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Ефективність різних концентрацій цинку в раціонах кнурів-плідників і свиноматок: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г. наук / О.І. Чалий, УААН. Ін-т тваринництв

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17

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAIIss AA?A?IEO IAOE

IINOEOOO OAA?EIIEOeOAA

*AEEE IEAENAIAe? IAAIIAE*

OAeE 636.4.084.087.72:636.082

AOAEOEAIINOUe ?ICIEO EIIOeAIO?AOeIE OeEIEO A ?AOeIIIAO

EIO?IA-IEIAeIEEIA I NAEIIIAOIE

06.02.02 – aiaeiaey oaapei i oaoiieiaiy eipiia

Aaoipaoapao aeenapoaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo iaoe

OA?EIA, 1999

Aeenapoaoeiy ? poeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iinoeoooi oaapeiieoeoaa Oepa?inueei? aeaaeaii?

aapapieo iaoe (IO OAAI)

Iaoeiaee eapiaiee: eaiaeeaeao nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo

iaoe,caa.aiaeaeieii naeiapnoaa IO
OAAI

OAAeIOIA IAAI AAA?EEIAE*

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoip nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo iaoe

Aii?aee Aieoip Iaaiiae/, caaiaeoth/ee aiaeaeieii

oaoiieiai? aepiaieoeoaa,caaioiaei,caapiaaiiy oa

aeeipenoaiiy eipiia Iinoeoooo oaapeiieoeoaa OAAI

eaiaeeaeao nieuenueeiainiiaeapnueeeo iaoe

Iaai/aiei Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/, caaiaeoth/ee eaoaaepith

aiaeiaei oaapei Oapeianueeiai ciiaaoapeiapiiai

iinoeoooo Iii.AIE.

Ipiaiaeia onoaiiaa: Iinoeooo naeiapnoaa OAAI. i Iieoaaa

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “23” aapaciy 1999 pieo i 10 aiaeeii

ia caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? paaee Ae.65.356.02 ipe

Iinoeoooi oaapeiieoeoaa OAAI (312120,Oapeia, i/a Eoeeie/i)

C aeenapoaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iinoeoooo

oaapeiieoeoaa OAAI (312120,Oapeia, i/a Eoeeie/i)

Aaoipaoapao picineaii “16” ethoiai 1999 pieo

A/aiee naepaoap

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? paaee,

eaiaeeaeao aiieiai/ieo iaoe Ni?aop O.I.1. CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

1.1. Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Ipaoeyie I.I.Aieiap, 1960.,
A.I.Aaipai?anueeiai,1979., A.O.Eeioeaiei, 1975., I.K.Miller,1967, oa
iioeie iieacaii, ui oeeie iaeaaeeoue aei aeeoo?aiiaiaoiaeieo
iiepiaeaiaioia c aaaaoiooieoeiiiaeueiei aieeaii ia ipaaiici, aeeth/ath/e
ooieoei? aiaeoaipaiiy.

Inioth/i iipie oeeieo a paoeiiiao aeipineeo naeiae iathoue oepieee
aeiaiacii i ?o ooi/iaiiy, ca aei?th aeaiiai iiepiaeaiaioo ia
ainiiaeapnueei-eipenii aeanoeainoi oaapei,iiopaao? aeniapeiaioaeueiiai
aepioaiiy.

1.2. Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiue. Iaoith aeineiaeieoeueei?
piaioe aoei anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi picieo eiioeaiopaoeie oeeieo a
nooie pa/iaeii paoeiiiia eiopia-ieiaeieeia oa iipinieo iaoie ca ?o
aieeaii ia aieiaii ainiiaeapnueei-eipenii yeinoi.

Aeniapeiaioaeueiei oeyoii aepiooaaeenue caaea/i ii aecia/aiith
aieeao oeeieo ia:

– aoaeoeaiinoue aeeipenoaiiy eipiia (niiaeeaaiiy,iapaopaaiinoue ii-

aeeaieo pa/iaei, aiapaicaaacia/aiinoue oa aeeipenoaiiy acioo),

– pino, noai caeipia’y,niapiiipiaeoeoeith eiopia-ieiaeieeia,

– aaaaoiieiaeiinoue iaoie,aaeeeiieiaeiinoue,caapaaeaiinoue oa ipepino

ipeieiaeo aei 2-o iiny/iiai aieo;

– ioeiiea aeiiiii/ii? aoaeoeaiinoi aeineiaeaeoaaieo eiioeaiopaoeie
iiepiaeaiaioa oa ooi/iaiiy eiai iipi a paoeiiiao eiopia-ieiaeieeia oa
iipinieo iaoie.

1.3. Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoaoia. A pacoeueoaoi
ipi-

aaaeaii? piaioe anoaiiaeaii:

1) iecueea (40 ia/ea N?) eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo a paoeiiiao
aiaeoaipthaaeueiiai iiaieia’y ia noeioeth? ?o ipiaeoeoeaiinoue,a aeniea
eiioeaiopaoeiy iiepiaeaiaioo (200 ia/ea N?) ? iaei aoaeoeaia.

2) eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo 120 ia/ea N? aeyaeeanue iipiaiyii iaeaieueo
aoaeoeaiith ii noeioethth/iio aieeao ia niapiiipiaeoeoeith
ieiaeieeia,iiceoeaii aieeaaea ia ipiaeoeoeaiinoue iaoie i ? aaaeaiith a
paoeiiiao oeeo apoi oaapei. Aeacaia eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo a paoeiiiao
aiaeoaipthaaeueiiai iiaieia’y aeua ca paeiiaiaeiaaio paiioa
(?.I.Iaeeiaoeue,1973, AANAIiE, 1985, I.O.Iicaepii,1991) i ooi/ith? iipie
oeueiai iiepiaeaiaioo a paoeiiiao eiopia oa iaoie.

Ia picpiaeo aeiaaaie oeeieo aei paoeiiiia aoa iopeiaiiee iaoaio ia
aeiaoiae “Niinia aiaeiaei naeiae” ca N 21545 A.

1.4. Ipaeoe/ia cia/aiiy i paaeicaoeiy iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiue. A aeiaainopieiaeo aeineiaeao ia ieiaeieeao oa
naeiiiaoeao aecia/aii aoaeoeaiee aiino oeeieo a ?o paoeiiiao,ui ooi/ith?
eiai iipioaaiiy oa aeicaiey? aeeipenoiaoaaoe a ipaeoeoei noeioethth/ee
aieea aeaiiai iiepiaeaiaioo ia iaiii pa/iaei, eieueeinii oa yeinii
iieacieee niapiiipiaeoeoei? eiopia, ipiaeoeoeaiinoue naeiiiaoie. A onio
ainiiaeapnoaao aea ? aaeocue naeiapnoaa, a oaeiae ia iiaeipe?inoaao
eiiaieipiiai? ipiieneiainoi ipe aeaioiaeaiii ipaiienia, aeiaaaie, /e
iiaiipaoeiiiieo eiiaieipiia ? iiaeeeainoue canoiniaoaaoe oeeie o
anoaiiaeaiie eiioeaiopaoei?, ui aeicaieeoue iiaeaeueoe ipiaeoeoeaiinoue
aaeoci naeiapnoaa a oeieiio ii Oepa?ii.

?acoeueoaoe piaioe aipiaaaeaeaii a Neiaiaeainueeiio paaeainii –
eiiaiiaoi ia iiaieia’? eiopia-ieiaeieeia.

1.5. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeenapoaoeieia piaioa aeeiiaia
a eaaipaoipi? aiaeiaei naeiae IO OAAI naiinoieii. Aiaeioe/ii piaioe ii
aecia/aiith oiii/iiai neeaaeo eipiia ipiaaaeaii a eaaipaoipi? ioeiiee
yeinoi eipiia,a iieacieeia ipepiaeii? pacenoaioiinoi (ye i ?o
iioapipaoaoeiy)- noiinii ic niiapiaioieeaie eaaipaoipi? oiciieiai? i
aiioiii? n/a oaapei IO OAAI.

1.6. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy,yei aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. C /enea
iaoapiaeia, iaeapaeaieo a ipioeani aeineiaeaeaiue, ia ipeethaeiee caoeno
aeiinyoueny oaei iieiaeaiiy:

– anoaiiaeaia aoaeoeaia eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo (120 ia/ea N?) a
paoeiiiao eiopia oa iipinieo naeiiiaoie ii ?? aei? ia ainiiaeapnueei-
eipenii yeinoi oeeo oaapei,

– aea/aiiy caeiiiiipiinoae aieeao picieo eiioeaiopaoeie oeeieo a
paoeiiiao aiaeoaipthaaeueiiai iiaieia’y ia iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo
pa/iaei, aaeain acioo, niapiiipiaeoeoeith, caieiaeithaaeueio caeaoiinoue
eiopia, aaaaoi- i aaeeeiieiaeiinoue iaoie oa yeinoue ?o iioiinoaa.

1.7. Aipiaaoeiy pacoeueoaoia aeenapoaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe piaioe
aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia:

– a/aiie ?aaei IO OAAI a 1991-1995 p.,i.Oapeia;

– Iiaeiapiaeieo iaoeiai-ipaeoe/ieo eiioapaioeiyo: ipenay/aiie
ieoaiiyi oaoiieiai?, aaiaoeee, oopeiaiiy, aiaeiaei naeiae.- 1994.-
Oapeia; “Ueyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aepiaieoeoaa oa iieiioaiiy yeinoi naeieie”.-
1995.- Oapeia; “Aaiioiiae iipiae oaapei oa iaoiaee eiai aeeipenoaiiy”.-
1995.- Oapeia; “Oeyoe iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi aeeipenoaiiy eipiia”.-
1998.- Oapeia; iaoeiaie eiioapaioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo IO OAAI.-1998.-
Oapeia.

1.8. Ioaeieaoeiy pacoeueoaoia piaioe. Iniiaii pacoeueoaoe
aeineiaeaeaiue iioaeieiaaii a 4 noaooyo, 3 oacao aeiiiaiaeae, 1 iaoaioi
ia aeiaoiae, oa 1 iioipiaoeieiiio eenoi.

1.9. Nopoeoopa oa ianya aeenapoaoei?. Aeenapoaoeiy neeaaea?oueny
ic anooio,iaeyaeo eioapaoope, iaoiaeeee aeineiaeaeaiue,pacoeueoaoia
aeineiaeaeaiue, iaaiaipaiiy aeeipenoaieo a piaioi iaoiaee/ieo iiaeoiaeia
oa iaeapaeaieo pacoeueoaoia, aeniiaeia, ipiiiceoeie aepiaieoeoao.
?oeiien iaaepoeiaaii ia 134 noipiieao,aiiuo? 61 oaaeeoeth.Nienie
eioapaoope neeaaea?oueny ic 263 aeaeapae,o oiio /enei 50 capoaiaeieo.

2. Iniiaiee ciino

2.1. Iaoiaeeea piaioe

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe i aepioaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ a
ae/a IO OAAI “Oepa?iea” ia naeiyo aaeeei? aiei? iipiaee aoei ipiaaaeaii
aeai napi? aeineiaeia.

Aeey aeineiaeia ia ieiaeieeao aiaeaepaee 12 iiny/ieo oaapei. A
eiaeiie ic napie aoei noipiiaaii ii 3 apoie eiopia,ii 5 aieia o eiaeiie.
A iaio napiyo aoa 30-aeaiiee iiiapaaeiie oa 17-iiny/iee iniiaiee
iapiiaee.

Iiney 4-o iiny/iiai iniiaiiai iapiiaeo niapiith eiopia eiaeii?
apoie iniiaiyee ii 5 apoi naeiiiaoie (20-22 aieiae a eiaeiie ic
napaaeiueith aeeaith ianith 230 ea).

Iniiaii paoeiiie (I?) eiopia anio apoi a iaio napiyo aoee
iaeeiaeiaeie i neeaaeaeeny c iaeiiai e oiai ae eiiaieipio, aiaeaieie
iieiea oa iiiapaeueii-aioaiiiii? aeiaaaee. ?aoeiiie anio apoi iaoie oaae
aoee iaeeiaeiaeie, ipioa eiiaieipi aeey iaoie aoa ca neeaaeii aeaui
iioee, iiae aeey eiopia. Aeey eiaeii? noaoaai? apoie paoeiiie aoee
iciaiapaaoe/ieie i ca aniia iiaeeaieie pa/iaeiaie, aeeeth/ath/e oeeie,
aiaeiiaiaeaee iipiai AANAIIE,1985.

Oeeie a paoeiiiao iiaeaeineiaeieo apoi iipioaaee aiaeiiaiaeii aei
noaie aeineiaeia:

Noaia aeineiaeia

ApoiaEiope-ieiaeieee

(5 aieia o apoii)Iipinii naeiiiaoee

(20-22 aieiae o apoii)eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo,ia/ea N?Eeieue-einoue
apoiEiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo,ia/ea N?Ca
paooiie:AnueiaiApoiaI?ZnSO4IIIIIIIVVI capiy
aeineiaeia140–4054287120160200240478754287120160200340801205428712016020
0II napiy
aeineiaeia14080120542871201602002401201605428712016020034016020054287120
160200

A 1 ea N? I? eiopia 1 apoie iinoeeinue 40 ia oeeieo, a eipiao I?
iaoie- 42 ia.Caieaiiaaio eiioeaiopaoeith aeineiaeaeoaaiiai iiepiaeaiaioo
a N? paoeiiiia oaapei iioeo apoi noaipthaaee ca paooiie aeiaaaie aei I?
nip/aiieeneiai oeeieo.

Ipi caaacia/aiinoue iiaeaeineiaeieo oaapei oeeieii naiae/aoue
aeaii oaaeeoei 1 oa 2.

I apoio, a yeie oaapeie iaeapaeoaaee paoeiiie c aiinoii oeeieo
ieae/ei ca iipie AANAIIE, picaeyaeaee ye iaaaoeaiee, a II apoio, aea
eiioeaiopaoeiy iiepiaeaiaioo aiaeiiaiaeaea oeei iipiai, ye iiceoeaiee
eiiopieue, a aeineiaeieo apoiao eiioeaiopaoeiy oeeieo a N? aoea a 1,3,
1,8 oa 2,3 pace aieueoith ca eiai eiioeaiopaoeith a paoeiiiao
iiceoeaiiai eiiopiey.

Oaaeeoey 1

Caaacia/aiinoue iiaeaeineiaeieo eiopia-ieiaeieeia oeeieii

IieacieeeI napiy aeineiaeiaII napiy aeineiaeiaApoieIIIIIIIIIIIIZn I?
ia/aie/aeaiue130,8130,8134,0125,2123,6124,0ZnSO4
ia/aie/aeaiue–684,71206,61124,91656,12223,0Oeeie ca paooiie aei- aaaee,
ia/aie/aeaiue–153,4270,3252,0371,0498,0Iaaeieoei oeeieo
anueiaiia/aie/aeaiue130,8284,2404,3377,2494,6622,0ia/ea
N?4087120120160200ia/ea W0,752,144,506,346,017,8710,09Iiopiaii oeeieo ca
iipiaie AANAIIE,ia284,4284,4291,4272,3268,8269,7Oaeoe/iee aiino Zn, %
aei iipi AANAIIE45,9100,0137,9137,9183,9229,9

Oaaeeoey 2

Aiino oeeieo a paoeiiiao iipinieo naeiiiaoie

Aiino N? a paoeiiii, eaEiioeai- opaoeiy oeeieo, ia/ea N?Iaaeieoei
oeeieo,ia ia aieiao a aeaiueA oii /enei,iaIaaeieoei, oeeieo,% ii
aiaeiioaiith aei iipiCa paooiie eipiia iniia- iiai paoeiiioCa paooiie
aeiaaaie
ZnSO2,6242110,0110,0–48,22,6487230,9110,8120,1100,02,66120319,9111,7208,
2137,92,63160422,0110,4311,6183,22,64200530,2110,8419,4229,9

Niiaeeaaiiy eipiia eiopaie aecia/aee ca uiaeaiiith ?o oaeoe/iith
ii?aea?iinoth. Eiaeio iapoith eiiaieipiia aiaeicoaaee ia aiino iiaeeaieo
pa/iaei ca caaaeueiiipeeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie.

Iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo pa/iaei i aaeain acioo ioeiithaaee a
iaiiiieo aeineiaeao, yei ipiaiaeeee ia 220-260 aeaiue iniiaiiai
aeineiaeiiai iapiiaeo ia 3-o eiopao c eiaeii? apoie ia ipioyci
5-aeaiiiai iiiapaaeiueiai oa 7-aeaiiiai aeineiaeiiai iapiiaeia.

?ino iiaeaeineiaeieo oaapei aea/aee oeyoii aecia/aiiy aeeiaiiee ?o
aeeai? iane, aaniethoiiai i aiaeiiniiai ipepinoo, ciii eiiieieo piciipia
oa iiaeaenia aoaeiae oiea.

Noai caeipia’y oaapei ioeiithaaee ca ?o ciaiioiii aeaeyaeii, ii
niiaeeaaiith eipiia, noaoaaie aeoeaiinoi. A 12, 21 oa 28- iiny/iiio
aioei aiaeicoaaee noai ipepiaeii? pacenoaioiinoi eiopia.

Niapiiipiaeoeoeith ieiaeieeia ioeiithaaee ca ia’?iii
ayeoeyoo,eieueeinoth i eiioeaiopaoei?th noaoaaeo eeioei a iueiio,
aeoeaiinoth i aeaeeaa?iinoth niapii?a. Caeaaeiinoue oeeo iieacieeia aiae
eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao eiopia aecia/aee ca eiaoioei?ioaie
iapieo eipaeyoeie.

Aieea picii? eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao iipinieo iaoie
ioeiithaaee ca noaiii ?o caeipia’y, opeaaeinoi iipiniinoi,
aaaaoiieiaeiinoi oa aaeeeiieiaeiinoi, ipineiaeaeoaaee caapaaeaiinoue oa
pino ipeieiaeo aei 60-aeaiiiai aieo. A piaioi aecia/aee aieea ia yeinoue
ipeieiaeo ye eiopia oae i iaoie, oa aecia/aee epaui ?o ii?aeioaaiiy.

Aeiiiii/io aoaeoeaiinoue caiaeiaoaaiiy paoeiiiia c piciith
eiioeaiopaoei?th oeeieo ioeiithaaee ca caaaeueiiipeeiyoeie iaoiaeaie,
oeyoii picpaooieo oiiaiiai ipeaooeo i niaiaapoinoi ca ipyieie aeopaoaie.

Iaeapaeaii aeniapeiaioaeueii aeaii iapiaeaii ca iaoiaeaie
noaoenoe/iiai aiaeico.

2.2. Aieea picii? eiioeaiopaoei? oeeieo a paoeiiiao ieiaeieeia ia
niiaeeaaiiy eipiia, iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo pa/iaei oa aaeain acioo

Ipe caiaeiaoaaiii iaeeiaeiaeo ca eieueeinoth oa neeaaeii paoeiiiia,
eiope, yei aaeeaaee ii 120 ia oeeieo/ea N?, ca paooiie caieueoaii?
ii?aea?iinoi niiaeeaaee ia 2,6 (I napiy) -1,2 (II napiy) % aieueoa nooeo
pa/iaei, iiae oaapeie iioeo apoi eiaeii? napi?.

Iapaopaaiinoue iiaeeaieo pa/iaei paoeiiiia ieiaeieeaie anio apoi
aoea aeinoaoiuei aenieith: ei?oioei?ioe iapaopaaiinoi ipaaii/ieo pa/iaei
aoee a iioapaaei 86-90%, ipioa?io 83-88%, A?? 92-95%. Iapaopaaiinoue
aeepo i eeioeiaeie aoea iipiaiyii ieae/a i oapaeoapecoaaeanue aieueoith
iiieeainoth: eiaoioei?io iapaopaaiinoi aeepo eieeaaany aiae 56 aei 79%,
a eeioeiaeie aiae 24 aei 51%. Iapaopaaiinoue nepiai aeepo i ipioa?io ipe
aenieeo eiioeaiopaoeiyo oeeieo a paoeiiiao ieiaeieeia II napi?
aeineiaeia aoea aipiaiaeii (p

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