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Дослідження фазових перетворень та закономірностей структуроутворення в сплавах, що деформуються, на основі алюмінію для виробів різноманітного призна

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Iaoe?iiaeueia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie

Oaaoeue Ieaenaiae? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 669. 715. 018:621. 745

“AeINE?AeAEAIIss OACIAEO IA?AOAI?AIUe OA CAEIIII??IINOAE
NO?OEOO?IOOAI?AIIss A NIEAAAO, UI AeAOI?IOTHOUeNss, IA INIIA? AETHI?I?TH
AeEss AE?IA?A ??CIIIAI?OIIAI I?ECIA*AIIss”

05.16.01. Iaoaeiciaanoai oa oa?i?/ia ia?iaea iaoae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe

i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e iaoaeo?a?ei?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieo.oaoi.iaoe, i?ioani? Eooeiaa Aaeaioeia
C?iia??aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueia iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaoaeiciaanoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieo. oaoi. iaoe, i?ioani? Ni???aeiiiaa ??eia I?oaee?aia,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee Aea?aeaaiee Oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaoaeio?ceee

eaiae. oaoi. iaoe, n.i.n. Aao?ooaaa A??a Na?a??aia,

Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oa eiino?oeoi?nueei-oaoiieia?/iee
?inoeooo o?oaii? i?iieneiaino? I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie
(i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee),

caa?aeoth/a a?aeae?eaiiyi iaoa??aeiciaanoaa, oaoiieia?? oa?i?/ii?
ia?iaee, iaa??ao oa ioieiaeaeaiiy o?oa ? aaeii?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

O?ceei-oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo iaoae?a ? nieaa?a IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_15_” _ethoiai_ 2000 ?. i 1230 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08. 084.02, Iaoe?iiaeueia
iaoaeo?a?eia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, i?iniaeo Aaaa??ia 4,
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, Oe?a?ia, 49600

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
iaoaeo?a?eii?

aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie, i?iniaeo Aaaa??ia 4, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, Oe?a?ia,
49600

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_29 ” a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ____________________ Eiia?ia I.M.
CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

I?aeaeuaiiy yeino? oa iaae?eiino? aeaoaeae ? eiino?oeoe?e ? iaeiei c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue, ui noiyoue ia?aae iaoaeo?aaie oa
iaoeiiaoae?aieeaie. Ae??oaiiy oeeo caaaeaiue aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c
i?aeaeuaiiyi aeanoeainoae eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, a oiio /ene?,
??cieo nieaa?a ia iniia? aethi?i?th.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aethi?i??a? nieaae nenoai Al-Cu-Si-Mg ? Al-Mg-Si-Cu
iathoue aaeeeee i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an, cie?aia, caaaeyee oaeei
oa?aeoa?enoeeai: aiie iathoue aenie? iieacieee iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae,
aenieo ieanoe/i?noue a aa?y/iio noai?, caeaoi?noue cia/ii ci?oeithaaoeny
i?e aeaoi?ioaaii?. Iaeiae iayai?noue a no?oeoo?? nieaa?a e?eoeeo oa
aaaeei?ic/eiieo ?ioa?iaoae?aeieo niieoe ? i?e/eiith o??u?iiooai?aiiy i?e
ae?iaieoeoa? aeeeaie, a oaeiae i?e ?o ia?iaeaii? oeneii. E??i oiai, i?e
ooai?aii? aaeeeeo aeae?eaiue oac (-(CuAl2) ? Mg2Si, ui a?ae?a?athoue
aaeeeo ?ieue a ci?oeiaii? aeaieo nieaa?a i?e oa?i?/iiio ia?iaeaii?,
cia/ii niia?eueiththoueny aeeooc?ei? i?ioeane ?oiueiai ?ic/eiaiiy i?e
aiiiaai?caoe?? aeeeaie. Ana oea, aacoiiaii, i?ecaiaeeoue aei nooo?aiai
cieaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae nieaa?a.

Aeey iiaeieaiiy iaaaaeaieo aeua oaoiieia?/ieo o?oaeiiu?a iaiao?aeii
iiaeeo?eoaaoe aeae?eaiiy ?ioa?iaoae?ae?a, ?icae?iaeoe oa ??aiii??i?oa
?iciiae?eeoe ?o a ia’?i? aeeeaee. Oaeei /eiii, ia? cia/iee ?ioa?an
aea/aiiy aieeao iiaeeo?eoaaiiy ia no?oeoo?o oa aeanoeaino? i?eaeaoieo
aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaa?a nenoai Al-Cu-Si-Mg ? Al-Mg-Si-Cu.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? ieaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
ocaaaeueith? /anoeio ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeiioaaeenue o
iaaeao ?aae?caoe?? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ?ia?o ca i?ia?aiaie I?iina?oe
Oe?a?ie A123010005 «?ic?iaeaiiy ? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy
aeiiiiiieaaiaaiiai na?aaeiueii?oeiiai nieaao ia iniia? aethi?i?th
iaoeiiaoae?aiiai i?ecia/aiiy» (1994?.), A123011034 «No?oeoo?iee aiae?c
ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo nieaa?a oa ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo
iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? neeaaeiieaaiaaieo neeoi?i?a c
iecueeiaaooieiai? ne?iaeie, iaoaeia?oooo, a?aeoiae?a, aeaioiaeaiiy ia ?o
iniia? iiaeo eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeieo iaoa??ae?a» (1995?.), A123010007
«Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue ? caeiiii??iinoae
no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy a eeaa?ieo oa i?eaeaoieo aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaaao ia
iniia? aethiei?th. ?ic?iaeaiiy oa aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy
aeiiiiiieaaiaaieo nieaa?a iaoeiiaoae?aiiai i?ecia/aiiy» (1996-1999??.).

Iaoa oa caaea/? ?iaioe. Iaoa ?iaioe – aea/aiiy aieeao iiaeeo?eoaaiiy ia
no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy, oaciaee neeaae oa iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? nieaa?a
nenoai Al-Cu-Si-Mg ? Al-Mg-Si-Cu a eeoiio noai?, i?ney aeaoi?ioaaiiy ?
oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy, a?aei?aoethaaiiy ?aaeei?a oa?iiia?iaee nieaa?a,
ui aeicaieeoue iie?ioeoe eiiieaen iaoai?/ieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aioiaeo ae?ia?a. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii
ae??oeoe ianooii? caaaeaiy:

1) aea/eoe caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e a nieaaao nenoai
Al-Cu-Si-Mg ? Al-Mg-Si-Cu; 2) aea/eoe aieea iiaeeo?eoaaiiy ia
no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy, oaciaee neeaae oa iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? nieaa?a a
eeoiio noai?, i?ney aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? oa?iiia?iaeaiiy; 3) iioei?coaaoe
?aaeeie oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy nieaa?a, ui aeicaieeoue iie?ioeoe eiiieaen
iaoai?/ieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee aioiaeo ae?ia?a; 4)
anoaiiaeoe i?e/eie ?oeioaaiiy aeaoaeae iaoaeo?a?eiiai i?ecia/aiiy ?
cai?iiiioaaoe oeyoe ?o onoiaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa aea/aii iiaeeo?eaoe?eio caeaoi?noue Sr o
i?eaeaoiiio aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaa? nenoaie Al-Cu-Si-Mg (oeio AE6) oa
anoaiiaeaii eiai iioeiaeueio eiioeaio?aoe?th, ui neeaaea? ~0,1%.
Iieacaii, ui i?e oeueiio nooe?eueia n?oea ?ioa?iaoae?ae?a ?oeio?oueny,
aiie ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eai? a ia’?i? aeeeaee, ia? i?noea ciaioaiiy
e?eueeino? ?ioa?iaoae?aeieo oac a nieaa?.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui iaeaoaeoeai?oee aieea ia i?e?ino?oeoo?o oa iaoai?/i?
aeanoeaino? nieaao AE28 nenoaie Al-Mg-Si-Cu /eieoue iiaeeo?eoaaiiy
noi?ooth 0,05%Sr+0,05%TiCN. A ?acoeueoao? niinoa??aa?oueny aenieee
nooi?iue eiiia?aoeaiino? aaoaeoeee oa ia?aaaaeaiiy ie?oaeeo iaae
?iciiae?eo a ea?ean? Mg2Si, ui aeia?a iicia/a?oueny ia iaoai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoeeao iaoa??aeo.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui a iiaeeo?eiaaieo nieaaao nenoai Al-Cu-Si-Mg ?
Al-Mg-Si-Cu iine?aeiai?noue oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue, ui i?eoaiaiia
iaiiaeeo?eiaaiiio nieaao, caa??aa?oueny, ci?iththoueny eeoa ?oi?
oaiia?aoo?i? ?ioa?aaee, aiane?aeie /iai oaciaee neeaae ? e?euee?ni?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ioa?iaoae?aeieo oac a nieaaao ci?iththoueny a i?ioean?
iiaeeo?eoaaiiy. E??i oiai, a iiaeeo?eiaaieo nieaaao aeaieo nenoai
iio??eieo aaoaeoee c? no?iioe??i ia aeyaeaii.

Iieacaii, ui iiaeeo?eoaaiiy Sr nieaao AE6 nenoaie Al-Cu-Si-Mg ia
aeeeeea? ci?i o eiai iiaaae?ioe? a i?ioean? ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??.
Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe?? iiaeeo?eiaaiiai
nieaao AE6 aaaea aei ae??aithaaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?eii? iaiaeii??aeiino?
(-Al oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui iae? aeiaeaoee Sr niia?eueiththoue noaae?th
ciiiiai noa??iiy o i?eaeaoiiio aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaa? AE6 aiaeia?/ii
?oi?e ae?? a neeoi?iao ? aiaeia?/ii ae?? Sc o iiae?aieo nieaaao nenoaie
Al-Cu.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei?
ia?aiao?e ? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy oaoiieia??
iiaeeo?eoaaiiy nieaao AE6 (nenoaia Al-Cu-Si-Mg) no?iioe??i ? nieaao
nenoaie Al-Mg-Si-Cu (oiiaia iacaa AE28) Sr+TiCN a oiiaao AI «IIC».

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? eiiieaeno
aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aei?aoeueiaaii ?aaeei oa?iiia?iaeaiiy nieaao AE6,
iiaeeo?eiaaiiai Sr (aiiiaai?caoe?y i?e t=490IN i?ioyaii 0,5 aiaeeie,
caaa?ooaaiiy o aiaeo, noa??iiy i?e t=160IN i?ioyaii 6 aiaeei), c iaoith
aeei?enoaiiy a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao aeey oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy ae?ia?a
??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaii oaeiae ?aaeei oa?iiia?iaeaiiy ae?ia?a c? nieaao AE28,
iiaeeo?eiaaiiai Sr+TiCN (aiiiaai?caoe?y i?e t=535IN i?ioyaii 3,5 aiaeei,
caaa?ooaaiiy o aiaeo, noa??iiy i?e oaiia?aoo?? t=175IN i?ioyaii 3
aiaeei). ?ic?iaeai? ?aaeeie oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaieo nieaa?a
AE6 ? AE28 ? aia?aiiuaaeieie ? caaacia/othoue iioeiaeueia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanoeainoae nieaa?a.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiiieaen ?ia?o c
iiaeeo?eoaaiiy ? oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy nieaa?a aeaieo nenoai aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a i?iieneiaino? cai?noue iaiiaeeo?eiaaieo nieaa?a. Oe?iea
i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cacia/aieo ?ic?iaie aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c ei?aeooaaiiy neeaaeo ? ?aaeei?a oa?i?/iiai
ia?iaeaiiy noiniaii aei eiie?aoii? iiiaieeaoo?e ae?ia?a a oiiaao
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaii aieea ??cieo
iiaeeo?eaoi??a ia no?oeoo?iooai?aiiy, oaciaee neeaae ? iaoai?/i?
aeanoeaino? nieaa?a nenoai Al-Cu-Si-Mg ? Al-Mg-Si-Mg a eeoiio noai?,
i?ney aeaoi?ioaaiiy oa oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy, aecia/aii oaiia?aoo?i?
?ioa?aaee oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a. A?aei?aoeueiaaii ?aaeeie oa?i?/iiai
ia?iaeaiiy nieaa?a aeaieo nenoai, ui aeicaieythoue iie?ioeoe eiiieaen
iaoai?/ieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee, i?iaaaeaii ?oi?
aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaa aei?iaoaaiiy a oiiaao iaoeiiaoae?aiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa. A aeena?oaoe?? ia aeei?enoai? ?aea? oa ?ic?iaee
ni?aaaoi??a, c yeeie iioae?eiaaii ae?oeiaai? ?iaioe.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a aei iaae?oeiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?ia?o (a
ii?yaeeo, iaaaaeaiiio a nieneo iaae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o): 1-6–aecia/aiiy iaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e ?
iaea?aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a;
1–i?iaaaeaiiy iaoaeia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aiiy iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae; 2-6–i?iaaaeaiiy iaoaeia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aiiy
?ioa?aae?a oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue, ia?iaeaiiy aeaieo
i?e?i?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai ? oaciaiai ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co,
i?iaaaeaiiy ia?iaeaiiy nieaa?a oeneii oa ?oi? oa?i?/ia ia?iaeaiiy,
?ic?aooiie ia?aiao??a e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee, aecia/aiiy iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae; 7–aecia/aiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue oa
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia: 1) V Anaoe?a?inuee?e nooaeaionuee?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Ioi?iia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ano?n?a», Aeiiaoeuee, Oe?a?ia, 1995?; 2) 3rd
Europian Conference on Light Alloys and Composites, Zakopane, Poland,
1999; 3) Anaoe?a?inuee?e iieiae?aei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Ethaeeia ? einiin» Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, Oe?a?ia, 1999?.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 3 noaooyo a
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 4 ca??ieeao ? oacao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 6
?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a. Caaaeueiee ianya oaenoo aeena?oaoe?? 150 noi?.,
45 ?enoie?a, 13 oaaeeoeue, 1 aeiaeaoie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny c 148 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

E?OA?AOO?IEE IAEssAe

A ooiaeaiaioaeuei?e e?oa?aoo?? iaeiie/aii aaeeeee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae c
??ciiai ?iaeo i?eeii?a iiaeeo?eoaaiiy – iiooeo iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo
iiaeeo?eaoi?a, niiniao eiai ae??, o?eaaeino? ae??, aeaaacaoe??. Iaeiae
iaoai?ci iiaeeo?eoaaiiy aethi?i??aeo nieaa?a aeiiei? caeeoa?oueny
aeeneon?eiei. Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/io e?euee?noue a?iioac ? oai??e,
aeiaeia c ieo ia a?aeaeaa? anueiai ??ciiiai?ooy aoaeo?a, ui
niinoa??aathoueny i?e iiaeeo?eoaaii?, aeiaeia c ieo ia ? caaaeueiith.
Oea aeoaea oneeaaeith? i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaeo aoaeoeaieo iiaeeo?eaoi??a.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui iaeiei c iaeaoaeoeai?oeo iiaeeo?eaoi??a o?eaaei?
ae?? eeaa?ieo nieaa?a nenoai Al-Si, Al-Si-Cu ? no?iioe?e, eiai aieea ia
no?oeoo?o ? aeanoeaino? i?eaeaoieo aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaa?a ia iniia?
aethi?i?th i?aeoe/ii ia aea/aii. E??i oiai, inoaii?i /anii c’yaeeeny
?iaioe, i?enay/ai? iiaeeo?eoaaiith aenieii?oeieo aethi?i??aeo i?eaeaoieo
aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaa?a ??cieie aeneeiaeenia?nieie ii?ioeaie
ooaiieaaeeo aeaiaio?a (TiCN, TiN oa ?i.). Ioaea yaey? cia/iee ?ioa?an
aea/aiiy aieeao iaaaaeaieo aeua iiaeeo?eaoi??a ia no?oeoo?o, oaciaee
neeaae ? aeanoeaino? i?eaeaoieo aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaa?a nenoai
Al-Cu-Si-Mg ? Al-Mg-Si-Cu, a oaeiae anoaiiaeaiiy aca?iica’yceo i?ae
no?oeoo?ith, ia?aiao?aie oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy oa iaoai?/ieie
aeanoeainoyie; ia oe?e iniia? ?ic?iaeoe ia?aiao?e iiaeeo?eoaaiiy ?
oa?i?/iiai ia?iaeaiiy nieaa?a aeaieo nenoai, ui aeicaieeoue iie?ioeoe
eiiieaen iaoai?/ieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae aioiaeo ae?ia?a
??ciiai i?ecia/aiiy.

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

A ?iaio? aea/aee i?eaeaoi? aei aeaoi?ioaaiiy nieaae nenoai Al-Mg-Si-Cu ?
Al-Cu-Si-Mg, o?i?/iee neeaae yeeo iaaaaeaii a oaae.1.

Nieaae a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aeaioiaeyee a oeaaeuei?e aeaeo?iia/? oeio
NOIE-11,6/12-I3 a aeoiaeiaeo oeaaeyo. sse oeooiaee iaoa??ae
aeei?enoiaoaaee: nieaa AIa6 (AINO 4784–74), aethi?i?e ia?ee *AeA, iaai?e
ia?ee IA95 (AINO 804-72), e?aaoo?e Al+10%Mn oa Al-4%Sr, /enoo
aeaeo?ie?oe/io Cu oa iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaee Si, aeenia?niee ii?ioie TiCN,
io?eiaiee na?aaeiueioaiia?aoo?iei ieaciio?i?/iei iaoiaeii i?e
5500–7000IN a iioioe? acioii? ieacie.

E?aaoo?o Al+4%Sr aaiaeeee ca 25-30, a ii?ioie TiCN–ca 5-7 oaeeei aei
cae?i/aiiy ieaaeaiiy i?e oaiia?aoo?? 7500C. ?icieaa aeo?eioaaee i?ney
iiaeeo?eoaaiiy, ?aoaeueii ia?ai?ooaaee ? ioieiaeaeoaaee c ??cieie
oaeaeeinoyie: c i?//th a a?ao?oiaiio oeaae? (~0,01E/n), a i?aei?e
eeeiiiiae?ai?e eeaa?i?e oi?i? (~10–103E/n) ? a /aaoii?e oeee?iae?e/i?e
eeaa?i?e oi?i? (~100E/n).

Oaaeeoey 1

O?i?/iee neeaae aeine?aeaeaieo nieaa?a

Nenoa-ia Ai?no aeaiaio?a, a % ca ianith

Mg Si Fe Cu Mn Sr TiCN Al

Al-Mg-Si-Cu 5,1-5,4

5,1-5,4

5,1-5,4 1,7-1,8

1,7-1,8

1,7-1,8

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