AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO “EUeA?ANUeEA IIE?OAOI?EA”

OAEAOA Ia??y Eaiio?aia

OAeE 541.14:678.746:744.339

AeINE?AeAEAIIss CAEIIII??IINOAE OIOIIIE?IA?ECAOe??

IAOAE?EEIAEO AO???A O I?ENOOIINO? IIE?A?I?EI??IE?AeIIO

02.00.06 ( o?i?y aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a ( 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? NOAA?EssE Ieaa
Aieiaeeie?iae/, Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”,
i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?i?/ii? oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ieanoian

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? NE?IIssOI?EIA
Aieiaeeie? Aai?a??ae/, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.Oaa/aiea, i?ioani?,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe;

aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
OEAAIIA Aieiaeeie? A?eoi?iae/, Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y ae?oea?noaa,
i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oioi-iie?a?ao?/ieo iaoa??ae?a oa o?i??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?i?? aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe IAI
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ie?aiia??a, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 1 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 17II ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.052.01 i?e Aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” ca aae?anith: 290646, Euea?a-13,
ie. Na. TH?a, 3/4, aoaeeoi??y 240.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea” (aoe. I?ioani?nueea,
1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Ae 35.052.01
Nei?ioiaea A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Na?aae aaeeei? ??ciiiai?oiino? iie?ia??a
aaaeeeaa i?noea caeiathoue oae caai? iie?ia?i? a?ae?iaae? — iniaeeaee
eean o?i?/ii (aai o?ce/ii) coeoeo a?ae?io?eueieo iie?ia??a c aenieith
oa?iiaeeiai?/iith nii??aeiai?noth aei aiaee, ye? ciaeoee oe?iea
i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy a iaaeeoeei?, aeyaeeenue ia?niaeoeaieie ye
na?aaeiaeua aeey i?e?ia?ieia?? ? a?ioaoiieia??, aeine?aeaeothoueny a
yeino? aieiaiooai?thth/eo aeiaeaie?a aeey a?oio?a oa ?i.

Iniaeeao a?oio neeaaeathoue a?ae?iaaeaa? ni?aiie?ia?e (iao)ae?eeao?a ?
aiaei?ic/eiieo iie?ia??a, c yeeo iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei aeyaeany
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii (IAI) caaaeyee nai?e iaoiene/iino?, aeia??e
?ic/eiiino? o aiae?, aenie?e o?i?/i?e ? oa?i?/i?e no?eeino?. Iaeiae,
ii?yae c ?ic?iaeaiiyi iiaeo aenieiaoaeoeaieo a?ae?iaaeaaeo iie?ia??a ia
iniia? IAI ia ae??oaiei caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy noai?aiiy i?ia?aneaieo
oaoiieia?e ?o neioaco. Iaea?eueo iioe?aiee ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue
iaoiae ?i?oe?eiaaii? oa?iiiie?ia?ecaoe?? ia caaaeaee iaae?eiee /a?ac
aeieeath/? aecioa?i?/i? aoaeoe, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia no?oeoo?o ?
aeanoeaino? iaoa??aeo.

O oeueiio ca’yceo iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiao? oioio?i?/ia ioaa?aeaeaiiy
ye i?iaeoeoeaiee, aia?aaoe/ii aea?aeiee iaoiae. Ia aeeaey/enue ia oea,
iaa?aeii? aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?ia?ecaoe?? (iao)ae?eeiaeo ao???a o
i?enooiino? IAI i?ae ae??th oeueo?ao?ieaoiaiai na?oea. Oiio
i?aaenoaaeythoue ye i?aeoe/iee, oae ? iaoeiaee ?ioa?an aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii-(iao)ae?eeaoieo
nenoai.

Iniiaia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii i?ia?aie I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie
“No/ani? eiiiiceoe?ei? iaoa??aee oa ae?iae c ieo oaoi?/iiai ?
icaeiaethaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy, a oaeiae aeey iaaeeoeeie ? oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino?” (iaeac a?ae 31 aa?aciy 1992 ?.).

Iaoa ?iaioe. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? iaoae?eeiaeo ao???a o i?enooiino?
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiio ? ?ic?iaeaiiy oe?eani?yiiaaiiai oioineioaco
ni?aiie?ia??a ia ?o iniia?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aea/aia e?iaoeea oioiiie?ia?ecaoe??
IAI-iaoae?eeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e ? aca?iica’ycie oiia neioaco, no?oeoo?e
oioiiie?ia??a oa ?o o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae. Iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?iaeaiiy ea?iaaiiai i?ioeano
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? aeacaieo ni?aiie?ia??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. O ?iaio? aia?oa aeyaeai? oioi/ooeea?noue ? aeniea
?aaeoe?eia caeaoi?noue iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii-ieneaee?eaiiaoae?eeaoieo
eiiiiceoe?e, ye? aecia/athoueny eiiieaenii-?aaeeeaeueiei iaoai?ciii
iie?ia?ecaoe?? a noeoiiino? c iao?e/iei aoaeoii ia IAI.

Aeiaaaeaia aeoeaoth/a ?ieue iae?iiieaeoe IAI, yea iieyaa? a
nainea?e?caoe?? ca ?aooiie caoaeaeaiiy ea?aaiaoieo a?oi i??ie?aeiiiaiai
oeeeeo,

aioo??- ? i?aeiieaeoey?ieo ia?aoiae?a (-aeaeo?ii?a, ui a eiiieaen? c
iao?e/iei aoaeoii ni?ey? ia?aa?ao ?aaeoe?? a e?iaoe/i?e iaeano? i?e
aaeeeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo IAI a ?ic/ei? ? a ian?. Ia iniia? aeyaeaieo
aoaeo?a aia?oa iaa?oioiaaia ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy iie?ia?ecaoe?? ?c ni?a?ici??ieie oaeaeeinoyie aac
aeiaeaoeiaiai aeei?enoaiiy oioi?i?oe?aoi??a ? nainea?e?caoi??a. Aea/aiee
aieea i?e?iaee na?aaeiaeua ia ?aaeoe?eio caeaoi?noue eiiiiceoe?e.

Aecia/ai? oiiae oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? a ian? ? a ?ic/ei? ? neioaciaaiee
?yae i?euaieaieo ni?aiie?ia??a-ae?ia?a o oi?i? aeieo /e ie?aeiaiai
iaoa??aeo, aea/aia ?o no?oeoo?a ? aeanoeaino?.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee
ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? aeey
iaea?aeaiiy aenieia?ae?io?eueieo n?o/anoeo
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii-ieneaee?eaiiaoae?eeaoieo iie?ia??a, ye? iiaeia
canoiniaoaaoe a iaaeeoeei? o aeaeyae? iaia?ai, iioe/ieo oiieino?iieo
ae?ia?a ? a?ae?io?eueieo iie?eoue, a oaeiae a ?ioeo iaeanoyo no/anii?
oaoi?ee.

Iaea?aeai? e?iaoe/i? caeaaeiino?, ?o aca?iica’ycie ?c no?oeoo?ith ?
aeanoeainoyie oioiiie?ia??a aeicaieeee ciaeoe iioeiaeuei?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiiaio?a aeey caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii?
na?oei/ooeeaino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceoe?e ? aea?aoe oaoiieia?/iee
?aaeei iaea?aeaiiy ae?ia?a ??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Aeai? i?i oioi?i?oe?thth/o caeaoi?noue iie?ia?ii? IAI-iao?eoe?
aeicaieythoue ?aae?coaaoe ?? a yeino? i?enei?thaa/a i?ioeano
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? iaoae?eeiaeo iiiiia??a aac canoinoaaiiy oiene/ieo
oioi?i?oe?aoi??a ? oioinainea?e?caoi??a.

Neioaciaai? aenieii?oei? ? aenieiaeanoe/i? oioiiie?ia?i? ae?iae,
cie?aia, eiioaeoi? e?ice, ui i?noyoue o nai?io neeaae? e?ea?nuee?
i?aia?aoe iaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iieeaaeai? a iniiao
?ic?iaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy aenieiye?nieo eiia?iiaaieo
eiioaeoieo e?ic c oaa?aeith oeaio?aeueiith ? i’yeith ia?eoa??eieie
/anoeiaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ?
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio nai?ia?? “Oioioeie/anee
ioaa?aeaeaaiua iieeia?iua eiiiiceoeee e i?eiaiaiea eo a ia?iaeiii
oicyenoaa” (Ia?iue, 1987); ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?ia?anneaiua iieeia?iua iaoa?eaeu, oaoiieiaey eo
ia?a?aaioee e i?eiaiaiea” (?inoia-ia-Aeiio, 1988); iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Noai oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo o?i?/ii? iaoee oa
i?iieneiaino? a Cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, 1994);
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?
ieanoian a Oe?a?i?” (Euea?a, 1995); 17-?e Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c
i?aai?/ii? o?i?? (Oa?e?a, 1995); 6-?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Euea?anuee? oai?/i? /eoaiiy” (Euea?a, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 noaoae, 9 oac
aeiiia?aeae, iaea?aeaii 2 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny
c anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e ?
aeiaeaie?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 136 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 24 iaethiee, 23
oaaeeoe?, nienie oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 130 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iinoaaeaia iaoa oa aecia/ai?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c a?aeiieo
a?ae?iaaeaaeo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? ni?aiie?ia??a (iao)ae?eeiaeo ao???a ?
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiio, aeine?aeaeaiue caeiiii??iinoae ?aaeoe?e ?o neioaco
iaea?eueo canoiniaoaaiei iaoiaeii oa?iiiie?ia?ecaoe??, aieeao
eiiiiceoe?eiiai neeaaeo ? oiia iaea?aeaiiy ia aeanoeaino? a?ae?iaaeae.

C?iaeaiee aiae?c a?aeiieo ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiue
oioio?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e aiii- ? ni?aiie?ia?ecaoe?? (iao)ae?eeao?a ?
iaea?aeaiiy ae?ia?a ia ?o iniia?. Iaaiai?ai? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy
aca?iica’yceo e?iaoeee oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? ? ?aaeoe?eii? caeaoiino?
(iao)ae?eeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e.

Iaa?oioiaaia ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy oioio?i?/iiai ia?aoai?aiiy
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii-(iao)ae?eeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? ia’?eoe ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.
Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiue aoee iiiiia?e ( 2-ieneaoeeaiiaoae?eeao
(2-IAIA), ae?oeeaeeeiaoae?eeao (AIA), ae?eeii?o?ee (AI),
N-a?i?ei??ie?aeii (N-AI), a oaeiae aiaei?ic/eiiee iie?ia? (
iie?-N-a?i?ei??ie?aeii (IAI), ?i?oe?aoi?e ( ia?ieneae aaici?eo (IA) ?
aeei?o?ee aci-a?n-?ciianeyii? eeneioe (AeAE). I?eaaaeai? iaoiaee i/enoee
? i?aeaioiaee ?aaaaio?a.

Iienai? aeeeaoiiao?e/iee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaoeee
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe??, iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo e?iaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiinoaio aeaiaioa?ieo ?aaeoe?e iaoiaeii iino?aaeoe??.
?*-niaeo?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia niaeo?ia?ao? “Specord
I-80”. Aiaeiai?no aecia/aee aaaiaei iaoiaeii ia aiae?oe/ieo aaaao
“WA-32”. Aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa iaaooaiiy a?ae?aoiaaieo c?ace?a
aeei?enoiaoaaee eaoaoiiao? “EI-8”. Aei??thaaiiy iiaa?oiaai? oaa?aeino? ?
oaieino?eeino? i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith eiinenoiiao?a Oaiiea?a.
Aea/aiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ni?aiie?ia??a i?iaiaeeee ia ?ic?eai?e
iaoei? “?I-05”. Na?oeii?iieei?noue aei??thaaee ia aeaineoiiao??
“Makbet”. Oaeiae o ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue eiei?eiao?e/i? ?
?ao?aeoiiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue caeiiii??iinoae
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? iaoae?eeiaeo ao???a o i?enooiino?
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiio.

Ia?oi/a?aiaee ?ioa?an aeeeeeaa 2-IAIA ye iaea?eueo aeei?enoiaoaaiee
iiiiia? aeey neioaco a?ae?iaae?a iioe?aiei iaoiaeii oa?iiiie?ia?ecaoe??.

Oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?th i?iaiaeeee o o?ueio ?aaeeiao ii?ii?iaiiy:
iiiio?iiaoe/iei OO-na?oeii c (=253,7 ii eaiie iecueeiai oeneo AeA-30-1,
o?eueo?iaaiei OO-na?oeii c (=365 ii eaiie aenieiai oeneo Ae?O-230 ?
iiaiei niaeo?ii eaiie Ae?O-230. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a aeyaeee
caaaeueio caeiiii??i?noue aeey o?ueio ?aaeei?a ii?ii?iaiiy ( aaaaeaiiy
IAI i?aeaeuo? ?aaeoe?eio caeaoi?noue 2-IAIA-eiiiiceoe?e, ui
i?iyaey?oueny a c?inoaii? oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe??. Iaea?aeai? e?iaoe/i?
caeaaeiino? aeaee iiaeeea?noue i?eionoeoe aeoeaoth/o ae?th caoaeaeaieo
iae?iiieaeoe IAI ia oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?th aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceoe?e.

Aieea e?eueeino? ?i?oe?aoi?a (?en.1) iicia/eany c?inoaiiyi ii/aoeiai?
(Vii/.) ? iaeneiaeueii? (Vmax.) oaeaeeinoae ?aaeoe??. Aeno?aiaeueia
caeaaei?noue a?aie/iiai (Aa?ai.) ia?aoai?aiiy (ca 18(103n ii?ii?iaiiy)
iiyniaia ia?inoath/ith a’yce?noth nenoaie ? aeieeath/ei aoaeoii
na?oeio?eueo?aoe?? (eiia??ii, i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? IA ( 0,2 % ian.).

((10-3,

n

V(104,

iieue(aei-3(n-1

A i?e Vmax., %

Aa?ai.*,

%

?en.1. Caeaaei?noue ii/aoeiai? Vii/. (1) ? iaeneiaeueii? Vmax. (2)
oaeaeeinoae oioiiie?ia?ecaoe??, /ano (() aeinyaiaiiy Vmax. (3), nooiaiy
eiiaa?n?? (A) i?e Vmax. (4) ? a?aie/iiai nooiaiy eiiaa?n?? Aa?ai. (*
(ii?. = 18(103n) (5) a?ae e?eueeino? ?i?oe?aoi?a a eiiiiceoe??.
(=253,7 ii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao IAI ia ia?aa?a ?aaeoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae
i?e?iaee ?i?oe?aoi?a aeyaeee aeuo ?aaeoe?eio caeaoi?noue IA-ai?nieo
eiiiiceoe?e.

Aieea ?ioaineaiino? ii?ii?iaiiy ia i?eeeaae? OO-na?oea c (=253,7 ii
iicia/eany aeno?aiaeueiith caeaaei?noth a?aie/iiai ia?aoai?aiiy i?e
caeiiii??iiio i?enei?aii? ?aaeoe??, a iaea?eueo ?ioaineaii ? c aenieei
nooiaiai eiiaa?n?? 2-IAIA:IAI — eiiiiceoe?? iie?ia?ecothoueny i?e
aeiaaeei? oaee? 365 ii (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 ( Aieea aeiaaeeie oaee? oa ai?noo IAI ia e?iaoeeo
?i?oe?eiaaii? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? 2-IAIA:IAI-eiiiiceoe?e*

Ai?no

IAI,

Vmax.(104, iieue/aei3(n A?aie/iee (ca 18(103 n ii?ii?iaiiy) nooi?iue
eiiaa?n??, %

% ian.

253,7 ii

365 ii Iiaiee niaeo? Ae?O-230

253,7 ii

365 ii

0

2

5

10

20

30

35 4,0

4,4

3,7

3,8

3,6

2,9

( 6,9

8,5

9,3

11,8

11,3

24,9

1,78 18,2

(

(

6,5

8,4

(

( 74

82

77

68

54

43

( 57

78

77

75

68

76

82

* Ai?no IA ( 0,1% ian.

Niaeo?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a IAI iieacaee, ui ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? IAI a ?ic/ei? (aei 20 % ian.) iiaeeiaiiy a
iaeano? niaeo?o c (=253,7 ii aeinyaa? ( 45 %. Cai?ia aiaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua ia 2-IAIA ca?eueoo? iiaeeiath/o caeaoi?noue aaea 1%-ai
?ic/eio IAI c 13 aei 20 %, ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i iiaeeea?noue
aeiii?ii-aeoeaioi?ii? aca?iiae?? IAI c 2-IAIA, yea i?eaiaeeoue aei
i?aeneeaiiy n((*-ia?aoiaeo a iae?iiieaeoeao IAI.

Iaeaeuo ?aaeoe?eio caeaoi?noue IAI:2-IAIA-eiiiiceoe?e i?e ae??
OO-na?oea c (=365 ii iiyniaii aeoeaiith o/anoth IAI a ia?aa?ao ?aaeoe?e.
Iaya-i?noue ea?aii?eueii? ? o?aoeiii? ai?iii? a?oie iiaea ni?e/eieoe
aeoeaoth/o ae?th IAI aiaeia?/ii a?aeiiiio oioi?i?oe?aoi?o ?aaeeeaeueii?
iie?ia?ecaoe?? a?i?eiaeo iiiiia??a eaoiio I?oea?a, iaea?eueoa
aeoeai?noue yeiai a?aei?/a?oueny i?e (=350 ii. ?acii c oei iiaeia
ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui i?e ii?ii?iaii? aia?a?y iiaeeia?oueny

I

oioio?iiieie (N(C( -a?oiaie e?eueoey iao?eniaaieo iae?iiieaeoe IAI c
ianooiiei caoaeaeaiiyi ?o ii oeio n((*- ia?aoiaeo aei o?eieaoiiai noaio
(O1), ui iiaea aooe i?e/eiith ooai?aiiy a?eueieo ?aaeeeae?a ?, ??
eaoii-ai?iiiai oeio:

H2C ( CH2
I2N — NI2

( (
( (

H2C C=I
I2N N=I (O1)

\ /
\ /

N
N

( h(
(

((( — I2N — NI — ((( ( ((( — I2N — NI — (((
(

I2N — NI2
I2N — NI2

( (
( (

I2N N(—II
I2N N(—II

\ /
\ /

N
N

(
(

((( — I2N — N( — ((( ( ((( — I2N — N — (((

?
??

Oaeee iaoai?ci caoaeaeaiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee a iaeano? 320-460 ii.

Aeyaeaiee aeoeaoth/ee aieea IAI ia oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?th 2-IAIA ?
ia?aaeaa/oaaia ?ieue eiiieaeniooai?aiiy i?ae 2-IAIA ? IAI a i?enei?aii?
i?ioeano iaa?oiooaaee aea/aiiy “aac?i?oe?aoi?ii?” oioiiie?ia?ecaoe??
oaeeo nenoai (nenoai aac aeiaeaoeiaeo ?aaeeeaeueieo ?i?oe?aoi??a).
?acoeueoaoe, iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 2, iieacothoue, ui oioi/ooeea?noue
eiiiiceoe?e, ye? ia i?noyoue oioi?i?oe?aoi?a, caeaaeeoue a?ae ai?noo
IAI, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?i?oe?thth/o ?ieue caoaeaeaieo ii oeio
n((*-ia?aoiaeo iae?iiieaeoe IAI, ii/aoie aeoeaiino? yeiai i?iyaey?oueny
a iaeano? 250-230 ii. Vmax. aac?i?oe?aoi?ieo nenoai aeaui ieae/a, i?ae
aeey aiaeia?/ieo neeaae?a c IA.

Oe?eaaeie ? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy i?ioeano oioiioaa?aeaeaiiy aeacaieo
eiiiiceoe?e o i?enooiino? eenith, ine?eueee oae? oiiae eaaei
?aae?cothoueny ia i?aeoeoe?. Neeuei?oee ?i?oe?thth/ee aoaeo IAI o
eeniaai?niiio na?aaeiaeu?, i?ae a ?ia?oiiio (?en.2), iiyniaii aeoiaeii
aeoeaieo ?aaeeeae?a, ooai?aieo ia IAI ca iaoai?ciii aca?iiae??
caoaeaeaiiai noaio eaoiio c eeniai a noai? 3I2 ? aeiaeaoeiaei aieeaii
aoi?eiieo ?aaeoe?e ?i?oe?thaaiiy i?iaeoeoaie ieeniaiiy i?enooi?o a
nenoai? ae?eieae ea?aii?eueiith a?oiith IAI.

Oaaeeoey 2 ( Aieea neeaaeo eiiiiceoe?? ia e?iaoeeo “aac?i?oe?aoi?ii?”
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? nenoaie 2-IAIA:IAI

Aeaea?aei

OO-na?oea, Neeaae aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceoe?e, % ian. Vmax.(104,

iieue/aei3(n *an aeinyaiaiiy Nooi?iue eiiaa?n?? ca 18(103 n

aeiaaeeia oaee? 2-IAIA IAI

Vmax., n Ii?ii?iaiiy, %

AeA-30-1,

(=253,7 ii

Ae?O-230,

iiaiee niaeo?

90

80

80

70

54

10

20

20

30

46

1,2

1,9

2,4

5,7

8,9

3600

2400

7200

4800

2400

7

11

9

33

39

( (10-3, n

?en.2. E?iaoe/i? caeaaeiino? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? 2-IAIA -eiiiiceoe?e c
ai?noii IAI 10 (1,1/), 20 (2,2/) ? 30 (3,3/) % ian. a aoiinoa?? a?aiio
(1,2,3) ? a i?enooiino? aeii?oie eenith (1/, 2/, 3/). Iiaiee niaeo?
OO-eaiie Ae?O-230.

C iaoith aea/aiiy ?i?oe?thth/i? caeaoiino? oioicaoaeaeaieo o?aaiaio?a
IAI a oiiaao aeeeth/aiiy aieeao na?oeio?eueo?aoe??, i?eoaiaiii?
?aaeoe?yi a ian?, aeine?aeaeoaaee e?iaoeeo “aac?i?oe?aoi?ii?”
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? 2-IAIA:IAIeiiiiceoe?e a ?ic/eiieeao ??cii? i?e?iaee.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeaee?noue iie?ia?ecaoe?? ? nooi?iue eiiaa?n??
ciaioothoueny a ?yaeo 1,4-ae?ienai ( aoeeaiae?eieue ( oeeeeiaaenaiie
( aeeiaoeenoeueoieneae ( aeeiaoeeoi?iai?ae ( aoeaoii.

Aeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo oioi/ooeeaeo eiiiiceoe?e o an?o
?ic/eiieeao, e??i 1,4-ae?ienaio, ieae/a, i?ae i?e oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? a
ian?, i?e caaaeuei?e oaiaeaioe?? cieaeaiiy ?c c?inoaiiyi iiey?iino?
na?aaeiaeua, a yeo ia iio?aiey? eeoa aoeaoii. Iii?oia i?enei?aiiy
?aaeoe?? a ae?ienai? ia?aaeaa/a? o/anoue ?ic/eiieea a ?aaeoe??
?i?oe?thaaiiy ? ia?aaea/? eaioethaa. Cieaeaiiy Vmax. o i?ioiiiaeiii?ieo
aoeeaiae?eie? ? oeeeeiaaenaiie? iiyniaii oo?oaeiaiiyi caoaeaeaiiy
ea?aii?eueii? a?oie IAI aiane?aeie ooai?aiiy anioe?ao?a. Ua ieae/a
aeoeai?noue eiiiiceoe?e a a?iiey?ieo ai?ioiiieo AeINI ? AeIOA
iiynith?oueny, i/aaeaeii, ?oeioaaiiyi aeo?aeieo iie?ia?-iiiiia?ieo
ooai?aiue /a?ac aeoeaio aca?iiae?th a?eueo

I I

neeueieo iiey?ieo a?oi (S( ? (N( c iae?iiieaeoeaie IAI. Iaeieae/?
e?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? 2-IAIA:IAI-eiiiiceoe?e a aoeaoii?
iiyniaii aeacaeoeaaoe??th caoaeaeaieo iae?iiieaeoe IAI caoaeaeaieie
iieaeoeaie ?ic/eiieea.

Oaeo aeoeaii? o/ano? IAI a iie?ia?iooai?aii? /a?ac eiiieaen c 2-IAIA
iaoiiaea aeine?aeaeaiiy oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? ?ioeo a?i?eiaeo iiiiia??a o
eiai i?enooiino?. sse iieacaee ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a (oaae.3), IAI
i?enei?th? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?th ae?eeii?o?eeo ? iiiiia?ii? nenoaie
2-IAIA:AIA=1:1, ye? o /enoiio aeaeyae? aac oioi?i?oe?aoi?a ia
iie?ia?ecothoueny. Ianoi?ni?noue AeIAA, IIA, OAI-3 ? AA c IAI ia
aeicaieeee aeine?aeeoe eiai aieeao ia ?o oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?th.
Aeoeaoth/ee aoaeo o aeiaaeeo iie?ia?ecaoe?? ae?eeii?o?eeo iiyniaii
ooai?aiiyi eiiieaeno i?ae iieaeoeith AI, yea i?noeoue neeueiee
aeaeo?iiiaeoeaioi?iee cai?niee, ? caoaeaeaiei iae?iiieaeoey?iei oeeeeii
IAI. Cai?ia a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi ae?eieaaiai caeeoeo (2-IAIA)
aiieneaeieie (AIA) ??cei i?enei?th? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?th, ui iiaeia
iiynieoe ye eiiieaeniith aca?iiae??th iieaeoe iiiiia??a c IAI, oae ?
i?ae niaith, ui iaoiiaeth?oueny a?aei?ii?noth a ?o iiey?iino? oa
ciaioaiiyi aeacaeoeaoth/iai aieeao II-a?oi ia caoaeaeai? iieaeoee IAI.

E?iaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aeaanoe ??aiyiiy aeey caaaeueii?
oaeaeeino? iie?ia?ecaoe?? 2-IAIA a ae?ienai? aac ?i?oe?aoi?a

V = E (I(2,3 (I(0,7

Aiiiaeueii aenieee ii?yaeie ?aaeoe?? ca iiiiia?ii i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
anioe?thaaiiy eiai ia oioiaeoeaieo iae?iiieaeoeao IAI c ooai?aiiyi
aa?aaiaaieo ?aaeeeaeueieo o?aaiaio?a. Ii?yaeie ?aaeoe?? ca iie?ia?ii,
a?aei?iiee a?ae 0, oa?aeoa?eco? ?i?oe?thth/o caeaoi?noue IAI ?,
iiaeeeai, ia?aaea/o eaioethaa oa ia?ea ia?aeiieo ?aaeeeae?a ia eiai
iae?iiieaeoeao.

Oaaeeoey 3 ( E?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? a?i?eiaeo iiiiia??a
o i?enooiino? IAI-iao?eoe? i?ae ae??th iiaiiai niaeo?o eaiie Ae?O-230

Neeaae aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceoe?e,

% ian.

Vii/.(104,

Vmax.(104,

Nooi?iue eiiaa?n??

2-IAIA AIA AI IAI 1,4-Ae?ienai iieue/aei3n iieue/aei3n ca 18(103n, %

80

70

54

20

30

46

0,05

0,16

0,50 2,4

5,7

8,9 9

33

39

47,5

40

27

20 47,5

40

27

60

5

20

46

20

0,28

0,41

0,71

0,02 (

7,9

21,3

( 9

47

63

8

80

54

100*

80*

33* 20

46

20

67

0,30

0,63

0,57

0,50

0,26 2,4

(

4,5

2,6

( 8

22

11

12

21

*Ai?no IA — 0,1 % ian.

?i?oe?thth/a caeaoi?noue IAI i?aeoaa?aeaeaia c?inoaiiyi oaeaeeino?
?i?oe?thaaiiy V?i. i?e ca?eueoaii? ai?noo IAI a nenoai?. Cia/aiiy
aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? Aa aeecuee? aei cia/aiue Aa aeey iao?e/ii?
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? IIA, ?i?oe?eiaaii? eiiieaenii c ia?aiinii ca?yaeo.

Iaoiaeii iinoiie?ia?ecaoe?? aecia/ai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy E?/Ei aeey
eiiiiceoe?e ??ciiai neeaaeo (oaae. 4). Iacia/ia a?aei?ii?noue
ni?aa?aeiioaiue E?/Ei aeey eiiiiceoe?e a ian? ? a ?ic/ei?, a oaeiae
caa?aaeaiiy i?yiie?i?eii? caeaaeiino? iaa?iaii? aaee/eie oaeaeeino?
iinoiie?ia?ecaoe?? a?ae /ano iiyniththoueny

iao?e/iei iaoai?ciii iie?ia?ecaoe??, ui iiaea i?aaethaaoe aeeooc?eiee
oaeoi?. Ii?yae c oeei niinoa??aa?oueny iineeaiiy aeiaeaoeiai?
?i?oe?thth/i? ?ie? IA (V?i.=21,22(10-8 iieue/aei3(n aeey NIAI=20 %
ian.), a ii??aiyii? c AeAE (V?i.=10,59(10-8 iieue/aei3(n), ui
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny c?inoaiiyi E?/EI. ?acoeueoao e?iaoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ( aeyaeaia aeniea oioi/ooeea?noue ? ?aaeoe?eia
caeaoi?noue 2-IAIA: IAI-eiiiiceoe?e aecia/a?oueny
eiiieaenii-?aaeeeaeueiei iaoai?ciii iie?ia?ecaoe?? a noeoiiino? c
iao?e/iei aoaeoii ia IAI. Aeniea aeeao/?noue ?aaeeeae?a ? aaaeeeaith
oaoiieia?/iith iniaeea?noth eiiiiceoe?e, oae ye caaacia/o? ?o
a?aeiia?aeio ?aaeoe?eio caeaoi?noue.

A i?ioean? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceoe?e
ooai?ththoueny i?euaieai? ??aeeino?oeoo?iaai? ni?aiie?ia?e. I?i
i?inoi?iai-coeoo no?oeoo?o

iaea?aeaieo oioiiie?ia??a na?ae/eoue ?o caeaoi?noue aei ??aiiaaaeiiai
iaaooaiiy o aiae? ? nie?oao, a aenie? i?oei?ni? aeanoeaino? ( iiaeai? o
/aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ) iiaeooue aooe iai?yiei aeieacii iayaiino? a
i?iaeoeoao oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? o?i?/ii ca’ycaiiai IAI. Cieaeaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ? nooiaiy i?euaieaiiy ?c ciaioaiiyi ai?noo IAI i?e
ii?ii?iaii? IA-ai?nieo eiiiiceoe?e OO-na?oeii c (=253,7 ii (oaae.5)
iiyniaii ia?aaaaeath/ith ?i?oe?thth/ith ?ieeth ia?ieneaeo aaici?eo, yeee
iiaea ?i?oe?thaaoe i?ioean aiiiiie?ia?ecaoe?? iiiiia?o, ? oei
aoaeoeai?oa, /ei iaioa IAI o aeo?aei?e eiiiiceoe??.

Oaaeeoey 4 ( E?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? eiiiiceoe?e

ia iniia? 2-IAIA ? IAI, aecia/ai? iaoiaeii iino?aaeoe??

Neeaae eiiiiceoe??, % ian.

Nooi?iue

eiiaa?n??

a iiiaio Na?aaeiy

o?eaae?noue

aeeooy

E?/EI(102

2-IAIA IAI 1,4-Ae?-

ienai AA IA AeAE caoaiiaiiy, % ?aaeeeaeo

(S, n

80

90

80

90

80

80

80 20

10

20

10

20

20

20

100

100

0,1

0,1

0,1

0,1 7,6

5,0

3,4

9,6

4,0

3,8

4,1 1125

106

182

1428

736

952

520 1,4

0,65

2,80

1,28

1,35

1,27

1,15

Oaaeeoey 5 ( Caeaaei?noue nooiaiy ? aoaeoeaiino? i?euaieaiiy IAI a?ae

neeaaeo eiiiiceoe?? i?e oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? 2-IAIA:IAI-nenoai*

Neeaae eiiiiceoe??,

% ian. Nooi?iue eiiaa?n?? ca

18(103 n ii?ii?iaiiy, % Aoaeoeai?noue i?e

uaieaiiy (, % Nooi?iue i?euaieaiiy ?, %

2-IAIA IAI 253,7 ii 365 ii 253,7ii 365 ii 253,7 ii 365 ii

98

95

90

80

90**

80** 2

5

10

20

10

20 82

77

68

(

14

34 78

77

75

68

(

( 73

77

78

(

79

79 77

74

66

51

(

( 1

3

9

(

24

39 2

4

7

11

(

(

*Ai?no IA — 0,1 % ian.

**Aeai? aeey “aac?i?oe?aoi?ii?” iie?ia?ecaoe??

?acoeueoaoe “aac?i?oe?aoi?ii?” iie?ia?ecaoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui
i?euaieaiiy ? coeaaiiy iaoiiaeththoueny, ii?yae c ooai?aiiyi aeoeaieo
?i?oe?thth/eo oeaio??a a iniiaiiio eaioethao IAI, ia?aaea/ath eaioethaa
ia IAI. Aeuee, ii??aiyii c ?i?oe?eiaaiith oioiiie?ia?ecaoe??th, nooi?iue
i?euaieaiiy iiaea aeacoaaoe ia iecueeee i?ioeaio aiiiiie?ia?o a
e?ioeaaiio i?iaeoeo?, aai eiaiiiaio a?aenooi?noue.
I?euaieaiiy i?ae ae??th iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii?
aeiaaeeie

I

oaee? aeey o?eieaoiiai caoaeaeaiiy oioio?iiieo (N(N( -a?oi IAI ?c
c?inoaiiyi eiai aeo?aeii? e?eueeino? caaacia/o? ia?aaaao iao?e/iiai
iaoai?cio iie?ia?ecaoe?? a iiaa?oiaaiio c? noi?iie ii?ii?iaiiy oa??
eiiiiceoe??.

I?euaieaio no?oeoo?o ni?aiie?ia??a, iaea?aeaieo i?ae ae??th iiaiiai
niaeo?o eaiie Ae?O-230, i?aeoaa?aeeee ?*-niaeo?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? neioaciaaieo
oioiiie?ia??a, ye? aea/aeenue c iaoith aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaeo aaeocae ?o
aeei?enoaiiy.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith canoinoaaiiy ni?aiie?ia??a o yeino? a?iiaoa??ae?a ?
?o aeniea aiaeiiiaeeiath/a caeaoi?noue. Iaea?aeai? a ??cieo oiiaao
ii?ii?iaiiy c?acee oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaeiaeiai aenieei aiaeiai?noii (40
— 55 %). I?e oeueiio, yeui aeey c?ace?a, ii?ii?iaieo (=253,7 ii, ?nio?
aeno?aiaeueia cia/aiiy aiaeiai?noo (48%) i?e NIAI=30 % ian., oi aeey
c?ace?a, iaea?aeaieo i?ae ae??th OO-na?oea c (=365 ii, cia/ia
i?aeaeuaiiy aiaeiai?noo (aei 55%) niinoa??aa?oueny iaeaea aei
aea?iieueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? IAI, ui iiynith?oueny iienaieie aeua
iniaeeainoyie no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy. Ca oaa?ae?noth (130 — 190 IIa)
neioaciaai? oioiiie?ia?e ciaoiaeyoueny ia ??ai? e?aueo iaoa??ae?a,
aeei?enoiaoaaieo a iooaeueiieia??. Caaaeueiith iniaeea?noth aeey
aeei?enoaieo ?aaeei?a ii?ii?iaiiy ? aeno?aiaeueia caeaaei?noue
oaa?aeino? ni?aiie?ia??a a?ae aeo?aeiiai neeaaeo eiiiiceoe??

A?ae’?ii? ?acoeueoaoe c iaaooaiiy a ??aeeiao, ui aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
iie??oaaeueieo na?aaeiaeu, caaacia/oaaoeiooue ye?nia aeiaaaeaiiy ae?ia?a
i?e aeaioiaeaii? ?o ?c neioaciaaieo iie?ia??a iaoai?/iei oeyoii.
Aaaaeaiiy IAI caaacia/o? aenieo ((73IN) oaieino?ee?noue ni?aiie?ia??a.
Ca i?oei?noth ia ?ic?ea oioiiie?ia?e ia?aaeuothoue iie?ia?e, iaea?aeai?
oa?iiiie?ia?ecaoe??th, aeey yeeo (?=0,4 — 0,6 IIa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oioiiie?ia??a iieacaee
?o aeinoaoith iioe/io i?ici??noue ye o nooiio ((91%), oae ? a
iaaooeiio noai? ((93%). I?e oeueiio, yeui eiao?oe??io
na?oeii?iioneaiiy iaaea? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ai?noo IAI, oi iieaciee
caeiieaiiy ( nD2= 1,507-1,520) c?inoa?. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aecia/athoue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy neioaciaaieo oioiiie?ia??a aeey
aeaioiaeaiiy iioe/ieo ae?ia?a iio??aii? oiaueie ? i?ecia/aiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy
aenieiye?nieo eiia?iiaaieo eiioaeoieo e?ic c oaa?aeith oeaio?aeueiith ?
i’yeith ia?eoa??eieie /anoeiaie, a oaeiae i?oeieo ? aeanoe/ieo
eiioaeoieo e?ic, ui i?noyoue o nai?io neeaae? e?ea?nuee? i?aia?aoe
iaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy. Iiia?aaei? i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueii i?ae?a?aieo eiiiiceoe?e aeey
neeathaaiiy iioe/ieo aeaoaeae. Oioiioaa?aeaeoaai? iaoiene/i? eea?
na?oeii?iieei? ((91%), iioe/ii iaeii??aei?, c iieacieeii caeiieaiiy 1,45
— 1,55 ? aeinoaoiueith i?oei?noth eeaeiaiai oaa.

AENIIAEE

Aia?oa aea/ai? caeiiii??iino? iao?e/ii? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? iaoae?eeiaeo
ao???a o i?enooiino? iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiio ? anoaiiaeaii, ui aeniea
?aaeoe?eia caeaoi?noue ? oioi/ooeea?noue IAIA:IAI-eiiiiceoe?e
aecia/a?oueny eiiieaenii-?aaeeeaeueiei iaoai?ciii iie?ia?ecaoe?? a
noeoiiino? c iao?e/iei aoaeoii ia IAI.

Aeyaeaia aeoeaoth/a ?ieue iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiio, yea iieyaa? a
nainea?e?caoe?? ca ?aooiie caoaeaeaiiy ea?aaiaoieo a?oi i??ie?aeiiiaiai
oeeeeo, aioo??- ? i?aeiieaeoey?ieo ia?aoiae?a (-aeaeo?ii?a, ui a
eiiieaen? c iao?e/iei aoaeoii ni?ey? ia?aa?ao ?aaeoe?? a e?iaoe/i?e
iaeano? i?e aaeeeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo IAI a ?ic/ei? ? a ian?. Aeyaeai?
aoaeoe aeicaieeee aia?oa iaa?oiooaaoe ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaanoe
iiaeeea?noue oioiioaa?aeaeaiiy IAIA:IAI-eiiiiceoe?e o a?aenooiino?,
caeaa?eueoiai oiene/ieo, oioi?i?oe?aoi??a ? oioinainea?e?caoi??a.
Iao?e/iee aoaeo ia IAI oiiaeeeaeth? i?euaieaio iie?ia?ecaoe?th, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?*-niaeo?ineii?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie.

?aaeoe?eia caeaoi?noue ?i?oe?eiaaieo 2-ieneaoeeaiiaoae?eeaoieo
eiiiiceoe?e, ye? i?noyoue IAI, a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia
aeniiceoe??: yeui i?e ii?ii?iaii? OO-na?oeii c (=253,7 ii ia?aaaaea?
?i?oe?thaaiiy ca ?aooiie ia?aeiieo ?aaeeeae?a ?i?oe?aoi?a ia?ieneaeo
aaici?eo, oi i?e (=365 ii ?aaeoe?y ?i?oe?th?oueny caoaeaeaieie
oioio?iiieie a?oiaie IAI ii oeio n((*-ia?aoiaeo a oeeee? iae?iiieaeoee.

Ioe?iai? iaoiaeii iino?aaeoe?? aaee/eie ni?aa?aeiioaiue eiinoaio ?inoo ?
ia?eao iie?ia?ieo eaioetha?a (0,65 — 3,59(10-2, a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia
?aaeoe??) ? aeyaeaiee o?eaaeee /an aeeooy iie?ia?ieo ?aaeeeae?a
na?ae/aoue i?i aenieo aeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceoe?e.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? ?ioeo a?i?eiaeo
iiiiia??a o i?enooiino? IAI, ui aeicaieeei ?icoe?eoe oai?aoe/io aaco
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? a?i?eiaeo iiiiia??a ? ani?oeiaio a?ae?iaae?a
a?iiaaee/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.

6. Oioiaeoeai?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo nenoai a ??cieo ?ic/eiieeao
aecia/a?oueny iniaeeainoyie ?o aca?iiae?? a aeaieo na?aaeiaeuao, yea
caeaaeeoue a?ae iiey?iino? ? ?ici???a iieaeoe aeey ?ic/eiiee?a,
caeaoieo ooai?thaaoe aiaeiaa? ca’ycee, a aeey ao???a ? eaoii?a — a?ae
OO-iiaeeiath/i? caeaoiino?.

7. Ciaeaeaii iioeiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiiiaio?a aeey iaea?aeaiiy
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?eiicaeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e iaiao?aeii? na?oei/ooeeaino? ?
?aeiiaiaeiaai? oaoiieia?/i? ?aaeeie aeaioiaeaiiy ae?ia?a. Neioaciaai?
aenieii?oei? ? aenieiaeanoe/i? eiioaeoi? e?ice, ui i?noyoue o nai?io
neeaae? e?ea?nuee? i?aia?aoe iaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy, ? ?ic?iaeaia
oaoiieia?y aeaioiaeaiiy aenieiye?nieo eiia?iiaaieo eiioaeoieo e?ic c
oaa?aeith oeaio?aeueiith ? i’yeith ia?eoa??eiith /anoeiaie.

8. Aeine?aeaeai? o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? neioaciaaieo iaoa??ae?a
iieacaee, ui iie?ia?- iiiiia?i? eiiiiceoe?? ia iniia? IAI
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?aeaeuaiith aaeaac??th, a iaea?aeai? ie?aee
a?aecia/athoueny aenieith i?ici??noth, iioe/iith iaeii??aei?noth, ui
oni?oii aeei?enoaii i?e neeathaaii? iioe/ieo aeaiaio?a ca ?ioaineaiith
oaoiieia??th.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

I.A.Noaa?eye, I.E.Oaeaoa. ?aaeoeeiiiay niiniaiinoue oioi/oanoaeoaeueiuo
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeii-2-ieneyoeeiaoae?eeaoiuo eiiiiceoeee // Oe?. o?i.
ae-e.- 1993.- ?12.- N. 1325-1329.

I.A.Noaa?eye, I.E.Oaeaoa, A.E.Nioei. Iniaaiiinoe oioiiieeia?ecaoeee
eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa 2-IAIA e IAI // AE. i?eee. oeiee.-1988.- ?
8.-N.1877-1880.

Noaa?eye I.A., Oaeaoa I.E., Aaeaiae E.A. Enneaaeiaaiea aiciiaeiinoe
iieo/aiey iieeia?iiai iaoa?eaea aeey iyaeeo eiioaeoiuo eeic iaoiaeii
oioiiieeia?ecaoeee // Aano. Eueaia. iieeoaoi. ei-oa. Oeiey, oaoiieiaey
aauanoa e eo i?eiaiaiea. — Eueaia: Aeua oe., Ecae-ai i?e Eueaia. oi-oa.
— 1983.- ?171. — N.77-78.

Enneaaeiaaiea eeiaoeee i?eaeoie oioiiieeia?ecaoeee iiiiiaoae?eeiaiai
yoe?a yoeeaiaeeeiey e iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiio / I.A.Noaa?eye, I.E.Oaeaoa,
I.O.Ii?aoeeay e ae?.// Aanoi. Eueaia. iieeoaoi. ei-oa. Oeiey, oaoiieiaey
aauanoa e eo i?eiaiaiea.- Eueaia: Aeua oe., Ecae-ai i?e Eueaia.
oi-oa.-1984.-?181.-N.52-53.

I.A.Noaa?eye, I.E.Oaeaoa. Oioiiieeia?ecaoeey eiiiiceoeee
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeii+2-ieneaeeeeiaoae?eeao // Ieano.
iannu.-1989.-?8.-N.15-17.

Caeiiiia?iinoe oioiiieeia?ecaoeee aeeaeeeo eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa
2-ieneyoeeiaoae?eeaoa e iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia // Noaa?eye I.A., Oaeaoa
I.E.; Eueaia. iieeoaoi. ei -o. — Eueaia, 1985.-5n.- ?on.-Aeai. a Oe?IEE
IOE 23.07.85, ?1515 — Oe-85 // Aiio. a ?AEOei, ? 24, 1985, 24N350Aeai.

Noaa?eye I.A., Oaeaoa I.E. Aieea eenith ia e?iaoeeo ianainea?e?ciaaii?
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? nenoaie
2-a?ae?ieneaoee(iao)ae?eeao-iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii // A?niee Euea?a.
iie?oaoi. ?i-oo. O?i?y, oaoiieia?y ?a/iaei oa ?o canoinoaaiiy.-Euea?a:
A-ai “Na?o” i?e Euea?a. oi-o?.-1991.-?250.-N.32-34.

8. A.n. 1620463 NNN?, IEE A29Ae 11/00. Niinia ecaioiaeaiey anoeaiaoe/iuo
eiiaeie?iaaiiuo eiioaeoiuo eeic / Noaa?eye I.A., Ooaeia I.A., Oaeaoa
I.E., Nioei A.E., Aeaaeeeo A .O. /NNN?/ — ?4335215/05; Cayaeaii
30.03.89; Iioae. 15.01.91, Athe. ?2.

9.A.n. 1329156 NNN?, IEE N08F 21/00. Eiiiiceoeey aeey iyaeeo eiioaeoiuo
eeic / Noaa?eye I.A., Oaeaoa I.E., Nioei A.E., Eiceiaa I.O., Naiaiiaa
A.N. /NNN?/. — ?3764666/05; Cayaeaii 16.07.84; Iioae. 8.04.1987.

10. I.A.Noaa?eye, I.E.Oaeaoa, A.N.Aiaeae. Oioiiieeia?ecothueany
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeii-ieneaeeeeae?eeaoiua eiiiiceoeee e aeiniaianoeiua
iieeia?u ia eo iniiaa // Oac. aeiee. ?ani. i/o eiio. “Yeiiiiey
iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia e oeo/oaiea ea/anoaa ecaeaeee e eiino?oeoeee ia
iniiaa i?eiaiaiey iiauo iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia”.-
Aui.1.-Aeiia?aaeiai.-1985.-N.55.

11. I.A.Noaa?eye, I.E.Oaeaoa, A.A.Oa?a/ei. Oioiioaa?aeaeathueany
aeeaeeea eiiiiceoeee ia iniiaa 2-ieneyoeeiaoae?eeaoa e IAI aeey
iaaeecaeaeee // Oac. aeiee. i/o naieia?a “Oioioeie/anee ioaa?aeaeaaiua
iieeia?iua eiiiiceoeee e i?eiaiaiea eo a ia?iaeiii
oicyenoaa”.-Ia?iue.-1987.-N.39-40.

12. I.E.Oaeaoa, A.E.Aa?aeae. Neioac aeiiaaeiieeia?ia ia iniiaa
2-ieneyoeeiaoae?eeaoa e iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia iaoiaeii
oioiiieeia?ecaoeee //Oac. aeiee. 3 eiio. iieiaeuo o/aiuo
oeieei-oaoiieiae/aneeo oaeoeueoaoia.-?eaa.-1989.-N.78.

13. Oaeaoa I.E. Iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe eeiaoeee e iaoaiecia oioineioaca
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeii-ieneaeeee(iao)ae?eeaoiuo niiieeia?ia // Oac. aeiee.
3 eiio. iieiaeuo o/aiuo-oeieeia.- Aeiiaoee.-1991.-N.168.

14. I.Oaeaoa, I.Noaa?eye. Iao?e/ia oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?y
2-ieneaoeeiaoae?eeaoo ia iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii? // Oace aeii. i/e aei
150-??//y “Euea?anueei? iie?oaoi?ee” “Noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
o?i?/ii? iaoee oa i?iieneiaino? a Cao. ?aa?ii?
Oe?a?ie”.-Euea?a.-1994.-N.99.

15. I.Oaeaoa, I.Noaa?eye. Oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?y — ia?niaeoeaiee iaoiae
iaea?aeaiiy a?ae?iaaeaaeo iie?ia??a iaaeeei-a?ieia?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy //
Oace aeii. i/o eiio. “Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino? ieanoian a
Oe?a?i?” aei 30-??//y eaoaae?e o?ioaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee ieanoian AeO
“Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”.- Euea?a.- 1995.- N.53.

16. Oaeaoa I.E., Noaa?eye I.A. Ci?ia oioi?aaeoe?eii? aeoeaiino?
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii-(iao)ae?eeaoieo eiiiiceoe?e a caeaaeiino? a?ae
i?e?iaee ?ic/eiieea // Oace aeii. 17 Oe?. eiio. c i?a. o?i??. — Oa?e?a.
— *.2. -1995.-N.452.

17. A?ae?io?euei? iie?ia?e aeey eiioaeoieo e?ic iiaiai iieie?iiy /
Noaa?eye I.A., Nei?ioiaea A.E., Iaeueiee TH.ss., Oaeaoa I.E. // Oac.
aeieeaaea i/o eiio. “Oaoiieiaey e iai?oaeiaaiea aeey ia?a?aaioee
iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia”. — Neaanei.- 1996.- N. 68.

18. I.Oaeaoa, I.Noaa?eye. Aieea iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiiiai? iao?eoe? ia
oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?th aeayeeo a?i?eiaeo iiiiia??a // Oace aeii. 6 i/e
“Euea?anuee? o?i?/i? /eoaiiy”. — Euea?a.- 1997.- N.50.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oaeaoa I.E. Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae oioiiie?ia?ecaoe??
iaoae?eeiaeo ao???a o i?enooiino? iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiio. — ?oeiien.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 02.00.06 — o?i?y aenieiiieaeoey?ieo niieoe. —
Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, Euea?a, 1998 ?.

Aia?oa aeine?aeaeai? caeiiii??iino? oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?? iaoae?eeiaeo
iiiiia??a o i?enooiino? aiiiaaiii? iao?eoe? ia iniia?
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeiio. Anoaiiaeaia ?i?oe?thth/a ?ieue IAI ?
oioi/ooeea?noue iie?ia?-iiiiia?ieo eiiiiceoe?e ia eiai iniia?, ui
iaoiiaeei neioac ?yaeo i?euaieaieo eiiie?ia??a aac aeei?enoaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo oioi?i?oe?aoi??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oioiiie?ia?ecaoe?y, e?iaoeea, iaoae?eeia? ao??e,
iie?a?i?ei??ie?aeii, iao?e/ia iie?ia?ecaoe?y, a?iiaaeiie?ia?e.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oaeaoa I.E. Enneaaeiaaiea caeiiiia?iinoae oioiiieeia?ecaoeee
iaoae?eeiauo yoe?ia a i?enoonoaee iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia. — ?oeiienue.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.06 — oeiey aunieiiieaeoey?iuo niaaeeiaiee.
-Ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, Eueaia, 1998.

Aia?aua enneaaeiaaiu caeiiiia?iinoe oioiiieeia?ecaoeee iaoae?eeiauo
iiiiia?ia a i?enoonoaee aiiiaaiiie iao?eoeu ia iniiaa
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia. Onoaiiaeaia eieoeee?othuay ?ieue
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeiia e oioi/oanoaeoaeueiinoue iieeia?-iiiiia?iuo
eiiiiceoeee ia aai iniiaa, /oi iaoneiaeei neioac ?yaea i?eaeouo
eiiieeia?ia aac eniieueciaaiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo oioieieoeeaoi?ia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oioiiieeia?ecaoeey, eeiaoeea, iaoae?eeiaua yoe?u,
iieeaeieeie??ieeaeii, iao?e/iay iieeia?ecaoeey, aeiiaaeiieeia?u.

SUMMARY

Sheketa M. L. The investigation of methacrylic esters
photopolymerization mechanism at the presence of polyvinylpirrolidone. —
Manuscript. Thesis for chemical sciences degrees candidate competition.
Speciality 02.00.06 — chemistry of high-molecular compounds.- State
University “Lvivska Polytechnika”, Lviv, 1998.

The mechanism of methacrylic monomers photopolymerization at the
presence of homogeneous matrix on the basis of polyvinylpirrolidone is
investigated at first. It was determined the initiating action of
polyvinylpirrolidone and photosensitivity of polymer-monomer
compositions on it’s basis. These facts determine the synthesis of
number of graft co-polymers without usage of additive photoinitiators.

Key words: photopolymerization, kinetics, methacrylic esters,
polyvinylpirrolidone, matrix polymerization, medical biopolymers.

PAGE 1

Похожие записи