3

Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa

OAeE 32.0001(091);340.1(091)(4/9)

EIICTHE

Eaii?ae O?ioeiiae/

Ae?AAIIAI?ANUeEA EIINOEOOOe?EII-I?AAIAA EIIOeAIOe?ss IIE?OE*II?
NAIINO?EIINO? OE?A?IE ? OO NOIE?OOss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa;

?noi??y iie?oe/ieo ? i?aaiaeo a/aiue

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oai??? oa ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa
Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie Neaeoi Ieueaa
Oaaei??aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai??? oa ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa
Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e
Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie ?iaiaeei Aiaoie?e Eineiiae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie ?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aiae?onye Oa?an A?eai?iae/,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e oai??? oa ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?aaia O?aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai
(a?aeae?e ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue) Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 26 » ethoiai 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.700.03. i?e Oi?aa?neoao?
aioo??oi?o ni?aa ca aae?anith: 310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50-??//y
N?N?, 27.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa ca aae?anith: 310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50-??//y
N?N?, 27.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 26 » n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio Ee?e/aiei A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaei??th c iaeneeaaei?oeo i?iaeai
no/aniiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? ? oi?ioaaiiy ia iniia?
Eiinoeoooe?? aeineiiaei? iaoe?iiaeueii? i?aaiai? nenoaie, yea a
a?aeiia?aeaea i?aaiaei o?aaeeoe?yi, i?aaina?aeiiino? iaoiai ia?iaeo,
ao?eaiei, cie?aia, a oe?a?inuee?e i?aaia?e aeoioe?, aeooae?caoe?y
caeiaooe?a yei? iinoa? ye iaa?aeeeaaeia caaaeaiiy a?o/eciyii?
th?eaee/ii? iaoee.

Aei aa?oeiieo aeinyaiaiue oe?a?inueei? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee
a?aeiineoueny oai?/?noue aeaeaoiiai ieneeoaey ? a?iiaaenueeiai ae?y/a
Ieoaeea Ae?aaiiaiiaa (1841-1895) — aaoi?a iiiaae aeaio oeny/ iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? ?aea? yeiai, ia aeoieo A.Nieo?aiea (yeo ie
iiai?noth iiae?ey?ii), ? ae?acii «i?ioan?eii-th?eaee/iiai iiaeyaeo ia
aea?aeaao, i?aai ? iie?oe/io i?aai?caoe?th noni?euenoaa» Nieo?aiei A.A.
Aeaiie?aoe/aneea o/aiey i ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa ia Oe?aeia ai aoi?ie
iieiaeia XIX aaea (I.Ae?aaiiaiia, N.Iiaeieeineee, I.Oa?eaoeeee). —
Eueaia: Ecae-ai Eueaia. oi-oa, 1966. — N.10.. Aaaaoi aniaeo?a
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, cie?aia e iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy eiai eiioeaioe?? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie, caa??aathoue naith
aeooaeuei?noue ? a iao /an.

Aaoiiii?nonueei-oaaea?ae?nonueea eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino?
Oe?a?ie, eeane/iiai oai?aoe/iiai ioi?ieaiiy ye?e iaaeaa I.Ae?aaiiaiia
(ia?ii ia oaac?, ianaiia?aae, eiai a?aeiiee eiinoeoooe?eiee i?iaeo,
aeeeaaeaiee o i?aoe? «Aieueiue Nithc — A?eueia Ni?eea: Ni?iaa
oe?a?inueei? iie?oeei-nioe?aeueii? i?ia?aie» (1884 ?.), aeii?ioaaea
i?ioyaii iaeaea an??? iinoae?aaiiai?anueei? ?noi??? a?o/eciyii?
iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee. O?ainoi?ioaaaoenue a /ane «anana?oi?o
eaoaee?ci?a» (a?ei, ?aaiethoe?e, «ia?aaoaeiae» ? o.?i.) a eiioeaioe?th ?
iie?oeeo caeiaoooy aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie, aiia oe?eeii
caeiiii??ii ao?eeeanue o aeieaiinieo iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo aeieoiaioao —
Aeaeea?aoe?? i?i aea?aeaaiee noaa?ai?oao Oe?a?ie, Aeo? i?iaieioaiiy
iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie, iia?e Eiinoeoooe??, ye? oni?oii oeiinoeoothaaee
iacaeaaeio oe?a?inueeo aea?aeaao. Oiio oai?aoe/iee ? i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an
aeeeeea? aeine?aeaeaiiy ye aeania eiioeaioe?? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, oae e
i?iya?a ?? aieeao ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaii-i?aaiai? aeoiee, aeaaioai?i?noue yeiai iii?oia ? a iao? aei?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea? «Ieaio i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o ia 1998 ??e» Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o
ni?aa, cie?aia ioieoo uiaei ?ic?iaee eo?no «?noi??y iie?oe/ieo oa
i?aaiaeo a/aiue».

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?/i? niaaeueie
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, cie?aia eiai eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ?aeae, ia? iiiaae
noie?oith ?noi??th. Iaea?eueoei aianeii aei ae?aaiiaiiciaanoaa, yea a
iao /an noi?ioaaeinue a ie?aio aaeocue iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, noaee,
ia iaoo aeoieo, i?aoe? O.Aiae?onyea, I.Aaneeaiea, A.Ai?iiai?,
I.A?ooaanueeiai, ?.Aecthae, A.Aeiaae/a, Ae.Caneaanueeiai, ?.?aaiiai?,
A.E?noye?anueeiai, A.E?oaeaoiaa, ?.Eenyea-?oaeieoeueeiai, A.Eoea?aiea,
?.Iaoaeuenueeiai, ?.I?uoea, I.Iaaeeea, ?.Iecth?a, A.?iaiaeeia,
?.?iiai/aiea, I.Neaeoi, A.Nieo?aiea, I.Oaae/aiea, ?.O?aiea. Oe?iieie
aeey ?icoi?iiy eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
A.Aioianueei?, A.Eii?e/eeiaa, I.Eiieeaiea, I.Ie?iiaiea, I.I?ici?iai?,
TH.?eia?aiea, I.Ne?eiithea, I.Noaoethea. Iniaeeaa aaeeea cia/aiiy ia?
aeciaiiy ?ie? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ye iaeiiai c iniiaiiieiaeiee?a
oe?a?inueeiai eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio, oai?oey i?ea?iaeueii?
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie Iiiyooy «eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaa
aeieo?eia I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa» aia?oa a ?noi?eei-i?aaia?e e?oa?aoo?? aaaaeaii
I.Neaeoi (aeea.: Neaeoi I.O. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiia eae iieeoe/aneee
iuneeoaeue. — Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1993.-N.126)..

Ana ae aei oeueiai /ano iia?aeii ?icaeyaeaeeny eeoa aeaye? aniaeoe
ae?aaiiai?anueei? eiioeaioe?? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie. sse oe?e?ni?noue
aiia ua ia noaea i?aaeiaoii niaoe?aeueiiai ?noi?eei-i?aaiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeeoa?oueny ?ic?iaeaiith iaaeinoaoiuei.

Ioaea, iiaa i?i/eoaiiy ? anaa?/ia ia?ainieneaiiy eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai?
eiioeaioe?? iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a?aeiia?aeii
aei iio?aa ?icaoaeiae oe?a?inueei? «noaa?aiii? ? iacaeaaeii?,
aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae» (no.1 Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie) iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?, ia eeoa i?ciaaaeueiiai
?noi?eei-oai?aoe/iiai, aea e i?aeoe/ii-iie?oe/iiai cia/aiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeiaa
?ic?iaea, eiiieaeniee aiae?c oa nenoaiaoecaoe?y ?aeae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa c
i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueiiai naiiaecia/aiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, iie?oe/ii?
iacaeaaeiino? ? niai?iino? Oe?a?ie, ?ice?eooy nooiino? ae?aaiiai?anueei?
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? eiioeaioe?? iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie,
aena?oeaiiy ?? cia/aiiy aeey iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iaoiai ia?iaeo, i?noey ieneeoaey a ?noi??? a?o/eciyiiai oa
?a?iiaenueeiai eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio.

Aeacaia iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a? e caaaeaiiy, ye?
iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy, a naia:

— ie?aneeoe iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo iaoeiai? aeoiee ca aeine?aeaeoaaiith
i?iaeaiith;

— ?ice?eoe aeaea?aea, oai?aoe/i? canaaee, no?oeoo?o ? ci?no
ae?aaiiai?anueei? eiioeaioe?? iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie;

— iieacaoe iaa?oiooaaiiy I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei iioeiaeueieo oi?i ?aae?caoe??
i?aaa oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ia naiiaecia/aiiy;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe nooi?noue ? i?eioeeiia? iniaeeaino? ae?aaiiai?anueei?
a?c?? niai?iino? Oe?a?ie;

— aecia/eoe aieea eiioeaioe?? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia ?icaeoie a?o/eciyii?
iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee e?ioey XIX — XX noie?oue;

— iieacaoe ao?eaiiy ?aeae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a ai?iouea? ca a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?;

— ni?iaiicoaaoe ? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iiaeeea? oi?ie aeei?enoaiiy aeooaeueieo
?aeae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? i?aaiai?
nenoaie Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?aeaeii-oai?aoe/ia niaaeueia I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
yea neeaaea?oueny c iaoeiaeo, iaoeiai-iiioey?ieo, ioae?oeenoe/ieo
i?aoeue oa ai?noiey??th, /anoeiai — eiai a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ia
ae?yeuei?noue, ni?yiiaaia ia ?aae?caoe?th aeanieo ?aeae, a oaeiae
aei?iaie /?eueieo i?aaenoaaiee?a a?o/eciyii? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee,
eiie?aoi? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe, ia yeeo iicia/eany aieea
ae?aaiiai?anueei? eiioeaioe??.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?: a) eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaa eiioeaioe?y
iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ye yae?i eiai
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie, cie?aia ?? aeaea?aea, oai?aoe/i?
canaaee, no?oeoo?a oa ci?no iaeaaaeeea?oeo iieiaeaiue, ye? iathoue
i?eioeeiiaa cia/aiiy aeey ?? ?aeaioeo?eaoe??; a) ?ai?acaioaoeaia aea??ea
aieiaieo iiae?e ? yaeu o ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee,
a yeeo iii?oiee aieea oe??? eiioeaioe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeena?oaoe??. Aaoi? nie?aany, ia?aaeon?i, ia
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie
iaoiaeieia?? no/aniiai i?aaiciaanoaa» (Ee?a, 1996), i?aaio/e canoinoaaoe
noeoii?noue iaoiae?a o?einionueeiai (na?oiaeyaeiiai), caaaeueiiiaoeiaiai
? niaoe?aeueii-iaoeiaiai (th?eaee/ii? oa noi?aeieo iaoe) iaoiaeieia?/ieo
??ai?a. Iaea?eueo oe?iei aeena?oaio ei?enooaaany nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iei,
aiae?oe/iei, ooieoe?iiaeueiei, ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiei oa
ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaei iaoiaeaie.

?acii ?c caaaeueiiiaoeiaeie iaoiaeaie, iacaaieie aeua, aeei?enoaii
iiaeeeaino? oaeiai eiie?aoii-iaoeiaiai iaoiaeo ye aa?iaiaaoe/iee — aeey
i?aaeeueiiai oeoia/aiiy ci?noo aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeno?a oai??a
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Aieiaieie iaoiaeieia?/ieie i???ioe?aie aeine?aeaeaiiy, o a?aeiia?aeiino?
c? caaaeaieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie eiioa?aioe??, aoee: a) ooaa?aeaeaiiy
i?eioeei?a «aoiai?cio, i??i?eoaoo iniae, a?iiaaeyieia, a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa»; a) «ci?oeiaiiy noaa?aiii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae»
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie
iaoiaeieia?? no/aniiai i?aaiciaanoaa» // A?niee Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe
Oe?a?ie. — 1997. -?1. -N.154..

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue iaoeia? oa ioae?oeenoe/i?
i?aoe? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, a yeeo ii?ooo?oueny iie?oeei-i?aaiaa
i?iaeaiaoeea, iioae?eiaai? a oiai/anieo aeo?iaeao oa aacaoao, cie?aia, a
oaeeo ye «Oieaa?neoaoneea ecaanoey», «Eeaaneee oaeaa?ao», «Aieueiia
neiai», «Aanoiee Aa?iiu», «Ia?iae», «Oe?ai?ia», ca??eao oa aeo?iae?
«A?iiaaea», a oaeiae ie?aieie aeaeaiiyie. Ii?aoeueiaai? an? iayai? ia
nueiaiaei? ca??ee oai??a ieneeoaey (1905-1906, 1908, 1937, 1952, 1970 oa
1991 ?ie?a aeaeaiiy), aeecueei i?aoi?a aeanyoea ca??ie ai?noiey?ii?
niaaeueie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, a oaeiae niiaaaee eiai no/aniee?a oa
iine?aeiaiee?a. Aeei?enoaii aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee oiiae?a
Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a),
Oeaio?aeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai a?o?ao Oe?a?ie (i.Euea?a),
?inoeoooo ?oeiien?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie ?i.
A.Aa?iaaenueeiai, A?aeae?eo ?oeiien?a ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i. O
Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeieo a?ae?ioae e?a?ie. Aaoi?ii aia?oa
/anoeiai iioae?eiaaii ?oeiien iaa?aeiii? ?ai?oa i?aoe? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
«Iiaua enneaaeiaaiey a thaeii?onneie enoi?ee», yea ia? i?eioeeiiaa
cia/aiiy aeey ?icoi?iiy aeine?aeaeoaaii? eiioeaioe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa?, ianaiia?aae, o oiio, ui a i?e
aia?oa a ?noi?eei-i?aaia?e iaooe? aaaaeaii iiiyooy «ae?aaiiai?anueea
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaa eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie»,
ui, c iaoiai iiaeyaeo, aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaea? noeoii?noue
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ?aeae ieneeoaey uiaei ia?niaeoea iiaoaiiiai
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Aia?oa
eiiieaenii i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? aniaeoe oe??? eiioeaioe??, cie?aia, ??
aeaea?aea, oai?aoe/i? canaaee ? no?oeoo?o, ci?no iaeaaaeeea?oeo
iieiaeaiue, iieacaii ?? ?ieue ye ?ioaa?oth/iai yae?a
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, aieea ia ?icaeoie
a?o/eciyii? oa ?a?iiaenueei? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee ? i?aeoeeo
aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?, cia/aiiy aeey no/aniiai aoaio
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? i?aaiai? nenoaie Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, ye? aeiinyoueny aaoi?ii ia caoeno:

— eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? ?aea? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa uiaei ia?niaeoea
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo
a?aecia/athoueny aenieei oai?aoe/iei ??aiai, nenoaiaoeciaai?noth oa
iaoeiaith oe?ii?noth ? a nai?e noeoiiino? noaiiaeyoue
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiao eiioeaioe?th iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie;

— eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie ? ?ioaa?oth/ei yae?ii
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa;

— ianoithth/e i?aai eiaeiiai ia?iaeo ia naiiaecia/aiiy, oey eiioeaioe?y
ca nai?th noooth aoea aaoiiii?nonueei-oaaea?ae?nonueeith, ine?eueee
i?iiiioaaea oaeo iioeiaeueio aeey naiai /ano oi?io eiai ?aae?caoe??
oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii ye iie?oe/ia aaoiiii?y Oe?a?ie oa ?? noaoon
noa’?eoa iaeaooiuei? oaaea?aoeaii? ?in?enueei? aea?aeaae, iaae?eaiiai,
ye ? an? noa’?eoe oaaea?aoe??, «th?eaee/ii aecia/aiith iie?oe/iith
naiino?ei?noth» Aeea.: Oaaea?aoeey // Neiaa?ue oa?ieiia ii oai?ee
ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa: O/aaiia iiniaea / ?oe. aaoi?. eie. I.E.Iaiia. —
Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1998. — N. 170.;

— o ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoei nai?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ? aeinoaoi? iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eiouaiiy, ui eiioeaioe?y
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? ??ciiaeaeii oe?a?inueeiai naiino?eieoeoaa. Ae?aaiiaiia,
?ic??ciyth/e iiiyooy «iie?oe/ia naiino?ei?noue» ? «aea?aeaaia
naiino?ei?noue», ?icaeyaea? ?o ye aea? oi?ie «iacaeaaeiino? iaaii?
iaeano? /e iaoe??». Oiio i?ioenoaaeaiiy ae?aaiiai?anueei? eiioeaioe?? ye
aioaaii?noe/ii? /e oe?eeii ? iiai?noth aeueoa?iaoeaii? uiaei eiioeaioe?e
aea?aeaaii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie, yea e aein? aeii?io? a
ae?aaiiaiiciaanoa? Iniaeeai iieacia? a oeueiio ieai? oi?ioethaaiiy
ss.A?eoeaea oa ?.Eenyea-?oaeieoeueeiai (aeea.: A?eoeae ss.E. I?ae
oaaea?aoeai?noth ? naiino?ei?noth: oe?a?inueea iie?oe/ia aeoiea o
1890-1914 ?ieao // A?eoeae ss.E. Ia?en ?noi??? Oe?a?ie: oi?ioaaiiy
iiaea?ii? oe?a?inueei? iaoe?? O?O-OO noie?ooy. — E.: Aaiaca, 1996.
-N.91-97; Eenye- ?oaeieoeueeee ?. *aoaa?oee Oi?aa?nae oa eiai
?aeaieia?/i? iiia?aaeieee // Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee 1. ?noi?e/i? ana: A 2
o. — E.: Iniiae, 1994. — O.2. — N. 1, 7., ? iai?iaeoeoeaiei c iaoeiai? ?
i?aeoe/ii-iie?oe/ii? oi/ie ci?o;

— aea/aiiy i?aoeue I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ??cieo ?ie?a iaienaiiy aea? i?aenoaae
aeey aeniiaeo, ui a?i i?eiee ia aoa i?ioeaieeii aea?aeaaii?
naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie;

— ae?aaiiai?anueeee aiae?c oaeoi??a, ye? coiiaethaaee a oie /an
iaiiaeeea?noue ? iaaeioe?euei?noue ai?ioueae ca aea?aeaaio
iacaeaaei?noue Oe?a?ie, a iniiaiiio aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeaa ?noi?e/i?
?aae?? ae?oai? iieiaeie XIX noie?ooy;

— eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa iaea
aeinoaoi?e iioaioe?ae aeey o?ainoi?iaoe?? o
aea?aeaaii-naiino?eieoeueeiio iai?yi? (i?iaiicoaaiiy aeoiaeo Oe?a?ie ia
i?aeia?iaeio a?aio, io?eiaiiy i?aaa «aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaaoe ia
iai?yiie ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee» oa ?i.). ?? cae?eniaiiy iiaei a noaoe
ia?oei aoaiii ia oeyoo aei aea?aeaaii? naiino?eiino?;

— eaeoiioeaii oai?/ino? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aoea ?aeay eoeueoo?ii? oa
iie?oe/ii? ni?ai?aoe? ? nie?aea?iino? ianaeaiiy on?o oe?a?inueeeo
caiaeue. A?c?y niai?iino? Oe?a?ie ? aaaeeeaei no?oeoo?iei aeaiaioii eiai
eiioeaioe??;

— aaoiiii?nonueei-oaaea?ae?nonuee? ?aea? I Ae?aaiiaiiaa iaaoee
eiioeaiooaeueii-eiinoeoooe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy. Iiai?noth a?aeiia?aeath/e
aeinyaiaiiyi ?a?iiaenueei? th?eaee/ii? iaoee, eiioeaioe?y Ae?aaiiaiiaa
noaea nai???aeiith aeii?iaioith a?o/eciyii? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee,
ni?aaeaoe aaee/aciee aieea ia ?? ?icaeoie, iniaeeai iaia?aaeiaei? ? a
ia??iae oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? 1917-1920 ??.;

— a?eueo?noue iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo ?aeae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa /a?ac aeanoeaee ?i
i?iaiinoe/iee iioaioe?ae caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith a oiiaao no/aniiai
aoaio aea?aeaaioai?aiiy ? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
ia iniia? iiai? Eiinoeoooe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? i?aaiai? nenoaie Oe?a?ie,
cie?aia aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo oaeeo eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo
?inoeooo?a, ye caaaeuei? canaaee eiinoeoooe?eiiai eaaeo, i?aaiaee noaoon
iniae, oi?ia aea?aeaae (iniaeeai — oi?ia aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith), i?noeaaa
naiia?yaeoaaiiy oa ?i.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
oiio, ui aiie: 1) ii-ia?oa, cae?enithaaoeiooue o a?aeiia?aeieo iaaeao,
?acii c ?ioeie iaoeiaeie ?ic?iaeaie oeueiai ni?yioaaiiy, iiceoeaiee
aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy i?aaina?aeiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, caniiaaii?
ia iiaac? aei naiai ieioeiai ? ni?yiiaaii? ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
eiinoeoooe?eii? ?aea?;

2) ii-ae?oaa, iiaeeaeaiiy ciaiue i?i eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiao aeieo?eio
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? anth eiai niaaeueio ni?eyoeia ae??oaiith no/anieo
i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue oe?a?inueeiai eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio.

Ioae?eaoe??th aeena?oaioa (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c ia?iaeiei aeaiooaoii
Oe?a?ie I.I?neoiii) «Aeecueeee ? aei?iaee iai» («E?oa?aoo?ia Oe?a?ia»
a?ae 13 aa?aniy 1990 ?.) aoei iieeaaeaii ii/aoie ia?aaeyaeo
aaci?aenoaaieo eai?inueeeo caeioaa/aiue ia aae?ano I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa o
«iaoe?iiae?noe/iiio i?uainoa?», ye? ia?aoeiaeaeaee ia’?eoeaiiio
aeine?aeaeaiith niaaeueie ieneeoaey.

Iaea?aeai? a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?noi??? a?o/eciyii? iie?oeei-i?aaiai?
aeoiee, aeey i?aeaioiaee i?ae?o/iee?a oa iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, o
i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy aoc?anueeeo eo?n?a ?noi??? iie?oe/ieo oa i?aaiaeo
a/aiue, oai??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa, ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Oe?a?ie ?
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa, iie?oieia??, ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaii aeey aeei?enoaiiy o
ea??ai? i?aaie Ia?iaeii-aeaiie?aoe/ii?, E?aa?aeueii?,
Nioe?ae-aeaiie?aoe/ii? (ia’?aeiaii?), Aa?a?ii? ia?o?e Oe?a?ie oa ?oi?o
iaeanieo ia?oi?aai?caoe?e ia Aieei?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??
noi?ioeueiaai? e iaa?oioiaai? aaoi?ii ia iniia? iniaenoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue. ?aea? oa ?ic?iaee, ui iaeaaeaoue ni?aaaoi?ai, ?acii c
yeeie aoee iioae?eiaai? iaoeia? i?aoe?, caeiaoaa/ai o aeena?oaoe?? ia
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii o aeiiia?aeyo ia Ae?oaiio i?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an?
oe?a?i?no?a (Euea?a, 1993, o ni?aaaoi?noa?), ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo: «Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia ? i?iaeaie noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo ia Oe?a?i? ? a ?a?ii?» (Ee?a, 1991);
«Noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia ? o?einionueea aeoiea ia cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo
caieyo o eiioaeno? iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo» (Euea?a, 1991, o
ni?aaaoi?noa?); «Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee — aecia/iee oe?a?inueeee a/aiee,
aea?aeaaiee ae?y/, a?iiaaeyiei» (Euea?a, 1991, o ni?aaaoi?noa?);
«A’y/aneaa Eeieinueeee: ?noi?eei-iie?oieia?/ia niaaeueia ? no/ania
Oe?a?ia» (Ee?a-Eooeuee-E?aiaiaoeue, 1992, o ni?aaaoi?noa?); «O 120-oo
??/ieoeth a?ae ia?iaeaeaiiy aaoueiaia Nei?iiaaenueeiai; o 75-oo
??/ieoeth i?iaieioaiiy Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae»
(Ee?a-*a?i?a?a-O?inoyiaoeue, 1993, o ni?aaaoi?noa?); «Noni?euenoaiciaa/?
iaoee oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??» (Eooeuee, 1997), ia anaoe?a?inueeeo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo: «Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia ? oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy» (Ee?a, 1991); «I?iaeaie ?noi??? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo ia
Oe?a?i? (aei 1917 ?.)» (Ee?a-Ieeiea?a, 1992); «Aei iiai? Oe?a?ie —
oeyoii ?aoi?i» (Ee?a, 1992, o ni?aaaoi?noa?); «150 ?ie?a ?icaeoeo
a?o/eciyii? ?noi?e/ii? iaoee a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?» (Ee?a, 1992);
«Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaai?noue: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue» (Ee?a, 1993, o
ni?aaaoi?noa?); «I?iaeaie ioi?iie a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa» (Oa?e?a, 1993, o ni?aaaoi?noa?), ia
ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
th?eaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean?
Oe?a?iee.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aaoi?ii a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao
aeey nooaeaio?a th?eaee/iiai oaeoeueoaoo AAeO, a oaeiae i?ae /an ?iaioe
a 1992-1993 ??. (ca noi?nieoeoaii) ia iinaae? iieiaeoiai iaoeiaiai
ni?a?ia?oieea naeoi?a ae?aaiiaiiciaanoaa ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e ?i.
O.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie iaae i?aeaioiaeith aei ae?oeo c?a?aiiy oai??a
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa o 20 oiiao.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a
a?ioo??, /ioe?ueio noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, iaei?e noaoo? o
ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaeiiio ca??ieeo iaoa??ae?a oa aeaio
ca??ieeao oac iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e (anueiai 9 ioae?eaoe?e).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?noeoue anooi, o?e
?icae?ee, iiae?eai? ia i?ae?icae?ee, aeniiaee (caaaeueiee ianya 153
noi??iee), nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (250 iaeiaioaaiue) oa aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaothoueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe??, ?icaeyaea?oueny noai ?? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee, aecia/athoueny
iaoa, caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae ? aeaea?aeueia aaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? «Iniiai? aoaie iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee
iie?oeei-i?aaiai? niaaeueie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa» neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icae?eo «Aea/aiiy iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo iiaeyae?a
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa iai?ee?ioe? XIX — a ia?o?e /aa?o? XX noie?oue»
?icaeyaea?oueny ii/aoeiaee aoai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie. A?i iia’ycaiee,
ianaiia?aae, c ?iaiaie o/i?a ? ni?aoiee?a I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.Iaaeeea oa
?.O?aiea, ye? aia?oa i?iaiae?coaaee ae?aaiiai?anueeo a?c?th
naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie. Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey iiioey?ecaoe?? niaaeueie
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa iaee i?aoe? aeaeaoiiai th?enoa ? o?einioa,
“ae?aaiiai?aoey” ca ia?aeiiaiiyie A.E?noye?anueeiai, yeee
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa eiai ye oe?a?inueeiai iao??ioa, “ia?oiai iine?aeiaiiai
eiinoeoooe?iiae?noa, oai?oey ia?oi? ?in?enueei? eiinoeoooe?eii? oai???”.
Iaioe?iaiiei aianeii o ae?aaiiaiiciaanoai noaei aeaeaiiy ia ii/aoeo XX
no. caaaeyee coneeeyi A.E?noye?anueeiai iniiaieo ?in?enueeiiiaieo
iie?oe/ieo oai??a ieneeoaey. N.?o?aiia aaaaeaa I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
ia?aaeian?i oe?a?inueeei nioe?ae?noii-oaaea?ae?noii, i?aee?aneeaoe
niaaeei?ii?noue eiai ?aeae c oaaea?ae?ciii Ee?eei-Iaoiae??anueeiai
a?aonoaa. Ci?noiai? iaoeia? i?aoe? i?enayoeee Ae?aaiiaiiao
I.A?ooaanueeee oa Ae.Caneaanueeee.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icae?eo “Aena?oeaiiy iie?oeei-i?aaiai?
niaaeueie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a e?oa?aoo?? ae?oai? iieiaeie 20-o — 80-o ??.”
iieacaii, ui ca ?aaeyinueeeo /an?a ia’?eoeaia aea/aiiy niaaeueie
ieneeoaey caaaeyee noiiica?niiio eai?inueeiio y?eeeo “iaoe?iiae?noe/iiai
i?uainoaa”, iaa?oaiiio ia oai?/o niaaeueio I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, noaei iaeaea
iaiiaeeeaei. Iii?oiith iiae??th noaa aeo?ae o na?o aeaioiiieea
e?oa?aoo?ii-ioae?oeenoe/ieo oai??a ieneeoaey, iiiia?ao?e ? noaoae
?.?aaiiai? oa A.Eoea?aiea, a yeeo ana ae aaeaeiny c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i
i?ia?aneaio ?ieue Ae?aaiiaiiaa a ?noi??? noni?eueii-iie?oe/ii? aeoiee oa
aecaieueiiai ?ooo Oe?a?ie ? ?in??. Iaea?eueo iiaii aena?oeaii
iie?oeei-i?aaia? iiaeyaee I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, cie?aia uiaei c i?iaeai
iioiaeaeaiiy, noo? ? oi?ie aea?aeaae, oaaea?ae?cio, iie?oe/ieo i?aa ?
naiaiae, uiaei oeyo?a aea?aeaaiiai ae??oaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ieoaiiy, o
iiiia?ao?? A.Nieo?aiea. Cia/iee aianie o aea/aiiy
aaoiiii?nonueei-oaaea?ae?nonueeeo ?aeae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa c?iaeee a/ai? c
oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e ?.Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee (i?aoe? yeiai uieii
ia?aaeaeaii a Oe?a?i?) oa ?.Iecth?.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e iaceaa?oueny “Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa a 90-o ??.”. Iii?oia aeoea?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy
ae?aaiiai?anueeeo ?aeae a?aeaoeanue i?ney i?iaieioaiiy noaa?ai?oaoo ?
iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie. Oeueiio iini?eyei a?aecia/aiiy ia o?yaeiaiio
??ai? 150-??/iiai tha?eath ieneeoaey. Cia/iith iiae??th noaa aeo?ae o
na?o aea?aieo oai??a Ae?aaiiaiiaa. O i?aoeyo A.Aeiaae/a, ?.?aaiiai?,
A.E?oaeaoiaa, ?.I?uoea, I.Oaae/aiea ia?aaeyiooi iiia?aaei? iaia’?eoeai?
i?aeoiaee aei ?aeaeii? niaaeueie Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

C-iii?ae ioae?eaoe?e inoaii?o ?ie?a, i?enay/aieo aaciina?aaeiuei
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaei ?aeayi I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?iaeaiaoeea iaoiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeiiai?oa aena?oeth?oueny o i?aoeyo O.Aiae?onyea,
?.Iaoaeuenueeiai ? I.Neaeoi. Iniaeeai oe?iiith, ia iaoo aeoieo, ?
iiiia?ao?y I.Neaeoi “I.I.Ae?aaiiaiia eae iieeoe/aneee iuneeoaeue”, a
ye?e aeeaiei ?ice?eaathoueny ieoaiiy noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo Ae?aaiiaiiaa
ye iie?oe/iiai oai?aoeea, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio ?
iie?oe/ii? naiaiaee, i?iaeaia i?aa ethaeeie ? iie?oe/ii? ai?ioueae,
ae?aaiiai?anuee? eiioeaioe?? oaaea?ae?cio ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
naiiaecia/aiiy. I?ioa e oe? a/ai?, ?icaeyaeath/e oai?aoe/i? iniiae
eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio, ie?ai? eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? ?inoeoooe a nenoai?
iiaeyae?a I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, oi?eaeeny eeoa aeayeeo aniaeo?a eiai
eiioeaioe?? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie. sse oe?e?ni?noue aiia ana ua iio?aao?
niaoe?aeueiiai ?noi?eei-i?aaiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie ye yae?i
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa” neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e ?icae?eo “Aeaea?aea, oai?aoe/i? canaaee ? no?oeoo?a
eiioeaioe??” i?noeoue ?? caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo.

Eiioeaioe?th iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie iiaeia aaaaeaoe yae?ii
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa oiio, ui aiia a?ae?a?a?
a aeieo?ei? ?ioaa?oth/o ?ieue, ia ia? “i?aoeththoue”, c iath
ocaiaeaeothoueny on? ?io? iieiaeaiiy aeieo?eie, cie?aia, eiinoeoooe?ei?
i?eioeeie oa ?inoeoooe i?aa ethaeeie, i?noeaaiai ? caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, oaaea?ae?cio ? aeaoeaio?ae?caoe??.

?aeaei? aeaea?aea eiioeaioe?? ni?euei? c aeaea?aeaie an??? aeieo?eie.
Aecia/aeueieie na?aae ieo aoee e?aa?ae?ci oa aaiethoe?eiee
«oaaea?aeueiee» nioe?ae?ci, ui aacoaaeeny ia iiceoea?nonueeiio
o?einionueeiio i?ae??oio?. Na?oiaeyae I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aoa ieth?ae?noe/iei
? neeaany ye ?acoeueoao neioaco ?aeae AE.-AE.?onni, O.-E.Iiioane’?,
A.Nai-N?iiia, ?.Ioaia, Aeae.-No.I?eey, I.Eiioa, A.Niaina?a,
I.-AE.I?oaeiia, O.-E.Oeinna?a, O.Iaeieay, O.A?ci, a oaeiae
oaaea?ae?nonueeeo a?c?e Ee?eei-Iaoiae??anueeiai a?aonoaa, ianaiia?aae
I.Einoiia?iaa.

A iniia? oai?aoe/ieo canaae eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa —
aa?iii?eia ii?aeiaiiy ?aeae oai??? i?e?iaeiiai i?aaa i?i i?eiao iniae
iaae aea?aeaaith oa aeicaeiiioai?/iai iioiaeaeaiiy i?aa ethaeeie ?
oai??? oaeoi??a nioe?ieia?/ii-iiceoea?nonueeiai iai?yio a i?aaiciaanoa?.
Ieneeoaeue a?oioiaii aea/ea oai??th ? i?aeoeeo na?oiaiai
eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio e cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeiai i?aeoiaeo aei i?iaeaie
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?noi??th eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ?aeae a
Oe?a?i?, na?oiaee aeina?ae ?ica’ycaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ieoaiiy, cie?aia
e ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa ia?iaeo ia naiiaecia/aiiy.

Ae?aaiiai?anueea eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie ia?
eiiieaeniee ? eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iee oa?aeoa?. Aiia aeeth/a? a naaa:
iieiaeaiiy i?i i?aai ia naiiaecia/aiiy ye iaeia c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?aa
ia?iaeo (iaoe??), aiae?c aeueoa?iaoeaieo oi?i eiai ?aae?caoe??
oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii, iaa?oiooaaiiy iioeiaeueieo (ia oie /an) oi?i
naiiaecia/aiiy oe?a?ioe?a, iaoeiao ?ic?iaeo i?iaeaie niai?iino? Oe?a?ie.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e ?icae?eo ia? iacao «I?aai ia naiiaecia/aiiy oa
iioeiaeuei? oi?ie eiai ?aae?caoe?? oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii».

Ae?aaiiaiia aaaaeaa i?aai ia naiiaecia/aiiy iaa?ae’?iiei i?aaii eiaeiiai
ia?iaeo, iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai /enaeueiino? ? ??aiy ?icaeoeo, aac
aa?aiooaaiiy yeiai iaiiaeeeaa ii?iae?caoe?y ? aa?iii?caoe?y
iaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aoa iiaaoi?nueeei ?
i?ia?aneaiei, ine?eueee a no/ani?e eiio iie?oeei-i?aaia?e aeoioe? ?
aea?aeaaii-i?aaia?e i?aeoeoe? oea i?aai aeciaaaeiny eeoa ca oae caaieie
«oeea?e?ciaaieie» iaoe?yie. Aeueoa?iaoeaieie oi?iaie ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa
ia?iaeo ia naiiaecia/aiiy, ca Ae?aaiiaiiaei, ? naia?aoeci ? ooai?aiiy
ie?aii? aea?aeaae aai caaacia/aiiy iacaeaaeiino? (naiioi?aae?iiy)
ia?iaeo (iaoe??) aac a?aeae?eaiiy a ie?aio aea?aeaao — oaaea?ae?ci
(iie?oe/ia aaoiiii?y).

C?iaeaoe aeniiaie i?i ia?aae?noe/i?noue iie?oeee, ni?yiiaaii? ia
caeiaoooy aea?aeaaii? iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XIX no.,
Ae?aaiiaiia iaa?oiooaaa ye iioeiaeueio oi?io naiiaecia/aiiy
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo aeinyaiaiiy iei oe?iei? iie?oe/ii? aaoiiii?? oa
noaoono noa’?eoa oaaea?aoe?? o neeaae? aeaiie?aoeciaaii?,
aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaii? ? oaaea?ae?ciaaii? ?in??. Oea aoea nai???aeia
eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie, cae?eniaiiy yei?, i?e
iio?aa?, iiaei a noaoe iaaiei aoaiii a iaeaooi?e ai?iouea? ca ??
aea?aeaaio iacaeaaei?noue.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e iaceaa?oueny «I?iaeaia niai?iino? Oe?a?ie». sse iaeei
c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i??i?eoao?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo Ae?aaiiaiia
?icaeyaeaa niai?i?noue Oe?a?ie, yea iiaea aooe aeinyaiooa oeyoii
oaaea?ae?caoe?? ?in?enueei? oa Aano?i-Oai?nueei? ?iia??e, iaeaaiaeaeaiiy
nenoaiaoe/ii? eoeueoo?ii? oa iie?oe/ii? ni?ai?aoe? ianaeaiiy on?o
oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue. A?i c?iaea aaee/aciee aianie o c’ynoaaiiy iiaii?
oa aoi?/ii? aiiiaaiiino? oe?a?ioe?a on?o ?aa?ii?a — «a?ae no?aeieo
iia?o?a Oea?noaa Iieuenueeiai aei ia?aaea??’?a Eaaeaco», noai?eaoe oei
naiei oai?aoe/ia i?ae??oioy aeey niai?ieoeueeeo i?aaiaiue aei
ia’?aeiaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo a ?aeei?e aea?aeaa?. Ieneeoaeue
ni?iaiicoaaa aeaye? nooo?a? iiiaioe oeueiai iaeaooiueiai ia’?aeiaiiy.
Ae?aaiiaiia, cie?aia, aaaaeaa, ui aiii, eiia??ii, a?aeaoaeaoueny oeyoii
i?e?aeiaiiy cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caiaeue aei Iaaeaei?i?yiueie.

O?ao?e ?icae?e «Aieea eiioeaioe?? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie
a?o/eciyii? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee» neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
i?ae?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a aei ?icae?eo.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee ia?oiai i?ae?icae?eo «Ae?aaiiai?anueea eiioeaioe?y
iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie ? oe?a?inueea iie?oeei-i?aaiaa aeoiea
e?ioey XIX — ii/aoeo XX noie?oue. I.Ae?aaiiaiia, «ae?aaiiai?aoe?» ?
oe?a?inueea ?aaiethoe?y 1917-1920 ??.» ioiieththoue aeaa ia??iaee
?noi??? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee — aei?aaiethoe?eiee ? ?aaiethoe?eieo
/an?a, ui coiiaeaii ni?euei?noth ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? «ae?eiaeo in?a
oa aeeiiaaoe?a» ? aea? iiaeeea?noue e?aua i?ine?aeeoaaoe aaiethoe?th
?oi?o iiaeyae?a.

Ae?aaiiai?anueea aaoiiii?nonueei-oaaea?ae?nonueea eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii?
naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie ni?aaeea aaee/aciee, a a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao iaa?oue
ae??oaeueiee aieea ia ?icaeoie iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee oeeo ia??iae?a,
iicia/eaoenue, ianaiia?aae, ia oi?ioaaii? aoiai?noe/ieo,
aeaiie?aoe/ii-e?aa?aeueieo, nioe?ae?noe/ieo oa ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?nonueeeo
canaae na?oiaeyaeo a?eueoino? i?ia?aeieo ae?y/?a
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeaoaeueii aiae?cothoueny i?iyae aieeao ?aeae
Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia I.Iaaeeea, ?.O?aiea, I.A?ooaanueeiai, A.E?noye?anueeiai,
N.Iaoeth?o, A.Aeiie/aiea, A.Eeieinueeiai, I.I?oiianueeiai, ia
aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? i?ia?aii? iinooeaoe iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e oa i?aai?caoe?e
— ?O?I, ?OO?, O?I, OAe?I, OOI, O?AeI, OINO oa ?i.

Aecia/a?oueny nooi?iue ao?eaiiy iieiaeaiue ae?aaiiai?anueei? eiioeaioe??
a iie?oeoe? ? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeoao Oeaio?aeueii? ?aaee (oi?aa?naee,
Eiinoeoooe?y OI?, Caeii i?i iaoe?iiaeueii-ia?niiaeueio aaoiiii?th,
??oaiiy c’?caeo ia?iae?a-oaaea?ae?no?a), aaoueiaiaoo I.Nei?iiaaenueeiai
(Oaaea?aoeaia a?aiioa aaoueiaia), Aee?aeoi??? (Aeo ceoee OI? ? COI?,
i?iaeoe eiinoeoooe?? oa ?i.), COI?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? o?aoueiai ?icae?eo «Iie?oeei-i?aaiaa niaaeueia
I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? ?aaeyinueea Oe?a?ia» aiae?co?oueny nai oaiiiai O?N? ye
aea-th?a noaa?aiii? aea?aeaae, a aea-oaeoi iiai?noth caeaaeiiai a?ae
Iineae eaac?aea?aeaaiiai ooai?aiiy, yea, i?ioa, aeyaeeiny ?noi?e/ii
iaieio/ei ye i?ii?aeiee aoai ia oeyoo aei iie?oe/ii?, a iio?i e
aea?aeaaii? naiino?eiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Aeaye? ?aea? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ni?acao/i? oai?/ino? iaoe?iiae-eiioi?no?a,
iie?oeoe? oe?a?i?caoe??.

I?ioean i?e?aeiaiiy cao?aeiioe?a?inueeeo caiaeue a ?iee ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie cana?ae/ea i?aaeeuei?noue ia?aaeaa/aiiy Ae?aaiiaiiaa, ui a
cae?eniaii? oeueiai ?noi?e/iiai aeey oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo caaaeaiiy
ae??oaeueio ?ieue c?a?a? ?in?y ? ui i?e oeueiio aoaea a??ia?aeiei
canoinoaaiiy a?enueeiai? neee.

?aea? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa aieeioee ia oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeo
“o?noaeanyoiee?a” (?.Aecthae oa ?i.), aeeneaeaio?a, aeei?enoiaoaaeeny
ieie a ai?iouea? i?ioe iie?oeee aeaiaoe?iiae?caoe?? ? ?oneo?eaoe??
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Ae?aaiiaiiaa iiaeia aaaaeaoe iiia?aaeieeii
no/aniiai i?aaicaoeniiai ?ooo a Oe?a?i? (OAN oa ?i.).

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e oeueiai ?icae?eo “Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? ?aea?
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? no/ania iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie” i?enay/aii aena?oeaiith aeooaeueiino? ?aeae ieneeoaey aeey
oi?ioaaiiy ia iniia? iiai? Eiinoeoooe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? i?aaiai? nenoaie
Oe?a?ie.

Aiae?co?oueny iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?aeae Ae?aaiiaiiaa aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaeeo eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ?inoeooo?a, ye caaaeuei?
canaaee eiinoeoooe?eiiai eaaeo, oi?ia aea?aeaae (cie?aia, oi?ia
aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith), i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?aaiaee noaoon iniae,
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei, ?ae?a?eieo ia’?aeiaiue oa ?i.

AENIIAEE

O aeniiaeao, ye? caaa?oothoue ?iaioo, i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ei?ioei noi?ioeueiaaii eiai iaeaaaeeea?o? ?acoeueoaoe ?
i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe??, iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue ? ia?niaeoeae
iiaeaeueoi? iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie.

Iiaeyaee I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ia i?aaa ethaeeie ? i?aaa iaoe??, i?noeaaa oa
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaia naiia?yaeoaaiiy, oaaea?ae?ci, aeaiie?ao?th,
ia?eaiaioa?eci aaeaeaaoii a?aeia?aaeaee no/ani? eiio ?aae?? aeeooy ?,
iaa?oue, aaaaoi a /iio aeia?aaeaeaee na?e /an, aeoioethth/e
caaaeueiiethaenuee? oe?iiino?, e?au? aeinyaiaiiy na?oiaiai
eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio oa oe?a?inueei? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee.

I.Ae?aaiiaiia aoa iaeiei ?c iniiaiiieiaeiee?a oe?a?inueeiai
eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio, oai?oeai i?ea?iaeueii? eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai?
aeieo?eie. Eiai aaoiiii?nonueei-oaaea?ae?nonuee? ?aea? uiaei ia?niaeoea
iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo iaaoee
eiioeaiooaeueii-eiinoeoooe?eiiai ioi?ieaiiy ? neeaee ?ioaa?oth/a yae?i
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? aeieo?eie ieneeoaey.

A iniia? ci?noo eiioeaioe?? — aiae?c oaeeo aeueoa?iaoeaieo oi?i
?aae?caoe?? i?aaa oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ia naiiaecia/aiiy ye naia?aoeci
? oaaea?ae?ci, yeeie aeinyaaeeny ??ci? aeaee (? ??ai?) eiai
iacaeaaeiino? — a?aeiia?aeii, aea?aeaaia aai iie?oe/ia naiino?ei?noue.
*?eueia i?noea a eiioeaioe?? a?aeaaaeaii i?iaeai? niai?iino? Oe?a?ie.

Ae?aaiiai?anueea eiioeaioe?y noaea nai???aeiith aeii?iaioith a?o/eciyii?
iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee, ni?aaeaoe aaee/aciee aieea ia ?? ?icaeoie,
iniaeeai iaia?aaeiaei? ? a ia??iae oe?a?inueei? ?aaiethoe?? 1917-1920
??.

Aaaaoi eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ?aeae I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa caa??aathoue naith
aeooaeuei?noue ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? aoae?aieoeoaa
oe?a?inueei? noaa?aiii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?oeei-i?aaiai? niaaeueie I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa iio?aao?
i?iaeiaaeaiiy caaeey aea/aiiy on?o ?? aniaeo?a oa aecia/aiiy i?noey
aeaeaoiiai oe?a?inueeiai ieneeoaey ye o a?o/eciyi?e, oae ? o na?oia?e
iie?oeei-i?aaia?e aeoioe?. Aeioe?eueii caii/aoeoaaoe i?aeia?iaei?
ae?aaiiai?anuee? eiia?ane, ia yeeo caneooiaoaaeeny a iie?oe/i? ? i?aaia?
ieoaiiy, ye? i?aei?iaeeny I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei ? ? “a?/ieie” aeey ia?iae?a ?
?oi?o aea?aeaa.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaa aeieo?eia I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa: Iaoeiaa aeaeaiiy. —
Eooeuee: Iaaenoe?’y, 1997. — 72n.

2. Eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa ?
oe?a?inueea iie?oeei-i?aaiaa aeoiea e?ioey O?O — ii/aoeo OO noie?oue
//Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO: AEo?iae Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee. TH?eaee/i? iaoee. — 1997.- ?10. — N.54-57 (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c A. Eiictheii).

3. Ae?aaiiai?anueea eiioeaioe?y eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ia?aoai?aiue
oi?ie aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith ?in?? //Oai naii. — N.58-60.

4. Aeii?iaioe a?o/eciyii? iie?oeei-i?aaiai? aeoiee: Eiinoeoooe?ei?
i?iaeoe I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa ? I.I?oiianueeiai a eiioaeno? i?ioenoiyiiy,
ae?aeiao ? neioaco aeueoa?iaoeaieo eiioeaioe?e naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie
//A?/a. — 1997. — ?12. — N.121-130.

5. Ae?aaiiaiia ? A?ooaanueeee: Aaiethoe?y eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai?
eiioeaioe?? iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie //Noni?euenoaiciaa/? iaoee
oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Ei.?? //AI aeui?
oeiee Oe?a?ie, Aieei. oi-o ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, Aieei. Aeaaeai. Ae?i.. —
Eooeuee: A.a., 1997. — N.70-76.

6. Ae?aaiiai?anueea aaoiiii?nonueei-oaaea?ae?nonueea eiioeaioe?y
iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie ? cao?aeiioe?a?inueea iie?oeei-i?aaiaa
aeoiea e?ioey O?O — ii/aoeo OO noie?oue //A?niee Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o
ni?aa. — 1998. — Aei. 3-4. — N.102-108.

7. Ae?aaiiai?anueea a?c?y oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiae?cio: ia?aaeeoa e
aeooaeueia //Ae?oaee i?aeia?iaeiee eiia?an oe?a?i?no?a, Euea?a, 22-28
na?iiy 1993 ?.: Aeiiia?ae? ? iia?aeiieaiiy /I?aeia?iaeia anioe?aoe?y
oe?a?i?no?a, AI Oe?a?ie. — Euea?a: A.a., 1994. — N.251-252 (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c N. Eeai/oeii).

8. Aei ieoaiiy i?i e?eoe/io ioe?ieo A.?. Eai?iei aeayeeo aniaeo?a
?aeaeii? niaaeueie I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa //Ieoaeei Ae?aaiiaiia ? oe?a?inueea
iaoe?iiaeueia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy: Oace aeiiia?aeae ? iia?aeiieaiue
?anioae?eainueei? iaoe. eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo, i?enay/aii?
150-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa. — E.: Ee?a. aea?ae.
oi-o, 1991. — N.4-5.

9. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiia ye ?aeaieia oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo
//I?iaeaie ?noi??? iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?ooo ia Oe?a?i? (aei 1917 ?.): Oace
aeiiia?aeae Ae?oai? anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe.-oai?. eiioa?aioe?? /?i-o
?noi??? Oe?a?ie AI Oe?a?ie. — Ee?a-Ieeiea?a: A.a., 1992. — N.12-13.

AIIOAOe??

Eiicthe E.O. Ae?aaiiai?anueea eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaa eiioeaioe?y
iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie ? XX noie?ooy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa;
?noi??y iie?oe/ieo oa i?aaiaeo a/aiue. — Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa
IAN Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aia?oa a ?noi?eei-i?aaia?e iaooe? aaaaeaii iiiyooy «ae?aaiiai?anueea
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaa eiioeaioe?y iie?oe/ii? naiino?eiino? Oe?a?ie»,
eiiieaenii i?iaiae?ciaaii ?? aeaea?aea, oai?aoe/i? canaaee, no?oeoo?o ?
ci?no iniiaieo iieiaeaiue, aecia/aii i?noea oe??? eiioeaioe?? a
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia?e aeieo?ei? I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, iieacaii aieea
inoaiiuei? ia iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oai??? ? i?aeoeee oe?a?inueeiai
eiinoeoooe?iiae?cio. ?ice?eoi o?aeoiaeo I.Ae?aaiiaiiaei oaeeo iiiyoue ye
eiinoeoooe?iiae?ci, oaaea?ae?ci, aea?aeaaia naiino?ei?noue, i?aai
ia?iaeo ia naiiaecia/aiiy oa ?i.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiinoeoooe?iiae?ci, oaaea?ae?ci, iie?oe/ia
naiino?ei?noue, aea?aeaaia naiino?ei?noue, i?aai ia?iaeo ia
naiiaecia/aiiy.

Eiicthe E.O. Ae?aaiiaiianeay eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaay eiioeaioeey
iieeoe/aneie naiinoiyoaeueiinoe Oe?aeiu e XX noieaoea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee0/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.01. — oai?ey e enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa e
i?aaa; enoi?ey iieeoe/aneeo e i?aaiauo o/aiee. — Oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo
aeae IAAe Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aia?aua a enoi?eei-i?aaiaie iaoea aaaaeaii iiiyoea «Ae?aaiiaiianeay
eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaay eiioeaioeey iieeoe/aneie naiinoiyoaeueiinoe
Oe?aeiu», eiiieaenii i?iaiaeece?iaaiu aa enoi/ieee, oai?aoe/aneea
iniiau, no?oeoo?a e niaea?aeaiea iniiaiuo iieiaeaiee, ii?aaeaeaii ianoi
yoie eiioeaioeee a eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaie aeieo?eia I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
iieacaii aeeyiea iineaaeiae ia aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea oai?ee e i?aeoeee
oe?aeineiai eiinoeoooeeiiaeecia. ?ane?uoi o?aeoiaeo I.Ae?aaiiaiiaui
oaeeo iiiyoee eae eiinoeoooeeiiaeeci, oaaea?aeeci, ainoaea?noaaiiay
naiinoiyoaeueiinoue, i?aai ia?iaea ia naiiii?aaeaeaiea e ae?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiinoeoooeeiiaeeci, oaaea?aeeci, iieeoe/aneay
naiinoiyoaeueiinoue, ainoaea?noaaiiay naiinoiyoaeueiinoue, i?aai ia?iaea
ia naiiii?aaeaeaiea.

Komzyuk L.T. Drahomanov’s constitutional-and-legal conception of
political independence of Ukraine and the 20-th century. — Manuscript.

Thesis for the scientific degree of candidate of sciences (law),
speciality 12.00.01. — theory and history of the state and law; history
of political and legal theories. — University of internal affairs of the
MIA of Ukraine, Kharkiv, 1998.

The research has been the first in the history-and-law science to
introduce the concept of «Drahomanov’s constitutional-and-legal
conception of political independence of Ukraine». Thoroughly analyzed
have been its sources, theoretical foundation, structure and contents of
its basic tenets and place in M.Drahomanov’s constitutional-and-legal
doctrine, demonstrated has been the impact of the latter on further
development of the theory and practice of the Ukrainian
constitutionalism. The author has elucidated M.Drahomanov’s
interpretation of such concepts as constitutionalism, federalism, state
independence, the right of the nation to self-determination.

Key words: constitutionalism, federalism, political independence, state
independence, the right of the nation to self-determination.

Caeaii aei iaai?o 18.12.98. I?aei. aei ae?oeo 21.01.99. Iai?? ionao.
Ae?oe ionao. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,12. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,0.
Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Caiiae. ?25/4.

Ae?eueieoey iia?aoeaiiai ae?oeo Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Oa?e?a,
310080, i?. 50-??//y N?N?, 27.

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