2

NOINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

E?OA?IAIEI IEUeAA AIAOIE??AIA

OAeE 502.335:630

AEIEIAI-AEIIII?*IA ?AAOETHAAIIss

E?NIA?AeIIAEAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.08.01 – Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy ? ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Noie – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I?oai?i ?aaai Aaneeueiae/,
Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Eiaaeue ss?ineaa Aaneeueiae/, ?aaea ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, caa.
a?aeae?eii e?niaeo ?ano?n?a

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaianianueeee TH??e Aaneeueiae/,
Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e oi?aae?iiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oe?a?inueeee i?aeaio Ciae Iioaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo e?niaiai
ainiiaea?noaa oa aa?ie?niiae?i?aoe?? ?iai? A.I. Aenionueeiai,
eaai?aoi??y aeiiii?ee ? i?aai?caoe?? e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa, i. Oa?e?a,
Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 29 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 12-00 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 55.051.01 a Noinueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 244007, i. Noie, aoe.
?einueeiai-Ei?naeiaa, 2, aoae. I-412

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 244007, i. Noie, aoe.
?einueeiai-Ei?naeiaa, 2

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.I. Eeneee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Iai?ee?ioe? OO noi??//y a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia iiaeyae?a ethaenoaa ia
?ieue e?n?a a iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeiiii?/iiio oa nioe?aeueiiio ?icaeoeo
e?a?i. I?aaiaiiy aei no?eeiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo aac
caeoe?a aeey iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ci?ieei iiaeyaee ia aeieia?/i?
aeanoeaino? oa ooieoe?? e?n?a.

A?aoiaoth/e aeieia?/io iai?aaeai?noue e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie,
aea ia?aaaaeathoue e?ne caoeniiai cia/aiiy, iaiao?aeia iiaa aeieia?/ii
oa aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy,
aaaeaiiy e?nieoeueoo?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, yea a nie?aeanue ia i?ei?eoaoia
a?aooaaiiy aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a a ?aieao
aaaaoioe?eueiaiai e?niei?enooaaiiy oa aeinyaiaiiy iioeiaeueii?
e?nenoino? oa?eoi??e. O oeueiio ca’yceo a oiiaao iaiaaeaiino?
o?iainiaeo, ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa, a oaeiae
e?nia?aeiiaethaaiiai, e?nieoeueoo?iiai oiiaeo, iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy
i?iaeaie i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ?aaoethaaiiy (iioei?caoe??) i?ioean?a
e?niei?enooaaiiy ? iniaeeai e?ni?icaaaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo
oaeoi??a ia? aaaeeeaa ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy.

I?inoi?iai-/aniaa ?aaoethaaiiy ia iniia? ?aiaeoaaiiy oa?eoi??e ca ?o
aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieie ia?aiao?aie ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai
i?aeoe/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th, ui aeeth/a? aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo aeieia?/ieo
ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a, a oaeiae aei??thaaiiy i/?eoaaieo aeo?ao ia
noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu?.

A Oe?a?i? niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy ianya?a caaeaae?
e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo ia’?eo?a aiane?aeie aieeao ia ieo ??cieo
aio?iiiaaiieo oaeoi??a (caa?oaeiaiiy i?iieneiaeie aeeeaeaie, o?i?caoe?y
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, iecueea aeieia?/i?noue e?nicaaio?aaeueii?
oaoi?ee, aiiiaeuei? iiaiaei? oiiae). ?acii c oei ?nioth/ee iaoai?ci
i?aaiai? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ia caaacia/o? eiiiainaoe?? ao?ao e?niaiai
ainiiaea?noaa. Oiio aeooaeueiei ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iieiaeaiue a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
caeoeo o noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy, oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
ii?iaoeaii-iaoiaee/ii? aace.

Noai e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa acaaae? oa aeacai? aeieiai-aeiiii?/i?
aniaeoe cie?aia coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a
i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei aaeineiiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a oa i?eioeei?a aeieia?caoe?? e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa
coiiaeee aea?? oaie oa aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Oaiaoeea aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeeoue aei aea?aeaaieo oa
?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiaeo i?ia?ai oa oai:

— i?ia?aie Iaoeiai? ?aaee IAI Oe?a?ie “?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia noaeiai
?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i?”;

— ooiaeaiaioaeueii? oaie “Aeiiii?ea noaeiai ?icaeoeo: iae?i- ?
i?e?iaeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie caaacia/aiiy” (o?iaino?oueny Aea?aeaaiei
oiiaeii aeine?aeaeaiue Oe?a?ie, ? 8.4/21);

— aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “?ic?iaea iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a ?
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ieaioaaiith oa ?aae?caoe?? noaeiai
?icaeoeo oa?eoi??? (o?iaino?oueny I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie).

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aoee aeei?enoai?
i?e aeeiiaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ??cieo ??ai?a, cie?aia:
“?ic?iaea ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoai?cio ioi?iie oa a?aeoai?aiiy yeino?
i?e?iaeieo aiae, aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y, caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a Oe?a?ie”
(1994-96 ae/a, ? 02.023.01/001 E-95); “Aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aeieia?/iiai
caoenoo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? Oe?a?ie” (1994-96 ae/a, ? Ae?
0194U009735); “Oi?ioaaiiy aeieia?/ii i???ioiaaiiai ?eieiaiai iaoai?cio
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoiaoaaiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy ?ineeiieo ?ano?n?a
Oe?a?ie (1993-96 ae/a, ? 02.04.01/025-93, ? Ae? 0193U041827).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a
oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioean?a e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii?
caaea/?:

— iaa?oiooaaoe aeieiai-aeiiii?/io nooi?noue aeieia?caoe??
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy a oiiaao aeaa?aaeaoe?? iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua e i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiaeuacaoenieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi?
ieiu? c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a;

— aeine?aeeoe i?aeoe/i? iiaeeeaino? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai
?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ia iniia? ii??aiyeueii? eiiieaenii?
ioe?iee e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo ia’?eo?a;

— oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae
ii?ooaiiy e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo ia’?eo?a c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/iiai
?eceeo;

— nenoaiaoecoaaoe i?aai?caoe?ei?, ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa o?iainia? canaaee
oi?ioaaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

— nooo?ai iiaeeaeai? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? canaaee aeieia?caoe??
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (e?ni?icaaaeaiiy);

— cai?iiiiiaaii i?ea?iaeuei? iaoiaee/i? iniiae aecia/aiiy i/?eoaaieo
aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu?, a oaeiae ooi/iai? eiao?oe??ioe
aeiiii?/ii ioe?ithaaieo nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo
?ano?n?a a?aeiinii ioe?iee caiano aea?aaeie;

— ?ic?iaeai? iia? i?eioeeie i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ia iniia? ii??aiyeueii? eiiieaenii? ?aeoeiaiai? ioe?iee
ia’?eo?a e?ni?icaaaeaiiy;

— iiaeeaeai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae
aeano?oeoeaiiai noaio (caaeaae?) e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo)
ia’?eo?a aeey aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy onoiaiiy oa caiia?aaiiy
ii?ooaiue a noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy;

— ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui eiai iieiaeaiiy
caaacia/othoue aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy
(e?ni?icaaaeaiiy) a oiiaao iaiaaeaiino? ae?iaie/eo, o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a
i?aei?e?inoa e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa. Ii??aiyeueia eiiieaenia ?aeoeiaiaa
aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo (e?nieoeueoo?ieo)
ia’?eo?a ? iniiaith aeey i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ?aiaeoaaiiy oa?eoi??e
(ae?eyiie), ye? i?aeeyaathoue cae?niaiith. I?iiiceoe?? uiaei ioe?iee
i/?eoaaieo aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu? ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith
??aiy aeinoia??iino? aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo ?ano?n?a o i?ioean?
i?iaeooaaiiy (ieaioaaiiy) ianya?a e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo (e?nieoeueoo?ieo)
?ia?o. Eiao?oe??ioe aeiiii?/ii ioe?ithaaieo nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo
ooieoe?e e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue a?aeiinii ioe?iee caiano aea?aaeie
caaacia/othoue i?aeoe/io iia?aoeai?noue a?aeiia?aeieo ?ic?aooie?a aeey
i?eeiyooy iioeiaeueieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue a noa?? a?aeoai?aiiy
e?niaeo ?ano?n?a.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae
ii?ooaiiy (caaeaae?) e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a c
o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a, a oaeiae iiaeeaeai?
i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy aeioe?eueii cai?iaaaeeoe a i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee
iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiyi.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

A ?iaio? 1 ca nieneii iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae
ii?ooaiiy e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a c a?aooaaiiyi
aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a.

A ?iaio? 2 ca nieneii iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai?
iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy ??aiy nioe?aeueii aeieia?/ieo
ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a a?aeiinii ioe?iee caiano aea?aaeie,
iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue ? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo
ioe?iie i?e aaeineiiaeaii? iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

A ?iaio? 4 ca nieneii iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii aecia/ai?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ia
iniia? ?ioaa?aeueieo iieaciee?a, ui a?aoiaothoue ne?iaeiia oa aeieia?/ia
cia/aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a.

A ?iaio? 6 ca nieneii iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii
aeine?aeaeaii ?ieue e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy o aeieia?/ii noaeiio ?icaeoeo
oa?eoi??e.

A ?iaio? 8 ca nieneii iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei eiino?othaaiiy ii??aiyeueii?
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a.

A ?iaio? 9 ca nieneii iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii
aeine?aeaeaii iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu?
c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, o oiio /ene?:
ae?oa?e ana?in?enuee?e eiioa?aioe?e “Oai??y ? i?aeoeea aeieia?/iiai
no?aooaaiiy” (Iineaa, 1996); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieo” (Oa?iii?eue, 1997); i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?aaiaa
?aaoethaaiiy noinoie?a a i?iieneia?e aeieia?? ? ?iaeaia???”
(Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1997); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeieia?/ia
ina?oa oa aeoiaaiiy ye iniiaa iiaoaeiae noni?euenoaa iiinoa?iiai oeio”
(N?ioa?iiieue, 1997); tha?eaei?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
aeiiii?/ii? oai??? ? i?aeoeee a no/anieo oiiaao” (Oiaeueieoeueeee,
1998);

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 10 ae?oeiaaieo
i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,9 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a, a oiio /ene?
iniaenoi aaoi?a 2,1.

No?oeoo?a ? ci?no ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.

Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 188 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo.
Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue o nia? 24 oaaeeoe?, 19 ?enoie?a, 5 aeiaeaoe?a.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae neeaaea? 156 iaeiaioaaiue.

O anooi? ?ice?eaa?oueny nooi?noue ? noai ae??oaiiy iaoeiai? i?iaeaie,
iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaia
iaoa, caaaeaiiy oa iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oioiaaii
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a?aeia?aaeaia ai?iaaoe?y
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy oa
a?aeoai?thaaiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a ia no/aniiio aoai?” – i?iaiae?ciaai?
iniiai? aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie noaio iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua, e?niaiai oiiaeo oa i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a.
Aeine?aeaeai? aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe aieeao e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue ia
noai iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c
iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo ioe?iie
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a oa iiaeeea?noue ?o
aeei?enoaiiy i?e aaeineiiaeaii? iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oa
?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (e?ni?icaaaeaiiy)” – iiaeeaeai?
i?aai?caoe?ei? oa aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? canaaee aeieia?caoe??
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (e?ni?icaaaeaiiy); ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy
uiaei ii??aiyeueii? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee iioaioe?eii? aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? e?niaeo ?ano?n?a a i?ioean? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy
(e?ni?icaaaeaiiy); cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee
i/?eoaaieo aeo?ao, iaiao?aeieo aeey noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu? c
o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a. Aecia/ai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae ioe?iee
aeiiii?/iiai caeoeo a?ae aio?iiiaaiiiai ii?ooaiiy e?nieoeueoo?ieo
(e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a, a oaeiae ?icaeiai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iai?yiee uiaei onoiaiiy oa caiia?aaiiy
ii?ooaiue a noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “I?aeoe/ia ?acoeueoaoeai?noue oa?eoi??aeueiiai
?ici?uaiiy e?nieoeueoo?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia aeieiai-aeiiii?/i?e iniia?”
– cae?eniaii aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aiaeoaaiiy ae?eyiie, ui i?aeeyaathoue
cae?naiith ia oa?eoi??? Noinueeiai aea?aee?nainio. Aecia/aiee ii?yaeie
a?aooaaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?eceeo caaeaae? e?nieoeueoo?ieo ia’?eo?a
oa iiaeeaeai? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? oa aeieia?/i? canaaee oi?ioaaiiy
oa aaaeaiiy iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

O aeniiaeao aeeeaaeai? iaea?eueo aaaeeea? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe, aeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy,
cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeeea? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeiaeaoee i?noyoue ?ioi?iaoe?th oa noaoenoe/i? aeai?, ui aoee
aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Caaea/a e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy oa e?ni?icaaaeaiiy a oiiaao a?aeiinii iecueei?
e?nenoino? oa?eoi??e ii??aiyii c iioeiaeueiith, a oaeiae iaiaaeaiino?
o?iainiaeo, iaoa??aeueieo oa o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a o e?niaiio ainiiaea?noa?
coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue a iaoeiaiio aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? e?niainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aae?caoe?y yeeo caaacia/eoue iaee?ioee e?niaeieia?/iee oa
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao iae?niaiiy oa?eoi??e ??ciiai ??aiy
(e?nainio, ?aeiio, iaeano?). Iaiao?aei?noue aeieia?caoe?? e?niaiai
ainiiaea?noaa ?, cie?aia, e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (e?ni?icaaaeaiiy) ia iniia?
a?eueo iiaiiai (i?ei??oaoiiai) a?aooaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? aeieia?/ieo
ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a iio?aao? cae?eniaiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy o noa?? a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeieia?caoe?y e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (e?ni?icaaaeaiiy)
aeeth/a? ianooii? iniiai? iai?yiee (neeaaeia?):

— canoinoaaiiy a i?ioean? e?nicaaio?aaeue aeiaacia/ieo oaoiieia?e, ye? a
caaacia/oaaee caa?aaeaiiy i?ae?inoo (i?aee?neo);

— aeicaaeainiaaia canoinoaaiiy a?ieia?/ieo oa o?i?/ieo cania?a aeiaeyaeo
ca e?niaeie eoeueoo?aie oa iieiaeiyeaie;

— ?aae?caoe?y i?eioeeio i?ei??oaoiino? aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo
?ano?n?a a i?ioean? oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy e?nieoeueoo?ieo
ia’?eo?a;

— iiaoaeiaa nenoaie aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy
(e?ni?icaaaeaiiy).

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? canaaee aeieia?caoe??
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy iiaeii? aeeth/aoe:

— ?ic?iaeo aeiiii?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th aeey i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai
?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a;

— i?iaeooaaiiy (ieaioaaiiy) i/?eoaaieo aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi?
ieiu? c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a;

— aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a;

— nenoaio aeieia?/iiai no?aooaaiiy;

— aeiiii?/ia noeioethaaiiy aeieia?/ii a?aeiia?aeaeueii? oa
ona?aeiiethaaii? i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a a noa?? e?nieoeueoo?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa
oa ?i.

E?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (e?ni?icaaaeaiiy) ye ea?iaaiee i?ioean i?iaeooaaiiy
(ieaioaaiiy) ?ici?uaiiy e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a
coiiaeth? aea?? iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiiai aa??aioo, ?aae?caoe?y yeiai i?e
i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueiee
e?n?aie/i-aeieiai-aeiiii?/iee ?acoeueoao. A oiiaao iaiaaeaiino?
ae?iaie/eo, o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa oa a?aoiaoth/e,
ui ianyae e?ni?icaaaeaiiy (e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy) iioi/iiai ia??iaeo iaio?
(i?eaeecii o 1,3 – 2 ?ace) ca ?nioth/ee e?nieoeueoo?iee
(e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueiee) oiiae, iaiao?aei?noue cae?eniaiiy
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aiaeoaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueieo ae?eyiie
?icaeyaea?oueny, ii-ia?oa, ye aaaeeeaee oaeoi? i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai
?aaoethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a, ii-ae?oaa, ye no?aoaa?/ia
caaaeaiiy e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa uiaei noaa?e?caoe?? oa caaacia/aiiy
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, ?, ii-o?ao?,
ye ia?aaeoiiaa cae?eniaiiy aeinenoaiiiai oi?aae?iiy e?niainiiaea?nueeith
ae?yeuei?noth. Oa?eoi??? (ae?eyiee), ui i?aeeyaathoue e?nia?aeiiaeaiith
iaie ?ic??ciythoueny ca aeiiii?/iith ioe?ieith iioaioe?eieo
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e noai?thaaieo e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue, a
oaeiae ca aaee/eiith i/?eoaaieo aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu?
aei a?eo c?ieiaiiy, ye? iathoue eiia??iee oa?aeoa? aiane?aeie aieeao ia
ieo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeiaaaeaii, ui i?ioeaaeo?a aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai
?aiaeoaaiiy oa?eoi??e (ae?eyiie), ui i?aeeyaathoue e?nia?aeiiaeaiith
(e?ni?icaaaeaiith), aeey i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a
a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a iiaeiia i?iaiaeeoenue ca aeaiia
iai?yieaie: 1) aeoiaey/e c nenoaie e?n?aie/i-aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a i?iaiaeeoueny ii??aiyeueia eiiieaenia ioe?iea iioaioe?eieo
aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e noai?thaaieo e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue; 2) aecia/a?oueny
ianya i/?eoaaieo aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu? c o?aooaaiiyi
e?n?aie/i-aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a. I?e oeueiio iiaeeeaa ?aiaeoaaiiy ieiu,
ui i?aeeyaathoue e?nia?aeiiaeaiith (e?ni?icaaaeaiith), ie?aii ii
eiaeiiio c iai?yie?a. C aeei?enoaiiyi io?eiaieo ioe?iie i?iaiaeeoueny
?ioaa?aeueia aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aiaeoaaiiy oa?eoi??e iaeii/anii ii iaio
iai?yieao. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? i?eeiaoe aeieia?/ii i???ioiaai?
oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy a noa?? i?iaeooaaiiy (ieaioaaiiy) e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy
(e?ni?icaaaeaiiy).

I?ioean oa?eoi??aeueiiai (i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai) aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ia?o ca ana ioe?ieo i/?eoaaieo
aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu? c o?aooaaiiyi
e?n?aie/i-aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a. Aeo?aoe ia noai?aiiy c?ieiooeo
e?nieoeueoo? ?icae?eythoueny ia aea? a?oie: oiiaii-iino?ei? oa
oiiaii-ci?ii?. “Oiiai?noue” oa “ci?ii?noue” aeo?ao iaie ca’yco?oueny ia
c ianyaii ae?iaieoeoaa, a c ?o a?aeoeeaiiyi a caeaaeiino? a?ae oace
e?nieoeueoo?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aieeao aio?iiiaaiieo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a
(caa?oaeiaiiy, aiiiaeuei? iiaiaei? oiiae, ia?aaoeueiaaia ?ae?aaoe?y
oiui). Aei oiiaii-iino?eieo aeo?ao a?aeianai?: aeo?aoe ia ae?iuoaaiiy
naaeeeueiiai iaoa??aeo; i?aeaioiaeo oa ia?iaeo a?oioo; aianaiiy aeia?ea;
naae?iiy aai n?yiiy ianaaeaeaiue. Oiiaii-ci?ii? aeo?aoe aeeth/athoue:
aeo?aoe ia aeiaeyae ca e?niaeie eoeueoo?aie oa ia ?o aeiiiaiaiiy.

Ine?eueee aaee/eia aeo?ao ia aeiaeyae ca e?niaeie eoeueoo?aie oa ia ?o
aeiiiaiaiiy iaie ?icaeyaea?oueny ye oiiaii-ci?iia, oiaoi oaea, ui ia?
eiia??iee oa?aeoa? a iaaeao aecia/aiiai oeio oiia i?noeac?inoaiiy (OOI),
ii?iaee, eaoaai??? e?nieoeueoo?ii? ieiu? oa a caeaaeiino? a?ae
iani?eyoeeaeo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, oi noiniaii i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai
?aaoethaaiiy e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueieo) ia’?eo?a
ocaaaeueiaiiy oeeo aeo?ao i?iiiio?oueny i?iaiaeeoe, ea?oth/enue iaoiaeii
noaiaea?oiiai ?iciiae?eo eiia??iinoae.

Iaie cai?iiiiiaaii aeae?eyoe o?e aeaee ioe?iee aeo?ao ia aeiaeyae ca
e?niaeie eoeueoo?aie oa ?o aeiiiaiaiiy: wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy ??oe?? ???&? ?MathType??I/?eoaai?
cia/aiiy aeo?ao ia aeiaeyae ca e?niaeie eoeueoo?aie aai ?o aeiiiaiaiiy
(wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy ??oe?? ???&? ?MathType??

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy ??oe?? ???&? ?MathType??

Aeey aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee iioaioe?eieo nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e
noai?thaaieo e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue i?iiiio?oueny canoiniaoaaoe
?ic?aoiaai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? eiao?oe??ioe aeiiii?/ii
ioe?ithaaieo nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a a?aeiinii
oaeniai? oe?ie caiano aea?aaeie o noeaeiio a?oe? (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoey 1 – I???ioiai? eiao?oe??ioe a?aeiinii? iioi/ii? aeiiii?/ii?
ioe?iee nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo oa ne?iaeiieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo
ianaaeaeaiue

Ci?no aeiiii?/ii? ioe?ieeA?aeiinii oaeniai? oe?ie caiano
aea?aaeieIie?nnyE?ninoaiAiaei?aaoethth/a oa aiaeiioi?iiia
ooieoe??Ioe?iea i?e?inoo a?oioiaiai noieo (aiaei?aaoethth/a
ooieoe?y)0,032–0,0940,020–0,045Noieii/euoth/ee aoaeo ii aeo?aoai ia
i/euaiiy oa c o?aooaaiiyi yeino? aiaee0,028–0,0980,014–0,047Iieacaoenia
oa i?ioea?ic?eia ooieoe??Ioe?iea i?e?inoo a?iaeaeiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?0,9211,341Ioe?iea iiia?aaeaeoaaeueieo
ao?ao ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo0,0050,01Aoiinoa?ii/euoth/a (aacii/euoth/a)
ooieoe?yIi aeo?aoao ia i/euaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?aaei 0,158?ae?aaoe?eia
ooieoe?yIa iniia? aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ?aioe o noa?? ?ae?aaoe?eiiai
iaeaoooaaiiy0,017–0,048

Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aiaeoaaiiy ieiu, ui i?aeeyaathoue e?ni?icaaaeaiith
i?iiiio?oueny i?iaiaeeoe ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo a?aenoaiae. Oeae
iaoiae aeicaiey? aecia/eoe nooi?iue iaaeeaeaiiy ioe?ithaaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee (iieaciee?a) eiaeii? ae?eyiee aei a?aeiia?aeieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oae caaii? oiiaii? ae?eyiee-aoaeiio (e?nieoeueoo?iiai
ia’?eoo-aoaeiio).

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi ii??aiyeueii? eiiieaenii?
?aeoeiaiai? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee iioaioe?eieo aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e
e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue (ia?oee iai?yiie ?aiaeoaaiiy). ?ic?aooiie
i?iaiaeeoueny ca oi?ioeith aaee?aeiai? a?aenoai?:

wmetafile8? ??“???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy????? ???&? ?MathType??°
???u?????????»????-?????‡u ???‡o???4+???o
???u??
???????»????-????o???O???-?????U???a?V???a
?V???a?o???u?th??????

aea wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy@??–?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA?? ?? ???&?
?MathType??wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya?? ?? ???&? ?MathType??Ca?aeii
io?eiaieo aeey eiaeii? ae?eyiee (aeae?eo) cia/aiue wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy@??–?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????Aeey ?ic?aooieo ii??aiyeueii? eiiieaenii?
ioe?iee e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueieo aeo?ao ca?aeii iaoiaeo a?aenoaiae
?ic?aoiao?oueny ?o i/?eoaaiee ianya (wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??@?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy i?iiiio?oueny cae?enithaaoe ia iniia? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ii?ooaiiy e?nia?aeiiaethaaeueieo,
e?nieoeueoo?ieo ia’?eo?a ??cieie noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a oaeiae
a?iiaaeyiaie. Oea ia?aaeaa/a? ioe?ieo aeiiii?/iiai caeoeo a?ae ii?ooaiiy
ia’?eo?a e?nieoeueoo?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa i?e?iaeiiai e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.
Aaee/eia aeiiii?/iiai caeoeo iiaeiia aeeth/aoe ia o?eueee aeo?aoe ia
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy, a e ioe?ieo ao?ao o noa?? ne?iaeiiiai ? aeieia?/iiai
e?niei?enooaaiiy ca ?aooiie iiaeiaaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo noai?aiiy
e?niaeo ianaaeaeaiue. Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea caeoeo a noa??
e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy oi?io? iniiao aeey ia/eneaiiy ?ici???a eiiiainaoe?eieo
ieaoaae?a aai oo?ao?a. Eiiiainaoe?ei? ieaoaae? aai oo?aoe ca ii?ooaiiy
noaio e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a iiaeii?, ia iao
iiaeyae, caaacia/oaaoe ia o?eueee a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy aeo?ao, iia’ycaieo c
e?ea?aeaoe??th (onoiaiiyi) ii?ooaiiai noaio e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo
ia’?eo?a, aea e oi?ioaaoe iaiao?aei? eiooe aeey ?icaeoeo
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace e?niioi?iie, a oaeiae aeiiii?/iiai
noeioethaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a e?niai? ioi?iie oa niaoe?ae?no?a
e?nieoeueoo?iiai ea??aieoeoaa ia canaaeao i?aaaioeaiino? e?niii?ooaiue
(?en. 1). Aeey a?eueo oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aeei?enoaiiy eioo?a iaiao?aeii,
ia iao iiaeyae, noai?thaaoe niaoe?aeueiee oiiae aeey onoiaiiy iane?aee?a
ii?ooaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ia ??ai? e?niainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

wmetafile8? ?? ???R????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
4???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????ue??yyy??????-? ???u?????yyy?»????-?
???!???c?oe??
???u??????????»????-????ue???????????-????-????o?4o?1
???$?2o?2/?$/?$o? ???$? o? /?/?o? ???$?o?/?o/?oo?
???$??o??/?a/?ao? ???$?Uo?U/?I/?Io?
???$?Aeo?Ae/?¶/?¶o? ???$?®o?®/? /? o?
???$??o??/??/??o? ???$?‚o?‚/?t/?to? ???$?lo?l/?^/?^o?
???$?Vo?V/?H/?Ho? ???$?@o?@/?2/?2o? ???$?*o?*/? /? o?
???$?o?/?/?o? ???$?tho?th/??/??o?
???$?eo?e/?U/?Uo? ???$?Oo?O/?Ae/?Aeo?
???$?1/4o?1/4/?®/?®o? ???$?¦o?¦/??/??o? ???$?

?en. 1. Oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio onoiaiiy oa
caiia?aaiiy ii?ooaiue a noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy

Aeey aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? (ae??aino?) nenoaie aeiiii?/ii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? o noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy i?iiiio?oueny ia/enethaaoe
ianooii? iieacieee: eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? iaeeaaeaieo aeiiii?/ieo
naieoe?e o noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (a?aeiioaiiy noie ia?aoiaaieo
aeiiii?/ieo naieoe?e ca ii?ooaiiy e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo ia’?eo?a aei
oaeoe/ii? noie noyaiooeo naieoe?e); eiao?oe??io caiia?aaiiy
(i?aaaioeaiino?) ii?ooaiue o noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy (a?aeiioaiiy
aaee/eie a?aeaa?iooiai (iiia?aaeaeaiiai) aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai caeoeo o
noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy aei noia?ii? aaee/eie oaeoe/iiai oa
iiia?aaeaeaiiai caeoe?a, iaianaieo e?nia?aeiiaethaaiei i?ioeanai);
eiao?oe??io onoiaiiy ii?ooaiue a noai? e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo ia’?eo?a
(a?aeiioaiiy iaiao?aeieo aeo?ao ia onoiaiiy ii?ooaiue, ui aeieeathoue a
i?ioean? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy aei oaeoe/ieo aeo?ao ia onoiaiiy
e?niii?ooaiue). Cai?iiiiiaai? iieacieee ? iniiaith aeey ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? onoiaiiy aeano?oeoeaieo oaeoi??a a e?nia?aeiiaeaii? a
?aieao ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?naini?a, ae??aino? eiio?ieth oa iia?eueiino?
onoiaiiy e?niii?ooaiue.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia
?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy iiaeiia ia?aaeaa/aoe aecia/aiiy
aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo caaeaae? e?niaeo eoeueoo?, i?ae?inoo aiane?aeie
iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a. Aeey ioe?iee aaee/eie ?eceeo caaeaae?
e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a i?iiiio?oueny, ii?yae c
eiia??i?noth aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaeiae eiao?oe??ioe aiaaiaiino? a ianoaii?
aeano?oeoeaieo e?n?aie/i-aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a:

wmetafile8? ??i???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
Aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??s?? ???&?
?MathType???????u?y??????

aea wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?y??????wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy ???? ???&? ?MathType??
????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??3/4????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya????? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?y??????wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA??@?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??h?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?y??????Ocaaaeueiaio (noia?io) aiaaiai?noue o
caaeaae? e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo ia’?eo?a i?iiiio?oueny aecia/aoe ia iniia?
?nioth/eo iaoiae?a uiaei ia’?aeiaiiy ??ciiiai?aaeaiiai aieeao oaeoi??a
?eceeo, ae?aaeaieo /a?ac eiao?oe??ioe aiaaiaiino?, a oaeiae ca?aeii
oai??? ia/?oei? eia?ee. Aeey ioe?iee nooiaith ?eceeo caaeaae?
e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo ia’?eo?a aeioe?eueiei ? ? canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo
Aae?na, ui ia?aaeaa/a? a?aooaaiiy eiao?oe??io?a aiaaiaiino?, ia iniia?
yeeo aecia/athoue eiia??iino?.

?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy oa e?nieoeueoo?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia
ciiaeueii-oeiieia?/i?e oa eaiaeoaooi?e iniia? c o?aooaaiiyi
aeano?oeoeaieo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a iio?aao? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy c oi/ee ci?o oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeieo aeo?ao, ioe?iee
e?n?aie/eo oa aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a oa oiia
e?niainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Oaea caaaeueia iiceoe?y
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy
a?aeiia?aeiiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy aeey caaacia/aiiy no?eeiai
(aeinenoaiiiai) oi?aae?iiy e?niaei ainiiaea?noaii. O ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaia
iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy,
?ic?iaeai? iniiai? neeaaeia? i?ia?aie eiai i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy.
Ooieoe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?ia noaia i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.
2.

wmetafile8? ??;???O????????&?

?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word??? ???????
|”???u?????????????I???Courier
New?I????-?????????ue??yyy??????-?
???u?????????»????-????II?±
???u??????????»????-?????????-????????????uaey??????

?en. 2. Ooieoe?iiaeueii-no?oeoo?ia noaia i?aai?caoe??
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy

Aeieiai-aeiiii?/iee iii?oi?eia e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
aaaaoioe?eueiaa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ia nenoaia, ui aeeth/a? eiiieaen
iaoeiaeo, e?n?aie/i-aeieia?/ieo, oaoi?/ieo, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo,
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a, ye? caaacia/othoue nenoaiaoe/ia
niinoa??aaiiy oa eiio?ieue ca noaiii oa ?icaeoeii e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy o
aca?iica’yceo c aio?iiiaaiieie aeieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie o i?inoi?? ? /an?
c a?aeiia?aeieie oe?eyie oa caaaeaiiyie, ? iaia?aae neeaaeaiith
i?ia?aiith. Nenoaio aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy
neeaaeathoue e?n?aie/ee, aeieia?/iee oa aeiiii?/iee aeiee (neeaaeia?).
Iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy:
ioe?iea oa i?iaiic noaio (?acoeueoaoeaiino?) e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo
i?ioean?a oa e?ni?icaaaeaiiy ca e?n?aie/eie, aeieia?/ieie oa
aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie; ioe?iea nooiaith aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao
aeano?oeoeaieo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a ia ??ci? oace e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy
(caa?oaeiaiiy, o?i?caoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, ?ae?aaoe?y) c
ianooiiith ioe?ieith aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao; aeyaeaiiy ii?ooaiue
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo aeiia (oiia), ?aaeei?a, ii?iaoea?a,
noaiaea?o?a e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo i?ioean?a; cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano
?aiaeoaaiiy ae?eyiie e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ca ?o aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieie
iieacieeaie.

O ?iaio? aeey i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ?aaoethaaiiy e?nieoeueoo?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa aecia/ai? i/?eoaai? aeo?aoe ca oacaie e?nieoeueoo?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a AeEAI “Noiee?n” a caeaaeiino? a?ae OOI, ii?iaee oa
eaoaai??? e?nieoeueoo?ii? ieiu?. A oaae. 2 i?aaenoaaeai? i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aiaeoaaiiy oa?eoi??e (ae?eyiie)
e?nieoeueoo?iiai (e?nia?aeiiaethaaiiai) oiiaeo Noinueeiai aea?aee?nainio
a ?ic??c? e?nieoeoa, ye? ? i?aenoaaith aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
e?ni?icaaaeaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 2 – Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aiaeoaaiiy ae?eyiie, ui i?aeeyaathoue
e?ni?icaaaeaiith ia i?eeeaae? Noinueeiai aea?aee?nainio ca aeaieie 1997
?.

? ae?-eyi-eeOOIEaoaai??y e?nieoeueoo?-ii? ieiu?Ai-eiaia ii?i-aea
(nin-ia, aeoa)Iei-ua ae?-eyi-ee, aaIeoii? aeo?aoe ia noai-?aiiy
e?-niae?eoi? ieiu?, a?i./aaEiao?oe?-?io aei-eia?/ii? i?iaeoe-oeaiino?
Oaeniaa ioe?iea caiano aea?aae-ie, a?i./aaIoe?iea aeieia?/-ii?
i?i-aeoeoea-iino?, a?i./aa?ioaa-?aeue-iee ?aia ae?-eyi-eeNoinueea
e?nieoeoai1N2caa?euaN2,82396,670,0567650428,4202N2c?oaN0,71619,000,08576
50650,2573N2c?oaN2,21619,000,18576501415,2554N2caa?euaN3,02396,670,03376
50252,45245Ae2c?oaAe2,02769,040,0957310694,45216Ae2aaeyaeiaAe1,33790,800
,35473102587,74177N3aaeyaeiaN1,91434,240,0618160497,7698N2caa?euaN0,6239
6,670,0667650504,9169Ae4caie?
eiea.Ae2,73370,160,28657801653,0818I?uainueea
e?nieoeoai10Ae2i?iaaeeiaAe1,13800,700,43173103150,611111N2c?oaN3,31619,0
00,0417650313,651412Ae2c?oaAe4,22769,040,0857310621,352313Ae2c?oaAe1,527
69,270,39673102894,76414Ae2c?oa
Ae0,52756,410,9173106652,1115N2c?oaN0,61619,000,057650382,51316Ae3i?iaae
eiaAe2,23777,030,0365780208,0826A?oeoeueea
e?nieoeoai17Ae2c?oaAe3,52754,380,0757310548,252518A3aaeeaN2,12183,890,08
63400292,41919Ae1caie? eiea.Ae0,93340,370,73673105380,163Iia?eoeueea
e?nieoeoai20Ae2c?oaAe4,52775,300,21673101578,96621Ae2aaeyaeiaAe1,43790,8
00,00173107,312722A2aaeyaeiaN1,02232,820,0665950392,71523N2c?oaN6,51619,
000,0757650573,75824Ae3y?Ae2,34112,930,0415780236,9828Iec?anueea
e?nieoeoai25A2c?oaN1,51342,430,46259502748,9226N2c?oaN1,71619,010,061765
0466,651027N4caa?euaAe3,72093,030,0215270110,672228N3ionoe?N1,91431,620,
0468160375,3612

Aeniiaee

?ioaa?aeueiei i?aenoieii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?
i?aeoiaee ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy a oiiaao iaiao?aeiino? noaa?e?caoe?? ?
i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia iniia? aeinyaiaiiy
iioeiaeueii? e?nenoino? oa?eoi???:

1. Iai?yiee aeieia?caoe?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy, ?? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i?
canaaee noi?ioeueiaaii a ?aeo?n? iaiao?aeiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaiiiai
oi?aae?iiy e?niaei ainiiaea?noaii.

2. Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aiaeoaaiiy iioaioe?eieo e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo
ia’?eo?a iiaeiii a?oiooaaoeny ia iniia? ?o ii??aiyeueii? eiiieaenii?
?aeoeiaiai? ioe?iee c iaoith i?inoi?iai-/aniaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a.

3. Aecia/aiiy i/?eoaaieo aeo?ao ia noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu? oa
ooi/iai? eiao?oe??ioe aeiiii?/ieo ooieoe?e a?aeiinii aa?oino? caiano
aea?aaeie iaoiiaeththoue i?aeoe/io iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

4. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy aeieia?/iiai caeoeo a?ae
ii?ooaiiy e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a iiaeii?
aeeth/aoe oaeiae ao?aoe a?ae cieaeaiiy ne?iaeiiiai oa aeieia?/iiai
e?niei?enooaaiiy. Iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee
iaoai?ci onoiaiiy oa caiia?aaiiy ii?ooaiue o noa?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.

5. A?aooaaiiy aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo ii?ooaiiy (caaeaae?) e?nieoeueoo?ieo
(e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a aiane?aeie aeano?oeoeaieo
e?n?aie/i-aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a aoaea ni?eyoe nai?/aniiio i?eeiyooth
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue oa cae?eniaiith i?aaaioeaieo caoiae?a uiaei
caiia?aaiiy aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a noa?? a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a.

6. Aeey ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? oa i?aeaeuaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
a?aeoai?aiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a iaiao?aeia i?aai?caoe?y oa aaaeaiiy
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy, yeee aenooia?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeinenoaiiiai oi?aae?iiy e?niaei ainiiaea?noaii.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Ieoaiei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneiai oua?aa io
nieaeaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eaniau?aueaaiey a nenoaia yeieiae/aneiai
no?aoiaaiey // O?oaeu aoi?ie Ana?inneeneie eiioa?aioeee “Oai?ey e
i?aeoeea yeieiae/aneiai no?aoiaaiey” (Iineaa, 1996).- I., 1996.- N.
79-81. (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0.1 ae.a.)

2. Ieoaiei A.A., ?eoiye E.I., Oiea?aaa O.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Iaeooa
A.I. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu ioeaiee ooieoeee eaniuo
?ano?nia // Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu i?eaaoecaoeee e ioeaiee eiouanoaa.Na.
iao/iuo o?oaeia / Iiae ?aae. A.A. Naiaiaiei.- Noiu: EEOe OAAAe, 1997.-
N. 122-125. (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0.15 ae.a.)

3. Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Eiiieaeniue iiaeoiae e yeieiae/anee i?eaioe?iaaiiiio
oi?aaeaieth aini?iecaiaenoaii eaniuo aeiaaioeaiicia // Yeieiae/aneay
yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea. O.2. Yeiiiieea aeey yeieiaee.- Noiu: EII
“I??y-1” EOAe.- 1997.- N. 119-124.

4. Ieoaiei A.A., ?eoiye E.I., Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneea
i?iaeaiu ieaie?iaaiey eaniainnoaiiaeaiey e eani?acaaaeaiey //
Yeieiae/aneay yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea. O.2. Yeiiiieea aeey yeieiaee.-
Noiu: EII “I??y-1” EOAe.- 1997.- N. 82-85. (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0.2 ae.a.)

5. Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau o/aoa yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneeo
oaeoi?ia a i?ioeannao iioeiecaoeee ?aciauaiey eanieoeueoo?iiai
i?iecaiaenoaa // A?niee Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey. Niaoe.
aeione: aeieia?y.- 1997.- ? 2.- N. 63-68.

6. ?eoiye E.I., Ieoaiei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Eaniiaeei?aoeey eae
n?aaenoai iaania/aiey yeieiae/anee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey aa?ieaiaeoaooia
e io?aneae AIE // A?niee Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey. Niaoe.
aeione: aeieia?y.- 1997.- ? 2.- N. 86-95. (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0.2 ae.a.)

7. Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau ieaie?iaaiey aeo?ao ia nicaeaiea
eaniiie?uoie ieiuaaee // A?niee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aaie?anueei?
ni?aae.- 1997.- ? 2.- N. 125-130.

8. Ieoaiei A.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A., Oiea?aaa O.A. Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneee
aiaeec yooaeoeaiinoe eaniaiciaiiaeaiey //Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue ca
iaoa??aeaie i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoiaeieia?y
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiiaao ?eieo”.- Oa?iii?eue,
1997.- N. 21-22. (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0.05 ae.a.)

9. Ieoaiei A.A., Oiea?aaa O.A., Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneee
eino?oiaioa?ee iioeiaeueiiai ?acaeoey e ?aciauaiey eanioicyenoaaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa // Yeieiae/aneay yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea. O?oaeu o/-ia
ia?aciaaoaeueiie i?ia?aiiu yeieiae/aneiai iaiaaeaeiaioa aeey ?aaioieeia
ianoiuo aaeieieno?aoeee Oe?aeiu.- Noiu: AAI “I??y-1” EOAe, 1997.- N.
159-163. (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0.1 ae.a.)

10. Eeoaeiaiei I.A. I?iaeaiu yeieiaecaoeee oi?aaeaiey eaniui oicyenoaii
a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu //Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. I?iaeaie
i?aoe?, aeiiii?ee oa iiaeaethaaiiy. *. 2.- Oiaeueieoeueeee: IAI “Aa??ea”
OIA, 1998.- N. 58-60.

AIIOAOe?ss

E?oa?iaiei I.A. Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy.
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.08.01 – Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy ? ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Noie,
1998.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aecia/ai? iniiai? iai?yiee oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? canaaee aeieia?caoe?? e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy
(e?ni?icaaaeaiiy). ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy uiaei
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy ia iniia?
ii??aiyeueii? ?ioaa?aeueii? ?aeoeiaiai? ioe?iee e?nieoeueoo?ieo
(e?nia?aeiiaethaaieo) ia’?eo?a, yea a?aoiao? aeiiii?/ii ioe?ithaai?
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/i? ooieoe?? e?niaeo ?ano?n?a oa i/?eoaai? aeo?aoe ia
noai?aiiy e?niae?eoi? ieiu?. Ooi/iai? eiao?oe??ioe aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo ooieoe?e e?niaeo ?ano?n?a a?aeiinii aa?oino?
caiano aea?aaeie.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae
aeano?oeoeaiiai noaio (caaeaae?) e?nieoeueoo?ieo (e?nia?aeoai?thaaieo)
ia’?eo?a c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo. Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue
iii?oi?eiao e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeai? iniiai? neeaaeia? i?ia?aie eiai
i?aai?caoe?? oa aaaeaiiy. Ia i?eeeaae? Noinueeiai aea?aee?nainio
cae?eniaii aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aiaeoaaiiy ae?eyiie, ui i?aeeyaathoue
cae?naiith.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeieia?caoe?y e?nia?aeiiaeaiiy, e?nieoeueoo?ia
ae?iaieoeoai, aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy, aeiiii?/iee caeoie,
nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/i? ooieoe?? e?niaeo ?ano?n?a, iii?oi?eia,
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iee ?ecee.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eeoaeiaiei I.A. Yeieiai-yeiiiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiey
eaniainnoaiiaeaiey. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.08.01 – Yeiiiieea i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey e io?aiu
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, Noineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Noiu, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey e
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea iniiau yeieiaecaoeee eaniainnoaiiaeaiey
(eani?acaaaeaiey). ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea iieiaeaiey ii
yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneiio ?aaoee?iaaieth eaniainnoaiiaeaiey ia iniiaa
n?aaieoaeueiie eioaa?aeueiie ?aeoeiaiaie ioeaiee eanieoeueoo?iuo
(eaniainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo) iauaeoia, eioi?ay o/eouaaao yeiiiie/anee
ioeaieaaaiua nioeeaeueii-yeieiae/aneea ooieoeee eaniuo ?ano?nia e
iaeeaeaaiua cao?aou ia nicaeaiea eaniiie?uoie ieiuaaee. Ooi/iaiu
eiyooeoeeaiou yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee nioeeaeueii-yeieiae/aneeo ooieoeee
eaniuo ?ano?nia ioiineoaeueii noieiinoe ae?aaaniiai caiana.

?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneiai oua?aa io
aeano?oeoeaiiai ninoiyiey (aeaaee) eanieoeueoo?iuo
(eaniainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo) iauaeoia n o/aoii yeieiae/aneiai ?enea.
Iainiiaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiieoi?eiaa eaniainnoaiiaeaiey, ?ac?aaioaiu
iniiaiua ninoaaeythuea i?ia?aiiu aai i?aaiecaoeee e aaaeaiey. Ia i?eia?a
Noineiai aineanoica inouanoaeaii yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneia ?aiaee?iaaiea
o/anoeia, iiaeeaaeaueo iaeanaieth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeieiaecaoeey eaniainnoaiiaeaiey, eanieoeueoo?iia
i?iecaiaenoai, yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneia ?aaoee?iaaiea, yeiiiie/aneee oua?a,
nioeeaeueii-yeieiae/aneea ooieoeee eaniuo ?ano?nia, iiieoi?eia,
yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneee ?ene.

SUMMARY

Litvinenko O.A. Economic and ecological forestry rehabilitation.
Manuscript.

The dissertation for the degree of the Candidate of Economic Science,
speciality 08.08.01 – “Economics of Nature Management and Environmental
Protection”, Sumy State University, Sumy, 1998.

The dissertation defines the main direction as well as organizational
and economic principles of forestry rehabilitation ecology. It contains
the major postulates of ecological and economic regulation of forestry
rehabilitation on the basis of comparative integrated assessment of
forest stands, taking into consideration socio-ecological function of
forest stock and ecspected lay out connected with forest stands
creation, both taken from the point of view of economic. The economic
assessment coefficients of forestry cosio-ecological functions relative
to forest stock costs are elaborated in the work.

Methodological approaches to the assessment of economic losses caused by
the destruction of forest stands, including ecological risks have been
worked out. The work gives grounding for the necessity of forest
rehabilitation monitoring, working out the main constituents of its
embodiment program. Using Sumy State Forestry as an example, it
accomplishes ecologo-economic ranging of areas needing forest stands
creation.

Key words: ecology of forestry rehabilitation, forest stock, ecological
and economic regulation, economic loss, socio-ecological functions of
forestry, monitoring, ecologo-economic risks.

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