2

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OA?III?EUeNUeEA AEAAeAI?ss IA?IAeIIAI AINIIAeA?NOAA

Iaaaaeei ?aai Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 338.109.11.338.109.12.

AOAEOEAI?NOUe AEEI?ENOAIIss ?ANO?NIIAI IIOAIOe?AEO N?EUeNUeEIAI
AINIIAeA?NOAA A OIIAAO IA?AOIAeO AeI ?EIEO

(ia i?eeeaae? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.02. -Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenuee?e aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai
ain?iaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: e.a.i.IAEAI*OE E.I., aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee,
i?aai?caoe?? ? ieaioaaiiy a AIE Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: ae.a.i., i?ioani? IE?EIEE A.I., aieiaa
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanii? ?aaee ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a

e.a.i. AIIAeA? A.N., n.i.n. ?inoeoooo oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a, i. Ee?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iiae?euenueea aea?aeaaia aa?a?ii-oaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y,
eaoaae?a i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i
Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 11 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 58.082.01 i?e Oa?iii?euenuee?e
aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith: 282 004, i.Oa?iii?eue,
aoe. Euea?anueea, 11, aoae.1300

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 10 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?.Ae.Oa??ii

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.N?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai
ia? ?yae niaoeeo?/ieo i?iaeai a noa?? oi?ioaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo, iaoiiaeaieo iniaeeainoyie ieioeiai ? no/aniiai
eiai ?icaeoeo. Oeyoii ?aoi?i aa?a?iee naeoi? ia?aoiaeeoue a?ae ieaiiai?
nenoaie aei no/anii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Iaiao?aei?noue oaeiai ia?aoiaeo
ni?e/eiaia cieaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ii i??? ae/a?iiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aenoaineaieo oaeoi??a, ye? oi?iothoue ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae.

Iane?aeeii iecueei? aoaeoeaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? noai ? oa?aeoa? iia?eueieo ci?i o ae?iaie/eo
a?aeiineiao, ye? no?eiothoue ?icaeoie i?iaeoeoeaieo nee, a oiio /ene? ?
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo.

Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae ?ano?niei iioaioe?aeii oa eiai a?aeaea/ath
i?eaaea aei cia/iiai ?inoo iniiaieo oiiae?a, c?inoaiiy ianya?a
iacaaa?oaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa. I?iaeiaaeo?oueny i?ioean cieaeaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue,
/a?ac oa, ui ?yae oaoi?/ieo cania?a ia a?aeiia?aeath? no/aniei
oaoiieia?/iei aeiiaai /a?ac iaaeinoaoith iaae?ei?noue ? iecueeo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Iaeii/anii o iaoeiii-o?aeoi?iiio ia?eo ainiiaea?noa ia
aenoa/a? aaaaoueio aeae?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei ? cia?yaeue
aeey eiiieaeniiai, aaaaoiiia?aoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?ineeiieoeueeeo,
oaa?eiieoeueeeo oa ?ioeo aaeocae aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa /a?ac ?o
aenieo aa?o?noue.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a
oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaniino? oa oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ?
iaei??th c aieiaieo, ? a?ae ?? ae??oaiiy caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee aaee/eia
o?iainiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, aea e eiieo?aioiicaeaoi?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ia
ciai?oiueiio oa aioo??oiueiio ?eieao. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoaiue, ui
noinothoueny aeaii? i?iaeaie aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ?
aeooaeueiei.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. I?iaeaia oi?ioaaiiy ? aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aeine?aeaeoaaeanue oaeeie a?aeiieie
aeiiii?noaie:Aiae??e/oe A.A., A?euenueeee A.A., Aoaooeueeee I.A.,
Aaeaeooeueeee I.?., Aeonaiianueeee N.E., E?enaeueiee I.A., Eoe?iia ?.?.,
Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss., Ieoanthe ?.?., Iaeai A.I., Ie?eiee A.I., Iieuaiei
I.I., Ianoaaa? A.E., I?aee?naoeueeee A.I., I?aeaa? Ae.E., Naaeoe I.O.,
Noaeueiauoe A.I., O?aaia/oe A.I. oa ?io?.

Oai?aoe/iith ? i?eeeaaeiith iaoeith ?ic?iaeaii ? iioae?eiaaii ?yae
i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie a ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiio
eiiieaen? Oe?a?ie, i?ioa aeey aa?a?iiai naeoi?a aiie ?ic?iaeai?
/anoeiai, aac a?aooaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo oa no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae
aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Oai?aoe/ii ia iaa?oioiaaiee iaoai?ci
aca?iiae?? neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a a caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo oa nenoaia iieaciee?a ioe?iee eiai aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
? i?e/eie aeeni?iii?oe?e.

Ine?eueee iiaeieaiiy aeiiii?/ii? e?ece aeiaaa? oi?ioaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii?
no?oeoo?e ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ? noai?aiiy oiia caaacia/aiiy
iaeneiaeueiiai eiai aeei?enoaiiy, ye a iaoeiaiio, oae ? a i?aeoe/iiio
ieai? a?ae/oaa?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee eiiieaeniiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ? aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa,
iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aiae?oe/iiai aea/aiiy eiai neeaaeiaeo /anoei.

O ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iathoue aooe ?ic?iaeai?
iaoeiai- iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee/i? canaaee noaiiaeaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii?
no?oeoo?e ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiiyo
a oiiaao aaaaoioeeaaeieo oi?i aeaniino? oa iaoai?ci aoaeoeaiiai eiai
aeei?enoaiiy. Inoaii? coiiaeei aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie,ieaiaie,oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ii i??i?eoaoiiio
iai?yieo ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee 3. “Ae?iaieoeoai, ia?a?iaea oa
caa?aaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??” ? iaeaaeeoue aei
aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie 03.13. “Iaoeia? iniiae aa?a?ii?
iie?oeee o?ainoi?ioaaiiy”.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy
iaoai?cio aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, aeyaeaiiy iaaeei?enoaieo
?aca?a?a oa ?ic?iaea oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
caiaeueieo, o?oaeiaeo ? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

q oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy noo? ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, e?euee?nii? oa ye?nii? eiai
ioe?iee;

q i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co ??aiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a i?neyi?eaaoecaoe?eiee
ia??iae;

q ?ic?iaea iaoai?cio oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ca
?aooiie i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/iiai, o?oaeiaiai oa iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai
iioaioe?ae?a;

q iaa?oiooaaiiy neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a oa iieaciee?a ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy oa ieoiiino? ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo;

q aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee eiiieaeniiai aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ? eiai neeaaeiaeo
/anoei;

q ?ic?iaea aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia iniia? aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie,
?acoeueoaoeai?noue ? ieoii?noue ?ano?n?a i?aei?e?inoa n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, ?aca?ae, iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy ?o no?oeoo?e ?
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy.Oe? ieoaiiy aea/aeeny a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo, ianeoaiaoth/eo ? ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoaao
??cieo oi?i aeaniino? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?. Aeo?aeiith ?ioi?iaoe??th
noaee noaoenoe/i? aeai? ??/ieo ca?o?a ca 1980-1996 ?.?. ? iaoa??aee
ia?aeiiiai aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?ei? iaoa??aee,e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea ii
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ieoaiiyo.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy.Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae i?ciaiiy ae?? aeiiii?/ieo caeii?a
? nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy noo? aeiiii?/ieo yaeu ? i?ioean?a, ye?
noinothoueny ae?yeueiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue. O ?iaio?
aeei?enoai? o?aaeeoe?eie ? niaoe?aeuei? aiae?oe/i? iaoiaee iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aenia?oii? ioe?iee oa ?io? caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeiineoueny
ia caoeno iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa i?aeoe/iiio ae??oaii?
eiiieaeno ieoaiue ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, iiaiioe?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy
oa iaeneiaeueii? ieoiiino? ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee noi?ioethaaoe oai?aoe/i? oa
iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy, a oaeiae io?eiaoe i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, ye?
a?aeia?aaeathoue iaoeiao iiaecio ?iaioe:

q oai?aoe/ii ?ice?eoi iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa eiai ?icaeoeo;

q aecia/aii nooue oa iaoiaee ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iiaiioe?iiiai
aeei?enoaiiy oa iaeneiaeueii? ieoiiino? ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ui i?aoeththoue a oiiaao
noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

q ooi/iaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aa?o?nii? aaee/eie caiaeueieo ae?eyiie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy ia iniia? aii?oaoii? ioe?iee
oa ?aioieo iieaciee?a;

q oaeineiiaeaii eiiieaenio ioe?ieo iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a, iniiaaio ia
cao?aoiiio ? ?eieiaiio i?aeoiaeao aecia/aiiy aa?oino? ia’?eo?a;

q iaa?oioiaaii i?e/eie iaaaoeaieo aeeiai?/ieo ci?i iioaioe?aeo i?aoe? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa ?? i?iaeoeoeaiino? a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei;

q aecia/aii no?aoaa?th, iniiai? iai?yiee ? oeyoe i?neyi?eaaoecaoe?eiiai
?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa;

q ?ic?iaeaii iiaeae? i?iii?oe?eiiai ? caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo
ae?iaie/i-iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa;

q iaa?oioiaaii iioeaaoe?eio nenoaio aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

q ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eio iiaeaeue na?a?niiai caaacia/aiiy ?
ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
aea/aiiy a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e, ocaaaeueiaiiy
i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa ?ic?iaeaii aeiiii?/iee
iaoai?ci caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo, iiaiioe?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa
iaeneiaeueii? ieoiiino? ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa, ui i?aoeththoue a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. I?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? ? a oiio, ui:

q ?ic?iaeaiee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aenia?oii-aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
caiaeueieo ae?eyiie, yeee aeeth/a? aecia/aiiy ?o ii?iaoeaii? ? ?eieiai?
aa?oino?;

q ooi/iaia eiiieaenia ioe?iea iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a, iniiaaia ia
cao?aoiiio ? ?eieiaiio i?aeoiaeao aecia/aiiy aa?oino? ia’?eo?a;

q iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee/i? iniiae anoaiiaeaiiy aa?o?niiai aea?aaeaioa
cai?ie aeeai? i?aoe? o?a/aaeaiith;

q ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ii aa?ina?a?niiio caaacia/aiith
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoa ia ??ai? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
?aeiio.

q ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? o aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa?
Oa?iii?euenueeiai o?e?aeo ?CAO, aa?io??i? ?i. A?ooaanueeiai
Cae?ueoeueeiai ?aeiio Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?, a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao Cae?ueoeueeiai oa ?ioeo ?aeiiao
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aeieie
aeia?aeeaie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a aeine?aeaeoaaio i?iaeaio:

q oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia nooi?noue, iniaeeaino? ? iaoai?ci
?aoe?iiaeueiiai oi?ioaaiiy ? ?oaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

q aaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea aenia?oii? ioe?iee ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
iaeiiaeo eiiieaen?a ae?iaie/i-na?a?nieo oi?ioaaiue AIE;

q ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue ?eieiai? nenoaie na?a?niiai
caaacia/aiiy ? ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

q iaa?oioiaaii iioeaaoe?ei? oaeoi?e i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

q ?ic?aoiaaii ii?iaoeae caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa ? a?ieia?? oaa?ei
(1995-1997 ?.?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iaeaie
?aoi?ioaaiiy eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noa Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?
(1997-1998 ?.?.) oa ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee, i?aai?caoe?? ? ieaioaaiiy a
AIE Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. I?AEOE*IA
CIA*AIIss IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
iioae?eoaaii o 3 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo: a aeo?iaeao “A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee”,
“Aeiiii?ea AIE”, ie?aiith a?ioo?ith, caaaeueiei ianyaii 4 ae?oeiaaieo
a?eoo?a.

Ianya ?iaioe oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 163
noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 38 oaaeeoeue, 6 noai, 20
aeiaeaoe?a. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ia?aoiao? 203
ioae?eaoe??.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe:

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. 1.1.Nooue ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy.1.2. Iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
ioe?iee ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

?icae?e 2. Ioe?iea no/aniiai noaio oi?ioaaiiy ? ??aiy aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?n?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?. 2.1.
Ioe?iea i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ? ??aiy eiai aeei?enoaiiy.
2.2.Noai caaacia/aiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieie ?ano?naie ? aoaeoeai?noue
?o aeei?enoaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2.3. Aeeiai?/i? ci?ie
iioaioe?aeo i?aoe? ? ?? i?iaeoeoeaiino?. 2.4. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy noeoiiiai ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

?icae?e 3. Iaoai?ci ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. 3.1. Iaoiaee/i? iniiae iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?neyi?eaaoecaoe?eii? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa. 3.2. Caaacia/aiiy
i?iii?oe?eiino? ? caaeainiaaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. 3.3. Iioeaaoe?eia nenoaia aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a . 3.4. I?aai?caoe?y ?eieiai? nenoaie na?a?niiai
caaacia/aiiy ? ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa” iaa?oioiaaii nooue
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? ia’?eoeaia
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy. a oaeiae
iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ioe?iee ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa iia’ycaia c ?ioaineai?noth ae?iaieoeoaa, ieoaiiyie
i?aai?/ii? ?aeiino? e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano
?ioaineo?eaoe??. Ia iao iiaeyae, ?ioaineai?noue icia/a? eiioeaio?aoe?th
ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a ia iaeeieoeth caiaeueii? ieiu?. A oeueiio ?icoi?ii?
aiia ni?aiaaea? c eaoaai???th aaniethoiiai ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ?
iaeii/anii aenooia? ye iieaciee nooiaiy ?ioaineo?eaoe?? o /an?, yeee
a?aeia?aaea? ?? iaoa??aeueii-?a/iao iniiao.

?ioaineo?eaoe?y ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
iiae?ey?oueny ia o?e aoaie: ?icaeoeo, ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ? aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino?. Iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei i?aaenoaaeaia ia noai? 1., ia ye?e a?aeia?aaeaii e?euee?nia ?
ye?nia a?aeoai?aiiy caiaeueieo, iaoa??aeueieo ? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, ui
iiaeeeai i?e iayaiino? a?aeiia?aeieo ?iaanoeoe?e, aeaea?aeii yeeo ?
iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ? aoaeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui caaacia/o?oueny
caaeainiaaiei ?icaeoeii ? ?aoe?iiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi anueiai
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo.

Noaia1. Iiaeaeue i?ioeano ?icoe?aiiai a?aeoai?aiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei.

Iaeaaaeeea?oei aeaiaioii aa?a?iiai iioaioe?aeo ? caiey ye ia?oa
ia?aaeoiiaa oa i?e?iaeia iniiaa ae?iaieoeoaa. Aiia aeoeaii aieeaa? ia
i?ioean ae?iaieoeoaa,? eiai iaeaaaeeea?oei neeaaeiaei aeaiaioii,
aacith aeey i?aai?/iiai ii?aeiaiiy ?ioeo ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a. ??aaiue
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee a?ae ?ici??o ? no?oeoo?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, aea e, a cia/i?e i??? a?ae
aeiiii?/ii? ?iaeth/ino? caie?, yea caeo/a?oueny aei ae?iaie/iai
i?ioeano.

A oe?eiio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? oa?aeaey Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieei ??aiai ?ici?aiino?. Ieoiia aaaa ??ee? a
no?oeoo?? oa?aeue neeaaea? 89,6%. Na?aaeiy aa?o?noue iaeiiai aaeoa?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, ?ic?aoiaaia ia iniia? aii?oaoii?
ioe?iee oa ?aioieo iieaciee?a, noaiiaeoue 6230 a?i., a oiio /ene? ??ee?
– 6600, aaaaoi??/ieo ianaaeaeaiue – 10623, i?e?iaeieo n?iiaeaoae – 2881,
i?e?iaeieo ianiaeu – 2139 a?i. (oaae.1.)

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Ioe?iea no/aniiai noaio oi?ioaaiiy ? ??aiy
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano?” ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy ioe?iee: i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/iiai
iioaioe?aeo oa ??aiy eiai aeei?enoaiiy, noaio caaacia/aiiy

1. Iieacieee no?oeoo?ii? ? aa?o?nii? ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue

Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? (ca 1997 ??e)

IieacieeeIeiuaA?ioiaa ioe?iea 1 aa, a?i.Aa?o?noue oa?aeueaa%Iei.
a?i.%N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
oa?aeaey82187610062305120,3100??eey73637789,666004860,194,9Aaaaoi??/i?
ianaaeaeaiiy49300,61062352,41,0I?e?iaei?
n?iiaeao?290203,5288183,61,6I?e?iaei? ianiaeua515496,32139110,32,2

iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieie ?ano?naie ? aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, aeeiai?/ieo ci?i iioaioe?aeo i?aoe? ? ?o
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy noeoiiiai
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

I?iaaaeai? iaie ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/i? oiiae
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? caaacia/othoue iioaioe?eio o?iaeaei?noue iceieo
ca?iiaeo 50 oeaioia??a c aaeoa?a, y?eo – 45, ca?iiaiaiaeo – 40,
eoeo?oaece ia ca?ii – 60, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a – 402, ea?oiie? – 294,
caeaii? iane iaeii??/ieo o?aa – 314, aaaaoi??/ieo o?aa — 401, eoeo?oaece
– 398, ei?iiaeo ei?aiaieiae?a – 697 oe. Iaeiae, oaeoe/ia o?iaeaei?noue
iniiaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a on?o eaoaai??yo
ainiiaea?noa iaeano? ca 1991 – 1997 ??. a na?aaeiueiio noaiiaeea:
ca?iiaeo ? ca?iiaiaiaeo – anueiai a na?aaeiueiio – 24,4 oe/aa,
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a, a?aeiia?aeii, 273 oe/aa, ea?oiie? – 137 oe/aa, iai/?a
– 137 oe/aa. Oiaoi, i?e?iaeiee iioaioe?ae caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a ia
aeei?enoiaoaaany a iiai?e i???. A i?eioeei?, oea caeaaeeoue a?ae oe?eiai
eiiieaeno oaeoi??a, ye? ca a?aeiia?aeieie iciaeaie iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
aeiiii?/i?, oaoiieia?/i? ? i?aai?caoe?ei?.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy iiaeaeueoiai ?inoo ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??,
iie?auaiiy aeia?iaooo ia?iaeo iio??aiee oaeaeeee ??no i?iaeoeoeaieo nee.
Iniiaio /anoeio inoaii?o neeaaeathoue caniae ae?iaieoeoaa, ye?
a?ae?a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue a ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aieiaiei oaeoi?ii ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy, ye?
aeeiiothoue ooieoe?th a?aeoai?aiiy ? ca?eueoaiiy ianyao iniiaieo
cania?a. Ca inoaii? ?iee noia eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue o n?euenueea
ainiiaea?noai ??cei ciaioeeanue. I?e oeueiio iaeaea i?eieieeiny
aoae?aieoeoai ae?iaie/eo nii?oae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy,
a aea? o?aoeie aecia/aieo noi iai?aaeyeiny ia i?eaeaaiiy o?aeoi??a,
o?ainii?oieo cania?a ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei.

O ae??oaii? i?iaeaie ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a
? ?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? aaaeeeaa ?ieue
a?aeaiaeeoueny oaeineiiaeaiith no?oeoo?e iniiaieo oiiae?a. Oae, a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? noi?ioaaeanue
no?oeoo?a iniiaieo oiiae?a, a ye?e aoae?ae? ? nii?oaee caeiathoue 63%, a
iaoeie, onoaoeoaaiiy, ia?aaeaaaeuei? i?eno?i? ? o?ainii?oi? caniae eeoa
17%. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeoi iecueeo ieoiio aaao aeoeaii? /anoeie
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo cania?a, ui ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei
oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/iei aeiiaai ae?iaieoeoaa.Ii??aiyiiy c a?aeiia?aeieie
iieacieeaie ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i na?oo iieaco?, ui a ?ic?aooieo ia 1000 aa
i?ieo caiaeue a Oa?iii?euenuee?e iaeano? i?eiaaea? 20 o?aeoi??a, a a NOA
– 33, a I?ia//ei? – 203, O?aioe?? – 86 oa ?oae?? – 138. Ia 1000 aa
iin?ao ca?iiaeo a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao
Oa?iii?eueueie ? 11 eiiaaei?a, o oa?ia??a NOA – 17.

Aiane?aeie iaeiiieaeoiino? oaoi?ee ? iecueei? oiiaeiica?i?iino? i?aoe?,
yea a 3 ?ace iaioa, i?ae a NOA, a ian iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?.
Aaea aaaaoi aeanyoe??/ i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie neeaaea? 20-25% ??aiy NOA. Ia ae?iaieoeoai
iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? aeo?a/a?oueny a 5-20 ?ac a?eueoa i?aoe?,
i?ae a NOA.

A aeaiee /an neoaeaa iaoa??aeueii -oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iaeano?
i?aeoe/ii ia a?aeiia?aea? ?eieiaei oiiaai. *anoeia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee, yea ciaoiaeeoueny ia aaeain?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ii noo? iai?aoeacaeaoia,
ine?eueee na?a?ni? neoaeae ia iia’ycai? aaciina?aaeiuei c e?ioeaaeie
?acoeueoaoaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a ainiiaea?noaa
ia iathoue o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a aeey caeoi?ae? aei?iaeo caianieo /anoei.
Iniaeeai aino?i i?iaeaia iaea?iaaiino? aa?ioaona?a?niith neoaeaith
aeieea? a i?eia? ia??iaee (aaniyii-iieueia? ?iaioe ? cae?aiiy a?iaeath),
eiee caaacia/aiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa caianieie
/anoeiaie, ?aiiioieie caniaaie, iaeeaii-ianoeeueieie iaoa??aeaie, a
oaeiae iiaith oaoi?eith noa? aeiyoeiai aeooaeueiith.

Oaea ae neooaoe?y ?c caaacia/aiiyi n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie oa o?i?/ieie caniaaie caoenoo ?ineei. Ianya
iinoa/aiiy i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea a Oe?a?i? ca inoaii? ?iee ciaioeany
iaeaea o 5 ?ac?a, a e?euee?noue aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea o ?ic?aooieo
ia 1 aa iin?aii? ieiu? ciaioeeany a?eueo ye ia o?aoeio. O ainiiaea?noaao
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? i?ae a?iaeae inoaii?o ?ie?a ia iaeei aaeoa?
aiineoueny iaioa 7 o i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea, aai a aeaa ?ace iaioa, i?ae a
iiia?aaei? ?iee.

??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo ?ano?n?a a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? iia’ycaiee c i?iii?oe?ei?noth oe?i ia ?ano?ne
? i?iaeoeoe?th. Aiae?c iae?iiioie?a i?iieneiai? i?iaeoeoe??, i?ecia/aii?
aeey ae?iaie/iai niiaeeaaiiy o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a oaeiae
i?iaeoeoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa iieaco?, ui,
iai?eeeaae, o 1991 ?ioe? aeey caeoi?ae? o?aeoi?a ia?ee O-150E,
iaiao?aeii aoei ae?inoeoe ? i?iaeaoe aea?aeaa? 44 o ca?ia aai 4 o i’yna
/e 32 o iieiea. A aeaiee /an oe? oeeo?e noaiiaeyoue, a?aeiia?aeii, 104 o
ca?ia, 9 o i’yna, 66 o iieiea.

Iaeaaaeeea?oei neeaaeiaei aeaiaioii ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa ? ?ano?ne aeeai? i?aoe?. Caiane ?o o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? oa?aeoa?ecothoue niaith
o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae aaeoc?. I?aoey ye ooieoe?y o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a
neeaaea? aieiaiee aeaiaio ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee. A
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?
o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae neeaaea? 183,3 oen. oiiaieo i?aoe?aiee?a, a oiio
/ene? iniae i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo caeiathoue 80,6 a?aenioea. Ia?aaaaeio
a?eueo?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ianaeaiiy o o?ce/iiio ia/eneaii?
noaiiaeyoue iai?aoeacaeaoi? ? iniae iain?eiiai a?eo, aea a oiiaiiio
ia/eneaii? aiie neeaaeathoue a no?oeoo?? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo 18,7%.
Na?aaei? iaaaioaaeaiiy caie? a ia?ia?oeo ia iaeiiai oiiaiiai i?aoe?aieea
aei??aith? 4,8 aa. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy
?iai/i? neee ia nae? caeaaeeoue a?ae ?? iioaioe?eiiai caiano.

A?aeaoaa?oueny i?ioean noa??iiy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy iaoiiaeaiee
aeaiia?ao?/iith neooaoe??th. A?oioaaiiy n?e ca e?euee?noth ianaeaiiy
iieaco?, ui a iaeano? iae?/o?oueny 51 ianaeaiee ioieo, a yeiio i?ioyaii
?ieo i?ooi ia ia?iaeaeoaaany, 147 ianaeaieo ioieo?a, aea ia aoei
aeiaeiiai i?eaoeiai iaoeaioey, a a 79 ianaeaieo ioieoao aeeoae?
iain?eiiai a?eo ia?aaeuothoue 50 a?aenioe?a.

Ca ??aiai aia?aiica?i?iino? i?aoe? ?ia?oieee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano? a?eueo ye a 5 ?ac a?aenoathoue a?ae oa?ia??a
NOA. A aeaiee /an oiiaeiaia?aiica?i?i?noue n?euenueeiai ?ia?oieea a 1,8
?ace ieaeua, i?ae ?ia?oieea a i?iieneiaino?, oi/a a ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao
na?oo oa?ia? ica?i?iee a 1,5-2 ?ace aeua, i?ae ?ia?oiee i?iieneiaino?.
I?ae?aoiaaii, ui iaeei i?aoe?aiee, caeiyoee a n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?, aiaeo? ianaeaiiy: a Oe?a?i? – 14 /ieia?e, a NOA, c
?ic?aooieo aeui? a 7 ?ac?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? aa?a?ii? i?aoe?, i?ae a
Oe?a?i?, — 98 /ieia?e.

A n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiiyo ? iaaeei?enoai? ?aca?ae
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, iniiai? c yeeo oea oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa aoaeoeaia nenoaia iaoa??aeueiiai
noeioethaaiiy. A ia?aaeiaeo ainiiaea?noaao ?aoe?iiaeueii ii?aeio?oueny
iaoo?aeueia ? a?ioiaa iieaoa, ye? iinoaaeai? a i?yio caeaaei?noue a?ae
e?ioeaaeo i?aenoie?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? caaacia/aiiy
aa?aioiaaii? ? nai?/anii? aeieaoe ca?ia?oii? ieaoe aeinyaa?oueny aeniea
o?oaeiaa ? oaoiieia?/ia aeenoeeie?ia, yea a naith /a?ao ? iniiaith
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?.

Aeai? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co no?oeoo?e noeoiiiai aeioiaeo ? eiai
aeei?enoaiiy a naeyinuee?e n?i’? ? a n?i’? ?ia?oieea i?iieneiaino?
iieacothoue, ui ia?oa ciaoiaeeoueny a a??oeo iaoa??aeueieo oiiaao.
Ca?ia?oia ieaoa n?i’? naeyieia a 1,5 ?aca ieae/a a?ae n?i’? ?ia?oieea.
Iaa?oue c a?aooaaiiyi ae?o/ee a?ae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe?? iniaenoiai
i?aeniaiiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui aeiaaa? aeiaeaoeiaeo cao?ao i?aoe?
iica?iai/ee /an, aeio?ae naeyieia ia 13% iaioee. AEeoae? naea a
ii??aiyii? c ianaeaiiyi i?no iinoaaeai? a a??o? oiiae ii i?iaeiaieue/iio
caaacia/aiith, oa eoeueoo?ii-iiaooiaeo iineoaao.

Oaeei /eiii, iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa c aieo aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aei
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a ?
aaaiiith i?e/eiith noa??iiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a naea, iaaeinoaoiueiai
aeei?enoaiiy anueiai ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a. Iaeiei ?c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ? iaa?oioiaaia oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e ae?iaieoeoaa ?, a
ia?oo /a?ao, no?oeoo?e iin?aieo ieiu n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?. I?iaaaeaia iaie ii??aiyeueia aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
ie?aieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? iieaco?, ui ca iieacieeii
aeoiaeo i?eaooeo c iaeeieoe? ieiu? ia?oeie aeae?eythoueny oeoe?ia?
ao?yee, a iaeaeuee ??aaiue ieoiiino? cao?ao iathoue ca?iia? eoeueoo?e.
Oaeei /eiii, a oiiaao aeao?oeeoo o?iainiaeo ? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a
iaea?eueo aea?aeiei ? ae?iuoaaiiy ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?.

O aeeiai?oe? ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa ? i?iaeaaeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy. Oae, ca inoaii?o
aeanyoue ?ie?a ianya ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia ui??/ii ciaiooaaany a
na?aaeiueiio ia 6,3%, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a – ia 25,9, ea?oiie? – ia 52,8,
o?oeo?a ? ya?ae – ia 47,5, othothio – ia 84,8%. Aiaeia?/ia neooaoe?y
niinoa??aa?oueny a oaa?eiieoeueeeo aaeocyo. A?aeiia?aeii cieaeoaaany
??aaiue oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??, ui iaaaoeaii a?aeia?aceeinue ia iieacieeao
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?, aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo.

Iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue aaeocae ?ineeiieoeoaa ? oaa?eiieoeoaa ciaeoea
na?e iaaaoeaiee a?aeaeoie ia nia?aa?oino? ?o i?iaeoeoe??. O
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ci?i nia?aa?oino? ? ?aae?caoe?eieo oe?i i?iaeoeoe??
ci?ithaaany ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? ? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ocaaaeueithth/ei iieacieeii aoaeoeaiino? ? aecia/aiiy ??aiy aeei?enoaiiy
noeoiiiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a
no?oeoo?? yeiai 32,4% noaiiaeoue aa?o?noue caie?, 38,9 – o?oaeia?
?ano?ne, 28,7% — iniiai? ? ia?aia? caniae (oaae.2).

2.Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy noeoiiiai ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?

Iieacieee1997 ?.I?iaiic ia 2005 ?.anueiai, oen.a?i.Ia 1 aa n.-a.
oa?aeue, a?i.Anueiai,

oen. a?i.ia 1 aa n.-a. oa?aeue, a?i. Noeoiiee ?ano?niee
iioaioe?ae7602725477857450a o./.:aa?o?nia ioe?iea caiaeueieo
oa?aeue2463235025292420 aa?o?nia ioe?iea o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a2957282228632740 iniiai? ? ia?aia?
caniae2182208223932290Aeo?ae ia 1000 a?i ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo,
a?i.: aaeiai? i?iaeoeoe??57,441778,5751 aaeiaiai
aeioiaeo11,88516,2155

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa aea?
i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i cia/i? iaaeei?enoai? ?aca?ae ca?eueoaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??, i?aeaeuaiiy ?? yeino? oa caeaoaaeaiiy. Aeey
iie?auaiiy aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?
caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy eiai iioaioe?eieo ?ano?nieo
iiaeeeainoae ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
oa aoaeoeaiee iaoai?ci ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaeoc? a iiaeo oiiaao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iaoai?ci ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa” iaa?oioiaaii: iaoiaee/i? iniiae
i?neyi?eaaoecaoe?eii? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa; ii?iaoeai?
iieacieee caaacia/aiiy i?iii?oe?eiino? ? caaeainiaaiino?

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa; iioeaaoe?eio nenoaio
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a; i?aai?caoe?eiee iaoai?ci
?eieiai? nenoaie na?a?niiai caaacia/aiiy ? ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Cie?aia, i?e aecia/aii? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa a
i?neyi?eaaoecaoe?eiee ia??iae, yea eiioeaio?o? an? aeaee
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, iaie aeae?eaii o? aeaiaioe, ye?
iaea?eueo nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa. Cacia/aii,
ui a i?ioean? no?aoaa?/iiai oi?aae?iiy iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe ye
ciai?oi?, oae ? aioo??oi? oaeoi?i? iieacieee, ia iniia? yeeo iiaeia
noaaeoe ae?aaiic i?aei?e?inoao, ioe?ithaaoe eiai ?ano?ni? iiaeeeaino? ?
iaa?oiooaaoe i?iaiic aeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo.

?ic?iaeai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoiaee/i? iniiae ?aoi?ioaaiiy
eieaeoeaieo

neuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia?aaeaa/athoue aeio?eiaiiy oaeeo
iaaeoiia: caa?aaeaiiy ia?aaaa e?oiiiai ae?iaieoeoaa; caaacia/aiiy
?aoe?iiaeueiiai ni?a?nioaaiiy ??cieo ca ?ici??aie ? oi?iaie aeaniino?
ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue; noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.

I?iiiceoe?? ii oi?ioaaiith no?oeoo?e aeueoa?iaoeaieo naeyinueeeo
ainiiaea?noa ni?eythoue oaeineiiaeaiith ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei ia nae?,
?aoe?iiaeueiiio aeei?enoaiith caiaeueieo, o?oaeiaeo ? iaoa??aeueieo
?ano?n?a, i?aeaeuaiith caoe?eaaeaiino? naeyieia o ca?eueoaii?
ae?iaieoeoaa ? caeaoaaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? oa ia?aoai?aiith eiai a
ainiiaea?y caie?.

Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa aeinyaa?oueny i?e oiia? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?n?a ia iniia? ?o i?iii?oe?eiino? ? caaeainiaaiino? o an?o noa?ao
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. I?ae?aoiaaii, ui e?ea?aeaoe?y
aioo??aaeocaaeo aeeni?iii?oe?e a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ??aiioe?iia
ca?eueoaiith ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? i?eaeecii ia 10-15%.

?ic?iaeaiee iaie iioei?caoe?eiee i?iaiic ia?niaeoeaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a ainiiaea?noaao Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano? ia ia??iae aei 2005 ?ieo ia?aaeaa/a? i?e??no iniiaieo eiai
iieaciee?a a 1,4-1,5 ?ace, i?ioe ??aiy, aeinyaiooiai a 1991-1995 ?ieao.
Cie?aia, ??aaiue o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo iai?/aii aeiaanoe aei 44,
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a – aei 350, ea?oiie? – aei 180, iai/?a – aei 200 oe c
aaeoa?a, na?aaeiuei??/iee iaae?e iieiea ia ei?iao noaiiaeoeia 33 oe,
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no A?O – 550, naeiae – 380 a?ai. Aaeiaa
ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia neeaaeaoeia 1670, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a –3000, ea?oiie? –
900, iai/?a – 180 oen.oiii, i’yna /a aeea?e ian?/ ? iieiea a ?ic?aooieo
ia 100 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue a?aeiia?aeii 20 oa 85 oiii.

Oaaeeoey 3. I?iaeo oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?

N?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea oaoi?ea1995?.2000?.2005?.O?aeoi??a –
anueiai124721400015410O o./. caaaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy476852405800C ieo:
O-150165318202100 AeO-75, O – 74110612151310
O-150E179519752150 Oi?aa?naeueieo i?inaiieo
o?aeoi??a781683509490 C ieo: O-70N177520002200
IOC an?o iiaeeo?eaoe?e220622502320 THIC an?o
iiaeeo?eaoe?e212926003050Ca?iicae?aeueieo
eiiaaei?a362740004200Eoeo?oaecicae?aeueieo336350365Ei?iicae?aeueieo
eiiaaei?a137115001650Ao?yeicae?aeueieo
eiiaaei?a115012651400Ea?oiieacae?aeueieo eiiaaei?a346380410

Aeey iie?auaiiy oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy a 2005 ?ioe? caaaeueia
e?euee?noue o?aeoi??a a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano? ia? noaiiaeoe 15410, ca?iicae?aeueieo eiiaaei?a – 4200,
ao?yeicae?aeueieo – 1400 oooe (oaae.3).

Aeey caaacia/aiiy i?iii?oe?eiiai ?icaeoeo aaeocae ?ineeiieoeoaa ?
oaa?eiieoeoaa ?ic?aoiaaii iioeiaeueiee ieai ei?iiae?iaieoeoaa aeey
ainiiaea?noa Cae?ueoeueeiai ?aeiio c aeei?enoaiiyi AII ? AII, yeee
ia?aaeaa/a? oaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e iin?aieo ieiu, cie?aia ca?eueoaiiy
ieiu iin?ao aaaaoi??/ieo o?aa aei 38-39% cai?noue iayaieo 32-33%.
O?aoeio c ieo, ye iieacothoue ?ic?aooiee, ne?ae a?aeianoe i?ae iin?ae
ethoea?ie, a oaeiae ?icoe?eoe ieiu? eoeo?oaece, ni? oa iceiiai ??iaeo ia
ca?ii.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoieo caaaeaiue ia?aaeaa/a?oueny:
caaa?oeoe i?ioean i?eaaoecaoe??, ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueii-iaeiiaeo
a?aeiinei, cai?iaaaeeoe aoaeoeai? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ye?
caaacia/aoue aenieo a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ? caoe?eaaeai?noue i?aoe?aiee?a
a ?acoeueoaoao nai?? i?aoe?; ai?iaaaeeoe i?ia?aneai? oaoiieia??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iai?aaeai? ia iaeneiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo; oaeineiiaeeoe aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci
aioo??ainiiaea?nueeeo ? i?aeainiiaea?nueeeo a?aeiinei, yeee aeeth/a?
iaa?oioiaai? ?iciiae?euei? a?aeiineie; i?aai?coaaoe aoaeoeaio nenoaio
aa?ina?a?niiai caaacia/aiiy ? ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aecia/aia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaeano? ? iaoai?ci ?? aeeiiaiiy caaacia/aoue aenieee
??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo ? aoaeoeaiee ?icaeoie
ae?iaieoeoaa a oe?eiio.

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo iai?/aii
aeinyaoe ca ?aooiie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie aeiiii?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo
? nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia o?oaeiao iiaaae?ieo ?
aenooiathoue ye aeiiii?/i? noeioee, a naia: cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?eieo
caiaeueieo /anoie ? iaeiiaeo ia?a, ?aoe?iiaeueia ii?aeiaiiy a?ioiai? ?
iaoo?aeueii? oi?i iaoa??aeueiiai noeioethaaiiy, oaeineiiaeaiiy
caiaeueii-iaeiiaeo a?aeiinei.

?aoe?iiaeueiee ?icaeoie ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aa?ii?iieneiaeo
oi?ioaaiue caaacia/o?oueny ia iniia? noai?aiiy ?eieo cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa. A n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? iaiao?aeii
?icaeaaoe eiieo?aioe?th oeyoii e?ea?aeoaaiiy iiiiiie?? aeayeeo
i?aei?e?inoa ia aeione iaaieo aeae?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee.
Aei oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa iaiao?aeii
caeo/aoe ?iicaii? o??ie i?e noai?aii? ni?eueieo iaoeiiaoae?aieo
i?aei?e?inoa, ui caaacia/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?, iaae?eiino? iaoei,
?icoe?aiiy ?o iiiaieeaoo?e ? cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino?.

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei ? aino?i? eiieo?aioii?
ai?ioueae i?aei?e?inoaa a?o/eciyiiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy iiaeii?
i?aai?coaaoe o??iiaee oaoi?/iee na?a?n, yeee ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
ae?iaieoeoaa ? caooo i?iaeoeoe?? ? aecia/a? oni?o o??ie. C oe??th iaoith
a eiaeiiio aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio ?aeii? ia aac? ?aiiioii-oaoi?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa ? ?aeaa?iiinoa/o aeioe?eueii ooai?eoe oa?eoi??aeueiee
oeaio? ii o??iiaiio ianeoaiaoaaiith oaoi?ee. Ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi
oaoi?/iiai na?a?no ? caaa?oaiiy eiiieaenii? iaoai?caoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Aea?? nenoaie iaoei aeey
eiiieaenii? iaoai?caoe?? iiaeiai aacoaaoeny ia i?ia?aneai?e oaoiieia??
ae?iuoaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, ?aoe?iiaeueieo iaoiaeao
oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaie i?aai?caoe?y eiia?oe?eii? nenoaie aa?io?i?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaaeoaeaio nenoaio ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aeueieo
aeia?ea ? ianoeoeeae?a, yea, ia iaoo aeoieo,iiaeiia aoaeoaaoeny oaeei
/eiii, uia iaeneiaeueii ioiieoe an? eaoaai??? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
ae?iaiee?a, ia’?aeioaaoe a ?aeeio n?oeo i?aei?e?inoaa ii ae?iaieoeoao
aeia?ea ? io?ooio?i?eao?a, i?eaaoi? eiiiai?? ? eiiia?aoeai? ia’?aeiaiiy
ii aeei?enoaiith o?i?/ieo cania?a. I?e oeueiio n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei
ae?iaieeai ne?ae iaaeaaaoe ei?ioeino?ieia? e?aaeeoe ia i?eueaiaeo
oiiaao. Ana oea ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? aa?io?i?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

A no/anieo oiiaao o?iainia? e?ece aoaeoeaiith oi?iith ?ica’ycaiiy
i?iaeai iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ? e?ceia.

Noaia 2. No?oeoo?a ? aca?iia?aeiineie aeiiii?/ieo ia’?eo?a i?e e?ceiao a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Cae?ueoeueeiai ?aeiio Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeano?

A ?ic?iaeai?e iaie no?oeoo?i?e iiaeae? e?ceiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (noaia 2)
e?ceiaiaeaaa/ai aea?aii i?aeainiiaea?nueea i?aei?e?inoai, yea ia? aeia?a
?icaeiooo iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/io aaco, a?aei?aoeueiaai? ca’ycee c on?ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie i?aei?e?inoaaie, aea?aeia o?ainii?oia
?ici?uaiiy oa ?io? iiceoeai? oaeoi?e, ye? aeey oeueiai iaiao?aei?. Ia
iniia? e?ceiaiai? ae?yeueiino? ?icaeaathoueny ?aoe?iiaeuei?
aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae ae?iaieeii n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei oa ?o
ae?iaie/eie niiaeeaa/aie, noai?th?oueny iaae?eia iniiaa ?iaanooaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeai a
oiiaao iaaeinoaoiueiai caaacia/aiiy e?aaeeoieie ?ano?naie.

I?aai?caoe?y ?eieiai? nenoaie na?a?niiai caaacia/aiiy ? ianeoaiaoaaiiy
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, iiaeaeue yei? ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia
aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia aac? ?nioth/eo i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e AIE,
noai?th? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeey aenieii?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoe? ?
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??

Ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoe/ieo ? oai?aoe/ieo ieoaiue aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aea? iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee:

1. Ae?iaie/i-?ano?niee iioaioe?ae, a neeaae yeiai aoiaeyoue caiey,
i?aoey ? eai?oae, ? iaeaaaeeea?oeie iniiaaie n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.
A aeeiai?oe? niinoa??aa?oueny iinooiiaa cieaeaiiy ae?iaie/eo
iiaeeeainoae ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aiane?aeie iia??oaiiy ?iaeth/ino?
a?oioo, a?aeieeao ?c naea ae??caeaoii? /anoeie ianaeaiiy,
iaaeinoaoiueiai iiiiaiaiiy ? cai?ie iaoa??aeueieo cania?a.

2.Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aecia/a?oueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaieoeoaa a a?ioiaiio ae?ac? ? cao?ao
?ano?n?a ia ?o aeinyaiaiiy. Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, a no?oeoo?? yeiai 32,4% noaiiaeoue aa?o?noue
caie?, 38,9% — o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, 28,7% — iniiai? ? ia?aia? caniae aea?
i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i cia/i? iaaeei?enoai? ?aca?ae ca?eueoaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ? caeaoaaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe??.

3. E?euee?nia ? ye?nia a?aeoai?aiiy caiaeueieo, o?oaeiaeo ?
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a iiaeeeaa i?e iayaiino? a?aeiia?aeieo ?iaanoeoe?e,
aeaea?aeii yeeo ? iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ? aoaeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui caaacia/o?oueny
caaeainiaaiei ?icaeoeii ? ?aoe?iiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi anueiai
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo.

I?iiiio?oueny i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia iiaeaeue i?iii?oe?eiiai ?
caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo an?o aeaiaio?a noeoiiiai ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo,
yea caaacia/o? eiai iaeneiaeueio a?aeaea/o.

4. I?e aoiaeaeaii? o nenoaio ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iaiao?aeii ioe?ieoe
noeoiiee ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a ?aeeieo
aa?o?nieo iaeeieoeyo.

I?iiiio?oueny iaoiaeeea a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeueieo ? o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a, aa?o?niei aeaiaioii yeeo ? noia iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo
cania?a, yea iaiao?aeia aeey eiiiainaoe?? ?o aeaoooy ?c
a?aeoai?thaaeueiiai i?ioeano a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? oa?aeaey Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aenieei ??aiai ?ici?aiino? (89,6%). Iaeei aaeoa? ?o
ioe?ith?oueny a 6230 a?i., ??ee? – 6600, aaaaoi??/i? ianaaeaeaiiy –
10623, i?e?iaei? n?iiaeao? ? ianiaeua – a?aeiia?aeii 2881 oa 2139 a?i. A
aeeiai?oe? i?iaeoeoeai?noue caie? ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei canoith, a a
inoaii? ?iee ii ie?aieo eoeueoo?ao a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy aeoiaeo
i?iaeoeoe?? c iaeeieoe? iin?aii? ieiu?.

5. Aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy a inoaii? ?iee noie eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue iia??oo?oueny e?euee?niee ? ye?niee noai ae?iaie/eo cania?a,
ui i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, aei c?inoaiiy
?ano?ni?iiino? i?iaeoeoe??. A?aenooi?noue ia?eoaoo oe?i ia ?ano?ne ?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th ooo/ii no?eio? oaiie oaoi?/ii?
cai?ie ae?iaieoeoaa, ui aaaea aei c?inoaiiy aeo?ao ia i?aeo?eiaiiy a
?iaioicaeaoiiio noai? ? aenieoaoaoe?? noa?i? oaoi?ee, a oaeiae no?eio?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?iiiio?oueny a oiiaao o?iainiai? e?ece aeey ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy e?ceiaiai? oi?ie noinoie?a i?ae ae?iaieeaie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoei oa ?o ae?iaie/eie niiaeeaa/aie.

6. ?ano?ne aeeai? i?aoe? a aeeiai?oe? iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei ciaioaiiy
? iia??oaiiy yeino?, ui ae?aaea?oueny noa??iiyi n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy.
I?e oeueiio oaoi?/iee iioaioe?ae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?ia?oieea ua
iaaeinoaoi?e aeey ?ioaineaiiai aaaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa, iaaaaaoi a?aenoa?
a?ae ??aiy ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i.

I?iiiio?oueny iioeaaoe?eiee iaoai?ci i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?
ia iniia? aeiiii?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ? nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a. A?i
ia?aaeaa/a? /a?ac noai?aiiy aeueoa?iaoeaieo ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue,
oaeineiiaeaiiy caiaeueii-iaeiiaeo a?aeiinei iineeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
ca?ioa?aniaaiino? i?aoe?aiee?a o ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaaaaeei ?.A. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a a iiaeo
oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy // Aeiiii?ea AIE. — 1997. — ?7.

2. Iaaaaeei ?.A. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo
?ano?n?a ia ia?ao?aeiiio aoai? aei ?eieo // A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee. 1997.
— ?10

3. Iaaaaeei ?.A. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. – Oa?iii?eue: “Aeiiii?/ia aeoiea” 1998. —
78n.

Aiioaoe??

Iaaaaeei ?.A. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo. ?oeiien.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeueiinoth 08.07.02. – Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?
AIE. Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa,1998.

?ice?eoa no?oeoo?a ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa;
aeyaeai? iaaeei?enoai? ?aca?ae ? iiaeeea? oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo, o?oaeiaeo ? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a a oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo; aaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea eiiieaeniiai, nenoaiiiai
aiae?co ? ioe?iee ie?aieo ?ano?n?a oa iioaioe?aeo a oe?eiio; ?ic?iaeaiee
aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci eiai caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ano?niee iioaioe?ae, eiiieaeniee aiae?c, neeaaeia?
aeaiaioe, iioeaaoe?eiee oaeoi?, aa?ina?a?nia caaacia/aiiy, aeiiii?/iee
iaoai?ci, aoaeoeai?noue.

Iaaaaeui E.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey ?ano?niiai iioaioeeaea
naeueneiai oicyenoaa a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uieo. ?oeiienue.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoe yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02. – Yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE.
Oa?iiiieueneay aeaaeaiey ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa,1998.

?ane?uoa no?oeoo?a ?ano?niiai iioaioeeaea aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa; onoaiiaeaiu iaeniieueciaaiiua ?aca?au e aiciiaeiua iooe
iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey caiaeueiuo, o?oaeiauo e
iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea e ?uieo; oniaa?oainoaiaaia
iaoiaeeea eiiieaeniiai, nenoaiiiai aiaeeca e ioeaiee ioaeaeueiuo
?ano?nia e iioaioeeaea a oeaeii; ?ac?aaioai yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci aai
naaeaine?iaaiiiai ?acaeoey e iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?ano?niue iioaioeeae, eiiieaeniue aiaeec, ninoaaiua
yeaiaiou, iioeaaoeeiiiue oaeoi?, aa?ina?aeniia iaania/aiea,
yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci, yooaeoeaiinoue.

Mehedyn I.V. Inerease in efficient utilization of resource potential in
agriculture under transition to market economy. Manuscript. Thesis for a
Candidate of science degree (PhD degree) in economics in speciality
08.07.02. – Agrarion ekonomics and agro- industrial complex. Ternopil
Academy of National Economy,1998.

The strukture of resource potential of agro- industrial production is
revealed; untapped reserves and possible ways of increase in efficient
utilization of land, labour and material reserves under transition to
market economy are investigated; methods of complex and systematic
analysis as well as estimation of individual resources and industrial
potential are improved; economic mechanism or balanced development and
increase i

n efficient utilisation of agricultural productive resources is worked
out.

Key words: resource potential, complex analysis, constituent elements,
motivation factor, agricultural service provision, economic mechanism,
efficiency.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 3.11.98

Oi?iao 60o90 1/16 Iai?? ae?oe. Iae.aeae.a?e. 1,0

Oe?aae 100 Cai. ?253

Cae?ueoeueea ?aeiiia ae?oea?iy 283540, Oa?iii?euenueea iaeanoue,
i.Cae?ueee, aoe. ?.O?aiea,6

CAOAA?AeAEOTH:

?aeoi? Iiae?euenueei? aea?aeaaii?

aa?a?ii-oaoi?/ii? aeaaeai??

__________________________

__________________________

A?AeAOE

i?ia?aeii? onoaiiae Iiae?euenueei? aea?aeaaii? aa?a?ii-oaoi?/ii?
aeaaeai??

ia aeena?oaoe?th Iaaaaeeia ?.A. “Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo”,
i?aaenoaaeaio ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 08.07.02. – Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
? AIE

?icaeoie n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth
?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo, aoaeoeaieie aeiiii?/ieie a?aeiineiaie,
e?ioeaaeie ?acoeueoaoaie ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aei iniiaieo ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a?aeiinyoueny
caiaeuei? ? o?oaeia? ?ano?ne, iniiai? ? iai?ioi? caniae ae?iaieoeoaa.
Aeiiii?/iee aiae?c noaio aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo na?ae/eoue
i?i no?eeo oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy eiai i?iaeoeoeaiiai ??aiy. A
aeeiai?oe? niinoa??aa?oueny niaae ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo ? iaiiaia caeo/aiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue aei aeei?enoaiiy, “noa??iiy”
n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a ? ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a i?iaeoeoeaiino?
i?aoe?, iaaeinoaoi? caaacia/aiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ae?iaie/eie
caniaaie, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ciino iayaieo iniiaieo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa
? cieaeaiiy iieacieea oiiaeia?aeaea/?. Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i ao?aoo
i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae ?ano?n?a n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? iia??oaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

A iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy aeey ii?iaeueiiai ?icaeoeo ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa aeieea? ia”?eoeaia
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo aei ??aiy naiiieoiiino?. Aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie, o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee, ne?ae
oaeineiiaeeoe no?oeoo?o ?ano?n?a, cai?iaaaeeoe iaoai?ci ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
?o aeei?enoaiiy oa ?io? aoaeoeai? caoiaee ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Aeoiaey/e
c oeueiai, oaia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeooaeueiith.

sse aeaeii c iaoa??ae?a ?aoeaiciaaii? aeena?oaoe??, ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia a
/?oe?e eia?/i?e iine?aeiaiino? ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? i?iaeaie,
iaea?aeai? iiooea/ai ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue iaoeiao iiaecio
? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue. Iniaeeaee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an i?aaenoaaey?
iaoiaeeea ioe?iee caiaeueieo ? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a a ?aeeieo a?ioiaeo
iaeeieoeyo, i?iiiceoe?? ii caaacia/aiith i?iii?oe?eiino? ?
caaeainiaaiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae
iioeaaoe?eia nenoaia aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo.

Nooi?iue iaa?oioiaaiino? iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, noi?ioeueiaaieo o aeena?oaoe?? oa ?oiy aeinoia??i?noue
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iaea?aeaieie ?acoeueoaoaie a i?ioean? ia?iaee ?
aiae?co, c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a oa AII, cia/ii?
e?eueeino? ca?oieo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ia”?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
ca ?yae ?ie?a oa aaeeeei i?aeoe/iei aeina?aeii ?iaioe a noa??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa aeena?oaioa.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a iiai?e i???
aeeeaaeai? a o?ueio iaoeiaeo ?iaioao: “Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a a iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy” (aeo?iae –
Aeiiii?ea AIE, 1997, ? 7); “Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo ?ano?n?a ia ia?ao?aeiiio aoai? aei ?eieo”
(aeo?iae – A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee, 1997, ? 10); “Aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa “ (
a?ioo?a – Oa?iii?eue, “Aeiiii?/ia aeoiea”, 1998 , 78 n.).

Iaea?aeai? aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iathoue
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey iaoee ? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iaoiaee/i?
i?iiiceoe?? ii eiiieaeni?e ioe?ioe? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a, ye?
iniiaai? ia cao?aoiiio ? ?eieiaiio i?aeoiaeao aecia/aiiy aa?oino?
ia”?eo?a aiinyoue a?aeiia?aeiee aeeaae a ?icaeoie aaeocaai? iaoee.
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ? caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae ii no?oeoo?i?e iiaeae?
e?ceiaiai? ae?yeueiino? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ia o?eueee a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeano?, aea ? a ?ioeo
iaeanoyo e?ninoaiiai? ciie Oe?a?ie.

A aeena?oaoe?? iathoue i?noea ie?ai? oiouaiiy oa ?aaeaeoe?ei? iiieeee.
Cie?aia, iaiao?aeii aoei a aeaoe /?oe?oa aecia/aiiy ?ie? ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo a ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ia ia?ao?aeiiio aoai?
aei ?eieo. Aa?oi aoei a iineeeoe aeiiii?/iei ci?noii iioeaaoe?eio
nenoaio aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a. Iaeiae
aeuaiacaai? iaaeie?ee ia i?eiaioothoue iaoeiaiai ? i?aeoe/iiai cia/aiiy
?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

A?aoiaoth/e aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, iayai?noue iaoeiai?
iiaecie ? i?aeoe/ii? oe?iiino? iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa “Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo” a?aeiia?aea? anoaiiaeaiei
aeiiaai AAE, a ?? aaoi?, Iaaaaeei ?.A. caneoaiao? i?enai?iiy iaoeiaiai
nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 08.07.02. –
Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE.

A?aeaoe ?icaeyiooi ? caoaa?aeaeaii ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao i?ioieie ?
a?ae “____”eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

(Iinaaea, a/aiee nooi?iue) i?aeien (i??caeua,?i”y,
ii

aaoueeia?)

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