IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?NOI??? OE?A?IE

OAeE 947. 085. 6 (477)

A?O?IA ?AI? AAI?A?EIAE*

Aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y “o?aoueiai ?aeoo”

oa i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie

a ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie

07. 00. 01 — ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee- aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, eao?aao
Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie
?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

EIAAEUe IEOAEEI AANEEUeIAE*

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo
iie?oe/ieo oa aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie

EO*A? AIEIAeEIE? ?AAIIAE*

Eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aoiai?oa?ieo
iaoe Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo cayceo Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
cayceo ?i. I.N.Iiiiaa AAE?AE?ANUeEEE AIAOIE?E ?AAIIAE*

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee Oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
eaoaae?a iia?oiuei? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 26 ” ethoiai 1999 ?. i 14 00 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.235.01 a ?inoeooo?
?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie (aae?ana: 252001, Ee?a-1, aoe.
I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie (aae?ana: 252001, Ee?a-1, aoe. I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe Iaoyo A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA I?AOe?

Cai?iiiiiaaia aeena?oaoe?eia i?aoey ia? ia iao? aena?oeaiiy eiiieaeno
ieoaiue, iia`ycaieo c ieoiaoe?eiith iie?oeeith oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie i?ae /an Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. A aeena?oaoe??
aiae?co?oueny ?? eiie?aoiee aniaeo — aeniain?y “o?aoueiai ?aeoo”
i?ioyaii 1941-1944 ??., ?ice?eaa?oueny i?iaeaia aaaiiino? oe?a?inueei?
i?iieneiaino? aeey aa?iaooo a oiae? ieaioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? ye
eiie?aoieo a?enueeiaeo iia?aoe?e, oae ? o oe?eiio a?eie ca na?oiaa
iaioaaiiy. Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? ainiiaea?nueeo no?oeoo?o ieoiaoe?eii?
aaei?i?no?aoe??, canaaee cae?eniaiiy iath aeaiia?ao?/ii-o?oaeiai?
iie?oeee ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

Iia? i?aeoiaee aei ?icaeyaeo neeaaeieo ieoaiue oa aaaaeaiiy a iaoeiaeo
ia?a iaa?aeiieo aein? a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a oa iaeiaea/aieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, cie?aia ?iicaiieo, a oaeiae iio?aaa ?o ioe?iee c iiceoe?e
nueiaiaeaiiy i?iaeeeoiaai? ia`?eoeaiei aiae?cii aena?oeaieo a
aeena?oaoe?? iiae?e ? i?ioean?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O aeine?aeaeaiiyo, i?enay/aieo Ae?oa?e na?oia?e
a?ei?, ? iayaiith i?iaaeeia, iia`ycaia c i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeei
aeniain?ii?ciii uiaei Oe?a?ie (ia?aaeon?i, a aeiiii?/i?e oa
nioe?aeueii-?ano?ni?e aaeocyo).

Iio?aaa oaeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o iaiao?aeiino? aecia/aiiy
nooiaiy caoe?eaaeaiino? iaoeenonueeiai ea??aieoeoaa I?ia//eie
ne?iaeiii-i?iieneiaith aacith Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae caoiae?a ii
aenieoaoaoe?? oe??? aace o a?ei? ca na?oiaa iaioaaiiy.

O?aaeeoe?eiee ni?iuaiee iiaeyae ia i?iaeaio ia aeicaieea
?noi??ia?ao?/ii noi?ioaaoe /?oeo ea?oeio i?iieneiai-aeiiii?/ii?
aeniain?? oaoenonueei? I?ia//ei? ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo, ui c?iaeei
iaiiaeeeaei aecia/aiiy ?noioieo iciae a?oea??anueeiai ieoiaoe?eiiai
?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? a?aeiia?aeii aea/eoe noaaeaiiy ieoiaio?a aei Oe?a?ie,
?? ?ano?n?a oa ?o ?ioaineaiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c iine?aeiaiiai
?icaeyaeo oa?aeoa?o aeiiii?/ii? aeniain?? I?ia//eie a Oe?a?i? e ?aaeoe??
ia oea oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy. No?oeoo?a i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aea? oaeei aeiiaai iaa?oiooaaiiy oaiaoeee: 1) oa?aeoa?enoeea
i?iieneiaiai, ne?iaeiiiai ? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?ae?a Oe?a?ie; 2) noai oa
??aaiue o/ano? oe?a?inueeeo ?ia?oiee?a a i?iaoeuee?e ieoiaoe?ei?e
nenoai?; 3) nooi?iue aenieoaoaoe?? i?aoe? oe?a?inueeeo ?ia?oiee?a
i?iaoeueeith ieoiaoe?eiith aaei?i?no?aoe??th.

Ia`?eoaie aiae?co noaee iai?yie, oi?ie, iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? oa
aeniain?ii?nonueea iie?oeea “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? aeena?oaoe?? ioiieththoue ia??iae 1941-1944 ??.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oaoenonueei? iie?oeee ia
ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? a aeiiii?/i?e noa??, a naia a i?iieneiaino? oa
aaeeei? caoe?eaaeaiino? I?ia//eie Oe?a?iith ye aa?a?ii-i?iieneiaith oa
ne?iaeiiith aacith. C oe??? iaoe aeieeaathoue ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aeae?eeoe ie?ai? aoaie aeiiii?/ii? aeniain?? “o?aoueiai ?aeoo”, aeaoe
?i oa?aeoa?enoeeo oa c`ynoaaoe cia/aiiy eiaeiiai c ieo a eiioaeno?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie a Ae?oa?e
na?oia?e a?ei?;

2. Aeyaeoe aca?iica`ycie i?ae ?aae?caoe??th aeniain?ii?nonueeeo iai???a
I?ia//eie uiaei Oe?a?ie e ii?aceaie I?ia//eie a 1943-1944 ??;

3. Aena?oeeoe ?ieue oai?aoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ai?iii-no?aoaa?/ieo
canaae ainiiaea?nueei? iie?oeee I?ia//eie a Oe?a?i?;

4. Aecia/eoe aeano?oeoeaio ?ieue i?iaoeueeeo iiiiiie?e a
?iaeono??aeueieo ?aeiiao;

5. Aeine?aeeoe iaoai?ci ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ieoiaioaie ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie i?eioeeio i?eioniai? o?oaeiai? aenieoaoaoe?? anueiai
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy;

6. Iieacaoe nioe?aeueia noaiiaeua ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie oa ?ice?eoe nooue
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee a oiiaao ieoiaoe??;

7. Aeaanoe caeaaei?noue oi?noaaiiy ai?iieo oaoiieia?e I?ia//eie o
1942-1943 ??. a?ae aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie.

Aaea o a?ioo?ao ? noaooyo, ui c`yaeeeny a ?iee Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii?
a?eie, aee?eaaeeny iai??e oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a. Oae, iaeiei ?c
ia?oeo na?ae/aiue uiaei ?nioaaiiy aeaoaeueiiai ieaio iia?aaoaaiiy ?
nionoioaiiy ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, aoea a?ioo?a A.Eaiioue?aa “Caeaia
iaiea” Aa??iaa, aeaeaia o 1942 ?. Eaiioueaa A. “Caeaiay iaiea” Aa?eiaa.-
I.: Ainiieeoecaeao, 1942.

sse cacia/a?oueny a ?yae? i?aoeue ai?iieo ?ie?a, o oe?ie?e i?ia?ai?
i?aeei?aiiy na?oo iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy oaoenoe iaaeaaaee aeei?enoaiith
i?iieneiaino?, n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa ?iai/i? neee Oe?a?inueei?
?N?. Iaoeeei A., Oa?ia A. Aeoea?ianeea eiiieecaoi?u ia Oe?aeia. —
“Ciaiy”, 1942, ei. 7; Eaiioueaa A. I?iaae iaiaoeei-oaoenoneiai
oicyeie/aiey a ieeoie?iaiiuo ?aeiiao Oe?aeiu // Ia?oeeiia
no?ieoaeuenoai.- 1942. — ?11; Eicianeee A. i?iaae aeoea?ianeeo ieaiia ia
ainoiea // Aieueoaaee. — 1942. — ?11-12; Aeeo?ia A., E?aiiaa E. Caiuneu
aeoea?ianeeo ?acaieieeia e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue // I?iiaaaiaeeno. — 1943.
— ?3-4; Aeoiaa N. I?iaae yeiiiie/aneie no?aoaaee Aeoea?a. — I., 1945.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aee?eooy aa?aa?nueeeo iaoiae?a oa cania?a, aei
yeeo aaeaaaeeny caaa?aieee a oiae? ?aae?caoe?? nai?o ieai?a, iathoue
iaoa??aee Iaaecae/aeii? aea?aeaaii? eii?n?? aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ?
?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo ieoiaio?a oa ?o
ni?ao/aniee?a, iia?aeiieaiiy ? caaaeaiiy ?aaeyinueeiai ?ioi?iath?i,
iaoa??aee a?aeiiiai Ith?iaa?cueeiai i?ioeano. Iia?aeiieaiiy
Iaaecae/aeii? Aea?aeaaii? Eii?n?? ii anoaiiaeaiith ? ?icne?aeoaaiith
cei/einoa i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeie caaa?aieeaie oa ?o ni?eueieeaie,
caiiae?yii? ieie oeiaee a?iiaaeyiai, eieainiai, a?iiaaenueeei
i?aai?caoe?yi, aea?aeaaiei i?aei?e?inoaai ? onoaiiaai N?N?. — E., O.;
Oe?aea?aeaeaeaa, 1944.; Aeieoiaiou iaaeiytho. Nai?iee aeieoiaiooia i
/oaeiaeuiuo i?anooieaieyo iaiaoeei-oaoenoneeo caoaao/eeia ia niaaoneie
oa??eoi?ee. Aui. 2. I.: Ainiieeoecaeao, — 1945; Nai?iee niiauaiee
*?acau/aeiie Ainoaea?noaaiiie Eiiennee i ceiaeeyieyo iaiaoeei-oaoenoneeo
caoaao/eeia. I.: Ainiieeoecaeao, 1946; Niiauaiey Niaaoneiai
eioi?iath?i. Oo.1-8. I.: Niaeioi?iath?i, 1944; Ith?eiaa?aneee i?ioeann
iaae aeaaiuie iaiaoeeeie aiaiiuie i?anooiieeaie. Nai?iee iaoa?eaeia.
Oo. 1-3. I.: TH?eaee/aneay eeoa?aoo?a, 1965-1967.

Ii a?ei? a aeayeeo iaeanoyo aoee aeaeai? ca??ieee
aeieoiaio?a-na?ae/aiue i?i cei/eie a?oea??anueeeo caaa?aiee?a oa i?i
i?aei?eueio ai?ioueao i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi???.
Ca??noaa ? cei/eie i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a ia Oa?e?auei?.
Ca??iee aeieoiaio?a. Ee?a-Oa?e?a, 1944; I?i cei/eie i?ioe?a ia oa?eoi???
Euea?anueei? iaeano?. Ca??iee aeieoiaio?a E., 1945; I?iaoeuee? ieoiaioe
ia Iieoaauei? (1941-1943??.).- Iieoaaa: Ci?y Iieoaaueie, 1947; Iaeanna a
Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieia Niaaoneiai Nithca. Nai?iee aeieoiaioia e
iaoa?eaeia. — Iaeanna: iae. ecaeao-ai, 1947-1950; oa ?i.
I?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeee ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei ia Oe?a?i? 1941-1944 ??.
(Ca??iee aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a). — E., 1951; Caii?iaeneay iaeanoue a
aiaeu Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu (1941-1945 aa.). Nai?iee aeieoiaioia.
— Caii?iaeuea: Ei. ecae-ai, — 1960; Aeiai?iiao?ianeay iaeanoue a aiaeu
Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu Niaaoneiai Nithca (1941-1945). Nai?iee
aeieoiaioia. -Aeiai?iiao?iane: Ei. ecae-ai, 1962; Eeaaoeia a aiaeu
Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu Niaaoneiai Nithca. Nai?iee aeieoiaioia. —
E.: Iae. ei. aac. ecae-ai, — 1963, oa ?i. I?ci?oa iiae?ai? ca??ieee
aoee aeaeai? iianthaeii.

O i?aoeyo ia?oiai iiai?iiiai aeanyoe??//y iaei oaaae iaaeaaaeiny
aaciina?aaei?i ieaiai ? caoiaeai I?ia//eie uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie. Ii-ia?oa, oea iiaeia iiynieoe ia?aaaaeii caaaeueiinithciei
eiioaenoii ?icaeyaeo aeuacaaaeaieo yaeu, ui aeeeooaaa o?aaiaioa?iee
i?eioeei ?icaeyaeo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, ye eeoa iaeiiai c ia`?eo?a
oaoenonueei? aeniain??. Ii-ae?oaa, caiiai ?ice?o/aiee i?ney a?eie
iaoiaee ?ai?an?e aeeeooaaa oiiae oa i?eioeeie ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi?e/i?e
iaooe?. Aeine?aeieeai oaie (?.Aieueaeooaei, ?.E?a?ia, A.Ae. Eoeueaae?i)
Aieueaeooaei E., Eaaeia ?. Aa?iaineee eiia?eaeci. — I., — 1947;
Eoeueaaeei A.Ae. Aa?iaiey a 1939- 1950 aa. — I., — 1951; eiai ae:
Aa?iaiey a 1918-1939 aa. — I., 1952. /a?ac a?ae aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e,
c iaeiiai aieo, cai?oaiiy iiae?aii? oaiaoeee, c ae?oaiai, ia aaeaeiny
iiai?noth ?ice?eoe aeaio oaio.

Ianooii? i?aoe?, eio?? aeeoee a 1955 ?. (I.?. I?eiaa, A.?.
Aeueaae?ai), I?eiaa I.E. Aa?iaiey a 1924-1929 aa. -I., 1955; Yeueaaeeyi
A.E. Yeiiiie/aneia ii?aaeaiea oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee a aieia i?ioea NNN?. —
I., 1955. aeicaieythoue ia o?eueee caaaeii oyaeoe aeiiii?/io iie?oeeo
oaoeno?a uiaei caoiieaii? oa?eoi??? ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco, a e
eiie?aoecoaaoe ie?ai? aniaeoe. Aea aiie ia ?ice?eaathoue i?iaeai
iioi/iiai ieaioaaiiy a 1941-1943 ??. ? ia aena?oeththoue ieoaiiy
aeeneii?aeeiaoe?? ae?e i?ae ??cieie eaieaie ai?iii-ainiiaea?nueeiai
iaoai?cio oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie ia oa?aiao Oe?a?ie.

A aaaaoueio aeine?aeaeaiiyo e?ioey 50-o — ii/aoeo 70-o ??.
(A.A.?aci??ia, A.I.Oeaiaeia, A.E.?icaiia, O.I.O?e?a?i oa ?i) ?acia?ia
A.A. Yeiiiie/aneay iiaeaioiaea aeoea?ianeie aa?annee. — I., — 1958;
Oeaiaeia A.I. Oe?a?ia a ieaiao i?aeia?iaeii? ?aaeoe?? iaia?aaeiaei?
ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. -E., — 1959; ?icaiia A.E. Caiuneu e oeiae. I.,
1970; Oaeaaei O.I. Aiaiii-aeiiiie/aneay iiaeaioiaea aeoea?ianeie
Aa?iaiee e aieia i?ioea NNN? // Iiaay e iiaaeoay enoi?ey, — 1961. -?3;
eiai ae. Ec enoi?ee iiaeaioiaee oaoenoneie aa?annee i?ioea NNN?. — I.,
1961; eiai ae . Aiaiii-yeiiiie/aneay iiaeaioiaea Aa?iaiee e aieia
i?ioea NNN?. — I., 1966. caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia i?e/eie c?inoaiiy
ai?iii-aeiiii?/ii? iiaooiino? a?oea??anueei? I?ia//eie iaia?aaeiaei?
Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, cie?aia ?ice?eaa?oueny ceia?nia ?ieue o oeueiio
i?iaoeueeeo iiiiiie?e oa i?aaey/eo e?e cao?aeieo e?a?i.

Aianie o ?ic?iaeo ieoaiue, iia`ycaieo c i?iaaaeaiiyi aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee ieoiaio?a a Oe?a?i? oa ?? e?aoii, c?iaeaii ocaaaeueithth/eie
i?aoeyie: “Enoi?ey Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu 1941-1945 aa.” oa
aeaeaiith ia ?? iniia? ei?ioeith “Enoi?eae Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu
Niaaoneiai Nithca”, ia?oa eieaa i`yoiai oiio “?noi??? Eiioi?noe/ii?
ia?o?? ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco”, 10-e oii “Enoi?ee NNN?”, a oaeiae
aeaaiaaeoeyoeoiiia “Enoi?ey Aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu 1939-1945”. Enoi?ey
Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu Niaaoneiai Nithca. 1941-1945 aa. O. 1-6.-
I., 1960-1965; Aaeeeay Ioa/anoaaiiay aieia Niaaoneiai Nithca.
1941-1945. E?aoeay enoi?ey, -I., 1965 (ecaeaieao aoi?ia eni?aaeaiiia e
aeiiieiaiiia) I., 1970; ?noi??y eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? ?aaeyinueeiai
Nithco, O. 5, ei.1. — E., 1974; Enoi?ey NNN?, O. 10, — E., 1973; Enoi?ey
Aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu 1939 -1945, A 12 o.-I., 1982. Iaeiae a ieo a?aeo?
naii? iinoaiiaee ieoaiiy ? aeaoae?caoe?? oa?aeoa?o noaaeaiiy
ea??aieoeoaa oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie aei aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie.

Aeeaae oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo a caaaeueio ni?aao ai?ioueae c ai?iaii
anaa?/ii aena?oeaii o o?eoiiieeo “Oe?a?inueea ?N? o Aaeee?e A?o/eciyi?e
a?ei? ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco 1941-1945 ??.”. Oe?a?inueea ?N? o Aaeee?e
A?o/eciyi?e a?ei? ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco 1941-1945 ??. O. 1-3. — E.,
1967-1969; Oe?aeineay NN? a Aaeeeie ioa/anoaaiiie aieia Niaaoneiai
Nithca 1941-1945 aa. O. 1-3. — E., 1975. O aeaeaii? iaaaaeaii aeai? i?i
ieaie a?oea??aoe?a ia?aoai?eoe Oe?a?io a aa?a?ii-ne?iaeiiee aeiaeaoie
“o?aoueiai ?aeoo”. Iaeiae ieoaiiy, aaciina?aaeiuei iia`ycai? c c?eaii
aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ai?iaa, ia ?icaeyioo? aeaoaeueii, a ie?ai?
i?aenoieia? aeai? e iieiaeaiiy ia aeathoue aeinoaoiueiai oyaeaiiy i?i
aoaeoeai?noue iii?o oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy ni?iaai ieoiaio?a
aeei?enoaoe i?iieneia?noue, ne?iaeii? oa ethaenuee? ?ano?ne.

Iaaia cia/aiiy aeey ?icoi?iiy oaie ia? i?aoey Caai?oeueei I.I. ?
THae?ieiaa A.O. Caai?oeueei I.I., THaeaieia A.O. E?ao yeiiiie/aneeo
ieaiia oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee ec a?aiaiiii ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee NNN?.
-I., 1970; eo aea. E?ao ieaia “Ieueaeaiao?a” . — I., 1974; eo aea. E?ao
ieaia “Ieueaeaiao?a” (I n?uaa yeiiiie/aneeo ieaiia oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee
ia a?aiaiii ieeoie?iaaiiie oa??eoi?ee NNN?). — I.,; Yeiiiieea, 1980.
Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an noaiiaeoue o?ao? aeaeaiiy oe??? i?aoe?. Aiii aeicaiey?
ii-iiaiio aena?oeeoe aeaye? iiae?? oa oaeoe. Iaeiae aaoi?e /iionue
iaiaaeothoueny aano?aeoieie “iniiaieie ia?aaeoiiaaie” iie?oeee
a?oea??anueeiai o?yaeo uiaei ?aaeyinueei? i?iieneiaino? ? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa. Aaeeeo /anoeio i?aoe? i?enay/aii oaeoi?ai (ia?oecainueea
ai?ioueaa, naaioaae ? ianeaiee ii?? ianaeaiiy), ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
c?eaaeeny i?iaoeuee? ieaie aenieoaoaoe?? oe?a?inueei? oa?eoi???. Aea oea
?iaeoueny ia oii? ?aii?oaaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaoeueei?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

A?oioiai?e ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeaia i?aeaeaia e o aeine?aeaeaii? Aeeoeaaiai
I.N., Eiiae?aoaiei E.A., Oaaaoeyea I.I. Aeeoeaaee I.N. ?ieue
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo a c?ea? i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?eii?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee ia Oe?a?i? (1941-1944 ??.) // O?AE. — 1968. — ?3;
eiai ae. Ai?ioueaa o?oaeyueo i?iieneiaeo oeaio??a Oe?a?ie ca c?ea
oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee (1941-1944 ??.) // A?o?a Oe?a?ie. —
1974. — ?1; eiai ae. Ai?iueaa oe?aeineiai ia?iaea i?ioea ia?aaeaiey e
yenieoaoaoeee Oe?aeiu iaiaoee-oaoenoneeie caoaao/eeaie (1941-1944)
Aaoi?ao. aeen. ia niene. o/ai. noaiai. eaiae. enoi?. iaoe. -E, 1968;
Eiiae?aoaiei E.A. E?ao ieai?a oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a uiaei
iia?aaoaaiiy i?iieneiai-ne?iaeiiiai iioaioe?aei Oe?a?ie // O?AE. -1977.
— ?1; ?? ae. Niaaoneay enonoi?e/aneay eeoa?aoo?a i e?aoa ieaiia
iaiaoeei-oaoenoneeo caoaao/eeia a ioiioaiee i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu a
aiaeu Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu. Aaoi?ao. aeen. ia ninene. o/ai.
noaiai. eaiae. iaoe. -E, 1977; Oaaaoeye I.I. Oe?aeia a yeniaineiienoneeo
ieaiao aa?iaineiai oaoecia. 1933-1939 aa. -E., 1983; eiai ae. Oe?aeia a
yeiaineiienoneeo ieaiao aa?iaineiai oaoecia (1933-1939 aa.).
Aaoi?aoa?ao aeen. ia niene. o/ai. noaiai. aeieoi?a enoi?. iaoe. — E.,
1984. Iaeiae, iai?eeeaae, o ?iaio? Aeeoeaaiai I.N. caiaaeoi
eaoaai?e/iee caaaeueiee aeniiaie noia?a/eoue i?ii?aeiei ?acoeueoaoai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaaaaeai? naiei aea aeine?aeieeii oaeoe na?ae/aoue, ui
iia?aaoaaiiy caaa?aaieo a?oea??aoeyie ?aeii?a iineeeei aeiiii?eo
ieoiaio?a. Ioaea iiaa iiaea eoe o?eueee i?i oa, ui oaoenoe ia ciiaee
cae?enieoe nai? ieaie o iiaiiio ianyc?.

Ia iiaeia iiaiaeeoeny ? c aa?n??th (iniaeeai a i?aoeyo Iai`yoiai A.I.
Iaiyoue A.I. Anaia?iaeiay ai?ueaa i?ioea aeiiiie/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee
oaoenoneeo ieeoiaioia ia Oe?aeia (1941-1944). -E., 1980; eiai ae. A
ai?ueaa ca n?ua a?aaeoaeueneeo ieaiia oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee. — E., 1982;
eiai ae. Ia?iaeia aieia a oueo oaoenoneeo ieeoiaioia ia Oe?aeia.
1941-1944: a 2-o ei. — E., 1985. ), ui iiaeya, an? iaaaea/? ieoiaoe?eii?
aeaaee o iaeaaiaeaeai? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia ei?enoue aeanieo ai?iieo
iio?aa iiyniththoueny naaioaaeai eiioi?noe/iiai i?aei?eey. I/aaeaeii, ui
ae?yeuei?noue ina?aaee?a ? oeaio?aeueiiai ea??aieoeoaa EI(a)O aoea eeoa
iaeiei ?c noa`?eoeaieo /eiiee?a i?iaoeueeeo iaaaea/.

Ie?aii ne?ae caaaeaoe i?aoe? Eiaaey I.A., Eiaaey A.N., Eiiae?aoaiei
E.A., Eo/a?a A.?., Eiaaeue I.A. ?noi??y iai`yoa?. — E., 1980: eiai ae.
Ana — aeey ia?aiiae. -E., 1970; eiai ae. Iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneay
aeayoaeueiinoue o?oaeyueony Oe?aeineie NN? a ia?eiae Aaeeeie
Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu. -E., 1977; eiai ae. Ai?ioueaa ?ia?oieoeoaa ca c?ea
oaoenonueeeo ieai?a aeei?enoaiiy i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. // O?AE. -1979.
-? 6 eiai ae. Ai?ueaa ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu i?ioea oaoenoneiai ?aanoaa. -E.,
1979; eiai ae. Oe?a?ia a Ae?oa?e n?oia?e ? Aaeee?e A?o/eciyi?e a?eiao
(1939-1945). Ni?iae no/aniiai eiioeaiooaeueiiai aa/aiiy. -E., 1994; eiai
ae. Oe?a?ie: 1939-1945. Iaeia?aeii? ? iai?i/eoai? noi??iee ?noi???. -E.,
1995; Eiaaeue A.N. A ?iee oaoenonueei? iaaaee (Oe?a?ia a i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiineiao o ia??iae Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie). -E., 1963;
Eiiae?aoaiei E.A. E?ao ieai?a oaoenonueeeo ieeoiaio?a uiaei
aeei?enoaiiy i?iieneiai-ne?iaeiiiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie a ?iee Aaeeei?
A?o/eciyii? a?eie. ?noi?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy. -E.: A?o/eciyia ?noi??y,
1977, Aei. 3; ?? ae. Aei ieoaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao Oe?a?ie o 1941-1944
??. / A ei.: Ae?oaa Na?oiaa a?eia ? Oe?a?ia. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? (27-28 ea?oiy 1995 ?.), -E., IAI Oe?a?ie ?ino?ooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie, 1996; Eo/a? A.?. Ai?ioueaa i?aei?euei?e?a Oe?a?ie ca
caa?aaeaiiy ia?iaeiiai aeia?a // O?AE. -1984. -?7. o yeeo ia o?eueee
aena?oeth?oueny ieoiaoe?eia iie?oeea “o?aoueiai ?aeoo, a e iieacaii, ui
e?ao oaoenonueeiai ieaio iaiiae?eueiiai na?oiaiai iaioaaiiy aoa
aaciina?aaeiuei iia`ycaiee c iane?aeeaie iie?oeee ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaee,
ui aeiaaea iaaio iacaeaoi?noue aaeaioaoe?? iaoeenonueei? i?oiaeien??
uiaei ?ioeo iaoe?e oa iaiiaeeea?noue ao?eaiiy ?aaeueii-i?aaiaoe/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei aeiiii?/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? Oe?a?ie, ui ? i?eaaei aei
iiaiiai i?iaaeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy “ieoiaoe?eii? iaaeaoaeiae” iaae
aenieoaoiaaiith aeiiii?eith Oe?a?ie.

Caaaeii ?aaeyinueea ?noi??ia?ao?y, ui i?eae?eyea oaaao aena?oeaiith
ie?aieo aniaeo?a oaoenonueei? ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee, ia noai?eea
nenoaiii-aiae?oe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei i?iaeaie naeaeoe?? aeaea?ae, aaeaea
?o aeia??, aeoeoia/aiiy oa aacoaaiiy ia ia?o?ei?e ?aeaieia?? aeiaaaee
eaa?oeiaoe?? e aiieia?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?eey o ?iee ieoiaoe?e.
Aocueeiniaeo?aeuei?noue iaoiaeieia?/ii? aace iiynith?oueny
ooo/ii-eeaniaei i?aeoiaeii aei oeoia/aiiy ?noi?e/ieo yaeu.

Ua iaioa aeine?aeaeaiei ? ieoaiiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?aiaa?aaeieo
?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie, ui ia i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeeny ?aeoneii?na??aoo, a
ea?oaaeeny a?enueeiaith aaei?i?no?aoe??th, yea a neeo iia?eueiino? ??
i?ae?icae?e?a e aeecueeino? o?iioo aaae/a i?aeaea?oueny
a?o?aii-aeieoiaioaeueiiio aiae?cia?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino? “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” a
Oe?a?i? o 1941-1944 ??. a cao?aei?e ?noi??ia?ao?? oaeiae iineoue
iiaa?oiaee oa?aeoa?, iiaeaeoaee a?eueo i?ae o ”caiiaieo” i?aoeyo
?aaeyinueeeo ?noi?ee?a. Oeae iaaeie?e iiynith?oueny iecueeei ??aiai
aeooaeueiino? oe?a?inueei? oaiaoeee o iiai?iiee ia??iae.

Iaeiei ?c ia?oeo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei ii?ooaii? i?iaeaie ? i?aoe?
Aeaenaiae?a Aeaee?ia, Dallin A. The German Occupasion of the USSR in
World War II. A Bibl?ography. — New York, 1955; eiai ae. German Rule in
Russia. — London, 1957; eiai ae. Odessa 1941-1944. A. Case Study of
Soviet Territory under Foreign Rule. — Santa Monica, 1957. yeee
iioae?eoaaa a?ae?ia?ao?th, ocaaaeueithth/o iiiia?ao?th oa aeaoaeueio
i?aoeth i?i noaiiaeua a Iaean? a oe? ?iee, a oaeiae iiioiaioaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/aia ieoiaoe?ei?e iie?oeoe? ia oa?eoi???
?aaeyinueeiai Nithco.

A?oioiaiith aeaea?aeueiith aacith aecia/athoueny aea? ?io?
ocaaaeueithth/? i?aoe?: “?noi??y ieoiaoe??” Aa?aeueaea ?aeoe?iaa?a oa
“A?oea??anueea ieoiaoe?y ia Oe?a?i?” ?ai?y Eaiaiaoeueeiai. Reitlinger G.
The Hours Built of Sand.- London, 1960; Kamenetsky I. Hitler’s
Occupation of Ukraine, 1941-1944. — Milwaukee, 1956. Cia/iee ?ioa?an
noaiiaeyoue aea? eieae, aeaeai? a oeae aea ia??iae: “?noi??y
oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiae?cio” Aeaeiia A?ino?iiaa Armstrong J. Ukrainian
Nationalism 1939-1945. New York, 1955; Luther M. Die Krim unter
deutscher. Besetzung im Zweiten Weltkrieg // Forschungen zur
osteuropischen Geschichte 3. -1956. oa i?aoey I. Ethoa?a i?i
oaoenonueeo ieoiaoe?th E?eio, yeee oi/ o oie /an ? ia iaeaaeaa Oe?a?i?,
aea oa?aeoa? ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio aoa oioiaei?e a?aeiia?aei?e iie?oeoe?
ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?inueei? ?anioae?ee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaoeueei? ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee i?iaeiaaeeee ? i?aoe?
Ii?iaia ?a/a, Aaina Oia?aeoa oa *aneaaa Iaaeae/eea. Rich N. Hitler’s War
Aims. — Vol. 2 — New York, 1974; Umbreit H. Auf dem Weg zur
Kontinentalherrschaft // Kroener B., Mller R.D., Umbreit H. Das Deutsche
Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg. -B. 5/1. Stuttgart, 1988; Madajczyk Cz.
Faszyzm i okupacje 1938-1945. Wykonywanie okupacji przez panstwa Osi w
Europie. 2 tomy. — Poznan, 1983-1984. Aeaa ooiaeaiaioaeuei? oiie
inoaiiueiai “Oaoeci ? ieoiaoe?y” ?ao?iniaeoeaii aena?oeeee iniaeea?noue
ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee, oeyoe ?? i?iaaaeaiiy oa ?aaeoe?th ia oea
ianaeaiiy caaa?aieo oa?eoi??e.

Caa?oa? oaaao aeine?aeiee?a i?aoey Aieiaeeie?a Eineea Kosyk w.
L’Allemagne national-socialiste et l’Ukraine. — Paris, 1986., ui iieaco?
caaaeueio iaoo oa i?aeoe/i? ae?? iaoe?iiae-nioe?ae?no?a I?ia//eie uiaei
Oe?a?ie. O eiec? iieacaii iaaaeaeaaoi?noue iie?oeee “/enoioe aeui?
?ane” nioe?ae-iaoe?iiae?no?a oa “?aaeueiiai noaio ?a/ae” a Oe?a?i?,
coiiaeaiiai: 1) aeiiii?/iei ieaioaaiiyi “o?aoueiai ?aeoo”; 2)
eiio?ae?yie c ?aaeyinueeiai aieo.

?icaeyae iianyeaeaiiiai i?iaaaeaiiy ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? aaia?ae-?eii?na??aoii aai aaa?oneii?na??aoii —
“a?ea ieyia” ? a cao?aei?e ?noi??ia?ao??. Iaaeaeue, a?aenooi? ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? ?oioinueei? oeea?eueii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? a
“O?aini?no???”, ca aeiyoeii iieaco nei?ieo oai caaa?aieeaie ianiaeo
oaeanoa. Dallin A. Odesa 1941-1944; AEoeianueeee A. Oe?a?inuee? caie?
i?ae ?oioinueeith ieoiaoe??th a /ane Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie //
Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. — 1989. — ?24. Ua a??oa noaiiaeua c aea/aiiyi
?aa?iio, ui ia?aaoaaa o a?aeaii? a?enueeiai? aaei?i?no?aoe?? —
E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie. Iiee ui aaoi? o?eueee iaei??? aeena?oaoe??,
caoeuaii? a No?aei?e I?ia//ei?, c?iaea ni?iao a caaaeueieo ?enao
iiynieoe no?oeoo?o oa ieoiaoe?eio iie?oeeo, cie?aia ai?iii-aeiiii?/io
a?enueeiaiai eiiaiaeoaaiiy. Mller N., Wehrmacht und Ok?upation
1941-1944. — Berlin, 1971; Shulte Th. J. The German Army and Nazi
Policies in Occupied Russia. — Oxford, 1989.

sse ? c aaaaoueio ?ioeo oai ia Caoiae? iaia? ocaaaeueithth/iai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/aiiai noaiiaeuo oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee i?ae /an
i?iaoeueei? ieoiaoe??. Iiaeia iacaaoe eeoa i?aoe? i?i ainiiaea?noai
Ee?aa a oie ia??iae Bohatiuk N.G. The Ekonomy of the Kiev Under Foreign
Conguerors, 1941-1944 // Ukrainian Quartarly. -1986. — ?1/2 . oa
neooaoe?th a i?iieneiaino? ieoiiaaiiai Aeiiaano. C oeueiai ieoaiiy aoei
iioae?eiaaii ii iaei?e noaoo? a Cao?aei?e oa No?aei?e I?ia//ei?. Riedel
M. Bergbau und Eisenhttenindustrie in der Ukraine unter deutscher
Besaetzung (1941-1944) // Vierteljahrshefte fr Zeitgesghte. — 1973. —
?21; Eiechholtz D. Wirtschaftspolitik und Strategie des fashistischen
deutschen Imperialismus im Dnepr-Donez-industriesgebiet 1941-1943 //
Militrgeschichte. — 1979. — ?18. Aaoi?e on?o oeeo i?aoeue iaei oaaae
i?eae?eythoue Oe?a?i?, yea ua ia noaea ia`?eoii niaoe?aeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaa?oue o 1991 ?., eiee c`yaeeiny iaiaei ioae?eaoe?e,
i?enay/aieo 50-??//th iaiaaeo oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie ia ?aaeyinueeee
Nithc, Oe?a?ia, ii noo?, ye ia`?eo niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
aeae?eyeany.

I?aenoiiaoth/e ?noi??ia?ao?/iee iaeyae, ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe: — nooi?iue
aea/aiino? oa ?ic?iaee aeaii? i?iaeaie ye a oe?a?inuee?e, oae ? a
cao?aei?e ?noi??ia?ao?/i?e iaooe? ciaoiaeeoueny iiee ui ia aeineoue
iecueeiio ??ai?, oiio icia/aia oaia iio?aao? anaa?/iiai, a ia
o?aaiaioa?iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? caeiie iaoeiaiai iiooeo e
ia‘?eoeaiino? o aena?oeaii? eiai ?acoeueoao?a. Aaoi? ea?oaaany
i?eioeeiii eiie?aoiiai ?noi?e/iiai aiae?co noni?eueieo yaeu ? iiae?e. O
i?aoe? aeei?enoaii i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaeeoi
eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy i?iaeaie.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue eiiieaen a?o?aieo oa
ae?oeiaaieo iaoa??ae?a. Aieiaiee ianea a?o?aieo aeaea?ae c oaie
caa??aa?oueny o oiiaeao Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao aeueo
i?aai?a aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie (OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie) oa Oeaio?aeueiiai
aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiue Oe?a?ie (OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie).

On? ii?aoeueiaai? iaoa??aee c oeeo a?o?a?a iiaeia oiiaii ?icae?eeoe ia
aea? a?oie:

Ia?oa a?oia OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie — iaoa??aee i?iaoeueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy, ui
ciaoiaeyoueny o oiiaeao Ooaao ?iia?nueeiai ea??aieea A. ?icaiaa?aa aeey
ieoiiaaieo no?aeieo iaeanoae (o. 3676), ?aeoeii?na??aoo “Oe?a?ia” (o.
3206), o Eieaeoe?? i?e?ioioieii?e aeieoiaio?a a i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo
onoaiiaao, a?i?enueeeo a?oi oa ?oi?o i?ae?icae?e?a (o. EIO-8). Na?aae
aeieoiaio?a Iia?aoeaiiai ooaao (Aecaoeooaao) ?icaiaa?aa i?e
?aeneii?na??ao? ieoiiaaieo no?aeieo oa?eoi??e oa ?aeoneii?na??aoo
Oe?a?ie uiaei ?oiuei? ”aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee” ? aeai? i?i noai
oe?a?inueei? i?iieneiaino? ca i?iaoeueei? aeaaee, ?oith ae?yeuei?noue,
i?i aeaacaiiy iaoeenoaie ne?iaeie oa i?iieneiaiai oniaaeeoaaiiy c
aaeeeeo i?iieneiaeo oeaio??a Oe?a?ie. Oiiae EIO-8 ai?uo? eii??
aeieoiaio?a ??cieo i?iaoeueeeo ieoiaoe?eieo onoaiia, aeiiia?ae?
ainiiaea?nueeeo ?iniaeoe?e c aenieoaoaoe?? ieoiiaaii? oa?eoi???, o oiio
/ene? Iia?aoeaiiai ooaao ?icaiaa?aa.

Aei ae?oai? a?oie OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie ne?ae a?aeianoe Eieaeoe?? aeieoiaio?a
c ?noi??? Aaeeei? a?o/eciyii? a?eie (o. 4620) oa Oe?a?inueei?
?anioae?eainueei? iaaecae/aeii? eii?n?? ii ?icne?aeoaaiith cei/ei?a ?
caeoe?a, caiiae?yieo i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeie caaa?aieeaie i?aai?caoe?yi
? ianaeaiith Oe?a?ie (o. 3538). Oe? oiiaee i?noyoue eii?? aeoea?a oa
aeieoiaioaeueieo na?ae/aiue i?i oeiaeo, caaaeaio ieoiaioai aeiiii?oe?
oa ianaeaiith Oe?a?ie.

O oiiae? Oeaio?aeueiiai eii?oaoo EI(a)O OeAeAAI Oe?a?ie (o.1)
ciaoiaeyoueny iinoaiiae Iie?oath?i c ieoaiue
aa?oaoe?eii-i?iiaaaiaeenonueei? ?iaioe ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie c
iaoith caeo/aiiy ianaeaiiy o ai?ioueao ca caa?aaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
iioaioe?aeo, i?iaaaeaiiy naaioaaeo ai?iii-aeiiii?/ieo coneeue ieoiaio?a.
Iaoa??aee Eii?n?? c ?noi??? Aaeeei? A?o/eciyii? a?eie i?e AI O?N? (o.
166) i?noyoue aeiiii?/iee ?icae?e ieaio “Aa?aa?inna” i?ae eiaeiaith
iacaith “Ieueaeaiao?a”, iniiai? ?aea? yeiai aoee aeaoae?ciaai? o
“Aee?aeoeaao c ea??aieoeoaa aeiiii?eith o caiiai ieoiiaaieo no?aeieo
iaeanoae” (oae caaia “Caeaia iaiea” Aa??iaa) ? iniiai? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy
oa oeace ?iia?nueeiai i?i?no?a ieoiiaaieo no?aeieo iaeanoae, ui iaee
iacao “Ei?e/iaaa iaiea”, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei noinoaaeeny
?aeneii?na??aoo “Oe?a?ia”, oa ?i.

Onueiai ii?aoeueiaaii iaoa??aee a?eueoa i?ae 7 oiiae?a aea?aeaaieo
a?o?a?a a Oe?a?i?.

Iniiaio a?oio ae?oeiaaieo aeaea?ae noaiiaeyoue ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a ?
iaoa??ae?a (ye a?o/eciyieo oae ? ca?oa?aeieo), i?enay/ai? iiae?yi
1941-1945 ??., ui noinothoueny i?iaoeueei? ieoiaoe??. Aeei?enoaii oaeiae
niiaaaee o/aniee?a iiae?e oa aacaoi? ioae?eaoe?? ( o oiio /ene?
ieoiaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o:

— aeae?eai? a naiino?eiee ia`?eo niaoe?aeueiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaio ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie i?ae /an Ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie;

— caaaeyee ?icoe?ai?e aeaea?aeuei?e aac? aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaoeiaee ia?a
aaaaeaii cia/io e?euee?noue iiaeo, aein? iaa?aeiieo aeaieo;

— c?iaeaii ni?iao a?ae?eoe a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo ?aeaieia?ciaaieo noai, ui
i?ecaiaeeei, ye i?aaeei, aei iaeiia?/iiai aena?oeaiiy aaaeeeo oai
oe?a?inueei? ?noi???;

— aeine?aeaeaii ?yae aniaeo?a, ui ia ciaeoee aeieeaaeiiai aena?oeaiiy a
iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ? aca?iicaeaaei?noue i?ae
??ciiiai?oieie eaieaie ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? (oeea?eueia ?
ai?iia, i?noeaaa oa aa?e?inueea ea??aieoeoai));

— i?inoaaeaii ci?ie a iano?iyo oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa a?aeiia?aeii
aei ae?yeueiino? i?iaoeueei? aeaaee ia oa?ai? Oe?a?ie ? eiie?aoi?
ianoaaeie aeieeiaiiy oeeo o?ainoi?iaoe?e;

— aena?oeaii ?icaeyae iaoeenonueeei ea??aieoeoaii i?iaeaie aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie a caaaeueii?iia?nueeiio eiioaeno?);

— c?a?aii, ii?aoeueiaaii oa iiaeaii o aeaeyae? oaaeeoeue, noai, ea?o
aaaaoo ?ioi?iaoe?th, yea aeaiiino?o? aeeeaae eiie?aoiiai iaoa??aeo e
aea? ciiao e?aua oyaeoe caaaeueiee ia?aa?a iiae?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o i?aenoioaaii? aeaoaeueiiai,
aaciaaiiai ia a?o?aieo aeaea?aeao iiaia?aee?eoeo oiiae?a iiaeyaeo ia
i?iaeaio aeiiii?/ii? aeniain?? “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” uiaei Oe?a?ie, ui o
a?o/eciyi?e ?noi??ia?ao?? i?aeoe/ii ia ?icaeyaeaeany.

Ca ianyaii aeaea?aeueii? aace, ianooaaaie ii?aoeueiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e,
eiiieaeniei oa?aeoa?ii iinoaiiaee i?iaeaie, eiioeaiooaeueiei aecia/aiiyi
iniiaiiieiaeieo iiiaio?a aeena?oaoe?y “Aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y “o?aoueiai
?aeoo” ? i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie o ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie” ia?
i?aenoaae aaaaeaoeny a?oioiaiei iaoeiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi.

IAOEIAA AI?IAAOe?ss AeENA?OAOe??

Aeena?oaoe?th iaaiai?aii ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e ?noi??? neia`yinueeeo
ia?iae?a Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny ia I?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: “Oe?a?ia a Ae?oa?e na?oia?e a?ei?: o?iee
?noi??? oa no/ani?noue” (i. Ee?a, ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie,
1994 ?.); “O?iee Aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu e cia/aiea iiaaaeu iaae
oaoeciii” (a. Iineaa, Niaao aeaa ainoaea?noa — o/anoieeia NIA, ?ineeneay
Aeaaeaiey iaoe, 1995 a.); “Oe?a?ia o Ae?oa?e na?oia?e a?ei?” (i. Ee?a,
?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, 1995 ?.) “50-??//y ia?aiiae iaae
oaoeciii: iane?aeee oa o?iee” (i. Ee?a, OAeIO ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
1995 ?.; “Ia?oa na?oiaa a?eia ? neia’yinuee? ia?iaee”. (i. Ee?a, IIO ?i.
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 14 -15 o?aaiy 1998 ?.).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaiaai? aaoi?ii o 5-oe iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Iaoa??ae aeena?oaoe?? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee:

a) aeine?aeieeaie — a oiae? iaienaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue;

a) aeeeaaea/aie — aeey i?aeaioiaee eaeoe?e ? nai?ia??a c a?aeiia?aeieo
?icae?e?a iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a a?o/eciyii? ?noi???;

a) i?iaaaeaii? iocaeieo aeneo?n?e;

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

No?oeoo?a aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo coiiaeaia iaoiaeieia?/iith aeiiaith
o?iiieia?/ii-i?iaeaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ice?eooy aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie ?
neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ?icae?e?a, ainueie ia?aa?ao?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e -272, aeiaeaoe?a -16. Ianya ?oeiieno
neeaaea? — 243 noi??iee.

O anooii?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?? oaaaa aeoeaioo?oueny ia aeooaeueiino?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie aeniain?? “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” o i?iieneia?noue
Oe?a?ie naia a aniaeo? ei??iii? caoe?eaaeaiino? ai?iii-i?iieneiaei
eiiieaenii No?aeii? Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo oa?eoi??e. Oeei aecia/aii iniiai?
e?eoa??? aiae?co neeaaeieo yaeu ooieoe?iioaaiiy ieoiaoe?eieo ?inoeooo?a
ia oa?aiao Oe?a?ie e a?aeiia?aeue ia caaaeueio aeiiii?/io iie?oeeo
I?ia//eie a Oe?a?i? ??cieo i?ioa?e?a ianaeaiiy. O anooi? noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo ? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ?ice?eoi oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aeaea?aeueio aaco, a?aeia?aaeaii ai?iaaoe?th
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iieacaii eiai i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

A ?icae?e? ? “Aeniain?ii?nonuee? eiioeaioe?? iiiiiie?noe/ieo e?e
I?ia//eie e iaoeenonueei? aa?o?aee uiaei Oe?a?ie” ?icaeyaea?oueny
neooaoe?y, ui neeaeany o iiaiio aaiiie?oe/iiio ?iceeaae? nee o ?a?ii?
iaia?aaeiaei? Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, aeine?aeaeaii aeoiee
iaoeenonueeiai aeiiii?/iiai aeniain?ii?cio, anoaiiaeaii i?aai?/io
caeaaei?noue aeiiii?/iiai oa iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/iiai oaeoi??a aeniain??
oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie.

“Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ae?iaeaiiy canaae ai?iii-aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee uiaei Oe?a?ie oa ?? i?iieneiaino?” (ia?aa?ao 2) ?ai?acaioo?.,
ii noo?, “aaoiiiiiee” i?aeo?ae aei oaiaoe/ii? iaa?no?ae? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Anoia?a/ ?aeaieia?/iei eaiiiai oa oaaoeiaaiei ?noi??ia?ao?/iei ee?oa
i?iaeaie, aaoi? ?icaeyaea? ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiao? aaaeeea?noue aeey
“o?aoueiai ?aeoo” oe?a?inueei? ne?iaeiii-i?iieneiai? aace ye caii?oee
oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? no?aeiiai i?iaeoo caaaeueiina?oiaiai oaoenonueeiai
aeniain?ii?nonueeiai ieaio.

Niaoe?aeueio oaaao caa?iooi ia iiaeeaeaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo oae caaii?
“Ei?e/iaai? iaiee” — aeieoiaioo, iieeaaeaiiai a iniiao oi?ioaaiiy
caaaeueii? no?aoaa?? oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie uiaei Oe?a?ie.

Oaco i?i i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue iie?oe/ii? i?ia?aie “o?aoueiai ?aeoo”
?ano?niiio aeceneo aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?inueei? ?aaeyinueei?
?anioae?ee, iieeaaeaii a iniiao aea/aiiy iie?oeei-aeiiii?/ieo aca?iei
“Oe?a?ia-I?ia//eia”.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? (ia?aa?ao 3: “Noai oe?a?inueei? i?iieneiaino? ia
ii/aoie ieoiaoe??”) iieacaii ?iaeono??aeueio iane/ai?noue oe?a?inueei?
oa?eoi???, ye iane?aeie aeeiiaiiy ia?oiai i`yoe??/iiai ieaio. Oaeoe/ii
aae aei oeueiai /ano Oe?a?ia a aeioe? aeine?aeaeaiue, iia`ycaieo c
aea/aiiyi iie?oeee ?iaeono??ae?caoe??, ?icaeyaeaeany aai o
caaaeueiinithciiio eiioaeno? (?noi??ia?ao?y N?N?), aai ?cieueiaaii a?ae
oaeoi?o aeiiii?/ii? i?aaiaoeee (oe?a?inueea ae?anii?ia iaoeiaa oeiea).

Aeei?enoaia a i?ioean? iaienaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?o?aii-noaoenoe/ia
oaeoieia?y aeicaiey? i?aenoioaaoe: Oe?a?ia a N?N? aaea ia?aae o
noai?aii? aaeiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?iaeoeoo caaaeii ? cie?aia — o
o?i?/i?e i?iieneiaino?, /i?i?e iaoaeo?a??, iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? ? oa ?i.
Naia oe? aaeoc? i?iieneiaino? No?aeii? ?a?iie, aoee iaei?eaaaeea?oei
ia`?eoii aeey i?iaoeueeeo aeiiii?/ii-aeniain?eieo aiaoeo?a. Oe?a?inueea
i?iieneiai-ne?iaeiia aaca aeicaieyea oaoenonuee?e I?ia//ei? iieeaaeaoeny
ia ?ano?nia caaacia/aiiy no?aeii? a?enueeiai? eaiiai?? a ianyaao oa
oaiiao, a?aeiia?aeii aei cai?ia?aiiaaieo iaia?aaeiaei? aoi?aiaiiy.

O ?icae?e? ?? “Ieaie ieoiaio?a uiaei oe?a?inueei? i?iieneiaino? oa
ne?iaeiii? aace ? ni?iae ?o ?aae?caoe??” c?iaeaii ne?oioeueiciee
?icaeyae ? aiae?c ieoiaoe?eiiai iaoai?cio oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie, ui aoa
iieeeeaiee caaacia/eoe cae?eniaiiy ooieoe?e aeceneo uiaei i?iieneiaino?
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e. Iaoeiaa aeaiiino?aoe?y ooieoe?iiaeueiiai oa
i?aai?caoe?eiiai aniaeo?a i?ecia/aiiy ai?iii-ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiaiae
(“Wirtschaftskommandi”), oa?aeoa? ?iaioe oeea?eueii-?ioaiaeaionueei?
aaei?i?no?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?, ui eiai oaeiae aeaoaeueii aeine?aeaeaii a
aeena?oaoe??, ia?aeiieeai aeacothoue ia aeeeth/ii aeano?oeoeaiee
oa?aeoa? i?iaoeueei? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee aeey Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?c aee?aeoeaieo aeieoiaio?a “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” uiaei cae?eniaiiy
aeniain?? a Oe?a?i? iieaco? no?aoaa?/i? ci?ie i?aeoiae?a oaoenonueei?
I?ia//eie aei aaaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? iie?oeee ia ieoiiaaieo
oa?eoi??yo c /?oeith oaiaeaioe??th aei ci?ie ?aeaieia?/ii aeeaeoe/ii?
i?aeoeee (i?iiaaaiaea) /enoith aeiiii?/iith i?aaiaoeeith a?enueeiaiai
?ioa?ano (ia??iae aeiooaiiai aeaianeoaaiiy iie?oeee uiaei Oe?a?ie,
aeeeeeaiee ii?aceaie ia ?aaeyinueei-i?iaoeueeiio o?iio?).

A ia?aa?ao? aena?oeaii i?iaeaio ooai?aiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?iaoeueeeo i?iieneiaeo iiiiiie?e ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. ?icaeyae
ae?yeueiino? eiioea?i?a “?. A. Oa?aai, “Oeaen”, “Oaeueaeoeethooea?e” oa
?i iiae?aieo iieaco? oeaeaoeueeo nooi?noue i?iaoeueei? aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee uiaei Oe?a?ie. I?iieneia?e iie?oeoe? a?aeiia?aea? i?eioniaee
aea?c ?iai/i? neee aei ?aeoo.

O ia?aa?ao? 2 “E?ao “ae?oee??aa” ? iaiaaaiiy ieoiaio?a aeei?enoaoe
oe?a?inueeo i?iieneia?noue ye aeiiii?aeio ai?iii-oaoi?/io aaco”
aecia/athoueny a?aie/i? ??ai? oi?ioaaiiy ae?e aa?iaooo i?ae /an Ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie /a?ac i?ecio “oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy”: aei inoaoi/iiai
i?iaaeo “ae?oee??aa” Oe?a?ia ?icae?eyeany I?ia//eiith, ye
o?aiceoii-?ano?nia ciia, ui iaea caaacia/eoe oni?o “aeeneaae/ii?
a?eie“. I?ney i?iaaeo “ae?oee??aa” ? aae aei ?a ieoiaoe?? oe?a?inueeeo
oa?eoi??e, i?iieneiaa oe?a?inueea ciia noa? aeiiii?/iith aacith
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeo?a aa?iaooo.

O ia?aa?ao? 3 ?icae?eo ?? “Oioaeueia c?oeioaaiiy ?iaeono??aeueieo
oeaio??a i?ae /an a?aenooio i?iaoeueeeo a?enuee c Oe?a?ie”
aeieoiaioaeueii ?icoeo?iao?oueny oaca i?i oa, ui oe?a?inueea
i?iieneia?noue aeinoaoiuei cianeeaia o i?ioean? aaaeoaoe??
?iaeono??aeueii-eiiieaeooth/eo ca O?ae, aeyaeeany oaeoe/ii cieuaiith
i?ney a?aenooio oaoenonueeeo a?enuee c Oe?a?ie. Oiio a?aeaoaeiaa
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie i?ney ieoiaoe?? iaea oa?aeoa?
ia?a?niiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae. C ?ioiai aieo,
oe?a?inueea /anoeia ai?iii-i?iieneiaiai ainiiaea?noaa aeieo/aeany aei
ooai?aiiy aeaoiiaoi?iiai iioaioe?aeo cao?aeuenueeiai
a?enueeiai-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno (AIE) N?N? ?, a ?acoeueoao?,
ni?e/eieea ii?aceo I?ia//eie o Ae?oa?e na?oia?e a?ei?.

Ciiao ae oaee, aiae?c aeaeaoe?a oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee o eiioaeno?
i?ioeano aeaacaiiy aei I?ia//eie iethn aaaeoaoe?y ia ?aaeyinueeee No?ae
(?icae?e ae?oaee, ia?aa?ao 3-e) (cie?aia: neei-aeca?eaeueii?
i?iieneiaino?, oe??yii?, o?eeioaaeii? ? o. ?i.) aeacothoue ia oa, ui
/a?ac i?ecio aeaoi?iaoe?? i?iieneiaeo ia`?eo?a eeoa a?oie “A”, iiaeia
aiai?eoe i?i noaaiaoe?th oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee iai?ee?ioe? Ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie.

O ?icae?e? ??? “Nenoaia ?aanueei-e??iinieoeueei? aenieoaoaoe??
?ia?oieoeoaa ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi???” aaoi? iieaco? noaaeaiiy
ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaee aei ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.

O ia?aa?ao? iieacaii aaaeeea?noue aeey aeniain?ii?nonueei? iie?oeee
?aae?caoe?? ieaio oi?ioaaiiy aa??iaiaeo “o?oaeiaeo eieii”, ae?iaeaiiy
caaaeueieo canaae i?iaeiaieue/i? iie?oeee I?ia//eie, aenieoaoaoe?eieo
caoiae?a uiaei oe?a?inueeiai ?ia?oieoeoaa ? o. ae. Iiaeaii eiiieaen
oaoenonueei? aee?aeoea oa ie?aieo aecia/aeueieo aeieoiaio?a, yeeie
?aaoethaaeeny caaaeuei? i?eioeeie “ei?enooaaiiy ethaenueeei o?oaeiaei
?ano?nii” Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?c eiioe?eoo “?icaiaa?a-Eio”, aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiieaenieo ieai?a
I?ia//eie uiaei aenieoaoaoe?? i?iieneiai-aeaiia?ao?/iiai iioaioe?aeo
Oe?a?ie aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i aeiyoeiai aei?noieee, oeaeaoeueeee
oa?aeoa? i?iaoeueei? aeniain?ii?nonueei? iie?oeee.

Ia?aa?ao 2 ?icae?eo ??? (Iaoa??aeueii-iiaooia? oiiae ?ia?oiee?a ?
neoaeaiaoe?a ca “iiaiai ii?yaeeo”) ?ice?eaa? ?aaeueiee oa?aeoa? noaio ?
ia?niaeoea oe?a?inueeeo o?oae?aiee?a, ca i?iaoeueeiai aieiaea?thaaiiy.

Aena?oeaiiy o?iainiaeo iao?iaoe?e ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe??,
ei?oioe?? a no?oeoo?? ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaee, ia?eaioeeuei?noue aeuiai
ieoiaoe?eiiai ea??aieoeoaa ? o.?i. ni?e/eieee, ye aeiaiaeeoue
aiae?c-ii??aiyiiy ieai?a ieoiaio?a, ia?ae?/ i?iieneiai-ae?iaie/iai
caaacia/aiiy iio?aa aa?iaooo ia No?aeiiio o?iio?, ui — noaei iaeiei c
oaeoi??a ii?acee ?aeoo o Ae?oa?e na?oia?e a?ei?.

AENIIAEE

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aee?aneaii iaoeiao
aeioe?euei?noue ie?aieo ?icae?e?a i?aoe?, iaaieioaii ia iaoeia?e
cia/eiino? aeena?oaoe??.

?icaeyiooi iane?aeee oaoenonueei? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee uiaei Oe?a?ie a
1941-1944 ??. Ii?ooaii i?iaeaio ocaaaeueiaiiy aeeaaeo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
o ni?aao ia?aiiae iaae I?ia//eiith.

Aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia aeaio eeth/iaeo iiiaioao aeine?aeaeaiiy: noaio
oe?a?inueei? i?iieneiaino? (aea?iaeono??ae?caoe?y oa aaaeoaoe?y
neeaaeiaeo ia No?ae N?N?) oa aeieo/aiiy oe?a?inueei? /anoee ae?iaie/eo
iiooaeiinoae aei ooai?aiiy iaaeiiooaeiiai Ai?iii-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
N?N? ca O?aeii.

I?aee?aneaii oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a ieai?
eiiieaeniiai caaaeaiiy eiie?aoieo noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo.

IIEIAEAIIss, UI AENOAATHOUeNss IA CAOENO

Oaia “Aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” oa i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie
o ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie” ? aaeueie aeooaeueiith aeey no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee. Aaee/acia e?euee?noue iiiia?ao?e,
?ica?aeie oa aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoa??ae?a noiniaii iiae?e 1941-1944 ??. ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?inueei? ?aaeyinueei? ?anioae?ee ana ae caeeoa? iica
na?eiciei iaoeiaei oa aeaoaeueiei ?icaeyaeii oeth oaio. Neioaciaaiee
iiaeyae ia ?noi??ia?ao?/io aaco i?iaeaiaoeee, aiae?c a?o?aieo aeaea?ae,
ni?yiiaai?noue ia aena?oeaiiy iiae??ai-oaeoieia?/ieo /eiiee?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?i., aeicaieythoue aiai?eoe i?i oaea:

1. Nea?iaai?noue caaa?aieoeueei? no?aoaa?? “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” ia
i?iieneiai-ne?iaeii? oa o?oaeia? ?ano?ne Oe?a?ie cana?ae/o?: i?aaey/a
aa?o?aea oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie o ni?aa? aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aeioe?eueiino? aeniain?? i?ioe N?N? aeoiaeeea c oiai, ui
oe?a?inueei-i?iieneiaiai iioaioe?aeo aenoa/eoue aeey ianeoaiaoaaiiy
iio?aa a?i?? o oiae? ?aae?caoe?? a?enueeiaeo iia?aoe?e ia anueiio
No?aeiiio o?iio?.

2. Ca oaiiaie aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, aoaeoeai?noth ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaeo oaoiieia?e o i?iieneiaa ae?iaieoeoai oa ?acoeueoaoaie ae?yeueiino?
o aaciaeo aaeocyo i?iieneiaee eiiieaen Oe?a?ie o neeaae? N?N?
i?aaenoaaeya aaaiiee ?ioa?an aeey iiiiiie?noe/ii-o?yaeiaeo e?e o?aoueiai
?aeoo.

3. Ae?yeuei?noue ai?iii-ainiiaea?nueeeo eiiaiae “Wirtsn?haftskommando”,
i?aai?caoe?y ?iaioe oeea?eueieo ieoiaoe?eieo aaei?i?no?aoe?e , ooai?aiiy
“o?oaeiaeo eieii”, aeaiia?ao?/ia aeieuoaaeueia iie?oeea uiaei
oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy, aiae?c o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino?, eiioe?eo
“?icaiaa?a-Eio” uiaei “oe?a?inueeiai ieoaiiy” aeicaieythoue aiai?eoe
i?i aeeeth/ii aeano?oeoeaiee, oeaeaoeueei-a?aa?aeieoeueeee oa?aeoa?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” a Oe?a?i?.

4. Aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” uiaei Oe?a?ie cae?enithaaeany
aeaiia aoaiaie: a) Oe?a?ia ia?aoai?thaaeany a o?aiceoii-?ano?nio ciio o
caaaeuei?e no?aoaa?/i?e ?io?ano?oeoo?? ?aae?caoe?? iaoeenonueeiai
“No?aeiiai ieaio” (1941-1942 ??.);

a) Oe?a?ia aeeiioaaea ?ieue aace aeey caaeiaieaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iio?aa
aa?iaooo a ?aaeei? “o?eaaei? a?eie” oa aioo??oi?o iio?aa i?iaoeueei?
i?iieneiaino?.

5. Oe?a?inueea i?iieneia?noue, nooo?ai c?oeiiaaia a oiae? aeaiiioaaeo
? ia?aaeeneieaoe?? ia No?ae N?N?, i?ney ?oeiaoe?e, caaaeaieo
ieoiaoe?eii? aeaaeith, aeyaeeany oaeoe/ii cieuaiith. Ia 1944 ?.
oe?a?inueei? i?iieneiaino?, ye eiiieaeno, ia ?nioaaei.

6. AEaoeea? iaoa??aeueii-iiaooia? oiiae aeeooy oeea?eueiiai ianaeaiiy
a Oe?a?i? oa oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeyi, aeaii?oiaaieo aei I?ia//eie aoee
iane?aeeii eiie?aoii? ? aeaoaeueii? ?aae?caoe?? ianoaiia o
“neia`yinueeiio ieoaii?”. Aa?n?y i?i “niiioaii?noue” aeiiii?/ii?
iie?oeee ia oe?a?inueeeo oa?aiao — i?o.

7. E?ao i?ia?aie aeei?enoaiiy i?iieneiaiai oa o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?ae?a
Oe?a?ie I?ia//eiith o 1941-1944 ??. aenooiea ye iaeei c i?ia?aeieo
oaeoi??a ii?acie aa?iaooo ia No?aeiiio o?iio?.

8. Ia?aaeeneieaoe?y iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iieneiaeo iiooaeiinoae oa
?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/ii? ae?oe ?anioae?ee ia no?ae ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco
noaea ae??oaeueiei /eiieeii o noai?aii? ia oa?aiao i?neyai?iiiai N?N?
iiaooiueiai a?enueeiai-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno, ia?aoai?eea eiai o
iaaeaea?aeaao ?, c?aooith, caaacia/eei (oi/a e oeoeo) i?aeia?iaeio
noaa?euei?noue a ?iee oieiaeii? a?eie.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue

ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? :

1. Oe?a?ia a aeiiii?/ieo ieaiao i?aaey/eo e?e oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie
iaia?aaeiaei? iaiaaeo ia ?aaeyinueeee Nithc. // Oe?a?ia o Ae?oa?e
na?oia?e a?ei?: o?iee ?noi??? oa no/ani?noue. Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? (27-28 o?aaiy 1994 ?.) IAI Oe?a?ie ?inoeooo
?noi??? Oe?a?ie. — E., 1995. — n. 112-117.

2. O?iainiaa a?eia “o?aoueiai ?aeoo” ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a
1941-1944 ??. // Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. -1995.-?3. — n.
96-100.

3. Iie?oeea oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie aeey iio?aa a?i?? (1941-1944 ??.). // Ae?oaa na?oiaa
a?eia ? Oe?a?ia. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? (27-28 ea?oiy 1995 ?.).
IAI Oe?a?ie ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, -E., 1996. n. -112-118.

4. Oe?a?ia a aeniain?ii?nonueeeo ieaiao I?ia//eie i?ae /an Ia?oi?
na?oiai? a?eie. // Ia?oa na?oiaa a?eia ? neiayinuee? ia?iaee. Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? (14-15 o?aaiy 1998 ?.) I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, IIO ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa. — E., 1998.-n.41- 48.

5. Ae?yeuei?noue i?iaoeueeeo iiiiiie?e oa a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/iiai
aia?aoo o?aoueiai ?aeoo ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie (1941-1942 ??.)
// Iieiaea iaoe?y. Aeueiaiao ? 8.- E.: Niieineei, 1998.-n.135-151.

AIIOAOe??

A?O?IA ?.A. Aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y “o?aoueiai ?aeoo“ oa i?iienei-a?noue
Oe?a?ie a ?iee Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth
07.00.01.- ?noi??y Oe?a?ie. — ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie,
Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia oe?ieiio eie? a?o?aieo aeaea?ae, ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue yeeo aaiaeeoueny aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao aia?oa, aena?oeth?oueny
eiiieaen ieoaiue, iia‘ycaieo c i?iyaaie ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee
oaoenonueei? I?ia//eie ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie a aeiiii?/i?e noa??. Aaoi?
aeine?aeaeo? ? aiae?co? eiie?aoi? iniaeeaino? aeiiii?/ii? aeniain??
“o?aoueiai ?aeoo” a i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ia??iaeo Ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie. ?ice?eaa?oueny i?iaeaia ?ie? oe?a?inueei? i?iieneiaino? aeey
I?ia//eie a oiae? ieaioaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? iaoeenonueeeo ieai?a ca
na?oiaa iaioaaiiy. C?iaeaii ni?iao a?aoiaioiaaii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
iaoeenonueei? eieii?aeueii? aenieoaoaoe?? i?iieneiai-ne?iaeiiiai
iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie a ?ioa?anao caaeiaieaiiy a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/ieo
iio?aa ?aeoo o a?ei?. Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? no?oeoo?o ieoiaoe?eii?
aaei?i?no?aoe??, canaaee cae?eniaiiy iath aeaiia?ao?/ii-o?oaeiai?
iie?oeee ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiiii?/ia aeniain?y, “o?ao?e ?aeo”,
a?enueeiai-aeiiii?/iee aia?ao, ?aeoneii?na??ao “Oe?a?ia”, ieai
“Ieueaeaiao?a”, aea?iaeono??ae?caoe?y, “Caeaia iaiea” Aa??iaa,
“Ei?e/iaaa iaiea”.

AAO?IA E.A. Yeiiiie/aneay yeniainey “o?aoueaai ?aeoa” e
i?iiuoeaiiinoue Oe?aeiu a aiaeu Aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. Aeenna?oaoeey ia
nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.01- Enoi?ey Oe?aeiu. — Einoeooo enoi?ee Oe?aeiu
IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ia iniiaa iiiai/eneaiiuo a?oeaiuo enoi/ieeia,
i?aeiouanoaaiiia aieueoeinoai eioi?uo aaiaeeony a iao/iue iai?io
aia?aua, inaauaaony eiiieaen aii?inia, naycaiiuo n i?iyaeaieai
ieeoiaoeeiiiie iieeoeee oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee ia oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu a
yeiiiie/aneie noa?a. Aaoi? enneaaeoao e aiaeece?oao eiie?aoiua
iniaaiiinoe yeiiiie/aneie yeniainee “o?aoueaai ?aeoa” a i?iiuoeaiiinoe
Oe?aeiu ia?eiaea Aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. ?ane?uaaaony i?iaeaia ?iee
oe?aeineie i?iiuoeaiiinoe aeey Aa?iaiee a oiaea ieaie?iaaiey e
?aaeecaoeee iaoeenoneeo ieaiia ca ie?iaia ainiiaenoai. Naeaeaia iiiuoea
a?aoiaioe?iaaiiie ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe iaoeenoneie eieiieaeueiie
yenieoaoaoeee i?iiuoeaiii-nu?ueaaiai iioaioeeaea Oe?aeiu a eioa?anao
oaeiaeaoai?aiey aiaiii-yeiiiie/aneeo iio?aaiinoae ?aeoa a aieia. Aaoi?
?anniao?eaaao no?oeoo?o ieeoiaoeeiiiie aaeieieno?aoeee, i?eioeeiu
inouanoaeaiey ath aeaiia?aoe/anei-o?oaeiaie iieeoeee ia oa??eoi?ee
Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiie/aneay yeniainey, “o?aoee ?aeo”,
aiaiii-yeiiiie/aneee aiia?ao, ?aeoneiienna?eao “Oe?aeia”, ieai
“Ieueaeaiao?a”, aeaeiaeono?eaeecaoeey, “Caeaiay iaiea” Aa?eiaa,
“Ei?e/iaaay iaiea”.

VETROV I.G. The economic expansion of the Third Reich and the industry
of Ukraine during the World War II. The thesis submitted for the
Candidate of Science (History) degree: specialisation 07.00.01 — The
history of Ukraine. — The Institute of History NASU, Kyiv 1999.

A large amount of archive materials, the greater part of which are
presented to the scientific community for the first time, is used to
highlight the set of questions related to the economic aspects of the
fascist Germany’s occupation policy at the Ukrainian territory. The
specific areas of Germany’s interest in Ukrainian economy and the
relevant organisational changes in the methods of the fascist occupation
policy are examined in detail. The existed contradictions and the lack
of co-ordination between the elements of occupation regime are
described. The approaches of the local authorities and the Ministry of
Occupied West Territories in Berlin to the practice of utilising the
Ukrainian economic resources are given. The author analyses in detail
the complex of conditions and reasons which led to the inability of the
occupation administration to provide effective directive economic
control at the occupied territories. The racist approach of E.Koch’s
entourage to the economic and social questions of satisfying the demands
of the Third Reich is outlined as well as its collision with the
position of A.Rosenberg and his staff. The complex of methods is
described which define the regressive character of fascist exploitation
of Ukrainian production capacities.The author investigates and analyses
the specific features of the Third Reich’s economic expansion in the
industry of Ukraine during World War II. The problem of the role of
Ukrainian industry in the planning and the realisation of Nazi plans for
the world supremacy is revealed.

The author gives a comprehensive analysis of technical and
organisational interest of the Third Reich in Ukrainian industrial
potential and especially in the non-evacuated production facilities and
labour resources. The comparative description of the effectiveness of
separate elements of planning and utilisation of Ukrainian social and
economic potential is given, which in turn allows one to isolate the
problem of fascist Germany’s economic expansion from the complex of
studied methods, form and results of exploitation at the territory of
the Soviet Union as applied to Ukraine. The realisation of this approach
has solved the problem in the investigation of Nazi occupation regime on
an Ukrainian scale, which was considered as a separate problem in the
investigation of the “pressure upon West” during World War II. The
interrelationship is demonstrated between the events of the World War II
and the changes of the occupation regime regarding the industry and the
population of the industrial regions of Ukraine. An attempt is made to
evaluate the effectiveness of the Nazi colonial exploitation of the
Ukraine’s industrial and resource potential in the interests of Reich’s
military and economic demands during the war. The author considers not
only the factors and methods of implementation of occupation policy by
German civil and commissary authorities, but also reveals the reasons
and manifestations of civil population’s response to the used forms of
colonial exploitation and makes a logical conclusion about
ineffectiveness of German economic occupation policy carried out by the
occupation administration at the territory of Ukraine. The difference is
pointed out between the initial and subsequent response of the citizens
of recently annexed Western Ukrainian regions and industrial Eastern
regions to the realisation of Third Reich’s plans of economic
domination. The complex reaction of social system to the activities of
occupation regime directed to the use of resource and labour potential
of Ukraine in the aspect of Ukrainian economy integration into the
system serving the military demands of Nazi Germany is shown.

The evolution of the conceptual framework of the colonial exploitation
of the labour and resource potential at the territory of Ukrainian
Soviet Socialist Republic is revealed. The actions of occupation
administration are periodised using the classification criterion of the
forms of the treatment of local population and the methods of
utilisation of production resources at the industrial Ukrainian regions
within the framework of “pumping out the mineral resources” program and
labour exploitation in the whole occupied territory of Ukraine. The
formal and subtantional changes in the policy of the exploitation of
Ukrainian economy conducted by occupation administration are shown. The
author investigates the structure of the occupation administration, the
grounds for its demographic and labour policy at the territory of
Ukraine; the interaction between separate elements of the colonial
administration in the practice of administrative support of the tasks
set in the social and economic spheres. The organisational features of
the activities of fascist authorities are also given. The dissertation
also highlights the formation and operation of Nazi industrial
monopolies at the territory of Ukraine. The activity analysis of such
concerns as “AG Farben”, “Zeiss”, etc., allowed author to show the
destructive character of the German economic policy in respect of local
population and production facilities. The conditions are determined
which were formed in Ukraine and led to the formation and operation of
the organisational framework of occupation administration aimed at the
exploitation of the Ukrainian economy and the expansion plans of Germany
in the region.

Key words: economic expansion, the Third Reich, military and economic
machine, Reichscommissariat “Ukraine”, “Oldenburg” plan,
deindustrialisation, Gring’s “Green portfolio”, “Brown portfolio”.

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