Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

IIOA? TH??E AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE 633.521:677.017

AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA AAeINEIIAEAIIss I?EEII?A OAOIIEIA?*IIAI AIAE?CO
NIEIIE EUeIIO ? EIIIIAEUe

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.18.03 – ia?aeiia ia?iaea oa caa??aaiiy i?iaeoeo?a
?ineeiieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?nii – 1999?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? eoa(yieo eoeueoo? Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?iii?i Ieoaeei Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeoooo eoa(yieo eoeueoo? OAAI

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Nei?/aiei Aiaoie?e Oaaei?iae/, aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai
“Eueiiieiiiieai?ii”, aaia?aeueiee aee?aeoi?;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

sseoaianueea Oaia?a Ieaenaiae??aia, Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee
?inoeooo oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino?, caa?aeoth/a eaai?aoi???th

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa, a?aeae?e eueiio, OAAI,
i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_14__”__ea?oiy____1999 ?.

I _10__ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae67.052.02
i?e Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
325008, i.Oa?nii, Aa?eneaanueea oina, 24.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (325008, i.Oa?nii, Aa?eneaanueea
oina, 24).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_12__”__aa?aciy___1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
sseei/oe ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe c
eueiiii-aeiaaoioeai ia iiaea aacoaaoenue eeoa ia iieacieeao a?iaeaeiino?
noaaae oa ian?iiy. Iaiao?aeia ii iiaeeeaino? oi/ia ioe?iea e?eueeino? e
yeino? eeyiiai aieieia, yea iiaeeeai iaea?aeaoe c nieiie i?e no/aniiio
??ai? ae?iaieoeoaa. Oaoiieia?/iee aiae?c nieiie aea? a?aeiia?aeue ia
aeaia caieoaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c eiai ?acoeueoao?a, aiinyoue ci?ie a
naeaeoe?eiee i?ioean oa aecia/athoue iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e ae?iuoaaiiy
oa ia?a?iaee. O?eueee i?e ia(?eoeai?e iaoiaeeoe? oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co
iaea?aeai? a aeine?aeao aeai? aoaeooue aeinoia??ieie, a ?ic?iaeai? ia ?o
iniia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ae?iaieoeoao — i?aaeeueieie.

?acii c oei, aeaye? aoaie ae?th/eo iaoiaeee iio?aaothoue
iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny aecia/aiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? oe?iiino? ne?iaeie, yeo anoaiiaeththoue, aacoth/enue,
aieiaiei /eiii, ia ?acoeueoaoao noa(?eoeaii? i?aaiieaioe/ii? ioe?iee.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oaoiieia?/iee aiae?c nieiie eueiio-aeiaaoioey
? iaia(yceiaei caaa?oaeueiei aoaiii an?o naeaeoe?eieo, aa?ioaoi?/ieo,
aa?io?i?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo oa ?ioeo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o. I?e eiai
aeeiiaii? iae/ano?oa io?eiothoue aeai? ii aeoiaeo ? yeino? aieieia,
?ieiee aeeiiothoue i?yae?iiy e aei?iaoaaiiy i?yae?. Uia iaea?aeoaaoe
ii??aithaaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, eiai aeeiiothoue ca ?aeeiith iaoiaeeeith.

Ieoaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? ioe?iee eeyii? nieiie ?ic?iaeyeenue a
eieeoiueiio N?N?, a oaia? a Oe?a?i?, ?in?? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao. Aaeeeee
aianie o noai?aiiy iaoiaeee c?iaeee A.N.Eeoaia, I.Ae.Eaaaae?a,
A.A.Oooe?i, I.I.O?iii?i, A.A.Eiaaeueia, ?.I.Ea?iaoeue oa ?io?.
?ic?iaeai? ieie iaoiaeeee ocaaaeueiai? ? aeei?enoiaothoueny ii
oaia??oi?e /an. Aiie, iath/e iiceoeai? iiiaioe, anoaiiaeththoue
oaoiieia?/io oe?ii?noue nieiie e iniaeeaino? i?io?eaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a ia?a?iaee, aeicaieythoue iaea?aeoaaoe aeai? c aeoiaeo ?
yeino? aieieia oa o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae /anaiiai eueiio, aaea
ia caaeiaieueiythoue no/anieo iio?aa iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ?
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ii-ia?oa, a ae?th/eo iaoiaeeeao aaeeea cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny
i?aaiieaioe/i?e ioe?ioe?. E?auo ae?ieo aecia/athoue ca ?acoeueoaoaie
oe??? noa(?eoeaii? ioe?iee, a aaea iio?i aeeiiothoue ?ino?oiaioaeuei?
aei?iaoaaiiy /anaiiai aieieia.

Ii-ae?oaa, eiaeia ia?o?y aieieia ioe?ith?oueny /ioe?e ?ace, o?e c
ieo i?aaiieaioe/ii. I?e oeueiio ia aecia/a?ouecy e?euee?nia
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeanoeainoae aieieia, ? o?eueee ?ic?aooieiaa
aeia?ioi?noue i?yae? ciaoiaeeoueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ino?oiaioaeueieo
aei?iaoaaiue /anaiiai eueiio.

Iaeiae i?i/?noaaiiy aieieia aeeiiothoue ia ?o/ieo a?aaaiyo. Oey
iia?aoe?y ia aeineiiaea, ?e i?eoaiaiiee noa(?eoea?ci, a oiio a?ae
i?aaeeueiino? ?? i?iaaaeaiiy a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue e?ioeaaee
?acoeueoao.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui o i?iieneiaino? an? aeaee eeyii? ne?iaeie
(nieiia, o?anoa, o?iaia ? ei?ioea aieieii) ca?aeii c ae?th/eie
aea?aeaaieie noaiaea?oaie ioe?iththoueny iiia?ii, a ia ?ic?aooieiaith
aeia?ioi?noth i?yae?.

Ia ae??oaiei eeoa?oueny ieoaiiy i?i aieea niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy
o?anoe (oaieiaiaeia /e ?inyia ii/?iiy) ia ?acoeueoaoe oaoiieia?/ii?
ia?a?iaee eueiiinieiie. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoiaeeeaie oaoiieia?/iiai
aiae?co, c nieiie eueiio aeaioiaeythoue o?anoo niiniaii oaieiaiaeiiai
ii/?iiy, a oie aea /an eueiiin?th/? ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie aioothoue
o?anoo oeyoii ?inyiiai ii/?iiy. O a?aeiieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?aeao ia
ciaeaeaii iaeiicia/ii? a?aeiia?ae? ia aeaia ieoaiiy. Aei oiai ae,
iaeaea an? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeenue c eueiiii, ae?iuaiei o
ainiiaea?noaao ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??, aieieii yeiai ia? iaai?
a?aei?iiino? a?ae aieieia, ae?iuaiiai a oiiaao Oe?a?ie.

Eeyia aieieii ca nai?th i?e?iaeith ? iaiaeii??aeiith ne?iaeiith,
oiio eiai aeanoeaino? aecia/athoueny c aeayeeie iiieeeaie, ye? iio?i
aieeaathoue ia ?ic?aooieiaee eiiieaeniee iieaciee yeino? ne?iaeie
(EIss), oiaoi ia ?ic?aooieiao aeia?ioi?noue i?yae? e iiia? aieieia.
I?ioa i? a iaei?e ?c iaoiaeee oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie ia
i?ae?aoiao?oueny iiieeea aecia/aiiy EIss, a nooo?a?noue ??cieoe? i?ae
ia?o?yie aieieia ca aeaiei iieacieeii aecia/a?oueny ?ioo?oeaii.

A?aoiaoth/e aeua cacia/aia, aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue o ?ic?iaoe?
oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eueiio, yea a ia
caeaaeaea a?ae noa(?eoeaieo oaeoi??a ? aoea a iia’ycaia c iaoiaeaie
ioe?iee eeyii? ne?iaeie a i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae caaacia/oaaea a
ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a ia no/aniiio i?aoaoi?/iiio ??ai?.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c caaaeaiiyi,
ia?aaeaa/aiei i?iaeoii “Eoa(yi? eoeueoo?e” aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
i?ia?aie “I?iaeiaieuenoai-95” ia 1991 — 1995 ?.?. ? aaeocaaith
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe
“Eoa(yi? eoeueoo?e” ia 1996-2000 ?iee.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy
i?ioean?a ia?aeiii? ia?a?iaee nieiie eueiio e oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeee
oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co eoaiaieieienoi? ne?iaeie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/aeinue:

— aea/eoe aieea niinia?a i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe (oaieiaiaeia oa ?inyia
ii/?iiy) ia ?acoeueoaoe ia?aeiii? ia?a?iaee nieiie eueiio;

— ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoi ia/eneaiiy iiieeee aecia/aiiy eiiieaeniiai
iieacieea yeino? aieieia eueiio oa eiiiiaeue;

— aeaanoe aii??e/io oi?ioeo aeey aecia/aiiy iiia?a o?iaiiai aieieia
eueiio ca eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai aei ia?niiaeueiiai
eiii(thoa?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a oaoiieia?/iiai
aiae?co nieiie eueiio oa eiiiiaeue;

— ?ic?iaeoe oaeineiiaeaio iaoiaeeeo oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie
eueiio;

— oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaeeeo oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eiiiiaeue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa, aacoth/enue ia
iaoiaeao iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee oa niiniaao aeaaaeaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ieo
caeaaeiinoae, aeaaaeaia aii??e/ia oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy iiia?a
o?iaiiai aieieia eueiio ca eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie,
?ic?iaeaii iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai, i?ecia/aieo aeey ia?iaee
?acoeueoao?a ?ino?oiaioaeueii? ioe?iee aieieia eueiio oa eiiiiaeue ia
ia?niiaeuei?e AII, ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie aecia/aiiy iiieeee eiiieaenieo
iieaciee?a yeino? aieieia eueiio oa eiiiiaeue, iaea?aeaieo i?e aeeiiaii?
oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie. Ia aeine?aeiiio iaoa??ae? anoaiiaeaii, ui
niin?a i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe (oaieiaiaeia oa ?inyia ii/?iiy) nooo?ai ia
aieeaa? ia ?acoeueoaoe oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eueiio.

Aacoth/enue ia i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?ic?iaeai? oaeineiiaeai?
iaoiaeeee oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co c?ace?a nieiie eueiio oa eiiiiaeue,
iaea?aeaieo i?e aeeiiaii? naeaeoe?eieo oa aa?ioaoi?/ieo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia i?aenoaa?
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaaaeaia aii??e/ia oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy
iiia?a o?iaiiai aieieia eueiio ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiai ?ino?oiaioaeueieo
aei?iaoaaiue, ia iniia? yei? ?ic?iaeaii iiao iaoiaeeeo oaoiieia?/iiai
aiae?co nieiie eueiio, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue cia/ii ni?inoeoe ??. Ia
cieaeoth/e ia(?eoeaiino?, c aiae?co aaeaeinue aeeeth/eoe o?e?aciao
i?aaiieaioe/io ioe?ieo eiaeii? ia?o?? aieieia e iia?aoe?th eiai
i?i/?noaaiiy ia ?o/ieo a?aaaiyo.

A cai?iiiiiaai?e iaoiaeeoe? aac i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
aei?iaoaaiue ?ic?aoiao?oueny iiieeea aecia/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aieieia oa eiai EIss — iiia?a. Canoinoaaiiy iaeaoa
i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai aeey ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a ?ino?oiaioaeueii? ioe?iee
aieieia ca aeiiiiiaith eiii(thoa?a aeicaiey? i?enei?eoe ?ic?aooiee e
i?aeaeueoe ?o oi/i?noue. Iaoiaeeea caoaa?aeaeaia A/aiith ?aaeith
?inoeoooo eoa(yieo eoeueoo? (i?ioieie ? 9 a?ae 20 aa?aciy 1998?).

Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
?ic?iaeaii oaeineiiaeaio iaoiaeeeo oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie
eiiiiaeue, yea caoaa?aeaeaia A/aiith ?aaeith ?EE (i?ioieie ?7 a?ae 17
ethoiai 1997?.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Eiiieaen iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aeeiiaiee aaciina?aaeiuei ??
aaoi?ii: cae?eniaii e?eoe/ia aea/aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o ae?iaieoeoai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aieiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia:

— can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo eoa(yieo eoeueoo? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe o 1995-1998 ?ieao, i.Aeoo?a;

— ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? a?aeae?eo oaoiieia?? oa noaiaea?oecaoe??
?inoeoooo eoa(yieo eoeueoo? o 1997?., i.Aeoo?a;

— ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e ae?iaieoeoaa iaoo?aeueieo aieieii
Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo a 1998?., i.Oa?nii.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oanoe
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo: aea? iioae?eiaai? a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, iaeia
?ici?uaia a ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, aea? ? aeaiiiiaaiei ?oeiienii,
iaeia iioae?eiaaia a iaoa??aeao iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa
aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 102 noi??iee:
?ethno?aoe?? caeiathoue 9 noi??iie, oaaeeoe? — 4, i(youe aeiaeaoe?a —
68, nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae (107 iaeiaioaaiue) — 10.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, iieacaii iaoeiaa oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiaeee
oaoiieia?/ii? ioe?iee nieiie eueiio oa eiiiiaeue, a?aei?/aii iniiai?
iaaeie?ee oa iai?/aii oeyoe ?o onoiaiiy.

O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? ia i?noeoueny iaeiicia/ii? a?aeiia?ae? ia
ieoaiiy i?i aieea niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe ia ?acoeueoaoe
oaoiieia?/ii? ia?a?iaee nieiie eueiio. A aeayeeo ?iaioao A.A.Oooe?ia
cacia/a?oueny, ui niin?a i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe nooo?ai ia aieeaa? ia
a?aeiinio ioe?ieo naeaeoe?eieo ni?o?a eueiio. Iaeiae a ?ioeo a?i ieoa,
ui ioe?iea ??cieo ni?o?a eueiio i?e ??cieo niiniaao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe
iiaea ia ni?aiaaeaoe.

A.A.Eiaaeueia o nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui
??cieoey a niiniaao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe i?e oaoiieia?/i?e ioe?ioe?
nieiie eueiio i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaii??aithaaieo ? caia?a/eeaeo aeniiae?a.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiai? A.E.Iaoeiei, iieacaee, ui ii/aioeaaa ?
?ioaioeaaa aieieia nooo?ai ??ciyoueny ca o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie.

O ?iaioao aaaaoueio aaoi??a (A.A.Oooe?i, ?.I.Ea?iaoeue, A.I.?iaoia
oa ?ioeo) a?aei?/a?oueny, ui i?ae aeoiaeii oa ye?noth aieieia,
iaea?aeaiiai oeyoii iaoai?/ii? ia?a?iaee o?anoe ia eaai?aoi?iiio
i(yeueii-o?iaeueiiio aa?noao? NIO-200I oa ia caaiaenueeiio
i(yeueii-o?iaeueiiio aa?aaao?, ?nio? nooo?aee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca(ycie.
Oiio a iaoiaeeeao oaoiieia?/ii? ioe?iee iaoai?/io ia?iaeo o?anoe ia
caaiaenueeiio oeiiaiio iaeaaeiaii? iiaeia cai?ieoe iaoai?/iith
ia?iaeith o?anoe ia i(yeueii-o?iaeueiiio aa?noao? NIO-200I.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiai? ?.E.Iaoeiei, iieacothoue, ui ia ye?noue
aieieia aieeaa? ia??aiii??i?noue eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae.
Oaeei /eiii, i?e aiae?cao iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe iiieeee aecia/aiiy
ie?aieo eiai aeanoeainoae, a /a?ac ieo ? iiieeeo eiiieaeniiai iieacieea
(iiia?a, ?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae?).

O iaoaiaoe/i?e noaoenoeoe? ?nio? aeae?eueea niinia?a aecia/aiiy
iiieeee eiiieaenieo iieaciee?a, aeoiaey/e c iiieeie ciaoiaeaeaiiy
ie?aieo aeanoeainoae. Aeey oe?eae oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co iaee?aua
i?aeoiaeeoue niin?a iaae, yeee aeicaiey? ciaoiaeeoe aeia??/ee ?ioa?aae
EIss, a ia eiai na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy. Oea iniaeeai c?o/ii ?
i?aeoe/ii i?e ii??aiyii? aeaio eiiieaenieo iieaciee?a, oiio ui
a?aeiaaea? iio?aaa o aecia/aii? e?eueeino? aei???a (n), c yeeo aiie
iaea?aeai?. Iai?eeeaae, yea iaiao?aeii a?aoe n aeey ii??aiyiiy EIss,
eiee aio/e?noue ciaeaeaii c 60 aei???a, ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy — 30,
e?i?eio u?euei?noue — 5?

Aiae?c iaoeiaeo i?aoeue iieacaa, ui ?nioaaei aeae?eueea aii??e/ieo
oi?ioe aecia/aiiy iiia?a o?iaiiai aieieia, eio?? a?aoiaoaaee ye ye?noue
oa aeo?ae /anaiiai eueiio e i/ino, oae ? aaciina?aaeiuei aeanoeaino?
naiiai o?iaiiai aieieia, i?ioa aiie ia ciaeoee oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy.

Ioaea, ?nioth/? iaoiaeeee oaoiieia?/ii? ioe?iee yeino? nieiie
eueiio-aeiaaoioey iathoue ye ia?aaaae, oae ? iaai? iaaeie?ee, ye?
iio??aii aoei onoiooe c oei, uia oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea a?aeiia?aeaea
no/aniei aeiiaai iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe. Iaiao?aeii oaeiae
a?aoiaoaaoe oa, ui c iiiaioo aeeiiaiiy aeayeeo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
ieioa iaaiee /an. Ca oeae ia??iae aeaaaeai? iia? ni?oe eueiio ? nooo?ai
ci?iaii oaoiieia?th ia?a?iaee eoaiaieieienoi? ne?iaeie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? iniiai? iaoiaee, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
yeeie aeeiioaaeenue aeine?aee c ia?aeiii? ia?a?iaee, ?ino?oiaioaeuei?
aei?iaoaaiiy eoaiaieieienoi? ne?iaeie oa iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? niiniao iaae, iienaiiai
A.I.A?aae?nii, aeeeaaeai? aeai?eoie ?ic?aooie?a aeia??/eo ?ioa?aae?a
?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae? eeyiiai aieieia oa iiia?a i?yaeeaa.

A oaae.1 iaaaaeaii i?eeeaae ciaoiaeaeaiiy aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo
?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?ic?iaeaiei
aeai?eoiii. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ino?oiaioaeueieo aei?iaoaaiue a?aeii?
na?aaei? cia/aiiy ? aeia??/? ?ioa?aaee aio/eino? aieieia (50.30(3.14
ii), ?ic?eaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (19.07(1.64 aeaI) oa e?i?eii? u?eueiino?
(5.40(0.60 oaen). Iio??aii ca oi?ioeith (1) i?ae?aooaaoe ?ic?aooieiao
aeia?ioi?noue i?yae?(Ae?) oa ?? aeia??/ee ?ioa?aae ((Ae?).

Ae? = 0.1A + 0.2? + 13/O + 2.1, ei
(1)

aea A — aio/e?noue aieieia, ii;

? — ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy, aeaI;

O — e?i?eia u?euei?noue, oaen.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeai?eoi ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae? oa ??
aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo

Iieaciee Ieaeiy iaaea (II) Aa?oiy iaaea (AI)

Aio/e?noue 50.30 — 3.14 = 47.16 50.30 + 3.14 = 53.44

?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy 19.07 — 1.64 = 17.43 19.07 + 1.64 = 20.71

E?i?eia u?euei?noue 5.40 — 0.60 = 4.80 5.40 + 0.60 = 6.00

13/O 13/6.00 = 2.17 13/4.80 = 2.71

?ic?aooieiaa aeia?ioi?noue i?yae? 0.1*47.16+0.2*17.43+

+2.17+2.1 = 12.47 0.1*53.44+0.2*20.71+

+2.71+2.1 = 14.29

II + AI
12.47 + 14.29

Ae? = ——————— = —————–––– = 13.38

2
2

AI — II
14.29 — 12.47

(Ae? = ——————— = ——————— = 0.91

2
2

Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia aooe aiaaiaieie ia 95(, ui aeey ?icaeyiooi?
ia?o?? aieieia /a?ac ia??aiii??i?noue eiai aeanoeainoae ?ic?aooieiaa
aeia?ioi?noue i?yae? noaiiaeoue 13.38(0.91 ei.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?ic?iaeaiei aeai?eoiii i?ae?aoiaaii
?ic?aooieiao aeia?ioi?noue i?yae? ainueie ia?o?e aieieia (oaae.2).
Iieacieee aeia?ioiino? i?yae?, ia/eneai? ca oi?ioeith (1) oa ?ic?iaeaiei
aeai?eoiii, i?aeoe/ii ca?aathoueny. ??cieoey a na?aaei?o cia/aiiyo (0.02
ei) iacia/oua (tp = 0.04 < to = 2.37). I?ae ieie niinoa??aa?oueny oaeiae ?noioiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca(ycie (r = 0.99). Eiaei?e ia?o?? aieieia a?aeiia?aea? na?e aeia??/ee ?ioa?aae, yeee ci?ith?oueny a?ae i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy 0.61 aeey ainueii? ia?o?? aei iaeneiaeueiiai - 1.13 - aeey oinoi? ia?o??. Aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae? oa ?? aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo ia ci?ith? ??aaiue oa caeiiii??i?noue ioe?iee ? aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe a?eueo iiaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo yeino? aieieia (a?aoiao?oueny aieea ia??aiii??iino? o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aieieia ia e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao), oea a naith /a?ao, aea? iiaeeea?noue cae?enieoe iaa?oioiaaia iaoeiaa ii??aiyiiy ??cieo ia?o?e aieieia ca aeaiei iieacieeii. Iaie onoaiiaeaii, ui ia ?ici?? aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo aaaaoioaeoi?ii? caeaaeiino? aieeaa? ?? oei, neeaae aeanoeainoae, ye? aoiaeyoue aei aii??e/ii? oi?ioee, ?o ia??aiii??i?noue ? aeae ooieoe??, ca yeith i?ae?aoiaothoueny ?ic?aooieia? eiao?oe??ioe. Oaaeeoey 2 ?ic?aooieiaa aeia?ioi?noue i?yae? oa ?? aeia??/ee ?ioa?aae ? i/i Aio/e?noue, ii ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy, E?i?eia u?euei?noue, Aeia?ioi?noue i?yae?, ei aeaI oaen ca oi?ioeith (1) ca aeai?eoiii 1 50.34(3.14 19.07(1.64 5.40(0.60 13.35 13.38(0.91 2 50.12(2.92 20.46(1.62 4.26(0.19 14.26 14.26(0.75 3 16.13(2.65 15.67(1.74 4.85(0.79 12.53 12.60(1.06 4 38.07(2.23 20.78(1.43 6.82(0.44 11.97 11.98(0.63 5 41.37(2.26 25.75(1.77 6.78(0.69 13.30 13.33(0.77 6 54.72(3.71 25.29(2.52 5.19(0.53 15.13 15.16(1.13 7 42.03(3.17 13.79(1.14 6.15(0.53 11.17 11.19(0.73 8 48.00(2.24 21.38(1.33 5.97(0.32 13.35 13.36(0.61 Na?aaei? cia/aiiy 13.14 13.16(0.82 O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeo?oueny aieea niiniao i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe (oaieiaiaeia oa ?inyia ii/?iiy) ia ?acoeueoaoe oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eueiio. Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue o 1994-1995?. ia 14 naeaeoe?eieo ni?oao, iaaeaieo a?aeae?eii naeaeoe?? oa ian?iieoeoaa eueiio ?EE. Ii??aiyiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ii/aioeaaiai oa ?ioaioeaaiai aieieia (oaae.3) iieaco?, ui aeai? aeaee aieieia iathoue iaeiaeiao na?aaeith aio/e?noue (tp = 0.08 < to = =2.16) ? ??cia ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy oa e?i?eio u?euei?noue (tp a?aeiia?aeii aei??aiththoue 3.45 ? 5.93). Oaaeeoey 3 O?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? /anaiiai ii/aioeaaiai oa ?ioaioeaaiai aieieia eueiio Ii/aiaoeue ?ioaiaoeue Iieaciee na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io aa??aoe??, % iiieeea aecia/aiiy, % na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io aa??aoe??, % iiieeea aecia/aiiy, % Aio/e?noue, ii 45.59 25.43 3.3 45.51 24.94 3.2 ?ic?eaia iaaai-oaaeaiiy, aeaI 20.28 21.32 3.9 23.85 17.70 3.2 E?i?eia u?euei?noue, oaen 5.25 11.19 4.7 7.35 12.62 3.2 Ia??aiii??i?noue o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeacaieo aeae?a aieieia ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith eiao?oe??ioa aa??aoe??. Ii/aioeaaa aieieii o ii??aiyii? c ?ioaioeaaei ia? a?eueoee eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? ca ?ic?eaiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi (tp = 4.00), a ca aio/e?noth oa e?i?eiith u?euei?noth - i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeia? (tp a?aeiia?aeii aei??aiththoue 0.43 ? 0.91). ?nioth/a ia??aiii??i?noue o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ii/aioeaaiai oa ?ioaioeaaiai aieieia ?noioii ia aieeioea ia oi/i?noue ?o aecia/aiiy (iiieeee ia ia?aaeuothoue 5(). Iiae?aia caeiiii??i?noue niinoa??aa?oueny ? aeey o?iaiiai aieieia. I?ae iieacieeaie ?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae? ?c ii/aioeaaiai oa ?ioaioeaaiai aieieia (oaae.4) niinoa??aa?oueny nooo?aee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca(ycie (r = 0.84), a ?o na?aaei? cia/aiiy oa aeenia?n?? iathoue ianooo?ao ??cieoeth (tp = 0.25 < to = 2.16, Fp = 2.32 < Fo = 2.55). Oaaeeoey 4 Eiiieaeni? iieacieee yeino? ii/aioeaaiai oa ?ioaioeaaiai eueiiiaieieia ? Ii/aiaoeue ?ioaiaoeue ni?oo ?ic?aooieiaa aeia?ioi?noue i?yae?, ei aeo?ae i?ioeaioi-iiia??a ?ic?aooieiaa aeia?ioi?noue i?yae?, ei aeo?ae i?ioeaioi-iiia??a 1 13.45(0.89 258.0 13.07(0.82 320.7 2 15.44(0.94 223.8 15.05(0.77 225.2 3 12.81(1.10 269.7 13.06(0.95 290.5 4 13.09(0.96 309.5 13.02(0.80 332.4 5 14.05(0.88 346.5 13.48(0.86 337.1 6 14.97(1.05 361.2 14.02(1.22 399.3 7 13.11(1.18 316.9 12.89(0.71 371.4 8 13.06(0.87 364.9 13.56(1.01 343.5 9 13.31(0.96 366.3 13.21(0.92 346.2 10 12.23(0.79 345.8 12.93(1.00 319.4 11 12.45(1.06 364.8 12.71(0.80 397.2 12 12.46(1.00 356.1 13.14(0.90 331.2 13 13.10(1.01 347.2 13.82(0.98 328.4 14 12.76(0.86 313.6 13.32(1.04 362.1 Na?aaei? 13.30(0.97 324.6 13.37(0.91 336.0 Aeo?ae i?ioeaioiiiia??a aieieia eueiio ?c ii/aioeaai? oa ?ioaioeaai? o?anoe oaeiae ia? nooo?aee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca(ycie (r = 0.74) ? iacia/ouo ??cieoeth na?aaei?o cia/aiue (tp = 0.68) ? aeenia?n?e (Fp = 1.08). Oaeei /eiii, ii/aioeaaa oa ?ioaioeaaa aieieia, iaea?aeai? i?e aeeiiaii? oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eueiio, iathoue iaeiaeiaee ??aaiue ?ic?aooieiaeo eiiieaenieo iieaciee?a yeino? e iiae?aio caeiiii??i?noue ?o i?ieeaino?. Ii/aioeaaa ? ?ioaioeaaa ye o?iaia, oae ? /anaia aieieia, iaea?aeai? i?e aeeiiaii? oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eueiio, nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny ca o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie (?ic?eaiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi oa e?i?eiith u?euei?noth), iaeiae i?e oeueiio aiie iathoue iaeiaeiaee ??aaiue ?ic?aooieiaeo eiiieaenieo iieaciee?a yeino? e iiae?aio caeiiii??i?noue ?o i?ieeaino?. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue iaeieo aeanoeainoae eiiiaino?oueny aenieei ??aiai ?ioeo, a ?acoeueoao? /iai iaea?aeo?ii iaeiaeia? eiiieaeni? iieacieee yeino?. Ioaea, niin?a i?eaiooaaiiy o?anoe (oaieiaiaeia ? ?inyia ii/?iiy) nooo?ai ia aieeioa ia ?acoeueoaoe a?aeiinii? oaoiieia?/ii? ioe?iee nieiie eueiio. ??cieoey a ?ic?aooieiaeo eiiieaenieo iieacieeao yeino? i?ae ii/aioeai oa ?ioaioeai aeieea?, aieiaiei /eiii, ia oii? iiieeie, a oi/i?noue aecia/aiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeey ?icaeyiooeo aeae?a aieieia caaeia?eueia. O ca(yceo c oei, ui oaieiaiaeia ii/?iiy nieiie eueiio ia caeaaeeoue a?ae iiaiaeieo oiia, ? a oeueiio i?ioean? a?eueoa ia?aiao??a iiaeia eiio?iethaaoe oa ?aaoethaaoe, aiii a?eueo i?eaeaoia aeey oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co. I(yoee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aiee aeaaaeaiith aii??e/ii? oi?ioee aeey i?ae?aooieo iiia?a o?iaiiai aieieia, iaea?aeaiiai i?e aeeiiaii? oaoiieia?/ii? ioe?iee nieiie eueiio, ca eiai o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie. Aeey aeaaaeaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ii? caeaaeiino? aeei?enoaii 153 ia?o?? eueiiiaieieia, iaea?aeaiiai i?e i?iaaaeaii? oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie. Ca eiio?ieue ??aiy i?eeiyoa ioe?iea aieieia, ia?aaeaa/aia aeiiiaiaiiyi ?4 aei aea?aeaaiiai noaiaea?oo 10330-76 “Eueii o?iaiee. Oaoi?/i? oiiae”, yea ?ic?iaeyeinue ia iniia? eiio?ieueiiai i?i/?noaaiiy iiiaae 400 ia?o?e eueiio, c ??cieo ?aa?ii?a eieeoiueiai N?N?, o oiio /ene? e c Oe?a?ie. I?ioa a iueiio ? ?yae iaaeie?e?a. Aieiaia oa, ui ye?noue aieieia iecueeeo iiia??a caaeuo?oueny, a aenieeo, iaaiaee, caieaeo?oueny. Aeey aecia/aiiy iiia?a aieieia, a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai aeiaiueiai? aeiaaeeie, aeei?enoiao?oueny i(youe oi?ioe, a iaea?aeaiee oaeei /eiii ?ic?aooieiaee iiia? ua iio??aii ei?eaoaaoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai cia/aiiy. Aeaaaeaiiy aii??e/ii? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy iiia?a o?iaiiai eueiio aeeiioaaee iaoiaeii, cai?iiiiiaaiei i?ioani?ii I.I.O?iii?iei, ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?ai “Statgraf”, “Sigma”, “Supercalk”. I?e iiaoaeia? oi?ioee canoiniaaii ia?aiiiaeaiiy eiao?oe??io?a, eiaeai c yeeo ? ooieoe??th o??? /e ?ioi? aeanoeaino? aieieia (aeiaiueiai? aeiaaeeie, aio/eino?, ?ic?eaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy). Ca aeo?aeio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?eeiyoi ai??i?io oi?ioeo: No = 0.15? 0.05A 0.02L (2) aea ? - ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy, aeaI; A - aio/e?noue, ii; L - aeiaiueiaa aeiaaeeia, ni. I?ae /an ooi/iaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo eiao?oe??io?a iaea?aeaia ianooiia aii??e/ia oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy iiia?a o?iaiiai eueiio: ( No = (2.53 + 0.047?)(0.97 + 0.213(A)(0.966 + 0.009L) (3) Aiae?c oi?ioee(3) iieaco?, ui ?ic?aooieia? eiao?oe??ioe aio/eino?, ?ic?eaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aeiaiueiai? aeiaaeeie ianooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae eiio?ieth (oaae.5-7). Oiaoi, i?e aecia/aii? iiia?a o?iaiiai eueiio a?aoiaothoueny an? ci?ie cacia/aieo o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae. Oaaeeoey 5 ?iciiae?e iiia??a o?iaiiai aieieia ca eeanaie ?ic?eaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy Iieaciee ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy, aeaI Anueiai ? Eean aei 12.0 12.1-14.1 14.2-16.3 16.4-18.5 18.6-20.8 20.9-23.0 a?eueoa 23.1 na?aaei? n 16 27 33 21 20 22 14 153 (N4 226.0 381.5 475.5 312.6 303.3 344.2 224.7 2267.8 (No 218.6 378.3 457.8 305.3 302.7 349.9 220.9 2227.4 Kp 1.034 1.008 1.039 1.024 1.002 1.001 1.017 1.018 aea n - e?euee?noue ia?o?e aieieia; (N4 - noia iiia??a aieieia, i?ae?aoiaaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiiaiaiiyi ?4; (No - noia iiia??a, i?ae?aoiaaia ca oi?ioeith (3); (N4 Kp = ——— (No Oaaeeoey 6 ?iciiae?e iiia??a o?iaiiai eueiiiaieieia ca eeanaie aio/eino? Iieaciee Aio/e?noue aieieia, ii Anueiai ? Eean aei 38.0 38.1-43.0 43.1-48.0 48.1-53.0 53.1-58.0 58.1-63.0 a?eueoa 63.1 na?aaei? n 10 23 35 35 28 18 4 153 (N4 135.4 332.3 509.3 528.3 428.3 274.3 59.9 2267.8 (No 135.0 325.6 505.1 511.2 417.3 274.7 58.7 2227.4 Kp 1.003 1.021 1.008 1.033 1.027 0.999 1.022 1.016 Canoinoaaiiy aii??e/ii? oi?ioee (3) onoaa? iaaeie?ee, ye? aeieeathoue i?e aeei?enoaii? aeiiiaiaiiy ?4. Oae, ii a?aeiioaiith aei aeiiiaiaiiy ? 4 oi?ioea(3) ciaioeea na?aaei?e ??aaiue iecueeeo iiia??a aieieia (a 0.928 ?ace) oa i?aeaeueea na?aaei?e ??aaiue aenieeo iiia??a (a 1.015 - 1.084 ?ace a caeaaeiino? a?ae eeano) (oaae.8). Eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?ae iiia?aie, i?ae?aoiaaieie ca oi?ioeith (3) oa aeiiiaiaiiyi ?4, aenieee, aei??aith? 0.94, a ?oi? na?aaei? cia/aiiy iathoue iacia/io ??cieoeth (tp = 1.96 < to = 2.58). Ia?aa??ea aii??e/ii? oi?ioee (3) ia 29 ia?o?yo eeyiiai aieieia, iaea?aeaiiai c ??cieo ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie, iieacaea, ui aiia ia? iaeiaeiaee ??aaiue ioe?iee ?c aeiiiaiaiiyi ? 4 ? aeicaiey? ni?inoeoe i?ae?aooaaiiy iiia?a aieieia, oiio ui canoiniao?oueny eeoa iaeia oi?ioea, a ia i(youe. Oaaeeoey 7 ?iciiae?e iiia??a o?iaiiai aieieia ca eeanaie aeiaiueiai? aeiaaeeie Iieaciee AEiaiueiaa aeiaeeia, ni Anueiai ? Eean 75.0-78.0 78.1-82.0 82.1-86.0 86.1-90.0 90.1-94.0 94.1-98.0 a?eueoa 98.1 na?aaei? n 7 18 35 16 30 27 20 153 (N4 93.3 246.4 495.6 237.6 454.9 421.0 319.1 2267.8 (No 90.9 237.6 484.0 239.3 456.0 414.3 305.3 2227.4 Kp 1.026 1.037 1.024 0.993 0.998 1.016 1.045 1.020 Oaaeeoey 8 ?iciiae?e iiia??a o?iaiiai aieieia eueiio ca eeanaie Iieaciee Iiia? o?iaiiai aieieia ca oi?ioeith (3) Anueiai Eean 11.5-12.5 12.6-13.5 13.6-14.5 14.6-15.5 15.6-16.5 16.5-17.5 a?eueoa 17.6 ? na?aaei? n 10 29 33 37 37 6 1 153 Na?aaei?e (No 12.22 13.04 14.06 14.97 15.97 16.80 17.75 14.56 Na?aaei?e (N4 13.17 13.84 14.54 15.15 15.74 15.74 16.38 14.82 (No Kn= ——— (N4 0.928 0.939 0.967 0.988 1.015 1.067 1.084 0.998 Ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy aii??e/ii? oi?ioee (3) cai?iiiiiaaii ?ino?oiaioaeueiee iaoiae ioe?iee yeino? o?iaiiai aieieia e oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eueiio. Oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue cia/ii ni?inoeoe iaoiaeeeo, a?aeiiaeaoenue a?ae i?i/?noaaiiy aieieia ia ?o/ieo a?aaaiyo ? /ioe?ueio?aciai? ioe?iee eiaeii? ia?o?? aieieia, e cai?iiiioaaoe ?ino?oiaioaeueio ioe?ieo o?iaiiai eueiio c aecia/aiiyi aeia??/iai ?ioa?aaeo o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa iiia?a aieieia. Aeey ii??aiyiiy aeaio iaoiaeee (ae?th/i? oa ?ic?iaeaii?) i?iaiae?ciaaii 62 ia?o?? eeyii? nieiie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae /anaiiai oa o?iaiiai aieieia iieacaei, ui i?ae ieie ?nio? nooo?aee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca(ycie ca aio/e?noth, ?ic?eaiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi oa e?i?eiith u?euei?noth. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy aeaieo aeanoeainoae aieieia iathoue cia/ouo ??cieoeth, a iiieeee ?o aecia/aiiy ia ia?aaeuothoue 5( (oaae.9). Ca aeiiiiiaith ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co iaea?aeai? ??aiyiiy, ye? iienothoue ci?io iiia?a o?iaiiai aieieia ca oaeineiiaeaiith iaoiaeeeith: o = 15.96 - 0.06o (4) oa ?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae? ca ae?th/ith iaoiaeeeith: o = 13.33 - 0.02o, (5) aea o - ii?yaeeiaee iiia? ia?o?? aieieia. Oaaeeoey 9 Oiceei-iaoaii/ii aeanoeainoi /anaiiai oa oiiaiiai aieieia eueiio Aeae aieieia *anaia aieieii O?iaia aieieii Iieaciee na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io aa??aoe??, ( iiieeea aecia/aiiy,( na?aaei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io aa??aoe??, ( iiieeea aecia/aiiy,( Aio/e?noue, ii 44.0 27.0 3.49 50.8 28.6 3.69 ?ic?eaia iaaai-oaaeaiiy, aeaI 18.9 21.3 3.89 14.2 26.1 4.77 E?i?eia u?euei?noue, oaen 5.53 10.3 4.62 5.96 10.4 4.66 ?ic?aooieia? F-e?eoa??? aeey ??aiyiue (4) oa (5), a?aeiia?aeii, aei??aiththoue 120.3 oa 7.08 (Fo = 4.00). Aeai? ??aiyiiy iiae?ai?, ioaea, e caeiiii??iino? ci?ie eiiieaenieo iieaciee?a yeino? /anaiiai oa o?iaiiai aieieia iiae?ai?. Oaeei /eiii, i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae aecia/aiiy yeino? /anaiiai aieieia aei aecia/aiiy yeino? o?iaiiai aieieia caa??aa?oueny caeiiii??i?noue ioe?iee, i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ith?oueny ?? oi/i?noue ? ni?iuo?oueny iaoiaeeea oaoiieia?/iiai aiae?co nieiie eueiio. O oinoiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii ooi/iaiiy aii??e/ii? oi?ioee (1) aeey aecia/aiiy ?ic?aooieiai? aeia?ioiino? i?yae? /anaiiai eueiio. Aeey oeueiai aeei?enoaii 59 ia?o?e eueiio, ?acoeueoaoe i?yae?iiy yeeo i?aaenoaaeaii a e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?aeao. O oiae? ooi/iaiiy ?ic?aooieiaeo eiao?oe??io?a iaea?aeaia ianooiia aii??e/ia oi?ioea: ( Ae? = (2.776 - 0.026?) (A (6) Aeia?ioi?noue i?yae?, yea i?ae?aoiaaia ca oi?ioeith (6), ia? ianooo?ao ??cieoeth a na?aaei?o cia/aiiyo c oaeoe/iith aeia?ioi?noth (tp=0.44

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