OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

?INOEOOO ?ICAAAeAIIss ? AAIAOEEE OAA?EI

Aecyiei Ieoaeei Eineiiae/

OAeE 636.082.43

AOAEOEAI?NOUe NO?AUOAAIIss AO?I? EA?IAONUeEI? OOAeIAE C IE?AeIEEAIE
I’ssNIEO AAIIOEI?A, NOAI?AIEO A OE?A?I?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue — 06.02.01 — ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a — *oaeinueea, 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a A??nueei-Ea?iaonuee?e aeine?aei?e noaioe??
Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Aaiyn TH??e TH??eiae/,

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

N??aoeueeee Einei Caiiiiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy

? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI

— eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 7 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.27.355.01. i?e ?inoeooo?
?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee

oaa?ei OAAI

Aae?ana ?inoeoooo: 256319, Ee?anueea iae., Ai?eni?euenueeee ?-i,
n.*oaeinueea, aoe.Iia??aiyea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?icaaaeaiiy
? aaiaoeee oaa?ei OAAI.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 5 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe
TH.A.I?eue/aiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Na?aae i?iaeai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie iaea?eueo aino?i
noi?oue ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy iio?aae ianaeaiiy a i’yn? oa
i’ynii?iaeoeoao, ye? a a?aeiia?aeaee i?aeia?iaeiei noaiaea?oai oa iaee
eiieo?aioio caeaoi?noue ia aioo??oiueiio e i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieao. A
no/aniee ia??iae aeey ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie aeei?enoiao?oueny, a
iniiaiiio, ooaeiaa iiei/ieo ? eiia?iiaaieo ii??ae. A oie aea /an
aacia?a/iei ? oie oaeo, ui i?iaeaio ae?iaieoeoaa iaiao?aeii? e?eueeino?
ye?nii? yeiae/eie ca ?aooiie eeoa iiei/iiai oa iiei/ii-i’yniiai
neioa?noaa ae??oeoe i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai.

A ?nioth/eo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue a oaa?eiieoeoa? ? ?ic?iaea
aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e. A ca’yceo c oeei,
ea?aeeiaeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy aeiaaa? aaeocaaa no?oeoo?a aeaii? aaeoc?.
Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao, aea oiiae
ainiiaea?thaaiiy cia/ii oneeaaeiththoueny noai?ei ??cei-eiioeiaioaeueiei
ee?iaoii, a?aenooi?noth aeaniiai ca?iiaiai ainiiaea?noaa, aeao?oeeoii
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo caiaeueieo oa?aeue, ianaiia?aae ??ee?, aenieeie
aeiiaaie aeieia?/ii? aaciaee ae?iaieoeoaa.

An? oe? /eiieee ?iaeyoue i??i?eoaoieie aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa, ye?
iiaeooue aooe i?aai?ciaai? c oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi a?aea?iii-ianiaeuiiai
oo?eiaiiy, iaaoeo, a oiio /ene? ia aenieia??ieo iieiieiao. Iaei??th c
oaeeo aaeocae ? niaoe?ae?ciaaia i’ynia neioa?noai.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A Oe?a?i? oe?iei ?icai?iooa ?iaioa, ni?yiiaaia ia
noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aaeoc? i’yniiai neioa?noaa /Iia?aaiye I. E.oa
?i., Aaa??e A.A., 1974, 1976; Aenia? O.O.,1981;Oei/aiei I.A., 1986;
Coaaoeue I.A., 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1994,
1995, 1996; Oai?aaiei A., 1993, 1995; Aei?iothe A.,1997; A?iie/oe Ae.A.,
1992, 1995, 1997; Iaaao A., 1997/. Aieiaiei iiiaioii o oe?e ni?aa? ?
oi?ioaaiiy a?o/eciyieo i’ynieo ii??ae. Ia iaiao?aei?noue ?icoe?aiiy
ianooaa?a iiai? aaeoc? niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai neioa?noaa a Oe?a?i?
aeaco? A.O.Oeo??i /1995,1997/. ?icaaaeaiiy ooaeiae i’ynieo ii??ae ?
oei?a ia? /eiaei ia?aaaa. O ??cieo ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao ?? iiaeia iaeaea
oe?ei??/ii oo?eioaaoe ia a?aee?eoeo iaeaeai/eeao aai ia ianiaeuao c
i?i?iaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a. Aaea caoaa?aeaeaii
oe?a?inueeo, aieeinueeo oa iie?nueeo i’yni? ii?iaee. Iaaeeaea?oueny aei
caaa?oaiiy noai?aiiy ciai’yinueei? oa aneai?enueei? i’ynieo ii??ae.
Ii?iaeioai?/ei i?ioeanii ioiieaii i?aeoe/ii an? ee?iaoe/i? ciie e
?aa?iie Oe?a?ie. A oie aea /an, a a??nueeeo ?aeiiao Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao,
aea ? an? ainiiaea?nuee? e i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
oni?oiiai aaaeaiiy aaeoc? ia iniia? a?aea?iii-ianiaeuiiai oo?eiaiiy
oaa?ei, i’ynia neioa?noai ?icaeoeo ia io?eiaei. Iaeiei c iaenooo?a?oeo
/eiiee?a, ye? no?eiothoue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?e i’yniiai neioa?noaa
a a??nueeiio ?aa?ii?, ? nai???aei?noue ee?iaoe/ieo oiia oa a?aenooi?noue
i?enoiniaaieo aei oeeo oiia aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo a?o/eciyieo aaiioei?a.
Ia iiooe iioeiaeueieo naeaeoe?eieo oeyo?a noai?aiiy ianeao i’ynii?
ooaeiae aeey oiia a??nueei? ciie Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao ci???ioiaaii oeth
?iaioo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iniiao
aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neeaaeathoue
?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? i?e aeeiiaii? ieaio IAe? A??nueei-Ea?iaonueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe?? Caea?iaonueeiai ?inoeoooo AIA «?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aio
noai?aiiy aaeoc? niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai neioa?noaa aeey a??nueeiai
?aa?iio Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao» (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? UA 01002355 ?).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii?, ia
iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue, iioeiaeueieo ii?aeiaiue o a?aeoai?thaaeueiiio
no?auoaaii? i’ynieo ii??ae c ao?ith ea?iaonueeith ii?iaeith aeey
noai?aiiy a ia?niaeoea? aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai, aeia?a i?enoiniaaiiai aei
oiia ciie, niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai oeio ooaeiae.

A caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoiaeeei:

— aeine?aeeoe ainiiaea?nuee? iieacieee ae?iuoaaiiy ae/e?a, io?eiaieo
a?ae no?auoaaiiy iaoie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c ie?aeieeaie
aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee oa ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio o ii??aiyii?
c /enoiii??aeieie ?iaanieeaie iaoa?einueei? ii?iaee;

— anoaiiaeoe aieea no?auoaaiiy ia aenoa?’??i? iciaee, eiinoeoooe?eio
i?oei?noue oa aoieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iieiaeiyea;

— aea/eoe aeaye? ?ioa?’??i? iniaeeaino? i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a ca
ee?i?/ieie, aaiaoieia?/ieie iieacieeaie, ?icaeoeii aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ?
oeaiei;

— ioe?ieoe caa?ei? yeino? i?aeaeine?aeiiai iieiaeiyea o a?eia?e
aeeiai?oe?;

— aeine?aeeoe ye?noue yeiae/eie, io?eiaii? a?ae aenia?eiaioaeueieo
caai?a i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei;

— aeaoe eiiieaenio ioe?ieo i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae /enoiii??aeieo oa
iii?nieo aiaeia?a i?e ??cieo ??aiyo ?ioaineaiino? ae?iuoaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a oiiaao a??nueei? ciie
Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy aoaeoo aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a
a?o/eciyieo ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio oa aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee
ia iaoi/iiio iiaie?a’? ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee. Aeaii eiiieaenio
ioe?ieo i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? iii?nieo ae/e?a o ii??aiyii? c
/enoiii??aeieie ?iaanieeaie ca aeaio ??ai?a ?ioaineaiino? ae?iuoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo anoaiiaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ie?aeiee?a
ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio oa aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee ye
aaouee?anueeeo aaiioei?a o no?auoaaii? c iaoeaie ao?i? ea?iaonueei?
ii?iaee c iaoith noai?aiiy iaoiaeii neioaoe/ii? naeaeoe?? ciiaeueiiai
i’yniiai oeio, i?enoiniaaiiai aei oiia Ea?iaonueeiai ?aa?iio.

Aoaeoeai?noue no?auoaaiiy ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ooaeiae c ie?aeieeaie
oe?a?inueeeo i’ynieo ii??ae i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ?acoeueoaoaie ae?iaie/i?
ia?aa??ee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaieo ia oa?iao A??nueei-Ea?iaonueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe?? oa eieainio «Aaneeae» Aieiaaoeueeiai ?aeiio
Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?. Ia i?aenoaa? aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e, ye?
aeo?eathoue ?c i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, no?auoaaiiy ao?i?
ea?iaonueei? ooaeiae c ie?aeieeaie i’ynieo ii??ae aeeth/aii a ieai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ii Caea?iaonuee?e iaeano? oa aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe?
I?ia?aie noaa?e?caoe?? oa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo AIE Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano? aei 2020 ?ieo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?ai oa iaoiaeee,
i?aai?caoe?y e i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaoa??aeo oa oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo oa
niaoe?ae?no?a «Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee oa aeinyaiaiiy iieiaeeo a/aieo —
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoao» /A.Aaeoa, 1991/, oa «Iaoeia?
?ic?iaee aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaeno » /I.Ai?ioa, 1993/, OO-e
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy AIE»
/Oa?nii, 1993/; i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo «I?iaeaie
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao» /I.Ai?ioa-A.Aaeoa,
1994/; “Noai oa ia?niaeoeae AIE Caea?iaonueei? iaeano?” /Aa?aaiai,
1997/, “Aeiiii?ea Caea?iaooy nueiaiaei? ? caao?a: oeyoe aeoiaeo c e?ece”
/Oaeai?iae, 1997/, a oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee Caea?iaonueeiai
?inoeoooo AIA OAAI /1993-1998 ??./.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia ___
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia __ oaaeeoeath, 10
?enoieaie. Aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeee ?
iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co
? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e
ae?iaieoeoao, nienea aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, yeee aeeth/a?
219 aeaea?ae, c yeee 9 — ia ?iicaiieo iiaao.

IAOA??AEE ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aenia?eiaioe aeeiiai? oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai aeine?aeo,
yeee iiae?eyany ia 2 na???. ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany a oiiaao a??nueeiai
?aa?iio Ea?iao a aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? “Ea?iaoe” C?AIA (1 na??y
aeine?ae?a) oa a eieaini? “Aaneeae” Aieiaaoeueeiai ?aeiio Caea?iaonueei?
iaeano? (2 na??y).

1. Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

A?oiaE?euee?noue oaa?eiAaiioeiAenia?eiaioaeueiee caa?e, aie. o a?oe?:
oaa?eia a?oi?, aie?aae/e?a18-i?n.21-i?n.27-i?n.30-i?n.? na??y aeine?aeo
?12AE3-33??12AE o AI3-33???12AE o CI3-33?? na??y
aeine?aeo?12AE333-??12AE o AI333-???12AE o CI333- AE — ao?a ea?iaonueea
ii?iaea, AI — aieeinueea i’ynia ii?iaea, CI — ciai’yinueeee i’yniee oei.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeee in?iai?iiy iaoie ao?i?
ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee n?i’yi i’ynieo aoaa?a aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee
oa ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio. C iaea?aeaiiai i?eieiaeo aoee
noi?iiaai? i?aeaeine?aei? a?oie oaa?ei aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue
ca oaeith noaiith.

Aeine?ae i?iaiaeeany ca iaoiaeii a?oi-aiaeia?a. ?icoaeaiiy ei??a
i?ioiaeeei o ei??aieeo. Oo?eiaiiy ei??a aei aeoiaeo ia ianiaeua —
i?ea’ycia, a oaeyo — eiia?iiaaia. Ia i?ioyc? ianiaeuiiai ia??iaeo ana
iiaie?a’y oe?eiaeiaiai oo?eioaaeiny aaci?ea’ycii a caaiiao i?ae
a?aee?eoei iaaii. O a?oe? 6-7 i?nyoe?a (20 aeiaoiy), i?e ia?aaaaeaii?
iaoa??a ia ceiiai-no?eeiaa oo?eiaiiy, i?iaaaeaia a?aeeo/ea oaeyo a?ae
iaoa??a. Ia i?ioyc? 10-12 aei?a ae/e?a oo?eioaaee aaci?ea’ycii ii 10
aie?a a a?oiiaeo ee?oeao, a iio?i noaaeee ia i?ea’ycue a no?eei.

Ei?ie, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey aiae?ae? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei,
o?aaeeoe?ei? aeey a??nueeiai ?aa?iio: caeaia iana, ceaeiaa n?ii, neein c
iaeii- oa aaaaoi??/ieo o?aa, nieiia iceii? ioaieoe?, caeoii? eiia?ei?ie.

A??nueeee ?aa?ii Ea?iao ia ia? aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia ?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenoaineaiei (a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao — iai?a?ioaineaiei)
ae?iuoaaiiyi iieiaeiyea, oiio iio??aii i???iooaaoe oaoiieia?? i’yniiai
neioa?noaa ia iaeneiaeueia caeaoaaeaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? ? iacaeaaei?noue
aaeoc? a?ae caeoi?ae? eiioeei?i?a. Eiia?ei?ie caiaeiaoaaee oaa?eiai eeoa
c 9-oe aei 12-i?ny/iiai a?eo ii 1 ea ia aieiao. A ae?oa?e na???
aeine?aeo — c 12-i?ny/iiai a?eo a ?aoe?ii ae/e?a aeeth/aee ii 1.5-2,0 ea
eiia?ei?io ia aieiao. Aiae?aey i?iaiaeeeanue ca?aeii ii?i, aeeeaaeaieo a
aeia?aeieeo ii aiae?ae? oaa?ei i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th A.I.Aiaaeaiiaa (1986).

Iieacieee, ye? aea/aeeny oa iaoiaee ?o aecia/aiiy:

— o?eaae?noue aia??iaaiaco, oa?aeoa? ?icoae?a, oniaaeeoaaiiy iano? o
i?eieiaeo — ia iniia? a?coaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
iae?eo;

— ?icaeoie iieiaeiyea (ae/e?a) — ca iieacieeaie aeeai? iane,
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a — uii?ny/iei ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei caaaeoaaiiyi
aei ?aieiai? aiae?ae?;

— e?i?eiee ??no oa iniaeeaino? aenoa?’??o — ia iniia? acyooy i?ii???a
o?ea a ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee (1, 9, 12, 18, 24 i?nyoe?) oa ?ic?aooieii
?iaeaen?a aoaeiae o?ea;

— iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee oaa?ei — ia iniia? aoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?
aeiaiaiai o?iiiiao?aaeo c ?ic?aooieii ?iaeaen?a iiaaae?iee ca
Aae?eaeai?iei A.?. (1976);

— ?ioa?’??i? iniaeeaino? — ca ee?i?/ieie oa aaiaoieia?/ieie iieacieeaie
ca?aeii caaaeueii i?eeiyoi? iaoiaeeee Eaaaae?aa I.A., Oniae/a A.A.
(1976);

— i?oei?noue ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue — ia iniia? aea/aiiy ?inoo oa
noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue — ca iaoiaeeeith A?iie/oea Ae.O. oa ?ioeo (1991);

— caa?ei? iieacieee ? i’ynia i?iaeoeoeai?noue — ia iniia? eiio?ieueiiai
caaith ae/e?a o ??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee ca iaoiaeeeith A?Oo oa AIAe?II
(1966, 1977);

— aeo?ae iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei c ooo? — ca iaoiaeeeith A.I.Aa?eiae/a (1961);

— iae?e niiaeeoeo ei?i?a — iaoiaeii eiio?ieueii? aiae?ae? 2 ?ace ia
i?nyoeue.

— aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?iuoaaiiy oaa?ei ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie
iaoiaeeeaie.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae ii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii?
noaoenoeee ca I.I.Ieio?inueeei (1970).

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane oaa?ei

Aea/aiiy aieeao no?auoaaiiy iaoie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c aoaayie
i’ynieo ii??ae ia aeeao iano iii?niiai iieiaeiyea iieacaei, ui a oiiaao
??ciiai ??aiy aiae?ae? a?aei?/aia ia?aaaaa iii?nieo ae/e?a iaae
?iaanieeaie eiio?ieueieo a?oi (oaae.2).

2. A?eiaa aeeiai?ea aeeai? iane i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a (Mm), ea

A?e oaa?ei, i?nyoe?A?oie??????? na??y aeine?aeoIiaiia?iaeaeai? 31 1,65
38 2,04 36 1,726129 4,57164 6,76156 7,3012 230 10,92 275 14,83
270 11,5218 289 12,91 334 15,23 335 13,5327 303 15,07 342
30,60 346 35,0030 317 13,16 353 28,00 376 32,00Aaniethoiee
i?e??no: 0-182582962990-27272304310?? na??y
aeine?aeoIiaiia?iaeaeai? 28 1,10 31 2,89 32 1,116121 4,11173
4,73188 3,7112214 3,71234 7,52259 5,5118 306 12,50348 7,97346
6,5527403 6,45 410 10,80458 3,1730417 8,21 445 15,82515
8,45Aaniethoiee i?e??no: 0-182783173140-27389414483A ia??iae aei
6-i?ny/iiai a?eo ia i?aenin? oaa?eie iaio na??e aeine?aeo ?icaeaaeeny
caaeia?eueii ? oea caeaaeaei a iniiaiiio a?ae iiei/iino? iaoi/iiai
iiaie?a’y. Iaea?eueoo aeeao iano iaee ae/ee ??-? a?oie a ?-e na???
aeine?aeo oa ???-? a?oie a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo. Oae, a ?-?e na???
aeine?aeaeaiue iii?ni? ae/ee c aieeinueeith ii?iaeith aei 6-i?ny/iiai
a?eo noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii??aeieo ?iaaniee?a ca
aeeaith ianith ia 26-28 %, a iii?ni? ?c ciai’yinueeei i’yniei oeiii iaee
ia?aaaao a aeea?e ian? ia 12-21 %. A eieaini? “Aaneeae” aeeaa iana
iii?nieo ae/e?a a oeae aea ia??iae aoea aeuith ia 27-35 ea aai ia
22.3-28.9 %, i?ioa a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo ia?aaaao iaee ae/ee ???-?
a?oie. O 18-i?ny/iiio a?oe? a ?-e na??? aeine?aeo ??cieoey neeaaeaea
45-46 ea aai 15.5-15.9 %, a a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo — 42-40 ea aai
13.7-13.4 %.

Aaniethoia oaeaee?noue ?inoo aoea aeuith aei 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo a
iii?nieo oaa?ei ?-? oa ??-? na??e aeine?aeo, a aei 27-i?ny/iiai a?eo
caaeainiaaia aiae?aey oaa?ei ??-? na??? aeine?aeo, a ii??aiyii? c ?-th,
aeaea aeu? iieacieee aia?a?? ?inoo a aeine?aeieo a?oiao ia 97 ? 169 ea.
Iniaeeai ?ioaineaii ?icaeaaeeny oaa?eie ??-? a?oie, a iaea?eueoee
a?aeiiniee i?e??no a?aei?/aii a on?o a?oiao oaa?ei iaio na??e aeine?aeo
o a?eiaee i?ii?aeie 0-6 i?nyoe?a.

Aeeiai?ea na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a

A oiiaao iaeiaeiaiai ??aiy aiae?ae? iieiaeiye i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oi
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ??ciei ??aiai ainiiaea?nueeeo iieaciee?a ae?iuoaaiiy
(oaae.3). Aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei na?ae/eoue i?i aenieee iioaioe?ae aia?a?? ?inoo o
iii?nieo oaa?ei iaio a?oi.

3. Aia?a?y ?inoo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei, a

A?e oaa?ei, i?n.A?oie??????? na??y
aeine?aeo0-65356886560-125456496410-18471541547?? na??y
aeine?aeo0-65087768520-125105566220-18506578573Ca aia?a??th ?inoo a iaio
na??yo aeine?aeo iii?ni? ae/ee nooo?ai ia?aaaaeaee /enoiii??aeieo
?iaaniee?a. A on? a?eia? ia??iaee oaa?eie ???-? ? ??-? a?oi ??-? na???
aeine?aeo ia?aaaaeaee ca aia?a??th ?inoo aiaeia?a ? a?oie a?aeiia?aeii
ia 22-67 oa 9.0-52.6 %.

Aenoa?’?? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy e?i?eiiai ?inoo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei
oe?eeii ocaiaeaeothoueny c iniaeeainoyie ?o aaaiaiai ?inoo. Oae, aenioe
a oieoe?, yeo iaee iii?ni? ae/ee o 18 i?nyoe?a, eiio?ieueia a?oia
aeinyaea eeoa o 24-i?ny/iiio a?oe?.

Ca i?ii??aie iai?aiaoaaoo caaeo oa ni??aeueiiai iaoaaoo noaaia
iaea?eueoo ia?aaaao iaee oaa?eie ???-? a?oie, ui aeaco? ia a?eueo aenieo
ae?aaeai?noue i’ynieo oi?i iii?nieo ae/e?a, iaea?aeaieo a?ae aoaa?a
ciai’yinueeiai oeio. A?aei?/ai? a?eueo ?aeue?oi? a?aei?iiino? a i?ii??ao
oaa?ei iii?nieo a?oi a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. A oe?eiio iiaeia
a?aei?oeoe no?eeo ia?aaaao iii?nae ??? a?oie iaeaea ca an?ia
aenoa?’??ieie i?ii??aie.

Aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? a ci?i? i?ii???a ? oi?ioaaii? aoaeiae o?ea
oaa?ei i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny ?iaeaenaie oi?iaoo, caeoino?, aeiaaiiiaino?,
aeeaieia?oaeino?, oiui.

?acoeueoaoe aoieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue

Aoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ia iiaaae?ieo oaa?ei, e??i
aaiaoe/ii coiiaeaiiai oaiia?aiaioo ? oeio ia?aiai? nenoaie, nooo?ai
aieeaathoue oiiae ae?iuoaaiiy, ianaiia?aae ??aaiue aiae?ae?. A oiiaao
iaaeinoaoiuei? aiae?ae? (?-a na??y aeine?aeo) iacaeaaeii a?ae aaiioeio
oaa?ei niinoa??aaeiny i?aeaeuaiiy ?o caaaeueii? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?,
nei?i/aiiy o?eaaeino? aeo?a iiaaae?iee, ui cae?eniththoueny a eaaea/iio
iieiaeaii?, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy oa?/iai? aeoeaiino? oa aeiaiai?
o?eaaeino? aeoeee (oaae.4). Iii?ni? oaa?eie aaiioeio AE o AI a iaio
na??yo aeine?aeo aoee noeeuei? aei o?eaaeiai a?aeii/eieo ? i?i?iaeueii?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?, oiae? ye iii?ni? ae/ee aaiioeio AE o CI
a?aecia/aeeny iaeaeuith oa?/iaith aeoeai?noth ca ?aooiie iaea?eueoi?
o?eaaeino? ia?aaeiaoaaiiy ei?io.

4. Iieacieee ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oa oa?/iai? iiaaae?iee i?aeaeine?aeieo
ae/e?a (Mm)

?iaeaenNa??yA?oieaeine?aeo??????Caaaeueia ?ooiaa
aeoeai?noue?0,540,020,500,020,550,02 (aiae?aey, noiyiiy, aeoeea
noiy/e)??0,520,040,460,010,420,01Eaaeaiiy (aeoeea eaaea/e,
nii,?0,460,020,500,030,450,02 a?aeii/eiie
eaaea/e)??0,480,040,540,010,580,01A?aeii/eiie (nii,
aacae?yeuei?noue?0,520,030,540,030,490,02 eaaea/e ?
noiy/e)??0,480,030,480,020,440,01Oa?/iaa aeoeai?noue
(ii?aeaiiy?0,430,020,420,020,460,02 ei?io, aeoeea noiy/e ?
eaaea/e)??0,470,020,480,030,520,01

Ee?i?/i? oa aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy i?eaeeoo?aeo ?ioa?’??ieo iniaeeainoae /enoiii??aeieo
oa iii?nieo ae/e?a i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy ?o aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a o
??ci? a?eia? ia??iaee (oaae.5). A iaio na??yo aeine?aeo, ye o
eiio?ieueieo, oae ? a aeine?aeieo a?oiao ia niinoa??aaeiny
nooo?aeo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae o?c?ieia?/ii? ii?ie. A oie aea /an, ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe oaiaeaioe?th i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? o?c?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a
i?aai?ci? iii?nieo oaa?ei ae?oai? na??? aeine?aeo, oi/a iaeaea an?
i?aea?oiia? a?aei?iiino? aoee noaoenoe/ii ia a??ia?aeieie.

5. Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee 21-i?ny/ieo ae/e?a (Mm)

IieacieeA?oie??????? na??y aeine?aeoA?eeiaee
eiao?oe??io1,340,21,380.21,080.14Caaaeueiee a?eie,
a%5,270,25,340.65,430.6Aeueaoi?ie, a%3,070,33,070.32,790.3Aeiaoe?ie,
a%2,200,12,290.22,640.2Eoaeiee ?aca?a, ia%395963732934050Aaiiaeia?i, a%
7,80,4 7,80.3 7,20.28Eaeeioeeoe, oen.5,150,55,150.5
4,610.25A?eo?ioeeoe, iei.8,010,27,90.17,730.07Eaeueoe?e, ia%
9,360,149,60.29,670.23Oinoi?, ia%9,800,99,11.19,050.97?? na??y
aeine?aeoA?eeiaee eiao?oe??io1,40,62,40.5 1,50.1Caaaeueiee a?eie,
a%4,70,65,90.2 5,820.1Aeueaoi?ie, a%2,30,84,10.3 3,520.4Aeiaoe?ie,
a%2,40,81,80.2 2,300.1Eoaeiee ?aca?a, ia%560802936742767Aaiiaeia?i, a%
7,50,6 7,60.3 9,71.4Eaeeioeeoe, oen.4,70,65,00.3 5,40.2A?eo?ioeeoe,
iei.8,00,3 8,60.01 8,80.1Eaeueoe?e, ia%5,50,18,01.3 9,50.2Oinoi?,
ia%6,90,97,20.7 7,71.4

A oiiaao iai?a?ioaineaiiai ae?iuoaaiiy (??-a na??y aeine?aeo) iieiaeiye
??-? oa ???-? a?oi a?aecia/aany i?aeaeuaiei a?eeiaei eiao?oe??ioii,
ai?noii caaaeueiiai a?eeo, aeueaoi?i?a, aaiiaeiaoe?io, a?eo?ioeeo?a,
eaeueoe?th oa oinoi?o e?ia?. sseui a ?-e na??? aeine?aeo, aea ??aaiue
aiae?ae? aoa ieae/ei, oaa?eie ???-? a?oie oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iaeieae/ei
ai?noii a e?ia? aaiiaeia?io, a?eo?ioeeo?a oa oinoi?o, oi a ??-e na???
aeine?aeo naia o oaa?ei oeueiai aaiioeio ia?ae?/ai? iieacieee aoee
iaeaeueie. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o aenieii?iaeoeoeaiiai aaiioeio
o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane i?io?eathoue ?ioaineai?oa a oiiaao a?eueo aenieiai
??aiy aiae?ae?.

Cao?aoe ei?i?a

6. ??aaiue aiae?ae? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei

IieacieeA?eiaee ia??iae,Caaeaii aNiiaeeoi ii
a?oiaoi?nyoe??aoe?ii???????? na??y aeine?aeoEi?iiaeo iaeeieoeue,
ea0-6.56186156036356.5-18173915501654165518-246725816366410-182357216522
5722900-243029274628932931% aeei?enoaiiy0-24100909596Ia?ao?aaiiai
i?ioa?io,
ea0-6.5535353536.5-1820018719619618-24211720200-182532402492490-24274257
269269Aaeiaee i?e??no,
ea0-6.5-103132,5125,56.5-18-156,5163,5173,50-18-259,5296,0299,00-24-254,
5285290Aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1 ea
i?e?inoo0-6.5-6,04,55,06.5-18-9,910,19,50-18-8,37,67,60-24-10,810,110,1?
? na??y aeine?aeoEi?iiaeo iaeeieoeue,
ea0-76446446446447-18208920232031204718-2411111073109410970-243844374037
693788% aeei?enoaiiy0-24100979898Ia?aoaa?iiai i?ioa?io,
ea0-7565656567-1817617117217318-24949092920-24326317320321Aaeiaee
i?e??no, ea0-18-27831731418-24-5555720-24-333372386Aeo?aoe ei?io ia 1 ea
i?e?inoo0-18-9,68,48,618-24-19,519,915,20-24-11,210,19,8I?ney
a?aeeo/aiiy aiae?aey ae/e?a a iaio na??yo aeine?aeo cae?enithaaeanue
ei?iaie aeaniiai ae?iaieoeoaa (e??i eiioeaio?iaaieo), o?aaeeoe?eieie
aeey a??nueei? ciie Ea?iao.

A no?oeoo?? ?aoe?iio oaa?ei ?-? na??? aeine?aeo a?oa? ei?ie caeiaee ca
iiaeeai?noth 9.9-20.5 %, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ia??iaeo ae?iuoaaiiy,
nieiaeo? — 8.1-72.5, caeai? — 58.8-79.3, eiioeaio?iaai? — 2.7-9.9 %. A
??-e na??? aeine?aeo i?aeaeine?aei? ae/ee io?eioaaee aeaui a?eueoa
a?oaeo (19.3-35.5%) ? cia/ii a?eueoa eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a
(19.2-33.2%). Aiane?aeie oeueiai, aoee ??cieie ? caaaeuei? aeo?aoe
ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue oa ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao,
ui a?aeia?aceeiny ia ?ioaineaiino? ?inoo oaa?ei (oaae. 6).

??cieoey a ??aiyo aiae?ae? aei 24-i?ny/iiai a?eo i?ae ?-th oa ??-th
na??yie aeine?aeo noaiiaeea 815 ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue aai 26.9 % ? 52 ea
aai 19.0 % ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io. Iiaiioa ii?aeaiiy ei?i?a o iaio na??yo
aeine?aeo aoea aeuith o iii?nieo ae/e?a.

I?oei?noue ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue

Iaeiei c iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oei eiinoeoooe??, ?
i?oei?noue eiieoiiai ?iao. Aeey oaa?ei, ye? aeianathoueny ia a??nueeeo
iieiieinueeeo e?ooinoeeao, aai noiyoue ia oaa?aeiio oeaiaioiiio iie?eoo?
ca oiia i?ea’yciiai oo?eiaiiy oeae iieaciee ia? iniaeeaa cia/aiiy.

Aea/aiiy i?oeiino? eiieoiiai ?iao i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a i?ioyaii
a?eiaeo ia??iae?a 12-18, oa 18-24 i?nyoe?a iieacaei, ui ye a ?-e, oae ?
a ??-e na??yo aeine?aeo iii?ni? oaa?eie a?aecia/aeeny i?oei?oeie
?aoeoeyie (oaae. 7). I?e a?eueo aenieiio iaaaioaaeaii? ia ?aoeoe? ae/ee
??-? oa ???-? a?oi oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue iaioith ?ioaineai?noth noe?aiiy
?iaiai? no?iee e?ioe?aie o ii??aiyii? c /enoiii??aeieie oaa?eiaie, ui
aeicaiey? ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iii?nieo oaa?ei, ye aeia?a i?enoiniaaieo aei
aeei?enoaiiy a??nueeeo ianiaeu-iieiiei.

7. Oaeaee?noue a?ae?inoaiiy ? noe?aiiy ?iaiai? no?iee ?aoeoeue o
i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a (Mm)

IieacieeA?eia? ia??iaee,A?oie oaa?eii?nyoe???????? na??y aeine?aeoIeoiia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?aoeoeth,
ea/ni2180,8010,050,8990,050,9280,05A?ae?inoaiiy ?aoeoeue,
ii12-18242,6283,3254,5Noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue, ii12-18143,081,44111,7?? na??y
aeine?aeoIeoiia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?aoeoeth,
ea/ni2180,9410,030,9600,041,0520,06A?ae?inoaiiy ?aoeoeue,
ii12-18254,34261,96343,46Noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue, ii12-18181,44193,71101,45

Caa?ei? oa i’yni? yeino? ae/e?a

Aea/aiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a i?iaaaeaii a
??ciiio a?oe? (18-21-27 i?nyoe?a) c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy a?eo, eiee
oaa?eie aeinyaathoue e?aueo oiaa?ieo eiiaeeoe?e caeaaeii a?ae oiia
aiae?ae? (oaae. 8).

8. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai caaith ae/e?a 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo (Mm)

IieacieeA?oie??????? na??y aeine?aeoIa?aaecaa?eia aeeaa iana, ea
2674,43148,33106,2Iana ia?ii? ooo?, ea122,35,0146,314,7147,33,7Iana
aioo??oiueiai aee?o, ea 2,250,05 2,870,60 2,560,48Caa?eia
iana124,44,9149,214,4149,94,1Iana i’yeio? ooo?, ea
95,84,5113,911,7115,53,3Aeo?ae, %: ia?ii? ooo? 45,81,246,40,9
47,60,98aioo??oiueiai aee?o 0,840,03 0,930,22 0,820,14caa?eiee
46,61,147,31,848,41,0i’yeio? 35,81,2 36,11,5537,31,2Iana a?ae??cea IIN c
o?eniaaiith aeiaaeeiith, a0,2370,020,2830,020,2680,01?? na??y
aeine?aeoIa?aaecaa?eia aeeaa iana, ea 27610,7 32212,4 36117,5Iana
ia?ii? ooo?, ea136,76,9163,37,1187,37,3Iana aioo??oiueiai aee?o, ea
4,80,2 4,00,4 4,40,4Caa?eia iana141,47,1 1677,5191,77,2Iana i’yeio?
ooo?, ea112,25,4132,14,6152,74,8Aeo?ae, %: ia?ii? ooo?49,50,7 50,70,6
51,90,5aioo??oiueiai aee?o 1,730,02 1,240,08
1,220,14caa?eiee51,20,7 52,00,6 53,10,6i’yeio? 40,70,56 41,00,38
42,30,94Iana a?ae??cea IIN c o?eniaaiith aeiaaeeiith,
a0,2740,020,2790,020,3070,05

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iii?ni? oaa?eie a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo
aiaeia?a ca ?aaeoe??th ia i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue aiae?ae?. A oiiaao
aaceiioeaio?aoii? aiae?ae? (?-a na??y aeine?aeo) ia?aaaaa ae/e?a ??-? oa
???-? a?oi ca aeoiaeii ooo?, caa?eii? iane ? i’yeio? ia aoea noaoenoe/ii
a??ia?aeiith, a a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo oey ia?aaaaa iaaoea no?eei?
noaoenoe/ii? oaiaeaioe??, a ii oaa?eiao ???-? a?oie ca aeoiaeii ia?ii?
ooo? a?aei?/aii a??ia?aeio ??cieoeth (? < 0.05). Aiae?c iieaciee?a o?i?/iiai neeaaeo oa yeino? i’yna, iaea?aeaiiai a?ae caaith /enoiii??aeieo oa iii?nieo ae/e?a, cana?ae/o?, ui ca oaeeie iieacieeaie ye aeo?ae nooi? ?a/iaeie, iaeiie/aiiy i?aeioneoeueiiai aee?o ia?aaaao iaee iii?ni? ae/ee. Iniaeeai ?aeue?oii oea niinoa??aaeiny o oaa?ei ???-? aeine?aeii? a?oie, ye? ia?aaaaeaee eiio?ieue ?c noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeiith ??cieoeath (? < 0.01). O oeeo oaa?ei aeyaeaii oaeiae aenieo ? noaa?eueio ia?aaaao ca ai?noii oa aaeiaei aeoiaeii a?eeo a yeiae/ei?. O?ce/i? aeanoeaino? e?noie Aeianaiiy ooaeiae ia a??nueeeo e?ooinoeeao, iieiieinueeeo oa i?eiieiieinueeeo i?e?iaeieo eoeao c uaaaienoeie a?oioaie iaoiiaeththoue aaaeeea?noue oaeeo a?ieia?/ieo iciae ye ?ooeea?noue oaa?ei, ?o eiinoeoooe?eia i?oei?noue oa aeia?ee ?icaeoie iii?ii-?ooiai? nenoaie. O ca’yceo c oeei iaie a?eueo aeaoaeueii aea/aii ?icaeoie oa aeaye? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? e?noie i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei. A?aenooi?noue ?acth/eo i?aea?oiiaeo a?aei?iiinoae a ni?aa?aeiioaii? ??cieo a?aeae?e?a o caaaeuei?e ian? e?noyea na?ae/eoue i?i i??i?eoao aeaeiai? iaoiiaeaiino? oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee. ?acii c oei, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe /?oeo oaiaeaioe?th aei ia?aaaae ca ieoiiith ianith o e?noyeo /enoiii??aeieo aoaaeoe?a inueiaiai neaeaoo e e?noie a?oaeiiai a?aeae?eo, a a e?noyeo iii?nieo oaa?ei - e?noie e?ioe?aie, ui aaccaia?a/ii aeaco? ia a?aei?iiino? oaa?ei ae?eniiiiai e eaioiniiiiai oei?a. Aiae?coth/e iieacieee iane, e?i?eiiai ?icaeoeo oa aonoeie ie?aieo e?noie, iiaeia a?aei?oeoe ia?aaaao iii?nieo oaa?ei ca ?ici??aie oa ianith an?o, aac aeeeth/aiiy, e?noie, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie i?eaeeoo?aeo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca aonoeiith oa oiaueiith iiae?aieo aaniethoieo caeiiii??iinoae ia aeyaeaii. ?aiaiaee ?iciiae?e ca oeeie iieacieeaie ci?ithaaany ye o ca’yceo c a?eii, oae ? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiiia?ao?? o???, /e ?ioi? e?noee ia neaeao?. Ia?aeiieeaei na?ae/aiiyi aeinoaoiuei? i?oeiino? e?noie ye /enoiii??aeieo, oae ? iii?nieo ae/e?a iiaea aooe oa, ui ca aanue /an aeine?aeaeaiue ii anueiio aeine?aeo ia a?aei?/aii aeiaeiiai aeiaaeeo ia?aeii?a, /e iaa?oue eoeueaaaino? oaa?ei. Oa?aeoa?enoeea oe?? ae/e?a Ca?aeii c noaiaea?oiith eeaneo?eaoe??th oe??e i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei ca ianith a?aeianaii a ?-e na??? aeine?aeo aei eaoaai??? “ae/a eaaea” a a ??-e na??? - “ae/a aaaeea”. Aecia/aeueiei /eiieeii i?e oeueiio aoea ia?aaecaa?eia aeeaa iana. Iaeaaae/eie o ?-e na??? aeine?aeo aoee oe??e ae/e?a ??-? a?oie, a a ??-e na??? - oaa?ei ?-? a?oie. Oe?eaaei ? oie oaeo, ui a iaio na??yo aeine?aeo iaee?auee aeo?ae oe??e aei ia?aaecaa?eii? aeeai? iane a?aei?/aii ii /enoiii??aeieo ae/eao, ui iiaea aooe iia’ycaiei c ?o e?auith i?enoiniaai?noth aei oiia iaaeieeuiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie Aieiaiei e?eoa???i ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? no?auoaaiiy aoaa?a aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee oa ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio c iaoeaie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee acyoi aeiaeaoeiaa iaea?aeaiiy aeeai? iane, aeoiaeo ooo?, i’yeio? i’yna oa i?ioa?io, ye iaeiiai c iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a iiaiioe?iiino? i?iaeoeo?a oa?/oaaiiy ethaeae (oaae.9). Ca ?aooiie aeui? ia?aaecaa?eii? iane a iii?nae c aieeinueeith i’yniith ii?iaeith (ia 47 ? 46 ea) oa ciai’yinueeei i’yniei oeiii (ia 43 ? 85 ea), a oaeiae caaaeyee aeuiio aeoiaeo ooo? (a?aeiia?aeii, ia 24 ? 26.6 oa 25 ? 50.6 ea) aeiaeaoeiai a?ae iii?nieo oaa?ei c aieeinueeith i’yniith ii?iaeith iaea?aeaii i?ioa?io ia 3.88 ? 5.49 ea oa c ciai’yinueeei i’yniei oeiii - ia 2.96 ? 13.05 ea. Aeaui aeuei o iii?nieo oaa?ei aoa ? aeo?ae i’yna ia eiaeai e?eia?ai ia?aaecaa?eii? aeeai? iane ? aeo?ae i’yna ia eiaeai e?eia?ai ia?ii? ooo?. ?acii c oei, o iii?nieo oaa?ei a?aei?/aia e?aua aia?a?y ?inoo oa ieae/? cao?aoe ei?i?a ia eiaeai e?eia?ai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane (oaae.10). A iii?nieo oaa?ei ?-? na??? aeine?aeo ca oiia iaeieiioeaio?aoiiai ae?iuoaaiiy aaeiaee i?e??no aoa ia 14.7 ? 15.8 % aeuei, a cao?aoe ei?io ia iaea?aeaiiy 1 ea i?e?inoo ia 8.6 ? 9.8. % - ieae/eie a ii??aiyii? aei eiio?ieth. Ii ae?oa?e na??? aeine?aeo oey ia?aaaaa noaiiaeea, a?aeiia?aeii, 14 ? 12.9 % oa 12.5 ? 10.4 %. 9. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aoaa?a aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee oa ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio ia ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo iaoeao Ia?aaaae iii?nae iaae ?iaanieeaie ao?i ea?iaonueei? ii?iaeeIieacieeAieeinueea i’ynia ii?iaeaCiai’yinueeee i’yniee oei? na??y aeine?aeo?? na??y aeine?aeo? na??y aeine?aeo?? na??y aeine?aeoIa?aaecaa?eia aeeaa iana, ea+47+46+43+85Aeo?ae ooo?, %+0,6+1,2+1,8+2,4Aeo?ae ooo?, ea+24+26,6+25+50,6Aeo?ae i’yeio? i’yna, %+0,3+0,3+1,5+1,6Aeo?ae i’yeio? i’yna, ea+18,1+19,9+19,7+40,5Ai?no a ooo?, ea:nooi? ?a/iaeie+8,1+11+6,87+18,15i?ioa?io+3,88+5,49+2,96+13,05aee?o+0,36-0,83-2 ,34-0,11I?eiaaea? ia 1 ea ooo?:i?ioa?io, a+1,2+2,76+4,5+18,3aee?o, a+0,03-4,94+11,3-4,75Aeo?ae i’yna ia 1 ea ia?aaecaa?eii? aeeai? iane +0,014 +0,09 +0,02 +1,022Aeo?ae i’yna ia 1 ea ia?ii? ooo?+0,005+0,121+0,011+0,128 10. Aia?a?y ?inoo oa cao?aoe ei?i?a i?e ae?iuoaaii? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei aei 18-i?ny/iiai a?eo, n=3 IieacieeeA?oie???????-a na??y aeine?aeoAaeiaee i?e??no 1 aie., a258296299I?e??no aei eiio?ieth, %100114,7115,8Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, a471541547Cao?a/aii ia 1 ea i?e?inoo ae.i., ei?i.iae.8,27,57,4Ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, a908827804Cao?a/aii ei?i.iae. ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, %10091,490,2??-a na??y aeine?aeoAaeiaee i?e??no 1 aie., a278317314I?e??no aei eiio?ieth, %100114112,9Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee i?e??no, a507578873Cao?a/aii ia 1 ea i?e?inoo ae.i., ei?i.iae.9,68,48,6Ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io, a817716732Cao?a/aii ei?i.iae. ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, %10087,589,6 Aiae?coth/e an? iieacieee, iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoeyo 9 ? 10, aa/eii, ui no?auoaaiiy iaoie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c ie?aeieeaie i’ynieo aaiioei?a oe?a?inueei? naeaeoe?? aei?aaaeiao? naaa ? ? aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeiei. A E N I I A E E 1. A oiiaao a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao aeei?enoaiiy a no?auoaaii? ie?aeiee?a aieeinueei? i'ynii? ii?iaee ? ciai'yinueeiai i'yniiai oeio a?o/eciyii? naeaeoe?? ia iaoeao ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee ? aoaeoeaiei aeicaiey? iie?aueoe aia?a?th ?inoo iii?nae, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny e?auith ie?oaeith i'yniith oi?iith oa ?icaeiooith ioneoeaoo?ith, a oaeiae ? iaioa cao?a/athoue ei?i?a ia iaeeieoeth i?e?inoo i?e ae?iuoaaii?, aei?iuoaaii? oa a?aeaiae?ae? a ii??aiyii? c /enoiii?iaeieie ?iaanieeaie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee. 2. No?auoaaiiy iaoie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? c aoaayie aieeinueei? i'ynii? ii?iaee ? ciai'yinueeiai i'yniiai oeio ni?eyei ca?eueoaiith aeeai? iane iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai iieiaeiyea ia 3-7 ea, iaeiae oea ia iicia/aeiny ia eaaeio?eueiino? iaoi/iiai iiaie?a'y, aea 93-94 % ioae?a i?io?eaei aac oneeaaeiaiue. 3. A ?-e na??? aeine?aeo i?e aaceiioeaio?aoiiio oeio aiae?ae? aoaeo aaoa?iceno o iii?nae aei 6-i?ny/iiai a?eo c aieeinueeith i'yniith ii?iaeith /?? a?oia/ noaiiaea 27.1 %, o iii?nae c ciai'yinueeei i'yniei oeiii /III a?oia/ 20.9; o 12 i?nyoe?a, a?aeiia?aeii, 19.5 ? 17.4; o 18 i?nyoe?a - 15.5 ? 15; o 27-i?ny/iiio a?oe? 12.9 ? 55.3. A ??-e na??? aeine?ae?a, a?aeiia?aeii: o 6-i?ny/iiio a?oe? - 42.9 ? 55.3 %; o 12-i?ny/iiio a?oe? - 9.3 ? 21.0; o 18-i?ny/iiio a?oe? - 13.7 ? 13.1; o 27-i?ny/iiio a?oe? - 6.7 ? 23.5 %. 4. ?acoeueoao aenia?eiaioaeueiiai caaith i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei iieaco?, ui caa?eia iana iii?nae aieeinueei? i'ynii? ii?iaee a 18 i?nyoe?a a?eueoa a?ae /enoiii??aeieo ?iaaniee?a o ?-e na??? aeine?aeo ia 19.9 %, a a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo - ia 18.3 %, a iii?nae ciai'yinueeiai i'yniiai oeio, a?aeiia?aeii, 20.5 ? 35.6 %; o 27 i?nyoe?a - 17.6 ? 13.4 % oa 24.8 ? 36.9 %. Aeuei aoa ? aeo?ae ia?ii? ooo? oa i'yeio? a iaio na??yo aeine?ae?a. 5. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae aoaeiae o?ea i?aeaeine?aeieo ae/e?a iieaco? ia?aaaao iii?nieo oaa?ei iaae /enoiii?iaeieie ?iaanieeaie ca iniiaieie i?ii??aie /iniaeeai ia'?iieie/ oa ?iaeaenaie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue eaioiniiiee oei aoaeiae o?ea. I?e oeueiio, iaaeaeoea cia/aiiue ?iaeaen?a ianeaiino? oa i'yniino? o iii?nieo oaa?ei aoea nooo?aith, iniaeeai a oiiaao iai?a?ioaineaiiai ae?iuoaaiiy /II na??y aeine?aeo/. 6. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? noe?aiiy ?aoeoeue o ae/e?a a ? oa ?? na??e aeine?aeo ca ia??iae c 12 aei 18 i?nyoe?a, aeacothoue ia iayai?noue i?aea?oiiaeo a?aei?iiinoae o i?oei?no? ?iaiaiai iie?eao ?aoeoeue. I?e oo?eiaii? oa aeei?enoaii? oaa?ei ia a??nueeeo noeeao, i?e a?eueo aenieiio iaaaioaaeaii? ia ?aoeoe?, iii?ni? oaa?eie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaioith ?ioaineai?noth noe?aiiy ?iaiai? no?iee e?ioe?aie o ii??aiyii? c /enoiii?iaeiei eiio?ieai. 7. Aiae?c o?i?/iiai neeaaeo oa ye?nieo iieaciee?a i'yna o 21-i?ny/iiio a?oe? /II na??y aeine?aeo/ iieaco?, ui ne?a i'yni aoei a?eueo aei?noea a /enoiii?iaeieo oaa?ei, a aa?aia - o aieeinueeeo iii?n?a, i?e oeueiio na?aaei?e aae aeaaonoaoe?? aa?aiiai i'yna oa aoeueeiio aoa aeuee o /enoiii?iaeieo ?iaaniee?a ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee. 8. Aea/aiiy aioo??oi?o i?aai?a oaa?ei iieaco?, ui o iii?nae ? oa ??-? na??e aeine?aeo iana oeoieo, ia/?iee, na?oey, eaaaiue, n?i'yiee?a, ie?ie oa naeac?iee aoea aueueoith a ii??aiyii? c /enoiii?iaeieie oaa?eiaie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueoo ?ioaineai?noue ae?yeueiino? i?aai?cio iii?nieo oaa?ei, a ca?aene ? e?auo a?aeaea/o cao?ao ia ?o ??no ? ?icaeoie oaa?ei. 9. A oiiaao ??ciieiioeiaioaeueiiai ee?iaoo Ea?iao oe??yiee iie?ea oaa?ei a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy o ?o i?enoinoaaii? aei oiia ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Ca nai?th ianith oe??e i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei a?aeiinyoueny ca eaae?o?eaoe??th aei eaoaai???: a ?-e na??? aeine?aeo - ae/a eaaea ? ??-? na??? aeine?ae?a - ae/a aaaeea. E?auee iieaciee oe??e, yeee ae?aaea?oueny ?? aeoiaeii ia ? ea ia?aaecaa?eii? iane, a?aei?/aiee o /enoiii??aeieo ao?i ea?iaonueeeo oaa?ei, ui aiai?eoue i?i ?o e?auo i?enoiniaai?noue aei oiia ?nioaaiiy a a??nueeeo Ea?iaoao. 10. I?e aenoaineaiiio oeio aiae?ae? (?-a na??y aeine?aeo) ia 1 e?eia?ai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane iii?nieo oaa?ei cao?a/aii 7.4-7.5 ea ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue, ui ia 0.7 ? 0.8 ea iaioa a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith (/enoiii?iaei? oaa?eie); a ??-e na??? aeine?aeo (iai?a?ioaineaiee oei aiae?ae?), a?aeiia?aeii, 8.4-8.6 oa ia 1.0-1.2 ea, ui aiai?eoue i?i aeuo ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a iai?io o iii?nieo oaa?ei, oa e?auo a?aeaea/o cao?a/aieo ei?i?a. I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO 1. C iaoith noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo noaae i'ynii? ooaeiae aeey ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa yeiae/eie aeioe?eueii naeaeoe?eii-ieai?iio ?iaioo iai?aaeyoe ia iaea?aeaiiy iii?niiai iieiaeiyea, iie?auaiiy ? ?icoe?aiiy aaiaaeia?/ii? no?oeoo?e ? ia?aoai?aiiyi eiai o ia?niaeoea? a i'yniee oei. 2. A ainiiaea?noaao a??nueei? ciie Ea?iaonueeiai ?aa?iio c iaaeinoaoiueith ei?iiaith aacith aeioe?eueii ei??a oa oaeeoeue ia?oaaeueiiai a?eo ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee no?auoaaoe c aoaayie aieeinueei? i'ynii? ii?iaee oa ciai'yinueeiai i'yniiai oeio. Oea ni?eyoeia a niaoeeo?/ieo i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo oiiaao Ea?iao iie?auaiith i'ynieo yeinoae, i?aeaeuaiith nei?ini?eino? oa i'yniino? iii?nieo oaa?ei, ui aeicaieeoue cia/ii ca?eueoeoe ae?iaieoeoai yeiae/eie. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aaiyn TH.TH., Aecyiei I.E. A??nueeei ?aeiiai - niaoe?ae?ciaaia i’ynia noaaei //Oace aeiiia?aeae iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a “Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee oa aeinyaiaiiy iieiaeeo a/aieo - n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoao”. A.Aaeoa: C? AIA, 1991.- N.56. 2. Aaiyn TH.TH., Aecyiei I.E., Aeni/ainueeee E.N. Noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai i’yniiai noaaea. //Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-ae?iaie/i? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa niaoe?ae?no?a.- Euea?a, 1992.- N.181. 3. Aecyiei I.E., Aaiyn TH.TH. ?acoeueoaoe i?aeniniiai ae?iuoaaiiy ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo oa iii?nieo ae/e?a // Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee - aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaeno. Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a. I.Ai?ioa: C? AIA, 1993.-N.123. 4. Aaiyn TH.TH., I?eiaa E.N., Aecyiei I.E. Yia?aey ?inoa e iaeioi?ua aeieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe ao?uo ea?iaoneeo e iiianiuo au/eia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia OO eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu iaania/aiey AIE”. Oa?nii, 1993.- N.6. 5. Aaiyn TH.TH., I?eiaa E.N., Aecyiei I.E. I?iaeoeoeai?noue ? a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy ao?i-ea?iaonueeeo oa iii?nieo ae/e?a // I?iaeaie AIE Ea?iao.- A.Aaeoa: C? AIA, 1994.- aei. 3.- N.175-183. 6. I?eiaa E.N., Aecyiei I.E. Caa?ei? yeino? ao?eo ea?iaonueeeo oa iii?nieo ae/e?a, ae?iuaieo ia i?aenin? // I?iaeaie AIE a??nueeiai ?aa?iio Ea?iao.- I.Ai?ioa-A.Aaeoa: C? AIA, 1994.- N.87-88. 7. I?ia?aia noaa?e?caoe?? oa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo AIE Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? aei 2020 ?ieo / Ca ?aae. TH.TH.Naaeaa??.- A.Aaeoa: C? AIA, 1997.- 48 n. 8. Aecyiei I.E., E?enue I.I., A?aai A.?. I?iaeaie aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno a??nueeeo ?aa?ii?a Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? // Aeiiii?ea Caea?iaooy nueiaiaei? ? caao?a: oeyoe aeoiaeo c e?ece. Oaeai?iae: IAeA, OaeAeO,1997.- N.172-175. 9. Iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia aaaeaiiy caiea?ianoaa oa oaa?eiieoeoaa aeey naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo) ainiiaea?noa a a??nuee?e cii? Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao. I.Ai?ioa: AEAeN, 1998.- 25n. 10. Aecyiei I.E. // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie, 1998.- ? 12.- N. 11. Aecyiei I.E. A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee, 1998.- ? 12.- N. 12. Aecyiei I.E. Aa?i?ieii,1998.- ?11-12.-N. Aecyiei I.E. Aoaeoeai?noue no?auoaaiiy ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c ie?aeieeaie i’ynieo aaiioei?a, noai?aieo a Oe?a?i?.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.02.01 - ?icaaaeaiiy oa naeaeoe?y oaa?ei. ?inoeooo ?icaaaeaiiy ? aaiaoeee oaa?ei, Ee?a, *oaeinueea, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiue, i?iaaaeaieo a oiiaao a??nueei? ciie Ea?iao, ii aea/aiith aoaeoeaiino? no?auoaaiiy iaoie ao?i? ea?iaonueei? ii?iaee c ie?aeieeaie aieeinueei? i’ynii? ii?iaee oa ciai’yinueeiai i’yniiai oeio. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae iii?n?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy i?e aeaio ??aiyo ?ioaineaiino? ?o ae?iuoaaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ao?a ea?iaonueea ii?iaea, no?auoaaiiy, aia?a?y ?inoo, aenoa?’??, eiinoeoooe?eia i?oei?noue, caa?ei? yeino? . Aecyiei I.E. Yooaeoeaiinoue ne?aueaaiey ao?ie ea?iaonueeie ii?iaeu n i?iecaiaeeoaeyie iyniuo aaiioeiia, nicaeaiiuo a Oe?aeia.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.01 - ?acaaaeaiea e naeaeoeey aeeaioiuo. Einoeooo ?acaaaeaiey e aaiaoeee aeeaioiuo, Eeaa, *oaeineia, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeee niaea?aeeo ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ne?aueaaiey iaoie ao?ie ea?iaoneie ii?iaeu n i?iecaiaeeoaeyie ioa/anoaaiiuo aieuineie iyniie ii?iaeu e ciaiaineiai iyniiai oeia iai?aaeaiiua ia ecuneaiea iioeiaeueiuo naeaeoeeiiiuo iooae nicaeaiey ianneaa iyniiai neioa aeey oneiaee ai?iie ciiu Ea?iao. Onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe oi?ie?iaaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ea/anoaaiiuo iieacaoaeae iiianae ia?aiai iieieaiey i?e aeaoo o?iaiyo eioaineaiinoe au?aueaaiey, eco/aiu ?acaeoea e yenoa?ua?iua iniaaiiinoe iiianiiai iiaieiauey, iieo/aiiiai i?e ne?aueaaiee. Enneaaeiaaii yoieiaeaey aeeaioiuo n o/aoii eiaeaenia ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe, oaieiua e iyniua ea/anoaa iiianiiai iiaieiauey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ao?ay ea?iaoneay ii?iaea, ne?aueaaiea, yia?aey ?inoa, yenoa?ue??, eiinoeoooeeiiiay e?aiinoue, oaieiua ea/anoaa. Dzyamko M.Yu. Efficacy of crossing of Brown Carpathian breed with bulls of meat genotypes, which was created in Ucraine.- Manuscript. The dissertation for seek the scientifical degree of candidate in agriculture on a speciality 06.02.01 - animal breeding and selection. Kyiv, Chubinsky, 1999. The dissertation contains the resultes of effectivenes of Brown Karpatian strain dams crossing with sires of home Volyn beaf strain and Znamensky beaf type in conditions of Karpaty mountain zone. The regularities of forming the productive quality indexes of first hybrid generaion under two levels of growng intensity have been estimated. Eey words: Brown Carpathian breed, crossing, energy of growth, exterier, stronghold of constitution, slaughter qualifications.

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