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Ефективність схрещування бурої карпатської худоби з плідниками м’ясних генотипів, створених в Україні: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г. наук / М.Й. Дзямко,

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OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO ?ICAAAeAIIss ? AAIAOEEE OAA?EI

Aecyiei Ieoaeei Eineiiae/

OAeE 636.082.43

AOAEOEAI?NOUe NO?AUOAAIIss AO?I? EA?IAONUeEI? OOAeIAE C IE?AeIEEAIE
I’ssNIEO AAIIOEI?A, NOAI?AIEO A OE?A?I?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue – 06.02.01 – ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a – *oaeinueea, 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a A??nueei-Ea?iaonuee?e aeine?aei?e noaioe??
Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Aaiyn TH??e TH??eiae/,

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

N??aoeueeee Einei Caiiiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy

? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI

– eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 7 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.27.355.01. i?e ?inoeooo?
?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee

oaa?ei OAAI

Aae?ana ?inoeoooo: 256319, Ee?anueea iae., Ai?eni?euenueeee ?-i,
n.*oaeinueea, aoe.Iia??aiyea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy
? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 5 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe
TH.A.I?eue/aiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Na?aae i?iaeai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie iaea?eueo aino?i
noi?oue ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy iio?aae ianaeaiiy a i’yn? oa
i’ynii?iaeoeoao, ye? a a?aeiia?aeaee i?aeia?iaeiei noaiaea?oai oa iaee
eiieo?aioio caeaoi?noue ia aioo??oiueiio e i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieao. A
no/aniee ia??iae aeey ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie aeei?enoiao?oueny, a
iniiaiiio, ooaeiaa iiei/ieo ? eiia?iiaaieo ii??ae. A oie aea /an
aacia?a/iei ? oie oaeo, ui i?iaeaio ae?iaieoeoaa iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino?
ye?nii? yeiae/eie ca ?aooiie eeoa iiei/iiai oa iiei/ii-i’yniiai
neioa?noaa ae??oeoe i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai.

A ?nioth/eo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue a oaa?eiieoeoa? ? ?ic?iaea
aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e. A ca’yceo c oeei,
ea?aeeiaeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy aeiaaa? aaeocaaa no?oeoo?a aeaii? aaeoc?.
Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao, aea oiiae
ainiiaea?thaaiiy cia/ii oneeaaeiththoueny noai?ei ??cei-eiioeiaioaeueiei
ee?iaoii, a?aenooi?noth aeaniiai ca?iiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, aeao?oeeoii
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo caiaeueieo oa?aeue, ianaiia?aae ??ee?, aenieeie
aeiiaaie aeieia?/ii? aaciaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

An? oe? /eiieee ?iaeyoue i??i?eoaoieie aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa, ye?
iiaeooue aooe i?aai?ciaai? c oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi a?aea?iii-ianiaeuiiai
oo?eiaiiy, iaaoeo, a oiio /ene? ia aenieia??ieo iieiieiao. Iaei??th c
oaeeo aaeocae ? niaoe?ae?ciaaia i’ynia neioa?noai.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A Oe?a?i? oe?iei ?icai?iooa ?iaioa, ni?yiiaaia ia
noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aaeoc? i’yniiai neioa?noaa /Iia?aaiye I. E.oa
?i., Aaa??e A.A., 1974, 1976; Aenia? O.O.,1981;Oei/aiei I.A., 1986;
Coaaoeue I.A., 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1994,
1995, 1996; Oai?aaiei A., 1993, 1995; Aei?iothe A.,1997; A?iie/oe Ae.A.,
1992, 1995, 1997; Iaaao A., 1997/. Aieiaiei iiiaioii o oe?e ni?aa? ?
oi?ioaaiiy a?o/eciyieo i’ynieo ii??ae. Ia iaiao?aei?noue ?icoe?aiiy
ianooaa?a iiai? aaeoc? niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai neioa?noaa a Oe?a?i?
aeaco? A.O.Oeo??i /1995,1997/. ?icaaaeaiiy ooaeiae i’ynieo ii??ae ?
oei?a ia? /eiaei ia?aaaa. O ??cieo ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao ?? iiaeia iaeaea
oe?ei??/ii oo?eioaaoe ia a?aee?eoeo iaeaeai/eeao aai ia ianiaeuao c
i?i?iaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a. Aaea caoaa?aeaeaii
oe?a?inueeo, aieeinueeo oa iie?nueeo i’yni? ii?iaee. Iaaeeaea?oueny aei
caaa?oaiiy noai?aiiy ciai’yinueei? oa aneai?enueei? i’ynieo ii??ae.
Ii?iaeioai?/ei i?ioeanii ioiieaii i?aeoe/ii an? ee?iaoe/i? ciie e
?aa?iie Oe?a?ie. A oie aea /an, a a??nueeeo ?aeiiao Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao,
aea ? an? ainiiaea?nuee? e i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
oni?oiiai aaaeaiiy aaeoc? ia iniia? a?aea?iii-ianiaeuiiai oo?eiaiiy
oaa?ei, i’ynia neioa?noai ?icaeoeo ia io?eiaei. Iaeiei c iaenooo?a?oeo
/eiiee?a, ye? no?eiothoue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?e i’yniiai neioa?noaa
a a??nueeiio ?aa?ii?, ? nai???aei?noue ee?iaoe/ieo oiia oa a?aenooi?noue
i?enoiniaaieo aei oeeo oiia aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo a?o/eciyieo aaiioei?a.
Ia iiooe iioeiaeueieo naeaeoe?eieo oeyo?a noai?aiiy ianeao i’ynii?
ooaeiae aeey oiia a??nueei? ciie Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ci???ioiaaii oeth
?iaioo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iniiao
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neeaaeathoue
?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? i?e aeeiiaii? ieaio IAe? A??nueei-Ea?iaonueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe?? Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo AIA “?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aio
noai?aiiy aaeoc? niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai neioa?noaa aeey a??nueeiai
?aa?iio Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? UA 01002355 ?).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii?, ia
iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue, iioeiaeueieo ii?aeiaiue o a?aeoai?thaaeueiiio
no?auoaaii? i’ynieo ii??ae c ao?ith ea?iaonueeith ii?iaeith aeey
noai?aiiy a ia?niaeoea? aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai, aeia?a i?enoiniaaiiai aei
oiia ciie, niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai oeio ooaeiae.

A caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeeei:

– aeine?aeeoe ainiiaea?nuee? iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a, io?eiaieo
a?ae no?auoaaiiy iaoie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c ie?aeieeaie
aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee oa ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio o ii??aiyii?
c /enoiii??aeieie ?iaanieeaie iaoa?einueei? ii?iaee;

– anoaiiaeoe aieea no?auoaaiiy ia aenoa?’??i? iciaee, eiinoeoooe?eio
i?oei?noue oa aoieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iieiaeiyea;

– aea/eoe aeaye? ?ioa?’??i? iniaeeaino? i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a ca
ee?i?/ieie, aaiaoieia?/ieie iieacieeaie, ?icaeoeii aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ?
oeaiei;

– ioe?ieoe caa?ei? yeino? i?aeaeine?aeiiai iieiaeiyea o a?eia?e
aeeiai?oe?;

– aeine?aeeoe ye?noue yeiae/eie, io?eiaii? a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo
caai?a i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei;

– aeaoe eiiieaenio ioe?ieo i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae /enoiii??aeieo oa
iii?nieo aiaeia?a i?e ??cieo ??aiyo ?ioaineaiino? ae?iuoaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a oiiaao a??nueei? ciie
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy aoaeoo aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a
a?o/eciyieo ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio oa aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee
ia iaoi/iiio iiaie?a’? ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee. Aeaii eiiieaenio
ioe?ieo i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iii?nieo ae/e?a o ii??aiyii? c
/enoiii??aeieie ?iaanieeaie ca aeaio ??ai?a ?ioaineaiino? ae?iuoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo anoaiiaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a
ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio oa aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee ye
aaouee?anueeeo aaiioei?a o no?auoaaii? c iaoeaie ao?i? ea?iaonueei?
ii?iaee c iaoith noai?aiiy iaoiaeii neioaoe/ii? naeaeoe?? ciiaeueiiai
i’yniiai oeio, i?enoiniaaiiai aei oiia Ea?iaonueeiai ?aa?iio.

Aoaeoeai?noue no?auoaaiiy ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ooaeiae c ie?aeieeaie
oe?a?inueeeo i’ynieo ii??ae i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie ae?iaie/i?
ia?aa??ee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaieo ia oa?iao A??nueei-Ea?iaonueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe?? oa eieainio “Aaneeae” Aieiaaoeueeiai ?aeiio
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?. Ia i?aenoaa? aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e, ye?
aeo?eathoue ?c i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, no?auoaaiiy ao?i?
ea?iaonueei? ooaeiae c ie?aeieeaie i’ynieo ii??ae aeeth/aii a ieai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ii Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? oa aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe?
I?ia?aie noaa?e?caoe?? oa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo AIE Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano? aei 2020 ?ieo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai oa iaoiaeee,
i?aai?caoe?y e i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaoa??aeo oa oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo oa
niaoe?ae?no?a “Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee oa aeinyaiaiiy iieiaeeo a/aieo –
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoao” /A.Aaeoa, 1991/, oa “Iaoeia?
?ic?iaee aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaeno ” /I.Ai?ioa, 1993/, OO-e
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy AIE”
/Oa?nii, 1993/; i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “I?iaeaie
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao” /I.Ai?ioa-A.Aaeoa,
1994/; “Noai oa ia?niaeoeae AIE Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?” /Aa?aaiai,
1997/, “Aeiiii?ea Caea?iaooy nueiaiaei? ? caao?a: oeyoe aeoiaeo c e?ece”
/Oaeai?iae, 1997/, a oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee Caea?iaonueeiai
?inoeoooo AIA OAAI /1993-1998 ??./.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia ___
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia __ oaaeeoeath, 10
?enoieaie. Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeee ?
iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co
? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e
ae?iaieoeoao, nienea aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, yeee aeeth/a?
219 aeaea?ae, c yeee 9 – ia ?iicaiieo iiaao.

IAOA??AEE ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aenia?eiaioe aeeiiai? oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai aeine?aeo,
yeee iiae?eyany ia 2 na???. ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany a oiiaao a??nueeiai
?aa?iio Ea?iao a aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? “Ea?iaoe” C?AIA (1 na??y
aeine?ae?a) oa a eieaini? “Aaneeae” Aieiaaoeueeiai ?aeiio Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano? (2 na??y).

1. Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

A?oiaE?euee?noue oaa?eiAaiioeiAenia?eiaioaeueiee caa?e, aie. o a?oe?:
oaa?eia a?oi?, aie?aae/e?a18-i?n.21-i?n.27-i?n.30-i?n.? na??y aeine?aeo
?12AE3-33??12AE o AI3-33???12AE o CI3-33?? na??y
aeine?aeo?12AE333-??12AE o AI333-???12AE o CI333- AE – ao?a ea?iaonueea
ii?iaea, AI – aieeinueea i’ynia ii?iaea, CI – ciai’yinueeee i’yniee oei.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee in?iai?iiy iaoie ao?i?
ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee n?i’yi i’ynieo aoaa?a aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee
oa ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio. C iaea?aeaiiai i?eieiaeo aoee
noi?iiaai? i?aeaeine?aei? a?oie oaa?ei aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
ca oaeith noaiith.

Aeine?ae i?iaiaeeany ca iaoiaeii a?oi-aiaeia?a. ?icoaeaiiy ei??a
i?ioiaeeei o ei??aieeo. Oo?eiaiiy ei??a aei aeoiaeo ia ianiaeua –
i?ea’ycia, a oaeyo – eiia?iiaaia. Ia i?ioyc? ianiaeuiiai ia??iaeo ana
iiaie?a’y oe?eiaeiaiai oo?eioaaeiny aaci?ea’ycii a caaiiao i?ae
a?aee?eoei iaaii. O a?oe? 6-7 i?nyoe?a (20 aeiaoiy), i?e ia?aaaaeaii?
iaoa??a ia ceiiai-no?eeiaa oo?eiaiiy, i?iaaaeaia a?aeeo/ea oaeyo a?ae
iaoa??a. Ia i?ioyc? 10-12 aei?a ae/e?a oo?eioaaee aaci?ea’ycii ii 10
aie?a a a?oiiaeo ee?oeao, a iio?i noaaeee ia i?ea’ycue a no?eei.

Ei?ie, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey aiae?ae? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei,
o?aaeeoe?ei? aeey a??nueeiai ?aa?iio: caeaia iana, ceaeiaa n?ii, neein c
iaeii- oa aaaaoi??/ieo o?aa, nieiia iceii? ioaieoe?, caeoii? eiia?ei?ie.

A??nueeee ?aa?ii Ea?iao ia ia? aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia ?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenoaineaiei (a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao – iai?a?ioaineaiei)
ae?iuoaaiiyi iieiaeiyea, oiio iio??aii i???iooaaoe oaoiieia?? i’yniiai
neioa?noaa ia iaeneiaeueia caeaoaaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? ? iacaeaaei?noue
aaeoc? a?ae caeoi?ae? eiioeei?i?a. Eiia?ei?ie caiaeiaoaaee oaa?eiai eeoa
c 9-oe aei 12-i?ny/iiai a?eo ii 1 ea ia aieiao. A ae?oa?e na???
aeine?aeo – c 12-i?ny/iiai a?eo a ?aoe?ii ae/e?a aeeth/aee ii 1.5-2,0 ea
eiia?ei?io ia aieiao. Aiae?aey i?iaiaeeeanue ca?aeii ii?i, aeeeaaeaieo a
aeia?aeieeo ii aiae?ae? oaa?ei i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th A.I.Aiaaeaiiaa (1986).

Iieacieee, ye? aea/aeeny oa iaoiaee ?o aecia/aiiy:

– o?eaae?noue aia??iaaiaco, oa?aeoa? ?icoae?a, oniaaeeoaaiiy iano? o
i?eieiaeo – ia iniia? a?coaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
iae?eo;

– ?icaeoie iieiaeiyea (ae/e?a) – ca iieacieeaie aeeai? iane,
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a – uii?ny/iei ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei caaaeoaaiiyi
aei ?aieiai? aiae?ae?;

– e?i?eiee ??no oa iniaeeaino? aenoa?’??o – ia iniia? acyooy i?ii???a
o?ea a ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee (1, 9, 12, 18, 24 i?nyoe?) oa ?ic?aooieii
?iaeaen?a aoaeiae o?ea;

– iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee oaa?ei – ia iniia? aoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
aeiaiaiai o?iiiiao?aaeo c ?ic?aooieii ?iaeaen?a iiaaae?iee ca
Aae?eaeai?iei A.?. (1976);

– ?ioa?’??i? iniaeeaino? – ca ee?i?/ieie oa aaiaoieia?/ieie iieacieeaie
ca?aeii caaaeueii i?eeiyoi? iaoiaeeee Eaaaae?aa I.A., Oniae/a A.A.
(1976);

– i?oei?noue ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue – ia iniia? aea/aiiy ?inoo oa
noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue – ca iaoiaeeeith A?iie/oea Ae.O. oa ?ioeo (1991);

– caa?ei? iieacieee ? i’ynia i?iaeoeoeai?noue – ia iniia? eiio?ieueiiai
caaith ae/e?a o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee ca iaoiaeeeith A?Oo oa AIAe?II
(1966, 1977);

– aeo?ae iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei c ooo? – ca iaoiaeeeith A.I.Aa?eiae/a (1961);

– iae?e niiaeeoeo ei?i?a – iaoiaeii eiio?ieueii? aiae?ae? 2 ?ace ia
i?nyoeue.

– aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy oaa?ei ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie
iaoiaeeeaie.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae ii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee ca I.I.Ieio?inueeei (1970).

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane oaa?ei

Aea/aiiy aieeao no?auoaaiiy iaoie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c aoaayie
i’ynieo ii??ae ia aeeao iano iii?niiai iieiaeiyea iieacaei, ui a oiiaao
??ciiai ??aiy aiae?ae? a?aei?/aia ia?aaaaa iii?nieo ae/e?a iaae
?iaanieeaie eiio?ieueieo a?oi (oaae.2).

2. A?eiaa aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a (Mm), ea

A?e oaa?ei, i?nyoe?A?oie??????? na??y aeine?aeoIiaiia?iaeaeai? 31 1,65
38 2,04 36 1,726129 4,57164 6,76156 7,3012 230 10,92 275 14,83
270 11,5218 289 12,91 334 15,23 335 13,5327 303 15,07 342
30,60 346 35,0030 317 13,16 353 28,00 376 32,00Aaniethoiee
i?e??no: 0-182582962990-27272304310?? na??y
aeine?aeoIiaiia?iaeaeai? 28 1,10 31 2,89 32 1,116121 4,11173
4,73188 3,7112214 3,71234 7,52259 5,5118 306 12,50348 7,97346
6,5527403 6,45 410 10,80458 3,1730417 8,21 445 15,82515
8,45Aaniethoiee i?e??no: 0-182783173140-27389414483A ia??iae aei
6-i?ny/iiai a?eo ia i?aenin? oaa?eie iaio na??e aeine?aeo ?icaeaaeeny
caaeia?eueii ? oea caeaaeaei a iniiaiiio a?ae iiei/iino? iaoi/iiai
iiaie?a’y. Iaea?eueoo aeeao iano iaee ae/ee ??-? a?oie a ?-e na???
aeine?aeo oa ???-? a?oie a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo. Oae, a ?-?e na???
aeine?aeaeaiue iii?ni? ae/ee c aieeinueeith ii?iaeith aei 6-i?ny/iiai
a?eo noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii??aeieo ?iaaniee?a ca
aeeaith ianith ia 26-28 %, a iii?ni? ?c ciai’yinueeei i’yniei oeiii iaee
ia?aaaao a aeea?e ian? ia 12-21 %. A eieaini? “Aaneeae” aeeaa iana
iii?nieo ae/e?a a oeae aea ia??iae aoea aeuith ia 27-35 ea aai ia
22.3-28.9 %, i?ioa a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo ia?aaaao iaee ae/ee ???-?
a?oie. O 18-i?ny/iiio a?oe? a ?-e na??? aeine?aeo ??cieoey neeaaeaea
45-46 ea aai 15.5-15.9 %, a a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo – 42-40 ea aai
13.7-13.4 %.

Aaniethoia oaeaee?noue ?inoo aoea aeuith aei 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo a
iii?nieo oaa?ei ?-? oa ??-? na??e aeine?aeo, a aei 27-i?ny/iiai a?eo
caaeainiaaia aiae?aey oaa?ei ??-? na??? aeine?aeo, a ii??aiyii? c ?-th,
aeaea aeu? iieacieee aia?a?? ?inoo a aeine?aeieo a?oiao ia 97 ? 169 ea.
Iniaeeai ?ioaineaii ?icaeaaeeny oaa?eie ??-? a?oie, a iaea?eueoee
a?aeiiniee i?e??no a?aei?/aii a on?o a?oiao oaa?ei iaio na??e aeine?aeo
o a?eiaee i?ii?aeie 0-6 i?nyoe?a.

Aeeiai?ea na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a

A oiiaao iaeiaeiaiai ??aiy aiae?ae? iieiaeiye i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ??ciei ??aiai ainiiaea?nueeeo iieaciee?a ae?iuoaaiiy
(oaae.3). Aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei na?ae/eoue i?i aenieee iioaioe?ae aia?a?? ?inoo o
iii?nieo oaa?ei iaio a?oi.

3. Aia?a?y ?inoo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei, a

A?e oaa?ei, i?n.A?oie??????? na??y
aeine?aeo0-65356886560-125456496410-18471541547?? na??y
aeine?aeo0-65087768520-125105566220-18506578573Ca aia?a??th ?inoo a iaio
na??yo aeine?aeo iii?ni? ae/ee nooo?ai ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii??aeieo
?iaaniee?a. A on? a?eia? ia??iaee oaa?eie ???-? ? ??-? a?oi ??-? na???
aeine?aeo ia?aaaaeaee ca aia?a??th ?inoo aiaeia?a ? a?oie a?aeiia?aeii
ia 22-67 oa 9.0-52.6 %.

Aenoa?’?? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy e?i?eiiai ?inoo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei
oe?eeii ocaiaeaeothoueny c iniaeeainoyie ?o aaaiaiai ?inoo. Oae, aenioe
a oieoe?, yeo iaee iii?ni? ae/ee o 18 i?nyoe?a, eiio?ieueia a?oia
aeinyaea eeoa o 24-i?ny/iiio a?oe?.

Ca i?ii??aie iai?aiaoaaoo caaeo oa ni??aeueiiai iaoaaoo noaaia
iaea?eueoo ia?aaaao iaee oaa?eie ???-? a?oie, ui aeaco? ia a?eueo aenieo
ae?aaeai?noue i’ynieo oi?i iii?nieo ae/e?a, iaea?aeaieo a?ae aoaa?a
ciai’yinueeiai oeio. A?aei?/ai? a?eueo ?aeue?oi? a?aei?iiino? a i?ii??ao
oaa?ei iii?nieo a?oi a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. A oe?eiio iiaeia
a?aei?oeoe no?eeo ia?aaaao iii?nae ??? a?oie iaeaea ca an?ia
aenoa?’??ieie i?ii??aie.

Aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? a ci?i? i?ii???a ? oi?ioaaii? aoaeiae o?ea
oaa?ei i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny ?iaeaenaie oi?iaoo, caeoino?, aeiaaiiiaino?,
aeeaieia?oaeino?, oiui.

?acoeueoaoe aoieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue

Aoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ia iiaaae?ieo oaa?ei, e??i
aaiaoe/ii coiiaeaiiai oaiia?aiaioo ? oeio ia?aiai? nenoaie, nooo?ai
aieeaathoue oiiae ae?iuoaaiiy, ianaiia?aae ??aaiue aiae?ae?. A oiiaao
iaaeinoaoiuei? aiae?ae? (?-a na??y aeine?aeo) iacaeaaeii a?ae aaiioeio
oaa?ei niinoa??aaeiny i?aeaeuaiiy ?o caaaeueii? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?,
nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeino? aeo?a iiaaae?iee, ui cae?eniththoueny a eaaea/iio
iieiaeaii?, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy oa?/iai? aeoeaiino? oa aeiaiai?
o?eaaeino? aeoeee (oaae.4). Iii?ni? oaa?eie aaiioeio AE o AI a iaio
na??yo aeine?aeo aoee noeeuei? aei o?eaaeiai a?aeii/eieo ? i?i?iaeueii?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?, oiae? ye iii?ni? ae/ee aaiioeio AE o CI
a?aecia/aeeny iaeaeuith oa?/iaith aeoeai?noth ca ?aooiie iaea?eueoi?
o?eaaeino? ia?aaeiaoaaiiy ei?io.

4. Iieacieee ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oa oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee i?aeaeine?aeieo
ae/e?a (Mm)

?iaeaenNa??yA?oieaeine?aeo??????Caaaeueia ?ooiaa
aeoeai?noue?0,540,020,500,020,550,02 (aiae?aey, noiyiiy, aeoeea
noiy/e)??0,520,040,460,010,420,01Eaaeaiiy (aeoeea eaaea/e,
nii,?0,460,020,500,030,450,02 a?aeii/eiie
eaaea/e)??0,480,040,540,010,580,01A?aeii/eiie (nii,
aacae?yeuei?noue?0,520,030,540,030,490,02 eaaea/e ?
noiy/e)??0,480,030,480,020,440,01Oa?/iaa aeoeai?noue
(ii?aeaiiy?0,430,020,420,020,460,02 ei?io, aeoeea noiy/e ?
eaaea/e)??0,470,020,480,030,520,01

Ee?i?/i? oa aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy i?eaeeoo?aeo ?ioa?’??ieo iniaeeainoae /enoiii??aeieo
oa iii?nieo ae/e?a i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy ?o aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a o
??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee (oaae.5). A iaio na??yo aeine?aeo, ye o
eiio?ieueieo, oae ? a aeine?aeieo a?oiao ia niinoa??aaeiny
nooo?aeo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie. A oie aea /an, ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe oaiaeaioe?th i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? o?c?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a
i?aai?ci? iii?nieo oaa?ei ae?oai? na??? aeine?aeo, oi/a iaeaea an?
i?aea?oiia? a?aei?iiino? aoee noaoenoe/ii ia a??ia?aeieie.

5. Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee 21-i?ny/ieo ae/e?a (Mm)

IieacieeA?oie??????? na??y aeine?aeoA?eeiaee
eiao?oe??io1,340,21,380.21,080.14Caaaeueiee a?eie,
a%5,270,25,340.65,430.6Aeueaoi?ie, a%3,070,33,070.32,790.3Aeiaoe?ie,
a%2,200,12,290.22,640.2Eoaeiee ?aca?a, ia%395963732934050Aaiiaeia?i, a%
7,80,4 7,80.3 7,20.28Eaeeioeeoe, oen.5,150,55,150.5
4,610.25A?eo?ioeeoe, iei.8,010,27,90.17,730.07Eaeueoe?e, ia%
9,360,149,60.29,670.23Oinoi?, ia%9,800,99,11.19,050.97?? na??y
aeine?aeoA?eeiaee eiao?oe??io1,40,62,40.5 1,50.1Caaaeueiee a?eie,
a%4,70,65,90.2 5,820.1Aeueaoi?ie, a%2,30,84,10.3 3,520.4Aeiaoe?ie,
a%2,40,81,80.2 2,300.1Eoaeiee ?aca?a, ia%560802936742767Aaiiaeia?i, a%
7,50,6 7,60.3 9,71.4Eaeeioeeoe, oen.4,70,65,00.3 5,40.2A?eo?ioeeoe,
iei.8,00,3 8,60.01 8,80.1Eaeueoe?e, ia%5,50,18,01.3 9,50.2Oinoi?,
ia%6,90,97,20.7 7,71.4

A oiiaao iai?a?ioaineaiiai ae?iuoaaiiy (??-a na??y aeine?aeo) iieiaeiye
??-? oa ???-? a?oi a?aecia/aany i?aeaeuaiei a?eeiaei eiao?oe??ioii,
ai?noii caaaeueiiai a?eeo, aeueaoi?i?a, aaiiaeiaoe?io, a?eo?ioeeo?a,
eaeueoe?th oa oinoi?o e?ia?. sseui a ?-e na??? aeine?aeo, aea ??aaiue
aiae?ae? aoa ieae/ei, oaa?eie ???-? a?oie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iaeieae/ei
ai?noii a e?ia? aaiiaeia?io, a?eo?ioeeo?a oa oinoi?o, oi a ??-e na???
aeine?aeo naia o oaa?ei oeueiai aaiioeio ia?ae?/ai? iieacieee aoee
iaeaeueie. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai aaiioeio
o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane i?io?eathoue ?ioaineai?oa a oiiaao a?eueo aenieiai
??aiy aiae?ae?.

Cao?aoe ei?i?a

6. ??aaiue aiae?ae? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei

IieacieeA?eiaee ia??iae,Caaeaii aNiiaeeoi ii
a?oiaoi?nyoe??aoe?ii???????? na??y aeine?aeoEi?iiaeo iaeeieoeue,
ea0-6.56186156036356.5-18173915501654165518-246725816366410-182357216522
5722900-243029274628932931% aeei?enoaiiy0-24100909596Ia?ao?aaiiai
i?ioa?io,
ea0-6.5535353536.5-1820018719619618-24211720200-182532402492490-24274257
269269Aaeiaee i?e??no,
ea0-6.5-103132,5125,56.5-18-156,5163,5173,50-18-259,5296,0299,00-24-254,
5285290Aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1 ea
i?e?inoo0-6.5-6,04,55,06.5-18-9,910,19,50-18-8,37,67,60-24-10,810,110,1?
? na??y aeine?aeoEi?iiaeo iaeeieoeue,
ea0-76446446446447-18208920232031204718-2411111073109410970-243844374037
693788% aeei?enoaiiy0-24100979898Ia?aoaa?iiai i?ioa?io,
ea0-7565656567-1817617117217318-24949092920-24326317320321Aaeiaee
i?e??no, ea0-18-27831731418-24-5555720-24-333372386Aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1 ea
i?e?inoo0-18-9,68,48,618-24-19,519,915,20-24-11,210,19,8I?ney
a?aeeo/aiiy aiae?aey ae/e?a a iaio na??yo aeine?aeo cae?enithaaeanue
ei?iaie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa (e??i eiioeaio?iaaieo), o?aaeeoe?eieie
aeey a??nueei? ciie Ea?iao.

A no?oeoo?? ?aoe?iio oaa?ei ?-? na??? aeine?aeo a?oa? ei?ie caeiaee ca
iiaeeai?noth 9.9-20.5 %, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ia??iaeo ae?iuoaaiiy,
nieiaeo? – 8.1-72.5, caeai? – 58.8-79.3, eiioeaio?iaai? – 2.7-9.9 %. A
??-e na??? aeine?aeo i?aeaeine?aei? ae/ee io?eioaaee aeaui a?eueoa
a?oaeo (19.3-35.5%) ? cia/ii a?eueoa eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a
(19.2-33.2%). Aiane?aeie oeueiai, aoee ??cieie ? caaaeuei? aeo?aoe
ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue oa ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao,
ui a?aeia?aceeiny ia ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo oaa?ei (oaae. 6).

??cieoey a ??aiyo aiae?ae? aei 24-i?ny/iiai a?eo i?ae ?-th oa ??-th
na??yie aeine?aeo noaiiaeea 815 ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue aai 26.9 % ? 52 ea
aai 19.0 % ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io. Iiaiioa ii?aeaiiy ei?i?a o iaio na??yo
aeine?aeo aoea aeuith o iii?nieo ae/e?a.

I?oei?noue ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue

Iaeiei c iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oei eiinoeoooe??, ?
i?oei?noue eiieoiiai ?iao. Aeey oaa?ei, ye? aeianathoueny ia a??nueeeo
iieiieinueeeo e?ooinoeeao, aai noiyoue ia oaa?aeiio oeaiaioiiio iie?eoo?
ca oiia i?ea’yciiai oo?eiaiiy oeae iieaciee ia? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy.

Aea/aiiy i?oeiino? eiieoiiai ?iao i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a i?ioyaii
a?eiaeo ia??iae?a 12-18, oa 18-24 i?nyoe?a iieacaei, ui ye a ?-e, oae ?
a ??-e na??yo aeine?aeo iii?ni? oaa?eie a?aecia/aeeny i?oei?oeie
?aoeoeyie (oaae. 7). I?e a?eueo aenieiio iaaaioaaeaii? ia ?aoeoe? ae/ee
??-? oa ???-? a?oi oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue iaioith ?ioaineai?noth noe?aiiy
?iaiai? no?iee e?ioe?aie o ii??aiyii? c /enoiii??aeieie oaa?eiaie, ui
aeicaiey? ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iii?nieo oaa?ei, ye aeia?a i?enoiniaaieo aei
aeei?enoaiiy a??nueeeo ianiaeu-iieiiei.

7. Oaeaee?noue a?ae?inoaiiy ? noe?aiiy ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue o
i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a (Mm)

IieacieeA?eia? ia??iaee,A?oie oaa?eii?nyoe???????? na??y aeine?aeoIeoiia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?aoeoeth,
ea/ni2180,8010,050,8990,050,9280,05A?ae?inoaiiy ?aoeoeue,
ii12-18242,6283,3254,5Noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue, ii12-18143,081,44111,7?? na??y
aeine?aeoIeoiia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?aoeoeth,
ea/ni2180,9410,030,9600,041,0520,06A?ae?inoaiiy ?aoeoeue,
ii12-18254,34261,96343,46Noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue, ii12-18181,44193,71101,45

Caa?ei? oa i’yni? yeino? ae/e?a

Aea/aiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a i?iaaaeaii a
??ciiio a?oe? (18-21-27 i?nyoe?a) c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy a?eo, eiee
oaa?eie aeinyaathoue e?aueo oiaa?ieo eiiaeeoe?e caeaaeii a?ae oiia
aiae?ae? (oaae. 8).

8. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai caaith ae/e?a 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo (Mm)

IieacieeA?oie??????? na??y aeine?aeoIa?aaecaa?eia aeeaa iana, ea
2674,43148,33106,2Iana ia?ii? ooo?, ea122,35,0146,314,7147,33,7Iana
aioo??oiueiai aee?o, ea 2,250,05 2,870,60 2,560,48Caa?eia
iana124,44,9149,214,4149,94,1Iana i’yeio? ooo?, ea
95,84,5113,911,7115,53,3Aeo?ae, %: ia?ii? ooo? 45,81,246,40,9
47,60,98aioo??oiueiai aee?o 0,840,03 0,930,22 0,820,14caa?eiee
46,61,147,31,848,41,0i’yeio? 35,81,2 36,11,5537,31,2Iana a?ae??cea IIN c
o?eniaaiith aeiaaeeiith, a0,2370,020,2830,020,2680,01?? na??y
aeine?aeoIa?aaecaa?eia aeeaa iana, ea 27610,7 32212,4 36117,5Iana
ia?ii? ooo?, ea136,76,9163,37,1187,37,3Iana aioo??oiueiai aee?o, ea
4,80,2 4,00,4 4,40,4Caa?eia iana141,47,1 1677,5191,77,2Iana i’yeio?
ooo?, ea112,25,4132,14,6152,74,8Aeo?ae, %: ia?ii? ooo?49,50,7 50,70,6
51,90,5aioo??oiueiai aee?o 1,730,02 1,240,08
1,220,14caa?eiee51,20,7 52,00,6 53,10,6i’yeio? 40,70,56 41,00,38
42,30,94Iana a?ae??cea IIN c o?eniaaiith aeiaaeeiith,
a0,2740,020,2790,020,3070,05

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iii?ni? oaa?eie a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo
aiaeia?a ca ?aaeoe??th ia i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue aiae?ae?. A oiiaao
aaceiioeaio?aoii? aiae?ae? (?-a na??y aeine?aeo) ia?aaaaa ae/e?a ??-? oa
???-? a?oi ca aeoiaeii ooo?, caa?eii? iane ? i’yeio? ia aoea noaoenoe/ii
a??ia?aeiith, a a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo oey ia?aaaaa iaaoea no?eei?
noaoenoe/ii? oaiaeaioe??, a ii oaa?eiao ???-? a?oie ca aeoiaeii ia?ii?
ooo? a?aei?/aii a??ia?aeio ??cieoeth (?

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