3

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?AAeA II AEA*AIITH I?IAeOEOEAIEO NEE OE?A?IE

EOCUeIAIEI NA?A?E AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 502.335:631.454.003.13

AEIEIAI-AEIIII?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss AOAEOEAIINO? AEEI?ENOAIIss IIAEO
AEAe?A ACIOIEO AeIA?EA A N?EUeNUeEIIO AINIIAeA?NOA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.08.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy ? ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie oa ?aae? ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aieeaeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeaoeueeee Ieaa
Oaaei?iae/,

Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oi?aae?iiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

EIAAEUe ss?INEAA AANEEUeIAE*

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee
a?aeae?eii i?iaeai ioi?iie ? aeei?enoaiiy e?niaeo ?ano?n?a

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

AIEIOEI AAEAIOEI AANEEUeIAE*

I?aceae?y IAI Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee naeoi?a i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy oa ioi?iie
i?e?iaee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa?inoeooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie (a?aeae?e aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiyi), i. Iaeana

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 8 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.160.01 ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, i.Ee?a,
aoeueaa? O.Oaa/aiea, 60

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 4 » aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe I.N.Eiaaeaiei40

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie

Noaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, ye oeea?e?ciaaii? ?icaeiooi? aea?aeaae, caeaaeeoue
a?ae caeaoiino? e?a?ie caaacia/eoe ianaeaiiy aeinoaoiueith e?euee?noth
ye?nii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??. Aecia/ath/e oeth i?iaeaio
ye ia?oi/a?aiao, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie
a?aeiineoueny aei oeo aaeocae, i??i??oaoiee ?icaeoie yeeo a iaea?eueo?e
i??? ni?ey? ci?oeiaiith ?? aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo, c?inoaiith
aenii?oieo iiaeeeainoae.

Iiooaeiei cia?yaeaeyi i?aeaeuaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeea/eo
yeinoae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, i?iaeoeoeaiino?
caiea?ianueei? i?aoe?, iie?auaiiy noaio ?iaeth/eo a?oio?a ? aeei?enoaiiy
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. Iaeiae, ii/eiath/e c 1991 ?ieo, ??aaiue
niiaeeaaiiy iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea a Oe?a?ii cia/ii ciaioeany. Oae, a
ii?iaiyiii c 1990 ?ieii, a 1996-1997 ?ieao aoei aianaii ?icieo aeaeia
aeia?ea a 4-8 ?ace iaiueoa, ui cia/iith i??ith a?aeaeeiny ia o?eueee ia
aeiiii?/ieo iieacieeao anueiai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno.
Aeniaaeaeothoueny caiane iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, cieaeo?oueny ?iaeth/enoue
a?oioo.

Nueiaiaei?, ia aiaeiiaiaeath/ee aa?ioiii/iei iio?aaai i ii?iaoeaai,
aeenaaeain a aeei?enoaiii iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea (iiiaae 80% a?ae
caaaeueiiai ianyao iaeaaeeoue acioiei aeia?eaai), noaa aaaiiei
iaaaoeaiei /eiieeii, yeee i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaei??iiai iaeiie/aiiy
i?o?ao?a a iaaeieeoiueiio na?aaeiaeu?, iineeaiith i?a?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a, ia?aoiaeo ?o a ?io? iaaacia/i? oi?ie. O oeueiio cayceo,
aaaeeeaa ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ?
aeieia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy acioieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
coiiaeee oaio aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Caa?oaeiai?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, ?iaeth/iai oa?o
a?oioo, i?ecaiaea c iaeiiai aieo aei cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeiaeaoeiaiai o?iainoaaiiy naiiai n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, a c
ae?oaiai aei “ia?aeeao” aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa ?c n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa a nioe?aeueio noa?o. A oeeo oiiaao aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee oa aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueieo
iai?yie?a aeieia?caoe??? ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa,
iiaycaieo ?c canoinoaaiiyi iiaeo aeae?a aeiiii?/ii ? aeieia?/ii
aoaeoeaieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

A ca`yceo c oeei, iaa?oiooaaiiy i?ii?ioaoiino? aeei?enoaiiy oeo aai
iioeo aeaeia aeia?ea iiaeiia aacoaaoenue ia iaeieo iiaieo aeo?ao ia ?o
ae?iaieoeoai oa aeei?enoaiiy, c o?aooaaiiyi ?o aieeao ia iaaeieeoi?
na?aaeiaeua, a oaeiae ia ye?noue oa niiaeea/? oa?aeoa?enoeee io?eiaii?
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei?.

Aaaaea?ii, ui aoaeoeaia ?ioaiiy oeacaieo ieoaiue iiaeeeaa ii oeyoo
?ic?iaee oa oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiiii/iiai iino?oiaioa?ith noeioethaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeei?enoaiiy aeieiai-aeiiiii/ii aoaeoeaieo iiia?aeueieo
aeia?ea. Oea aeicaieeoue ia eeoa ciaiueoeoe aio?iiiaaiiee oene ia
iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua, a ? a ?aooi ?aoo ia?aeoe aei ae?iaieoeoaa
«/enoi?» nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei?, ui iniaeeai
aeooaeico?oueny iaaaoeaieie nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieie oa aeaiia?aoi/ieie
i?ioeanaie a Oe?a?ii.

Oiio aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a ia?eoeai?e
iaiao?aeiino? aeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aeae?a i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ye? a a no/anieo oiiaao
neoaeeee ?ino?oiaioa???i aeey aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo ? aeieia?/ii
aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a ?ioaneo?eaoe??? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Iai?yiee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeyoue aei aea?aeaaieo ?
?aa?iiaeueieo i?ia?ai oa oai:

— i?ia?aie Iaoeiai? ?aaee IAI Oe??ie “?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia noaeiai
?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i?”;

— «I?ia?aia aeei?enoaiiy aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?»,yea caoaa?aeaeaia iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie
28 aa?aniy 1998?., ? 1549;

— aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo c
o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ia aeiae?eey eiiieaeno ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a”,
(65.01.02.97-99), (o?iaino?oueny I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie).

Iaoeiai ?acoeueoaoe, oai?aoe/ii iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy
aoee aeei?enoaii i?e aeeiiaiii iaoeiai-aeineiaeieo ?iaio: «Ioeiiea
aieeao caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia oi?ioaaiiy iieacieeia
a nenoaii iaoeiiiaeueieo ?aooieia». Aea?aeaaiee ?a?no?aoeieiee iiia?
194U009731. I?ia?aia Aea?aeaaiiai eiiioaoo Oe?a?ie ii iaooei i
oaoiieiaiyi (AeEOIO) «Ioi?iia oa aiaeiiaeaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?nia
Oe?a?ie»,»?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie aeey ?ic?aooieo
aeiiiii/ieo caeoeia i?e ae?iaieoeoai, o?ainii?ooaaiii oa aeei?enoaiii
acioieo aeia?ea», 1996 ?., N 196U005292. Ooiaeaiaioaeueia oaia
«Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiiiii/iiai iaoaiicio nioeiaeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy, yea iino?aaeaeaei aiae caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua (oiiaino?oueny AeEOIO), ?a?no?aoeieiee iiia? 47.01.04 ae/a —
97-98 ?? ? 0197U007290.

Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aoee ai?iaaaeaeai? a iaa/aeueiee
i?ioean o Noinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oiiaa?neoao? (aeenoeeieiie «Aeiiiiiea
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy», «Iniiae aeieiai?»).

Iaoa oa caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe ? aiae?c oa iiaeeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ?
iaoiaee/ieo i?eioeei?a aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
canoinoaaiiy ??cieo aeae?a i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa ?ic?iaea
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio noeioethaaiiy ia?aoiaeo aei
aeieia?/ii aacia/ieo aa?io?i?eao?a. Aeey ae?ioaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoei
iaiaoiaeii ae?ioeoe oaei caaea/i:

— i?iaiaeicoaaoe aeieiai-aeiiiii/io neooaoeith, yea neeaeanue a aaeocyo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ?nioth/? iaoai?cie
noeioethaaiiy oa aeeiai?eo niiaeeaaiiy iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea;

— aaeineiiaeeoe iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii iiaeoiaee aei ioeiiee
aeieiai-aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeei?enoaiiy ?icieo
aeaeia noaiaea?oieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa aoaeaaiii?eieo nieae (AAN);

— ioeiieoe aeiiiii/ii caeoee, ye? caiiae?yi? aeiae?eeth oa
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiio eiiieaeno acioieie iiia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie, c
o?aooaaiiyi caeoe?a a?ae niiaeeaaiiy caa?oaeiaii?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??;

— aecia/eoe iai?yiee canoinoaaiiy nenoaie aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieo
iieaciee?a, uiaei ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy
?ineei oeyoii aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea;

— aeine?aeeoe ieoaiiy aeiiiii/iiai noeioethaaiiy ?icoe?aiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aeieia?/ii aoaeoeaieo aa?ioiiieaoia oa noai?aiiy nenoaie
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio aeieia?caoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ae?iaieoeoa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia

Iiaecia iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
ianooiiiio:

— ?icaeioo? oa iiaeeaeai? iai?yiee eiiieaeniiai aiae?co
aeieiai-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a canoinoaaiiy acioieo iiia?aeueieo
aeia?ea, ye ia?aaeoiiae ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?o ae?iaieoeoaa,
o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy;

— oaeineiiaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy nenoaie iieaciee?a
ioe?iee aeieia?/iino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ye?

aeicaieythoue a?aooaaoe aeiiii?/i? caeoee a?ae caa?oaeiaiiy i?iaeoeoaie
?iciaaeo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ye a?oio?a oae ? iaea?aeaiiai a?iaeath;

— aia?oa ?ic?aoiaai? caeoee a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa ? canoinoaaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a acioieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ye iniiae aeey i?eeiyooy ??oaiue ii
?o aeai?o a eiie?aoieo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— oaeineiiaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy noaaee o?eniaaiiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iiaeaoeo c o?aooaaiiyi aeieia?/ii?
neeaaeiai?;

— noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, uiaei ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?ae?icae?e?a
aeieia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?;

— cai?iiiiaaii noaio aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio noeioethaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy
aeieia?/ii aoaeoeaieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea;

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia

I?aeoe/ia oeiiiinoue ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy
iieyaa? a oiio, ui ooi/iaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/ii i?aeoiaee
iathoue i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ye aaeaeaaoiee iai?yiie aeey iiaeaeueoeo
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeineiiaeaiith nenoaie i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy a
Oe?a?ii.

Iaa?oioiaai? caoiaee aeey aeai?o cai?iiiiiaaieo aei aeei?enoaiiy acioieo
aeia?ea, ui aea? ciiao ci???iooaaoe n?euenuee? ainiiaea?noaa ia
aeei?enoaiiy a?eueo aoaeoeaieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ye c aeiiii?/ii?
oae ? c aeieia?/ii? oi/ee ci?o.

Cai?iiiiiaaii i ii?iaiaaii iaoiaee/ii iiaeoiaee uiaei ?ic?aooieo
aeiiiii/ieo caeoeia, caiiaeiyieo iiia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie, iiaeooue aooe
?aaeiciaaii a caaea/ao ainiiaea?nueeiai oa?aeoa?o ia ?icieo ?iaiyo
ainiiaea?thaaiiy: ia?iaeiiainiiaea?/iio, ?aaiiiaeueiiio, aaeocaaiio oa
eieaeueiiio.

?ic?iaeaia noaia aeiiiii/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy aeieiai/ii
aacia/ieo aeia?ea a nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoai, ye?
aacoiiaii ni?eyoeiooue iie?auaiith noaio ?iaeth/iai oa?o a?oioo ?
i?aeaeuaiith yeino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Eiie?aoii ioeiiee caeoeia ye? iaiinyoueny ie?aieie aeaeaie i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii i?aeoeeaie aeey aeai?o aeieiai/ii
aacia/ieo oaoiieiaie ae?iuoaaiiy nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei?
oa i?e anoaiiaeaii? noaaie ieaoaae?a ca caa?oaeiaiiy aeiae?eey.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

A ?iaioi 1 ca nieneii iioaeieiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia
noaia aca?iiaei? aeiiiiiee oa a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia`y.A ?iaioi 4 ca
nieneii iioaeieiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi
nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy ae?iaieoeoaii /enoeo i?iaeoeoia oa?/oaaiiy.

A ?iaioi 5 ca nieneii iioaeieiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii aoee
?ic?aoiaai? oa cai?iiiiiaai? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo cai?uaiiy aeo?ao ia
ioi?iio iia?o?y a aaeocaaiio ?ic??c?.

A ?iaioi 6 ca nieneii iioaeieiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii aeaia
aeieiai-aeiiiii/ia ioeiiea aoaeaaiiiieieo nieae, ye iiaiai
ia?niaeoeaiiai aeaeo acioieo aeia?ea.

A ?iaioi 8 ca nieneii iioaeieiaaieo i?aoeue iniaenoi aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? caaaeueieo caeoe?a caei?iath
ianaeaiiy aiane?aeie caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?

Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aeiiiaiaeaeenue,
iaaiai?thaaeenue oa io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioeiieo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioeiyo
aeeeaaea/ia, niiai?iaioieeia i nooaeaioia Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oiiaa?neoaoo (Noie 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 ??.) ia 13-e ui?i/iie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? «Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie aeiiiiiee
i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy» (Noie 1996), ia iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie
eiioa?aioei? «I?iaeaie ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?e
ae?iaieoeoai oa aeei?enoaiii iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea c
iiaii/iiao?eeainueeeo oinoi?eoia» (Noie, 1997), ia iiaeia?iaeiie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? «I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy noinoieia a
i?iieneiaie aeieiai? i iiaeaia?i? (Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1997), a oaeiae ia
?yaei iioeo iaoeiiiaeueieo i iiaeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioeiyo oa naiiia?ao.

Ioaeieaoei?

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieieo aeineiaeaeaiue iioaeieiaaii a 8 ?iaioao (1
noaooy o i?ae?o/ieeo, 6 o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 — a cai?ieeao iaoa?iaeia
oa oac eiioa?aioeie) caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,4 ae?oe.a?e., c yeeo iniaenoi
aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue 1,6 ae?oe.a?e.

No?oeoo?a i ciino ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i aeiaeaoeia.

Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii ia 160 noi?iieao iniiaiiai oaenoo, a
21 oaaeeoe?, 11 iethno?aoeiyo, 4 aeiaeaoeao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae neeaaea? 187 iaeiaioaaiiy.

O anooii iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeueiinoue aeineiaeaeaiiy, ioa?aeoa?eciaaia
iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oeiiiinoue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei — «Aeieiai-aeiiiii/ia ioeiiea ae?iaieoeoaa i
aeei?enoaiiy acioieo aeia?ea» i?iaiae?ciaaii no/aniee noai, ?ice?eoi
iaiaoiaeiinoue aeieiaicaoei? nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa
acaaaei i ioa?aeoa?eciaaii aeieiai-aeiiiii/ii i?iaeaie ae?iaieoeoaa oa
aeei?enoaiiy aeia?ea. A oaeiae ?nioth/ee iaoai?ci noeioethaaiiy
aeieia?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa a AIE aiaeicothoueny inioth/i iiaeoiaee uiaei
ioeiiee aoaeoeaiinoi canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea a AIE.

O ae?oaiio ?icaeiei — «Iaoiaee/ii iiaeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee e?eoa?i?a
aeieiai-aeiiiii/ii? aoaoeeiinoi aeei?enoaiiy iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea»,
aeoiaey/e c aiaeico aeanoeainoae aeia?ea oa ?o ae?iaieoeoaa, ?ic?iaeaia
nenoaia iieacieeia i e?eoa?iaeueia ioeiiea aenoa?iaeueieo aeo?ao i?e
aeei?enoaiii aa?ioiiieaoia, aeaia ii?iaiyeueia ioeiiea aeiiiii/ieo
caeoeia, caiiaeiyieo iaaeieeoiueiio na?aaeiaeuo acioieie iiia?aeueieie
aeia?eaaie.

A o?aoueiio ?icaeiei — «Iaoiaee ioeiiee i aeei?enoaiiy iieacieeia
aeieiai/iinoi a oi?aaeiiii nieueneiainiiaea?nueeei ae?iaieoeoaii»
i?aaenoaaeaia nenoaia aeiiiii/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy aeieiai/ii
aacia/ieo aa?ioiiieaoia. ?ic?iaeai? oa cai?iiiiiaai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie noeioethaaiiy ia?aoiaeo aei
aeieia?/ii iaaacia/ieo oaoiieia?e. Iieacaii aieea iioe?aiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aoaeaaiiiieieo nieae, ye iiaiai aeieiai-aeiiiii/ii
aoaeoeaiiai aeaeo iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ia iieacieee ooieoeiiioaaiiy
AIE.

O aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeaii a oiaei
aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy, aeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii ?o
i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaiith.

Aeiaeaoee iinoyoue aeoiaeii aeaii oa i?iiiaeii ?ic?aooiee.

INIIAIEE CIINO

Ua e nueiaiaei?, aeai? oiai /e iioiai oaoii/iiai aai i?aaiicaoeieiiai
?ioaiiy, iia`ycaiiai c ae?iaieoeoaii oa aeei?enoaiiyi iiia?aeueieo
aeia?ea ia?aaaaeii i?iaiaeeoueny oieueee ia iniiai iaeieo aeo?ao
ae?iaie/iai oa?aeoa?o. Aiane?aeie oaeiai iaeiiai/iiai iiaeoiaeo, ia iaoo
aeoieo, oi?iothoueny iiieeeiai oyaeaiiy i?i aeaiaeiinoue oeo /e iioeo
aeaeia iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea, aoaeoeai?noue ainiiaea?nueeeo ?ioaiue,
aiaeaoaa?oueny i?i?ioaoeiy ia ia aeinyaiaiiy eiioeaaeo
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeeo?acoeueoaoia, a ia i?iiiaeii aaeocaai oeiei, oiio
ui, n?eueainioiaa?iae?iaieee ca?eueiai? a?ae aeiiii?/ieo naieoe?e, a
a?aeoiae? ia ?ic?iaeythoueny a?aeiia?aei? iaoai?cie noeioethaaiiy. I?e
oeueiio oaeoe/ii ia a?aoiaothoueny ciai?oi? aeieiai/ii aeo?aoe, yei iana
noniieuenoai i?e ae?iaieoeoai oa aeei?enoaiii iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, aeai? cai?iiiiiaaiiai aei aeei?enoaiiy aeia?eaa, a
oaeiae caniaia eiai ae?iaieoeoaa, neiae i?iaiaeeoe c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiiiii/ieo caeoeia, yei iiaeooue aooe caiiaeiyii caa?oaeiaiiyi iiaio?y,
aiaee, a?oioia ia anio noaaeiyo aiae aeiaoaaiiy ne?iaeie aeey
ae?iaieoeoaa aeia?ea, aei ?o canoinoaaiiy a nieuenueeiio ainiiaea?noai i
caeoeia aiae niiaeeaaiiy caa?oaeiaii? i?iaeoeoaie oiiicaoei?
i?iaeoeoe??.

C oiia caaacia/aiiy nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa iaiaoiaeiith eieueeinoth
iiaeeaiiai acioo, aoee aeineiaeaeaii iniiaii aeaee i?iieneiai
ae?iaey?ieo acioieo aeia?ea, a oaeiae iiaee, aeueoa?iaoeaiee, aeae
aeia?ea — aoaeaaiiiieii niei (AAN). Aeai? ia`?eoia aeineiaeaeaiiy
aecia/aiee ?o oe?ieei canoinoaaiiyi a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noai, a
aianeiaeie oeueiai cia/iei aieeaii ia iieacieee anueiai
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa noai iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua.

Iiaa eaea i?i iiooe iaeaieueo eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeiiai i?aia?aoo a aeaio
iaeaieueo aaaeeeaeo aniaeoao — aeiiiii/iiio oa aeieiai/iiio. Aeey
ii?iaiyeueiiai aiaeico aoee oaeiae aeei?enoaii i iioi, aaaeeeai aeey
nueiaiaeiioiio aeiiiii/ieo ianoaaei oaeoi?e, oaei, ye oeiia iaeeieoei
iiaeeaii? ?a/iaeie a iiia?aeueiiio aeia?eai, aia?aiiinoeinoue
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ii.

A?aoiaoth/e neeaaeiinoue aca?iiaiaeiioaiue anio oaeoi?ia aeo?ao oa
caeoeia, ie ia ia?oiio aoaii i?iiiio?ii ?ic?aoiaoaaoe iiaii aeo?aoe ii
oe?oiiaiiio aeai?eoio, yeee neeaaea?oueny ic neiaeoth/eo aeieia:

— ?ic?aooiie niaiaa?oinoi c o?aooaaiiyi ciaiioiio aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai
ii aeaeai aeia?ea;

— aecia/aiiy noeoiieo aeo?ao ii aaeocyi ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa;

— aecia/aiiy ia?aeeao aeo?ao ii neeaaeiaei o ciaiioi? na?aaeiaeua;

— aecia/aiiy aeo?ao ia o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa aianaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi ao?ao
aeia?ea;

— aecia/aiiy aioo?ioiio aeo?ao, caeoe?a aiae aeaniiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

— neeaaeaiiy aeo?ao oa cinoaaeaiiy io?eiaiiai ?acoeueoaoo (i?eaooeo,
aeo?ao, caeoeia).

Iniiaiei aeaiaioii ciaiioiio aeo?ao, a eiioeaaiio ?aooieo, ? caeoee
caei?ia`th ethaeeie. E?ii oeueiai, a neeaae iiaieo aeo?ao iaieaeeth/aii
c?inoaiiy niaiaa?oinoi ia?a?iaee caa?oaeiaii? i?iaeoeoei? oa «iiceoeaii»
ciaiioii aeo?aoe.

Noeoii?noue aeo?ao a aaeocyo ia ae?iaieoeoai oa aeei?enoaiiy
iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea neeaaeathoue aioo?ioii «iioa?iaeueii» aeo?aoe. Aei
oeeo aeo?ao iiaeii aiaeianoe aeo?aoe ia iaoeiai aeineiaeaeaiiy oa
/anoeio oiiainiai? aea?aeaaii? iiaeo?eiee. Caeoee aiae ae?iaieoeoaa,
o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea ie aiaeiineii aei
ciaiioiio «aenoa?iaeueieo aeo?ao».

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ciaiioiio aeo?ao aecia/a?oueny oei oaeoii, ui a
?eieiaie aeiiiiioei i?eeiyooy ?ioaiue a cia/iie ii?i caeaaeeoue aiae
?eieiaeo oeii. sseui ia ?iaii oeii ia aiaeia?aaeathoueny inioth/i
iaaeieiee, iai?eeeaae, caa?oaeiaiiy iiaio?y, aiaeieo aeaea?ae, a?oioia,
oi ie?aii ?ioaiiy niiaeeaa/ia (nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ae?iaieeia) ia
i?eiinyoue aea?aoo noniieuenoao aoeieiio. Ie aaaaea?ii, ui anoaiiaeaiiy
oeii ia iniiai iiaieo aeo?ao, yei ioneoue niea/oaaoe noniieuenoai, ?
eeth/iaei aeaiaioii aoaeoeaiiai i noaaieueiiai ooieoeiiioaaiiy
aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Nueiaiaei? aino?i noi?oue iio?aaa a nenoaii aeiiiii/ieo iino?oiaioia
aeey aecia/aiiy iiaieo aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa
i?eeiyooy ia oeie iniiai aaeaeaaoieo ?ioaiue, c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiaaino?ieiaeo ianeiaeeia i c iaeieii oaeoi?ia, yei aieeaathoue ia
aoaeoeaiinoue oa aeieiai/io aaciaeo canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea i ye iane?aeie
aaciaeo nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaeia c eeth/iaeo iinoeue a no/aniie nenoaii aeieiai-aeiiiii/ieo ioeiiie
iaeaaeeoue iieacieeai aeiiiii/ieo caeoeia, caiiaeiyieo ia?iaeiiio
ainiiaea?noao a ?acoeueoaoi caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiueiai
na?aaeiaeua.

sseui ?aiioa aeiiiii/ii caeoee ?icaeyaeaeenue ye ianeaiee iieaciee, yeee
eiinoaoo? iaaaoeaii ianeiaeee ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi,
aai a e?auiio aeiaaeeo, ye iieaciee, ui aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e ioeiioei
aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi caoenoo iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? i?aeoe/ii
?aii?oaaeenue a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, oi a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
ie ?icaeyaea?ii ?o, ye iaeei c iaeaaaeeeaioeo oaeoi??a aoaeoeaiino?
nenoaie oi?aaeiiiy ia?iaeiei ainiiaea?noaii ia iniiai ?eieiaeo caeiiia i
i?eioeeiia i?aaiai? aiaeiiaiaeaeueiinoi.

C aeieiai/ieo iiceoeie ae?iaieoeoai AAN ia? aieueoi ia?aaaae ia?aae
?ioeie, iaea?eueo iioe?aieie aeaeaie acioieo aeia?ea (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — ?ic?aooiie iiaii? caeoeii?noeino? i?e ae?iaieoeoa? acioieo
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea

Aeia?eaaCaeoee, ui iaiinyoueny i?e ae?iaieoeoa? aeia?ea, a?i/oIeoii?
aeo?aoe iai?ai?iaeoe-o?a, o/oCaeoee, ui caaaeathoueny i?e ae?iaieoeoa?

iai?ai?iaeoe-o?a, a?i/o.Iiaia caeoeii?noe?noue aeia?eaa,

a?i/oAoiinoa??aiaeiiio aanaeioa?oioo

Ai?a/ia nae?o?a

0,0179

0,0061

ai?ae 0,210

acioia eeneioa 0,79

0,0635

0,237

0,435

Ea?aai?ae

0,1457

0,0047

ai?ae 0,579

0,1742

0,441

AAN

0,0799

ai?ae 0.23

0,0674

0,245

Iaie iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy iaeiiai i oiai ae aeia?eaa a iaeiie i oie
aea aeici iiaea aeyaeoe ?icii aeiiiii/ii caeoee. Iai?eeeaae aiioin
23,57-29-73 a?i/o, aiia/ia naeio?a 35,3-45,2 a?i/o, ea?aaiiae 32,1-40,5
a?i/o, AAN 3,3-5,8. Oei naiei aaee/eia aeiiiii/ieo caeoeia ? eiiiooth/ei
iieacieeii ii canoinoaaiith aeaiiai aeia?eaa a iaeieo oiiaao i
noeioethth/ei oaeoi?ii a iioeo. C o?aooaaiiyi i?i?ioiaaieo aeiiiii/ii
aeioeieueieo ii?i aianaiiy iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea iiae ie?aii
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei eoeueoo?e, a oaeiae na?aaeith ii Oe?a?ii
a?iaeaeiinoue eoeueoo?, a aeena?oaoeieiiio aeineiaeaeaiii aoee
?ic?aoiaaii oe?oiiaii cia/aiiy ieoiieo caeoeia aeeoa?aioeieiaaii ii
aeayeei aaeocyi ?ineeiieoeoaa. Iai?eeeaae, ca iaoeie ?ic?aooieaie,
nueiaiaeiioii aeiiiii/ii caeoee i?e ae?iaieoeoai ioaieoe? neeaaeathoue
19,27 a?i/aa, oeoe?iaeo ao?yeia 42,84 a?i/aa, niiyoieea 14,96 a?i/aa,
ea?oiiei 23,58 a?i/aa.

Oaeei /eiii, nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ia aoaeoeaiinoue ae?iaieoeoaa oa
canoinoaaiiy iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea iiaea i iiaeiia aooe ioeiiaia c
o?aooaaiiyi iieacieeia aeiiiii/ieo caeoe?a, ui caaaeathoueny
iaaeieeoiueiio na?aaeiaeuo. Caeienithaaoeny oei ?ic?aooiee iiaeiii c
iaoith aecia/aiiy aeieiai-aeiiiii/ieo ianeiaeeia ae?iaie/eo i?ioeania,
yei iiaeooue cia/ii ciiieoe inioth/i oyaeaiiy i?i aeaiaeiinoue oiai /e
iioiai aeaeo aeia?ea oa aeioeieueiinoi eiai canoinoaaiiy.

Aein? caeoee caei?iath ethaeei? a?aoiaoaaeenue eeoa /anoeiai, oiio ui
aei oaaae a?aeinue o?eueee ciai?oia caa?oaeiaiiy, aea a?aooaaiiy
aioo??oiueiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?ae i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy iieaco?, oe?
caeoee cia/ii aeu? ? iaoiaeeoueny aea?aeaai cia/ii aei?iae/a, iiae
noai?aiiy aeieiai/ieo ae?iaieoeoa, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaei- i aacaiaeoiaeieo
oaoiieiaie iia?aoiae iiaei?e?inoa ia ?ano?nicaa?iaath/ee oei
ae?iaieoeoaa. Oiio ?nio? iio?aaa a ?ic?iaoe? oa aeineiiaeaii?
aeiiiii/iiai iaoaiicio ainiiaea?thaaiiy, caeaoiiai noeioethaaoe ia
oieueee ae?iaieoeoai aeieiai/ii /enoi? i?iaeoeoei?, aea i cieaeaiiy
iaaaoeaii? aei? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? aeiyeueiinoi ia iaaeieeoi?
i?e?iaeia na?aaeiaeua.

I??i?ioaoiinoue aeiiiii/ieo iaoaiiciia iiynith?oueny /ioe?ia oaeoi?aie:
iaiaoiaeiinoth noai?aiiy nenoaie iaoa?iaeueieo noeioeia oa caioi/aiue
aeey caaacia/aiiy i?ia?ano a noa?i aeieiai?, aieueo aoaeoeaia
aeei?enoaiiy ia?aaaa ?eieo aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaieo oe?eae a oeie
iaeanoi; iiooeii ae?iaieeaie iaeiaiueo aeo?aoieo caniaia aeey
aeinyaiaiiy oeeo oeieae, a oaeiae aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaiaoiaeiinoth ia?aoiaeo aiae ai?ioueae c caa?oaeiaiiyi ia eiai
iiia?aaeaeaiiy.

Aea aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie iiaeii?, ye oae?, nie?aoenue ia ia oai?aoe/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa aiae?c iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueieo cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ii anueiio eaioethao a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa aei niiaeeaaiiy
i?iaeoeoe?? AIE c iaei??? noi?iie oa ae??aino? canoinoaaiiy ie?aieo
neeaaeiaeo c ae?oaiai aieo.

A ca`yceo c oeei, ie aaaaea?ii, ui i?ei??oao iiaeii? iaoe aoaeoeai?
aa?ioiiieaoe oe?ieiai niaeo?o canoinoaaiiy, aacia/ieo aei aiioeaiicia,
oiio ui ia oe?e noaae?? ae?iaieoeoaa oi?iothoueny iaea?eueo? caeoee. Aea
i?e oeueiio iiaeiii aooe a?aoiaaii oa anaai/ii ii?aoeueiaaii ieoaiiy
aeineiiaeinoi aeiiiii/iiai iaoaiicio canoinoaaiiy iiaeo aeaeia acioieo
aeia?ea, aoaeaaiiiieieo nieae cie?aia, caeaoiiai ?aaeicoaaoe no?aoaaith
aeieiaicaoei? aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa caa?aaeaiiy ?iaeth/inoi
a?oioia a nieueneiainiiaea?nueeeo ae?iaieoeoaao ?iciiiaiioieo oi?i
aeaniinoi oa ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Aeey eiie?aoecaoei? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iniiaieo iai?yieia aeaii? no?aoaai?
a aeena?oaoeieiie ?iaioi aecia/aia eiei ia?oi/a?aiaeo ieoaiue. Aeaeieeii
ianooii?:

— eiio?ieue oa ?aaoethaaiiy yeinoi nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ne?iaeie,
i?ecia/aii? aeey ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoia oa?/oaaiiy c iaoith ciaiueoaiiy
oe?aeeeaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i?aaiici ethaeeie, ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua;

— caa?aaeaiiy oa iiaeaeuaiiy ?iaeth/inoi a?oioia (caieueoaiiy aoiono,
?ooeeaeo iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei, cieaeaiiy caeeoeiai? eieueeinoi ianoeoeeaeia
oa aaaeeeo iaoaeia);

— ei?aaoaaiiy caeoi?aaeueieo oeii ia iiia?aeueii aeia?eaa, ui
aieeaathoue ia aeioiaee nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ae?iaieoeoa;

— ei?aaoaaiiy (iiaeaeuaiiy aai cieaeaiiy) ?aaeicaoeieieo oeii ia
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoeith a caeaaeiinoi aiae ?o aeieiai/ii?
/enoioe. Aeey noeioethaaiiy nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaieeia
ia canoinoaaiiy aoaeaaiiiieieo nieae, a a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? ? ia
ae?iaieoeoai aeieiai/ii /enoi? i?iaeoeoei?, iaie i?iiiio?oueny nenoaia
aeiiiii/ieo iino?oiaioia (?en.1), ui neeaaea?oueny c aeaio iniiaieo
aeieia: aeieo aeiiiii/ieo aaaeaeia i noeioeia, yei aeicaieythoue
iiaeaeueoe caoeieaaeaiinoue a ae?iaieoeoai /enoi? i?iaeoeoei? oa aeieo
aeiiiii/ieo naieoeie, yei canoiniaothoueny aei caa?oaeithaa/?a
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei?, a
oaeiae aeieo i?aaiicaoeieii-i?aaiaeo caoiaeia, ui aeicaieeoue aoaeoeaii
canoiniaoaaoe ie?ai? aeaiaioe aeiiiii/iiai iaoaiicio.

Ia nueiaiaeii i?ae i?iieneiaith oa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith
i?iaeoeoe??th i?inoaaeo?oueny aeenaaeain oeii, eio?ee /anoeiai iiaycaiee
iaiaa?oioiaaiei, oiaoi ia i?ea`ycaiei aei iniiaieo aeieiai-aeiiiii/ieo
iieacieeia, aea?aeaaiei oiiainoaaiiyi nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. A
ca`yceo c oeei aaaaea?ii aeioeieueiei aeeoa?aioeithaaoe caeoiiaaeueii
oeiie ia i?iaeoeoeith nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ia oieueee ca
?aaiiiaeueieie iciaeaie, aea i ca oaoiieiaiyie ae?iaieoeoaa, ui aoaea
ni?eyoe ?icoe?aiith ieiu canoinoaaiiy aeieiai/ii aoaeoeaieo iiia?aeueieo
aeia?ea oa aaaea?ii aoaea ni?eyoe iiaeaeuaiith eoeueoo?e caiea?ianoaa.

A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii oaeineiiaeaiee aeeoa?aioeieiee iiaeoiae
anoaiiaeaiiy noaaee o?eniaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iiaeaoeo c
a?aooaaiiyi nooiaith aeieiai/iinoi nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa:

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aea ONI — noaaea o?eniaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iiaeaoeo c
o?aooaaiiyi aeieiai/ii? neeaaeiai?;

— i?ioeaio noaaie o?eniaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iiaeaoeo c
iaeiiai aaeoa?o n/a oaiaeue aiae ?o a?ioiai? ioeiiee (aii neeaaea? aeey
iaoioieo caiaeue oa ianiaeu — 1,3%, aeey aaaaoi?i/ieo ianaaeaeaiue —
0,3%);

Ae — a?ioiaa ioeiiea caiei, a?i.;

Ea- eiaoioei?io aeieiai/iinoi n/a ae?iaieoeoaa;

Ea- eiao?oe??io, yeee a?aoiao? caeoee ca iaaeaie n/a ae?iaieoeoaa
(?ae?eaoe?y, aiaeia ainiiaea?noai oa ?i.).

A naith /a?ao eiaoioei?io aeieiai/iinoi nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iiiio?oueny ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ye iioaa?aeueiee eiaoioei?io,
a?aoiaoth/e ?iaaiue yeinoi iaea?aeaiiai a?iaeath oa ?iaaiue caa?oaeiaiiy
a?oioia oiii/ieie caniaaie, ca oaeeie oi?ioeaie:

?en. 1 Nenoaia aeiiii?/ieo ?ino?oiaio?a noeioethaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy
aeieia?/ieo aa?io?i?eao?a a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?

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???u?????????»????-????<????< aea Ee - eiaoioei?io, ui iieaco? aiaeoeeaiiy yeinoi io?eiaiiai a?iaeath, iaea?aeaiiai ia a?oioao eiie?aoiiai caieaei?enooaa/a, aiae na?aaeiueiai a ?aaiiii; Ec - eiaoioei?io, ui iieaco? ia?aaeuaiiy oiiiaiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioia caeeoeiaeie ?a/iaeiaie a ?acoeueoaoi canoinoaaiiy oiii/ieo caniaia; Ni i N?n? - a?iaeae i-oi? eoeueoo?e, ui aiaeiiaiaea? aeiiaai yeinoi o nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieea i a na?aaeiueiio ii ?aaiiio oe/aa; C??, C?o - oiiiaa oa oaeoe/ia caa?oaeiaiiy a?oio?a. Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai iiaeoiaeo, ia iaoo aeoieo, aeicaieeoue noeioethaaoe caieaei?enooaa/ia, cie?aia nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaieeia, canoiniaoaaoe aeieiai/ii /enoi oaoiieiai? (aoaeaaiiiieii niei a oiio /ene?), iai?aaeyoe eiooe ia icaei?iaeaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Iaeiei c iniiaieo aeaiaioia noaaieicaoei? neooaoei?, ui neeaeany, ia iaoo aeoieo ? noai?aiiy a ?aieao iiaei?e?inoa aa?ioiii/iiai na?aino iiae?icaeieia aeieiai/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. Iiae aeieiai/iei iaiaaeaeiaioii neiae ?icoiioe oeieani?yiiaaiee aieea ia eieaeoeaii ainiiaea?noaa oa ie?aieo ae?iaieeia nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei? c iaoith ?aaeicaoei? i?e?iaeiioi?iiieo oa a?oioicaoenieo caaaeaiue, aeoiaey/e ic eiie?aoieo aeiiiii/ieo oa nioeiaeueieo iioa?ania nieueainiae?iaieeia oa noniieuenoaa a oeieiio. Iaiaoiaeiinoue oaeiai aieeao iaoiiaeaia inioth/eie ?ica?aeiinoyie iiae oeieyie ae?iaie/i? oa i?e?iaeiioi?iiii? aeiyeueiinoi noa`?eoia caieaei?enooaaiiy. sseui iaoith ooieoeiiioaaiiy ainiiaea?noa a ?eii/ieo oiiaao ? iaeneiicaoeiy i?eaooeo ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aeiiiii/ieo ?ano?nia, oi iaoith i?e?iaeioi?iiii? aeiyeueiinoi ? caaacia/aiiy iiiiiaeueiiiaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia a?oioiaee iie?ea, cieaeaiiy caa?oaeiaiiy nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei? a i?ioeani ae?iaie/i? aeiyeueiinoi. Oaeei /eiii aeieiai/iee iaiaaeaeiaio iiaeia aecia/eoe ye nenoaio oi?aaeiiiy caiea?ianoaii, ui caaacia/o? ae?ioaiiy aeieiai/ieo caaea/, aeoiaey/e c iioeiicaoei? aeiiiii/ieo iioa?ania nieueainiae?iaieeia (iiiiioi aeieiai/ieo aeo?ao aai iaeneioi i?eaooeo). Iniiaieie ooieoeiyie oeeo iiae?icaeieia iiaeiii aooe ianooii?: - ioeiiea inioth/iai noaio a?oioia i yeinoi nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei?, ii?iaiyiiy oaeoe/ieo iieacieeia c aeieiai/ieie ii?iaoeaaie; - i?iaiicoaaiiy ia`?iia aeei?enoaiiy aa?ioiiieaoia, iiaeeeaeo ciii yeinoi iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? i?iaeoeoe??; - ieaioaaiiy oaoi?/ieo, oaoiieia?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo oa iioeaaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ui iai?aaeai? ia aeinyaiaiiy oa i?aeo?eieo yeino? a?oio?a ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? ia ??ai? aeieia?/ieo noaiaea?o?a; - i?aai?caoe?y eiio?ieth ca nooiaiai aeinyaiaiiy iaoe, aeo?ao oa ioe?iea aieeao aeinyaiooiai noaio i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy ia aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ?iaioe ainiiaea?noa; - ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy n?eueoicoiaa?iae?iaiee?a. Aieiaieie i?eioeeiaie ?ic?iaee oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e i?ae?icae?e?a aeieia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo ne?ae aeae?eeoe: oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, eiiieaeni?noue, nenoaii?noue, iia?aoeai?noue.I?eioeei oe?eani?yiiaaiino? aecia/a? i???ioaoe?th an?o eaiie oi?aae?iiy ia aeinyaiaiiy aieiaii? iaoe iaiaaeaeiaioo. I?eioeei eiiieaeniino? icia/a? iaea?eueo iiaiee ianya ooieoe?e iiaycaieo c aeieia?caoe??th ae?iaieoeoaa, oa oi?ioaaiiyi ia oe?e iniia? a?aeiia?aeieo i?ae?icae?e?a. I?eioeei nenoaiiino? icia/a?, ui aeieia?/iee iaiaaeaeiaio ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith caaaeueii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ainiiaea?noaii, ioaea iaiao?aeii iiaycaoe an? eaiee oi?aae?iiy i?ae niaith oa i?ae ?ioeie i?ae?icae?eaie i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, a oaeiae ?c ciai?oiei na?aaeiaeuai a iaeano? a?oioiioi?iiieo caoiae?a. I?eioeei iia?aoeaiino? icia/a? oi?ioaaiiy eiioi?eaoe?e, ye? caaacia/othoue iia?aoeaiee caycie i?ae i?ae?icae?eaie aioo??oiueiai oa ciai?oiiai na?aaeiaeua aeieia?/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioo. Oaeoe/ii nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ye aeaiaio aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy anueiai AIE, iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia oieueee ia aaeiaeo aeiiiii/ieo iieacieeao nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aea i aeeth/aoe a naaa aeieiai/ii aeo?aoe ia ie?aiaeo noaaeiyo ae?iaieoeoaa oa oa?aeoa?enoeee yeinoi i canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea, a oaeiae iaea?aeaiiai a?iaeath oa eiai aeieiai/ii? /enoioe. A oaae.2 iaaaaeaii ?ic?aoiaai? aaee/eie aeiiiii/ieo caeoeia, yeeo iiaeia caiia?aoe i?e aeei?enoaiii aoaeaaiiiieieo nieae ye iniiaiiai acioiiai aeia?eaa. Oaaeeoey 2 - Aaee/eia ieoiieo aeiiiii/ieo caeoeia, yeeo iiaeia caiia?aoe a ?ac? canoinoaaiiy AAN ye iniiaiiai acioiiai aeia?eaa Eoeueoo?aIeoii? caeoee, yeeo iiaeia caiia?aoea?i/aaa?i/oeOeoe?iaee ao?ye Iceia ioaieoey Ea?oiiey Eoeo?oaeca ia neein Eoeo?oaeca ia ca?ii Eueii-aeiaaoiaoeue Niiyoiee ?en18,42 7,71 7,31 8,12 9,90 4,59 5,25 10,830,08 0,24 0,07 0,28 0,35 0,76 0,4 0,32 Ae?iaieoeoai AAN ye aeueoa?iaoeaa aiia/iie naeio?i, ca iaoeie ?ic?aooieaie, aeicaieeoue caeiiiieoe aei 1,25 ie?ae. eAo/?ie aeaeo?iaia?a?? ui?i/ii. Eeoa ca ?aooiie aeiiiii? aeaeo?iaia?ai? aaea?oueny caiiaiaoe caeoe?a a ?ici??? aeecueei 5625000 a?i. A naith /a?ao iiai? ui?i/i? caeoee, yeeo iiaeia caiiaiaoe, a noa?i ae?iaieoeoaa i?e caiiii aiia/ii? naeio?e ia AAN noaiiaeyoue 0,25 - 0,3 a?i. ia eiaeio oiio aeia?eaa. Ia iniiai aeuaaeeeaaeaiiai, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ?icoe?aia ae?iaieoeoai oa canoinoaaiiy aoaeaaiiiieieo nieae aeicaiey? ui?i/ii io?eioaaoe aeiiiii/iee aoaeo a ?ici??? 1,8-2,2 ie?ae.a?eaaiue (oeiie ia eeiaiue 1998 ?.), a na?aaeiueiio ia 1 aa ?iee? aeieiai-aeiiiii/iee aoaeo noaiiaeoue aeecueei 54,8 a?i. sseui a?aooaaoe, ui a 1996 ?ioei caeoee nieueneiai ainiiaea?noaa ioioeieii noaiiaeee 1328 iei.a?i., oi ?icoe?aia canoinoaaiiy AAN, ia iao iiaeyae, aoaea a cia/i?e i??? ni?eyoe iiaeieaiith neeaaeii? e?eciai? aeiiii?/ii? neooaoei? a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaeni Oe?a?ie. AENIIAEE ?ioaa?aeueiei i?aenoieii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, uiaei aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aeae?a acioieo aeia?ea a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a oiiaao iaiao?aeiino? noaa?e?caoe?? ? i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. 1. I?iaaaeaiee ii cai?iiiiiaaiiio a aeena?oaoe?? aeai?eoio, eiiieaeniee aiae?c aeieiai-aeiaii?/ieo iieaciee?a acioieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, na?ae/eoue i?i eiiieaeniee oa?aeoa? naii? i?iaeaie, ii-ae?oaa, i?i ??ciiiai?oi?noue iai?yie?a aeieia?caoe??, ye ia aoai? ae?iaieoeoaa, oae ? ia aoai? canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea. Caaaeueiee aeniiaie iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeieiai-aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe o?eueee ia iniia? ?ic?aooiea iiaieo aeo?ao ia an?o noaae?yo ae?iaieoeoaa ? niiaeeaaiiy. Aeey iiaii? ia`?eoeaii? ioeiiee aeo?ao ia iaoeiiiaeueiiio ?iaii iaiaoiaeii ai?iaaaeeoe aieueo iiaiee iaeie caeoeia, yei iaiinyoueny iiia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie ye a nieuenueeiio ainiiaea?noai, a oaeiae aiae nieuenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noao aoe?eiio. 2. A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy iieaciee?a caeoe?a a?ae aioo??oiueiai caa?oaeiaiiy ia?ai?cio, aea? iiaeeea?noue a?eueo iiaii aecia/eoe i i?iaiicoaaoe iaaaoeaiee aieea caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua, yea aecia/aia canoinoaaiiyi iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea. Oea aeicaieeoue ci???iooaaoe niiaeeaa/?a i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ia canoinoaaiiy aeieia?/ii aoaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaoiieia?e. 3. Aeey oiai uia c?iaeoe aeiiiii/ii aeaiaeiei ae?iaieoeoai aeieiai/ii /enoi? i?iaeoeoei? oa noeioethaaoe canoinoaaiiy aeia?ea, ui caaaeathoue iiiiiaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo caeoeia, iaiaoiaeii ia?aaeyiooe oa?aeoa? aeiiiii/ieo aiaeiioaiue a AIE, aeioe?eueii, a oiio /ene?, inoioii ciiieoe nenoaio oeii, e?aaeeoia, iiaeaoeia. A oiiaao ?eieo, ?aaoethaaoe aeieia?caoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeii oaeiae oeyoii aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iiaeaoe?a. A caceo c oeei, a ia?oo /a?ao ia i?eueaiaeo oiiaao ne?ae caaacia/oaaoe o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie n?eueainioiaa?iae?iaiee?a, ye? canoiniaothoue aeieia?/i? aa?io?i?eaoe ? oaoiieia??. 4. Cai?iiiiiaaiee a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci noeioethaaiiy aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeaieo aeae?a i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ni?yiiaaiee ia ae??oaiiy aeaio aca?iiiiaycaieo caaaeaiue. C iaeiiai aieo, aeione aeieia?/ii /enoi? i?iaeoeoe?? aeicaieeoue io?eiaoe aeiaeaoeia? i?eaooee, c ae?oaiaiaieo, io?eiai? i?eaooee aeioe?eueii ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe a oaoiieia?/i? iioeane ae?iaieoeoaa ye?nii? i?iaeoeoe??. 5. Caaaeyee iiaeaeuaiith aeieiai/iinoi i?iaeoeoei?, e?ii aieeao ia yeinoue aeeooy, o?oaeiaee iioaioeiae ianaeaiiy, iiaeia noeioethaaoe ?ino iiaanoeoeieii? i?eaaaeeainoi nieueneiai ainiiaea?noaa, iiaeaeuaiiy aenii?oiiai iioaioeiaeo, a oiio /enei ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ciaiioiio aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa iiia?aeueieo aeia?ea. 6. Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith a nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai aeieiai/ii aacia/ieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea aoaea ni?eyoe noai?aiith a ?aieao AIE aio/eiai aeiiiii/iiai iaoaiicio, yeee aeicaieyoeia ae?iooaaoe i?iaeaie iiaeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiinoi, ?inoo ae?iaieoeoaa nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoei?, iiaeaeuaiith ?? yeinoi, ia caaaeath/e oeiaee i?e?iaei. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe 1. Oa?oia I.A., Oea?aiei A.I., Eocueiaiei N.A. Iaoiaeieiaey i?iaiice?iaaiey iioa?ue o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea a nayce n eciaiaieai ea/anoaa aeecie// Ainiee Noineiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo. - 1996. - N 4. - N.42-48. (Iniaenoi aaoi?a 0,1 ae.a.) 2. Eocueiaiei N.A. Oua?a io caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu oaa?aeuie iooiaeaie // Yeieiae/aneay yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Noie: AII “I??y-1” EOAe, 1997.-o.3.-N. 50-55. 3. Eocueiaiei N.A. Nenoaia iieacaoaeae e e?aoa?eaeueiay ioeaiea yenoa?iaeueiuo ecaea?aeae i?e eniieueciaaiee aa?ioeieeaoia // Ainiee Noineiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo. - 1998. - N 3. - N.21-27. 4. Eocueiaiei N.A., ?eoiye E.I., Oea?aiei A.I. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nicaeaieth nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey i?icaiaenoaii yeieiae/anee /enouo i?iaeoeoia // A?niee Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey.-1997.-?2.-N. 133-137. (Iniaenoi aaoi?a 0,3 ae.a.) 5. Oaeeaeaiei I.I., Ii?a I.I., Eocueiaiei N.A. Iiaeaee?iaaiea caaeneiinoe o?iaiy aoiinoa?iio?aiiuo cao?ao io noaiaie iiaeaaeaiey aua?inia // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.-1998.-?1.-N. 69-72. (Iniaenoi aaoi?a 0,1 ae.a.) 6. Oea?aiei A.I., Oa?oia I.A., Eocueiaiei N.A. Yeiiiie/aneee aiaeec yeieiae/iinoe ieiaei?iaeey ii/a // A?niee Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.– 1998.– ? 1.– N. 266-269. (Iniaenoi aaoi?a 0,4 ae.a.) 7. Oa?oia I.A., Oea?aiei A.I., Eocueiaiei N.A. Iaoiaeieiaey i?iaiice?iaaiey iioa?ue o?oaeiaiai iioaioeeaea a nayce n eciaiaieai ea/anoaa aeecie // Ainiee Noineiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo. - 1996. - N 4. - N.42-48. (Iniaenoi aaoi?a 0,1 ae.a.) 8. I.Oa?oia, E.Oaaaeaa, N.Eocueiaiei Yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea caei?iauey ianaeaiey io oooaeoaiey ninoiyiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu // Yeiiiieea i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey. O/aaiee. Iiae ?aae. E.Oaina, E.Iaeueieea. Y.Aoia., Eeaa: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1998.- N. 143 - 146. (Inaenoi aaoi?a 0,1 ae.a.) 9. Eocueiaiei N.A. I?eioeeiu i?eiaiaiey yeiiiie/aneeo eino?oiaioia a io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu // O?oaeu 13-e aaeaaiaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu yeiiiieee i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey”, 21-23 iay 1996.-Noiu, 1996.-N. 173-177. AIIOAOe?ss Eocueiaiei N.A. Aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aeae?a acioieo aeia?ea a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Aeena?oaoe?y ? aaoi?nueeei ?oeiienii ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 08.08.01 - Aeiiii?ea i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy ? ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. Noie 1999. A aeena?oaoe?? aecia/ai? nooi?noue, i?eioeeie oa oeyoe ?ic?aooie?a iieaciee?a aeieiai-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo aeae?a acioieo i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. ?ic?iaeai? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie ioe?iee aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa oa canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. Iaa?oioiaai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a n?euenueeaainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai aeieia?/ii ia oe?aeeeaeo aeae?a i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, ye aaaeeeaiai aeaiaioa io?eiaiiy aeieia?/ii /enoeo i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeieiai-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue, aeiiii?/i? caeoee, i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa, aenoa?iaeuei? aeo?aoe, aeiiii?/i? aaaeae?. AIIIOAOeEss Eocueiaiei N.A. Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey iiauo aeaeia acioiuo oaeia?aiee a naeueneii oicyenoaa. Aeenna?oaoeey yaeyaony aaoi?neie ?oeiienueth ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.08.01 – Yeiiiieea i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey e io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. Noineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Noiu 1999. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee ioia/aii, /oi ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneay neooaoeey, eioi?ay neiaeeeanue a aa?ii?iiuoeaiiii eiiieaena, o?aaoao ananoi?iiiaai e ouaoaeueiiai eco/aiey iineaaenoaee i?eiaiaiey a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa ?acee/iiai ?iaea aa?ioeieeaoia, acioiuo oaeia?aiee a /anoiinoe. Enoiaey ec yoiai, ?anniio?aiu e ooi/iaiu iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea i?eioeeiu yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee oua?aa, iaiineiiai ie?oaeathuae n?aaea oeie/aneeie i?aia?aoaie naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai iacia/aiey. A ?aaioa io?aaeaii, /oi nouanoaothuea ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee ia o/eouaatho yeieiae/aneie ninoaaeythuae, ionthaea, auai? oiai eee eiiai oaoie/aneiai eee i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai ?aoaiey, naycaiiiai n i?iecaiaenoaii e iio?aaeaieai ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee, i?iecaiaeeony oieueei ia iniiaaiee cao?ao i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a, /oi i?eaiaeeo e i?eaioaoeee ia aeinoeaeaiea ia iaueo ia?iaeiioicyenoaaiiuo oeaeae, a ia eieaeueiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?acoeueoaou. A enneaaeiaaiee aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea, /oi oi?ie?iaaiea iao/ii-iainiiaaiiuo iai?aaeaiee ?acaeoey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa e ?ac?aaioea aa?a?iie iieeoeee Oe?aeiu aiciiaeii oieueei ia iniiaa o/aoa iieiuo cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee e naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee n o/aoii ecaea?aeae ia?aeeaa e aioo?aiieo iioa?ue. A nayce n yoei a ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaiu nouiinoue, i?eioeeiu e iooe ?an/aoa iieacaoaeae yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa e i?eiaiaiey iiauo aeaeia acioiuo ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee ia iniiaa iieiuo cao?ao n o/aoii yenoa?iaeueiuo ecaea?aeae ia anao noaaeeyo ia?aaeaea. A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea i?eioeeiu ioeaiee yeiiiie/aneiai oua?aa io o?ainii?oe?iaee e i?eiaiaiey ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee. Ia iniiaaiee oeacaiiuo i?eioeeiia, i?iaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneiai oua?aa, iaiineiiai ie?oaeathuae n?aaea acioiuie ieia?aeueiuie oaeia?aieyie ia noaaeeyo eo i?iecaiaenoaa, o?ainii?oe?iaee e i?eiaiaiey. Ioia/aii, /oi iieacaoaee yeiiiie/aneiai oua?aa, iaiineiiai eniieueciaaieai ?acee/iuo aeaeia acioiuo ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee, ?ann/eoaiiua ii aaeaioeaiui iaoiaeeeai iiaoo e aeieaeiu neoaeeoue aacie aeey i?eiyoey ?aoaiey i noeioee?iaaiee eniieueciaaiey iaeieo e ioeaca io eniieueciaaiey ae?oaeo aeaeia oaeia?aiee. Ia iniiaaiee eiathuaeny noaoenoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea caaeneiinoe o?iaiy caaieaaaaiinoe naeueneiai ianaeaiey io iauaiia i?eiaiaiey aa?ioeie/aneeo n?aaenoa. Iainiiaaiu i?aaeeiaeaiey ii aiaae?aieth a naeueneioicyenoaaiiia i?iecaiaenoai yeieiae/anee aaca?aaeiuo aeaeia ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee, eae aaaeiaeoaai yeaiaioa iieo/aiey yeieiae/anee /enouo i?iaeoeoia ieoaiey. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee i?aaeeiaeaiu i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea ia?ii?eyoey ii oi?aaeaieth ieiaei?iaeeai ii/a iooai ?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee. A aeenna?oaoeee i?eaaaeaiu ?an/aou yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneiai yooaeoa io ?anoe?aiiiai eniieueciaaiey oaeaaiiiieeiuo nieae, eae iiaiai yeieiae/anee e yeiiiie/anee yooaeoeaiiai aeaea acioiuo ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee, a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue, yeiiiie/aneee oua?a, ieia?aeueiua oaeia?aiey, yenoa?iaeueiua ecaea?aeee, yeiiiie/aneea eino?oiaiou. SUMMARY Kuzmenko S. Ecological and economic grounds of effectiveness ofusing new types of nitric fertilizers in agriculture. Dissertation is manuscript for competition of masters degree of economic science in speciality 08.08.01 “ Nature Use of Economic and Protection of Environment”, Sumi State University, 1998. The dissertation defines the essense, principlel and ways of calculating ecological efficiency of production and use of new types of nitric mineral tertilizers. Scintific and methodological principles of evaluation of ecjnomic damage during the production and use of mineral resources have been developed. The sujestions for implementation of environmentally friendly mineral fertilizers as a key element of obtaining ecologically clean food products have been substantiated. The key words: ecological and economic efficiency, econonic damedge, mineral fertilizers, external costs, economic tools. I?aei. aei ae?oeo 01.03.99 Oiiai.-ae?oe.a?e. 1,0 Oe?aae 130 i?ei.Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Iae.-aeae.a?e. 1,1. Caiiaeaiiy ? Aaceiooiaii. “??cioeaio?” NoiAeo. 244007, Noie, aoe. ?.-Ei?naeiaa, 2

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