3

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 338.24;621.002:658.011.46

AI?AA* IEAIA AIEIAeEIE??AIA

AEIIII?*IA IOe?IEA EIIEO?AIOINI?IIIAEIINO?

IAOEI IA NOAAe?? OAOIIEIA?*II? I?AeAIOIAEE

AE?IAIEOeOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.03 — «I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy,
ieaioaaiiy oa

?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/i?e aeaaeai??
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EEI*EI Aaneeue Noaiaiiae/

Oe?a?inueea ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ia

aeaaeai?y, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee

i?aei?e?inoaa oa iaiaaeaeiaioo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AeEEAIUe Aieiaeeie? Eaii?aeiae/

III» I?iiiiioaaeaeaeo?ii?ea, aaia?aeueiee

aee?aeoi?

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EITHAeA Iaaei Ieeieaeiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee ? iaiaaeaeiaioo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee

oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a iaiaaeaeiaioo,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «17»_aa?aniy_1999 ?. i __17__aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, Ae 64.051.01 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310077, i.Oa?e?a, i.Naiaiaee,4, aoae.5-67

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:

310077, i.Oa?e?a, i.Naiaiaee,4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_28_»07__1999 ?.

A.i. a/aiiai nae?aoa?y

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.A.Caaei?iaeieeCAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia?ao?ae Oe?a?ie aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a cia/i?e
i??? caaino?th? i?iaeaio eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??. Oni?o
oi?ioaaiiy aeaniiai oiaa?iae?iaieea a Oe?a?i? ? aeo?ae i?iaeoeoe??
oe?a?inueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia ciai?oi?e ?eiie iaoiiaeththoueny ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiyie a i?aeaeuaii? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? nai?o ae?ia?a.
C?inoa? cia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoeiiaoae?aii? i?iaeoeoe?? o
ae??oaii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai Oe?a?ie. Ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa ?
ye?niee ??aaiue iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ua a iaaeinoaoi?e i??? ni?eythoue
i?enei?aiiio ia?aaiaeo ?ioeo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ia oeyo
?ioaineaiiai ?icaeoeo.

Aeeiiaoe ?ieue i?ia?aeieea iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
iiaeia eeoa ca oiiae, yeui aiii naii aoaea iniauaia no/aniith oaoi?eith,
iaoeia i?ia?aneai? ?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane. Aeniea
nia?aa?o?noue ? ia caaaeaee aeinoaoiuei ye?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea
i?iaeoeoe?? a?o/eciyieo i?aei?e?inoa iaoiiaeththoue cia/i? i?iaeaie c ??
i?iaeaaeai.

Aa?oiaia ?aaea Oe?a?ie 15 aeiaoiy 1996 ?ieo i?eeiyea ?ic?iaeaio
Eaa?iaoii I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie iaoe?iiaeueio aeiiii?/io i?ia?aio a ye?e
iaei??th ?c aaaeeeaeo caaea/ ? «a?ae?iaeaeaiiy a?o/eciyiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, yea, c?aooith, aecia/a? nooi?iue aeeoo?caeaoiino?
aea?aeaae. Ni?eueiei aeey an?o aaeocae ? caaaeaiiy aeioneaoe iaiao?aeio
noni?euenoao eiieo?aioini?iiiaeio i?iaeoeoe?th. Oea iaeia c aieiaieo
aen?ii ?eieo. Aeueoa?iaoeae ooo iaia?…» (O?yaeiaee eo?’??, ? 195, ?
196-197 ca 1996 ??e).

I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? oe?a?inueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa iio?aao? ae??oaiiy eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ?
iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue. Iaoiaee/iee aniaeo caeeth/a?oueny a oiio, ui
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oiaa??a cia/ii
oneeaaeith?oueny ?c-ca a?aenooiino? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai iaoiaeo
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oeueiai ??aiy. Eiaeiee oiaa? i?aeeyaa? aieeao
ii?aeueiiai ciino ? ae?? ?ioeo oaeoi??a, oiio a?i ia iiaea aooe
eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeiei caaaeaee. Ioaea aeooaeueiei ? i?iaeaia ia o?eueee
ioe?iee ??aiy, aea ? aecia/aiiy ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?.

Aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, aiae?c iaoiae?a ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa
na?ae/aoue i?i a?aenooi?noue iaeaaeii ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy
?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, ye iniiae aecia/aiiy oa?i?io ia?aoiaeo
ia ae?iaieoeoai oiaa?o a?eueo aenieei ??aiai iacaaiiai iieacieea. Oea
iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?acoeueoaoe ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa oa iaiaaeaeiaioo Oe?a?inueei?
?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ii? aeaaeai?? (i.Oa?e?a) ii oai? «Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? ? aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaoeie ia noaae?? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ? a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe o ?iaio? ae??oai? oae? caaea/?:

— i?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e i?i
cia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? aeey ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee;

— aeine?aeaeai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano ia
oe?ie ? nia?aa?o?noue iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe??;

— aea/aii ?ioa?ane iieoioe?a ? i?iaeaaoe?a ia ?eieo iaoei-cia?yaeue
i?aoe?;

— aecia/aii, ui eiaeiee aoai iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaoeie
aeiaaa? ??cieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?;

— aeine?aeaeaii cia/aiiy ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei aeey
caaacia/aiiy iiieoo ia ia? a no/anieo oiiaao;

— ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooie?a
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei;

— cae?eniaii aea?? ooieoe?? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ei?eniino? ?
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae oi?ioaaiiy neaey?ieo ioe?iie yeino? ?ia?o
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeiie oa
caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei ia noaae??
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeie ye cia?yaeaey i?aoe?, ia i?eeeaae?
iaoaei??caeueieo aa?noao?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, cai?iiiiiaaieo caeiaoaa/ai
iniaenoi iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa:

— cai?iiiiiaaii ? oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii e?eoa??e aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? cia?yaeue i?aoe? (iaoei);

— aecia/aii iiiyooy ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo iacaaiiai ?ano?no;

— cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo a?aie/ii? noie eai?oaeueieo aeeaae?a
aeey iiai? iaoeie.

?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? oaeineiiaeththoue iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy
ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ?:

— o aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae aeeiai?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? c a?aooaaiiyi ?eieiaeo ci?i ?
c?inoath/eo iiaeeeainoae eiieo?aio?a;

— cai?iiiiiaaia noaia aecia/aiiy aieeao noaae?e nenoaie noai?aiiy ?
inai?iiy iiai? oaoi?ee ia eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe??;

— aeyaeaii ? aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy i?eaooeo ie?aii
acyoiai ae?iaieea ? ia ?eieo a oe?eiio, ye? ?ai?oa ia aoee aena?oeai? a
aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo??;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ioe?iee yeino? oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ae?noaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo:

— iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? cia?yaeue i?aoe?
(iaoei);

— a ?aieao ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoeie aeey iioei?caoe??
i?aeaioiaee aei aeoiaeo ?? ia ?eiie cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe n?oueia?
iaoiaee ieaioaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy;

— ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aia aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooie?a ?ano?no
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia AII;

— cai?iiiiiaaia ? aeine?aeaeaia noaia aieeao oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ae?iaieoeoaa ia eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue iaoaei??caeueiiai aa?noaoa.

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee
caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie, oeace I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo a iaeano? i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii iaoiaee i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeo ca’yce?a a
nenoai? ?eieiaeo ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
canoiniaaii nenoaiiee iaoiae aea/aiiy yaeu, oai??y a?ao?a,
iaoaiaoe/ii-noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee aenia?oieo ioe?iie, i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaee
iaoiae, n?oueia? iaoiaee ieaioaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy, aaaaoie?eoa??aeuei?
iaoiaee iioei?caoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? iaaea? iiaeeea?noue a?o/eciyiei
i?aei?e?inoaai nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? ? aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa. I?ia?aiia ?aae?caoe?y
iaoiiaeth? aenieee ??aaiue aioiaiino? aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoeie ? ?ic?aooieo ??
?ano?no. Oea aeicaiey? neoaeaai i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/eoe
oa?i?i aeoiaeo ia ?eiie oiaa?o i?aeaeuaii? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?,
i?iaanoe ieaioaaiiy ? aeeiiaiiy an?o iaiao?aeieo aeey oeueiai ?ia?o.

Iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? aoee ai?iaaaeaeai? ia
oaeeo i?aei?e?inoaao: A?aee?eoa aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai «Oa?e?anueeee
aa?noaoiaoae?aiee caaiae» ? Ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy «Oa?e?anueeee caaiae
aeaeo?iaia?aoo?e», a oaeiae ai?iaaaeaeai? a o/aiaee i?ioean a
Oe?a?inuee?e ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/i?e aeaaeai?? oa Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee (eaoaae?a
aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a o iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui i?iiiiothoueny aei
caoenoo:

iieacaii aeiiii?/ia oeoia/aiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei, ye
cia?yaeaey i?aoe?;

aecia/ai? iaoiaee a?aeia?aaeaiiy aieeao oaoi?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo
oaeoi??a ia aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoeie;

neeaaeaia oeiiaa iaoiaeeea aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
iaoeie ia noaae?? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee;

?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aia aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooie?a ia AII;

i?iaaaeaia ai?iaaoe?y ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei ? i?eeaae?a;

cai?iiiiiaaii aa??aio aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ioe?iee
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa ? yeino? ?? ?ia?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii?eethaeiaii ia:

I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «?aaeecaoeey eiioeaioeee ia?eaoeiaa a
oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey ?uiea» (?in?y, Iaica, 1996 ?.);

Ana?in?enuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaiu yeiiiie/aneie
noaaeeecaoeee a ?aaeiia» (?in?y, Iaica, 1996 ?.);

Ia?oiio i?aeia?iaeiiio iieiae?aeiiio oi?oi? «Yeaeo?iieea e iieiaeaaeue a
OO1 aaea» (Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.);

O1O iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe??
aeeieiiiiai i?iaeooaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aeeieiiieo i?iaeo?a ? ?ia?o
(Oa?e?a, 1996 ?.);

Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e
o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?» (Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.);

Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea e
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aeoe/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey i?iiuoeaiiuo ai?iaeia
?aaeiia n iaeneiaeueiui eniieueciaaieai ianoiuo ?ano?nia»
(Aeiiaoeuee-A?oai?anuee, 1997 ?.);

Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea eiieo?aioicaeaoiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? (iineoa)» (Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.).

3-io I?aeia?iaeiiio iieiae?aeiiio oi?oi? “?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ea ? iieiaeue o
OO1 no.” Aeiiia?ae?/ OOO?A, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 13 ?ia?o, caaaeueiei
ianyaii 1,9 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. O oiio /ene? 4 noaoo? o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo
aeaeaiiyo ianyaii 0,8 oi.-ae?oe.a?e. Aeanii aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 1,6
oi.-ae?oe.a?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 104 iaeiaioaaiue. ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 130 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 9 oaaeeoeue,
7 iaethie?a, 3 aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aecia/aii
oe?e? oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy, i?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy,
a?aeia?aaeaia iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «?ieue eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? a
nenoai? aeiiii?ee e?a?ie» — iieacaii, ui aei iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo
oaeoi??a ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa o?aaa a?aeianoe aeiaae?caoe?th
ainiiaea?/eo ca’yce?a, ?aaoethth/ee aieea aea?aeaae ia aeiiii?eo ?
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??, ye ia ciai?oiueiio oae
? ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieao. I?iaiae?ciaaii ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo iiaeyae?a
ia eiieo?aioe?th ? oi?ie ?? i?iyaeaiiy ia ?eieo a no/anieo oiiaao.
?icaeyiooi oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??
ae?iaie/iai i?ecia/aiiy.

A ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie cia/ii? aaae iaaoaa? i?aeia?iaeiee
?iciiae?e i?aoe? ? i?e?aeiaiiy ?? aei i?ioean?a aeiaae?caoe??
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, ui a naith /a?ao, iio?aao? a?aeiia?aeiiai
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeiaae?caoe?y
noni?eueieo i?ioean?a o nai?io ?icaeoeo i?ioiaeeoue a?aeiia?aei? aoaie,
ye? ?noioii aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa ?
aenoaathoue iia? aeiiae aei eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Na?oiaa aeiiii?ea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aoiaeii a?ae ?iaeono??aeueii?
noaae?? ?icaeoeo, yea ?nioaaea iaeaea aeaa noie?ooy, aei iiai?
iino?iaeono??aeueii?. Aeey iino?iaeono??aeueii? noaae?? oa?aeoa?ia
i?eioeeiiai iiaa oaoi?ea ? oaoiieia?y i?e ye?e ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy
iaaoaa? ?ioi?iaoe?y, ciaiiy, oai?/a i?aoey. Aeey ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei
oa?aeoa?ia ??ciiiai?oi?noue oi?i aeaniino?: aea?aeaaia, i?eaaoia,
eieaeoeaia. Aeinyaiooi aenieiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii? noa?e, yeee
? ia o?eueee ?acoeueoaoii aenieiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa, aea ?
oaeoi?ii iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano. A?aeaoeiny noaiiaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee, ui ii?aeiothoue a nia? ia?aaaae eiieo?aioe?? c
iaae?eiei aea?aeaaiei ?aaoethaaiiyi iae?iaeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Oe?a?ia nueiaiaei? ciaoiaeeoueny ia ?iaeono??aeuei?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo.
Iaiaea aeiey oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee ana ua ciaoiaeeoueny iica noa?ith
aieeao caeii?a ?eieo. Aeey oiai uia noaoe iiaiii?aaiei /eaiii na?oiai?
ni?eee, iaiao?aeii ia?ainianoeoe ae?iaieoeoai ia iniia? iaeiia?oi?
oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia??. Aeeaiea ?ioaa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie a na?oiao ni?eeo
iaiiaeeeaa aac ?noioiiai i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ? eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe??, yea ae?iaey?oueny ?? i?aei?e?inoaaie, ? a ia?oo /a?ao,
i?iaeoeoe?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Eiieo?aioe?y ia ?eieo ia? ??ciiiai?oi?
oi?ie ? cae?enith?oueny ??ciiiai?oieie iaoiaeaie.

Aei na?aaeeie OO noie?ooy noi?ioaaeenue caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy i?i
nooi?noue eiieo?aioe?? oa ?? iniiai? ?oo?ei? neee, ye? a?aeia?aceeenue a
/ioe?ueio eeane/ieo iiaeaeyo: aeineiiaei? (/enoi?) eiieo?aioe??,
iiiiiie?noe/ii?, ie?aiiie?noe/ii? eiieo?aioe?? ? /enoi? iiiiiie??.
Iaoai?ci ?eieiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiieo?aioieo a?aeiinei ia? nooo?ao
a?aei?ii?noue a ?aieao eiaeii? ie?aii? iiaeae?.

Eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue ie?aiiai oiaa?o aecia/a?oueny eiai ia?aaaaaie a
ii??aiyii? c ?ioei oiaa?ii, aiaeia?/iei ii i?ecia/aiith i?e iayaiino?
iiieoo iieoioe?a. Eiieo?aioi? ia?aaaae aeieeathoue i?e ?ioeo ??aieo
oiiaao, aai ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ? a?aeiia?aeii oe?i, aai ca
?aooiie aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? a?aeiinii iiieoo ia oiaa?.
Eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue oiaa?o aeyaey?oueny ia ?eieo, a oi?io?oueny a
i?ioean? eiai noai?aiiy. Aeieea? iianyeaeaiii iio?aaa a ioe?ioe?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??, ye ia noaae?yo iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee oa ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeiiii?/ia
ioe?iea eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? cia?yaeue i?aoe? (iaoei) iiaeiia
a?aoiaoaaoe any iacaai? noaae??, a oaeiae neoaeeoe iniiaith aeey
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie oi?ioaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee oiaa?o ia?aae aeoiaeii ia
?eiie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «Oi?ioaaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoeie ia
noaae?? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa» – i?iaiae?ciaaii ci?no,
caaea/? ? ooieoe?? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa o i?aeaeuaii?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??, a oaeiae caaaeuei? i?eioeeie
oi?aae?iiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noth ia iniia? iiaoaeiaaiiai «aea?aaa
oe?eae». ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy iiaoaeiae iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ioe?iee ? iioei?caoe?? yeino? oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa, ye oaeoi?o i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe??.

Nenoaia noai?aiiy ? inai?iiy iiai? oaoi?ee aeeth/a? ?yae aoai?a.
Oaoiieia?/ia i?aeaioiaea ae?iaieoeoaa ? iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo aoai?a oe???
nenoaie. Aiia caaa?oo? oai?/ee i?ioean ?ic?iaee iiaiai ae?iao, ia?aaeo?
ae?iaie/iio i?ioeano ? aeeth/a? aaeeea eiei ?ia?o. Aeey aeyaeaiiy
nooiaiy aieeao aoai?a noai?aiiy ? inai?iiy iiai? oaoi?ee ia
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? aoei iiaoaeiaaii «aea?aai oe?eae»,
yea ia? aeae?eueea ??ai?a. Ioeueiaee ??aaiue aeeth/a? aieiaio oe?eue —
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeinyaiaiiy aieiaii?
oe?e? iaoiiaeth?oueny aeinyaiaiiyi oe?eae ia?oiai ??aiy, a naia
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?: iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe, eiino?oeoi?nueei?,
oaoiieia?/ii?, i?aai?caoe?eii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa, ae?iaie/iai
i?ioeano, aenieoaoaoe??, o?ainii?ooaaiiy ? caa?aaeaiiy.

Eiaeia c oeeo i?aeoe?eae caaacia/o?oueny a?eueo eiie?aoieie oe?eyie.
Aeey iiaoaeiae «aea?aaa oe?eae» ? ioe?iee cia/ouino? oe?eae aeei?enoai?
aenia?oi? iaoiaee. Aeyaeaii, ui aieea oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ae?iaieoeoaa ia eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? neeaaea? 19,7%.

Iaei??th c aieiaieo ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy ? ioe?iea. Iaoa ioe?iee yeino?
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa ? i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?e ae??oaii? caaea/ oi?aae?iiy aaaeeeao ?ieue a?a? iiaeaethaaiiy. ?nio?
aeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooee iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey
iiaeaethaaiiy. Iaiao?aeii caoaaaeeoe, ui iaeaea aanue iaoaiaoe/iee
aia?ao aea? iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe ye?noue ? i?iaiaeeoe iioei?caoe?th
??oaiue, ye? i?eeiathoueny ia iniia? iaeiiai neaey?iiai e?eoa??th.
Iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiaothoueny aaaaoie?eoa??aeuei? iiaeae?.
A?eueo?noue caaea/ ia? ia iaeei, a aeae?eueea e?eoa???a aoaeoeaiino?.
Aeey i?aaeeueiiai aeai?o iioeiaeueiiai ??oaiiy iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe
aaaaoi e?eoa???a. Oae? caaea/? iaea?aeaee iacao aaaaoie?eoa??aeueieo.
Iniaeea?noth caaea/ iioei?caoe?? oaeiai oeio ? oa, ui ye?noue ??oaiue
ioe?ith?oueny c aeiiiiiaith e?eueeio e?eoa???a, ye? ooai?ththoue
aaeoi?iee e?eoa??e ? oiiae iioeiaeueiino? ??oaiue ciaoiaeyoue ia iniia?
oeueiai e?eoa??th. A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi iaeio c oaeeo caaea/ ii
ioe?ioe? yeino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

A oaoiieia?/io i?aeaioiaeo aoiaeeoue S ?ia?o (S=1,2,…n) ? eiaeia
?iaioa iiaea aooe aeeiiaia ??cieie niiniaaie, ia??aiicia/ieie i?ae
niaith. I?e aeeiiaii? eiaeii? ?iaioe ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aeinyaiaiiy
aeae?eueeio oe?eae, eiaeia c oeeo oe?eae ii?iaeaeo? eieaeueiee e?eoa??e,
yeei ioe?ith?oueny nooi?iue ?? aeinyaiaiiy.

Iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ioe?iee yeino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeia caienaoe o aeaeyae?

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aea
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0000c0ffffffc0ffffff40020000a00200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
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0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102
022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000000000000002
030f00ffffff- aaeoi?, yeee ioe?ith? ye?noue S-i? ?iaioe oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa;

Uj- aaeoi?, yeee ioe?ith? ye?noue oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ae?iaieoeoaa;

picscalex100010009000003ca0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02e00200031200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
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7720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d01010004000000f001000009000000320a
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5902b401010000003100a0000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000
fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d010000
04000000f00101000300000000006f006e002e003200bc5a2804000000cc00000000-
eieaeueiee e?eoa??e S-i? ?iaioe;

F1?, F2 — ooieoe?? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ei?eniino?;

S- iiia? ?iaioe;

? — iiia? e?eoa??th;

W — iiiaeeia aeiionoeieo aa??aio?a aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o;

j — iiia? aa??aioo aeeiiaiiy S-o? ?iaioe.

Aeieea? aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia caaea/a. Aiae?coth/e iinoaaeaio caaea/o ii
ioe?ioe? yeino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa i?eoiaeeii aei
aeniiaeo, ui ?? ye?noue oei aeua, /ei aeua ye?noue aeeiiaiiy eiaeii?
?iaioe. sse?noue aeeiiaiiy oeeo ?ia?o ioe?ith?oueny ?yaeii iieaciee?a ?
/ei aeua oe? iieacieee, oei aeeae/a aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe. Oeae aiae?c
iieaco? aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aaeaeeoeaii? ooieoe?? ei?eniino?,
yea aeicaiey? neeaaeoaaoe aianee eiaeiiai ?c iieaciee?a c oi/ee ci?o
iaea?aeaiiy caaaeueii? ei?eniino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Iaoiaee/i? ieoaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??» — ?icaeyiooi iaoeia? iniiae
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee cia?yaeue i?aoe? (iaoeie) ia noaae?? oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeiiii?/iee e?eoa??e
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? cia?yaeue i?aoe?, aeaii iiiyooy ?ano?no
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ? aecia/aia iaoiaeeea eiai ?ic?aooieo.
?ic?iaeaia aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia ooieoe?y ei?eniino? aeey ioe?iee yeino?
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

Eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? aeyaey?oueny ia ?eieo i?e ??
i?iaeaaeo, a oi?io?oueny a i?ioean? noai?aiiy ? aeaioiaeaiiy iiai?
oaoi?ee. Eiieo?aioe?y ciooo? ae?iaiee?a i?iaeoeoe?? aacia?a?aii aanoe
ai?ioueao ca caa?aaeaiiy iiieoo niiaeeaa/?a ia nai? ae?iae. Oiio
ae?iaieee ciaoiaeyoueny iino?eii a iiooeo ?aeae — oaoi?/ieo,
i?aai?caoe?eieo, nioe?aeueieo oa ?ioeo, ye? aeiiiiiaee a caa?aaoe
iiaeeea?noue i?iaeaaeo nai?? i?iaeoeoe??. Eiaeia oaea ?aeay
?icaeyaea?oueny ye can?a ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??, ? aaea ia oe?e noaae?? aeieea?
iio?aaa o a?aeiia?aei?e iaoiaeeoe? ioe?iee iiaeeeaino? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?iao. Ia eiaei?e noaae?? noai?aiiy iiai?
i?iaeoeoe?? iaiao?aeii ia?aa??yoe ia?aaaae ?? ii??aithth/e c oeie, ui
iathoue iiieo ia ?eieo. Ia naieo ?aii?o noaae?yo noa’?eo
ainiiaea?thaaiiy iiaeiai ia?aa??yoe iiaeeeao eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue
noai?aieo iei cia?yaeue i?aoe? ia?aaaaeii c oaoi?/ieo ia?aiao??a o
aeaeyae? ?ioaa?aeueiiai /e aa?aaiaaiiai iieacieea.

Ia noaae?? caaa?oaiiy eiino?oeoi?nueei? ? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
aeieeathoue aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ae?iao ? aecia/aoe eiai
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?e iayaiino? oaoi?/ieo ? aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeyoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?iao.

Aeo?ae ia ?eiie iia’ycaiee c oei, ui a?i aea? oa?aeoa?enoeeo oiaa?o
o?eueee o aa?o?nieo iieacieeao, oiaoi aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?. ?nioaaiiy o?ueio ioe?iie
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?: oaoi?/ii?, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? ? aeiiii?/ii?,
aecia/a?oueny ia’?eoeaii ?nioth/eie noaae?yie ?o ?icaeoeo. Oaeei /eiii,
iayai?noue e?eueeio iaoiaeee ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ae?ia?a ?
?aaeueiith iaiao?aei?noth.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui no/aniee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo
iaoee ua ia aea? iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy oaei? iaoiaeeee, yea aoea a
i?eaeaoia ye ia noaae?yo iiooeo ?aeae, oae ? oaoi?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ?
ae?iaieoeoaa iaeiiai ? oiai ae cia?yaeaey i?aoe?. A oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy iaaoaa? aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? oiaa?o.

Ae?iaieee ? niiaeeaa/? cia?yaeue i?aoe? (iaoei) ? eaieaie
ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie a?aeoai?aiiy noni?eueiiai i?iaeoeoo.
Ooai?th?oueny noaia ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a o oaeiio aeaeyae?: ae?iaiee
cia?yaeue i?aoe? — niiaeeaa/ cia?yaeue i?aoe? — iieoiaoeue i?iaeoeoo,
aeaioiaeaiiai c aeiiiiiaith cia?yaeue i?aoe?. Ae?iaieee ? niiaeeaa/?
cia?yaeue i?aoe? ? aeanieeaie ae?iaie/eo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue.

?ioa?ane aeaniee?a eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ye ae?iaieea, oae ? niiaeeaa/a
iaoeie aeyaeythoueny a iaea?aeaii? ??aiiaaeeeiai i?eaooeo ia nai?
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy. Oiio iieaciee i?eaooeo ia eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy
i?noeoue a nia? ci?no e?eoa??th eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? cia?yaeue i?aoe?
(iaoei).

E?eoa??e eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei, ye cia?yaeaey i?aoe? (O), iiaeia
ae?aceoe oae:
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aea I — i?eaooie, a?i;

E — eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy, a?i.

Iaoeia aoaea eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiith i?e oiia?, ui

Oi ? On,

aea Oi — iieaciee i?eaooeo ia eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy aeey iiai? iaoeie,
%;

On — na?aaeiy aaee/eia oeueiai iieacieea ia ?eieo, %.

A ?eieia?e nenoai? ainiiaea?nueeeo ca’yce?a ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy ia?
i?iaeaae i?iaeoeoe??, yea caaacia/o? a?aeiia?aeieie i?eaooeaie ye
ae?iaieea, oae ? niiaeeaa/a cia?yaeue i?aoe?.

O ca’yceo c oeei aecia/athoueny aeiiae aei cia?yaeue i?aoe?. Ia?oa —
cia?yaeaey i?aoe? iiaeii? iaoe oaeo i?iaeoeoeai?noue, uia caaacia/eoe
cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? ? aa?aiooaaoe iaea?aeaiiy
aeinoaoiuei? noie i?eaooeo i?e ?? i?iaeaaeo. Ae?oaa — noia
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue o ae?iaieea ? niiaeeaa/a cia?yaeue i?aoe? o nai?io
?ino? iiaeiia a iaai?e i??? a?aenoaaaoe a?ae ca?eueoaiiy i?eaooeo.
Aeeiiaiiy oeeo aeiia caaacia/eoue iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue iieacieea i?eaooeo
ia eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ye o ae?iaieea, oae ? niiaeeaa/a cia?yaeue
i?aoe?.

Cia?yaeaey i?aoe? caciathoue ae?? ii?aeueiiai ciino ? ?ioeo oaeoi??a.
Oea noaaeoue ieoaiiy i?i ?ano?n eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? cia?yaeue
i?aoe?, oiaoi o?eaaeino? ia??iaeo, ia i?ioyc? yeiai cia?yaeaey i?aoe?
iiaeooue caa?aaoe naith eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue a oiiaao ?eieo.
Aaee/eia ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoiiaeaia aaaaoueia oaeoi?aie
? iniaeeainoyie ?o aieeao. Eiieo?aioe aanue /an iinoaaeythoue ia
i?iaeaae iia?, oaoiieia?/ii a?eueo aeineiiae? cia?yaeaey i?aoe?. Oiio
na?aaei?e ??aaiue cia?yaeue i?aoe? ia ?eieo aacia?a?aii i?aeaeuo?oueny.
Eiaeiee cie?aia ae?iaiee cia?yaeue i?aoe? ia iiaea /anoi ?o
iaiiaethaaoe, oiio ia i?ioyc? aecia/aiiai /ano o ie?aiiai ae?iaieea aiie
iathoue iino?eio eiino?oeoe?th ? iaci?iio i?iaeoeoeai?noue.
Nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??, aeaioiaeaii? c aeiiiiiaith oeeo cia?yaeue
i?aoe?, oaeiae aoaea iaeaea iaci?iiith.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? o?aaa ii ?ieai
ia?niaeoeae ?ic?aooaaoe iieacieee Oi ? On, ui aeanoue ciiao onoaiiaeoe
/an, eiee ia ?eiie iiaeiia aeeoe a?eueo eiieo?aioini?iiiaeia iaoeia
oeueiai ae ae?iaieea.

Ia ?enoieo 1 iieacaii aeeiai?eo iieaciee?a Oi ? On, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?ano?n eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??.

%

Oi

On

O, ?ie?a

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

?en.1 Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a Oi ? On.

Ii ?ieao ia?niaeoeae o?aaa ?ic?aooaaoe aeai?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?eiie: ci?io oe?ie; ci?io ianya?a ??/ieo i?iaeaae ae?ia?a, aeaioiaeaieo
oe??th iaoeiith.

Ci?io oe?ie ii ?ieai ia?niaeoeae iiaeia ?ic?aooaaoe oae:

Oe? = Oea (1 — a )o,

aea Oe? ? Oea — oe?ia ae?iao o ?-oiio ? aaciaiio ?ieao, a?i;

a — aeiey ui??/iiai cieaeaiiy oe?ie;

o — ?iee ia?niaeoeae.

Ianya i?iaeaae ca ??e iiaeia aecia/eoe iaoiaeii iieooaaiiy niiaeeaa/?a
aai aeei?enoaoe aenia?oi? ioe?iee oao?aoe?a.

Aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ae?iaethaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia iaoei?, ui aeaioiaea
ae?iaiee aecia/athoueny oae.

Nia?aa?o?noue iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe??

N? = Na( 1 -b )o,

aea N? — nia?aa?o?noue ae?iao ii ?ieao ia?niaeoeae, a?i;

Na — oa ae o aaciaiio ?ioe?;

b — aaee/eia cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? o na?aaeiueiio ca ??e, aeiey;

o — ?iee ia?niaeoeae.

Noia i?eaooeo ca ??e aei??aith?

Ii? = ( Oe? — N?) Ni,

aea Ii? — noia i?eaooeo ca ?-oee ??e, a?i;

Ni — ianya i?iaeaaeo i?iaeoeoe?? ca ?-o?e ??e, iaeeieoeue.

Iieaciee i?eaooeo ia eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy ii ?ieao ia?niaeoeae (Ou?)
aei??aith?
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aea Eui — eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy, ye? iio??ai? aeey iaoeie ye o noa??
?? ae?iaieoeoaa, oae ? niiaeeaaiiy, a?i.

Iieacieee i?iaeoeoe?? eiieo?aio?a oae?.

Noia i?eaooeo ii ?ieao ia?niaeoeae (Ie?)

Ie? = Oe? r N?,

aea r — ieoiia aaaa i?eaooeo o oe?i? ae?iao, aeiey.

Noia eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ii ?ieao ia?niaeoeae (Ee?)

Ee? = Eea ( 1 + g )o,

aea Ee? ? Eea — eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ii ?ieao ia?niaeoeae
a?aeiia?aeii o ?-oiio ? aaciaiio ?ieao, a?i.

Iieaciee i?eaooeo ia eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy aeey iaoei eiieo?aio?a ii
?ieao ia?niaeoeae neeaaea?
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Oeyoii ii??aiyiiy iieaciee?a O ui O ei aecia/a?ii oie ??e, eiee
iaiao?aeii aeeoe ia ?eiie c iiaith i?iaeoeoe??th i?aeaeuaii?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?.

Aeey iia?aoeaieo ?ic?aooie?a ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? (O?)
cai?iiiiiaaii o aeena?oaoe?? oe?oiiaiee iaoiae
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aea Ei — eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy aeey ni?iaeoiaaii? oaoiieia??, a?i;

On — iieaciee i?eaooeo ia eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy, yeee noi?ioaaany ia
?eieo, aeiey;

I — noia i?eaooeo a iiiaio aeoiaeo ia ?eiie iiai? iaoeie, a?i.

C’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy aeiionoeii? noie eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue aeey i?iaeoiaaii? iaoeie (Eae)
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,

aea Ii? — noia i?eaooeo a ?-iio ?ioe?, a?i;

Oi? — iieaciee i?eaooeo ia eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy a ?-iio ?ioe?, %.

Aeey ioe?iee yeino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa cai?iiiiiaaia
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia ooieoe?y ei?eniino?. Ocaaaeueiaiith neaey?iith
ioe?ieith yeino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee iiaea aooe aaeaeeoeaia
ooieoe?y ei?eniino?, aea ye?noue aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o iieno?oueny eieaeueieie
e?eoa??yie
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aea U(xj) — ooieoe?y ei?eniino? aeey ioe?iee yeino? oaoiieia?/ii?
i?aeaioiaee;

Us(xj) — ooieoe?y ei?eniino? ioe?iee yeino? s-i? ?iaioe, yea aoiaeeoue
aei oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee;

ls — eiao?oe??io aaaiiino? aeey s-i? ?iaioe;

xj — j-e niin?a i?aai?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa;

s — iiia? ?iaioe.

Eieaeueieie e?eoa??yie cai?iiiiiaaii ne?aeoth/e iieacieee:

oaoiieia?/ia nia?aa?o?noue; o?eaae?noue ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo; ??aaiue
iaoai?caoe?? iia?aoe?e oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano.

AENIIAEE

1. I?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie ia? cia/i? ?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??. A ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? aeyaey?oueny ia ?eieo i?e
i?iaeaaeo, a oi?io?oueny ia an?o noaae?yo ?? noai?aiiy ? ae?iaieoeoaa.

2. I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? oe?a?inueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa iio?aao? ae??oaiiy eiiieaeno oaoi?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ?
iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue. Iaoiaee/iee aniaeo iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? cia/ii oneeaaeith?oueny ?c-ca
a?aenooiino? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai iaoiaeo aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oeueiai
??aiy.

3. Ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiae?a ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? onoaiiaeaii, ui a ieo a?aenooiy iaoiaee/ia iniiaa aeey
aecia/aiiy oa?i?io ia?aoiaeo ia ae?iaieoeoai a?eueo
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? i?iaeoeoe??.

4. Aiae?c ?ioa?an?a aeaniee?a eai?oaeo ye ae?iaiee?a, oae ? niiaeeaa/?a
cia?yaeue i?aoe? (cie?aia iaoei) iieaco?, ui ?o aieiaia iaoa iieyaa? a
iaea?aeaii? i?eaooeo ia nai? eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy. Oiio iieaciee
i?eaooeo ia eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy caeeth/a? a nia? ci?no e?eoa??th
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? (iaoei).

5. Cia?yaeaey i?aoe? (iaoeie) caciathoue ae?? ii?aeueiiai ciino ? ?ioeo
oaeoi??a, oiio aiie ia iiaeooue aooe eiieo?aioini?iiiaeieie caaaeaee.
Aeieea? i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, yeee
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia??iaeii /ano, ia i?ioyc? yeiai caa??aa?oueny iiieo a
oiiaao eiieo?aioe??. Aeey aecia/aiiy ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo iacaaiiai ?ano?no. E??i oiai,
cai?iiiiiaaii oe?oiiaiee iaoiae aecia/aiiy oeueiai ?ano?no.

6. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo a?aie/ii? noie eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue aeey iiai? oaoi?ee.

7. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii aieea noaae?e nenoaie noai?aiiy ?
inai?iiy iiai? oaoi?ee ia eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe??. Cie?aia
onoaiiaeaii aieea yeino? aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee
ae?iaieoeoaa ia eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

8. Aeey oi?aae?iiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noth i?iaeoeoe?? (iaoei) ia
noaae?? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa ?ic?iaeaia
aaaaoie?eoa??aeueia iiaeaeue ioe?iee yeino? oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee,
ye oaeoi?o i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?. Aeey ioe?iee yeino?
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee aeei?enoaia aaeaeeoeaia ooieoe?y ei?eniino?.

9. Aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo aeiiii?/ii?
ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? ? aecia/aiiy ?ano?no
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia ?ic?aooie?a ia IAII.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo

1. Ai?aa/ A.A. No?aoaaey oi?ie?iaaiey eiieo?aioiuo i?aeiouanoa ia
noaaeee nicaeaiey oiaa?a//Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai
oieaa?neoaoa, ? 401. — Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1997. — n.151-154.

2. Ai?aa/ A.A. Oaoiieiae/aneea oaeoi?u ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiey e
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee//Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oieaa?neoaoa, ? 401. — Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1997. —
n.39-44.

3. Ai?aa/ A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee ia yoaia
oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee i?iecaiaenoaa//Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oieaa?neoaoa, ? 404. — Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1998. —
n.199-208.

4.Ai?aa/ A.A. ?ano?n eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?oaeee o?oaea. Iaoiaeeea
ii?aaeaeaiey// “Aecian-Eioi?i”. – 1999. ? 13-14. — n.141-142.

Aeaiiiiaai? noaoo?

5. Iiaeaeue oi?ie?iaaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iaoeiu ia noaaeee
oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee i?iecaiaenoaa,Ai?aa/ A.A.
Oe?.eiae.-iaae.aeaae. — Oa?ueeia, 1997. — 11 n. ?on. Aeai. a AIOA
Oe?aeiu 09.01.97, ? 37 — Oe.97,,?ao. A ?AE «Aeaiiiiaai? iaoeia? ?iaioe»;
1998, ? 1, ? A/0 620.

Oace aeiiia?aeae

6. Eei/ei A.N., Ai?aa/ A.A. Yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
iaoei ia noaaeee oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee,,Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee «?aaeecaoeey eiioeaioeee ia?eaoeiaa a oneiaeyo oi?ie?iaaiey
?uiea». — Iaica. — 1996. — N.107-109.

7. Eei/ei A.N., Ai?aa/ A.A. Iaoaieci iaania/aiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
iaoei ia noaaeee oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee i?iecaiaenoaa.//Na.
Iaoa?eaeia Ana?inneeneie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “I?iaeaiu
yeiiiie/aneie noaaeeecaoeee a ?aaeiia”. Iaica, 1996. — N.88-90.

8. Eei/ei A.N., Ai?aa/ A.A. Eniieueciaaiea YAI i?e i?iaaaeaiee
i?aeoe/aneiai caiyoey ii yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
iaoei.// Iaoeiai — iaoiaee/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?” Oace aeiiia?aeae/ OOO?A, Oa?e?a,
1997, n.256.

9. Ai?aa/ A.A. I?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaie iiaeoiae e oi?ie?iaaieth
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee// 1-e Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue iieiaeaaeiue
oi?oi “Yeaeo?iieea e iieiaeaaeue a OO1 aaea”. Oac.aeiee./OOO?Y —
Oa?ueeia, OOO?Y, 1997. — N.203.

10. Eei/ei A.N., Ai?aa/ A.A. Eniieueciaaiea aaeoi?iiai e?eoa?ey aeey
ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ?ac?aaaouaaaiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia
a aeeieiiiuo i?iaeoao.//Iaoa?eaeu O1O iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.
Oa?e?a 27-29 o?aaiy 1996 ?. — Oa?e?a, O?IA, 1998. — N.52-54.

11. Ai?aa/ A.A. I?ia?aiiii-oeaeaaie iiaeoiae e ioeaiea e iaania/aieth
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee//Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeo.eiio.
“Iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea e i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aeoe/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaeoey
i?iiuoeaiiuo ai?iaeia ?aaeiia n iaeneiaeueiui eniieueciaaieai ianoiuo
?ano?nia”. Aeiiaoee-A?oaiiane, 1997. — N.77-78.

12. Ai?aa/ A.A. Eiieo?aioiua i?aeiouanoaa i?iaeoeoeee ca n/ao
yooaeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey ?ano?nia.//Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y
«Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea eiieo?aioicaeaoiino? i?iaeoeoe?? (iineoa)” Oac.aeii.
O?IA. — Oa?e?a, 1998. N.36-37.

13. Ai?aa/ A.A. Iaoiaeeea yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
i?oaeee o?oaea.//3-e I?aeia?iaeiee iieiae?aeiee oi?oi “?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ea
?? iieiaeue o OO1 no.” aeiiia?ae? /OOO?A.-Oa?e?a, 1999.- n.291-294.

AIIOAOe??

Ai?aa/ I.A. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei ia noaae??
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.03 — «I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy ?
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith» — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaeo iniia aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei (cia?yaeue i?aoe?) ia noaae??
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa. Cai?iiiiiaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii
e?eoa??e aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoei. Aeaii
iiiyooy ?ano?no eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae eiai
?ic?aooieo. ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy aaaaoie?eoa??aeueii? ioe?iee yeino?
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iaieoeoaa, ye oaeoi? i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue, e?eoa??e aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee,
?ano?n eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?, oe?ia, nia?aa?o?noue, i?eaooie,
eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy, cia?yaeaey i?aoe?.

Ai?aa/ A.A. Yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iaoei ia noaaeee
oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee i?iecaiaenoaa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.03 — «I?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey, ieaie?iaaiea e
?aaoee?iaaiea yeiiiieeie» — Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iao/iuo iniia yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?oaeee o?oaea (iaoei) ia noaaeee oaoiieiae/aneie
iiaeaioiaee i?iecaiaenoaa. I?iaiaeece?iaaii ?acaeoea oai?aoe/aneeo
acaeyaeia ia eiieo?aioeeth e oi?iu aa i?iyaeaiey a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo.
Eiieo?aioeey ia ?uiea eiaao ?aciiia?aciua oi?iu e inouanoaeyaony
?acee/iuie iaoiaeaie. Aeey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ioiioaiee a Oe?aeia
oa?aeoa?ii ?aciiia?acea oi?i nianoaaiiinoe: ainoaea?noaaiiay, /anoiay,
eieeaeoeaiay. Iaiaeay /anoue oe?aeineie yeiiiieee ana aua iaoiaeeony aia
aeeyiey caeiiia ?uiea. Ioia/aii, /oi aeoaieay eioaa?aoeey Oe?aeiu a
ie?iaia niiauanoai iaaiciiaeia aac nouanoaaiiiai iiauoaiey ea/anoaa e
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee e, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, i?iaeoeoeee
iaoeiino?iaiey.

?anniio?aiu iooe iiauoaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?oaeee o?oaea (iaoei).
Iieacaii, /oi eiieo?aioiua i?aeiouanoaa aicieeatho eeai ca n/ao
nieaeaiey cao?ao e niioaaonoaaiii oeai, eeai ca n/ao aeeooa?aioeeaoeee
oiaa?ia i?e i?i/eo ?aaiuo oneiaeyo. Eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue auyaeyaony ia
?uiea, a oi?ie?oaony ia yoaiao i?iaeoe?iaaiey e ecaioiaeaiey
i?iaeoeoeee, aicieeaao iio?aaiinoue a yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiea ia anao
noaaeeyo aeeciaiiiai oeeeea, a eiaiii: iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie,
eiino?oeoi?neie, oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaea i?iecaiaenoaa e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna.

A ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeaia noaia a aeaea “aea?aaa oeaeae” e ii?aaeaeaia
noaiaiue aeeyiey noaaeee nicaeaiey e inaiaiey iiaie oaoieee ia
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue i?iaeoeoeee. N oeaeueth iaania/aiey
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee ia noaaeee oaoiieiae/aneie iiaeaioiaee
i?iecaiaenoaa i?aaeeiaeai e?eoa?ee ioeaiee ea/anoaa inouanoaeaiey yoiai
yoaia a nenoaia nicaeaiey e inaiaiey iiaie oaoieee. A ea/anoaa
aeiaaeueiiai e?eoa?ey i?aaeeiaeaia aaeaeeoeaiay ooieoeey iieaciinoe, a
eieaeueiuie e?eoa?eyie iienuaaaony ea/anoai auiieiaiey ?aaio.

I?iaiaeece?iaaiu nouanoaothuea iaoiaeu ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
i?iaeoeoeee e iieacaii, /oi a ieo ionoonoaoao iaoiaee/aneay iniiaa aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey n?iea ia?aoiaea ia i?iecaiaenoai aieaa eiieo?aioiniiniaiie
i?iaeoeoeee. Aiaeec eioa?ania nianoaaiieeia eaieoaea, eae
i?iecaiaeeoaeae, oae e iio?aaeoaeae iaoei (i?oaeee o?oaea) iieacuaaao,
/oi eo aeaaiay oeaeue ninoieo a iieo/aiee i?eauee ia naie eaieoaeueiua
aeiaeaiey. I?aaeeiaeai e oai?aoe/anee iainiiaai e?eoa?ee yeiiiie/aneie
ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iaoei (i?oaeee o?oaea), eae iieacaoaeue
i?eauee ia eaieoaeueiua aeiaeaiey. ?ane?uo yeiiiie/aneee niune
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iaoei, eae i?oaeee o?oaea. Ninoaaeaia iaoiaeeea
yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee. Aeaii iiiyoea
?ano?na eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe e ?ac?aaioai iaoiae aai ii?aaeaeaiey.
?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi e i?ia?aiia auiieiaiey ?an/aoia ii yeiiiie/aneie
ioeaiea e ii?aaeaeaiey ?ano?na eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue, e?eoa?ee yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee,
?ano?n eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe, oeaia, naaanoieiinoue, i?eaueue,

eaieoaeueiua aeiaeaiey, i?oaeey o?oaea.

Gorbach Ye. V. Economic Evaluation of Competitiveness of Machinery at
the Stage of Technological Preparation Production. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Degree of the Candidate of Economic Sciences on the
specialty 08.02.03. — «Organization of control, planning and
administration of economy.» — Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1999.

The Thesis deals with the development of scientific basis of economic
evaluation of competitiveness of instruments of labor (machinery) at the
stage of technological preparation of production. The criteria for
economic evaluation of competitiveness of machinery is proposed and
grounded. Notion of competitiveness resource is given and method of its
calculation is developed. Questions of mullet — criteria evaluation of
the quality of technological preparation of production as a factor of
increasing the competitiveness of the product are considered.

Key words: competitiveness, economic evaluation criteria,

competitiveness resource, cost, price, profit, capital investments,

instruments of labo

Ai?aa/ Ieaia Aieiaeeie??aia

AEIIII?*IA IOe?IEA EIIEO?AIOINI?IIIAEIINO?

IAOEI IA NOAAe?? OAOIIEIA?*II? I?AeAIOIAEE

AE?IAIEOeOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.03 — «I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy oa

?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione Oia?a A.E.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo Oi?iao 60o84 1/16

Iai?? ion. Ae?oe ionaoiee Ianya 1,0 oi.-ae?oe.a?e

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? Aaceiooiaii

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