IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AeA?AEAAE ? I?AAA ?i. A.I.EI?AOeUeEIAI

IA?OIIAIEI Iaoae?y Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 340.1

AeIAIA?? O NENOAI? I?AAA OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 12.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa,

?noi??y iie?oe/ieo ? i?aaiaeo a/aiue

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? i?iaeai i?aai?caoe?? a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa, aea?aeaae oa oai??? i?aaa ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i.
A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaeee ni?a?ia?oiee,

Iieuaiei Iaoae?y
Ieeiea?aia noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ?
i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

Eii?e/eeia
Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oai??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa

Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao
th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eiothe Aieiaeeie?
Ieaenaiae?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oai??? oa ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa

Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?aaia O?aiea,

eaoaae?a oai???
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «__» ______ 1998 ?. i ___ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 50.24.03. ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a th?eaee/ieo iaoe a ?inoeooo?
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith : 252 001, i. Ee?a, aoe. O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «___» aa?aniy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Onaiei ?.A.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Ia?aoai?aiiy, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a Oe?a?i? i?iaeiaae inoaiiueiai
aeanyoee?ooy ia?ane?aeothoue aaeeeo iaoo — iiaoaeiao ye?nii iiai?
aea?aeaae, iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo aeaiaio?a yei? ia? noaoe iiiaeaia iiaeaeue
nioe?aeueii-ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie. Oey iiaeaeue a?oioo?oueny ia
ii?aeiaii? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei c aea?aeaaiei ?aaoethaaiiyi, ui ia?
caaacia/eoe aoaeoeaio ae?yeuei?noue o/aniee?a noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaeiei c iaa?ae(?iieo aeaiaio?a ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee
aeiaia?? ye aeaea?aei i?aaa, ui aenooia? iiina?aaeeiaoth/ith eaieith
i?ae noa(?eoaie aeiiii?ee. Na?aaeeia ? iniaeeai e?iaoeue OO noie?ooy
iia(ycai? c no??ieei ?icoe?aiiyi noa?e aeiaia??ieo a?aeiinei. Aeiaia??
ia eeoa noa? iniiaiei oaeoi?ii aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, aea ? iaaoaa?
cia/aiiy oi?aa?naeueiiai ?aaoeyoi?a. ?icoe?aiiy noa?e ae?? aeiaiai??a
iaoiiaeaia aeeaieeie ia?aoai?aiiyie a?aeiinei aeaniino?, a?aei?iith
anaioiiethth/iai ieaiiaiai ?iciiae?eo, a?aeiiaith a?ae nenoaie
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?eien?a uiaei oi?ioaaiiy oiia aeiaiai?o.

C ?ioiai aieo, iiaoaeiaa a Oe?a?i? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae aino?i noaaeoue
i?iaeaio ia?aioe?iee oe?iiinoae, ci?ie iie?oeei-i?aaiai? nenoaie, a
oeaio?? yei? iiaeiia aooe ethaeeia ye iaeaeua nioe?aeueia oe?ii?noue.
Oiio iinoa? i?iaeaia ?icoe?aiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/i? nueiaiaei?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aeiaia??ii? aace Oe?a?ie, a ?acii c oei ? iaoeiaa
ii?aoethaaiiy ?? caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo canaae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy noni?eueieo a?aeiinei ca
aeiiiiiaith aeiaiai?o iathoue ?acii c oei aaea aeineoue aaaaoo ?noi??th.
I?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano, ii/eiath/e a?ae aeaai?o /an?a aei ?icaoaeiae
iacaeaaeii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, aei oe??? i?iaeaie caa?oaeinue
aaaaoi iaoeiaoe?a. O 20-? ?iee i?i ?nioaaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai
aeiaiai?o caaaeoaaee O. A. Oa?aiianueeee oa I. A. Aeaenaiae?ia [1], aea
?oi? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei ia noinoaaeeny oe??? i?iaeaie ? oiio
ia aeaaaee nenoaiii? oai?aoe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiaiai?o ye aeaea?aea
i?aaa. ?iaioe ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a caeaa?eueoiai aoee i?enay/ai? aiae?co
aeiaiai?o ye oaiaee eeoa a ?aieao ie?aieo aaeocae i?aaa.

Caiaeii oe? i?aoe? aeaoee c aeoeaiiai iaoeiaiai ia?ao ? no/ania
oai?aoe/ia ?ic?iaea aeanoeainoae ii?iaoeaiiai aeiaiai?o aaco?oueny eeoa
ia ??ai? aioeeeeiiaaee/iiai aecia/aiiy iiiyooy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai
aeiaiai?o ? eiai aeae?a, a oaeiae a ianyc? iaoeiaeo noaoae [2] aai
i?ae?o/iee?a c oai??? aea?aeaae oa i?aaa (N. N. Ae?en??a, A. A.
Aaiaa?ia, A. A. Eii?e/eeia, A. I. Eiothe, N. I. Eiia?ia, A. A. Eaca?aa,
I. ?. Iaoocia, I. I. ?aa?iiae/, A. I. O?iiaithe oa ?ioeo i?aaiciaaoe?a)
[3].

?yae aaoi??a i?enayoeei nai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aiei aeaeai
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeiaiai??a, a naia eieaeoeaiiio (A?o?iiaa A. A.,
Eyo A. O., I?ieiiaiei A. ?., Nieiaeiaa A.TH., Noaaieoeueeee I.N. [4]),
i?aeia?iaeiiio (Aeaaeaeia I.Ae., Eoeaooe ?. ?., Oaeaea?a A. I., Oo?oaeia
A. I. [5]), eiinoeoooe?eiiio oa oaaea?aoeaiiio (Aeiaaoee N.I., THcueeia
E.I.) aeiaiai?ai.

Aeaui ?ioa neooaoe?y neeaeany c aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeiaiai??a — oi?i
?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa. A ??ci? /ane aei oe??? i?iaeaie caa?oaeiny
/eiaei iaoeiaoe?a, aea ?o iiooee aoee caoaeaieie a ?aieao iaaii? aaeoc?
i?aaa ? ia iineee caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. Na?aae ieo : Aaaca
O.?., Aeici?oeaa A.A., Iicie?i A.I., Iiaeoeueeee ?.A., ?ynaioeaa A.I.,

2

Oaeo?ia ?.I (oeea?eueiee aeiaia??) [6]; A?aa?inueeee I.?., Aa?aei?eia
A.A., A??oeaiei A.N.,I?oa ?. ?., Naiaonia A. I., Oaeanoia A. N.
/ainiiaea?nueeee aeiaia??/ [7]; ?e?no?aoia I. ?., Eiaaeaanueeee A. E.,
Iiainaeia A. ?., Nia?ainueea E., ssiiieuenueea Oe. A.,
/aaei?i?no?aoeaiee aeiaia??/ [8]; Aioiiieuenueeee I. A., Aae?inueea A.
?., AEee?ieiaa ?. A., Caai?nueeee I. A., Iaiaeiaa ?. I., ?aaaoeue A. I.
/oethaiee eiio?aeo/ [9]; Ai?n?iia E. I., Aieaiy ?. O., Eieaan?i Ae. A.,
Eieinia A. E., E?aoeoe ?. C. /o?oaeiaee aeiaia??/ [10].

A?aoiaoth/e ae oiiae nueiaiaeaiiy oa noaiiaeaiiy iiai? nenoaie
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, aeooaeueiith noa? i?iaeaia eiiieaeniiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo canaae aeiaia??ieo a?aeiinei,
ii?aoethaaiiy i?iaeaie iiiyooy oa th?eaee/ii? i?e?iaee aeiaiai?o ye
oi?aa?naeueiiai ?ino?oiaioo ?aaoethaaiiy noni?eueieo a?aeiinei.

Oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy ? aaaeeeaeie c oi/ee ci?o canoinoaaiiy ?o ia
i?aeoeoe?, aeey ?icaeoeo an?o aaeocae i?aaa /aaeocaaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa/,
ui aoiaeyoue aei nenoaie i?aaa Oe?a?ie ? caaacia/othoue i?aaiao iniiao
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? an?o noa(?eo?a noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. Aaeaea aeiaia??
aeei?enoiao?oueny a naieo ??cieo noa?ao noni?eueiiai aeeooy ? aeicaiey?
ocaiaeaeoaaoe ?ioa?ane, iiceoe??, ae?? aea?aeaa, aeaaeieo no?oeoo?,
th?eaee/ieo in?a ? ie?aieo a?iiaaeyi. O?eueee aca?iia caaeiaieaiiy
?ioa?an?a noa(?eo?a aeiaiai?o iiaea caaacia/eoe aoaeoeaia ?aaoethaaiiy
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiai?o ye caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiai yaeua aeeth/a?, ia
iaoo aeoieo, aeyaeaiiy eiai i?noey, ?ie?, iniaeeainoae, ooieoe?e ?
th?eaee/ieo iciae o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie.

Ine?eueee, aeine?aeaeo?oueny aeiaia?? ia ye ie?aia iiiyooy, a ye
eaoaai??y, ui ooieoe?iio? o nenoai? i?aaa, oi aiia a?aeiia?aeii
iia(ycaia c iiiyooyie «nenoaia aeaea?ae i?aaa», «aeaea?aei i?aaa»,
«oi?ia ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa», «i?aaia? a?aeiineie», «i?aaioai?/?noue»,
«i?aai?aae?caoe?y», «nenoaia i?aaa» oa c ?ioeie iniiaiiieiaeieie
aeaiaioaie caaaeueii? oai??? i?aaa oa aea?aeaae. Oiio, o ?iaio?
aiae?cothoueny i?aoe? N. N. Ae?en??aa, A. Ainiia, Ae. A?eueyina, ?. A.
Ai?iieiaa, N. E. C?ana, Ae. A. Ea?eiiaa, A. ?. Io?iioeaaa, I.I.
Iaaeaaeea, ?aia Aeaa?aea, ?. Naaaoue?, ?. Naai, TH. I. Oeoiie?iaa oiui
[11].

A?aecia/ath/e aaeeeee ianea iayaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui
c a?aooaaiiyi no/anieo ?aae?e ? i?aeoe/ieo iio?aa i?iaeaia i?noey ? ?ie?
aeiaiai?o iio?aao? iiaeo i?aeoiae?a c oi/ee ci?o caaaeueii? oai???
aea?aeaae oa i?aaa.Oiaoi c?inoath/a oaiaeaioe?y aeei?enoaiiy aeiaiai??a
o ae?yeueiino? noa(?eo?a i?aaa aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue ii?aoethaaiiy
oai?aoe/ii? iiaeae? aeiaiai?o, c(ynoaaiiy ?? nooo?aeo oiia, a oaeiae
i?iiiceoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia ie?aieo aaeocae
i?aaa.

O no/aniee ia??iae ieoaiiy, iia(ycai? c ii?yaeeii oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o,
eiai noi?iiaie, i?iaeaiaie aeeiiaiiy eiai oiia, iiaeii? noaoe i?aaeiaoii
aea/aiiy ye a/aieo, oae ? i?aeoee?a-th?eno?a, aeiiii?no?a, ineoieia?a,
ine?eueee ?nioth/a iiaeeea?noue iaiaeiicia/iino? ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue
aiineoue aaaaoi iiaiai a i?aaia? a?aeiineie. Iio??ai? eiiieaeni? iaoeia?
?ic?iaee, ye? a caaacia/eee anainyaeiee aiae?c nooiino? aeiaiai?o a
oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ui iia(ycaii c oe?eei ?yaeii
nioe?aeueieo ia?aoai?aiue, iiyaith iiaeo ia(?eo?a ? noa(?eo?a
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, ?icaeoeii nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a.

Ia(?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiaia??i? a?aeiineie, ye?
aeieeathoue i?e aeeiiaii?, oeeaaeaii? ? ?ic??aaii? aeiaia??a.

3

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiaia?? o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie, eiai
aeaee, oiiae, ooieoe??, ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo, a oaeiae aiae?c iaoeiaeo
aeaea?ae oa caeiiiaeaa/i? aace.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? eiiieaeniee aiae?c ?icaeoeo ?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiaiai?o o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie, ui aeeth/a?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiiyooy, th?eaee/ii? i?e?iaee ? aeae?a aeiaiai??a. ?acii
c oei, iaoeiaee aiae?c ni?yiiaaiee ia ae?iaeaiiy iiaeae? oaeiai
aeiaiai?o, aeanoeaino? ? iniiai? oai?aoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee yeiai iiaeia
aoei a canoinoaaoe aeey aea/aiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? ia i?aeoeoe?
aeiaiai?o ye i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo a ??cieo aaeocyo i?aaa.

Aeoiaey/e c aeaii? iaoe, aaoi?ii aecia/ai? oae? caaea/? :

Aeaoe iaoeiaa aecia/aiiy iiiyooy aeiaiai?o ye niaoeeo?/iiai ?ino?oiaioo
?aaoethaaiiy a?aeiinei i?ae an?ia noa(?eoaie noni?eueiiai aeeooy o
i?aaia?e nenoai? Oe?a?ie.

Anoaiiaeoe iniiai? iciaee aeiaiai?o ye caaaeueiioai?aoe/ii? eaoaai???, a
oaeiae iniaeea? aeanoeaino? aeiaiai?o — oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa.

Cae?enieoe aiae?c iiiyoue «aeaea?aei i?aaa», «oi?ia i?aaa» ? aeaoe
ci?noiaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo nenoai? aeaea?ae no/aniiai i?aaa; aecia/eoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy th?eaee/ii? neee ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o ? ?ioeo
aeaea?ae i?aaa.

C(ynoaaoe ?ieue ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o ye
aeaea?aea i?aaa Oe?a?ie;

?ice?eoe nooue aeiaiai?o ye i?aenoaae uiaei aeieeiaiiy, ci?ie oa
i?eieiaiiy i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei;

Aeyaeoe niaoeeo?eo ae?eniino? aeiaiai??a o i?aai?aae?caoe?ei?e
i?aeoeoe?;

Aecia/eoe ?ieue, cia/aiiy ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o ye ?aaoeyoi?a
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei.

Iaoiaeieia?/io oa oai?aoe/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? eiiieaeniee
i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie caaaeueiio?einionueeeo,
caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo ? niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaio
aeoiaeeoue c ?aeiino? nioe?ieia?/iiai ? aiinaieia?/iiai aiae?co,
ia(?eoeaiino?, ?noi?ecio aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Na?aae caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeei?enoiaothoueny : iaoiae nenoaiiiai
aiae?co, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, ?ao?iniaeoeaii-ii??aiyeueiee,
eia?ei-?noi?e/iee oa ?io?.

E??i oiai, aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaii ia iniia? niaoe?aeueieo
iaoiae?a, yeeie ? ii??aiyeueiee, noaoenoe/iee, nioe?aeueii-th?eaee/iee,
eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/iee oa ?io?.

Iaeaaaeeea?oeie i?eioeeiaie caaaeueiioai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiaiai?o o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie noaee : ia(?eoeai?noue, eiie?aoi?noue,
ieth?ae?ci, a eia?/ieie i?eeiiaie : aiae?c, neioac, ?iaeoeoe?y oa
aeaaeoeoe?y.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a Oe?a?i? aia?oa c
caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo iiceoe?e ia ??ai? aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny
aeiaia?? o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieth? aiae?c an?o
aeae?a ? noi??i aeiaiai?o, ?ice?eoa ?ieue, cia/aiiy ? caaaeaiiy
aeiaiai?o ca oiiae ?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? oa?aeoa?enoeea iiiyooy aeaea?aei (oi?ia)
i?aaa oa ci?noiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaie aeaea?ae no/aniiai i?aaa, aea
aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao c(ynoaaoe iniiai? aeanoeaino?, iciaee ?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o ye aeaea?aea i?aaa
Oe?a?ie. Iiaei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ii??aiyiiy th?eaee/ii? neee

4

ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o c ?ioeie aeaea?aeaie i?aaa.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiaeeoueny th?eaee/ia oa ?ioi?iaoe?eia aea/aiiy
i?iaeaie oai?aoe/ieo canaae aeiaiai?o ye ?aaoeyoi?a noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue ii?aoethaaoe iaoeia? aeai? oa c?iaeoe
aeniiaee, ye? iathoue oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Cie?aia oea
ianooii? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? a?aeaeaathoue iiaecio aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ii?aoethaaiiy i?iaeaie :

1.Caaaeueiii?aaiaa eeaneo?eaoe?y aeiaiai??a ia?aaeaa/a? ?o ?iciiae?e ia
«ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia?» ? «?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?aaia?».

2.Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? — oea oaiaea, ci?noii yei? ?
ii?ie i?aaa, i?ae noa(?eoaie ioae?/ii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei, ui iiaea aooe
i?aenoaaith aeey aeieeiaiiy, ci?ie oa i?eieiaiiy oeeo a?aeiinei.

3.?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? — oea oaiaea, ui iiaea
aooe oeeaaeaia i?ae noa(?eoaie noni?eueieo a?aeiinei c iaoith
?aaoethaaiiy eiie?aoieo, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo a?aeiinei.

4.Iaiao?aeii cae??ieoe o ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio aeo? nenoaio aeaea?ae
i?aaa Oe?a?ie, aecia/eoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ca th?eaee/iith neeith an?o
aeaea?ae no/aniiai i?aaa, c a?aooaaiiyi eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?eioeeio
aa?oiaainoaa i?aaa.

5.Iniiaieie ooieoe?yie ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o ? oa, ui a?i
iiaea aooe i?aaiaith iniiaith aeey aeaeaiiy th?eaee/ieo aeo?a, caniaii
aeiiiaiaiiy oa eiie?aoecaoe?? ae?th/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

6.Oa?aeoa?enoeea i?noey aeiaiai?o o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie ye
oi?aa?naeueiiai ?aaoeyoi?a noni?eueieo a?aeiinei iiaeiia i?noeoe
ianooii? aeaiaioe :

-aecia/aiiy iiiyooy aeiaiai?o, eeaneo?eaoe?y eiai aeae?a;

-?ice?eooy cia/aiiy aeiaiai?o ye naiino?eiiai caniao ?aaoethaaiiy
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, yeee i?noeoue a nia? aeaiaioe ii?iaoeaiiai
oa?aeoa?o;

-cae??ieaiiy a ii?iao i?aaa iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiaiai?o c
a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ie?aieo aaeocae i?aaa;

-i?aaiao ?aaeaiaioaoe?th ciaia(ycaiue noi??i c oi/ee ci?o
iiaeeeaino?, aeioe?eueiino? oa iaiao?aeiino? oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o;

-oi?ioaaiiy ci?noo aeiaiai?o ia iniia? i?eioeei?a ??aiii?aaiino?
noi??i, naiaiaee aieaaeyaeaiiy, aeia?ia?eueiino? i?eeiyooy ciaia(ycaiue
oa ?o caaacia/aiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe aeathoue ciiao iiaeeaeoe ?icoi?iiy th?eaee/ii? i?e?iaee
aeiaia??ieo a?aeiinei oa iaoai?cio ?o ?aaoethaaiiy c oi/ee ci?o
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/i? nenoaie i?aaa, a oaeiae aeey i?aeoe/iiai
aeei?enoaiiy oai?aoe/ii? eiino?oeoe?? aeiaiai?o o an?o noa?ao
ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa??aeueieo oa iaiaoa??aeueieo aeaa.

Aeiaia??i? a?aeiineie, a?aaoeueiaai? a?o/eciyiei oeea?eueiei i?aaii, a
aeine?aeaeaii? aeiiiaiththoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie, caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieie
aeeeaaeeaie, ui aeaei

5

iiaeeea?noue aeeaieiai ona?aeiieaiiy cia/aiiy iniiaieo oiia oeeaaeaiiy
aoaeue-yeiai aeiaiai?o, eiai aeeiiaiiy ? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ii
ciaia(ycaiiyo. Aaeaea, nueiaiaei?, eiee aeiaia?? ? iaeiei c iniiaieo
?aaoeyoi??a noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, a?ae oiai ye a?i neeaaeaiee ? yeith
i??ith a?i a?aeiia?aea? ii?iaoeaiei i?eienai ? na?oiaiio aeina?aeo,
caeaaeeoue noaaeaiiy aei ia?oia?a, aea?aeaae, i?aai?caoe??, ia?iaeo a
oe?eiio, ?o noaa?euei?noue ? ?icaeoie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue o iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeao, i?aaioai?/?e ?iaio?, i?e i?aeaioiaoe? i?ae?o/iee?a ?
iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a aeey aeeeaaea/?a oa neooa/?a aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a th?eaee/ieo oaeoeueoao?a, a oaeiae i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?no
«Oai??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa» (a /anoei? «Aeaea?aea i?aaa»), oeea?eueiiai
i?aaa, ainiiaea?nueeiai, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, n?iaeiiai oa ?ioeo aaeocae
i?aaa, aea aeiaia?? ? i?aaiaei ?inoeoooii.

E??i oiai, ?iaioa iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue o iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo
oe?eyo aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e ? iai?yi?a
?icaeoeo nenoaie i?aaa ? i?noey aeiaiai?o a i?e.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe ?c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaiaoeea
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia(ycaia c ieaiiaith oaiith, ui
?ic?iaeyeany o a?aeae?e? i?iaeai i?aaiecaoe?? a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa, aea?aeaae oa oai??? i?aaa ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i.
A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie. Iaoeia? caeiaooee aoee oaeiae aeei?enoai?
o ?iaio? ?inoeoooo ii i?aeaioiaoe? ? aeaeaii? ?inoeoooii
«TH?eaee/ii? aioeeeeiiaae??» o 6 oiiao.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea caoaa?aeaeaia A/aiith ?aaeith
?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie o o?aai?
1996 ?ieo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaii?
a?aeae?eo i?iaeai i?aai?caoe?? a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa, aea?aeaae
oa oai??? i?aaa ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. I.A. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie. Eiai iniiai? ?aea? aoee aeeeaaeai? a iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii
o?ueio noaooyo, oacao aeiiia?aeae ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
«?aeaieia?y aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? : ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue» (Ee?a,
1997), «Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?» (Ee?a,1998).

Aeaye? iaoa??aee ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aaoi?ii o i?ioean?
aeeeaaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai eo?no c oai??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe coiiaeaia iaoith ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, ui iathoue a?n?i
ia?aa?ao?a, aeniiaeo oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Iiaiee ianya
i?aoe? — 202 noi??iee, a oiio /ene? nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae — 12 noi??iie (173 iineeaiiy).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie,
iaoeiao iiaecio oaie, aeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo iniiaieo iai?yi?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai iaoo oa caaea/?, iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?aeoiaee, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? oai?aoe/i?

6

iieiaeaiiy, ui a?aeaeaathoue iiaecio ? iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a
?ic?iaeo aeaii? i?iaeaie, iieacaii aeaea?aeueio aaco, a oaeiae iaoeiaa
oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e «Iiiyooy, aeaee oa nioe?aeueia i?ecia/aiiy aeiaiai?o»
neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ia?aa?ao?a ? i?enay/aiee oa?aeoa?enoeoe?
caaaeueieo iiiyoue aeiaiai?o, ? a?aeiinei, ui c iei iia(ycai?.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? oeueiai ?icae?eo, yeee ia? iacao «Iiiyooy, iciaee oa
aeanoeaino? aeiaiai?o» ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiaiai?o
c caaaeueiioai?aoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o, noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee. ?iaeoueny
aeniiaie, ui aea/ath/e iiiyooy aeiaiai?o, iaiao?aeii a?ae??ciyoe
aeiaia?? ye ii?io i?aaa — a ?icoi?ii? caaaeueii? i?aaiai? eaoaai???, ?
aeiaia?? ye ?aae?caoe?th ii?i i?aaa — a cia/aii? i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo
aeayeeo aaeocae i?aaa. Ci?noiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeiaiai?o, eiai iciae
aeoiaeeoue c iineeaiiy ia th?eaee/io eiino?oeoe?th aeiaiai?o ye
ia?aaeaa/aio caeiiii nenoaio aca?iiiia(ycaieo eiiiiiaio?a i?aaiaiai
oa?aeoa?o, yea caaacia/o? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ca(yce?a i?ae noa(?eoaie
aeiaiai?o. Na?aae ieo oae? :

-anoaiiaeaiiy th?eaee/iiai ca(yceo i?ae noa(?eoaie (noi?iiaie)
aeiaiai?o, ci?noii yeiai ? aeeiiaiiy ae?e, ui i?eaiaeyoue aei
aeinyaiaiiy iaoe o/aniee?a aeiaiai?o, caaeiaieaiiy ?ioa?an?a;

-aecia/aiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaeeio aeiia uiaei ii?yaeeo ? iine?aeiaiino?
cae?eniaiiy iaiao?aeieo ae?e noa(?eoaie aeiaiai?o a ?aieao cacia/aiiai
aeua ca(yceo;

-oi?iaeueia ??ai?noue noi??i aeiaiai?o ye o aeai?? ia?oia??a, oae ?
??ai?noue noi??i ye ia?oia??a;

-aea?aaeaioiee oa?aeoa? aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae noi?iiaie aeiaiai?o;

-caiaea i?ae an?ia noi?iiaie aeiaiai?o ii an?o nooo?aeo eiai oiiaao,
a?eueia aieaaeyaeaiiy eiai noi??i;

-a?aeiinia aaoiiiii?noue ?aaoethaaiiy aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae noi?iiaie, ui
aeiiiaeythoueny a ?aieao caeiio;

-aca?iia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue noi??i ca iaaeeiiaiiy aai iaiaeaaeia
aeeiiaiiy ciaia(ycaiue.

Ioaea, aeiaia?? — oea aeainoi?iiiy aai aaaaoinoi?iiiy oaiaea i?ae
noa(?eoaie, ye?e i?eoaiaii? an? aeuacacia/ai? aeanoeaino?.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?? aeiaiai??a,
aea?oueny ?o ci?noiaia oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, iaea?eueo ia(?eoeaiei c oi/ee ci?o caaaeueii? oai???
aea?aeaae oa i?aaa ? ?iciiae?e aeiaiai??a a?aeiia?aeii aei cania?a
aieeao ia noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ui icia/a? : ii-ia?oa, aea/aiiy
aeiaiai?o a yeino? aeaea?aea i?aaa, eiee a?i ia? caaaeueiii?aaiaa
cia/aiiy oa iaceaa?oueny ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaei (i?aeia?iaeiee,
eieaeoeaiee, eiinoeoooe?eiee, oaaea?aoeaiee); ii-ae?oaa, aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiaiai??a, ye? ? oi?iith ?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa (oeea?eueiee,
o?oaeiaee, n?iaeiee, aaei?i?no?aoeaiee, ainiiaea?nueeee).

Aeae? aaoi?ii aiae?cothoueny iniiai? iciaee ? aeanoeaino? ii?iaoeaieo
aeiaiai??a o o?oaeiaiio i?aa? — eieaeoeaiiai, o eiinoeoooe?eiiio i?aa? —
oaaea?aoeaiiai oa eiinoeoooe?eiiai, o i?aeia?iaeiiio i?aa? —
i?aeia?iaeiiai, ia iniia? /iai ?iaeoueny

7

aeniiaie i?i niaoeeo?/i? ?ene aeiaiai??a, ye? iathoue
caaaeueiioai?aoe/iee oa?aeoa? :

-noa(?eoii aeiaiai?o caaaeaee ? noa(?eo ioae?/ii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei, o
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a oie, ui ia? aeaaei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy /aea?aeaaa,
aea?aeaai? i?aaie, iinaaeia? iniae/;

-eieaeoeaiee noa(?eo;

-iniaeea?noue i?aaeiaoo ?aaoethaaiiy — oea ieoaiiy aeaaeoaaiiy,
oi?aae?iiy oa naii?aaoethaaiiy, oa ia an?, a eeoa o?, ui aeiioneathoue
ia caaaeueiii?aaiao, a aeiaia??io oi?io ?aaoethaaiiy (ia?ae?e oaeeo
aeiaiai??a anoaiiaeaii caeiiii);

-nai???aei?noue ciaia(ycaiue noi??i ii?iaoeaiiai aeiaiai?o oa cania?a ?o
caaacia/aiiy (?aiee aeiaiai?o ye caniao ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?
naii?aaoeyoe?? noi??i aei?noei ia?aaeaa/ai? ?o noaoonii, a ieo
i?noyoueny ii?ie-oe?e?, ii?ie-eii?aeeiaoi?e, ii?ie-ocaiaeaeaiiy);

-caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy ciaia(ycaiue aea?aeaaith oa ?? i?aaiaie aeeth/a?
aaaaoi ??cieo cania?a;

-ii?ie, ui i?noyoueny a aeiaiai?ao oaeiai ?iaeo, ?
caaaeueiiiaia(yceiaeie aeey aeeiiaiiy;

-iiaeooue aooe i?aenoaaith aeey i?eeiyooy ?ioeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo
aeo?a, a oaeiae ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?aaiaeo aeiaiai??a;

-i?aaeea iiaaae?iee, ui neeaaeathoue ci?no aeiaiai?o ?ic?aoiaai? ia
iaaecia/aia eiei noa(?eo?a;

-oi?ia oeeaaeaiiy — ienueiiaa;

-? /anoeiith iaoe?iiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, iiaea iaoe oaeo ae
th?eaee/io neeo ye ? caeii;

-ci?no ia iiaea noia?a/eoe Eiinoeoooe?? ? eiinoeoooe?eiei caeiiai ?
o.ae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaiai?o ye iaei??? c oi?i ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa ia?aaeaa/a?
oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeiaiai?o ye i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo, ui oe?iei
canoiniao?oueny o ??cieo aaeocyo i?aaa ? a eiaei?e c ieo ia? nai?
no?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino?. Oeeaaeath/e aeiaia??, noa(?eoe cae?eniththoue
oaeo iiaaae?ieo, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c i?eienaie i?aaiaeo ii?i ?
iioiaeeoue a?ae ieo, oiaoi oea i?aeoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue ethaeae ii
cae?eniaiith i?aa oa aeeiiaiith th?eaee/ieo iaia(yce?a. Aiane?aeie
?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa, oeeaaeathoueny aeiaiai?e, ye? iathoue oaeo
eeaneo?eaoe?th : o o?oaeiaiio i?aa? — o?oaeiaee, o oeea?eueiiio —
oeea?eueiee, o aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio — aaei?i?no?aoeaiee, o
ainiiaea?nueeiio — ainiiaea?nueeee. Na?aae ieo /?eueia i?noea iaeaaeeoue
oeea?eueiiio.

Noeoii?noue iniaeeaeo iciae, ui aeoioeththoueny a iiiyoo? aaeocaaiai
aeiaiai?o, ?iciaaeiao? iaeei aeae aeiaiai?o a?ae ?ioiai. C ?icaeoeii
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ?icoe?th?oueny noa?a ?o canoinoaaiiy,
caaaa/o?oueny ci?no, aeieeathoue iia? oi?ie. Oa ?acii c oei
caa??aathoueny iniiai? ?ene, ui a?aeaeaathoue nooi?noue aaeocaaiai
aeiaiai?o ye oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa :

-ii?ie, ui neeaaeathoue eiai ci?no noinothoueny eiie?aoiiai aeiaaeeo oa
eiie?aoii aecia/aieo noa(?eo?a;

-iiaeooue oeeaaeaoenue ye a ienueiia?e, oae ? a oni?e oi?i?;

8

-? ii?iaoeaiei ca ci?noii, aea ia i?noeoue caaaeueiiiaia(yceiaeo
i?aaiaeo ii?i;

-ci?no ia iiaea noia?a/eoe ii?iai i?aaa, aeeeaaeaiei a ?nioth/eo
aeaea?aeao i?aaa ? o.ae.

O o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? «Aeiaia?? ye oi?ia ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeiinei o
noni?euenoa?» iiaa eaea i?i oa, ui ca aeiiiiiaith aeiaiai?o
a?aeaoaa?oueny iioe?aiiy nioe?aeueieo ca(yce?a ia an? noa?e noni?eueiiai
aeeooy. Oea ia?aaeaa/a? aaaaoiiai?oi?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oi?i ?
cania?a aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueieo oa iniaenoeo oe?eae. Aeiaia?? ?
o?aaeeoe?eiei caniaii ?aaoethaaiiy a?aeiinei o aaeocyo i?eaaoiiai oa
ioae?/iiai i?aaa, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue aeiaia??ia ia/aei ye naiino?eiee
aeaiaio noni?eueiiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aaoi? ?ice?eaa? i?aenoaae oa iniiaio aeaea?aeueio aaco, a naia oa, ia
iniia? /iai aeieeathoue aeiaia??i? a?aeiineie. Aieiaiei c ieo ?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeo. A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai aecia/athoueny
a?aeiineie, ye? iaaoaathoue i?aaiai? oi?ie ca aeiiiiiaith aeiaiai?o.
Na?aae ieo oae? : iaeiia? /i?ae i?aai?caoe?yie, i?aai?caoe?yie ?
a?iiaaeyiaie; iniaeno? iaiaeiia?; i?ae noa(?eoaie ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?; o?oaeia?, i?ae aaei?i?no?aoe??th ? i?aoe?aieeii; ae?iaie/?
oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie ii ocaiaeaeaiith ?ioa?an?a
i?aoe?aiee?a, aeaniee?a aai oiiaiiaaaeaieo ieie i?aai?a; aeiiii?/i?,
iie?oe/i? oa o?, ui aeieeathoue c ieoaiue eoeueoo?e, iaoee oiui, i?ae
noa(?eoaie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa; iaoe?iiaeueii-aea?aeaai? a aaeoc?
aeiiii?ee, iie?oeee oa nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy noni?euenoaa, noaoono
aea?aeaa ? ?o ia(?aeiaiue a iaaeao oaaea?aoe??; eii?aeeiaoe??
oi?aae?inueei? ae?yeueiino?, ui ni?yiiaaia ia o?ao?o in?a.

?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui aeiaia?? ca nai?th th?eaee/iith i?e?iaeith yaey?
niaith aca?iiocaiaeaeaio nenoaio iaaieo neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a, iniiaith
yei? ? aeiaia??ia ciaia(ycaiiy, aenooia? oi?aa?naeueiei ?aaoeyoi?ii
aeiiii?/ieo, iie?oe/ieo, eoeueoo?ieo oa ?ioeo a?aeiinei.

Ca aeiiiiiaith aeiaiai?o a?aeaoaa?oueny ocaiaeaeaiiy aie? aea?aeaae oa
aie? ie?aieo a?iiaaeyi ia i?aenoaa? o?aooaaiiy ?o aca?iieo ?ioa?an?a, ui
ia noia?a/aoue caeiio.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? ye aeaea?aei (oi?ia)
i?aaa Oe?a?ie» aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea a?aeiia?aeiiai aeaeo aeiaiai?o.
Oea aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi oa?aeoa?enoeee aeiaiai?o ye
aeaea?aea i?aaa, ui aoei ?icii/aoa a ia?oiio ?icae?e?. Ooo iiaa eaea i?i
i?noea ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o o nenoai? aeaea?ae i?aaa, eiai
?ieue ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo c oi/ee ci?o caaaeueii? oai??? aea?aeaae oa
i?aaa.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? ?icaeyiooi i?iaeaie, iia(ycai? c iaoiaeieia?/iei oa
i?aeoe/iei cia/aiiyi nenoaie aeaea?ae i?aaa. Iaoith ? c(ynoaaiiy
nooiino? a?oie i?e/ei, ui coiiaeee oie /e ?ioee ci?no oa oi?io i?aaa, ui
ii?iaeeee oo /e ?ioo ii?io.

I?aaioai?aiiy ii/eia?oueny a aaeoc? iaoa??aeueieo a?aeiinei aeaniino?.
Naia ooo aeieea? iniaeeaee nioe?aeueiee oaiiiai o aeaeyae? oaeoe/ieo
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, ye? ca nai?th i?e?iaeith iio?aaothoue th?eaee/ii?
oi?ie ? ianooue ?? iaeaaaeeea?o? ?ene. Caaa?oo?oueny i?ioean
i?aaioai?aiiy oi?ioaaiiyi a?aeiia?aeieo th?eaee/ieo ii?i. Aeey oiai, uia
i?aaeei iiaaae?iee aoei i?aaiaith ii?iith, eiio iaiao?aeii iaaeaoe
i?aaiai? oi?ie, yea a na?ae/eea i?i oa, ui aeaia i?aaeei ? ?acoeueoaoii
i?aaioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaae, ae?aaea? ?? aieth ? caaacia/o?oueny
i??aie aea?aeaaiiai i?eiono.

9

Aiae?c ??cieo oi/ie ci?o uiaei ieoaiiy i?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiiyooy oi?ia
oa aeaea?aei i?aaa aeicaieea aeine?aeieeo ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui i?ae
oi?iith i?aaa iaiao?aeii ?icoi?oe i?aai?caoe?th, aeaoooaaiiy eiai
aeaniiai ci?noo, niiniao ?nioaaiiy, i?iyao oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Oi?ia
i?aaa iiaeiia :

-aooe coiiaeaia ?nioth/eie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieie a?aeiineiaie, ? oiio
a?aeia?aaeaoe ii?iaoeaii-cae??iethth/o aieth a?iiaaeyi;

-cae??ieoe oa caaacia/eoe iie?oe/io aeaaeo ia?iaeo, neoaeeoe eiai
?ioa?anai;

-caoaa?aeeoe i??i?eoaoia cia/aiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo oi?i ae?aco aea?aeaaii?
aie?.

Ui ae noino?oueny iiiyooy aeaea?aei i?aaa, oi aiii ? iaio caaaeueiei
i?ae oi?ia, ? aenooia? ye ?? ciai?oi?e i?iya. Ioaea, aeaea?aei i?aaa —
oea ae?aaeaiiy ciai? aioo??oiuei i?aai?ciaaiiai ci?noo i?aaiaeo ii?i,
noeoii?noue a?aeiieo ?noi??? cania?a ae?aco ciai? ii?iaoeaii-aea?aeaaii?
aie?, a yeeo ia(?eoeaii iiaeai? ii?ie, ui neeaaeathoue ci?no i?aaa (i?ae
aioo??oiueith oi?iith i?aaa ?icoi?thoue nenoaio i?aaa, no?oeoo?o ci?noo
aai nenoaio i?aaa oa eiai no?oeoo?o). C ?ioiai aieo, i?ae ciai?oi?i
i?iyaii oi?ie i?aaa iiaeia ?icoi?oe ciai?oi?e aeaeyae eiai ci?noo,
aii?yaeeiaai? caniae ae?aco ciai?, cae??ieaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy eiai
ci?noo, ui aenooia? o aeaeyae? no?oeoo?iaaieo oa nenoaiaoeciaaieo
th?eaee/ieo aeaea?ae i?aaiaeo ii?i.

C aeuacacia/aiiai ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui a i?aaiciaanoa? ?
th?eaee/i?e i?aeoeoe? iiiyooy oi?ie ? aeaea?aea i?aaa ?icoi??oueny
aaaaoicia/ii, a ?iiae? ? oioiaeii. ?acii c oei naia oeae a?e i?iaeaie
ia? aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, oiio ui aeicaiey? i???iooaaoe
th?eaee/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a ia eiie?aoi? ii?ie i?aaa, ?o cae??ieaiiy,
aeei?enoaiiy, aaeineiiaeaiiy; aea? iiaeeea?noue th?enoai-i?aeoeeai ciaoe
? i?iaiaeeoe /?oeo ??cieoeth i?ae oeeie oa?i?iaie aeey a?eueo aoaeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

No/ania th?eaee/ia iaoea ia? aeae?eueea i?aeoiae?a aei aecia/aiiy
iiiyooy aeaea?aei i?aaa :

-aeaea?aei i?aaa ye i?aenoaaa aeieeiaiiy i?aaa ye nioe?aeueii?
eaoaai???, oiaoi neee, ui oai?eoue i?aai;

-aeaea?aei i?aaa ye iai(yoee ?noi???, noaeia? ni?aae, e?oiiene oiui, ye?
?nioaaee ?noi?e/ii ? iaee cia/aiiy ae?th/iai i?aaa;

-aeaea?aea i?aaa oa?aeoa?ecothoue ye oiiae aeieeiaiiy i?aaa /oaeoi?e
i?aaioai?/ino? oa caaaeueiiethaenuee? oe?iiino?/;

-aeaea?aeii i?aaa iaceaathoue iaoa??aee iieeaaeai? a iniiao oiai /e
?ioiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Ia iao iiaeyae, i?ae aeaea?aeii i?aaa iaiao?aeii ?icoi?oe caniae
i?ciaiiy aai niiniae ciai?oiueiai ?nioaaiiy i?aaa, oiaoi i?aaia?
aeieoiaioe oa aeaye? ?io? aeaea?aea (i?aoeaaeaioe, cae/a?aa i?aai), ui
i?noyoue i?aaia? ii?ie ? aenooiathoue aeaea?aeii ciaiue, ui
oi?ioeththoueny aea?aeaaith, i?i iiaeeeao aai iaiao?aeio iiaaae?ieo
noa(?eo?a.

Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? iiaea aooe ye oi?iith i?aaa, oiaoi oi?iith
ae?aco noa(?eoii i?aaioai?/ino? nai?? aie?, oae ? aeaea?aeii i?aaa —
oi?iith ciai?oiueiai i?iyao ii?i i?aaa.

Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? a yeino? aeaea?aea i?aaa a iaoa??aeueiiio
?icoi?ii? aecia/a?oueny ye aeiaia??iee i?ioean ii aeinyaiaiith caiaee
noi?iiaie, ui aeiiiaeythoueny; o oi?iaeueiiio ?icoi?ii? — aeiaia?? ye
aeieoiaio, ui ? ?acoeueoaoii aca?iiiai aieaaeyaeaiiy.

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O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? aeaii? aeaae i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie
aeaea?ae no/aniiai i?aaa, aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui oi?ie ae?aco ci?noo
iiaeooue aooe ??cieie, a ci?no iiaea iaaoaaoe ??cieo oi?i.

TH?eaee/ii aeaea?aei i?aaa caaaeaee iioiaeeoue a?ae i?aaioai?/iai
??oaiiy eiiiaoaioiiai aea?aeaaiiai i?aaio ? iiaea aooe i?yiei, iio?aeiei
aai naieoe?iiiaaiei. Oiaoi, eiee aiii i?yii oi?ioeth? ocaaaeueiai?
ii?iaoeai? iieiaeaiiy /ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeo, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee
aeiaia??/ aai a?aeaeaa? eiie?aoiee i?eioeei ?aaoethaaiiy, ui i?noeoueny
a ??oaii? eiie?aoii? th?eaee/ii? ni?aae /i?aaiaee i?aoeaaeaio/, aai
iaiaaeo?oueny aea?aeaaii-aeaaeiei naieoe?iioaaiiyi aaea ?nioth/eo i?aaee
iiaaae?iee — ii?i /i?aaiaee cae/ae/.

Nenoaia aeaea?ae i?aaa yaey? niaith i?aai?/ia oe?ea, an? aeaiaioe yeiai
— ie?ai? aeaee aeaea?ae, ?icoaoiaai? a iaaiiio ii?yaeeo. A?aeiia?aeii
iiaeia aecia/eoe aeaa i?aeoiaee uiaei no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie
aeaea?ae i?aaa. Ia?oee oa?aeoa?eco? nenoaio aeaea?ae i?aaa ye oaeo, ui
ia ia? ???a?o?? ? /?oei? aioo??oiuei? i?aeii?yaeeiaaiino?; ae?oaee —
aecia/a? iayai?noue aa?oeeaeueiiai ca(yceo i?ae aeaea?aeaie i?aaa.

No/ania ?icoi?iiy ia?aaeaa/a? oa?aeoa?enoeeo nenoaie aeaea?ae i?aaa ye
oe?e?nio, ?aeeio nenoaio i?aaee iiaaae?iee caaaeueiiai ii?iaoeaiiai
oa?aeoa?o.

Caaaeueia oai??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?ic??ciy? oae? aeaee aeaea?ae i?aaa
: ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeo, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia??, i?aaiaee
cae/ae, i?aaiaee i?aoeaaeaio, ii?ie eaiii?/iiai oa i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa.

1. I?aaiaee i?aoeaaeaio — aeaea?aei i?aaa, ui ae?aaeaia a ia(?eoeaiiio
??oaii? i?aaio aea?aeaae, i?noeoue th?eaee/i? iieiaeaiiy aai iaaea?
oeoia/aiiy ni??iiio ieoaiith, aai ae ae??oo? ia ia?aaeaa/aia a caeii?
ieoaiiy, yeiio iaaea?oueny caaaeueia iaia(yceia?noue i?e ae??oaii?
ianooiieo aiaeia?/ieo ni?aa. I?aaiaee i?aoeaaeaio iiaea aooe
aaei?i?no?aoeaiei ? noaeiaei.

Aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui c ae?oai? iieiaeie O?O no. i?aoeaaeaio
ao?aoea nai? aa?oiaainoai o i?aaia?e nenoai?, inoaii?i /anii i??i?eoaoia
cia/aiiy ia? caeii, oiio ui i?aoeaaeaio iiaea aooe iei a?aei?iaiee.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy noaeiai? i?aeoeee Aa?oiaiei Noaeii Oe?a?ie ? aeaeaiiy
ea??aieo ?ic(yniaiue, ia iiaea aaaaeaoenue iiaiioe?iiei aeaea?aeii
i?aaa, a iiaea noaoe eeoa i?aenoaaith aeey i?eeiyooy iiaeo ii?i i?aaa.

2. I?aaiaee cae/ae — i?aaeei iiaaae?iee, yea a ?acoeueoao?
aaaaoi?aciaiai iiaoi?aiiy a /an? ? i?inoi?? iaaoaa? iaaii? no?eeino?,
cae??ieth?oueny a i?aeoe/iiio aeina?ae? ? ineoieia?? ethaeae,
naieoe?iiiaaia aea?aeaaith oeyoii iineeaiiy ia iueiai a ii?i? caeiio aai
aeei?enoaiiy eiai a yeino? iniiae noaeiaiai ??oaiiy. I?aaiaee cae/ae ia
aea? iiaeeeaino? ?aaoethaaiiy an?o noa? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei ? ia
nueiaiaei? ia aecia?oueny ye

aeaea?aei i?aaa Oe?a?ie, aea caeeoa?oueny ye oaea a e?a?iao ?c
cae/a?aith i?aaiaith nenoaiith, a oaeiae a e?a?iao ionoeueiainueeiai
i?aaa.

3. Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeo — oea iaea?eueo ?iciianthaeaeaia a iao /an
aeaea?aei i?aaa, yea i?noeoue ii?ie i?aaa, anoaiiaeai? eiiiaoaioieie
i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee a iaeiinoi?iiiueiio aieueiaiio ii?yaeeo. ?o
aeeiiaiiy caaacia/o?oueny neeith aea?aeaaiiai i?eiono. Aeae? aaoi?
aeine?aeaeo? i?e/eie, i?ioean aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeoo ye aeaea?aea i?aaa a ?noi??? e?a?i na?oo.
Cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny eiai iciaeai, aeanoeainoyi ? aeaeai.

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4. Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? — iaeia c th?eaee/ieo oi?i ?nioaaiiy
i?aaiaeo ii?i, ye?e aeanoea? ianooii? iciaee :

-? i?aaii??iith iiaaae?ieith /th?eaee/iei oaeoii/, i?aenoaaith aeey
aeieeiaiiy i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei;

-neeaaea?oueny c ii?i i?aaa, ci?noii yeeo ? noa(?eoeai? i?aaa oa
th?eaee/i? iaia(ycee, iaia(yceia? aeey iaaecia/aiiai eiea in?a ?
?ic?aoiaai? ia iaiaeiie?aoia canoinoaaiiy;

-c(yaey?oueny aiane?aeie i?aaioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aea?aeaaii?
aeaaee /aeeiiaa/i? ? caeiiiaeaa/i?/;

-noa(?eoe aeiaiai?o caaaeaee a?aecia/athoueny ioae?/iei, eieaeoeaiei
oa?aeoa?ii;

-iaoa aeiaiai?o caaaeaee ia? caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?;

-? i?aaiaith aacith aeey i?eeiyooy ?ioeo i?aaiaeo aeo?a.

5. Eaiii?/i? ii?ie — i?aaeea iiaaae?iee ii?iaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o a
e?a?iao, aea ?ae?a?y aeciaaaeanue iaeiei c aea?aeaaieo ?inoeooo?a. ?o
ci?noii ? ?ae?a?ei? ianoaiiae, aeciai? i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee.
Aaaaea?oueny, ui aiie ? ?acoeueoaoii aiaeanoaaiiiai iaee?iaaiiy ?
caeaa?eueoiai ia i?aeeyaathoue ci?ie /e neanoaaiith.

Eaiii?/i? ii?ie ye aeaea?aei i?aaa iaaoee oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a
na?aaei? a?e?, a nueiaiaei? ae caeeoathoueny aeooaeueieie eeoa a aeayeeo
e?a?iao Noiaeo.

I?ae /an aiae?co aaoi?ii an?o cacia/aieo aeaea?ae i?aaa aoei iieacaii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ieie ? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaei aeiaiai?ii.

O o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? aaoi? ia iniia? aiae?co nenoaie aeaea?ae
no/aniiai i?aaa aecia/a? i?noea ? ?ieue ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o
na?aae ieo, i?aee?anethth/e, ui caaaeyee nai?i aeanoeainoyi inoaii?e
noa? oi?aa?naeueiei ?aaoeyoi?ii noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, iaeiei ?c
cia?yaeue caaeiaieaiiy caeiiieo iio?aa ? ?ioa?an?a an?o noa(?eo?a i?aaa.
??ai?noue noi??i, naiaiaea aieaaeyaeaiiy oa aeai?o ia?oia??a, ioi?iia ?
caaacia/aiiy c aieo aea?aeaae, iaaeathoue ia?aaaao ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio
aeiaiai?o ye ae??aiio ? iia?eueiiio aeaea?aeo i?aaa.

Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? ? :

-caniaii i?ciaiiy i?aaiaeo ii?i, ui neeaaeathoue eiai ci?no;

-aeaiyeei ca oa?aeoa?ii : c iaeiiai aieo ? io?oe?eiei caniaii ae?aco
ii?i i?aaa c aieo aea?aeaae, c ?ioiai — iaeiei c aa??aio?a ae?yeueiino?
aoaeue-yeiai noa(?eoo i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei ii caaeiaieaiith aeanieo
iio?aa;

-ciai?oi?i i?iyaii i?aaiaeo ii?i, a?coaeueiei aeaea?aeii ?ioi?iaoe??
aeey ianaeaiiy c aa??aioaie iiaeeeai? oa iaiao?aeii? iiaaae?iee;

— ae?acii aaciina?aaeiuei? ii?iaoeaii-cae??ieaii? aie? a?iiaaeyi;

— iaeiei c aeaiaio?a i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy;

— aeaea?aeii aeieeiaiiy iniiaieo i?aa ? iaia(yce?a noa(?eo?a
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa.

Aeae? a ?iaio? ie?aneththoueny iniiai? iai?yiee ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o. Na?aae ieo oae?, ye:

— ?ic?iaea iiaeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a ?aae?caoe?? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai
aeiaiai?o ? iaaeaiiy eiio oaeei /eiii iiaiai ci?noo;

— oi?o?eaoe?y ? iaaeaiiy oeiiaei aeiaiai?ai, ui iioe?ai? a aaaaoueio
aaeocyo noni?eueiiai aeeooy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai ci?noo;

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— iioe?aiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeiaiai??a ia iia? noa?e noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei;

— ?icoe?aiiy eiea noa(?eo?a, ui iathoue i?aai oeeaaeaoe aeiaiai?e c
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaei ci?noii, ye iaeei c aa??aio?a ia?aianaiiy
i?aaioai?/iai i?ioeano aaciina?aaeiuei a a?iiaaeyinueea noni?euenoai.

Ioaea, noai?aiiy aeiaia??ieo ii?i ? i?iyaii caeaoiino? an?o noa(?eo?a
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei aei naii?aaoethaaiiy, ui iiaeiii aooe aeciaii
th?eaee/ii, ye iaeei c cania?a ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aeaaa ??? «Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? ye iaeia c oi?i ?aae?caoe??
i?aaa», i?noeoue 2 ia?aa?aoe. A ia?oiio iiaa eaea i?i aeiaia?? ye
i?aenoaao aeieeiaiiy, ci?ie aai i?eieiaiiy i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei.

Noa(?eoe noni?eueieo a?aeiinei oeeaaeath/e aeiaia??, cae?eniththoue
iaeei c aeae?a i?aaii??ii? iiaaae?iee ii ?aae?caoe?? c iaeiiai aieo —
noa(?eoeaiiai i?aaa eiaeiiai ia i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue, iaeiei
c iaoiae?a yei? iiaea aooe oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o, i?aaia?

canaaee yeiai aaea aeeeaaeai? a ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio aeo? aai
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio aeiaiai??. C ?ioiai aieo — i?aai aea?aeaaieo
i?aai?a ? a?aeiia?aeieo iinaaeiaeo in?a ia noai?aiiy iiaeo ii?i i?aaa,
oi?iith yeeo iiaea aooe aeiaia??. A iaio aeiaaeeao iane?aeeii ?
aeieeiaiiy i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei.

C i?ioeanoaeueiiai aieo aeiaia?? aeeth/a? aeae?eueea noaae?e :
i?aeaioiaeo, oeeaaeaiiy oa aeeiiaiiy. ?o ci?no iaiiaith?oueny
iaia(yceiaeie oiiaaie, ca iayaiino? yeeo aeiaia?? iiaea aaaaeaoeny
ae?eniei. Aioo??oi?i ci?noii inoaii?o ? ?aei?noue aie? oa aieaaeyaeaiiy
i?e oeeaaeaii? aeiaiai?o, i?aaiaee oa?aeoa? ci?noo, ui aecia/a?oueny
iaoith ? i?aaeiaoii aeiaiai?o, i?aaicaeaoi?noue, ae??caeaoi?noue ?
aeae?eoicaeaoi?noue noi??i, oi?ia oa ii?yaeie oeeaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o.

Ia?aa?ao ae?oaee i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith nioe?aeueii? oe?iiino?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o a i?aai?aae?caoe?ei?e i?aeoeoe? c oi/ee
ci?o aea/aiiy eiai ooieoe?e. Ooieoe?? aeiaiai?o — oea neeaaeia
eaoaai??y, ui aeeth/a? oa?aeoa?enoeeo eiai caaaeaiue, ?ie? oa cia/aiiy.
Caaaeaiiy aeiaiai?o — oea aeac?aea ia e?ioeaao aai aaciina?aaeith iaoo
aeiaiai?o, aeinyaiaiiy yei? iiaeiii ae??ooaaoeny iei naiino?eii aai
cae?eniaiith yei? aiii iiaeiii ni?eyoe. ?ieue aeiaiai?o — oea i?iya
i?aeoe/ii? oe?iiino? aeiaiai?o nueiaiaei? ? a iaeaooiueiio, ui
aecia/a?oueny oa?aeoa?ii ? cia/ei?noth eiai ooieoe?e. Cia/aiiy aeiaiai?o
— oea eiai ia(?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue o ?icaeoeo noni?eueieo a?aeiinei a
yeino? ?o i?aaiai? oi?ie ae?aco.

Ioaea, iiiyooy «ooieoe?? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o» aeeth/a? a naaa
?icoi?iiy i?i caeiiii??iino? i?iyao noo? aeiaiai?o aai i?i
ae?yeuei?noue, ni?yiiaaio ia aeeiiaiiy iaaieo caaaeaiue. Ooieoe??
aeiaiai?o a naiiio caaaeueiiio ?icoi?ii? — oea niaoeeo?/iee i?iya
aeanoeainoae aeiaiai?o. Oea iiiyooy ioiieth? iaeii/anii ye i?ecia/aiiy
aeiaiai?o, eiai ?ieue, oae ? iai?yiee eiai aieeao ia noni?euei?
a?aeiineie. Aeae?eythoueny oae? ooieoe?? : iaoiaeieia?/ia,
i?aai?caoe?eia, eii?aeeiaoe?eia, i?ia?aiia, nenoaiioai?/a, ii?iioai?/a,
aeoiaia, iaa/aeueia ? o.ae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiiyooy, aeae?a oa cia/aiiy aeiaiai?o ye
oai?aoeei-i?aaiai? eaoaai??? aea? iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee
:

1. Oeeaaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?y aeiaiai?o ni?ey? aaeineiiaeaiith ? ?icaeoeo
iniiaii? ooieoe?? aea?aeaae — caaacia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? aca?iiae??
?ioa?an?a an?o noa(?eo?a i?aaa.

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2. Aeiaia?? a ?aieao i?aaiai? nenoaie Oe?a?ie iiaea aenooiaoe a aeaio
oi?iao : o yeino? i?aaiai? eaoaai??? caaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o ye aeaea?aei
(oi?ia) i?aaa, ? aaeocaai? eaoaai??? ye oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa.

3. Aeiaia?? ? i?aenoaaith aeieeiaiiy, ci?ie oa i?eieiaiiy
i?aaia?aeiinei, a yeeo noi?iie aca?iiae?thoue i?ae niaith oeyoii
?aae?caoe?? aca?iieo i?aa ? iaia(yce?a, ui ioi?iiythoueny ?
aa?aioothoueny c aieo aea?aeaae.

4. C oi/ee ci?o caaaeueii? oai??? i?aaa aeiaia??, eiai aeeiiaiiy aai
iaaeeiiaiiy iiaea aooe i?aenoaaith aeey aeieeiaiiy: ?aaoeyoeaieo aai
ioi?iiieo, aaniethoieo, aeoeaieo oa ?ioeo aeae?a i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei, a
oiio /ene? oeea?eueieo, i?aeia?iaeieo, o?oaeiaeo ? o.ae.

5.Iiiyooy aeiaiai?o neeaaea?oueny c aeaio a?oi aeaiaio?a:

a/ th?eaee/ii? eiino?oeoe??, aei yei? aoiaeeoue ii?yaeie oeeaaeaiiy,
no?oeoo?a, niin?a aeeiiaiiy aeiaiai?o ? ia(?i a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca
iaaeeiiaiiy;

a/ nooo?aeo yeinoae : anoaiiaeaiiy th?eaee/iiai ca(yceo i?ae noa(?eoaie;
ci?noii ? aeeiiaiiy ae?e, ui i?eaiaeyoue aei aeinyaiaiiy iaoe o/aniee?a;
?acoeueoao aeia?ia?eueii? caiaee; oi?iaeueia ??ai?noue ia?oia??a a
i?aaao ? iaia(yceao, ye? ? ci?noii aeiaiai?o; oi?aa?naeuei?noue;
a?aeiinia aaoiiiii?noue ?aaoethaaiiy aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae noi?iiaie, a
?aieao caeiio.

6.Aeine?aeaeaiiy an?o oei?a aeiaiai??a ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai ci?noo aea?
ciiao aecia/eoe ?o niaoeeo?/i? ?ene:

-noa(?eoii iaeaea caaaeaee aenooia? i?aai?caoe?y, ui ia?
aea?aeaaii-aeaaei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy /aea?aeaaa, aea?aeaai? i?aaie/ oa
i?aeia?iaei? i?aai?caoe??;

-i?aaeiaoii ?aaoethaaiiy ? ieoaiiy aeaaee, oi?aae?iiy oa naii?aaoeyoe??,
ui aeiioneathoue aeiaia??io oi?io ?aaoethaaiiy;

-iiaeooue aooe i?aenoaaith aeey oeeaaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, a oiio /ene? ? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo
aeiaiai??a c iaoith ?aae?caoe?? ii?i, ui a iueiio i?noyoueny ? o.ae.

7. Aea/aiiy aeiaiai??a c ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaei ci?noii, ye? aenooiathoue a
yeino? oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa ni?eyei ie?aneaiith ?o iniiaieo
yeinoae: noa(?eoaie iiaeooue aooe o?ce/i? oa th?eaee/i? iniae, ui
aieiae?thoue i?aainoa(?eoi?noth; ia(?eoii ?aaoethaaiiy aenooiathoue
iaeiia? oa iaiaeiia? i?aaa oa iaia(ycee; aeieeathoue ia iniia? aaea
?nioth/eo ii?i i?aaa ? o.ae.

8. Iiiyooy aeiaia??ieo a?aeiinei ia?ic?eaii iia(ycaia c iiiyooyi
ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, oiio ui ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeo aecia?
aeiaia?? ye aeae ii?iaoeaii? naii?aaoeyoe??, aecia/a? noa?o aeiaia??iiai
?aaoethaaiiy, anoaiiaeth? aeaee ? oi?ie aeiaiai??a ? o.ae.

9. Iaiaeiicia/i?noue ?icoi?iiy iiiyooy oi?ia ? aeaea?aei i?aaa,
i?eaiaeeoue aei aeaiyeino? o o?aeooaaii? aeiaiai?o ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai
oa?aeoa?o, a naia ye oi?ie i?aaa — o aeiaaeeo ia(?eoeaiaaiiai
cae??ieaiiy oa ciai?oiueiai i?iyao ci?noo i?aaa a aeiaiai??, oa ye
aeaea?aea i?aaa — a ?ac? niiniao ae?aco i?aaiaeo ii?i, ci?no yeeo
aecia/a?oueny iaaieie oi?iaie, ui neoaeaoue oi?iaeueiith i?aenoaaith ?o
caaaeueiiiaia(yceiaino?.

O ?icaeiaiiio a?iiaaeyinueeiio noni?euenoa? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia??
noa? iaeaea aieiaiith th?eaee/iith oi?iith ?nioaaiiy i?aaiaeo ii?i, ui
coiiaeaii ?yaeii i?e/ei, na?aae yeeo : iaiao?aei?noue /?oeiai oa
iia?aoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy c aieo aea?aeaae ??cieo noa? noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei; caeaoi?noue aiineoe oe?eani?yiiaai? ci?ie a

14

?icaeoie iiae?e o noni?eueiiio aeeoo?; iniaeeaa oi?ia aea? ciiao
iaea?eueo /?oei oi?ioethaaoe ci?no ii?i i?aaa.

11. Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o iieyaathoue o
iaaeaii? oe?e eaoaai??? iiaiai ci?noo, oeyoii ?ic?iaee iiaeo oi?i ?
iaoiae?a eiai ?aae?caoe??, a oaeiae iioe?aiiy ia iia? noa?e noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei.

12. I?aaia? a?aeiineie, ui aeieeathoue ia i?aenoaa? aeiaiai?o, iiaeooue
aaaaeaoeny ae?enieie eeoa a oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee noi?iiaie aoee
aeio?eiai? an? oiiae, a naia : aeio?eiaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e oa iine?aeiaiino?
i?e oeeaaeaii? oa aeeiiaii? aeiaiai?o, ?aei?noue aie? ? aieaaeyaeaiiy
noa(?eo?a i?e oeeaaeaii? aeiaiai?o; caeiii?noue ci?noo, ui aecia/a?oueny
aeaeiaith oa?aeoa?enoeeith, iniiaith aeiiiaeaiino? noi??i, iaoith
aeiaiai?o; ae?aaeaiiy aie? noi??i a iaai?e oi?i? /onii, ienueiiai,
iia/acii, c iioa??aeueiei iina?ae/aiiyi/.

13. Noni?eueia oe?ii?noue aeiaiai?o a ?aieao ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa
ciaoiaeeoue na?e ye?niee ae?ac a eiai ooieoe?yo, ine?eueee a ieo
caeeaaeai? aano?aeoi? iiaeeeaino?, caniae ? oi?ie aieeao aeiaiai?o ia
noni?euei? a?aeiineie.

14. Iiiyooy ooieoe?e aeiaiai?o aeeth/a? a naaa eiai ?ieue, cia/aiiy ?
caaaeaiiy a iaoai?ci? i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy noni?eueieo a?aeiinei.

15. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e aeiaia?? ye i?aaiao oi?io caaacia/aiiy ?ioa?an?a ?
i?aa noa(?eo?a, ooieoe?? aeiaiai?o iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia o?e aeaee :
caaaeuei? (iniiai?), na?aae yeeo ?ioi?iaoe?eia aai eiioi?eaoeaia,
i?ia?aiia, eii?aeeiaoe?eia, aa?aio?eia aai noeioethth/a, ?aaoethth/a,
i???ioaoe?eia; niaoe?aeuei? — eiie?aoecothoue caaaeuei?; eiie?aoi? —
niaoeeo?/i? aeey iaaiiai aeaeo aeiaiai??a.

Ioaea, aea/aiiy aeiaiai?o ye oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa ye oaeiai, oa
aeiaiai?o ye oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? aaea ?nioth/eo ii?i i?aaa, aeaei
iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe ?o i?e?iaeo oa ye?ni? iciaee, ui yaey? niaith
?ioa?an ye aeey ?ic?iaee caaaeueieo iniia oai??? i?aaa, oae ? aeey
aiae?co ?nioth/i? aeiaia??ii? aace a Oe?a?i?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii a oaeeo iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo :

1. Aeiaia?? o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie // I?aaiaa aea?aeaaa.- Aei.7.-
E.,1996. (0,2 a.a.)

2. Aeiaia?? ye i?aenoaaa aeieeiaiiy, ci?ie oa i?eieiaiiy i?aaiaeo
a?aeiinei // I?aaiaa aea?aeaaa.-Aei.8.-E., 1997. ( 0,3 a.a.).

3. Aeaye? oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy aaiethoe?? iiiyooy aeaea?ae i?aaa //
Aea?aeaaa ? i?aai. Ca??iee i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo.- Aei.1.-E.,1997.
(0,3 a.a.).

4. Aeaye? ieoaiiy ?ie? aeiaiai?o a i?ioean? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy — //
«?aeaieia?y aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? : ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue».
Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — E., 1997. (0,1 a. a.).

5. Iaoiaeieia?/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaeaie aeaea?ae i?aaa.- //
«Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?i?». Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??.
— E., 1998. (0,1 a.a.).

15

Ia?oiiaiei I.I. Aeiaia?? o nenoai? i?aaa Oe?a?ie.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y aea?aeaae ? i?aaa,
?noi??y iie?oe/ieo oa i?aaiaeo a/aiue.-?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i.
A.I. Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy iiiyooy oa iniiaieo
aeanoeainoae aeiaiai?o ye oai?aoeei-i?aaiai? eaoaai??? a ?aieao nenoaie
i?aaa Oe?a?ie. C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i ?nioaaiiy aeiaiai??a o aeaio
oi?iao : ye oi?ie i?aaa ? ye oi?ie ?aae?caoe?? ii?i i?aaa, aecia/aii ?o
eeaneo?eaoe?th oa iniiai? th?eaee/i? aeanoeaino?.

Cae?eniaii aiae?c iiiyooy aeaea?aei (oi?ia), a oaeiae eiiieaenia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?nioth/eo aeaea?ae i?aaa, aecia/aii i?noea ? ?ieue
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o na?aae ieo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo
aeanoeainoae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?o ye aeaea?aea i?aaa Oe?a?ie
aeaei iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaee uiaei ia?niaeoea eiai ?icaeoeo ?
iioe?aiiy a yeino? ?aaoeyoi?a a?aeiinei o ??cieo no?ao noni?eueiiai
aeeooy..

Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia?? ye eaoaai??th, ui ?
i?aenoaaith aeey aeieeiaiiy, ci?ie oa i?eieiaiiy i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei.

Eeth/ia? neiaa : aeaea?aei (oi?ia) i?aaa, ?aae?caoe?y i?aaa, nenoaia
i?aaa, aaeocue i?aaa, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaee aeiaia??,
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-i?aaiaee aeiaia??.

Ia?oiiaiei I.I. Aeiaiai? a nenoaia i?aaa Oe?aeiu.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey ainoaea?noaa e
i?aaa, enoi?ey iieeoe/aneeo e i?aaiauo o/aiee.- Einoeooo ainoaea?noaa e
i?aaa ei. A.I. Ei?aoeeiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony i?iaeaia ii?aaeaeaiey iiiyoey e iniiaiuo
naienoa aeiaiai?a eae oai?aoeei-i?aaiaie eaoaai?ee a ?aieao nenoaiu
i?aaa Oe?aeiu. Naeaeai auaiae i nouanoaiaaiee aeiaiai?ia a aeaoo oi?iao
: eae oi?iu i?aaa e eae oi?iu ?aaeecaoeee ii?i i?aaa, ii?aaeaeaia eo
eeanneoeeaoeey e iniiaiua th?eaee/aneea naienoaa.

I?iaaaeai aiaeec iiiyoey enoi/ieea (oi?iu) i?aaa, a oaeaea eiiieaeniay
oa?aeoa?enoeea nouanoaothueo enoi/ieeia i?aaa, ii?aaeaeaii ianoi e ?ieue
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?a n?aaee ieo. Enneaaeiaaiea iniiaiuo
naienoa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai aeiaiai?a eae enoi/ieea i?aaa Oe?aeiu aeaei
aiciiaeiinoue naeaeaoue auaiaeu ioiineoaeueii ia?niaeoea eiai ?acaeoey e
?ani?ino?aiaiey a ea/anoaa ?aaoeyoi?a ioiioaiee a ?aciuo noa?ao
iauanoaaiiie aeecie.

Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaie aeiaiai? eae eaoaai?eth, eioi?ay
yaeyaony iniiaaieai aeey aicieeiiaaiey, eciaiaiey e i?ae?auaiey i?aaiauo
ioiioaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa : enoi/iee (oi?ia) i?aaa, ?aaeecaoeey i?aaa, nenoaia
i?aaa, io?aneue i?aaa, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaie aeiaiai?,
eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-i?aaiaie aeiaiai?.

16

N.M. Parkhomenko. Oreaty in the system of law of Ukraine. — Manuscript.

The dissertation for obtaining a scientific degree of the candidate of
sciences (law) on speciality 12.00.01 — theory and history of state and
law, history of political and legal studies. —

Institute of State and Law named after V.M.Koretsky, National Academy of
Science of Ukraine, Kyiv,1998.

The dissertation is focused on problems of determing of the meaning and
basic features of treaty as theoretical law category within frameworks
of Ukraine law system. There was made a conclusion about existence of
treaty in two forms: as a form of law, and as a form of realisation of
law norms; their classification and basic jurisdical features were also
determined.

There was made an analysis of the source (form) of the law meaning, and
complex characteristic of existing, law sources as well; there was found
the place and role of standard regulation law treaty among the latter
ones. Study of basic features of standard regulation law treaty as a
source of Ukraine law gave a possibility to make the conclusion
regarding perspectives of its development and spread as a regulator of
relations in different areas of society life.

The standard regulation law treaty has been characterised as a category
which is a ground for the appearance, change and cease of law relations.

Key words: source (form) of the law, law realisation, law system, law
region, standard regulation law treaty, law-individual treaty.

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