AeI?I?IIAO?IANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

IIAeEO? ?IIAI TH??EIAE*

OAeE 93/99 (093.2) : 947.084.5/6(477)

AeIEOIAIOE ?AAessINUeEEO NIAOeNEOAEA

ssE AeAEA?AEI AeI AEA*AIIss IIE?OE*IEO, NIOe?AEUeII-AEIIII?*IEO,
EOEUeOO?IEO I?IOeAN?A A OE?A?I?

(20-30-o? ??. OO no.)

07.00.06.-?noi??ia?ao?y, aeaea?aeiciaanoai

oa niaoe?aeuei? ?noi?e/i? aeenoeeie?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee-eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

AeAIEETHE TH??E C?IIA?EIAE*,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe-aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

OAEAeUeEI AAIIA EE?EE?AIA,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?iiciaanoaa oa iie?oieia??

Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? (i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee),

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee;

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

*AIOeIA A?EOI? AANEEUeIAE*,

ia/aeueiee oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe Aeaaeai?? ieoii? neoaeae
Oe?a?ie (i.Aei?i?i-iao?ianuee), ?aaeiee ieoii? neoaeae 2-ai ?aiao.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa-Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
?noi??ia?ao??, aeaea?aeiciaanoaa oa a?oaieia??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.08.051.14 o Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith

320625, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?.Aaaa??ia, 72, 1 — e ei?ion, aoae. 307.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 320050,
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe.Eicaeiaa, 8.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 27 » aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Ooo?e E.N.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noth aeeaieiai ?
anaa?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? Oe?a?ie 20-30-o ??., ia’?eoeaiiai
aena?oeaiiy iaeia?aeiieo, iiaeaeoaee o?aa?/ieo noi??iie, iio?aaith
caeo/aiiy oe?ieiai eiea aeaea?ae, iniaeeai oeo, ye? i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai
/ano aoee iaaei?aaaeaii cae?eo? aeey aeine?aeiee?a. Eaeaoueny, ia?o ca
ana, i?i aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea, ye? eeoa
nueiaiaei?, oi/a ? /anoeiai, oa?eoee aei a?aee?eoeo a?o?aieo oiiae?a.

Cacia/ai? ei?ione i?noyoue a nia? ??ciiiai?oi? ca ci?noii iaoa??aee.
Iaeiae /e ia iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i?
aeieoiaioe oa a?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae a?iiaaeyi, ui noaee aea?oaaie
iie?oe/ieo ?ai?an?e.

*eneaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? caaaeaiiy, aeiiia?aei? caienee
oeaio?aeueieo ? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a AOIE-AeIO-IEAN ianooue a nia? aaaeeeao
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i iie?oe/i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa eoeueoo?i?
i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaaeeny a Oe?a?i? a ia?o? aeanyoe??//y ?aaeyinueei?
aeaaee, ie?aneththoue niaoeeo?eo ?aa?ii?a, iiaeathoue oa?aeoa?enoeee ia
ie?aieo iie?oe/ieo, a?iiaaenueeeo ae?y/?a, i?noeaaeo ia?o?eieo,
?aaeyinueeeo ? ainiiaea?nueeeo ea??aiee?a oiui.

Aiaeii/an a?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae ia eeoa a?aeoai?ththoue a?ia?ao?/i?
a?aeiiino? uiaei i?aaenoaaiee?a iie?oe/ii? ae?oe, iaeno??a eoeueoo?e,
a/aieo, ?ice?eaathoue aeieth nioaiue oeny/ iaoeo ni?aa?o/eciee?a, ui
iio?aieee a aei?ia ?ai?an?e, a e /a?ac i?ecio ie?aii? iniaenoino?
iieacothoue o? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoeeny o noni?euei?e na?aeiiino? ia
ia?aeiiiiio aeey aea?aeaae aoai?.

Niaoeeo?ea oa oiiae oi?ioaaiiy aeieoiaioaeueieo ianea?a ?aaeyinueeeo
niaoeneoaea iio?aaothoue ae?iaeaiiy iniaeeaeo i?aeoiae?a aeey ?o
ii?aoethaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iaoiae?a ?o aeaea?aeiciaa/i?
e?eoeee. ?ica’ycaiiy oeeo caaaeaiue a?aee?e? oe?ie? iiaeeeaino? aeey
aeei?enoaiiy cacia/aieo iaoa??ae?a, aecia/aiiy nooiaith aeinoia??iino?
caeeaaeaii? a ieo ?ioi?iaoe??, c’ynoaaiiy ?aaeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c
?ioeie ei?ionaie aeieoiaio?a.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy o aeena?oaoe?? ? iniiai? aeieoiaioaeuei?
ei?ione ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea, a ia?oo /a?ao,
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee AOIE-AeIO-IEAN, a oaeiae
a?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae a?iiaaeyi, ui noaee aea?oaaie iie?oe/ieo
?ai?an?e.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaen i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo ?c cae?eniaiiyi
aeaea?aeiciaa/i? e?eoeee aeieoiaioaeueieo ei?ion?a ?aaeyinueeeo
niaoeneoaea a oe?eiio, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo iaoa??ae?a,
a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo ni?aa a?iiaaeyi cie?aia.

O?iiieia?/i? ?aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieththoue ia??iae c e?ioey 1918 ?.
(noai?aiiy Anaoe?a?inueei? iaaecae/aeii? eii?n??) aei e?ioey 30-o ?ie?a,
ye? caaa?oeee niaith iaaiee aoai o oi?ioaaii? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea, cae?eniaii? ea?aeueii? iie?oeee.

Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. Iaiaeiicia/ia oa noia?a/eeaa ?noi??y
?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano caeeoaeany iaei??th c
iaeiaio ?ic?iaeaieo a oe?a?inuee?e oa ca?oa?aei?e ?noi??ia?ao??. Aei
oiai ae aeine?aeieee, ye i?aaeei, iaiaaeoaaeeny aena?oeaiiyi
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a AIE-AOIE, caeeoath/e iica oaaaith 20-30-o? ?
ianooii? ?iee.

Ia ?ic?iaeo i?iaeaie iaaiei /eiii iaeeaea na?e a?aeaeoie ? niaoeeo?ea
?iaioe niaoeneoaea, aiane?aeie /iai, aei iaiao?aeieo ei?ion?a
aeieoiaio?a, cae?eoeo aeey oe?ieiai caaaeo, aeiioneaeiny aeineoue
iaiaaeaia eiei ?noi?ee?a, ye? i?aeaiooaaee ? iioae?eoaaee ?yae ??cieo ca
nai?i ci?noii, ni?yioaaiiyi ? iaoeiaith oe?ii?noth i?aoeue.

E?oa?aoo?o, i?enay/aio ae?yeueiino? niaoeneoaea, iiaeia oiiaii
?icae?eeoe ia o?e iniiai? a?oie: 1) iaoeia? oa iaoeiai-iiioey?i?
iiiia?ao??, noaoo?; 2) ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a; 3) iaioa?e i?aoe?aiee?a
niaoeneoaea, aaciina?aaei?o na?aee?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo iiae?e.

Aiae?coth/e iaoeiao oa iaoeiai-iiioey?io e?oa?aoo?o, aeioe?eueii
a?aecia/eoe, ui ia?oeie ?noi??ia?aoaie ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea noaee
aaciina?aaei? i?aai?caoi?e oa ea??aieee AIE-AOIE, ye? i?aaioee ia eeoa
?ice?eoe iniiai? iai?yiee ?iaioe, a e ?aeaieia?/ii ? ii?aeueii
iaa?oiooaaoe ?o, aei?aaaeaoe nai? ae?? ia oe? a?o/eciyii? ?noi???. Naia
oeei iicia/ai? i?aoe? I.Aioeiiaa, N.Aeoeaeuenueeiai, I.Eaoe?na,
ss.Iaoa?na) Aioeiia I. I/a?ee ec aeayoaeueiinoe Iao?ia?aaeneie
/?acau/aeiie eiiennee.//Iao?ia?aaeneay i?aaaea.-1919.-1-22 yiaa?y;
Aeoeaeuenueeee N. *E-AeIO//Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?e/iee aeo?iae.-1991.-?1.-N.
25-36; ?3.-N. 16-25; eiai ae. *E ia Oe?a?i?.-Oi?iioi, 1989.-150 n.;
Eaoeen I. Aeaa aiaea ai?ueau ia aioo?aiiai o?iioa.-I., 1920.-115 n.;
eiai ae. *?acau/aeiua eiiennee ii ai?ueaa n eiio??aaiethoeeae.-I.,
1921.-96 n.; eiai ae. Oia. Aeca?aeeineee e A*E//I?ieaoa?neay
?aaiethoeey.-1926.-?9.-N. 81-97; eiai ae. I?aaaea i e?aniii
oa??i?a.//Ecaanoey AOeEE.-1920.-6 oaa?aey; Iaoa?n ss. Ainiiieiaiey i
?aaioa a A*E a ia?aue aiae ?aaiethoeee//I?ieaoa?neay
?aaiethoeey.-1924.-?10.-N. 5-32; eiai ae. Ianeieueei neia i ?aaioa
A*E-IAIO.//I?aaaea.-1928.-18 aeaeaa?y; eiai ae. Aeieeaae ia canaaeaiee
Iineianeiai niaaoa ia aioeniaaoneie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aauo yna?ia e
iaiueoaaeeia.//Ecaanoey AOeEE.-1918.-26 ethiy.) oa ?ioeo, iaienaieo c
iiceoe?? iaaei?aaaeaii? ?aeaae?caoe?? coneeue iaaecae/aeieo eii?n?e.
Iiae?ai? i?aeoiaee cia/iith i??ith iaoiiaeee oe?eee ?yae iaoi/iinoae,
iiieeie, iaa??ia o?aeooaaiiy oiai/anieo iiae?e ? yaeu.

Aaaeeeai, ui aaea a ia?o?e iieiaei? 20-o ??. ?yae na?eicieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo i?aaiai AIE-AOIE, aoei iioae?eiaaii ia
Caoiae?. Iaea?eueo oe?eaaith ca ci?noii, caeo/aiei oaeoe/iei iaoa??aeii
iiaeia ii i?aao aaaaeaoe i?aoeth a?aeiiiai ?noi?eea ? ienueiaiieea
N.I.Iaeueaoiiaa) Iaeueaoiia N.I. E?aniue oa??i? a ?innee.-I.: NI
“PUICO”, 1990.-208 n.), iaienaio ia iniia? ia?ecueeiai a?o?ao
aeai?e?inueei? eii?n?? aaia?aea ?a?aa?aa. Ine?eueee no?eaeiai
inoaiiueiai noaee caoiieai? i?ae /an ianooio a?eiaaa?ae?enueei? a?i??
i?ea?iaee aeieoiaio?a Anaoe?a?inueei? iaaecae/aeii? eii?n??, oi
iaaaaeai? a iiiia?ao?? N.I.Iaeueaoiiaa ii?iaoeai? aeoe AOIE (iaeace,
i?ioieiee oiui), iiaeia aaaaeaoe oe?eeii aeinoia??ieie.

Aeaui iinooia?oueny iiiia?ao?? N.I.Iaeueaoiiaa ca nai?i ??aiai eieaa
I.Aaa?aooa (Aaa??ona) “Iaeanneay “/?acau/aeea”, iaienaia ia na?ae/aiiyo
no/aniee?a ? iicaaaeaia iaiao?aeii? aeieoiaioaeueii? aace) Aaa?aoo
(Aaa?eon) I.I. Iaeanneay “/?acau/aeea”.-Eeoeiaa, 1920.-37 n.).

Iiceoeaii ioe?ithth/e aeaeai? ca ei?aeiiii i?aoe? i?i ii/aoeiaee aoai
ae?yeueiino? ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea, ia iiaeia ia a?aecia/eoe, ui ?o
aaoi?e, aeoiaey/e c iayaieo iiaeeeainoae, nie?aeeny ia iaiaaeaia eiei
aeaea?ae, noa’?eoeai? na?ae/aiiy no/aniee?a, ui caaaaeeei ?i aeaoe iiaio
? ia’?eoeaio ea?oeio ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?.

A naith /a?ao, ia noaa oaeiae ia?aeiiiei a ?aaeyinuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ?
ia??iae ae?oai? iieiaeie 20-30-o ??. Aeiyoeiai caaiaaaeiaai?,
ci???ioiaai? eeoa ia iieac aa?i?ee /ae?nonueeeo i?aai?a, i?aoe?
E.Ae/eiaa, I.Ei?iaoianueeiai, O.Nainiiiaa) Au/eia E. A*E a aiaeu
a?aaeaeaineie aieiu.-I.: Aiaiecaeao, 1940.-80 n.; Ei?iaoianeee I.A.
Caaiai? i?ioea nioeeaeenoe/aneie ?iaeeiu (inaiue 1919 a.) a
Iao?ia?aaea//E?aniay eaoiienue.-1937.-?3.-N. 10-18; Nainiiia O.I. Aienea
A*E a a?aaeaeaineie aieia//10 eao E?aniie A?iee. I?eeiaeaiey e aacaoa
“Ia aiaaii iinoo”.-I., 1928.-N. 1-25.), ye ? ?ai?oa, i?iaeiaaeoaaee
aena?oethaaoe i?iaeaie ae?yeueiino? iaaecae/aeieo eii?n?e, iia’ycai? c
“ai?ioueaith c eiio??aaiethoe?eieie i?aai?caoe?yie”.

Ia aeii?ioaaee iia? i?aeoiaee a ?ic?iaoe? oaie ? a 60-80-o ??., oi/a
aeaeaia o i?neyai?ii? aeanyoe??//y e?oa?aoo?a ? iaaoea ye?nii iiaeo ?en.
Eaeaoueny i?i ?noioia ?icoe?aiiy oaiaoeee aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o
aeaea?aeueii? aace, aaaaeaiiy a iaoeiaee ia?a iiaeo aeieoiaioaeueieo
ianea?a. Inoaii? yne?aai cana?ae/eea iiiia?ao?y Ae.E.Aie?ieiaa, yea
aeo?eiaea e?eueea aeaeaiue) Aieeieia Ae.E. E?ooaiea aioeniaaoneiai
iiaeiieuey a NNN?. A 2-o ei.-I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1986.-Ei. 1.-333 n.; Ei.
2.-397 n.).

A oeae aea ia??iae c’yaeany ?yae i?aoeue, a yeeo ?iaeeeny ni?iae ia eeoa
i?iaiae?coaaoe ie?ai?, iaea?eueo a?aeii? iia?aoe?? niaoeneoaea, a e
aeeeanoe ?o a?eueo-iaio oe?e?nio ?noi??th ia iaaiiio aoai? ?icaeoeo
?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae. Iaei??th c ia?oeo oaeeo ?ia?o noaea eieaa
I.A.Nio?iiaa, ui ioiiethaaea ia??iae 1917-1922 ??.) Nioeiia I.A. I/a?ee
enoi?ee A*E.-I.: Ainiieeoecaeao, 1960.-248 n.).

C’ynoaaiith i?aaiaiai noaiiaeua AIE, ?? i?noey a nenoai? i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a i?enayoeee nai? i?aoe? A.I.Eo??oeei, TH.I.O?oia) Eo?eoeui A.I.
Ia?aoiae e iyio e ?aaiethoeeiiiay caeiiiinoue.-I.: Iaoea, 1972.-216 n.;
eiai ae. Noaiiaeaiea nioeeaeenoe/aneie caeiiiinoe.-I.: Iaoea, 1983.-193
n.; Oeoia TH.I. A*E a ia?aua aiaeu Niaaoneie aeanoe//Aanoiee IAO.
I?aai.-1963.-?1.-N. 4-8; eiai ae. Nicaeaiea A*E, aa i?aaiaia iieiaeaiea
e aeayoaeueiinoue.-I.: ATHCE, 1981.-141 n.; eiai ae. Nenoaia niaaoneeo
?aaiethoeeiiiuo o?eaoiaeia a ia?aua aiaeu IAIa//Aii?inu enoi?ee i?aaiia
ai?ueau n i?anooiiinoueth.-I.: ATHCE, 1987.-N. 70-134.). Ia aeaeue,
aeiaeai c ieo, i?aoethth/e iaae cacia/aiei eieii ieoaiue, ia ci?a
a?aoiaioiaaii ?ice?eoe caeiiiaeaa/o ? ii?iaoeaio aaco aeey ae?yeueiino?
iaaecae/aeieo eii?n?e aai c?iaeoe oe?eeii neooiee aeniiaie i?i ??
oe?eeiaeoo a?aenooi?noue.

Oaeei /eiii, iiiia?ao?/ia e?oa?aoo?a, iaoeiai-ioae?oeenoe/i? noaoo?,
aeaeai? a 20-80-o ?ieao, a?aecia/aeeny, ia?o ca ana, aocuee?noth
oaiaoeee. sse i?aaeei, aeine?aeieee cina?aaeaeoaaeeny ia iaiaaeaiiio
eie? ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c ae?yeuei?noth AIE-AOIE, ?o i?noeaaeo i?aai?a.

?acii c oei, aeaeaia a 20-o — ia?o?e iieiaei? 80-o ??. e?oa?aoo?a,
iacaaaeath/e ia yai? oeae ? i?i?aooiee, noaea aaaeeeaei aoaiii a
aeine?aeaeaii? niaoeneoaea, caeeaea iaaiee ooiaeaiaio aeey iiaeaeueoeo
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie.

Aei?a/ii cacia/eoe, ui aaea a 20-o ?ieao aoea caeeaaeaia o?aaeeoe?y
aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaeaiue c ?noi??? i?aai?a aea?aeaaciaee. Nai???aeiith
ia?oith eano?aeith noaei aeaioiiia aeaeaiiy “E?aniay eieaa A*E”,
ii?eethaeiaia aia?oa a 1920-1922 ??.) E?aniay eieaa A*E.-2-a ecae.-I.:
Iieeoecaeao, 1989.-O. 1.-415 n.; O. 2.-540 n.).

Aiii i?noeoue a nia? iaoa??aee, iia’ycai? c e?ea?aeaoe??th i?aaiaie AIE
“Nithco caoenoo Aaouee?aueie ? naiaiaee”, i?eaeooaiiyi caeieioo e?aeo
ana??a oiui. sseui a?aooaaoe, ui aeaeaiiy ioae?eoaaeiny ye?ac
iaia?aaeiaei? i?ioeano o ni?aa? “ea??aiiai yae?a” ia?o??
nioe?ae?no?a-?aaiethoe?iia??a (8 eeiiy — 7 na?iiy 1922 ?.), oi iiaeia
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiii noaaeei ia?aae niaith ia no?eueee iaoeia? /e
i?ina?oieoeuee?, ne?eueee i?iiaaaiaeenonuee? oe?e?.

Caii/aoeiaaia a 20-o ?ieao o?aaeeoe?y aoea i?iaeiaaeaia a e?ioe? 50-o
??. aeaeaiiyi aeieoiaioaeueiiai ca??ieea c ?noi??? Ana?in?enueei?
iaaecae/aeii? eii?n??) Ec enoi?ee Ana?inneeneie *?acau/aeiie eiiennee.
1917-1921 aa.-I.: Ainiieeoecaeao, 1958.-511 n.). Eeoa /a?ac
o?eiaaeoeyoue ?ie?a aiaeia?/ia aeaeaiiy, i?enay/aia ?noi??? AOIE,
iiaa/eei na?o a Oe?a?i?. Ia aeaeue, a?aenioie iioae?eiaaieo a iueiio
i?ea?iaeueieo iaoa??ae?a aoa aeoaea iecueeei, ine?eueee oii?yaeieee
caeaa?eueoiai ei?enooaaeeny ia a?o?aieie oiiaeaie, a ia??iaeeeith,
ca??ieeaie caeiiiaeaa/eo ? ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ?ioeie a?aee?eoeie aeey
aeinooio aeaeaiiyie) Ia caueoa ?aaiethoeee. Ec enoi?ee Anaoe?aeineie
/?acau/aeiie eiiennee. 1917-1922.-E.: Iieeoecaeao, 1971.-392 n.).

A ii??aiyii? c iiia?aaei?ie, aea?aeii ae??ciy?oueny ca??iee “A.E.Eaiei e
A*E”, ia noi??ieao yeiai aeae?oeiaaii aeecueei 500 naieo ??ciiiai?oieo
aeieoiaio?a oa iaoa??ae?a) A.E.Eaiei e A*E. (1917-1922).-I.:
Iieeoecaeao, 1975.-680 n.). Aaaeeeai, ui cia/ia ?o /anoeia, aeyaeaia o
oiiaeao eieeoiueiai Oeaio?aeueiiai ia?o?eiiai a?o?ao ?inoeoooo
ia?enecio-eai?i?cio i?e OeE EI?N (ca?ac ?OeCAAeI?), aaiaeeeanue a
iaoeiaee ia?a aia?oa.

sseui e?oa?aoo?a, iioae?eiaaia o 20-80-o ??., eeoa aecia/eea eiioo?e
i?iaeaie, aaaea a iaoeiaee ia?a ie?ai? aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee,
na?ae/aiiy no/aniee?a, oi aeaeaiiy, ui iiaa/eee na?o ia ?oaaae? 80-90-o
?ie?a, iciaiaioaaee niaith ye?nii iiaee aoai a ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeai ?noi???
niaoeneoaea, aecia/aiiy ?o i?noey ? ?ie? a ?aaeyinueeiio noni?euenoa?.
Aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?aei a oeueiio noaaeaiiy I?aceae??th Aa?oiaii?
?aaee oa Eaa?iaoii I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie i?aeaioiaee
iaoeiai-aeieoiaioaeueii? na??? eiea “?aaa?e?oiaai? ?noi???th”,
iieeeeaii? aeeaiei ? anaa?/ii i?iaiae?coaaoe i?e/eie, iane?aeee ?
iaoai?cie ooieoe?iioaaiiy oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie, oa?/ieoe iai’youe
nioaiue oeny/ a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, ui noaee aea?oaaie iie?oe/ieo ?ai?an?e.
I?eeiyooy cacia/aii? i?ia?aie cia/iith i??ith aeoea?coaaei ?iaioo a
iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie, aiane?aeie /iai aoei i?aeaioiaeaii ? iioae?eiaaii ?yae
i?ea?iaeueieo i?aoeue, ui aena?oethaaee, na?aae ?ioiai, ae?yeuei?noue
eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea, ie?aieo ?o i?ae?icae?e?a, ea??aiee?a oa
iia?aoeaieo i?aoe?aiee?a.

*eneaii? ioae?eaoe?? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, cae?eniai? o 90-o ?ieao,
ye c’ynoaaeiny, eeoa /anoeiai ae??ooaaee i?iaeaio aaaaeaiiy a iaoeiaee
ia?a aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea. Ianooiia aaaiia
neiai a oeueiio iai?yieo neacaee nai?ie ioae?eaoe?yie canooiiee aieiae
Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie A.?.I?enoaeei oa aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
TH.?.Oaiiaae. A iioae?eiaaieo ieie iiiia?ao?yo aia?oa a oe?a?inuee?e
?noi??ia?ao?? aaiaeyoueny a iaoeiaee ia?a iaeia?aeii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i?, iia?aoeai? iaoa??aee) I?enoaeei A., Oaiiaae
TH. Ni?aaa “Ni?eee aecaieaiiy Oe?a?ie”.-E.: ?ioae, 1995.-448 n.;
I?enoaeei A., Oaiiaae TH. Ieoaeei A?ooaanueeee ? AIO-IEAAe — o?aa?/ia
aeanyoee?ooy: 1924-1934.-E.: Oe?a?ia,1996.-335 n.;Oaiiaae
TH.,I?enoaeeiA., Cieioa?ueia A. *E-AIO-IEAAe a Oe?a?i?: iniae, oaeoe,
aeieoiaioe.-E.: Aa?en, 1997.-608 n.).

Aaaaeaiiy a iaoeiaee ia?a aeieoiaio?a eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea iinoaaeei ia
ii?yaeie aeaiiee ieoaiiy ?o aeaea?aeiciaa/i? e?eoeee. Iaeiei c ia?oeo
aeneiaeany uiaei oeueiai eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe N.?.A?eie?iue,
yeee o nai?e noaoo? ii?ooea aeaea?aeiciaa/? i?iaeaie ii?aoethaaiiy
a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo ni?aa) A?eie?iue N.?. Aeaea?aeiciaa/? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy
ne?ae/eo ni?aa IEAN//I?iaeaie ?noi??? Oe?a?ie.-E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea,
1994.-Aei. 3.-N. 90-101.). Ia aeaeue, aeacaia ?iaioa iieaco? ia no?eueee
oeyoe aecia/aiiy aeinoia??iino? ?ioi?iaoe??, ne?eueee ?ice?eaa? oi?ie ?
iaoiaee oaeueneo?eaoe?? a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo ni?aa.

Ia iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ii?aoethaaiiy a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo
ni?aa caa?ioee I.A.A?aie?ia, Ae.A.Iiaeue/oe, I.I.Iineia/aiei. O
i?aeaioiaeaieo ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo i?iaiae?ciaaia no?oeoo?a
a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo ni?aa, iiaeaia ?o caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea) A?aie?ia
I.A., Iiaeue/oe Ae.A., Iineia/aiei I.I. Aeei?enoaiiy a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo
ni?aa a?iiaaeyi, ?ai?aniaaieo o 1920-1950-o? ??. Iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??.-E.: Aieiaia a?o?aia oi?aae?iiy i?e Eaa?iao? I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie, 1997.-35 n.).

Ieoaiiy aeaea?aeiciaa/i? e?eoeee a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo ni?aa aeoeaii
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? o aeiaoi? 1997 ?ieo.
?ica?aei?noue aeneiaeaieo ia i?e aeoiie cana?ae/eea, ui niaoeeo?ea oaeeo
aeaea?ae aeiaaa? ae?iaeaiiy iiaeo iao?aaeeoe?eieo i?eeii?a ?o e?eoeee)
A?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae ?ai?aniaaieo: iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee aniaeo
aeei?enoaiiy: Ca. iaoe. i?.-E.: Aieiaia a?o?aia oi?aae?iiy i?e Eaa?iao?
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, 1998.-161 n.). Ia iaioi? oaaae aei naaa iio?aaothoue
aiae?oe/i?, iia?aoeai? aeieoiaioe eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea, ii?aoethaaiiy
yeeo ua ciaoiaeeoueny ia nai?o naieo ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao. Inoaii? aeiaaei
aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy A.A.*aioeiaa, yea aei oeueiai /ano a
?ic?iaoe? cacia/aieo i?iaeai caeeoa?oueny /e ia ?aeeiei ia oa?aiao
eieeoiueiai N?N?) *aioeia A.A. Aeieoiaiou i?aaiia ainaaciianiinoe eae
enoi/iee ii nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneie enoi?ee Oe?aeiu a 1921-1925 aa. Ia
iaoa?eaeao Aeaoa?eiineaaneie aoaa?iee: Aeen… eaiae. enoi?. iaoe:
07.00.09.-Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1992.-325 n.).

Oaeei /eiii, aeeaiei ? anaa?/ii i?iaiae?coaaaoe e?oa?aoo?o c
aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaiaoeee, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iacaaaeath/e ia
naith /enaeuei?noue aiia ia a?aeia?aaea? oe?eiai ?yaeo aaaeeeaeo noi??i
?iaioe eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea, aei oiai ae, iaiaaeoth/enue ia??iaeii
ae?yeueiino? AIE-AOIE, yeee a neeo ia’?eoeaieo ? noa’?eoeaieo i?e/ei ia
noaa oa?aeoa?iei aeey ?o iiaeaeueoi? ae?yeueiino?. I?ea?iaeuei?
?ica?aeee ie?aieo aaoi??a, ioae?eaoe?? aeieoiaio?a iiaeia aaaaeaoe
nueiaiaei? eeoa ia?oei i?aeoiaeii aei oaie. I?e/iio, aaaaeai? a iaoeiaee
ia?a aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee AOIE-AeIO-IEAN ia noaee i?aaeiaoii
aeaea?aeiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? a aeicaieeee aecia/eoe nooi?iue
aeinoia??iino? caeeaaeaii? a ieo ?ioi?iaoe??, ?o oe?ii?noue ye aeaea?aea
c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie 20-30-o ??.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee
?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea, aeyaeai? a oeaio?aeueieo oa i?noeaaeo
aea?aeaaieo a?o?aao Oe?a?ie oa ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??, Aea?aeaaiiio
a?o?a? Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae eiai iaeanieo oi?aae?iue.
Oe?ii? ca nai?i ci?noii ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee i?noeoue a
nia? oiiae Oeaio?aeueiiai eii?oaoo Eiioi?noe/ii? ia?o?? Oe?a?ie (O. 1) a
Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? a?iiaaenueeeo ia’?aeiaiue. A iueiio
eiioeaio?oaaeeny ??/i?, i?a??/i?, uieaa?oaeuei?, uii?ny/i?, aeaioeaeiaa?
ca?oe, caaaeaiiy i?aai?a AOIE-AeIO-IEAN, ?o niaoe?aeuei? iia?aeiieaiiy c
ie?aieo ieoaiue. Aiaeia?/i? caaaeaiiy ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?
cina?aaeaeai? a oiiaeao Oa?e?anueeiai (O.I.-1), Iiae?euenueeiai
(O.I.-1), Iaeanueeiai (O. 1) aoaeii?a EI(a)O, A?iieoeueeiai iaeiio
EI(a)O (O.I.-136), A?iieoeueeiai (O.I.-29), Iiaee?a-Iiae?euenueeiai
(O.I.-31), Ooeue/einueeiai (O.I.-33), Iaeanueeiai (O. 7) ie?oaeeii?a
EI(a)O, A?iieoeueeiai i?nueeeiio EI(a)O (O.I.-87), ?ioeo i?noeaaeo
ia?o?eieo eii?oao?a.

C’ynoaaoe iiiaieeaoo?o ae?eiaiaenoaa i?aai?a AOIE-AeIO-IEAN aaeaeiny ia
iniia? oiiaeo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a Oi?aae?iiy I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa
a Oa?e?anuee?e iaeano? (O. 48/169). Aiaeii/an no?oeoo?a a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo
ni?aa, i?ioeanoaeuei? aeieoiaioe i?inoaaeothoueny ca oiiaeaie i?eieiaieo
ni?aa Aea?aeaaiiai a?o?ao Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae a?o?a?a
oi?aae?iue NAO a A?iieoeuee?e, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e,
Caea?iaonuee?e, Caii??cuee?e, Iieoaanuee?e, Oa?e?anuee?e iaeanoyo.

Iayaia aeaea?aeueia aaca aeicaieeea aeinyaoe iinoaaeaii? iaoe, c’ynoaaoe
i?noea ? ?ieue aeieoiaio?a ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea a nenoai?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?o?aiiai oiiaeo, c?iaeoe ?o eeaneo?eaoe?th, aeaoe
aeaea?aeiciaa/ee aiae?c.

Iaoa ?iaioe — aeaoe caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a
?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea, i?iaanoe eeaneo?eaoe?th, ?ice?eoe oeyoe ?o
oi?ioaaiiy, i?iaiae?coaaoe nooi?iue aeinoia??iino? caeeaaeaii? a ieo
?ioi?iaoe??.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? aeuaicia/aii? iaoe aeena?oaio iinoaaea ia?aae niaith
oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe caeiiiaeaa/?, ii?iaoeai? aeoe ?aaeyinueei? aea?aeaae,
aioo??oi? aeieoiaioe niaoeneoaea, iia’ycai? c i?aai?caoe??th
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? ?iaioe oa i?iaaaeaiiy ianiaeo ea?aeueieo
iia?aoe?e uiaei a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie;

— aeine?aeeoe ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue niaoeneoaea, ??
iai?yiee oa eiie?aoi? ?acoeueoaoe;

— c’ynoaaoe no?oeoo?o ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo aeieoiaio?a oa
a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo ni?aa a?iiaaeyi;

— ae?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ii?aoethaaiiy aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a
niaoeneoaea;

— aecia/eoe i?noea aeieoiaioaeueieo ianea?a eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea a
nenoai? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?o?aiiai oiiaeo Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui aaoi? aia?oa a
oe?a?inuee?e oa ca?oa?aei?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ?iaeoue ni?iao
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aeieoiaioaeuei? ianeae niaoeneoaea, c?iaeoe
eeaneo?eaoe?th iayaieo aeieoiaio?a, aecia/eoe ??aaiue ?o aeinoia??iino?,
c’ynoaaoe iiaeeea?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee
ocaaaeueithth/eo i?aoeue c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, ?noi?eei-a?ia?ao?/ieo
ia?en?a, ?ioi? iaoeiai? oa iaoeiai-iiioey?ii? e?oa?aoo?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? iaoa??aee iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee aeaea?aeiciaa/eo i?aoeue,
i?ae?o/iee?a, iin?aiee?a, noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iiooeiaeo nenoai a
oeaio?aeueieo oa i?noeaaeo aea?aeaaieo a?o?aao, o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii aeei?enoaiith a?o?a?a eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea a i?ioean?
?aae?caoe?? Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie i?aeaioiaee iaoeiai-aeieoiaioaeueii?
na??? eiea “?aaa?e?oiaai? ?noi???th”, cie?aia, a oiae? oi?ioaaiiy
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aaieo aeaieo i?i iie?oe/i? ?ai?an?? a Oe?a?i?.

Iaoiaeieia?y oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoeei — iaoiaeieia?/i?
iniiae aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oioothoueny ia i?eioeeiao
?noi?ecio oa canoinoaaii? caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo (oeiieia?caoe?y,
eeaneo?eaoe?y), i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo (no?oeoo?ii — nenoaiiee) oa
?noi?e/ieo (o?iiieia?y, ia??iaeecaoe?y, ?ao?iniaeoeai?noue) iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Inoaii? aeaei ciiao eiiieaenii aeei?enoaoe oa
i?iaiae?coaaoe anth noeoii?noue iayaieo aeaea?ae, a?aoiaoth/e
aaaaoiaaeoi?i?noue oa iaiaeiicia/i?noue ?ioi?iaoe??, yeo aiie i?noyoue.
I?e/iio, na?aae aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ia?aeio ?ieue
a?ae?a?aa oeiieia?/iee iaoiae, canoinoaaiiy yeiai aeicaieeei
iiaoaeoaaoe oeiieia?/io noaio aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaea?ae ?aaeyinueeeo
niaoeneoaea, a oaeiae ?icaeyiooe iniiai? aoaie ?o oi?ioaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iia’ycaia c ?aae?caoe??th Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie i?aeaioiaee
iaoeiai-aeieoiaioaeueii? na??? eiea “?aaa?e?oiaai? ?noi???th”,
iaoiiaeaii? iinoaiiaaie I?aceae?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee (?2256-O?? a?ae 6
ea?oiy 1992 ?.) oa Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a (?513 a?ae 11 aa?aniy 1992 ?.), a
oaeiae iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith oaiaoeeith a?aeae?eo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai
?noi??? Oe?a?ie ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, ui aeeiioaaeany o
1992-1997 ??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?aia ? noaaeaia ia can?aeaii?
a?aeae?eo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia VIII-e Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? c
?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa (Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “A?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae ?ai?aniaaieo: iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?
aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy” (Ee?a, 1997), ?icoe?ai?e eiioa?aioe?? Aieiaii?
?aaeaeoe?eii? eieaa?? iaoeiai-aeieoiaioaeueii? na??? eiea “?aaa?e?oiaai?
?noi???th” (Ee?a, 1998). ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 8
ioae?eaoe?yo, a o./. 5 noaooyo a iaoeiaeo /aniienao ? ca??ieeao, 3 — o
ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? ?? iao? oa caaaeaiiyi. Aiia
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e, ui iae?/o? 264 iaeiaioaaiiy
a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a oa e?oa?aoo?e, a oaeiae 4 aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? 167 noi??iie, c o?aooaaiiyi aeiaeaoe?a — 274
noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie, ?ice?eaa?oueny ?? aeooaeuei?noue,
nooi?iue aeine?aeaeaiino?, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaio iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/ai? eiai o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee, aena?oeth?oueny
iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iiaeathoueny a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie oa iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e”
aiae?cothoueny caeiaooee oe?a?inueei? oa ca?oa?aeii? ?noi??ia?ao?? a
noa?? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? niaoeneoaea, aeaea?aeiciaa/i? e?eoeee
iia’ycaieo c ieie aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a. Ia iniia? oeueiai
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui aeieoiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee ?aaeyinueeeo
niaoeneoaea aei oeueiai /ano ia noaee i?aaeiaoii niaoe?aeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Ae?yeuei?noue ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea a eiioaeno?
oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie” aecia/a?oueny i?noea
? ?ieue niaoeneoaea a noni?eueiiio aeeoo? ye a N?N? a oe?eiio, oae ? a
Oe?a?i? cie?aia, ?ice?eaathoueny ia?o? aoaie o ?o oi?ioaaii?,
aena?oeththoueny iiaeaeueo? e?iee aeuiai iie?oe/iiai ea??aieoeoaa e?a?ie
? ?anioae?ee ii ?aoi?ioaaiith i?aai?a aea?aeaaciaee.

Oa?aeoa?ii, ui aaea a ia?o? ii?aaiethoe?ei? aei?, c ?i?oe?aoeae aeuiai
iie?oe/iiai ea??aieoeoaa ? o?yaeo, a ?aaeyinuee?e ?in?? noaea
oi?ioaaoeny nenoaia ea?aeueieo i?aai?a, ye? iiaeii? aoee noaoe
iaae?eiith iii?ith aeey a?eueoiaeoeueei? ia?o??.

A ?icae?e? iiaeathoueny iaoa??aee i?i i?aai?caoe?th oa ae?yeuei?noue
?iai/i? eii?n?? ii ai?iouea? c eiio??aaiethoe??th i?e Iao?ia?aaenueeiio
A?E, niaoe?aeueiiai Eii?oaoo ii ai?iouea? c iia?iiaie ?
eiio??aaiethoe??th, ye? noaee iniiaith aeey i?aai?caoe?? Ana?in?enueei?
iaaecae/aeii? eii?n?? ii ai?iouea? c eiio??aaiethoe??th ? naaioaaeai
(AIE).

Ca ei?ioeee ia??iae nai?? ae?yeueiino? Ana?in?enuee?e iaaecae/aei?e
eii?n?? aaeaeiny noai?eoe oe?ieo oa ?icaaeoaeaio ia?aaeo i?noeaaeo
i?aai?a. A?aeiii, ui aaea a ia?o?e iieiaei? 1918 ?. ae?yei 40
aoaa?inueeeo, 365 iia?oiaeo iaaecae/aeieo eii?n?e.

?ino?oeoeai? iaoa??aee o?yaeo ?aaeyinueei? ?in??, Ana?in?enueei?
iaaecae/aeii? eii?n?? iaaeoiaeeee ? a Oe?a?io, oi/i?oa a oo ?? /anoeio,
yea ia?aaoaaea i?ae eiio?ieai ?aaeyinueeiai o?yaeo. I?e/iio, ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui a Oe?a?i? oeaio?ae?ciaaiee iaaecae/aeiee i?aai ii
ai?iouea? c eiio??aaiethoe??th aoa a?aenooi?e ? ciaoiaeeany ua a noaae??
oi?ioaaiiy.

Ia?o? i?noeaa? i?aaie iaaecae/aeii? eii?n?? a Oe?a?i? ii/aee ae?yoe ua
ae?oeo-ainaie 1918 ?. a aoaa?i?yo, ui i?eeyaaee aei oa?eoi??? ?in??.
Iianyeaeaiio ae?yeuei?noue inoaii?o iiai?noth ni?yiiaoaaee aeina?ae/ai?
/ae?noe c Iineae.

Eeoa a a?oaei? 1918 ?. Aeae?aoii Oei/aniaiai ?ia?oie/i-Naeyinueeiai
o?yaeo Oe?a?ie aoea ooai?aia Anaoe?a?inueea iaaecae/aeia eii?n?y, yeo
i/ieea ?.?.Oaa?oe.

Naith iiceoe?th, i?enooiath/e aei ?iaioe, inoaii?e aeeeaa oaeei /eiii:
“Iaieioaiee /a?aiiee oa?i? iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ii-i?ieaoa?nueee…
sseui aeey noaa?aeaeaiiy i?ieaoa?nueei? aeeeoaoo?e a onueiio na?o? iai
iaiao?aeii cieueoe an?o neoa oea?ecio ? eai?oaeo, oi ie ia?aae oeei ia
coieieiinue ? c /anoth aeeiia?ii caaaeaiiy, iieeaaeaia ia ian
?aaiethoe??th”11) Iaeueaoiia N.I. Aeac. i?aoey. — N. 43.) .

O?aa?/i? iaiii?aai? iane?aeee iie?oeee, yeo i?iaiaeeea a?eueoiaeoeueea
ia?o?y a ia??iae a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie a i?eioeeiiai iiaeo oiiaao
ie?iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie, i?ecaiaeeee aei anac?inoath/i? aeanoaa?e?caoe??
noni?euenoaa, iiaeeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ii? oa iie?oe/ii? e?ece, iineeaiiy
iaaaeiaieaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy. Aeoeaii aenooiaee i?ioe
oaeeo i?aeoiae?a iie?oe/i? eiea, a oiio /ene? ? nioe?ae?noe/i?,
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i.

C iiaeyaeo ia oea, ?aeeiei iiaeeeaei caniaii aeey a?aeaaaeaiiy
nioe?aeueii? eaoano?ioe, ui ianoaaeany ia e?a?io, aoei aaaaeaiiy iiai?
aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee, yea a aa?aiooaaea icaei?iaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio, canoinoaaiiy iaaieo aeaiie?aoe/ieo canaae a
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo?.

Aiaeii/an, oe?eeii i/aaeaeiei aoei ? oa, ui noai?aiee o ?iee
a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie ?ai?aneaiee iaoai?ci iio?aaoaaa nooo?aiai
iiiaeaiiy, i?enoinoaaiiy aei iiaeo oiia ?icaeoeo e?a?ie. Inoaii? aeia?a
?icoi?ei ye aeua iie?oe/ia ea??aieoeoai e?a?ie, oae ? iaaecae/aeieo
eii?n?e.

Ieoaiiy i?i ?aoi?ioaaiiy iaaecae/aeieo eii?n?e aoei aeianaia 28 a?oaeiy
1921 ?. ia ?O Ana?in?enueeee c’?cae ?aae. Eiai aeaeaaaoe, ia
no?eioth/enue a iioaaeao ia aae?ano iaaecae/aeieo eii?n?e, a?aecia/ath/e
?o ?ieue a eeania?e ai?iouea? i?ieaoa??aoo, a?aoo?-?aoo ooaaeeee ??oaiiy
i?i iaiao?aei?noue aaeeooy ae??aeo caoiae?a a iai?yieo caoaeaiiy
eiiiaoaioe?? AIE ? ci?oeiaiiy caeiiiino?.

15 ethoiai 1922 ?. iie?oath?i OeE EI(a)O noaaeeei ??oaiiy i?i noai?aiiy
AeIO ON??. C ooai?aiiyi N?N? ?icii/aei naith ae?yeuei?noue Ia’?aeiaia
iie?oe/ia oi?aae?iiy (IAeIO) N?N?.

Ieceo ?aoi?i i?aai?a aea?aeaaciaee a 20-30-o ??. caaa?oeea iinoaiiaa
iie?oath?i OeE AEI(a) a?ae 10 eeiiy 1934 ?., ioi?ieaia caiaeii
iinoaiiaith OeAE N?N?, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c yeei IAeIO ia i?aaao
Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaii? aaciaee oa?eoei aei neeaaeo
iiaiooai?aiiai eii?na??aoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa N?N?.

Ioe?ithth/e iane?aeee ?ai?aai?caoe?? iiaeia, ia iaoo aeoieo, iiaiaeeoeny
c A.?.Aao??aei oa A.Ae.Iaiiaei, ye? aaaaeathoue, ui aiane?aeie
cae?eniaiiy caoiae?a a neeaae? oeaio?aeueieo i?aai?a e?a?ie aia?oa a ??
?noi??? c’yaeeiny a?aeiinoai, yea neiioeaio?oaaei a nai?o ?oeao
i?aeoe/ii anth iiaiioo aaei?i?no?aoeaii-iie?oe/ieo ooieoe?e, iaei
i?eei?aeiii? ? aioo??oi? a?enueea, a oaeiae ai?i?ciaaiee neeaae
oeaio?aeueieo ? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aeieoiaioe AOIE-AeIO-IEAN a nenoai?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?o?aiiai oiiaeo Oe?a?ie” i?inoaaeo?oueny iaeaaiaeaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo oa iae?eiaeo nenoai ye iaeei c iai?yie?a
ae?yeueiino? niaoeneoaea. I?aai?caoe?? na?eicii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ii? ? iia?aoeaii? ?iaioe aeiaaaa a?ae i?aoe?aiee?a
niaoeneoaea aaea O.A.Aeca?aeeinueeee. A eeno? aei Oioe?ooa, Ian?iaa oa
Nainiiiaa a?i i?iiiioaaa cina?aaeeoenue ia iaaeyae? ca ?iaioith
eiioi?noe/ieo ina?aaee?a oaa?ee, caaiae?a, iaenoa?aiue, i?ioni?eeiaeie ?
iieiae?aeieie i?aai?caoe?yie, aei??iaii? a ?o na?aaeiaeua aaaioo?e,
i?aeaioiaoe? uii?ny/ieo caaaeaiue i?i caaaeaiee iai?yiie ae?yeueiino?.

Cacia/aiei caaaeaiiyi, iacaaaeath/e ia naith i?ieea?noue,
i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaeanue ? no?oeoo?a niaoeneoaea. A 1918-1921 ??. o neeaae?
AIE aoei ooai?aii ?yae i?ae?icae?e?a. Na?aae ieo: Iniaeeaee a?aeae?e, ui
a?aenoaaeoaaa i?ioeane o a?enueeiaiio a?aeiinoa? oa a?i??, O?ainii?oiee
a?aeae?e, yeee cae?enithaaa iaaeyae ca cae?cie/iei ? aiaeiei
o?ainii?oii, Aeiiii?/iee a?aeae?e, yeee eiio?iethaaa nai? ??ciiiai?oi?
noi?iie aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy, Nae?aoiee a?aeae?e, noai?aiee aeey
i?ioeae?? “aioe?aaeyinueeei ia?o?yi, iie?oe/iei a?oiai oa
i?aai?caoe?yi”. C n?/iy 1921 ?. ia aac? Nae?aoiiai oa Aeiiii?/iiai
a?aeae?e?a oa iaeiiai a?aeae?eaiiy Iniaeeaiai a?aeae?eo aoei ooai?aii
Nae?aoii-iia?aoeaia oi?aae?iiy. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui iiae?aia no?oeoo?a,
iacaaaeath/e ia cia/i? ci?ie, caeeoaeanue noaeith i?ioyaii 20- 30-o ??.

A ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeieoiaioaeueiiai ianeao
niaoeneoaea, ye? ca nai?th oaiaoeeith iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe oaeei /eiii:
aeieoiaioe aeuiai iie?oe/iiai ea??aieoeoaa Oe?a?ie, iia’ycai? c
i?aai?caoe??th oa ae?yeuei?noth eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea; caeiiiaeaa/? oa
ii?iaoeai? aeoe AOOeAE (I?aceae?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee) oa ?aaeia?eiio
Oe?a?ie, ui noinothoueny ae?yeueiino? niaoeneoaea; aioo??oi? ii?iaoeai?
aeoe i?aai?a AIE-IAeIO-IEAN N?N? oa AOIE-AeIO-IEAN Oe?a?ie, ?o i?noeaaeo
i?aai?a; eenooaaiiy oeaio?aeueieo oa i?noeaaeo i?aai?a AOIE-AeIO-IEAN c
ia?o?eieie, ?aaeyinueeeie, i?aaiioi?iiieie oa noaeiaeie i?aaiaie; cayae
a?iiaaeyi aei i?aai?a aea?aeaaciaee; ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee,
ui aiooaaeeny ye ii e?i?? niaoeneoaea, oae ? aeey ia?o?eieo,
?aaeyinueeeo i?aai?a; e?oa?i? ni?aae, ni?aae-oi?ioey?e, caaaaeai? a
i?ioean? iia?aoeaii? ?ic?iaee ia’?eoo, iniae aai a?oie in?a; iniaia?
ni?aae ia i?aoe?aiee?a AOIE-AeIO-IEAN; iniaia? ni?aae ?aceaeaio?a oa
?ioi?iaoi??a; iaoa??aee niaoeia?aa??ee a?iiaaeyi; iia?aoeai? iae?ee;
iaoa??aee ia??iaee/ii? i?ane i?i ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a AOIE-AeIO-IEAN.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Iniiai? aeieoiaioaeuei? ianeae niaoeneoaea:
aaiacen oa aeaea?aeiciaa/ee aiae?c” ?ice?eaathoueny i?eeiie
aeaea?aeiciaa/i? e?eoeee iniiaieo aeieoiaioaeueieo ianea?a ?aaeyinueeeo
niaoeneoaea — ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo iaoa??ae?a oa a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo
ni?aa ?ai?aniaaieo, ye?, iacaaaeath/e ia naith niaoeeo?eo, iii?oii
ae??ciythoueny na?aae ?ioeo aenieei ??aiai ?ioi?iaoeaiino?, eiiieaeniei
i?aeoiaeii aei aena?oeaiiy i?iaeai. Oae, aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee, a neeo
?yaeo i?e/ei, caeeoathoueny iaeiei c iaaaaaoueio aeaea?ae, ui
aeicaieythoue c’ynoaaoe iie?oe/io, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io neooaoe?th a
Oe?a?i? a ia?o? aeanyoe??//y ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, i?inoaaeeoe
ae?yeuei?noue naieo ??ciiiai?oieo iie?oe/ieo nee, c?icoi?oe eia?eo oeo
e?e a na?aaeiaeu? a?eueoiaeoeueei? ia?o??, ye? aeneiaethaaee naith
aeanio aeoieo ia iiae??, ui i?ioiaeeee a e?a?i? a aeine?aeaeoaaiee
ia??iae. Ia iaioo oe?ii?noue noaiiaeyoue a?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae, ye?
aeicaieythoue ?ice?eoe i?noea ? ?ieue eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea a i?ioean?
oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy oioae?oa?ii? nenoaie, c’ynoaaoe iaai?
iai?yiee, oi?ie ? iaoiaee ?o ?iaioe, i?inoaaeeoe ?aaeoe?th ianaeaiiy ia
caoiaee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee a naieo ??ciiiai?oieo noa?ao ae?yeueiino?
ia?o?eieo, aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo onoaiia,
eoeueoo?ii-ina?oi?o i?aai?caoe?e, a?ia?ao?e a?aeiieo iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a,
a/aieo, iaeno??a eoeueoo?e, iieacaoe iniiai? aoaie o aeaoi?iaoe??
noni?eueii? na?aeiiino? ie?aii acyoi? ethaeeie, yea i?ae oeneii
oiai/anieo iie?oe/ieo, ?aeaieia?/ieo ?inoeooo?a iinooiiai ao?a/aea naith
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, ia?aoai?thaaeanue o ca?o/ieea, “eie?uaoei ?
aaeioee” anaaeaaeiiai ?aaeeio.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaiaeyoueny i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia iniia? yeeo
iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe:

— a i?ioean? ae?yeueiino? niaoeneoaea noi?ioaaeeny cia/i?
aeieoiaioaeuei? ianeae, ye? oi?eaeeny ia eeoa ?o aioo??oiueiai
?icii?yaeeo, a e naieo ??ciiiai?oieo noi??i noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai,
aeiiii?/iiai ? aeooiaiiai aeeooy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo;

— iacaaaeath/e ia iaaio i?ieea?noue, iiiaieeaoo?a aeieoiaio?a
niaoeneoaea caeeoaeany noaeith ? oi?aa?naeueiith, ui aeicaiey?
canoiniaoaaoe aei ia? iaeno/ani?o? iaoiaee ii?aoethaaiiy aeieoiaio?a, a
o./. eiioaio-aiae?c;

— aeaui oiia?eueiaiee i?ioean ?icnae?a/oaaiiy iaoa??ae?a eieeoi?o
niaoeneoaea ia aeicaiey? ia no/aniiio aoai? aaanoe a iaoeiaee ia?a
oi?eaeuei? aeieoiaioaeuei? ianeae, ye? a ii i?aao iiaee a noaoe oe?iiei
aeaea?aeii c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie oa ie?aieo ?? ?aa?ii?a;

— ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea iiaeia
aaaaeaoe iaeiei c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo ?noi?e/ieo aeaea?ae, a yeeo
i?noeoueny aeieeaaeia ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iniiai? i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaaeeny
a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? a 20-30-o ??., ?ice?eaathoueny iano?i?
naieo ??ciiiai?oieo i?ioa?e?a ianaeaiiy, aiae?co?oueny eiiieaen
i??i?eoaoieo ieoaiue o noa?? iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy
oiui;

— ia oi?ioaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo iaoa??ae?a ?aaeueii iicia/eany
ia??iae ?o i?aeaioiaee. Ii??aithth/e ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? aeieoiaioe
i?aai?a AeIO 20-o — ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a oa i?aai?a IEAN a ae?oa?e
iieiaei? 30-o ??., ia iiaeia ia iii?oeoe nooo?ai? a?aei?iiino?. sseui a
ia?oiio aeiaaeeo i?aaie AeIO ua i?aaioee a?aenoaaeoaaoe iaaaoeaio
?aaeoe?th ianaeaiiy ia caoiaee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, ooeaee oeyoe ?o
iiaeieaiiy, oi a ae?oaiio — aeia?aeee, ?ioi?iaoe??, caaaeaiiy
iiaeaaaeeny i?ae eooii caaaeueiiai noaaeaiiy iie?oeee AEI(a) oa
?aaeyinueeiai o?yaeo c aena?oeaiiyi /anoeiaeo i?iya?a aioe?aaeyinueeeo
eiio??aaiethoe?eieo iano?i?a;

— iiaeaeueoa caa??aaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo iaoa??ae?a a
Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? NAO oa eiai iaeanieo oi?aae?iue cia/ii oneeaaeith?
iiaeeea?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy oa aaaaeaiiy a iaoeiaee ia?a.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

AEEEAAeAII A OAEEO I?AOessO AAOI?A

1. ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee AOIE-AeIO ye aeaea?aei aei
aea/aiiy ae?yeueiino? iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ia Iiae?ee?//?noi??y Oe?a?ie:
Iaeia?aeii? ?iaia, iiae??, oaeoe.-E.: ??aeiee e?ae, 1997.-Aei. 2. — N.
219-237.

2. “A?iieoeueeee iaeaniee a?aeae?e AeIO iia?aeiiey?…”
(Noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy Iiae?eey ia ii/aoeo 30-o ?ie?a ca
iaoa??aeaie AeIO)//C a?o?a?a AO*E-AIO-IEAAe-EAA.-1997.-?1/2.-N. 80-107.

3. ?ioi?iaoe?eii — aiae?oe/ia ?iaioa ye iaeei c iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino?
niaoeneoaea a 20 — 30 — o ?ieao// C a?o?a?a
AO*E-AIO-IEAAe-EAA.-1998.-?1/2.- N. 342 — 356.

4. ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee eieeoi?o niaoeneoaea ye aeaea?aei
aei aea/aiiy ?ae?a?eieo i?ioean?a ia Iiae?ee? 20-30-o ??. OO
no.//?noi??y Oe?a?ie: Iaeia?aeii? ?iaia, iiae??, oaeoe.-E.: ??aeiee
e?ae, 1998.-Aei. 3.- N. 197-208.

5. Aieiaeeie? Aa?eaiiae/ I?yeianueeee ye ?noi?ee, e?a?ciaaaoeue,
i?aai?caoi? a?o?aii? ni?aae a Oe?a?i?//I?iaeaie ?noi??? oa iaoiaeieia??
?noi?e/ii? iaoee. Oa?e?anueeee ?noi??ia?ao?/iee ca??iee.-Oa?e?a: ?ioi?i,
1998.-Aei. 3.-N. 147-151.

6. Iniaeeaino? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o?aii-ne?ae/eo ni?aa AeIO-IEAN ye
aeaea?aea c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie//A?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae ?ai?aniaaieo:
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy: Ca. iaoe. i?.-E.: Aieiaia
a?o?aia oi?aae?iiy i?e Eaa?iao? I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, 1998.-N. 63-65.

7. ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iia?aeiieaiiy AeIO ye aeaea?aei aea/aiiy
eieaeoea?caoe?? a Oe?a?i?// Iaoa??aee VIII Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? “?noi?e/ia e?a?ciaanoai ? eoeueoo?a.”-Ee?a-Oa?e?a: ??aeiee
e?ae, 1997.-N. 227-229.

8. Aeieoiaioe AOIE-AeIO-IEAN ye aeaea?aei aei aea/aiiy ?ae?a?eiiai
aeeooy a Oe?a?i? a 20-30-o? ??.//O?enoeyinoai ? eoeueoo?a: ?noi??y,
o?aaeeoe?y, no/ani?noue.-Iieoaaa, 1998.-N. 112-116.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Iiaeeo? ?.TH. Aeieoiaioe ?aaeyinueeeo niaoeneoaea ye aeaea?aei aei
aea/aiiy iie?oe/ieo, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo, eoeueoo?ieo i?ioean?a a
Oe?a?i? (20-30-o? ??. OO no.). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.06 — ?noi??ia?ao?y, aeaea?aeiciaanoai oa
niaoe?aeuei? ?noi?e/i? aeenoeeie?ie. — Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? oe?ieiai eiea aeaea?ae, iniaeeai oeo, ye?
i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano aoee cae?eo?, ?icaeyaeathoueny iaeaaaeeea?o?
i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi aeieoiaioaeueieo ianea?a ?aaeyinueeeo
niaoeneoaea, iiaea?oueny ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y, caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea,
?ice?eaathoueny oeyoe ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey aea/aiiy iie?oe/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oa eoeueoo?ieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i? a 20-30-o ??.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?oa?oueny ia ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? iaoa??aee oa
a?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae a?iiaaeyi, ui noaee aea?oaaie iie?oe/ieo
?ai?an?e. Iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? “Iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e” ii iaienaiith aaaaoioiiii?
iaoeiai-aeieoiaioaeueii? na??? eiea “?aaa?e?oiaai? ?noi???th”.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaeyinuee? niaoeneoaeae, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i?
iaoa??aee, a?o?aii-ne?ae/? ni?aae, iie?oe/i? ?ai?an??.

ANNOTATION

Podkur R.U. The documents of the soviet security service organs as a
source of study of political, socio-economic processes in Ukraine (
20-30th, XX century ). — Manuscript. The dissertation is written for
competing for a scientific degree of the candidate of Historical
Sciences on a specialty 07.00.06. — Historiogaphy, source study and
historikal research methods and special historik
subjects.-Dnepropetrovsk State University of the Ministry of Education
of Ukraine.-Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the analysis of the documents of the
soviet security organs as a source for study of political,
socio-economic and cultural processes in Ukraine in the 20-30th of this
century. Different cases of the documents are used in the dissertation.
Among them there are informational-analytical materials,
archival-investigation cases of those Ukrainian citizens who became of
political repressions.

The special attention in the dissertation is given to the soviet
security servise organs activity in a context of formation and
functioning of totalitarian system; their place in public life of the
state. Basic stages of their formation are determin it’s emphasized
that a system of retaliato organs was formed in the first months of
soviet power, becoming its reliable support.

Key words: soviet security service organs; info-analytical materials;
archival-investigation cases; political repressions.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Iiaeeo? ?.TH. Aeieoiaiou niaaoneeo niaoeneoaea eae enoi/iee e eco/aieth
iieeoe/aneeo, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo, eoeueoo?iuo i?ioeannia a
Oe?aeia (20-30-a aa. OO a.). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa enoi?e/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.06. — Enoi?eia?aoey, enoi/ieeiaaaeaiea e
niaoeeaeueiua enoi?e/aneea aeenoeeieeiu. — Aeiai?iiao?ianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aia?aua a oe?aeineie e ca?oaaaeiie enoi?eia?aoee
aiaeece?othony aeieoiaiou niaaoneeo niaoeneoaea eae enoi/iee e eco/aieth
iieeoe/aneeo, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo, eoeueoo?iuo i?ioeannia a
Oe?aeia 20-30-o aa. OO a. I?e yoii aeaeaaony iaeiicia/iue auaiae i oii,
/oi ianiio?y ia iaee/ea ii?aaeaeaiiiai /enea iao/iie eeoa?aoo?u aeaiiay
i?iaeaia oae e ia noaea i?aaeiaoii niaoeeaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey.

Aeena?oaioii cao?aaeaathony aii?inu, naycaiiua n i?aaiecaoeeae e
aeayoaeueiinoueth Ana?inneeneie e Anaoe?aeineie /?acau/aeiuo eiiennee,
eo aeaeueiaeoeo i?aaii?eaiieeia. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony
iaeaaeeaaieth eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneeo e o/aoiuo nenoai eae iaeiiai
ec iai?aaeaiee aeayoaeueiinoe niaoeneoaea. Oa?aeoa?ii, /oi, anee
ea?aoaeueiua ooieoeee AO*E-AIO-IEAAe, i?e/eiu e o?aae/aneea iineaaenoaey
ianniauo ?ai?annee, naycaiiua n ieie ii?iaoeaiua e
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-?anii?yaeeoaeueiua aeieoiaiou iaoee naia ianoi a iao/iie
e ioaeeoeenoe/aneie eeoa?aoo?a, oi ae?oaea aaaeiua noi?iiu
aeayoaeueiinoe niaaoneeo niaoeneoaea aei neo ii? inoathony aia aieiaiey
enneaaeiaaoaeae. Auoaoeacaiiua caaea/e a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie iaeiaeeee
ioia/aoie ia oi?ie?iaaiea niioaaonoaothueo iiae?acaeaeaiee niaaoneeo
niaoeneoaea, eioi?ua, ianiio?y ia ii?aaeaeaiiua ?ai?aaiecaoeee ia
?acee/iuo enoi?e/aneeo yoaiao, inoaaaeenue iaecaanoiuie. ?acoeueoaoaie
eo aeayoaeueiinoe noaea iiaeaioiaea eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneeo
iaoa?eaeia, eioi?ua i?ioiaeeee aeoaieoth e ananoi?iiithth ia?aaioeo
ia?oeeiuo, niaaoneeo i?aaiia, aeey /aai eae a oeaio?a, oae e ia ianoao
nicaeaaaeenue eiiennee ii eco/aieth naiaeie ainoaea?noaaiiiai
eioi?ie?iaaiey niaoeneoaea. Ia?aeaeueii n eioi?iaoeeiiiuie nenoaiaie, a
i?aaiao AO*E-AIO-IEAAe oi?ie?iaaeenue o/aou iieeoe/anee
iaaeaaiiaaeaaeiuo a?aaeaeai, eioi?ua a aoaeouai oe?iei eniieueciaaeenue
i?e iia?aoeaiie ?aaioa, a oaeaea neoaeeee iniiaie aeey aicaoaeaeaiey
ioaeaeueiuo oaieiaiuo aeae, i?iaaaeaiey ianniauo ea?aoaeueiuo iia?aoeee.

A aeenna?oaoeee aeaaony iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea aeieoiaioaeueiuo ianneaia
niaoeneoaea, eioi?ua iiaeia eeanneoeoee?iaaoue neaaeothuei ia?acii:
aeieoiaiou aunoaai iieeoe/aneiai ?oeiaiaenoaa Oe?aeiu, naycaiiua n
i?aaiecaoeeae e aeayoaeueiinoueth niaaoneeo niaoeneoaea,
caeiiiaeaoaeueiua e ii?iaoeaiua aeou AOOeEE (I?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai
Niaaoa) ONN? e Niaia?eiia Oe?aeiu, eioi?ua eanaeenue aeayoaeueiinoe
niaoeneoaea; aioo?aiiea ii?iaoeaiua aeou i?aaiia A*E-IAIO-IEAAe NNN? e
AO*E-AIO-IEAAe Oe?aeiu e eo ianoiuo i?aaiia; ia?aienea oeaio?aeueiuo e
ianoiuo i?aaiia AO*E-AIO-IEAAe n ia?oeeiuie, niaaoneeie,
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuie e noaeaaiuie i?aaiaie; cayaeaiey a?aaeaeai a i?aaiu
ainoaea?noaaiiie aaciianiinoe; eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneea iaoa?eaeu,
eioi?ua aioiaeeenue eae ii eeiee niaoeneoaea, oae e aeey ia?oeeiuo e
niaaoneeo i?aaiia; eeoa?iua, aaaioo?iua aeaea, aeaea-oi?ioey?u, eioi?ua
auee noi?ie?iaaiu a i?ioeanna iia?aoeaiie ?ac?aaioee iauaeoa,
ioaeaeueiiai eeoea eee a?oiiu eeoe; ee/iua aeaea nio?oaeieeia
AO*E-AIO-IEAAe; ee/iua aeaea ?aceaeaioia e eioi?iaoi?ia; iaoa?eaeu
niaoei?iaa?ee a?aaeaeai; iia?aoeaiua o/aou; iaoa?eaeu ia?eiaee/aneie
i?annu i aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia AO*E-AIO-IEAAe.

Iniaia aieiaiea a ?aaioa oaeaeyaony aii?inai eeanneoeeaoeee, aiaeeca e
iooae eniieueciaaiey a?oeaii-neaaenoaaiiuo aeae. Aiaeec aieaa /ai aeaoo
ouny/ a?oeaii-neaaenoaaiiuo aeae, ae?oaeo iaoa?eaeia, naycaiiuo n eo
oi?ie?iaaieai a oiiaeao oeaio?aeueiuo, iaeanoiuo e aaaeiinoaaiiuo
a?oeaia Oe?aeiu iicaieyao i?iaanoe iaeioi?oth eeanneoeeaoeeth yoiai
aeieoiaioaeueiiai ianneaa.

Ii iaoaio iiaieth, a?oeaii-neaaenoaaiiua aeaea iiaeii eeanneoeoee?iaaoue
ii oaeei iniiaiui i?eciaeai: a?aiy aicaoaeaeaiey oaieiaiiai aeaea (1918
— ia/aei 20-o aa.; na?aaeeia 20-o — ia?aay iieiaeia 30-o aa.; aoi?ay
iieiaeia 30-o aa.); eiee/anoai i?eaea/aiiuo ii aeaeo eeoe; nioeeaeueiia
iieiaeaiea inoaeaeaiiuo; iaoeeiiaeueiue ninoaa inoaeaeaiiuo;
iieeoe/aneay ie?anea oaieiaiiai aeaea; oa?aeoa? eie?eieie?iaaiiiai
i?anooieaiey; ii?yaeie ?anniio?aiey aeaea (noaeaaiui eee aianoaeaaiui).

Niaa?oaiii ynii, /oi ?ac?aaioea aeieoiaioia niaaoneeo niaoeneoaea ia
naaiaeiy iaoiaeeony ia naieo naiuo ia/aeueiuo yoaiao. Yoiio i?ioeanno
i?aiyonoaotho iiiai/eneaiiua, aei neo ii? ia ioiaiaiiua ii?iaoeaiua
aeou, ineoieiae/aneay iano?iaiiinoue enneaaeiaaoaeae, eioi?ua n naiiai
ia/aea ?anniao?eaatho eo iiaeaioiaeo neaicue i?ecio oaeueneoeeaoeee.
Aianoa n oai, eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiay enoi/ieeiaaae/aneay e?eoeea,
eniieueciaaiea eae o?aaeeoeeiiiuo, oae e iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo aa i?eaiia
iicaieyao ecaaaeaoue iaii?aaaeaiuo e?aeiinoae — io aiieiaecaoeee
enoi/ieea aei aai iieiiai io?eoeaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: niaaoneea niaoeneoaeau, eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneea
iaoa?eaeu, a?oeaii-neaaenoaaiiua aeaea, iieeoe/aneea ?ai?annee.

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