1

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OAOIIEIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO IIAe?EEss

(i. Oiaeueieoeueeee)

Naaeoeueeee TH??e A?oae?eiae/

OAeE 621.7.02

AeINE?AeAEAIIss ? ?IC?IAEA ONOAOEOAAIIss

AeEss A?A?IA?Ae?AAE?*II? I*ENOEE AeAOAEAE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.02.02. — Iaoeiiciaanoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oiaeueieoeueeee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? “Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”
Oaoiieia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey (i. Oiaeueieoeueeee).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

N?e?i ?aaeiie? Iaaiiae/,

Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey, ?aeoi?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe :

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?ieciai A?eai Iao?iae/, Oaoiieia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? iaoai?ee;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Iaeaia?/oe Iai? Iaaeiae/,
A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e iaoai?caoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie
“Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” (i. Ee?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 22 ” “ ea?oiy ” 1999 ?. I 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 70.052.02 i?e Oaoiieia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? Iiae?eey ca aae?anith: 280016, Oiaeueieoeueeee — 16,
aoe. Iinoeooonueea, 11, o/aiaee ei?ion ? 3, cae
can?aeaiue.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Oaoiieia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo Iiae?eey (aoe. Eai’yiaoeueea, 110/1)

A?aeaoe ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, cana?ae/aieo ia/aoeith,
i?ineii iaaeneeaoe ca aeacaiith aae?anith ia ?i’y a/aiiai nae?aoa?y
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 19 ” “ aa?aciy ” 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae 70.052.02

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?ieoeueeee ss.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

A i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa, caa??aaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?? ae?ia?a aeieeathoue
??ciiiai?oi? caa?oaeiaiiy, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia e?ioeaao ye?noue
ae?ia?a, aeeeeeathoue ia?aae/ania ciiooaaiiy ie?aieo aeaoaeae,
iia??oaiiy ia?aiao??a i?eeaae?a, aeo?ae c eaaeo oe?eeo aa?aaao?a oa
nenoai. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai iaae?iiy iaae?eiino? iaoei,
c?inoaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa ?aiiioieo aeo?ao, ui a oe?eiio
a?aeaeaa?oueny ia ? aac oiai iaaaeee?e eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
oe?a?inueeeo ae?ia?a ia ?eieao, iane/aieo ?iii?oiith i?iaeoeoe??th. Oiio
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iieneiai? /enoioe iaoei oa ca?eueoaiiy ia oe?e iniia? ?o
iaae?eiino? oa ?ano?no i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy yeino? ae?ia?a, ui
oi?io? aeia??o niiaeeaa/?a aei oe?a?inueeeo ia?ie ae?ia?a.

?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?iieneia?noue niinia?a oa cania?a
?ioaineo?eiaaii? i/enoee, ui aeicaieythoue io?eioaaoe aeia?o ye?noue
i/enoee i?e iacia/ieo aeo?aoao, iaaoaathoue aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy.

I?e aeaeaeaii? ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a caa?oaeiaiue c iiaa?oi? ae?ia?a
canoiniaothoueny ??ci? niiniae i/enoee. Eiaeiee niin?a i/enoee ia? nai?
ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee, ui a?oioothoueny ye ia iniaeeainoyo ?aae?caoe??
aeaiiai niiniao i/enoee, oae ? ia aeanoeainoyo caa?oaeiaiue, ui
iaiao?aeii aeaeaeyoe, ?o ca’yceo c iiaa?oiyie ia ae?iaao oa
i?noea?icoaooaaii?. Naia oiio ia ?nio? oi?aa?naeueiiai niiniao i/enoee ?
aeey eiaeiiai ie?aiiai aeiaaeeo ne?ae ?aoaeueii caaaeoaaoe
aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai niiniao.

Aeei?enoaiiy eiia?iiaaieo niinia?a i/enoee ? aeineoue aoaeoeaiei
iaoiaeii ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano i/enoee. Iaeiei c oaeeo niinia?a ?
niin?a, a yeiio aeei?enoiao?oueny cai?ioii — iinooiaeueiee ?oo ??aeeie
/a?ac ianaaeie c aino?eie e?aeeaie ia aoiae?. I?e oeueiio
aeei?enoiao?oueny a?ae?iaeeiai?/iee aoaeo ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino?
i?io?eaiiy ??aeeie, a a?aeoae ? e?iaoe/ii? aia?a?? iioieo ??aeeie i?e
i?io?eaii? /a?ac i?noeaaee ii?? — ianaaeie o a?ae?iioeuenaoi??.
Iaeeaaeaiiy eieeaaiue ca aeiiiiiaith a?a?aoe?eiiai eoea/eiaiai i?eaiaeo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ioeuenaoe?e iioieo ??aeeie, eiai oo?aoe?caoe??, ui
i?enei?th? i?ioean i/enoee aiane?aeie ?icaeiooiai oo?aoeaioiiai iai?io
i?ae oa?aie iioieo. Aei oiai ae aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?iioeuenaoi?a aeicaiey?
i?iaiaeeoe i?ioean i/enoee a iaiaaeaiiio ia’?i? ??aeeie, ui aeicaiey?
aeiiiiii aeo?a/aoe i/enio ??aeeio. Ca iaaieo oiia i?e i?io?eaii?
ioeuenoth/iai iioieo ??aeeie /a?ac ianaaeie c aino?eie e?aeeaie ia
aoiae? a?aeaoaa?oueny aeae?eaiiy iia?o?y, ?ic/eiaiiai a ??aeei?, o
aeaeyae? aaciaeo iooe?oe?a — ianooia? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ia eaa?oaoe?y, ia
aeoiae? c ianaaeea io?eio?oueny aaci??aeeiia noi?o. Aacia? iooe?oe?
iathoue aeineoue iae? ?ici??e ? aaaeooue naaa ye oaa?ae? aeii?oee,
iineethth/e i/enio ae?th ioeuenoth/iai iioieo ??aeeie i?e eiai
?ico?eaii? ii iiaa?oi?, ui i/euothoueny .

I?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiiai niiniao i/enoee no?eio?oueny
aiane?aeie a?aenooiino? i?inoeo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy
onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee, ye? a?oioothoueny ia
iniaeeainoyo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui eaaeaoue a iniia?
?aae?caoe?? aeaiiai niiniao, iaaeinoaoi?i aea/aiiyi iaoai?ci?a i/enoee
ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo, a?aenooi?noth ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
canoinoaaiith ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo, yeee io?eio?oueny ia
aeaiiio onoaoeoaaii?.

Oe? oa ?io? noi?iie i?iaeaie canoinoaaiiy niiniao i/enoee ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy a?a?aoe?eieo a?ae?iioeuenaoi??a iio?aaoaaee a?oioiaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui ? iaoiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeia?aeiino? c Aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai —
oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee
a Oe?a?i? ii iai?yieo “Aeieia?/ii /enoa aia?aaoeea oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/?
oaoiieia??”, iaaaaeaiiio a Iinoaiia? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie ? 2705 a?ae
16.10.1992 ?. c iiaeaeueoeie aeiiiaiaiiyie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue
o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiaiai?o ? 5-98 i?i oai?/o ni?aae?oaei?noue i?ae
Oaoiieia?/iei oi?aa?neoaoii Iiae?eey oa AAO “E?anee?anueeee aa?aaaoiee
caaiae”.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oa
i?iaeooaaiiy ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii?
i/enoee aeaoaeae a?ae caa?oaeiaiue c aenieiaia?aaoe/iith ae??th i/eniiai
na?aaeiaeua ia caa?oaeiaiiy, i?inoeo ii eiino?oeoe?? ? iaae?eieo a
?iaio?, ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a, ui aieeaathoue ia i?ioean
i/enoee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oa ae??ooaaeenue
ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/eoe iaae? canoinoaaiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo i?e
i/enooe? oa ia’?eoe i/enoee.

2.Oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/eoe a?aie/i? a?ae?iaeeiai?/i?
oiiae ?nioaaiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo.

3. ?ic?iaeoe aiae?oe/io iiaeaeue ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey
a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee, yea a?aeia?aaea? ca’ycie i?ae ia?aiao?aie
?iai/iai i?aaia oa ?aaeeiaie i?ioeano i/enoee.

4. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo oa onoaoeoaaiiy aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a.

5. Aecia/eoe aieea ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy ia
i?ioean i/enoee.

6. Aeine?aeeoe i?ioean aca?iiae?? ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo c
iiaa?oiath, ui i/euo?oueny.

7. Aeine?aeeoe oa?aeoa? ?ooo aaci??aeeiii? noi?o? oa ?? iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a.

8. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy ?iai/iai i?aaia
onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee.

9. ?ic?iaeoe oeiiao eiino?oeoe?th onoaoeoaaiiy aeey i/enoee aeaoaeae
oeio “ei?ion”.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aiae?oe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue:

— ?ic?iaeaia aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey
a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee, ae??oaiiy yei? aeaei iiaeeea?noue aia?oa
aeyaeoe ca’ycie i?ae ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy oa
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo;

— aaeineiiaeaia iiaeaeue aca?iiae?? ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo
c iiaa?oiath, ui i/euo?oueny, anoaiiaeaiee aieea ii?iaeueieo oa
aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue iioieo ia ?ioaineo?eaoe?th i?ioeano i/enoee;

— ?ic?iaeaiee ?iai/ee noaiae oa aeaeo?io?i?/iee aeao/ee, ye? aeicaieeee
aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeeoe ca?eueoaiiy aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue oa?oy
ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo ia iiaa?oi? oa iaa?oiooaaoe
i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?ioeano i/enoee a ioeuenoth/iio
aaci??aeeiiiio iioieia?;

— ?acoeueoaoe aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo i?aeoaa?aeeee a?iioaco, yea
aoea iieeaaeaia a iniiao aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae?, io?eiaia ca?aei?noue
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, anoaiiaeai? a?aieoe?
ia?aoiaeo oo?aoeaioiiai ioeuenoth/iai iioieo a oo?aoeaioiee ioeuenoth/ee
aaci??aeeiiee iio?e;

— aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui oo?aoeaioiee ioeuenoth/ee iio?e,
yeee ?ooa?oueny a e?eueoeaaiio oa?? aaci??aeeiii? noi?o?, ia? iaioo
aeeneiaoe?th aia?a?? acaeiaae nai?? in?, i?ae iiae?aiee iio?e aac oa?o
aaci??aeeiii? noi?o?;

— aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano i/enoee c?ace?a a?ae
caa?oaeiaiue i?aeoaa?aeeee ye?nio ea?oeio ae?? ii?iaeueieo oa aeioe/ieo
iai?oaeaiue oa?oy iioieo ia caa?oaeiaiiy;

— aeiaaaeaii, ui ae?y ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo ia
caa?oaeiaiiy aea? aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ii??aiyii c ?ioeie iaoiaeaie;

— aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaeooaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi AII ?iai/iai
i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey i/enoee ca aeiiiiiaith ioeuenoth/iai
aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo .

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

?ic?iaeaii ia ?iaeaia?iiio ??ai? iaoiaeeeo, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue
i?iaeooaaoe, aeei?enoiaoth/e AII, ?iai/? i?aaie onoaoeoaaiiy aeey
a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee aeaoaeae ??cieo oeii?ici???a oa eiino?oeoe?e.
Ca aeaiith iaoiaeeeith ?ic?iaeaii oeiiao eiino?oeoe?th onoaoeoaaiiy aeey
i/enoee ei?iona aaciaiai e?/eeueieea, yeo i?eeiyoi aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia
AAO “E?anee?anueeee aa?aaaoiee caaiae”.

Cai?iiiiiaaii eiino?oeoe?th onoaoeoaaiiy, yea ia ia? ?ooiieo /anoei, ui
ciioothoueny i?ae ae??th aeaeaeaieo caa?oaeiaiue.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue eeoa o? iia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? io?eiai?
aeena?oaioii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? ? ioae?eaoe??

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aei-iia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia eiioa?aioe?? “Oaoiieia?/iee
Oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey a nenoai? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oiuei? oa iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino? a Iiae?euenueeiio ?aa?ii?” (i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1995 ?.),
ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa nooaeaio?a (i. Ee?a, AeAEIO,
1998 ?.), ia ???- e i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai — i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia??
aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ethaeeie” (i. Ee?a, 1998?.). ?iaioa aeiiia?aeaeanue
ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy OOI oa
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei — aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo OOI a
1995-1998 ??.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 6 ?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a,
caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a. Oaeno
?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 132 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 62
?enoiee, 3 oaaeeoe? ? 3 aeiaeaoee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 105 ?ia?o.

Aaoi? ue?i aaey/iee eaiae. oaoi. iaoe, aeioeaioo Ai?ae??ao A.?. ca
oe?ii? ii?aaee, e?eoe/i? caoaaaeaiiy ? aeiiiiiao, yea aoea iaaeaia i?e
aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe, i?eaiaeeoueny aiioaoe?y ?iaioe oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aecia/athoue ?? iaoeiao oa i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue.

A ?icae?e? 1 ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai iaeyaeo oaoiaeo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae i?eaaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo caa?oaeiaiue, ui aeieeathoue ia
aoaiao ae?iaieoeoaa, aenieoaoaoe?? oa caa??aaiiy ae?ia?a, c?iaeaii
iaeyae oaoiieia?/ieo ??aeei, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e i/enooe?,
i?iaiae?ciaaii iaoiaee i/enoee oa eiino?oeoe?? onoaiiaie (?iaioe I.O.
Oaeueiiaa, ?.?. N?e?ia, A.?. Naaeianueeiai, I.E. Eaeea?a, I.I. Aaeyi?ia,
A.A. ?aci?ea oa ?io.), ui ?aae?cothoue aeai? iaoiaee, aeacaii ia ?o
ia?aaaae ? iaaeie?ee.

Iaa?oioiaaii aea?? niiniao i/enoee oa iaoiaeo eiai ?aae?caoe?? —
aeei?enoaiiy cai?ioii — iinooiaeueiiai ?ooo ??aeeie /a?ac ianaaeie c
aino?eie e?aeeaie ia aoiae?. Aeacai? iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? aniaeoe, ui
no?eiothoue i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeaiiai niiniao. Oai?aoe/ii
anoaiiaeaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii a?aie/i?
a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oiiae ?nioaaiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo.

A ?icae?e? 2 oai?aoe/ii ?icaeyiooi aca?iiae?th aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo c
caa?oaeiaiith iiaa?oiath, i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey
a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee aeaoaeae.

Iio?e i/enii? ??aeeie i?e aca?iiae?? c caa?oaeiaiith iiaa?oiath
?iciethuo?oueny oa ?ico?ea?oueny a noi?iie a?ae oeaio?a eiioaeoo c
iiaa?oiath. I?e oeueiio ia iiaa?oith c aieo iioieo ae?thoue neee
a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo (neee oeneo ??aeeie), ui noai?ththoue
ii?iaeueiee oene ia iiaa?oith, oa neee oaeaee?nii? ae?? iioieo ??aeeie,
yeee ?ico?ea?oueny ii iiaa?oi?, oe? neee noai?ththoue aeioe/i?
iai?oaeaiiy oa?oy.

Neea a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo, ui ae?? ia iiaa?oith, aecia/athoueny ca
oi?ioeith Ae.Aa?ioe?:

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???u?????????»????-?????<Y???<aea wmetafile8? ??‰???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy ??? ??A?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? Aeey aeyaeaiiy ye?nii? ea?oeie cai?ioii - iinooiaeueiiai ?ooo ??aeeie /a?ac ianaaeie aoea ?ic?iaeaia ?aieia?/ia iiaeaeue a?ae?iioeuenaoi?a (?en. 1). Ia ii?oaiue, yeee ia? iano wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ??AE?? ???&? ?MathType??P????uath??????Ii ?aieia?/i?e iiaeae? a?ae?iioeuenaoi?a aoea aecia/aia ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y a?aeiiniiai ia?ai?uaiiy ??aeeie /a?ac ianaaeie ? aeyaeaii, ui ?? aiie?ooaeii - /anoioia oa?aeoa?enoeea: wmetafile8? ??A??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??@???uthY?????aea wmetafile8? ??±??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A????&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyyA ??k?? ???&? ?MathType??? ???u?????????"????-?????`O???`???`TH???`i ???u?th?????? wmetafile8? ??W??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy@??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`????uthY?????aea wmetafile8? ????? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? `a???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy ???? ???&? ?MathType???????u????????????-????? @????  ???uath??????ia? iae?i?eiee aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Aiae?c ?aieia?/ii? iiaeae? aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe iniiai? caeiiii??iino? i?io?eaiiy i?ioean?a a a?ae?iioeuenaoi??, aacoth/enue ia yeeo, aoea ?ic?iaeaia aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee. Aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue iaaaaeaia o aeaeyae? aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy. Aeeoa?aioe?aeueia ??aiyiiy eieeaaeueiiai ?ooo ??aeeie a onoaoeoaaii? aeey ooai?aiiy ioeuenoth/iai iioieo neeaaeaia, aeoiaey/e c aia?aaoe/iiai aaeaino ?ooo ??aeeie. Ia iiaa?oith ??aeeie a ioeuenaoe?ei?e eaia?? ae?? ci?iia coneeey, ui a?aeiineoueny aei ieiueie ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e oa ci?ith?oueny ca ia??iaee/iei caeiiii wmetafile8? ??th???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??¶??? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? A !???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya ??h?? ???&? ?MathType???????u????????????-??????@?????????F??? ?$????l????????aea wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? A?ae?aae?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianaaeea aecia/athoueny ca oi?ioeith: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??o?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-??????????????uath??????aea wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????AyyyAEyyy???AE?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? Ia?aiaae oeneo aeaiaeeoueny c oi?ioee I.?. AEoeianueeiai aeey aecia/aiiy aaee/eie a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy@???? ???&? ?MathType??p ???u?????????"????-?????ue…???ueZ????A????]???? ?????F????????B???DA???(u ???u?????????"????-????)u???O???-?????O???-¦ ???-¦???-???ue ???ue8???u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ??I?e i?io?eaii? ??aeeie /a?ac i?noeaaee ii?? - a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo ianaaeie - aiane?aeie aeieeiaiiy aaeeeeo i?noeaaeo oaeaeeinoae a iioioe? e?aiaeueii? ??aeeie, ui ?ooa?oueny, aeieea? ?ic?ea nooe?eueiino? iioieo oa ianooia? yaeua a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? eaa?oaoe?? - a?aeaoaa?oueny aeae?eaiiy ?ic/eiaiiai iia?o?y c ??aeeie o aeaeyae? aaciaeo iooe?oe?a. A ?acoeueoao? ooai?th?oueny aeaioacia na?aaeiaeua, i?oaei?noue yeiai ciaioo?oueny a ii??aiyii? c i?oaei?noth ??aeeie aac aaciaeo iooe?oe?a. I?oaei?noue aaci??aeeiii? noi?o? a?aoiaaia o aeaeyae?: wmetafile8? ??z??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya?? ?? ???&? ?MathType??` ???u?????????"????-????? S??? ???  ??? O???q?c???!????uz???uu ???uoe???u????MO???y???? AE??? ss???u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ??I???? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya???? ???&? ?MathType??p? ???uath?????? Aeeoa?aioe?aeueia ??aiyiiy (4) yaey? niaith ??aiyiiy aeiooaieo eieeaaiue, yea ia? aeaeyae: wmetafile8? ??¬??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy`??A?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? ??aiyiiy (8) yaey? niaith iaiaeii??aeia e?i?eia ??aiyiiy ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo c iino?eieie eiao?oe??ioaie. ?ica’yceii (8) ? noia ?ica’yce?a aeaio ??aiyiue - iaeii??aeiiai ? iaiaeii??aeiiai. A ?acoeueoao? ?ica’yceo aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy io?eio?oueny cia/aiiy aaee/eie ia?ai?uaiiy iioieo wmetafile8? ?? A ?icae?e? 3 aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo oa caniae i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee ? i?ioeano i/enoee. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ieoo?aiai cia/aiiy neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo i?iaiaeeeenue ia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e onoaiiaoe? ca aeiiiiiaith iaia?aiiiai aeao/eea oeneo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?ie aeioe/ieo nee oa?oy i?e aca?iiae?? aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo c ai?eciioaeueiith iiaa?oiath i?iaiaeeeenue ii aeaeo?io?i?/iiio iaoiaeo. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?ney ?o iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaeyae? a?ao?/ieo caeaaeiinoae ? oaaeeoeue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi ae?aiao?a ianaaeea c?inoa? neea a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo, yeee ae?? ia iiaa?oith (?en. 4). Caeaaei?noue neee oeneo a?ae /anoioe ioeuenaoe?e ia? aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ioeo ia?aiao??a aeinyaathoueny i?e /anoioao 12...17 Aoe. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui ca oeeie /anoioaie ii/eiathoue i?iyaeyoeny aeaiiooth/? aeanoeaino? aaci??aeeiii? noi?o? a ioeuenaoe?ei?e eaia??. sse iane?aeie oeueiai, a ioeuenaoe?eio eaia?o i?e oiae? iaia?aie aiec ii/eia? caoyaoaaoenue iaioee ia’?i noi?o?, a?aeiia?aeii ? iaioee ia’?i noi?o? aeooiaoo?oueny i?e oiae? iaia?aie aaa?o. Aaciaa neeaaeiaa noi?o? aenooia? a ?ie? aeaiiooth/i? iiaeooee. Aeey aeei?enoaiiy iaeneiaeueii? neee oeneo iaiao?aeii i?aoethaaoe ia oeeo /anoioao. Aiie?ooaea ioeuenaoe?e (?en. 5) ia? cia/iee aieea ia neeo oeneo (?aeiiaiaeiaaia aiie?ooaea A=0,5...2,5 ii), aea ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy ?ia?oe?eieo nee oa aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia aeaiaioe eiino?oeoe??. A?aenoaiue i?ae ianaaeeii ? caa?oaeiaiith iiaa?oiath cia/ii aieeaa? ia aaee/eio neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo (?en. 6). sseui aeicaiey? eiino?oeoe?y aeaoae?, ui i/euo?oueny, a?aenoaiue i?ae ianaaeeii oa aeaoaeeth iiaeia aooe a iaaeao 20...50 ii, ui caaacia/eoue i?i?iaeuei? ao?aoe aia?a?? iioieo ia iiaeieaiiy nee iii?o c aieo ioi/oth/i? ??aeeie. Ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ioai??a a ianaaeeia? aaaea aei ciaioaiiy neee oeneo c iaeiiai ioai?o (?en. 7). Oae, i?e oeaio?aeueiiio ioai?? 8 ii aeiaeaaaiiy ioai?o 6 ii ciaioo? neeo oeneo i?eaeecii ia 15-18%, aeiaeaaaiiy ua iaeiiai ioai?o 6 ii ciaioo? neeo oeneo ua i?eaeecii ia 12-17%, aea caa??aa?oueny caeiiii??i?noue ci?ie neee oeneo a?ae /anoioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue oa?oy iioieo ia iiaa?oi? aeyaeee, ui ioeuenoth/ee aaci??aeeiiee iio?e i?e ?ico?eaii? ii iiaa?oi? noai?th? aeioe/i? iai?oaeaiiy oa?oy a?eueo? a 4...5 ?ac?a ii??aiyiii c oo?aoeaioiei iioieii ??aeeie aac aaciaeo aeeth/aiue, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aia?aiaeo?ao ?iai/iai i?aaia ia i?iaaaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano i/enoee aeaoaeae a?ae caa?oaeiaiue na?ae/aoue, ui i?e iaeiaeiaeo ianyaao aeeiioaaii? ?iaioe canoinoaaiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo aeicaiey? ciaiooaaoe aia?aiaeo?aoe ia i?iaaaeaiiy oaoi?ioeano i/enoee aeaoaeae a?ae caa?oaeiaiue, ui ? iaei??th c ia?aaaa aeaiiai onoaoeoaaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aia caeaaei?noue oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?noeino? iaia?aiiiai aocea a?ae?iioeuenaoi?a a?ae ae?aiao?a ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e: wmetafile8? ?????? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ???????  ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??H?? ???&? ?MathType??`? ???uath??????yea aeicaiey? ia’?eoeai?oa a?aoiaoaaoe aeaoi?iaoe?? iaia?aiiiai aocea i?e ?ic?aooieao aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?aaia. Oeyoii oioia?aooaaiiy i?ici?iai eaiaeo eaia?e a?ae?iioeuenaoi?a aeyaeaia ea?oeia ?ooo iioieo /a?ac ianaaeie, a?coaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iayai?noue aaciai? neeaaeiai? a iioioe? ? aecia/aii cia/aiiy eooa iaeiinoi?iiiueiai ?icoe?aiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo: wmetafile8? ??[??? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???e?? ???&? ?MathType??0? ???uath??????yea cia/ii iaioa ca cia/aiiy eooa iaeiinoi?iiiueiai ?icoe?aiiy oo?aoeaioiiai iioieo aac aaciaeo aeeth/aiue, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaioo aeeneiaoe?th aia?a?? a ioeuenoth/iio aaci??aeeiiiio iioioe? acaeiaae in? i?e aca?iiae?? c ioi/oth/eie oa?aie ??aeeie. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo io?eiaii ??aiyiiy caeaaeiino? neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo a?ae ia?aiao??a ?iai/iai i?aaia. Ii??aiyiiy cia/aiue neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo, io?eiaieo ca ?acoeueoaoaie aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo ? ii aiae?oe/i?e iiaeae?, iieacaee, ui ?ica?aei?noue ia ia?aaeuo? 14%, /ei i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny a??i?noue iieiaeaiue, iieeaaeaieo a iniiao aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i/enii? ae?? ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo i?e i/enooe? aeooeo ioai??a a?ae eiia?iiaaiiai caa?oaeaiiy aeyaeee, ui aoaeoeaia i/enoea ioai??a niinoa??aa?oueny i?e ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeiaaeeie aei ae?aiao?a wmetafile8? ??a???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya??`?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th?????? A ?icae?e? 4 aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee, yea ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? ?iai/iai i?aaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeeaaeaieo a ?icae?e? 3. I?iaeooaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny a oae?e iine?aeiaiino?. Nii/aoeo aeae?a?oueny ae?aiao? ianaaeea (ianaaee?a). Ae?aiao? ianaaee?a, ?o e?euee?noue oa ?icoaooaaiiy aeae?a?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici???a, e?eueeino? oa ?icoaooaaiiy ii?iaeiei, ye? iio??aii i/euoaaoe. Ae?aiao? ianaaee?a i?ecia/a?oueny iaioei ca ?ici??e ii?iaeiei aeey oiai, uia aaci??aeeiiee iio?e a?eueii caoiaeea o ii?iaeieio: wmetafile8? ??P????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a????&??yyyy?????Aycy@‚ ???&? ?MathType??`????&??yyyy???????????????????????????????????????????wm etafile8? ?????? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy? ??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`? ???uthY?????aea wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ??A?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? I?e i/enooe? ieineeo iiaa?oiiue ae?aiao? ianaaeea aeae?a?oueny a?eueoei, aea oaeei, uia ia ia?aaeuoaaa 30...35 ii. I?e iaiao?aeiino? iiaeia eiino?othaaoe aeiee ianaaee?a, aea caaaeueia e?euee?noue ianaaee?a ia iiaeia ia?aaeuoaaoe 5-6 oooe. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ?icoaoiaoaaoe ianaaeee ia a?aenoai?: wmetafile8? ?? ??? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? Aa???&??yyyy?????AyyyAEyyy ??†?? ???&? ?MathType??0? ???u?th??????yeui aeicaiey? eiino?oeoe?y i/euoaaii? aeaoae?, aea ia ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ?icoaoiaoaaoe ia a?aenoai?, a?eueo?e ca 50 ii. Anoaiiaeaoe ae?aiao? ianaaeea, i?aeae?a?ii aeae?eueea cia/aiue ae?aiao?a ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e a iaaeao: wmetafile8? ??P????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a????&??yyyy?????Aycy@‚ ???&? ?MathType??`????&??yyyy??????????pe??`????&??yyyy???????????wmet afile8? ?????? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`? ???uthY????? Aea?ai? cia/aiiy aaiaeyoueny a i?ia?aio, yea ?ic?aoiao? cia/aiiy neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo ia aeoiae? c ianaaeea. Cia/aiiy /anoioe eieeaaiue i?eaiaea aeae?athoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae /enea iaa?o?a aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a, ye? aeioneathoueny i?iieneiai. Aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue i?eaiaea aaiaeeoueny a i?ia?aio a ae?aiacii? 0,5...3 ii. Aeei?enoaiiy aiie?ooae eieeaaiue, a?eueoeo i?ae 3 ii, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai c?inoaiiy ?ia?oe?eieo oa aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. I?ney ?ic?aooieo neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo ia aeoiae? c ianaaeea i?ia?aia ?ic?aoiao? iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo aeey iaeiiai cia/aiiy aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue i?e ??cieo /anoioao eieeaaiue. Oey ?ioi?iaoe?y aeaiaeeoueny ia aeenieae oa i?eioa? ? ii i?e aeae?athoueny ?ici??e ae?aiao?a ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e oa cia/aiiy /anoioe eieeaaiue i?eaiaea. Aeae? ?ic?aoiao?oueny ae?aiao? oeeee aaea i?ae eoea/ie. ?ic?aooiie aaea ia i?oei?noue i?iaiaeeoueny ii noaiaea?oieo oi?ioeao. I?ney ?ic?aooieo aaea i?aeae?athoueny eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eoea/ea, aeae?a?oueny eoeueeiaee ?aae?aeueiee i?aeoeiiee oa ia?aa??y?oueny ii aeeiai?/i?e aaioaaeii?aeeiiiino?. Ioeuenaoe?eio eaia?o ? ianaaeee onoaoeoaaiiy iaiao?aeii aeaioiaeyoe c ia?aeaa?th/i? noae?. Iiooaei?noue aeaeo?iaeaeaoia aeae?a?oueny a iaaeao 0,4...1 eAo. Ca aeaiith iaoiaeeeith ?ic?iaeaii ane?ciee oeiiaee i?iaeo onoaiiaee i?io?aeiiai oeio aeey i/enoee aeaoae? “ei?ion aaciaiai e?/eeueieea”. CAAAEUeII AENIIAEE 1. Ia iniia? aiae?co iaoeiai - oaoi?/ieo ? iaoaioieo aeaea?ae iieacaia ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo aeey i/enoee iiaa?oiiue ae?ia?a a?ae caa?oaeiaiue ? ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee, a yeiio ooai?th?oueny oaeee iio?e. Oai?aoe/ii anoaiiaeaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii a?aie/i? a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oiiae ?nioaaiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo. 2. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii, ui i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano i/enoee ae?ia?a a?ae caa?oaeiaiue a ioeuenoth/iio aaci??aeeiiiio iioioe? a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie ae?? aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue oa?oy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo ia iiaa?oith ae?ia?a. 3. ?ic?iaeaia ?aieia?/ia iiaeaeue a?ae?iioeuenaoi?a, io?eiaia ?? ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aiie?ooaeii – /anoioia oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?ai?uaiiy ??aeeie a a?ae?iioeuenaoi?? ia? iae?i?eiee aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aiae?co ?aieia?/ii? iiaeae? ?ic?iaeaia aiae?oe/ia iiaeaeue ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaii? aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee. Ii aiae?oe/i?e iiaeae? aeyaeaii ca’ycie i?ae ?aaeeiaie ?iaioe a?a?aoe?eiiai i?eaiaea, eiino?oeoeaieie ia?aiao?aie a?ae?iioeuenaoi?a oa oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo (i?e ae?aiao?ia? ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e Dk=200 ii, ae?aiao?ia? ianaaeea di=15 ii ? aiie?ooae? ioeuenaoe?e A=1 ii; iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo ? oaeaeeino? ?ooo iioieo io?eiothoueny i?e /anoio? wmetafile8? ??4. Ni?iaeoiaaii oa aeaioiaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo aeey noai?aiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo, yea ia? iiaeeea?noue aa??thaaiiy ?ici??aie ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e oa ianaaeea, ia?aiao?aie a?a?aoe?eiiai i?eaiaea. C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae ia?aiao?aie ?iai/iai i?aaia oa cia/aiiyi neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?e ??cieo ?ioeo ia?aiao?ao iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy neee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo io?eioaaeenue i?e cia/aiiyo /anoioe ioeuenaoe?e wmetafile8? ???ic?iaeaii aei??thaaeueiee noaiae oa i?ea?iaeueiee aeao/ee aeey aei??thaaiue aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue oa?oy iioieo ia iiaa?oi? aeaeo?io?i?/iei iaoiaeii. Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee i?i ca?eueoaiiy aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue oa?oy oo?aoeaioiiai ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo ia iiaa?oi? a 4...5 ?ac?a ii??aiyii c oo?aoeaioiei iioieii aac aaciaeo aeeth/aiue, ui iiynith? ?ioaineo?eaoe?th i?ioeano i/enoee a?ae caa?oaeiaiue a ioeuenoth/iio aaci??aeeiiiio iioioe?. 5. I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao ia i?ioean i/enoee iieacaee, ui onoaiiaea ia iniia? ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee niiaeeaa? ia aeeiiaiiy o??? ae naii? ?iaioe cia/ii iaioa aeaeo?iaia?a?? ii??aiyii c oeueo?acaoeiaeie oa no?oiaiaaeie onoaiiaeaie. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aia oa?aeoa?enoeea aei?noeino? iaia?aiiiai aocea aeey ??cieo oeii?ici???a ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e ?iai/iai i?aaia. Io?eiaia a ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue cia/aiiy eooa iaeiinoi?iiiueiai ?icoe?aiiy ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo (wmetafile8? ??[??? ???????? ?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ??????? @@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???e?? ???&? ?MathType??0? ???uath??????6. Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a, ?acoeueoao?a, ui io?eiai? ii aaaaoioaeoi?iiio aenia?eiaioo c canoinoaaiiyi ?ioaoaaaeueiiai ieaio ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo, c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a ii aiae?oe/i?e iiaeae? iieacaee ?o ca?aei?noue. Ioaea, aiae?oe/io iiaeaeue iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e i?iaeooaaii? onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee. 7. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i/enii? ae?? ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo aeyaeee, ui aoaeoeaia i/enoea ioai??a niinoa??aa?oueny i?e ni?aa?aeiioaii? aeiaaeeie aei ae?aiao?a ioai?o wmetafile8? ??a???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ????&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyyA??`?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th??????8. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee, yea ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? aiae?oe/ii? iiaeae? ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeaii i?eeeaae ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a i/enii? iaoeie aeey aeaoae? “ei?ion aaciaiai e?/eeueieea”, ?ic?iaeaii ane?ciee i?iaeo oeiiai? onoaiiaee i?io?aeiiai oeio. INIIAII IOAEIEAOeI? 1. Neeei ?.E., Ai?aeaaa A.E., Naaeoeeee TH. A. Aiaeeoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea ia?aiao?ia aeae?iioeuenaoeeiiiiai ono?ienoaa aeey iieee // Aea?aoeee a oaoieea e oaoiieiaeyo. – 1996. - ?1(3). - N. 3-5. 2. Neeei ?.E., Ai?aeaaa A.E., Naaeoeeee TH.A. Acaeiiaeaenoaea aeaoooaciiai oo?aoeaioiiai iioiea n ayceei caa?yciaieai // I?iaeaie o?eaieia??. – 1996. - ?1. - N. 90-91. 3. N?e?i ?.?., Ai?ae??a A.?., Naaeoeueeee TH.A. Aeao/ee aeey aei??thaaiiy ieoo?aeo oene?a // Aei??thaaeueia oa ia/enethaaeueia oaoi?ea a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao. – 1997. - ?2 . – N. 57-59. 4. N?e?i ?.?., Ai?ae??a A.?., Naaeoeueeee TH.A., O?aaithe ?. A. Aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaoi?iaoe?eii? caeaoiino? iaia?aie ioeuenaoe?eii? eaia?e onoaoeoaaiiy aeey i/enoee // Aei??thaaeueia oa ia/enethaaeueia oaoi?ea a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao . – 1997 . - ?2 . - N. 67-70. 5. Neeei ?.E., Ai?aeaaa A.E., Naaeoeeee TH.A. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey ii?iaeueiuo e eanaoaeueiuo iai?yaeaiee ioeuene?othuaai aaciaeeaeeinoiiai iioiea ia i?ioeann i/enoee caa?yciaiee // Aea?aoeee a oaoieea e oaoiieiaeyo.- 1998 . - ?1(5). - N. 54-57. 6. N?e?i ?.?., Ai?ae??a A.?., Naaeoeueeee TH.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue oa?oy ia iiaa?oith ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo i/enii? iaoeie // I?iaeaie o?eaieia??. – 1998. - ? 1. - N. 105-110. AIIOAOeIss Naaeoeueeee TH.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee aeaoaeae. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.02.02.- “Iaoeiiciaanoai”.- Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey, Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1999. A ?iaio? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee. ?ic?iaeaii aiae?oe/io iiaeaeue, yea aea? ca’ycie i?ae ia?aiao?aie ?iai/iai i?aaia oa ?aaeeiaie i?ioeano i/enoee. Aeine?aeaeaii i?ioean aca?iiae?? ioeuenoth/iai aaci??aeeiiiai iioieo c iiaa?oiath, ui i/euo?oueny. Oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aii aieea ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ?iai/iai i?aaia ia i?ioean i/enoee. Ia ?iaeaia?iiio ??ai? ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oa i?iaeooaaiiy ?iai/iai i?aaia onoaoeoaaiiy aeey a?a?ia?ae?aae?/ii? i/enoee, ia iniia? aeaii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?iaeaii ane?ciee i?iaeo oeiiai? eiino?oeoe?? onoaoeoaaiiy aeey i/enoee. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iai/ee i?aai, a?a?aoe??, ??aeeia, i/enoea, iaoiaeeea i?iaeooaaiiy. AIIOAOeEss Naaeoeeee TH.A. Enneaaeiaaiea e ?ac?aaioea iai?oaeiaaiey aeey aea?iaeae?aaee/aneie i/enoee aeaoaeae. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.02.02.- “Iaoeiiaaaeaiea”. - Oaoiieiae/aneee oieaa?neoao Iiaeieuey, Oiaeueieoeeee, 1999. A ?aaioa ?anniio?aiu aii?inu ?an/aoa e i?iaeoe?iaaiey ?aai/aai i?aaia iai?oaeiaaiey aeey aea?iaeae?aaee/aneie i/enoee. ?ac?aaioaia aiaeeoe/aneay iiaeaeue, eioi?ay aeaao naycue iaaeaeo ia?aiao?aie ?aai/aai i?aaia e ?aaeeiaie i?ioeanna i/enoee. Enneaaeiaai i?ioeann acaeiiaeaenoaey ioeuene?othuaai aaciaeeaeeinoiiai iioiea n i/euaaiie iiaa?oiinoueth. Oai?aoe/anee e yenia?eiaioaeueii ii?aaeaeaii aeeyiea ?aaeeiia ?iaiou ?aai/aai i?aaia ia i?ioeann i/enoee. Ia eiaeaia?iii o?iaia ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa e i?iaeoe?iaaiey ?aai/aai i?aaia iai?oaeiaaiey aeey aea?iaeae?aaee/aneie i/enoee, ia iniiaa aeaiiie iaoiaeeee ?ac?aaioai yneeciue i?iaeo oeiiaie eiino?oeoeee iai?oaeiaaiey aeey i/enoee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aai/ee i?aai, aea?aoeee, aeeaeeinoue, i/enoea, iaoiaeeea i?iaeoe?iaaiey. THE SUMMARY Savicky Y.V. Research and development of equipment for vibrohydrolic clearing of details. - Manuscript. The thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the Candidate of Technical Sciences by speciality 05.02.02.- “Machinery sciences”. - Technological university of Podilly, Khmelnitskiy, 1999. The purpose of work is the development of an equipment for vibrohydrolic clearing (EVGC). The analysis of an equipment for clearing has allowed to justify a choice of mode of clearing and method its realization - use relapsive - translational movement of a liquid through jet with acute edge on an input, thus are derivated pulsing gas - liquid stream (PGLS). In a theoretical part of work are considered interaction of PGLS with the polluted surface. The influence normal and tangents voltages on efficiency of the process of clearing are installed. The analytical model of a working organ of EVGC is developed which reflects correlation between design data of hydropulser, parameters of vibrating drive and performances PGLS. The analysis of an analytical model has shown, that there are maximum values of exit pupils (force of hydrodynamic pressure and speed of driving of a stream) at defined values of parameters of a working organ. The researches of a force of hydrodynamic pressure of a stream on experimental installation have shown their convergence with values obtained on an analytical model. With the help of electrochemical method is installed, that PGLS will derivate large tangents voltage of friction on comparison with turbulental stream without gas inclusions at a spreading on surface. It confirms theoretical positions and explains intensification of the process of clearing in. Is investigated an clearing operation PGLS on model samples. Is installed, that the effectiveness of the given method comes nearer to efficiency of an ultrasonic mode, but thus is expended less energy. On an analytical model and outcomes of experimental researches the technique of account and projection of a working organ of EVGC is developed at an engineering level. On the given technique the sketch standard project of installation of a through passage type for clearing a details “ tank of the gas counter ” is developed. Key words: working organ, vibrates, liquid, clearing, technique of projection. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 25.02.1999 ?. Oi.-ae?oe. a?e. – 1,035; iae. – aeae. a?e. – 1,23. Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ? 80.99?. ?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee oeaio? OOI. 280016 i. Oiaeueieoeueeee , aoe. ?inoeooonueea 7/1.

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