.

Економічна ефективність застосування рідких мінеральних добрив: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / Р.Й. Дзик, Львів. держ. аграр. ун-т. — Л., 1999. —

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euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

aecee ?iiai eineiiae/

oaee 338:1:631.812.2

aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy

??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.02

Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo eaoe

Euea?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oe?ien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaiaaeaeiaioo ? i?aaa Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ai?iaeiaae 1992-1998 ??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?iooani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee
Oe?a?ie
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo ? i?aaa
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aaeaiaoeue Aaneeue A?eai?iae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Einoe?ei ?ai? A?eai?iae/, aeieoi?

aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c aeiiii?ee

AEeaea/?anueeiai oeaetheicii-iaia?iaiai eiia?iaoo

ss?iaee Aeieo?i Oaaei?iae/, eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e

noaoenoeee oa aiae?co Euea?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI

i.Ee?a, iaoeiai-i?aai?caoe?eiee a?aeae?e.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ” 12 ” n?/iy 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 36.814.02 c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe o Euea?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 292040, i.Aeoaeyie,
AEiae?anueeiai ?aeiio, Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 10 ” a?oaeiy 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio E.A.I?ieiieoae

1. Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Anooi. Noaiiaeua n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie a ia??iae
aeiiii?/ii? e?ece iaaecae/aeii oneeaaeieeiny. ?ioeyoe?y, ?iaeeaeaiiy
aeenia?eoaoo oe?i ia i?iieneiao ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th,iaea?aei? n?euenueeei ae?iaieeai o?iainiai-e?aaeeoia ?
iiaeaoeiaa nenoaie i?ecaaee aei oiai, ui a?eueo?noue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa noaee oaeoe/ieie aaie?ooaie ? ia
iiaeooue caaacia/eoe ii?iaeueiee i?ioean a?aeoai?aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa.
Cieaeothoueny ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??. ?acii ?c nei?i/aiiyi
ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo ianaeaiiy oe? i?ioeane ni?e/eieee ciaioaiiy
niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy a ?ic?aooieo ia aeooo ianaeaiiy aei
e?eoe/ii? iaae?. sseui iaeaeeae/ei /anii ia a?aeaoaeaoueny ?aaeueiiai
iie?auaiiy oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, Oe?a?ia
aoaea ciooaia ?iii?ooaaoe ana a?eueoa ? a?eueoa i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a ?
aeieeia caa?ica ao?aoe i?iaeiaieue/i? iacaeaaeiino?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aieiaiei oaeoi?ii i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeth/ino? e
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue ? aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea. noaiiaeua ooo oneeaaeith?oueny ??ceei nei?i/aiiyi iiaie?a’y
ooaeiae, ioaea ? e?eueeino? i?aai?ee. ia eoi?aeth i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a
ainiiaea?noaao ia aenoa/a? eioo?a. sse iieaco? na?oiaee aeina?ae, o
canoinoaaii? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea iaea?eueo oaoiieia?/ii e aeiiii?/ii
aea?aeiei ? ?o ??aee? oi?ie, ye? caaacia/othoue ??cea ciaioaiiy ao?ao
ooe?a, iiaio iaoai?caoe?th iaaaioaaeoaaeueii-?icaaioaaeoaaeueieo ?ia?o,
aenieo ??aiii??i?noue aianaiiy a a?oio, iie?ioaiiy nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ieo
oiia, ciaioaiiy cao?ao i?aoe?.

Ioaea, iaeiei ?c iaeae??a?oeo ?ano?nieo cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? aianaiiy ??aeeeo eiiieaenieo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

Oaea i?aeoeea ia ciaeoea ua ianiaiai canoinoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?, ui ? noaei
i?e/eiith aeai?o oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. I?iaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa caaaeaee ia?aaoaaea a oeaio??
iaoeiaeo ?ioa?an?a oe?a?inueeeo aeiiii?no?a-aa?a?iee?a. Aiia ciaeoea
nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo I.A.A?ooa?a, I.A.Aoaooeueeiai,
I.?.Aaeaeooeueeiai, I.A.Eiaana, .?.Eoe?iiaa, ?.?.Ieoanthea,
I.I.Iieuaiea, I.O.Naaeoea, A.I.O?aaoa/oea, A.A.TH?/eoeia oa ?ioeo.

Ieoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aeine?aeaeo?oueny
a i?aoeyo A.?.Iaea?iaa, A.?.Iiaeeiec?ia, ?.?.Neiya?ia, A.?.Nei?ioiaea,
I.A.Oiiao?anueeiai, ?.A.O?oaeaea?aa oa ?ioeo.

Iaeiae, ?nioth/? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia aeathoue iiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i
ni?aaaeith aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.
Iio??ai? iia? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ye? a a?aoiaoaaee aeiaeaoeia? aoaeoe, a?eueoa
a?aeiia?aeaee aeiiaai ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Ca’ycie ?ia?o c ieaiaie iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii
c oaiaoeeith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa /iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0193 U 023616/.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea, iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?niaeoeae ?o ianiaiai iioe?aiiy. ?aae?caoe?y
iaoe aeiaaa? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue: oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe
ia’?eoeaio iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea,
ocaaaeueieoe aeina?ae Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?
i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeiai oeaio?o ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c
?ic?iaee iiaeo aeae?a ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa oaoiieia?e
canoinoaaiiy; aecia/eoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o ainiiaea?noaao Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie;
?ic?iaeoe ia?niaeoeaio iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?ia?aio canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia aac? noai?aiiy ioieo?a ??aeeiai ooeici?ooaaiiy.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue ?ano?niiuaaeii? oaoiieia?? canoinoaaiiy
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o aeaeyae? ?ic/ei?a oa noniaic?e. Ia’?eoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?ai? aa?ioi?ioaaiiy Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae i?ciaiiy, iniiae
aeiiii?/ii? oai??? ? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ?aea?, caeeaaeai? a
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoao Oe?a?ie noiniaii aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo c
ieoaiue canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. O i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee: aeiiii?ei-noaoanoe/iiai
aiae?co, iiiia?ao?/iee, aenia?eiaioaeueiee, ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a, ui
aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iieyaa? a ianooiiiio: iaa?oioiaaia aeiiii?/ia
aeioe?euei?noue ? oaoiieia?y canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea,
ui aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe ae?iaieoeoai iniiaieo aeae?a ?ineeiieoeueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? c iaioeie cao?aoaie i?aoe? ? eioo?a; ni?iaiaaia
?ano?niiuaaeia oaoiieia?y canoinoaaii? ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o
aeaeyae? ?ic/ei?a ? noniaic?e; aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
i?ia?aia canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oeyoii i?aai?caoe??
ioieo?a (i?aei?e?inoa) ??aeeiai ooeici?ooaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe
ae?iaieoeoai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, cieceoe ??
nia?aa?o?noue, i?aeaeueoe eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a eiiieaen? c ?ioeie caoiaeaie
caeaoia caaaeueioaaoe niaae ae?iaieoeoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe??, noai?eoe aeiaeaoeia? iiaeeeaino? aeey oni?oiiai aeeiiaiiy
i?iaeiaieue/i? i?ia?aie ? aeoiaeo c e?ece.

Eiie?aoiee iniaenoee aianie. Iaa?oioiaaia ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue
canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece.
?ic?iaeaia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia i?ia?aia canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea ia iaeaeeae/o ia?niaeoeao ?c aecia/aiiyi aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ca iiaith iaoiaeeeith.

O noaooyo, ye? iioae?eiaai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, caaaeueiee ianya 8,6 ae?.
a?e., iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a 3,59 ae?. a?e. a ?ic?iaoe? iniiaieo
iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue ? ?aae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a iinooieaiiy.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny: iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? ? ?aoe?iiaeueiino?
aianaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea; oaoiieia?y ?o i?eaiooaaiiy,
o?ainii?ooaaiiy, caa??aaiiy ? aianaiiy; oaoi?ea aaciaee i?e ?iaio? c
??aeeeie i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie e ioi?iia aeiae?eey; iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
i?ia?aia canoinoaaii? ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea i?aai?caoe?y ioieo?a
??aeeiai ooeici?ooaaiiy; ?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? ?ano?ni-aia?aiiuaaei? oaoiieia??” Ia?oai?ae,
1997?.; iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? oa aeiiii?/i?
aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy a?aeoiae?a ae?iaieoeoaa”, 1998?. i.ss?ai/a;
ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a oa ani??aio?a o
Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? (1992-1998??.).

?ano?niiuaaeia oaoiieia?y aianaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
ia?aa??aia ? cai?iaaaeaeaia a EAOI ?i.A.Noaoaieea, Ionoiieo?anueeiai
?-io, AO OcIA ?i.Oaa/aiea, Ionoiieo?anueeiai ?-io, Aa?io??ia “Noe?”,
A?iae?anueeiai ?-io, NA OcIA ?i.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, Eai’yiei-Aonueeiai
?-io, NA OcIA “I?ia?an” Eai’yiei-Aonueeiai ?-io, Ai?io?anueeee n-a
oaoi?eoi, Ai?io?anueeiai ?-io, Aieeinueei? iaeano?, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoaie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 15 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, caaaeueiei ianyaii 8,59 ae?. a?e., a oiio /ene? aaoi?a 3,59
ae?oe. a?e.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ?
i?iiiceoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, yeee aeeth/a? 92
iaeiaioaaiiy – 10 noi??iie. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaiee ia 160 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, aeeth/a? 44 oaaeeoe?, 36 noi??iie.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe:

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. 1.1. Iiiyooy, e?eoa??? ? iieacieee aoaeoeaiino?.
1.2. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. 1.3. Iniiai? oeie (ia?ee) ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea, oaoiieia?y ? aoaeoeai?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy a na?oia?e
i?aeoeoe?. 1.4. Ioi?iia aeiae?eey. 1.5. A?aooaaiiy oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa a
oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece.

?icae?e 2. Canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ? ?o aoaeoeai?noue
a oiiaao cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. 2.1. Oiiae ? iaoiaeeea
aeine?aeaeaiue. 2.2. Aoaeoeai?noue ?ano?niiuaaeii? oaoiieia??
canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o aeaeyae? ?ic/ei?a ? noniaic?e.

?icae?e 3. Iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. 3.1.
I?aai?caoe?y ioieoo ??aeeiai ooeici?ooaaiiy. 3.2. Iio?aaa a i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?eaao ? ?o no?oeoo?a. 3.3. Iio?aaa a iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo caniaao
? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiiyo. 3.4. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue a?ae aianaii?
??cieo ani?oeiaio?a aeia?ea. 3.5. I?ia?aia ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ?
canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo eiiieaenieo aeia?ea a cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie
aei 2000 ?ieo (I?iaeo).

Aeniiaee. I?iiiceoe??. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

2. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy
??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea” – iiaa eaea i?i oa, ui ca niiniaii
canoinoaaiiy ?nioth/? caaiaenuee? oeie (ia?ee) ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea iiae?eythoueny ia aea? iniiai? a?oie: ??aee? eiiieaeni?
i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa aeey iniiaiiai aioo??a?oioiaiai aianaiiy oa
aeaioiaeai? ia ?o iniia? noniaic??; ??aee? acioi? i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa
aeey aeiaeaoeiaiai, ia?aaaaeii iicaei?aiaaiai, i?aeaeeaeaiiy ?ineei.
Iaeoa?aeoa?i?oei i?aaenoaaieeii oeeo aeia?ea ?: o ia?o?e a?oi? – ??ci?
ia?ee aenieieiioeaio?iaaieo ?ic/ei?a acioii-oinoi?ieo niieoe, oae caaieo
??aeeeo eiiieaenieo aeia?ea (?EAe) oa aeaioiaeai? ia ?o iniia? ??ci?
noniaic??, a a ae?oa?e N ??ci? ia?ee aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a
ea?aii?aei-ai?a/ieo noi?oae (EAN), ui iathoue oe?ieee niaeo?
canoinoaaiiy i?e iicaei?aiaaiio i?aeaeeaeaii? ?ineei, iniaeeai o
ii?aeiaii? c i?e?iaeaiaioaie, caniaaie caoenoo ?ineei oa ?ioeie
aa?io?i?eaoaie.

Oe?a?inueeei iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ? i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeei oeaio?ii
??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea (i.Ionoiieoe Euea?anueei? iaeano?)
ai?iaeiaae 1989-1995??. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii o ae?iaieoeoai
oaoiieia?? i?eaiooaaiiy 5 iiaeo ia?ie noniaic?e, aeaioiaeaieo ia iniia?
?EAe 10-34-0, c aeiaaaeith acioo o aeaeyae? na/iaeie (N46) ? EAN (N30),
oei?enoiai eae?th (E46) oa a?aeiia?aeii? ioeueii-aaioii?oiai? aeeie.

?nioth/? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy
aeia?ea caniiaai? ia aecia/aii? i?e?inoo a?iaeath a?ae iaeeieoe? ye
oaa?aeeo, oae ? ??aeeeo aeia?ea. Oe? iaoiaee oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue aeia?ea aac a?aooaaiiy ?o oe?i, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo
aeanoeainoae a?oio?a ? a?aei?iiinoae a oaoiieia?yo, oaoi?/ieo caniaao.

Ii??aiyii c oaa?aeeie ooeaie iio??ai? iia? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ??aeeeo eiiieaenieo aeia?ea. A iniia? ?o
iiaeiii aooe aecia/aiiy ciaioaiiy ao?ao i?e cai?i? oaa?aeeo oi?i ia
??aee?. Ca iniiai? iieacieee ooo iiaeia a?aoe oae?: ??cieoey ianya?a
cieaeaiiy ao?ao oaa?aeeo ? ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea; aa?o?noue
aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe??, yeo iiaeia iaea?aeaoe ca ?aooiie aeiiii??
aeia?ea a?ae ciaioaiiy ao?ao; i?eaooie a?ae aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe??;
aeiiii?y cao?ao i?aoe? ye ??cieoey i?ae cao?aoaie i?e aianaii? aeia?ea
ii??aithaaeueieo ani?oeiaio?a.

Aeey iiai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ii??aiyii c oaa?aeeie iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny
iieacieee aeiiii?? cao?ao a?ae ii?aeiaiiy c aianaiiyi ??aeeeo
eiiieaenieo aeia?ea oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ia?ia?oeo a?oioo; a?ae ?o
noeoiiiai aianaiiy c i?e?iaeaiaioaie, caniaaie caoenoo ?ineei,
?aoa?aeaioaie (aaeia? noi?o?); aeiiii?? eioo?a ia i?eaeaaiiy aei?iaeo
i?aia?ao?a ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy ?o aeic i?e aianaii? aaeiaeo noi?oae oa
?io? iieacieee.

Cieaeaiiy oe?aeeeaiai aieeao i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia aeinenoaie i?e ?o
aeei?enoaii? a ??aee?e oi?i? caaacia/o?oueny ca ?aooiie: iiai?oiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?ineeiaie iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei; aeei?enoaiiy aa?iaoe/ii? oa?e;
iaoai?caoe?? ? aaoiiaoecaoe?? iaaaioaaeoaaiiy, ?icaaioaaeoaaiiy ?
o?ainii?ooaaiiy; iiaeeeaino? aeaioiaeaiiy caaeainiaaieo ?ic?aooieiaeo
noi?oae; iiaeeeaino? ciaioaiiy iane ianoeoeeae?a ? ?aaoeyoi??a ?inoo
?ineei i?e noeoiiiio ?o aeei?enoaii? ?c ?IAe ? ??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo
iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ii ieiu?; i?i?iaeueiiai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a
oiiaao cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie” – ?ice?eaathoueny oiiae ? iaoiaeeea
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ioe?ith?oueny aoaeoeai?noue ?ano?niiuaaeii? oaoiieia??
canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o aeaeyae? ?ic/ei?a ? noniaic?e.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? Oe?a?inueeei iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ?
i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeei oeaio?ii o Ionoiieoao, iieacaee, ui caeaaeii
a?ae a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia, ni?oo, iiia?aaeiee?a oa ieoeueoo?aiino?
a?oioo ??aee? i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa aenieiaoaeoeaii aieeaathoue ia
i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeath oa iie?ioaiiy yeino? ca?ia.

Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith aeey ni?oo iceii? ioaieoe? Ie?ii?anueea-61
aeyaeeany ii?ia acioo N80-EAN, ui coiiaeea i?e??no a?iaeath ca?ia
9,3oe/aa, aai 27,4% aei oiiiaiai eiio?ieth. Aeacaiee i?e??no o?iaeath,
e??i oiai, ia?aaeuea iieacieee aa??aioa N80, ?ic/ei ai?a/ii? nae?o?e, ia
5,2oe/aa aai ia 15,3%.

Iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue iieacieee ai?noo eeaeeiaeie a
iaea?aeaiiio a?iaea?a? ca?ia iceii? ioaieoe?. C iaeaeuei ai?noii
eeaeeiaeie aeyaeeiny ca?ii o aa??aio? ?c iicaei?aiaaei i?aeaeeaeaiiyi
iceii? ioaieoe? ?ic/eiii EAN-N80 ea/aa ae?th/i? ?a/iaeie ca o?e oo?e
aianaiiy.

Noeoiia canoinoaaiiy ?ic/eio EAN oa i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia aeyaeei /?oei?
caeiiii??iino? aieeao ia iieacieee a?iaeath ei?ai?a oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a,
aea ?noioii aieeioei ia iieacieee ?o oeoe?enoino? ? aeoiaeo oeoe?o c 1aa
iin?aii? ieiu?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a
a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie iia? ia?ee
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oeio EAN i?e iicaei?aiaaiio ?o aianaii?
coiiaeththoue aenie? i?e?inoe a?iaeath ca?iiaeo (iceia ioaieoey, y?ee
y/i?iue) ? iniiaii? oaoi?/ii? eoeueoo?e – oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a. Ieoii?noue
1ea ae?th/i? ?a/iaeie acioo EAN i?e iaeiaoioniiio neaaieoeueoo?aiiio
n??iio ii?aecieaiiio a?oio? ca oiiae iicaei?aiaaiai aianaiiy EAN-N80
noaiiaeoue 7,0-11,6 ea ca?ia iceii? ioaieoe?, c ai?noii 20,0-26,2%
eeaeeiaeie oa 15,8ea ca?ia y?iai y/iaith. Ieoii?noue 1ea ae?th/i?
?a/iaeie acioo EAN ia ieoeueoo?aiiio oaiii-n??iio ii?aecieaiiio a?oio?
iniaeeai aenieith aeyaeeany ia iin?aao oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a: iaea?aeaii
aeiaeaoeiai 44ea aaeiaiai aeoiaeo oeoe?o c 1aa.

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a?ae canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
eiiieaenieo aeia?ea iieacaa, ui aianaiiy acioo o aeaeyae? ?ic/eio EAN
ii??aiyii c acioii ai?a/ii? nae?o?e a iaeiaeiaeo aeicao 60ea/aa ia oii?
?60E60 i?ae y?ee y/i?iue, aeicaieea i?aeaeueoe i?eaooie c aaeoa?a ia 80%
i?e ca?eueoaii? ieoiiino? cao?ao ia canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea ia 73%. i?ae
canoinoaaiiy ?ia?aaoi?a i?o?io?eaoe?e II a aeic? 2ea/aa ia oii? N60
ai?a/ii? nae?o?e e aiaeia?/ii ?ic/eio EAN60 i?eaooie c 1aa i?aeaeueany
a?aeiia?aeii ia 52% ? a 1,2 ?aca i?e i?aeaeuaii? ieoiiino? cao?ao ia 11
? 51%.

A oiiaao aa?a?ii? e?ece ? o?iainiai? ?ic?ooe i?e eaoano?io?/iiio
nei?i/aii? iiaie?a’y ooaeiae ?, ia??aeei, iiai?e a?aenooiino? i?aai?/ieo
aeia?ea, cieaeaii? a?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ?
niaae? ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?ao?ae ia canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea iiaea aooe iaeiei ?c iai?yi?a i?eieiaiiy niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa,
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy eioo?a, icaei?iaeaiiy o?iainiaiai noaio
aa?ioi?ioaaiue.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? ?
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea” –
aeaco?oueny, ui aeey ianiaiai ia?aoiaeo ia canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea iio??ai? iaai?, a?aeiinii iaaaeee?,
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy aeey i?aai?caoe?? a eiaeiiio aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio
?aeii? 1-3 ooeici?ooaaeueieo ioieo?a a i?aeainiiaea?nueeeo
aa?ioi?ioaaiiyo ia eiiia?aoeaieo canaaeao aai i?eaaoieo i?aei?e?inoa.

I?aeainiiaea?nueea eiiia?oaaiiy aeicaiey? c iaioeie eai?oaeueieie
aeeaaeaiiyie eiaeiiai o/anieea caaacia/eoe i?iaeoeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo cania?a. Oea iaaea? i?aeainiiaea?nueeei ioieoai a?eueoi?
i??i?eoaoiino?.

Ioieo ??aeeiai ooeici?ooaaiiy aeeiio? ooieoe??: i?eeiyooy ? caa??aaiiy
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, o?i?/ieo aeiaaaie aei ieo; aeaioiaeaiiy ?
caa??aaiiy ?ic/ei?a oa noniaic?e; iae?e an?o aeo?aeieo eiiiiiaio?a;
aeinoaaea ?ic/ei?a ? noniaic?e; aeeiiaiiy aeieia?/ieo caoiae?a c ioi?iie
aeiae?eey ? aeio?eiaiiy oaoi?ee aaciaee i?e ?iaio? c o?i?/ieie caniaaie.

Ca ioieoii cae??ieththoueny neeaaee, iaeaaeiaiiy, oaoi?ea aeey
o?ainii?ooaaiiy ? aianaiiy ??aeeeo, oaa?aeeo i?ia?aeueieo oa i?aai?/ieo
aeia?ea, iino?eiee ooao i?aoe?aiee?a, /enaeuei?noue yeeo aecia/a?oueny
ianyaii ?ia?o. A?i iiaea aeeiioaaoe aeey ainiiaea?noa
(o/aniee?a-eiiia?aoe??) oa ?ioeo ainiiaea?noa (ca a?aeiia?aeio ieaoo)
/ioe?e iia?aoe??: caa??aaiiy, ooeici?ooaaiiy, aeinoaaeo ? aianaiiy
aeia?ea.

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ? i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee oeaio?
??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea cae?enith? iaoiaee/io ? i?aeoe/io aeiiiiiao
a i?eaiooaaii? ? canoinoaaii? ??aeeeo ooeinoi?oae, caaacia/o?
ainiiaea?noaa ianoaiaea?oiei iaeaaeiaiiyi, oaoi?/ieie caniaaie,
aaeineiiaeth? oaoiieia?th i?eaiooaaiiy, caa??aaiiy ? aianaiiy ??aeeeo
ooeinoi?oae, iaa/a? i?aoe?aiee?a ioieoo ??aeeiai ooeici?ooaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaeaaeiaiiy, aiooaaoe iiaiioe?ii?
ooeinoi?o?. Euea?anueea iaeania i?iaeoii-iiooeiaa noaioe?y o?i?caoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa ? oaa?eiieoeoaa
cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio OAAI a?aeae?athoue ? cae?eniththoue aiae?c c?ace?a
a?oioo. Aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae o/anieeaie aa?io?i?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
aoaeothoueny ia iniia? ainiiaea?nueeeo oaiae.

Caeaaeii a?ae niiniao aianaiiy, a?aeaeaeaiino? iie?a ? iayaiino?
a?aeiia?aeii? oaoi?ee, iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe i?yiio?/io,
ia?aaaioaaeoaaeueio ? ia?aaaei/io noaie aianaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea.

I?yiio?/io oaoiieia?th, eiee iaoeia aeey aianaiiy aeia?ea cai?aaey?oueny
a oeaio?aeueiiio neeaae? ? o?ainii?oo?oueny ia iiea, aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe, yeui a?aeaeaeue aei iiey ia ia?aaeuo? 3-4ei i?e
iiaa?oiaaiio aianaii? ? 5-6ei, eiee aeia?eaa aiinyoueny o a?oio.

Ia?aaaioaaeoaaeueia noaia ia?aaeaa/a? naiicai?aaeo iaoei aeey aianaiiy
aeia?ea ?c oeenoa?ie, yea aeaiceoueny a iiea. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ??
aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e a?aeaeae? a?ae noiaeua aei 10-15ei.

Ia?aaaei/io noaio ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e a?eueoeo
a?aeaeaeyo. ??aee? i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa c oeaio?aeueiiai neeaaeo
aeinoaaeythoueny o?ainii?oieie caniaaie a noaoe?iia?i? aai ia?anoai?
iieueia? neeaaee, a aaea ca?aene iaoeie aeey aianaiiy aeia?ea
cai?aaeythoueny naiino?eii aai c aeiiiiiaith i?ii?aeiiai cai?aaieea.
Eiaeia eiie?aoia ainiiaea?noai iiaea aea?aoe aeey naaa iioeiaeueio
oaoiieia?/io noaio canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo ooeinoi?oae, aeoiaey/e ?c nai?o
oiia ? iayaiiai eiiieaeno iaoei.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo iio?aae a i?ia?aeueieo aeia?eaao iaea?eueo i?inoei ?
ii?iaoeaiee iaoiae. A?i aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? iieaciee?a aeo?ao
aeia?ea ia 1 oiiio a?iaeath iniiaii? i?iaeoeoe??. I?e aecia/aii?
ani?oeiaioo aeia?ea iio??aii a?aooaaoe ne?eueee ?o aoaea aeei?enoaii o
aeaeyae? nooeo ooe?a ? ??aeeeo aeia?ea. Ii??aithaaeeny o?e aa??aioe:
ia?oee – ??aee? 40%, oaa?ae? – 60%; ae?oaee – ??aee? – 50%, oaa?ae? –
50%; o?ao?e – ??aee? 60%, oaa?ae? – 40%.

Ii??aiyiiy aa??aio?a iieacaei, ui iai?eeeaae, aeey naeyinueei? ni?eee
?i.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai Eai’yiei-Aocueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano? i?e
ia?oiio ?c ieo iio??aii i?eaeaaoe 2711,7 oiiie aeia?ea, i?e ae?oaiio –
2679,4 oiiie, i?e o?aoueiio – 2441,3 oiiie. ??cieoey i?ae ia?oei ?
o?ao?i neeaiiaeoue 270,4 oiiie. Iaioith aoaea ia eeoa aa?o?noue aianaiiy
aeia?ea, aea e cao?aoe ia ?o aeinoaaeo a ainiiaea?noai. A?aeiia?aeii aei
aa??aio?a o ainiiaea?noa? iiaeia i?eaioiaeyoe aeey aeanieo iio?aa 2,5;
3,0; 4,0 oen. oiii ?ic/ei?a oa noniaic?e. I?e aeaioiaeaii? ??aeeeo
ooeinoi?oae ia noi?iio aeey ?aae?caoe?? non?aeai aeaioiaeaiiy noi?oae
iiaeia aeiaanoe aei 8-10 oen. oiii o ??e.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue niaoe?ae?caoe?? naeyinueei? ni?eee
?i.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai a?ae canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
aecia/aeany ca i?ia?aiith “Aoaeo” ia IAEII “?ne?a-226”. ?ic?aooiie
iieacaa, ui i?eaooie a?ae aianaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea i?e
o?aoueiio aa??aio? (??aee? aeia?eaa 60%, oaa?ae? – 40%) o aeaa ?ace
ia?aaeuo? i?eaooie a ia?oiio aa??aio? (??aee? 40%, oaa?ae? – 60%) ? ia
35% – o ae?oaiio aa??aio? (??aee? aeia?eaa – 50%, oaa?ae? – 50%) (oaae).

C a?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui caaaeueiee aoaeo a?ae ia?aoiaeo ia ??aee?
i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa aeeth/a?: i?eaooie a?ae ciaioaiiy ao?ao
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea; aoaeo a?ae noeoiiiai aianaiiy an?o eiiiiiaio?a
ooeinoi?oae ii??aiyii c ?icae?eueiei aianaiiyi NPE; aoaeoo a?ae
noeoiiiai aianaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c ?ioeie o?i?/ieie caniaaie;
aoaeo a?ae cieaeaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo cao?ao; aoaeo a?ae ??aiii??iiai
aianaiiy aeia?ea; aoaeo a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo eeaeeiaeie a ca?i?
iceii? ioaieoe?, a?eea – a ca?i? y?iai y/iaith, oeoe?o – a ei?aiyo
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a, iaeaea?aei?oei aeyaeany ae?oaee aa??aio (??aee?
aeia?eaa 50%, oaa?ae? 50%). Eiai ? iio??aii ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey oe?ieiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai.

Ia?niaeoeaiith ? iiaa ?ano?niiuaaeia ? aeieia?/ii aacia/ia oaoiieia?y
aianaii aeia?ea ? aa?a?oeeae?a c iieeaiith aiaeith. Nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/ia
ioe?iea oaoiieia?? iieacaea, ui /enei in?a, sse? eiioaeoothoue c
o?i?eaoaie, nei?i/o?oueny a 6 ?ac?a, a caa?oaeiaiiy iia?o?y – a 10 ?ac?a
ii??aiyii c iacaiiei oa aa?aiaoiaeii.

Oaaeeoey – ?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o naeyinuee?e ni?eoe? ?i.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai
Eai’yiei-Aocueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano?, 1997?.

Oaa?ae? aeia?eaa1-ee aa??aio2-ee aa??aio3-ee aa??aio??aee?–40%

Oaa?ae?-60%(+)aeiiii?y

(-)ia?aaeo-?aoe??aee?–40%

Oaa?ae?-60%(+)aeiiii?y

(-)ia?aaeo-?aoe??aee?–40%

Oaa?ae?-60%(+)aeiiii?y

(-)ia?aaeo-?aoeCao?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy aeia?ea,
oen.a?i.256,0297,6-41,6347,9-91,9392,2-136,2Aeo?aoe aeia?ea, ea
ae.?.111,886,2+25,573,2+38,660,0Aenieoaoaoe?ei? cao?aoe ia aanue
ani?oeiaio, oen.a?i.100,697,6+3,066,533,188,1+12,5Eai?oaeuei? cao?aoe ia
aanue ani?oeiaio, oen.a?i.297,8310,6-12,8209,8+88,0274,3+23,5I?eaaaeai?
cao?aoe ia aanue ani?oeiaio,
oen.a?i.145,2144,3+0,997,8+47,4123,4+15,8O?oaeia? cao?aoe ia aanue
ani?oeiaio, oen.e/aiae.4,94,8+0,13,3+1,64,3+0,6Ianya aeiaeaoeiai?
i?iaeoeoe??, oiii107,9+107,9162,0+162,0217,0+217,0Aa?o?noue aeiaeaoeiai?
i?iaeoeoe??, oen.a?i.68,3+68,3103,2+103,2138,1+138,1Cao?aoe ia cae?aiiy
aeiaeaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe??, oen.a?i.1,63,24,8Cao?aoe ia i?eaeaaiiy aeia?ea
i?ae o?iaeae, oen.a?i.12,712,714,3Aenieoaoaoe?ei? cao?aoe ia aeia?eaa
i?ae o?iaeae, oen.a?i.1,64,86,4I?eaooie,
oen.a?i.52,4+52,482,5+82,5111,1+111,1

AENIIAEE

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee:

1. Aeiiii?/ia e?eca, nei?i/aiiy ieiu ??ee?, eaoano?io?/ia cieaeaiiy
a?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? oa niaae ae?iaieoeoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, ii?ooaiiy aeieia?/ii? ??aiiaaae,
aaaeeee o?iainiaee noai oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ciaia”ycothoue i?aoe?aiee?a AIE
Oe?a?ie ooeaoe aeo?ae ?c e?eoe/ii? neooaoe??, ia aeiionoeoe aei ao?ao
Oe?a?iith i?iaeiaieue/i? iacaeaaeiino?.

2. Aieiaiei oaeoi?ii i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeth/ino? e i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue ? aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo ? i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. Aea
aeiiii?/ia e?eca i?ecaaea aei ??ceiai nei?i/aiiy iiaie?a”y ooaeiae,
ioaea ? e?eueeino? i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea. Ia eoi?aeth i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
ia aenoa/a? eioo?a. A oiiaao aeiiii?/ii? e?ece ia ia?aaei?e ieai
aenoaathoueny ?ano?ni-caa??aath/? oaoiieia?? aianaiiy i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea.

3. O na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? oe?iei canoiniaothoue aeiiii?/ii ? aeieia?/ii
aoaeoeai?o? a?ae oaa?aeeo ooe?a ??aee? i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa ?
aeaioiaeai? ia ?o iniia? noniaic??. ?o canoinoaaiiy i?aeaeuo?
a?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, iie?ioo? ye?noue
iaea?aeoaaii? i?iaeoeoe??, ioi?iiy? aeiae?eey, aeiaaa? iaioa eioo?a. A
Oe?a?i?, iiee ui, ??aee? aeia?eaa ia iaea?aeaee iaeaaeiiai iioe?aiiy.

4. Aaaaoo i?aeoeeo uiaei canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia?
Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ? i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee oeaio?
??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ( i. Ionoiieoe Euea?anueei? iaeano?), yeee
i?iaiaeeoue a?aeiia?aei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c 1989 ?ieo.

5. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue a?ae aianaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
ii??aiyii c oaa?aeeie ooeaie a iaeiaeiaeo aeicao ae?aaea?oueny a
i?aeaeuaii? i?eaooeo c 1 aa y?iai y/iaith ia 80%, i?e ca?eueoaii?
ieoiiino? cao?ao ia canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea – 73%. Aiaeia?/ia neooaoe?y
niinoa??aa?oueny c aeayeeie a?aeoeeaiiyie, ? c ?ioeie eoeueoo?aie.

6. A oiiaao aa?a?ii? e?ece ? o?iainiai? ?ic?ooe ia?ao?ae ia aianaiiy
??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea noai?th? i?ioeae?th niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, ciaioo? ae?iaie/? cao?aoe, ni?ey?
?aoe?iiaeueiiio aeei?enoaiith eioo?a.

I?IIICEOe??

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue aianoe ianooii? i?iiiceoe??:

1. C iaoith oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy aeiiii?/ii ? aeieia?/ii aoaeoeai?oeo
??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aeioe?eueii a eiaeiiio aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio
?aeii? ia ainiiaea?nuee?e aai i?aeainiiaea?nuee?e (eiiia?aoeai?e) iniia?
noai?eoe 1-3 ooeici?ooaaeuei? ioieoe, ye? a ianeoaiaoaaee ia o?eueee
aeani?, a e non?aei? ainiiaea?noaa, aeeiioth/e ca a?aeiia?aeio ieaoo
iia?aoe??: caa??aaiiy, ooeici?ooaaiiy, aeinoaaeo aei iie?a ? aianaiiy
aeia?ea. Aiie iiaeooue aooe ? i?eaaoieie i?aei?e?inoaaie.

2. Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy noai?aiiy ioieoo ooeici?ooaaiiy ?
aeaioiaeaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia i?eeeaae? naeyinueei?
ni?eee ?i. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai Eai”yinueei-Aocueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei?
iaeano? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ?ioeie ainiiaea?noaaie c a?aooaaiiyi
nai?o i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia ? aeai?ii i?yiio?/ii?,
ia?aaaioaaeoaaeueii? /e ia?aaaei/ii? noai aianaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea, iaeaaeiiai oaoi?/iiai ? eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy.

3. Ainiiaea?noaaie ?aa?iio iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee oaeiae ?ic?aooiie
iio?aae ? no?oeoo?e canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ?ic?iaeaiee aeey
naeyinueei? ni?eee ?i A.O iaeueieoeueeiai a 3-o aa??aioao: ia?oee –
??aee? – 40%, oaa?ae? – 60%, ae?oaee – ??aee? – 50%, oaa?ae? – 50%,
o?ao?e – ??aee? – 60%, oaa?ae? – 40%, a oaeiae ?ic?aooiie iio?aae a
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo caniaao ? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiiyo aeey
canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

4. I?e aecia/aii? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia ne?ae iaiaaeoaaoeny o?aaeeoe?eieie iieacieeaie,
ye? ia aeathoue iiaiiai oyaeaiiy i?i ni?aaaeith aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue. Iio??aii a?aooaaoe, ui caaaeueiee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy
??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aeeth/a? i?eaooie a?ae ciaioaiiy ao?ao
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea; aoaeo a?ae noeoiiiai aianaiiy an?o eiiiiiaio?a
ooeinoi?oae ii??aiyii c ?icae?eueiei aianaiiyi NPK; aoaeo a?ae noeoiiiai
aianaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea c ?ioeie o?i?/ieie caniaaie; aoaeo a?ae
cieaeaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo cao?ao; aoaeo a?ae a?eueo ??aiii??iiai
aianaiiy aeia?ea; aoaeo a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo eeaeeiaeie a ca?i? y?iai
y/iaith, oeoe?o – a ei?aiyo oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a.

5. Eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy ia ia?ao?ae aei canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a naeyinuee?e ni?eoe? ?i. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai
Eai”yinueei-Aocueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano? i?e aa??aio? no?oeoo?e
aeia?ea ??aee? – 50, oaa?ae? – 50% noaiiaeyoue 331,7 oen. a?i.
Caaaeueiee i?eaooie a?ae ?iaioe ioieoo ooeici?ooaaiiy, aeeth/ath/e
i?eaooie a?ae i?iaeaaeo 6, oen.oiii ooeinoi?oae, c ?aioaaaeuei?noue
25,0% noaiiaeoeia 390,2 oen.a?i., oiaoi eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy
ieoieyoueny ai?iaeiaae iaeiiai ?ieo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, iioae?eiaai? a iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo:

1. Aecee ?.E. Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.// Aeiiii?ea AIE.- 1998.- ? 6.- N. 70-73. 0,1
ae?oe.a?e.

2. Aecee ?.E. Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.//Aa?i?ieii.- 1998.-? 5,6.- N. 27-28. 0,1
ae?oe.a?e.

3. Aecee ?.E. Aeiiii?/i? oa aeieia?/i? ia?aaaae canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.//A?niee aa?a?ii?
iaoee.- 1998.- ? 9.- N.52-53. 0,05 ae?oe.a?e.

4. Aecee ?.E. Canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.// “I?iiiceoe?y”
Aeiaeaoie Iiaei caoenoo ?ineei.- 1997.- ? 8,9.- N.16-17. 0,08 ae?oe.a?e.

5. Aecee ?.E. Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o
aeaeyae? ?ic/ei?a ? noniaic?e.// A?niee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Aeiiii?ea Aie. – 1998.- ?4.- N. 294-298. 0,4
ae?oe.a?e.

6. Aecee ?.E., Eioethaa ?.I. ?ioaa?iaaia aeieia?/ii aacia/ia acioia
aeeaeaiiy ?ineei.// A?niee Oe?a?inueeiai aoaeeieo aeiiii?/ieo oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ciaiue.- 1998.- ?4 .- N66. 0,08 ae?oe.a?e., a oiio
/ene? aaoi?a 0,04 ae?oe.a?e.

7. Aecee ?.E. Aoaeoeai?noue iicaei?aiaaeo i?aeaeeaeaiue ioaieoe?
aiaeieie ?ic/eiaie EAN.// I?aoe? ???-i? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa aia?aiiuaaei? oaoiieia??
aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ethaeeie”, Eai”yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee. Ei. 4.2-6
/a?aiy. – E., 1998.- N. 15-18. 0,3 ae?oe.a?e.

8. Aecee ?.E. Oeyoe cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? oa i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? i?e canoinoaaii? ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.//O?oaee ?-e iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee
“Nia?aiaiiua oaoiieiaee ?ano?niyia?ainiaaaeaiey”. Ia?oaieae. 12-16
ieoya?y.- Ei.4.- E.,1997.- N. 84-86. 0,05 ae?oe.a?e.

9. Aaieaei C.C., Aecee ?.E., Eioethaa ?.I., Iicthe N.I. A?aeoiaee
iaai??aiai ae?iaieoeoaa ye ?aca?a eae?eieo aeia?ea: Iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? oa
aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy a?aeoiae?a ae?iaieoeoaa.// Oace
aeiiia?aeae eiioa?aioe??, ss?ai/a, 5-6 ethoiai.- *.1.- E., 1998.- N.-
7-8. 0,5 ae?oe.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a 0,2 ae?oe.a?e.

10. Aecee ?.E. Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.// Ionoiieoe: Oe?a?inueeee IAeOe ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, 1997.- 8 n. 0,5 ae?oe.a?e.

11. Aaeaiaoeue A.A., Aecee ?.E. ?ano?nicaa??aath/a oaoiieia?y aianaiiy
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o aeaeyae? ?ic/ei?a ? noniaic?e.// O?oaeu ?-e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “ Nia?aiaiiua oaoiieiaee
?ano?niyia?ainaa?aaeaiey”. Ia?oaieae. 12-16 ieoya?y.-Ei. 4.- E.,1997.-
N. 80-83. 0,4 ae?oe.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a 0,2 ae?oe.a?e.

12. Aecee ?.E., Iiiia A.E. O/?aaeeoaeueiay aeieoiaioaoeey ii
i?aaiecaoeee iaaeoicyenoaaiiuo eiiia?aoeaiuo ioieoia aeeaeeiai
ooeiniaoeaaiey a oicyenoaao ciiu ianeoaeeaaiey Caiaaeii-Oe?aeineiai
oeeeaea iao/ii-oaoiieiae/aneiai einoeoooa aeeaeeeo oaeia?aiee.//
Eeei-Ionoiieou, 1992. 1,4 ae?oe.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a 0,7 ae?oe.a?e.

13. Aecee ?.E., Eioethaa ?.I. Aei ieoaiue aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
??aeeeo acioieo aeia?ea i?ae ca?iia? eoeueoo?e. A?oioe Oe?a?ie,
aaiethoe?y, nenoaiaoeea; ieoeueoo?aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy.// Oace
aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th aeieo/a?anueei?
eaoaae?e a?oioiciaanoaa Oa?e?anueeiai AeA? ?i. A.A. Aeieo/a?aa,
/a?aaiue.- Oa?e?a,1994.- N. 61. 0,2 ae?oe.a?e, a oiio /ene? aaoi?a 0,1
ae?oe.a?e.

14. Aecee ?.E., Ceiaae/ E.E., Eioethaa ?.I., Oeaii/oe N.I. Iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?eaiooaaiith ? aeei?enoaiith ??aeeeo eiiieaenieo
aeia?ea oa ?o noniaic?e. I?i?noa?noai n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?
i?iaeiaieuenoaa Oe?a?ie, Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?
i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee oeaio? ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.//
Ionoiieoe, 1997.- N.50, 4,2 ae?oe.a?e., a oiio /ene? aaoi?a 1,0
ae?oe.a?e.

15. Aecee ?.E., Aaiue I.I., ?eue/oe A.A., Eocue ?.I., Iaiueei N.I.
Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii canoinoaaiith ??aeeiai ai?aeo a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Euea?aueie. I?i?noa?noai n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa N?N?, AIeiaia oi?aae?iiy o?i?caoe?? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, Oeaio?aeueia aenia?eiaioaeueia
eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/ia eaai?aoi??y canoinoaaiiy ??aeeiai ai?aeo
oa ?ioeo ??aeeeo aeia?ea o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? (OeAEA?)
Cao?aeii-Oe?a?inueea a?aeae?eaiiy.// Euea?a, 1979.- N. 17. 1,2
ae?oe.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a 0,4 ae?oe.a?e.

Aecee ?.E. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.-
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.02.- Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?
AIE. Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i.Aeoaeyie
Euea?anueei? iaeano?,1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee ?ano?niiuaaeii?
oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy ? aianaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o aeaeyae?
?ic/ei?a ? noniaic?e. I?iiiio?oueny i?enoiniaaia aei ?eieiaeo oiia
iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. ?ic?iaey?oueny iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia i?ia?aia
aeei?enoaiiy ??aeeeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia no/aniiio aoai? aiane?aeie
noai?aiiy ia?aae? ioieo?a ??aeeiai ooeici?ooaaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ciaeoee aeei?enoaiiy a ?iaio? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ? i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeiai oeaio?o ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aa?a?ia e?eca, niaae ae?iaieoeoaa, canoinoaaiiy ??aeeeo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

Aecue ?.E. Yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey aeeaeeeo ieia?aeueiuo
oaeia?aiee.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02.- Yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE.-
Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, a.Aeoaeyiu Eueaianeie
iaeanoe, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu ?ac?aaioee ?ano?ninaa?aaathuae
oaoiieiaee ecaioiaeaiey e aianaiey ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee a aeaea
?anoai?ia e noniaicee. I?aaeeaaaaony aieaa i?eniiniaeaiiay e ?uii/iui
oneiaeyi iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe i?eiaiaiey
aeeaeeeo ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee. ?ac?aaaouaaaony iao/ii-oaoie/aneay
i?ia?aiia eniieueciaaiey naoe ioieoia aeeaeeiai ooeiniaoeaaiey.
?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iaoee i?eiaiaiea a ?aaioa Oe?aeineiai
iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneiai e i?aeoii-eiino?oeoi?neiai oeaio?a aeeaeeeo
ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aa?a?iue e?ecen, nieaeaiea i?iecaiaenoaa, i?eiaiaiea
aeeaeeeo ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee.

Dzyk R.Y. Economic efficiency of using liquid mineral fertilizers.-
Manuscript.

Thesis for achieving candidate of science degree on speciality
08.07.02.- Agricultural and AIC Economic.- Lviv State Agrarian
University. Lviv region, Town of Dubliany, 1998.

Thesis covers the questions of working out the resourse – preserving
technology for producing and application of mineral fertilizers as
solutions/ Methods of defining the economic efficciency of using liquid
mineral fertilizers? whicch are more adjusted to market conditions are
proposed/ Scientiffic and technical program of using liquid mineral
fertilizers for the nearest future is worked out by creating a network
of stations for liquid mixing.

Key word: agrarian crisis, production decrease, application of liquid
mineral fertilizers, economic efficiency? creating stations for liquid
fertilizers mixing.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione,

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

i?ioani?
Iaian ?.I.

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