3

OA?III?EUeNUeEA AEAAeAI?ss

IA?IAeIIAI AINIIAeA?NOAA

AAOE?A Ieaenaiae? Iaaeiae/

OAeE 338.4

EOAEOEAI?NOUe AEEI?ENOAIIss INIIAIEO AE?IAIE*EO OIIAe?A AAIOAAEIEO
AAOIO?AINII?OIEO I?AeI?E?INOA A OIIAAO O?AINOI?IAOe??
NONI?EUeII-AEIIII?*IEO A?AeIINEI

08.06.01 – aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa

? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue

1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenuee?e aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ia
eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa ? ei?ii?aoe?e.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AEO?OU AIEIAeEIE? IAAEIAE*,

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa ? ei?ii?aoe?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NAAAEUe?A ?AAAI AANEEUeIAE*,

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, i?i?aeoi? c
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeii?
aeiiii?ee, o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei oa ia?eaoeiao

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

AIA*AE ?AAI N?EUeAANO?IAE*,

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.Ioethy,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo o ae?iaie/?e noa??

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y – Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea”, eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa oa iaiaaeaeiaioo,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 15 ” n?/iy 1999 ?. i 11-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 58.082.01 o
Oa?iii?euenuee?e aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa (282004, i.
Oa?iii?eue, aoe. Euea?anueea, 11).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 9 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? OA??II ?.Ae.

1. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo iai?yi?a i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo Oe?a?ie aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ? cae?eniaiiy caaeainiaaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.
Aeiii?/i? ia?aoai?aiiy a aea?aeaa? ni?yiiaai? ia ?ica’ycaiiy eiie?aoieo
caaaeaiue noaa?e?caoe?? oa a?aeiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, iiooe
oeyo?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo.

Iaoa??aeueiith ia?aaeoiiaith c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? noni?eueii?
i?aoe?, ca?eueoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa noeoiiiai noni?eueiiai
i?iaeoeoo ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo Oe?a?ie ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a.

I?iaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo
oiiae?a aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo /a?ac iniaeeaino?
ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano oe??? aaeoc? oa ?? ?ieue o ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie iaaoaa? nueiaiaei? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?.
Aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o Oe?a?ie, ca’ycoth/e an? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa a ?aeeiee eiiieaen, ia?aoai?eany iei? o iaea?eueo ianiaee
aeae o?ainii?oo, yeee ca ianyaii ia?aaacaiue aaioaae?a ? ianaaee??a ia
ia? nia? ??aieo. A?ae eiai ae?yeueiino? a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe an?o ?ioeo aaeocae ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Ieoaiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a ?
aeooaeueiei, a noiniaii i?aei?e?inoa aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo
iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaiei. Iioae?eiaai? i?aoe?, ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue c yeeo ? i?eiaa?aeieie, ia aeathoue i?aenoaa ?iaeoe aeniiaee
i?i ae/a?iai?noue caaeaeea?iaaii? i?iaeaie. A/ai?-aeiiii?noe (Ianoaiei
A., Aaea?a I., Aan?ia O., Ai?iaethe A., I?eia I., Inoaiaiei A.,
?oae/aiei I., Iiaeueyi/ee I., Othothi I., Noi?oiaiei A., Ooen A. oa ?i.)
?aeei? a ?icoi?ii? iaiao?aeiino? ?? ?ica’ycaiiy, i?ioa on? ni?iae,
cae?eniai? ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue, ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe aeinoaoi?ie ia
??ai? oai???, a oei a?eueo i?aeoeee. Aei oiai ae iaeaea an? i?aoe?
(Aeaai?acoiiai? I., Aeno?eoeueei? A., E?eaioaiiaa ?., Eaieaia O.,
Aieiaaiaiea N., Aoa?ia A., Aieiai?iaee?ia A., Iii/aiea ss., Eooeea?a A.
oa ?i.) a aaeoc? aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo, ui aeiiaaeaaia aaaaeaeenue
ooiaeaiaioaeueieie, ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue iaaiith i??ith ao?aoeee
naith aeooaeuei?noue.

Aaaeeea?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie iia?e?caoe?? an??? noeoiiino?
oaoi?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo oa aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a cia/ii c?inoa? a
no/anieo oiiaao. Ia?aae i?aeoeeith iinoathoue iia? caaaeaiiy, ui
aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiiieaeno caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo
ia i?aeaeuaiiy oiiaeia?aeaea/?. Ia?ic?iaeai?noue ieoaiue uiaei
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo AOI a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, iaiao?aeiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?iiiaaoe?e,
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?? iaoiae?a oa cania?a oi?aae?iiy o?ainii?oiei i?ioeanii ?
i/aaeaeiith. Oiio caaaeath/e ia an? ia’?eoeai? ? noa’?eoeai? /eiieee
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, c
oi/ee ci?o oai??? ? i?aeoeee iinoaaeaia i?iaeaia ? aeooaeueiith ?
iio?aao? naiai ?ica’ycaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aea?aiee iai?yi
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaie
“?ic?iaea iaoeiai ia??oioiaaii? eiioeaioe?? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
i?noeaaeo i?aai?a naiia?yaeoaaiiy o aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? ?ano?niiai
iioaioe?aeo ?a??iio” (aea?aeaaiee ?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia? 0195U006326),
aeeiioaaii? ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa ? ei?ii?aoe?e
Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaeaiiy aa??aio?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie a
oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

– aeyaeoe oa i?iaiae?coaaoe oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo aaioaaeiiai
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo a no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao;

– anoaiiaeoe oa nenoaiaoecoaaoe /eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy
?ici??o ? no?oeoo?e iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo
aaoiainiiaea?noa;

– aeine?aeeoe aieea aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ia
a?aeoai?thaaeuei? i?ioeane a noa?? aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo;

– ?ic?iaeoe eeaneo?eaoe?th oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oiiaeia?aeaea/o
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo AOI;

– aecia/eoe aieea iaea?eueo aaaiieo oaeoi??a ia ??aaiue oiiaeia?aeaea/?
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? ?? ci?ie oa
?aca?ae c?inoaiiy;

– ioe?ieoe aieea e?ceiao a nenoai? cania?a iiiaeaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a
aaioaaeieo aaoiainiiaea?noa;

– ?ic?iaeoe ? ia??oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo aaoio?ainii?oieo
i?aei?e?inoa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o iinoaiiaoe?, oai?aoe/iiio
ia??oiooaaii? oa i?aeoe/iiio ae??oaii? eiiieaeno ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
aoaeoeai?noth aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo
aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??
noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaii oae? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

– ia??oioiaaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa;

– cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee ioe?ii/iee iieaciee ?iaioe aaioaaeiiai
aaoio?ainii?oo;

– ?ic?iaeaii a?eueo aeineiiaeo o ii??aiyii? c /eiiith eeaneo?eaoe?th
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a;

– cai?iiiiiaaii iiao iaoiaeieia?th iiaoaeiae iieaciee?a iiiaeaiiy ?
aeaoooy iniiaieo oiiae?a;

– aeyaeaii iniiai? i?e/eie ii?ooaiiy a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?iii?oe?e ?
i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo
Oe?a?ie a no/anieo oiiaao;

– cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae o anoaiiaeaii? ii?i aii?oecaoe?? ?ooiiiai
neeaaeo, ui aaco?oueny ia a?aooaaii? oaeoi?a /ano oa ae?? caeiio
niaaeii? aoaeoeaiino? iniiaiiai eai?oaeo;

– ?ic?iaeaii noaio eeaneo?eaoe?? oaeoi??a aieeao ia oiiaeia?aeaea/o
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo;

– i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea ie?aieo oaeoi??a oa ?o noeoiiino? ia ??aaiue ?
aeeiai?eo oiiaeia?aeaea/? iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeiiai
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Euea?anueei? oa
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae, aeyaeai? ?aca?ae ?? c?inoaiiy;

– nenoaiaoeciaaii i?eioeeie oaeineiiaeaiiy o?ainii?oiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
niiaeeaa/?a;

– ia??oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ye?nieo ci?i a oi?aae?ii? ? ?aae?caoe??
ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo aaioaaeieo AOI oa aeoea?caoe?? ?iiiaaoe?e a
nenoai? caoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? o
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny
aaeineiiaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? iniiaieo oiiae?a, iaoiaeieia?? iiaoaeiae
aieiaiiai ioe?ii/iiai iieacieea ?iaioe aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo,
eiao?oe??io?a iiiaeaiiy oa aeaoooy iniiaieo oiiae?a, niiniao ia?aooaaiiy
aii?oecaoe?? ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, nenoaiaoecaoe?? i?eioeei?a oaeineiiaeaiiy
o?ainii?oiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy iathoue iaoeiao ? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue. ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy caaaaoeoue iaoeiao iaoiaeieia?th aea/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, ni?eyoeia
i?enei?aiith ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, io?eiaiith a?eueo aeinoia??ieo
aeaieo i?i ae?yeuei?noue aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo.

Aeyaeai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aca?ae iiaeooue aooe iieeaaeai? a
iniiao aeno?aiieyoe?? ? i?iaiicoaaiiy c?inoaiiy oiiaeia?aeaea/? iniiaieo
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia ia?niaeoeao.
Eiao?oe??ioe iiiaeeiii? ?a??an?? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ia’?eoeaii
ioe?ieoe ae?iaie/o ae?yeuei?noue ie?aieo AOI, ni?anoaaeoe iieacieee
oiiaeia?aeaea/? i?ae ie?aieie aaoiainiiaea?noaaie, a oe?eiio ii iaeanoyo
/e ?a??iiao. ?acii c oei aiie aeicaieythoue aeyaeoe nooi?iue eieeaiino?
??ai?a oiiaeia?aeaea/?, coiiaeaieo iaiaeiaeiaith aoaeoeai?noth
aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a ie?aieie aaoio?ainii?oieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae i?ea?iaeueieo
aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye? noaiiaeyoue iaaiee aeeaae o ?icaeoie
aeiiii?/ii? iaoee c i?iaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa;
?ic?iaeaii iia? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei iiaoaeiae iieaciee?a
iiiaeaiiy, aeaoooy ? a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, iniiaiiai
ioe?ii/iiai iieacieea ?iaioe aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo;
i?iaiae?ciaaii ? aeaii e?euee?nio ioe?ieo caeaaeiino? ??aiy
oiiaeia?aeaea/? a?ae aieeao ie?aieo oaeoi??a oa ?o noeoiiino?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeanue ia
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa ? ei?ii?aoe?e
Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? o aenooiao aaoi?a ia ???-?e i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o
eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?” (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1996), i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? uiaei i?iaeai
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie o ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei ?eieo (i. Oa?iii?eue, 1996),
???-?e i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii?
?ioa??aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: ?a??iiaeuei? ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe” (i.Oi?in, 1998). ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? Aea?aeaaiiai
aeaia?oaiaioo aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie, Oa?iii?euenueeiai
oa?eoi??aeueii-ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo, aeei?enoiaothoueny eaoaae?ith aeiiii?ee
i?aei?e?inoa ? ei?ii?aoe?e Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa i?e aea/aii? eo?n?a “Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoa”,
“I?e?iaeiiii?ea”, “I?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa ? caooo”, “Aeiiii?ea iiaeo
oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy”. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o 11
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a 11 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 50,6 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?, c yeeo iniaenoi
aaoi?a, ui noinothoueny ieoaiue aeena?oaoe??, 5,2 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.
Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia 190 noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo, 38
oaaeeoeyo, 18 ?enoieao, 4 noaiao.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 266 iiceoe?e.

2. INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? aiioeaiao?oueny aea?? oaie ? aeooaeuei?noue ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/athoueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee,
ia??oioiao?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Iniiai? ae?iaie/? oiiaee aaioaaeiiai
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ? iniaeeaino? ?o a?aeoai?aiiy a oiiaao
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie” – ?icaeyaeathoueny no?oeoo?a oa
iniaeeaino? a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, c’yniaothoueny
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo aaoio?ainii?oo a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei. Na?aae ieo aeie?aieaii aieiai?, aei yeeo, ianaiia?aae,
iaeaaeaoue no?oeoo?i? c?ooaiiy, coiiaeai? i?ioeanii i?eaaoecaoe?? oa
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy. I?ioean aaeaioaoe?? aaoiainiiaea?noa aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iayai?noth a?eueieo iacaaaioaaeaieo
caiiaieeaie ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae, ui cia/iith i??ith coiiaeaia
niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa, a a?aeiia?aeii, ? ianya?a ia?aaacaiue. Inoaii?
aecia/a?ii ye ae?oao na?aae no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo
aaoio?ainii?oii? nenoaie, ui iineoue oa?aeoa? ia?aoe??.
Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae ?aaeueiith ? oaeoe/iith aa?o?noth iniiaieo
cania?a, ui neeaeany aiane?aeie iai?iaeoiaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaae, ?icaeyaea?ii ye aieiaio i?e/eio ii?ooaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a oa a?aeoai?aiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a.

A aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia a?eueo aeineiiaea eeaneo?eaoe?y
iniiaieo oiiae?a, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaii i?aeo?ae, yeee ia i?ioeaaao
io?oe?ei?e eeaneo?eaoe?? ia? aeaiaioe iiaecie, ui aeicaiey? iaeii/anii
aea/aoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?o aeoeaii? oa ianeaii? /anoei, oaoiieia?/io
no?oeoo?o, aaeocaaa iioiaeaeaiiy oa i?i??aneai? oaiaeaioe??.

Aiae?coth/e oa?aeoa? iiiaeaiiy ? aeaoooy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a
aaioaaeieo AOI o Euea?anuee?e, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e oa Oa?iii?euenuee?e
iaeanoyo ca 1992 – 1996 ??., caoaaaeo?ii, ui oaii iaaeoiaeaeaiiy iiaeo
cania?a i?aoe? cieceany ia 96,59 % ? noaiiaea eeoa 3,41 % a?ae ??aiy
1992 ?. Oaii aeaoooy iniiaieo oiiae?a a?ae e?ea?aeaoe?? cieceany eeoa ia
23,1 % ? neeaa 76,9 % aei ??aiy 1992 ?. Eai?oaeuei? aeoeae o 1996 ?.
iiiaethaaeeny a 16,2 ?aca iia?euei?oa, i?ae ?o e?ea?aeaoe?y a?ae
noa??iiy oa iai?eaeaoiino? aeey aeei?enoaiiy.

Ui noino?oueny iieaciee?a iiiaeaiiy oa aeaoooy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo
oiiae?a, oi ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui ae?th/a iaoiaeieia?y iiaoaeiae
a?aeiia?aeieo iieaciee?a ia ? aacaeiaaiiith, a oiio aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee, a?eueo aeineiiaeee iaoiae ?o ia/eneaiiy noiniaii
iaei??? aace – na?aaeiuei??/ii? aa?oino? iniiaieo oiiae?a, ui ia o?eueee
caaacia/o? ?o ii??aiyeuei?noue, a e aeio?eiaiiy iaoaiaoe/ieo aeiia.

??cieoey, ui neeaeany i?ae oaiiaie iiiaeaiiy ? aeaoooy iniiaieo
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a a aaeoc? i?ioyaii oanoe ?ie?a, a?aeia?aaea? ae?ae
e?eoe/io neooaoe?th, yea ana a?eueoa iiaeeia? aaoio?ainii?oi?
i?aei?e?inoaa, ?icieaath/e ?o iniiaiee eai?oae. I?ecoieiaiiy
a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a cia/iith i??ith coiiaeaia iaaeineiiae?noth
e i?i?aooieaie cae?enithaaii? a Oe?a?i? aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee.
Aieiai? c ieo: iaa?aeiia?aei?noue eiao?oe??io?a ?iaeaenaoe?? iniiaieo
oiiae?a ??aiaa? ?ioeyoe??; ei?e?oaaiiy ii?i aii?oecaoe??;
ianai?/ani?noue ?iaeaenaoe?? iaeiie/aieo aii?oecaoe?eieo noi; i?aeoeea
ni?yiiaoaaiiy aii?oecaoe?eieo noi aei oeaio?ae?ciaaieo aea?aeaaieo oa
i?i?noa?nueeeo oiiae?a; iaaeineiiae?noue oa i?ieea?noue canaae uiaei
canoinoaaiiy i?enei?aii? aii?oecaoe?? oa ?i.

C iaoith aeoea?caoe?? a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a o noa?? aaioaaeieo
aaoiia?aaacaiue aaoi?ii i?iiiio?oueny ai?iaaaeeoe o i?aeoeeo
aeei?enoaiiy aea??aneaiee iaoiae ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? ia ?aiiaaoe?th
?ooiiiai neeaaeo, yeee o nai?e iniia? aaco?oueny ia a?aooaaii? oaeoi?a
/ano ? caeiio niaaeii? aoaeoeaiino? iniiaiiai eai?oaeo, oa i?ia?ao
aaoiiia?ey.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a:
oaeoi?e aieeao, ?aca?ae c?inoaiiy”. O iueiio aiae?co?oueny aoaeoeai?noue
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa
?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Euea?anueei? oa Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae, ui
aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoiae?a.

Iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo oiia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ?
ia??oioiaaiee aea?? iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo
oiiae?a. A oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo oea ieoaiiy iaaoaa? iniaeeaiai
cia/aiiy, ine?eueee a?aenooi?noue /?oei aecia/aieo e?eoa???a
aoaeoeaiino? ia aeicaiey? e?euee?nii aei??yoe nooi?iue aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo oiiae?a ? oaeoi??a, ui ia iueiai aieeaathoue.

Iieacieeii, ui iaea?eueo iiaii a?aeia?aaea? aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa, ?
oiiaeia?aeaea/a. A?i o?nii ca’ycaiee ?c oaeeie aeiiii?/ieie iieacieeaie,
ye i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?, oiiaeiica?i?i?noue, ?aioaaaeuei?noue.
Aei??ieeii oiiaeia?aeaea/? aaioaaeieo AOI iiaeooue aenooiaoe:
aaioaaeiia?a, ianya ia?aaacaieo aaioaae?a, aeio?ae ca iaaeai? iineoae.
Eiaeai c ieo ii-nai?io oa?aeoa?eco? ianya aeeiiaii? ?iaioe ? iiaea
aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a yeino? iniiaiiai ioe?ii/iiai iieacieea ?iaioe
aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, a iniia? iiaoaeiae inoaiiueiai aecia/aeueieie iiaeii?
aooe: e?euee?nia, i?inoi?iaa ? /aniaa oa?aeoa?enoeee (aeae?e. iaoa. –
I.A.). Oea aeieeaa? c oiai, ui ianya ? ye?noue ?iaioe o?ainii?oo
iiaeooue aooe ae?aaeai? o?ueiia ia?aiao?aie: e?euee?noth oiii
ia?aaacaieo aaioaae?a, a?aenoaiith ia?aaacaiiy oa aeo?aoaie /ano ia
ia?aaacaiiy, yeee iiaeia ae?aceoe o oaeiio aeaeyae?:

ti

P = S m · L · ,

to

aea P – aaioaaeiia?a, nei?aeoiaaiee ia eiao?oe??io aeeiiaiiy ii?i /ano;
m – e?euee?noue oiii ia?aaacaieo aaioaae?a; L – a?aenoaiue ia?aaacaiiy,
ei; ti , to – cao?aoe /ano ia ia?aaacaiiy aaioaae?a oa
aaioaaeii-?icaaioaaeoaaeuei? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aeii ca ii?iaie ? oaeoe/ii.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe o?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa a yeino?
aieiaiiai ioe?ii/iiai iieacieea ?iaioe aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo
cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaie iieacieea aaioaaeiia?ao, nei?eaiaaiiai ia
eiao?oe??io aeeiiaiiy ii?i /ano, aeicaieeoue noeioethaaoe cieaeaiiy
cao?ao /ano ia io?eiaiiy aeieoiaio?a, aaioaaeii-?icaaioaaeoaaeuei?
?iaioe, /ano ia?aaoaaiiy aaioaae?a a aei?ic?, /ano ia i?inoithaaiiy ?o
ia noaioe?yo, ii?oao ? aa?iii?oao, ia cae?eniaiiy o?aiceoieo iia?aoe?e.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a ia oiiaeia?aeaea/o a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny aanue eiiieaen /eiiee?a ?icae?eeoe
ia aea? eeaneo?eaoe?ei? a?oie: oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy
ianya?a o?ainii?oii? ?iaioe, oa oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy
aaee/eie iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a.

A i?ioean? aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue oiiaeia?aeaea/? iniiaieo
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a ? iane?aeeii ae?? ia iaeiiai, a eiiieaeno oaeoi??a,
i?ae yeeie ?niothoue neeaaei? aca?iica’ycee. ?o aieea ia iiaeia
?icaeyaeaoe ye noio ?cieueiaaieo aieea?a. Aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo yaeu ia
iniia? anoaiiaeaiiy eeoa ia?ieo ca’yce?a i?ae iciaeaie ia ? ae/a?iiei.
Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui ?ieiee aaaii? aaee/eie eiao?oe??io?a ia?ii?
ei?aeyoe?? iani?aaae? iiaeooue aeyaeoeny caaeuaieie, a?aeia?aaeath/e
aieea e ?ioeo oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?acoeueoaoeaio iciaeo. ?,
iaaiaee, iaaaeee? aaee/eie eiao?oe??io?a ia?ii? ei?aeyoe?? ua ia ?
na?ae/aiiyi neaaeiai aieeao oaeoi?a ia aeine?aeaeoaaia yaeua.

Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo aaaaoioaeoi?iiai ei?aeyoe?eii-?a??an?eiiai aiae?co
aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe neeo aieeao ia aeine?aeaeoaaio ?acoeueoaoeaio
iciaeo eiaeiiai /eiieea, ui aeeth/aiee o iiaeaeue, a oaeiae i?e
aoaeue-yeiio ?o ii?aeiaii? c iaaiei ??aiai iioeaee ciaeoe oai?aoe/ia
cia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiiai iieacieea.

Aiae?c eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe?? oa aeaoa?i?iaoe??, e?euee?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ?noioiino? cana?ae/ea, ui oaeoi?e, ye? aeeth/ai? o
iiaeaeue, ia?aaoaathoue o u?eueiiio ca’yceo c oiiaeia?aeaea/ath ?
iiyniththoue ?? aa??aoe?th a aeine?aeaeoaai?e noeoiiino? aaioaaeieo
aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa ia 67,1 %.

Ia?aa??ea aaeaeaaoiino? io?eiaiiai ??aiyiiy ca aeiiiiiaith F-e?eoa??th
i?aeoaa?aeeea eiai aeinoaoith ai?ieneiaoe?eio caeaoi?noue. Oaeoe/ia
cia/aiiy F-e?eoa??th ii aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoaao ?a??iio neeaei
133,1, i?e eiai e?eoe/iiio oaaee/iiio cia/aii? (c ??aiai ?noioiino?
0,05) – 2,71. Oea aea? i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe io?eiaia ??aiyiiy ?a??an??
aeinoia??iei.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ?a??an?eii? iiaeae? a ?iaio? ia/eneai? ?aca?ae c?inoaiiy
oiiaeia?aeaea/? iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a. ?o ?aae?caoe?y a iaaeao
iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy aeicaieeea a i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue oiiaeia?aeaea/?
aeine?aeaeoaaii? noeoiiino? i?aei?e?inoa ?a??iio ia 28,7 %, a o. /. a
?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? – ia 49,2 %, Euea?anuee?e – ia 25,5 %,
Oa?iii?euenuee?e – ia 47,0 %.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Aaeaioeaia ni?yiiaai?noue ye?nieo ci?i a
oi?aae?ii? ? ?aae?caoe?? ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo aaioaaeieo
aaoiainiiaea?noa oa aeoea?caoe?? ?iiiaaoe?e a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??
noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei” – aeena?oaio ia??oioiao?
aeioe?euei?noue iiaeo oi?aae?inueeeo i?aeoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo aaioaaeieo
aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa, aiioeaiao? iaiao?aei?noue ?icoe?aiiy
noa?e e?ceiao aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a ye caniao aeoea?caoe?? ?iiiaaoe?e.

Aaeaioaoe?y aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa aei ?eieiaeo oiia aenoaa? ia
ia?oee ieai iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy a ainiiaea?noaao oaeiai
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a, cie?aia ?ooiiiai neeaaeo,
aenooiaei a iaeiei c ?a?aio?a aeiiii?/ii? no?eeino? oa
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? o?ainii?oii? i?iaeoeoe?? aaioaaeieo
aaoii?aei?e?inoa. A no/anieo oiiaao iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiee ?
?acoeueoaoeaiee can?a aeinyaiaiiy oeueiai aa/eoueny o ia?aoiae?
aaoiainiiaea?noa ia i?aai?caoe?th ae?yeueiino?, yea a a nai?e iniia?
aacoaaeany ia i?eioeeiao ia?eaoeiao ? o?ainii?oii? eia?noeee.

Iaiao?aei?noue ia?eaoeiao a caaacia/aii? aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaoii?aei?e?inoa, a ia?oo /a?ao ?o aeoeaii?
/anoeie, coiiaeaia: 1) c?inoaiiyi ?ie? aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo a
oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei; 2) caaino?aiiyi i?iaeaie
?aae?caoe?? o?ainii?oii? i?iaeoeoe?? ye iane?aeeo c?inoaiiy eiieo?aioe??
ia ?eieo aaioaaeieo aaoiia?aaacaiue oa cia/iei ?ic?eaii i?ae ianyaaie
iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe??.

Aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo a eiiieaen? ia?eaoeiaiaeo
caaaeaiue, coiiaeaieo oaeineiiaeaiiyi o?ainii?oiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
niiaeeaa/?a, iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia a?aooaaii? ?ic?iaeaii? a
aeine?aeaeaii? nenoaie aca?iiiia’ycaieo i?eioeei?a. ?o aii?yaeeoaaiiy oa
oi?iae?caoe?y ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith iiaoaeiae no?oiei? nenoaie
ia?eaoeiaiaeo oe?eae, aeinyaiaiiy yeeo caaacia/o? ?aae?caoe?th aeanoeaeo
eiio ooieoe?e. Aieiaiith c ieo ? ?ic?iaea ia?eaoeiaiai? i?iiiceoe??, ui
aaco?oueny ia aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?eieo o?ainii?oieo iineoa. A
aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iiaea?oueny ?ic?iaeaiee aaoi?ii i?eeeaae
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?eieo o?ainii?oieo iineoa i. Eueaiaa, a iniia? yeiai –
eiai na?iaioaoe?y a?aeiia?aeii aei iiieoo ia aaioaaei? ia?aaacaiiy. A
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaaiaeyoueny e ?io? iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy iiieoo.

Ae?yeuei?noue ia?eaoeiaiai i???ioiaaieo aaoiainiiaea?noa ia
iaiaaeo?oueny eeoa caoiaeaie, ni?yiiaaieie ia aea/aiiy ?eieo,
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy i?iiiceoe?? o?ainii?oieo iineoa. Ia iaio
aaaeeeaeie ? aea?? eaiae?a ?iciiae?eo, oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ia?eaoeiaiaeo
eiioi?eaoe?e oa noeioethaaiiy caooo o?ainii?oii? i?iaeoeoe??.
Iacaaeia?eueiee noai ia?eaoeiaiai? ae?yeueiino? o aaioaaeieo
aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoaao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Euea?anueei? oa
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aiaeia?/iith neooaoe??th o
noa?? ?aeeaioaaiiy aeanii? o?ainii?oii? i?iaeoeoe??. I?ioa, ye
noaa?aeaeo? na?oiaee aeina?ae, ia?niaeoeae aeiiii?/ii? noaa?e?caoe?? oa
ianooiiiai ?icaeoeo aeinyaathoue, aeania, ia?eaoeiaiai i???ioiaai?
i?aei?e?inoaa. Aac ia?eaoeiao ia iiaea noaoe i?iaeoeoeaiith i?yea ?ioa
i?aoey.

Iaei??th ?c eiioeaioe?e, ui iia’ycaia c oi?aae?iiyi iaoa??aeueieie
iioieaie, ? eia?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y, ui io?eio? a no/anieo oiiaao ana
a?eueoa aeciaiiy ? caeiaoaa? iia? aei??e. Ia aeoieo aenia?o?a, aei
2000-ai ?ieo iiiaae 70 % i?aei?e?inoa oa o??i i?aai?ciaoaaoeiooue naith
ae?yeuei?noue ia iniia? eia?noe/ii? eiioeaioe??. Ana /ano?oa
ii?ooothoueny ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny ?a?ieia?noeee, i?aeia?iaeii?
eia?noeee ? eia?noe/ieo noia?no?oeoo?, iae?ieia?noeee. O ca’yceo c oeei
iia? ooieoe?? ? no?oeoo?e io?eiothoue i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe??
o?ainii?oo ye iaea?eueo i?e/aoi? aei oi?ioaaiiy ? ?ooo iaoa??aeueieo
iioie?a.

Canoinoaaiiy eia?noeee iieaaoo? i?eeiyooy aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei an?o eaiie ae?iaie/i-o?ainii?oiiai i?ioeano.
Ia?o ca ana oea noino?oueny ia?aaacaiue, aaioaaeii-?icaaioaaeoaaeueiiai
i?ioeano oa i?enoinoaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aei i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy ?
i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. Na?aae caaaeaiue, ui ae??oothoueny i?e?ieia?noe/iith
nenoaiith ? neeaaeathoue iniiao ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?? aaioaaeiiai
aaoii?aei?e?inoaa, iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e a?oie:

I. Caaaeaiiy, ui iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi ?eieiaeo cii o?ainii?oiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy, i?iaiicii iaoa??aeiiioie?a, ?o ia?iaeith oa ?ioeie
?iaioaie, ui noinothoueny iia?aoeaiiai ?a?oethaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy
iaoa??aeiiioieii.

II. Caaaeaiiy, ui aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaee nenoaie i?aai?caoe??
o?ainii?oiiai i?ioeano.

III. Caaaeaiiy, ui iia’ycai? c oi?aae?iiyi caianaie ia i?aei?e?inoaao,
neeaaenueeeo eiiieaenao; ?ici?uaiiyi caian?a ? ?o ianeoaiaoaaiiyi
o?ainii?oieie caniaaie.

A no/anieo oiiaao aeio?eiaiiy i?eioeei?a eia?noe/iiai i?aeoiaeo ?
aaaeeeaith oiiaith caaacia/aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ii? no?eeino?
aaioaaeieo aaoii?aei?e?inoa. Iaeaeeae/ei /anii naia ?icaeoie eia?noeee
aeyaeyoeia nooo?aee aieea ia o?ainii?oio iie?oeeo aaoiainiiaea?noa,
coiiaethaaoeia ?iaiaioi? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a oa?aeoa?? ?o ae?yeueiino? ia
iniia? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy an?o aeae?a ?ano?n?a: o?oaeiaeo,
?ioi?iaoe?eieo, o?iainiaeo, iaoa??aeueieo, a, ioaea, ia oi?ioaaiiy
aoaeoeaiiai noa’?eoa ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? a no/anieo aeioe?eueieo
oi?iao. Eia?noeea ye nenoaia /?oei? i?aai?caoe?? ye?niiai o?ainii?oiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy niiaeeaa/?a ? eia?noeea ye can?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a aaoii?aei?e?inoa, a ia?oo /a?ao
aeinyaa?oueny /a?ac ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th ?o iniiaieo oiiae?a, cie?aia,
?ooiiiai neeaaeo oa ?ai?aai?caoe?th i?aeoiae?a aei ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Oni?oe ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue o noa?? aaioaaeieo aaoiia?aaacaiue
iaiiaeeea? aac iiaeaaaeaiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, ui, a naith
/a?ao, aeiaaa? iiiaeaiiy iaoa??aeueii? aace ? iiaea?i?caoe?? iniiaieo
oiiae?a, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy aaoii?aei?e?inoaaie
??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. C oe??th iaoith i?aei?e?inoaa aeaaeae?
iaiieaaeea?oa ooeathoue aeueoa?iaoeai? aeaee o?iainoaaiiy. A oiiaao,
eiee ?eiie aeiaaino?ieiaeo e?aaeeo?a oaeoe/ii caaia?, ii?yooieii aeey
aeiiii?ee, yea eii/a iio?aao? ?iaanoeoe?e, iiaeooue aooe ?io? o?iainia?
?ino?oiaioe, ui aein? a Oe?a?i? i?aeoe/ii ia canoiniaoaaeeny. Iaeei ?c
iaeia?niaeoeai?oeo ?c ieo – e?ceia.

E?ceia ye aaaeeeaee ?ino?oiaio noeioethaaiiy iiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
iioe?aiee a e?a?iao Oeaio?aeueii? oa Cao?aeii? ?a?iie, I?ai?/ii?
Aia?eee. A na?aaeiueiio ia e?ceia aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a na?aae 23 e?a?i
?a?iie i?eiaaea? 13,8 % a?ae caaaeueiiai ianyao e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e. O
NOA oey /anoea noaiiaeoue 86,7 %.

Ianyae e?ceiao o?ainii?oieo cania?a a Oe?a?i? cia/ii ne?iii?o?, ui ?
i?yiei iane?aeeii ianoi?iiaaiino? a?o/eciyiiai ?eieo e?ceiaiaeo iineoa.

Ia?icaeiai?noue e?ceiaiaiai ?eieo a Oe?a?i? iiynith?oueny
aioo??aeiiii?/ieie i?e/eiaie, caeiiiaeaa/ith iaocaiaeaeai?noth oa a?aeii
eaae?o?eiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a, ui aieiae?thoue oiieiuaie i?aai?caoe??
e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei, a?aenooi?noth caioi/oaaeueieo /eiiee?a, a o./. ?
iiaeaoeiaeo i?euea aeey noa’?eo?a e?ceiao. Ca?aeii c aeniiaeaie, yeeo
ae?eoee aenia?oe Bank of Ireland International Services Ltd., o
?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue ?icaeoeo e?ceiao a Oe?a?i? (ui
cae?enithaaeenue a?ae ?iai? Na?oiaiai aaieo), ?aaeuei? oiiae a iao?e
aea?aeaa? ia aeaiee /an ? iani?eyoeeaeie, e?ceia ia ooieoe?iio?
iaeaaeiei /eiii ? iaeaeeae/? ia?niaeoeae oaeiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia
aeaeathoueny ao?oieie.

?icaeoie ?anioae?eainueei? ia?aae? e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e ? aaaeeeaith
neeaaeiaith o?ainii?oiiai i?ioeano, aac yei? a no/anieo oiiaao
iaiiaeeeai noi?ioaaoe caaa?oaiee oeeee ia ?eieo aaoio?ainii?oieo iineoa.
Inue /iio ?ieue aea?aeaae iiaeiia i?iyaeyoeny o naeaeoeaiiio ni?eyii?
?iaanoeoe?yi (iaoe?iiaeueiei ? ca?oa?aeiei), ia?aaeon?i o ?aaeueiee
naeoi? aeiiii?ee c iaoith eiai aoaeoeaii? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? o i?ioean?
?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue; ia i?e?i??ai? i??i?eoaoiei ia? noaoe oi?ioaaiiy
no?eei? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iioeaaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa – ? i?eaaoeciaaieo, ?
aea?aeaaieo.

Iaeaaeia caeiiiaeaa/a i?aeo?eiea ? caioi/aiiy e?ceiao aaioaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a a Oe?a?i? ni?eyoeia oaeaeeiio ?aoi?ioaaiith oa ?icaeoeo
nenoaie aaioaaeieo aaoiia?aaacaiue ye ia aioo??oiueiio, oae ? ia
ciai?oiueiio ?eieao, a a caaaeueiiio i?aenoieo – iiaoaeia? ?eieiai?
?io?ano?oeoo?e o?ainii?oiiai eiiieaeno aea?aeaae, ?icoe?aiith ??
?ioa??aoe?eieo ca’yce?a.

AENIIAEE

1. Cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo
aaoiainiiaea?noa, ui niinoa??aa?oueny a no/anieo oiiaao, coiiaeaia
e?eciaei noaiii aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, canoa??eith aeo?aoiith no?oeoo?ith
?ooiiiai neeaaeo, ii?ooaiiyi a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?ioean?a oa
a?aeoai?thaaeueieo i?iii?oe?e, iaaaeaeaaoieie noiniaii no/anieo oiia
iaoiaeaie oi?aae?iiy.

2. Aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaoio?ainii?oieo
i?aei?e?inoa iieacaei, ui:

– niaoeeo?ea o?ainii?oiiai i?ioeano aecia/a? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo;

– no?oeoo?a iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa
?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Euea?anueei?, Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae ca 1992 –
1996 ??. ci?ieeanue a a?e cia/iiai cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aaae aeoeaii? ?o
/anoeie – o?ainii?oieo cania?a.

3. Aeai? aeno?aiieyoe?? iieacothoue, ui cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aaae
o?ainii?oieo cania?a niinoa??aaoeiaoueny ? a iaeaeeae/? ?iee, ui
iia’ycaii iaeaea c iiaiei i?eieiaiiyi iiiaeaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

4. Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae aeiiii?/iei
i?ioeanai, ui a?aeaoaaeeny i?ioyaii 1991 – 1996 ??., i?ecaaea aei
iaaaeaeaaoiiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy c?inoaiiy oe?i o a?aeoai?thaaeueieo
i?ioeanao ? i?aeoe/ii coieieea i?ioean iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy oa iiiaeaiiy
iniiaieo oiiae?a.

5. Aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy ciiaeooue aeeiioaaoe naith aeiiii?/io
ooieoe?th a iiaiiio ianyc? eeoa ca oiiae, yeui iaoiaeeea ?o ia?aooaaiiy
aacoaaoeiaoueny ia oaeeo aeiiii?/ieo canaaeao:

– a?aooaaiiy caeiio niaaeii? aoaeoeaiino? iniiaiiai eai?oaeo;

– a?aooaaiiy oaeoi?a /ano.

6. Caanoe aei i?i?ioio o?iainia? ao?aoe a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
?aiiaaoe?eiiai oiiaeo ia a?aeiiaeaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo aeicaieeoue
ii?aeiaiiy i?enei?aii? aii?oecaoe?? c iaoiaeii, ui a?aoiao? oaeoe/iee
i?ia?a aaoiiia?ey.

7. Aiae?c i?ioeano a?aeoai?aiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo Oe?a?ie cana?ae/ea,
ui a ia??iae aeiiii?/ii? e?ece naia oey noa?a aeyaeeany iaea?eueo
a?aceeaith. Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui, ii-ia?oa, i?ioean a?aeoai?aiiy
iniiaieo oiiae?a aoa aeaoi?iiaaiee ? a ia??iaee iiceoeaieo oaii?a
c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Ii-ae?oaa, a
oiiaao aenieeo oaii?a ?ioeyoe??, a oei a?eueoa a?ia??ioeyoe??,
ia’?eoeaii nei?i/o?oueny ?ioa?an aei iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy oa ?iaanoeoe?e.
Ii-o?ao?, a inoaii? ?iee i?iaeaiai ?a?oethaaiiy a?aeoai?aiiy ae?iaie/iai
aia?aoo oa i?aeo?eiee ?iaanoeoe?e iaaeaaaeany iaaeinoaoiy oaaaa.

8. Ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie i?ioeano iiiaeaiiy aa/eoueny ye iane?aeie
aeineiiaeiai aea/aiiy, aiae?co oa iinooiiaiai caeo/aiiy ea??aieoeoaii
aaoii?aei?e?inoa on?o iiaeeeaeo no/anieo aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy.

9. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/othoue iayai?noue ?aca?a?a
c?inoaiiy oiiaeia?aeaea/? iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo
aaoii?aei?e?inoa ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Euea?anueei? oa Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeanoae. Aiie iia’ycai? c iie?auaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy
aaoiiia?ea-oiiii-aei?a ia?aaoaaiiy o ainiiaea?noa?, i?aeaeuaiiyi
eiao?oe??ioa aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?ao oa i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

10. Eiiieaeniee aiae?c ??aiy oiiaeia?aeaea/? iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aaoii?aei?e?inoa ca aeiiiiiaith aaaaoioaeoi?iiai
ei?aeyoe?eii-?a??an?eiiai aiae?co aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe, ui
iaenooo?a?oee aieea ia ?? oi?ioaaiiy aeyaeythoue o?e /eiieee: ??aaiue
aeei?enoaiiy aaoiiia?ea-oiiii-aei?a ia?aaoaaiiy o ainiiaea?noa?, ??aaiue
aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?ao oa ae?ia?oie a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio nieneiao
aaoiiia?ea-oiiio.

11. A no/anieo oiiaao iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei ? ?acoeueoaoeaiei caniaii
aeinyaiaiiy aaioaaeieie aaoiainiiaea?noaaie aeiiii?/ii? no?eeino? oa
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? o?ainii?oii? i?iaeoeoe?? aa/eoueny o ?o
ia?aoiae? ia oaeo i?aai?caoe?th ae?yeueiino?, ui a nai?e iniia?
aaco?oueny ia i?eioeeiao ia?eaoeiao ? o?ainii?oii? eia?noeee.

12. Iaiao?aei?noue iiiaeaiiy iaoa??aeueii? aace oa iiaeeo?eaoe??
iniiaieo oiiae?a aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?
aeiaaa? oe?oiai aeei?enoaiiy iao?aaeeoe?eieo aeey iaoi? aeiiii?ee
o?iainiaeo ?ino?oiaio?a, iaeiei c yeeo ? e?ceia aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a.
Aaeath/enue aei e?ceiao, aaoio?ainii?oia i?aei?e?inoai a?aee?eaa? aeey
naaa ia o?eueee iiaa aeaea?aei ?iaanooaaiiy, aea e iia? iiaeeeaino?:
aeeaa?neo?eaoe?y oiia ? aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy; iiaia o?iainoaaiiy oaiaee
c iinooiiaith ? aio/eith oi?iith iieaoe aa?oino? ia’?eoo e?ceiao;
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaeiia?oeo no/anieo c?ace?a aaioaaeieo
aaoiiia?e?a oa ?ioi? oaoi?ee aeniei? aa?oino? aac cia/ieo iaeii?aciaeo
aeo?ao, a oaeiae iiaeeea?noue ?o i?eaeaaiiy ca caeeoeiaith aa?o?noth
i?ney caaa?oaiiy e?ceiaiai? oaiaee; cieaeaiiy aieeao oaeoi?a
aeiiii?/iiai ?eceeo, ui caaino?th?oueny a i??o noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiaeo
iaoai?ci?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy; iiaeeea?noue inaithaaoe iia? ?eiee
o?ainii?oieo iineoa, a o./. ? i?aeia?iaei?, i?aeaeuoaaoe na?e aieea o
oe?e noa?? ae?yeueiino?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aaoe?a I.A., Aaoe?a I.I. Aei ieoaiiy i?i iniiaiee ioe?ii/iee iieaciee
?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oo // Aeiiii?ea ?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie. – 1989. – ? 3.
– C. 86 – 87 (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0,1 ae.a.).

2. sseoa A.TH., Aaoeea A.I., Aaoeea I.A. Eioaineoeeaoeey
aini?iecaiaenoaa iiaie oaoieee – iaaeno?aeueiue iooue iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe iauanoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. – AIEEOE. – ?
39979 io 2.11.1989. – 153 n. (iniaenoi aaoi?a, ui noinothoueny ieoaiue
aeena?oaoe??, 0,7 ae.a.).

3. Aaoe?a I.A., Iaoai/oe TH., Aaoe?a I.I. Aeaye? ?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? o?ainii?oiiai i?ioeano // Aeiiii?ea ?aaeyinueei? Oe?a?ie.
– 1991. – ? 3. – C. 93 (iniaenoi aaoi?a 0,1 ae.a.).

4. Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoa / I?ae ?aae. A.I. Aeo?oua., I.N. Oa??aa. –
Oa?iii?eue: OAIA, 1995. – 204 n. (iniaenoi aaoi?a, ui noinothoueny
ieoaiue aeena?oaoe??, 0,3 ae.a.).

5. Iiaea A.E., Aaoe?a I.I., Eooe E.E. I?e?iaeiiii?ea. Ca??iee caaea/
aeey aeiiii?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae: Iaa/. iin?aiee. – E.: ?NAeI, 1995. –
123 n. (iniaenoi aaoi?a, ui noinothoueny ieoaiue aeena?oaoe??, 1,1
ae.a.).

6. Aaoe?a I.I. Iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea – aaaeeeaee /eiiee ci?oeiaiiy
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie // O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o
eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo eoeueoo?: Oace aeiiia?aeae ???
i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996. – O. 2. – *. 2. –
N. 78 – 79.

7. Aaoe?a I.I. Aeaye? ieoaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? iniiaieo
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaeocae i?iieneiaino? // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei ?eieo: iaoa??aee
i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. – Oa?iii?eue: OAIA,
1996. – *. 1. – N. 27 – 28.

8. Oa??a I.N., Cyoeianueeee ?.A., Aaoe?a I.I., Ieoaeethe C.?., Niaei
I.I. Ciioaiiy ? aii?oecaoe?y iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a oa ?o aieea ia
?iiiaaoe?ei? i?ioeane. – Oa?iii?eue: OAIA, 1996. – 28 n. (iniaenoi
aaoi?a, ui noinothoueny ieoaiue aeena?oaoe??, 0,8 ae.a.).

9.Aaoe?a I.I. Aeeiai?ea oa oa?aeoa? i?ioean?a iiiaeaiiy ? aeaoooy
iniiaieo cania?a aaioaaeiiai aaoio?ainii?oo // Iaoeia? caienee: Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Oa?iii?eue: Aeiiii?/ia aeoiea, 1998. – N. 91 – 94.

10. O?iainiaee aiae?c. Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee iin?aiee / Ca ?aae. N.?.
Oea?aaaia. – Oa?iii?eue: OAIA, 1998. – 86 n. (iniaenoi aaoi?a, ui
noinothoueny ieoaiue aeena?oaoe??, 0,2 ae.a.).

11. Aaoe?a I.I. ?a?ie?ceia a nenoai? aaioaaeieo aaoiia?aaacaiue Oe?a?ie
// A?niee Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Iaoa??aee
??? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aeiiii?/ii?
?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie a ?a?iiaenueeee Nithc: ?aa?iiaeuei? ?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe”. – Oa?iii?eue, 1998. – N. 118 – 122.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aaoe?a I.I. Aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a
aaioaaeieo aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe??
noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 – aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa. – Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa,
Oa?iii?eue, 1998.

A ?iaio? aiae?cothoueny aaee/eia ? no?oeoo?a iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a
aaioaaeieo aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa oa iniaeeaino? ?o a?aeoai?aiiy
a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei. Ia aac?
noaoenoe/iiai iaoa??aeo aaioaaeieo AOI ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, Euea?anueei?
oa Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae c’yniao?oueny aieea ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a ia
??aaiue oiiaeia?aeaea/? iniiaieo oiiae?a, aeyaeythoueny ?aca?ae ??
i?aeaeuaiiy. Aiioeaiaaii iaiao?aei?noue aaeaioeaieo ye?nieo ci?i a
oi?aae?ii? ? ?aae?caoe?? ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo oa aeoea?caoe??
?iiiaaoe?e o noa?? aaioaaeieo aaoiia?aaacaiue, aeaii iaoeiai
ia??oioiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a aaioaaeieo aaoiainiiaea?noa a no/anieo
aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoaeoeai?noue, iniiai? ae?iaie/? oiiaee, aaioaaeiee
aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o, oiiaeia?aeaea/a, aii?oecaoe?y,
a?aeoai?thaaeuei? i?ioeane, ia?eaoeia, eia?noeea, e?ceia.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aaoeea A.I. Yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey iniiaiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
oiiaeia a?ociauo aaoio?ainii?oiuo i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee
iauanoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaiee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 – yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa. – Oa?iiiieueneay aeaaeaiey ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa,
Oa?iiiieue, 1998.

A ?aaioa aiaeece?oaony ?acia? e no?oeoo?a iniiaiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
oiiaeia a?ociauo aaoio?ainii?oiuo i?aaei?eyoee e iniaaiiinoe eo
aini?iecaiaenoaa a oneiaeyo o?ainoi?iaoeee iauanoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneeo
ioiioaiee. A aeenna?oaoeee aaoi?ii ?ac?aaioaia aieaa niaa?oaiiay
eeanneoeeaoeey iniiaiuo oiiaeia, iicaieythuay eco/aoue niioiioaiea
aeoeaiie e ianneaiie /anoae iniiaiuo oiiaeia, eo oaoiieiae/aneoth
no?oeoo?o, io?aneaaia i?ienoiaeaeaiea, i?ia?anneaiua oaiaeaioeee. Aaoi?
e?eoe/anee ?anniao?eaaao nouanoaothuoth iaoiaeeeo ?ann/aoa
eiyooeoeeaioia iaiiaeaiey e auauoey iniiaiuo oiiaeia, i?aaeeaaay iiaue
iaoiae eo en/eneaiey ii ioiioaieth e iaeiie aaca – n?aaeiaaiaeiaie
noieiinoe iniiaiuo oiiaeia. A oeaeyo aeoeaecaoeee i?ioeannia
aini?iecaiaenoaa a noa?a a?ociauo ia?aaicie aaoi?ii i?aaeeaaaaony
aiaae?eoue a i?aeoeeo eniieueciaaiea aeaa?anneaiiai iaoiaea ia/eneaiey
aii?oecaoeee ia ?aiiaaoeeth iiaeaeaeiiai ninoaaa.

Ia aaca noaoenoe/aneiai iaoa?eaea a?ociauo AOI Eaaii-O?aieianeie,
Eueaianeie e Oa?iiiieueneie iaeanoae enneaaeoaony aeeyiea
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia ia o?iaaiue oiiaeiioaea/e iniiaiuo oiiaeia,
ii?aaeaeythony ?aca?au aa iiauoaiey. Aiaeec eiyooeoeeaioia ei??aeyoeee e
aeaoa?ieiaoeee, eiee/anoaaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee cia/eiinoe
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi oaeoi?u, aeeth/aiiua a iiaeaeue, i?aauaatho a
oaniie nayce n oiiaeiioaea/ae e iauyniytho aa aa?eaoeeth a enneaaeoaiie
niaieoiiinoe a?ociauo aaoio?ainii?oiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia 67,1 %.

A ea/anoaa iniiaiiai ioeaii/iiai iieacaoaey ?aaiou a?ociaiai
aaoio?ainii?oa aaoi?ii i?aaeeaaaaony eniieueciaaoue ?ac?aaioaiiue a
aeenna?oaoeee iieacaoaeue a?ociiai?ioa nei?aae?iaaiiiai ia eiyooeoeeaio
auiieiaiey ii?i a?aiaie. Aiaae?aiea oaeiai iieacaoaey a i?aeoeeo ?aaiou
aaoio?ainii?oiuo i?aaei?eyoee iicaieeo noeioee?iaaoue nieaeaiea cao?ao
a?aiaie ia iia?oci/ii-?aca?oci/iua ?aaiou, a?aiy iaoiaeaeaiey a?ocia a
aei?iaa, ia inouanoaeaiea o?aiceoiuo iia?aoeee.

Aiioeae?iaaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue aaeaioeeiiiuo ea/anoaaiiuo eciaiaiee a
oi?aaeaiee e ?aaeecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iioaioeeaea, aace?othuaeny
ia i?eioeeiao ia?eaoeiaa e o?ainii?oiie eiaeneoee. Aeaiu iao/ii
iainiiaaiiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii iiauoaieth yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey
iniiaiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia a?ociauo aaoii?aaei?eyoee a
nia?aiaiiuo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo.

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue iaiiaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiie aacu e iiaeeoeeaoeee iniiaiuo
oiiaeia aaoio?ainii?oiuo i?aaei?eyoee ?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe
o?aaoao oe?ieiai eniieueciaaiey iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo aeey iaoae yeiiiieee
oeiainiauo eino?oiaioia, iaeiei ec eioi?uo anoue eeceia a?ociauo
aaoiiiaeeae. ?acaeoea ?anioaeeeaineie naoe eeceiaiauo eiiiaiee yaeyaony
aaaeiie ninoaaiie o?ainii?oiiai i?ioeanna, aac eioi?ie a nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo iaaiciiaeii noi?ie?iaaoue caaa?oaiiue oeeee ia ?uiea
o?ainii?oiuo oneoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yooaeoeaiinoue, iniiaiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu,
a?ociaie aaoiiiaeeueiue o?ainii?o, oiiaeiioaea/a, aii?oecaoeey,
aini?iecaiaenoaaiiua i?ioeannu, ia?eaoeia, eiaenoeea, eeceia.

SUMMARY

Vashkiv O.P. Efficiency of the usage of the basic industrial funds of
cargo motor transport enterprises in the conditions of transformation of
social and economic relations. – Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Economic Sciences
(speciality 08.06.01 – economy of the enterprise and production
structure). – Ternopil Academy of National Economy, Ternopil, 1998.

This work investigates the structure of basic industrial funds of cargo
motor transport enterprises and peculiarities of the processes of their
reproduction in the conditions of social and economic relations
transformation.

On the basis of statistic data of cargo-motor transport enterprises of
Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv and Ternopil regions the author investigates the
effect of production factors on the level of capital productivity of the
basic funds, he determines reserves of its increase. The author
motivates the necessity of adaptive qualitative changes in the
management and realization of industrial potential and innovations
activization in the sphere of cargo motor transportations,
scientiffically grounded recommendations for efficiency increase of the
usage of basic industrial funds of cargo motor transportation
enterprises in modern economic conditions are provided in this work.

Key words: efficiency, basic funds of industry, cargo motor transport,
capital productivity, amortization (depresiation), reproduction
processes, marketing, logistic, leasing.

Похожие записи