EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

?INOEOOO I?AEIA?IAeIEO A?AeIINEI

Aeue-?oe?aao Oaeae I.N.

OAeE: 327,79

Ae?ssEUeI?NOUe E?AE A?AANUeEEO AeA?AEAA II A?AAOETHAAIITH IAEANOEINUeEI?
I?IAEAIE

(80-? — IA?OA IIEIAEIA 90-O ?IE?A)

23.00.04 — Iie?oe/i? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo

nenoai ? aeiaaeueiiai ?icaeoeo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e oa aeeieiiaoe/ii?
neoaeae ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aoiaithe Ai?en ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e oa

aeeieiiaoe/ii? neoaeae

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oeaeiye ?ai? Aioiiiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, i?ioani?

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio,

Eiiiaeue Ieaia A?iieueae?aia,

?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei oa ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee,
aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ?

i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei IAI
Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 20 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.29 a ?inoeooo? i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei ca aae?anith: Ee?a, aoe.Iaeueieeiaa, 36/1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: Ee?a,
aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «17» aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee_____________________I.N.Eaiaiaoeueeee

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. XX noie?ooy, ui a?aeoiaeeoue a ?noi??th, aoei /anii
aaeeeeo aei?iaoaaiue aeey ethaenueei? oeea?e?caoe??. Oea e aea? na?oia?
a?eie, ? aace?/ ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a. A no/aniiio aca?iicaeaaeiiio
na?o? caaino?aiiy a?enueeiai-iie?oe/ii? neooaoe?? a aoaeue-yeiio c
?aa?ii?a ieaiaoe caa?iaeo? iaia?aaeaa/oaaieie iane?aeeaie aeey an???
ethaenueei? oeea?e?caoe??. O ca’yceo c oeei a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai
na?oiaiai ii?yaeeo ooieoe?? aa?aiooaaiiy aaciaee ana /ano?oa
ia?aoiaeyoue aei iaaeiaoe?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e. Oaeei /eiii, a oeae
/an aeyaeythoueny aea? aca?iiiia’ycai? oaiaeaioe?? — c iaeiiai aieo, aei
cieaeaiiy ?ie? iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaa a o?aaoethaaii? eiioe?eo?a, c
?ioiai -aei iineeaiiy aca?iicaeaaeiino? aea?aeaa ? i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie?
i?aeia?iaeieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e. Oea noino?oueny ? ?aa?iio
Aeecueeiai Noiaeo, eiiieaen i?iaeai yeiai caeia? iniaeeaa i?noea na?aae
iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo ieoaiue no/anieo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei.
Iniaeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a? iaeanoeinueea i?iaeaia, a ye?e
ia?aie?oathoueny ?ioa?ane ia o?eueee a?aanueeeo e?a?i ? ?c?a?ey, aea e
an?o a?aanueeeo e?a?i, ia’?aeiaieo a E?ao a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa (EAAe),
?ioeo e?a?i na?oo.

Cae?i/aiiy «oieiaeii? a?eie» oa ?oeioaaiiy a?iiey?ii? no?oeoo?e na?oo
ia’?eoeaii i?ecaaei aei iiyae noia?a/eeaeo oaiaeaioe?e a ?icaeoeo
no/anii? nenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Ia?oa iieiaeia 90-o
?ie?a oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany c?inoaiiyi eiioe?eoiiai iioaioe?aeo
aeecueeino?aeiiai ?aa?iio, ui c an??th i/aaeaei?noth aena?oeth?
iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie.

Iaae??oai?noue iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie, yea o?aaeeoe?eii ?icaeyaea?oueny
ye na?oeaaeia i?iaeaie aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy, iino?eii
?aaaia?o? iaaaciaeo ?icoe?aiiy ei?aeii?a ? ??ai?a eiio?iioaoe??,
caa?iaeo? i?aeia?iaeiiio ie?o ? aaciaoe?. O ca’yceo c oeei aea/aiiy
iiceoe?? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa c i?iaeaie aeecueeino?aeiiai
a?aaoethaaiiy, i?noey ? ?ie? iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a ae?yeueiino?
oe??? i?aai?caoe??, aaiethoe?? iiceoe?? EAAe

a?aeiinii oeyo?a ?? ae??oaiiy iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino?,
iie?oe/iiai ? iaoeiaiai cia/aiiy.

C?inoaiiy aieeao iaeanoeinueeiai /eiieea ia ae?iaeaiiy eiie?aoieo
iai?yi?a ? i?iaaaeaiiy iaaieo aeoe?e a ae?yeueiino? EAAe ia’?eoeaii
i?aeaiaeeoue aei aeoiee i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeyiooe a eiiieaen?
oa?aeoa?, niaoeeo?eo oa aaiethoe?th iiceoe?? EAAe c iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie, iniiai? iai?yie ae?yeueiino? ii ?? a?aaoethaaiith.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoiiaeaia: ?/ aeeeth/iith aaaeeea?noth i?iaeaie caaacia/aiiy
i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee ? a?aeiiaeaiiy ie?o ia Aeecueeiio Noiae?; 2/
iniaeeaith ?ieeth EAAe a nenoai? caaacia/aiiy ?aa?iiaeueii? aaciaee; C/
cia/ei?noth aieeao iaeanoeinueeiai oaeoi?o ia i?aeia?iaei? ?
?aa?iiaeuei? a?aeiineie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie

Oaiaoeea aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaea? iaeei ?c iai?yie?a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e oa
aeeieiiaoe/ii? neoaeae ?inoeoooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, cie?aia, «?ieue i?aeia?iaeieo
i?aai?caoe?e a ?icaoaeia? Oe?a?ie».

Iaoeiaa i?iaeaia, ui ae??oo?oueny a aeena?oaoe??, iieyaa? a
aeine?aeaeaii? ?ie? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, cie?aia EAAe, a
o?aaoethaaii? ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a, a iiaeieaii? e?eciaeo yaeu a
iie?oe/ii ianoaa?eueieo ?aeiiao ieaiaoe. Aeine?aeaeo?oueny aaiethoe?y
iiceoe?? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie oa ?? aieea
ia ?icaeoie i?ioeano aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy a ia??iae, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie nenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ia
Aeecueeiio Noiae? a 80-o? — ia?o?e iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — oi?ie ? iaoiaee cae?eniaiiy ie?ioai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa ii ae?iaeaiith ? ai?iaaaeaeaiith
i?aeoiae?a aei ae??oaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a eiioeaiooaeueiiio,
no?oeoo?iiio ? ooieoe?iiaeueiiio aniaeoao.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia oa iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??.

Aeoiaey/e c niaoeeo?ee ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iinoaaeaieo caaea/,
aaoi? ia?aa iniiaieie iaoiaeaie aiae?co: nenoaiiee, ii??aiyeueiee ?
i?iaeaiii-?noi?e/iee. Oea aeicaiey? ?icaeyiooe i?iaeaio a ?? /ania?e
iine?aeiaiino? ? aeeiai?oe?, i?iaanoe eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aea?aiiai i?aaeiaoo (oi?ie ? iaoiaee cae?eniaiiy ie?ioai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? EAAe ii a?aaoethaaiith iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie) ye
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai, aea aca?iiiia’ycaiiai oe?eiai a ?aieao a?eueo
oe?iei? oe?e?nii? nenoaie (ae?yeuei?noue EAAe o an?o ?ioeo iai?yiao) a
ia??iae, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, a oaeiae a eiioaeno? aaiethoe?? naii?
iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie.

Iaoa oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy — aeine?aeeoe iaoai?ci
oi?ioaaiiy i?aeoiae?a E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa aei iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie, i?ine?aeeoe eiai aaiethoe?th i?ae aieeaii /eiiee?a
aeiaaeueiiai ? ?aa?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, aeyaeoe i??o eiai aoaeoeaiino?
ia ??cieo aoaiao aaiethoe?? iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie, iieacaoe iiaeeea?
oeyoe aaeineiiaeaiiy eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy, c’ynoaaoe i?noea, ?ieue ?
cia/aiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a ae?yeueiino? EAAe o aeacaiee ia??iae,
i?iaiae?coaaoe /eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy iiceoe?? oe???
?aa?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? c aeacaii? i?iaeaie.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?ii noaaeeeny ianooii?
eiie?aoi? caaea/?:

— aeaoe e?eoe/iee aiae?c eiioeaiooaeueii-oai?aoe/ieo iiaoaeia
iie?oieia?a c ieoaiue i?noey ? ?ie? iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a
ae?yeueiino? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa;

— aecia/eoe /eiieee oi?ioaaiiy iiceoe?? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa c
iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie;

— aeyaeoe aieea oeaio?ineeiai? aeeiai?ee a ?aieao aeecueeino?aeii?
?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie ia aaiethoe?th iiceoe?? EAAe c iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie;

— ina?oeoe iniiai? i?e/eie aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?aeoiae?a a?aanueeeo
aea?aeaa aei iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie ? iieacaoe ?? aieea ia ae?iaeaiiy
caaaeueiia?aanueei? iiceoe?? c aeacaii? i?iaeaie;

— iieacaoe aaiethoe?th iiceoe?? EAAe c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie,
anoaiiaeoe ?? ia??iaeecaoe?th;

— aeaoe ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? EAAe ii a?aaoethaaiith eiioe?eoo;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iiaeeea? oeyoe ae??oaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie ?
iiaeeeaino? a oeueiio ieai? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa.

— aecia/eoe iaiao?aei? iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy EAAe ye oaeoi?a ?icaeoeo
i?aea?aanueeeo a?aeiinei, caa?aaeaiiy ?aeiino? a?aanueeiai
na?oo;

ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ?ieue, yeo iiaeiia a?aoe EAAe o caaacia/aii?
caaaeueiia?aanueei? aaciaee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeenna?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa?, ia?o ca ana, o
oiio, ui aaoi? aia?oa a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? ia iniia? iiaeo,
?ai?oa ia aaaaeaieo aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao aeaea?ae cae?eniea ni?iao
a?oioiaii e aeaoaeueii aeine?aeeoe i?iaeaio ae?yeueiino? EAAe, ui
ni?yioaaea ia a?aaoethaaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie ?, o a?eueo oe?ieiio
cia/aii?, ia oi?ioaaiiy anaioiiethth/i? nenoaie caaaeueiia?aanueei?
aaciaee, a oaeiae iieacaoe iniaeeaino? eiioeaiooaeueiiai caaacia/aiiy
oe??? ae?yeueiino? ? ?? aeeiai?eo.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
eiie?aoiee iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa:

1. I?iaiae?ciaaii i?noea ? ?ieue EAAe o ae??oaii? iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie;

2. Aea/aii i?e/eie a?aeiiae EAAe a?ae iie?oe/iiai a?aaoethaaiiy
iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a 1967-1982??. ? aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?caoe?? ii ae??oaiith e?ece a oe? ?iee;

3. Iieacaii i?ioean aaiethoe?? iiceoe?? EAAe ii iaeanoeinuee?e i?iaeai?
a 80-? ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a;

4. Aea/aia nooi?iue aoaeoeaiino? iaoai?ci?a caaacia/aiiy aaciaee, ye?
noai?ai? a ?aieao EAAe;

5. Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? oaeoi?e, ye? ia?aoeiaeaeaee ?o aoaeoeaiiio
ooieoe?iioaaiith;

6. Aecia/ai? oeyoe ? iiaeai? eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?aoi?ioaaiith
EAAe ye iaiao?aeii? ia?aaeoiiae aeey iineeaiiy ?? ?ie? a i?ioean?
caaacia/aiiy caaaeueiia?aanueei? aaciaee.

I?aeoe/ia oa oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia
i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith aaaeeeai? iaoeiai? i?iaeaie ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye i?e iiaeaeueo?e ?ic?iaoe?
aeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee, oae ? a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ciai?oi?o
ciinei e?a?i aeecueeino?aeiiai ?aa?iio. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, ui
i?noyoueny a ?iaio?, iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie aeey ooi/iaiiy iiceoe??
Oe?a?ie c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie, ieoaiue ?? aeainoi?iii?o a?aeiinei c
a?aanueeeie aea?aeaaaie oa ?c?a?eai.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e aeeeaaeaii?
eo?n?a ? niaoeeo?n?a c i?iaeai oai??? oa i?aeoeee i?aeia?iaeieo
i?aeo?yaeiaeo ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e e?a?i Ac??, Ao?eee oa
Eaoeinueei? Aia?eee, ii ?noi??? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ? ciai?oiuei?
iie?oeee, i?aeia?iaeiei a?aeiineiai ia Aeecueeiio Noiae?, ciai?oi?e
iie?oeoe? a?aanueeeo e?a?i.

O?iiieia?/ii? iaae?, oiaoi ia??iae a?ae ae?iaeaiiy EAAe
caaaeueiia?aanueei? i?ia?aie iie?oe/iiai a?aaoethaaiiy aeecueeino?aeiiai
eiioe?eoo oa iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie e coneeue ii ?? ?aae?caoe??.
I?eo?ae a na?aaeei? 90-o ?ie?a aei aeaaee a ?c?a?e? iiaiai ea??aieoeoaa
noai?ea ia?aoeiaee ia oeyoo ae??oaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie, aea
aeii?ioth/ith caeeoa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei ?? a?aaoethaaiiy.

Aeaea?aea ? e?oa?aoo?a:

Aeieoiaioaeueio aaco ?iaioe neeaee:

Aeieoiaioe E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa, aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/ieo a?aeiinoa a?aanueeeo e?a?i, aeieoiaioe
Iaeanoeinueeiai ?ooo Iii?o (I?I), I?aai?caoe?? Aecaieaiiy Iaeanoeie
(IAI), ??cieo iaeanoeinueeeo i?aai?caoe?e; iaoa??aee nan?e
Iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aaee Iaeanoeie; aeieoiaioe ? iaoa??aee a?aanueeeo
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ? i?aai?caoe?e; aeieoiaioe a?aanueeeo noa?aa?iiaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e aeiiii?/ii? ? iie?oe/ii? ni?ai?aoe?; i?aoe? oa aenooie
iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a e?a?i Aeecueeiai Noiaeo; aeieoiaioe 00I,
i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e ? eiioa?aioe?e; o?yaeia? aeieoiaioe i?i
e?a?ie Caoiaeo. Aaoi? aea/ea ? e?eoe/ii i?iaiae?coaaa aeine?aeaeaiiy
oe?a?inueeeo ? ?in?enueeeo aaoi??a c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie,
ia?aaeon?i i?aoe? ?.Ae. Aeieo???aa, A. ?. Eenaeueiaa, A. I. Eii?ia, I.
Ae. Ianoea oiui. Aaoi?ii aeei?enoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/ai? aiae?co
?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ia Aeecueeiio Noiae? a 80-? — 90-?
?iee. Oea i?aoe? A.I.Aaa?eoaaa, E.?.Iaaeaaaeei, ?.I.I?eiaeiaa oiui.
Iio??aii a?aei?oeoe, ui aeey oeeo ?ia?o, ye ? aeey iie?oeee N?N? ia
Aeecueeiio Noiae? caaaeii, oa?aeoa?iee iaaeoi ?aeaieia?ciaaiee ?
iaeiinoi?iii?e i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie oa
ae?yeueiino? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa, yea ioe?ithaaeany ia?aaeon?i c
oi/ee ci?o «aioe?iia??ae?noe/ii? ai?ioueae». I?aeoe/i? aniaeoe
ae?yeueiino? EAAe ii a?aaoethaaiith iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie
?icaeyaeathoueny o?eueee a i?aoe? A.?. Eenaeueiaa, iaeiae iniiaia oaaaa
a i?e i?eae?ey?oueny ia?o?e iieiaei? 80-o ?ie?a.

Cia/iee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?noeoueny a aeine?aeaeaiiyo ii ?noi??? ?
ciai?oi?e iie?oeoe? a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa. Oea ia?aaeon?i eieaeoeai?
iiiia?ao?? «Ciai?oiy iie?oeea e?a?i Aeecueeiai ? Na?aaeiueiai Noiaeo»,
«Iia?oiy ?noi??y a?aanueeeo e?a?i Ac??», «Iia?oiy ?noi??y a?aanueeeo
e?a?i Ao?eee», a oaeiae i?aoe? A.I. Aaneeue?aa, E.A. Aaeueeiai?, A.N.
Iaeeoiyi, ?.A. Eaiaea, A.A. Oaaaeiaa. ?acii c oei, c oi/ee ci?o
aaoi?a, a ieo iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny aiae?co iiceoe?? oeeo
e?a?i c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie, iniaeeai a ia??iae e?ioey 80-o — ia?o?e
iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a.

Oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia iaoea caeeaea i?oeiee i?aeio??aie aea/aiiy i?iaeai
aeecueeino?aeiiai ?aa?iio. A Oe?a?i? neeaeany oeiea noiaeiciaaoe?a, ui
?ic?iaey? o? aai ?io? aniaeoe aeaii? i?iaeaie. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an aeey
aaoi?a i?aaenoaaeee ?iaioe ?.O.*a?ieeiaa, A.E. Ao?e, I.A.Eiiiaeue,
I.Ae. Ianoea oa ?i.

A ?inoeooo? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, ?inoeooo? na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ?
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie i?aeaioiaeai? oa caoeuai?
aeena?oaoe??, a yeeo ?icaeyaeaeany i?iaeaia aeecueeino?aeiiai
a?aaoethaaiiy, iie?oeea ie?aieo a?aanueeeo e?a?i c i?iaeaie
aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy oa i?noea ? ?ieue oe??? i?iaeaie a
i?aea?aanueeeo a?aeiineiao. Oea aeena?oaoe?? Aeaei?aeaeana Oaiie Athaa
«Iie?oeea a?aanueeeo e?a?i c ieoaiiy aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy a
70-? ?iee», Ea?aa Aaaeaeaai? «Iaeanoeinueea i?iaeaia a ciai?oi?e
iie?oeoe? Ia?ieei», Aooeaei N.?. «E?aa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa ? i?iaeaie
aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy /1978-1989/», Aeue Aaea?e Aaaeoeee
?a?aaeia «Iie?oe/i? a?aeiineie i?ae Ei?aeai??th ? I?aai?caoe??th
Aecaieaiiy Iaeanoeie /1964-1988aa/», Aae?aea ?a?aaeia Aaaeaeue-Eaaea?a
Oaeaia «Iaeanoeinueea i?iaeaia a i?aea?aanueeeo a?aeiineiao a 80-?
?iee», ui iaaeaee cia/io aeiiiiiao aaoi?o i?e ?iaio? iaae oaiith.

I?iaeaia aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy ? ?? eeth/iaee aniaeo
-iaeanoeinueea i?iaeaia — ciaoiaeyoueny a oeaio?? oaaae a?aanueei?
?noi??ia?ao??. ?o aea/aiiy neiioeaio?iaaia a niaoe?aeueieo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oeaio?ao, oaeeo, ye Oeaio? iaeanoeinueeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue a Aae?oo?, «Oi?oi A?aanueei? aeoiee» a Aiiai?, a
niaoe?aeueieo oeaio?ao i?e oi?aa?neoaoao ?aeioo, Eoaaeoo, ??aeo, IAA,
E?aaio. Aaoi? aeei?enoaa i?aoe? oaeeo a?aeiieo a?aanueeeo aeine?aeiee?a,
ye Iooaiaae Oaeeae, Oanai?i Oaoo?e ?a?aaei, Naeo Aeue-Aeei Aaaeaeue
Oaooao, Oaoa Ioaeaeoa? oiui.

Aaoi? e?eoe/ii aeei?enoaa ? i?aoe? cao?aeieo aaoi??a c i?iaeaie, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aoee aeeeaaeai? a aenooiao ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
nai?ia?ao, ui i?iaiaeeeeny a ?inoeooo? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei,
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e oa
aeeieiiaoe/ii? neoaeae oa ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a o?ueio iaoeiaeo
noaooyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo oa nieneo aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaea?ae ?
e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 183 noi??iee, a oiio /ene? nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae caeia? 22 noi?.

Ci?no ?iaioe.

O anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, ?ice?eaa?oueny nooue ?
noai iaoeiai? i?iaeaie ? ?? cia/aiiy, iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoiaee, oi?ioeththoueny oe?e? ? caaea/?. Aeaia
iaa?oiooaaiiy o?iiieia?/ieo iaae ?iaioe, aecia/ai? i?aaeiao ? ia’?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/ou?noue, aea?oueny ?noi??ia?ao?y ieoaiiy.

O ?icae?e? ia?oiio — «I?noea ? ?ieue iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a
ae?yeueiino? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa» ?icaeyaea?oueny ?ieue EAAe o
oi?ioaaii? caaaeueiia?aanueei? iie?oeee a?aeiinii Iaeanoeie c iiiaioo
noai?aiiy oe??? i?aai?caoe??. I?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo a?ae noai?aiiy
EAAe a aa?aci? 1945 ?ieo aei 1982 ?ieo nooue ?? iiceoe?? caiaeeeany aei
a?aeiiae a?ae iie?oe/iiai a?aaoethaaiiy aeecueeino?aeiiai eiioe?eoo ?
iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie. Iaea?eueo iiaii aeaia iiceoe?y ciaeoea
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ??oaiiyo 1967 ?ieo Oa?ooinueei? ia?aaee aeaa aea?aeaa ?
o?yae?a a?aanueeeo e?a?i.

Aaoi?ii aecia/ai? ia’?eoeai? ? noa’?eoeai? /eiieee, ui aieeaaee ?
i?iaeiaaeothoue aieeaaoe ia oi?ioaaiiy iiceoe?? EAAe c iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie. I?ae aioo??oi?ie /eiieeaie ?icoi?thoueny oae? ianoaaeie
aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei, ye? aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy ?
i?iaaaeaiiy a aeeooy iie?oeee aeaii? i?aai?caoe?? c iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie. Ciai?oi? /eiieee aecia/athoueny aieeaii no?oeoo?e no/anieo
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ia iiceoe?th EAAe c aeacaii? i?iaeaie.

O ?icae?e? ae?oaiio — «Iiai?io a iiceoe?? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa c
iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a ia?o?e iieiaei? 80-o ?ie?a» aiae?co?oueny
i?ioean ae?iaeaiiy EAAe caaaeueii?aanueei? i?ia?aie iie?oe/iiai
a?aaoethaaiiy aeecueeino?aeiiai eiioe?eoo ? ?ica’ycaiiy iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie. I?eeiyooy Oannueeiai ieaio (1982 ?.) — ieaio iie?oe/iiai
a?aaoethaaiiy noaeiny ?aaiethoe?eiith iiae??th a ?noi??? EAAe. Iieacai?
coneeey EAAe ii ao?eaiith a aeeooy caaaeueiia?aanueei? i?ia?aie
iie?oe/iiai a?aaoethaaiiy aeecueeino?aeiiai eiioe?eoo ? iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie. ?acii c oei cacia/a?oueny, ui a iiaeaeueoee ia??iae EAAe ia
ciiaea cae?enieoe aoaeoeai? coneeey ii eiai ?aae?caoe??, ui aoei
coiiaeaii ye /eiieeaie ciai?oiueiai oa?aeoa?o, oae ? neooaoe??th a
a?aanueeiio na?o?, aea iineeththoueny a?aeoeaio?ia? oaiaeaioe??.

Aeine?aeaeo?oueny aaiethoe?y i?aeoiaeo IAI aei ?ica’ycaiiy
iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a ia?o?e iieiaei? 80-o ?ie?a ? eiai ioe?iea
E?aith a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa.

O ?icae?e? o?aoueiio iieacaia aaiethoe?y iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a
ae?oa?e iieiaei? 80-o ?ie?a, ?? aieea ia iiceoe?th EAAe. Iniaeeaa oaaaa
i?eae?ey?oueny iiceoe?? a?aanueeeo e?a?i c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie ia
ia?aaeao aeaa aea?aeaa ? o?yae?a a?aanueeeo e?a?i a Aiiai? (1987 ?.),
Aeaee?? (1988 ?.) ? Eanaaeaioe? (1989 ?.). Aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei
aeniiaeo, ui iaoith EAAe c iiiaioo ?? noai?aiiy aoei aeinyaiaiiy
a?aanueei? ?aeiino? ? ni?aaaaeeeaa ?ica’ycaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie,
aea ii i??? ?icoe?aiiy ?? neeaaeo ana a?eueo aeyaeyeeny ?ica?aeiino?
i?ae ?? o/anieeaie, ia?aaeon?i c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie. A iniia? oeeo
?ica?aeiinoae eaaeaoue a?aei?iiino? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?
aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith, ?aeaieia??, iniaeeainoae nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo,
iie?oe/ii? i???ioaoe??.

O aeaiiio eiioaeno? aiae?co?oueny oeaio?ineeiaa aeeiai?ea a?aanueei?
i?aenenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ia ?oaaae? 80-o — 90-o ?ie?a ? ??
aieea ia iiceoe?th EAAe c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie. Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui
i?ioyaii ia??iaeo, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, caaa?oo?oueny i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy a?aanueei? i?aenenoaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ye iaaii?
iie?oeei-aaia?ao?/ii? oe?e?niino? c ?iaiaioieie ?e i?eioeeiaie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa aca?iiae?? ?c ciai?oi?i na?oii. Iie?oeea EAAe ia
i?aeoeoe? aecia/aeany eeth/iaeie /anoeiaie no?oeoo?e ?aa?iiaeueii?
nenoaie, cie?aia, ?aeioii, N????th, ??aeii, Naoae?anueeith A?aa??th. O
ca’yceo c oeei aiae?cothoueny /eiieee aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?aeoiae?a oeeo
e?a?i aei iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie oa ?o aieea ia ?? aaiethoe?th.

O ?icae?e? /aoaa?oiio — «Aieea aeiaaeueieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo /eiiee?a ia
iiceoe?th EAAe c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie a ia?o?e iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a»
aena?oeai? iia? oaiaeaioe?? a aaiethoe?? i?noey ? ?ie? iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie a ae?yeueiino? EAAe i?ney eoaaeonueei? e?ece 1990-1991 ??. EAAe
ao?aoeea ?i?oe?aoeao a ni?aa? aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy, ui
ia?aeoea aei ie?aieo a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa ? cae?enithaaeany ia ??ai?
aeainoi?iii?o eiioaeo?a ?c?a?ey c ie?aieie a?aanueeeie e?a?iaie ? IAI.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? ?iaioe ?iaeyoueny iniiai? aeniiaee:

Caaino?aiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie noaei iaei??th c i?e/ei aeoea?caoe??
aeioeaio?iaeo oaiaeaioe?e a a?aanueeiio na?o?, ui ciaeoei a?aeia?aaeaiiy
a noai?aii? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa. C naiiai ii/aoeo noai?aiiy EAAe
iaeanoeinueea i?iaeaia caeiaea oeaio?aeueia i?noea a ?? ae?yeueiino?.

I?ae ?ica’ycaiiyi iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie aei ii/aoeo 80-o ?ie?a E?aith
a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa ?icoi?einy noai?aiiy Iaeanoeinueei? aea?aeaae ia
an?e oa?eoi??? Iaeanoeie c? noieeoeath a ???onaeei? ? e?ea?aeaoe?y
Aea?aeaae ?c?a?eue. ?ica’ycaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie iiaeiia aoei
ciaoiaeeoeny a ?aieao ni?eueii? eiiiaoaioe?? a?aanueeeo e?a?i — /eai?a
E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa. Aoaeue-ye? naiino?ei? e?iee a oeueiio iai?yi?
caciaaaee aino?i? e?eoeee.

Ia ii/aoeo 80-o ?ie?a niinoa??aa?oueny iinooiiaee iiai?io EAAe a
ae?yeueiino? c iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie. A?i ia?aaeaa/aa ia o?eueee
ia?ao?ae aei iie?oe/ieo oeyo?a a?aaoethaaiiy, aea ? o?ainoi?iaoe?th
i?aeoiaeo aei naii? noo? ?ica’ycaiiy ieoaiiy — aeciaiiy oaeoo ?nioaaiiy
Aea?aeaae ?c?a?eue ? iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy Iaeanoeinueei? Aea?aeaae ia
/anoei? oa?eoi??? Iaeanoeie.

Ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a ia Aeecueeiio Noiae? neeaeany ye?nii iiaa
iie?oe/ia ianoaiiaea, yea aieeioea ? i?iaeiaaeo? aieeaaoe ia iiaeaeueoo
aaiethoe?th ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a ? iiooee oeyo?a ?o a?aaoethaaiiy.
Aei /enea iaeaaaeeea?oeo ci?i iio??aii a?aeianoe iiao ?icnoaiiaeo nee a
a?aanueeiio na?o? aiane?aeie a?eie a Ia?nuee?e caoioe? ? iineeaiiy oai
a?aeoeaio?iaeo oaiaeaioe?e, ui ia iiaei ia a?aeaeoeny ia neooaoe?? a
EAAe, ci?ie a i?aeoiae? ?c?a?ey aei i?iaeaie aeecueeino?aeiiai
a?aaoethaaiiy, ie?i? ia?aaiai?e ia Aeecueeiio Noiae?, ii/aoie yeei
iieeaea i?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y a Iaae?eae?, ii/aoie
?c?a?euenueei-iaeanoeineiai ae?aeiao, ? eiai ia?o? i?aeoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe, ii?iae?caoe?th a?aeiinei i?ae ?c?a?eai ? Ei?aeai??th.

I?eo?ae a na?aaeei? 90-o ?ie?a aei aeaaee a ?c?a?e? iiaiai ea??aieoeoaa,
noai?ea ia?aoeiaee ia oeyoo ?? ae??oaiiy. Iaeiae caaaeii aeii?ioth/ith
oaiaeaioe??th ? oaiaeaioe?y aei a?aaoethaaiiy, cia/io ?ieue a /iio
iieeeeaia c?a?aoe E?aa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa.

Iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ?ica’ycaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie ? aeciaiiy ia
o?eueee iaeanoeioeyie oa ie?aieie a?aanueeeie e?a?iaie, aea ? E?aith
A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa, an?ia a?aanueeeie e?a?iaie i?aaa ?c?a?ey ia
?nioaaiiy ? aeciaiiy ?c?a?eai caeiiieo iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aa
iaeanoeinueeeo a?aa?a ye iaoe??, a oiio /ene? ? i?aa iie?oe/ieo. Oaea
aca?iia aeciaiiy iiaeiia aooe aa?aioiaaia a?aeiia?aeiei
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaei aeoii, iiaeeeai, ??oaiiyi ?aaee Aaciaee 00I, ui
ciaia’yco? an? noi?iie. O oeueiio ieai? aeooaeueiei i?aaenoaaey?oueny
iiaeaeueoa ?ic?iaea iaoai?cio aca?iiae?? i?ae 00I ? EAAe, EAAe ?
a?aanueeeie noa?aa?iiaeueieie i?aai?caoe?yie — ?aaeith Ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa
a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa Ia?nueei? caoiee ? Nithcii A?aanueeiai Iaa??ao a
ni?aa? ?ica’ycaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie.

Iineeaiiy aeioeaio?iaeo oaiaeaioe?e a i?aea?aanueeeo a?aeiineiao
i?ecaaei aei aeoea?caoe?? ?ie? iaoe?iiaeueieo aea?aeaa, cie?aia, a
ni?aa? aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy. O oeae /an ie?ioai?/ee i?ioean
?icaeaa?oueny a iniiaiiio a ?aieao aeainoi?iii?o a?aeiinei i?ae
?c?a?eai ? a?aanueeeie e?a?iaie oa ?c?a?euenueei-iaeanoeineeo a?aeiinei.

No/ani? ?aae?? neooaoe?? ia Aeecueeiio Noiae?, ia?o? c?ooaiiy ia oeyoo
ae??oaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie na?ae/aoue, ui i?ney no?eueeio ?ie?a
eiio?iioaoe?? ua ?niothoue aaeee? neeaaeiino? o ae?iaeaii? eiie?aoieo
i?aeoe/ieo aeiiiaeaiinoae c ??cieo aniaeo?a ?o ??oaiiy. Aeio?eiaiiy
aeanieo iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a (ia?aaeon?i iaeanoeioe?a ? ?c?a?ey) ia
iiaea aooe caeoeiaei iaoe?iiaeueiei ?ioa?anai ia?oia??a ii ia?aaiai?ao.
Ioaea, iaiao?aeia ?ic?iaea aca?iii?eeiyoieo i?eioeei?a, yeeie iiaeii?
ea?oaaoeny o/anieee ia?aaiai?iiai i?ioeano, cia/io ?ieue a /iio
iieeeeaia c?a?aoe E?aa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa. Aei /enea oeeo i?eioeei?a, c
oi/ee ci?o aaoi?a, iio??aii a?aeianoe aeciaiiy oiai oaeoo, ui i?yi?
ia?aaiai?e noi??i a eiioe?eo?, cie?aia, iaeanoeioe?a ? ?c?a?ey, ia
iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye caa?ica aai ia?aoeiaea ia oeyoo ?icaeoeo
ie?iiai i?ioeano, a?aeiiaa a?ae oace i?i oa, ui eeth/ ia oeyoo
a?aaoethaaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie eaaeeoue o?eueee ia oeyoo
ia?aaiai??a i?ae ?c?a?eai ? E?aith a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa. ?acii c oei oea
ia icia/a? iaaeiioe?iee ?ie? ? iiaeeeainoae E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa a
ni?aa? a?aaoethaaiiy iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie, a?aeiiae a?ae ??
aeei?enoaiiy a ia?aaiai?iiio i?ioean?. Oi?noaaiiy ia?aaiai?iiai
i?ioeano, cie?aia i?ae ?c?a?eai ? IAI, i?ae ?c?a?eai ? ie?aieie
a?aanueeeie e?a?iaie, ia? aaaeeeaa, aea i?ii?aeia cia/aiiy. EAAe iiaea a
c?a?aoe aaeeeo ?ieue a i?ioean? noai?aiiy nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee ia
Aeecueeiio Noiae?, a ia?aaiai?ao ii oaeei eiiieaeniei, ui
i?aaenoaaeythoue aca?iiee ?ioa?an aeey ?c?a?ey ? a?aanueeeo e?a?i
ieoaiiyi, ye eiio?ieue iaae ica?i?iiyi, iaaeiiouaiiy iioe?aiiy a ?aa?ii?
ca?i? ianiaiai cieuaiiy ? i?iaeaia a?aeaioe?a, i?iaeaia aiaeieo ?ano?n?a
oiui. Iaeneiaeueia ?icoe?aiiy ii?yaeeo aeaiiiai ia?aaiai?iiai i?ioeano,
?icaeyae an?o aeecueeino?aeieo i?iaeai a ?o aca?iica’yceo ?
aca?iicaeaaeiino?, ia?aaeaa/a? aeoea?caoe?th ?ie? E?ae a?aanueeeo
aea?aeaa.

Iaiao?aeiith oiiaith i?aeaeuaiiy cia/aiiy EAAe a i?aeia?iaeieo ?
?aa?iiaeueieo a?aeiineiao, aeoea?caoe?? ?? ae?yeueiino? ii
a?aaoethaaiith ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioe?eo?a, cie?aia iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie, ? i?eaaaeaiiy ?? Noaoooo o a?aeiia?aei?noue c iio?aaaie
nueiaiaei?oiueiai aeiy, aianaiiy a iueiai a?aeiia?aeieo ci?i, ye?
ia?aaeaa/athoue ooi/iaiiy oi?ioethaaiue, ui noinothoueny ?? oe?eae ?
caaea/, ?icoe?aiiy eiiiaoaioe?? ?? Aaia?aeueiiai nae?aoa?y, cie?aia c
iie?oe/ieo ieoaiue, ?icaeyae ?yaeo i?ioeaaeo?ieo ieoaiue. ?acii c oei ??
??oaiiy iaee ? i?iaeiaaeothoue iaoe aaeeeo iie?oe/io neeo. Ae?yeuei?noue
EAAe ? iino?eii ae?th/ei aaaeeeaei /eiieeii a ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao. O ca’yceo c oeei i?aaenoaaey?oueny
ia?niaeoeaiei ?icoe?aiiy ni?ai?aoe? c E?aith a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa
iaa?aanueeeo e?a?i, cie?aia Oe?a?ie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii a ianooiieo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aeue-?oe?aao Oaeae I.N. Aaiethoe?y iiceoe?? E?ae A?aanueeeo Aea?aeaa
ii iaeanoeinuee?e i?iaeai?. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei.
Aeione 2 (/anoeia 1). E.: Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao, 1996. — 136n.

2. Aeue-?oe?aao Oaeae I.N. Oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy iiceoe?? E?ae A?aanueeeo
Aea?aeaa ii i?iaeai? aeecueeino?aeiiai a?aaoethaaiiy. Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Aeione 7 (/anoeia 3). E.: Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao, 1997.

3. Aeue-?oe?aao Oaeae I.N. Ae?yeuei?noue EAAe ii a?aaoethaaiith
aeecueeino?aeiiai eiioe?eoo. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei. Aeione 4. E.: Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao, 1998.

Aeue ?oe?aao Oaeae I.N. Ae?yeuei?noue E?ae a?aanueeeo
aea?aeaa ii a?aaoethaaiith iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie (80-? —
ia?oa iieiaeia 90-o ?ie?a) -?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
c niaoe?aeueiino? 23.00.04 — Iie?oe/i? i?iaeaie i?aeia?iaeieo nenoai oa
aeiaaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. — ?inoeooo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Ee?a. 1999.

?iaioa i?enay/aia aeooaeuei?e i?iaeai? ?icaeyaeo a eiiieaen? oa?aeoa?o,
niaoeeo?ee oa aaiethoe?? iiceoe?? E?ae a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa c
iaeanoeinueei? i?iaeaie, iniiaieo iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? ii ??
a?aaoethaaiith, ui coiiaeaii c?inoaiiyi aieeao iaeanoeinueeiai /eiieea
ia ae?iaeaiiy eiie?aoieo iai?yi?a ? i?iaaaeaiiy iaaieo aeoe?e a
ae?yeueiino? EAAe. Aieiaia iaoa i?aaenoaaeaiiai aei caoenoo ?oeiieno —
i?iaiae?coaaoe i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue EAAe ii ae??oaiith iaeanoeinueei?
i?iaeaie a 80-? — ia?o?e iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a, oi?ie ? iaoiaee
cae?eniaiiy ie?ioai?/i? ae?yeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: E?aa a?aanueeeo aea?aeaa, iaeanoeinueea i?iaeaia,
aeecueeino?aeiee eiioe?eo, I?aai?caoe?y Aecaieaiiy Iaeanoeie,
?aa?iiaeuei? i?aai?caoe??.

Aeue ?oeeaao Oaeae I.N. Aeayoaeueiinoue Eeae a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa
ii o?aaoee?iaaieth iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu (80-a — ia?aay
iieiaeia 90-o aiaeia) — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iieeoe/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.04 — Iieeoe/aneea i?iaeaiu iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
nenoai e aeiaaeueiiai ?acaeoey. Einoeooo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee
Eeaaneiai oieaa?neoaoa eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei. Eeaa. 1999.

?aaioa iinayuaia aeooaeueiie i?iaeaia ?anniio?aiey a eiiieaena
oa?aeoa?a, niaoeeoeee e yaiethoeee iiceoeee Eeae a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa
ii iaeanoeineie i?iaeaia, iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiee aeayoaeueiinoe ii aa
o?aaoee?iaaieth, /oi iaoneiaeaii ?inoii aicaeaenoaey iaeanoeineiai
oaeoi?a ia au?aaioeo eiie?aoiuo iai?aaeaiee e i?iaaaeaiea ii?aaeaeaiiuo
aeoeee a aeayoaeueiinoe EAA. I?iaaaeai aeaoaeueiue aiaeec ?acaeoey
nenoaiu iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee ia Aeeaeiai Ainoiea ia i?ioyaeaiee
enneaaeoaiiai ia?eiaea. Aiaeece?oaony iaoaieci oi?ie?iaaiey a ?aieao
Eeae a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa eieeaeoeaiuo iiaeoiaeia a?aaneeo no?ai e
iaeanoeineie i?iaeaia.

Ia aaca iaoe?iiai aeieoiaioaeueiiai iaoa?eaea i?iaiaeece?iaaia
i?aeoe/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue EAA ii ?aoaieth iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu a
80-a — ia?aie iieiaeia 90-o aiaeia, oi?iu e iaoiaeu inouanoaeaiey aa
ie?ioai?/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iniiaiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii enneaaeiaaieth iaoaiecia oi?ie?iaaiey
iiaeoiaeia Eeae a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa e iaeanoeineie i?iaeaia, aai
yaiethoeee iiae aicaeaenoaeai oaeoi?ia aeiaaeueiiai e ?aaeiiaeueii
oa?aeoa?a. Auyaeaia noaiaiue aai yooaeoeaiinoe ia ?acee/iuo yoaiao
yaiethoeee iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu, iieacaiu aiciiaeiua iooe
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey aai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey.

Aaoi?ii ii?aaeaeaiu ianoi, ?ieue e cia/aiea iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu a
aeayoaeueiinoe EAA a oeacaiiue ia?eiae, i?iaiaeece?iaaiu oaeoi?u,
aicaeaenoaothuea ia oi?ie?iaaiea iiceoeee yoie ?aaeiiaeueiie
i?aaiecaoeee ii iaeanoeineie i?iaeaia.

Iieacaii aeeyiea oeaio?ineeiaie aeeiaieee a ?aieao aeeaeiaainoi/iie
?aaeiiaeueiie nenoaiu ia yaiethoeeth iiceoeee EAA ii iaeanoeineie
i?iaeaia. ?anniao?eaaaony ?ieue EAA a oi?ie?iaaiee iauaa?aaneie iieeoeee
a ioiioaiee Iaeanoeiu n iiiaioa nicaeaiey yoie i?aaiecaoeee. Aaoi?ii
ioia/aii, /oi aei ia/aea 80-o aiaeia Eeaa a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa ia
i?aaei?eieiaea yooaeoeaiuo oaaia a iaeanoe iieeoe/aneiai o?aaoee?iaaiey
iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu, inoaiiaeaoenue ia aiaiiii aa?eaioa aa ?aoaiey. A
aeenna?oaoeee iieacaii, /oi eciaiaiea iieeoe/aneie neooaoeee a a?aaneii
ie?a, aucaaiiia iiaeienaieai Aaeioii eyii-aeyaeaeneeo niaeaoaiee (1978
a.) e Aaoeiaoiineiai ie?iiai aeiaiai?a (1979 a.), aai a?aiaiiie
ecieyoeeae a a?aaneii ie?a e i?einoaiiaeaiee aai /eainoaa a EAA
aeoeaece?iaaei oneeey eiina?aaoeaiiai e?uea a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa,
iai?aaeaiiua ia au?aaioeo a ?aieao yoie i?aaiecaoeee iauaa?aaneie
i?ia?aiiu iieeoe/aneiai o?aaoee?iaaiey iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu e
i?aoai?aiey aa a aeeciue. Enneaaeoaony yaiethoeey iiaeoiaea III e
?aoaieth iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu a ia?aie iieiaeia 80-o aiaeia e aai
ioeaiea Eeaie A?aaneeo Ainoaea?noa.

A aeenna?oaoeee iieacaii, /oi niauoey, naycaiiua n eoaaeoneei e?ecenii
1990-1991 aiaeia e aieiie a Ia?neaeneii caeeaa, auyaeee ionoonoaea
aaeeinoaa n?aaee a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa. A iineaaeothuai ie?ioai?/aneee
i?ioeann oaeoe/anee i?ioiaeee aac i?yiiai o/anoey EAA, iooai
aeaonoi?iiieo ia?aaiai?ia Ec?aeey n ioaeaeueiuie a?aaneeie no?aiaie e
ec?aeeuenei-iaeanoeineeo ia?aaiai?ia. Aaoi?ii i?iaiaeece?iaaiu
aiciiaeiua iooe ?aoaiey iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu e aiciiaeiinoe a yoii
ieaia Eeae a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa. Iieacaiu iiaua oaiaeaioeee a yaiethoeee
ianoa e ?iee iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu a aeayoaeueiinoe EAA iinea
eoaaeoneiai e?ecena 1990-1991 aa. Aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia oi, /oi
iaiaoiaeeiui oneiaeai ?aoaiey iaeanoeineie i?iaeaiu yaeyaony i?eciaiea
ia oieueei iaeanoeioeaie e ioaeaeueiuie a?aaneeie no?aiaie, ii e Eeaie
A?aaneeo Ainoaea?noa, anaie a?aaneeie no?aiaie i?aaa Ec?aeey ia
nouanoaiaaiea e i?eciaiea Ec?aeeai caeiiiuo iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?aa
iaeanoeineeo a?aaia eae iaoeee, a oii /enea e i?aa iieeoe/aneeo. Oaeia
acaeiiia i?eciaiea aeieaeii auoue aa?aioe?iaaii niioaaonoaothuei
iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiaui aeoii, aiciiaeii, ?aoaieai Niaaoa Aaciianiinoe
III, iaycuaathuei ana noi?iiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Eeaa a?aaneeo ainoaea?noa, iaeanoeineay i?iaeaia,
aeeaeiaainoi/iue eiioeeeo, I?aaiecaoeey Inaiaiaeaeaiey Iaeanoeiu,
?aaeiiaeueiua i?aaiecaoeee.

Hayel. M.S. Al. Ruqibat. Activities of the League of Arab States on the
Settlement of the Palestenian problem in the 80-s and the first half of
the 90-s -Manuscript.

Dissertation for a Candidate of Political Sciences degree Speciality
23.00.04 -Political problems of international systems and global
development.

Institute of international relations Taras Shevchenko University. Kiev.
1999.

The dissertation is devoted to a topical problem which is viiewed by the
author in terms of the nature, specific features and evolution of the
LAS attitude towards the Palestenian conflict. The author outlines the
main directions of LAS activities on the settlement of the conflict
which are determined by the growing influence of Palestenian factor on
the activity and policy of the League of Arab States. The purpose of the
present paper is to analyse the practical activity of LAS on resolving
the Palestenian problem in 80-s and the first half of the 90-s, as well
as forms and methods of its implementing into peacemaking activities.

Key words: League of Arab States, Palestenian problem. Middle East
conflict, Organization of Liberation of Palestine, regional
organizations.

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