe?,
iaiaaeothoueny /eneii ?iai/eo i?noeue ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?o aoanoaoe??.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaiei iaoiae iioei?caoe?? /enaeueiino? iino?eieo ?ia?oiee?a
oaoiieia?/iiai oeaoo, a?aei?iiee a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui a?aoiao?
ae?aiacii ci?ie iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th oa i?aeaeuaiiy aa?oino?
iiiaaeii?iiaeo ?ia?o.

5. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino?
?aeiino?oeoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a i?e ci?i? iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th.
Iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe ia oiiaee, ye? aaiaeyoueny, ? iieaoo e?aaeeoo
ae?aaeai? a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano cae?i/aiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? ii
a?aeiioaiith aei oa?i?io aii?oecaoe?? ae?th/eo oiiae?a. Neeaaeaii
aeai?eoi i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i oa?i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ?aeiino?oeoe??, yeee
a?aoiao? aeueoa?iaoeai? aa??aioe aeeaaeaiiy a?ioiaeo eioo?a ? ?ecee
io?eiaiiy aeioiaeo.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oai?aoe/i?e ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiae?a ??oaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo caaea/ ia iniiaieo
iai?yieao ?aeiino?oeoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?ai?aai?caoe?? ia?niiaeo
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeue-ieo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? caaacia/othoue oi?ioaaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieo ia?aaaa ? aaeaioaoe?th i?aei?e?inoa aei ?eieiaeo
oiia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe:

1. ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy AAO «I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeee ACE».
No?oeoo?a a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oeo, ui ?nioaaee ?ai?oa, aaee/eiith ii?ie
ea?iaaiino? o aeueo iinaaeiaeo in?a.

2. Aeey oiia ia??aiii??ii? ?iaioe ea?c???a IACEo onoaiiaeai? ??aiyiiy
?aa?an??, ye? aeathoue ciiao i?iaiicoaaoe nia?aa?o?noue ?ic?iaee
?ice?eao ? aeaeiaooeo ?oaee c ie?aieo noaoae aeo?ao, a oaeiae a oe?eiio.
Aecia/ai? noaoo?, ca ?aooiie yeeo aeioe?eueii cieaeoaaoe nia?aa?o?noue.

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oiiaeo ?iai/i? neee ia ea?c??ao i?e
ci?i? iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th eiia?iao?a. ?icaeyiooi caaacia/aiiy iiieoo
ca ?aooiie iiiaaeii?iiai? ?iaioe iino?eieo i?aoe?aiee?a ? oeyoii
i?eeiyooy ia ?iaioo oa ca?eueiaiiy oei/aniaeo i?aoe?aiee?a.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ia iniia?
aoanoaoe?? ?iai/eo i?noeue. Noi?ioeueiaai? i?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy, ye?
?aaeaiaioothoue noaaeaiiy ?ia?oiee?a aei o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano. Aecia/aia
iaiao?aeia /enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a oa ?OI aeey an?o oeao?a ? a oe?eiio
aeey eiia?iaoo.

5. Eai?oaeuei? ? iioi/i? ?aiiioe ea?c??iiai ? caaaa/oaaeueiiai
onoaoeoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii cae?enithaaoe neeaie naiiai i?aei?e?inoaa.
I?e oeueiio noai?ththoueny aeiaeaoeia? ?iai/? i?noey oa
aea?eueiththoueny a?ioia? eiooe aeey ?o iieaoe (20…40 i?noeue,
100…140 oen a?i ia eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio aeneaaaoi?a). Noi?ioeueiaai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ii?ioaaiiy i?aoe? ? i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o (aeiey
ii/aniaee?a cieaeo?oueny ia 24,3 %). Ca ?aooiie aeeiiaiiy ?aiiio?a
neeaie IACEo aeo?aoe cieceeenue a na?aaeiueiio ia 580 oen a?i ca ??e.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee i?iaeo?a ?aeiino?oeoe??
oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a i?e ci?i? iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th. Onoaiiaeaia
aeioe?euei?noue ?aeiino?oeoe?? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ?ice?eao ia
Oaa/aie?anueeiio ? I?ai?/iiio ea?c??ao. Aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe ia
ea?c??? cieaeothoueny ia 700-1100 oen. a?i/??e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
noaaeai? ia oaoi?/ieo ia?aaeao eiioea?io «Oe??oaei?ii», ?inoeoooo
«Oe?ae?i?i?oaea» ? IACEo. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia eiioa?aioe?yo «Iaiaaeaeiaio a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiai
ia??iaeo» (Aeiiaoeuee, 1997), «Aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie ?ic?iaee oa
caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei Oe?a?ie» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997),
«I?iaeaie eiiieaeniiai inai?iiy iaae?» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998),
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee IAA Oe?a?ie (1977, 1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 13
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo (noaoo?, aeiiia?ae?, aeaiiiiaai? ?iaioe), c yeeo 6
?ia?o — aac ni?aaaoi??a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 80 iaeiaioaaiue,
o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a; ai?uo? 166 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, o oiio
/ene? 31 ?enoiie ia 16 noi??ieao, 13 oaaeeoeue, aeiaeaoee ia 22
noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaii ci?no ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
a??ie/iaeaeiaoaii? aaeoc? oa ?? ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa. Ia no/aniiio
aoai? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y yaey? niaith i?ioean oaoi?/ii?, i?aai?caoe?eii?
? o?iainiai? aaeaioaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa aei ?eieiaeo oiia. Aea/aiee
aeina?ae ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?iieneiaino? a ?ioeo e?a?iao, ia aac? /iai
onoaiiaeaii aoaie ae??oaiiy iinoi?eaaoecaoe?eieo i?iaeai ia
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iaoao Oe?a?ie. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeicaiey?
?i noaoe iiaiioe?iieie noac?eoaie i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?,
aeioneaoe i?iaeoeoe?th a?aeiia?aeii iio?aaai oiaa?iiai ?eieo ? aoaeoeaii
ooieoe?iioaaoe a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. Aiia iiaeiia cae?enithaaoeny
iaeii/anii a noa?ao: oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii; i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/ee
ia?niiae; oaoi?ea ? oaoiieia?y; nioe?aeueia caaacia/aiiy i?aoethth/eo.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii iaeyae no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny a aoa?euei?e eiiiai?? «?o?eiea Aa?aaao-AA» (O?I), ia
Iieoaanueeiio oa ?iaoeaoeueeiio ACEao, A?eueiia??nueeiio AIE, AeOE
«Iaaeia?aaeaoa?eey». ?icaeyioo? iaaeie?ee ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeeo no?oeoo?
? iiceoeaiee aeina?ae. Iaoiaeii ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aenia?oece aea/ai?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaiacycee ea??aiee?a no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a, ?o
aca?iiae?y ? oaeoe/ia aeeiiaiiy oi?aae?inueeeo ooieoe?e (a?aee o/anoue
ea??aieee eiia?iaoo, ooieoe?iiaeueieo iai?yie?a ae?yeueiino? oa
oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a — anueiai 46 /ieia?e). Onoaiiaeaii, ui aeiiii?oe? ?
oi?aae?iith ??aeei a?aeaea?oueny ia?aaaaa; ie?aieie ea??aieeaie
aeiioneathoueny ia?aoiaee /a?ac i?ii?aei? ??ai? oi?aae?iiy i?e a?aeaea/?
?icii?yaeaeaiue ? ca?oo; ia? i?noea ia/?oea oyaeaiiy ea??aieeaie
i?ae?icae?e?a i?i nai? aeeiioaai? ooieoe??.

Aeoiaey/e c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?oece, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue
??cieo iinaae oa i?ae?icae?e?a cai?iiiiiaaii i?eeiaoe ia iniia?
a?oioaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, yea caaacia/o?
aeeiiaiiy i?ei??oaoieo aeey ACEo caaea/: ?icoe?aiiy ianya?a caiiaeaiue
ia i?iaeoeoe?th; cieaeaiiy iioi/ieo aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa ? cacycaieo
ia?aiaeo eioo?a; iie?auaiiy i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a ?
o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?.

?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy AAO «I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeee ACE», yea
aeeth/a? aieiao i?aae?iiy, eiai ia?oiai cai?nieea oa o?noue
ooieoe?iiaeueieo aee?aeoi??a: c ieoaiue ia?eaoeiao, ae?iaieoeoaa,
o?iain?a, i?aoe? ? eaae??a, iiaooo ? caaaeueieo ieoaiue, oaoi?/iiai
aee?aeoi?a. Oey no?oeoo?a a?ae??ciy?oueny ca aaee/eiith ii?ie
ea?iaaiino? o aeueo aeeiiaa/eo iinaaeiaeo in?a, ui aeicaiey? ?i ye?ni?oa
ae??ooaaoe iioi/i? ? ia?niaeoeai? i?iaeaie aeey i?aei?e?inoaa.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeai? caiiaeaiiy niiaeeaa/?a ia
a?aeaaioaaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeiai ACEo. Aiie
iaaeoiaeyoue ae?ae ia??aiii??ii. Aiane?aeie ia??aiii??iiai iiieoo ianyae
ia?aaioeaai? ?oaee oaeiae aeoaea eieeaathoueny. Eiao?oe??ioe aa??aoe??
i?ny/ieo ianya?a ?oaee neeaaeathoue 22,0…37,1, ?ice?eao — 28,0…45,5
%. Caaaa/oaaeuei? oaa?eee IACEo oaeiae iathoue cia/i? eieeaaiiy ianya?a
i?iaeoeoe??.

Aeine?aeaeaia aeiiii?/ia aeioe?euei?noue oeo /e ?ioeo iaoiae?a
ni?eeiaiiy eieeaaiue iiieoo. sseui i?aei?e?inoai ia? iino?eiee oiiae
?iai/i? neee, oi ianya ae?iaieoeoaa iiaea ci?ithaaoenue o?eueee ca
?aooiie iiiaaeii?iiaiai /ano. Caaea/a ieaioaaiiy oiiaeo ae??oo?oueny
oeyoii i?i?i?caoe?? noie aeo?ao ia ae?iaie/? i?ioeane aeaeiaoaaiiy
ne?iaeie, caa?aaeaiiy caian?a i?iaeoeoe??, aeo?ao, iiacycaieo c iieaoith
i?aoe? iino?eieo i?aoe?aiee?a, aeeth/ath/e ? iiiaaeii?iiao ?iaioo.
Iaiao?aeii ciaeoe i?i?ioi oe?eueiai? ooieoe??

i?e iaiaaeaii?

Ot + Bt-1 — Bt = Rt, t = 1…, T,

aea aeey t-ai ?ioa?aaeo /ano Nt — nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??,
a?i/o; Ot — iac?i ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe??, o/i?n (?en. 1); Ct —
aeo?aoe ia caa??aaiiy i?iaeoeoe??, a?i/o.i?n; At — ??aaiue caian?a ia
ii/aoie i?nyoey, o; rt — nia?aa?o?noue o?oaeiaeo?ao ooaoiiai
i?aoe?aieea, a?i//ie.a; Wit — e?euee?noue iino?eieo i?aoe?aiee?a,
/ie-a/i?n; St — aa?o?noue iiiaaeii?iiai? ?iaioe,a?i//ie.a; Wct — iac?i
iiiaaeii?iiai? ?iaioe, /ie.a/i?n; O- ia??iae ieaioaaiiy, i?n; Rt —
iiieo ia i?iaeoeoe?th, o/i?n.

?en. 1 — A?ao?ee, aeaiiino?oth/? aeeiai?eo caian?a i?iaeoeoe?? ia
neeaaeao

?nio? iaaia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ea?c??o ii ne??e ?oae? Oi, i?e ye?e
noia?ia nia?aa?o?noue aeaeiaooeo ?oaee ca aeo?aoaie ia iieaoo i?aoe?
Ni.o a iniiaiee oa iiiaaeii?iiaee /an aoaea i?i?iaeueiith. Oeae iac?i
Oi aecia/a? iioeiaeueiee ooao Io.i iino?eieo i?aoe?aiee?a ia ea?c???.
Ciaeaeaii cia/aiiy Oi, i?e yeiio Ni.o = min. I?ney aeeoa?aioethaaiiy d
Ni.o / d Xt io?eia?i:

Oi = (O + 0,5 — O / En.o) D
O,

aea En.o — eiao?oe??io i?aeaeuaiiy iieaoe iiiaaeii?iiaeo ?ia?o;

D O — na?aaei? a?aeoeeaiiy i?ny/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ea?c??o ii ?oae?
i?ioyaii ia??iaeo O.

?ic?aoiaaia iioeiaeueia /enaeuei?noue ooaoieo i?aoe?aiee?a ia?aaioeaaiai
ea?c??o aeey oaeeo oiia: O = 12 i?n; Omin = 30 oen.o/i?n; D O — 10
oen.o/i?n, o?oaeii?noe?noue aeaeiaooeo ?oaee — 0,57 /ie-a/o, oiiae
?iai/iai /ano — 171 /ie-a/i?n (oaae. 1).

I?aeaeuaiiy iiieoo iiaea aooe oaeiae caaacia/aia ca ?aooiie ci?ie
oiiaeo ?iai/i? neee. Oiae? o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe aeo?aoe, iiacycai? c?
ca?eueiaiiyi ? i?eeiiii ?ia?oiee?a. E??i oiai a iinoaaeai?e caaea/?
aeiionea?oueny iaaeinoaoiy e?euee?noue ?ano?n?a ? oiio o?aaa
?icaeyaeaoe aeo?aoe, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae

?en. 2 — A?ao?ee caeaaeiino? aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeo?ao ia
aeaeiaooie

ia?aaioeaai? ?oaee a?ae iac?io ae?iaieoeoaa Caii??cueeiai
ea?c??o

Oaaeeoey 1 — ?ic?aooiie /enaeueiino? ooaoiiai ia?niiaeo

?ic?aooieiaee iieaciee Eiao?oe??io i?aeaeuaiiy iieaoe
iiiaaeii?iiai? i?aoe? 1,1 1,3 1,5
1,7 1,9 2,1

t, i?n Oi, oen.o/i?n Io, /ie 1,6 3,3 4,5
5,4 6,2 6,8 36 53
65 74 82 88 120 175
216 247 272 292

iaaeeiiaiiy caeac?a. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo oe?eueiaa ooieoe?y
i?i?i?caoe?? aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??

i?e iaiaaeaii?

— iac?ie i?iaeoeoe??, yeee o?aaa iaoe a caian? ? yeiai ia
aenoa/a? aeey caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo niiaeeaa/?a a e?ioe? t-ai
i?nyoey, o/i?n;

dt — aeo?aoe, iiacycai? c cao?eieith aeeiiaiiy caeac?a,
a?i/o;

ht — aeo?aoe, iiacycai? c i?eeiiii ia ?iaioo, a?i//ie.a;

Bt — aeo?aoe, iiacycai? c? ca?eueiaiiyi, a?i//ie.a;

Iit — e?euee?noue /ieia?ei-aiaeei i?aoe?aiee?a, ca?aoiaaieo a ooao
i?ae- i?e?inoaa a t-i i?nyoe?, /ie.a/i?n;

?t — e?euee?noue iaaeei?enoaieo /ieia?ei-aiaeei ia
i?ioyc? ?ioa?aaeo /ano, yeee ?icaeyaea?oueny , /a?ac ca?eueiaiiy
ooaoieo i?aoe?aiee?a, /ie.a/i?n.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaeaeioe?euei?oei iaoiaeii caaacia/aiiy ia?ai?iiiai
iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai eiia?iaoo ? iaoiae, yeee
ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy iino?eii? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ?
iiiaaeii?iiai? ?iaioe. Oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii ia iniia? aeiaeaoeiaiai
i?eeiio ia ?iaioo oa ca?eueiaiiy caeaeo i?aoe?aiee?a i?eaiaeeoue aei
i?aeaeuaiiy aeo?ao ia iieaoo i?aoe? oa ?iia??iino? oo?aoieo naieoe?e ca
ii?ooaiiy oiia iinoa/aiiy i?iaeoeoe??.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy
/enaeueiino? ?ia?oiee?a oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a. A a?eueoino? iaoiae?a
/enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a ieaio?oueny ia iniia? ii?ie ae?ia?oeo.
I?eeiyoee i?aeo?ae aei ??oaiiy caaea/? aeeeeea? ?yae caoaaaeaiue.
Cai?iiiiiaaii ?icaeyaeaoe iaiao?aeio /enaeuei?noue ia?niiaeo, aeoiaey/e
c aca?iicacyceo i?ae /eneii ?iai/eo i?noeue ? ?ia?oieeaie. Iaiao?aeia
aeey ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa, yeee ieaio?oueny, /enei iaeeieoeue
oaoiieia?/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy aei??aith? ni?aa?aeiioaiith i?ae niaith
iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th ? i?iaeoeoeai?noth onoaoeoaaiiy, onoaiiaeaieo ia
iniia? i?i?iaeueii?, iae?iia??i?oi? oa iaeneiaeueii? ioe?iie.

A AAO «IACE» i?iaaaeaia ?aoe?iiae?caoe?y ?iai/eo i?noeue a ieai?
i?aeaeuaiiy caeiyoino? i?aoethth/eo i?e cieaeaii? iiieoo ia
i?iaeoeoe?th. Aecia/aia iaiao?aeia /enaeuei?noue ?ia?oiee?a oa ?OI aeey
an?o oeao?a ? a oe?eiio aeey eiia?iaoo. Ia ea?c??ao aea?eueith?oueny 64
/ieia?ee, caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?eeao — 12, ii eiia?iaoo — 86 (noaiii ia
15.12.97).

Ia I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeiio ACE? eai?oaeuei? oa iioi/i? ?aiiioe ?iai/iai
onoaoeoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii cae?enithaaoe neeaie ?aiiioieo ?
oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a naiiai i?aei?e?inoaa. I?e oeueiio noai?ththoueny
aeiaeaoeia? ?iai/? i?noey ? aea?eueiththoueny a?ioia? eiooe aeey ?o
iieaoe. Aeey ?aiiioieo ?ia?o i?iiiio?oueny ii?iaoeaii-a?ae?yaeia nenoaia
iieaoe i?aoe? a ii?aeiaii? c a?eaaaeiith oi?iith ?? i?aai?caoe??.
?ic?aoiaaiee ia i?aenoaa? ieaio II? ? caoaa?aeaeaieo ii?i oa ?icoe?iie
oiiae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe aeaea?oueny a?eaaae? iaeii/anii c i?ny/iei ieaiii
?aiiio?a onoaoeoaaiiy. ?icaeyioo? iiaeeea? aa??aioe ii?ioaaiiy ?aiiioieo
?ia?o ia iniia? ii?i i?aoe? ? /ano. Ia?aaaaeaiiy /anoeie ia?niiaeo,
caeiyoiai ia ?aiiio? onoaoeoaaiiy, ia a?ae?yaeio oi?io iieaoe i?aoe?
aeicaiey? cieceoe aeieth ii/aniaee?a ia 24,3 %.

Iaoiaeii ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aenia?oece ea??aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a
?aiiioii-iaoai?/ii? neoaeau IACEo aea/ai? iiaeeeaino? oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?? ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ? iieaoe i?aoe? ?aiiioieo ?ia?oiee?a
(anueiai iieoaii 47 /ieia?e). Io?eiai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aenia?o?a ii
ii?ioaaiith i?aoe?, aeaeao ?aiiioieo ?ia?o ? oiiaao ?o aeeiiaiiy
aeanieie neeaie. ?iaioa ?aiiioieo ?ia?oiee?a i?aai?co?oueny oeyoii
aecia/aiiy caaaeueii? o?oaeii?noeino? aeeiiaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno ?ia?o.
Caaaeueia o?oaeii?noe?noue onoaiiaeth?oueny aeey aeinyaiaiiy
e?ioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo ia iniia? aenia?oece.

?icaeyioo? aeaiaioe, ye? neeaaeathoue nenoaio ieaioaaiiy ? eiio?ieth
?aiiioii-aenieoaoaoe?eii? neoaeae, a oaeiae aca?iiae?? oe??? neoaeae c
no?oeoo?ieie i?ae?icae?eaie a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiiai eiia?iaoo. C iaoith
i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy eai?oaeueieo ? iioi/ieo ?aiiio?a a??ie/iai ?
caaaa/oaaeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy ia I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeiio ACE? ca
i?iiiceoe??th aaoi?a noai?aia ae?eueieoey c? ooaoii 90 /ieia?e, a oiio
/ene? icyoue ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a.

A icyoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny ?aeiino?oeoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo
oeao?a ye iaoiae aaeaioaoe?? aei cieaeaiiai iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th
i?aei?e?inoaa. Oeei iaoiaeii oaoiieia?y ? eiiieaene onoaoeoaaiiy
i?eaiaeyoueny o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei aeiia aeaioiaey?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? c
iac?io ? yeino?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia oeth oaio aeeiiai? ia i?eeeaae?
?aeiino?oeoe?? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ia?aaioeaaeo ea?c???a IACEo. A
?acoeueoao? ?aeiino?oeoe?? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny e?ea?aeaoe?y ?ioi?iiai
eiiieaeno, no??/eiaeo eiiaae???a oa a?aeaaeiooai?thaa/a, a oaeiae
aa?oiueiai ?ice?eaiiai onooio, ui ia?ai?uo?oueny a a?aeaae ii
o?ainii?oi?e nenoai?.

C oi/ee ci?o iiiaioo ?iaanoeoe?e iiaeeea? aeaa aa??aioe ?aeiino?oeoe??:

1. ?iaanoeoe?? cae?eniththoueny ?ai?oa oa?i?io iiaii? aii?oecaoe?? Oa
ae?th/eo oiiae?a (?en. 3). Ca /an aei ?aeiino?oeoe?? O? ia
a?aeoai?aiiy oiiae?a iaeiie/ai? aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy Ea. Ia
a?aeiiaeaiiy iaoei oa onoaoeoaaiiy, ye? aenieoaoothoueny, ia aoaea
a?ae?aoiaaia noia DEa, a aeiaeaoeiai aei aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue
Ea iio??ai? aoaeooue a?ioia? eiooe a ?ici??? Eae. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo
i?aei?e?inoai aoaea iaoe caeoie Eae.i ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy a?ioiaeo
eioo?a a ia?ao aai aeieaoe i?ioeaio?a ca ei?enooaaiiy e?aaeeoii.

Eae.i = m (Oae.i — O?) Eae
,

?en. 3 — A?ao?ee, ye? aeaiiino?othoue aeeiai?eo
eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao ia

?aeiino?oeoe?th
ae?iaieoeoaa

aea m — i?ioeaioia noaaea ca e?aaeeo (aai aeioiaei?noue
a?ioiaeo eioo?a,

caeo/aieo c ?ioeo noa? ia?ao).

Aei ?aeiino?oeoe?? nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaeaea Na, i?ney
?aeiino?oeoe?? — N?. Ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? (Na > N?) iiaeii?
ieoieoeny aeiaeaoeia? ?iaanoeoe?? Eae ? caeoie Eae.i ca ?o caeo/aiiy.
Oe? aeo?aoe ieoieyoueny i?ioyaii ia??iaeo Oae.i — O?.

2. ?aeiino?oeoe?y aeeiio?oueny ii cae?i/aiith oa?i?io aii?oecaoe??. Ia
?aiiaaoe?th ciioaieo oiiae?a iaeiie/ai? aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy a
noi? Ea, ia ?aeiino?oeoe?th iaiao?aeii aeiaeaoeiai aeae?eeoe Eae
aneaioaaiue. Ca ?aooiie ??cieoe? Na-N? i?ioyaii Oae.i-O? iiaeii? aooe
ieoieai? aeo?aoe Eae+Eae.i ia i?eaeaaiiy ? onoaiiaeo iiaeo iaoei oa
onoaoeoaaiiy, ia?aaeaa/aieo ?aeiino?oeoe??th.

Oa?i?i ieoiiino? aneaioaaiue ia ?aeiino?oeoe?th, a oaeiae caeoeo Eo
aiane?aeie aeino?ieiaiai aeaaaeaiiy oiiae?a c aenieoaoaoe??

Oie.? = (Eae + Eae.i + Eo) / [(Na —
N?) Qi ] ,

aea Qi — i?iaeoeoeai?noue oeaoo i?ney ?aeiino?oeoe??.

C ?ioiai aieo Oie.? = Oae.i — O?, a Oae.i = Oie.? + O?. sseui
onoaiiaeaii, ui Oae.i > Oa, oi ?aeiino?oeoe?th oiiae?a
cae?enithaaoe ?ai?oa cae?i/aiiy

iiaiiai oa?i?io ?o aii?oecaoe?? ia o?aaa.

?aioaaaeuei?noue ?iaanoeoe?e, aeae?eaieo ia ?aeiino?oeoe?th, neeaaea?

?? = (Na — N?) Qi / (Eae + Eae.i + Eo).

?aioaaaeuei?noue ?? aeey i?eeiyooy aa??aioa ?aeiino?oeoe?? ia iiaeiia
aooe iaioa eiao?oe??ioa ?eceeo ao?aoe eai?oaeo, yeee aeeaaea?oueny a
oeae aa??aio. I?e oeueiio oaeiae o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe ?ecee caa?aaeaiiy
aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue ? io?eiaiiy i?eaooeo ii canoiniaaieo
oaoi?oe? oa oaoiieia??, yeui ?aeiino?oeoe?y ia cae?enith?oueny.

Ioe?iaia aeioe?euei?noue ?aeiino?oeoe?? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ?ice?eao ia
ea?c??? *eaeianueeee-2. ?ioi?iee eiiieaen c ia?aaeiaiai onooio
aeaiaeeoueny, a aeey i?ii?aeiiai onooio o?aaa i?eaeaaoe aeaa ae?aaeaeia
AO-10/70. Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia a ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/ith aoaea aei?iae/a
ia 4170 oen. a?i. Aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe cieaeothoueny ia 1555 oen.a?i
ca ??e. Ca ?aooiie oeueiai cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ?ice?eaieo ?ia?o
aeiaeaoeia? eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ieoieyoueny i?ioyaii 2,68 ?ieo.
Eiiieaen onoaoeoaaiiy a ?nioth/?e noai? ia? aii?oecaoe?th 70 %. Eiio
aei iiaiiai oa?i?io aii?oecaoe?? caeeoeeinue i?aoethaaoe 2 ?iee. Oiaoi
oa?i?i ieoia?iino? aeiaeaoeiaeo eaiaeeaaeaiue a?eueoa oa?i?io
aii?oecaoe??, yeee caeeoeany, ? oe? aeeaaeaiiy aei cae?i/aiiy ia??iaeo
aii?oecaoe?? ia ieoieyoueny. C o?aooaaiiyi ieoiiino? iice/aieo a?ioiaeo
eioo?a oa?i?i iiaa?iaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ia ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th neeaaea 3,97
?ieo. I?e oaeiio oa?i?i? ieoiiino? ?aeiino?oeoe?th i?iaiaeeoe ia ne?ae,
a i?aoethaaoe o?aaa ca ?nioth/ith oaoiieia??th c a?eueoith iaae?ei?noth,
aea c iaioei i?eaooeii.

?c an?o aa??aio?a ?aeiino?oeoe?? oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? aeioe?eueii
i?eeiaoe aa??aio, yeee ii a?aeiioaiith aei nai?o eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao E
ia? iaea?eueoee i?eaooie I c iaeiaioei ?eceeii. Oea a?aeiioaiiy i-ai
aa??aioo yaey? niaith ?iia??io ?aioaaaeuei?noue

?a? = I? b? / E?,

aea b? — ?iia??i?noue io?eiaiiy i?eaooeo ii ?-iio aa??aioo.

Neeaaeaii aeai?eoi i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy i?i aeioe?euei?noue oiai /e ?ioiai
i?iaeoo ?aeiino?oeoe?? (?en. 4). C o?aooaaiiyi ?eceeo (0,5)
cai?iiiiiaaio ?aeiino?oeoe?th nenoaie ?ic?iaee ia ea?c??? *eaeianueeee-2
cae?enithaaoe ia ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny: aeo?aoe ia ?aeiino?oeoe?th
ieoiathoueny ca 5,36 ?ieo i?e aeioiaeiino? eiia?iaoo 18,7 %, a i?e
aeei?enoaii? oeeo eioo?a ia i?aeo?eieo ae?th/eo eiiieaen?a onoaoeoaaiiy
(c ?eceeii 0,3) oa ?ioo ae?yeuei?noue (?iaanoeoe??) c ?eceeii 0,5
aeo?aoe ieoiathoueny ia i?ioyc? 2,5 ?ieo i?e aeioiaeiino? 28,7 %.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aei?noth iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy iinoaaeaiei a ?iaio? iao? ? caaea/ai, caaeia?eueiei
ca?aii ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c oaeoe/ieie iieacieeaie
i?aeoeee ( a?aeoeeaiiy ia a?eueoa 20 %), aeina?aeii i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

A E N I I A E E

A aeena?oaoe??, ui ? caaa?oaiith iaoeiaith ?iaioith, iinoaaeaia ?
ae??oaia aeooaeueia iaoeiaa caaea/a, yea iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio ?
i?aeoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo ??oaiue ii
caaacia/aiith ?aioaaaeueii? ?iaioe a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo i?aei?e?inoa
Oe?a?ie ia iniia? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia?niiaeo a no/anieo
oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Iaeaaaeeea?o? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe,
aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?noyoueny a ianooiiiio:

1. Iniiaith aeey onoaiiaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiue iiaiiaaaeaiue ??cieo
iinaae ? no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a i?iiiio?oueny i?eeiyoe a?oioaaiiy ?
/anoeiaa aeoaethaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, ye?
caaacia/othoue aeeiiaiiy i?ei?eoaoieo aeey i?aei?e?inoaa caaea/.
?ic?iaeaia ? i?eeiyoa no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?iei oiaa?enoaii
«I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeee ACE».

2. Neeaaeai? iaoiaee caaacia/aiiy ia?ai?iiiai iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a, a iniia? yeeo ?
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? noia?ieo aeo?ao ia ae?iaie/? i?ioeane, ui
aea? ciiao ?aaoethaaoe /enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a i?aei?e?inoaa.

3. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaeiaio? aeo?aoe ia aeaeiaooie ?oaee caaeaiiai iac?io
aeinyaathoueny i?e oi?ioaaii? iino?eii? /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ? eiai
iiiaaeii?iiai? ?iaioe. *enaeueiee ooao i?aoe?aiee?a ci?ith?oueny
i?yiii?iii?oe?eii ae?aiaciio iiaeeeaeo eieeaaiue i?ny/ieo iac?i?a iiieoo
i?ioyaii ia??iaeo ieaioaaiiy, ni?aa?aeiioaiith i?ae niaith o?eaaeino?
oeueiai ia??iaeo oa eiao?oe?aioa i?aeaeuaiiy iieaoe iiiaaeii?iiaeo
?ia?o. Aeey ?iaioe ea?c???a IACEo i?iaeoeoeai?noth ii ne??e ?oae?
40…80 oen.o/i?n ooao iiaeiai neeaaeaoe 133…243 /ieia?ee.

4. Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo /enaeueiino? ia?niiaeo ia iniia?
aoanoaoe?? ?iai/eo i?noeue, a yeiio /enei iaeeieoeue oaoiieia?/iiai
onoaoeoaaiiy onoaiiaeth?oueny aeoiaey/e c ?iia??ieo ioe?iie iiieoo ia
i?iaeoeoe?th ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? onoaoeoaaiiy. I?ae ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a
i?iaaaeaia ?aoe?iiae?caoe?y ?iai/eo i?noeue a ieai? i?aeaeuaiiy
caeiyoino? i?aoe?aiee?a i?e cieaeaii? iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th.

5. Eai?oaeuei? ? iioi/i? ?aiiioe ?iai/iai onoaoeoaaiiy ea?c???a ?
caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?ee cai?iiiiiaaii aeeiioaaoe neeaie ?aiiioieo oa
oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a naiiai i?aei?e?inoaa. I?e oeueiio noai?ththoueny
aeiaeaoeia? ?iai/? i?noey ? aea?eueiythoueny eiooe aeey ?o iieaoe
(20…40 i?noeue, 100…140 oen. a?i ia eai?oaeueiee ?aiiio
aeneaaaoi?a). Aeey ?aiiioieo ?ia?o i?iiiio?oueny ii?iaoeaii-a?ae?yaeia
nenoaia iieaoe i?aoe?, yea aeicaiey? cieceoe aeieth ii/aniaee?a a
caaaeueiiio ia?niiae? ii ?aiiioo ia 24,3 %.

6. Aeey ea?c???a IACEo cai?iiiiiaaia ?ic?iaea ?ice?eao aeaiia onooiaie
ca iaeaeaoaaoeie o?ainii?oii-a?aeaaeueiith oa aaco?ainii?oiith
nenoaiaie, ui aeicaiey? aeeeth/eoe aeeiaiiy oa ia?ai?uaiiy aa?oiueiai
onooio a a?aeaae ii aenieiaeo?aoi?e o?ainii?oi?e nenoai?, a oaeiae
i?eaeaaiiy aenieieiooiaii? eiiaae??ii? no??/ee. I?e oeueiio
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeo?aoe ia ea?c??? ii ?ice?eaiei ?iaioai cieaeothoueny
ia 700…1100 oen.a?i ca ??e.

7. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeioe?eueiino?
?aeiino?oeoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a i?e ci?i? iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe ia oiiaee, ye? aaiaeyoueny, oa
iieaoo e?aaeeoo caeaaeaoue a?ae /ano cae?i/aiiy ?aeiino?oeoe?? ii
a?aeiioaiith aei oa?i?io aii?oecaoe?? ae?th/eo oiiae?a.

8. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiue cai?iiiiiaai? aei aeei?enoaiiy i?iaeoiei
?inoeoooai «Oe?ae?i?i?oaea» ? «E?eaaani?iaeo», a oaeiae
a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueiei eiia?iaoai eiioea?io «Oe??oaei?ii».

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae aeei?enoaiiy ia I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeiio ACE?
aeeiiaieo a aeena?oaoe?? iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie a noi? neeaa 1200
oen.a?i/??e, aeiey aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? a oeueiio aoaeo? aei??aith? 240
oen.a?i/??e.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeyo:

1. I?ieiiaiei A.E., Aeia?uiei A.A., Iinoieianeee A.A. Iiaay nenoaia
iieaou o?oaea yeneaaaoi?iuo a?eaaae ia ea?uea?ao IAIEa// Iaoaeeo?a. e
ai?ii?oae. i?ii-noue. — 1993. — ? 2. — N. 69-71.

2. I?ieiiaiei A.E., Aeia?uiei A.A., Iinoieianeee A.A. Iainiiaaiea
caiania eiioeaio?aoa ia neeaaea iaiaaoeoaeueiie oaa?eee // Eca.aocia.
Ai?i.aeo?i. — 1994. — ? 1. — N. 67-73.

3. Iinoieianeee A.A., Aaniaeueei A.I. E aii?ino auai?a no?oeoo?u
oi?aaeaiey ia?niiaeii IAI «I?aeaeiieeeaecaaneee AIE» // Iaoa?. iaaeaoc.
eiio. «Yeieiai-yeiiii. i?iae. ?acaaaeee, ?ac?aaioee e iaiaauaiey iieac.
eneii. Oe?aeiu». — Aeiai?iiao?iane: Iaoea e ia?aciaaiea, 1997. — N.
12-13.

4. Iaioeia A.A., Iinoieianeee A.A. E aii?ino oi?aaeaiey
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiui eiiaeiaoii a iinoi?eaaoecaoeeiiiue ia?eiae//
Iaoa?. iaaeaeoia?. eiio. «Iaiaaeaeiaio a yeiiiieea ia?aoiaeiiai
ia?eiaea». — Aeiiaoee: AeAOO, 1997. — N. 174-176.

5. Iinoieianeee A.A. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaa — iaiaoiaeeiia
oneiaea aeey yooaeoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee ia nia?aiaiiii
yoaia // I?iaeaiu eiiieaeniiai inaiaiey iaae?. — 1998. — ? 2. — N.
135-138.

6. I?ieiiaiei A.E., Iinoieianeee A.A. ?aeiino?oeoeey nenoaiu ?ac?aaioee
ia ea?uea?ao IAIEa i?e nieaeaiee ni?ina ia eiioeaio?ao // I?iae.
eiiieaen. inaiaiey iaae?. — Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998. — ? 2. — N.
157-161.

7. Iinoieianeee A.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea oiiaea ?aai/ae neeu ia
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo i?e ia?aiaiiii ni?ina ia
i?iaeoeoeeth // Na. iao/.o?. IAA Oe?aeiu. — 1998. — ? 3. — O. 4. — N.
59-63.

8. I?ieiiaiei A.E., Iinoieianeee A.A. Iaania/aiea ni?ina ia i?iaeoeoeeth
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo eiiaeiaoia i?e ia?aiaiiii oiiaea ?aai/ae neeu //
Na.iao/.o?. IAA Oe?aeiu. — 1998. — ? 3. — O.4. — N. 24-28.

9. Iinoieianeee A.A. IAI «I?aeaeiieeeaecaaneee AIE»:
iinoi?eaa-oecaoeeiiiue iiuo // Aeaaeai?/iee iaeyae. — 1998. — ? 2. — N.
23-27.

10. Iinoieianeee A.A. Niaea?aeaiea ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee
ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia // A?niee
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Aeiiii?ea. — 1998. — Aui. 2. — N.
121-125.

11. I?ieiiaiei A.E., Iaioeia A.A., Iinoieianeee A.A. Iaania/aiea
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai eiiaeiaoa a oneiaeyo
eciaiythuaainy ni?ina ia i?iaeoeoeeth / Iaoe. ai?i. aeaae. Oe?aeiu. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1997. — 14 n. — Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 12.01.98, ? 47-Oe
98.

12. Iinoieianeee A.A. I?aaiecaoeey ?aiiioiuo ?aaio neeaie
oaoiieiae/aneeo oeaoia ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiiai eiiaeiaoa/ Iaoe.
ai?i.aeaae.Oe?aeiu. — Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998. — 34 n. — Aeai. a AIOA
Oe?aeiu 23.03.98, ? 156-Oe 98.

13. Iinoieianeee A.A. ?ac?aaioea oai?aoe/aneeo iniia iino?iaiey
no?oeoo?u oi?aaeaiey ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiui eiiaeiaoii aeoeeiia?iiai
oeia/ Iaoe. ai?i. aeaae. Oe?aeiu. — Aeiai?iiao?iane , 1998. — 35 n. —
Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 23.03.98, ? 157-Oe 98.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ?iaioe, iaienai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?:

[1,2] — i?aeaioiaea aeo?aeieo aeaieo, ?ic?aooiie oa aiae?c io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a;

[3,4,11] — ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ii caaacia/aiith iiieoo ia
i?iaeoeoe?th;

[ 6 ] — ??oaiiy aeiiii?/ieo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo caaea/;

[ 8 ] — i?aeaioiaea aeo?aeieo aeaieo, ?ic?iaea ?ic?aooieiaiai aeai?eoio
oa aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Iinoieianueeee A.A. Aeiiii?/ia oa i?aai?caoe?eia caaacia/aiiy
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a o no/anieo oiiaao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 — «Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa». Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeeiiaii aiae?c no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie a a??ie/iaeaeiaoai?e
aaeoc?. C aeei?enoaiiyi ?o aeina?aeo, a oaeiae ?acoeueoao?a
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aenia?oece cai?iiiiiaai? i?eioeeie aoae?aieoeoaa
no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieie i?aei?e?inoaaie
aeoe?iia?iiai oeio. C o?aooaaiiyi aca?iicacyce?a i?ae nia?aa?o?noth oa
iac?iaie a??ie/eo ?ia?o neeaaeai? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? noia?ieo
aeo?ao ia aeaeiaooie ?oaee, ia aac? /iai onoaiiaeai? ?aoe?iiaeueiee
niin?a caaacia/aiiy ia?ai?iiiai iiieoo oa iioeiaeueia /enaeuei?noue
?ia?oie/iai ia?niiaeo. C?iaeaia ioe?iea aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?
?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? eai?oaeueieo ?aiiio?a
ea?c??iiai ? caaaa/oaaeueiiai onoaoeoaaiiy aeanieie neeaie. Neeaaeaii
aeai?eoi i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ?eceeo ?iaanoeoe?e a
?aeiino?oeoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo oeao?a. Aeine?aeaeaia aeiiii?/ia
aeioe?euei?noue ?aeiino?oeoe?? o?ainii?oii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ia?aaeiaeo
onooi?a ia ia?aaioeaaeo ea?uea?ao.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a ae?iaieoeoai AAO
«I?aeaeii?e?aecaanueeee ACE». Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaa 1200 oen.a?i/??e.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a 10 noaooyo ? 3 aeaiiiiaaieo
i?aoeyo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy, ?iai/ee ia?niiae, oaoiieia?/iee
oeao, iiieo ia i?iaeoeoe?th, ?ai?aai?caoe?y, ?aeiino?oeoe?y.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Iinoieianeee A.A. Yeiiiie/aneia e i?aaiecaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea
?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuo eiiaeiaoia a nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo oicyenoaiaaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — «Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa». Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu.
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Auiieiai aiaeec no?oeoo? oi?aaeaiey i?aaei?eyoeyie a ai?iiaeiauaathuae
io?anee. N eniieueciaaieai eo iiuoa, a oaeaea ?acoeueoaoia
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie yenia?oecu i?aaeeiaeaiu i?eioeeiu iino?iaiey no?oeoo?
oi?aaeaiey ai?ii-iaiaaoeoaeueiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie aeoeeiia?iiai oeia. N
o/aoii acaeiinaycae iaaeaeo naaanoieiinoueth e iauaiaie ai?iuo ?aaio
ninoaaeaiu yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee noiia?iuo cao?ao ia aeiau/o
?oaeu, ia iniiaa /aai onoaiiaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiue niinia iaania/aiey
ia?aiaiiiai ni?ina e iioeiaeueiay /eneaiiinoue ?aai/aai ia?niiaea.
Naeaeaia ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe e ?ac?aaioaiu oai?aoe/aneea
iieiaeaiey ii i?aaiecaoeee eaieoaeueiuo ?aiiioia ea?uea?iiai e
iaiaaoeoaeueiiai iai?oaeiaaiey nianoaaiiuie neeaie. Ninoaaeai aeai?eoi
i?eiyoey ?aoaiey n o/aoii ?enea eiaanoeoeee a ?aeiino?oeoeeth
oaoiieiae/aneeo oeaoia. Enneaaeiaaia yeiiiie/aneay oeaeaniia?aciinoue
?aeiino?oeoeee o?ainii?oiie nenoaiu ?ac?aaioee ia?aaeiauo onooiia ia
ia?aaioeaauo ea?uea?ao.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoai IAI
«I?aeaeiieeeaecaaneee AIE». Yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo ninoaaee 1200
oun.a?i/aiae.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iioaeeeiaaiu a 10 noaoueyo e 3 aeaiiie?iaaiiuo
?aaioao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey, ?aai/ee ia?niiae, oaoiieiae/aneee
oeao, ni?in ia i?iaeoeoeeth, ?ai?aaiecaoeey, ?aeiino?oeoeey.

ANNOTATION

Postolovsky V.V. Economic and Organizing Support of Dressing Plants’
Restructuring in modern conditions.-Typescript.

Thesis for a candidate of technical sciences’ degree in speciality
08.06.01 — «Economics and management of Mining Enterprises». National
Mining University of Ukraine, Dnipropetrovsk, 1999.

Management structure analyses of mining enterprises has been made. On
the basis of their experience and results of individual examination
principles of management structure building have been offered. In
consideration of relationship between costs and volumes of mining
operations economic and mathematical models of total extraction expenses
have been built. As a result of this, a rational method of provision of
flexible demand and optimal number of workers has been determined.
Evaluation of economic efficiency has been made and theoretical
principles of mining equipment capital repair organization by own
resources have been determined. In view of investment risk, algorithm of
reaching decisions concerning reconstruction of technological shops has
been made. Economic expendiency of transport system reconstruction for
mining of heading ledges on manganese quarries is substantiated.

The principal results of investigation have been inculcated at the
Ordzhonikidze dressing plant. ( Economic efficiency makes up to
1200.000 hr/y ).

The research results have been published in 10 articles and 3 deponent
works.

Key words: management structure, technological shop, product demand,
reorganization, reconstruction etc.

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