Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

IE?IIIA Aeieo?i Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 66.074.37

Aoaeoeaia I*EUAIIss aac?a, ye? a?aeoiaeyoue, Oaieiaia?aaoe/ieo nenoai
A?Ae Ae?IENEAeO n??ee

05.14.04 — i?iieneiaa oaieiaia?aaoeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

IAeANA — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaoiieia?? iai?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IEOAEEAIEI Aaiaae?e Aai?a?eiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oaoiieia??

iai?aai?/ieo ?a/iaei Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ioi?iie i?aoe? oa

aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? Iaeanueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

AIAOINUeEEE A?eoi? Aeieo?iae/;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith iiaeaiiy, aaioeeyoe??

oa ioi?iie i?aoe? Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii?

aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e

NOIssIIA Ieeiea ?ee?/.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: ?inoeooo Aaco Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe

Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e caoenoo aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 25 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.052.04 a Iaeanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 270044, i.
Iaeana, i?. Oaa/aiea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 270044, i.
Iaeana, i?. Oaa/aiea, 1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 25 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oiaei?oeaa TH. E.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea Aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Caa?oaeiaiiy aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y ? iaei??th ?c
iniiaieo i?e/ei ii?ooaiiy aeieia?/ii? ??aiiaaae ?, ye iane?aeie,
aeieeiaiiy e?eciaeo aeieia?/ieo neooaoe?e a i?iieneiaeo ?aa?iiao. Na?aae
i?iaeai caoenoo aeiaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ie?aio aino?ioo oa
ceiaiaeaii?noue ia? i?iaeaia caiia?aaiiy iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a aoiinoa?o c
aeeiiaeie aacaie (AeA) ieneae?a n??ee, iniaeeai SO2. Iaaaoeaiee aieea
eiiiiiaio?a, ye? i?noyoue n??eo, aeeiiaeo aac?a, eioaeueieo,
aia?aaoe/ieo onoaiiaie oa OAN ia caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy, oei?o oa oaoio,
aoae?aaeuei? ia’?eoe oa ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nuee? nii?oaee ia iaiaaeo?oueny
aeecueeith aei ieo oa?eoi???th, a iioe?th?oueny ia nioi? oa oeny/?
e?eiiao??a.

Ca aeaieie IAe?IAAC aeeeaee SO2 neeaaeooue ca ia??iae c 1970 ii 2030 ??.
a?ae 5,2 aei 10 ie?ae. o. Iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ana
a?eueoa caaino?th?oueny, ine?eueee aia?aaoe/ia e?eca ciooo?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe caiane iecueeiye?niiai iaeeaa, ui i?noeoue, ye i?aaeei,
cia/io e?euee?noue n??ee (wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??4?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?y??????Ia a?o/eciyieo OAN a no/aniee /an iaia?
aeiaeii? aaeeei? i?iieneiai? nenoaie n??eioeiaethaaiiy. Oea
iiynith?oueny aeiaai/aniith iaaeiioe?ieith ianooaa?a oa iane?aee?a
caa?oaeiaiiy aaciiiae?aieie aeeeaeaie ia’?eo?a oaieiaia?aaoeee oa
a?aenooi?noth ae?eiaeo iaoai?ci?a, noeioethth/eo ?aae?caoe?th
i?e?iaeiioi?iiieo caoiae?a a aeai?e aaeoc?.

A cayceo c oeei aeciaii iaiao?aeiei oaeineiiaethaaoe oaoiieia?/i?
i?ioeane oa iaeaaeiaiiy aeey niaeaiiy iaeeaa, iie?ioeoe ye?noue
ne?iaeie, ai?iaaaeaeoaaoe aenieiaoaeoeai? onoaiiaee aeey i/euaiiy a?ae
SO2 i?iieneiaeo aaciaeo aeeeae?a.

Aaeee? e?eueeino? aeeiiaeo aac?a, ye? a?aeoiaeyoue c i?aei?e?inoa
aia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno, /i?ii? oa eieuei?iai? iaoaeo?a?? oa ?io.
i/euathoue a ii?iaeienoeo oi?noieiaeo aani?aa?ao (IOA), caaaeyee ?o
iacia/iiio a?ae?aae?/iiio iii?o (aei 600 Ia) oa iaae?ei?e ?iaio? c
i/euaiiy caa?oaeiaieo aac?a (ai?no ieeo Ni 2 a/i3) oa a oiiaao
oeaiia?aeeeaaeaiiy.

Noai?aiith aoaeoeaieo nenoai i/euaiiy a?ae SO2 aac?a, aeeeiooeo a
aoiinoa?o OAN, eioaeueieie onoaiiaeaie, i?aei?e?inoaaie o?i??,
iaooio?i??, /i?ii? oa eieuei?iai? iaoaeo?a?? oa ?ioa c aeei?enoaiiyi
IOA, iniauaieo oi?noieaie c aeaiia aaiaeaie (OAeA) i?e a?aeiinii
i?inoiio oa aia?aaoe/ii aea?aeiiio (0,2 eAo/1 i3 ??aeeie) ioi?ieaii?
i?ioeano aani?aoe?? i?enay/aia ?iaioa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeeny o a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoeiaith i?ia?aiith AeEIO 2.03.01/010
— 93, 1993 — 1996 ??. “Ieeiaacii/euaiiy”, oaeiae o ?aieao iaoeiai-
?ia?o ?inoeoooo Aaco Oe?a?ie 170-36 “?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aani?aoe?eieo nenoai i?iieneiaiai ieeiaacii/euaiiy” oa 244-36
“Oai?aoe/i? caniae noai?aiiy oi?aa?naeueieo nenoai aani?aoe?eiiai
aacii/euaiiy”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – ii?aoeueiaoaaiiy
aenieiaoaeoeaii? oi?noieiai? nenoaie nai?oa?iiai aacii/euaiiy aeeiiaeo
aac?a i?aei?e?inoa oaieiaia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno c ooee?caoe??th
i?iaeoeo?a, ui ooai?ththoueny.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy – ?icaeoie oai?aoe/ieo oyaeaiue i?i i?ioean
aani?aoe?? na?aaeiuei?ic/eiieo aac?a; ?icaeyae iaoai?cio ianiia?aaea/?
i?e iiaeeiaii? na?aaeiuei?ic/eiieo aac?a oa anoaiiaeaiiy aianeo
neeaaeiaeo o caaaeueiee aeeooc?eiee ii?? ianiia?aiino.
Aenia?eiaioaeueiee iiooe ?aoe?iiaeueieo oiia iiaeeiaiiy SO2 a IOA;
cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano aani?aoe?? ae?ieneaeo n??ee o anoaiiaeaieo
?aoe?iiaeueieo oiiaao a iieiio aia?ao?, iniauaiiio OAeA; ?ic?iaea
aoaeoeaii? oi?noieiai? nenoaie nai?oa?iiai aacii/euaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
oaieiaia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno c ooee?caoe??th i?iaeoeo?a, ui
ooai?ththoueny.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?icaeiai? oai?aoe/i? oyaeaiiy
uiaei iaoai?cio i?ioeano i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae ae?ieneaeo n??ee.
Oai?aoe/ii ioe?iaiee aianie aeeooc?eieo iii??a o aacia?e oa ??aee?e
oacao o caaaeueiee ii?? ianiia?aaea/? i?e iiaeeiaii? na?aaeiuei?ic/eiieo
aac?a; iieacaii, ui i?e iaeiio /an? eiioaeoo aeioe?eueii i?aoethaaoe ?c
e?aieyie de 4 . 10 — 4 i, caaacia/oth/e oiiae cieaeaiiy iii?o a aac?.
Aeine?aeaeai? a?ae?iaeeiai?ea oa ianiiai?i a oiiaao ni?aoe?? SO2 a IOA;
caeiaoo? ??aiyiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o, a?eceiaeiino,
e?iaoeee iiaeeiaiiy ae?ieneaeo n??ee aiaeith oa oaiini?aaioaie ?
anoaiiaeai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ae?aiaciie ia?aiao??a aani?aoe??. ?ic?iaeaia
aoaeoeaia nenoaia nai?oa?iiai i/euaiiy aac?a, ye? a?aeoiaeyoue c
oaieiaia?aaoe/ieo ae?iaieoeoa a?ae SO2 c aeei?enoaiiyi
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo oi?noiie ?c aeaiia aaiaeaie (OAeA) c ooee?caoe??th
i?iaeoeo?a ni?aoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eeiyoi aei aeei?enoaiiy a ?ic?iaeao
?inoeoooo i?iaeai ?eieo oa aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI
Oe?a?ie i?e aeeiiaii? aeieiai-?ae?aaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a o aaeoc? ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua a Iaeanuee?e iaeano? oa e?a?iao
Aciai-*i?iiii?nueeiai aanaeio. Cai?iiiiiaaiee aa??aio aani?aoe?eiiai
aia?aoa, iniauaiee OAeA caaacia/eoue ?ioaineo?eaoe?th i?ioean?a
ianiiai?io ?aae?ciaaieo o IOA, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano
aeanoeueoo??caoe?? a?eueo, i?ae aei 98 %, a oaeiae aecia/io aeiiii?th
eioo?a, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae SO2 ia OAN oa
eioaeueieo, ye? i?aoeththoue ia aeniein??/aiiio iaeea? ae??oo?oueny
aeieia?/ia caaea/a oa caaacia/o?oueny ooee?caoe?y i?iaeoeo?a, ui
ooai?ththoueny. Aeei?enoai? o ?ic?iaeai?e nenoai? OAeA caaacia/aoue
iaae?eio aacaaa??eio ?iaioo nenoaie aacii/euaiiy. I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaei? nenoaie i?iaeoeoeai?noth 106 oen. i3/a
(a ?iaio? ca i?eeeaaeii Aoae?inueei? OAOe) aoaea 159532,2 a?i./??e (aeey
eioaeueieo i?iaeoeoeai?noth aei 10 oen. i3/a – aei 20 oen. a?i./??e).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiooeo ?aoe?iiaeueieo oiia
iiaeeiaiiy SO2 aiaeith oa ?ic/eiaie Na(II)2 ia onoaiiaoe? “a nee?” oa a
IOA, ?ic?aooiie iaoai?cio ianiia?aaea/? i?e iiaeeiaii?
na?aaeiuei?ic/eiieo aac?a, aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaoeee iiaeeiaiiy SO2 o
IOA, ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?ae?a, ?ic?iaea oa ?ic?aooiie nenoaie
aacii/euaiiy ae?ieneaeo n??ee Aoae?inueei? OAOe c ooee?caoe??th
ooai?thaaieo i?iaeoeo?a iaeaaeeoue aaoi?ia?. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aee
aeeiiai? iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeeeaaeai? oa
iaaiai?ai? ia oaeeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo oa ia?aaeao:

— IV, V nai?ia?ao “Iiaeaethaaiiy a i?eeeaaeieo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo”, Iaeana, eenoiiaae 1997 — 1998 ??.;

— ui??/ieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo iaoeiaoe?a IAeIO,
1995 — 1998 ??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 noaoo? o
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 4 c ieo ca ia?ae?eii AAEo oa 3 noaoo? o iaoa??aeao
eiioa?aioe?e oa nai?ia??a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, iyoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, a?ae?ia?ao?? oa aeiaeaoe?a, –
aeeeaaeaia ia 132 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 31 iaethiie,
20 oaaeeoeue oa aeiaeaoee ia 25 noi?. Nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
neeaaea? 150 iaca.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe aeeiiaii aiae?c oa?aeoa?enoee iniiaieo
i?iieneiaeo aeaea?ae caa?oaeiaiiy aoiinoa?e SO2 a Oe?a?i?, e?a?iao NIAe
oa aeaeaeiai ca?oa?aeaey. I?iaiiciaaiee aeeeae niieoe n??ee c OAN
Oe?a?ie, iaeiiai c iaea?eueo iiaooi?o aeaea?ae i?iieneiaiai aeae?eaiiy
SO2 aoaea neeaaeaoe o 2010 ?. 6 ie?ae. o/??e.

Aaeeea oaaaa i?eae?eaia aiae?co iaoiae?a ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue, a
oaeiae caiiai ?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeai oeiaethaaiiy oa ooee?caoe?? n??/enoeo
niieoe a ??cieo e?a?iao, noaio oa ia?niaeoeaai oaeineiiaeaiiy
aani?aoe?eii? aia?aoo?e. A?aecia/aia oaiaeaioe?y ?ioaineo?eaoe??
i?ioean?a i?iieneiaiai aacii/euaiiy ca ?aooiie c?inoo ?o aeiaeaoeiaiai
a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o.

Ia iniia? ?icaeyaeo oaoiieia?/ieo, aenieoaoaoe?eieo, a oaeiae
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ??cieo nenoai i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae
niieoe n??ee aeyaeaia ia?niaeoeai?noue oa i??i?eoaoi?noue aeei?enoaiiy
ii?iaeienoeo oi?noieiaeo aia?ao?a, iaae?eieo i?e ia?iaoe? caa?oaeiaieo
aac?a oa a oiiaao oeaiia?aeeeaaeaiiy (ui ia? i?noea i?e i/euaii? aac?a,
ye? i?noyoue SO2).

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co iae?aneai? oeyoe ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaiiai
caaaeaiiy oa noi?ioeueiaai? ne?aeoth/? aeniiaee:

— i?iieneia? aeeeaee SO2 a iaeaeeae/? 10-15 ?ie?a aoaeooue ia?inoaoe, a
iaae?eieo nenoai caoenoo aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y a?ae SO2 ia noai?aii;
ae?th/? aacii/enoi? onoaiiaee eeoa a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao caaacia/othoue
nai?oa?i? ii?ie ia ae?ieneae n??ee. I/euaiiy a?ae SO2 aeeiiaeo aac?a
eioaeueieo i?aeoe/ii ia ?iaeoueny, o oie aea /an ci?no SO2 a aacao, ye?
a?aeoiaeyoue – cia/iee (wmetafile8? ??I????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA?? ?? ???&?
?MathType???????uAth??????- aeai? ii ??aiiaaaeiei i?oaeiinoyi aaciai?
oace iaae aiaeieie oa noeueo?o-a?noeueo?oieie ?ic/eiaie a cii?
i?aeaeuaieo oaiia?aoo? (t 100 N) noia?a/eea?, ioiieththoue iacia/i?
?ioa?aaee oaiia?aoo? (aei 40N) oa cia/aiue ?I (?I = 4 — 6), ui
oneeaaeith? ?ic?aooiie i?ioean?a aani?aoe?? SO2. Oae ye ae?ieneae n??ee
— eeneee aac, oi eiai iiaeeiaiiy ne?ae aanoe ?ic/eiaie, ui iathoue
iniiai? aeanoeaino?;

— a?aeiiino? uiaei e?iaoeee, o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iniia i?ioeano iiaeeiaiiy
i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?, ui oneeaaeith? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?aooieo i?iieneiaeo
nenoai aacii/euaiiy SO2;

— AeA, ui ooai?ththoueny i?e niaeaii? aeniein??/aieo iaeea (iacoo?a)
i?noyoue cia/i? e?eueeino? SO2 (60 a SO2/ea iacooo), ui iio?aao?
aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoinooi?i/anoeo nenoai i/euaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiue a
aaeoc? iecueeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e SO2 a aac? (wmetafile8?
??I???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA?? ?? ???&?
?MathType???????uAth??????- iaea?eueo iaae?eieie i?e ia?iaoe? AeA
eioaeueieo oa aia?aaoe/ieo onoaiiaie ? ii?iaeieno? aani?aa?e,
iiaeeeaino? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? yeeo aeaeaei ia ae/a?iai?; aeey
aeacaieo nenoai ia?niaeoeaiith aoaea oe?eueiioaeaeueia oi?noiea ?c
aeaiia aaiaeaie oa iieith eaia?ith cae?o/oaaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ii?aoeueiaoaaiith iaoiae?a oa cania?a aeey
aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ?iaioe. Aiae?c noi?ioeueiaaieo aaoi?ii caaea/
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaa, ui ?o ae??oaiiy aeeeeea? iio?aao noai?aiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo noaiae?a oa onoaiiaie, ye? caaacia/aoue ciiao
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? iaaaioaaeaiue ii aacia?
oa ??aeei?, c yeeie i?aoeththoue i?iieneia? oaieiaia?aaoe/i? onoaiiaee.

?iaioith ia?aaeaa/aeiny ye aea/aiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae, oae ?
anoaiiaeaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo oa aani?aoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano
iiaeeiaiiy ae?ieneaeo n??ee, a cayceo c /ei aoee noai?ai? aeaa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo noaiaee.

Ia onoaiiaoe? “ nee?” ae??ooaaeeny caaea/? ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo
oiia i?ioeano iiaeeiaiiy SO2 c aaciiia?o?yii? noi?o? (AIN) – aea?aiee
ni?aaio, ?iai/a oaiia?aoo?a, anoaiiaeaia a?aie/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y
ni?aaioo o ?ic/ei? oa i?noe?noue ni?aaioo, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeai?
o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? nenoai SO2 — aiaea, SO2 — ?ic/ei ea?aai?aeo
NI(NH2)2, SO2 — ?ic/ei a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th Na(II)2. Aani?aoe?th SO2
aaee o neeyiiio ?aaeoi?? 0,06 ianyaii 1 e. Aac c eiioeaio?aoe??th
ae?ieneaeo n??ee a?ae 0,05 aei 5 a/i3 iiaeaaaee o ?aaeoi? i?e
oaeaeeinoyo AIN aei 0,1 i/n.

I?e aeai?? ae?aiaciio cia/aiue ao?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? SO2 a aac?
caaaeeee eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?ieneaeo n??ee a AeA, ui aeeeaeathoueny a
aoiinoa?o oaieiaia?aaoe/ieie onoaiiaeaie ??cii? iiooaeiino?.

Iniiai? aeine?aee ii iiaeeiaiith SO2 i?iaiaeeee a iiaeae? ii?iaeienoiai
oi?noieiaiai aani?aa?a aa?oeeaeueiiai aeeiiaiiy 200. Aeine?aeaeoaaee
aieea ia e?iaoeeo aani?aoe?? oaeaeeino? aaco wa, u?eueiino? c?ioaiiy L,
ao?aeii? eiioeaio?aoe?? wmetafile8? ??I????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA?? ?? ???&?
?MathType???????uAth???????icae?e 3. Ioe?ieo aeeaaeo neeaaeiaeo
??aiyiiy aaeeoeaiino? aeeooc?eiiai iii?o ianiia?aianaiiy:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`??i?? ???&? ?MathType??P
???u?????????»????-?????0@????0m???0???0e???0
_???0T???uAth??????

(i?e ? = 0,1 IIa m aei??aith? eiinoaio? Aai?? I) aeeiiaee,
aeei?enoiaoth/e oai?aoe/i? iiaeae? wmetafile8? ??•???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy`??u?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-?????pa???p ???p?
???pI???u3/4ue????

wmetafile8? ??*????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??T?? ???&? ?MathType??

I?e da 5 ii oa e 0,4 n aeeooc?eiee ii?? o aacia?e oac? 1/a noa?
a?aeiia?aeiei c m/?. ?ic?aooiie caaaeueiiai eiao?oe??ioa ianiia?aianaiiy
a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeii aanoe ii ??aiyiith (3.1).

Eiinoaioa oaciai? ??aiiaaae a (3.1) ?ic?aoiao?oueny ii ??aiyiith:

wmetafile8? ??/???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  A
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy? ??Y?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????p(???pL???u@th??????

aea ? — oene a nenoai?, Ia.

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy ??›?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????

aea ?* — ia?oe?aeueiee oene SO2 iaae ?ic/eiii aae?a/a i?e ??aiiaac?, Ia;

o — eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ic/eio.

Anoaiiaeee, ui ?ici?? aoeueaaoee da ia ia? iii?oiiai aieeao ia aaee/eio
iii?o a ??aeei? m/?.

Ine?eueee, aaee/eia aeeooc?eiiai iii?o a ??aeei? i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae ?ici???a aoeueaaoee, a aecia/a?oueny eeoa /anii eiioaeoo, eio?ee
aeey aoeueaaoie iaeiai ae?aiao?o iaaaeeeee, i?e ae??oaii? caaea/
?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a aani?aoe?? SO2, ne?ae iniiaio oaaao caa?oaoe
ia ii?? a aac?.

Ei?enio iiaa?oith ianiia?aianaiiy Fe iiaeia aecia/eoe ca ianooiiith
oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??@???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy`??p?? ???&? ?MathType??P
???u?????????»????-?????°U???°???°r???°W???uAt
h??????

aea Qa — aeo?aoa aaciai? noi?o?, yea iaaeoiaeeoue ia aani?aoe?th, i3/n;

Nii/, Ne?i — ii/aoeiaa oa e?ioeaaa eiioeaio?aoe?y SO2 a noi?o?,
a/i3;

N* — eiioeaio?aoe?? SO2 a aac?, ??aiiaaaei? c eiioeaio?aoe?yie a
??aeei?, a/i3.

Ia iniia? io?eiaieo aeaieo anoaiiaeee, ui c i?aeaeuaiiyi e 0,06 n
iiaa?oiy ianiia?aaea/? Fi i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ith?oueny, ui i?aeoaa?aeeee
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie uiaei iacaeaaeiino? aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano
aani?aoe?? ( = 98 %) a?ae oaeaeeino? aaciaiai iioieo aae aei
oaeaeeinoae wa = 6 — 7 i/n. O?eueee a iaeano? e < 0,06 n ?c ciaioaiiyi /ano eiioaeoo iii?oii c?inoa? Fi. Oea iiynith?oueny ia?aoiaeii a oaeeo oiiaao aa?aioaaeiiai ?aaeeio o no?oiaiaaee, a aeae?, – o aeo?iaee, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie a?coaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue. C? ca?eueoaiiyi ae?aiao?a aoeueaaoee a?ae 1 aei 10 ii iiaa?oiy ianiia?aaea/? ciaioo?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeaieie oai?aoe/ieie aeine?aeaie anoaiiaeaia iiaeeea?noue cae?eniaiiy oaeaee?nii? aani?aoe?? eiiiiiaio?a, ye? i?noyoue n??eo i?e i/euaii? aeeiiaeo aac?a (aae aei oaeaeeinoae wa = 6 - 7 i/n) i?e o?eaaeino? eiioaeoo e 0,06 n. Aeine?aeaeoaaee o?ceei-o?i?/i?, e?iaoe/i?, ?ie?ni? ia?aiao?e iiaeeiaiiy SO2 a nenoaiao SO2 - aiaea, SO2 - ?ic/ei ea?aii?aeo, SO2 - ?ic/ei a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th. Iania? eiioeaio?aoe?? NI(NH2)2 a ?ic/ei? ci?ithaaee a?ae 0,5 aei 3,0 %, ine?eueee iiia?aaei?ie aeine?aeaie anoaiiaeee, ui aoaeoeai?noue iiaeeiaiiy SO2 ?ic/eiaie NI(NH2)2 ca?eueoo?oueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ianiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? ea?aai?aeo a ?ic/ei? a?ae 0,5 aei 2 %. Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy ianiai? aeie? ea?aai?aeo a ?ic/ei? i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa? ia i?aeaeuaiiy . Ianiao aeieth a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th a ?ic/ei? ciaiooaaee a?ae 0,5 aei 0,025 %. A?aecia/aii, ui ?? ciaioaiiy ia aeyaey? iii?oiiai aieeao ia ( = 99 %), ciaioo?oueny eeoa ni?aoe?eia ?ii?noue ni?aaioo. A aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeao ia onoaiiaoe? “a nee?” iniiaio oaaao i?eae?eyee anoaiiaeaiith oa?aeoa?o ci?ie i??e iiaeeiaiiy a?ae /ano i?e ??cieo ao?aeieo eiioeaio?aoe?yo wmetafile8? ??I???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA?? ?? ???&? ?MathType???????uAth??????Anoaiiaeee, ui iaeneiaeueio ni?aoe?eio ?ii?noue i?e t = 20 N ia? ?ic/ei a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th c ianiaith /anoeith 0,25 % i?e aeei?enoaii? yeiai (wmetafile8? ??ss???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&?
?MathType??I?e iiaeeiaii? SO2 aiaeith ?c c?inoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e i??a
i/euaiiy ciaioo?oueny, ?ic/eiaie ea?aai?aeo – ca?eueoo?oueny, a i?e
aeei?enoaii? ?ic/ei?a a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue
a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ?ic/eio. I?e iiaeeiaii? SO2 ?ic/eiaie ea?aai?aeo c??no
?c ca?eueoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e niinoa??aa?oueny ye aeey iaeeo (wmetafile8?
??ss???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&?
?MathType??Iaea ni?aoe?eia ?ii?noue aiaee coiiaeaia iaeiie/aiiyi a
?ic/ei? ?ii?a wmetafile8? ??b???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ??o?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?y??????Aoaeoeai?noue iiaeeiaiiy ?ic/ei?a ea?aai?aeo
?c ca?eueoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e c?inoa? oa i?e t = 90 N aeinyaa? cia/aiue
= 93,5 % (i?e t = 20 — 40 N < 50 %). Iaeii/anii c n??eii/euaiiyi ?ic/eie ea?aai?aeo caaacia/othoue ciaioaiiy ai?noo a AeA, ye? a?aeoiaeyoue ieneae?a acioo, ui oaeiae ? aaaeeeaei aeinoi?inoaii ?o aeei?enoaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy oeeo ?ic/ei?a i?e iiaeeiaii? eiiiiiaio?a, ye? i?noyoue n??eo, oa ?ioeo oe?aeeeaeo eiiiiiaio?a aeeiiaeo aac?a OAN ia?niaeoeaia ia aia?aiaeieao, ye? niaeththoue oi?o, ai?no acioo (wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??0????u?y??????Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic/ei?a NI(NH2)2 a aaeoc? aenieeo oaiia?aoo? (t 90 C), iaaeioe?eueia /a?ac aei?iaeia/o ea?aai?aeo oa cia/i? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe ia iaa??aaiiy ?ic/eio NI(NH2)2 a i?ioean? aani?aoe??. A cayceo c oeei iiaeaeueoa aeine?aeaeaiiy oeueiai ?ic/eio ia IOA ia i?iaiaeeee. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei i?e i/euaii? eiiiiiaio?a AeA, ye? i?noyoue n??eo, ia’?eo?a oaieiaia?aaoeee aeciaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ic/ei?a Na(II)2. Oe? ?ic/eie iaeiaeiai aoaeoeaii i/euathoue aace ye c aenieeie (wmetafile8? ??ss???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&?
?MathType??Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo aeaieo aeicaieeoue ?noioii ?ioaineo?eoaaoe
i?ioeane oaieiianiiai?io, ye? i?ioiaeyoue a aani?aa?ao onoaiiaie, ye?
i/euathoue aace a?ae ae?ieneaeo n??ee, oae ye a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia
aeiaaa?oueny cia/iiai ioieiaeaeaiiy AeA ia?aae iiaeaiiyi a aani?aa?, ui
o i?eeiyo?e i?aeoeoe? i/euaiiy a?ae SO2 ia? i?noea.

(wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&? ?MathType??Ii?yaeie
?aaeoe?e, ye? i?ioiaeyoue aecia/aee aiae?oe/ii oa iaoiaeaie oi?iaeueii?
e?iaoeee.

I?e aeei?enoaii? aiae?oe/iiai iaoiaeo ?ic?aooiie eiinoaio oaeaeeino?
?aaeoe?? aaee ca ??aiyiiyie:

wmetafile8? ??#???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 @???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???H?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????P

aeey ?aaeoe?e ia?oiai ii?yaeeo oa

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyya??i?? ???&? ?MathType??0???uPy????

aeey ?aaeoe?e ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo.

Oeeie ?ic?aooieaie i?aeoaa?aeeee ii?yaeee ?aaeoe?e, ye? iaea?aeaee
iaoiaeii oi?iaeueii? e?iaoeee aeey ?ic/ei?a ea?aai?aeo oa a?ae?ieneaeo
eaeueoe?th oa iieacaee, ui ?aaeoe?y a?ae?ie?co SO2 ? ?aaeoe??th ia?oiai
ii?yaeeo (na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? i?e iiaeeiaii?
SO2 aiaeith wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyyA???? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAth??????Cia/aiiy aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? A caeeoa?oueny
i?aeoe/ii iino?eiith aeey ?ioa?aae?a oaiia?aoo? O1 = (30 — 65) N oa O2 =
(70 — 90) N. Caeaaei?noue eiinoaio oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? aeey on?o
aae?a/?a iiaeaia o aeaeyae?:

wmetafile8? ??i????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`???? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????0:???0®???u@th??????

O ?icae?e? 4 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe iiooeo oeyo?a ?ioaineo?eaoe??
i?ioean?a i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae SO2, ?aae?ciaaieo a IOA, iniauaieo
aenieiaoaeoeaieie oi?noieaie OAeA.

O aaeoc? eiioeaio?aoe?e AIN wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&? ?MathType??Aeey
aiaee neeaaea? 82 % i?e wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&? ?MathType??A onueiio
ae?aiacii? aeine?aeaeaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e wmetafile8?
??ss???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&?
?MathType??Iaeiinooiaiaaa i/euaiiy ?ic/eiaie a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th, a
oei a?eueoa aiaeith ia caaacia/o? aeinyaiaiiy nai?oa?ieo ii?i ia aeeeae
ae?ieneaeo n??ee; eiioeaio?aoe?y SO2 o aacao, ye? a?aeoiaeyoue, i?ney
ia?oi? noaae?? i/euaiiy iaaaaaoi ia?aaeuoaaea a?aie/ii-aeiionoei? ii?ie
ia aeeeae n??/enoeo niieoe (i?e iiaeeiaii? SO2 aiaeith wmetafile8?
??ss???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&?
?MathType??Aeine?aeaeai? aae?a/? c aenieith i??ith aoaeoeaiino?
oeiaeththoue ae?ieneae n??ee c aac?a ? c iecueeeie eiioeaio?aoe?yie SO2
(wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&?
?MathType???acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeiaiiy SO2 aea?aiei ni?aaioii
(?ic/eiaie a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th) o aeainooiaiaaiio ?icieethth/iio
aia?ao? iiaeaee ??aiyiiyie (4.1) aeey ia?oiai oa (4.2), a?aeiia?aeii,
aeey ae?oaiai nooiaiy aani?aoe??:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy ??Y?? ???&? ?MathType??

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy ??Y?? ???&? ?MathType??

Aeey aiaeia?/ieo oiia, i?e aeei?enoaii? ia ia?oiio nooiai? aani?aoe?? a
yeino? aae?a/a aiaee caeiaooa ??aiyiiy:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy ??Y?? ???&? ?MathType??

Aeey wa = 1 — 7 i/n, L = 35 — 80 i/a, iia??oi?noue ??aiyiue (4.1 — 4.3)
ia ia?aaeuo? 9 %.

Anoaiiaeaia, a?aeiinii iaaaeeea aoaeoeai?noue iiaeeiaiiy SO2 aiaeith ( =
82 %) i?e aenieeo wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&? ?MathType??C iaoith
ioiieaiiy on?o iiaeeeaeo oaeoi??a, aieeaath/eo ia e?iaoeeo iiaeeiaiiy
SO2 ai?iaaaeeee na??th aeine?ae?a a o?ueio eieiiao ??ciiai ae?aiao?a:
120, 140, 200 ii. Oe? aeine?aee aoee cae?eniai? i?e iino?ei?e oaeaeeino?
aaco wa = 2,5 i/n, ao?aei?e eiioeaio?aoe?? wmetafile8?
??ss???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&?
?MathType??

Caeaaei?noue a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o ? nooiai oa c?iooaaiiai IOA a?ae
oaeaeeino? aaco oa oeneo ia oi?noioe? aea/eee a eieii? 140 ii.

Anoaiiaeaia ?iai/a iaeanoue oaeaeeinoae aaco, yea neeaaea? 5,5 — 6,5 i/n
aeey aeine?aeaeaieo oiia cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano i/euaiiy a eieii?
ae?aiao?ii 140 ii. I?e oeueiio ? c?iooaaiiai IOA ia ia?aaeuo? 600 Ia, ui
cia/ii ieae/a cia/aiue ? i?iieneiaeo aani?aoe?eieo eieii.

I?e oeueiio aoei i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeianaiiy c?iooaaeueiiai ni?aaioo
oa caaacia/oaaeinue oaeaee?nia aacii/euaiiy, ui cana?ae/o? i?i iacia/i?
aeo?aoe aia?a?? uiaei i?iieneiai? ?aae?caoe?? oaeeo nenoai i/euaiiy.

?ic?aooiie a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o IOA iiaea aooe cae?eniaiee ii ??aiyiith
(4.4), c iia??oi?noth 10 %, a aeianaiiy, – ii ??aiyiith (4.5):

wmetafile8? ??6???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
 ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy`??I?? ???&?
?MathType?? ????uAth??????

wmetafile8? ??¬???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
AA???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy???e?? ???&?
?MathType??p????uAth??????

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae SO2 ia iiaeaeyo
IOA iieacaee aenieo iaae?ei?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe ii?iaeienoeo
oi?noieiaeo aia?ao?a, a yeeo ?icieethaaeueia oaoi?ea (OAeA) i?aoethaaea
aac caaeaaiiy i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo ni?aaioo (a?ae?ieneaeo eaeueoe?th) aae
aei 300 a/e. Iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aeine?aeaeaia aia?aoo?a ? aaeueie
ia?niaeoeaiith aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?ioean?a aacii/euaiiy a?ae SO2 o
i?iieneiaiio ianooaa?.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?iiiiiaaiiai aa??aioa aani?aoe?eiiai aia?aoa aeey
noai?aiiy iiaeo oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/eo ia oaieiaia?aaoe/ieo ia’?eoao
nenoai aacii/euaiiy a?ae SO2 caaacia/eoue ?ioaineo?eaoe?th i?ioean?a
ianiiai?io a IOA, ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano n??eiaeiaethaaiiy
a?eueo, i?ae aei 98 % oa cia/io aeiiii?th eioo?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny.

?icae?e 5 i?enay/aii ii?aoeueiaoaaiith nenoaie aacii/euaiiy a?ae SO2
Aoae?inueei? OAOe c ooee?caoe??th i?iaeoeo?a, ui ooai?ththoueny (Qa =
106 oen. i3/a) ia iniia? aeina?aeo aenieoaoaoe?? OAeA a oiiaao
oeaiia?aeeeaaeaiiy, a oaeiae ciaeaeaieo ?aoe?iiaeueieo oiia aaaeaiiy
i?ioeano aani?aoe?? SO2 a IOA.

Ia?aaeaa/aii iniauaiiy i?iiiiiaaiiai IOA oi?noieaie c aenieith
i?iaeoeoeai?noth, oae ye i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iaeii?iaeoeoeaieo oi?noiie
aei aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo ?c aeiaea?aeaiiyi cia/aiue u?eueiino? c?ioaiiy
(L = 50 — 60 i/a) ao?aoa a yeino? aacii/euaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia iii?oia, a
aea?ao — o ni?iuaii? oa caeaoaaeaii? iiioaaeo oa aenieoaoaoe??
i/aaeaeiee.

Aeey iiaeeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy aeieia?/iiai eiio?ieth cai?iiiiiaaii?
nenoaie i?iaaee ?ic?aooiie a?aie/ii-aeiionoeiiai aeeeaeo ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ii aacia? Qa = 106 oen. i3/a (Aoae?inueea OAOe), yeee
i?e aenio? aeeia?y I = 30 i aoa 0,221 a/n, ui a?aeiia?aea? nai?oa?iei
ii?iai ( SO2 = 0,05 ia/i3). Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie i/euaiiy
aeeiiaeo aac?a OAOe a?ae SO2 aeicaieeoue ia??ai? c ae??oaiiyi
aeieia?/iiai caaaeaiiy (wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&? ?MathType??

Aeniiaee

1. Aeaia ?iaioa aiineoue cia/iee aianie a ??oaiiy aaaeeeai?
i?e?iaeiioi?iiii? oa ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueei? caaea/? noai?aiiy
aenieiaoaeoeaieo nenoai i/euaiiy a?ae SO2 aac?a, ui aeeeaeathoueny a
aoiinoa?o oaieiaia?aaoe/ieie onoaiiaeaie ??cii? iiooaeiino?,
i?aei?e?inoaaie o?i?? oa iaooio?i??, /i?ii? oa eieuei?iai? iaoaeo?a?? oa
?ioa. Oae? nenoaie caaacia/othoue nai?oa?i? ii?ie ia aeeeae SO2
(wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&? ?MathType??2.
Aiae?cii oaoiieia?/ieo, aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ??cieo nenoai i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae niieoe n??ee, ye?
a?aeoiaeyoue, ui canoiniaai? ia a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo OAN aeyaeaii
ia?niaeoeai?noue oa i??i?eoaoi?noue aeei?enoaiiy ii?iaeienoeo
oi?noieiaeo aia?ao?a, iaae?eieo i?e i/euaii? caa?oaeiaieo aeeiiaeo aac?a
(ai?no ieeo aei 2 a/i3) oa a oiiaao oeaiia?aeeeaaeaiiy (ui ia? i?noea
i?e ia?iaoe? aac?a, ye? i?noyoue SO2).

3. Ca aeiiiiiaith e?eoa???a Nu oa Fo anoaiiaeaii ca’ycie iaoai?cio
aca?iiiai ia?aoiaeo aeeooc?eieo iii??a a aacia?e 1/a oa ??aee?e m/?
oacao c ?ici??aie aoeueaaoie da oa /anii eiioaeoo e i?e iiaeeiaii? SO2 a
aa?aioaaeiiio aani?aa??. Aoaeoeaia ?iaioa IOA caaacia/o?oueny
cina?aaeaeaiiyi caaaeueiiai iii?o ianiiai?io a aacia?e oac?, ui
aeinyaa?oueny ?icieeii ia ??ai? ?ici??o e?aie? ia iaio ye da = 4 . 10 —
4 i.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaie ii iiooeo ?aoe?iiaeueieo oiia
iiaeeiaiiy SO2 aeyaeaii iiaeeea?noue cia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy /ano
aoaeoeaiiai iiaeeiaiiy i?e aani?aoe?? ae?ieneaeo n??ee oaiini?aaioaie
(i?e wmetafile8? ??ss????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyyA??>?? ???&? ?MathType??5.
?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeo i?ioeano iiaeeiaiiy SO2 a IOA iieacaia
aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy eiiieaeniiai ianiiai?iiiai aia?aoa, a yeiio
oaoiieia?/ia i/euaiiy ?aae?co?oueny a oiiaao o?ce/ii? aani?aoe??
(aiaeith), a nai?oa?ia – oaiini?aoe?? (?ic/eie Na(II)2, NI(NH2)2) ui
cia/ii nei?i/o? aeo?aoe oaiini?aaioo, oa, a?aeiia?aeii, caeaoaaeth?
i?aai?caoe?th i?ioeano i?e noai?aii? i?iieneiaeo nenoai i/euaiiy
aeeiiaeo aac?a ia aia?aionoaiiaeao ??cii? iiooaeiino?.

6. Ia canaae? oyaeaiue i?i o?i?/iee i?ioean iiaeeiaiiy SO2 ??cieie
ni?aaioaie iieacaii, ui i?ioean aani?aoe?? ae?ieneaeo n??ee
oaiini?aaioaie e?i?oo?oueny o?i?/iith ?aaeoe??th, a ia a?ae?ie?cii.

7. I?e iiaeeiaii? SO2 a IOA, iniauaiiio OAeA, anoaiiaeai? ?aoe?iiaeuei?
oiiae i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae n??/aieo niieoe (wa 7 i/n, L = 50 — 60 i/a),
ui caaacia/o? aoaeoeaia iiaeeiaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei o IOA ( = 98 %, ?
600 Ia), oiaoi aeyaeaii ciiao aeei?enoaiiy IOA aeey noai?aiiy iiaeo oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/eo ia oaieiaia?aaoe/ieo ia’?eoao nenoai
aacii/euaiiy a?ae SO2.

8. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie i/euaiiy a?ae SO2 aac?a OAN, ye?
a?aeoiaeyoue, aeicaieeoue ia??ai? c ae??oaiiyi aeieia?/ii? caaea/?
caaacia/eoe oaeiae ? ooee?caoe?th i?iaeoeo?a, ui ooai?ththoueny.
I/?eoaaiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaei? nenoaie
i?iaeoeoeai?noth 106 oen. i3/a aoaea 159532,2 a?i./??e.

9. Caeiaoo? ?acoeueoaoe ?aeiiaiaeothoueny aeey i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
ia oaieiaia?aaoe/ieo ia’?eoao c iaoith iie?ioaiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??
o ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Ieoaeeaiei A.A., Iaaeaaaeaa N.A., Oeey?oe A.A., Ie?iiia Ae.A.
Yooaeoeaiay aiia?aoo?a aeey iie?ie iueaaacii/enoee // O?oaeu Iaeanneiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1996. – ? 1. – N. 83 – 84.

2. Ieoaeeaiei A.A., Ie?iiia Ae.A. Oeceei-oeie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?ioeanna iiaeiuaiey aeeieneaea na?u // O?oaeu Iaeanneiai
iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. – 1998. – ? 2. – N. 202 – 204.

3. Ieoaeeaiei A.A., Ie?iiia Ae.A. Yooaeoeaiua nenoaiu i/enoee aacia io
aeeieneaea na?u // Oeie/aneay i?iiuoeaiiinoue, na?. “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
oeiee e oeioaoiieiaee”. *a?eannu. – 1998. – ? 2. – N. 30 – 32.

4. Ieoaeeaiei A.A., Ie?iiia Ae.A. ?ac?aaioea nenoaiu i/enoee aacia io
aeeieneaea na?u n ooeeecaoeeae ia?acothueony i?iaeoeoia // Yeioaoiieiaee
e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea. – Eeaa. – 1998. – ? 6. – N. 40 – 44.

5. Ieoaeeaiei A.A., Ie?iiia Ae.A. Iaoaieci nicaeaiey caiieiaiiiai oaeaea
oi?noieaie n aeaoiy aaiaeaie // O?oaeu IV naieia?a “Iiaeaee?iaaiea a
i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo”. – Iaeanna. – 1997. – N. 47 – 49.

Ie?iiia Ae.A. Aoaeoeaia i/euaiiy aac?a, ye? a?aeoiaeyoue,
oaieiaia?aaoe/ieo nenoai a?ae ae?ieneaeo n??ee. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.14.04 – i?iieneiaa oaieiaia?aaoeea. – Iaeanueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Iaeana, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi caoenoo aeiaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua. Anoaiiaeaii ?aoe?iiaeuei? oiiae i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae
n??/aieo niieoe a IOA, a oaeiae aeyaeaii ?nioaaiiy ?aca?ao i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? ?iaioe oaeeo aia?ao?a. Caeiaoo? aeai?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
o?ceei-o?i?/i? oa e?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e aoaeoeaiiai iiaeeiaiiy ae?ieneaeo
n??ee o ??cieo aani?aoe?eieo nenoaiao. ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae
noai?aiiy aenieiaoaeoeaieo nenoai i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae niieoe n??ee,
aecia/ai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e ?aae?caoe?? o ieo i?ioean?a
aacii/euaiiy, ioe?iee ??aiy oaoiieia?/iino? oa aoaeoeaiino? ?? ?iaioe.
Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia i/euaiiy aac?a a?ae ae?ieneaeo n??ee, ui
aeeeaeathoue o aoiinoa?o i?aei?e?inoaa oaieiaia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno,
o?i??, iaooio?i??, /i?ii? oa eieuei?iai? iaoaeo?a?? oa ?ioa, caaacia/o?
nai?oa?i? ii?ie ia aeeeae ae?ieneaeo n??ee oa ooee?caoe?th i?iaeoeo?a,
ui ooai?ththoueny.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?ieneae n??ee, oi?noiea, aacii/enoi? nenoaie,
aani?aa?, oaiini?aoe?y.

Ie?iiia Ae.A. Yooaeoeaiay i/enoea iooiaeyueo aacia oaieiyia?aaoe/aneeo
nenoai io aeeieneaea na?u. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.14.04 – i?iiuoeaiiay oaieiyia?aaoeea. – Iaeanneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Iaeanna, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea yooaeoeaiuo nenoai i/enoee io SO2
aacia, aua?anuaaaiuo a aoiinoa?o OYN, eioaeueiuie onoaiiaeaie,
i?aaei?eyoeyie oeiee, iaooaoeiee, /a?iie e oeaaoiie iaoaeeo?aee e ae?. n
eniieueciaaieai IOA, iniauaiiuo oi?noieaie n aeaoiy aaiaeaie. I?iaaaeai
aiaeec oa?aeoa?enoee iniiaiuo i?iiuoeaiiuo enoi/ieeia, caa?yciythueo
aoiinoa?o aeeieneaeii na?u a Oe?aeia, no?aiao NIA e aeaeueiaai
ca?oaaaeuey. Aieueoia aieiaiea oaeaeaii aiaeeco eae eniieuecoaiui, oae e
aiiaue ?ac?aaaouaaaiui iaoiaeai oeaaeeaaiey e ooeeecaoeee na?ienouo
niaaeeiaiee a ?acee/iuo no?aiao, ninoiyieth e ia?niaeoeaai
niaa?oainoaiaaiey aani?aoeeiiiie aiia?aoo?u. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu e
n?aaenoaa aeey aeinoeaeaiey oeaee ?aaiou. Nicaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua
noaiaeu e onoaiiaee, iaania/eaathuea aiciiaeiinoue aaaeaiey
enneaaeiaaiee a oe?ieii aeeaiaciia iaa?ocie ii aaco e aeeaeeinoe.

I?iaaaeaiiuie oai?aoe/aneeie enneaaeiaaieyie onoaiiaeaia aiciiaeiinoue
inouanoaeaiey nei?inoiie aani?aoeee noeueoaoniaea?aeaueo eiiiiiaioia i?e
i/enoea aeuiiauo aacia oaieiyia?aaoe/aneeo onoaiiaie (aieioue aei
nei?inoae wa = 6 — 7 i/n) i?e a?aiaiao eiioaeoa e < 0,06 n. Iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiui i?e i/enoea noeueoaoniaea?aeaueo eiiiiiaioia AeA iauaeoia oaieiyia?aaoeee i?eciaii eniieueciaaiea ?anoai?ia Na(II)2. Yoe ?anoai?u iaeeiaeiai yooaeoeaii i/euatho aacu eae n aunieeie (wmetafile8? ??I???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA?? ?? ???&? ?MathType???????uAth??????Onoaiiaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua oneiaey i/enoee aacia io na?ienouo niaaeeiaiee a IOA, a oaeaea auyaeaii nouanoaiaaiea ?aca?aa iiauoaiey ea/anoaa ?aaiou oaeeo aiia?aoia. Onoaiiaeaiiay, ioiineoaeueii iaaunieay yooaeoeaiinoue iiaeiuaiey SO2 aiaeie ( = 82 %) i?e aunieeo wmetafile8? ??I???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA?? ?? ???&? ?MathType???????uAth??????Onoaiiaeaia ?aai/ay iaeanoue nei?inoae aaca, eioi?ay ninoaaeyao 5,5 - 6,5 i/n aeey enneaaeiaaiiuo oneiaee inouanoaeaiey i?ioeanna i/enoee a eieiiia aeeaiao?ii 140 ii. I?e yoii ? i?ioaaiiai IOA ia i?aauoaei 600 Ia, i?aeoe/anee ionoonoaiaae oiin i?ioathuaai ni?aaioa e iaania/eaaeanue nei?inoiay aacii/enoea, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iacia/eoaeueiuo cao?aoao yia?aee i?e i?iiuoeaiiie ?aaeecaoeee oaeeo nenoai i/enoee. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee i?ioeannia i/enoee aacia io SO2 ia iiaeaeyo IOA iieacaee aunieoth iaaeaaeiinoue e yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaiou iieuo oi?noii/iuo aiia?aoia, a eioi?uo ?aniueeaathuay oaoieea (OAeA) ?aaioaea aac caaeaaiey i?e eiioeaio?aoeeyo ni?aaioa (aeae?ieneaea eaeueoeey) aieioue aei 300 a/e. Anee o/anoue, /oi a i?eiyoie i?aeoeea ooeeecaoeee ia?acothueony i?iaeoeoia ni?aoeee aeeieneaea na?u a i?iiuoeaiiuo nenoaiao iiaeiuathuea ?anoai?u auaiaeyony ec nenoai aani?aoeee i?e niaea?aeaiee noeueoeoa eaeueoeey a aeeaeeie oaca Nae = 150 - 180 a/e, oi iiaeii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi enneaaeiaaiiay aiia?aoo?a yaeyaony aanueia ia?niaeoeaiie aeey ?aaeecaoeee i?ioeannia aacii/enoee io SO2 a i?iiuoeaiiii ianooaaa. ?ac?aaioaiu oai?aoe/aneea iniiau nicaeaiey aunieiyooaeoeaiuo nenoai i/enoee aacia io niaaeeiaiee na?u, ii?aaeaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua ia?aiao?u ?aaeecaoeee a ieo i?ioeannia aacii/enoee, ioeaiee o?iaiy oaoiieiae/iinoe e yooaeoeaiinoe aa ?aaiou. Aiaae?aiea ?ac?aaioaiiie nenoaiu i/enoee io SO2 iooiaeyueo aacia OYN, oeiee, iaooaoeiee, /a?iie e oeaaoiie iaoaeeo?aee e ae?. iicaieeo ia?yaeo n ?aoaieai yeieiae/aneie caaea/e iaania/eoue oaeaea e ooeeecaoeeth ia?acothueony i?iaeoeoia. Iaeeaeaaiue yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo io aiaae?aiey oaeie nenoaiu i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth 106 oun. i3// ninoaaeo 15917,32 a?i./aiae. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeieneae na?u, oi?noiea, aacii/enoiua nenoaiu, aani?aa?, oaiini?aoeey. Mironov D.V. Effective clearing removalling gases of thermal energetic systems from sulfur dioxide. – Manuscript. Dissertation on competition of scientific degree of candidate of engineering science on a speciality 05.14.04 – thermal energetic. - Odessa state polytechnical university, Odessa, 1998. The dissertation devoted to urgent questions of nature environment protection. The rational conditions of gas clearing from sulfide compounds in hollow atomizer absorber are established, and also the existence of work quality increasing reserve of such devices revealed. The datas describing physico-chemical and kinetic parameters of sulfur dioxide absorption various absorption systems are received. The theoretical bass of creation of highly effective systems of gas clearing from sulfur connections, as well as the theoretical and experimental account methods for absorption equipment used for this purpose are developed, the rational realization parameters of gas clearing process this equipment are determinated, the level of equipment adaptability to proceeding and efficiency of work are estimated. Offered system of gas clearing from sulfur dioxide effluention atmosphere by the enterprises of a power-supply complex, chemistry and petrochemistry, black and colour metallurgy etc. provides sanitary norms on sulfur dioxide emission and formed products reclamation. Key words: sulfur dioxide, atomizer, gas clearing system, absorber, chemisorption.

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