AeA?AEAAIA IAOAEO?A?EIA

AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

OAeE: 621.7+532.529.5

Aieiaei Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/

AeINE?AeAEAIIss IEANOE*IIAI AeAOI?IOAAIIss *ANOIE

? ?IC?IAEA ?AOe?IIAEUeIEO OAOIIEIA?*IEO IA?AIAO??A AACIAeEIAI?*IIAI
IAIEEAIIss IAOAEAAEO II?IOE?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.03.05 “I?ioeane oa iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii”

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaai?e iaoaeo?a?ei?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeai/aiei Aaeaioei Ieeieaeiae/,
Aea?aeaaia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e ia?iaee
iaoae?a oeneii

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaonoia Aai?a?e Eineiiae/, Aea?aeaaiee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oa eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo o?oaii?
i?iieneiaino?, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe Iaeaaeiiia Na?a?e ?aaiiae/, I?eiiieuenueeee
I?aaeaiiio?oaiee caaiae, ia/aeueiee o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/ii? eaai?aoi???.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo /i?ii? iaoaeo?a?? Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie,
i?ieaoi? a?aeae?ee, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 08 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 1230aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.084.02 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e o
Aea?aeaai?e iaoaeo?-a?ei?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (320635,
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Aaaa??ia,4, o. 474366)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aea?aeaaii?
iaoaeo?a?eii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (320635, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.
Aaaa??ia, 4)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?eaiee 05 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo

iaoe, i?ioani? I.I.Eiia?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ui??/i? ao?aoe iaoaeo a?ae ei?ic?? neeaaeathoue
aeecueei 10%. Aoaeoeaiee, aea ua iaaeinoaoiuei aeei?enoiaoaaiee a
Oe?a?i? can?a i?aeaeuaiiy oa?i?io neoaeae iaoaeeii?ieaoa oa o?oa –
caoeno ?o ??ciiiai?oieie iaoaeaaeie iie?eooyie. Aaeeeee ?ioa?an
i?aaenoaaey? niin?a “oieiaeiiai” aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy, ui iieyaa?
a ?icaii? /anoie ii?ioeo aenieioaeaee?niei aaciaei no?oiaiai ?
oi?ioaaii? iie?eooy i?e ?o aca?iiae?? c iaieeth?iith iiaa?oiath.
Aaaeeeaeie ia?aaaaaie niiniao ? a?aenooi?noue aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo
no?oiai?a, ui aeicaiey? io?eioaaoe iie?eooy a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii?
oiauei, o oiio /ene? c eaaeiieaaeeo iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae aeinoaoiuei
aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? aaciaea oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Oa?aeoa?iith
iniaeea?noth niiniao aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy ? oa, ui /anoee
?icaaiythoueny a iioioe? oieiaeiiai aai neaaii?ae?a??oiai aaco, oiio
ooai?aiiy i?oeiiai coeaieaiiy ia eiioaeo? c iniiaith iiaeeeaa o?eueee ca
?aooiie ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? oa ?ic?a??ao /anoie i?e oaea??.
Aeooaeueiith caaea/ath ? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioaeoii? acaiiae?? /anoie c
iniiaith oa aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai
iaieeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue a?aeiia?aeii aei i?ia?aie ? 21 (ia 1992-1995??.) oa
eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio ? 17 (ia 1997-1999??.) I?i?noa?noaa Ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaea ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a
oaoiieia?? iaianaiiy iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue niiniaii aaciaeeiai?/iiai
iaieeaiiy ia aac? iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ni?aoaea?o /anoie ii?ioeo
c iniiaith ? noai?aiiy i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
i?ioeano iaieeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio /anoee
i?e oaea?? ia iniiao ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaeaoo e?ioeaaiaeaiaioieo i?ia?ai
IMPACT ? c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai ?ic?a??ao ? ?aieia?/ieo
aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo i?e aenieeo oaeaeeinoyo aeaoi?iaoe??. Aecia/aii
caeaaeiino? oaiia?aoo?e ia eiioaeo? /anoea-iniiaa, o?eaaeino?
aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? oi?iici?iaiiy /anoie i?e oaea?? ia aei?noeo iniiao a?ae
?ici???a ? aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo /anoie, a oaeiae oaeaeeino? oa
oaiia?aoo?e /anoie ia?aae oaea?ii.

?ic?iaeaii caaaeueio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai
iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a, ui a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? neeiai? aca?iiae??
/anoie ii?ioeo c iniiaith i?e oaea??.

Io?eiaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i aieea ?aaeei?a i?ioeano iaianaiiy
iie?eooy ia i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy, ii?eno?noue, i?iaeoeoeai?noue
i?ioeano, a oaeiae aeai? i?i ei?ic?eio no?ee?noue iie?eoue ? i?i aieea
ianooiii? i?ieaoee c?ace?a c iie?eooyi ia aeanoeaino? inoaiiueiai.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ?
i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy
iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a, ui aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei?
oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaianaiiy iie?eoue ia iaoaeaao iniiao. Oai?aoe/ii
anoaiiaeaii aca?ii? caeaaeiino? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy oa ?oi?e aieea ia i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy
iie?eooy c iniiaith.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee
aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e oaoiieia?? i?ioeano iaianaiiy
aethi?i?eiaeo iie?eoue ia ciai?oith iiaa?oith noaeaaeo o?oa.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e i?iaeooaaii? III
“I?aoeec?iio?oa-I?aaeaiue» oaoiieia?? ? aeine?aeiiai c?acea iaeaaeiaiiy
aeey iaianaiiy caoenieo iie?eoue ia ciai?oith iiaa?oith o?oa niiniaii
aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy aeey ae?eueieoe? iaieeaiiy iie?eoue oeaoo 5
I?eiiieuenueeiai I?aaeaiiio?oaiiai caaiaeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. On? ?acoeueoaoe, ui neeaaeathoue iniiaiee
ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aoee io?eiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii, cie?aia,
o? ui neeaaeathoue caaaeuei? aeniiaee oa iaoeiao iiaecio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue
oa aoee iaaiai?ai? ia: Ia?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Eiino?oeoe?ei?
oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaoa??aee» (i. Euea?a, «Eueaianueea iieioaoiiea»,
1993a.), iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oai??y ? oaoiieia?y i?ioean?a
ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? — 96» (i. Iineaa, I?N?N, 1996a.), iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoea ? ina?oa” (i. Ee?a, AIAO Oe?a?ie, 1997a.); iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii Aea?aeaaii? iaoaeo?a?eii?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994, 1996, 1998 aa.).
Eiiieaenia iaoeiaa ?iaioa “?icaeoie iaoeiaeo iniia oa ?ic?iaea
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a io?eiaiiy eaaiaaieo iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a ?
iaianaiiy caoenieo iie?eoue niiniaii aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy” aaoi??a
I.I.Ino?eea, A.I.Aeai/aiea, I.I.Aieiaea, a yeo oa?eoee ?ic?iaee,
iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, o 1997 ?. io?eiaea iaai?iaeo
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai AIAO Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoee a 10 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, 5
aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 204 noi?., c ieo 176 noi?. oaenoa,
aeeth/ath/e 60 ?ethno?aoe?e oa 20 oaaeeoeue, nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae c 124 iaeiaioaaiue ? 17 noi?. aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Niin?a “oieiaeiiai” aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy ia? ieceo ia?aaaa, ui
aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiai aeey iaianaiiy iie?eoue ia iaoaeii?ieao,
cie?aia, a?aenooi?noue aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo no?oiai?a, ui aeicaiey?
io?eioaaoe iie?eooy a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? oiauei, a oiio /ene? c
eaaeiieaaeeo iaoa??ae?a, aeinoaoiuei aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue, i?inoioa
iaeaaeiaiiy oa aaciaea oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano.

E?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae iieacaa, ui ia oeae /an iaia? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy, ui a?aoiao? ieanoe/ia aeaoi?ioaaiiy
oa ?ic?a??a /anoie i?e ni?aoaea?? c iniiaith. Iayai? ??oaiiy ii oaea?o a
oaa?aeee iai?ai?ino?? o?e ??ciiiai?oii? oi?ie (ia?aaeon?i
oeee?iae?e/ii?) iathoue iaiaaeai? iaeano? canoinoaaiiy oa ia iicaaaeai?
iaaieo iaaeie?e?a. Iiaeeeaa io?eiaiiy /enaeueiiai ??oaiiy caaea/? i?i
ni?aoaea? /anoie ii?oeo c iniiaith ia aac? iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a.

Aaaeeeaei ieoaiiyi i?e /enaeueiiio ??oaii? caaea/ oaea?iiai
aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? aea?? ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoaeo i?e aenieeo
oaeaeeinoyo aeaoi?iaoe??.

Aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aaciaeeiai?/iiai
iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a aeiaaaoeia ??oaiiy caaea/? ieanoe/iiai
aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie i?e oaea?? ia iniiao, ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
i?ioeano iaieeaiiy oa i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?ioeano.

IAOAIAOE*IA IIAeAEUe IEANOE*IIAI AeAOI?IOAAIIss

*ANOIE I?E ACA?IIAe?? C INIIAITH

Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?e
ni?aoaea?? /anoie c iniiaith i?iaaaeaia ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo
e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a. Aeei?enoaiee iaeao i?ia?ai IMPACT, ?ic?iaeaiee
aeioeaioii eaoaae?e IIO AeIaoAO I?eai?iei A.A. A?aoiaaii aieea
oaieiaeae?eaiiy i?e ieanoe/iiio aeaoi?ioaaii? (aeaoi?iaoe?eiiai
?ic?a??ao) oa ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoaeo i?e aenieeo oaeaeeinoyo
aeaoi?iaoe??.

A iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? i?ioeano ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?e oaea??
aeei?enoiaothoueny ianooii? aeiiouaiiy: iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai –
inueineiao?e/iee; iaoa??ae /anoie oa iniiae (o aeiaaeeo iaaei?noei?
iniiae) – aei?noeiieanoe/iee, iai?oaeaiiy oaeo/ino? yeiai caeaaeeoue
a?ae nooiaiy, oaeaeeino? aeaoi?iaoe?? oa oaiia?aoo?e; caeaaei?noue
iai?oaeaiiy oaeo/ino? a?ae ?ioaineaiino? oaeaeeino? aeaoi?iaoe?? cnoao –
iiiioiii c?inoath/a; oaieiiai?i ia eiioaeo? c iniiaith oa iaaeieeoi?i
na?aaeiaeuai a?aenooi?e, i?ioean ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? –
aae?aaaoe/iee.

Caaea/a ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy ae??oo?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi
aa??aoe?eiiai i?eioeeio Eaa?aiaea c ianooiiith aeene?aoecaoe??th ca
aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a.

Iiaeeo?eiaaiee ooieoe?iiae Eaa?aiaea c o?aooaaiiyi /eiiino? ?ia?oe?eieo
iaaaioaaeaiue ia? aeaeyae:
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, (1)

aea – ci?iia a’yce?noue, ca?aeii c iaoiaeii a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
iaaeeaeaiue:

=O(I, A,)/I, (2)

O – ?ioaineai?noue aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue, I – ?ioaineai?noue oaeaeeinoae
aeaoi?iaoe?e cnoao; A – nooi?iue aeaoi?iaoe?e cnoao; – oaiia?aoo?a; V –
ia’?i, – oo?aoiee iiiaeiee;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 – na?aaeiy
oaeaee?noue aeaoi?iaoe??; Fi – (ia’?ii?) ?ia?oe?ei? iaaaioaaeaiiy, vi –
oaeaeeino? ii a?aeiia?aei?e eii?aeeiao? i; – iai?oaeaiiy ia eiioaeo?
(iai?oaeaiiy oa?oy), v – oaeaee?noue iaoaeo /anoee ia eiioaeo? a?aeiinii
aei?noei? iniiae; S – ieiua.

I?e aeene?aoecaoe?? ooieoe?iiaea (1) ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo e?ioeaaeo
aeaiaio?a aeei?enoiaothoueny o?eeooi? n?iieaen-aeaiaioe.

A ooieoe?iiae (1) o a?aeiia?aeiino? c a?aeiiei iaoiaeii oo?aoieo
ooieoe?e aaaaeai? oaeiae oo?aoi? aeiaeaoee, ye? caa?oathoueny ia ioeue,
yeui oiiaa ianoeneeaino? aeeiiaia, ? c?inoathoue c?
ca?eueoaiiyiwmetafile8010009000003ce000000020015000000000005000000090200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.

Oaeaeeino? aeaoi?iaoe?? aecia/athoueny ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie Noiena:
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. (3)

A?aie/i? oiiae ia eiioaeo? /anoea-iniiaa aecia/athoueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
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000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc010202
2253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f00100000300000000000000, aea
0< m<1. (4) Oaeoi? oa?oy m o oeueiio aeiaaeeo ? aiaeiaii iieacieea oa?oy f ca oiiaith C?aaey ? ia?aaeuo? inoaii?e awmetafile8010009000003d300000004001500000000000500000009020000000004000 00002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005000 0000b0200000000050000000c02400240021200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000 000c0ffffffb6ffffff00020000f60100000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650 000400009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d0100000500000014026 80148000500000013024c01790009000000fa02000020000000000000002200040000002 d01010005000000140254017900050000001302d601c000040000002d010000050000001 402d601c80005000000130252002601050000001402520026010500000013025200f4011 5000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6 d616e0000a4040000002d01020008000000320ac00132010100000033000a00000026060 f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020 22253797374656d00cc040000002d01030004000000f0010200030000000000000000000 00000000000000000000000000000ffffff0000320a00000000 ?ac. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c i?eeiyoei aeiiouaiiyi i?i oa, ui i?ioean ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? aae?aaaoe/iee, i?e??no oaiia?aoo?e iaoa??aeo ia eiaeiiio e?ioe? ii /ano iiaea aooe aecia/aiee ye wmetafile801000900000371010000030015000000000005000000090200000000040000 0002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000 000b0200000000050000000c026004800e1200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100000 00c0ffffffb7ffffff400e0000170400000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500 00000109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140200 02d50305000000130200023d0e15000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000000040200 1054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000002d01010008000000320a8c0327 0901000000630008000000320a6f01d80401000000740010000000fb0280fe0000000000 009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008 000000320a8c03ba0701000000720015000000fb0280fe00000000000090010000000004 02001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000002d01010004000000f00102 0008000000320a6f01ab0d01000000290008000000320a6f01050c010000002c00080000 00320a6f01950a010000002c0008000000320a6f01f20801000000280010000000fb0280 fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010200040000 00f001010008000000320a6f018c0c01000000510008000000320a6f011c0b0100000047 0008000000320a6f01760901000000480008000000320a6f010908010000005400080000 00320a6f01770701000000d70008000000320a6f01200601000000480008000000320a6f 018e0501000000d70008000000320a6f01ef0301000000440008000000320a60029d0201 0000003d0008000000320a60023a000200000044510a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01 000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00 cc040000002d01010004000000f001020003000000000000ff, (5) aea t – e?ie ii /ano, ? n –aonoeia ? ieoiia oaiei?ii?noue a?aeiia?aeii. Ia'?ii? (?ia?oe?ei?) iaaaioaaeaiiy a eiaeiiio aeaiaio? ia eiaeiiio e?ioe? ii /ano ?ic?aoiaothoueny ca oi?ioeith wmetafile801000900000323020000030015000000000005000000090200000000040000 0002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000 000b0200000000050000000c026004e0101200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100000 00c0ffffffb1ffffffa0100000110400000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500 00f00009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d0100000500000014024f 00be0e0500000013021f04840d15000000fb0280fe000000000000900101000000040200 1054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00007d040000002d01010008000000320a80021e 1001000000740008000000320a8002c20a01000000760008000000320a8002ba07010000 00760008000000320a8002460001000000460015000000fb0220ff000000000000900101 0000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00007d040000002d010200040000 00f001010008000000320ae002710b01000000690008000000320ae00269080100000069 0008000000320ae0021b0101000000690010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000 020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a80 02350f01000000440008000000320a8002ac09010000002d0008000000320a8002dd0401 000000d70008000000320a8002f101010000003d0010000000fb02c0fd00000000000090 01000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f0010100080000 00320ad802720501000000e50010000000fb0220ff000000000000900100000002000200 1053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320aee031b0601 0000003d0015000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e 657720526f6d616e00007d040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a80027c 0e01000000330008000000320a8002ec0c01000000290008000000320a80023607010000 00280015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e6577 20526f6d616e00007d040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320afa00080601 000000330008000000320aee03890601000000310008000000320ae002470c0100000030 0010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000 002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aee03860501000000780008000000320ae0 02af0b01000000780008000000320ae002a70801000000780010000000fb0280fe000000 0000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00102 0008000000320a800236030100000072000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000 0010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000 002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000000000000000, (6) aea - iiia? aocea a aeaiaio?. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iieacaa, ui a iaeano? aenieeo oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?? (iiiaae 103-104 n-1) iai?oaa ieeiiino? e?i?eii caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeaeeino? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? iiaea aooe iienaia ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo oa?iiiaoai?/ieo eiao?oe?aio?a ye ooieoe?y ?ioaineaiino? oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?e cnoao, nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe?e cnoao oa oaiia?aoo?e: wmetafile80100090000035f010000020015000000000005000000090200000000040000 0002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000 000b0200000000050000000c02400200091200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100000 00c0ffffffa6ffffffc0080000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500 00600010000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000204 0000002d01000008000000320ae0011e0801000000510008000000320ae001be06010000 00470008000000320ae0013e0501000000480010000000fb0280fe000000000000900100 0000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00100000800000032 0a80016f01010000003d0008000000320a8001340001000000540015000000fb0280fe00 00000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000 002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a80016307010000006b0008000000320a80 010306010000006b0008000000320a80018304010000006b0015000000fb0220ff000000 0000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc66040000002d 01010004000000f001000008000000320ae001ec0301000000e10015000000fb0220ff00 00000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc66040000 002d01000004000000f001010008000000320ae001500302000000f22e10000000fb0280 fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d010100040000 00f001000008000000320a800174020100000074000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01 000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00 cc040000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000, (7) aea o.a – aaciaa iai?oaa ieeiiino?; kI, kA, k – a?aeiia?aeii eiao?oe??ioe oaeaeeino? ? nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe?? cnoao, oaiia?aoo?e. ?acoeueoaoii ??oaiiy ? iiea oaeaeeinoae a on?o aoceao iaeano?, yeo ?icaeyaeathoue. Ca a?aeiieie cia/aiiyie oaeaeeinoae ia eiaeiiio /aniaiio aoai? aecia/athoueny eiiiiiaioe oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?e, ?ioaineaiino? oaeaeeinoae aeaoi?iaoe?e cnoao, nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe?e cnoao, ?ioaineaiino? aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue, a oaeiae eiiiiiaio oaici?a oa aeaa?aoi?a iai?oaeaiue oa oaiia?aoo?e. ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino? iaoae?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aenieeo oaeaeeinoyo aeaoi?iaoe??, caaeaaaeeny ca aeaieie ?ia?o Eaiiaaea, Oa?athniia, Oaoca?a, Aei?ia, Iieoo?ia c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie oa ?i. aeine?aeiee?a. ?icaeyiooi aeaa aa??aioe iiaeae? – oaea? ieanoe/ii? /anoee o ieanoe/io ? o aei?noeo iniiao. Ii/aoeia? oaeaee?noue ? oaiia?aoo?a /anoie ia?aae oaea?ii aa??thaaeeny a ae?aiaciiao 100…600 i/n ? 300…600 E a?aeiia?aeii; ae?aiao? /anoie – 10…100 iei; iaoa??ae /anoie ? iniiae – aethi?i?e oa iecueeiaoaeaoeaaa noaeue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o ca'yceo c aieeaii aei?noeeo cii a iniia?, aeaoi?iaoe?y ?? iaaaeeea ? ia ni?aaey? ?noioiiai aieeao ia aeaoi?iaoe?th /anoie, oiio oe?eeii i?eionoeii o caaaeuei?e iiaeae? aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy aeei?enoaoe caaea/o i?i oaea? /anoee o aei?noeo iniiao. O aeiaaeeo ni?aoaea?o c aei?noeith iniiaith ieanoe/ii? /anoee noa?e/ii? oi?ie, aeaoi?ioaaiiy ?? iiaea aooe oyaeaia ye noeoii?noue aeaio i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue ia?aeaeueii: iioneaiiiy ia iiaa?oith iniiae “aie?a” /anoee oa eieae?caoe?y aeaoi?iaoe?? o i?eeiioaeoi?e iaeano? (oae caaia “ai/eiooai?aiiy”). Oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio ?iciiae?eai? ii ia?a??co /anoee ia??aiii??ii. ?ioaineai?noue aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao ia? iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy a eiioniiiae?ai?e i?eeiioaei?e cii?, aea ?ioaineai?noue oaeaeeino? aeaoi?iaoe?? cnoao I iaeneiaeueia, a oaiia?aoo?a iaoaeo ua ia aeniea; ia a?eueo i?ci?o aoaiao – o oeeuei?e /anoei?, eoaee aaea i?iieeea aeaoi?iaoe?y, cia/aiiy I aaeee?, a oaiia?aoo?a ieae/a, i?ae o i?eeiioaeoi?e iaeano?. Aiae?c aei??iinoae ? na??y ?ic?aooie?a oa?iiiaoai?/ieo ia?aiao??a o ae?aiacii? ae?aiao??a /anoie, ui ioiieth? ?oi? iiaeeea? ?ici??e i?e aaciaeeiai?/-iiio iaieeaii? (5…200 iei), iieacaee, ui oaiia?aoo?a oa oene ia eiioaeo? i?ae-oe/ii ia caeaaeaoue, a ae?aiao? ieyie eiioaeoo ? /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?yii i?iii?oe?ei? ae?aiao?o /anoie. Oiio iiaeaeueo? ?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeeeny aeey /anoie ae?aiao?ii 10 iei. Aeey caoenoo a?ae ei?ic?? iecueeiaoaeaoeaai? noae? iaea?eueo /anoi aeei?enoiaothoueny iie?eooy c aethi?i?th oa oeeieo. Aiae?c oa?iiiaoai?/ieo ia?aiao??a ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie i?e aa??thaaii? ii/aoeiaeo oiia ni?aoaea?o (a ae?aiacii? vn=100…600 i/n ? n=300…600 E aeey aethi?i??aeo /anoie, ? vn=100…300 i/n ? n=200…400 E – aeey oeeieiaeo) iieacaa ianooiia. I?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? oaea?o /anoee oaiia?aoo?a eiioaeoo c?inoa? ca caeiiii, aeecueeei aei aeniiiaioe?aeueiiai c iaaaoeaiei iieacieeii nooiaiy. I?e/iio, /ei aeua ii/aoeiaa oaiia?aoo?a oaea?o, oei iaioa ?ioaineai?noue ci?ie e (vn). Aeey aethi?i?th oa oeeieo i?e ii/aoeia?e aiiieia?/i?e (ui a?aeianaia aei oaiia?aoo?e ieaaeaiiy – n/ie) oaiia?aoo?? 0,3…0,7 i?e??no aiiieia?/ii? oaiia?aoo?e eiioaeoo ((e-n)/ie) neeaaea? a?ae 0,2…0,4 aei 0,05…0,25, a?eueo? cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeathoue a?eueoei ii/aoeiaei oaeaeeinoyi. Caeaaei?noue /ano aeaoi?ioaaiiy a?ae oaeaeeino? /anoee ia?aae oaea?ii ia? i?i?ioi (i?e oaeaeeinoyo 200...300i/n aeey aethi?i?th, 150…200i/n–aeey oeeieo). C? ca?eueoaiiyi ii/aoeiaeo oaeaeeino? oa oaiia?aoo?e oaea?o ?aae?on ieyie eiioaeoo Re ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ieiua eiioaeoo /anoea-iniiaa c?inoathoue ii caeaaeiino? aeecueei? aei aeniiiaioe?aeueii?. I?e ca?eueoaii? vc ? c aenioa /anoee i?ney oaea?o Ze ciaioo?oueny; oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? Ze(vc,c) aeecueeee aei i?yii? i?iii?oe?eiino?. A?aecia/eii, ui oaeee oa?aeoa? ci?ie ?aae?ono ieyie eiioaeoo oa e?ioeaai? aenioe /anoee na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui i?e i?aeaeuaii? vc ? c c?inoa? ?ioaineai?noue aeaoi?iaoe?? o i?eeiioaeoi?e iaeano?, ci?ith?oueny oi?ia ia?a??co /anoee. Ai?ieneiaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie STATISTICA aeicaieeea io?eiaoe ianooii? ?aa?an?ei? caeaaeiino? aeey aethi?i??aeo /anoie (ae?aiaciie aa??thaaiiy: vc=100…600 i/n, n=300…600 E): e = - 940 + 1204exp(0,0003vn) + 79exp(0,00245c), E; (8) te = - 2,07 + 11402/ vc – 0,0127vc – 0,090n + 0,00021vcn, in; (9) Re = 3,12 + exp(- 0,465 + 0,00334n + 0,00157vc), iei; (10) Ze = 8,79 + 0,000135n - 0,00285 vc - 0,000007n vc, iei; (11) A oaeiae aeey oeeieiaeo /anoie (vc=100…300 i/n,n=200…400 E): e = 141,5 + 34,4exp(0,0036n) + 97,3exp(0,0030vc), E; (12) te = - 37,7 – 13528/vc + 0,0239vn – 0,18556n + 0,001nvc, in; (13) Re = -3,28 + exp(1,675 + 0,000874n + 0,00237vc), iei; (14) Ze = 7,49 + 0,00141n - 0,00421vc - 0,000019nvc, iei. (15) ?aaeuei? iaoa??aee iathoue eiiieaen o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee i?e iaeiioaeoi?iiio aa??thaaii? aonoeie, ieoiii? oaiei?iiino? ? iai?oae ieeiiino? iaoaeo /anoee. sse aaciaa i?eeia?ii ??oaiiy aeey aethi?i??ai? /anoee ae?aiao?ii 10 iei, ui ia? oaiia?aoo?o 300 E ? oaea?y?oueny c? oaeaee?noth 400 i/n o aei?noeo iniiao. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a iieacaa, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? aonoeie aai cieaeaii? ieoiii? oaiei?iiino? /anoee neeuei?oa aeaoi?iothoueny, /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy te c?inoa?; iaeiae, oaiia?aoo?a eiioaeoo cieaeo?oueny ? i?e ca?eueoaii? n, ? i?e ca?eueoaii? . Oaea iiaaae?iea iiynith?oueny oei, ui oi/a c? c?inoaiiyi aonoeie ca?eueoo?oueny eeiaoe/ia aia?a?y /anoie, oaiei, ui aeae?ey?oueny i?e ieanoe/i?e aeaoi?iaoe?? /anoee, aeo?a/a?oueny ia iaa??a a?eueoi? iane iaoaeo. Ci?ia aacenii? iai?oae ieeiiino? iaoa??aeo o.a. iaiaeiicia/ii aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa?enoeee, ui aeine?aeaeothoueny: ooieoe?? iathoue yaii aeyaeaiee aeno?aioi (ie??i caeaaeiino? e(o.a.) – i?e ca?eueoaii? iai?oae ieeiiino? c?inoa? ?iaioa ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ? a iane?aeie oeueiai oaiia?aoo?a /anoee. O ae?aiacii? a?aeiinii iaaaeeeeo cia/aiue o.a. (aei 200 IIa) i?e ca?eueoaii? iai?oae ieeiiino? ii?? aeaoi?ioaaiith /anoee c?inoa?, oiio /anoea aeaoi?io?oueny neaa?oa (?aae?on ieyie eiioaeoo Re ciaioo?oueny, e?ioeaaa aenioa /anoee Ze ?inoa), /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy cieaeo?oueny. Iaeiae i?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? o.a. iaoa??ae /anoee ?ic?a??aa?ony iano?eueee, ui oea ?noioii iieaaoo? iiaeeea?noue iiaeaeueoiai i?io?eaiiy aeaoi?iaoe?? a /an? – c?inoathoue aaee/eie Re ? te, cieaeo?oueny Ze. Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue ieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie i?e ni?aoaea?? c iniiaith aeicaieeea aecia/eoe aieea ae?aiao?o, ii/aoeiaeo oiia ni?aoaea?o oa aeanoeainoae iaieethaaiiai ii?ioeo ia oi?iici?iaiiy /anoie, oaiia?aoo?o ia ?oiueiio eiioaeo? c iniiaith oa /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie, ui iaiao?aeii aeey noai?aiiy caaaeueii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a. IAOAIAOE*IA IIAeAETHAAIIss I?IOeANO AACIAeEIAI?*IIAI IAIEEAIIss Aecia/aiiy ii/aoeiaeo oiia aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie (oaeaeeino? oa oaiia?aoo?e /anoie ia?aae oaea?ii) iiaea aooe i?iaaaeaia ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiieo oaa?aeaeaiue aaciai? aeeiai?ee iaeiiaei??ieo aeaioacieo oa/?e. Aac ? /anoee ii?ioeo i?enei?ththoueny o iaaecaoeiaiio niie?, ioieiaeaeoth/enue i?e oeueiio. I?ney aeoiaeo c niiea oaiia?aoo?o /anoie iiaeia aaaaeaoe iaci?iiith aae aei ni?aoaea?o c iniiaith, oaeaee?noue aaco cieaeo?oueny ia no?eaeo ou?eueiaiiy oa a ou?eueiaiiio oa?? aaco ia?aae iaieethaaiith iiaa?oiath; oaeaee?noue /anoie ia no?eaeo ia anoeaa? ci?ieoeny, a a ou?eueiaiiio oa?? cieaeo?oueny ia aeayeo aaee/eio. Aeey iaeiiaei??ii? oa/??, ui anoaiiaeeany, a?aeiii ??aiyiiy ?ooo, yea ca'yco? oaeaeeino? aaco oa /anoie: wmetafile80100090000033a020000030017000000000005000000090200000000040000 0002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000 000b0200000000050000000c02200520171200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100000 00c0ffffffb9ffffffe0160000d90400000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500 00100109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140290 02400005000000130290024d0405000000140290021d0605000000130290023b0b100000 00fb0231fd0201000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101 0008000000320afe02760b01000000280010000000fb0231fd0201000000009001000000 020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320afe 0205110100000029000500000014024a017f11050000001302d6037f110500000014024a 01ca16050000001302d603ca1617000000fb02c0fe0000000000009001010000cc040200 1054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc66040000002d01010004000000f0 01020008000000320a7003e81501000000630008000000320a7003821201000000670008 000000320a70032b1001000000630008000000320a7003c50c0100000067000800000032 0acc04280a01000000630008000000320acc04530801000000630008000000320a0e0241 0a01000000670008000000320a0e022b0801000000640008000000320a4f027603010000 00630008000000320a4f021c0101000000630017000000fb0240fe000000000000900101 0000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc66040000002d0102 0004000000f001010008000000320a00031e1501000000760008000000320a0003a41101 000000760008000000320a0003610f01000000760008000000320a0003e70b0100000076 0008000000320a5c04590701000000640008000000320a9e01f306010000004300080000 00320a5c04740102000000647808000000320adf01cc0102000000647608000000320adf 01520001000000760010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d 626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a0003cd13010000002d 0008000000320a0003100e010000002d0008000000320a0003be04010000003d00100000 00fb0240fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0102 0004000000f001010008000000320a5c04180901000000720008000000320a9e011d0901 000000720017000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e 657720526f6d616e2043797200cc66040000002d01010004000000f00102000800000032 0a5c04720601000000340008000000320a9e0128060100000033000a00000026060f000a 00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253 797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000 (16) aea dc – ae?aiao? /anoie, Cd - eiao?oe?aio iii?o /anoie, ui ? ooieoe??th /enea ?aeiieueaena, g ? c – aonoeie aaco oa iaoa??aeo /anoie, x – eii?aeeiaoa. C ??aiyiiy (16), i?e aeei?enoaii? aeiiouaiiy i?i iino?ei?noue a?aeiioaiiy oaeaeeino? /anoie aei oaeaeeino? aaco i?e i?enei?aii? o niie?, ca a?aeiiei cia/aiiyi aeiaaeeie niiea oa oaeaeeino? aaco ia aeoiae? c niiea iiaea aooe aecia/aia oaeaee?noue /anoie; oaeiae iiaea aooe ciaeaeaia oaeaee?noue /anoie i?ney aaeueioaaiiy a ou?eueiaiiio oa?? aaco ia?aae iiaa?oiath iniiae. Iath/e a?aeiioaiiy oaeaeeinoae aaco oa /anoie, oaiia?aoo?o aaco o oi?eaia?? oa ia aeoiae? c niiea ? ciath/e aeanoeaino? aaco ? ieoiio oaiei?ii?noue /anoie, ca iaoiaeii cai?iiiiiaaiei A.Oiee?nii, iiaea aooe ciaeaeaia oaiia?aoo?a /anoie ia aeoiae? c niiea. Oaeei /eiii, i?e a?aeiieo ia?aiao?ao aaco o oi?eaia?? niieiaiai aia?aoo, aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici??ao niiea, ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeo?ao ii?ioeo ? aaco, a oaeiae aeanoeainoyo aaco ? iaoa??aeo /anoie iiaeooue aooe aecia/ai? ii/aoeia? oiiae ni?aoaea?o /anoie c iniiaith – oaeaee?noue ? oaiia?aoo?a /anoie. C ?ia?o A.A.Eoae?iiaa, I.O.Oi?oi?iaa oa ?i. a?aeiiee oai?aoe/iee ae?ac aeey a?aeiiniiai /enea ca'yce?a, ooai?aieo a ?acoeueoao? i?io?eaiiy o?i?/ii? ?aaeoe?? ia eiioaeo? /anoea-iniiaa: wmetafile801000900000379020000030015000000000005000000090200000000040000 0002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000 000b0200000000050000000c020005e0161200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100000 00c0ffffffaaffffffa0160000aa0400000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500 00100109000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d01000005000000140280 024000050000001302800233020500000014028002a60f05000000130280024c12100000 00fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0101 0008000000320ae002511501000000590008000000320ae0021a14010000003d00080000 00320a2803181301000000fa0008000000320a8c04181301000000fb0008000000320ab8 01181301000000f90008000000320a2803f70701000000ea0008000000320a8c04f70701 000000eb0008000000320ab801f70701000000e90008000000320a76037c1201000000f7 0008000000320ace027c1201000000f70008000000320a6c047c1201000000f800080000 00320ad8017c1201000000f60008000000320a7603bd0d01000000e70008000000320ace 02bd0d01000000e70008000000320a6c04bd0d01000000e80008000000320ad801bd0d01 000000e60008000000320a0a04681001000000510008000000320ae0027d0e010000002d 0008000000320ae0029308010000002d0008000000320ae002a004010000002d00080000 00320ae002a502010000003d0015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc040200 1054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc66040000002d01020004000000f001010008 000000320a6a049b1101000000ea0015000000fb0220ff00000000000090010100000004 02001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000002d01010004000000f00102 0008000000320a4b022c1101000000610015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000 cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc66040000002d01020004000000f0 01010008000000320a4003c00a01000000ea0015000000fb0280fe000000000000900101 0000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000002d010100040000 00f001020008000000320a0a04c00f010000006b0008000000320aeb0139100100000045 0008000000320ae002450a01000000740008000000320a0a046c00010000004e00080000 00320af001b200010000004e0015000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000000040200 1054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000002d01020004000000f001010009 000000320ae002950b030000006578700009000000320ae002bd05030000006578700008 000000320ae002b20301000000310015000000fb0220ff00000000000090010000000004 02001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000066040000002d01010004000000f00102 0008000000320a6a04860101000000300010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000 020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320ae0 028009010000006e000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb0210 00070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d010100040000 00f00102000300000000000000000b0100,wmetafile8010009000003540000000000120 000000000050000000902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff000400000 02e01180005000000310201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c0200022001120 0000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffc0ffffffe0000000c00100000b0 0000026060f000c004d61746854797065000050000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010 000000000030000000000dcab400000000000000000000000000000004500 (17) aea N – /enei aoii?a, ui i?i?aaaoaaee ca /an te; N0 – /enei aoii?a ia iiaa?oi? eiioaeoo; – /anoioa aeanieo eieeaaiue aoii?a (1013 n-1); Ea – aia?a?y aeoeaaoe?? ooai?aiiy o?i?/ieo ca'yce?a; e – na?aaeiy oaiia?aoo?a eiioaeoo; k – noaea Aieueoeiaia. O? ae aaoi?e iieacaee, ui ?ic?aooieia? caeaaeiino?, io?eiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi ae?aco (17) ciaoiaeyoueny o aeia??e caiae? c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie, ui i?eaaaeai? aei aeaeyaeo wmetafile80100090000037a010000040015000000000005000000090200000000040000 0002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050000 000b0200000000050000000c02400240091200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100000 00c0ffffffa6ffffff00090000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500 00600009000000fa02000008000000000000002200040000002d0100000500000014025a 002e07050000001302e301b00609000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d 0101000500000014025a005202050000001302e301d40115000000fb0220ff0000000000 009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00007d040000002d0102 0008000000320ae0016f0801000000300015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000 cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00cc7d040000002d01030004000000f0 01020008000000320ae001670301000000e20015000000fb0280fe000000000000900101 0000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00007d040000002d010200040000 00f001030008000000320a80015c07010000004e0008000000320a80019205010000004e 0015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e65772052 6f6d616e00cc7d040000002d01030004000000f001020008000000320ae0012f01010000 00f10010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000204 0000002d01020004000000f001030008000000320a8001520401000000bb0010000000fb 0280fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01030004 000000f001020008000000320a8001540201000000730008000000320a80011c00010000 0073000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb0210000700000000 00bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01020004000000f001030003 00000000000000000000ffffff, (18) aea n – i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy, a – i?oei?noue ia ?ic?ea a?eueo i'yeiai iaoaeo. A?aeiii, ui i?ae aieeaii oeneo ia eiioaeo? aaee/eia aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? cieaeo?oueny. I?e/iio, yeui oeae oene ia?aaeuo? aeayea e?eoe/ia cia/aiiy, aia?a?y aeoeaaoe?? caeeoa?oueny aaee/eiith noaeith oa ??aiith aeayeiio i?i?iaeueiiio cia/aiithwmetafile8010009000003e3000000020017000000000005000000090200000 0000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000 000050000000b0200000000050000000c02400220031200000026060f001a00ffffffff0 00010000000c0ffffffb4ffffffe0020000f40100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685 47970650000500017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d657 3204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d01000009000000320aa0014c000 10000004500eb0017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d657 3204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d01010004000000f001000009000 000320a00024d01010000006100700017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0 002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d01000004000 000f00101000c000000320af4007801030000006d696e00aa003d0070000a00000026060 f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020 22253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000000000000 000000000000000000000000000. I?e aaciaeeiai?/iiio iaieeaii? i?e ni?aoaea?? /anoie c iniiaith ?icaeaa?oueny eiioaeoiee oene ii?yaeeo 1 AIa, ui ia?aaeuo? e?eoe/i? cia/aiiy oeneo ia eiioaeo?. Oiio aoaeoeaia cia/aiiy aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aei??aith?wmetafile8010009000003e300000002001700000000000500000009020000 00000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100 0000050000000b0200000000050000000c02400220031200000026060f001a00ffffffff 000010000000c0ffffffb4ffffffe0020000f40100000b00000026060f000c004d617468 547970650000500017000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d01000009000000320aa0014c00 010000004500eb0017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0002001054696d65 73204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d01010004000000f00100000900 0000320a00024d01010000006100700017000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc 0002001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200ccdd040000002d0100000400 0000f00101000c000000320af4007801030000006d696e00aa003d0070000a0000002606 0f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102 022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000000000 00000000000000000000003d0000. Oey aaee/eia aoea aecia/aia oeyoii ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. sse aeinoaoiy aeey i?oeiiai coeaieaiiy iie?eooy c iniiaith ca aeaieie A.A. Eoae?iiaa, I.TH.I?eoaaa oa ?i. iiaea aooe i?eeiyoa aaee/eia , ui aei??aith? 40…70%. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aoee aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? caaaeueii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, aeai?eoio ? i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a. Ii/aoeiaeie aeaieie ?: ia?aiao?e (oaiia?aoo?a ? oene) ?iai/iai aaco o oi?eaia?? niieiaiai aia?aoo, aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e aeo?aeiiai ia?a??co niiea ? aeiaaeeia eiai iaaecaoeiai? /anoeie, aeanoeaino? ?iai/iai aaco, ieoiia aeo?aoa ii?ioeo, a oaeiae ?ici??e ? aeanoeaino? iaoa??aeo /anoie ii?ioeo. ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeicaieeea i?iaanoe aiae?c caeaaeiino? ii/aoeiaeo oiia aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie ? a?aeiiniiai /enea ca'yce?a ia eiioaeo? /anoea-iniiaa a?ae ae?aiao?o /anoie dc, oaiia?aoo?e 0 ? oeneo ?0 aaco o oi?eaia??, aeiaaeeie niiea ls oa ?ioeo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a. Aa??thaaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o ianooiieo ae?aiaciiao: dc=5…100 iei, 0 = 300…600 E, ?0 = 0,5…2,5 IIa, ls = 40…200 ii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e 0 ? oeneo ?0 aaco o oi?eaia??, aeiaaeeie niiea ls, aai ciaioaii? ae?aiao?o /anoie dc oaeaee?noue /anoie vc c ??ciiiai?oieo iaoa??ae?a c?inoa?. Oaiia?aoo?a /anoie ia?aae oaea?ii c?inoa? i?e ca?eueoaii? 0 ? dc aai i?e ciaioaii? ?0 ? ls, oa?aeoa? caeaaeiinoae – iae?i?eiee. C i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e o oi?eaia?? a?aeiinia /enei ca'yce?a c?inoa?, ine?eueee i?aeaeuo?oueny oaiia?aoo?a ? oaeaee?noue /anoie ia?aae oaea?ii ia iniiao, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e eiioaeoo. Aieea ae?aiao?o oa aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo /anoee ia aaee/eio iaiaeiicia/iee. C iaeiiai aieo, aethi?i?e ia? a?eueoo ieoiio oaiei?ii?noue, i?ae oeeie, ? c? ciaioaiiyi ae?aiao?o dc aethi?i??a? /anoee ioieiaeaeothoueny o niie? ia oae ?ioaineaii, ye oeeieia?, c ?ioiai aieo, a?eueo eaae? (i?e oiio ae dc) /anoee aethi?i?th, ?icaaiythoueny aei a?eueoeo oaeaeeinoae. Oiio oaiia?aoo?a eiioaeoo aethi?i??aeo /anoie, ia a?aei?io a?ae oeeieiaeo, i?e ca?eueoaii? ae?aiao?o cieaeo?oueny aeoaea iacia/ii. Aei oeueai ae, /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?e ca?eueoaii? dc c?inoa?. Oiio o aeine?aeaeaiiio ae?aiacii? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi ae?aiao?o /anoie a?aeiinia /enei ca'yce?a ia eiioaeo? c? noaeaaith iniiaith aethi?i??aeo /anoie c?inoa?, a oeeieiaeo – cieaeo?oueny. I?e ca?eueoaii? ae?aiao?o /anoie aethi?i?th ci?ith?oueny oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? a?aeiiniiai /enea ca'yce?a a?ae oeneo o oi?eaia?? ?0 ? aeiaaeeie niiea ls: aeey ae??aieo (aei 20 iei) /anoie aethi?i?th i?e ca?eueoaii? oeeo ia?aiao??a aaee/eia cieaeo?oueny, aeey aaeeeeo – c?inoa?. Oea iiynith?oueny iienaieie aeua iniaeeainoy-ie ?ooo o aaciaiio iioioe? ? aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?e oaea?? ia iniiao, a oaeiae oei, ui eaae? /anoee neeuei?oa aaeueiothoueny a ou?eueiaiiio oa?? aaco ia?aae iniiaith. Oeeieia? /anoee, o ii??aiyii? c aethi?i??aeie, iathoue iaeaea a o?e ?ace a?eueoo iano i?e oiio ae ae?aiao??. Oiio i?e ca?eueoaii? ?0 ? ls aaee/eia aeey oeeieiaeo /anoie noaa?eueii i?aeaeuo?oueny o ae?aiacii? ae?aiao??a /anoie, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy. O ca'yceo c oei, ui a ?aaeueiiio ii?ioeo on? /anoee a?ae??ciythoueny ca ?ici??aie, iiaeaeue ia aeicaiey? ciaeoe eiao?oe?aio aeei?enoaiiy ii?ioeo ? iane??cio ii?eno?noue iie?eooy. C iaoith aecia/aiiy aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano iaieeaiiy ia aeanoeaino? iie?eoue ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?ioeano, a oaeiae aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy. AENIA?EIAIOAEUeI? AeINE?AeAEAIIss IAIANAIIss IIE?EOUe NIINIAII AACIAeEIAI?*IIAI IAIEEAIIss Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaiio onoaoeoaaii? a oiiaao oeaoo 5 IOC, o neeaae yeiai aoiaeea eiii?ani?, inoooaa/ iia?o?y, iaa??aa/ iia?o?y, aeicaoi? ii?ioeo, niieiaee aia?ao, eaia?a iaieeaiiy oa i?eno??e aeey ia?ai?uaiiy c?ace?a. Iaiineee aethi?i??a? iie?eooy c ii?ioeo ANAe-1 ia iniiao c iaeiaoaeaoeaai? noae?; oi?ia c?ace?a – ieanoeie aai iao?oaee. Iaieeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny i?e ianooiieo aacenieo cia/aiiyo ia?aiao??a: oaiia?aoo?a aaco o oi?eaia?? 0 = 300N, oene ?0 = 1,8 IIa, aeenoaioe?y iaieeaiiy ld = 10 ii, oaeaee?noue ia?ai?uaiiy iniiae vi=100 ii/n, aeo?aoa ii?ioeo Q = 0,8 a/n, ii?ioie – ANAe-1, can?a i?aeaioiaee iiaa?oi? – aieeio?aca?oaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e o oi?eaia?? a ae?aiacii?, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny (100…320N) i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy ca?eueoo?oueny iaeaea o 4 ?ace (c 7,2 aei 28,1 IIa); oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? aeecueeee aei aeniiiaioe?aeueiiai. ?nio? ye?nia oa e?euee?nia (??cieoey ia a?eueo 12%) noiae?noue caeaaeiino? a?aeiinii? i?oeiino? coeaieaiiy ? ?ic?aooieiai? caeaaeiino? a?aeiiniiai /enea ca'yce?a a?ae oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y o oi?eaia??. I?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? eiao?oe?aio iaieeaiiy c?inoathoue aei 0,66 oa aeua, iaeiae, i?e oaiia?aoo?ao a?eueoa 250N ?ioaineai?noue c?inoaiiy cieaeo?oueny. I?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y o oi?eaia?? aai oiaueie iie?eooy aaee/eia iane??cii? ii?enoino? cieaeo?oueny ? i?e aeayeeo e?eoe/ieo cia/aiiyo oeeo ia?aiao??a (iai?eeeaae 280N ? 120iei) iaaeeaea?oueny aei ioey. I?e ca?eueoaii? oeneo o oi?eaia?? a?ae 1,4 aei 2,0 IIA c?inoathoue i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy (ia 17%), i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? eiao?oe?aio iaieeaiiy (ia 40%); oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? aeecueeee aei i?yii? i?iii?oe?eiino?. Ciaioaiiy aeenoaioe?? iaieeaiiy (a?ae 30 aei 5 ii) i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy i?oeiino? coeaieaiiy (ia 13%) ? eiao?oe?aioa iaieeaiiy (ia 23%). Canoinoaaiiy niiae c a?eueoith aeiaaeeiith iaaecaoeiaee /anoeie aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?ioeano iaieeaiiy (a ae?aiacii? cia/aiue aeiaaeeie niiea 80…120ii – ia 9% ? 26% a?aeiia?aeii). Niinoa??aa?oueny ye?nia ? e?euee?nia noiae?noue i?ae ?ic?aooieiaith caeaaei?noth a?aeiiniiai /enea ca'yce?a ia eiioaeo? ? aenia?eiaioaeueiith caeaaei?noth a?aeiinii? i?oeiino? coeaieaiiy a?ae aeiaaeeie niiea. I?oei?noue coeaieaiiy iie?eooy c iniiaith i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue a?ae oiaueie iie?eooy o ae?aiacii? oiauei 0,1…0,8 ii. I?e ca?eueoaii? aeo?aoe ii?ioeo Q (a?ae 0,8 aei 3,2 a/n) ca?eueoo?oueny i?iaeoe-oeai?noue i?ioeano (a 3 ?ace), iaeiae, eiao?oe?aio iaieeaiiy cieaeo?oueny (ia 25%). Aei?iaoaaiiy ia ei?ic?eio no?ee?noue na?ae/aoue i?i aenieo no?ee?noue aethi?i??aeo iie?eoue, io?eiaieo niiniaii aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy, a oiiaao i?aeaeuaii? aieiaino? o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie aeaeaie iie?eoue ? i?i aenieo no?ee?noue iie?eoue oiaueiith 100…120 iei (ui iaieeai? i?e 0 = 300N, ?0 = 1,8 IIa, vi = 200 ii/n, Q = 0,8 a/n). Aenia?eiaioe c oieiaeii? i?ieaoee noaeaaeo ooaa ?ici??ii 0,920150 ii c aethi?i??aeie iie?eooyie oiaueiith 0,06…0,27ii (a?aeiioaiiy oiauei oa??a iie?eooy ? iniiae 0,07…0,3) ? oe?eiith 10ii ia noai? Aeoi-175 eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e IIO AeIaoAO iieacaee aeia?o i?ieaooaai?noue oaeeo ooaa aac ?oeioaaiiy iie?eooy. O aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ae?aiacii? a?aeiiniee iaoene iie?eooy o 2–6 ?ac?a a?eueoa a?aeiiniiai iaoeneo iniiae (a?eueo? cia/aiiy icia/aiiai a?aeiioaiiy a?aeiia?aeathoue iaioei aaee/eiai iaoeneo ooaae c iie?eooyi). I?e ca?eueoaii? iaoeneo c?inoa? i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy iie?eooy c iniiaith, iane??cia ii?eno?noue cia/ii cieaeo?oueny. I?AEOE*IA AEEI?ENOAIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe Oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy aeicaieeee aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e iaianaiiy iie?eoue c aethi?i?aaiai ii?ioeo. I?e iaianaii? aethi?i??aeo iie?eoue ia iecueeiaoaeaoeaao noaeue iioeiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y o oi?eaia?? niieiaiai aia?aoo 300…320N. Cae?enithaaoe i?ae?a??a aeua 350N iaaeioe?eueii, ine?eueee i?e a?eueoeo oaiia?aoo?ao ?ioaineai?noue c?inoaiiy eiao?oe?aioa aeei?enoaiiy ii?ioeo cia/ii cieaeo?oueny, i?aeaeuothoueny aia?aiaeo?aoe oa ?iia??i?noue iaeeiaiiy ii?ioeo ia no?iee niiea. Oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii iaieeaiith aethi?i??aiai ii?ioeo i?e oeneo o oi?eaia?? aeua 2 IIa iieacaee, ui i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy ? eiao?oe?aio aeei?enoaiiy ii?ioeo i?e ca?eueoaii? oeneo ci?iththoueny iacia/ii. O i?iieneiaeo oiiaao aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe noaiaea?oiee eiii?ani? 2AO/1,5-2,5/26I1, ui caaacia/o? oene noeneiai iia?o?y aei 2,5 IIa ? iaiao?aeio aeo?aoo aaco (aei 0,04 ea/n). I?i?iaeueia ?aeiiaiaeiaaia oiaueia iie?eooy – 120 iei. I?e aeo?ao? ii?ioeo 3,2 a/n i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?ioeano iaieeaiiy 0,0055 i2/n (aeecueei 20 i2/aiae.), ui i?e iaianaii? iie?eooy ia o?oae ae?aiao?ii 80 ii a?aeiia?aea? ae?iaieoeoao 80 i o?oa c iie?eooyi ca aiaeeio. Aeo?aoa aethi?i??aiai ii?ioeo – 0,6 ea/i2. Iaiaieeaiee ii?ioie oeiaeth?ony ? aeei?enoiao?oueny iiaoi?ii. Niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a?? – 2 eAo/i2. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? III “I?aoeec?iio?oa-I?aaeaiue” onoaoeoaaiiy ae?eueieoe? aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy o oeaoo 5 IOC (i. I?eiiieue), i?ecia/aiiai aeey iaianaiiy iie?eoue ia ciai?oith iiaa?oith o?oa ae?aiao?ii 20…80 ii. Onoaoeoaaiiy iiae?ey?oueny ia iiaaiaoe/ia oa o?ainii?ooth/a. A neeaae o?ainii?ooth/iai onoaoeoaaiiy aoiaeyoue aeeneia? oa ?ieeeia? ?ieueaaiae, ui caaacia/othoue aaeioiaa ia?ai?uaiiy o?oae ?c caaeaiith oaeaee?noth ? aeicaieythoue ?aaoethaaoe e?ie iiaea/? o?oae, iioee? noiee, ia?aeeaaeoaa/? iiaaiaoe/i? oa ?i. Aei iniiaiiai iiaaiionoaoeoaaiiy a?aeiinyoueny: eiii?ani? (oa?aeoa?enoeee caaaeai? aeua); ?aneaa?; aieiaia?aeae?ethaa/ aoa?eueiee; inoooaa/ iia?o?y; aeicaoi? ii?ioeo aeeneiaiai oeio c i?eaiaeii; iaa??aa/ iia?o?y aeaeo?e/iee; eaia?a iaieeaiiy; i?eno??e a?aeniieooaaiiy iia?o?y. INIIAI? AENIIAEE 1. Niin?a aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy ia? ieceo ia?aaaa (a?aenooi?noue aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo aaciaeo no?oiai?a, aeniea i?iaeoeoeai?noue, a?aeiinii iecueea aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy, iiaeeea?noue io?eiaiiy iie?eoue o oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? iaoa??ae?a ? oiauei oa ?i.), ui aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiai aeey iaianaiiy iie?eoue ia iaoaeii?ieao. Iayai? ??oaiiy caaea/ aenieioaeaee?niiai ni?aoaea?o o?e ia aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe oi?iici?iaiiy, oaiia?aoo?o ia eiioaeo? /anoea-iniiaa ? /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie, ye? iaiao?aei? aeey ?ic?iaee caaaeueii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy ? aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano. 2. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ?ic?iaeaia c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo e?ioeaaiaeaiaioieo i?ia?ai IMPACT, aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio i?e aenieioaeaee?niiio ni?aoaea?? iaoaeaai? /anoee ? iniiae. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iiaeaeae oaea?o o ieanoe/io ? o aei?noeo iniiao iieacaa i?eeiyoi?noue aeei?enoaiiy inoaiiuei? aeey ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaoi?ioaaiiy /anoie i?e oaea?? ia iniiao a oiiaao aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy. 3. Aia?oa io?eiai? caeaaeiino? na?aaei?o oaiia?aoo?e eiioaeoo ? ?aae?ono ieyie eiioaeoo /anoea-iniiaa, e?ioeaai? aenioe /anoee ? /ano aeaoi?ioaaiiy a?ae ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? ? oaiia?aoo?e noa??/ieo /anoie. Iieacaii, ui i?e iaeiaeiaeo ii/aoeiaeo oiiaao ni?aoaea?o na?aaei? oaiia?aoo?a oa oene ia eiioaeo? i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeaoue a?ae ae?aiao?o /anoie, /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? ae?aiao? ieyie eiioaeoo ? i?iii?oe?eiei ae?aiao?o /anoee. I?e ca?eueoaii? ii/aoeiaeo oaeaeeino? ? oaiia?aoo?e /anoie oaiia?aoo?a ? ?aae?on ieyie eiioaeoo ca?eueoothoueny, aenioa /anoee cieaeo?oueny. C? c?inoaiiyi ii/aoeiai? oaeaeeino? /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy ciaioo?oueny aei aeayei? aaee/eie, a i?e iiaeaeueoiio ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? – c?inoa?. 4. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao aeanoeainoae /anoie ia oa?iiiaoai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?oiueiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iaeiaeiaeo ii/aoeiaeo oiiaao ni?aoaea?o i?e ca?eueoaii? u?eueiino? aai cieaeaii? ieoiii? oaiei?iiino? (iai?eeeaae, i?e aeei?enoaii? /anoie c oeeieo, noae?) /anoee iaaoaathoue a?eueoo aeaoi?iaoe?th, /an aeaoi?ioaaiiy c?inoa?. Oaiia?aoo?a eiioaeoo cieaeo?oueny i?e ca?eueoaii? aonoeie oa ieoiii? oaiei?iiino?, aai i?e ciaioaii? aacenii? iai?oae ieeiiino?. 5. Aiae?c o?ceei-o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue i?e aaciaeeiai?/iiio iaieeaii?, aeicaieea aia?oa ?ic?iaeoe caaaeueio iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a, yea a?aoiao? oi?iici?iaiiiy oa iaa??a oaa?aeeo iaoaeaaeo /anoie i?e oaea?? ia iniiao. ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy iaoaeaaeo ii?ioe?a. 6. Io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?enoee ?ooo aaciii?oeiai? noi?o? oa eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? /anoie aethi?i?y ? oeeieo c iniiaith c iecueeiaoaeaoeaai? noae? a?ae ae?aiao?a /anoie, oaiia?aoo?e oa oeneo o oi?eaia?? niieiaiai aia?aoo, aeiaaeeie niiea oa aeo?aoe ii?ioeo. 7. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy aethi?i??aiai ii?ioeo ANAe-1 ia iniiao c iecueeioaea?iaeenoie noaee iieacaee, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e (50…320N) ? oeneo (1,4…2,0 IIa) iia?o?y o oi?eaia?? aai ciaioaii? aeenoaioe?? iaieeaiiy (30…5 ii) i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy iie?eooy c iniiaith ? eiao?oe?aio iaieeaiiy ca?eueoothoueny. Iieacaia aeia?a a?aeiia?aei?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae a?aeiioaiiy i?oeiino? coeaieaiiy aei i?oeiino? iaoa??aeo iie?eooy oa a?aeiiniiai /enea ca'yce?a ia eiioaeo? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e i?ae?a??aa iia?o?y o oi?eaia??. I?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y o oi?eaia?? aai oiaueie iie?eooy aaee/eia iane??cii? ii?enoino? cieaeo?oueny. O ?ac? iaieeaiiy ae??aieo aethi?i??aeo ii?ioe?a oeio ANAe oiaueia iie?eooy 100…120 iei ? oe?eeii i?eeiyoiith c oi/ee ci?o ei?ic?eii? no?eeino?. I?e ca?eueoaii? aeaeaoeo ii?ioeo ca?eueoo?oueny i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?ioeano, iaeiae eiao?oe?aio iaieeaiiy cieaeo?oueny. 8. Aenia?eiaioe c i?ieaoee noaeaaeo ooaa c aethi?i??aeie iie?eooyie iieacaee, ui o ae?aiacii? aaee/ei a?aeiinieo iaoene?a ooaae c iie?eooyi 4…60% oa ni?aa?aeiioaii? oiauei oa??a iie?eooy ? iniiae 0,07…0,3 a?aeiiniee iaoene iie?eooy o aeae?eueea (2…6) ?ac?a a?eueoa a?aeiiniiai iaoeneo iniiae. I?e ca?eueoaii? a?aeiiniiai iaoeniaiiy c?acea c iie?eooyi c?inoa? i?oei?noue coeaieaiiy iie?eooy (aei 1,6 ?aca), iane??cia ii?eno?noue cieaeo?oueny. 9. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? i?ioeano aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy ii?ioeiaeo iie?eoue ia ciai?oith iiaa?oith o?oa ? a i?iaeo? onoaoeoaaiiy ae?eueieoe? aaciaeeiai?/iiai iaieeaiiy iie?eoue o oeaoo 5 IOC, aeeiiaiiio III “I?aoeec?iio?oa-I?aaeaiue”. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aeai/aiei A.I., Ieeaiei A.A., Aieiaei A.I. Oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec aeaoi?ie?iaaiey /anoeoe ii?ioea a i?ioeanna aunieinei?inoiiai iaiueaiey // Aeieeaaeu Iaoeeiiaeueiie aeaaeaiee iaoe Oe?aeiu.–1995.–?11.– N. 46-49. 2. Aeai/aiei A.I., Eiiae?aoueaa N.A., Aieiaei A.I. Iaianaiea iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee niiniaii aaciaeeiaie/aneiai iaiueaiey // Iaoaeeo?ae/aneay e ai?ii?oaeiay i?iiuoeaiiinoue.–1997.–?3,– N. 46-49. 3. Aeai/aiei A.I., Aieiaei A.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna aaciaeeiaie/aneiai iaiueaiey iaoaeee/aneeo iie?uoee // Oai?ey e i?aeoeea iaoaeeo?aee.–1998.– ? 1.– N. 31-34. 4. Aeai/aiei A.I., Ieeaiei A.A., Aieiaei A.I. Enneaaeiaaiea aeaoi?ie?iaaiey /anoeoe ii?ioea i?e aunieinei?inoiii iaiueaiee // Oai?ey e oaoiieiaey i?ioeannia ieanoe/aneie aeaoi?iaoeee – 96. O?oaeu iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. – I.: IENeN, 1997. – N. 489-494. 5. Aeai/aiei A., Aieiaei I. Aiae?c o?ceei-o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue i?e aaciaeeiai?/iiio iaieeaii? iaoaeaaeo iie?eoue // Iaoea ? ina?oa. Ei.???: Ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.– E.: O?auaoee, 1997. – N. 103-109. 6. Aieiaei A.I., Ieeaiei A.A., Aeai/aiei A.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea oaea?iiai aeaoi?ie?iaaiey /anoeoe ii?ioea i?e aaciaeeiaie/aneii iaiueaiee. - Ain. iaoaeeo?a. aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu. - Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1996. - 21 n. - Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu, ? 1765 - Oe 96. 7. Aiaeec iniaaiiinoae oeceei-oeie/aneeo i?ioeannia, i?ioaeathueo i?e iaianaiee ii?ioeiauo iie?uoee aunieinei?inoiui iaiueaieai / A.I.Aeai/aiei, N.A.Iiaeieueneee, I.A.Naaeianeee, N.A.Eiiae?aoueaa, A.I.Aieiaei, I.A.Eoeaoia. – Aeiai?iiao?iane, Ain. iaoaeeo?a. Aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu. 1994. – 10 n. Aeai. A AIOA Oe?aeiu, ? 2038 – Oe 94. 8. Iniaaiiinoe auai?a oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aunieinei?inoiiai iaiueaiey ii?ioeia ia iaoaeee/aneoth iiaeeiaeeo / A.I.Aeai/aiei, N.A.Iiaeieueneee, A.I.Aieiaei, I.A.Eoeaoia. – Aeiai?iiao?iane, Ain. iaoaeeo?a. Aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu. 1994. – 11 n. Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu, ? 2039 – Oe 94. 9. 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Eeth/ia? neiaa: /anoea, iniiaa, oaea?, ieanoe/ia aeaoi?iaoe?y, oaiia?aoo?a, aaciaeeiai?/ia iaieeaiiy, iie?eooy. AIIIOAOeEss Aieiaei A.I. Enneaaeiaaiea ieanoe/aneiai aeaoi?ie?iaaiey /anoeoe e ?ac?aaioea ?aoeeiiaeueiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aaciaeeiaie/aneiai iaiueaiey iaoaeee/aneeo ii?ioeia. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.05 – i?ioeannu e iaoeiu ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai. Ainoaea?noaaiiay iaoaeeo?ae/aneay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998. I?iaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna ieanoe/aneiai aeaoi?ie?iaaiey /anoeoe i?e oaea?a ia iniiao a oneiaeyo aaciaeeiaie/aneiai iaiueaiey n o/aoii aeeyiey aeaoi?iaoeeiiiiai ?acia?aaa e ?aieiae/aneeo naienoa iaoaeea i?e aunieeo nei?inoyo aeaoi?iaoeee. Ii?aaeaeaiu caaeneiinoe oaiia?aoo?u ia eiioaeoa /anoeoea-iniiaa, a?aiaie aeaoi?ie?iaaiey e oi?iieciaiaiey /anoeoe i?e oaea?a io ?acia?ia e naienoa iaoa?eaea /anoeoe, ia/aeueiie nei?inoe e oaiia?aoo?u /anoeoe. ?ac?aaioaia iauay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue, aeai?eoi e i?ia?aiia ?an/aoa oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia i?ioeanna aaciaeeiaie/aneiai iaiueaiey. Iieo/aiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua aeaiiua i aeeyiee ?aaeeiia iaianaiey iie?uoey ia i?i/iinoue noeaieaiey, ii?enoinoue iie?uoee e i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue i?ioeanna. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee eniieueciaaiu i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee oaoiieiaee e iiuoiiai ia?acoea iai?oaeiaaiey aeey iaianaiey caueoiuo iie?uoee ia ia?oaeioth iiaa?oiinoue o?oa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: /anoeoea, iniiaa, oaea?, ieanoe/aneay aeaoi?iaoeey, oaiia?aoo?a, aaciaeeiaie/aneia iaiueaiea, iie?uoea. ABSTRACT Golovko A.N. Investigations of Particles Plastic Deformation and Development of Rational Technological Parameters of Metal Powders Gas Dynamic Spraying .–Manuscript. Thesis for an Engineering Science Candidate's Degree by Speciality 05.03.05 - Processes and Machines for Plastic Working. State Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine, Dniepropetrovsk, 1998. The mathematical modelling of plastic deformation process at impact of particles to a basis in conditions of gas dynamic spraying with regard for influence of deformation heating and mechanic properties of metal at high strain rates is carried out. The dependencies of temperature on contact a particle-basis, deformation time and impact forming of particles are determined against the sizes and properties of a material of particles, initial velocity and temperature of particles. The general mathematical model, algorithm and program for calculation of gas dynamic spraying process technological parameters are developed. The experimental data about influence of coating modes on adhesion strength, porosity of coatings and productivity of process are received. Research results are used when designing technology and pilot sample of the equipment for coating an outside surface of tubes. Key words: particle, basis, impact, plastic deformation, temperature, gas dynamic spraying, coating.

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