OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

N?EUeNUeEIAI AINIIAeA?NOAA

Aethiaeee Na?a?e Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 631.354.2

AeINE?AeAEAIIss I?IOeANO I*EUAIIss IEINEEO ?AO?O CA?III*ENIEO IAOEI OA
IAA?OIOOAAIIss IA?AIAO??A I*ENIEE?A C EIIA?IIAAIEIE ?IAI*EIE I?AAIAIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.20.01 — iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa (OAeOONA).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee- eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio CAAAI?IAeI?E
I.?. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeui? iaoaiaoeee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: *eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? EOOIA?UeIA A.N., Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oai?aoe/ii? iaoai?ee;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I?IssEEI A.A., Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaa-iee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e aeaoaeae iaoei oa noaiaea?oecaoe??.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy (i. Oa?e?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 26 » eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E64.832.01 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ca
aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a-2, aoe. A?oaia, 44.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? OAeOONA.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 24 » aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.?.Naa/aiei CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. A oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao i?neycae?aeueii? ia?iaee
ca?ia cia/io aeieth ?iaioe aeeiiothoue ca?iii/eni? iaoeie. Ca inoaii?e
/an ia?e oaeeo iaoei a cia/i?e i??? iiiiaieany iiaeie c?aceaie. Noai?ai?
no/ani? iia?o?yii-?ao?oi? onoaiiaee, ca?iia? naia?aoi?e, ian?ii?-i/eni?
iaoeie (CAN-20A, IAI-20, NAO-10 oa ?i.). Iaeiae, a?eueo?noue c ieo ca
nai?ie aenieoaoaoe?eieie iieacieeaie — i?iaeoeoeaiino?, aoaeoeaiino?
ia?iaee, iaae?eiino? a ?iaio? ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?aeathoue c?inoath/ei
iio?aaai n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaei??th c i?e/ei
aeacaieo iaaeie?e?a ? iacaaei-a?eueia i/euaiiy ioai??a ?ao?o a?ae
cano?yeeo ca?iei.

Aeei?enoiaoaai? ia i?aeoeoe? i/eni? i?eno?i? iathoue ?yae iaaeie?e?a:
neeaaei?noue oa iaoaei?ie?noue eiino?oeoe?e, aeniea aeeiai?/ia
iai?oaeai?noue ?iaioe, iecueea oaoiieia?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oa ?i. Oiio a
eiiieaen? caoiae?a, iaoe?eaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a ?iaioe
ca?iii/enieo iaoei, cia/ia ?ieue a?aeaiaeeoueny aeooeoaaiith
?aoe?iiaeueieo niinia?a oa cania?a i/euaiiy ?ao?o.

Oaeei /eiii, ieoaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano e cania?a
i/euaiiy ?ao?o ca?iii/enieo iaoei aeooaeuei? ? iathoue aaeeea
ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy.

IAOA ?IAIOE. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano
i/euaiiy ieineeo ?ao?o oeyoii ?ic?iaee oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? i?ioeano i/euaiiy, noai?aiiy iiai? eiino?oeoe?? i/enieea e
iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a eiai ?iaioe.

IA’?EO AeINE?AeAEAIUe. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue ? i/eniee ieineeo ?ao?o c
eiia?iiaaieie ?iai/eie i?aaiaie (?I), a oaeiae i?ioeane caaeaaiiy ?ao?o
oa ?o i/euaiiy.

IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIUe. Iinoaaeai? ieoaiiy aea/ai? oeyoii oai?aoe/iiai
oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue c
aeei?enoaiiyi iniiaieo iieiaeaiue oai?aoe/ii? iaoai?ee, aeui?
iaoaiaoeee, oai??? i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy e i/euaiiy ?ao?o, iaoiae?a
iaoaiaoe/iiai ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? noaoenoeee,
noaiaea?oieo oa niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee ? onoaiiaie aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. ?ic?aooiee oa ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeenue c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo
cania?a ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA. ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoeai? noaie i/eniee?a ?ao?o, ia ye?
iaea?aeai? aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa oa iiceoeai? ??oaiiy ia aeiaoiaee
[8-16]. Aeine?aeaeaia e?iaiaoeea e aeeiai?ea oaea?ieo ?I i/enieea c
eaiaoiei i?eaiaeii. Aeyaeaii aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei u?oie ia
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i/enieea. Aecia/aii /an oaoiieia?/ieo oeeee?a
?iaioe i/enieea oa na?aaei? iio??aia /enei i?ioiae?a u?oie c o?aooaaiiyi
aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee e aecia/ai? oaoiieia?/i?
aeanoeaino? ca?iiaeo noi?o?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy e
i?in?thaaiiy. Iaea?aeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy i/enieea
ieineeo ?ao?o c eiia?iiaaieie ?I.

I?AEOE*IA Oe?II?NOUe. Aecia/aii aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? u?oie ia iieac-ieee
yeino? ?iaioe i/enieea. Anoaiiaeaii /an oaoiieia?/ieo oeeee?a ?iaioe
i/enieea — cae?eoiai e a?aee?eoiai noaio ioai??a aeey eiaeii? oi/ee
?aoaoa c o?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei u?oie. Aea/ai? oaoiieia?/i?
aeanoeaino? iaea?eueo iioe?aieo ca?iiaeo noi?o?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei
i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy e i?in?thaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue i?ioeano
i/euaiiy ?ao?o, yea aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe i?iaeooaaiiy i?eioeeiiai iiaeo
i/eniee?a a ?aaeei? ia/en-ethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo ia AII. ?ic?iaeaii
i/eniee c eiia?iiaaieie ?I, yeee aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe aeeaee ia?a??c
?ao?o. Aeeiiaia ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i/enieea
iiaea?i?ciaaii? oa aaciai? ca?iii/enieo iaoei.

AI?IAAOe?ss ?IAIOE. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiii-a?aeaeenue ia ui??/ieo (1993-1998 ??.) iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao OAeOONA, ia ?anioae?eainuee?e
«Aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? oa oaoi?/i? caniae aeey ae?iaieoeoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??» o 1993 ?. (?IANA OAAI. — Aeaaaoa)
? i?aeia?iaei?e — «Ia?iaeoeae ?icaeoeo iaoaiecaoe??, aeae?eo?eaoe??,
aaoiiaoecaoe?? oa oaoi?/iiai na?a?no n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa» o 1996 ?. (?IANA ?ON OAAI. — Aeaaaoa) iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeiioaaeenue ca
?icae?eii eiiieaenii? oaie 1-4 iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue OAeOONA.

IOAE?EAOe?? ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo noaoae, 9 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa
oa iice-oeaieo ??oaiue ia aeiaoiaee.

?AAE?CAOe?ss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
?aae?ciaai? a Oe?IAe?NAII (i. Oa?e?a) i?e ?ic?iaoe? i/enieea ?ao?o c
eiia?iiaaieie ?I oa aeaioiaeaii? eiai ia caaiae? ?inoeoooo; ae?iaie/iio
aei?iaoaaiith i/enieea i?e ia?iaoe? ca?iiaeo iaoa??ae?a a oiiaao
i?aei?e?inoa Oa?e?anueeiai ae?iaie/iai ia’?aeiaiiy ioeiiieueii? oa
ca?iiia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae a o/aiaiio i?ioean? OAeOONA i?e
aeeiiaii? ?ic?aooieiaeo caaaeaiue a eo?n? «Aeua iaoaiaoeea».

NO?OEOO?A OA IANssA AeENA?OAOe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
157 noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 10 oaaeeoeue, 20
iaethie?a. Oaen-oiaa /anoeia neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a
e aeniiae?a. Nienie e?oa-?aoo?e aeeth/a? 94 iaeiaioaaiiy. Aeiiii?aeiee
iaoa??ae iiaeaii a 9 aeiaeaoeao.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeeea-aea?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, a oaeiae
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Noai ieoaiiy e caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy» aeeiiaii
aiae?c iaoiae?a e cania?a i/euaiiy ?ao?o ca?iii/enieo iaoei.
Cai?iiiiiaai? oaeineiiaeai? eiino?oeoeai? noaie i/eniee?a ?ao?o.

?nioth/? eiino?oeoe?? i/eniee?a a?ae??ciythoueny aaeeeith
??ciiiai?oi?noth. Aei /enea iaea?eueo iioe?aieo iaeaaeaoue: i/enieee
?ia?oe?eiiai oeio, /anoi aeei?enoiaoaai? a ioeiiieuei?e i?iieneiaino?;
i/enieee oeee?iae?e/ieo a?a?a-oe?eieo ?ao?o (?ie?eia?, e?eueoeaa?,
?ioi?ii-e?eueoeaa? oa ?i.); aeey i/euaiiy iein-eeo ?ao?o
?iciianthaeaeai? u?oeia? c e?eaioeiii-oaooiiei i?eaiaeii. Iaya-i?noue
iaaeie?e?a aeacaieo i/eniee?a, oaeeo, ye iecueea ye?noue i/euaiiy ?ao?o,
aeniea aeeiai?/ia iai?oaeai?noue ?iaioe, i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui
i/enieee iino?eii iiaeeo?eothoueny, ?ic?iaeythoueny iia? eiino?oeoe?? e
niiniae i/euaiiy.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c a?aeiiith iaoiaeeeith i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea
oaoiieia?/iiai ?aca?ao u?oeiaiai i/enieea ieineeo ?ao?o c
e?eaioeiii-oaooiiei i?eaiaeii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui oaoiieia?/iee
?aca?a ?I i?e ia?iaoe? ca?iiaeo noi?o?a (ioaieoe?, i?ina, ai?ioo oa
a?a/ee) neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 7,8 %, a oaoiieia?/iee ?aca?a i?eaiaea —
2,0 %. Oea aeaco? ia aeioe?euei?noue ci?ie a ia?oo /a?ao ?I ? ui
aoaeoeai?noue ci?ie ?o i?eaiaea cia/ii iaioa.

A OAeOONA ca o/anoth ?iaeaia??a Oe?IAe?NAII ?ic?iaeaia oaeineiiaeaia
eiino?oeoe?y i/enieea ?ao?o, aeey yeiai canoiniaai? eiia?iiaai? ?I (iae.
1).

Iae. 1. Noaia i/enieea ?ao?o c eiia?iiaaieie ?I:

1 — ?ao?oiee noai; 2 — ?aoaoi; 3 — i/eniee i?eno??e;4 — i?ea?ae; 5 —
?aiea; 6 — ia?aai?iaeee ?aiee;7 — aeiiii?aeia ?aoaoi; 8 — i/eniee
oaea?ii? ae??; 9 — iai?yii?; 10 — u?oee; 11 — eaioethaiaa ia?aaea/a;12 —
e?eueoea; 13 — oaooi

A oaoi?/iiio ??oaii? i/euaiiy ?ao?o aeeiio?oueny i?e noi?ni?e ae??
u?oeiaeo e oaea?ieo ?I. I?e oeueiio oaea?i? ?I ?iceeeiththoue ?
aeaeaathoue ia?a-aaaeio a?eueo?noue neaai cano?yeeo /anoeiie, a u?oeia?
?I, ?ooath/enue c iaaaee-eith /anoioith, aeooiaoothoue iacia/io aeieth
neeueii caeeeithaaieo ca?iei.

Eiino?oeoeaia noaia i/enieea, anoaiiaeaiiai a ?ao?oiiio noai?,
cia?aaeaia ia iae. 2. A i?eno?i? aeey oaea?ieo ?I canoiniaai? iaoaeaa?
e?eueoey, iie?eo? oa?ii aoie. E?eueoey a?eueii ?ici?uothoueny ia
noaeaaeo eaiaoao, i?ioyaiooeo c i?iaenaiiyi ocaeiaae ?ao?oiiai noaio
i?ae ?aoaoii ? u?oeaie.

Iae. 2. Eiino?oeoeaia noaia i/enieea, anoaiiaeaiiai a ?ao?oiiio

noai? ca?iii/enii? iaoeie:

1 — ?ao?oiee noai; 2 — u?oeia? ?I; 3 — oaea?i? ?I; 4 — ?aoaoi; 5 — aae
i?eaiaea u?oie; 6 — eaiao; 7 — e?iiooaei; 8 — ?aia; 9 — aeaiioa?; 10 —
?aaoethaaeueiee i?eno??e

I?ae /an ?ooo u?oie neeaie oa?oy ii ?aoaoo aieinny ia??iaee/ii
ci?uo?oueny a a?e, i?ioeeaaeiee ?oiueiio caeio. I?e oeueiio a?euei?
ae?eyiee aieinei oie?athoueny a e?aeee ioai??a e i?ioeiathoue ?o
iane??cue. Iaeii/anii eieeaaiiyie ?ao?oiiai noaio cae?enith?oueny
ia??iaee/ia iaoyaoaaiiy e iineaaeaiiy eaiao?a. I?e iaoyaoaaii? e?eueoey
i?aeeeaeathoueny e oaea?ythoue ii ?aoaoo, ui ni?ey? ?iceeeithaaiith
cano?yeeo ca?iei.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c caaaeueiith iaoith aeine?aeaeaiue a ?iaio?
?ica’ycoaaeenue oae? caaea/?:

1. I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo ye?nieo iieaciee?a ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a e
cania?a i/euaiiy ?ao?o;

2. Iaa?oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy i/enieea ieineeo ?ao?o c
eiia?iiaaieie ?I;

3. I?iaanoe oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iniiaieo eiino?oeoeaieo ?
e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a i/enieea ia aoaeoeai?noue i/euaiiy ?ao?o,
aiane?aeie /iai iaea?aeaoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i/enieea;

4. Aeeiiaoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae
ca?iiaeo noi?o?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy e i?in?thaaiiy;

5. Aecia/eoe oaoiieia?/iee ?aca?a u?oeiaiai i/enieea ieineeo ?ao?o c
e?eaioeiii-oaooiiei i?eaiaeii;

6. I?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a
i/enieea c eiia?iiaaieie ?I ? aeeiiaoe ia?aa??eo aaeaeaaoiino? eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy;

7. Iaa?oiooaaoe oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy
iiaea?i?ciaaii? ca?iii/enii? iaoeie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? » Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy» aea/a?oueny: e?iaiaoeea
e aeeiai?ea oaea?ieo ?I c eaiaoiei i?eaiaeii; aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei
u?oie ia na?aaei? iio??aia /enei oeeee?a ?iaioe i/enieea; /an
oaoiieia?/ieo oeeee?a ?iaioe i/enieea — cae?eoiai e a?aee?eoiai noaio
ioai??a c o?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?-iaoe?? aieinei u?oie. Iaa?oioiaaia
aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy eiia?iiaaieo ?I aeey i/euaiiy ?ao?o
i/enieeaie c e?eaioeiii-oaooiiei i?eaiaeii.

Aeeiai?eith e e?iaiaoeeith ?I i/eniee?a ?ao?o caeiaeenue
Oaeao-oaae/ A.C., Ai?oeinueeee A.A., Aii/a?ia ?.N., Ca?ea I.I., ??aeiee
A.O., Caaai?iaei?e I.?. oa ?i. Iaeiae, a aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia i?noyoueny
a?aeiiino? c aeeiai?ee oaea?ieo ?I c eaiaoiei i?eaiaeii.

I?eioeeiiaa noaia i/enieea ?ao?o c oaea?iei ?I e eaiaoiei i?eaiaeii
cia?aaeaia ia iae.3.

Iae. 3. Noaia i/enieea ?ao?o c oaea?iei ?I ? eaiaoiei i?eaiaeii

a?aeaoaa?oueny a?ae?ea e?eueoey a?ae iiaa?oi? eaiaoa, i?ney /iai aiii
?ooa?oueny a?eueii aai?o aei iiiaioo oaea?o ii ?aoaoo. A iiiaio oaea?o
?aoaoo ia?aaea?oueny /anoeia e?iaoe/ii? aia?a?? e?eueoey, ui aeeeeea?
i?oaei? eieeaaiiy ?aoaoa. A ?acoeueoao? ?aoaoi no?ooo?oueny, ui ni?ey?
?iceeeiyaaiith cano?yeeo ca?iei. I?ney oaea?o e?eueoea a?aeneaeo? a?ae
iiaa?oi? ?aoaoa ? ?ooa?oueny aiec aei iiiaioo c?oeiaiiy c eaiaoii.

— a?aenoaiue i?ae iii?aie-u?oeaie.

Iioi/ia cia/aiiy i?iaenaiiy eaiaoa aecia/a?oueny ae?acii:

(1)

— iaeneiaeueia aeiaaeeia eaiaoa (i?e iaea?eueoiio i?iaenaii?).

Ia iniia? (1) iiaeia iaea?aeaoe oaeiae ae?ace aeey aecia/aiiy
oaeaeeino? e i?enei?aiiy e?eueoey:

(2)

(3)

=0,0293 i.

I?ioeanai caaeaaiiy oa i/euaiiy ?ao?o i?eae?ey?oueny a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
cia/ia oaaaa, ui ciaeoei a?aeia?aaeaiiy o aaaaoueio ?iaioao, a oiio
/ene? ?iaioe Oeaoeeiianueeiai A.I., Aii/a?iaa ?.N., Aieioeia I.?., Ca?ee
I.I., ??aeiiai A.O., Caaai?iaeiueiai I.?. oa ?i. Iaeiae, a ?iaioao ia
i?noyoueny a?aeiiino? i?i aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei u?oeiaeo ?I ia
iieacieee yeino? ?iaioe i/enieea: eiao?oe??io?a caaeaaiiy — ( oa
aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co — G. Ia aea/aii aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei
u?oie ia o?eaae?noue oaoiieia?/ieo oeeee?a i/euaiiy a?aee?eoiai e
cae?eoiai noaio ioai??a ?aoaoa, a oaeiae aoaeo aeeo/aiiy cano?yeeo
/anoeiie ?c ioai??a i?e oeeee?/i?e aeaoi?iaoe?? u?oie. E??i oiai,
a?aeii? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? iienothoue i?ioeane caaeaaiiy e
i/euaiiy ?ao?o, ia a?aoiaothoue iayai?noue eiia?iiaaieo ?I i/enieea.

Aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinny ia ye?noue i/euaiiy ?ao?o iiaeia a?aooaaoe
aianaiiyi iaeaaeieo ci?i o ae?ac aeey na?aaeiueiai iio??aiiai /enea
oeeee?a ?iaioe u?oie. Aeey oeueiai ?icaeyiooa aca?iiae?y u?oie i/enieea
c ?aoaoii ia i?ino?e e?iaiaoe/i?e noai?: ieinea ?aoaoi cae?enith? a
iiacaeiaaeiiio iai?yieo aa?iii?ei? eieeaaiiy, a u?oee ?ooathoueny
acaeiaae ?aoaoa a iaeiiio e oiio ae iai?yieo c iino?eiith oaeaee?noth
(iae. 4).

Iae. 4. Noaia e?iaiaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ooo u?oee e ?aoaoa

Aiae?c e?iaiaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ooo iieaco?, ui iiaeeea? aeaa
aa??aioe aca?iiae?? u?oie c cano?yeeie /anoeieaie: eiacaiiy aieinei ii
?aoaoo i?e iaeneiaeueiiio ?o a?aeoeeaii? a?ae iaeo?aeueiiai iieiaeaiiy
(iae. 5, a); oeeee?/ia aeaoi?iaoe?y ia?ooiieo o a?aeiiniiio ?on? aieinei
(iae. 5, a).

ca ci?noii aeioe?eueii aaaaeaoe na?aaei?i iio??aiei /eneii oeeee?a
?iaioe (i?ioiae?a) i/enieea i?e ia?ooiiiio ?aoao?.

Iae. 5. Aeaoi?iaoe?y aieinei u?oee i?e aca?iiae?? c ?aoaoii

(aeea. iae. 5, a) i?ecaiaeeoue aei ni?iae i?iiecaoe ioai?e ?aoaoa
iane??cue. A oeeo oiiaao iniaeeaee aoaeo iaaea?oueny aeey oeo /anoeiie,
ye? iaaeeaiei caiaaeathoue a ioai?e ?aoaoa (iai?eeeaae, ae??aiica?ieno?
noi?o?). Oaeee aoaeo aeey ia?oiai aa??aioa aca?iiae?? acaaae?
a?aenooi?e.

— iiiaioe /ano (aeea. iae. 4), ye? aecia/athoueny c o?ainoeaiaeaioieo
??aiyiue, iaea?aeoaaieo ?c caeii?a ?ooo ?I i/enieea oa ?aoaoa.
I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaeaee ciiae caienaoe iiiiaeaiee ae?ac aeey
na?aaeiueiai iio??aiiai /enea ?iaioe u?oie, ui a?aoiao? ye i?io?ae
aeaoi?iiaaii? u?oee ocaeiaae ?aoaoa, oae ? oeeee?/io aeaoi?iaoe?th
aieinei ca /an ?o eiioaeoo c cano?yeeie /anoeieaie:

(4)

aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a yeino? ?iaioe i/enieea:
eiao?oe??io?a caaeaaiiy — ( oa aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co — G.

=0.

Iae. 6. Ci?ia iieaciee?a yeino? ?iaioe i/enieea a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oaeaeeino? ?ooo u?oie c o?aooaaiiyi (nooe?eueia e?i?y) oa aac
o?aoo-aaiiy (ioieoe?ia) aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei u?oie i?e: A=0,0075 i;
(=42 n-1; Ai?=0,02 i; (=0,008 i; (=0,0212 n-1; ni=2,5; ne=5; tc=0,02 n;
ti=0,025 n

=1. Oea i?eaiaeeoue oaeiae aei ci?ie iieaciee?a yeino? ?iaioe i/enieea:
eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co — G ca?eueoeany ? iaeii/anii
ciaioeany eiao?oe??io caaeaaiiy ioai??a ?aoaoa — (. Ii??aithth/e
cia/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a c o?aooaaiiyi (nooe?eueia e?i?y) ? aac
o?aooaaiiy (ioieoe?ia) aeaoi?iaoe?? u?oie iiaeia aeyaeoe, ui iaoooaaiiy
aeaoi?iaoe?? u?oie i?e ?ic?aooieao iiaea i?ecaanoe aei cia/ieo iiieeie.

) ?ace ia?ae?eaathoue ioai?e, ioaea e i/euaiiy ?aoaoa ia ianoiaeeo eiai
ae?eyieao a?aeaoaa?oueny ii-??ciiio.

Iae. 7. ?icaeaea ?aoaoa ia ae?eyiee c o?aooaaiiyi aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei
u?oie

O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ooi/iaiiy /ano a?aee?eoiai e
cae?eoiai noaio ioai??a ia eiaei?e ae?eyioe? ?aoaoa c o?aooaaiiyi
aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei u?oie, ia ui iio??aii caaaeaoe i?e iiaeaethaaii?
i?ioeano i/euaiiy. Aeey oeueiai caienaii caeii ?ooo e?ai? ? i?aai?
a?aieoeue ciie eiioaeoo aeaoi?iiaaii? u?oee c ?aoaoii:

(5)

— a?aeiia?aeii aiie?ooaea e e?oaiaa /anoioa eieeaaiue u?oie;

na?aaeiueiai /ano caio?aiiy /anoeiie a ioai?e ?aoaoa a?aeiia?aeii ia
a?aie/io aeeaeio i?e caaeaaii? e i?in?thaaii?.

*an a?aee?eoiai noaio ioai??a aecia/aany ye ??cieoey /ano caeeoaiiy ?
/ano ianooiiiai i?eaoooy u?oee aei ia?aii? oi/ee ?aoaoa, a /an cae?eoiai
noaio — ye ??cieoey /ano caeeoaiiy e /ano iiia?aaeiueiai i?eaoooy u?oee
aei ia?aii? oi/ee. Aeey cacia/aieo ae?eyiie ?aoaoa caienai? aiae?oe/i?
caeaaeiino? a?aee?eoiai-cae?eoiai noaio ioai??a c o?aooaaiiyi
aeaoi?iaoe?? aieinei u?oie.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiioaaeanue iiaoaeiaa
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i/enieea c eiia?iiaaieie ?I.

Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ui iienothoue ci?io eiao?oe??io?a caaeaaiiy e
aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co aeey u?oeiaiai i/enieea c
e?eaioeiii-oaooiiei i?eaiaeii, iathoue aeaeyae:

(6)

I?aeeioaa?aeuei? ooieoe?? yaeythoue niaith ae?ace a?aeiia?aeieo
eiao?oe??io?a aeey aeiaaeeo i/euaiiy c? neeaaeiei ia??iaeii:

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

.

Ia iiaeaithth/e aa?oi? ?iaeaene i?aenoioaaiiy e aeiaooeo a
i?aeeioaa?aeueieo ooieoe?yo (7)-(11), i?ae ciaeii eiaeii? noie caienaii
aeaa aeiaeaiee, a i?ae ciaeii aeiaooeo — aeaa iiiaeieee:

(12)

I?e oeueiio i?aeeioaa?aeuei? ooieoe?? ci?iyoueny ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
(6) aoaea iienoaaoe ?iaioo i/enieea c eiia?iiaaieie ?I. A ?acoeueoao?
ia?aoai?aiue iaea?aeai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ui iienothoue i?ioeane
caaeaaiiy e ci?ie aeeaiai ia?a??co ?aoaoa aeey caaaeueiiai aeiaaeeo,
eiee ia?aiao?e i/enieea c iaeiioeiiaeie aai eiia?iiaaieie ?I iiaeooue
i?eeiaoe aeia?euei? cia/aiiy:

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

Aeey /enaeueii? ?aae?caoe?? iaea?aeaieo iiaeaeae (13), (14) ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoi e i?ia?aia ?ic?aooie?a ia AII.

?1n-1).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy» aeeeaaeaii:
oa?aeoa?enoeea ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy e oiiae aenia?eiaio?a; iien
aenia?eiaioaeueieo onoaiiaie, i?eeaae?a e aia?aoo?e, canoiniaaieo o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo; noaie aeine?ae?a e oaoi?ea aeeiiaiiy aenia?eiaio?a;
iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a e ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

I?ia?aiith aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aeinue:
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaea?eueo iioe?aieo ca?iiaeo
noi?o?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy e i?in?thaaiiy;
aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/iiai ?aca?ao u?oeiaiai i/enieea ieineeo ?ao?o c
e?eaioeiii-oaooiiei i?eaiaeii; i?iaaaeaiiy iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a
i/enieea c eiia?iiaaieie ?I.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea aeaioiaeaia
eaai?aoi?ia onoaiiaea ia aac? ca?iii/enii? iaoeie NAO-5 c? ci?iiith
e?iaiaoe/iith noaiith i?eaiaea iaoai?cio i/euaiiy.

O aeine?aeaeaiiyo aoee aeei?enoai? ca?iia? noi?o?, ye? ?ioaineaii
caaeaathoue ioai?e ?ao?o: ioaieoey ni?oo «Ie?iiianeay-808»; i?ini ni?oo
«Nieia/iia»; ai?io ni?oo «Eaieoae»; a?a/ea ni?oo «Aiaaou?ue».

.

I?e aecia/aii? cacia/aieo aeanoeainoae aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ye a?aeii?,
oae ? niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee e onoaiiaee aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue a iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo
(13), (14) aeey aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo ? e?iaiaoe/ieo
ia?aiao??a ?ic?iaeaii? eiino?oeoe?? i/enieea, i?e yeeo aeinyaa?oueny
iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co. E??i
oiai, aeacai? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aoee aecia/ai? aenia?eiaioaeueiei
oeyoii. Aeey oeueiai aoa iinoaaeaiee oaeoi?iee aenia?eiaio ? iaea?aeaia
iiaeaeue ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo o aeaeyae? oaeiai iie?iiia:

(17)

=2.

Ia iae. 8 cia?aaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe i/enieea, iaea?aeai? ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae (13), (14) aeey eiao?oe??io?a
caaeaaiiy — ( e aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co — G , a oaeiae ??aiyiiy
(17) ?aa?an?? aeey i?iioneii? caeaoiino? — Q.

a)
a)

Iae. 8. Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe i/enieea c eiia?iiaaieie ?I i?e ia?iaoe?
ca?iiai? noi?o? ioaieoe? «Ie?iiianeay-808»:

a) eiao?oe??io aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co — G, i?iioneia
ni?i-iiaei?noue — Q; a) eiao?oe??io caaeaaiiy ioai??a — (

sse aa/eii, ?ic?aooieia? e aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ii eiao?oe??ioo
caaeaaiiy ni?aiaaeathoue c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth. sse?nia
a?aeiia?aei?noue iiaaae?iee e?eaeo i?iioneii? caeaoiino? e eiao?oe??ioa
aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co aeaco? ia i?aaii??i?noue oai?aoe/iiai
i?iaaaeaiiy iioei?caoe?? ca eiao?oe??ioii aoaeoeaiino? aeeaiai ia?a??co.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? «Ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy e oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iiaea?i?ciaaii? ca?iii/enii? iaoeie,
iaeaaeiaii? i/enieeii ?ao?o c eiia?iiaaieie ?iai/eie i?aaiaie»
iaaiaeeoueny: iien oa ?iaioa ca?iii/enii? iaoeie, iaeaaeiaii? i/enieeii
c eiia?iiaaieie ?I; ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiue ?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iiaea?i?ciaaii?
ca?iii/enii? iaoeie.

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy iiaea?i?ciaaii? ca?iii/enii?
iaoeie i?e i/euaii? e ni?ooaaii? ca?iiaeo noi?o?a o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao
aoee i?iaaaeai? ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy. Aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ca
oaiaeith i?i oai?/a ni?a?ia?oieoeoai c ENI «Ia?oa O?aaiy» Oa?e?anueei?
iaeano?.

?iaioa iaoeie ioe?ithaaeanue ca oaeeie iieacieeaie: a) ye?noue i/euaiiy
ca?ia a?ae cani?/oaa/?a oa aeii?oe?a; a) i?iaeoeoeai?noue; a) i?iioneia
caeaoi?noue ?ao?o. Iieacieee ?iaioe iiaea?i?ciaaii? onoaiiaee
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue o ii??aiyii? c aaciaei aa??aioii ca?iii/enii? iaoeie.

sse iieacaee ii??aiyeuei? aei?iaoaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy i/enieea c
eiia?iiaaieie ?I aeicaieeei ciaioeoe /anoioo eieeaaiue u?oie i?eaeecii a
/ioe?e (3,9) ?ace ? oei naiei cieceoe aeeiai?/io iai?oaeai?noue ?iaioe
iaeaea a o?noiaaeoeaoue ?ac?a. E??i oiai anoaiiaeaii, ui
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ca?iii/enii? iaoeie, iaeaaeiaii? i/enieeii c
eiia?iiaaieie ?I, c?inea ia 0,12 o/oa, i?e oeueiio caaacia/o?oueny
i?i?iaeueii aa?aioiaaia i?aeaeuaiiy i?iioneii? caeaoiino? ?ao?o ia 2,6 %
(i?e a?aeiini?e iioeaoe? ia a?eueoa 0,13 %). Oea aeaei ainiiaea?noao
??/io aeiiii?th aenieoaoaoe?eieo cao?ao 209,66 a?i i?e no?ieo ieoiiino?
aeiaeaoeiaeo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue iaioa iaeiiai ?ieo. ??/iee aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo neeaa 193,94 a?i.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aaaaoueio aaoi??a iieacaii, ui ?aoaoa ca?iii/enieo
iaoei a i?ioean? ?iaioe ?ioaineaii caaeaathoueny, i?e/iio ?aaeeie,
ni?eyoeea? naiii/euaiith ioai??a, ia ni?aiaaeathoue c ?aaeeiaie,
caaacia/oth/eie iaea?eueoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue. Oiio aeacai? iaoeie ia
iiaeooue aoaeoeaii i?aoethaaoe aac i/eniee?a ?ao?o. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i?
iieacieee ?nioth/eo i/eniee?a ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniei
iio?aaai, a naia: ia caaacia/othoue caaeia?eueii? yeino? i/euaiiy
ioai??a, iathoue cia/io aeeiai?/io iai?oaeaii?noue ?iaioe, iecueeo
oaoiieia?/io aoaeoeai?noue oa ?ioa.

2. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai ?aca?ao u?oeiaiai i/enieea
ieineeo ?ao?o iieacaee, ui oaoiieia?/iee ?aca?a ?I i?e ia?iaoe? ca?iiaeo
noi?o?a (ioaieoe?, i?ina, ai?ioo oa a?a/ee) neeaaea? a na?aaeiueiio 7,8
%, a oaoiieia?/iee ?aca?a i?eaiaea — 2,0 %. Oea aeaco? ia
aeioe?euei?noue ci?ie a ia?oo /a?ao ?I ? ui aoaeoeai?noue ci?ie ?o
i?eaiaea cia/ii iaioa.

3. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaai? oaeineiiaeai? eiino?oeoe??
i/en-iee?a ?ao?o ia ??ai? aeiaoiae?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia?niaeoeaiei
iai?yieii o ?icaeoeo cania?a i/euaiiy ?ao?o ? aeei?enoaiiy i/enieea c
eiia?iiaaieie (oaea?ieie e u?oeiaeie) ?I.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaoi?iaoe?y aieinei u?oie ni?aaey? nooo?aee aieea ia
aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i/enieea. Aieea aeaoi?iaoe?? a?aoiaaii i?e
aecia/aii? /ano oaoiieia?/ieo oeeee?a ?iaioe i/enieea e na?aaeiueiai
iio??aiiai /enea i?ioiae?a u?oie. Oea aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano i/euaiiy ?au?o i/enieeii c
eiia?iiaaieie ?I.

5. ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ui iienothoue i?ioeane caaeaaiiy e
ci?ie aeeaiai ia?a??co ?ao?o aeey caaaeueiiai aeiaaeeo, eiee ia?aiao?e
i/enieea c iaeiioeiiaeie aai eiia?iiaaieie ?I iiaeooue i?eeiaoe
aeia?euei? cia/aiiy.

6. I?iaaaeaia /enaeueia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy e i/euaiiy
?ao?o aeyaeei iiaeeea?noue ciaioeoe /anoioo eieeaaiue u?oie i/enieea, a
ii??aiyii? c a?aeiiith eiino?oeoe??th, i?eaeecii a /ioe?e (3,9) ?ace ?
ye iane?aeie — iiieceoe aeeiai?/io iai?oaeai?noue ?iaioe iaeaea a
o?noiaaeoeyoue ?ac?a, oa i?aeaeueoe eiao?oe??io aeeaiai ia?a??co ?ao?o
a?eueo i?ae ia 3 %.

7. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee ? onoaiiaee aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.
Aea/ai? oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino? iaea?eueo iioe?aieo ca?iiaeo noi?o?a ii
a?aeiioaiith aei i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy e i?in?thaaiiy. Oea iaaeaei ciiae
aeei?enoaoe iaea?aeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeey iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a
i/enieea c eiia?iiaaieie ?I i?e ia?iaoe? eiie?aoieo ca?iiaeo noi?o?a.

=2.

9. Ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy i/enieea i?aeoaa?aeeee ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy i/enieea
c eiia?iiaaieie ?I i?e ia?iaoe? ca?iiaeo iaoa??ae?a caaacia/o?
i?i?iaeueii aa?aioiaaia i?aeaeuaiiy i?iioneii? caeaoiino? ?ao?o a?eueo
i?ae ia 2,6 %, ui aeaei ainiiaea?noao ??/io aeiiii?th aenieoaoaoe?eieo
cao?ao 209,66 a?i i?e no?ieo ieoiiino? aeiaeaoeiaeo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue
iaioa iaeiiai ?ieo. ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaa 193,94 a?i.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo
iioae?eiaaieo ?iaioao:

1. Aethiaeee N.I., Caaai?iaeiee A.E., Iiaeeia N.A. Oai?aoe/aneia
enneaaeiaaiea aaiiao?ee naiio?ainii?oe?othueo ?aai/eo i?aaiia //
Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna e eiino?oeoeee ?aai/eo
i?aaiia n. o. oaoieee: Na. iao/. o?. / Oa?uee. ain. aa?a?. oi-o. —
Oa?ueeia, 1992.-n.78-85. — 0,32 (0,11) i. e.

2. Aethiaeee N.I. Enneaaeiaaiea eeiaiaoeee oaea?iuo ?aai/eo i?aaiia
i/enoeoaey ?aoao n eaiaoiui i?eaiaeii // Aii?inu iaoaiecaoeee naeueneiai
oicyenoaa: Na. iao/. o?. / OAOONO. — Oa?ueeia, 1996. — n.192-198. — 0,28
i. e.

3. Caaai?iaeiee A.E., Aethiaeee N.I., ?iiaiia A.A. I aeeyiee ?aai/eo
i?aaiia i/enoeoaeae ia i?iioneioth niiniaiinoue ?aoao // Oaoiieiaey
i?iecaiaenoaa e eiino?oe?iaaiea naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei: Na. iao/.
o?. / Oa?uee. ain. aa?a?. oi — o. — Oa?ueeia, 1996. — n.70-78. — 0,52
(0,17) i.e.

4. Eica/aiei A.A., Caaai?iaeiee A.E., Aethiaeee N.I. Ioeaiea
oaoiieiae/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe e ?aca?aa oniaa?oainoaiaaiey i/enoeoaeae
?aoao // Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa e eiino?oe?iaaiea
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoei: Na. iao/. o?. / Oa?uee. ain. aa?a?. oi-o. —
Oa?ueeia, 1996. — n.78-83. — 0,35 (0,1) i. e.

5. Caaai?iaei?e I.?., Cao??ia A.I., Aethiaeee N.I. Aeaoi?iaoe?y u?oie
i/enieea i?e aca?iiae?? c ?ooiiei ?aoaoii // Iaoai?caoe?y
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Aethiaeee N.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano i/euaiiy ieineeo ?ao?o
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Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.20.01 — iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
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O ?iaio? iaaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a caaeaaiiy oa
ci?ie aeeaiai ia?a??co ?ao?o, i/euoaaieo i/enieeii c eiia?iiaaieie
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aeine?aeaeaiue. ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue i?ioeano i/euaiiy, ui aeicaiey?
i?iaiaeeoe ia?niaeoeaia i?iaeooaaiiy iiaeo i/eniee?a o ?aaeei?
ia/enethaaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo ia AII. Aiane?aeie /enaeueiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/ai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a i/enieea, ye?
i?aeoaa?aeaeai? aenia?eiaioaeueii. Cae?eniaii ae?iaie/a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeaii? eiino?oeoe?? i/enieea, aea?oueny ioe?iea aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? eiai canoinoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiia?iiaai? ?iai/? i?aaie, aeaoi?iaoe?y u?oie,
caaeaaiiy, aeeaee ia?a??c ?aoaoa, oaoiieia?/i? aeanoeaino?.

Aethiaeee N.I. Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeanna i/enoee ieineeo ?aoao
ca?iii/enoeoaeueiuo iaoei e iainiiaaiea ia?aiao?ia i/enoeoaeae n
eiiaeie?iaaiiuie ?aai/eie i?aaiaie.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.01 — iaoaiecaoeey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao
naeueneiai oicyenoaa, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

A ?aaioa i?eaaaeaiu oai?aoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey i?ioeannia caaeaaaiinoe
e eciaiaiey aeeaiai na/aiey ?aoao, i/euaaiuo i/enoeoaeai n
eiiaeie?iaaiiuie ?aai/eie i?aaiaie, a oaeaea ?acoeueoaou
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee. ?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue i?ioeanna
i/enoee, iicaieythuay i?iaiaeeoue ia?niaeoeaiia i?iaeoe?iaaiea iiauo
i/enoeoaeae a ?aaeeia au/eneeoaeueiiai yenia?eiaioa ia YAI. A
?acoeueoaoa /eneaiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey ii?aaeaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua
cia/aiey ia?aiao?ia i/enoeoaey, eioi?ua iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu
yenia?eiaioaeueii. Inouanoaeaii i?iecaiaenoaaiiia aiaae?aiea
?ac?aaioaiiie eiino?oeoeee i/enoeoaey, aeaaony ioeaiea yeiiiie/aneie
yooaeoeaiinoe aai i?eiaiaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiiaeie?iaaiiua ?aai/ea i?aaiu, aeaoi?iaoeey uaoie,
caaeaaaiinoue, aeeaia na/aiea ?aoaoa, oaoiieiae/aneea naienoaa.

Duendik S.M. Investigation of the cleaning process of flat sieves for
winnowing machines and parameter substantiation for cleaning units with
combined working organs.

Masters thesis in speciality 05.20.01 — mechanization of agricultural
production. Kharkov State Technical University of Agriculture, Kharkov,
1998.

This work deals with the theoretical investigations of the clogging
process and alteration of the sieve real section, winnowing by means of
cleaning units with the combined working organs. There are some
experimental investigation. The winnowing model is elaborated. It allows
to make perspective projects for new cleaning units and use PC for
numerical experiments. Cleaning unit rational parameters are determined
with the aid of numerical experiments. They agrees with the experimental
data. There is an adoption of scientific achievements in industry.

Key words: combined working organs, brush deformation, the clogging
process, the sieve real section, technological properties.

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