2

IAeANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OO?AA

IEEIEA IEEIEAEIAE*

OAeE: 940.54.000.32 (477)

AeINA?Ae OA INIAEEAINO? IA?OECAINUeEEO Ae?E

O E?EIO 1941-1944 ?.?.

/NIOe?AEUeII-IIE?OE*IEE ANIAEO/.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 23.00.02

Iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe oa i?ioeane

AAOI?AOA?AO

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss EAIAeEAeAOA IIE?OE*IEO
IAOE

IAeANA – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? anana?oiuei? ?noi???
I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Oaiei A’y/aneaa
?aaiiae/, I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e anana?oiuei?
?noi???.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaeano Aeieo?i
Na?a?eiae/, Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueieo oai??e;

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Naa/aiei A?eoi? Aiaoie?eiae/, I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
?noi??? Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Iaeanueeee ?inoeooo nooiiooieo a?enuee, eaoaae?a
noni?eueieo iaoe.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny: 24 a?oaeiy 1998 ?., i 15
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E. 41.051.09 a
Iaeanuee?e aea?aeaai?e th?eaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 270009, i.
Iaeana, aoe. I?iia?nueea, 2, aoae. 312

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueei?
aea?aeaaii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: 270009, i. Iaeana, aoe.
I?iia?nueea, 2.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 23 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
A.?.Nooei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae a?ae oioae?oa?ecio aei aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaeae?
noni?euenoaa, eiee ia a iiai?e i??? ?aae?ciaai? i?eioeeie
ia?iaeiaeaaeaey, naiaiaee ? ??aiino?, ua caeeoathoueny ?oaeeiaioe noa?i?
nenoaie, aeooaeueiei o iie?oieia?? ? aeeaiea aea/aiiy oe?ieiai niaeo?o
iie?oe/ieo ?aaeei?a, o oiio /ene? oioae?oa?ieo, oei a?eueoa, ui
ineoieia?/ia iacaaeiaieaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei noaiiaeuai i?aeaeuo?
i?eaaaeea?noue oioae?oa?ecio, ye eaaeo, yeee i?ae aeaa nioe?aeueiee
caoeno, a oaeiae aeo?ae aa?aneaiei ?oei?aiei ?inoeieoaie. Ieoaiiy
?noi?e/iiai oa iie?oe/iiai aeai?o aeey e?a?ie, ui oniaaeeoaaea i?iaeaie
XX noie?ooy, aeiaaa? ia iiaoi?thaaoe iiieeie ieioeiai.

Iniaeeai? oaaae iaoeiaoe?a iio?aao? a?enueeiaa c?oeiaiiy ??cieo oei?a
oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a – eiioi?cio, iaoe?iiae-nioe?ae?cio, oaoecio a ?iee
ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Aeooaeueiei i?e oeueiio ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ooo
i?ioe oaoenonueeeo ieoiaio?a a Oe?a?i?. Y?oioiaia aea/aiiy i?iaeaie
ia?iaeiiai iii?o a Oe?a?i? oioae?oa?iiio oaoenonueeiio ?aaeeio aeicaiey?
i?inoaaeeoe neeaaeiee i?ioean a?iiaaenueeiai iiaeaeao, ia?aaeyaeo
onoaeaieo oe?iiinoae, ia?aoiaeo a?ae ?aeaae?ciaaieo aeiai aei iie?oe/ii?
?aaeueiino?.

Aiae?c oaiaoeee, ia?aii? aaoi?ii, aeiiiiaaa? aeei?enoaoe iia?
aeieoiaioaeuei? aeai?, ye? ?ai?oa aoee cae?eo? aeey aeine?aeiee?a ?
aeaoe ia’?eoeaio oa a?eueo iiaio iie?oe/io ioe?ieo aeina?aeo e
iniaeeainoyi ?ooo iii?o oaoenonueeei ieoiaioai o ?iee a?eie.
Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeth?oueny ye aioo??oi?ie, oae ?
ciai?oiuei-iie?oe/ieie oaeoi?aie. Aaeaea a?aooaaiiy aeaea?ae oa aeoie?a
i?aeia?iaeii? e?ece a ?iee a?eie aea? ia no/aniiio ia??iae? iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe no?aoaa?th ? oaeoeeo ?aoi?i a oiiaao no/aniiai
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, a?enueeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa, ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee oa
ci?oeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie.

I?aaeiaoii aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?oo iii?o oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo
i?ioe ieoiaoe?eiiai oioae?oa?iiai oaoenonueeiai ?aaeeio. Cia/ia oaaaa
i?eae?ey?oueny eiioeaiooaeueiei i?iaeaiai a?enueeiai? ai?ioueae, o/ano?
o i?e ethaeae ??cieonioe?aeueieo ? aoiiiaoe?iiaeueieo a?oi, ?ie?
iaeaaaeueieo i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee oa a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e ia
ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi???.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iee aniaeo ia?oecainueeeo
ae?e oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ia iaoa??aeao E?eio. Aaeaea oeae ?aa?ii ia?
nai? iniaeeaino?:

— i?e ia?aaac? oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy ooo aoee /eneaiieie
iaoe?iiaeuei? iaioeie (?in?yie, oaoa?e, ?a?a?, a??iai? oa ?io?);

— aaiiie?oe/ia i?eei?aeiiia ?icoaooaaiiy ?aa?iio, o oiio /ene? c
ai?iaeeie i?ioaoenonueeeie e?a?iaie (Oo?oe??th, ?oioi??th);

— aeiiouaia ?noi?e/ia iani?aaaaeeea?noue c aieo noae?inueeiai
?aaeeio noiniaii ?yaeo aoiin?a: aeaii?oaoe?y, e?ea?aeaoe?y
iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aeii?a, iaiaaeaiiy a iie?oe/ieo i?aaao oiui;

— neeaaei? aaia?ao?/i? oiiae, u?euei?noue i?iaeeaaiiy ianaeaiiy ia
i?aino?ia?.

A?aoiaoth/e aeuaneacaia, iaiao?aeii ?aoaeueii aea/aoe aeina?ae oa o?iee
ieioeiai, eiai aeei?enoaiiy a no/ani?e aoiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e oa
i?aeia?iaei?e iie?oeoe?, aea?aeaaiaoaeoaaii?.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue neeaaeiee ia??iae
ia?iaeiiai iii?o oaoenonueeiio ?aaeeio (1941-1944 ?.?.), oiaoi c /ano
ieoiaoe?? i?aino?iaa E?ei aei eiai aecaieaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao i?aoe? noaiiaeyoue nenoaii? i?eioeeie, ye?
iaaeathoue i??i?eoao aeieoiaioiaaiei oaeoai, ?o nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiio
aiae?co, a?aeeeaeath/e iie?oe/io caaiaaaeiaai?noue. Aaoi? iaaea?
ia?aaaao iniiaiei iaoeiaei iaoiaeai, o oiio /ene? nioe?ieia?/iiio,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio, caaaeueiieia?/iiio oa ?ioei, ye?
aeicaieythoue ae/eaieoe eeth/ia? aeaiaioe nenoaie, aeeaoa caaaiooe nooue
aeaieo yaeu, aca?iica’ycie iie?oeee ? noni?euenoaa.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie. Aea/aiiy caaaeueieo i?iaeai ?ooo Iii?o
ia?iaeo oaoenonuee?e ieoiaoe?? ?icii/aeany c?aco ae i?ney a?eie. Aoee
noai?aii? aaaaoioiii? i?aoe? c ?noi??? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie,
ia?oecainueeiai oa i?aei?eueiiai ?ooo a Oe?a?i?, o oiio /ene? ? a E?eio.
Oe? i?aoe? iineee ia?aaaaeii ?noi?e/iee oa?aeoa?, noi?iaiaeaeoaaeenue
yne?aaeie i?eeeaaeaie aa?i?cio ?aaeyinueeeo ia?oecai ? i?aei?eueiee?a.
Oa?aeoa?iei ?o iaaeie?eii aoa a?ia?o?ioiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee ?ie?
eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? oa ?? ea??aiee?a o ?iee a?eie, iaeiia?/ia ioe?iea
?ie? ie?aieo aoi?/ieo a?oi ? ?aa?ii?a o aieiaeo ae?yo. I?e iie?oe/i?e
ioe?ioe? ia?oecainueeeo a?ei, aaoi?e, ye i?aaeei, nie?aeeny ia
eiioi?noe/io ?noi??ia?ao?th, ?? eeanee?a E.Ia?ena, O.Aiaaeuena,
A.Eai?ia, a oaeiae Noae?ia, Iai Oecaaeoia, i?ci?oa E?i ?? Naia, A?ianoa
*a Aaaa?a oa ?ioeo. I?e oeueiio ia caaaeaee a?aoiaoaaeeny iia? oiiae e
iniaeeaino? ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo o ??cieo e?a?iao ? ??cieo ia?iae?a.
A?ae/oaaeiny ceiaaeeaaiiy eeaniaei i?aeoiaeii i?e iie?oe/i?e ioe?ioe?
iiae?e.

Ia iineaaethaaeany oaaaa aeine?aeiee?a aei ?ooo Iii?o oaoenonueeei
ieoiaioai o 60-80-o? ?iee. Iiceoeaia cia/aiiy iaei canoaeaeaiiy eoeueoo
iniae, a?aeiiaeaiiy ioe?iee ie?aieo iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a oa iieeiaiaeoe?a,
oe?eeo ia?iae?a. Aea nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? aniaeoe ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo
aena?oethaaeeny o?aaiaioa?ii, cie?aia, neaai aea/aeeny ieoaiiy
i?ioeai?noaa aeaio oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a, aieea oeueiai oaeoi?o ia o?ae
a?enueeiaeo ae?e ? ineoieia?th ethaeae.

Noai?aiiy iacaeaaeii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, aeaiie?aoe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy
o 90-o ?ieao a?aee?eee oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey iie?oieia?/iiai aiae?co
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo. A?aeaoaaeany o?ainoi?iaoe?y iiaeyae?a ?yaeo
i?ia?aeieo o/aieo: I.A.Eiaaey, A.?.Eetheiaa, Ae.O.A?eai?iae/a oa ?ioeo
uiaei anaa?/ieo ioe?iie iie?oe/ieo aniaeo?a ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo.
Ia?oecainuee?e a?ei? o E?eio i?enay/ai? ??oioiai? i?aoe? E.I.Oaiei,
A.I.Aaae/aaa, ?.N.*e?ae, I.I.Iaeneiaiea oa ?ioeo.

Noiniaii oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy cia/iee ?ioa?an iathoue aeai? i?i
ae?yeuei?noue a?oie «I?aaeaiue» IOI a E?eio, iaaaaeai? A.Eineeii.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaeany ia o?eueee a?o/eciyia, aea e
ca?oa?aeia e?oa?aoo?a i?i ia?oecainueeee ?oo a Oe?a?i? o ?iee ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie. Oea i?aoe? aiaei-aia?eeainueeeo ?noi?ee?a: Aeae.
A?ino?iiaa, A.Aeae?ia, I.Eoia?a, E.Iaen? ? Ae.Iaoioo?eueaea, A.Eaea?a,
?.Ani??, A.Noaoainiia, Aeae. E?aaia oa ?ioeo. I?iaoeueea ?noi??ia?ao?y
i?aaenoaaeaia ye iaioa?ieie i?aoeyie A.Aoaea??aia, E.?aiaeoe?/a,
A.Iaiooaeia, E.O?iaeuene??oa oa ?ioeo, oae ? ?noi?e/ieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie: Ae.Ea?iaa, A.?ai/a e ?ioeo. Iniaeeai o?aaa
a?aecia/eoe aiae?c e?einueeeo i?iaeai o eiec? *.I.Ae?eniia oa
I.Aaeeuea?oiia “Eiiioienoe/aneea ia?oecaineea aeaenoaey». Neiaaoeueeee
o/aiee Naii O?eoueyi oa ?io? aeine?aeieee iinoeiioi?noe/ieo e?a?i cia/io
oaaao i?eae?eyee e?einueeei ia?oecaiai. Cae/aeii, o iie?oe/ieo ioe?ieao
ca?oa?aeia e?oa?aoo?a ia ? iaeiicia/iith, ine?eueee aeathoueny aciaee
iie?oe/iee noa’?eoea?ci, neiiao?? oa aioeiao??.

Iaoo aeaii? ?iaioe aaoi? aaa/a? a oiio, uia iieacaoe oe?e?niee i?ioean
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo i?ioe i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo ieoiaio?a o E?eio a
1941-1944 ?ieao, ii?aeioth/e oai?aoeei-iie?oieia?/iee, ?noi?e/iee aiae?c
i?iaeai, ye? iathoue caaacia/oaaoe ia’?eoeai?noue ? anaa?/i?noue
aena?oeaiiy iiae?e.

A?aoiaoth/e aeacaia, o aeena?oaoe?? oi?ioeththoueny oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeine?aeeoe ci?no ? aaiaco eiioeaioe?? oioae?oa?ecio a oiiaao
a?enueeiaiai i?ioeai?noaa aeaio eiai ??ciiaeae?a: eiioi?cio oa
iaoe?iiae-nioe?ae?cio;

i?iaiae?coaaoe i?ioean ca?iaeaeaiiy ? ci?oeiaiiy ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo a
Oe?a?i?;

aeae?eeoe iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo ? oa?aeoa? ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo a
E?eio;

i?inoaaeeoe ci?no oa iie?oe/i? caoiaee a?oea??anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaee
e ieoiaoe?eieo nee ia oa?eoi??? E?eio;

aea/eoe ?noioi? ?ene ? oaiaeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? e nioe?aeueii?
iie?oeee aeanoae aei ? i?ae /an ieoiaoe?? E?eio;

ocaaaeueieoe aeina?ae oi?i ? iaoiae?a ia?oecainueeeo ae?e.

Aeeiiaoe iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy aeiiiiaaa? ??ciiiai?oia aeaea?aeueia aaca
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia?o ca ana oea iioae?eiaai? aeieoiaioe i?aeia?iaeiiai
oa?aeoa?o. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue iaoa??aee Ith?iaa?cueeiai i?ioeano, ye?
aee?eaathoue aioeaoiaiio nooue iaoeecio, oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai cei/eie
ia ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??yo, a oiio /ene? o E?eio (aeea. Ith?iaa?aneee
i?ioeann. – I.: TH?eaee/aneay eeoa?aoo?a. – O.1, 2, 3. – 1965, 1966).
*anoeia aeieoiaio?a iioae?eiaaia ua a ?iee a?eie ? aa?eoea a o?eoiiiee
«Aiaoiyy iieeoeea NNN? a ia?eiae Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu».
?aaeyinuee? a/ai? oaeiae i?aeaiooaaee ia Ea?eiaa?nueeo eiioa?aioe?th,
yea i?ioiaeeea 2-4 aa?aniy 1963 ?. ? aoea i?enay/aia oai? «Iaoeenonueeee
ieoiaoe?eiee ?aaeei a ?a?ii?: eiai oi?ie, iaoiaee oa ?icaeoie» a ?aieao
o?aouei? I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? c ?noi??? ?ooo Iii?o (aeeaenue
ca??iee aeieoiaio?a «I?anooiiua oeaee – i?anooiiua n?aaenoaa. Aeieoiaiou
ia ieeoiaoeeiiiie iieeoeea oaoenoneie Aa?iaiee ia oa??eoi?ee NNN?.
1941-1944 a.a.» – I., 1969. Ae?oaa ?icoe?aia aeaeaiiy aeeoei a 1968 ?.).
Aeiiia?ae? ? iia?aeiieaiiy ?aaeyinueeeo o/aieo ia oe?e eiioa?aioe??
aa?eoee a ca??iee «Iaiaoeei-oaoenoneee ieeoiaoeeiiiue ?aaeei.
1941-1944». – I., 1964.

?c aeaea?aeiciaa/i? oi/ee ci?o, o?aaa a?aecia/eoe ca??iee iaoa??ae?a
i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th I.A.*o?neia «Iaiaoeeea aa?aa?u a E?uio», a yeiio
iiaeaiee oe?iiee iaoa??ae i?i cei/eie a?oea??anueeeo caaa?aiee?a ia
i?aino?ia?.

Iniiaio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe, eio?? ua
iaaeaaii ciaoiaeeeeny ca a?eoaie «Oa?iii» oa «Oe?eeii oa?iii» ? ia aoee
aeinooii? a?iiaaenueeino?. Aaoi? ii?aoethaaa aeieoiaioe Oeaio?aeueiiai
aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao ?anioae?ee E?ei, Oiiaeo E?einueeiai ooaao
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo ? 151, a yeiio cina?aaeaeai? iaeace, aee?aeoeae
Oeaio?aeueiiai ooaao ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo, a?enueeiaiai eiiaiaeoaaiiy
o?iio?a oa a?i?e, E?einueeiai iaeiio ia?o?? ? eenooaaiiy c ieie
E?einueeiai ooaao ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo. Oe?iieie ? ca?oe, aeiiia?ae?,
aeiiia?aei? caienee, iia?aoeai? oa ?ica?aecaaaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaii oiiae ?
35 Naaanoiiieuenueeiai i?nueeiio Eiiia?o?? Oe?a?ie, i. Naaanoiiiey
E?einueei? iaeano? (1930- 1976 ??.). Oiiae ?-1289 (E?einueei?
(?anioae?eainueei?) iaaecae/aeii? eii?n?? uiaei anoaiiaeaiiy cei/ei?a
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo caaa?aiee?a oa ?o iiie?/iee?a ? ni?e/eiaiiai
ieie caeoeo a?iiaaeyiai, eieainiai, a?iiaaenueeei i?aai?caoe?yi,
aea?aeaaiei i?aei?e?inoaai.

Oaea a?eueoa i?ae i?anoie?ooy ieioei i?ney ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, aea
iiaii? nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/ii? ioe?iee ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo iaia? ? aei
oeueiai /ano. sseui a ia?o? aeanyoee?ooy i?ney a?eie iiaooi?i aaeueiii o
eiai aeine?aeaeaiiyo aoa eoeueo iniae Noae?ia, oi a ianooii? ?iee
aiae?co aaaaoueio iiae?e caaaaeaee ?aoeeaeeae eoeueoo, caai?iia
aeei?enoaiiy aeaea?ae oa aeieoiaio?a. Inue, iai?eeeaae, aeoya ?c
noaiia?aie can?aeaiiy aieiaii? ?aaeaeoe?eii? eii?n?? aeanyoeoiiii?
i?aoe? «Aaeeeay Ioa/anoaaiiay aieia niaaoneiai ia?iaea» a?ae 7 aa?aciy
1991 ?. Eieeoi?e ia/aeueiee Aaia?aeueiiai ooaao aaia?ae a?i?? I.Iien??a
uiaei aeine?aeiee?a neacaa oae: «E aeieoiaioai iu eo ia ioneaee e ia
ionoei, a?oeau ia aeaaeei, oae eae eo eniieuecotho ia ii iacia/aieth –
aeey iaienaiey ee/iuo o?oaeia a ?aai/aa a?aiy». Oe?eaaa aeoiea c
i?eaiaeo oeueiai eieeoiueiai nae?aoa?y OeE EI?N A.Oae?ia: «?aaioa
aeieaeia aanoenue, a a cae?uoua a?oeau ia?aiaiiue ninoaa aaoi?ia ia
aoaeao aeiioneaoueny. Aieueieoeu ooo iao e ia iiaeao auoue. Aeieoiaiou
aeieaeiu eniieueciaaoueny ii iacia/aieth».1 Iacaaeneiay aacaoa. – 1991.
– 18 ethiy. Oe?eeii c?icoi?eee ?aeaieia?/iee, a ia iaoeiaee i?aeo?ae
iaienaiiy ?noi??? a?eie.

Iaeiia??ii, aea oaeo, ui i?i ia?aiiaeaiiai i?ioeaieea ie cia?ii a?eueoa,
i?ae i?i ia?aiiaeoey. O ooiaeaiaioaeueiiio aeaioiiieeo «Aaie?ionoai
no?aoaaee aa?iaineiai oaoecia»(I.,1973), iaienaiiio A.Aeaoe/aaei,
aeeeaaeai? aaaaoi/eneaii? aeaea?aea c? no?aoaa?/ieo ieai?a a?oea??aoe?a,
iaaiaeyoueny oeeo?e ao?ao aa?iaooa o a?ei?, i?ae?aoiaai? c oi/i?noth
iaeaea aei inoaiiueiai nieaeaoa. Aiaeia?/ieo caaaeaieo aeieoiaio?a c
aieo ia?aiiaeoe?a iiee ui iaia?. O?eueee a 1988 ?. o 8-io oa 9-io
iiia?ao «Aiaiii-enoi?e/aneiai aeo?iaea» aoee iiai?noth iioae?eiaai?
iaeace ? 270 a?ae 16 na?iiy 1941 ?. (a yeiio an? iao? iieiiai?, a ?o
aoei a?eueoa 4 iei., aoee i?iaieioai? c?aaeieeaie Aaouee?aueie, aei oiai
ae n?i’? iieiiaieo eiiaiaee??a aeneeaeenue, a n?i’? iieiiaieo
/a?aiiia?i?eoe?a caeeoaeenue aac aeiiiiiae) oa iaeac ? 227 a?ae 28 eeiiy
1942 ?. (I? e?ieo iacaae!).

Aaaeeeaeie aeaea?aeaie aeey aea/aiiy i?iaeaie noaee iaioa?e ?.A.Eiceiaa,
?.Aa?aaniaa, A.Noaiaiiaa, I.Eoaiaiai, A.Naaa?nueeiai, N. Noaiianueeiai,
I.Iaeaaeiinueeiai, ?.Aaiiaa oa ?ioeo. Aaaaoi c ieo aeeoee ie?aieie
aeaeaiiyie, a /anoeia iioae?eiaaia a oaeiio oe?iiiio aeaea?ae? ye aacaoe
oa aeo?iaee. Uii?aaaea, aiie iio?aaothoue ii??aiyiiy c ?ioeie
aeaea?aeaie aeey oiai, uia aeniiaee e ioe?iee aoee caaaeaieie ?
aea??aieie.

Noaio i?aai?caoe?eii? iiaoaeiae a?oi IOI, yea i?noeoue a nia? iaoa??aee
i?i E?ei, i?eaiaeeoue «E?oiien OIA» (O. 24, Oi?iioi, 1995, n. 529). I?i
oea oaeiae ieoa a nai?o niiaaaeao I. *a?oi?eenueeee — o/aniee 3-i?
iio?aeii? a?oie «I?aaeaiue» (A?ae Nyio ii E?ei” Niiieie o/anieea 3-?
iio?aeii? a?oie “I?aaeaiue”. Iueth Ei?e, 1951) .

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iiaeaii? ia caoeno aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui a i?e
oia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e iie?oieia?? ?ice?eaa?oueny nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iee
aniaeo ?ooo Iii?o a Oe?a?i? i?ioe oioae?oa?iiai oaoenonueeiai ?aaeeio.

?iaioa aaco?oueny ia iiaeo eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiaeao aei aca?iiae??
aeaio oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao ?o i?ioeai?noaa,
?ie? ia?iaeieo ian o ai?iouea? c ieoiaioaie, aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ? noo?
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo. O iaoeiaee ia?a aaaaeai? i?ea?iaeuei? oaeoe/i?
aeai?, a oiio /ene? ?icnae?a/ai? a?o?ai? iaoa??aee.

Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Iie?oe/ia aeeooy Oe?a?ie o neeaaeieo oiiaao Ae?oai? Na?oiai? a?eie
noaei iieai ia?iaeiiai ?ooo Oe?a?ie i?ioe oaoenonueeiai ?aaeeio.
C?oeiaiiy aeaio oei?a oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a iio?aao? /?oeiai ?icoi?iiy
eiioeaioe?? ?ooo Iii?o, inieneaiiy eiai ?ie? ye aaaeeeaiai oaeoi?o
ia?aiiae iaae ai?iaii. Cia/ii ?icoe?aiee ? iiaeeaeaiee
iie?oeei-oa?i?iieia?/iee a?naiae aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oecainueeee ?oo ia?aoai?eany o aaaeeeaee no?aoaa?/iee oaeoi? a?eie,
ui a?ae?a?aa aaeeeo ?ieue o caaacia/aii? ia?aiiae iaae ai?iaii. A?i iaa
?icia?ooy oi?i, aa?a?aa o naaa e?aua c aeina?aeo ieioeeo a?ei, caaaaoea
?o oa i?eiiiaeea o iiaeo oiiaao. Ia?oecainuee? ae??, i?aei?eey,
ai?ioueaa ianaeaiiy ia c?ea caoiae?a ieoiaio?a – oea ?aeeiee i?ioean
caaaeueiiia?iaeiiai aenooio i?ioe ai?iaa. Oi?ie ia?iaeii? ai?ioueae a
oeeo i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo a?enuee /anoi ci?ithaaeenue caeaaeii a?ae
ianoaaei. Ia?oecainuee? caaiie a nai?e ae?yeueiino? oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaaee i?aei?euei? iaoiaee ai?ioueae, o naith /a?ao i?aei?euei?
i?aai?caoe?? oaeaaaeeny aei i?yieo a?enueeiaeo ae?e.

Ia?oecainueeiio ?ooo a E?eio i?eoaiaii? ??ciiiai?oi? caeiiii??iino?
ia?iaeii? ai?ioueae a oeeo ai?iaa. I?ioa ? e iniaeeaino?, ye?
oneeaaeieee e noai?eee iniaeea? o?oaeiiu?. Oea aaeeea eiioeaio?aoe?y
ai?iaeeo a?enuee ia i?aino?ia?, a?aenooi?noue aaeeeeo i?e?iaeieo
oe??ieaiue. A?eueoa i?ae i?aoi?a ?ieo ia?oecaie oa i?aei?eueieee aaee
ai?ioueao aeaeaei a?ae o?iioo, o aeeaieiio oeeo ai?iaa. Aea,
iacaaaeath/e ia iaaecae/aeii neeaaei? oiiae, e?einuee? ia?oecaie ?
i?aei?eueieee caaaeaee aaeeeeo caeoe?a i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeei
caaa?aieeai.

O ?iee a?eie aeieeee ?iiiaaoe?? o noa?? ?aaoeyoe?? nioe?aeueieo
a?aeiinei, aea i??i?eoao noa?aioei?a eeoeany ca o?aaeeoe?yie, c?aceaie
oa ii?iaie, ui aeoioeththoue aeina?ae a?iiaaenueei? a?eie, eaiii?ciaaiee
noeeue ieneaiiy. A?enueeiaa ianoaiiaea ii?iaeeea iniaeeaee oei aaoiiii??
iniaenoino?, yea ci?ith? nai? ei?ii?aoeai? ca’ycee, aio/ei aoaeo? nai?
noinoiee c ethaeueie, caaeeaethth/enue o ??ci? nioe?aeuei? ni?eueiioe oa
eoeueoo?i? o?aaeeoe??.

I?iaeaia oa?aeoa?o ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo – iaeia c iaeaaaeeea?oeo a
iie?oieia?? oa ?noi???. A?ae nooiaiy ?? ?ic?iaee caeaaeeoue oai?aoe/iee
??aaiue aeine?aeaeaiue a iaeano? aeeieiiao?? a?enueeiai? oa
a?iiaaenueei? ?noi???. Aaaaoi aniaeo?a aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa oaeiae o?nii iia’ycai? c oe??th i?iaeaiith.
I/aaeaeiee ca’ycie inoaiiueiai c iaoe?iiaeueiei ieoaiiyi. Aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy i?e aiae?c? oa?aeoa?o ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo ia? ieoaiiy i?i
e?eoa??? eiai ioe?iee. Oey i?iaeaia ? aeooaeueiith ? oaia?.

Oioae?oa?eci niioai?ea ii?aeuei? aeoiee ?noi??? ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo,
?ic’?aeiaa ?aei?noue ii?ae? ? iie?oeee. Ae??oaeueio ?ieue o
oaeueneo?eaoe?? ia?iaeii? ai?ioueae a oeeo ai?iaa, a oiiaao noae?inueei?
aeeeoaoo?e oa a?aaeiaanueeiai i?aae?iiy, a?ae?a?aea nenoaia
ea??aieoeoaa, aaoi?eoa?iiai i?aae?iiy, iaioth/iai a e?a?i?. Noae?inuee?
?aea? i?i «?noi?e/io caeiiii??i?noue» e?aui? i?aeaioiaee aei a?eie
aa?aneaieo e?a?i, a oaeiae aeeeaaeaia iei eiioeaioe?y oae caaiiai
eiio?ianooio aoea ni?iaith aei?aaaeaiiy a?enueeiaeo ii?acie ? ao?ao
aaeeeeo oa?eoi??e a 1941-1942 ??. I/aaeaeiee, iacaaaeath/e ia
iaoeiiiae?ai? iineeaiiy a?ae ii?o’yi aei Eooociaa, aioeiaoeiaee oa
io?oe?eii-ioi?iiiee oa?aeoa? iiae?aieo iiaeyae?a.

Ae??oaeueieie oaeoi?aie ia?aiiae ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo aoa iao??ioeci
ia?iaeo, eiai aenie? aeooiai? yeino?, ii/oooy iaoe?iiaeueii?
oiea?aioiino?, i?aaiaiiy caoenoeoe na?e e?ae a?ae oaoenonueeeo
iiiaaiethaa/?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?aoa?iaaia iaoeiaa ?iaioa ?icaeyaeaeanue ia
eaoaae?ao nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo iaoe I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? o iiiia?ao??, noaoo?, oacao,
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ?yae? i?aeia?iaeieo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiai? ?? iieiaeaiiy
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o iiaeaeueo?e iaoeia?e ?ic?iaoe?
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieo i?iaeai ia?iaeiiai ?ooo Iii?o a ?iee ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie. Aiie oaeiae iiaeooue neeanoe ?icae?ee i?ae?o/iee?a,
iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, niaoeeo?n?a.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e c
ia?aii? oaie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, i?iaaaeaiee ?noi??ia?ao?/iee
aiae?c, iiaeaiee iaeyae aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aecia/ai? iaoa e
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoeiaa iiaecia, iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ioa?aeoa?eciaaia
i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? ia?aaeoiiae oa iniaeeaino?
?icai?oaiiy ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo» — iieacaii, ui iie?oieia?/ia
ni?eeiyooy ia?oecainueei? a?eie ? aaaeeeaei ieoaiiyi no/aniino?. Aeaia
ieoaiiy ia iaoeo i/ao noa? aeiaaeueiei, yea o aaaaoueio neooaoe?yo
iiiiaeth? i?aaeiaoia na?aaeiaeua aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie. Oea
?noi??y iaoe?e, ia?iae?a, ieaiai, ?aa?ii?a, aaoiiiiieo noa?, eoeueoo?e,
iaoee, o?einio??, ?ae?a?? oiui. Ia?oecainuee? ae??, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a
aeeoo? ie?aieo e?a?i ? ia?iae?a, ?aciiothoue ia anth caiio eoeth, oeae
aei?? noa? ?ioaa?aeueiei i?e c?inoath/?e ??ciiiai?oiino?.
Nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iee aniaeo, yeee aeine?aeaeo?oueny a ?iaio?, noaaeoue
ieoaiiy i?i oei aeaiiai noni?euenoaa, ui ii?iaeeei oaiiiai
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo.

Aaoi? eiinoaoo?, ui eaoano?ioa ii/aoeiaiai ia??iaeo a?eie iaoiiaeaia,
ianaiia?aae, iiieeeaie e i?i?aooieaie ea??aieoeoaa e?a?ie o aioo??oi?e
oa ciai?oi?e iie?oeoe?, ?ai?an?yie Noae?ia i?ioe naiai ia?iaeo.
Iaaoaeoeai?noue ea??aieoeoaa, eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie,
ia?oecainueeei ?ooii aoea iano?eueee i/aaeaeiith, ui aiia ia iiaea
iaa?oue ?icii?yaeeoeny iioeiaeueii iayaieie neeaie ? caniaaie. O ia??iae
?ai?an?e aoea cieuaia nenoaia iiaeeeaiai ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo, yea oae ?
ia aoea a?aeiiaeaia.

Na?oiaeyaei? aeii?iaioe ia?oecainueei? a?eie neeaeeny ia iniia?
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o ? iaaeciaiiy aa?ani?a. Aiie ae?aaeaee
ea?aeeiaeuei? aeoiee na?oini?eeiaiiy: ?icoi?iiy ethaeeie, na?oo, oe?eae
? i?ecia/aiiy ethaenueei? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Eoeueoo?a noni?euenoaa,
yea i?aeaiooaaea aa?i?/io ia?oecainueeo aa?noao, aeyaey? ?aea? oa
oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe??, aeueoa?iaoeai? aeii?ioth/ei a oo aiioo, oae
caaiiai noae?i?cio.

Iie?oieia?/iee aiae?c iieaco?, ui a?oea??anueea eiiaiaeoaaiiy iaiaaaeiny
aaeeoe iie?oe/ieo caoiae?a aieeao ia i?noeaaa ianaeaiiy c ?icaeoeii
ai?iieo ae?e aiii ooeaei e aeei?enoiaoaaei noia?a/iino? a nioe?aeuei?e
no?oeoo?? aeiai?iiiai noni?euenoaa. Oaoenonuee? ?aeaieia? ia ia?oee ieai
aenoaaee aanei ii?yooieo a?ae a?eueoiaecio. A i?eioeei?, ?ioiai
iaoiaeieia?/iiai ?icoi?iiy aca?iia?aeiinei c i?aeei?aieie ia?iaeaie o
oaoenonuee?e i?iiaaaiae? ii/aoeiaiai ia??iaeo a?eie ia aoei. Aacia?a/ii,
oey iiaaae?iea caaa?aiee?a aacoaaeiny ia ?noi?e/ieo ?aae?yo: iniiaia
ianaeaiiy e?a?ie — naeyie — aoee i?ioe aa?a?ii? iie?oeee ?aaeyinueeiai
o?yaeo ?, ianaiia?aae, aeoaea iacaaeiaieai? eieaeoea?caoe??th, aaeeea
nioe?aeueia no?aoa aoea i?aeaeaia noae?inueeei ?ai?an?yi, ?yae a?oi
ianaeaiiy, ia?aaaaeii a??oth/? oa neoaeeoae? eoeueoo, ia aeyaeyee
neiiao?th aei eiioi?noe/iiai aeaniioecio, aaee/acio ?ieue a?ae?a?aaaee
iaoe?iiaeuei? noia?a/iino?. A?eueoa oiai, i?iiaaaiaea aoea
aioeoaoenonueeith, aea ia aioei?iaoeueeith, ui aeicaieyei aeayeei oa?ai
ianaeaiiy niiae?aaoeny ia iiaeeeaa aeeooy e ni?a?ia?oieoeoai c ?aaeeiii
ieoiiaaieo oa?eoi??e.

Iaoe?iiaeueia ieoaiiy, yea a?oea??aoe? ni?iaoaaee aeei?enoaoe a nai?o
?ioa?anao, ia iiaei iaaeaoe ?i i?aeo?eiee a oeo oi?iao ? iaoiaeao
ieoiaoe?eii? iie?oeee. Aeeth/ath/e, ye iniiai?, eaoaai??? i?ioenoaaeaiiy
iaeieo iaoe?iiaeueiinoae ?ioei, aioenai?oecio, a oaeiae i?aeo?eieo, a
ia?oo /a?ao, «oieueenaeie/a» oa aeayeeo ionoeueiainueeeo aoi?/ieo a?oi
(noiniaii aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy — e?einueeeo oaoa?, na?aae yeeo
iino?eii a?ae/oaaeiny i?eoiaaia iai?eeiaiiy ?aaeyinueeiai ?aaeeio),
a?oea??aoe? a?aeaiaeeee ?i nooi aeiiii?aeia cia/aiiy, aea aieiaiei aoei
?o ?anenonueea i?ace?noai aei oeeo ia?iae?a. Ieaie a?oea??aoe?a
ia?aaeaa/aee aeiiii?/ia iia?aaoaaiiy E?eio, ia?aaacaiiy ianaeaiiy ia
i?eioniao i?aoeth, ?ai?aneai? iaoiaee noiniaii ia?oecai ? i?aei?eueiee?a
?ooo Iii?o.

Aaoi? a?aei?/a?, ui aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo caoiae?a ia 10 eenoiiaaea
1941 ?. a E?eio ae?yei 28 ia?oecainueeeo caaii?a (25 ?c oeea?eueieo in?a
? 3 — /a?aiiia?i?enueeeo), iniaiaee neeaae yeeo ia?aoiaoaaa 3734
/ieia?ee.11 OeAeA?E, o.151, ii 151, ni?.1, e.68,69. I?noeai aeeneieaoe?e
ia?oecainueeeo caaii?a aoa aea?aiee a??ii-e?niaee ianea oa eaiaiieiii?
Ea?/ainueeiai i?aino?iaa.

Ea??aieoeoai ia?oecainueeeie caaiiaie aoei oeaio?ae?ciaaiei. Ia /ie?
ia?oecainueeeo caaii?a, ui aeeneieoaaeeny a e?n?, aoa iinoaaeaiee
E?einueeee ooaa ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo. Eiiaiaeoth/ei ia?oecainueeei ?ooii
aoa i?ecia/aiee i?aeiieeiaiee I.A.Iie?ionia.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «A?enueeiai-iie?oe/iee ii?? ieoiaoe?eiiio
oaoenonueeiio ?aaeeio» aea/a?oueny anoaiiaeaiiy ieoiaoe?eiiai ?aaeeio a
E?eio, ai?ioueaa i?ioe iueiai ia?oecai ? i?aei?eueiee?a.. Iaeacii
A?oea?a a?ae 25 eeiiy 1941 ?. noai?th?oueny a?enueeiai-iie?oe/ia nenoaia
oi?aae?iiy, any iiaiioa aeaaee ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? ia?aaeaaaeany
eiiaiaeoth/ei aa?iaooo. Aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy «iiaiai ii?yaeeo» aoee
noai?ai? i?iaoeueea a?iiaaenueea, a oaeiae i?noeaaa, aeiiii?aeia
aaei?i?no?aoe?y. Oaeoe/ii any aeaaea cina?aaeaeoaaeany a ?oeao
?aeoneii?na?a, aaia?aeueieo eii?na??a, aaa?oneii?na??a, i?noeaaeo
eii?na??a oa ??cieo «oao?a» ? eiiaiaeaio?a, ia iinaaeao yeeo aoee
o?eueee i?ioe?. Aeiiii?aeia a?iiaaenueea aaei?i?no?aoe?y (?c /enea
i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy) cae?enithaaea ooieoe?? aeiiiiiae ieoiaioai.
Ii/aeeny iania? ?icno??ee ie?iiai ianaeaiiy, canoinoaaiiy o?i?/ieo
cania?a, caai?iiaieo AEaiaanueeith oaiaeith, aaaaeaiiy nenoaie
caeiaeieoeoaa, aaiioeeae ?a?a?a. A?oea??aoe? noaaeee caaaeaiiy
aeaii?oaoe?? a I?ia//eio ianaeaiiy, ui caa?aaei i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, c
iaoith aeei?enoaiiy eiai ye ?iai/i? neee. Aeaiceee ia?aaaaeii iieiaeue,
ae?iie (/anoi ianeeueii a?ae?eaaee a?ae ae?oae oa i?eioooaaee ?iaeoe
aai?oe o ?ac? aaa?oiino?).

O ?icae?e? i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui a oe?e a?ei? aeiaaeiny c?oeiooeny c
ai?iaii, o yeiai iani?aaaaeeeaa, caaa?aieoeueea a?eia i?aeo?eioaaeany
i?iaoeueeei ia?iaeii /e aaniethoiith eiai a?eueo?noth. Oaea i?aeo?eiea —
ia o?eueee ii?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ethc?e oa ii/ooo?a, ye? /anoi
ia?a?inoaee noeo?eii a oia?i?ci ? ?aneci. Aiia na?aeiii, oe?eani?yiiaaii
aiooaaeany ea??aiith ae?oith e iie?oe/ieie eieaie I?ia//eie, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaee c oe??th iaoith ??ci? ?aeaieia?/i?, i?iiaaaiaeenonuee?,
ineoieia?/i? iaoiaee.

C iaoiae?a iie?oe/iiai aieeao a a?naiae? ieoiaio?a ia ia?oiio i?noe?
aoea ae?oeiaaia i?iaeoeoe?y. Iaeaea a on?o aaeeeeo i?noao ? a aaaaoueio
?aeiiieo oeaio?ao aoee noai?ai? ae?oea?i?, iaeaaeiaiiy aeey yeeo
ia?aaaaeii caaiceeiny c I?ia//eie, aeaeaaaeeny eeno?aee, caa?iaiiy,
iaeace, ?icii?yaeaeaiiy, a oaeiae aacaoe ? aeo?iaee, i?aai?ciaoaaeeny
oae caai? «aeneo?n??» aei I?ia//eie niaoe?aeueii i?ae?a?aieo ethaeae ?c
/enea a?oea??anueeeo i?eneoaeiee?a, uia o? i?ney iiaa?iaiiy aeiaeiio
aenooiaee ia?aae ianaeaiiyi ? ?iciia?aeaee i?i «?aenueea aeeooy» a
I?ia//ei?.

«Iiaee ii?yaeie» ye ia an?e ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, oae ? a E?eio
i?aeo?eioaaany ia?aaeath ea?aeueieo i?aai?a: aanoaii (aea?aeaaia oa?iia
iie?oe?y a?oea??anueei? I?ia//eie), NN (ioi?iii? caaiie oaoenonueei?
ia?o??), NAe (neoaeaa aaciaee i?e ?aeonoth?a?? NN) oa ?i. Noai?i
?aaeaiaiooaaeiny aeeooy ethaeae. Oeea?eueiiio ianaeaiith caai?iiyeiny
caeeoaoe i?noea i?iaeeaaiiy aac niaoe?aeueieo i?iione?a, aeoiaeeoe ia
aoeeoeth i?ney anoaiiaeaii? eiiaiaeaionueei? aiaeeie, i?eeiaoe a?iiaaeyi
ia i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy ? o.ae. ?anenonueea ?aeaieia?y a?oea??aoe?a
i?eaaea aei iie?oeee naa?aaaoe??. O i?noao E?eio ?ya?ee aea?nee «O?eueee
aeey i?ioe?a». Ia iecoe? a?iiaaenueeeo aoae?aaeue i?noa N?ioa?iiiey
c’yaeeeny iaiene «Aeani?noue i?iaoeueei? aea?aeaae».

Aaaeeeaa iie?oe/ia cia/aiiy iathoue e?eoa??? ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo.
I?ia?aeieie c oeeo e?eoa???a ? i?ia?aneai?noue ? ni?aaaaeeea?noue, ye?
aeicaieythoue neeanoe oyao i?i nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/io ?ieue
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo ia ??cieo aoaiao eiai ?icaeoeo. I?ia?aneai?noue
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo i?yii caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioa?an?a iaoe??, ye?
ni?aiaaeathoue c aeueie ?ioa?anaie noni?euenoaa. E?eoa???
ni?aaaaeeeaino? — aoe/i?, aai, oi/i?oa, ii?aeueii-iie?oe/i?.
Ni?aaaaeeeaith ne?ae aaaaeaoe anyeo ia?oecainueeo a?eio, yea ia? iaoo
caoenoo a?ae aa?an??, aecaieaiiy c-i?ae nioe?aeueiiai ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai
ai?oo o ia?oecainuee?e a?ei?, iniaeeai i?e oiia? ?? ni?aaaaeeeaiai
oa?aeoa?o, ae?thoue aea? i?ioeeaaei? oaiaeaioe??: i?ia?aneaia (ni?ey?
ia?aiic? aea?oa aa?an??) ? ?aa?aneaia (caaeaaeue ? no?aaeaeaiiy ia?iaeo,
cieuaiiy iaoa??aeueieo ? aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae). I?e oeueiio caniae ?
niiniae ia?oecainueei? a?eie iiaeii? aooe ii?aaaeai? iaoe?iiaeueiith,
nioe?aeueiith ? ai?iii-iie?oe/iith iaiao?aei?noth. O ?icae?e? iieacaii,
ye ia ??cieo aoaiao ia?iaeiiai iii?o ieoiaoe?eiiio oaoenonueeiio ?aaeeio
cae?enithaaeenue ?aeaieia?/i? ? ineoieia?/i? ia?aaeeaie, ?aeaieiaaie
iie?oe/ii? ?iaioe, aeoiai? oaeoi?e, o?iioiaa ai?iii-iie?oe/ia ieneaiiy a
aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao a?enueeiai? ianoaiiaee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — «Iie?oe/i? aniaeoe aeina?aeo ia?oecainueei? a?eie
a oiiaao ca?eueiaiiy i?aino?iaa a?ae ieoiaio?a» aeine?aeaeo?oueny
ia?iaeiee ?oo o E?eio ia inoaiiueiio noai? eiai ?icaeoeo. Ca inoaii? o?e
i?nyoe? 1943 ?. o ia?oecainuee? caaiie anooieei 5600 /ie., aeieeei n?i
iiaeo ia?oecainueeeo a?eaaae, a anueiai ainaie 1943 ?. ae?yei 8
ia?oecainueeeo a?eaaae. Aeey ea??aieoeoaa ieie aoea noai?aia
Oeaio?aeueia Iia?aoeaia a?oia (OeIA), iaae?neai? iniaeea? a?oie, ye?
?icai?ioee ae?yeuei?noue ii ?iceeaaeo a?enuee i?ioeaieea. O oeny/ao
eeno?aie i?iaoeueeith, ?oioinueeith, neiaaoeueeith iiaaie aiie aee?eaaee
oe?e? a?eie, cai?iaeainoai ?oioinueeiai ? neiaaoeueeiai o?yae?a,
aeacoaaee nieaeaoai ia ni?aaaei?o aeioaaooe?a ?o a?ae ? iiiaa??yiue,
caeeeeaee iiaa?iooe ca?ith i?ioe oaoecio. I?ae?eaieee /anoi i?iaiaeeee
aieia? iia?aoe??, cieuoth/e cae?cie/i? aoaeiie c a?enueeaie e oaoi?eith
i?ioeaieea. Ia?oecaie ?ica?iieee ?yae aaeeeeo aa?i?cii?a ai?iaa o naeeu?
Coy, o naeao Ia?aaaeueiiio, Ni?ieeii, Oea?oi/iiio, Aieoaeioe?,
Aaia?aeuenueeiio oa ?i. O?ioe i?ci?oa aoee ?icaeo? aa?i?ciie ai?iaa a
Aao/ena?a? oa Noa?iio E?eio. O?eueee o eenoiiaae? 1943 ?. ia?oecaie
c?iaeee 48 iaiaae?a ia eieiie e aa?i?ciie ai?iaa, cieueee a?eueoa 1000
nieaeao ? io?oea??a, 4 aoaeiie, 20 a?ociaee?a, 60 iiaicie ? acyee aaaao?
o?ioa?.11. E?ui a Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieia. – Neioa?iiieue, 1973. –
N. 167.

Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo i?iaeai aoea eii?aeeiaoe?y ae?yeueiino?
a?enueeiaeo ?aae *a?aiii? A?i?? oa ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo a E?eio. Ia
i?aino?ia? canoiniaoaaeeny o?e iniiai? aeaee aca?iiae?? ia?oecainueeeo
nee c a?enueeaie: no?aoaa?/ia, iia?aoeaia e oaeoe/ia. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?ae oeeie aeaeaie aca?iiae?e ci?ithaaeiny caeaaeii a?ae ia??iae?a
ai?iieo ae?e: Ea?/einueea iia?aoe?y, iai?iia Naaanoiiiey, ca?eueiaiiy
E?eio oa ?i. A oe?eiio ieoiia aaaa iia?aoeaii? oa no?aoaa?/ii?
aca?iiae?? c?inoaea.

Aeiiiiiao o ca?eueiaii? no?aeieo ? i?aaeaiieo ?aeii?a E?eio iaaeaaaee
a?enueeai ia?oecaie. Iiaiaeaeoth/e nai? ae?? c ae?yeueieie caaiiaie
ia?ane?aeoaaiiy, aiie nionoeeeny c a??, a?iieee i?iaoeuee? aa?i?ciie,
aeaiaeeee c eaaeo eiioi?eaoe?? ai?iaa. I?ae ?o oaea?aie i?iaoeuee? oa
?oioinuee? aeea?c?? caciaee aaeeeeo ao?ao. Ii?aeueii-iie?oe/i? oaeoi?e
iaee ae??oaeueiee aieea ia aeoeai?noue ia?iaeiiai iii?o oaoenonueeiio
?aaeeio.

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaaaeai? i?aenoiee ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?o nooue iieyaa? a oiio, ui ae?oaa na?oiaa a?eia
i?aeoaa?aeeea iiaeeeaino? naiicieuaiiy ethaenoaa. C oi/ee ci?o
ia?oecainueei? a?eie, oea ieoaiiy eiio?iioaoe?? a ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo,
?aae?caoe?? i?aoaic?e iaioaaiiy iaae ianoaaeiaie, ia?aaeeaiaie
aeaeeaaiiy a i?e?iaeieo oiiaao, ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie a?ae/oaeaiiy
(caa?aaeaiiy ethaenueei? iniaenoino? ye a?inioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e).
Iai?ioeyoe?? na?aeii?noth aeeeeeathoue iiaee aeoie iniaeno?nii?
i???ioaoe??, caeaoii? ?aoe?iiaeueii inienethaaoe aoooy. Ia aeaeue, ? ia
oa?i?enoe/iiio ??ai?. Ethaenoai noa? caeiaeieeii caa?ice ?nioaaiiy
aoiaii?aeii? o?eaniino?.

I?iaeaia ia?oecainueei? a?eie i?yii iia’ycaia c ieoaiiyi aeaeeaaiiy
ethaenoaa (a?aai-?c?a?euenuee? eiioe?eoe, ??eaiaenueea ieoaiiy,
/a/ainueeee aa??aio, i?aaeaiiiao?eeainuee? ia?eiao?? ? o.ae.).
Iai?oaeaiee iiooe oeyo?a, ui aeeeth/athoue ianeeuenoai, ?aea a ??cieo
aaeocyo ethaenueei? eoeueoo?e — o o?einio??, ienoaoeoa?, ?ae?a?eiiio
?icoi?ii? iaaeieeoiuei? ae?eniino?, iie?oieia??. Iaianeeey iniiaaia ia
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iieiaeaiiyo ethaenueeiai aoooy, ia aecia/aii? iiaeo
oe?iiinoae, iiaeo nieneiaeeoo?aeo i???ioe??a, ye? iieeeeai? caaacia/eoe
no?aoaa?th aeaeeaaiiy e i?ia?ano ethaenoaa, ia?aaeyae iiia?aaeiueiai
noaaeaiiy aei i?e?iaee, ae?iaeaiiy iiaeo ?aeaae?a ethaenueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ?icoi?iiy ia?niaeoea ethaeeie.

Aeina?ae nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai aiae?co ia?oecainueeeo ae?e o E?eio a
?iee ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie iieaco?, ui ni?iae aaaaeaoe nai? oe?iiino? e
eoeueoo?o aaniethoieie, iaia?niaeoeai?. Iaeaaaeeea?oei aniaeoii ? aeoo
oiea?aioiino?, eiinainon nioe?ae?caoe?? ethaeeie o aeoiaaii? a ia?
iiaaae aei aeinyaiaiue ??cieo eoeueoo?. Aieiaieie eaoaai??aeueieie
nieneaie ? ethaia, eioaiiy, ae?oaeaa, ieeina?aey, ea?a a??oiaiino?.

Noae?inueea ea??aieoeoai iaia?aaeiaei? ? ia ii/aoeo a?eie aeineiiaeueii
ia aieiae?ei neooaoe??th e aoei iani?iiiaeiei nai?/anii ?aaaoaaoe ia
?icaeoie ai?iii-iie?oe/ii? ianoaiiaee a e?a?i?, a oiio /ene? ? a E?eio.
Cieuaiiy aeina?ae/aieo eaae??a, ye a?i?enueeeo, oae ? ia?oecainueeeo,
caeeoeei i?aei?eueiee oa ia?oecainueeee ?oo aac eiiiaoaioieo
eaae?o?eiaaieo ethaeae, a oa?i?iiai i?ecia/ai? ca neeaaeieo ianoaaei
ea??aieee ineoieia?/ii ? ca ae?eiaeie yeinoyie aeyaeeeny iani?iiiaeieie
i?aai?coaaoe iioeiaeueiee ii?? ai?iao. Caa/anii ia aoea noai?aia
i?iaeoiaia nenoaia i?aei?eueii-ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo, oaeiae ia aoee
i?iaeoiai? ieoaiiy iia?aoeaii-oaeoe/iiai ea??aieoeoaa iei ia aeiaaeie
a?eie. Ea??aieee ??cieo ??ai?a cei/eiii caie?eaee c i?aai?caoe??th
ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo a ii/aoeiaee ia??iae a?eie, ia aeciaaaee ?aaeueiiai
noaio ?a/ae. Ia i?aai?caoe?? ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo a?aeaeeeny
ieicaieethaaiiy, i?eienee, aiyciue aeciaiiy ?aaeueiiai noaio ?a/ae,
a?aenooi?noue eii?aeeiaoe?e a ?iaio? ??cieo i?aai?a.

Noae?inueea ea??aieoeoai i???iooaaei ia noai?aiiy iianthaeo i?aei?eueieo
? ia?oecainueeeo «ia?o?eieo eii?oao?a», ui, aacoiiaii, a?aeiia?aeaei
aeina?aeo a?iiaaenueei? a?eie, aea ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?aeaei neooaoe??,
ui neeaeany. E?au? eaae?e i?aei?eueii-ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo, ui
i?aeaioiaeyeeny i?ae ea??aieoeoaii Oooa/aanueeiai, aoee cieuai? a
ia??iae ?ai?an?e ye «aaaioe i?aeia?iaeiiai eai?oaeo». Ia??aeei
iaoa??aeuei? aace iiaeeeaeo ia?oecai ? i?aei?eueiee?a aoee ia?aaeai? «ia
aeiaeaoie» a?enueeiaei /anoeiai.

A?aenooi?noue ?ioi?iaoe?? i?eaiaeeei aei oiai, ui ea??ai? i?aaie iiaeii?
aoee noai?thaaoe iia? aace ia?oecainueeiai ?ooo a ei?ioe? no?iee,
caeo/ath/e aei oeueiai aoaeue-yea i?noeaaa ianaeaiiy. Eiio?ieue ca
aeeiiaiiyi aeaieo aeac?aie ia cae?enithaaany neaai. ?aae?caoe?y iaeaco
i?i a?aeae?aiiy o i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy ?aae?ii?eeia/?a ? aoaeue-yei?
?aae?iaia?aoo?e noai?eea ?ioi?iaoe?eiee aaeooi.

Iaoe?iiaeueia ieoaiiy a E?eio oaeiae ia?aoai?eeiny o na?eicio i?iaeaio.
I?aeoiaee aei eiai ae??oaiiy cae?enithaaeeny, o ia?oo /a?ao,
?ai?aneaieie iaoiaeaie. Aaaaoi ieoaiue aeieeei o ca’yceo ?c
noia?a/eeaith aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iith ianoaiiaeith, yea aoea aeeeeeaia
aioeia?iaeiith iie?oeeith noae?inueeiai ea??aieoeoaa. C ii/aoeii a?eie
oey neooaoe?y caaino?eeany aei ianeaiiai iacaaeiaieaiiy ? iaa?oue
noeo?eieo aenooi?a ??cieo oa??a ianaeaiiy, iniaeeai caiiaeieo naeyi.

Noiniaii ea??aieoeoaa ia?oecainueeei ?ooii a?aecia/eii, ui E?einueeee
iaeii ia?o?? ciaoiaeeany a E?aniiaea??. *a?ac iaaeinoa/o ?aae?icania?a
ca’ycie c i?aei?eeyi ? ia?oecainueeeie oi?ioaaiiyie i?aeo?eioaaeany
ia?aaaaeii /a?ac ca’yceiaeo. Aee?aeoeae ia?o?eieo i?aai?a oa ooaa?a
a?i?e aeiaiaeeeeny aei aeeiiaaoe?a aeoaea iia?eueii aai e cian?i ia
aeioiaeeee, a iaiao?aei? aeai? c i?aei?eueieo i?aai?caoe?e ?
ia?oecainueeeo caaii?a ?ieiee i?eoiaeeee c oaeei cai?ciaiiyi, ui
ao?a/aee naith aeooaeuei?noue.

Caaaeaiiy ia?oecai ? i?aei?eueiee?a o E?eio iino?eii ?icoe?thaaeeny.
Aiie ia aeaaaee a?oea??aoeyi cieuoaaoe /e aeaiceoe iaoa??aeuei?
oe?iiino?, ?yooaaee ianaeaiiy a?ae ia?aaacaiiy a I?ia//eio, iaiaaeaee ia
ooaae, ia aocee ca’yceo, aaoiiia?euei? eieiie, aeaooiaoaaee canaaee,
?ioi?ioaaee ?aaeyinueea eiiaiaeoaaiiy i?i ae?? oa caoiaee a?oea??aoe?a,
aenaaeaeoaaee a iia?o?y aoaeiie ? iinoe, a a ia??iae ca?eueiaiiy E?eio
iia?aoeaii aca?iiae?yee c ?aaoey?ieie a?enueeaie. Ca i?eciaiiyi
eieeoiueiai eiiaiaeoth/iai iaeeiaaeoeyoi? i?iaoeueei? a?i?? Iaiooaeia,
ai?ioueaa ia?oecai ia oa?eoi??? E?eio ?icai?ioeany c ia?oeo aei?a eiai
ieoiaoe?? e i?aaenoaaeyea niaith iino?eio na?eicio caa?ico aeey
i?iaoeueeeo oa ?oioinueeeo a?enuee. Iaea?eueoo iaaaciaeo ia?oecaie
noai?thaaee ia eiioi?eaoe?yo.

Aaaeeeao ?ieue o ai?iouea? c oaoenoaie a?ae?a?aee i?aei?eueieee E?eio.
Aiie i?aai?coaaee naaioaae ? c?ea ianaeaiiyi i?aino?iaa aeiiii?/ieo,
iie?oe/ieo caoiae?a a?oea??aoe?a, aeiaeaaeeny ?aii?oaaiiy ianaeaiiyi
?icii?yaeaeaiue ieoiaoe?eii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? oa a?enueeiaiai
eiiaiaeoaaiiy, aieeiooaaiiy ??cieo «ia?o?e», «naiia?yaeoaaiue» ? ni?eie,
ui noai?thaaeeny oaoenoaie. C?eaath/e caoiaee caaa?aiee?a, i?aei?eueieee
caa??aaee iaoa??aeuei? ? ethaenuee? ?ano?ne E?eio, ia?aoeiaeaeaee
ia?aaacaiith ia ?iaioo a I?ia//eio a?iiaaeyi i?aino?iaa, ni?iaai
oaoeno?a iaeaaiaeeoe ?iaioo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, aeaeo?inoaioe?e,
?oaeiee?a oa ?ioeo ia’?eo?a. Naeyie /eieee ii?? ieoiaioai o caaio?ae?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ne?iaeie ? i?iaeiaieuenoaa. I?aei?eueieee
E?eio i?iaiaeeee aeeaa?n?? ia ai?iieo ia’?eoao, ia o?ainii?o?, cae?aee
?ica?aeoaaeuei? aeai?, ia?aoiaoaaee ao?ea/?a ?c oaai??a
a?enueeiaiiieiiaieo. Ana oea i?ae?eaaei ii?aeueiee noai a?oea??anueeeo
a?enuee, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a iaa?oue ?oeioaaei ieaie
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeiai eiiaiaeoaaiiy.

Ia niiniae ia?oecainueei? a?eie aaeeeee aieea iaa oa?aeoa? i?noeaaino?.
Naia E?ei ? i?eeeaaeii oiai, ui oa?aeoa? i?noeaaino? ia ni?eya
ia?oecaiai. Eiai o?ceei-aaia?ao?/i? iniaeeaino? (i?aino??aia iieiaeaiiy,
iacia/ia oa?eoi??y e a?aenooi?noue aaeeeeo e?niaeo ianea?a) iaiaaeoaaee
iiaeeeaino? iaiaa??a ia?oecai ? iieaaooaaee ai?iaia? ea?aeuei? ae??
i?ioe ieo. Oiio e?einuee? ia?oecaie /anoi ciooai? aoee aanoe o?eaae?
iai?iii? ai? oa cae?enithaaoe i?i?eae aeieaae i?ae /an i?i/?noaaiiy, ye?
i?eaiaeeee aei iaiaeeo ao?ao.

Oaeei /eiii iie?oe/ia iae?o?a XX noie?ooy aea? yne?aaee i?eeeaae oiai,
ye iinoaaaa, iaeneiaeueii ?icoe?thaaany, aeeeeeaa na?oiao ? ?aa?iiaeuei?
a?eie, ia?aoo?, caaeioa a?ae iii?o ia?iaeieo ian oioae?oa?eci ye aeae
iie?oe/ii? nenoaie. O ia??iae ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie Oe?a?ia, cie?aia
E?ei, noaee a?aiith aa?i?/ii? ai?ioueae ia?iaeo i?ioe
i?iaoeueei-oaoenonueeeo ieoiaio?a. Aea/aiiy nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iiai
aniaeoo ia?iaeiiai Iii?o oaoenonueeiio ?aaeeio aeicaieea aaoi?o
aeena?oaoe?? aianoe ?yae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? i?iiiceoe?e uiaei iai?yi?a
iiaeaeueoi? oai?aoe/ii? ?ic?iaee ?nioth/i? i?iaeaie, a?aooaaiiy ai?iiiai
aeina?aeo o ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?e iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie,
i?eeiyooy caoiae?a aioo??oiueiai ? ciai?oiueiai iie?oe/iiai oa?aeoa?o
aeey iine?aeiaiiai ia?aoiaeo a?ae oioae?oa?ecio aei aeaiie?aoe/ii?
nenoaie a Oe?a?i?.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Oo?aa I.I. Iiuo e iniaaiiinoe ia?oecaineeo aeaenoaee a E?uio 1941 —
1944 aa. (Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneee aniaeo). — Iaeanna: IEOA, 1998. —
8,75 i.e.

Oo?aa I.I. Ec enoi?ee ia?oeeiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa a Oe?aeia. // Ia?oeeiia
no?ieoaeuenoai a Oe?aeia. Iaoa?eaeu Anaoe?aeineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie
eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo. — Iaeanna: IAIO, 1998. — 0,1 i.e. (a
niaaoi?noaa).

Oo?aa I.I. Ia?oecainueea a?eia a Oe?a?i?. 1941-1944 ??.
(Aiaei-aia?eeainueea ? aa?iainueea ?noi??ia?ao?y). — A?niee Iaeanueeiai
?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa, 1998. — ? 3. — 0,2 ae.a.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oo?aa I.I. Aeina?ae oa iniaeeaino? ia?oecainueeeo ae?e o E?eio 1941-1944
??. (nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iee aniaeo). Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai
nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 23.00.02. —
Iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ? i?ioeane. Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia th?eaee/ia
aeaaeai?y. — Iaeana, 1998. — ?oeiien.

O aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiaiee aeina?ae oa aea/ai? iniaeeaino? ?ooo
ia?iaeiiai Iii?o ia?oecainueei? a?eie a aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao c?oeiaiiy
oioae?oa?ieo ?aaeei?a. Aaoi? noaaeoue ieoaiiy i?i oaiiiai, yeee ii?iaeea
ia?oecainueeee ?oo ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e, iioae?eiaaieo ?
iaiioae?eiaaieo aeaea?ae, o ?iaio? aeine?aeaeothoueny
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?, i?aai?caoe?eii-oaeoe/i? oa aieia? aniaeoe
ia?iaeii? ai?ioueae a E?eio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oioae?oa?eci, noae?i?ci, ?aeaieia?y, oaoeci, ia?oecaie,
?aaeei, ?oo, ai?ioueaa, iie?oeea, ia?aiiaa.

Oo?aa I.I. Iiuo e iniaaiiinoe ia?oecaineeo aeaenoaee a E?uio. 1941-1944
aa.(Nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneee aniaeo). Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02. —
iieeoe/aneea einoeooou e i?ioeannu. Iaeanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay
th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey. — Iaeanna, 1998. — ?oeiienue.

A aeenna?oaoeee iaiauai iiuo e eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe aeaeaeaiey
nii?ioeaeaiey a yeno?aiaeueiuo oneiaeyo noieeiiaaiey oioaeeoa?iuo
?aaeeiia. Aaoi? noaaeo aii?in i oaiiiaia, ii?iaeeaoai ia?oecaineia
aeaeaeaiea, ia iniiaa aiaeeca eeoa?aoo?u, iioaeeeiaaiiuo e
iaiioaeeeiaaiiuo enoi/ieeia. A ?aaioa enneaaeothony
nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea, i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaeoe/aneea e aiaaua aniaeou
ia?iaeiie ai?ueau a E?uio.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oioaeeoa?eci, noaeeieci, eaeaieiaey, oaoeci, ia?oecaiu,
?aaeei, aeaeaeaiea, ai?ueaa, iieeoeea, iiaaaea.

Turba N.N. The experience and the peculiarities of the actions of
partisans in the Crimea 1941-1944 (Social-political aspect).

Candidat’s dissertation in speciality 23.00.02 – political institutes
and processes. Odessa Academy of Law, Odessa, 1998 – a manuscript.

The dissertation on generalizes the experience and studies the
peculiarities of the partisan war in extremal conditions of clash of two
totalitarian regimes, which brought to life the partisan movement, on
the basis of the analysis of the literature, published and unpublished
sources. In the work socia-political, tactical and military aspects of
the people’s struggle in the Crimea.

Key words: totalitarism, stalinism, ideology, fascism, partisans,
movement, struggle, policy, victory.

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