EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

EENIA ?AI? AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE – 69.003:658.012.012

AEIIII?*IA NO?AOAA?ss AAAAOII?IO?EUeIEO

AOAe?AAEUeII-EIIA?Oe?EIEO IA`?AeIAIUe A OIIAAO ?EIEO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.03 – Aeiiii?ea aoae?aieoeoaa

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieooeaa
? a?o?oaeoo?e

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee –

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ,i?ioani? OOAOeUeEEE Na?a?e Aiae??eiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy
aoae?aieoeoaii

Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieooeaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e .

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe –

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe I?EIEA?A Anaaieiae Iao?iae/,

a?oea-i?aceaeaio AO “Oe?a?inueea o?iainiaa a?oia “ ,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *A?IssANUeEEE
Aiaoie?e

Aeieo?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo
I?ae?aa?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??

oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeo .

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa

aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 13.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.056.03 i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252037, i. Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee
i?iniaeo,31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith:
252037, i. Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?iniaeo,31.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.056.03

e.a.i.,aeioeaio
Iiai?aeueoeaa A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aoaeoeai?noue cae?eniaiiy ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i
caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioaineaiino? ?iaanoeoe?eii-a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a
a e?a?i?. Cia/i? ?aca?ae aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?eieo
cina?aaeaeai? o ?aoi?ioaaii? aeiiii?/ieo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo a?aeiinei o
aoae?aaeueiiio eiiieaen?,. ui ? ?ioaa?aoi?ii a?aeoai?thaaeueieo
i?ioean?a. Ia?niaeoeae i?aeianaiiy aoae?aaeueii? aaeoc? aaciina?aaeiuei
iia”ycai? c i?ioeanaie ei?ii?aoecaoe??, ui a aoae?aaeueiiio eiiieaen?
?aae?cothoueny /a?ac noai?aiiy oieaeeiaiaeo, ?iaanoeoe?eii-aoae?aaeueieo
oa aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue. Aeaaeae?
a?eueoa /anoea ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa i?eiaaea? ia aaaaoii?io?euei?
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?ei? ia”?aeiaiiy. Oe? ia”?aeiaiiy iathoue iiae?aio
aei oieaeeia?a i?aai?caoe?eio no?oeoo?o, aea ?o ae?yeuei?noue aeoiaeeoue
ca iaae? aoae?aaeueii? aaeoc?. I?iieeiaiiy oaeeo ia”?aeiaiue a noi?aei?
aaeoc?, a oaeiae a ?iaanoeoe?eio, eiia?oe?eio, oi?a?aaeueio
ae?yeuei?noue iaoiiaeth?oueny iaiao?aei?noth i?enoinoaaiiy aei neeaaeieo
oiia ?eieo, ? caniaii a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo aeanieo ?ano?n?a
oa aeoioeyoe?? aeiaeaoeiaeo eioo?a ia ae?iaie/? oa nioe?aeuei? iio?aae.
Neeaaeia i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a, aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y ae?yeueiino?,
iaiao?aei?noue ocaiaeaeaiiy noia?a/eeaeo ?ioa?an?a ainiiaea?nueeeo
neeaaeiaeo, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo ia”?aeiaiiy, aeiaaathoue iaeaaeiiai
aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? eiioeaioe?? oa no?aoaa??
ae?yeueiino? oeeo ia”?aeiaiue a oiiaao ?eieo, aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a
?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a ana?aaeei? ia”?aeiaiiy oa
aaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aeioe?eueiino? ?nioth/eo no?oeoo?ieo oi?i ?o
i?aai?caoe??. Oae? ieoaiiy ua ia ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a niaoe?aeuei?e
e?oa?aoo??, aeiiii?/ia iaiao?aei?noue ?o ae??oaiiy aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie,ieaiaie,oaiaie. Oai?aoe/i? ?
i?aeoe/i? ?ic?iaee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe uiaei iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue
a?aeiia?aeathoue “Eiioeaioe?? aeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe?? ? c?inoaiiy a
Oe?a?i?”,aea?aeaaiei i?ia?aiai noai?aiiy o?iainiai-i?iieneiaeo a?oi ?
oieaeeiaiaeo eiiiai?e (Oeac I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie ?224/94 — “Iieiaeaiiy
i?i oieaeeiaia? eiiiai??, ui noai?ththoueny a i?ioean? ei?ii?aoecaoe?? ?
i?eaaoecaoe??”, Caeii Oe?a?ie a?ae 21.11.95 ?.- “I?i
o?iainiai-i?iieneia? a?oie “),oaiaoeoe? aeine?aeaeaiue Aea?aeaaiiai
eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao i?noiaoaeoaaiiy ? a?o?oaeoo?e (oaia ?1003-98
“Aiae?c aoaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? iiainoai?aieo ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo? (
oieaeeia?a,i?iieneiai-o?iainiaeo a?oi,ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa) oa
?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ?o ae?yeueiino?”), eaoaae?e
i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy aoae?aieoeoaii Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? a iaoeiaiio
iaa?oiooaaii? aeiiii?/ii? eiioeaioe?? ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue a no/anieo ?eieiaeo oiiaao ,
?ic?iaoe? aeiiii?/ii? iiaeae?,iaoiaeeee ? aeai?eoio oi?ioaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue o ainiiaea?nuee? neeaaeia? oa aeaee
ae?yeueiino?, i?iaeoieo ??oaiue uiaei i?aai?caoe?eieo cania?a
i?aeaioiaee ? ao?eaiiy aoaeoeaii? no?aoaa??, c ianooiiei ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo oi?aae?iiy.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith aecia/ai? oae? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1) icia/aiiy caaaeaiue ? ia?niaeoea aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue uiaei aeiiii?/iiai aaeineiiaeaiiy
aoae?aaeueii? aaeoc? oa ?iaanoeoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua a oe?eiio;

2)?ic?iaea aeiiii?/ii? eiioeaioe?? ae?yeueiino? aeacaieo ia”?aeiaiue a
no/anieo ?eieiaeo oiiaao oa i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy ?o no?aoaa??;

3)aea?? iaoiae?a, i?ioeaaeo? ? e?eoa???a i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ,
iiaoaeiaa aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue o
ainiiaea?nuee? iaeeieoe? ia”?aeiaiiy, c ?iciiae?eii ca aeaeaie
iniiaii?,eiia?oe?eii? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ;

4)?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ? aeai?eoio oi?ioaaiiy ? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii?
iioei?caoe?? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue,yea a?aoiao? no?oeoo?o
iaaeoiaeaeaiue-aeo?ao,aeeaa?neo?eaoe?th ae?yeueiino?,o?iainiai-ae?iaie/?
oa ?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ia”?aeiaiiy ;

5)aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-no?oeoo?ieo cania?a i?aeaioiaee ?
ao?eaiiy aoaeoeaii? aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? ia”?aeiaiue, ui
aeine?aeaeothoueny; ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?ai?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy
aaaaoii?io?eueieie aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieie ia”?aeiaiiyie oa i?iaeoieo
??oaiue ii noai?aiith aeiiii?/ieo neoaea a ?o no?oeoo??.

I?aaeiao ? ia”?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aeiiii?/ia eiioeaioe?y ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue a no/anieo ?eieiaeo oiiaao,
e?eoa??? ? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
ae?yeueiino?, iai?yie aeiiii?/iiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ? oi?ie i?aai?caoe??
oi?aae?iiy oaeeo ia”?aeiaiue.

Ia”?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaaaoii?io?euei? aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?ei?
ia”?aeiaiiy, ui iathoue oieaeeiaiao no?oeoo?o i?aai?caoe??,
aeeaa?neo?eiaaiee oa?aeoa? ae?yeueiino? oa aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueia
i?ecia/aiiy a ?iaanoeoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu?.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. Caaacia/aiiy aieiaii? iaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeinyaiooi
aeei?enoaiiyi aeinoia??ieo ? aeia?a ai?iaiaaieo iaoiae?a aeiiii?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, oaeeo, ye nenoaiiee aiae?c, iaoiaee e?i?eiiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy, iioei?caoe?? oa aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.
I?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue a?aoiaaii no/ani? aeiiae ?eieo aei
aaaaoiaaeocaaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo ia”?aeiaiue, ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe ?o
i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o ?ica”ycaii? eiiieaeno iiaeo iaoeiaeo
i?iaeai uiaei ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo
ia”?aeiaiue a no/anieo oiiaao ?eieo – aecia/aii eiioeaioe?th aeiiii?/ii?
no?aoaa?? oaeeo ia”?aeiaiue,?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ? aeai?eoi oi?ioaaiiy ?
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue,
?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ii
?aoe?iiaeuei? i?iaeoi? ??oaiiy ii ?ai?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oaeeo
ia”?aeiaiue .

Aaoi?ii iniaenoi iaea?aeaii oae? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe :

— aeiiii?/io eiioeaioe?th ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue oa i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy ?o
no?aoaa??,ui a?aoiaothoue niaoeeo?eo ae?yeueiino? oaeeo ia”?aeiaiue a
?iaanoeoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu? ;

— aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue aeey
ia”?aeiaiue,ui aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, yea a?aoiao? aeeaa?neo?eaoe?th
ae?yeueiino?, no?oeoo?o-iaaeoiaeaeaiue-aeo?ao,?o o?iainiai-ae?iaie/? oa
?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ;

— iaoiaeeeo ? aeai?eoi oi?ioaaiiy ? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe??
ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue;

— i?iaeoi? ??oaiiy ii aeiiii?/iiio aaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i
oi?aae?iiy ia”?aeiaiue oa noai?aiith a ?o no?oeoo?? aeiiii?/ieo neoaea,
ui eii?aeeiothoue i?aeaioiaeo ? ao?eaiiy iniiaieo no?aoaa?/ieo
aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue i?ae ainiiaea?nueeeie noa”?eoaie ia”?aeiaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? ?ic?iaee
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,ye cana?ae/eei ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
oi?aae?iiy ?yaeo aaaaoii?io?eueieo ainiiaea?nueeeo ia”?aeiaiue i. Ee?aa,
? iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith i?eeiyooy aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaieo
??oaiue uiaei no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue, ianya?a ae?yeueiino?, no?oeoo?
oi?aae?iiy ,ni?eythoue c?inoaiith ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ye ie?aieo
ainiiaea?nueeeo neeaaeiaeo ,oae ? ia”?aeiaiue a oe?eiio .

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaea?aeaee noaaeaiiy ia 56-e,
57-e, 58-e ? 59-e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Ee?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e (1995,
1996, 1997 ? 1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
a?aeia?aaeaii o 5 ioae?eaoe?yo , ye? iiaa/eee na?o o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo,
ui aoiaeyoue aei ia?ae?eo, caoaa?aeaeaiiai AAE Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 138
iaeiaioaaiue oa aeiaeaoe?a, i?noeoue 174 noi??iee, 19 ?enoie?a oa 5
oaaeeoeue.Ianya iniiaii? /anoeie aeena?oaoe?? — 152 noi??iee, ia?ae?eo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae –10 noi??iie, aeiaeaoe?a -12 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai
i?aaeiao,

ia”?eo, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, aeeeaaeaii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy,
aeine?aeaeaiiy,iiaeaii iaoeiao iiaecio oa aecia/aii iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? cae?eniaii iaeyae iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae c aaeoc?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai? iai?yie iiaeaeueoeo iiooe?a. Iaeyae iayaieo
iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae aeicaieea aecia/eoe aaeuei?ai? /eiieee oa oaeoi?e
aeoea?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii-a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a, a oaeiae
aecia/eoe ?ieue ? i?noea ia”?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?iaanoeoe?eiiio
na?aaeiaeu?. Aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c icia/aieo i?iaeai, aeeeaaeai?
o i?aoeyo i?ia?aeieo a/aieo-?iaanoiciaaoe?a oa i?aeoee?a ?iaanoeoe?eiiai
iaiaaeaeiaioo – ?.Eoe?iiaa, I.Eooeaiea, N.Aei?iaoioeiaa, A.Eaanithea,
A.Oaaei?aiea, I.Iaaeaia, I.Ia?anaaee, A.Aieea oa ?ioeo, cana?ae/ea, ui
ui iaeiei c /eiiee?a iiaeieaiiy no?oeoo?ii? e?ece a aoae?aaeueiiio
eiiieaen? oa ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa?? a oe?eiio ? noai?aiiiy
aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia`?aeiaiue. Aaeuei?aieie
/eiieeaie ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee ?
no?oeoo?i? aeaoi?iaoe?? a aeiiii?oe?, a?aenooi?noue oe?eani?yiiaaii? ?
aeaaaeaii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee, iaaeie?ee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
e?aaeeoii-a?ioiaiai ia?ao, iaaeineiiae?noue aioe?ioeyoe?eieo caoiae?a,
iaa?aaoeueiaai?noue caeiiiaeaa/i-i?aaiai? aace oa ia?icaoaeiaai?noue
?io?ano?oeoo?e ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?eieo.

Aeyaeaii, ui cia/i? ?aca?ae aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a
cina?aaeaeai? o ?aoi?ioaaii? aeiiii?/ieo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo a?aeiinei a
aoae?aaeueiiio eiiieaen? /a?ac noai?aiiy aaeeeeo ae?iaie/eo eiiieaen?a –
oieaeeiaiaeo eiiiai?e, ?iaanoeoe?eii-aoae?aaeueieo oa aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue. Niaoeeo?ea ae?yeueiino?
aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue aeiaaa?
?aoaeueiiai iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioeaioe?? ae?yeueiino?, aeiiii?/ii?
no?aoaa??, ?ic?iaee e?eoa???a, iaoiae?a oa aoaeoeaieo aeai?eoi?a
oi?ioaaiiy ? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? oa i?ia?aie
ae?yeueiino? oaeeo ia”?aeiaiue a oiiaao ?eieo. A?aenooi?noue iaeaaeiiai
aena?oeaiiy oeeo ieoaiue a niaoe?aeuei?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? aecia/eei
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ? iaoiiaeei iaoo ?
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iinoaiiaea caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy” aecia/aii iaoo
? iniiai? caaaeaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeaii eia?/io noaio eiai
i?iaaaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiioeaioe?th ? iniiai? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo
ia”?aeiaiue, iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a
aeeaaeaiue uiaei ainiiaea?nueeeo noa”?eo?a oa iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino?
ia”?aeiaiiy, ia?aii ?aoe?iiaeuei? iaoiaee ? i?ioeaaeo?e
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,cae?eniaii iaoaiaoe/io iinoaiiaeo
caaea/?. Eia?ea aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/a? iine?aeiaia aeeiiaiiy oaeeo
aoai?a:

1) aecia/aiiy eiioeaioe?? ae?yeueiino? ? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue a no/anieo oiiaao ?eieo, a oiio
/ene? i?eioeei?a ? e?eoa???a aoaeoeaiino? aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa??,ui
ia?aia;

2) oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ci?noo e?eoa???a ? ia?aiao??a aeiiii?/ii?
iiaeae? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue ia”?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy; iiooe ?
aaeaioaoe?y no/anieo aoaeoeaieo aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a ?
i?ioeaaeo? aeey iio?aa aeine?aeaeaiiy:

3) ?ic?iaea, aeai?eoi?caoe?y ? i?ia?aiia ao?eaiiy iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy ?
iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue aeey ia”?aeiaiue,ui
aeine?aeaeothoueny ;

4) ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoiaeeee ?
aeai?eoio a i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue, ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e oa i?iaeoieo
??oaiue uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiy oaeeo ainiiaea?nueeeo
ia”?aeiaiue .

?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-
eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue, ui icia/o? ?ieue ? i?noey aeaieo ia”?aeiaiue
ia ?eieo aoae?aaeueii? i?iaeoeoe?? ? iineoa oa ?iaanoeoe?eiiio
na?aaeiaeu? a oe?eiio,iaa?oioiao? iae?iaeiiii?/i? ia?aaeoiiae, oaeoi?e
oa i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? ( iniiai? iieiaeaiiiy
eiioeaioe?? aeeeaaeaii no?oeoo?ii-eia?/iith noaiith ia ?en.1.).
Eiioeaioe?y aeoiaeeoue c oiai,ui oa?aeoa? ?ioaa?aoe?? ainiiaea?nueeeo
iaeeieoeue (aei/??i?o o??i) aei neeaaeo oaeeo ia`?aeiaiue iaoiiaeth? ?o
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueio ?ieue a ?eieiaiio ?iaanoeoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu? —
i?ae?yaeieea, noai?ae?yaeieea, iinoa/aeueieea, ?iaanoi?a
(ni?a?iaanoi?a), i?iaeooaaeueieea , a oaeiae oi?aae?iiy i?aeaioiaeith ?
ao?eaiiyi ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a,ui caaacia/o? cia/i? iiaeeeaino?
aeey aeiiii?/iiai iaiaa?o oa aoaeoeaiiai ?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a.
Aecia/aii, ui aaciaeie i?eioeeiaie oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa??
oaeeo ia`?aeiaiue ? : aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y ae?yeueiino?,aaeain ?ecee?a ,
eii?aeeiaoe?y ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ii ainiiaea?nueeei iaeeieoeyi oa
iai?yiai ae?yeueiino?,ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?n?a noa”?eo?a ia”?aeiaiiy oeyoii
i?i?i?caoe?? ao?ao, ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?? ca
aaaaoueia aeiiii?/ieie e?eoa??yie.Eiioeaioe?y aeiaiaeeoue,ui
iaeaaaeeea?oith neeaaeiaith aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue ? no?aoaa?y aeeaaeaiue,ia?aiao?e
yei? iathoue caaacia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e ?ano?n?a i?ae
ainiiaea?nueeeie neeaaeiaeie ( aei/??i?ie o??iaie) oa iai?yiaie
ae?yeueiino? ( i?ae?yaeia,eiia?oe?eia,?iaanoeoe?eia oiui ).I?e
oi?ioaaiii? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue ne?ae a?aooaaoe no?oeoo?o
iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? aeo?ao,aeeaa?neo?eaoe?th
ae?yeueiino?,o?iainiai-ae?iaie/? oa ?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino?
ia”?aeiaiiy, a ia?aiao?e no?aoaa?? – ianyae aeeaaeaiue- iathoue
oi?ioaaoenue ia iniia? aaaaoueio aeiiii?/ieo e?eoa???a.Oe? aeiiae
caaacia/othoueny iaoaiaoe/iith iinoaiiaeith caaea/? oi?ioaaiiy
iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue ia”?aeiaiue o aeaeyae?
nenoaie oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e ,eiaeia c yeeo a?aeia?aaea?

?en. 1. Neeaaeia? aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueiiai
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eiiai ia”?aeiaiiy .

ni?yiiaai?noue ianya?a aeeaaeaiue ia iioeiaeuei?noue uiaei iaaiiai
aeiiii?/iiai e?eoa??th :

Y2XmYi=kijXj+Ki ; Yi extr ;[Yi]=Y2; [Xj]=Xp; (1)…XfY14AijXj Ai
;BijXj =Bi ;Xjmin Xj Xjmax; (2)

aea Y?– nenoaia oe?eueiaeo ooieoe??, eiaeia c ieo ? eieaeueiei
e?eoa???i iioeiaeueiino? ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue :

Y1- ianyae ?aae?ciaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, ?ia?o, iineoa;

Y2 — i?eaooie a?ae iniiaii? ae?yeueiino?;

Y3- ?iaanoeoe?ei? aeo?aoe;

Y4- i?eaooie a?ae ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?;

Y5- aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy;

Y6 — iieaciee ?eceeo;

Y7- ?aioaaaeuei?noue aeeaaeaiue;

Y8- iica?aae?caoe?ei? aeioiaee;

Y9- iai?ioi?noue aeanieo aeeaaeaiue;

Y10- iioi/ia e?ea?aei?noue;

Y11- o?iainiaa caeaaei?noue;

Y12- no?ee?noue aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy;

Y13- ?a?iaanooaaiiy i?eaooeo o ?icaeoie ae?iaieoeoaa;

Y14- ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?;

Xj – aaeoi? a?aoiaio?a iiaeae?, ye? i?aeeyaathoue iioei?caoe?? ;

Xm- neeaaeiaa aaeoi?o , ui aeeth/a? ianyae aeeaaeaiue a ainiiaea?nuee?
iaeeieoe? ? iai?yie ae?yeueiino? ( i?ae?yaeia,eiia?oe?eia,oi?a?aaeueia
oiui ) ;

O? – aaeoi? aeeaaeaiue a ?aaeuei? ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?iaeoe ( p-e?euee?noue
i?iaeo?a ) ;

Of – aaeoi? aeeaaeaiue a oe?ii? iaia?e ( f- /enei oiiaeiaeo aeeaaeaiue
);

kij -eiao?oe??ioe i?e a?aoiaioao iiaeae? (ianyaao aeeaaeaiue)
;

Ki -aeaiaioe aaeoi?o a?eueieo /eai?a iiaeae? ;

(2 )- o?iainia?, no?oeoo?i?, oaoiieia?/i?, eiia?oe?ei? oa ?io?
iaiaaeaiiy ia ianyae aeeaaeaiue Xj,iiaeai? o aeaeyae? nenoai
ia??aiinoae oa ??aiyiue,a yeeo a?aeiia?aeii Aij oa Bij ? eiao?oe??ioaie
,a Ai,Bi- a?eueieie /eaiaie .

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue oa ?? i?ia?aiia
ao?-eaiiy”,iiaeaii ii?yaeie i?aeaioiaee aeo?aeieo aeaieo, iniiai? aoaie
? ia/enethaaeuei? i?ioeaaeo?e aeai?eoio (?en.2) oa no?oeoo?o i?ia?aiiiai
eiiieaeno,

a yeeo ao?eaii ?ic?iaeaio iaoiaeeeo oi?ioaaiiy ? iioei?caoe??
ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue ia”?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeai?eoi iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a aeeaaeaiue aaaaoii?io?eueiiai
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue ia?aaeaa/a? iine?aeiaio
?aae?caoe?th oaeeo aoai?a ?ic?aooieo :

1) i?aeaioiaea aeo?aeieo aeaieo;

2) ?ic?aooiie eiao?oe??io?a iiaeae? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue,iaoaiaoe/ia

oi?iae?caoe?y caaea/? o aeaeyae? nenoaie oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e ( 1) oa
iaiaaeaiue ( 2) ;

3) ?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/iee aoai.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (aeiee 1-3 ia noai?) ia iniia?
o?iainiai-aooaaeoa?nueei? oa ?ioi? ca?oiino? aecia/athoueny iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? ia”?aeiaiiy oa eiai ainiiaea?nueeeo neeaaeiaeo
ca ia??iae, ui ia?aaeo? ?ic?aooieiaiio. Aeinoia??i?noue aeaieo
caaacia/o?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo oa ca?oiino?. Iaea?aeai? aeai? aiae?cothoueny ? ainiiaea?nueeeie
iaeeieoeyie oa ca a?oiaie iieaciee?a (i?eaooie, no?oeoo?a
iaaeoiaeaeaiue-aeo?ao, ?aioaaaeuei?noue, e?ea?aei?noue, iai?ioi?noue
oiui). A aeai?eoi?/iiio aeioe? 2 ?aae?ciaaii cai?iiiiiaai? aaoi?ii
i?ioeaaeo?e iiia?aaeiueiai a?aeai?o ?aaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a
aei neeaaeo ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ii?ooaey ia”?aeiaiiy ca iieacieeaie ?o
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?, ui aiae?cothoueny ? ni?anoaaeththoueny c
aeanieie oe?eyie, caaaeaiiyie oa ii?iaoeaieie ia”?aeiaiiyie.O?ao?e
no?oeoo?iee aeie aeai?eoio cae?enith? a?aea?? oiiaeiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a
(oe?iieo iaia??a). Aeoiaey/e c eii”theoo?e oiiaeiaiai ?eieo,
iiaeeeainoae o??ie, na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo a?aeoeeaiue ?o
aeioiaeiino?,-eiao?oe?aio?a ?eceeo, aecia/a?oueny ?aoe?iiaeueia aeey
ia”?aeiaiiy e?euee?noue iaea?eueo ?iaanoeoe?eii i?eaaaeeaeo aeae?a
oiiaeiaeo aeeaaeaiue.

Ae?oaee aoai (aeiee 4-6 ) ii/eia?oueny c oi?ioaaiiy iaiaaeaiue ia
a?aoiaioe iiaeae? — ianyae aeeaaeaiue, aeoiaey/e c aeiiii?/ieo,
?iaanoeoe?eieo, ae?iaie/eo, oaoiieia?/ieo oa ?ioeo i??eoaaiue. A aeioe?
5 aeai?eoio cae?enith?oueny ?ic?aooiie eiao?oe?aio?a i?e ia?aiao?ao o
??aiyiiyo (1) aeey oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e Y1- Y14. *anoeia aeaieo
iaea?aeo?oueny ia iniia? aaeainiai-no?oeoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae, /anoeia –
oeyoii ?aa?an??. A no?oeoo?? aeai?eoio ia?aaeaa/aii niaoe?aeuei?
i?ioeaaeo?e ia?aa??ee aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeaeae ?aa?an?? ? ioe?iee
aeinoia??iino? ?ic?aooie?a (aeaiaioe 5.3 oa 5.4 ia noai? ), cie?aia,
?ic?aooiie iioeaee ai?ieneiaoe??, aeia??/eo ?ioa?aae?a oa ?i. Aoai
caaa?oo?oueny iaoaiaoe/iith iinoaiiaeith caaea/? o aeaeyae? nenoaie
oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e nenoaie oe?eiaeo ooieoe?e ( 1) oa iaiaaeaiue (2).

?ic?aooieiai-aiae?oe/iee aoai aeeth/a? ia/enethaaeuei? i?ioeaaeo?e
e?i?eiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy (neiieaen-iaoiaeo), ia iniia? yeeo
cae?enith?oueny iiooe ??oaiue – cia/aiue Oj (i) aaeoi?o Oj, ye?
iaaeathoue aeno?aioio (iaeneioio /e i?i?ioio) a?aeiia?aei?e oe?eueia?e
ooieoe?e Yi (aeiee 7-12 ). A ?acoeueoao? 14-?aciai? iioei?caoe?? iaeiiai
e oiai ae naiiai aaeoi?o aeeaaeaiue ( ii eiaeiiio c e?eoa???a )
oi?io?oueny iao?eoey eieaeueieo ??oaiue [Oextr] ?ici??iino? 14m ,kiaeai
?c noiaioe?a yei? aecia/a? iioeiaeueiee, uiaei ie?aii? oe?eueiai?
ooieoe??, ianya aeeaaeaiue ca an?ia iai?yiaie aeeaaeaiue , a a eiaeiiio
?yaeeo i?noyoueny cia/aiiy ianya?a aeeaaeaiue iaeiiai
iai?yio,iioeiaeuei? ii an?i 14 e?eoa??yi .

Iioeiaeueio no?aoaa?th aeeaaeaiue o aeaeyae? aaeoi?o [Xopt], yea a
caaeiaieueiyee an?i e?eoa??yi, ne?ae ooeaoe oeyoii e?i?eii? eiia?iaoe??
eieaeueieo ??oaiue – noiaioe?a iao?eoe? [Oextr] :

[Xopt] =i i Oextrij ; [] =[12 …i …14 ] ; i 0
; i = 1 ; ( 3 ),

aea i — ieoiiee aianie eieaeueiiai ??oaiiy ( eieaeueiiai
e?eoa??th ) a caaaeueia.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oai???th aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? ,
ieoiiee aianie eieaeueiiai ??oaiiy i — a caaaeueia ??oaiiy aecia/aany
ia iniia? iao?eoe? ao?ao [], yea ni?aa?aeiineoue cia/aiiy oe?eueiaeo
ooieoe?e, aecia/ai? i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo ianya?a aeeaaeaiue :

ih = |Yi(Xextri ) –Yi(Xextr h) |/ Yi(Xextri ) i?e hi ; ih = 0 i?e h
= i ; (4) ,

aea ih — aeaiaio i – ai ?yaeea h-ai noiaioey iao?eoe? ao?ao [],

Yi(Xextri ) – cia/aiiy oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? Yi ,a?aoiaioii yei? ? ianyae
aeeaaeaiue,i?e yeeo aiia iaaoaa? aeno?aiaeueieo cia/aiue ;

Yi(Xextrh ) – cia/aiiy oe?eueiai? ooieoe?? Yi ,a?aoiaioii yei? ? ianyae
aeeaaeaiue,ui iaaeathoue aeno?aioio ?io?e oe?eueia?e ooieoe?? – Yh .

I?i?i?caoe??th iao?eoe? ao?ao [] aecia/a?oueny aianie ie?aieo eieaeueieo
??oaiue,ui aea? i?aenoaae, ia iniia? i?ioeaaeo?e ( 3 ), ?ic?aooaaoe
aaeoi? ianya?a aeeaaeaiue,iioeiaeueieo uiaei an?o e?eoa???a. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooieo (3) cae?-enith?oueny ?aoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e
aeeaaeaiue aaaaoii?io?eueiiai aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eiiai ia”?aeiaiiy
i?ae ainiiaea?nueeeie iaeeieoeyie, aeaeaie ae?yeueiino?, ?iaanoeoe?eieie
i?iaeoaie, oiiaeiaeie ?ino?oiaioaie.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue ?
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue” a?aeia?aaeai? ?acoeueoaoe
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, ?ic?iaie ? aeniiae?a
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino? ?yaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo
ia”?aeiaiue o aoae?aieoeoa?, ianaiia?aae, ainiiaea?nueeiai
aaaaoii?io?eueiiai aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eiiai ia”?aeiaiiy
“E?EI-oieae?ia”.

A?aoiaoth/e iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? a ?iaio? eiioeaioe??
ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueiiai aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eiiai ia”?aeiaiiy
,?ai?aai?ciaaii eiai

?en.3. I?iaeoia ??oaiiiy ii ?ai?aai?caoe?? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiiy
aaaaoii?io?eueiiai aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eiiai ia”?aeiaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Aoaeoeai?noue ?ai?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oa ao?eaiiy iiai? aeiiii?/ii?
no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueiiai aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eiiai ia`?aeiaiiy

( ia i?eeeaae? ainiiaea?nueeiai ia`?aeiaiiy “E?ei-oieae?ia” ) .

?

c/i

Iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy oa ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino?
ia`?aeiaiiyAei ?ai?-aai?caoe??

(1993-1994??.)

I?ney ?ai?aai?-caoe?? (1995 — 1997??.)12341. Anueiai i?aoe?aiee?a
aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy oa`?aeiaiiy, /ie. 360 2152. I?aoe?aiee?a
aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy aieiaii? o??ie, /ie. 46 323. Oa
naia,aei/??i?o o??i, /ie. 314 1834. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue
i?aoethth/ex, /ie. 1270 13855. Na?aaeiuei??/iee oiiae ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe,oen.a?ea./??e. 3773,4 4362,356. Anueiai aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oa
?ioeo iaae?iaie/eo aeo?ao ii ia`?aeiaiith,oen.a?ea./ (/ie. ??e)
6533,8 5682,37. Ieoii? iaae?iaie/? aeo?aoe ,oen.a?ea./(/ie. ??e)
5,1447 4,10278. Na?aaeiuei??/i? ianyae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??, ?ia?o,
iineoa, oen.a?ea./??e, 50260,9 62243,19. Na?aaeiuei??/iee aaeainiaee
i?eaooie, oen.a?ea./??e 10701 1392910. Ieoii? na?aaeiuei??/i?
ianyae ?aae?caoe??,oen.a?/(??e /ie.) 39,57 44,9411. Ieoiiee
na?aaeiuei??/iee aaeainiaee

i?eaooie ,oen.a?ea./( ??e /ie).8,42610,05712. Aeioiaee a?ae oe?iieo
iaia??a,oen.a?ea./??e22263134,513. I?eaooie,ni?yiiaaiee ia ?icaeoie
ainiiaea?nueeeo iaeeieoeue,oen.a?ea./??e5117753814. Na?aaeiuei??/ia noia
aeanieo cania?a ia”?aeiaiiy, oen.a?ea.6452,27001,915. Iai?ioi?noue
aeanieo cania?a,?ac?a7,7898,8916. Eiao?oe??io no?eeino? aeiiii?/iiai
c?inoaiiy,%15,3718,74617. Aeea?aeaiaee
aeoe?iia??a,oen.a?ea./??e55896670no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiy .Aoaeoeai?noue
cai?iiiiiaaii? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oaeeie ia”?aeiaiiyie (
?en. 3) iieyaathoue o oiio, ui aiia caaacia/o? no?oeoo?io ?aei?noue i?ae
eaieaie oi?aae?iiiy aieiaii? o??ie oa ainiiaea?nueeeo neeaaeiaeo
(aei/??i?o o??i ) ia”?aeiaiiy ? ?aoe?iiaeueiee aaeain
oeaio?ae?caoe??-aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? a ?iciiae?e? oi?aae?inueeeo
ooieoe?e,caaaeaiue ? iiaiiaaaeaiue ea??aiee?a oa oao?aoe?a.?ic?iaeo
no?aoaa?/ieo ae?iaie/eo,o?iainiaeo,aeiiii?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue
a?aeianaii aeeeth/ii aei i?a?iaaoea aieiaii? o??ie ia”?aeaiiiy,
no?oeoo?o oi?aae?iiiy yei? iiai?noth ?iciiae?eaii i?ae aeiiii?/iith oa
ae?iaie/ith neoaeaaie, a ieoaiiy iioi/ii? ae?yeueiino? iiai?noth
ia?aaeaii ia ??aaiue aei/??i?o o??i. Aei no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy aieiaii?
o??ie ia”?aeiaiiy aaaaeaii iinaaee ea?oth/eo aeaeaie ae?yeueiino?, ia
ye? iieeaaeaii iiaiiaaaeaiiy ocaiaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a,
no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue ? ?acoeueoao?a ae?yeueiino? i?ae ainiiaea?nueeeie
iaeeieoeyie oa ia”?aeiaiiyi a oe?eiio.

Aeiiii?/ia neoaeaa aieiaii? o??ie ia”?aeiaiiy noi?iiaaia ye
i?aai?caoe?eiee can?a i?aeaioiaee ? ao?eaiiy aoaeoeaii? aeiiii?/ii?
no?aoaa??,aiae?co ? iaa?oiooaaiiiy iae?i-oa i?e?iaeiiii?/ieo ia?aaeoiia
? ia?niaeoea ae?yeueiino? ia”?aeiaiiy.?iciiae?e oe??? neoaeae ca
ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?oiaie( aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co,i?iaiic?a ? noaoenoeee;
no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy; o?iain?a ? o?iainiaiai eiio?ieth,nia?aa?oino?
? oe?iiooai?aiiy; aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo; eiio?aeo?a oa i?iaiaiai
caaacia/aiiy,?iaanoeoe?eia a?oia ) caaacia/o? ?? no?oeoo?io
oi?aa?naeuei?noue uiaei caaaeaiue, iaoiiaeaieo iio?aaaie
ainiiaea?nueeeo neeaaeiaeo oa iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo a aeai?e ?iaio? eiioeaioe?? ae?yeueiino?,
iaoiaeeee iioei?caoe?? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue oa i?iaeoi? ??oaiiy uiaei ?o
no?oeoo?iiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ni?eyei aoaeoeai?e aaeaioaoe?? ia”?aeiaiiy
aei c?inoath/eo aeiia ?eieo,caaacia/eei aoaeoeaio ?ai?aai?caoe?th
oi?aae?iiy,aeaei iiaeeea?noue cae?enieoe ?aoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e
?ano?n?a ia”?aeiaiiy ca iai?yiaie ? noa”?eoaie ae?yeueiino?, aeicaieeei
i?aeaiooaaoe ? ao?eeoe aoaeoeaio aeiiii?/io no?aoaa?th ( a oaae. 3 ,ia
i?eeeaae? ia”?aeiaiiy “E?EI-oieae?ia” ,iaaaaeaii aoaeoeai?noue
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiiy a i?aeoeeo
ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue ).

AENIIAEE

1.Aeiaaaeaii,ui iaeiei c /eiiee?a iiaeieaiiy no?oeoo?ii? e?ece a
aoae?aaeueiiio eiiieaen? oa ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa?? a oe?eiio ? noai?aiiiy
aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia`?aeiaiue. A?aenooi?noue
iaeaaeiiai iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiiy i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiiy
aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? oa no?oeoo?e oaeeo ia”?aeiaiue niia?eueiththoue
aoaeoeai?noue ?o ae?yeueiino?. Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiiy ?ie? oa
aeiiii?/ii? eiioeaioe?? ae?yeueiino?,iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiiy aeiiii?/ii
?aoe?iiaeueii? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue,i?iaeoi? ??oaiiiy ii no?oeoo?iiio
aaeineiiaeaiith oi?i oi?aae?iiiy aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue aeieathoue iaoiaeieia?/io
iaaecia/ai?noue o ?ica”ycaii? oeeo ieoaiue ? aeicaieythoue ?o
iaa?oioiaaii ae??ooaaoe . 2. ?ic?iaeaia a ?iaio? aeiiii?/ia eiioeaioe?y
ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue
aeiaiaeeoue, ui oa?aeoa? ?ioaa?aoe?? ainiiaea?nueeeo iaeeieoeue
(aei/??i?o o??i) aei neeaaeo oaeeo ia`?aeiaiue iaoiiaeth? ?o
aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueio ?ieue a ?eieiaiio ?iaanoeoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu? —
i?ae?yaeieea, noai?ae?yaeieea, iinoa/aeueieea, ?iaanoi?a
(ni?a?iaanoi?a), i?iaeooaaeueieea , a oaeiae oi?aae?iiy i?aeaioiaeith ?
ao?eaiiyi ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a,ui caaacia/o? cia/i? iiaeeeaino?
aeey aeiiii?/iiai iaiaa?o oa aoaeoeaiiai ?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a.
Aecia/aii, ui aaciaeie i?eioeeiaie oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa??
oaeeo ia`?aeiaiue ? : aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y ae?yeueiino?,aaeain ?ecee?a ,
eii?aeeiaoe?y ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ii ainiiaea?nueeei iaeeieoeyi oa
iai?yiai ae?yeueiino?,ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?n?a noa”?eo?a ia”?aeiaiiy oeyoii
i?i?i?caoe?? ao?ao, ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?? ca
aaaaoueia aeiiii?/ieie e?eoa??yie.

3. Aieiaiith neeaaeiaith aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue ? no?aoaa?y aeeaaeaiue,ia?aiao?e
yei? iathoue caaacia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e ?ano?n?a i?ae
ainiiaea?nueeeie neeaaeiaeie ( aei/??i?ie o??iaie) oa iai?yiaie
ae?yeueiino? ( i?ae?yaeia,eiia?oe?eia,?iaanoeoe?eia oiui ).I?e
oi?ioaaii? no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue ne?ae a?aooaaoe no?oeoo?o
iaaeoiaeaeaiue ? aeo?ao,aeeoa?neo?eaoe?th
ae?yeueiino?,o?iainiai-ae?iaie/? oa ?iaanoeoe?ei? iiaeeeaino?
ia”?aeiaiiy, a ia?aiao?e no?aoaa?? – ianyae aeeaaeaiue- iathoue
oi?ioaaoenue ia iniia? aaaaoueio aeiiii?/ieo e?eoa???a.Aeey caaacia/aiiy
?aoe?iiaeueiino? ia?aiao??a no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue ?? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
ne?ae iiaeaoe o aeaeyae? nenoaie oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e ( cai?iiiiiaaii 14
oe?eueiaeo ooieoe?e) ,eiaeia c yeeo a?aeia?aaea? ni?yiiaai?noue ianya?a
aeeaaeaiue ia iioeiaeuei?noue uiaei iaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai e?eoa??th.

4. Iioeiaeueio, uiaei an?o aeiiii?/ieo e?eoa???a, no?aoaa?th aeeaaeaiue
ne?ae aecia/aoe ye e?i?eio eiia?iaoe?th cia/aiue aaeoi?o ianya?a
aeeaaeaiue,ui iaea?aeaia a ?acoeueoao? iioei?caoe?? ii eiaeiiio c 14
e?eoa???a. Aianie eiaeiiai c e?eoa????a a caaaeueia ??oaiiy aeioe?eueii
aecia/aoe oeyoii i?i?i?caoe?? ao?ao.?ic?iaeaia a ?iaio? iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueieo ia?iao??a n o?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue
aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue ?
iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith i?eeiyooy aeaaaeaieo aeiiii?/ieo
??oaiue uiaei caaacia/aiiiy aoaeoeaiiai ?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a,ocaiaeaeaiiy
?ioa?an?a ainiiaea?nueeeo noa”?eo?a ia”?aeaiiiy,i?e?inoo
?acoeueoaoeaiino? ii aaaaoueii aeiiii?/iei e?eoa??yi.

5. Aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiiy aaaaoii?io?eueieie
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieie ia”?aeiaiiyie ne?ae caaacia/eoe no?oeoo?io
?aei?noue i?ae eaieaie oi?aae?iiiy aieiaii? o??ie oa ainiiaea?nueeeo
neeaaeiaeo (aei/??i?o o??i ) ia”?aeiaiiy oa ?aoe?iiaeueiee aaeain
oeaio?ae?caoe??-aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? a ?iciiae?e? oi?aae?inueeeo
ooieoe?e,caaaeaiue ? iiaiiaaaeaiue ea??aiee?a oa oao?aoe?a.?ic?iaeo
no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue ne?ae a?aeianoe aeeeth/ii aei i?a?iaaoea aieiaii?
o??ie ia”?aeaiiiy,ianya ? no?oeoo? oi?aae?iiiy yei? iiai?noth
?iciiae?eeoe i?ae aeiiii?/iith oa ae?iaie/ith neoaeaaie, a ieoaiiy
iioi/ii? ae?yeueiino? iiai?noth ia?aaeaoe ia ??aaiue aei/??i?o
o??i.Aeiiii?/io neoaeao aieiaii? o??ie ia”?aeiaiue ne?ae oi?ioaaoe ye
i?aai?caoe?eiee can?a i?aeaioiaee ? ao?eaiiy aoaeoeaii? aeiiii?/ii?
no?aoaa??,aiae?co ? iaa?oiooaaiiiy iae?i-oa i?e?iaeiiii?/ieo ia?aaeoiia
? ia?niaeoea ae?yeueiino? ia”?aeiaiiy.Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?iaeo i?aai?caoe??
aeiiii?/ii? neoaeae ca ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?oiaie caaacia/o? ??
no?oeoo?io oi?aa?naeuei?noue uiaei caaaeaiue, iaoiiaeaieo iio?aaaie
ainiiaea?nueeeo neeaaeiaeo oa iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino?.

6. Iaa?oioiaai?noue iniiaieo iieiaeaiue, ?ic?iaie oa aeniiae?a
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?acoeueoaoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
i?aeoeeo oi?aae?iiiy ?yaeo aoae?aaeueieo ainiiaea?nueeeo ia”?aeiaiue i.
Ee?aa.

7. I?iaaaeaiiiy iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue c ia?aii? aaeoc?
i?iiiio?oueny o iai?yiao : aecia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae ? iaoai?ci?a
iiaeaeueoi? aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo
ia”?aeiaiue a no/anieo ?eieiaeo oiiaao, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee oi?ioaaiiy
eaeaiaea?ieo ieai?a oa aaeineiiaeaiiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?
oi?aae?iiiy aeaieo ia”?aeiaiue ia ??ai? ?o ainiiaea?nueeeo neeaaeiaeo
(aei/??i?o o??i).

Iioae?eiaai? i?aoe? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? :

1. Eenia ?.A. Oi?iae?caoe?y caaea/? ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a aeiiii?/ii?
iiaeae? no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo
ia”?aeiaiue // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Eooeueeiai ?iaeono??aeueiiai ?inoeoooo.
— Aei. ??,Eooeuee,1996.-N.60-65.

2. Eenia ?.A. Iaoiaeeea oi?ioaaiiy ? iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a aeiiii?/ii?
no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue oa ??
i?ia?aiia ao?eaiiy // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Eooeueeiai ?iaeono??aeueiiai
?inoeoooo. — Aei. ???, Eooeuee,1997.-N.40-44.

3. Eenia ?.A. I?aai?caoe?ei? ia?aaeoiiae ao?eaiiy aoaeoeaii? aeiiii?/ii?
no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue oa ??
i?ia?aiia ao?eaiiy // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Eooeueeiai ?iaeono??aeueiiai
?inoeoooo. — Aei. ?V, Eooeuee,1998.-N.42-45.

4. Eenia ?.A. Eiioeaioe?y aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Eooeueeiai
?iaeono??aeueiiai ?inoeoooo.- Aei.V.,Eooeuee,1998.-N.29-33.

5. Eenia ?.A. Aeiiii?/ia eiioeaioe?y ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e “Oeyoe
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei”.-Aei.5.-Ee?a,EIOAA, 1999.-N.104-109.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eenia ?.A. Aeiiii?/ia no?aoaa?y aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue a oiiaao ?eieo.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.03 – Aeiiii?ea aoae?aieoeoaa, Ee?anueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ,Ee?a,1999 .

?iaioa i?enay/aia ?ica”ycaiith aeooaeueieo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai,ui
noinothoueny aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aaaaoii?io?eueieo
aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue,ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeeo
?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaeei c /eiiee?a iiaeieaiiy no?oeoo?ii? e?ece a
aoae?aaeueiiio eiiieaen? oa ?iaanoeoe?ei?e noa?? a oe?eiio.

A ?iaio? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii aeiiii?/io eiioeaioe?th ae?yeueiino?
aaaaoii?io?eueieo aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?eieo ia”?aeiaiue oa i?eioeeie
oi?ioaaiiy ?o no?aoaa??,ui a?aoiaothoue niaoeeo?eo ae?yeueiino? oaeeo
ia”?aeiaiue a ?iaanoeoe?eiiio na?aaeiaeu? .?ic?iaeai?
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue no?aoaa?? aeeaaeaiue, iaoiaeeea ?
aeai?eoi aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? iioei?caoe?? ?? ia?aiao??a ?
?ino?oiaioii iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai ?iciiae?eo
aeiiii?/ieo ?ano?n?a i?ae ainiiaea?nueeeie noa”?eoaie (aei/??i?ie
o??iaie) oa iai?yiaie ae?yeueiino? ia”?aeiaiiy.Iiaeai? a ?iaio? i?iaeoi?
??oaiiy ii aaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? aeaieo ia”?aeiaiue
ni?eythoue aoaeoeai?e eii?aeeiaoe?? oi?aae?iiy,ocaiaeaeaiith aeiiii?/ieo
?ioa?an?a i?ae aei/??i?ie o??iaie ia”?aeiaiiy,i?aeaioiaoe? ? ao?eaiith
aoaeoeaii? aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa?? .

Eeth/ia? neiaa : aaaaoii?io?euei? aoae?aaeueii-eiia?oe?ei? ia”?aeiaiiy,
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y,aeiiii?/ia no?aoaa?y, no?aoaa?y aeeaaeaiue,
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iioei?caoe?y, iao?eoey ao?ao, aei/??iy o??ia,
aieiaia o??ia, no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy,aeiiii?/ia neoaeaa ia”?aeaiiy .

AIIIOAOeEss

Eunia E.A. Yeiiiie/aneay no?aoaaey iiiaii?ioeeueiuo
no?ieoaeueii-eiiia?/aneeo iauaaeeiaiee a oneiaeyo ?uiea.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.03 – Yeiiiieea no?ieoaeuenoaa, Eeaaneee
iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u ,Eeaa,1999 .

?aaioa iinayuaia ?aoaieth aeooaeueiuo iao/iuo i?iaeai ,naycaiiuo n
yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth iiiaii?ioeeueiuo
no?ieoaeueii-eiiia?/aneeo iauaaeeiaiee, ooieoeeiie?iaaiea eioi?uo
?anniao?eaaaony eae iaeei ec oaeoi?ia i?aiaeieaiey no?oeoo?iiai e?ecena
a no?ieoaeueiii eiiieaena e a eiaanoeoeeiiiie noa?a a oeaeii. Oeacaiiua
iauaaeeiaiey, nicaeaaaaiua a i?ioeanna i?eaaoecaoeee e ei?ii?aoecaoeee
no?ieoaeueiiai eiiieaena, eiatho aiaeiae/ioth oieaeeiaai
i?aaiecaoeeiiioth no?oeoo?o, ii eo aeayoaeueiinoue auoiaeeo ca ?aiee
no?ieoaeueiie io?anee.I?iieeiiaaiea oaeeo iauaaeeiaiee a niaaeiua
io?anee, a oaeaea a eiaanoeoeeiiioth, eiiia?/aneoth, oi?aiaoth
aeayoaeueiinoue iaoneiaeaia iaiaoiaeeiinoueth aaeaioaoeee e neiaeiui
oneiaeyi ?uiea, yaeyaony n?aaenoaii aieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey
nianoaaiiuo ?ano?nia e aeeoioeyoeee aeiiieieoaeueiuo n?aaenoa ia
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua e nioeeaeueiua iio?aaiinoe. Neiaeiay i?aaiecaoeeiiiay
no?oeoo?a, aeeaa?neoeeaoeey aeayoaeueiinoe, iaiaoiaeeiinoue niaeaniaaiey
i?ioeai?a/eauo eioa?ania oicyenoaaiiuo noauaeoia , aoiaeyueo a ninoaa
iauaaeeiaiey, o?aaotho acaaoaiiiai iao/iiai iainiiaaiey yeiiiie/aneie
eiioeaioeee e no?aoaaee aeayoaeueiinoe yoeo iauaaeeiaiee a oneiaeyo
?uiea,yeiiiie/aneeo iaoaieciia ?aoeeiiaeueiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia
aioo?e iauaaeeiaiey, niaa?oainoaiaaiey nouanoaothueo e ?ac?aaioee iiauo
no?oeoo?iuo oi?i eo i?aaiecaoeee.Yeiiiie/aneay iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?aoaiey
oeacaiiuo i?iaeai ,ia iaoaaeoeo aua io?aaeaiey a niaoeeaeueiie
eeoa?aoo?a,ii?aaeaeyao aeooaeueiinoue aeaiie ?aaiou.

A ?iaioa oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiu yeiiiie/aneay eiioeaioeey
aeayoaeueiinoe iiiaii?ioeeueiuo no?ieoaeueii-eiiia?/aneeo iauaaeeiaiee
e i?eioeeiu oi?ie?iaaiey eo no?aoaaee,o/eouaathuea niaoeeoeeo
aeayoaeueiinoe oaeeo iauaaeeiaiee a eiaanoeoeeiiiie n?aaea.
?ac?aaioaiiua yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue no?aoaaee aeiaeaiee,
iaoiaeeea e aeai?eoi iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiie iioeiecaoeee aa ia?aiao?ia
yaeythony eino?oiaioii iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai iainiiaaiey yooaeoeaiiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey yeiiiie/aneeo ?ano?nia iaaeaeo oicyenoaaiiuie noauaeoaie
(aei/a?ieie oe?iaie) e aeaeaie aeayoaeueiinoe iauaaeeiaiey.
I?aaenoaaeaiiua a ?aaioa i?iaeoua ?aoaiey ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo? oeacaiiuo iauaaeeiaiee niaeaenoaotho
yooaeoeaiie eii?aeeiaoeee oi?aaeaiey, niaeaniaaieth yeiiiie/aneeo
eioa?ania iaaeaeo aei/a?ieie oe?iaie iauaaeeiaiey,iiaeaioiaea e
aiieiaeaieth yooaeoeaiie yeiiiie/aneie no?aoaaee.

Aeieacaii,/oi aaaeiaeoae ninoaaeythuae no?aoaaee aeey aeaiiuo
iauaaeeiaiee yaeyaony no?aoaaey aeiaeaiee,ia?aiao?u eioi?ie aeieaeiu
iaania/eoue ?aoeeiiaeueiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea ?ano?nia iaaeaeo aei/a?ieie
oe?iaie e aeaeaie aeayoaeueiinoe
(iiae?yaeiay,eiiia?/aneay,eiaanoeoeeiiiay e o.ae. ).*oiau i?e
oi?ie?iaaiee no?aoaaee aeiaeaiee ?aoeeiiaeueii o/anoue no?oeoo?o
iinooieaiee-cao?ao,aeeaa?neoeeaoeeth
aeayoaeueiinoe,oeiainiai-i?ieaciaenoaaiiua e eiaanoeoeeiiiua
aiciiaeiinoe iauaaeeiaiey e iaania/eoue iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiinoue i?e
ioeaiea ia?aiao?ia no?aoaaee aeiaeaiee, aa yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneoth
iiaeaeue i?aaeeiaeaii oi?ie?iaaoue a aeaea nenoaiu 14 oeaeaauo
ooieoeee,eaaeaeay ec eioi?uo ioia?aaeaao iai?aaeaiiinoue iaueaiia
aeiaeaiee ia iioeiaeueiinoue ioiineoaeueii ii?aaeaeaiiiai yeiiiie/aneiai
e?eoa?ey. Iioeiaeueioth ioiineoaeueii anao yeiiiie/aneeo e?eoa?eaa
no?aoaaeth aeiaeaiee aeey iiiai i?ioeeueiuo no?ieoaeueii-eiiia?/aneeo
iauaaeeiaiee neaaeoao ii?aaeaeyoue eae eeiaeioth eiiaeiaoeeth cia/aiee
aaeoi?a aeiaeaiee,iieo/aiiuo a ?acoeueoaoa iioeiecaoeee ii eaaeaeiio ec
14 e?eoa?eaa . Aeeaae eaaeaeiai ec e?eoa?eaa a iauaa ?aoaiea
i?aaeeiaeaii ii?aaeaeyoue iooai ieieiecaoeee iao?eoeu iioa?ue..

Aeey yooaeoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey iiiaii?ioeeueiuie
no?ieoaeueii-eiiia?/aneeie iauaaeeiaieyie iaiaoiaeeii iaania/eoue
no?oeoo?iia aaeeinoai iaaeaeo caaiueyie oi?aaeaiey aeaaiie oe?iu e
oicyenoaaiiuo noauaeoia e ?aoeeiiaeueiue aaeain
oeaio?aeecaoeee-aeaoeaio?aeecaoeee a ?ani?aaeaeaiee iaaeaeo ieie
oi?aaeai/aneeo ooieoeee,caaea/ e iieiiii/ee ?oeiaiaeeoaeae e
niaoeeaeenoia. Aeieacaii,/oi ?ac?aaioeo no?aoaae/aneeo
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo, oeiainiauo, yeiiiie/aneeo e oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aoaiee
neaaeoao ioianoe eneeth/eoaeueii e i?a?iaaoeaai aeaaiie oe?iu, iaueai e
no?oeoo?o oi?aaeaiey eioi?ie iieiinoueth ?ani?aaeaeeoue iaaeaeo
yeiiiie/aneie e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie neoaeaaie, a aii?inu oaeouae
aeayoaeueiinoe iieiinoueth i?aaeaoue ia o?iaaiue aei/a?ieo oe?i.
Yeiiiie/aneoth neoaeao aeaaiie oe?iu iauaaeeiaiey neaaeoao oi?ie?iaaoue
eae i?aaiecaoeeiiiue eino?oiaio iiaeaioiaee e aiieiuaiey yooaeoeaiie
yeiiiie/aneie no?aoaaee, aiaeeca ? iainiiaaiey iae?i- e
iee?iyeiiiie/aneeo i?aaeiinueie e ia?niaeoea aeayoaeueiinoe
iauaaeeiaiey. I?aaeeiaeaiiue i?iaeo i?aaiecaoeee yeiiiie/aneie neoaeau
ii? ooieoeieiiaeueiui a?oiiai iaania/eaaao aa no?oeoo?iia aaeeinoai
ioiineoaeueii caaeaiee,iaoneiaeaiiuo ?acee/iuie iio?aaiinoyie
oicyenoaaiiuo noauaeoia e iai?aaeaiee aeayoaeueiinoe .

Eeth/aaua neiaa : iiiaii?ioeeueiua no?ieoaeueii-eiiia?/aneea
iauaaeeiaiey, aeeaa?neoeeaoeey, yeiiiie/aneay no?aoaaey, no?aoaaey
aeiaeaiee ,iiiaie?eoa?eaeueiay iioeiecaoeey,iao?eoea iioa?ue, aei/a?iyy
oe?ia, aeaaiay oe?ia, no?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey ,yeiiiie/aneay neoaeaa
iauaaeeiaiey.

ANNOTATION

Lysov I.V. Economic strategy of branched building-commercial unions in
market conditions.- Manuscript.

The thesis for the accepting of scientific degree of candidate of
economic sciences on speciality 08.07.03 – Economy of construction ,Kyiv
National University of Construction and Architecture ,Kyiv,1999 .

The work is devoted solution of actual scientific problems dealt with
activity of branched building-commercial unions (conglomerates). Their
activities are considered as an factor for overcoming of structural
crisis in construction and in sphere of investments on the whole.

Theoretical grounds of economic conception of branched
building-commercial unions and basic principles for forming of their
strategy,that are caused by specific of these unions in sphere of
investments, are worked out.Economic-mathematic model for strategy of
investments,metodics and algorythm of multicriterion optimization of
investments` volumes are also elaborated. These investigations are
scientific-practical grounds for efficient distribution of economic
resourses between subjects( branches) and direction of their activities
. The projects of renovating for organizational structures are
represented ,they are groundworks for efficient management, for
coordination by economic interests between main firm and “dauther`s”
firms, for preparation and imployment efficient economic strategy .

Eey words : branched building-commercial union (conglomerate),
diversification, economic strategy, strategy of investments,
multicriterion optimization, matrics of losses, “daugther firm”, main
firm, ogranizational structura, economic departments of branched union.

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