17

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAIIss AA?A?IEO IAOE

IINOEOOO OAA?EIIEOeOAA

*AEEE IEAENAIAe? IAAIIAE*

OAeE 636.4.084.087.72:636.082

AOAEOEAIINOUe ?ICIEO EIIOeAIO?AOeIE OeEIEO A ?AOeIIIAO

EIO?IA-IEIAeIEEIA I NAEIIIAOIE

06.02.02 — aiaeiaey oaapei i oaoiieiaiy eipiia

Aaoipaoapao aeenapoaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo iaoe

OA?EIA, 1999

Aeenapoaoeiy ? poeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iinoeoooi oaapeiieoeoaa Oepa?inueei? aeaaeaii?

aapapieo iaoe (IO OAAI)

Iaoeiaee eapiaiee: eaiaeeaeao nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo

iaoe,caa.aiaeaeieii naeiapnoaa IO
OAAI

OAAeIOIA IAAI AAA?EEIAE*

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoip nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo iaoe

Aii?aee Aieoip Iaaiiae/, caaiaeoth/ee aiaeaeieii

oaoiieiai? aepiaieoeoaa,caaioiaei,caapiaaiiy oa

aeeipenoaiiy eipiia Iinoeoooo oaapeiieoeoaa OAAI

eaiaeeaeao nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo iaoe

Iaai/aiei Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/, caaiaeoth/ee eaoaaepith

aiaeiaei oaapei Oapeianueeiai ciiaaoapeiapiiai

iinoeoooo Iii.AIE.

Ipiaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iinoeooo naeiapnoaa OAAI. i Iieoaaa

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny «23» aapaciy 1999 pieo i 10 aiaeeii

ia caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? paaee Ae.65.356.02 ipe

Iinoeoooi oaapeiieoeoaa OAAI (312120,Oapeia, i/a Eoeeie/i)

C aeenapoaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iinoeoooo

oaapeiieoeoaa OAAI (312120,Oapeia, i/a Eoeeie/i)

Aaoipaoapao picineaii «16» ethoiai 1999 pieo

A/aiee naepaoap

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? paaee,

eaiaeeaeao aiieiai/ieo iaoe Ni?aop O.I.1. CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

1.1. Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Ipaoeyie I.I.Aieiap, 1960.,
A.I.Aaipai?anueeiai,1979., A.O.Eeioeaiei, 1975., I.K.Miller,1967, oa
iioeie iieacaii, ui oeeie iaeaaeeoue aei aeeoo?aiiaiaoiaeieo
iiepiaeaiaioia c aaaaoiooieoeiiiaeueiei aieeaii ia ipaaiici, aeeth/ath/e
ooieoei? aiaeoaipaiiy.

Inioth/i iipie oeeieo a paoeiiiao aeipineeo naeiae iathoue oepieee
aeiaiacii i ?o ooi/iaiiy, ca aei?th aeaiiai iiepiaeaiaioo ia
ainiiaeapnueei-eipenii aeanoeainoi oaapei,iiopaao? aeniapeiaioaeueiiai
aepioaiiy.

1.2. Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiue. Iaoith aeineiaeieoeueei?
piaioe aoei anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi picieo eiioeaiopaoeie oeeieo a
nooie pa/iaeii paoeiiiia eiopia-ieiaeieeia oa iipinieo iaoie ca ?o
aieeaii ia aieiaii ainiiaeapnueei-eipenii yeinoi.

Aeniapeiaioaeueiei oeyoii aepiooaaeenue caaea/i ii aecia/aiith
aieeao oeeieo ia:

— aoaeoeaiinoue aeeipenoaiiy eipiia (niiaeeaaiiy,iapaopaaiinoue ii-

aeeaieo pa/iaei, aiapaicaaacia/aiinoue oa aeeipenoaiiy acioo),

— pino, noai caeipia’y,niapiiipiaeoeoeith eiopia-ieiaeieeia,

— aaaaoiieiaeiinoue iaoie,aaeeeiieiaeiinoue,caapaaeaiinoue oa ipepino

ipeieiaeo aei 2-o iiny/iiai aieo;

— ioeiiea aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi aeineiaeaeoaaieo eiioeaiopaoeie
iiepiaeaiaioa oa ooi/iaiiy eiai iipi a paoeiiiao eiopia-ieiaeieeia oa
iipinieo iaoie.

1.3. Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoaoia. A pacoeueoaoi
ipi-

aaaeaii? piaioe anoaiiaeaii:

1) iecueea (40 ia/ea N?) eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo a paoeiiiao
aiaeoaipthaaeueiiai iiaieia’y ia noeioeth? ?o ipiaeoeoeaiinoue,a aeniea
eiioeaiopaoeiy iiepiaeaiaioo (200 ia/ea N?) ? iaei aoaeoeaia.

2) eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo 120 ia/ea N? aeyaeeanue iipiaiyii iaeaieueo
aoaeoeaiith ii noeioethth/iio aieeao ia niapiiipiaeoeoeith
ieiaeieeia,iiceoeaii aieeaaea ia ipiaeoeoeaiinoue iaoie i ? aaaeaiith a
paoeiiiao oeeo apoi oaapei. Aeacaia eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo a paoeiiiao
aiaeoaipthaaeueiiai iiaieia’y aeua ca paeiiaiaeiaaio paiioa
(?.I.Iaeeiaoeue,1973, AANAIiE, 1985, I.O.Iicaepii,1991) i ooi/ith? iipie
oeueiai iiepiaeaiaioo a paoeiiiao eiopia oa iaoie.

Ia picpiaeo aeiaaaie oeeieo aei paoeiiiia aoa iopeiaiiee iaoaio ia
aeiaoiae «Niinia aiaeiaei naeiae» ca N 21545 A.

1.4. Ipaeoe/ia cia/aiiy i paaeicaoeiy iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiue. A aeiaainopieiaeo aeineiaeao ia ieiaeieeao oa
naeiiiaoeao aecia/aii aoaeoeaiee aiino oeeieo a ?o paoeiiiao,ui ooi/ith?
eiai iipioaaiiy oa aeicaiey? aeeipenoiaoaaoe a ipaeoeoei noeioethth/ee
aieea aeaiiai iiepiaeaiaioo ia iaiii pa/iaei, eieueeinii oa yeinii
iieacieee niapiiipiaeoeoei? eiopia, ipiaeoeoeaiinoue naeiiiaoie. A onio
ainiiaeapnoaao aea ? aaeocue naeiapnoaa, a oaeiae ia iiaeipe?inoaao
eiiaieipiiai? ipiieneiainoi ipe aeaioiaeaiii ipaiienia, aeiaaaie, /e
iiaiipaoeiiiieo eiiaieipiia ? iiaeeeainoue canoiniaoaaoe oeeie o
anoaiiaeaiie eiioeaiopaoei?, ui aeicaieeoue iiaeaeueoe ipiaeoeoeaiinoue
aaeoci naeiapnoaa a oeieiio ii Oepa?ii.

?acoeueoaoe piaioe aipiaaaeaeaii a Neiaiaeainueeiio paaeainii —
eiiaiiaoi ia iiaieia’? eiopia-ieiaeieeia.

1.5. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeenapoaoeieia piaioa aeeiiaia
a eaaipaoipi? aiaeiaei naeiae IO OAAI naiinoieii. Aiaeioe/ii piaioe ii
aecia/aiith oiii/iiai neeaaeo eipiia ipiaaaeaii a eaaipaoipi? ioeiiee
yeinoi eipiia,a iieacieeia ipepiaeii? pacenoaioiinoi (ye i ?o
iioapipaoaoeiy)- noiinii ic niiapiaioieeaie eaaipaoipi? oiciieiai? i
aiioiii? n/a oaapei IO OAAI.

1.6. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy,yei aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. C /enea
iaoapiaeia, iaeapaeaieo a ipioeani aeineiaeaeaiue, ia ipeethaeiee caoeno
aeiinyoueny oaei iieiaeaiiy:

— anoaiiaeaia aoaeoeaia eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo (120 ia/ea N?) a
paoeiiiao eiopia oa iipinieo naeiiiaoie ii ?? aei? ia ainiiaeapnueei-
eipenii yeinoi oeeo oaapei,

— aea/aiiy caeiiiiipiinoae aieeao picieo eiioeaiopaoeie oeeieo a
paoeiiiao aiaeoaipthaaeueiiai iiaieia’y ia iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo
pa/iaei, aaeain acioo, niapiiipiaeoeoeith, caieiaeithaaeueio caeaoiinoue
eiopia, aaaaoi- i aaeeeiieiaeiinoue iaoie oa yeinoue ?o iioiinoaa.

1.7. Aipiaaoeiy pacoeueoaoia aeenapoaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe piaioe
aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia:

— a/aiie ?aaei IO OAAI a 1991-1995 p.,i.Oapeia;

— Iiaeiapiaeieo iaoeiai-ipaeoe/ieo eiioapaioeiyo: ipenay/aiie
ieoaiiyi oaoiieiai?, aaiaoeee, oopeiaiiy, aiaeiaei naeiae.- 1994.-
Oapeia; «Ueyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aepiaieoeoaa oa iieiioaiiy yeinoi naeieie».-
1995.- Oapeia; «Aaiioiiae iipiae oaapei oa iaoiaee eiai aeeipenoaiiy».-
1995.- Oapeia; «Oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi aeeipenoaiiy eipiia».-
1998.- Oapeia; iaoeiaie eiioapaioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo IO OAAI.-1998.-
Oapeia.

1.8. Ioaeieaoeiy pacoeueoaoia piaioe. Iniiaii pacoeueoaoe
aeineiaeaeaiue iioaeieiaaii a 4 noaooyo, 3 oacao aeiiiaiaeae, 1 iaoaioi
ia aeiaoiae, oa 1 iioipiaoeieiiio eenoi.

1.9. Nopoeoopa oa ianya aeenapoaoei?. Aeenapoaoeiy neeaaea?oueny
ic anooio,iaeyaeo eioapaoope, iaoiaeeee aeineiaeaeaiue,pacoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiue, iaaiaipaiiy aeeipenoaieo a piaioi iaoiaee/ieo iiaeoiaeia
oa iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoaoia, aeniiaeia, ipiiiceoeie aepiaieoeoao.
?oeiien iaaepoeiaaii ia 134 noipiieao,aiiuo? 61 oaaeeoeth.Nienie
eioapaoope neeaaea?oueny ic 263 aeaeapae,o oiio /enei 50 capoaiaeieo.

2. Iniiaiee ciino

2.1. Iaoiaeeea piaioe

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe i aepioaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ a
ae/a IO OAAI «Oepa?iea» ia naeiyo aaeeei? aiei? iipiaee aoei ipiaaaeaii
aeai napi? aeineiaeia.

Aeey aeineiaeia ia ieiaeieeao aiaeaepaee 12 iiny/ieo oaapei. A
eiaeiie ic napie aoei noipiiaaii ii 3 apoie eiopia,ii 5 aieia o eiaeiie.
A iaio napiyo aoa 30-aeaiiee iiiapaaeiie oa 17-iiny/iee iniiaiee
iapiiaee.

Iiney 4-o iiny/iiai iniiaiiai iapiiaeo niapiith eiopia eiaeii?
apoie iniiaiyee ii 5 apoi naeiiiaoie (20-22 aieiae a eiaeiie ic
napaaeiueith aeeaith ianith 230 ea).

Iniiaii paoeiiie (I?) eiopia anio apoi a iaio napiyo aoee
iaeeiaeiaeie i neeaaeaeeny c iaeiiai e oiai ae eiiaieipio, aiaeaieie
iieiea oa iiiapaeueii-aioaiiiii? aeiaaaee. ?aoeiiie anio apoi iaoie oaae
aoee iaeeiaeiaeie, ipioa eiiaieipi aeey iaoie aoa ca neeaaeii aeaui
iioee, iiae aeey eiopia. Aeey eiaeii? noaoaai? apoie paoeiiie aoee
iciaiapaaoe/ieie i ca aniia iiaeeaieie pa/iaeiaie, aeeeth/ath/e oeeie,
aiaeiiaiaeaee iipiai AANAIIE,1985.

Oeeie a paoeiiiao iiaeaeineiaeieo apoi iipioaaee aiaeiiaiaeii aei
noaie aeineiaeia:

Noaia aeineiaeia

ApoiaEiope-ieiaeieee

(5 aieia o apoii)Iipinii naeiiiaoee

(20-22 aieiae o apoii)eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo,ia/ea N?Eeieue-einoue
apoiEiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo,ia/ea N?Ca
paooiie:AnueiaiApoiaI?ZnSO4IIIIIIIVVI capiy
aeineiaeia140–4054287120160200240478754287120160200340801205428712016020
0II napiy
aeineiaeia14080120542871201602002401201605428712016020034016020054287120
160200

A 1 ea N? I? eiopia 1 apoie iinoeeinue 40 ia oeeieo, a eipiao I?
iaoie- 42 ia.Caieaiiaaio eiioeaiopaoeith aeineiaeaeoaaiiai iiepiaeaiaioo
a N? paoeiiiia oaapei iioeo apoi noaipthaaee ca paooiie aeiaaaie aei I?
nip/aiieeneiai oeeieo.

Ipi caaacia/aiinoue iiaeaeineiaeieo oaapei oeeieii naiae/aoue
aeaii oaaeeoei 1 oa 2.

I apoio, a yeie oaapeie iaeapaeoaaee paoeiiie c aiinoii oeeieo
ieae/ei ca iipie AANAIIE, picaeyaeaee ye iaaaoeaiee, a II apoio, aea
eiioeaiopaoeiy iiepiaeaiaioo aiaeiiaiaeaea oeei iipiai, ye iiceoeaiee
eiiopieue, a aeineiaeieo apoiao eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo a N? aoea a 1,3,
1,8 oa 2,3 pace aieueoith ca eiai eiioeaiopaoeith a paoeiiiao
iiceoeaiiai eiiopiey.

Oaaeeoey 1

Caaacia/aiinoue iiaeaeineiaeieo eiopia-ieiaeieeia oeeieii

IieacieeeI napiy aeineiaeiaII napiy aeineiaeiaApoieIIIIIIIIIIIIZn I?
ia/aie/aeaiue130,8130,8134,0125,2123,6124,0ZnSO4
ia/aie/aeaiue–684,71206,61124,91656,12223,0Oeeie ca paooiie aei- aaaee,
ia/aie/aeaiue–153,4270,3252,0371,0498,0Iaaeieoei oeeieo
anueiaiia/aie/aeaiue130,8284,2404,3377,2494,6622,0ia/ea
N?4087120120160200ia/ea W0,752,144,506,346,017,8710,09Iiopiaii oeeieo ca
iipiaie AANAIIE,ia284,4284,4291,4272,3268,8269,7Oaeoe/iee aiino Zn, %
aei iipi AANAIIE45,9100,0137,9137,9183,9229,9

Oaaeeoey 2

Aiino oeeieo a paoeiiiao iipinieo naeiiiaoie

Aiino N? a paoeiiii, eaEiioeai- opaoeiy oeeieo, ia/ea N?Iaaeieoei
oeeieo,ia ia aieiao a aeaiueA oii /enei,iaIaaeieoei, oeeieo,% ii
aiaeiioaiith aei iipiCa paooiie eipiia iniia- iiai paoeiiioCa paooiie
aeiaaaie
ZnSO2,6242110,0110,0–48,22,6487230,9110,8120,1100,02,66120319,9111,7208,
2137,92,63160422,0110,4311,6183,22,64200530,2110,8419,4229,9

Niiaeeaaiiy eipiia eiopaie aecia/aee ca uiaeaiiith ?o oaeoe/iith
ii?aea?iinoth. Eiaeio iapoith eiiaieipiia aiaeicoaaee ia aiino iiaeeaieo
pa/iaei ca caaaeueiiipeeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

Iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo pa/iaei i aaeain acioo ioeiithaaee a
iaiiiieo aeineiaeao, yei ipiaiaeeee ia 220-260 aeaiue iniiaiiai
aeineiaeiiai iapiiaeo ia 3-o eiopao c eiaeii? apoie ia ipioyci
5-aeaiiiai iiiapaaeiueiai oa 7-aeaiiiai aeineiaeiiai iapiiaeia.

?ino iiaeaeineiaeieo oaapei aea/aee oeyoii aecia/aiiy aeeiaiiee ?o
aeeai? iane, aaniethoiiai i aiaeiiniiai ipepinoo, ciii eiiieieo piciipia
oa iiaeaenia aoaeiae oiea.

Noai caeipia’y oaapei ioeiithaaee ca ?o ciaiioiii aeaeyaeii, ii
niiaeeaaiith eipiia, noaoaaie aeoeaiinoi. A 12, 21 oa 28- iiny/iiio
aioei aiaeicoaaee noai ipepiaeii? pacenoaioiinoi eiopia.

Niapiiipiaeoeoeith ieiaeieeia ioeiithaaee ca ia’?iii
ayeoeyoo,eieueeinoth i eiioeaiopaoei?th noaoaaeo eeioei a iueiio,
aeoeaiinoth i aeaeeaa?iinoth niapii?a. Caeaaeiinoue oeeo iieacieeia aiae
eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao eiopia aecia/aee ca eiaoioei?ioaie
iapieo eipaeyoeie.

Aieea picii? eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao iipinieo iaoie
ioeiithaaee ca noaiii ?o caeipia’y, opeaaeinoi iipiniinoi,
aaaaoiieiaeiinoi oa aaeeeiieiaeiinoi, ipineiaeaeoaaee caapaaeaiinoue oa
pino ipeieiaeo aei 60-aeaiiiai aieo. A piaioi aecia/aee aieea ia yeinoue
ipeieiaeo ye eiopia oae i iaoie, oa aecia/aee epaui ?o ii?aeioaaiiy.

Aeiiiii/io aoaeoeaiinoue caiaeiaoaaiiy paoeiiiia c piciith
eiioeaiopaoei?th oeeieo ioeiithaaee ca caaaeueiiipeeiyoeie iaoiaeaie,
oeyoii picpaooieo oiiaiiai ipeaooeo i niaiaapoinoi ca ipyieie aeopaoaie.

Iaeapaeaii aeniapeiaioaeueii aeaii iapiaeaii ca iaoiaeaie
noaoenoe/iiai aiaeico.

2.2. Aieea picii? eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao ieiaeieeia ia
niiaeeaaiiy eipiia, iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo pa/iaei oa aaeain acioo

Ipe caiaeiaoaaiii iaeeiaeiaeo ca eieueeinoth oa neeaaeii paoeiiiia,
eiope, yei aaeeaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?, ca paooiie caieueoaii?
ii?aea?iinoi niiaeeaaee ia 2,6 (I napiy) -1,2 (II napiy) % aieueoa nooeo
pa/iaei, iiae oaapeie iioeo apoi eiaeii? napi?.

Iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo pa/iaei paoeiiiia ieiaeieeaie anio apoi
aoea aeinoaoiuei aenieith: ei?oioei?ioe iapaopaaiinoi ipaaii/ieo pa/iaei
aoee a iioapaaei 86-90%, ipioa?io 83-88%, A?? 92-95%. Iapaopaaiinoue
aeepo i eeioeiaeie aoea iipiaiyii ieae/a i oapaeoapecoaaeanue aieueoith
iiieeainoth: eiaoioei?io iapaopaaiinoi aeepo eieeaaany aiae 56 aei 79%,
a eeioeiaeie aiae 24 aei 51%. Iapaopaaiinoue nepiai aeepo i ipioa?io ipe
aenieeo eiioeaiopaoeiyo oeeieo a paoeiiiao ieiaeieeia II napi?
aeineiaeia aoea aipiaiaeii (p < 0,001) aeuith, a iapaopaaiinoue eeioeiaeie ieae/ith, iiae a I napi?. Iecueea (40 ia/ea N?) i aeniea (200 ia/ea N?) eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao ieiaeieeia ia nipeythoue iiaeaeuaiith iapaopaaiinoi iiaeeaieo pa/iaei, a ipe eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo 120 ia/ea N? aipiaiaeii iieiioo?oueny ipioean iapaopaaeaiiy ipaaii/ieo pa/iaei, a iniiaiiio, ca paooiie iiaeaeuaiiy iapaopaaiinoi aeepo i,iniaeeai,ipioa?io oa eeioeiaeie. Ca paooiie aieueoiai iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei ipaaiicio eiopia oeeo apoi iapaopaaeaieo iiaeeaieo pa/iaei caieueoo?oueny oaeoe/ia caaacia/aiiy ?o aiapai?th: a I napi? aeineiaeia ia 5,1, iipiaiyii ic iaaaoeaiei, oa ia 3,6% ii aiaeiioaiith aei iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth. A II napi? aeineiaeia oaapeie aiaeiai/ii? apoie aoee epaua caaacia/aii iaiiiiith aiapai?th ia 4,3 oa 3,1%, iipiaiyii c eiopaie,ui aaeeaaee ii 160 oa 200 ia oeeieo ia 1 ea N?. Oaaeeoey 3 Eiaoioei?ioe iapaopaaiinoi iiaeeaieo pa/iaei paoeiiiia iiaeaeineiaeieie eiopaie (%) Iiaeeaii pa/iaeieI napiy aeineiaeiaII napiy aeineiaeiaApoie123123Nooi85,086,187,786,985,682,8Ipaaii/ii87,688,889,789 ,287,586,3a oii /enei:nepee aeep56,555,859,478.875,979,2nepee ipioa?i81,185,486,888,687,487,6nepa eeioeiaeia38,540,651,538,931,823,7AA?94,495,495,194,193,091,7 Ca aeaiieie iaiiiieo aeineiaeia aoa picpaoiaaiee aaeain acioo a ipaaiicii eiopia (oaaeeoey 4). Oaaeeoey 4 Aaeain acioo o eiopia-ieiaeieeia IieacieeeI napiyII napiyApoie123123Ipeeiyoi acioo,a93,7 +0,0193,72 +0,0193,69 +0,0196,47 +0,0196,46 +0,0096,48 +0,01Aeaeieaii acioo c eaeii, a15,8 +0,4113,68 +1,0212,38 +0,8911,03 +0,5512,17 +0,4011,93 +1,22Aniieoaeinue acioo ic OEO,a77,9080,0481,3185,4484,2984,55Aniieoaeinue acioo, % aiae ipeeiyoiai83,185,486,888,687,487,6Aopaoe acioo ic na/ath,a26,5 +0,5526,11 +1,6623,63 +0,6924,29 +4,2218,86 +3,1523,99 +2,35Aopaoe acioo ic na/ath oa eaeii,a42,339,736,035,331,035,9Aopaoe acioo,% aiae ipeeiyoiai45,242,438,436,632,236,7Oopeiaii acioo a ipaaiicii,a50,9 +0,7153,49 +2,4756,80 +0,2960,21 +4,2864,87 +2,8160,04 +3,36Oopeiaii - % aiae ipeeiyoiai,54,357,060,662,467,262,2Oopeiaii -% aiae oiai,ui aniieoaany65,366,769,870,577,071,0 Aiaeic aopao acioo iieacaa, ui aiie ciaiooaaeenue ipe caieueoaiii oeeieo a paoeiiii aei eiioeaiopaoei? 160 ia/ea N?, a paoaioeiy acioo a oiei eiopia caieueooaaeanue ic oi?th ae caeiiiiipiinoth. Aoaeoeaiinoue aeeipenoaiiy acioo a oeieiio aoea a iaaeao 54- 67% aiae ipeeiyoiai oa 65-77% aiae oiai, ui aniieoaany ic oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai opaeoo. Iaeneiaeueia aiaeeeaaeaiiy acioo a oiei ieiaeieeia (% aiae ipeeiyoiai) aoei o oaapei, yei niiaeeaaee 120-160 ia oeeieo/ea N?. Aeniea paoaioeiy acioo o oaapei, yei aaeeaaee ii 160 ia iiepiaeaiaioo/ea N? ca'ycaia ic ciaioaiiyi aopao acioo ic na/ath. 2.3. Aaaiaee, eiiieiee pino, ciiie a aenoap'?pi oa noai caeipia'y ieiaeieeia ipe piciie eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a ?o paoeiiiao Ca 17 iiny/iee aeineiaeiee iapiiae iiaeaeineiaeii ieiaeieee caieueoeee aeeao iano ia 114-140 ea.A ca'yceo c oei, ui aeineiaee ipiaiaeeee a caeeth/iee iapiiae iinoiaoaeueiiai pinoo ieiaeieeia,?o napaaeiueiaeiaiai ipepinoe aoee ia piaii 216-271a a I oa 249-274 a a II napi? aeineiaeia; aiaeiiniee ipepino noaiiaea aiaeiiaiaeii 2,7-3,2 oa 3,4-3,2%. Aeiaaaee aei paoeiiiia nip/aiieeneiai oeeieo iiceoeaii aieeioee ia caieueoaiiy aeeai? iane eiopia: ipe eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo 120 ia/ea N? I napi? ipepino aeeai? iane aoa ia 25% aieueoei, iiae o oaapei iaaaoea-iiai oa ia 6,5% aeuei, iiae o eiopia iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth, a a II napi? ia 2,1 oa 9,4% aieueoa, iiae o ieiaeieeia, ui aaeeaaee oeeie ii 160 oa 200 ia/ea N?, aiaeiiaiaeii. Naiee aaeeeee ipepino eiiieieo piciipia oiea oaae aoa o oaapei, yei iaeapaeoaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?. Ani iieacieee caeipia'y ieiaeieeia (ciaiioiie aeaeyae, aiaoeo, eeiii/iee noai, noaoaaa aeoeaiinoue) aoee a iaaeao iipie ia ipioyci anueiai iapiiaeo aeineiaeia, ca aeeeth/aiiyi oaaioeeoapii? ?ieinoi iaeopioieia, ui ciaioeeanue ic aieii. 2.3. Niapiiipiaeoeoeiy ieiaeieeia a caeaaeiinoi aiae eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a ?o paoeiiii Aiaeic niapiiipiaeoeoei? ieiaeieeia iieacaa ?? caeaaeiinoue aiae aiee-ao oaeeo oaeoipia, ye aie oa eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo a paoeiiiao oeeo oaapei. Ipi aieiai ciiie o niapiiipiaeoeoei? naiae/eoue ?? aeeiaiiea o oaapei iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth.O eiopia oei?? apoie ca 17 iiny/iee aeineiaeiee iapiiae ia'?i ayeoeyoo cpin o 2,5, eieueeinoue niapii?a caieueoeeanue a 6,2 pace, eiioeaiopaoeiy a 2,5 pace, aeaeeaa?iinoue - a 3,5 pace,aeoeaiinoue iiaeaeueeanue ia 0,85 aaea. O eiopia onio apoi ia'?i ayeoeyoo aeinyaaa iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy o 17-19 iiny/iiio aioei, a iaeneiaeueia eieueeinoue niapii?a a ayeoeyoi niinoapiaaeanue iiciioa oeueiai aieo (pen. 1, 2). Ipi caeaaeiinoue niapiiipiaeoeoei? iiaeaeineiaeieo eiopia aiae piaiy oeeieo naiae/aoue aeaii oaaeeoei 5 : a 1 napi? aeineiaeia ic iiaeaeuaiiyi eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo aiae 40 aei 120 ia/ea N? niinoapiaa?oueny aeniea iiceoeaia caeaaeiinoue iieacieeia niapiiipiaeoeoei? aiae aeineiaeaeoaaiiai oaeoipo Oaaeeoey 5 Caeaaeiinoue niapiiipiaeoeoei? eiopia aiae piaiy oeeieo a ?o paoeiiiao(r) IieacieeeI napiyII napiyIa'?i ayeoeyoo0,85-0,77Eieueeinoue niapii?a0,80-0,80Eiioeaiopaoeiy niapii?a0,89-0,72Aeoeaiinoue noaoaaeo eeioei0,88-0,95Aeaeeaa?iinoue0,88-0,85 ( r=0,8-0,89), a o aepoaie napi?,ipe iiaeaeueoiio caieueoaiii eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo (aiae 120 aei 200 ia/ea) anoaiiaeaii iaaaoeaio caeaaeiinoue iiae oeeie iieacieeaie (r = -0,7-0,9).Neea aieeao aeineiaeaeoaaiiai oaeoipo ia eieueeinii oa yeinii iieacieee niapiiipiaeoeoei? aoea aeuith a 1 napi? aeineiaeia ipe aenieie (p < 0,001) aipiaiaeiinoi anoaiiaeaii? caeaaeiinoi a iaio napiyo aeineiaeia. Aieea picieo piaiia oeeieo ia niapiiipiaeoeoeith ieiaeieeia ipiaeaiiinopiaaii oaeiae ia pen.1-4. Iaeaieueo nooo?aee noeioethth/ee aieea oeeieo ia niapiiipiaeoeoeith eiopia aiaeii/aii a iapiiae ?? ipepiaeii-aieiaiai caieueoaiiy, iiney yeiai aiia iiaeopeioaaeanue ia piaii, oapaeoapiiio aeey eiaeii? apoie. Ia ipioyci aeineiaeia ia'?i ayeoeyoo, eieueeinoue niapii?a,?o aeoeaiinoue i aeaeeaa?iinoue ipe iecueeie (40 ia/ea N?) i aenieie (200 ia/ea C?) eiioeaiopaoeiyo oeeieo aoee ieae/i, iiae o oaapei iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth. Eiope,ui iopeioaaee ii 160 ia oeeieo/ea N?,ii ia'?io ayeoeyoo, eieueeinoi oa eiioeaiopaoei? niapii?a iapaaapooaaee nai?o piaanieeia a eiiopieueieo apoiao oa oeo,ui iaeapaeoaaee ii 200 ia iiepiaeaiaioo/ea N?,ipioa aeoeaiinoue i aeaeeaa?iinoue noaoaaeo eeioei o ieo aoee ieae/i, iiae o oaapei, yei niiaeeaaee oeeie ca iipiaie AANAIIE. Ipe caiaeiaoaaiii eiopai-ieiaeieeai paoeiiiia, a yeeo iinoeeinue ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?,a iapoi 3-7 iinyoeia niinoapiaa?oueny iipiaiyii iaeaieueoa caieueoaiiy ye eieueeinieo,oae i yeinieo iieacieeia ?o niapiiipiaeoeoei?, i oey iapaaaaa caapiaa?oueny ia ipioyci anueiai ianooiiiai iapiiaeo aeineiaeia. Ca niapiiipiaeoeoei?th eiope oei?? apoie aipiaiaeii iapaaapoothoue oaapei onio iiaeaeineiaeieo apoi (oaaeeoey 6.) Oaaeeoey 6 Iapaaaaa iieacieeia niapiiipiaeoeoei? eiopia,yei aaeeaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo ia ea N? IieacieeeIapaaaaa(pacia) o caieueoaiii niapiiipiaeoeoei? eiopia, yei iaeapaeoaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?, ii aiaeiioaiith aei apoi, aea ieiaeieee iopeioaaee oeeie, ia/ea N?:4087160200Ia'?i ayeoeyoo3,91,81,42,4Eieueeinoue niapii?a a ayeoeyoi8,22,21,43,0Eiioeaiopaoeiy noaoaaeo eeioei5,51,61,62,2Aeoeaiinoue1,72,11,11,3Aeaeeaa?iinoue2,72,62,34,4 2.4. Caieiaeithth/a caeaoiinoue eiopia oa ipiaeoeoeaiinoue iipinieo iaoie ipe piciie eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a ?o paoeiiii Caieiaeithth/a caeaoiinoue niapie eiopia onio iiaeaeineiaeieo apoi aoea aeniea. Eeoa a apoiao, aea ieiaeieee iopeioaaee paoeiiie c iecueeith (40 ia/ea N?) oa aenieith ( 200 ia/ea N?) eiioeaiopaoei?th oeeieo caieiaeiaiinoue iaoie aoea ieae/a, iiae a iioeo apoiao i neeaaeaea, aiaeiiaiaeii, 93 oa 98%. A aieueoinoi apoi niinoapiaaany 100% iiipin caieiaeiaieo iaoie, ca aeeeth/aiiyi oeo, aea aeey iaeapaeaiiy ipeieiaeo aeeipenoiaoaaee eiopia oa iaoie ic iaaaoeaiiai eiiopieth (iiipineeinue 90% oaapei) oa oeo,aea ipaoethaaee ieiaeieee iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth, yei caieiaeithaaee iaoie, ui niiaeeaaee ii 40, 87 i 160 ia oeeieo/ea N? ( iiipineeinue 95, 90 i 88% iaoie,aiaeiiaiaeii). A I napi? aeineiaeia ipe aeeipenoaiii aeey caieiaeiaiiy iaoie eiopia, yei iaeapaeoaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?, iaoee iaee aipiaiaeii aeuo aaaaoiieiaeiinoue (1,9% ii aiaeiioaiith aei iiceoeaiiai i 4,9% ii aiaeiioaiith aei iaaaoeaiiai eiiopieth),a a II napi? aiia aoea ia iaeiii piaii. Iipiaiyiiyi apoi iaoie oaae aeyaeaia oaiaeaioeiy aei aeui? aaaaoiieiaeiinoi o iaoie,yei iaeapaeoaaee a paoeiiiao ii 87-120 ia oeeieo/ea N?, iniaeeai o aeiaaeeao, eiee aiie caieiaeithaaeenue niapiith eiopia,a paoeiiiao yeeo aoea oaea ae eiioeaiopaoeiy aeineiaeaeoaaiiai iiepiaeaiaioo. Ipe aeeipenoaiii paoeiiiia ic aiinoii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N? a aiaeiaei eiopia oa iaoie niinoapiaaeinue aipiaiaeia caieueoaiiy, ye iane aiicaea, oae i aaeeeiieiaeiinoi iipinyo. Iana aiicaea a oaeeo aeiaaeeao aoea aieueoith ia 12%, ii aiaeiioaiith aei iaaaoeaiiai, i ia 6,6% aeua, iiae a apoiao, aea ipaoethaaee ieiaeieee iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth. A II napi? aeineiaeia iapaaaaa a aiaeiai/iie apoii neeaaeaea 3,9 oa 4,1% ii aiaeiioaiith aei oaapei II oa III apoi. Iipiaiyiiy iane aiicaea iipinyo ii apoiao iaoie iieacaei,ui o iaoie, yei iaeapaeoaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?, iana aiicaea iipinyo ipe iapiaeaeaiii oaeiae aoea aeua ia 9,7, 4,4, 4,2 oa 4,4% iipiaiyii ic apoiaie iaoie, a paoeiiii yeeo aoei aiaeiiaiaeii 42, 87, 160 oa 200 ia oeeieo/ea N?. Iaeneiaeueia iana aiicaea ipe iapiaeaeaiii 16,6-16,9 ea aoea a apoiao,aea ipaoethaaee ieiaeieee,yei aaeeaaee ii 120ia oeeieo/ea N?, a aiino oeueiai iiepiaeaiaioo a paoeiiiao iaoie a iapiiae noiipiniinoi neeaaeaa 87-120 ia/ea N?. Aiaeiai/iith aoea i aaeeeiieiaeiinoue iipinyo: iaeneiaeueia aeeaa iana 1 aieiae ipeieiaeo aoea o oaapei, yei aaeeaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?,(1,466 ea) a iiiiiaeueia (1,276 ea) ipe iecueeie (40 ia/ea N?) eiioeaiopaoei? iiepiaeaiaioo a paoeiiii. A aeineiaeao anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaiee aieea 120 ia oeeieo/ea N? paoeiiiia aaoueeianueeiai iiaieia'y ia caapaaeaiinoue, aeeao iano iipinyo a 60-aeaiiiio aioei oa oaeaeeinoue ?o ipepinoo. Iecueea eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo (40 ia/ea N?) oa aeniea (200 ia/ea N?) a paoeiiiao paipiaeoeoeaiiai iiaieia'y iaaaoeaii aieeaaea ia oei iieacieee. Iaaaoeaiee aieea aenieeo eiioeaiopaoeie oeeieo (200 ia/ea N?) a paoeiiiao aaoueeia aoa iaio aepaaeaiee, iiae ipe eiai aeaoioeeoi. Iaeapaeaii aeniapeiaioaeueii aeaii naiae/aoue,ui iaeaieueo aoaeoeaiee aieea ia aiaeoaipthaaeueio ooieoeith oaapei (aipiaiaeia caieueoaiiy caieiaeithaaiinoi,iiceoeaiee iapaaia iipiniinoi, caieueoaiiy aaaaoiieiaeiinoi, aaeeeiieiaeiinoi i yeinoue ipeieiaeo) aiaeii/a?oueny o aeiaaeeo, eiee eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo neeaaeaea 120 ia/ea N? paoeiiiia, ye iaoie,oae eiopia. 2.5 Aeiiiii/ia aoaeoeaiinoue paoeiiiia c piciei piaiai oeeieo Aiaeic aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi caiaeiaoaaiiy paoeiiiia c piciei aiinoii oeeieo iieacaa, ui niaiaapoinoue iaeapaeaii? ipiaeoeoei? (ca ipyieie aeopaoaie) aoea nooo?ai ieae/ith ?o paaeicaoeieii? aapoinoi. Aeiiiii/ia aoaeoeaiinoue aeeipenoaiiy 120 ia oeeieo/ea N? aecia/aeanue aenieei noeioethth/ei aieeaii oei?? eiioeaiopaoei? iiepiaeaiaioo ia paipiaeoeoeaii ooieoei? eiopia oa iaoie. Ipe canoinoaaiii oaeiai iipiaoeao oeeieo ipeaooie aiae paaeicaoei? oiiaii? ipiaeoeoei? aoa iaeaieueoei napaae iipiaithaaeueieo apoi i iapaaapooaaa ipeaooie iaeapaeaiee ii apoii iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth ipe caiaeiaoaaiii oeeieo eiopai a 2 pace, a ipe aiaeiaei iipinieo iaoie - ia 13,8%. Aeniiaee 1.Ipe ipaaiicaoei? iiaiioeiiii? aiaeiaei eiopia oa iaoie aaaeeeaei /eiieeii iiiapaeueiiai aeeaeaiiy ? aaeainoaaiiy paoeiiiia ca oeeieii, iipie yeiai iiopaaothoue aeniapeiaioaeueiiai ooi/iaiiy. 2.Ipe caiaeiaoaaiii a caeeth/iee iapiiae iiniaoaeueiiai pinoo ieiaeieeai paoeiiiia c piciei piaiai oeeieo anoaiiaeaii eiai iiceoeaiee aieea ia aaaiaee pino oa oipioaaiiy aenoap'?po.Iaeneiaeueii noeioethth/ee aieea oeeieo ia caieueoaiiy iane eiopia (ia 25,1%, iipiaiyii c iaaaoeaiei eiiopieai oa ia 6,5%, iipiaiyii c iiceoeaiei eiiopieai) aeyaeaii ipe caiaeiaoaaiii 120 ia iiepiaeaiaioo/ea N?, a ia oipioaaiiy aenoap'?po 87-120 ia/ea N?. 3.Iiae aieeaii oeeieo a eiioeaiopaoei? 120 ia/ea N? aipiaiaeii caieueoo?oueny iapaopaaiinoue ipaaii/ieo pa/iaei paoeiiio,a iniiaiiio ca paooiie iiaeaeuaiiy iapaopaaiinoi aeepo,ipioa?io i eeioeiaeie,ui caaacia/o? ia 5-10% aieueoa iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aei ipaaiicio iaiiiii? aiapai?. Iecueei (40 ia/ea N?) oa aeniei (200 ia/ea N?) eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo ia nipeythoue iiaeaeuaiith iapaopaaiinoi iiaeeaieo pa/iaei, a ipe aiinoi 200 ia oeeieo/ea N? niinoapiaa?oueny eiai iiaiaipoth/ee aieea ia ipioean iapaopaaeaiiy eeioeiaeie oa aacacioenoeo aenopaeoeaieo pa/iaei. 4.C iiaeaeuaiiyi eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiii aei 120-160 ia/ea N? ciaioothoueny aopaoe acioo c na/ath i iiaeaeuo?oueny eiai paoaioeiy. 5.?iaaiue oeeieo a paoeiiiao eiopia-ieiaeieeia nooo?ai aieeaa? ia ?o niapiiipiaeoeoeith: iiaeaeuaiiy piaiy oeueiai iiepiaeaiaioo aei 120-160 ia/ea N? nipey? caieueoaiith ia'?io ayeoeyoo, eiioeaiopaoei? i eieueeinoi niapii?a a iueiio, a ipe eiioeaiopaoei? 87 -120 ia/ea N? iiaeaeuo? oaeiae ?o aeoeaiinoue i aeaeeaa?iinoue. Iaeneiaeueio niapiiipiaeoeoeith aoei iopeiaii aiae ieiaeieeia ipe caiaeiaoaaiii paoeiiiia c aiinoii 120 ia oeeieo a 1ea N?. Ia anoaiiaeaii aieeao oeeieo a paoeiiiao eiopia ia eiioeaiopaoeith aiaeiaaeo eiiia (pI) ayeoeyoo. 6.Aeiaainopieiaa iioaineaia aeeipenoaiiy ieiaeieeia c aenieith ipiaeoeoeaiinoth iiopaao? iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy ?o ipepiaeii? pacenoaioiinoi. 7.Aiino oeeieo a paoeiiiao ieiaeieeia i iipinieo iaoie aieeaa? ia aiaeoaipthaaeueio caeaoiinoue i yeinoue ipeieiaeo: - ipe iecueeie eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo (40 ia/ea N?) a paoeiiiao eiopia oa iaoie ciaioo?oueny caieiaeiaiinoue,aaaaoiieiaeiinoue oa iiei/iinoue iaoie i iana aiicaea iipinyo ipe iapiaeaeaiii,oaeaeeinoue ipepinoo oa caapaaeaiinoue ipeieiaeo aei 2-o iiny/iiai aieo. Iaaaoeaiee aieea aeniei? eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao aaoueeianeiai iiaieia'y ia oei iieacieee ? iaio aepaaeaiei, iiae eiai aeaoioeeo; - iaeaieueo aoaeoeaiee aieea ia aiaeoaipthaaeueio caeaoiinoue iiaeaeineiaeieo oaapei (iiaeaeuaiiy caieiaeithaaiinoi,caieueoaiiy aaeeeiieiaeiinoi) ia? oeeie a eiioeaiopaoei? 120 ia ia 1ea nooeo pa/iaei a paoeiiii eiopia oa iaoie. 8.Ipe canoinoaaiii aiinoo 120 ia oeeieo/ea N? paoeiiiia eiopia oiiaiee ipeaooie aiae paaeicaoei? ?o niapiiipiaeoeoei? iapaaapoo? oeae iieaciee o oaapei iiceoeaiiai eiiopieth o 2 pace,a ipe aiaeiaei iaoie paoeiiiaie c aiaeiai/iei piaiai iiepiaeaiaioo oiiaiee ipeaooie aiae paaeicaoei? iipinyo ia 13,8% aieueoee,iiae ipe ?o aiaeiaei ca iipiaie AANAIIE. 9.Aeoiaey/e ic aieeao oeeieo ia ipaaiici oa ipiaeoeoeaiinoue aaoueeianueeiai iiaieia'y oa aeiiiii/ieo iieacieeia aeeipenoaiiy aeiaaaie nip/aiieeneiai oeeieo aei paoeiiiia, neiae aaaaeaoe,ui 120 ia oeeieo/ea N? ? iaeaieueo aoaeoeaiith eiai eiioeaiopaoei?th a paoeiiiao eiopia oa iipinieo iaoie, ui ? iiaenoaaith aaaaeaoe oeth eiioeaiopaoeith ca ooi/iaio iipio oeueiai iiepiaeaiaioo a ?o paoeiiiao. Ipiiiceoei? aepiaieoeoao A ainiiaeapnoaao ii aepiaieoeoao naeieie c iaoith noeioeyoei? aiaeoaipthaaeueii? caeaoiinoi i iiaeaeuaiiy ipiaeoeoeaiinoi eiopia oa iipinieo iaoie paeiiaiaeo?oueny caiaeiaoaaoe ?i iiaiioeiiii ca iiaeeaiinoth paoeiiie c aiinoii oeeieo 120 ia/ea N?. Iaaeinoaoiie aei paeiiaiaeiaaii? iipie aiino oeeieo ipiiiio?oueny eiiiainoaaoe aeiaaaeaie niei oeueiai iiepiaeaiaioo a neeaaei picpiaeaii? iiiapaeueii-aioaiiiii? aeiaaaee (iaoaio ia aeiaoiae ca N 21545 A aiae 16.12.1997p). Iiiinoapnoao AIE ipe picpiaoei paeiiaiaeaoeie ii aiaeiaei aeipineeo eiopia oa naeiiiaoie,paoeaioia eiiaieipiia,eipiiaeo aeiaaaie i ipaiienia apaoiaoaaoe iaapoioiaaii iaie eipaeoeae iipioaaiiy aiinoo oeeieo a nooie pa/iaeii. Nienie iioaeieiaaieo piaio 1. *aeue A.E.,Oaaeioia E.A.,Aaceaa A.I. Ea/anoai ipeieiaea a caaeneiinoe io opiaiy oeeiea a paoeeiia noiipinieo iaoie // Oac.aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoiap.iao/ii-ipaeoe/.eiioapaioeee / Oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aepiaieoeoaa oa iieiioaiiy yeinoi naeieie. Oapeia.-1995.- N.92-93. 2. *aeue A.E. ?ieue oeeiea a eipieaiee ainipiecaiaeyuaai iiaieiauey naeiae // Aaiioiiae iipiae aeeaioiuo e iaoiaeu aai eniieueciaaiey.- Oapueeia.-1995.- N.97 3. *aeue A.E.,Oaaeioia E.A. Yooaeoeaiua paoeeiiu aeey opyeia-ipiecaiaeeoaeae. Eioipiaoeeiiiue eenoie.EE.N8-95.Oapueeia. 4. Oaaeioia E.A.,Neipyoeia A.E.,Aaceaa A.I.,Aapanoiaay E.A.,Epaiaa A.A., *aeue A.E. Ipaaiecaoeey iieiioeaiiiai eipieaiey – paoathuee oaeoip iiauoaiey ipiaeoeoeaiinoe naeiae //Caipiee iaoeiaeo ipaoeue.Aei. XXXIX.Oapeia.-1996.-N.-73-77. 5. *aeee I.I.,Aaci?a A.I., Oaaeioia I.A. Niinia aiaeiaei naeiae. Iaoaio ia aeiaoiae ca N 21545 A aiae 16.12.1997p. 6. *aeue A.E., Oaaeioia E.A. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa paoeeiiia opyeia-ipiecaiaeeoaeae // Oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi aepiaieoeoaa eipiia.- Oapeia.-1998.- N.96 7. *aeee I.I., Aieea picii? eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao eiopia-ieiaeieeia ia ?o eiiieiee pino oa oipioaaiiy aenoap'?po // Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee atheeaoaiue EAE OAAI N 73.- Oapeia.- 1998.-N.72-76. 8. *aeee I.I. Iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo pa/iaei eiopaie-ieiaeieeaie ipe caiaeiaoaaiii paoeiiiia ic piciith eiioeaiopaoei?th oeeieo // Iaoeiai-oaoii/iee atheaoaiue IO OAAI N 74.- Oapeia.-1998.-N.67-70. 9. *aeee I.I Aieea picii? eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao eiopia-ieiaeieeia oa naeiiiaoie ia ?o aiaeoaipthaaeueio caeaoiinoue // Caipiee iaoeiaeo ipaoeue / Ipiaeaie ciiiiaeaiapi? oa aaoapeiapii? iaaeeoeeie. Aeione 4. Oapeia.-1998.-N.30-34. *aeee I.I.Aoaeoeaiinoue picieo eiioeaiopaoeie oeeieo a paoeiiiao eiopia-ieiaeieeia i naeiiiaoie.- ?oeiien. Aeenapoaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 06.02.02 - aiaeiaey oaapei i oaoiieiaiy eipiia.Iinoeooo oaapeiieoeoaa OAAI.Oapeia.1999. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aoaeoeaiee aieea ia paipiaeoeoeaio caeaoiinoue i ipiaeoeoeaiinoue eiopia oa iaoie ia? oeeie a eiioeaiopaoei? 120 ia/ea nooeo pa/iaei a paoeiiiao,caaeainiaaieo ca aniia iiaeeaieie pa/iaeiaie. Aeeeaaeaii iaoapiae ii aieeao picieo eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo (40, 87, 120, 160 i 200 ia/ea N?) ia niiaeeaaiiy i iapaopaaeaiiy iiaeeaieo pa/iaei,caaacia/aiinoue aiapai?th,aaeain acioo,noai caeipia'y, ipioeane pinoo,niapiiipiaeoeoeith,caieiaeithth/o caeaoiinoue eiopia-ieiaeieeia,aaaaoi- oa aaeeeiieiaeiinoue iaoie i yeinoue ?o iioiinoaa. Eeth/iai neiaa: eiope, naeiiiaoee, oeeie, iipioaaiiy, iapaopaaiinoue, niapiiipiaeoeoeiy, aaaaoiieiaeiinoue, aaeeeiieiaeiinoue, pino. *aeue A.E. Aooaeoeaiinoue paciuo eiioeaiopaoeee oeeiea a paoeeiiao opyeia-ipiecaiaeeoaeae e naeiiiaoie.- ?oeiienue. Aeennapoaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.02.02 - eipieaiea aeeaioiuo e oaoiieiaey eipiia. Einoeooo aeeaioiiaiaenoaa OAAI. Oapueeia.1999. Oepieee aeeaiacii iipiepiaaiey oeeiea (io 40 aei 150 ia/ea NA paoeeiiia piaeeoaeueneiai iiaieiauey naeiae) e iiiaiooieoeeiiaeueiia aeeyiea aeaiiiai ieepiyeaiaioa ia ipaaieci iineoaeeee iniiaaieai aeey auyniaiey aeeyiey 40,87,120,160 e 200 ia oeeiea/ea NA paoeeiiia ia oicyenoaaiii-iieaciua ea/anoaa opyeia-ipiecaiaeeoaeae e noiipiniuo iaoie n oeaeueth ooi/iaiey iipi ieepiaeaiaioa.A aeieainpi/iuo 17-iany/iuo iiuoao ia 5 opyeao-ipiecaiaeeoaeyo a eaaeaeie apoiia eco/aee aeeyiea oeacaiiuo eiioeaiopaoeee oeeiea ia iiopaaeaiea eipia,iapaaapeiinoue ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa,eniieueciaaiea acioa, aaniaie e eeiaeiue pino,ninoiyiea caeipiauey e niapiiipiaeoeoeeth (iauai yyeoeyoa,eiioeaiopaoeeth e eiee/anoai niapieaa, eo aeoeaiinoue e auaeeaaaiinoue). Niapiie opyeia eaaeaeie apoiiu auei inaiaiaii ii 5 apoii iaoie (20-22 aieiau a eaaeaeie),eioipui a iapeiae noiipiniinoe neapieeaaee paoeeiiu n auoa oeacaiiuie eiioeaiopaoeeyie oeeiea.A iiuoao ia naeiiiao- eao enneaaeiaaee aeeyiea paciuo eiioeaiopaoeee oeeiea ia iiiaiieiaeea, epoiiiieiaeiinoue,niopaiiinoue e ipepino ipeieiaea aei 2-o iany/iiai aicpanoa.A paaioa aeaia ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe neapieeaaiey paoeeiiia n enneaaeoaiuie eiioeaiopaoeeyie oeeiea. Aiaeec iieo/aiiuo iaoapeaeia iieacae,/oi neapieeaaiea aeiaaaie napiieeneiai oeeiea ieacaei iieiaeeoaeueiia aeeyiea ia aaniaie pino e oipiepiaaiea yenoapueapa ipiecaiaeeoaeae. Iaeneiaeueiia noeioeepothuaa aeeyiea ia oaaee/aiea iannu opyeia auyaeaii ipe neapieeaaiee paoeeiiia,a eioipuo oeeie niaeapaeaeny a eiioeaiopaoeee 120 ia/ea NA. Iiae aeeyieai neapieeaaiey 120 ia oeeiea/ea NA iiauneeanue iapaaapeiinoue IA, a iniiaiii,ca n/ao oaaee/aiey iapaaapeiinoe aeepa,ipioaeia e eeao/aoee. Opiaaiue oeeiea a paoeeiia ipiecaiaeeoaeae nouanoaaii aeeyao ia eo niapiiipiaeoeoeeth; ipe eiioeaiopaoeee ieepiaeaiaioa 120-160 ia/ea NA aeinoiaapii (p < 0,001) oaaee/eaaaony iauai yyeoeyoa,eiee/anoai e eiioeaiopaoeey niapieaa,a ipe eiioeaiopaoeee oeeiea 87-120 ia/ea NA iiauoaaony eo aeoeaiinoue e auaeeaaaiinoue. Iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiia aeeyiea ia ainipiecaiaeeoaeueioth niiniaiinoue iaoie ieacae oeeie a eiioeaiopaoeee 120 ia/ea NA paoeeiia (oaaee/aiea iieiaeioaipyaiinoe,iiiaiieiaeey e epoiiiieiaeiinoe). Ipeaueue io oneiaiie paaeecaoeee niapiiipiaeoeoeee opyeia, iiopaaeyaoeo 120 ia oeeiea/ea NA ipaauoaao yoio iieacaoaeue a apoiia,iieo/aaoee oeeie ii iipiai AANOIEE, a 2 paca. Ipe eipieaiee iaoie paoeeiiaie n niaeapaeaieai 120 ia oeeiea/ea NA ipeaueue io oneiaiie paaeecaoeee ipeieiaea auea ia 13,8% aieueoae,/ai ipe neapieeaaiee 87 ia oeeiea/ea NA paoeeiia,ii iauaipeciaiiui iipiai. Enoiaey ec eceiaeaiiiai naeaeai auaiae,/oi a paoeeiiao piaeeoaeueneiai iiaieiauey naeiae 120 ia oeeiea/ea NA yaeyaony, npaaee eco/aiiuo, naiie aooaeoeaiie eiioeaiopaoeeae ieepiyeaiaioa e iiaeao panniaopeaaoueny eae ooi/iaiiue iipiaoea oeeiea a ieoaiee opyeia e noiipiniuo iaoie. Eeth/aaua neiaa: opyee, naeiiiaoee, oeeie, iipiepiaaiea, iapaaapeiinoue, niapiiipiaeoeoeey, iiiaiieiaeea, epoiiiieiaeiinoue, pino. Chaly O.I. Efficacy of various zinc concentrations in boar sire and sow diets.- Manuscript. Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Agriculture) in speciality 06.02.02 - animal feeding and feed production technology.Institute of Animal Science of the UAAS, Kharkiv.1999. It has been established that zinc in concentration of 120 mg/kg of dry matter in diets balanced in all nutrients has a positive effect on reproductive ability and production of boars and sows. Information on the effect of various zinc concentrations (40, 87, 120, 160 and 200 mg/kg DM) on intake and digestion of nutrients, energy supply, nitrogen balance,health, growth processes,semen production, fertilizing ability of boars, sow multiparity and large-size progeny, progeny quality has been presented. Key words: boars, sows, zinc, allowances, digestibility,semen production, multiparity, large-size progeny, growth. A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione A.?.Aii?aee I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 26.01.1999 ?. Ianya 1.0 ae.a. Oe?aae 100 i?ei??i. Caiiaeaiiy ? 30 Ae?eyiea iia?aoeaiiai ae?oeo ?inoeoooo oaa?eiieoeoaa OAAI. 312120, i. Oa?e?a, i/a Eoeeie/?.

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