IAeANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OIIAA?NEOAO

iiai? I.I.IA*IEEIAA

A?AOeUe IENAIA IAO?IAIA

OAeE 911.3.519.711.3:35(477.75)

AEIEIAI-NIOeIAEUeII-AEIIIII*IA

AENIA?OECA OA?EOI?I

(ia i?eeeaaei Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey)

11.00.02. – aeiiiii/ia i nioeiaeueia aaia?aoiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o N?ioa?iiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ia
eaoaae?? aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao??

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoae?yaoeaa A?oae?e Ai?eniae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aea?aa/ia
Aieiaeeie? Ieaenaiae?iae/, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee, ?inoeooo
i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie, i. Iaeana

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ieoaeethe Ieaia Eaii?ae?aia,
Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i.Iaeana

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aaia?ao??, i.Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 19 ” 05 1999 ?. i 16 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.051.03 a Iaeanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith: 270058,
i.Iaeana, Oaiiainueeee i?iaoeie 2, aoae. 110

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa (270058, i.Iaeana,
Oaiiainueeee i?iaoeie, 2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_18_”
___04___1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee AEaioaeae I.?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ona?aeiieaiiy neeaaeiino? no/anieo aca?iei i?ae
i?e?iaeith oa noni?euenoaii i?aeaaei na?oiao ni?eueiioo aei iaaaeueii?
ci?ie ia?aaeeaie oeea?e?caoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo ia i?eioeeiiai iiao, eio?a
a?oioo?oueny ia noai?aii? aeieiai-nioe?aeueii ci???ioiaaii? iiaeae?
aaaeaiiy ?eieiaiai ainiiaea?noaa. Aieiaiith aeiiaith aeaii? iiaeae?
aenooia? iaiao?aei?noue aei?noeiai i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy noni?eueieo iio?aa
? ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?e?iaeiioi?iiei
ia?aiao?ai eiaaiethoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo.

Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? ?aaeeeaeueieo ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i, ia?a?iciiae?e
ooieoe?e ? i?aa i?ae aea?aeaaieie, ?anioae?eainueeeie ? i?noeaaeie
i?aaiaie naiia?yaeoaaiiy a eiioaeno? iie?oeee iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ni?e/eieee iiyao oaiaeaioe?? aei naiii?aai?caoe?? oa
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ?aa?ii?a.

Aeuacaaaeai? i?ioeane, aacoiiaii, caeaoi? i?ecaanoe aei ci?ie
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ianoaiiaee a iaaeao ?aa?ii?a, yea ?
?acoeueooth/ith a?ae iciae eiiiiiaio?a i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, ??aiy
?icaeoeo ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei, i??i?eoao?a noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo ?
aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaeo iaoai?ci?a ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Ni?eyoeeaith aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia ianoaiiaea iiaea aooe eeoa
ca oiiae caaeainiaaiino? nioe?ii?e?iaeieo aca?iei, iaae?eiei iaoai?ciii
?aaoethaaiiy yeeo aenooia? aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aenia?oeca.
Nai?th iiyaith aeaiee ??ciiaeae aenia?oec caaaey/o? aaia?ao?/i?e,
aeieia?/i?e, aaiaeieia?/i?e aenia?oecai, ui c’yaeeeny a 70-o? ?iee ?
aoee iaa?oioiaai? o i?aoeyo E.I.Einia/iaa, O.A.Caiieiai?, I.O.?aeia?na.
Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui a oiiaao aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeii? nenoaie,
a?aeii/ee i?aeo?ae, uiaei cae?eniaiiy aenia?oece i?iaeo?a oa
aeei?enoaiiy oa??eoi???, ia aeicaieea aaia?ao?/i?e (oa ?ioei) aenia?oec?
caeiyoe iaeaaeia i?noea a aaooieo eiinooeoeaii-aaia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia aeeaii, aaeaea an? i?iaeoi? ??oaiiy iathoue /?oeo
i?inoi?iao i???ioaoe?th, noinothoueny eiie?aoieo i?e?iaeieo eiiieaen?a
oa nioe?aeueieo ni?eueiio.

I?eioeeiia?noue i?iaeaie iieyaa? o a?aeiaoiaeaeaii? iaea?eueo
ni?eyoeeaiai ii?aeiaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo ooieoe?e oa?eoi???, iaoiiaeaieo
?eieii, ? ?? i?e?iaeii? iai?aaeaiino? c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy ye
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oae ? aeieia?/iiai aoaeoo.

Naia oiio, iaiao?aei?noue o?aooaaiiy i?eioeei?a eiiieaeniino?,
oa?eoi??aeueiino? oa i?eaaioeaiino?, ye? aenooiathoue iei? iaea?eueo
aaaiiith caii?oeith i?eeiyooy aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue o
i?ioean? aenia?ooaaiiy – aecia/eea aeooaeuei?noue ? aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? i?ioean aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece oa?eoi???, a i?aaeiaoii, a?aeiia?aeii, -oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee aei eiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea aaia?aoi-iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi???,
i?aeii?yaeeiaaii? aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? i.Naaanoiiiey ? ia ?? iniia?
i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe o ?iaio? ie?aneai? ? ae??oai?
ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

— cae?eniaii aiae?c a?o/eciyiiai oa ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo aenia?oieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoi???;

— ?ic?iaeaii aaia?aoi-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi???;

— iaa?oioiaaii i?aea?? nenoaie iciae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io ianoaiiaeo oa?eoi???,

— cae?eniaii ioe?ieo no/anii? aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ianoaiiaee
oa?eoi??? Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? ii iioei?caoe?? ? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa?eoi??? Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiue noaee iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
ae?aeaeoeee aca?iei i?ae i?e?iaeith oa noni?euenoaii, eiiieaniiai
?icaeoeo oa?eoi???, ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?eii?nueeeo oa?eoi??e,
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee o aaeoc? aaiaenia?oieia?? i iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, aeeeaaeai? o i?aoeyo A.I. Aa?aiaoa, A.I. Aio/eia, A.?.
Aeaiooee , A.I.Aie?eiaa, ?.I.Ai?eaiei, I.A.Ai?noei, A.I.Aea?aa/iaa,
O.A.Caiieiai?, I.A.?aiaoaiea, E.I.Einia/iaa, A.?.Ei/o?iaa,
A.A.Eoae?yaoeaaa, O.Ia??iiaa, I.A.I?ioea, ?.A.Iai/aiea,
A.N.I?aia?aaeainueeiai, I.Ae.I?nooia, A.I.?oaeaiea, E.A.?oaeaiea,
A.I.Noaiaiiaa, I.A. Oii/??aa, N.E. Oa??/eiaa, I.?. Oaae?y, A.?. Oaaana,
I.A. Oeuaiea, oa ?io.

Iniiaiee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae — nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee, aecia/ea
aeei?enoaiiy eiie?aoieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, cie?aia — aiae?co ?
neioaco, aeniaaeeoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aenia?oieo ioe?iie,
iaoaiaoe/iiai oa iaoaiaoeei-ea?oia?ao?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy,
noaoenoe/iiai, ea?oia?aoi/iiai.

I?e iaienaii? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ca?oi? noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee i?i
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie ?aa?iio, Naaanoiiieuenueeiai i?nueeiai
noaoenoe/iiai oi?aae?iiy, I?iinoa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie,
caeiiiaeaa/i-ii?iaoeai? aeoe c i?iaeai ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, ?acoeueoaoe aeniaaeeoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoi???
Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey, cae?eniai? aaoi?ii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/a?oueny:

— iiaeeaeaiiyi, aeiiiaiaiiyi, nenoaiaoecaoe??th ? eiie?aoecaoe??th
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo aniaeo?a aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiiii/ii?
aenia?oece oa?eoi??? ;

— ?ic?iaeith aaia?aoi-iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi??? c o?aooaaiiyi ??
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy;

— iaa?oiooaaiiyi nenoaie iioei?caoe?eieo e?eoa???a aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii
caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo oa?eoi???;

— ?ic?iaeith nenoaie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iciae, ye? ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy o
i?ioean? aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi??? ia
i?eeeaae? Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey;

— i?aeoe/iei canoinoaaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae? aeey aeyaeaiiy
iniiaieo iai?yi?a iioei?caoe?? oa ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy oa?eoi??? Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey;

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao??
N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo. Iniiai? oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
oaiao eaoaae?e : “?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e uiaei iioei?caoe??
ainiiaea?nueeiai aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo E?eio
(1992-1996 ??), “?ic?iaea eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue oi?ioaaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueii? ?ae?aaoe?eii? ei?ii?aoe?? “Aaeeea Oaa??enueea E?eueoea”
a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee” (1996-2000 ??.). Iaoiaee/iee aia?ao oa
iniiai? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? i?ae
/an aecia/aiiy ia?niaeoeaieo ?aeii?a Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei (A?E)
aeey ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiai caeaiiai oo?ecio.

Oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey noai?aiiy aaiieai?a i?no,
i?iaeo?a ? noai ?aeiiiiai ieaioaaiiy aeaiiiai oa ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a E?eio
oa Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue
neoaoaaoe noai?aiith eiioeaioe?? aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii caaeainiaaiiai
?icaeoeo A?E . E??i oiai, iniiai? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? aeniiaee ?
iaoiaee/i? i?eeiie aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e i?iaaaeaii? eaeoe?eieo oa
i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c aeenoeeie?i: “ Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy”,
“Aaia?ao?y i?no Oe?a?ie ? E?eio c iniiaaie aaio?aai?noeee”, “Iaoaiaoe/i?
iaoiaee ? iiaeaethaaiiy a aeiiii?/i?e ? nioe?aeuei?e aaia?ao??”,
“?aa?iiaeueia nioe?aeueia oa aeiiii?/ia aaia?ao?y” ia aaia?ao?/iiio
oaeoeueoaoi N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo .

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ae??oaiiy iaoeiai? i?iaeaie. Oai?aoe/i? oa
aeniaaeeoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?a o eiioaeno? aena?oethaaii?
i?iaeaie aeicaieeee :

— cae?enieoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c a?o/eciyiiai ? ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo
aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeoiiai oa?aeoa?o, c iaoith iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaiao?aeiino? i?iaaaeaiiy aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece
oa?eoi???;

— noai?eoe aaia?aoi-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeieiai-
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi??? ia iniia? aiae?co
i?aeoiae?a uiaei iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aaia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a,
aena?oeaieo, cie?aia, a ?iaioao A.A.Eoae?yaoeaaa, eio?a aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yie iioei?caoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ;

— iaa?oiooaaoe nenoaio iioei?caoe?eieo e?eoa???a aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii
caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo oa?eoi???;

— ?aae?coaaoe cai?iiiiiaaio iiaeaeue aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece oa?eoi??? ia i?eeeaae? iaeiiai c iaea?eueo i?iaeaiaoe/ieo a
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiio ? aaiiie?oe/iiio a?aeiioaiiyo ?aa?ii?a A?E —
Aaeeeee Naaanoiiieue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ia?aei?
oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaee/i? oa i?eeeaaei? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia VII c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai aaia?ao?/iiai oiaa?enoaa
(Ee?a, 1995) i?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao: “O?enoeyinoai.Aoiai?ci.
Caei?ia’y” (N?ioa?iiieue, 1995), “Aeiiii?ea ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua I?e/i?iiii?’y” (N?ioa?iiieue,1997), “I?iaeaie ?aae?caoe??
aea?aeaaii? eiioeaioe?? iaoeiai-oaoii/iiai oa ?iiaaoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo:
?aa?iiaeueiee aniaeo” ( Ia?oai?o,1998), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: “I?iaeaie aeieia?? ? ?ae?aaoe?? Aciai — *i?iiii?nueeiai
?aa?iio” (N?ioa?iiieue,1994), “Aeieia?y ? ina?oa:i?iaeaie oai??? ?
i?aeoeee” (Oiaiue, 1994), “E?einueeee i?aino??a a aaiiie?oe/ieo ieaiao
a?ae aioe/ieo /an?a aei iaoeo aei?a” (N?ioa?iiieue,1995), “I?iaeaie
aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo I?eacia’y ? noi?aeieo
oa?eoi??e” (Iae?oiiieue, 1995), “Oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe
nioe?iaeieia??”(Euea?a,1996), “Aaoiiaoeea-97” (*a?eane,1997), “?aa?iie
Oe?a?ie: iiooe no?aoaa?? iioeiaeueiiai ?icaeoeeo” (Oa?e?a, 1997),
“Aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo oo?ecio a E?eio” (sseoa,1998), a
oaeiae iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
NAeO (N?ioa?iiieue,1995-1998).

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 20 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii — 3,5 oi.ae?oe.a?e., o oiio /ene? :
iniaenoeo — 2,0 oi.ae?oe.a?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?
aeiaeaoe?a; aeeeaaeaia ia 150 noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia
5 ?enoieaie, 5 ea?oinoaiaie, 3 aeiaeaoeaie, ui aeeth/athoue 17 ?enoie?a,
33 oaaeeoe?. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ia?aoiao? 200 iaca.

Iniiaiee ci?no oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?ice?eo? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? oa iaoiaee/i?
iniiae aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi???, cie?aia:
nooue, i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoi???,
no?oeoo?ecaoe?y ia’?eoo aenia?ooaaiiy, i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai?
iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee no/anieo aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue, oa iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee uiaei aenia?ooaaiiy oa?eoi??? o a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e
i?aeoeoe?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e?, i?enay/aiiio iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaiith
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece, i?iaiae?ciaaii
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iaeaie iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano aenia?ooaaiiy,
iaa?oioiaaii ci?noiaio oa iaoaiaoe/io iinoaiiaeo caaea/? iiaeaethaaiiy,
cai?iiiiiaaii aaia?aoi-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aenia?oece oa?eoi???.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?aae?ciaaii cai?iiiiiaaio iiaeaeue aenia?oece ia
i?eeeaae? Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey; cae?eniaii ioe?ieo aaia?oth/eo oa
e?i?ooth/eo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy, iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa
oa?eoi??aeueii? aeaoa?i?iiaaiino? no/anii?
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ianoaiiaee ?aa?iio, naaiaioaoe?th
oa?eoi??? oa eiiieaeniee i?aea?? iciae aenia?ooaaiiy i?e?iaeiiai,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa aeieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o; iaa?oioiaaii nenoaio
ia?oi/a?aiaeo oa no?aoaa?/ieo caoiae?a uiaei iioei?caoe?? oa
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? oa?eoi??? Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey.

Aeiaeaoee neeaaeathoueny c aeae?eueeio /anoei: ia?ae?eo caeiiiaeaa/eo oa
ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a, aeei?enoiaoaaieo i?ae /an aenia?ooaaiiy;
ei?ioeiai iaeyaeo iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue o
a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e i?aeoeoe?; oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo Aaeeeiai Naaaniiiey: na??? oaaeeoeue ?c
neioaoe/iith noaoenoe/iith ?ioi?iaoe??th
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o; na??? oaaeeoeue, ye?
?ethno?othoue nenoaio iciae aenia?ooaaiiy; noaoenoe/ieo iiaa?oiiue
iioaioe?aeo iniiaieo ooieoe?e ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ne?aeoth/? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy:

1. Aeieai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aenia?oeca (ANAA) oa?eoi???
aecia/a?oueny ye aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?, ni?yiiaaiee ia
eiiieaeniee aiae?c aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? oe?eani?yiiaaiino?
ainiiaea?nueeeo iiaiaaaaeaiue c iaoith i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue
o na?oe? eiiieaeniiai, aeieiai-aeii?/ii caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo
oa?eoi???. Ia’?eoaie ANAA aenooiathoue: i?iaeoe ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a
noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae oa?eoi??y ?o ?aeae?caoe??.
Neeaaei?noue ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiiaeth? iayai?noue a iaaeao
eiaeii? oa?eoi??aeueii? iaeeieoe? ia’?eoeaii ?nioth/iai
no?oeoo?ii-???a?o?/iiai ii?aeiaiiy eiiiiiaio?a
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, o.c.
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie (ANAN).

2. No?oeoo?ecaoe?y ANAN i?ine?aeeiao?oueny a oa?eoi??aeueiiio,
ooieoe?iiaeueiiio oa oi?aae?inueeiio aniaeoao. A naith /a?ao,
oa?eoi??aeueiee aniaeo i?iyaey?oueny ia aeiaaeueiiio, ?aa?iiaeueiiio oa
eieaeueiiio ??aiyo; ooieoe?iiaeueiee — o iayaiino? aeieia?/ii?,
aeiiii?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? neeaaeiaeo; oi?aae?inueeee — o iayaiino?
iaoai?ci?a iioei?caoe?? oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icaeoeo na?aae yeeo iniaeeaa
?ieue iaeaaeeoue aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e aenia?oec?. No?oeoo?i?
aeaiaioe ANAN oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iayai?noth ne?aeoth/eo nenoaiieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee: neeaaeiino? no?oeoo?e, i?aai?caoe??; ooieoe??th
no?eeino?; caeaoi?noth aei naii?aaoethaaiiy ? o.ae.

3. ?acoeueooth/ith a?ae aca?iiae?? no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a ANAN
ae?iaie/iai, nioe?aeueiiai oa i?e?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?o ?
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia ianoaiiaea (ANAI). Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y oa
oa?aeoa? ANAI iaoiiaeaia noia?a/i?noth ?ioa?an?a no?oeoo?ieo neeaaeiaeo
ANAN. Nooi?iue aino?ioe (iai?oaeaiiino?) ANAI aecia/a?oueny naia
aeeaeiith eie?c?e, i?ioe??/ue, ye? c’yaeythoueny a ?acoeueoao?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ANAN. Iiooe eiii?ii?no o a?aeiineiao i?ae eiiiiiaioaie
ANAN ia iniia? iaeneiaeueii? caaeainiaaiino? aeei?enoaiiy oa?eoi??? oa
?? ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaoiino? aenooia?, ia iao iiaeyae, iniiaiei
iai?yiii iioei?caoe?? oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icaeoeo. A?aeiia?aeii,
aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo i??i?eoao?a ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio ia iniia?
?aiaeoaaiiy ooieoe?e, ne?ae aaaaeaoe iaeiei c i?iya?a iioei?caoe?eii?
nooiino? ANAA. Cia/ei?noue ooieoe?e oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icaeoeo
ciaoiaeeoueny a i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o aeieia?/iino?. I??i?eoao,
aacoiiaii, iathoue iaeiaio aeieia?/iieiioe?eoi?. Naia oiio, eiiieaeniee
aiae?c no/anii? ANAI oa ia?niaeoea ?? ci?ie a ?acoeueoao? noni?eueii?
ae?yeueiino? noaiiaeoue i?aaeiaoio nooi?noue ANAA. A?aeiia?aeii,
?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e uiaei iioei?caoe?? oa caiia?aaiiy eiioe?eoiino?
ANAI oa?eoi???, o ca’yceo c o?ainoi?ioth/ith ainiiaea?nueeith
ae?yeuei?noth, aecia/a? oe?eueiao iai?aaeai?noue ANAA.

4. Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao no/anii? ANAA oa?eoi??? aecia/athoue:
?aa?iiaeueiee i?aeo?ae, yeee aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe nooi?iue ?ia?oe?eiino?
i?e?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueeeo no?oeoo? oa?eoi???; eaiaeoaooiee i?aeo?ae, ui
caaacia/o? aecia/aiiy nooiaiy no?eeino? ANAN. Iaia’yceiaa a?aooaaiiy
i?eioeeio eiiieaeniino? aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oa i?iaiae?coaaoe i?e?iaei?,
aeieia?/i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?, i?aaia?, iie?oe/i? oa ineoieia?/i?
oiiae oa oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy ANAI oa i?iaiicoaaoe ?? ci?ie o i?inoi?? oa
/an?.

5. Aiae?c i?ioeaaeo?ieo aniaeo?a aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue
i?i iayai?noue aeaio iniiaieo iai?yie?a ?aae?caoe??:
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai, i?eoaiaiiiai a?ae/eciyiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, oa
noni?eueii-aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, oa?aeoa?iiai aeey ca?oa?aeieo aenia?oec.
Naia i??i?eoao iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? iai?aaeaiino? a?o/eciyieo aenia?oec ?
i?e/eiith ?o iaei? ae??aino?. Iniiaieie iaoai?ciaie e?ea?aeaoe??
?iciaaeoaaiiy i?ae iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ? noni?eueii-aaei?i?no?aoeaiei
iai?yiaie no/anieo aenia?oec iiaeii? aooe: aaaaoieiiiiiaioi?noue neeaaeo
noa’?eo?a aenia?oec, ?o noaa?aii?noue; aaaaoianiaeoi?noue aiae?co ia
iniia? a?aooaaiiy i?e?iaeieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a;
a?aooaaiiy ?ioa?an?a ianaeaiiy ye ?iaeeeaoi?a ci?ie ANAI, iaia’yceiaa
noni?eueii-aaei?i?no?aoeaia ocaiaeaeaii?noue aenia?oieo ??oaiue;
aecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?oece ?ioa?anai aeia?iaooo
ianaeaiiy, ui i?iaeeaa? ia aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi??? oa ca ?? iaaeaie.

6. I?aeaeuaiith ae??aino? no/anieo aenia?oec neoao? nenoaia iaoiae?a
aenia?ooaaiiy, na?aae yeeo aeae?eythoueny: noaoenoe/i?, ea?oia?ao?/i?,
nioe?ieia?/i?, iaoaiaoe/i?. Ne?ae aeciaoe, ui a?o/eciyi? iaoiaee
aenia?oieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia iinooiathoueny ca?oa?aeiei. Iniaeeaa ?ieue
a?aeaaaeaia iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaiith. I??i?eoaoia ?ieue
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy iaoiiaeaia caeaoi?noth aei noai?aiiy ia?aco
ia’?eoo aenia?ooaaiiy oa cieaeaiiy ?eceeo aeieia?/ii iaaaoeaieo
iane?aee?a noni?eueii? ae?yeueiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy aeicaiey? cae?enieoe aiae?c aieeao aeieia?/ieo,
aeiiii?/ieo oa nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a ia ?icaeoie oa?eoi???, a oaeiae
aeyaeoe na?aae ?nioth/eo aa??aio?a ??oaiue -iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiee.
Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?nioaaiiy oaei? iiaeae? ? iioei?caoe?y ANAN ia
iniia? aecia/aiiy ooieoe?? i?noey c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo.

7. Caaea/o iiaeaethaaiiy aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece
ne?ae a?aeianoe aei aaooieo iioei?caoe?eieo, iniiaieie iai?yiaie yei?
aenooiathoue: a?aea?? aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoa??th aoaeoeaiino? oa a?aooaaiiy
iieaciee?a (iciae) ? iaiaaeaiue, ye? iaoiiaeththoue aea?? no?oeoo?e
caieaei?enooaaiiy a iaaeao oa?eoi???.

Oaeoe/ii, iaoai?ci cae?eniaiiy ANAA oa?eoi??? aaco?oueny ia aecia/aii?
nooiaiy a?aeiia?aeiino? (/e ia a?aeiia?aeiino?) ?nioth/i? ia oa?eoi???
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? no?oeoo?e i?e?iaeiei ia?aaeoiiaai, a
oaeiae ia?aaeaa/a? ioe?ieo aieeao eiaeiiai c aaeeei? e?eueeino? oiia oa
oaeoi??a ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa?eoi??? (?en. 1).

E?eoa???i aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano iiaeaethaaiiy aenooia? ?ioi?iaoe?eia
aaaa iciae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io
ianoaiiaeo a iaaeao oa?eoi???. Aiae?c aeuacaaaeaieo iciae aeioe?eueii
cae?enithaaoe ia iniia? iaoiaee/iiai aia?aoo oai??? ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ia?ac?a.

Ia iniia? eaiaeoaooiiai i?e?i?aeiioaaiiy a iaaeao oa?eoi??? aeae?eai?
iaeii??aei? eaiaeoaooi? i?e?i?aeiie. Iaeii??aei?noue eaiaeoaooieo
i?e?i?aeii?a ca ciiaeueieie oa aciiaeueieie iciaeaie iaoiiaeth?
aeioe?euei?noue aecia/aiiy aaeeieo iai?yie?a ?o noni?eueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy. Cacia/eii, ui naia iaeii?iaei?noue eaiaeoaooieo
i?e?i?aeii?a ? e?eoa???i i?e?i?aeiioaaiiy. Nenoaia iciae,
aeei?enoiaoaaiieo o i?ioean? aenia?ooaaiiy aeeth/a? o?e iniiai? aeiee,
aeaoa?i?iiaai? a?aeiia?aeii aaeocaa?e no?oeoo?? oa?eoi??aeueii? ANAN:

?en. 1 Aeai?eoi aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi???

— i?e?iaeiee, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaeyae ?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo,
aaiii?oieia?/ieo, ee?iaoe/ieo, a?ae?iaaieia?/ieo, caiaeueieo,
oaoii-oei?enoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee;

— nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee, a eiiiaoaioe?? yeiai ciaoiaeeoueny ?icaeyae
aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo, a oaeiae iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i? oa
o?ainii?oii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e;

— aeieia?/iee, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aiae?c aeieia?/iiai iioaioe?aeo
eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy n?iieaeniiai iaoiaeo e?i?eiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy aeicaiey?
cae?enieoe aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy, iaa?oue i?e ??cii??aeiino?
aeei?enoiaoaaieo iieaciee?a. Ia’?eoeai?noue oa aeinoia??i?noue
?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny a i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae
e?eueeino? oa eiiieaeniino? aeei?enoiaoaaieo aeey aiae?co iieaciee?a.
Aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? iai?aaeaiino? eaiaeoaooieo i?e?i?aeii?a ia
iniia? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aaae aenia?oieo iciae aea? ciiao cae?enieoe
i?iaiic ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeey eiaeii? eaiaeoaooii? iaeeieoe? a oaeiae
aecia/eoe eiiieaen caoiae?a uiaei iie?ioaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? ?
oa?eoi??aeueii? no?oeoo?e ia’?eoo aenia?ooaaiiy. Naia eaiaeoaooiee
i?aeo?ae aea?aeii a?ae??ciy? aeaio iiaeaeue a?ae iiaeae? cai?iiiiiaaii?
A.A. Aa/einueeei, a eiiieaeni?noue aeai?o iciae aenia?ooaaiiy oa
a?aooaaiiy nenoaie ?nioth/eo a ?aa?ii? ooieoe?e, aeae??ciythoue ?? a?ae
iiaeaeae A.A. Eoae?yaoeaaa, i?enay/aieo aenia?oec? oa?eoi??e
?ae?aaoe?eiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

8. ?aae?caoe?y iiaeae? ANAA oa?eoi??? cae?eniaia ia i?eeeaae? Aaeeeiai
Naaanoiiiey (AN), iaeiiai c iaeneeaaei?oeo o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio oa
aaiiie?oe/iiio a?aeiioaiiyo ?aa?ii? A?E.

Aaeeeee Naaanoiiieue — ?aa?ii c i?noii caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy ? aieiaiith a?enueeiai-ii?nueeith aacith AIN Oe?a?ie
oa *O ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??. Iniaeeaee aieea ?noi?e/ieo oa
a?eneiai-no?aoaa?/ieo oaeoi??a iaoiiaea i??i?eoaoi?noue iai?iiii?
ooieoe?? a ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio. Na?aae iniiaieo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy
no/anii? ANAI a iaaeao AN aeae?eythoueny: niaoeeo?ea i?eii?nueeiai,
i?eei?aeiiiiai, o?aiceoiiai aaia?ao?/iiai iieiaeaiiy ?aa?iio;
nai???aei?noue i?e?iaeieo oiia, ui aecia/a?oueny ??ciiiai?oiei
ao?aeoeaiei ?aeue?oii, ni?eyoeeaeie ee?iaoe/ieie oiiaaie, ye? ca
iniiaieie iaoaioa?aeoa?enoeeaie ia iinooiathoueny Aaeee?e sseo?;
iaiaaeaii?noue iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieo oa aiaeieo ?ano?n?a; a?aeiinia
caaacia/aii?noue ia?oaeieie ei?enieie eiiaeeiaie, ye? neeaaeathoue 17%
oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? ?aa?iio; ia??aiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo caiaeueieo
?ano?n?a i?ae caieaei?enooaa/aie (iaeaea 70% oa?eoi??? caeiyoi
n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeeie oa e?niaeie oa?aeaeyie a aeeaeiieo
a??nueei-ia?aaea??ieo ?aeiiao, ? eeoa 30% oa?eoi??? i?eiaaea? ia
noni?eueii aeoeai? iai?yie i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy (i?iieneiaa (3,3%),
a?enueeiaa (5%) oa ?i.), eieae?ciaai? ia ocaa?aaeae?; iayai?noue
oi?eaeueieo eaiaeoaooieo eiiieaen?a (iaeaea 30% oa?eoi???); iayai?noue ?
iaaeinoaoi? aeei?enoaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a.

Aeiaaee /an ?ici?uaiiy i?aei?e?inoa iai?iiiiai i?ecia/aiiy
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue ii?ooaiiyi caeii?a oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaie/eo nee. Aeiey ?aa?iio a caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ae?iaieoeoa?
noaiiaeoue 0,7% ? 14% ia’?io ae?iaieoeoaa A?E. Aaeocaao niaoe?ae?caoe?th
oa?eoi??? caaacia/othoue: oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue, noaeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa
noaei?aiiio, i?iieneia?noue aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a.

Aeuaiaaaaeaia nenoaia aaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a, iieacieee aonoioe ianaeaiiy,
no?oeoo?a i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, aeeaeia aio?iiiaaiii? ia?aoai?aiino?
oa?eoi???, nooi?iue iaaacia/iino? caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua aeey caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy oa ??aaiue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii-aiiiaeueieo yaeu — noaee iniiaieie e?eoa??yie ciioaaiiy
oa?eoi??? AN ca nooiaiai aino?ioe (iai?oaeaiino?)
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ianoaiiaee. A iaaeao ?aa?iio aeaeaeai?
ciie:

— caaeia?eueii? ANAI, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?iaoeaiei noaiii ANAN,
a?aenooi?noth iaaaoeaieo aeaiinioe?aeueieo, aeiiii?/ieo, oa a?inoa?ieo
iane?aee?a. Aeaiee aeae ANAI niina??aa?oueny a?ey i?aaeaiieo ei?aeii?a
AN;

— i?iaeaiii? ANAI, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii?ooaiiyi 1-2 aeiooieoe?e,
iayai?noth caa?ice caei?ia’th ianaeaiiy, cieaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaiino? oa
?aaeeio naiia?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo nenoai ? niinoa??aa?oueny o iaaeao
n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeeo ?aeii?a AN;

— eiioe?eoii? ANAI, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cieaeaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaiino?
?ano?niei?enooaaiiy, ii?ooaiiyi caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy oa iineaaeaiiyi
naiia?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo nenoai ? niinoa??aa?oueny ia noiae? oa
i?aii/? Aaeaeeaanueeiai oa Iao?iianueeiai ?aeii?a;

— e?eciai? ANAI, yea ae??ciy?oueny caa?iceeaeie ii?ooaiiyie aeiooieoe?e,
aeaa?aaeaoe??th i?e?iaeieo nenoai, i?aeaeuaiith caoai?thaai?noth
ianaeaiiy. Aeuaiaaaaeai? ii?ooaiiy aenooiathoue ye iaiaaeaiiy aeey
?icaeoeo ainiiaea?noaa ia iniia? ?nioth/i? nenoaie i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.
?aeiiaie aaciina?aaeiuei? eieae?caoe?? aeaiiai aeaeo ANAI noaee
Eai?inueeee, Aaaa??inueeee, a oaeiae /anoeiai Iao?iianueeee
aaei?i?no?aoeai?e ?aeiie.

9. A?aeiia?aeii eaiaeoaooiiio ?aeiioaaiith oa?eoi??? a iaaeao AN
aeae?eaii 61 eaiaeoaooiee i?e?i?aeii. Iaeii??aei?noue ciiaeueieo ?
aciiaeueieo iciae i?e?i?aeii?a iaoiiaeee ni?euei? iai?yie ?o
ainiiaea?nueeiai aeei?enoaiiy. Ia iniia? ianiaiai iaeii?aciaiai
iieooaaiiy ia iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith aenia?o?a aeae?eaia nenoaia
eieaeueieo aoaeiiieo ae?eyiie AN, caa?aeiii noeeueieo ? ia noeeueieo
uiaei aeeiiaiiy 10 ooieoe?e, ye? aecia/athoue no?oeoo?o aeiiii?ee
?aa?iio (iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaeeiia?iaee, oa?/iai?, eaaei?, o?i?/ii?
i?iieneiaino?, /i?ii? iaoaeo?a??, i?iieneiaino? aoae?aaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a, ?ae?aaoe?eiiai, n?euenueeiai oa i?e?iaeiioi?iiiiai
ainiiaea?noa). Aeae?eai? aoieiii? ae?eyiee aoee iieeaaeai? a iniiao
?ici?ciaaaeueii? aea??ee aeey an??? oa?eoi??? aenia?ooaaiiy.

Iiaeeea?noue aeeiiaiiy eaiaeoaooieie i?e?i?aeiiaie aeuacaaaeaieo
ooieoe?e aecia/aia ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie iciae, eio?a aeeth/a?
i?e?iaei?, aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a oaeiae iieacieee
nioe?aeueii? oa ae?iaie/i? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. A?oia i?e?iaeieo iciae
oa?aeoa?eco? i?e?iaei? oiiae (?iaeeia?ii-aaieia?/i?, aaiii?oieia?/i?,
ee?iaoe/i?), i?e?iaei? ?ano?ne (ei?enoi? eiiaeeie, aiaei?, caiaeuei?,
oaoii-oei?enoe/i?), caaaeueia e?euee?noue yeeo noaiiaeoue 22. A?oia
aeiiii?/ieo iciae, e?euee?noue yeeo, a caeaaeiino? a?ae niaoeeo?ee
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaeocae ci?ith?oueny a?ae 8 aei 40, oa?aeoa?eco? iniiai?
oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, iniaeeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ii
eiaei?e c ooieoe?e. Iciaee ae?iaie/i? oa nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e
?aeaioe/i? aeey an?o ooieoe?e ? aeeth/athoue: iayai?noue cae?cie/ieo,
aaoiiia?eueieo oeyo?a, aacii?iaiae?a, aiaeiaiae?a. Na?aae nioe?aeueieo
iciae a?aoiaai?: aeiey ae?iie, caeiyoeo a aaeocyo aeiiii?ee ?aa?iio,
iayai?noue iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, ye? aaaeooue i?aeaioiaeo niaoe?ae?no?a
aeey eiaeii? c ooieoe?e aenia?ooaaiiy, na?aaeiueii?ny/i? aeioiaee
ianaeaiiy. A?oia aeieia?/ieo iciae a?aeia?aaea? noai oa?eoi??? o
aeieiai-aaia?ao?/iiio oa aaio?i?/iiio a?aeiioaiiyo, iayai?noue
oi?eaeueieo eaiaeoaooieo, oa ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo iai’yoiee?a. Caaaeueia
e?euee?noue iciae ci?ith?oueny a?ae 30 (aeey i?e?iaeiioi?iiii? ooieoe??)
aei 127 (aeey ?ineeiieoeoaa), a caeaaeiino? a?ae niaoeeo?ee aenia?oieo
ooieoe?e.

Iiaoaeiaa aoeaaeo iao?eoeue c aeei?enoaiiyi iai?aaeaiiai eiaeoaaiiy ?
aecia/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aaae iciae, aeicaieeee e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe
iiaeeeaino? eiaeiiai c 61 eaiaeoaooiiai i?e?i?aeiia uiaei aeeiiaiiy 10
ooieoe?e aenia?ooaaiiy, a oaeiae aecia/eoe nooi?iue ?o a?aeiia?aeiino?
i?e?iaeiei ia?aaeoiiaai.

Ia iniia? noia?ieo iieaciee?a ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aaae iciae iiaoaeiaai?
noaoenoe/i? iiaa?oi? iioaioe?aeo ii an?i aenia?oiei ooieoe?yi. (?en. 2)
Iaaeae?, oeyoii ?o ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aecia/ai? iaea?eueo
iioeiaeuei? c iiceoe?? ooieoe?? i?noey aaeoc? aeey eiaeiiai c eaioaooieo
i?e?i?aeii?a AN.

Iaea?eueo aaaiieie aeyaeeeny: ?ineeiieoeueea, ?ae?aaoe?eia,
i?e?iaeiioi?iiia a oaeiae ooieoe?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaeiia?iaee,
eio?? iathoue noaoe i?ei??oaoieie a ia?niaeoeaiiio ?icaeoeo AN. E??i
oiai, naia aeai? aaeoc? ne?ae aaaaeaoe iaea?eueo ?iaanoeoe?eii
i?eaaaeeaeie, caeaoieie caaania/eoe iaiao?aeio o?iainiai-aeiiii?/io
noaa?euei?noue o ?aa?ii?.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no/anii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? oa oa?eoi??aeueii?
no?oeoo?e ?aa?iio c ia?niaeoeaiith na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? yea neeaea — 42,6%. A 26 c 61 eaiaeoaooieo
i?e?i?aeiiao no/ania aeei?enoaiiy oa?eoi??? i?ioe??/eoue i?e?iaei?e
ooieoe?? i?noey. Aieiaiith i?e/eiith iaa?aeiia?aeiino? ne?ae aaaaeaoe
iai?iiio niaoeeo?eo, ui aeiaaee /an no?eioaaea
aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii-caaeainiaaiee ?icaeoie ?aa?iio ca?aeii iiaeeea?e
iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiino?.

10. Ia iniia? aiae?co oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy ANAI, iioei?caoe?eieo ooieoe?e
(1-3 ii?yaee?a), caaaeueieo i?iaeai ? ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo, a iaaeao AN
aeae?eaii o?e oeie ?aeii?a ia?niaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
(?en. 3):

— ?aeii i?iieneiai? (iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (1 ii?yaeie), oa?/iaa
i?iieneia?noue (2 ii?yaeie)) a eiiieaen? c ?ae?aaoe?eiith
niaoe?ae?caoe??th. Ia?oi/a?aiaeie caoiaeaie ii iioei?caoe?? no/anii?
ANAI a eiai iaaeao iiaeii? aooe: ei?aeoe?y nenoaie oaieicaaacia/aiiy,
e?ea?aeaoe?y eioaeueieo, ye? i?aoeththoue ia oaa?aeiio iaeea?,
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo aeaea?ae aia?ai ? oaieicaaacia/aiiy,
ii?ioaaiiy aeeeae?a caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei, ci?ia i?ioeeth a. Aanoi?oa
c i?iieneiaiai ia ?ae?aaoe?eiee; ciaoeiaeaeaiiy aeaea?ae
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai oa ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy; aoae?aieoeoai
eaiae?caoe?eiiai eieaeoi?a aeeaieiai aeeeao, ?aeiino?oeoe?y ? aaaaeaiiy
a ae?th i/enieo nii?oae a?ieia?/ii? i/enoee a i?aaeaii?e /anoei? i.
Naaanoiiiey; ?aaeaiaioaoe?y ?icoe?aiiy ei?aeii?a i?noa n o?aooaaiiyi
aeieia?/iiai ea?eano oa?eoi??? AN, aoae?aieoeoaa i?iieneiaeo oa
o?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa a aaeeao oa oeiaiaeiao; cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a
ii caa?aaeaiith e?eoaaeueii-anoaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a oa?eoi???. Na?aae
iaoai?ci?a iioei?caoe?? ?icaeoeo AN aeiaaino?ieiaiai oa?aeoa?o
aeae?eythoueny: noai?aiiy ia iniia? iaoeiiaoae?aaeueii? oa ?ae?aaoe?eii?
aaeocae iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ?iiaaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno. I??i?eoaoiee
?icaeoie iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa ?ae?aaoe?eiiai ainiiaea?noaa aenooia?
iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueiiai naeoi?o ?iicaiiiai ?iaanooaaiiy;

— ?aeii n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? (?ineeiieoeoai (1 ii?yaeie),
oaa?eiieoeoai (3 ii?yaeie) a eiiieaen? c ?ae?aaoe?eiith (2 ii?yaeie)
niaoe?ae?caoe??th. Iioei?caoe?eieie caoiaeaie ia?oi/a?aiaiai oa?aeoa?o
aeey aeaiiai ?aeiio aenooiathoue: cai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoai ieei-
aiaeii/euaiiy; ?aeiino?oeoe?y i/enoieo nii?oae ?aaeainio “Ea/einueeee”,
AI “Naaeiaiae”, ?aaeainio ?i. I. Ineiaiei, oii?yaeeoaaiiy aei??a o
n?euenuee?e i?noeaaino?, aeei?enoaiiy a?ieia?/ieo cania?a ai?ioueae c?
oe?aeieeaie, e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy, iiia?aaeaeaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy a?oio?a
yaeio?i?eaoaie oa ianoeoeeaeaie. Ii?aeiaiiy a ia?niaeoea?
n?eueneiainiiaea?nueei? oa ?ae?aaoe?eii? ooieoe?e iaoiiaeththoue
iiaeeea?noue cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo aeae?a noni?ii?
ae?yeueiino?, na?aae yeeo /?eueia i?noea iin?aeathoue n?eueneee caeaiee
oo?eci, a?oaieia?/iee oa aeieia?/iee oo?eci;

— ?aeii ?ae?aaoe?eii? a eiiieaen? c ?ineeiieoeueeith oa
i?e?iaeiioi?iiiith niaoe?e?caoe??th. Na?aae ia?oi/a?aiaeo caoiae?a
iioei?caoe?? ANAI ne?ae a?aei?oeoe: a?aeiiaeaiiy ?ae?aaoe?eieo ?ano?n?a,
iiia?aaeaeaiiy caa?oiaiiy aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y o?ainii?oieie caniaaie,
aeaaeueieo eiiieaen?a iiaooiaeie a?aeoiaeaie, a?oio?a yaeio?i?eaoaie oa
ianoeoeeaeaie.

Ia?niaeoeaiee ?icaeoie aeaiiai ?aeiio ia iniia? ii?aeiaiiy
?ae?aaoe?eiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ?ineeiieoeoaa ? i?e?iaeiioi?iiiiai
ainiiaea?noaa iiaeeeaee o aeaeyae? noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ia?e?a ia
iniia? ?aaeaiaioiaaii? ?ae?aaoe?eii? ? n?eueneiainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao i?e?iaeiioi?iiieo oa?eoi??e.

Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. A?aoe I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A. Eiioeaiooaeueiua e iaoiaee/aneea
iiaeoiaeu e i?iaaaeaieth yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu
oa??eoi?ee Naaanoiiieueneiai ?aaeiia. //Eoeueoo?a ia?iaeia
I?e/a?iiii?uey, 1997, ?2.- N.276-277. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a —
iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ? canoinoaaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? o
i?ioean? aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi???
Naaanoiiieuenueeiai ?aa?iio. — 0,1. oiia.ae?oe.a?e.

2. A?aoe I.I. Yeieiai-eoeueoo?iia ?acaeoea oa??eoi?ee. // Eoeueoo?a
ia?iaeia I?e/a?iiii?uey , 1997, ?2.- N.21-25.

3. A?aoeue I.I. Iioei?caoe?y oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icaeoeo: i?iaeaie ?
ia?niaeoeae. // Iaoiaea. Ca.iaoe ? iaoiae.i?.- E.: OIA
I?aeia?.o?i.aaaioe?y, 1997,aei.6. — N.13-16.

4. Aaeoo A.A., A?aoe I.I., Caeoeaaa N.A., ?iiaiiaa A.A., Naoiiaa I.N.
Oa??eoi?eaeueiua ?acee/ey o?iaiy aeecie ianaeaiey E?uia // ?aaeii:
i?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau, 1997, ? 5-6-N.46-49. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a —
iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie iieaciee?a aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy oa?eoi???.
— 0,1. oiia. ae?oe. a?e.

5. A?aoe I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Ooineee A.I. No?oeoo?iay i?iaeaia e
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee e?ecen E?uia.//Noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iee
eiiieaen I?aaeiy Oe?a?ie : oai??y, i?aeoeea, iaoiaeeea.
Ca.iaoe.noao.-Iae?oiiieue: IEI, aei.1.-N.173-174. Iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a — iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeaiaoe/iino? no/anii?
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a E?eio.- 0,1.
oiia.ae?oe.a?e.

6. A?aoe I.I.Oa??eoi?eaeueiua nenoaiu eae iauaeo
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai enneaaeiaaiey.//Oai aea.-5-13.

7. A?aoeue I.I. Aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y oa?eoi???
(iiaeaeueiee i?aeo?ae).//Iaoiaea. Ca. iaoe. ? iaoiae. i?.-E.:Oia.
I?aeia?. o?i. aaaioe?y, 1997, aei. 6. — n. 17-22.

8. A?aoe I.I. Yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay yenia?oeca (aniaeou
oi?aaeaiey).//Aaoiiaoeea -97. Na. iao/. o?oaeia.-*a?eannu: *EOE, 1997,
o. V. — n. 32-33.

9. A?aoe I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Iaeaaa A.E., Oaaoe A.A., Yeieiae/aneea
aaaeu E?uia.//Yeinenoaiu E?uia, eo iioeiecaoeey e io?aia. Na. iao/.
o?oaeia.- E.: OIE, 1997, aei. 9.-n.8-11 Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a- ioe?iea
aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai ia i?eeeaae? i?eii?nueeeo i?no E?eio. — 0,1 oiia.
ae?oe. a?e.

10. A?aoe I.I. Yenia?oiue iiaeoiae e iainiiaaieth ia?niaeoea ?acaeoey
naeueneiai caeaiiai oo?ecia ia i?eia?a Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey //
Eoeueoo?a ia?iaeia I?e/a?iiii?uey, 1998, ? 3. — N.22-25.

11. A?aoeue I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Ooinueeee A.I. Aaeeea Oaa??enueea
e?eueoea — ii/aoeiaee aoai iioei?caoe?? ?ae?aaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno E?eio
// Oo?enoe/ii- e?a?ciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, Ee?a, 1998, aei.1,
/.1-N.174-179.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a — iaa?oiooaaiiy e?eoa???a iioei?caoei?
?ae?aaoe?eiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a E?eio.

12. A?aoe I.I. Naeueneee caeaiue oo?eci a E?uio : i?iaeaiu e
ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey ia i?eia?a Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey // Oo?enoe/ii-
e?a?ciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy- Ee?a, 1998, aei.1 /.1- N.108-113.

13. A?aoe I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A Aeai?eoiecaoeey i?iaaaeaiey
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu oa??eoi?ee.//Iao-eu iaaeae.
neiiic. “Yeiiiieea ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu I?e/a?iiii?uey” -Neioa?iiieue:
NAO.-1997.-n. 46-50. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a — iaa?oiooaaiiy
?ioaa?aeueii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi???. — 0,2 oiia. ae?oe.
a?e.

14. Aeaaia A.I. Aeaaiaa ?.?., A?aoeue I.I., Caaaeueithe ?.A. Aeaye?
i?aeoiaee o aeine?aeaeaii? oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? noni?eueii?
ae?yeueiino? i?eii?nueeeo i?eei?aeiiieo ?aa?ii?a.//Oace aeii. VII
c’?caeo Oe?. Aaia?. O-aa.- E.: 1995. — n. 315-316. Iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a — iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe aena?oethaaii? oaie . — 0,1 oiia. ae?oe.
a?e.

15. Aiaeue/aiei I.?., A?aoe I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Eociaoeia I.A.,
?iiaiiaa A.A., Oaaoe A.A. Ia?ac yeiiiie/aneie e nioeeaeueiie aaia?aoee a
oneiaeyo ?uii/iiai i?ino?ainoaa.//Iao-eu iaaeae. iao/. i?aeo. eiio.
“I?iaeaiu yeieiaee e ?ae?aaoeee Aciai-*a?iiii?neiai ?aaeiia.”-
Neioa?iiieue, 1994. — n. 9-16. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a — oaeno
aeiiia?ae?. 0,1 oiia. ae?oe. a?e.

16. A?aoe I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Ooineee A.I. No?oeoo?iue e?ecen a
E?uio. // Oac.aeiee. iaaeae.iao/.i?aeo. eiio.”E?uineee iieoino?ia a
aaiiieeoe/aneeo ieaiao io aioe/iuo a?aiai aei iaoeo aeiae”.-Neioa?iiieue
, 1995.N.32-34. Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a — aena?oeaiiy
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? oa?eoi??? E?einueeiai
i?aino?iaa. 0,1 oiia.ae?oe.a?e.

17. A?aoeue I.I. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe eiioeaioe??
nioe?iaeieia?/ii? ina?oe a nenoai? aeui? oeiee. // Iao-ee I
Anaoe?a?inueei? eiio. “Oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe nioe?iaeieia??”.
-Euea?a, 1996.o.2.-N.120-123.

18. A?aoeue I.I. Oi?ioaaiiy aeieia?/ii? eoeueoo?e :
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe.// Oace aeii.iaoe.i?aeo.eiio. “Aeieia?y ?
ina?oa : i?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee”.- Oiaiue, 1994.-N.46-48.

19. A?aoe I.I., Eoae?yaoeaa A.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie neooaoeee a Naaanoiieueneii ?aaeiia.//
Eioi?i.eenoie.-Neioa?iiieue: E?OeIOYE, 1997,?2- N.1-4. Iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a-oaeno noaoo?. 0,2 oiia.ae?oe. a?e.

20. A?aoe I.I., Iei/oe A.A., Ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey naeueneiai caeaiiai
oo?ecia a i?aaeaeao Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey. // Eioi?i.eenoie.-
Neioa?iiieue : E?OeIOYE, 1998, ? 90.-N.1-4. Iniaenoee aianie
aaoi?a-oaeno noaoo?. 0,2 oiia.ae?oe.a?e.

Aiioaoe?y.

A?aoeue I.I. Aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aenia?oeca oa?eoi??? (ia
i?eeeaae? Aaeeeiai Naaanoiiiey). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 11.00.02 — aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia aaia?ao?y.
Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeana, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? nenoaiaoeciaai?, ocaaaeueiai? oa iiaeeaeai?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece oa?eoi???. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aenia?oece oa?eoi???. Iaa?oioiaaii
i?aea?? nenoaie iciae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io ianoaiiaeo oa?eoi???. Aeyaeai? i?iaeaie,
oaiaeaioe?? oa oeyoe ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ?icaeoeo eiie?aoii? oa?eoi??? —
Aaeeeee Naaanoiiieue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeieiai-nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aenia?oeca, iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy, ooieoe?y i?noey, iioei?caoe?ei? e?eoa???, iioeiecaoe?y
oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?icaeoeo.

Aiiioaoeey.

A?aoe I.I. Yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay yenia?oeca oa??eoi?ee (ia
i?eia?a Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey).- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.02 -yeiiiie/aneay e nioeeaeueiay
aaia?aoey. — Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie E.E.Ia/ieeiaa,
Iaeanna, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa nenoaiaoece?iaaiu, iaiauaiu e iieo/eee
aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea iieiaeaiey
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu oa??eoi?ee.
Yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/naeay yenia?oeca ii?aaeaeyaony eae aeae
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, iai?aaeaiiue ia eiiieaeniue aiaeec
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie oeaeaniia?aciinoe oicyenoaaiiuo
iiaiaaaaeaiee, n oeaeueth i?eiyoey oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee. Iauaeoaie
yenia?oiuo enneaaeiaaiee yaeythony: i?iaeou ?acee/iuo aeaeia
oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, a oaeaea oa??eoi?ey eo iaiin?aaenoaaiiie
?aaeecaoeee. I?aaeiaoiie iaeanoueth aunooiaao eiiieaeniue aiaeec
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie ianoaiiaee a i?aaeaeao eiie?aoiie
oa??eoi?ee n oeaeueth ?ac?aaioee i?aaeeiaeaiee ii aa iioeiecaoeee.
Iniiaiui iai?aaeaieai ?aaeecaoeee iioeiecaoeeiiiie nouiinoe yenia?oecu
aunooiaao ii?aaeaeaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiuo i?ei?eoaoia ?acaeoey ?aaeiia,
iniiaaiiia ia ?aiaee?iaaiee ooieoeee a ii?yaeea eo cia/eiinoe e n o/aoii
nia?aiaiiie yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie ianoaiiaee. Iniiaiua
iiceoeee a iaoiaeieiae/aneii ioiioaiee i?eiaaeeaaeao ?aaeiiaeueiiio
iiaeoiaeo, eaiaeoaooiiio iiaeoiaeo, i?eioeeio eiiieaeniinoe. A
iaoiaee/aneii ioiioaiee iniaay ?ieue i?eiaaeeaaeeo iaoaiaoe/aneiio
iiaeaee?iaaieth. Eniieueciaaiea iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee iicaieyao
inouanoaeoue aiaeec aeeyiey yeiiiie/aneeo, nioeeaeueiuo e yeieiae/aneeo
oaeoi?ia ia ?acaeoea oa??eoi?ee. Nouiinoue iaoaiecia yenia?oecu
oa??eoi?ee naiaeeony e ii?aaeaeaieth noaiaie niioaaonoaey (eee
ianiioaaonoaey) neiaeeaoaeny ia oa??eoi?ee
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie no?oeoo?u i?e?iaeiui i?aaeiinueeai,
iaoneaaeeaathuei ooieoeeth ianoa. E?eoa?eai yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeanna
iiaeaee?iaaiey aunooiatho eioi?iaoeeiiiua aana i?eciaeia,
oa?aeoa?ecothueo oa??eoi?eth. Aiaeec i?eciaeia oeaeaniia?acai ia iniiaa
iaoiaee/aneiai aiia?aoa oa??eoi?ee ?aniiciaaaiey ia?acia. Nenoaia
i?eciaeia niaea?aeeo o?e iniiaiua aeiea: i?e?iaeiue (n o/aoii
eiaeaia?ii-aaieiae/aneeo, aaiii?oieiae/aneeo, eeeiaoe/aneeo,
aeae?ieiae/aneeo, ii/aaiiuo, oaoii-oei?enoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee);
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee (n o/aoii yeiiiie/aneeo, nioeeaeueiuo,
eio?ano?oeoo?iuo iieacaoaeae); yeieiae/aneee. Aeinoiaa?iinoue e
iauaeoeaiinoue ?acoeueoaoia iiaeaee?iaaiey iaoiaeeony a i?yiie
caaeneiinoe io eiee/anoaa e eiiieaeoiinoe eniieuecoaiuo iieacaoaeae
(i?eciaeia). Ii?aaeaeaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiie iai?aaeaiiinoe eaiaeoaooiuo
iee?i?aeiiia iicaieeei inouanoaeoue i?iaiic ooieoeeiie?iaaiey e
?ac?aaioaoue eiiieaen ia?ii?eyoee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth oa??eoi?eaeueiie
e ooieoeeiiaeueiie no?oeoo?u.

?aaeecaoeey iiaeaee yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie yenia?oecu
oa??eoi?ee inouanoaeaia ia i?eia?a Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey. Ia iniiaa
aiaeeca iieacaoaeae ieioiinoe ianaeaiey, aeoaeiu aio?iiiaaiiie
i?aia?aciaaiiinoe oa??eoi?ee, no?oeoo?u caieaiieueciaaiey, noaiaie
iianiinoe caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, o?iaiy ?ani?ino?aiaiey
nioeeaeueii aiiiaeueiuo yaeaiee a i?aaeaeao ?aaeiia auyaeaiu ciiu
oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie, i?iaeaiiie, eiioeeeoiie e e?eceniie
yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie ianoaiiaee. Niaeanii eaiaeoaooiiio
?aeiie?iaaieth, a i?aaeaeao Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey auyaeai 61
eaiaeoaooiue iee?i?aeii. Yenia?oeca inouanoaeaia ii auiieiaieth 10
ooieoeee, ii?aaeaeythueo no?oeoo?o yeiiiieee ?aaeiia.

Nenoaia i?eciaeia, oa?aeoa?ecothueo aiciiaeiinoe eaiaeoaooiuo
iee?i?aeiiia ii auiieiaieth auoaoeacaiiuo ooieoeee aeeth/aao i?e?iaeiua,
yeiiiie/aneea, nioeeaeueiua e yeiiiie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, i?eciaee
nioeeaeueiie e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie eio?ano?oeoo?u. Iauaa eiee/anoai
i?eciaeia aa?uee?oao io 30 (i?e?iaeiio?aiiay) aei 127 (?anoaieaaiaenoai)
a caaeneiinoe io yenia?oe?oaiie ooieoeee. Ii?aaeaeaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
aania i?eciaeia iicaieeee eiee/anoaaiii ioeaieoue ana 61 eaiaeoaooiue
iee?i?aeii, ?aniiciaoue n?aaee ieo iaeaieaa ?aniieiaeaiiua e auiieiaieth
oie eee eiie ooieoeee. N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec nia?aiaiiie
ooieoeeiiaeueiie no?oeoo?u n ia?niaeoeaiie iicaieeee eiinoaoe?iaaoue
noaiaiue ianiioaaonoaey, ninoaaeaooth 42,6%.

Ii iaai?o oaeoi?ia oi?ie?iaaiey (aaia?e?othueo e eeieoe?othueo),
iioeiecaoeeiiiuo ooieoeee (1-3 ii?yaeeia), iaueo i?iaeai e ia?niaeoea
?acaeoey, a i?aaeaeao Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey auaeaeaii 3 oeia ?aeiiia
ia?niaeoeaiiai ooieoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey oa??eoi?ee: ?aeii
i?iiuoeaiiie (iaoeiino?iaiea, ieuaaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue) a eiiieaena n
?ae?aaoeeiiiie niaoeeaeecaoeeae; ?aeii naeueneioicyenoaaiiie a eiiieaena
n ?ae?aaoeeiiiie niaoeeaeecaoeeae; ?aeii ?ae?aaoeeiiiie a eiiieaena n
?anoaieaaiae/aneie e i?e?iaeiio?aiiie niaoeeaeecaoeeae. Inouanoaeaiea
ia?niaeoeaiiai ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ciie?iaaiey oa??eoi?ee iicaieeei
ii?aaeaeeoue i?ei?eoaoiua iai?aaeaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a
?aaeiia, auyaeoue iniiaiua i?iaeaiu e iainiiaaoue ia?ii?eyoey
i?iiuoeaiii-oaoiieiae/aneiai, o?ainii?oii-oaoie/aneiai,
aa?ioaoie/aneiai, aiaeii-oicyenoaaiiiai, eanioicyenoaaiiiai,
o?aaienoe/aneiai, ?ae?aaoeeiiiiai e naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneiai oa?aeoa?a
ii iioeiecaoeee eniieueciaaiey oa??eoi?ee Aieueoiai Naaanoiiiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeieiai-nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneay yenia?oeca,
iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea, ooieoeey ianoa, iioeiecaoeeiiiua
e?eoa?ee, iioeiecaoeey oa??eoi?eaeueiiai ?acaeoey.

Summary

Gretz O.P. Ecological and socio-economic expertise of the territory (on
the example of Greater Sevastopol).-Manuscript.

Ph. D. thesis ( geographical sciences), speciality 11.00.02 — economic
and social geography. — Odessa State University named after I.I.
Mechnicov, Odessa, 1999.

The dissertation systematizes, generalizes and develops theoretical and
methodological regulations of ecologico-social-economic expertise of the
territory. It was developed a computer model of the
ecologo-social-economic expertise of the territory. Problems, tendencies
and restructurization courses of development of the real territory of
Greater Sevastopol were brought out. It was grounded the selection of
the system of features describing the ecologo-social-economic situation
in the territory. The main directions for optimization of complex
development of Greater Sevastopol were offered.

Key words: ecologo-social-economic expertise, computer modeling,
function of place, optimization criteria, optimization of territory
development.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.04.99?. Oi?iao 60o90/16.

Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1.0. Iaeeaae 100. Cai. 45.

Aeaeaaieoeoai iie?a?ao?/ii? o??ie “Iaen?ia”

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