2

EOOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OA?EAOeUeEEE OA?AN AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 633.521:631

AeINE?AeAEAIIss OAOIIEIA?*IIAI I?IOeANO IA*?NOAAIIss NOAAAE EUeIIO C
IAeII*ANIEI AEAeAEAIIssI IAIIOIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.20.01 – iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Eooeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Eooeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e ?AO Oaee?n
Aaaeaeue Aa?aiiae/,

Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai?
?iaioe

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e ?AO, caneoaeaiee
aeiao?aeiee

Oe?a?ie Aaaei Aiaaeai Iaoa?eiae/,

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa. eaoaae?e oaoiieia??
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ai?aiaee A?oo? THe?aiiae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aenieoaoaoe?? oa
IOI

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee ? OII,
i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “26” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo ia 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 32.075.01 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe a Eooeueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 263018, i.Eooeuee,
aoe. Euea?anueea, 75, iaa/aeueiee ei?ion A, aoaeeoi??y 338.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Eooeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (aoe. Euea?anueea, 75).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” n?/iy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee, eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe
Iiiei A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeneeaaei?oei aoaiii i?e ae?iuoaaii? eueiio ?
cae?aiiy. Ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie eiai i?iaiaeyoue ia?aaaaeii
eueiiieiiaaeiaie EE-4A ? EEA-4A. Aiie aeia?a ca?aeiiaiaeoaaee naaa o
?iaio?. Aea oe? iaoeie iio?aaothoue eiino?oeoeaiiai aeii?aoethaaiiy.
Oae, ia a?aaaiyo ia/?noaaeueiiai aia?aoa i?e ?iaio? ooai?ththoueny
iaiioee, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia a?aeie?aieaiiy ian?ii?aeo
ei?iai/ie a?ae noaaae. Eueiiiai?io, ui in?aea? o i?aeaeii? eaia?e
ia/?noaaiiy, ao?a/a?oueny: eiai aeiineoue no??/eith ia iiea.

Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ia/?noaaeueiiai aia?aoa ?
aeooaeueiei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
/anoeiith ?ia?o, aeeiiaieo o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aea?aeaaieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai AeEIOI c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo iaoee
? oaoi?ee. Oeo? caaaeaiiy 03.07.03/058-93 /Aaeineiiaeaiiy
eueiiicae?aeueiiai eiiaaeia/.

Iaoa ?iaioe: i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia/?noaaeueiiai aia?aoa oa
cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao ia iniia? aaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?? i?eno?i?i
aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaathoue o oai?aoe/iiio oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
aea/aii? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia/?noaaiiy noaaae eueiio a?aaaiaaei
aia?aoii oa eiai ?iai/eo i?aai?a; aecia/aii? ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
aia?aoa c a?aooaaiiyi aa?ioaoi?/ieo aeiia; noai?aii? i?eno?ith aeey
ciaioaiiy ao?ao a?iaeath ca ?aooiie aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
aia?oa aeeiiaii aia?aaoe/iee aiae?c ?iaioe ia/?noaaeueiiai i?eno?ith c
a?aooaaiiyi eiino?oeoe?eieo iniaeeainoae /a?ac e.e.ae. iii?. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo ? i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie iaaaioaaeaiue ia eaiee o?e- ?
/ioe?ea?aaaiaaiai aia?aoa i?ae ae??th nee ?ia?oe?? ? nee iii?o noaaae
ia/?noaaiith. C?iaeaii aiae?c i?ioeano ooai?aiiy iaiioie ia a?aaaiyo.
Oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaii ia?aiao?e ia/?noaaeueiiai
aia?aoa c i?eno?i?i aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie. Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue
iii?o noaaeiai? no??/ee ia/?noaaiith a?ae oeyoo, yeee i?ioiaeeoue
a?aaaiue.

Aia?oa ca ?ic?iaeaieie iaoiaeeeaie aeine?aeaeaii aieea eiino?oeoeaieo
iniaeeainoae aia?aoa ia aaee/eio iia?o?yiiai iaii?o ? oaeaee?noue iioieo
iia?o?y a ia/?noaaeuei?e eaia??, aieea /anoioe iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia ia
ooai?aiiy iaiioie; cai?iiiiiaaii i?aoeacaeaoio eiino?oeoe?th i?eno?ith c
a?aeoeaio?iaei aeaeaeaiiyi iaiioie, ui anoaiiaeth?oueny ia aae
ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ?o aeei?enoaii?
i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?eno?ith aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie oa aeey ia?aa??ee ?
aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaioe ia/?noaaeueiiai aia?aoa. Oeae
i?eno??e, anoaiiaeaiee ia ia/?noaaeueiiio aa?aaai? EE-4A, oni?oii
i?ieoia aei?iaoaaiiy a iieueiaeo oiiaao o 1998 ?ioe?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?? aeeiiaii aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

O ni?aaaoi?noa? c Oaee?nii A.A. oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeaeaii iaaaioaaeaiiy
ia eaiee i?ae ae??th nee ?ia?oe?? ? nee iii?o noaaae ia/?noaaiith. Ooo
aaoi? aeine?aeea iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? ae?thoue ia eaiee aiane?aeie oa?oy o
aeaoaeyo iaoai?cio ? anoaiiaea aeae caeaaeiino? neee iii?o noaaae
ia/?noaaiith a?ae eooa iiai?ioo aa?aaaia. O oaoi?/ieo ??oaiiyo, ye?
caoeuai? iaoaioaie Oe?a?ie, aeiey o/ano? eiaeiiai c ni?aaaoi??a
??aiioe?iia.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue: ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ia?niaeoeae aaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a iaoai?caoe?? oa oaoiieia?? cae?aiiy
eueiio-aeiaaoioey a Oe?a?i?” (Eooeuee, 1996 ?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo E??, a i?ci?oa
EAeOO (Eooeuee, 1996-1998?.?.), ? ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy E?? (Eooeuee, 1996-1997
?.?.). Iiaiee ci?no ii aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aoa aeeeaaeaiee a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?
NAI, iaoai?ee ? OII, o?aeoi??a ? aaoiiia?e?a (Ee?a ).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iioae?eiaai? a 3 noaooyo o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Io?eiaii 3
iaoaioe Oe?a?ie ia cai?iiiiiaai? eiino?oeoe?? ia/?noaaeueieo i?eno?i?a
eueiiicae?aeueieo iaoei.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a. Iniiaia /anoeia aeeeaaeaia ia 150
noi??ieao, i?noeoue 71 ?enoiie ? 8 oaaeeoeue. Nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 117 iaca.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa ? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1. Noai ieoaiiy, iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo i?eeii?a ia?iaeaiiy ? niinia?a cae?aiiy
eueiio, eiino?oeoe?e aia?ao?a aeey aiaeie?aieaiiy ian?ii?aeo ei?iai/ie
aiae noaaae eueiio i aeaeieaiiy ianiiiy, a oaeiae oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui noinothoueny iaoai?caoe??
cae?aiiy eueiio.

O?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? eueiio aoee i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiue
I.I.Oeeeiaa, I.A.Noi?oea, A.I.Aiaeyieoeueeiai, I.A.E?aaaeuenueeiai,
A.A.Iiaea?iaa, A.A.Oaeeina, E.TH.Ao?ae/a, TH.A.Ii?iciaa, E.I.Eeyoina,
N.A. Aeoa?iaa, A.A.Iena?/eea, E.I.Oaeao oa ?i. I?ioean cae?aiiy ?
ia?aiao?e aia?ao?a aeey aiaeie?aieaiiy ian?ii?aeo ei?iai/ie aiae noaaae
eueiio i aeaeieaiiy ianiiiy aeineiaeaeoaaee I.I.Oeeeia,
I.A.E?aaaeuenueeee, I.A.Noi?oe, TH.A.Ii?icia, I.A.Ionoeaii,
A.I.Iiaea?ia, A.A.Oaeein, A.A.*a?ieoeia, E.A.Eyaeiia, I.E.O?aiei oa ?i.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ?nioth/eo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa
iaoaioii? ?ioi?iaoe?? anoaiiaeaii ?yae ieoaiue, ye? iio?aaothoue
aea/aiiy. Oae ?ic?aooiie iaaaioaaeaiue ia eaiee ia/inoaaeueiiai
i?eno?ith, i?iaaaeaiee ia i?eeeaaei o?ea?aaaiaaiai aia?aoa, noinoaaany
oieueee aecia/aiiy nee iia?oei?, yei aeithoue ia a?aaaii aa?aaaia, oa ?o
iiiaioia. I?iaaaeaii aeineiaeaeaiiy c aecia/aiiy iiooaeiinoi ?iaioe
ia/inoaaeueiiai i?eno?ith noinoaaeenue aia?aaaaeii aeo?ao aia?ai? ia
aiaeie?aieaiiy ianiii?aeo ei?iai/ie aiae noaaae. Iaeiae oae? ieoaiiy, ye
aca?iiae?y eaiie ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia i?ae niaith ? c noaaeaie, ye?
ia/?nothoueny, aecia/aiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eaiee aa?aaaia ? iiooaeiino?
ia eiai ?iaioo c a?eueo iiaiei a?aooaaiiyi aieeaath/eo oaeoi??a, ia
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue. Iaiaa?oioiaaieie caeeoaeenue aeai? oi?ie eiaeooa
eaia?e ia/inoaaiiy oa ia?aiao?e ia/inoaaeueieo aia?aoia
eueiiicae?aeueieo iaoei c i?eno?iyie aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie.
Iaaeinoaoiuei aeineiaeaeaiei caeeoaeenue i nai i?ioean ia/inoaaiiy,
aa?iaeeiaii/ii aeanoeainoi i?iaeoeoia ia/?noaaiiy oa iio? ieoaiiy.

Iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi a?aaaiaaiai ia/inoaaeueiiai aia?aoa
eueiiicae?aeueii? iaoeie no?eioaaeinue /a?ac ooai?aiiy iaiioie i?ae /an
eiai ?iaioe ? a?aenooi?noue i?inoeo ca eiino?oeoei?th, aea iaaeieieo
i?enoi?a aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie.

Aeey iie?auaiiy ?iaioe ia/inoaaeueieo aia?aoia i noai?aiiy i?eno?i?a
aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie iio??aii aoei ciaoe iii? noaaae eueiio
aiaeaeiaiith, iii? no?i/ee noaaae ia/?noaaiith oa aeaye? iioi ieoaiiy.

Oiio aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae?
caaea/?:

1. Aeineiaeeoe iii? noaaae i nooeaioue aiaeaeiaiith. Aecia/eoe
caeiaeueiee iiiaio ? eoo , ca yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aaei ?ineeie.

2. I?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e oa a?aie/io neeo iii?o
no?i/ee noaaae eueiio ia/inoaaiith.

3. Aecia/eoe iiaio?yiee iai?? i oaeaeeinoue iioieo iiaio?y a
ia/inoaaeueiie eaia?i, aa?iaeeiaii/ii aeanoeainoi eiiiiiaio?a
eueiiiai?ioo.

4. Aeineiaeeoe i?ioean ooai?aiiy iaiioie i ?oo eueiiiai?ioo a
ia/inoaaeueiie eaia?i.

5. ?ic?iaeoe ia?niaeoeaio eiino?oeoeith i?eno?ith aeey aeaeaeaiiy
iaiioie c a?aaaiia ia/inoaaeueiiai aa?aaaia.

6. Aecia/eoe iniiaii ia?aiao?e ia/inoaaeueieo aia?aoia c icia/aieie
i?eno?iyie.

7. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo i aecia/eoe iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eaiee
ia/inoaaeueiiai aa?aaaia c iinooiaeueii-eieiaei ?ooii a?aaaiia i
iiooaeiinoue ia ?iaioo ia/?noaaeueiiai i?eno?ith c a?aooaaiiyi eiai
eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae.

8. I?iaanoe iieueiai aei?iaoaaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiai ia/inoaaeueiiai
aia?aoa i aecia/eoe eiai aoaeoeaiinoue.

Oe? caaea/? aeeiiai?.

?icae?e 2. Oai?aoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy oaoiieiai/iiai i?ioeano ia/?noaaiiy
noaaae eueiio

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo ia?aiao??a ia/?noaaeueieo
aia?ao?a c i?eno?iyie aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie, oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeaeaii
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eaiee ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia i?ae ae??th nee ?ia?oe??
eaiie e nee iii?o noaaae ia/?noaaiith, i?iaaaeaii aiae?ce ?ooo
eueiiiai?ioo a eaia?? ia/?noaaiiy ? i?ioeano ooai?aiiy iaiioie ia
a?aaai? ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia, ?ic?aoiaaii iiooaei?noue ia eiai
?iaioo.

Iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo ia?aiao??a aia?ao?a ?ic?iaeaii noiniaii
aei aa?aaaia, yeee iaeaaeiaii i?eno?i?i aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie. Noaia
aa?aaaia i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 1. Ia aaeo 2 aa?aaaia 3 i?ee??ieai?
eiiao? 1, ui iaa?oathoueny ?acii c aaeii ? noai?ththoue iia?o?yiee
iai??. Oeae iai?? aieeaa? ia o?eaee noaaae a cii? ia?aaoaaiiy a?aaai?a c
coaaie ? o?ainii?ooaaiiy eueiiiai?ioo. Caaaeyee oeueiio ciaioo?oueny
iiaeeea?noue o?eaeai noaaae iaiiooaaoenue ia a?aaai? c coaaie ?
ooai?thaaoe iaiioee.

Aeaaaeaii aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy aeo?aoe iia?o?y ia
aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie ? eiai oai?aoe/iiai iaii?o c a?aooaaiiyi o?iaeaeiino?
eueiio, caao?’yiaiino? iiey, oaeaeeino? ?ooo eueiiieiiaaeia ? eiai
oe?eie caoaaoo. Aeo?aoa iia?o?y Vi ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

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aea mae — iana ian?ii?aeo ei?iai/ie i ianiiiy; mio — iana ieooaieie; ma
— iana ao?’yiia; mec — iana eenoy; m/ — iana iioeo ae?iaieo /anoie; i-
aonoeia iiaio?y; ni — iieaciee eiioeaio?aoei? eiiiiiaioia o iiaio?yiiio
iioioei.

Oai?aoe/iee iai?? iia?o?y aecia/a?oueny ca aeaaaeaiith caeaaei?noth:

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???`O???`d???`C???u?th??????1/4?????Symbol????-
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aea — eooiaa oaeaeeinoue iaa?oaiiy aaea aa?aaaia; r1 i r2 – ?aaeione
iaa?oaiiy ieaeiuei? ? aa?oiuei? /anoei eiiao?; 1 ? .2 — eooe iaoeeo
oeeo /anoei; 1 ? 2 – eooe a?aeoeeaiiy aaeoi?a oaeaeeino? /anoie iiaio?y
aiae ?aaeiaeueii? eiii? a?aeiia?aeii ia ii/aoeo ? a e?ioe? eiiao?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy nee ?ia?oe??, ae?th/eo ia eaiee aa?aaaia, ?icaeyiooi
?oo aa?aaaia, aecia/aii i?enei?aiiy eiai eaiie, ?o nee ?ia?oe?? ?
iiiaioe nee ?ia?oe??, ye? ae?thoue ia aaee a?aaai?a ? eiiaoie. Iai?yiie
nee ?ia?oe?? coa?a, ueoea, eiiao? ? ?acoeueooth/i? neee ?ia?oe?? iaeiiai
a?aaaiy cia?aaeai? ia ?en. 2. Ooo P?c — neea ?ia?oe?? coa?a, ??u – neea
?ia?oe?? ueoea, ??e – neea ?ia?oe?? eiiao?, a ?? – ?acoeueooth/a neea
?ia?oe?? a?aaaiy.

sseui ia ?en. 2 i?iaanoe nenoaio eii?aeeiao x1A1y1 oae, ye cia?aaeaii ia
noai?, oi, canoinoaaaoe caeiie iaoai?ee, iiaeia aecia/eoe iiiaioe nee
P?c, ??u ? ??e a?aeiinii oi/ee A1, ye? iicia/aii I?c , I?u ? I?e.
Iiiaio neee ??e a?aeiinii oi/ee A1 aei??aith?:

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a?-???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyyA,??‰?? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-??????P????????uoye?????1/4?????S
ymbol????-????2THU
???(????uoye?????1/4?????Symbol????-?????????2TH???)?
????e%????_&???u?th??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I~???-?????????2au,???,?
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aea me – iana eiiao?; r – ?aae?on iaa?oaiiy eiiao?; le – aeiaaeeia A1I1
eiiao?; li – a?aenoaiue a?ae oi/ee A1 aei eiiao?; 1 – eoo a?aeoeeaiiy
neee ?ia?oe?? a?ae e?i?? A1G1 coa?a.

Iiiaio I?e , ui aeeeeea? aeaoi?iaoe?th e?o/aiiy aaea a?aaaiy, aei??aith?
noi? iiiaio?a I?c , I?u ? I?e :

wmetafile8? ??w???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
 !???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy`!????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-?????@@???@*???u?ye?????1/4?????S
ymbol????-????2????(????u?ye?????1/4?????Symbol????-?
????????2?X???)????u ye?????1/4?????Symbol????-??????
???2

Caeiiii??i?noue ci?ie iiiaioo I?e ca iiaiee iaa?o aaea aa?aaaia aeey
eiaeiiai a?aaaiy cia?aaeaia ia ?en. 3. Iiiaio ni?yiiaaiee i?ioe
aiaeeiieeiai? no??eee i?eeiyoee c? ciaeii “+”.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iaaaioaaeaiue ia eaiee aa?aaaia, e??i iiiaio?a nee
?ia?oe??, aeaaaeai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? iiiaio?a nee oa?oy a
c/eaioaaiiyo ? neee iii?o, ye? aeieathoue coae i?ae /an ia/?noaaiiy
noaaae, a?ae aieeaath/eo oaeoi??a. Oaeaeeino? oi/ie coa?a ? neee iii?o
noaaae ia/?noaaiith i?aaenoaaeai? ia ?en. 4. Oaeaeeino? oi/ie coa?a
iicia/ai? v, a neee iii?o – ?n . A aeena?oaoe?? i?eaaaeaii aecia/aiiy
icia/aieo nee ca aaee/eiith ? iai?yieii a eiaei?e oi/oe? noaaeiai?
no??/ee, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a ia/?noaaeuei?e cii?, i?ney /iai iieacaii ye
aecia/eoe e?ooiee iiiaio ia aaeo aa?aaaia aeey iiaeieaiiy oeeo nee. I?e
oeueiio iaie aeei?enoaiee iaoiae i?io. AEoeianueeiai, yeee ia?aaeaa/a?
iiaoaeiao iaa?iaieo ieai?a oaeaeeinoae. Aeey eiaeiiai ia?aeaeia?aiiiai
iaoai?cio, yeei ? iaoai?ci i?eaiaeo eiaeiiai a?aaaiy aa?aaaia, iaa?iaiee
ieai oaeaeeinoae yaey? niaith iaeei aaeoi? (iaeia e?i?y). Oea aeicaiey?
iiaoaeoaaoe iaa?iai? ieaie oaeaeeinoae on?o a?aaai?a aa?aaaia ia iaei?e
noai? ? aecia/eoe c??aiiaaaeoth/o neeo ? c??aiiaaaeoth/ee iiiaio aeey
anueiai aa?aaaia i?e ??cieo eooao eiai iiai?ioo, ui iaie ? c?iaeaii.
An? oe? iiaoaeiae ? ?ic?aooiee i?eaai? a aeena?oaoe??.

Aiae?c ?ooo eueiiiai?ioo a eaia?? ia/?noaaiiy i?ae ae??th a?aaai?a
aa?aaaia aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe iayai?noue a i?e o?ueio cii (?en.1). O
ciii I eueiiiai?io ii/eia? ?ooaoenue aai?o iiae aieeaii coaia i iiaio?y,
yea aoyao?oueny e?icue aieii iiaea/i noaaae aei eaia?e aianeiaeie
iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia; iaeiae i?e oeueiio /anoeia i?iaeoeoia ia/?noaaiiy
iniaea? o aeieui iiaeaeiia. Ciia II ?iciiuaia aeua ?iaiy noaaeiai?
no?i/ee.O oeie ciii eueiiiai?io iiaeoiieth?oueny iiaio?yiei iioieii,
noai?aiei eiiaoyie, a oaeiae ai?eciioaeueiith eiiaoth ianooiiiai
a?aaaiy ? ia?ai?uo?oueny aei o?ainii?oa?a ai?ioo. Ciia III
coa?a ii/eia?oueny iaae aa?aaaiii, aea eueiiiai?io aeiineoueny
iiaio?yiei iioieii c eaia?e ia/?noaaiiy.

Aeaaaeai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oiiae
caeeeithaaiiy iii?ae coaaie a?aaai?a o?eae?a noaaae. Aeey oeueiai
?icaeyioo? neee, ye? ae?thoue c? noi?iie coa?a ia caoeniai? eiiaeaaith
/anoeiith a caoeneiiio o?ainii?oa?? 4 noaaea 3 (?en.5), ? aeaaaeaii
ianooiio oiiao caeeeithaaiiy noaaae:

F1cos1+F2cos2+N1sin1+N2sin2 ??n, (5)

aea F1 ? F2 – neee oa?oy; N1 ? N2 – neee ii?iaeueiiai oeneo c? noi?iie
coa?a ia noaaei; 1 ? 2 — iieiaeie eooia AI1A i NI2D ioiieaiiy
coaaie noaaea; 1 ? 2 — eooe oa?oy coaia 1 i 2 ii noaaeo 3; ??n –
neea iii?o noaaea ?ic?eaaiith.

Aiae?c oe??? ia??aiino? aeicaieea aecia/eoe oiiae, i?e yeeo noiaeaeaiiy
ia/?naieo noaaae c coa?a aac caeeeithaaiiy iiaeeeaa. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
oeeo oiia nii?yaeeee aa?aaai i?eno?i?i aeey a?aeoeaio?iaiai aeaeaeaiiy
iaiioie, i?i ui aeua eoea iiaa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi eaiae?a, ca yeeie aeo?a/a?oueny aia?a?y i?e ?iaio?
ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia, c o?aooaaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a aecia/aiiy
iaaaioaaeaiue ia eaiee aa?aaaia anoaiiaeaii, ui iiooaei?noue ia ?iaioo
aa?aaaia iiaea aooe ?ic?aoiaaia ca oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??C???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`A???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy????? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-????? c??? c ??? o??? q???u
y??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I~???-????2A???4????2r???3????2

???2????2O
???1????2eU???oae???2???3????2»???2????2q???1????2e
????e????2eM???o????2a†???a????u?th??????1/4??I?Times
New Roman Cyr?I~???-?????????2?a
???M????2?z???N????2????N????2?R????N????u?th??????1/4?
???Symbol????-?????????2±I???h????2±???h????2±’
???h????2±ae???h????2?p???w????2±???h????2±Ae???h????2
±aea No — iiooaeiinoue, iaioiaeia aeey iiaeieaiiy iii?o ia/inoaaiith;
Ne — iiooaeiinoue, iaiaoiaeia aeey iaaeaiiy /anoeai iiaio?y i i?iaeoeoai
ia/inoaaiiy eiiaoe/ii? aia?ai?; Ioae — iiiaio oa?oy nooieoei
iai?aaeyth/iai aeenea ii aenoeaio?eeo; 1 — e.e.ae. iii? aaea; 2 —
e.e.ae. niieo/aiiy aae-aenoeaio?ee; 3 — e.e.ae. iii? a?aaaiia; 4 —
e.e.ae. iii? e?eaioeiia.

Ca oe??th caeaaei?noth i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiee ia AII ? aecia/ai? cia/aiiy
iiooaeiino? Na i?e ??cieo oiiaao. Oe? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui
iiooaei?noue Na ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao a?ae 0,49 eAo aei 3,56 eAo. ??
aaee/eia c?inoa? c? ca?eueoaiiyi u?eueiino? ? aieiaino? noaaeiai?
no??/ee, ou?eueithth/i? caeaoiino? coa?a ? eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy
aa?aaaia ? c? ciaioaiiyi e.e.ae. iaoai?ci?a aa?aaaia.

?icae?e 3. I?ia?aia i iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue

Aeeeaaeaia i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue, iienai? i?eeaaee, iaeaaeiaiiy,
aenia?eiaioaeuei? onoaiiaee ? iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?ia?aiith aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aii aecia/aiiy iii?o noaaae i
nooeaioue aiaeaeiaiith; iii?o noaaeiai? no?i/ee ia/inoaaiith;
aa?iaeeiaii/ieo aeanoeainoae ianiiiy, ian?ii?aeo ei?iai/ie i o?eaeia
noaaae; aaee/eie iiaio?yiiai iaii?o i oaeaeeino? iiaio?yiiai iioieo a
ia/inoaaeueiie eaia?i; aieea /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ia/inoaaeueiiai aa?aaaia
ia ooai?aiiy iaiioie, a oaeiae aei?iaoaaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiai
ia/inoaaeueiiai aia?aoa c i?eno?i?i aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a e??i noaiaea?oii? aei??thaaeueii?
aia?aoo?e aeei?enoiaoaaeenue niaoe?aeueii aeaioiaeai?: eaai?aoi?ia
onoaiiaea aeey aecia/aiiy iii?o noaaeiai? no??/ee ia/?noaaiith a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oeyoo, i?ieaeaiiai a?aaaiai; onoaiiaea aeey aecia/aiiy
iii?o noaaae ? nooea?oue a?aeaeiaiith; aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae ia/?noaaeueiiai
aa?aaaia ia aa?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee eaia?e ia/?noaaiiy; onoaiiaea
aeey aecia/aiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiiaio?a eueiiiai?ioo.

Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue ye o eaai?aoi?ieo, oae ? a iieueiaeo oiiaao.

?icae?e 4. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue

Aecia/aii cia/aiiy iaeneiaeueiiai caeiaeueiiai iiiaioo, i?e yeiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aaei, ? eooa ia?aaeio oa anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue
oeeo iieaciee?a a?ae ae?aiao?a ?ineei ? ?o aieiaino?. Iaeneiaeueiee
caeiaeueiee iiiaio c?inoa? c? ciaioaiiyi aieiaino? noaaea ? ca?eueoaiiyi
eiai ae?aiao?a. Iaeiaioa cia/aiiy eooa ia?aaeio aeey na?aeiaea?aieo
noaaae o eiiaeaa?e cii? noaiiaeoue 21, a a cii? nooea?oue — 16. I?oaei?
aeanoeaino? noaaae i?ney ia?aaeio /anoeiai caa??aathoueny.

Anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue iii?o no??/ee noaaae ia/?noaaiith a?ae oeyoo,
i?ieaeaiiai a?aaaiai. I?e iiaiiio ia/?noaaii? aiia ia? aeaeyae ia?aaiee
? iieno?oueny ianooiiei ??aiyiiyi:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy???«?? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-????? p??? i???uaea ?imax –
iaeneiaeueia neea iii?o ia/?noaaiith; i – eoo iiai?ioo aa?aaaia c
a?aaaiai i?e ia/?noaaii?; A ? A – aaee/eie, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae
aeiaaeeie ciie ia/?noaaiiy, i?e/iio A=wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyyA??Y?? ???&?
?MathType??A????uoye?????1/4?????Symbol????-?????2…AE????(?
???uoye?????1/4?????Symbol????-??????????2…????)????uoy
e?????1/4?????Symbol????-??????????2…A???(????uoye?????1
/4?????Symbol????-??????????2…3
???)????uoye?????1/4?????Symbol????-??????????2…S????(?
???uoye?????1/4?????Symbol????-??????????2…D ???)?
???u?????????»????-????? @????
????u?th??????1/4?????Symbol????-?????????2±I???°????
2‡y???+????2‡
???-????2‡„???+????u?th??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I????-?????? ???2±Ii?? noaaeiai? no??/ee ia/?noaaiith
i?yiii?iii?oe?eiee ?? u?eueiino? (?en.6).

Aecia/aii na?aaei? cia/aiiy iaeneiaeueieo coneeue, ye? aeo?a/athoueny ia
i?i/?noaaiiy noaaeiaeo no??/ie a?aaaiyie c o?eniaaieie i?ii?aeeaie i?ae
coaaie ? a?aaaiy c iaai?ii coa?a, i?ii?aeee i?ae yeeie ci?ithaaeenue
a?ae 14 aei 6 ii c e?ieii 2 ii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aaai? eueiiieiiaaeia
EE-4A (c iinooiiaeie ci?iieie i?ii?aeeaie i?ae coaaie a?ae 14 ii aei 6
ii ?c e?ieii a 2 ii) i?e ia/?noaaii? eiaeii? 1000 noaaae aeieathoue ii??
o 280-300 I.

Aeey eiaeiiai aa?iaioa a?aaaiy, aeei?enoaiiai i?e ia/inoaaiii
naiaeicae?aiiai eueiio, aecia/aii /enoioo ia/?noaaiiy ? e?euee?noue
a?ae??aaieo noaaae a caeaaeiino? aiae i?iiiaeeo iiae coaaie i
iioaineaiinoi aieeao coaia ia iaeeieoeth aeiaaeeie noaaae. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui i?e cieaeaii? aieiaino? no??/ee e?euee?noue a?ae??aaieo noaaae
ciaioo?oueny.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aa?iaeeiai?/ieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiiaio?a
eueiiiai?ioo, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiaaae?ieo /anoie a iia?o?yiiio
iioioe?, aecia/aii oaeaeeino? ?o aeoaiiy (e?eoe/ia oaeaee?noue),
eiao?oe??ioe ia?oniino? ? iii?o iia?o?y. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oaeaee?noue
aeoaiiy eiaeiiai eiiiiiaioa ia ia? /?oeiai cia/aiiy, caeaaeeoue a?ae
oi?ie o?ea, eiai i?aeaeaaiai ia?a??co oa aieiaino? ? ciaoiaeeoueny o
oe?ieeo iaaeao. Aeey iaaeieiiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy eueiiiai?ioo o
aa?oeeaeueiiio iiaio?yiiio iioioei iaiaoiaeii, uia oaeaeeinoue oeueiai
iioieo aoea aieueoa ca e?eoe/io oaeaee?noue ian?ii?aeo ei?iai/ie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia/?noaaeueii? eaia?e EE-4A
i?iaaaeai? ia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e onoaiiaoe?, noaia yei? iiaeaia ia ?en.7
. Aecia/aii oaeaee?noue, oene ? ia’?iio aeo?aoo iioieo iia?o?y i?e
eooia?e oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy aaea ??ai?e 27,8 ?aae/n, a oaeiae ?o
caeaaei?noue a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui noaoe/iee oene o eaia?? ia/?noaaiiy aei??aith?
aoiinoa?iiio, a iiaiee oene — aeeiai?/iiio oeneo, ? aeo?a/a?oueny ia
iaaeaiiy /anoeai iia?o?y ? eueiiiai?ioo e?iaoe/ii? aia?a??. Oaeaee?noue
iia?o?y iino?eia ia anueiio oeyoo ?aaeeeiiiae?aiiai ei?iona.
Aeei?enoaiiy e?eeue/aoee ia aaeo aa?aaaia c eooaie iaoeeo eiiao?a 60, 90
? 120 ca?eueoo? oaeaee?noue iia?o?yiiai iioieo c 6 i/n a?aeiia?aeii aei
8,3 , 12,1 ? 16 i/n, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeo?ao? iia?o?y – 2,49 , 3,63 ? 4,8
i3/n.

A iieueiaeo oiiaao aeine?aeaeaii aieea /anoioe iaa?oaiiy ia/?noaaeueiiai
aa?aaaia ia ooai?aiiy iaiioie. Ii/eiath/e c /anoioe 230-235 ia/oa,
ca?eueoaiiy iaa?o?a i?eaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
iaiioie. I?e ia/?noaaii? noaaea nii/aoeo iaa?iiaaeaeothoueny ia
a?aaaiyo aiane?aeie iaioneaiiy. A i?ioean? iiaeaeueoi? ?iaioe ?o
e?euee?noue ??cei ca?eueoo?oueny, iaaeiei a?aaai?a ooai?ththoueny
aeiooe, ye? c?inoathoue a ia’?i?.

*anoioa iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia oaeiae aieeaa? ia ao?aoe ian?ii?aeo ei?iai/ie
naea , ye? aeiinyoueny no??/eith noaaae c eaia?e ia/?noaaiiy. Oea yaeua
aeine?aeaeaia iaoaiaoe/iei iaoiaeii ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo c
aeei?enoaiiyi AII, a ?acoeueoao? /iai io?eiaia ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??:

naea=136,18-35,11X1-41,89X2+13,22X12-11,77X22-14,92X1X2,
(8)

aea X1, X2 – eiaeiaai? cia/aiiy oaeoi??a, a?aeiia?aeii X1 — /anoioa
iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia n; , X2 — eoo iaoeeo eiiaoae e?eeue/aoee 1 . Ca oeei
??aiyiiyi iiaoaeiaai? a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? e?eueeino? ao?a/aieo ei?iai/ie
c ian?iiyi a?ae caaaeaieo aeua oaeoi??a.

?icae?e 5. ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue aaeineiiaeaiiai ia/?noaaeueiiai
aia?aoa ? ?ic?aooiie eiai aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?

Aei?iaoaaiiy eueiiieiiaaeia EE-4A c iiaea?i?ciaaiei ia/?noaaeueiei
aa?aaaiii i?iaiaeeeenue ia eaiao ENI “?i. Oaa/aiea” oa “E?aiaiaoeue”
?iaeeuainueeiai ?aeiio Aieeinueei? iaeano? a 1998 ?. caaaeueiith ieiuath
15 aa.

I?ney ?iaioe eiiaaeia iaiioie ia a?aaaiyo ia aeyaeaii. I?aeaeii eaia?e
ia/?noaaiiy, ia a?aei?io a?ae aaciaiai aa??aioo, aoa /enoei a?ae
eueiiiai?ioo. Ao?aoe ian?iiy ciaioeeenue a ii??aiaii? c oeiiaei
aia?aoii, aea /anoeia c?a?aii? i?iaeoeoe?? aeiineeanue no??/eith c
eaia?e. Ia?aa??ea aeeeaaeaii? ia iie? noaaeiai? no??/ee iieacaea, ui
caaaeuei? ao?aoe ian?iiy nei?ioeeenue a 3-3,5 ?ace. Noai?aiee
aeiaeaoeiaee iio?e iia?o?y ia i?ea?a aei iioeiaeaeaiue noaaae a cii?
a?aeaeiaiiy. *enoioa ia/?noaaiiy aoea caaeia?eueiith ? noaiiaeea 98,5%.

Iieueia? aei?iaoaaiiy iieacaee, ui ?ic?iaeaiee i?eno??e aeey aeaeaeaiiy
iaiioie ? i?aoeacaeaoiei ? a?aeiia?aea? aa?ioaoi?/iei aeiiaai.
?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?eno?ith na?ae/eoue i?i
aeioe?euei?noue eiai aeei?enoaiiy o eueiia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noaao.
?ic?aooieiaee ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo noaiiaeoue 187,7 a?i.

AENIIAEE

1. Iia?o?yiee oene, noai?aiee a eaia?? ia/?noaaiiy i?e ?iaio?
ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia, ia aaeo yeiai anoaiiaeaiee i?eno??e c
a?aeoeaio?iaei aeaeaeaiiyi iaiioie, aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith (2) ?
caeaaeeoue a?ae eooiai? oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia ? eiino?oeoeaieo
iniaeeainoae e?eeue/aoee. Oeae oene c?inoa? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe
iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia, aonoeie iia?o?y, ?ici???a ? eooa iaoeeo eiiaoae
i?eno?ith. Eiiao?, caaioo? ca oiaeii iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia, iathoue e?au?
oaeaee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? noai?ththoue a?eueoee oene, i?ae eiiao?,
caaioo? i?ioe ?ooo iaa?oaiiy.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ? aecia/ai? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eaiee o?e- ?
/ioe?ea?aaaiaaiai ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia i?ae ae??th nee ?ia?oe?? ?
nee iii?o noaaae ia/?noaaiith. Neee ?ia?oe?? eaiie, ye? aeieeathoue i?ae
/an ??aiii??iiai iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia, noai?ththoue iiiaioe, ye?
iaaaioaaeothoue aaee a?aaai?a. Oe? iiiaioe aecia/aii ca oi?ioeaie oeio
(3) ? (4). A caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eueeino? a?aaai?a ia aa?aaai? ?
aeiaaeeie ia/?noaaeueii? ciie, ia/?noaaiiy noaaae iiaea aeeiioaaoenue
iaeiei aai a?eueoei /eneii ?yae?a a?aaai?a. Oea aieeaa? ia
??aiii??i?noue iaaaioaaeaiiy aa?aaaia. A?eueo ??aiii??ia iaaaioaaeaiiy
i?e ?iaio? /ioe?ea?aaaiaaiai aa?aaaia a ii??aiyii? c iaaaioaaeaiiyi
o?eaaaaiaaiai aa?aaaia.

3. I?ae /an ?iaioe aa?aaaia a?aeie?aieai? a?ae noaaeiai? no??/ee
eiiiiiaioe i?ioiaeyoue a eaia?? ia/?noaaiiy o?e ciie. A cii? i?aeaeiia
i?iaeoeoe ia/?noaaiiy ii/eiathoue ?oo aai?o i?ae aieeaii coa?a ?
iia?o?y, yea aoyao?oueny aei eaia?e e??cue a?eii iiaea/? no??/ee. A
cii?, ?ici?uai?e aeua ??aiy o?ainii?ooth/i? no??/ee, eueiiiai?io,
i?aeoiieaiee iia?o?yiei iioieii, noai?aiei eiiaoyie, ? ai?eciioaeueiith
eiiaoth ianooiiiai a?aaaiy, ?ooa?oueny ii no?ioe? eaia?e aei
yceeiiiae?aiiai iao?oaea. A a cii? aeua ??aiy aa?aaaia i?iaeoeoe
ia/?noaaiiy aeiinyoueny iia?o?yiei iioieii ia o?ainii?oa? ai?ioo.

4. I?ae /an ia/?noaaiiy noaaeiai? no??/ee iiaeeeaa caeeoaiiy noaaae
iii?ae coaaie a?aaai?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai yaeua aeaaaeaii
ia??ai?noue (5), i?e aeeiiaii? yei? ia? i?noea caeeeithaaiiy noaaea
iii?ae coaaie. Aeey onoiaiiy caeeeithaaiiy noaaae ? ?o o?eae?a
cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe iia?o?yiee iai??, noai?aiee e?eeue/aoeith, yea
anoaiiaeaia ia aaeo aa?aaaia.

5. Iiooaei?noue ia ?iaioo ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca
oi?ioeith (6), aeaaaeaiith c a?aooaaiiyi aeo?ao aia?a?? ia iiaeieaiiy
an?o iii??a, ye? cono??/athoueny i?e ?iaio? aa?aaaia. Oey iiooaei?noue
oei a?eueoa, /ei a?eueo? aieia?noue ? u?euei?noue noaaeiai? no??/ee,
ou?eueithth/a caeaoi?noue coa?a a?aaaiy ? eooiaa oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy
aa?aaaia ? iaio? e.e.ae. iaoai?ci?a aa?aaaia.

6. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi caeiiii??iinoae a?aeaeiaiiy eiinieueii cae??ieaieo
noaaae anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iacia/iiio iaaaioaaeaii? neeith noaaei,
caa??aath/e i?yiie?i?ei?noue, a?aeaeia?oueny ia eoo, yeee i?iii?oe?eiee
i?eeeaaeaiiio iiiaioo. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi iaaaioaaeaiiy oey
i?iii?oe?ei?noue ao?a/a?oueny, iaeiae oaeaeoa aiia ao?a/a?oueny o
?ineeie iaioiai ae?aiao?o ? a?eueoi? aieiaino?. Iaeneiaeueiee
caeiaeueiee iiiaio c?inoa? ?c ciaioaiiyi aieiaino? noaaea ? ca?eueoaiiyi
eiai ae?aiao?a.

I?e ia/?noaaii? noaaeiai? no??/ee ii?? noaaae ia/?noaaiith caeaaeeoue
a?ae oeyoo, i?ieaeaiiai a?aaaiai. Oey caeaaei?noue ia? aeaeyae ia?aaiee
? iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi (7). Ii?? noaaeiai? no??/ee ia/?noaaiith
i?yiii?iii?oe?eiee ?? u?eueiino?.

1. Aa?iaeeiai?/i? aeanoeaino? eiiiiiaio?a eueiiiai?ioo caeaaeaoue a?ae
oi?ie o?ea, ?o i?aeaeaaiai ia?a??co, aieiaino? ? ciaoiaeeoueny o oe?ieeo
iaaeao. *ei iaioa aieia?noue eiiiiiaioo ? a?eueoee i?aeaeaaee ia?a??c,
oei iaio? e?eoe/ia oaeaee?noue ? eiao?oe??io iii?o iia?o?y, oa a?eueoee
eiao?oe??io ia?oniino?.

2. Noaoe/iee oene iia?o?y o eaia?? ia/?noaaiiy aei??aith? aoiinoa?iiio
oeneo. Oaeaee?noue iia?o?y ia anueiio oeyoo ?aaeeeiiiae?aiiai ei?iona
iino?eia. Aeei?enoaiiy e?eeue/aoee ia aaeo aa?aaaia c eooaie iaoeeo
eiiaoae 60, 90 ? 120 ca?eueoo? oaeaee?noue iia?o?yiiai iioieo c 6,1 i/n
a?aeiia?aeii aei 8,3 , 12,1 ? 16 i/n, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeo?ao? iia?o?y –
2,49 , 3,63 ? 4,8 i3/n. I?e cae?aii? eueiio c u?euei?noth noaaeinoith
1000, 1500 ? 2000 oo/i2 eiiao? e?eeue/aoee iiaeii? aooe anoaiiaeai? c
eooii iaoeeo a?aeiia?aeii 60, 90 ? 120.

3. I?e ia/?noaaii? noaaea nii/aoeo iaa?iiaaeaeothoueny ia a?aaaiyo
aiane?aeie caoeauoaaiiy. A i?ioean? iiaeaeueoi? ?iaioe iaaeiei a?aaai?a
ooai?ththoueny aeiooe, ye? c?inoathoue a ia’?i?. Ii/eiath/e c /anoioe
iaa?oaiiy aa?aaaia 230-235 ia/oa, ca?eueoaiiy iaa?o?a ni?e/eiy? ??cea
c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? iaiioie. Oiio /anoioo iaa?oaiiy o 220-225 ia/oa
iio??aii aaaaeaoe ca iaeneiaeueii aeiionoeio.

4. ?ic?iaeaiee iaie i?eno??e aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie o iieueiaeo oiiaao
caaacia/o? iaae?eia aeaeaeaiiy noaaae, ye? cao?eiaeenue ia a?aaai?.
Iieueia? aei?iaoaaiiy eueiiieiiaaeia c ?ic?iaeaiei i?ioeiaiiooaaeueiei
i?eno?i?i ia ieiu? 15 aa iiea-caee, ui i?eno??e ? i?aoeacaeaoiei ?
a?aeiia?aea? aa?ioaoi?/iei ae-iiaai. ?ic?aooieiaee ??/iee aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo noaiiaeoue 187,7 a?i.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Oaeeen A.A., Oa?eaoeeee O.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea iaa?ocee ia caaiuey
i/?nuaathuaai aa?aaaia // N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo noaoae, aei.2. -Eooeuee, 1996. –N. 3-43.

2. Oa?eaoeueeee O.A. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iii?o noaaae eueiio
a?aeaeiaiith // N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae, aei.4. –Eooeuee, ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e EAeOO, 1998.
–N 121-124.

3. Oa?eaoeueeee O.A. Aei ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a ia/?noaaeueieo aia?ao?a c
i?eno?iyie aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie // N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae, aei.3. AIA ?AO. –Eooeuee, 1997. –N. 213-221.

4. Iao. 96020645 Oe?a?ia, A 01 D 45/06. Eueiiiia/?noaaeueiee aiia?ao /
A.A.Oaee?n , E.I.Oaeao , O.A.Oa?eaoeueeee, A.A.Aiaeeaea?iee,
A.O.Aeiaaiiiethe, A.A.Eoaeaeue, N.O.THoei/oe (Oe?a?ia). Cayae. 21.06.96
; Iioae. 31.08.98, Athe. ?4.

5. Iao. 96052098 Oe?a?ia, A 01 D 45/06. Ia/?noaaeueiee i?eno??e
eueiiicae?aeueii? iaoeie / A.A.Oaee?n, O.A.Oa?eaoeueeee,
A.O.Aeiaaiiiethe, E.I.Aeaoethe, N.O.THoei/oe (Oe?a?ia) .
Cayae.28.05.96; Iioae. 31.10.97, Athe.?5.

6. Iao. 96072962 Oe?a?ia, A 01 D 45/06. Ia/?noaaeueiee i?eno??e
eueiiicae?aeueii? iaoeie / O.A. Oa?eaoeueeee, A.A. Oaee?n,
A.A.Aiaeeaea?iee, N.O.THoei/oe (Oe?a?ia). Cayae. 23.07.96; Iioae.
31.10.97,Athe.?5.

AIIOAOe??

Oa?eaoeueeee O.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia/?noaaiiy
noaaae eueiio c iaeii/aniei aeaeaeaiiyi iaiioie. –?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.20.01 – iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa – Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Eooeuee,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oai?aoe/iiai ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe a?aaaiaaeo ia/?noaaeueieo aia?ao?a c i?eno?iyie
aeey aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie. Aeei?enoaiiy inoaii?o aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue eueiiicae?aeueieo aa?aaao?a. Aecia/aii iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
eaiee ia/?noaaeueiiai aa?aaaia ? iiooaei?noue ia eiai ?iaioo.
Iaa?oioiaai? ia?aiao?e oa ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeie ?iaioe ia/?noaaeueiiai
aia?aoa c i?eno?i?i aeey a?aeoeaio?iaiai aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie.
Aei?iaoaaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiai ia/?noaaeueiiai aia?aoa i?aeoaa?aeeee
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ? aoaeoeai?noue aa?aaaia c i?eno?i?i aeey aeaeaeaiiy
iaiioie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia/?noaaiiy; aeaeaeaiiy iaiioie; ia/?noaaeueiee aia?ao;
ia/?noaaeueiee aa?aaai; eueii; i?eno??e; a?aaaiue.

Oa?eaoeeee O.A. Enneaaeiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna i/?na noaaeae
eueia n iaeiia?aiaiiui oaeaeaieai iaiioie. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.01 – iaoaiecaoeey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. – Eooeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Eooee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oai?aoe/aneiai e yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
enneaaeiaaiey a?aaiaauo i/?nuaathueo aiia?aoia n ono?ienoaaie aeey
oaeaeaiey iaiioie. Eniieueciaaiea iineaaeieo iicaieyao iiauneoue
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue eueiioai?i/iuo aa?aaaoia. Ii?aaeaeaiu iaa?ocee ia
caaiuey i/?nuaathuaai aa?aaaia e iiuiinoue ia aai ?aaioo. Iainiiaaiu
ia?aiao?u e ?aoeeiiaeueiua ?aaeeiu ?aaiou i/?nuaathuaai aiia?aoa n
ono?ienoaii aeey oeaio?iaaaeiiai oaeaeaiey iaiioie. Eniuoaiey
oniaa?oainoaiaaiiiai i/?nuaathuaai aiia?aoa iiaeoaa?aeeee
?aaioiniiniaiinoue e yooaeoeaiinoue aa?aaaia n ono?ienoaii aeey
oaeaeaiey iaiioie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i/?n; oaeaeaiea iaiioie; i/?nuaathuee aiia?ao;
i/?nuaathuee aa?aaai; e?i; ono?ienoai; a?aaaiue.

Terletsky T.V. The technological process of the flax-carding with
simultaneous reelings removal research. – Manuscript.

Dissertation is submitted for candidate degree of technical sciences,
speciality 05.20.01 mechanization of agricultural production – Lutsk
State Technical University, Lutsk, 1999.

The candidate’s thesis has been devoted for the theoretical and
experimental investigations of the flax-carding apparatus with the
appliance for reelings removal. Its utilization gives permition to raise
the productivity of the flax-assembly. The loading for the flax-tow drum
section and its capacity has been defined. The parameters and rational
regime of the flax-tow drum work have been generalized experience. The
tests of the improved assembly have acknowledged its capacity of work
and effectiveness of flax-tow drum arrangement.

Key words: flax-tow, removal of flax-tow, assembly of flax-tow,
flax-tow drum, arrangement, hackle.

Oi?iao 60 84 1/16 a?e. Iai?? ae?oe. Oe?aae 100

A?aeae?oeiaaii o ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/iio a?aeae?e? EAeOO

263018, i. Eooeuee, aoe. Euea?anueea, 75

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