?INOEOOO AA?A?II? AEIIII?EE

OE?A?INUeEI? AEAAeAI?? AA?A?IEO IAOE

I??A Eaoa?eia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 631.155: 631.16: 658. 152

AEIIII?*IA ?AAOETHAAIIss ?IAANOEOe?EII?

Ae?ssEUeIINO? A N?EUeNUeEIIO AINIIAeA?NOA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.02 — Aeiiii?ea oa oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei
i?ia?anii, ?iaanoeoe?ei? oa ?iiiaaoe?ei? i?ioeane

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? o?iain?a, iae?eo oa aoaeeoo
?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee E?n?eue Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI,
canooiiee caa?aeoaa/a a?aeae?eaiiyi o?iain?a oa
o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, caneoaeaiee
aeiiii?no Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Eiaeainueea Ia??y
THoei?aia, ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI, aieiaiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo i?iaeiaieue/eo ?ano?n?a

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, Ae?a?iaa Aiaoie?e Aeieo?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, anenoaio eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo
oa ia?eaoeiao

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo AIE

(i. Ee?a)

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny ( 6 ( aeiaoiy 1999?. i 13 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.350.02 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe a
?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI ca aae?anith: 252127, i.Ee?a-127,
aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 10, eiioa?aioe-cae, 3-e iiaa?o.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ( 4 ( aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
Ioe?i A. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ieoaiiy ?iaanooaaiiy aa?a?ii? noa?e
oa ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ? aecia/aeueieie aeey
?icaeoeo aoaeue-yei? aeiiii?ee. A oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece oe? ieoaiiy
iaaoaathoue iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?. A?ae ?o ae??oaiiy ia no/aniiio
aoai? cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue iiaeieaiiy e?eciaiai noaio aeiiii?ee
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno, a?aeiiaeaiiy oa c?inoaiiy ae?iaie/iai
eai?oaeo, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, ae??oaiiy anueiai niaeo?a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai aaeoc?.

C ii/aoeo 1992 ?. aa?a?ia ?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea ia eeoa ia ni?eyea
caeo/aiith aeiaeaoeiaeo ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a o aaeocue, a e i?ecaaea
aei ao?aoe o?aaeeoe?eieo aioo??oi?o e ciai?oi?o aeaea?ae ?o o?iainoaaiiy
oa aei i?ioeano “i?i?aeaiiy eai?oaeo” /a?ac iaa?aeiia?aei?noue
?iaanoeoe?eieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue iio?aaai i?inoiai a?aeoai?aiiy. Oiio
a?aeiiaeaiiy iiaiioe?iiiai aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano ?
aaaeeeaei caaaeaiiyi aa?a?ii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae, ?ica’ycaiiy yeiai
caaacia/o?oueny eiiieaenii aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a ?aaoethaaiiy. O ca’yceo
c oeei aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iiiceoe?e
uiaei eiai oaeineiiaeaiiy ia? oai?aoe/ia e i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy.

A ?ic?iaeo oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue i?iaeaie
?iaanooaaiiy aeiiii?ee a oe?eiio oa aa?a?ii? noa?e cie?aia, aieeao
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia ?icaeoie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae eiai ie?aieo aaeocae, cia/iee aeeaae aianee
a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei? a/ai?-aeiiii?noe: Aa?ain A., Aeaie ?.I.,
Aa?anei/oe I.N., Aieiaaiia I.I., Ae?a?iaa A.Ae., E?n?eue I.?.,
Eiaeainueea I.TH., Eoe?iia ?.?., Ia?anaaea A.A., I?aee?naoeueeee A.I.,
?iaiaeei I.N., Noaoethe I.A., O?aaia/oe A.I., Oaa?aiae I.,
Oa/aoo?ia O.N., Oa?i O., Oaa/oe A.ss., Oiae I.I. oa ?io?.

Aea/aiith ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? caaaeii oa aieeao
ie?aieo aaaeae?a ia aeiiii?eo aaeoc? e ?ioaineai?noue ?iaanoeoe?ei?o
i?ioean?a i?enay/ai? i?aoe? Aeaenae/oea A.I., Aaaea?iaia A., Aaa?eethea
I.A., Aa?anei/oea I.N., Aeai’yiaiea I.ss., Ea?aaa?ai? ?.A.,
Einnaea A.I., Eaeea I.A., Naaeoea I.O., Naena Ae., Ooena I.A.,
Oieiiiaa A., Oie/aea I.I. oa ?ioeo.

Cae?eniai? aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/eee oai?aoe/i? e iaoiaee/i? canaaee
aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a ia i?e?iaeiiii?/iiio
??ai?, ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ae?iaie/eo
oa ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a, aeai?o i??i?eoao?a ?iaanooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaee
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a. O oie aea /an, c iaeyaeo ia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? aa?a?iiai naeoi?a e o?ainoi?iaoe?th
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie o ?eieiaa na?aaeiaeua, iei? iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeai?
ieoaiiy eiiieaeniiai canoinoaaiiy aaaeae?a aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a a?aeoai?aiiy, aecia/aiiy ianya?a aea?aeaaii?
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a
iai?yieie aaaeaeyie, ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai.

Iaiao?aei?noue, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? coiiaeee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy,
c?iaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ? neeaaeiaith oaie “Aa?a?ia
?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea oa iaoai?ci ?? ?aae?caoe?? a oiiaao ?eieiai?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee” ? 019. 74. 016O016579 aea?ae?a?no?aoe??, ui
?ic?iaey?oueny a ?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?iiiceoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino?. Aeoiaey/e c iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee
aecia/ai? ianooii? caaea/?:

aecia/eoe aeiiii?/io nooi?noue ?iaanoeoe?e oa iniaeeaino? ?o cae?eniaiiy
a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

aea/eoe oai?aoe/i? iniiae oa aeina?ae ?ioeo e?a?i c ieoaiue ci?noo,
i?eioeei?a ? aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?;

aeine?aeeoe no/aniee noai aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo Oe?a?ie oa
iniiai? oaeoi?e, ui eiai noai?ththoue;

cae?enieoe ioe?ieo noaio ?iaanooaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie
aioo??oi?ie oa ciai?oi?ie ?iaanoi?aie;

aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? cae?eniaiiy aa?a?ii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee a
oiiaao e?ece, ?? cia/aiiy e aieea ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane o
ae?iaie/?e ? nioe?aeuei?e noa?ao n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yiee oa caoiaee uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? c iaoith noai?aiiy
ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo ? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ae?eiai?
aeoeaiino?;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aeo?ao aea?aeaae ia i?aeo?eieo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aeiiiiiaith iai?yieo aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?;

aecia/eoe ianyae eioo?a, ui iaae?eaeooue a n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai o
?ac? ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaieo a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue i?iiiceoe?e,
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iai?yieo aaaeae?a iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy;

iaa?oiooaaoe iniiai? i?eioeeie oa aoaie ?ic?iaee e ?aae?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a.

I?aaeiao oa ia‘?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoai?ci
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

Ia‘?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie. Iiaeeaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniai? ia iaoa??aeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa Eai‘yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiai ?aeiio Oiaeueieoeueei? iaeano?.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith
aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a c i?iaeai ?iaanooaaiiy oa ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai? aeoe i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee
Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeeny ianooii? iaoiaee:
iiiia?ao?/iee, aano?aeoii-eia?/iee, aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iee,
?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee, noaoenoe/ieo a?oioaaiue, a?ao?/iee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? ianooiiiio:

ooi/iaii iiiyooy “?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao”;

canoiniaaii eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae a aeine?aeaeai? iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, eiai aieeao ia i?ioeane
a?aeoai?aiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a;

aeyaeaii i?e/eie e iane?aeee cieaeaiiy ianyao eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue o
ae?iaie/o ? nioe?aeueio noa?e n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno caaaeii;

aecia/aii caeaaei?noue aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae ??aiy
?iaanooaaiiy;

iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? canaaee aea?aeaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee a
aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? oa aaaeae? aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a;

cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaen caoiae?a uiaei aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
i?ioeano caniaaie iai?yiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy;

?ice?eoi aieea iai?yieo aaaeae?a ?aaoethaaiiy ia ?iaanoeoe?eio
ae?yeuei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a;

?ic?iaeaii iniiai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee oa ?aae?caoe??
?aa?iiaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?iiiceoe?e uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? noai?eoue oiiae aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy
iiaiioe?iiiai aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano oa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo a aa?ia?cian?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ooi/iaii iiiyooy
“?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao”; canoiniaaii eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aeine?aeaeaiiy
nenoaie aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?;
anoaiiaeaii oaiaeaioe?? aeeiai?ee ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo ? oa?aeoa?
eiai aieeao ia ?ioaineai?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue i?ioean?a aeeaaeaiiy
eai?oaeo; ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ianya?a eioo?a iai?yii? aea?aeaaii?
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee aa?a?ieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a; ?ic?aoiaaii ?ici??e
aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ioiaeo iioie?a, ui iaae?eaeooue o n?euenueea
ainiiaea?noai aiane?aeie oaeineiiaeaiiy ie?aieo aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?; iaa?oioiaaii iniiai?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee oa ?aae?caoe?? aa?a?ieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ia?ai ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??aiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? ia ui??/ieo ca?oao o a?aeae?eai? o?iain?a oa
o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI, ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Iiae?euenueei? aea?aeaaii?
aa?a?ii-oaoi?/ii? aeaaeai?? o 1996 oa 1999??., ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo o 1999?. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeith ?aeiiiith
aea?aeaaiith aaei?i?no?aoe??th, I?i?noa?noaii AIE Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaai? o i’yoe iaoeiaeo ?iaioao caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,6
ae?oeiaaieo a?eooao. C ieo – 4 o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao (“Aeiiii?ea
AIE” – 2, “Aa?i?ieii” – 2).

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 164 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae ?c 181 iaeiaioaaiue, i?noeoue 19 oaaeeoeue, 7 ?enoie?a, 19
aeiaeaoe?a, 21 oi?ioeo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi

?icae?e 1. ?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue oa aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ??
?aaoethaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 1.1. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia
nooue ?iaanoeoe?e oa iniaeeaino? ?o cae?eniaiiy a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?. 1.2. Iniiai? i?eioeeie oa aaaeae? ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. 1.3. Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee aea?aeaaii?
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa iai?yieie
aaaeaeyie.

?icae?e 2. Oiiae cae?eniaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2.1. Aeiiii?/i? oiiae
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2.2. No/aniee
noai aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano. 2.3. Caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e

?icae?e 3. Aaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a aa?ia?cian? oa eiai ?acoeueoaoeai?noue.
3.1. Iniaeeaino? no/aniiai iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a aa?ia?cian? oa eiai ?acoeueoaoeai?noue.
3.2. Aieea aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia oi?ioaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a oiaa?iae?iaiee?a. 3.3. ?ic?iaea ?aa?iiaeueieo
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe “?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue
oa aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?? ?aaoethaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?”
aecia/aii iiiyooy “?iaanoeoe??”, “?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue”, “noa`?eo
oa ia`?eo ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?”, “?iaanoeoe?eiee ?eiie”,
“?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao”. ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe oa aeina?ae ?ioeo
e?a?i na?oo uiaei iniiaieo i?eioeei?a e aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo
ioe?iee iai?yii? aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa /a?ac
ae?th aaaeae?a iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Aecia/aii, ui ?iaanoeoe?? — oea an? aeaee iaeiiaeo oa ?ioaeaeooaeueieo
oe?iiinoae, ui aeeaaeathoueny a ia`?eoe i?aei?e?iieoeueei? e ?ioeo
aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, a ?acoeueoao? yei? ooai?th?oueny i?eaooie (aeioiae)
aai aeinyaa?oueny nioe?aeueiee aoaeo. Noeoii?noue i?aeoe/ieo ae?e
a?iiaaeyi, th?eaee/ieo in?a oa aea?aeaae uiaei ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?e
iaceaathoue ?iaanoeoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth. I?ae ?iaanoeoe?yie a aa?a?io
noa?o aeiiii?ee ne?ae ?icoi?oe aeeaaeaiiy ia i?inoa oa ?icoe?aia
a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo cania?a, a oaeiae /enoee i?e??no iai?ioieo
oiiae?a. Iniiaieie eeaneo?eaoe?eieie iciaeaie ?iaanoeoe?e ?: ia`?eoe
aeeaaeaiiy, oa?aeoa? o/ano? a ?iaanooaaii?, iioeae e caaaeaiiy
cae?eniaiiy, ia??iae ?iaanooaaiiy, oi?ia aeaniino? ia ?iaanoeoe?ei?
?ano?ne, ?aa?iiaeueia iciaea, iai?yiie ae?? oiui.

?iaanooaaiith a n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie i?eoaiaiiee ?yae
a?aei?iiinoae, iaoiiaeaieo iniaeeainoyie aa?a?ii? noa?e aeiiii?ee ye
aaeoc? iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iiaeeeainoyie ? o?aaeeoe?yie
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, eiai ?ieeth a iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeiiii?oe?,
??aiai oaoiieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo, iayai?noth ??cieo oei?a ainiiaea?nueeeo
no?oeoo? oa ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi, noaiii ?aoi?ioaaiiy oiui.

Ia ??aaiue ?iaanooaaiiy a e?a?i? iaea?eueo aaaiiee aieea ni?aaey?
?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao. A ?iaio? aecia/aii iiiyooy “?iaanoeoe?eiee
ee?iao” ye noeoii?noue aioo??oi?o e ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a iie?oe/iiai,
aeiiii?/iiai, i?aaiaiai oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ui
aieeaathoue ia ?ioaineai?noue ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ? aecia/athoue
oiiae ?iaanooaaiiy a e?a?i?.

Noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo oa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
ae?eiai? aeoeaiino? oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ? e?ioeaaith iaoith ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a
aa?ia?cian? Oe?a?ie. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiiii?/ia
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? cae?enith?oueny /a?ac nenoaio
aaaeae?a aieeao aea?aeaae ia oiiae oa aoaeoeai?noue ?iaanooaaiiy, ui
aaco?oueny ia iaaieo i?eioeeiao. Aeina?ae e?a?i ?N, NOA, Eaiaaee, e?a?i
NIAe, no?aeii? e oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie oa ?ioeo na?ae/eoue, ui nenoaia
aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie iiaeiia aeeth/aoe iie?oeeo
aea?aeaaieo eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue, aii?oecaoe?eio e e?aaeeoio
iie?oeee, noeioethth/o ooieoe?th iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie, oe?iiaa oa ieoia
?aaoethaaiiy, caoiaee uiaei caeo/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e,
?iiiaaoe?eio iie?oeeo, ?iaeeeaoeaia ieaioaaiiy, ni?eyiiy ?aoi?ioaaiith
aeiiii?ee oiui. Cacia/aia nenoaia iaaaaeaia ia ?en. 1.

Noeioethth-/a ooieoe?y iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie

Oe?iiaa ?aaoeth-aaiiy

Caoiaee ii caeo/aiith ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e

Ni?eyiiy ?aoi?iai

Ieoia ?aaoethaaiiy

?en. 1. Aaaeae? aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiaaa? a?ae
aea?aeaae iaaieo aeo?ao ia caaacia/aiiy ae?? eiaeiiai aaaeaey. Oiio
ii?yae c ooai?aiiyi ni?eyoeeai? aeey ?iaanooaaiiy neooaoe?? oa
i?aeaeuaiiyi aeoeaiino? i?eaaoieo ?iaanoi??a aiane?aeie canoinoaaiiy
nenoaie aaaeae?a ?aaoethaaiiy aeieeaoeiooue a?ioia? iioiee, ye?, c
iaeiiai aieo, yaeythoue niaith aeo?aoe aea?aeaae, a c ae?oaiai —
iioaioe?ei? ?iaanoeoe?ei? ?ano?ne aa?a?ieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a. Aaeaea
?ano?ne, ui iio?aieythoue a n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai /a?ac ae?th
iai?yieo aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue
ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? oe?e?.

A?aoiaoth/e a?aenooi?noue caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai ii?yaeeo ?ic?aooie?a
ianya?a aea?aeaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
ca aeiiiiiaith iai?yieo aaaeae?a a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia
a?aeiia?aeia iaoiaeeea. Cie?aia, cai?iiiiiaaii ianyae aea?aeaaieo aeo?ao
oa iiaeeeaiai ca?eueoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a oiaa?iae?iaiee?a
aecia/aoe c o?aooaaiiyi aaeineiiaeaiiy aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee c iaoith
caaacia/aiiy iiaieo ianya?a i?inoiai a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo cania?a,
oaeineiiaeaiiy iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie c iaoith cieaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai
oyaa?y e aeoea?caoe?? noeioethth/i? ooieoe?? iiaeaoe?a, caaacia/aiiy
e?aaeeoii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, iie?auaiiy oe?iiaiai
oa ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy c iaoith caoenoo ? i?aeo?eiee
a?o/eciyieo aa?a?ieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, noeioethaaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai
iiieoo ianaeaiiy.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe “Oiiae cae?eniaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?” aeine?aeaeaii
no/aniee noai aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo Oe?a?ie, ?ioaineai?noue
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? aioo??oi?o e ciai?oi?o ?iaanoi??a oa
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaanooaaiiy.

Aa?ii?iieneiaee eiiieaen Oe?a?ie ? iaea?eueo aaaiiei naeoi?ii
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee. Eiai iniiaiith eaieith ? n?euenueea
ainiiaea?noai, aea cina?aaeaeaii iaeaea 20% iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a,
caeiyoi aeecueei i’yoi? /anoeie i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy, ca ?aooiie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? oa oiaa??a, ui ae?iaeythoueny c
ia?, oi?io?oueny 2/3 ?icae??aiiai oiaa?iia?ao e?a?ie. Iaeiae a ia??iae c
1991 ii 1998 ?. o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? iia??oeeenue oiiae
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui
cacia/aia iia??oaiiy a?aeaoeinue o ?ic??c? eiaeiiai oaeoi?a, ui aecia/a?
?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao. Oae, aeieeea e iiaeeaeeanue aeiiii?/ia e?eca,
iie?oe/ia oa caeiiiaeaa/a ianoaa?euei?noue, i?eoiaaia aac?ia?ooy,
aeao?oeeo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ? ciai?oi?e ai?a e?a?ie, e?eca
ieaoaae?a. A aeeiai?oe? ?ie?a noaei ciaiooaaeinue ae?iaieoeoai aaeiaiai
aioo??oiueiai i?iaeoeoo oa aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, cieaeoaaeanue i?eaooeia?noue ? ?aioaaaeuei?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa e eai?oaeo, iia??ooaaany o?iainiaee noai oiaa?iae?iaiee?a,
aeieeea ianoa/a ia?aiaeo eioo?a. E??i oiai, aei ?oei?aieo iane?aee?a
i?ecaaea ?ioeyoe?y, nooo?ai cieceeenue aeioiaee ianaeaiiy, eiai
eoi?aaeueia ni?iiiaei?noue, cieceany ??aaiue cai?ie iniiaieo oiiae?a oa
oaeoe/ii ?icii/aeinue ?o “i?i?aeaiiy”, iia?eueii a?aeaoaa?oueny
?aoi?ioaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa e noaiiaeaiiy ?io?ano?oeoo?e
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?eieo, caoaeothoueny ?eiee cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa caooo
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iaaaoeai? ci?ie a aa?a?iiio ?iaanoeoe?eiiio ee?iao? ?, c iaeiiai aieo,
i?e/eiith, a c ae?oaiai – iane?aeeii cieaeaiiy ianya?a ?iaanooaaiiy a
e?a?i? oa aoaeoeaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

?iaanoeoe?eia noa?a iaea?eueo /ooeeaa aei aoaeue-yeeo ci?i aai
iio?yn?iue. Ca ia??iae c 1991 ii 1998 ??. ??cei nei?ioeeenue ianyae
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue (oaae. 1).

Cie?aia, 51,4% n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiai ?aeiio a 1998 ?. ia cae?enithaaee
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue acaaae?, na?aaei?e ?ici?? aeeaaeaiue o 35,1%
ainiiaea?noa noaiiaea 38,5 oen. a?i., o 5,4% — 264 oen. a?i., o 2,7% —
390 oen. a?i. ? eeoa o 5,4% ianya eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ia?aaeuoaaa
450 oen. a?i.

Oaaeeoey 1

Eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie ca ?aooiie an?o aeaea?ae
o?iainoaaiiy (a ii??aiyeueieo oe?iao, iei. a?i.) 1

Iieacieee ? i e e 1998 o% aei

1991 1996 1997 1998 2 1991 1997

Iaoe?iiaeueia ainiiaea?noai 51433 12557 10483 11543 22,4 110,1

a o. /. aa?ii?iieneiaee eiii-eaen — anueiai 20191 2654 2229 1849 9,2
83,0

a o. /. ia aeooo ianaeai-iy, a?i. 391 52 44 36 9,2 81,8

c ieo n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai – anueiai 11639 978 806 579 5,0 71,8

a o. /. ia 1 aa n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, a?i.
290 24 20 14 4,8 70,0

ia?a?iai? aaeoc? i?iienei-aino? 2860 846 746 723 25,3 96,9

nioe?aeueia noa?a aa?ii?i-ieneiaiai eiiieaeno 4562 777 629 518
11,4 83,4

*anoea eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue a aa?ii?iieneiaee eiiieaen o caaaeueiiio
ianyc? aeeaaeaiue a iaoe?iiaeueia ainiiaea?noai, % 39,3 21,1 19,4 16,0 —

Ieoiia aaaa a eai?oaeueieo aeea-aeaiiyo o aa?ii?iieneiaee eiiieaen, %:

n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa

57,6

36,9

36,2

31,3 — —

ia?a?iaieo aaeocae 14,2 31,9 33,5 39,1 — —

nioe?aeueii? noa?e 22,6 29,3 28,2 28,0 — —

1 ca aeaieie Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie

2 ca oaeoe/iith aa?o?noth

Ca aeiiiiiaith noaoenoe/ieo a?oioaaiue aoei aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue i?ae
??aiai eiioeaio?aoe?? eai?oaeo oa ?acoeueoaoeai?noth ae?iaieoeoaa (oaae.
2).

A n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? iei? aeiaeiiai aeaea?aea o?iainoaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e iaaeinoaoiuei aeey cae?eniaiiy iiaiioe?iiiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
i?ioeano. Oae, ieoiia aaaa aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeo?a o noia?i?e aaee/ei?
eai?oaeo ca aaeainii o ia??iae c 1992 ii 1998 ?. cieceeany c 0,66 aei
0,00%, a ei?ioeino?ieiaeo – a?aeii-

Oaaeeoey 2

Aieea eiioeaio?aoe?? eai?oaeo ia ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caie?
e o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao Eai`yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiai ?aeiio o 1998 ?.

Iieacieee A?oie ainiiaea?noa ca ?ici??ii eai?oaeo a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aa
n.-a. oa?aeue, a?i. A na?aae-iueiio ii an?o ainii-aea?noaao A?aeii-oaiiy
iieac-iee?a I?? a?oie aei ?, %

?

aei 2530 ??

a?ae 2531

aei 3930 ???

a?ae 3931

aei 5330

E?euee?noue i?aei?e?inoa o a?oi? 14 18 4 36 285,7

?ici?? eai?oaeo ia 1 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, a?i. 1934,3
3115,9 4619,4 2823,4 238,8

Io?eiaii aaeiaiai aeioiaeo, a?i.:

ia 1 aa n?euenueeiainii-aea?nueeeo oa?aeue

235,7

375,3

406,3

324,4

172,4

ia 1 na?aaeiuei??/iiai i?aoe?aieea 2217,0 2870,1 3255,0 2658,9 146,8

a?aeii c 4,61 aei 0,10%. *anoea eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue, cae?eniaieo ca
?aooiie oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai o?iainoaaiiy, a caaaeueieo ianyaao
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o cacia/aiee ia??iae nei?ioeeanue c 35,0 aei
6,3%. Aiaeii/an ?iaanooaaiiy ca ?aooiie ?iicaiieo aeaea?ae ? iacia/iei.
Aiane?aeie caeoeiaino? ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa (88,3% o 1998
?.), i?eaooie ia?anoaa a?ae?a?aaaoe ?ieue iniiaiiai aeaea?aea
o?iainoaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e. Ca inoaii? ?iee c?inea ?ieue aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue o o?iainoaaii? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue aa?a?ieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a. Oae, a eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao Eai`yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeiai ?aeiio a 1997-98 ??. ??
ieoiia aaaa o caaaeueiiio ianyc? o?iainoaaiiy c?inea aei 95-97%. ?noioia
i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? aii?oecaoe?? a?aeaoeinue aiane?aeie cieaeaiiy ianya?a
?iaanooaaiiy c aeueoa?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae. Iaeiae, ye na?ae/aoue
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy iaaeinoaoi? aeey
caaacia/aiiy i?inoiai a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo cania?a.

Aiaeii/an, i?ioyaii 1991-1998 ??. o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oaeoe/ii
ia aoei i?e?inoo iai?ioieo cania?a. Oiio ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ioeane ye o
ae?iaie/?e oae ? a nioe?aeuei?e noa?ao naea ciaoiaeyoueny a
noaaiaoe?eiiio noai?. Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei oeueiai noaei
iaaaeaeaaoia aei neooaoe?? aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a aa?ia?cian? oa eiai ?acoeueoaoeai?noue”
iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? caoiaee uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
Oe?a?ie, cie?aia ii eiaeiiio ie?aiiio aaaeaeth; ?ic?aoiaaii iiaeeea?
ianyae iai?yii? aea?aeaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa; cai?iiiiiaaii iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee e
?aae?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui nei?i/aiiy ianya?a i?yii? aea?aeaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee ? caeiiii??iei i?ioeanii. I??i?eoaoaie aea?aeaaiiai
o?iainoaaiiy ia? noaoe ?icaeoie aa?a?ii? iaoee (ian?iieoeoai,
aaoa?eia??y, iaoai?caoe?y, caoeno ?ineei ? oaa?ei oiui), oo?eiaiiy
aei??a, eiioi?eaoe?e ca’yceo, oaiei-, aeaeo?i-, aiaeiiinoa/aiiy,
oo?eiaiiy eiio?iethth/eo i?aai?a, /anoeiaa o?iainoaaiiy aa?a?ii? ina?oe,
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy, oo?eiaiiy oa ?icaeoie nioe?aeueii? noa?e
naea. Ia?ao?ae aei ia?aaaaeii i?eaaoiiai ?iaanooaaiiy ia? a?aeaoaaoenue
iinooiiai, caaacia/oth/e ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa i?e ci?i? iaoiae?a aieeao. Aea?aeaaa iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe
aeoea?caoe?th i?eaaoiiai ?iaanooaaiiy /a?ac aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Aiia ia? eiio?iethaaoe aeai? i?ioeane oa
?aaaoaaoe ia aoaeue-ye? ci?ie a aa?a?iiio ?iaanoeoe?eiiio ?eieo. Iaeiae
cieaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo iioie?a c oeaio?ae?ciaaieo aeaea?ae a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie a?aeaoeinue caiaaeoi ??cei, a oiiae
aeey aeoea?caoe?? iaaea?aeaaiiai ?iaanooaaiiy a iaiao?aeieo ?ici??ao ia
aoee noai?ai?.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui o 1991-98 ??. cae?enithaaeeny ie?ai? caoiaee
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy: ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie iiaeaoeiaeo i?euea,
i?iaaaeaiiy o?ee?aoiiai nienaiiy oa ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? iiaeaoeiai?
caai?aiaaiino?, ci?ia nenoaie ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? e ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
nenoaie i?enei?aii? eiiiainaoe?? aeo?ao, aeae?eaiiy aea?aeaaieo
e?aaeeoieo e?i?e ? oiaa?ieo e?aaeeo?a, noeioethaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, eiiiainaoi?i? aeieaoe e ?iaeaenaoe?y ae?o/ee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a c iaoith i?aeo?eiee
ia?eoaoiino? oe?i ? aea?aaeaioiino? iai?io, ni?iae noai?aiiy
?ioa?aaioe?eiiai oiiaeo ?aaoethaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?eieo,
caoiaee uiaei aenii?oii-?iii?oiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aa?a?ii? noa?e oa
noeioethaaiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoi??a oiui. I?ioa aa?a?ia ?iaanoeoe?eia
iie?oeea iineea aacnenoaiiee ? iaiine?aeiaiee oa?aeoa?, cae?enithaai?
caoiaee ia caaaeaee noeioethaaee ?iaanoeoe?eio aeoeai?noue.

Eeoa c ae?oai? iieiaeie 1998 ?. a Oe?a?i? iai?oeeeny iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Ia?o ca ana oea noino?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
o?eniaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iiaeaoeo ?c canoinoaaiiyi
ii?aoi??th ia eiai nieaoo i?ioyaii 2-o ?ie?a, ca?eueiaiiy aa?a?ieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a a?ae nieaoe iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue c
iaia`yceiaith ?iaanoeoe?eiith ni?yiiaai?noth aeaieo eioo?a,
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy c 1998 ?. ia?aooaaiue oa aeieaoe aeioaoe?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei oiaa?iae?iaieeai ca i?iaeai? ieie ia?a?iaiei
i?aei?e?inoaai iieiei e i`yni, i?aeo?eiee ii/eiath/e c 1998 ?. a iaaeao
iaaieo eaio oe?i ? aeioiae?a a?o/eciyieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a on?o oi?i aeaniino? c iaoith caaacia/aiiy
i?iaeiaieue/i? aaciaee aea?aeaae ? aenii?oo ie?aieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??
a?aeiia?aeii aei i?aeia?iaeieo aeiaiai??a Oe?a?ie; cai?iaaaeaeaiiy c
1999?. ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a aa?aioiaaii? caeoi?ae?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a iaaeao i?ia?ai, ni?yiiaaieo ia
caaacia/aiiy ?aaoethaaiiy iiieoo oa i?iiiioaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo, aea?aeaaia
i?aeo?eiea eueiia?noaa, eiiiiey?noaa, aeiia?aaea?noaa, naae?aieoeoaa,
oiaey?noaa, ioao?aieoeoaa ? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo i?aei?e?inoa c ae?iaieoeoaa
naeieie. I?ioa iaoai?ci aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy iio?aao?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oa aaeineiiaeaiiy.

A ia?oo /a?ao ne?ae aaanoe a ae?th iiao, a?eueo aoaeoeaio nenoaio
ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??. Ae?th/ee ii?yaeie ia?aaeaa/a?: ia?aooaaiiy
aii?oecaoe?? oae caaiei i?yiie?i?eiei iaoiaeii aei aaeainiai? aa?oino?
iniiaieo oiiae?a, yea aei??aith? caeeoeia?e aa?oino? ei?aaiaai?e ia noio
aeo?ao eai?oaeueiiai ?aiiioo, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei nei?i/aiiy ui??/ieo
ianya?a a?aeoeiaeoaaiue; ?iaeaenaoe?th aaeainiai? aa?oino? iniiaieo
cania?a eeoa i?e ?iaeaeno ?ioeyoe?? ca iiia?aaei?e eaa?oae a?eueoiio
i?ae 110% oa cieaeaii? eiao?oe??ioa ?iaeaenaoe?? ia 10 a?aenioeiaeo
ioieo?a o ii??aiyii? c ?iaeaenii ?ioeyoe??; caai?iio ?iaeaenaoe??
aaeainiai? aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a, aei yeeo ia?aoiao?oueny
aii?oecaoe?y i?enei?aiei iaoiaeii, ui a oiiaao aeniei? ?ioeyoe?? ia aea?
aoaeoo; canoinoaaiiy oaei? nenoaie ?iaeaenaoe?? aa?oino? iniiaieo
cania?a, yea ni?ey? aeeo/aiith aei athaeaeaoo aeiaeaoeiaeo a?ioiaeo
?ano?n?a ieaoiee?a iiaeaoe?a. Ca iaoeie i?ae?aooieaie, oaea aeeo/aiiy
/a?ac nieaoo iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie noaiiaeoue: aeey ? a?oie iniiaieo
cania?a — ?Iiae = 0,285 o N?; aeey ?? a?oie — ?Iiae = 0,225 o N?; aeey
??? a?oie — ?Iiae = 0,255 o N?, aea ?Iiae — i?e??no iiaeaoeo ia
i?eaooie; N? — i?e??no aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a aiane?aeie
?iaeaenaoe??.

Ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? i?enei?aiei iaoiaeii iaaei?aaaeaii ?icoyaiooi
ia 7 ?ie?a. C oi/ee ci?o i?aaa aeaniino? aeiiii?/ii iaaei?aaaeaiei ?
aeeo/aiiy aei athaeaeaoo /anoeie aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue
(iai?eeeaae, o 1999 ?. — 10%), aaeaea a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aeeo/aiith
i?aeeyaathoue ?ai?oa cae?eniai? ?iaanoeoe??. Aeaeaei ia caaaeaee
iiceoeaiei iiiaioii ? canoinoaaiiy iiieaeoth/eo eiao?oe??io?a.

Aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy iathoue caaacia/oaaoe iinooiiaa iiaa?iaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e, cae?eniaieo a iniiaiee eai?oae, iiaeaeueoa aeei?enoaiiy
yeeo ciaoiaeeoueny eeoa a eiiiaoaioe?? ?iaanoi?a. Oiio aea?aeaaa ia
iiaeiia cae?enithaaoe iaaeyae oa eiio?ieue ca aeei?enoaiiyi
aii?oecaoe?eiiai oiiaeo. Iaoith aea?aeaii? aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee ?
noai?aiiy oiia, ca yeeo iiaeaeueoa ?iaanooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?eiiai oiiaeo
? aeiiii?/ii aei?aaaeaiei oa aea?aeiei aeey ?iaanoi?a. O ca`yceo c oeei
iaiao?aeii:

i?eieieoe i?ioean aeeo/aiiy /anoeie aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue,
cae??ieaoe oea caeiiiaeaa/i;

cieceoe ii?iaoea ?iaeaeno ?ioeyoe??, ca yeiai cae?enith?oueny
?iaeaenaoe?y aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a, ?c 110 aei 105%. I?e oeueiio
aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe ianooiio oi?ioeo:
E (?) = ? (a-1) / 100

aea E (?) — eiao?oe??io ?iaeaenaoe??,

? (a-1) — ?iaeaen ?ioeyoe?? iiia?aaeiueiai eaa?oaeo;

aeicaieeoe ?iaeaenaoe?th aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a, aei yeeo
canoiniaothoueny ii?ie i?enei?aiiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy aeo?ao;

caeaaeii a?ae aeaeo oa oaii?a ii?aeueiiai noa??iiy iaoei e onoaoeoaaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe oa?i?i aii?oecaoe?? i?enei?aiei iaoiaeii ia o?e-,
i`yoe- oa naie??/iee no?iee;

aeey i?yiie?i?eiiai iaoiaeo nienaiiy aeo?ao ia?aoiaoaaoe aii?oecaoe?th
aei ii/aoeiai? aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a;

ia aeciaaaoe aeioiaeii ca?eueoaiiy aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a, ui
a?aeaoeinue aiane?aeie ?iaeaenaoe??, oa ia a?aeiineoe oea ca?eueoaiiy
aei neeaaeo aaeiaeo aeioiae?a ?, oaeei /eiii, ia iiiaeaoeiaoaaoe.

C iaoith iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a oa aeoea?caoe?? noeioethth/i?
ooieoe?? iiaeaoe?a aaaaea?ii ca iaiao?aeia aei 1 n?/iy 2001 ?ieo
caeiiiaeaa/i aecia/eoe ii?yaeie nieaoe o?eniaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iiaeaoeo aa?a?ieie oiaa?iae?iaieeaie, aeey
yeeo ia?ao?ae ia aeaiee iiaeaoie ? iaaea?aeiei. I?iiiio?oueny aeicaieeoe
oaeei i?aei?e?inoaai niea/oaaoe iiaeaoee ia caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao aai
ni?aaeyoe o?eniaaiee iiaeaoie ?c canoinoaaiiyi iiieaeoth/eo
eiao?oe??io?a a?ae 0,7 aei 0,9. Ie??i oiai, c 1 n?/iy 2001 ?ieo
aei?a/iei ? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo iiaeaoeiaeo cieaeie c iaoith
noeioethaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eieo oa ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a. C 1 n?/iy 2004
?ieo iaiao?aeiei ? a?aeo?ae a?ae iaeiiaiai oeio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a
aa?a?i?e noa??.

Iaaaeueiith noa? iio?aaa a ooai?aii? niaoe?aeueiiai oiiaeo e?aaeeoii?
i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Oaeee oiiae iiaeiai
aenooiaoe aa?aioii iiaa?iaiiy iniiaii? /anoeie ai?ao ia?aae onoaiiaaie
aaie?a oa niea/oaaoe /anoeio a?aenioe?a ca ei?enooaaiiy e?aaeeoaie.

C iaoith iie?auaiiy oe?iiai? i?aeo?eiee aa?a?ii? noa?e iaiao?aeiei ?
a?aeiiaeaiiy ?ioa?aaioe?eiiai oiiaeo ?aaoethaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?eieo, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy oe?iiai? i?aeo?eiee
iaea?eueo aaaeeeai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeey
?eieiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
iaiao?aeiei ? noeioethaaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo ianaeaiiy.
Aaaeeeaeie oiiaaie a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? o?ainoi?iaoe?y aenii?oii-?iii?oiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiia AAOO/NIO oa c o?aooaaiiyi ia?niaeoea ?
oaiaeaioe?e ci?i o na?oia?e oi?a?ae?; ?aaoethaaiiy aenii?oii-?iii?oii?
iie?oeee c iaoith iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae? oa
iaaeiiouaiiy aeanoaa?e?caoe?? aioo??oiueiai ?eieo; noeioethaaiiy
c?inoaiiy /anoee aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? o no?oeoo?? aenii?oo oa cieaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ne?iaeie; caoeno aioo??oiueiai ?eieo ?
i?aeo?eiea iaoe?iiaeueieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a oiui.

Ie??i oiai, iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe eiei ia`?eo?a aa?a?ii? noa?e, aei yeeo
aeioe?eueii caeo/aoe ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe??, oaeiae ni?inoeoe aeinooi
ciai?oi?o ?iaanoi??a aei aeaieo ia`?eo?a. I?e oeueiio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa ca o/anoth ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe
ia caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao.

Iaiao?aeiith ? aea?aeaaia i?aeo?eiea ?iiiaaoe?eiiai a?ciano c iaoith
i?aeo?eiee e eii?aeeiaoe?? ae?e an?o o/aniee?a, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy, o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee oa i?eueaiaiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy.

Iniiaiith oiiaith cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?
eiiieaeni?noue ae?e on?o aaaeae?a. Aaeaea oaeineiiaeaiiy eeoa ie?aieo c
ieo ia i?ecaaaea aei nooo?aiai iie?auaiiy ?iaanooaaiiy aa?ia?ciano, eiai
aoaeoeaiino?, a a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao iiaea coiiaeoe ao?aoo oa
“i?i?aeaiiy” aeo?a/aieo ?ano?n?a.

Aeoea?caoe?y eiiieaeno aaaeae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? aeiaaa? iaaieo aea?aeaaieo
aeo?ao oa, ye iane?aeie, aei ooai?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo ?iaanoeoe?eieo
?ano?n?a aa?a?ii? noa?e. Ia iniia? iaoiaeeee, iiaeaii? o ?icae?e? ?, e
iniiaieo iai?yie?a oaeineiiaeaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaieo o ?icae?e? ???,
?ic?aoiaaii iiaeeea? ui??/i? ianyae iai?yii? aea?aeaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ia 1999-2000 ??. (oaae. 3.).

Ianyae i?aeo?eiee, ui i?iiiiothoueny aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?, c
?ic?aooieo ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea oa iaeiiai iaoeaioey a aeae?eueea
?ac?a iaio?, i?ae a e?a?iao AN (oaae. 4).

Iaoai?ci aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie, ui
i?iiiio?oueny, ia? ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino?. Oiio iaaeae? iaiao?aeii
iioe?eoe i?aeoeeo ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai. I?e oeueiio aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ieoaiiy
iaa?oioiaaiino? oaeeo i?ia?ai. C oe??th iaoith i?ia?aie ne?ae ?ic?iaeyoe
iiaoaiii, aeeiioth/e: aiae?c oiia cae?eniaiiy ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ioe?ieo o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa oa
?acoeueoaoeaiino? ?o ?iaioe, aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?, aeyaeaiiy iioaioe?eieo aeaea?ae ?iaanooaaiiy ? oeyo?a
caeo/aiiy ?ano?n?a i?ae i?ia?aie, aecia/aiiy iio?aae a ?iaanoeoe?eieo
?ano?nao e ?aaeueieo ianya?a ianoa/? eioo?a, ?ic?iaeo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
eiie?aoieo caoiae?a uiaei caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa ?iaanoeoe?eieie
?ano?naie, ?ic?iaeo ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aaeeio iaea?eueoiai ni?eyiiy. Ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? ? aeioe?eueiei ooai?aiiy oa ?icae-

Oaaeeoey 3

?ic?aooiie ui??/ieo ianya?a iai?yii? aea?aeaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii?

i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a 1999-2000 ??.

Aaaeae? aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy

?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ia,

anueiai Eai‘yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee

?aeii

iei. a?i. no?oe-

oo?a, % oen. a?i. no?oe-

oo?a, %

1. Oaeineiiaeaiiy aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee, anueiai 2241,1 20,2
4671,4 21,5

a oiio /ene? ca ?aooiie:

canoinoaaiiy eiao?oe??ioa ?iaeaenaoe?? i?e aeinyaiaii? ?iaeaeno
?ioeyoe?? 105%

506,9

4,6

988,3

4,5

canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo i?enei?aii? aii?oecaoe?? 674,9 6,1 1278,5 5,9

ci?i o nenoai? ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? e?i?eiei iaoiaeii 1059,3 9,5
2404,6 11,1

2. E?aaeeoia iie?oeea (ca ?aooiie nieaoe niaoe?ae?ciaaiei oiiaeii
/anoeie a?aenioe?a ca ei?enooaaiiy e?aaeeoaie) 1733,1 15,6 3502,0 16,1

3. Iiaeaoeia? i?eueae, anueiai 1775,1 16,0 6977,4 32,1

a oiio /ene? ca ?aooiie:

aaaaeaiiy ii?aoi??th ia noyaiaiiy o?eniaaiiai iiaeaoeo

714,9

6,4

3326,1

15,3

ca?eueiaiiy a?ae nieaoe iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue 917,2 8,3 1649,0
7,6

nienaiiy iiaeaoeiai? caai?aiaaiino? 143,0 1,3 2002,3 9,2

4. Oe?iiaa ?aaoethaaiiy, anueiai? 4858,5 43,8 4696,7 21,6

a oiio /ene? ca ?aooiie:

ooai?aiiy ?ioa?aaioe?eiiai oiiaeo ?aao-ethaaiiy ?eieo ca?ia

91,7

0,8

46,8

0,2

cae?eniaiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo aeieao ii i?aeo?eioe? aeioiaeiino? 4766,8
43,0 4649,9 21,4

5. Noeioethaaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo 485,4 4,4 1882,9 8,7

ANUeIAI 11093,2 100,0 21730,4 100,0

? Aeia?aeeiai: c aeo?ao ia oe?iiaa ?aaoethaaiiy 1048,3 iei. a?i.
ooai?th?oueny ca ?aooiie ieoieo cai??a ia ?iii?oiaaio
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th.

Oaaeeoey 4

??aaiue i?aeo?eiee aa?a?iiai naeoi?o a ?N oa i?iiiiiaaia i?aeo?eiea
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie 1

E?a?ie A % aei AAI A % aei aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? C ?ic?aooieo ia, a?i.:

ia 1aa n.-a. oa?aeue iaeia ainiiaea?noai iaeiiai iaoeaioey iaeiiai
i?aoe?aieea

Aano??y 0,39 56 5164,0 11952,5 395,2 11952,5

O?ieyiae?y 0,42 67 5908,0 9847,9 368,5 12121,2

?io? e?a?ie ?N 1,00 48 3940,0 39884,5 645,8 28282,5

Oe?a?ia, anueiai 10,9 108 362,0 902766,7 221,9 4690,1

a oiio /ene? aac i?euea c iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, noeioethaaiiy
ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo ? oaeineiiaeaiiy aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee 6,4
64 215,1 536425,7 131,8 2786,9

* ?ic?aoiaaii ia iniia? aeaieo: Yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa ?innee. –
1999. – ? 3. – N. 30, Agricultural Policies, Market and Trade –
Monitoring and Outlook, Paris, OECD, 1994 oa Aii?inu yeiiiieee. – 1996.
— ? 9. – N. 51.

oie e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, e?aaeeoieo onoaiia oiui.

Oaeei /eiii, cai?iiiiiaai? caoiaee uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? iiaeooue noai?eoe
ni?eyoeeaee ?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie,
aeoea?coaaoe ae?yeuei?noue i?eaaoieo ?iaanoi??a oa caaacia/aoue
aeiaeaoeia? a?ioia? iioiee a aaeocue.

AENIIAEE

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiue
c?iaeaii ianooii? aeniiaee:

?iaanoeoe?? caeiathoue eeth/iaa i?noea a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio
?icaeoeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, a ?o ianyae iaoiiaeththoueny noaiii
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo. I?iiiio?ii iiiyooy “?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao”
aecia/aoe ye noeoii?noue aioo??oi?o e ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a iie?oe/iiai,
aeiiii?/iiai, i?aaiaiai oa nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ui
aieeaathoue ia ?ioaineai?noue ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a oa aecia/athoue
oiiae ?iaanooaaiiy a e?a?i?.

No/aniee noai aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano iicia/a?oueny ??ceei
nei?aiiyi on?o aeae?a eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ye o ae?iaie/o, oae ? a
nioe?aeueio noa?e aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. Cieaeo?oueny ??aaiue ?o
aoaeoeaiino?. Ianyae ciai?oiueiai ?iaanooaaiiy ia iaa?aee iaiao?aeieo
?ici???a, ui??/i? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue iio?aaai aeiiii?ee. I?iaeaia a?aeiiaeaiiy iiaiioe?iiiai
aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano iaaoea ia?oi/a?aiaiai cia/aiiy. Oi/a
oi?iaeiaae 1990-1998 ?ie?a aoee caae?yi? on? iiaeeea? aaaeae?
?aaoethaaiiy, aa?a?ia ?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie iineea
ai?ciaee/iee, aacnenoaiiee oa?aeoa?, ia aoei aeinyaiooi iioeiaeueiiai
aieeao ia aeiiii?/io neooaoe?th. ??cea nei?i/aiiy ianya?a aea?aeaaieo
eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ia aoei eiiiainiaaia c?inoaiiyi ?iaanoeoe?e c
aeueoa?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae. Iniiaiith i?e/eiith caiaiaaeo aa?a?iiai
?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano noaea iaa?aeiia?aeia aei neooaoe??
?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea, aacnenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ie?aieo
aeaiaio?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa iaa?aooaaiiy ?o aca?iiae??.

Nenoaia aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? i?noeoue o
nia? aaaeae? i?yiiai (iie?oeea aea?aeaaieo eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue) oa
iai?yiiai (aii?oecaoe?eia iie?oeea, noeioethth/a ooieoe?y iiaeaoeiai?
nenoaie, e?aaeeoia caaacia/aiiy, oe?iiaa oa ieoia ?aaoethaaiiy, a oaeiae
?iiiaaoe?eia iie?oeea, caoiaee ii caeo/aiith ?iicaiieo ?iaanoeoe?e,
?iaeeeaoeaia ieaioaaiiy oa ni?eyiiy ?aoi?ioaaiith) aieeao. Iaoith
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ? noai?aiiy
ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo oa aeoea?caoe?y ?iaanooaaiiy.
Iniiaiith oiiaith oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? oa eiai cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? eiiieaeni?noue
ae?e on?o aaaeae?a, o?aooaaiiy ?o aca?iicaeaaeiino?. A oiiaao
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a ?eieiaa na?aaeiaeua ia?aaaaeiiai
cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue iai?yi? aaaeae? ?aaoethaaiiy. Cieaeoth/e naith
?ieue o i?yiiio o?iainoaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a, aea?aeaaa iiaeiia
caaacia/oaaoe aeoeai?noue i?eaaoieo ?iaanoi??a aaaeaeyie iai?yiiai
aieeao.

I??i?eoaoaie i?yiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?iaanooaaiiy a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iiaeiai caeeoeoenue ?icaeoie aa?a?ii? iaoee
(ian?iieoeoai, aaoa?eia??y, iaoai?caoe?y, caoeno ?ineei ? oaa?ei oiui);
oo?eiaiiy aei??a; eiioi?eaoe?e ca’yceo, oaiei-, aeaeo?i-,
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy; oo?eiaiiy eiio?iethth/eo i?aai?a; /anoeiaa o?iainoaaiiy
aa?a?ii? ina?oe, ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy; oo?eiaiiy oa ?icaeoie
nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea oiui.

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo aaaeeeaei aaaeaeai aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
ia? noaoe aii?oecaoe?eia iie?oeea. ?? iaoith ? caaacia/aiiy i?ioeano
i?inoiai a?aeoai?aiiy oeyoii noai?aiiy oiia, ca yeeo iiaeaeueoa
?iaanooaaiiy iaeiie/aiiai aii?oecaoe?eiiai oiiaeo ? aeiiii?/ii
aei?aaaeaiei oa aea?aeiei aeey ?iaanoi?a. Aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy
aii?oecaoe?eii? nenoaie iaiao?aeii: aeicaieeoe ?iaeaenaoe?th iniiaieo
cania?a i?e aeinyaiaii? eaa?oaeueiiai ?iaeaeno ?ioeyoe?? 105%; i?eeiyoe
ii?yaeie ?ic?aooieo eiao?oe??ioa ?iaeaenaoe??, ca yeiai a?i
a?aeiia?aeaoeia ?iaeaeno ?ioeyoe??; ia iaeeaaeaoe iiaeaoeaie i?e??no
aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a, ui ooai?th?oueny i?e canoinoaaii? aeaiiai
eiao?oe??ioa; iaaeaoe aeica?e canoiniaoaaoe eiao?oe??io ?iaeaenaoe??
aeey ia?a?aooieo aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a, aei yeeo ia?aoiao?oueny
aii?oecaoe?y i?enei?aiei iaoiaeii; cieceoe oa?i?ie eiiiainaoe?? aeo?ao
i?enei?aiei iaoiaeii oa aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe ?o caeaaeii a?ae aeae?a
iniiaieo cania?a ia 3-, 5- oa 7-??/i?; ia?aoiaoaaoe aii?oecaoe?ei?
a?ae?aooaaiiy aei a?aeiiaethaaeueii? aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a, yea
aei??aith? ii/aoeia?e, ei?aaiaai?e ia noio aeo?ao ia eai?oaeueiee
?aiiio.

Iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? a no/anieo oiiaao iaaoaa? ieoaiiy e?aaeeoiiai
caaacia/aiiy aa?a?ieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, ui coiiaeaii niaoeeo?eith
ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a aaeoc?. Ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy iaiao?aeii
cae?enithaaoe oeyoii noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo oiiae?a e?aaeeoii?
i?aeo?eiee, ye? ii?yae ?c iaaeaiiyi aa?aio?e e?aaeeoiei onoaiiaai uiaei
iiaa?iaiiy iniiaieo noi e?aaeeo?a, niea/oaaoeiooue /anoeio a?aenioe?a ca
ei?enooaaiiy ieie.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui no/ania iiaeaoeiaa nenoaia aeeiio? ooieoe?th
noeioethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?,
aeaye? aniaeoe iiiaeaoeoaaiiy iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai oaeineiiaeaiiy
oa caeiiiaeaa/iai aecia/aiiy. Oae, iaiao?aeiei ? caeiiiaeaa/a aecia/aiiy
ii?yaeeo nieaoe iiaeaoe?a i?aei?e?inoaaie, aeey yeeo ia?ao?ae ia
o?eniaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee iiaeaoie ? iaaea?aeiei. I?ney
cae?i/aiiy no?ieo ca?eueiaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
a?ae nieaoe iniiaieo aeae?a iiaeaoe?a (c 01.01.2001), ne?ae caaacia/eoe
iinooiiaa ca?eueoaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aei aeiiii?/ii
iaa?oioiaaieo iaae, ye? ia i?ecaiaeeoeiooue aei aeeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
?ano?n?a oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, canoiniaoaaoe nenoaio i?euea, noeioethth/eo
?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue, a oiio /ene? ?? ?iiiaaoe?eiee aniaeo.

Oi?ioaaiith aeanieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a aoaeooue ni?eyoe aeinyaiaiiy ia?eoaoiino? oe?i oa
aea?aaeaioiino? oiaa?iiai?io i?ae aaeocyie aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
caniaaie oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, a naia: oeyoii a?aeiiaeaiiy
?ioa?aaioe?eiiai oiiaeo ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
ne?iaeie oa i?iaeiaieuenoaa, eiiiainaoe?eieo aeieao i?aeo?eiee oe?i oa
aeioiae?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a. ?eieiaa
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a oe?iiooai?aiiy a aa?a?i?e noa?? iiaeiii
aeinyaaoenue i?aeaeuaiiyi ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo ianaeaiiy /a?ac
c?inoaiiy aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy. Ca aeiiiiiaith caoiae?a ieoiiai
?aaoethaaiiy iaiao?aeii aeinyaoe caoeuaiino? aioo??oiueiai ?eieo a?ae
aeanoaa?e?caoe?? oa ni?eyoe caoenoo ?ioa?an?a aeaniiai oiaa?iae?iaieea.

Iaiao?aeii iineeeoe ?ieue i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a
?aaoethaaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?. Oeueiio aoaea ni?eyoe ?ic?iaea
oa ?aae?caoe?y ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai ?aa?iiaeueiiai ??aiy.

Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? aeiaaa? a?ae aea?aeaae iaaieo aeo?ao. Oe? eiooe iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue oiaa?iae?iaieeaie ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? oe?e?, oiio
yaeythoue niaith iai?yio aea?aeaaio ?iaanoeoe?eio i?aeo?eieo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. E?euee?nio ioe?ieo oaei? i?aeo?eiee
aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe ia i?aenoaa? cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?iiiceoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ?ic?iaeaieo a ?acoeueoao?
aeine?aeaeaiue, caaacia/eoue iai?yio aea?aeaaio ?iaanoeoe?eio i?aeo?eieo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a ianyaao, ui aei??aiththoue 11 ie?ae. a?i. a
??e, c ?ic?aooieo ia 1 ainiiaea?noai – 903 oen. a?i. ? ia 1
i?aoethth/iai – 4,7 oen. a?i. A ii??aiyii? c e?a?iaie ?N ianyae oaei?
i?aeo?eiee cia/ii ieae/?. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoai?cio
ni?eyoeia aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?, noai?aiith
ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo.

NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

I??a E.A. A?aeiiaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? ?aeiio // Aeiiii?ea AIE. – 1997. — ? 8. – N. 45-48.

I??a E.A. ?iaanooaaiiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e naea // Aa?i?ieii. –
1998. — ? 7-8. – N. 45-47.

I??a E.A. Aaaeae? iai?yiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? //
Aeiiii?ea AIE. – 1998. — ? 11. – N. 71-75.

I??a E.A. Oiiae ae?yeueiino? ?iicaiieo ?iaanoi??a o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie // Aa?i?ieii. – 1999. — ? 3-4-5. – N. 52-56.

I??a E.A. Aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? // Aa?a?ia iaoea – naeo / Iaoeiaee ca??iee
Iiae?euenueei? aea?aeaaii? aa?a?ii-oaoi?/ii? aeaaeai??, aeione 7, o. 2.
– Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1999. – N. 141-145.

AIIOAOe??

I??a E.A. Aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI. Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.02. – Aeiiii?ea oa oi?aae?iiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii, ?iaanoeoe?ei? oa ?iiiaaoe?ei? i?ioeane.

Aeeeaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo aniaeo?a,
aeina?aeo ?ioeo e?a?i oa i?iaeai ?icaeoeo aa?a?iiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
ee?iaoo, ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo ?iaanoi??a
oa iaoai?cio ?? aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
Oe?a?ie. Ooi/iaii iiiyooy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo. Iaa?oioiaaii iniiai?
caoiaee oa iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy aaaeae?a ?aaoethaaiiy oa ?o
eiiieaeniiai canoinoaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee aea?aeaaii?
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa iai?yieie aaaeaeyie
aieeao, ?ic?aoiaaii ianyae iiaeeeai? i?aeo?eiee aa?a?ieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee oa
?aae?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy, iai?yia aea?aeaaia
?iaanoeoe?eia i?aeo?eiea, ?iaanoeoe??, ?iaanoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue,
?iaanoeoe?eiee ee?iao.

Prib K. Economic regulation of investment activity in agriculture.

Thesis is the manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree of economic sciences by speciality
08.02.02 – Economics and management of scientific and technical
progress, investment and innovative processes. – The Institute of
Agrarian Economics UAAS, Kyiv, 1999.

The main results of theoretical aspects research, experience of other
countries and problems of agrarian investment climate development,
investment activities of domestic and foreign investors and mechanism of
their economic regulation in the agriculture of Ukraine are expounded.
The investment climate concept is specified. The main measures and
directions of regulation levers improvement and their comprehensive use
are substantiated, a procedure to estimate state investment support of
the agriculture by indirect effect levers is developed, and volumes of
possible support of the agrarian commodity producers are calculated. The
main approaches to development and realization of the regional
investment programs are offered.

Key words: economic regulation, indirect state investment support,
investment, investment activities, investment climate.

I?ea A.A. Yeiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a
naeueneii oicyenoaa.

Aeenna?oaoeeae anoue ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.02. – Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea iao/ii-oaoie/aneei
i?ia?annii, eiaanoeoeeiiiua e eiiiaaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu. Einoeooo
aa?a?iie yeiiiieee OAAI. Eeaa, 1999.

Eceiaeaiu iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey oai?aoe/aneeo aniaeoia,
iiuoa ae?oaeo no?ai e i?iaeai ?acaeoey aa?a?iiai eiaanoeoeeiiiiai
eeeiaoa, eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ioa/anoaaiiuo e eiino?aiiuo
eiaanoi?ia e iaoaiecia a? yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey a naeueneii
oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu. Ooi/iaii iiiyoea eiaanoeoeeiiiiai eeeiaoa. Iainiiaaiu
iniiaiua ia?ii?eyoey e iai?aaeaiey ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth ?u/aaia
?aaoee?iaaiey e eo eiiieaeniiai eniieueciaaiey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea
ioeaiee ainoaea?noaaiiie eiaanoeoeeiiiie iiaeaea?aeee naeueneiai
oicyenoaa iai?yiuie ?u/aaaie aicaeaenoaey, ?ann/eoaiu iau?iu aiciiaeiie
iiaeaea?aeee aa?a?iuo oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae. I?aaeeiaeaiu iniiaiua
iiaeoiaeu e ?ac?aaioea e ?aaeecaoeee ?aaeiiaeueiuo eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
i?ia?aii.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai eiaanoe?iaaiey e ?aaoee?iaaiey
eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a naeueneii oicyenoaa. Aeoeaioe?oaony
aieiaiea ia oii, /oi i?iaeaia eiiieaeniiai i?eiaiaiey ?u/aaia
yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey e ioeaiee aiciiaeiie ainoaea?noaaiiie
iiaeaea?aeee aa?a?iiai naeoi?a yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu iai?yiuie ?u/aaaie
aicaeaenoaey enneaaeiaai iaaeinoaoi/ii. Enoiaey ec yeiiiie/aneie
eeoa?aoo?u e iiuoa ae?oaeo no?ai, ia iniiaa eiiieaena ?u/aaia aeeyiey ia
aioo?aiiea e eiino?aiiua eiaanoeoeee, a oaeaea ?aaoee?iaaiey aa?a?iie
noa?u i?aaeeiaeai iaoaieci yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe a naeueneii oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu, aeeth/athuee i?yiua e
iai?yiua ?u/aae aicaeaenoaey. E i?yiui ioiinyony ainoaea?noaaiiua
eaieoaeueiua aeiaeaiey, e iai?yiui — aii?oecaoeeiiiay iieeoeea,
noeioee?othuay ooieoeey nenoaiu iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, e?aaeeoiia
iaania/aiea, oeaiiaia e aiaoiayeiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea, a oaeaea
eiiiaaoeeiiiay iieeoeea, iaoiaeu noeioee?iaaiey eiino?aiiuo eiaanoi?ia,
eiaeeeaoeaiia ieaie?iaaiea e ?aoi?ie?iaaiea yeiiiieee. Ooi/iaii iiiyoea
eiaanoeoeeiiiue eeeiao.

I?iaiaeece?iaai eiaanoeoeeiiiue eeeiao a naeueneii oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu e
ioaeaeueiua oaeoi?u, eioi?ua aai ninoaaeytho. Enneaaeiaaii ninoiyiea e
yooaeoeaiinoue eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe aioo?aiieo e eiino?aiiuo
eiaanoi?ia a aeeiaieea. Naeaeai auaiae i oii, /oi iaeiei ec
ii?aaeaeythueo oaeoi?ia noaaiaoeee aa?a?iie yeiiiieee e a?
eiaanoeoeeiiiie noa?u noaei ianiioaaonoaothuaa o?aaiaaieyi a?aiaie
yeiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey oniaa?oainoaiaaiea ioaeaeueiuo
?u/aaia e ?ac?aaioaiu ia?ii?eyoey ii aeaeueiaeoae o?ainoi?iaoeee
i?aaeeiaeaiiiai iaoaiecia yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey n oeaeueth
nicaeaiey aeaaii?eyoiiai eiaanoeoeeiiiiai eeeiaoa e aeoeaecaoeee
eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Ia iniiaa i?aaeeiaeaiiie a aeenna?oaoeee
iaoiaeeea ioeaiee iai?yiie ainoaea?noaaiiie eiaanoeoeeiiiie iiaeaea?aeee
naeueneiai oicyenoaa ?ann/eoaiu iau?iu eiaanoeoeeiiiuo iioieia, eioi?ua
aicieeioo a naeueneii oicyenoaa Oe?aeiu a neo/aa ?aaeecaoeee
?ac?aaioaiiuo i?aaeeiaeaiee ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth iaoaiecia
yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey. Auyaeai ?aaeiiaeueiue oa?aeoa? aeeyiey e
ia yoie iniiaa i?aaeeiaeaiu iniiaiua iiaeoiaeu e ?ac?aaioea e
?aaeecaoeee ?aaeiiaeueiuo eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?ia?aii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea, iai?yiay ainoaea?noaaiiay
eiaanoeoeeiiiay iiaeaea?aeea, eiaanoeoeee, eiaanoeoeeiiiay
aeayoaeueiinoue, eiaanoeoeeiiiue eeeiao.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 30.08.99 ?. Oi?iao 60o84/16. Iai?? ae?oe.

Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,0. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0. Oe?aae 100. Cai. ?

AeIAe ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI.

252127, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 8

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