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Дистанційна радіаційна динамічна теплометрія в діагностиці гострих запальних захворювань органів черевної порожнини (апендицит, холецистит, панкреатит

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IIIINOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE 2OE?A?INUeEEE
IAOEIAI-AeINEIAeIEE IINOEOOO

II?NUeEI? IAAeEOeEIE

Iiuaiei Aaneeue Aaneeueiae/

OAeE [616.346.2+616.366+616.37]-002-07:616.073.65:656.61-051

AeENOAIOeIEIA ?AAeIAOeIEIA AeEIAII*IA OAIEIIAO?Iss A AeIAAIINOEOeI
2AINO?EO CAIAEUeIEO CAOAI?THAAIUe I?AAIIA *A?AAII? II?IAEIEIE
(AIAIAeEOeEO,OIEAOeENOEO,IAIE?AAOEO) O I?AOeIAIEEIA II?NUeEIAI
O?AINII?OO

14.01.34-aaiaoeieia,einii/ia oa ii?nueea iaaeeoeeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iaeana-1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio ia’?aeiaiii
“Iaaeeoeeia o?anii?oo” Iiiinoa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: Caneoaeaiee aeiy/ iaoee i oaoiiee Oe?a?ie,
aeaaeaiie AII Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaiei Aiaoieie Ieaenaiae?iae/,
Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeineiaeiee iinoeooo ii?nueei? iaaeeoeeie,
aee?aeoi?

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iai/e/ Aieiaeeie?
Iaaiiae/,

Ee?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeaiiy iineyaeeieiiii? inaioe
ii.I.E.Ooieea, caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e oi?o?ai? c eo?nii oiiia?aoi/ii?
aiaoiii? oa iia?aoeaii? oi?o?ai?

Caneoaeaiee aeiy/ iaoee i oaoiiee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Aaoaeii Na?aie Ieaenaiae?iae/, Iaeanueeee iaaee/iee
oiiaa?neoao, caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaoeueei? oa ainiioaeueii?
oi?o?ai?

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, Aanieue?a Aieiaeeie? Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeineiaeiee iinoeooo ii?nueei?
iaaeeoeeie,caaiaeoaa/ eeiiiee aano?iaioa?ieiai?

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa Oa?eianueeee iinoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy eiea?ia,
i.Oa?eia

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “19”eaioiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.41.617.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai-aeineiaeiiio iinoeoooi ii?nueei? iaaeeoeeie
(270049,i.Iaeana,aoe.Noaeiiaoaeiaaeueia,1).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy”Iaaeeoeeia o?ainii?oo”
(270049,i.Iaeana,aoe.Noaeiiaoaeiaaeueia,1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee ” 12” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii? ?aaee

ae.i.i., i?ioani? Iaiaoue?a I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. Oaieiaee aaeain caeaaeeoue aiae noaio aia?aaoe/iiai
iaiiio a i?aaiicii ethaeeie. Aaeaioaoeiy ethaeae aei iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua,ii?ooaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio i?aaiia i oeaiei i?e
iaoieiai/ieo i?ioeanao caaaeaee ia?aaiaathoue ic cia/ieie eieeaaiiyie
aia?aaoe/iiai iaiiio,ui aeicaiey? c?iaeoe i?eiouaiiy aiaeiinii aoi?eiieo
ciii oaieiaiai aaeaino aioo?ioiio i?aaiia i oeaiei. Nooiiiue oeeo
c?ooaiue iiaea c?inoaoe a oiiaao,eiee i?aaiici ethaeeie iio?aiey? o
iaaecae/aeii oiiae iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua,oaei iai?eeeaae,ye oiiae
ii?nueeiai ieaaaiiy,eiee ia i?aaiici ii?yea aieeaa? eiiieaen
oaeoi?ia:aaia?aoi/ieo,iaoa?aieiai/ieo oa noaeiaiai na?aaeiaeua.Ia
aeeaey/enue ia aacoiiaio aeooaeueiinoue aeua ia?aei/aieo ieoaiue,oei
i?iaeaie ia oaia?ioiie /an ia ae?ioaii.

Ieoaiiy aeiaaiinoeee oa aeeoa?aioeieii? aeiaaiinoeee aino?eo caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,a?eae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii?
noiiee,eiio?ieth aeeiaiiee ia?aaiao iineyiia?aoeieiiai
ia?iiaeo,?aaaia?aoeieieo i?ioeania a iia?aoeieiie ?aii cinoathoueny
aeooaeueieie i neeaaeathoue cia/io iaaee/io oa nioeiaeueio i?iaeaie
(A.A.Oaeeiia,A.O.Naaiei,1987). Oea iia’ycaii c iaea?aeaieie iiaeie
aeaieie aoii-iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoaiiciia,cia/iith eieueeinoth aiaeoeeaiue
eeane/ieo iciae aeieeiaiiy,ia?aaiao,caeii/aiiy aino?eo caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,oaeineiiaeaiiyi aeiaaiinoe/ieo
iaoiaeia oa eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo caoiaeia o aeaiiio ?icaeiei
oi?o?ai? (A.N.Naaaeueaa,1986).

Cia/ii aeinyaiaiiy inoaiiueiai /ano o aea/aiii aoii-iaoiaaiaco aino?iai
iaie?aaoeoo,oieaoeenoeoo,aiaiaeeoeeoo oa ia?eoiiioo ?iciiiaiioii?
aoiieiai? (A.Oieoo, A.Oa?oe/, I.E.Eocueiei, 1985; N.A.Oaeeiia,
A.I.?aaeceoianeee, I.A.Ie/eoaeei, 1990), canoinoaaiiy no/anieo
eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ieo, iino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy
(eiii’thoa?ia oiiia?aoiy, iaaiioi-yaea?iee ?aciiain, oeueo?acaoeiaa
neaioaaiiy, aiaeieaia?ineiiiy, canoinoaaiiy noaiaea?oieo aenieioi/ieo
eaai?aoi?ieo eiiieaenia) aeicaieeee iiaeaeueoe aeiaaiinoe/iee ?iaaiue
oi?o?ai/ieo caoai?thaaiue (A.A.Oaeeiia e ae?.,1997),aea inoathoueny ia
ae?ioeieie a iiaiie ii?i ieoaiiy aeiaaiinoeee aino?eo caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia aeiainiioaeueiiio,?aiiueiio
ainiioaeueiiio aoaiao oa a aeno?ai?aeeia?ieo oiiaao ia?aaoaaiiy oai?iai
(o?eaaei ii?nueei ?aene oa ii.) (Ae.O.Ne?eiie/aiei,1984;A.E.AEeaaeeei e
ae?.,1987;A.A.Eiaaiei,1992).

Niaoeeoi/ia ia’?eoeaicaoeiy aeaieo ia?aaiao iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo,
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ?aiiy aeiaaiinoeea aeieeiaiiy caiaeueieo yaeu a
iia?aoeieiie ?aii iinoieii iio?aaothoue oaeineiiaeaiiy (Y.E.Iaiaaeia,
1985; E.Ae.Oaaoi?aaeca, 1988; A.A.Nie?iia, E.A.Aaoaiia, I.I.Eaa?eoei,
1990; TH.I.Iieion, A.E.Iyoii/ea, 1994). Iiae oei, iaeii?th c
iaeaieueo eeane/ieo iciae ca-

iaeaiiy aaaaea?oueny iiaeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e a ina?aaeeo o?aaeaiiy. A
oie aea /an aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai oaiiiaio o eeiii/iie i?aeoeoei aeoaea
iaiaaeaii.

Oaieiaa aei?iiiithaaiiy oiea ethaeeie i?iii?oeieia /aoaa?oie nooiaii
oaiia?aoo?e eiai iiaa?oii (I.I.Ie?ioieeia e ae?., 1981). Oaiia?aoo?a
oei?e iiaea eieeaaoenue iiae aei?th ?iciiiaiioieo oaeoi?ia i i?e
ii?iaeueieo oiiaao ciiith?oueny a iaaeao 30,5-35,5( N. Ineieueee, oei?a
aiaeie?aieth? aioo?ioii i?aaie aiae iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ??
oaiia?aoo?a caeaaeeoue aiae oeo ciii,yei aiaeaoaathoueny ye o na?aaeeii
i?aaiicio, oaei a iaaeieeoiueiio na?aaeiaeui. Oaiia?aoo?a aioo?ioiueiai
na?aaeiaeua i?aaiicio o niiei? a ii?ii ? aieueo noaeith i eieeaa?oueny
aiae 36,7( N aei 37,1(N (D.Minard, L.Copman, 1963), a?aaei?ioe
oaiia?aoo?e iiae aioo?ioiiie i?aaiaie oa oei?ith cinoathoueny oaeiae
noaeeie i aoaeue-yei ?o ciiie aeeeeeathoue oeieee ?yae
oa?ii?aaoeyoeieieo ?aaeoeie,yei anoaiiaeththoue iiaee ?iaaiue ?iaiiaaae
(G.Otto,1978).

Ni?iiiaeiinoue ?iciiciaaaiiy ?iciiiaiioieo caoai?thaaiue oa
iioeiaeaeaiue cia/ii ?icoe?eeenue caaaeyee canoinoaaiith iaoiaea
oa?iia?aoi?,oae ye oaieiaa aei?iiiithaaiiy oiea ethaeeie aieiaei?
aaeeeeie iioi?iaoeieieie iiaeeeainoyie (A.O.Aiceyiia e ae?., 1985,1987;
J.Edeiken et al., 1986; E.A.?icaioaeueae e ae?., 1987; A.A.Eiaaiei,
1992).

Iaoiae iio?a/a?aiii? oa?iia?aoi?,aai oaieiaa/aiiy,aoa cai?iiiiiaaiee oa
?ic?iaeaiee o 1956 ?. eaiaaeoeai Lawson R.N.A iniiai iaoiaeo eaaeeoue
?a?no?oaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith niaoeiaeueii? aia?aoo?e niiioaiiiai
iio?a/a?aiiiai aei?iiiithaaiiy oiea ethaeeie (E.A.?icaioaeueae e
ae?.,1985 ). Inioth/i aeenoaioeieii oa eiioaeoii iaoiaee oa?iia?aoi? a
ianeiaeie aeinoaoiuei aaeeei? eieueeinoi iiieeeiaiiiceoeaieo oa
iiieeeiaiiaaaoeaieo ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiiy,yeiniiai oa?aeoa?o
?a?no?aoei?,iecueei iioi?iaoeieieo eieueeinieo ia?aiao?ia,ui iaoiiaeth?
noa’?eoeaici a ?icoeo?oaaiii ?acoeueoaoia, a neeo aei?iaiaecie oaoii/ieo
caniaia, a oaeiae iaiaaeaiiy iiaeeeainoi canoinoaaiiy iaoiaea
oa?iia?aoi? o aeayeeo oiiaao, ua iaaeinoaoiuei cai?iaaaeaeaii a
iianyeaeaiio ?iaioo i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie (A.I.Aaeia e ae?.,1989).

Aeenoaioeieia oa?iia?aoiy i?iaiaeeoueny ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno, yeee
neeaaea?oueny ic neaioth/iai i?eno?ith (oaieiaici?a), i?eeaaeia
aicoaeicaoei? oa oi?aaeiiiy, yei caaacia/othoue oi?ioaaiiy
oa?iicia?aaeaiiy, eiai ia?iaeo oa caa?iaaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy i?ioeani?a
na?ieieo IAAI oeio IBM ?NOO/AO ic niaoeiaeueiei i?ia?aiiei caaacia/aiiyi
oa noai?aiiy niaoeiaeiciaaieo i?ioeani?ieo i?eno?i?a c aia?aoiith
iiaeo?eieith na?aino a aeiaaiinoe/iiio eiiieaeni iai?aaeaii ia cieaeaiiy
nooiaiy iiieeee i?e o?aeooaaiii oa?iia?ai,ui ?aaeiciaaii o ?yaei ?iaio
ii eiii’thoa?iie oa?iia?aoi?.Iaeiae,a eieoaaeueiie i?aeoeoei,iniaeeai o
aeiaaeeo noai?aiiy niaoeiaeiciaaieo i?i-oeani?ieo i?eno?i?a c aia?aoiith
iiaeo?eieith na?aina,oaei eiiieaene iaio i?eaaaethaaeueii aeey
eiea?y-i?aeoeea,oeiia ?o o 10-100 ?acia aeua,iiae na?ieieo,cae/aeieo
oaieiaici?ia,a i?aeoe/ia ?iaioa iio?aao? o eiea?y aeayeeo oaoii/ieo
ciaiue (E.A.?icaioaeueae,1991;A.O.Aiceyiia e ae?.,1993).

Iaeiei ic aa?iaioia oa?iiaeiaaiinoeee ? ?iaeeiii-e?enoaei/ia oa?iia?aoiy
(?EO). A.I.Eiaaiei i niiaaao.(1983,1992) ?ic?iaeee i canoinoaaee
iaoiaeeeo ?EO o aeiaaiinoeoei aino?iai aiaiaeeoeeoo, ae?aceiai? oai?iae
oeoieo, caoai?thaaiue eaaaiue, yea iiceoeaii ca?aeiiaiaeoaaea naaa ia
aeiainiioaeueiiio aoaii,iniaeeai a ii?nueeie iaaeeoeeii,aea oeae iaoiae
ia caaacia/o? iiaiioeiiiiai aeeiaii/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iaoieiai/ieie
i?ioeanaie.

Iioee iiaeoiae o ae?ioaiii i?iaeaie aeenoaioeieii? oaieiiao?i?
i?inoaaeo?oueny o ?iaioao A.I.Aiaeaiei oa niiaaao.(1986,1987,1988), yei
cai?iiiioaaee niinia aeeiaii/ii? oaieiiao?i? ye iaoiae aeineiaeaeaiiy
?iciiiaiioieo iaoieiai/ieo noaiia. Caii?yaoe aeoiaeiee ?iaaiue oaieiaiai
iioieo a aeineiaeaeoaaiie ciii, niinoa?iaath/e ca eiai ciiiaie a
aeeiaiioei,aeei?enoiaoth/e ooieoeiiiaeueii iaaaioaaeaiiy, ii oa?aeoa?o
aonoeie oaieiaiai iioieo, aiaeico aiieiooaee, eieeaaeueiinoi,
neioaciinoi, yei aeei?enoaii aeey iieno ia?aoiaeo a noieeee noai,
iiaeeeai c?iaeee aeniiaie i?i iayaiinoue iaoieiai/ieo ciii a i?aaii.
Caiaeii, aiaeicoth/e iienaii a eioa?aoo?i (I.E.ssoiioiaa,
ss.I.?ooaaeca?, Y.I.Aaneeiaa, 1989) ooieoeiiiaeueii iaaaioaaeaiiy,yei
canoiniaothoueny a oa?iia?aoi?,

Aiaeaiei A.I. oa niiaaao.(1989) iiae?icaeieeee aeeiaii/io oa?iia?aoith
ia niiioaiio (ia iiaeoeiaaio) oa iiaeoeiaaio.

Oa?iia?aoi/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy iiney canoinoaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue(oieiaeiaa
i?iaa, i?iaa c aaaaeaiiyi aetheice, aooieiio oa ii.) aoee iacaaii
?icaioaeue-

aeii E.A.(1985) iaoiaeii aeoeaii? oa?iia?aoi?.

Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeia oa?iia?aoi? i?e ?iciiiaiioieo oi?o?ai/ieo
caoai?thaaiiyo c iaoith aeiaaiinoeee,aeai?o oaeoeee eieoaaiiy,eiio?ieth
ca ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo oa noaiii iia?aoeieii? ?aie
canoiniaoaaeenue aaaaoueia aaoi?aie (I.A.Eiceia, 1977; A.O.Aiceyiia e
ae?., 1987; J.Sprindrich ,P.Vavrik, 1987), aea caaaeyee ia?aei/aiei
i?e/eiai oa iaaeinoaoiuei /ioeei iaoiaeeeai i?iaaaeaiiy oa?iia?aoi?,aiie
ia ciaeoee oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy o oi?o?ai/iie i?aeoeoei e iinyoue
aieueoa iaoeiai-aeineiaeiee oa?aeoa?.Aeayei aaoi?e aa/aoue iiaeaeuaiiy
aeiaaiinoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae oa?iia?aoi/ieo iaoiaeia o i?iaaaeaiii
aeeiaii/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iioaineaiinoth iio?a/a?aiiiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy (A.TH.Aaa?eeiaa,1984; I.A.Aaeia e ae?.,1986). Iaeii?th c
ia?aaaa aeenoaioeieii? oaieiiao?i? ? aiaenooiinoue aaciina?aaeiueiai
eiioaeoo c ianoaaeoaaiith iaeanoth,ui aaaeeeai o oi?o?ai? c oi/ee ci?o
anaioeee (A.A.I?eia,A.O.Ieeueieeia,1974).

Aeeiaii/ia ?aaeiaoeieia aeenoaioeieia oaieiiao?iy (Ae?AeO), a oiio /enei
i niianoaaeaiiy aonoeie oaieiaiai iioieo c eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ieie,
iino?oiaioaeueieie, iaoiii?oieiai/ieie iieacieeaie, o aeiaaiinoeoei
aino?eo caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,i?e caoai?thaaiiyo
oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo i aaiaoi-aieia?ii? nenoaie,ioeiioei ia?aaiao
iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo, i?iaiicoaaiii oa aeiaaiinoeoei caiaeueieo
i?ioeania o ?aii, ii nooi ia ?ic?iaeaia (N.ss.Aeioeaiei,1987).

Aiaeiii, ui aino?i caiaeueii oi?o?ai/ii caoai?thaaiiy i?aaiia /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie, aeeiaiiea ia?aaiao caoai?thaaiiy aei iia?aoei? oa a
iineyiia?aoeieiee ia?iiae, ?aaaia?aoeaii i?ioeane a iia?aoeieiie ?aii
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny iaoaaiei/ieie i aaiiaeeiaii/ieie c?ooaiiyie,ui a
naith /a?ao i?iyaey?oueny ciiiaie oaieiaiai aaeaino i nooiaiai
iioaineaiinoi oaieiao?ao a iio?a/a?aiiiio aeiaiaciii, oa?aeoa? yeeo o
eiiieaeni c iioeie iaoiaeaie iiaeeeai aeei?enoiaoaaoe o aeiaaiinoe/ieo i
i?iaiinoe/ieo oeieyo. (?.O.Iai/aiei e ae?.1984;
TH.I.Iieion,A.E.Iyoii/ea,1994).

Oaeei /eiii, iai?yiie aeineiaeaeaiue oa iaoiaee/iee iiaeoiae c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaea aeenoaioeieii? ?aaeiaoeieii? aeeiaii/ii?
oaieiiao?i? iiaea aeicaieeoe aea/eoe oa?aeoa? oaieiaiai aaeaino i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o ii?ii i iaoieiai?, ? iiaei aoaiii ?icaeoeo
aeiaaiinoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae oaieiiao?i? o aeiaaiinoeoei aino?eo
caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie i i?aeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie o
oeieiio.

C’aycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.  Aeaii
i?aaenoaaeaii? ?iaioe ? /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeineiaeii? ?iaioe, aeeiiaii?
o Oe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio ia’?aeiaiii “Iaaeeoeeia o?ainii?oo”,
i. Iaeana, ii ?ac?iaoei “Eiiieaeno iioi?iaoeieii-aeiaaiinoe/iiai
“Oa?iiaeei”, noiinii ?ic?iaeaiiai c II”AAII-AO” i.*a?iiaoei caiaeii
aeiaiai?o N135 aiae 21.10.1993 ?. i i?eeiyoiai aei i?iieneiaiai aeioneo
caiaeii i?eeaco IIC Oe?a?ie aiae 03.10.1997 ?.N293. Aea?ae?a?no?
iaaee/ieo ae?iaia N460/97.

Iaoa i caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aea/eoe oaieiaee aaeain i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o caeaaeiinoi aiae ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio oa a
oiiaao ieaaii/iiai ?aeno, ?ic?iaeoe iieacieee oaieiaiai aaeaino oeeo
i?aaiia oa aaeineiiaeeoe ia oeie iiaenoaai ?aiith aeiaaiinoeeo,aeai?
oaeoeee eieoaaiiy i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo), ioeiieoe ia?aaia
iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo i nooiiiue aaaeeinoi caiaeueiiai i?ioeano o
?aii oeyoii ?ic?iaee iiaiai iaoiaee/iiai iiaeoiaeo c canoinoaaiiyi
iaoiaeo aeenoaioeieii? ?aaeiaoeieii? aeeiaii/ii? oaieiiao?i? o
?a?no?aoei? oaieiaeo ao?ao ic iaeanoae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee i
i?iaeoei? iia?aoeieii? ?aie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe ae?ioaii oaei caaea/i:

1.Aea/eoe aonoeio oaieiaiai iioieo(AOI) ic aeeaieeo no?oeoo? i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo a caeaaeiinoi aiae
eiinoeoooei?, noaoi, aieo, naciiia ?ieo, /ano aeiae, aaeeaaiiy ?aei o
i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae-o ii?yeia i aeeoaeia aa?aaiai? ciie.

2.Aea/eoe AOI i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o ii?yeia ?icieo i?ioanieieo
a?oi a oiiaao ieaaii/iiai ?aeno a caeaaeiinoi aiae aaia?aoi/ii?
aeiaaioe, oe?ioe, oaeethaaiiy ieaaio, naciiia ?ieo, /ano aeiae,
aaeeaaiiy ?aei.

3.I?iaanoe Ae?AeO ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee o oai?eo c ?iciiiaiioieie
aeaeaie a?eae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee.

4.Aecia/eoe iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy ic iaeanoi
ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo
i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie(aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo).

5.Canoinoaaoe Ae?AeO aeey eiio?ieth ca ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai
ia?iiaeo o oai?eo,iia?iaaieo c i?eaiaeo a?eae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii?
noiiee.

6.Aeei?enoaoe Ae?AeO aeey eiio?ieth ca ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai
ia?iiaeo o oai?eo c aino?ith oi?o?ai/iith iaoaeiai?th i?aaiia /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo).

7.Ciianoaaeoe aeaii Ae?AeO c ?acoeueoaoaie eeiii/ieo, eaai?aoi?ieo,
iino?oiaioaeueieo i iaoiii?oieiai/ieo iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy o oai?eo c
aino?eie caiaeueieie caoai?thaaiiyie i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
(aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo).

8.Canoinoaaoe Ae?AeO aeey ioeiiee ?aaaia?aoei? e nooiaiy i?iyae
caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a iia?aoeieiie ?aii iiney oi?o?ai/ieo ao?o/aiue c
i?eaiaeo a?eae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee, aino?eo caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo,
iaie?aaoeo).

9.Aecia/eoe e iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeeainoi aeei?enoaiiy Ae?AeO o
aeiaaiinoe/iiio aeai?eoii i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. O ?iaioi aia?oa canoiniaaii
iiaee iaoiaee/iee iiaeoiae o oa?iiaeiaaiinoeoei c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo
Ae?AeO iioi?iaoeieii-aeiaaiinoe/iei eiiieaenii “Oa?iiaeei” aeey
?a?no?aoei? aonoeie oaieiaiai iioieo c i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia
ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae – i?aoeiaieeia
ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo i aa?aaiai? ciie a caeaaeiinoi aiae ?iciiiaiioieo
oaeoi?ia(oei eiinoeoooei?,noaoue,aie,naciie ?ieo,/an aeiae,aaeeaaiiy
?aei).

Aia?oa aea/aii noai oaieiaiai aaeaino i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o
ii?yeia a oiiaao ieaaii/ieo ?aenia oa eiai caeaaeiinoue aiae
aaia?aoi/ii? aeiaaioe,oe?ioe,oaeethaaiiy ieaaio,ii?nueei?
i?ioani?,naciiia ?ieo, /ano aeiae,aaeeaaiiy ?aei i ia iniiai iaea?aeaieo
aeaieo i?iaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy aeaiiai iaoiaeo o
i?aeoe/iie iaaeeoeeii.Anoaiiaeaia oa?iioiiia?aoiy i?aaiia /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie ca aeaieie Ae?AeO o inia ieaaneeaaeo a oiiaao ?aeno.

A ?iaioi aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii oa canoiniaaii iiaee iaoiaee/iee iiaeoiae c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo Ae?AeO iioi?iaoeieii-aeiaaiinoe/iei eiiieaenii
“Oa?iiaeei” aeey ?a?no?aoei? AOI ic iaeanoae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee
i?e a?eaeao ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee,aino?eo caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
(aiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo) o inia-i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai
o?ainii?oo i aa?aaiai? ciie. Iaea?aeaii aeaii i?i oa?iioiiia?aoith
i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo oi?o?ai/ieo
caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie.

Oeyoii ciianoaaeaiiy aeaieo Ae?AeO ic ?acoeueoaoaie
eeiii/ieo,eaai?aoi?ieo,iino?oiaioaeueieo,iaoiii?oieiai/ieo iaoiaeia
ianoaaeaiiy o oai?eo c aino?eie caiaeueieie oi?o?ai/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie
i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie aecia/aia aeiaaiinoe/ia oeiiiinoue aeaiiai
iaoiaeo.

Iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy Ae?AeO ye ia’?eoeaiiai iaoiaeo eiio?iey ca
ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo a o?aaioiie i ieaiiaie oi?o?ai?
i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie.

Aia?oa canoiniaaii Ae?AeO ye niaoeeoi/iee ia’?eoeaiee iaoiae eiio?iey ca
i?ioeanaie ?aaaia?aoei?,i?iaiicoaaiiy,?aiiuei? aeiaaiinoeee e ioeiiee
aaaeeinoi caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a iia?aoeieiie ?aii.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii oeeo?iai iieacieee aonoeie oaieiaiai iioieo o aeaeyaei
aiaeoeeaiiy AOI a % aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii,neiao?e/ii?
iaeanoi, aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy aeey aeei?enoaiiy ?o
o aeiaaiinoe/iiio aeai?eoii i?e i?ioanieiiio aeiai?i ii?yeia oa i?e
aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie(aiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo),a oaeiae o
iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei aeey eiio?iey ca eiai ia?aaiaii i
?aaaia?aoeaieie i?ioeanaie o ?aii.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. I?iaaaeaiee aiaeic
?aaeiaoeieieo ao?ao ic iaeanoae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee o i?aeoe/ii
caei?iaeo ethaeae-i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo i aa?aaiai? ciie
aeicaieea aea/eoe oa?aeoa? aonoeie oaieiaiai iioieo o ii?ii,iaea?aeaoe
aeaii,yei iiaeeeai aoaea aeei?enoaoe aeey ioeiiee noaio caei?ia’y
ii?yeia o ?aeniaeo oiiaao,a oaeiae o aeiaaiinoeoei ?iciiiaiioieo
caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie.

Aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?o iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai iioieo i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo
oi?o?ai/ieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie iaoiaeii Ae?AeO o
eiiieaeni c iioeie eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ieie e iino?oiaioaeueieie
aeineiaeaeaiiyie aeicaieeei ooi/ieoe oa?iinaiiioeeo aeaieo
caoai?thaaiue,iiaeaeueoe yeinoue aeiaaiinoeee, aeei?enoaoe Ae?AeO aeey
aeeoa?aioeieii? aeiaaiinoeee.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iniaenoi iaoiaeeee Ae?AeO caiaeii iaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy
i?ea?eaeao ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee,aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo
i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie(aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo).

Ia iniiai i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue i iaea?aeaieo aeaieo ?ic?iaeaii
aeiaaiinoe/iee aeai?eoi i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo) o
i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo i inia aa?aaia? ciie.

I?iaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo Ae?AeO aeey
eiio?iey ca ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo o oai?eo, yei
ia?aianee iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy c i?eaiaeo a?eae ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii?
noiiee, aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
(aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo), aeey ioeiiee ?aia?aoeaieo
i?ioeania o iia?aoeieiie ?aii.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii coi?ioeueiaaii iaoa, caaaeaiiy,
ieai aeineiaeaeaiiy.Aeena?oaio cia?aa ianoaaeaiee iaoa?iae, ?ic?iaea
iiaee iaoiaee/iee iiaeoiae o oa?iiaeiaaiinoeoei ic aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo
Ae?AeO iioi?iaoeieii-aeiaaiinoe/iei eiiieaenii “Oa?iiaeei” aeey
?a?no?aoei? aonoeie oaieiaiai iioieo(AOI) ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae a caeaaeiinoi
aiae ?iciiiaiioieo oaeoi?ia (oei eiinoeoooei?, noaoue, aie, naciie ?ieo,
/an aeiae, i?eeiaiiy ?aei, aaia?aoi/ia aeiaaioa,oe?ioa, oaeethaaiiy
ieaaio, ii?nueea i?ioaniy), i?e a?eaeao ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee,
aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
(aiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo) o i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai
o?ainii?oo i aa?aaiai? ciie, ciianoaaea aeaii Ae?AeO c ?acoeueoaoaie
eeiii/ieo, eaai?aoi?ieo, iino?oiaioaeueieo, iaoiii?oieiai/ieo iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy o oai?eo c aino?eie caiaeueieie oi?o?ai/ieie
caoai?thaaiiyie i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,iaa?oiooaaa, ui Ae?AeO ?
ia’?eoeaiei iaoiaeii eiio?iey ca ia?aaiaii iineyiia?oeieiiai ia?iiaeo a
o?aaioiie i ieaiiaie oi?o?ai? i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,aeei?enoaa
Ae?AeO ye niaoeeoi/iee ia’?eoeaiee iaoiae eiio?iey ca i?ioeanaie
?aaaia?aoei?, i?iaiicoaaiiy, ?aiiuei? aeiaaiinoeee e ioeiiee aaaeeinoi
caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a iia?aoeieiie ?aii, ?ic?iaea oeeo?iai iieacieee
aonoeie oaieiaiai iioieo o aeaeyaei aiaeoeeaiiy AOI a % aiae na?aaeiuei?
ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii,neiao?e/ii? iaeanoi, aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy oaieiaiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy aeey aeei?enoaiiy ?o o aeiaaiinoe/iiio aeai?eoii i?e
aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
(aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo), a oaeiae o iineyiia?oeieiiio
ia?iiaei aeey eiio?iey ca eiai ia?aaiaii i ?aaaia?aoeaieie i?ioeanaie o
?aii oa ia iiaenoaai iaea?aeaieo aeaieo iaa?oiooaaa aeei?enoaiiy aeaiiai
iaoiaeo o i?aeoe/iie iaaeeoeeii.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy i aeniiaee
aeeeaaeaii ia Ia?oiio iaoeiiiaeueiiio c’?caei oa?iaeieiaia
Oe?a?ie(Iieoaaa,1995), 6-io i 7-io Eiia?anao Naioiai? Oaaea?aoei?
oe?a?inueeeo eiea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (Iaeana, 1996, Oaeai?iae, 1998),
Ieaioii iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa oi?o?aia Oe?a?ie (Iaeana, 1996), ae?caeiie
nani? Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeaii? iaoe iaoeiiiaeueiiai i?ia?ano (Oa?iiiieue,
1997), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? (Eueaia,1997), ?anioaeieainueeie
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu oe?o?aee” (Ee?a,
1997), Oe?a?inueeie iiaeaiaeii/ie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei?
“Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu o?ainii?oa” (Iaeana, 1997), 2-io
Eiia?ani oi?o?aia Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998), 6-e Iiaeia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioei? oi?o?aia-aaiaoieiaia ?ini? i aea?aeaa NIAe (Ee?a,1998).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 38 iaoeiai i?aoei, ic
ieo 20 iaeiiiniaii, o aeo?iaeao oa cai?ieeao,o oiio /enei 19- o iaoeiaeo
oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, 15-o cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 4 iaoaioe ia
aeiaoiae.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 452
noi?iieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo i neeaaea?oueny c anooio,iaeyaeo
eioa?aoo?e,iaoa?iaeia oa iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy,?acoeueoaoia aeanieo
aeineiaeaeaiue, aeniiaeia oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? eioa?aoo?e,yeee
iinoeoue 412 aeaea?ae, aeiaeaoea. Iethno?iaaiee iaoa?iae iiaeaiee 145
oaaeeoeyie oa 62 iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE.

Iaoa?iaee i iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiue. Aiaeiiaiaeii aei iaoe oa caaea/
?iaioe o i?e?iaeieo oiiaao i?iaeeaaiiy ianoaaeaii 390 i?aeoe/ii
caei?iaeo ethaeae,c yeeo 199 ia aoee ca’ycaii c ?iaioith o ii?nueeie
aaeoci i 191-i?aoeiaieee ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo, a oiio /enei a oiiaao
?aeniaiai na?aaeiaeua o Oeoiio oa Aoeaioe/iiio ieaaiao (na?aaeii oe?ioe
noiaeii? iiaeoei-?aeii Iiaaeaiii? Ei?a? oa caoiaeii?
iiaeoei-O?aioeiy,o?iiiee-?aeii Iaiainueeiai eaiaeo,aeniei iiaii/ii
oe?ioe-Ii?ae Oeie; Ii?aaaiy, oaeethaaiiy ieaaio,ii?nueea i?ioaniy)-26
ii?yeia. Ianoaaeaii 305 oai?eo aino?eie caiaeueieie oi?o?ai/ieie
caoai?thaaiiyie i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie oa aaio?aeueieie
a?eaeaie(160-ia ca’ycaieo c ii?nueeith aaeoccth oa 145-i?aoeiaieeia
ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo). O eiaeiiai ianoaaeoaaiiai aecia/aeanue AOI ii
iaeanoyi ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee i?e ia?aeiiiio ianoaaeaii oa o
i?ioeani aeeiaii/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy. Oai?i aoee ianoaaeaii caiaeii
caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai ieaio,oa?aeoa?iiai aeey aeaiiai caoai?thaaiiy. O
iia?iaaieo oai?eo aea/aia iio?aiia?aoeieia neooaoeiy.Aeaeaeaii /anoeie
i?aaiia i oeaiei aoee iiaeaeaii iaoiii?oieiai/iiio aeineiaeaeaiith.

O i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae aea/aia AOI c i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo a caeaaeiinoi aiae oeio
eiinoeoooei?(ii?iinoaiiee-131,aiia?noaiiee-117,anoaiiee-142),
aieo(aieiai a?oie aei 20 ?ieia-61 /ieiaie,21-30 ?ieia -64,31-40
?ieia-72,41-50 ?ieia-66,51-60 ?ieia-62 oa aieueoa 60 ?ieia-65),noaoi
(/ieiaieia-180,aeiiie-210),naciio ?ieo(ceiith ianoaaeaii 97
/ieiaie,aaniith-95,eioii-98, iniiith-100),/ano aeiae (a ii/iee ia?iiae
ianoaaeaii 129 iaoei?ioia, a?aioei-131, a aeaiue-130), aaeeaaiiy ?aei
(aei aaeeaaiiy-188 /ieiaie, iiney aaeeaaiiy-202), oaeoi?ia noaeiaiai i
?aeniaiai na?aaeiaeua(aaia?aoi/ia aeiaaioa, oe?ioa, oaeethaaiiy ieaaio,
ii?nueei i?ioani?)-o 26 /eaiia eiiaiaee o/o”Aeiii?iaan”. Oni
ianoaaeoaaii a?oie aoee ?ai?acaioaaaeueii iiae niaith.

Iaoiae Ae?AeO aeei?enoaii o 267 oai?eo aino?eie caiaeueieie
caoai?thaaiiyie i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie. Ianoaaeaii 167 oai?eo
aino?ei aiaiaeeoeeoii,27 ic ieo niinoa?iaaeenue a aeeiaiioei (o 13
oai?eo aeiaaiic aino?iai aiaiaeeoeeoo aoa ni?inoiaaiee),o 54-aoa aino?ee
i?inoee aiiaiaeeoeeo,o 74-oeaaiiiiciee, o 26-aaia?aiiciee.O 39
oai?eo,iia?iaaieo c i?eaiaeo aino?iai aiaiaeeoeeoo, i?inoaaeaii ia?aaia
iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo oa oa?aeoa? caaithaaiiy iia?oeieii? ?aie .
Iaoiaeii Ae?AeO c oeieeth aeiaaiinoeee oa eiio?ieth ca ia?aaiaii
caoai?thaaiiy a aeeiaiioei ia?aaeiia?aoeieii? iiaeaioiaee i eieoaaiiy
ianoaaeaii 63 oai?eo eaeueeoeueiciei oieaoeenoeoii: 21- o?iii/iei
oieaoeenoeoii a noaaei? ?aiini?, 23-a noaaei? caaino?aiiy, 19-aino?ei
oieaoeenoeoii.O 38 ic ieo i?inoaaeaia aeeiaiiea ia?aaiao
iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo i caaithaaiiy iia?aoeieii? ?aie.Iiae
aeeiaii/iei iaaeyaeii ciaoiaeeeenue 27 oai?eo iaie?aaoeoii: 9-o?iii/iei
a noaaei? ?aiini?, 11-c iaa?yeiaith oi?iith aino?iai iaie?aaoeoo, 7- c
iaie?aiiae?icii. E?ii oiai aea/aii oa?aeoa? AOI o 48 oai?eo a?eaeaie
ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee (17-c cauaieaiiyi i 31-aac cauaieaiiy), o 18
ic ieo i?inoaaeaii ia?aaia iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo i oa?aeoa?
caaithaaiiy iia?aoeieii? ?aie. Iino?oiaioaeueia caaacia/aiiy
aeineiaeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeinue iioi?iaoeieii-aeiaaiinoe/iei eiiieaenii
“Oa?iiaeei”. Ae?AeO /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie i?iaiaeeeanue ca iaoeie
iaoiaeeeaie o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae,oai?eo c a?eaeaie ia?aaeiuei?
/a?aaii? noiiee, aino?eie caiaeueieie caoai?thaaiiyie i?aaiia /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo) oa a
iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei. Eiina?aaoeaia oa?aiiy oa aeaee iia?aoeaieo
ao?o/aiue i?iaiaeeeenue caiaeii ?aeiiaiaeaoeie i?iaiaeieo iaoeiaeo
oeaio?ia e?a?ie, Iiiinoa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Aeey ae?ioaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ i?iaaaeaii: 1.Aea/aiiy AOI ic i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo
ethaeae-i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo i aeeoaeia aa?aaiai? ciie, a
caeaaeiinoi aiae oeio eiinoeoooei?,aieo,noaoi,naciiia ?ieo,/ano
aeiae,aaeeaaiiy ?aei 2.Aea/aiiy AOI i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o
ii?yeia ?icieo i?ioanieieo a?oi a oiiaao ieaaii/iiai ?aeno a caeaaeiinoi
aiae aaia?aoi/ii? aeiaaioe,oe?ioe,oaeethaaiiy ieaaio,naciio ?ieo,/ano
aeiae,aaeeaaiiy ?aei. 3.Aea/aiiy AOI ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia
ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo). 4.Aea/aiiy AOI
c /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie i?e a?eaeao ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee.
5.Aea/aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaea Ae?AeO aeey eiio?iey ca
ia?aaiaii aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
(aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo) o aeiiia?aoeieiiio
ia?iiaei,aeai?i oaeoeee eieoaaiiy oa o iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei.
6.Eiio?ieue ca caaithaaiiyi iia?aoeieii? ?aie. 7.Aea/aiiy ei?aeyoeieiiai
ca’yceo aeaieo Ae?AeO ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith
/a?aaio noiieo c ?acoeueoaoaie eeiii/ieo,eaai?aoi?ieo,iino?oiaioaeueieo
i iaoiii?oieiai/ieo iaoiaeia ianoaaeaiiy o oai?eo c aino?eie caiaeueieie
caoai?thaaiiyie i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie(aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo,
iaie?aaoeo). 8.?ic?iaea, iaa?oiooaaiiy, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeo Ae?AeO o
aeiaaiinoe/iee aeai?eoi i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie (aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo), aeey
eiio?ieth ca ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo, caaithaaiiyi
iia?aoeieii? ?aie. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeaie naiioa?ii?
noaoenoeee ca A.I.Ia?eiaei oa ii., 1974.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy.

Aea/aia iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai iioieo c i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia
ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo iaoiaeii Ae?AeO o 390 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo
ethaeae aa?aaiai? ciie i o ii?yeia o iiae?aeniaee ia?iiae oa a oiiaao
?aeniaiai i noaeiaiai na?aaeiaeua (aaia?aoi/ia aeiaaioa, oe?ioa,
oaeethaaiiy ieaaio,ii?nueea i?ioaniy) a caeaaeiinoi aiae oeio
eiinoeoooei?, aieo, noaoi, naciio ?ieo, /ano aeiae, aaeeaaiiy ?aei.

Aeaii oaieiaiai aaeaino ?icieo eiinoeoooeieieo a?oi o i?aoeiaieeia
ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo oa aa?aaiai? ciie iieacaee,ui oa?iioiiia?aoiy
i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo, iioaineaiinoue
oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy ii iaeanoyi ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee ia
iathoue inoioii? ?icieoei (?>0,05) a c?iaithaaeueieo a?oiao,a ia?aaeiy
/a?aaia noiiea ? oa?iineiao?e/iith aiaeiinii na?aaeeiii? eiii?.
Iiaeaeuaiee ?iaaiue oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy aiaeiinii na?aaeiuei? ii
/a?aaiie ii?iaeieii niinoa?iaa?oueny a iaeanoi ioioey,i?iaeoei?
iiaeoeoieiai? caeice,o i?aaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi (8,6%,7,5%,4,2%),a
cieaeaiee-o aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi,i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’?,eiaie
caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi oa iaae
eiiii(-8,6%,-8,4%,-0,6%,-2,6%,aiaeiiaiaeii).O eiaiio iiae?aaa?’? aonoeia
oaieiaiai iioieo(AOI) aiaeiiaiaeaea na?aaeiie ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii.

Oaieiaee aaeain i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o anio aieiaeo iiaea?oiao
iaio a?oi ia iaa nooo?ai? ?icieoei(?>0,05),ui aeicaiey? aeaanoe na?aaeii
noaoenoe/ii iieacieee iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy. Ia?aaeiy
/a?aaia noiiea o anio aieiaeo iiaea?oiao aoea oa?iineiao?e/iith
aiaeiinii na?aaeiuei? eiii?. O aieiaeo iiaea?oiao 31-40,51-60 ?ieia
?iaaiue oaieiaiai aaeaino i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie aoa aeuei
na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ieo, a o iioeo-ieae/ei.

Aieea noaoi ia oi?ioaaiiy oaieiaiai aaeaino i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie
aacnoiiiaiee,ye o a?oii i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo,oae i
aa?aaiaeo i?ioanie.O aeiiie aieueo iecueeith AOI aoea o aiiaano?aeueiie
iaeanoi,i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’?,i?iaeoei? iiaeoeoieiai? caeice,i?iaeoei?
ioioey i aieueo aenieith-o eiaiio iiae?aaa?’?,eiaie caeooiaeiiie oa
iaaeeiiiie iaeanoi o c?iaiyiii c /ieiaieaie. Noiaeia oa?iioiiia?aoiy,
aiaenooiinoue inoioii? ?icieoei o iieacieeao(?>0,05) aeicaieeea
iaea?aeaoe na?aaeii aeaii oaieiaiai aaeaino o aca?iica’yceo ci
noaooth.Aiaeiinii na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii iiieaeaiith
oaieiaith aeoeaiinoth oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue aiiaano?aeueia iaeanoue oa
i?aaa iiae?aaa?’y (-7,6%,-9,5%), iiii?ii iecueeith, aea aeuith ca
n?aaeiie ?iaaiue aoea AOI o eiaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi oa iaae eiiii
(1,7%,1,5%) i cia/iei oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiyi oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue i?iaeoeiy
iiaeoeoieiai? caeice, i?aaa caeooiaeiia iaeanoue, i?aaa iiae?aaa?’y,
iaeanoue ioioey (4,1%, 4,3%, 3,3%, 2,6%).

Iinaciiia AOI ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo
o i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo i ethaeae aa?aaiai? ciie naiae/eoue
i?i oa?iineiao?e/iinoue ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee i?e aiaenooiinoi
ai?iaiaeii? ?icieoei(?>0,05) a iieacieeao c?iaithaaeueieo a?oi,ui
aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe na?aaeii ?i/ii iieacieee iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai
iioieo.Oa?iioiiia?aoiy ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ieae/ei iiae ana?aaeiueiio ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii ?iaiai oaieiaiai
aaeaino a aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi, i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’?, iaae eiiii
(-9,5%,-11,3%, -1,6%) i aeuei o i?iaeoei? iiaeoeoieiai? caeice, iaio
caeooiaeiieo iaeanoyo,ioioey,eiaiio iiae?aaa?’?
(7,7%,7,0%,3,9%,3,9%,1,4%). Aeyaeaii nooo?ai naciiii aiaeiiiiinoi
oaieiaiai aaeaino /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,oae o ceieo ?iaaiue oaieiaiai
aaeaino aeua n?aaeiuei?i/iiai, iioii ?iaaiue eiai aaniith cieaeo?oueny c
iinooiiaei iiaeaeuaiiyi o eioeo oa cieaeaiiyi aei iniii.

Aenieee ?iaaiue oaieiaiai aaeaino oa?aeoa?iee aeey ii/iiai ia?iiaeo,a
?aioei aiaeii/a?oueny cieaeaiiy eiai c iineiaeoth/ith oaiaeaioei?th aei
iiaeaeuaiiy ia i?ioyci aeiy. Nooo?ai? ?icieoei o na?aaeiio iieacieeao
iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai iioieo ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia
ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo o ?icii ia?iiaee aeiae ia ia?(?>0,05), ye o
?iaioieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo,oae i aa?aaiai? ciie.Na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee
aeai?eoi AOI oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieeie iieacieeaie oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy
a iaeanoi ioioey,i?aaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi oa i?iaeoei? iiaeoeoieiai?
caeice.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI o oeeo iaeanoyo a % aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie
ii?iaeieii neeaei 10,2%,7,2%,5,2%.Ieae/a na?aaeiuei? iioaineaiinoue
oaieiaiai iioieo aoea o aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi,iaio iiae?aaa?’yo,eiaie
caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi,iaae eiiii(-9,6%,-8,3%,-5,2%,-0,9%,
-1,5%,aiaeiiiaiaeii).

Aaeeaaiiy ?aei a aeayeie ii?i iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaeio c
ooieoeiiiaeueieo i?ia Ae?AeO,yea aieeaa? ia oa?iioiiia?aoith i?aaiia
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo,ui ciiith?oueny a
caeaaeiinoi aiae /ano aaeeaaiiy ?aei.Iauana?oea aieueo aeniea
iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai iioieo aoea o ieaeiueiio iiaa?oo /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie,iiney aaeeaaiiy ?aei iiaeaeuaiii ?iaii oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy
aiaeii/aii o na?aaeiueiio iiaa?ni.I?ioa,inoioii? ?icieoei iiae
na?aaeiiie iieacieeaie AOI aei ?aee i iiney o ?icieo i?ioanieieo a?oi ia
aeyaeaii(?>0,05),ui aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe na?aaeiie aeai?eoi AOI ii
iaeanoyi ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee.Iiaeaeuaiee oaieiaee iioie
aiaeiinii na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii aoa o i?iaeoei?
iiaeoeoieiai? caeice,i?aaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi oa
ioioey(6,1%,3,1%,9,3%),cieaeaiee-o aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi,iaio
iiae?aaa?’yo,eiaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi,iaae
eiiii(-7,0%,-8,9%,-1,8%,-0,7%, -2,5%,aiaeiiaiaeii).

Na?aaeii iieacieee AOI o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae- ?iaioieeia
ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo i ia ca’ycaieo c ii?nueeeie i?ioaniyie a
caeaaeiinoi aiae oeio eiinoeoooei?,aieo,noaoi,naciiia ?ieo,/ano
aeiae,aaeeaaiiy ?aei ia iathoue iiae niaith ai?iaiaeii?
?icieoei(?>0,05).Oa?iioiiia?aoiy i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia
ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue aiaeiinii iaeiaeiaith
ea?oeiith ?iciiaeieo AOI ii iaeanoyi.Ana oea aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe
na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ii iieacieee AOI o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo
ethaeae,i?inoaaeeoe aeeiaiieo ?iciiuaiiy iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai iioieo
ii iaeanoyi ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee.

A aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi,i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’? oa iaae eiiii
iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy aoea ieae/ith na?aaeiuei? ii
/a?aaiie ii?iaeieii (aiaeoeeaiiy AOI a % neeaei -11,8%, -10,2%, -0,8%).
Iiaeaeuaiith oaieii?iaeoeoei?th oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue i?iaeoeiy
iiaeoeoieiai? caeice,i?aaa i eiaa caeooiaeiii iaeanoi,iaeanoue
ioioey(6,7%,5,5%,1,3%,9,8%),a o eiaiio iiae?aaa?’? aiia aiaeiiaiaeaea
na?aaeiie ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI o i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’?
aiae eiaiai neeaei(-10,2%),a o i?aaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi aiae
eiai?-(4,2%).

Ia?aae?aeniaa ianoaaeaiiy aeiiaaeo o/o”Aeiii?iaan” ia aeyaeei inoioii?
?icieoei o iieacieeao AOI i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith
/a?aaio noiieo(?>0,05) oa oa?aeoa?o oa?iioiiia?aoi? o iiae?aeniaee
ia?iiae i o c?iaiyiii c i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeie ethaeueie.

A ia?iiae ieaaii/iiai ?aeno o na?aaeiio oe?ioao noiaeii? iiaeoei(?aeii
Iiaaeaiii? Ei?a?) oa caoiaeii? iiaeoei(O?aioeiy) i?e oaeethaaiii ieaaio
3-o aaeia AOI i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o anio i?ioanieieo
a?oiao aeiiaaeo aeinoiai?ii ia aiae?iciyeenue iiae niaith,aea o
ii?iaiyiii c aeoiaeieie aeaieie ia?aae ?aenii niinoa?iaa?oueny cia/ia
c?inoaiiy ?iaiy oaieiaiai aaeaino,ye i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,oae i
eiio?ieueiiai oiio(?0,05),aea /ioea oaiaeaioeiy aei c?inoaiiy
i?inoaaeoaaeanue o anio oai?eo (8,5%,0,7%). Inoioia iiaeaeuaiiy
oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy niinoa?iaaeinue (?Oaaeeoey 1. Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI o oai?eo aino?ei aiaiaeeoeeoii (%) Ciianoaaeaii iaeanoi AIA AOA AAA 1. I?aaa caeooiaeiia Eiaa caeooiaeiia 16,2 16,9-17,8 18,1 2. I?aaa caeooiaeiia Na?aae./a?aaii? ii?iaeieie 11,3 14,7 19,0 3. I?aaa caeooiaeiia AOA I?.caeooiaeiia AIA - 9,8-13,2 - 4. I?.caeooiaeiia AAA I?.caeooiaeiia AOA - - 2,1 5. Na?aae./a?aa.ii?iae., AOA Aeo.na?aae./a?aa.ii?iae.AIA - 7,0-7,8 - 6. Na?aae./a?aa.ii?iae, AAA Aeo.na?aae./a?aa.ii?iae.AIA - - 8,5 7. Na?aae./a?aaii? ii?iae., AAA Na?aae./a?aaii? ii?iae. AOA - - 0,7 I?eiioea:1.AIA-aino?ee i?inoee aiaiaeeoeeo.2.AOA-aino?ee oeaaiiiiciee aiaiaeeoeeo. 3.AAA-aino?ee aaia?aiiciee aiaiaeeoeeo caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi i?e aaia?aiiciiio aiaiaeeoeeoi o % aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy i?e i?inoiio aiaiaeeoeeoi neeaei 15,5%,aiae oeaaiiiiciiai-(2,1%),aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii-(19,0%),aiae eiai? caeooiaeiii?-(18,1%).O iaeanoi ioioey,iaae eiiii,i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’? aiaeoeeaiiy AOI a % aiae na?aaeiuei? aoei(7,8%,3,7%,-9,9%),ui o ii?iaiyiii c oeaaiiiiciei aiaiaeeoeeoii naiae/eoue i?i ii/aoie ?iciianthaeaeaiiy caiaeaiiy. I?e aaia?aiiciiio aiaiaeeoeeoi o aa?oiueiio iiaa?ni /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie i i?iaeoei? iiaeoeoieiai? caeice ?iaaiue oaieiaiai aaeaino ieae/a na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii,a iaeanoi ioioey i ieaeiio aiaeaeieao /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie-aeua na?aaeiuei?. O oai?eo aino?ei aiaiaeeoeeoii nea?ae,eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ii,iino?oiaioaeueii aeaii ianoaaeaiiy i iieacieee AOI ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo ciaoiaeyoueny o neeueiiio ei?aeyoeieiiio ca’yceo(r=1-0,8;p0,05). I?i iiaeaeuaiiy
iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy o i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’? aiai?eoue
caieueoaiiy aaee/eie aiaeoeeaiiy o ii?iaiyiii c eiaei(1,7%),aei
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii(5,8%),aei AOI i?e
?aiini?(4,3%)(oaae.2). O ii?iaiyiii c o?iii/iei oieaoeenoeoii o noaaei?
?aiini? i caaino?aiiy i?e aino?iio oieaoeenoeoi aiaeii/a?oueny
oaiaeaioeiy aei ia?inoaiiy iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai iioieo, ye ii
/a?aaiie ii?iaeieii o oeieiio(1,0%,0,1%), oae i ii ie?aieo
iaeanoyo:i?aaiio (7,9%,3,3%) i eiaiio(4,3%,1,0%) iiae?aaa?’yo,
aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi, (3,2%,1,6%), i?iaeoei? iiaeoeoieiai? caeice
(0,9%,-0,2%).I?e aino?iio oieaoeenoeoi aiaeoeeaiiy AOI o % aiae
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii o aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi, i?aaiio i
eiaiio iiae?aaa?ueyo, i?iaeoei? iiaeoeoieiai? caeice i i?aaie
caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi aei?iaithaaei aiaeiiaiaeii (-5,6%), 9,1%, 5,0%,
3,6%, 2,1%. Caieueoaiiy iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai iioieo o i?aaie
caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi(2,1%) aiaeiinii aeaieo i?e caaino?aiii(1,3%) iiaea
naiae/eoe i?i ?iciianthaeaeaiiy caiaeueiiai i?ioeano ii i?aaiio
oeaieo.I?i iiaeaeuaiiy iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy o i?aaiio
iiae?aaa?’? aiai?eoue i caieueoaiiy aiaeoeeaiiy AOI o ii?iaiyiii c
eiaei-(4,0%) (oaae.2).

Iiaeaeuaia oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy o aiiaano?aeueiie iaeanoi, iaio
iiae?aaa?’yo, i?aaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi o oai?eo aino?ei
oieaoeenoeoii(AO) iieaco? i?i iayaiinoue caiaeueiiai ina?aaeeo o i?aaiio
iiae?aaa?’?,a aaee/eia aiaeoeeaiiy AOI oa?aeoa?eco? noiiiue i?iyaeaiiy
caiaeaiiy oa eiai iioe?aiiy.

Iiaeaeuaii ?iaii AOI ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio
noiieo i eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ii aeaii ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo oieaoeenoeoii
ciaoiaeyoueny o oiniiio i?yiiio ca’yceo c aenieei eiaoioei?ioii
ei?aeyoei?(r=1,0-0,8;pOaaeeoey 2. Aiaeoeeeiiy AOI o oai?eo c oieaoeenoeoii Iaeanoi ?aiiniy Caaino?aiiy Aino?ee 1. I?aaa iiae?aaa?’y Eiaa iiae?aaa?’y 0,7 1,7 4,0 2. I?aaa iiae?aaa?’y Na?aae./a?aaii? ii?iaeieie 2,3 5,8 9,1 3. I?.iiae?aaa?’y no.caaino?. I?.iiae?aaa?’y no.?aiini? - 4,3 - 4. Na?./a?aa.ii?iae.no.caaino. Na?./a?aa.ii?iae.no.?aiini? - 0,9 - 5. I?aaa iiae?aaa?’y AO I?. iiae?aaa?’y no.?aiini? - - 7,9 6. I?aaa iiae?aaa?’y AO I?.iiae?aaa?’y no.caaino?ai. - - 3,3 7. Na?./a?aaii? ii?iaeieieAO Na?./a?aa.ii?iae.no.?aiini? - - 1,0 8. Na?./a?aaii? ii?iaeieieAO Na?./a?aa.ii?iae.no.caaino?. - - 0,1 I?e caaino?aiii eaeueeoeueiciiai oieaoeenoeoo iiae aei?th eiina?aaoeaii? oa?aii? o oaieiaiio aaeaini i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, a oeieiio, i i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’?, cie?aia, iaiioeeanue iinooiiaa oaiaeaioeiy aei cieaeaiiy iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy c naiiai ii/aoeo eieoaaiiy. Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii aiae aeoiaeii? aei?iaithaaei(-0,3%); o i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’? aiae aeoiaeii?-(-3,0%), aiae na?aaeiuei?-ciaoaiiy c 5.8% aei 2,8%, aiae eiaiai iiae?aaa?’y-ciaioaiiy c 1,7% aei 1,5%.I?e aino?iio oieaoeenoeoi iiceoeaii c?ooaiiy iaiioeeenue /a?ac 36 aiaeei eieoaaiiy c iaioith ae?aciinoth. Oaieiaee aaeain i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie aoa aeuei,iiae ia iiiaio ainiioaeicaoei? aiae 0,3% aei 0,8% ia i?ioyci 36 aiaeei i eeoa ia i?eeiioei 2-? aeiae cieceany(-0,2%).Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI o % o i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’? aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii e aiae AOI o eiaiio iiae?aaa?’? ciaioeeinue c 9,1% i 4,0% i?e ii/aoeo eieoaaiiy aei 7,8% i 3,6% /a?ac 48 aiaeei oa?aii?.E?ii oiai aiaeii/aii iiaeaeuaiiy oaieiaiai iioieo c iaeanoi iiaeoeoieiai? caeice,i?aai? caeooiaeiii? iaeanoi oa ioioey,ye ?aaeoei? iaaeieeoiio oeaiei i ?iciiuaieo o oeeo iaeanoyo i?aaiia ia caiaeueiee i?ioean o aeia/iiio iioo?i. I?iaaaeaia ciianoaaeaiiy ii i?ia?aii ia?ieo ei?aeyoeie eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ieo,iino?oiaioaeueieo aeaieo i ciii iieacieeia AOI c i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo iiae aei?th i?ecia/aii? oa?aii? aeyaeei iayaiinoue aenieiai i?yiiai ei?aeyoeieiiai ca’yceo i?e eiaoioei?ioi ei?aeyoei? r=1-0,8;p0,05).

O aeaiie a?oii oai?eo oneeaaeiaiue o iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei c aieo
/a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, iioeo i?aaiia i nenoai ia aeyaeaii. ?aia
caaithaaeanue ia?aeiiei iaoyaii. Aea o 12,5% oai?eo c cauaieaieie
aaio?aeueieie a?eaeaie niinoa?iaaeenue caiaeueii yaeua o ?aii o aeaeyaei
iioieueo?aoo, aeoiaeiee ?iaaiue AOI i?e oeueiio neeaa 5,1-7,1% aiae
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii.*a?ac 2 aeiae iiney iia?aoei?
oaieiaee iioie c i?iaeoei? ?aie caieueoeany. Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii,aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy aeinyaee
8,8-15,6%;3,2-21,0%,aiaeiiaiaeii.O iineiaeoth/iio ia 4-oo i 6-oo aeiao
aeeiaiiea oaieiaiai aaeaino c i?iaeoei? ?aie iieacaea ia cieaeaiiy ?iaiy
oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy:6,1-11,7%;-3,8%-(12,6%), aiaeiiaiaeii.
Iaeneiaeueii cia/aiiy aiaeoeeaiiy AOI oa?aeoa?ii aeey ?icaeoeo
iioieueo?aoo. Noiniaii /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o oeieiio,i?e iaoneeaaeiaiiio
ia?aaiao iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo aiaeii/a?oueny cieaeaiiy ?iaiy
oaieiaiai aaeaino a aeeiaiioei niinoa?aaeaiiy aiaeiinii aeoiaeiiai
?iaiy(-1,0%,-5,3%,-5,9%),a i?e ?icaeoeo iioieueo?aoo-ia 2-4-oo aeiao AOI
caieueooaaeanue (2,1%,1,4%), a iioii ciaiooaaeanue(-0,9%).

O iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei iaoiaeii Ae?AeO ianoaaeaii 39 oai?eo
aino?ei aiaiaeeoeeoii:14-i?inoei,18-oeaaiaiiciei,7-aaia?aiiciei. I?e
aino?iio aiaiaeeoeeoi c iaoneeaaeiaiei ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai
ia?iiaeo iiaeeeai i?inoaaeeoe aeayei caaaeueii caeiiiii?iinoi oi?ioaaiiy
oaieiaiai aaeaino i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie. I?e i?inoiio aiaiaeeoeeoi
ia oa?aeoa? oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii o oeieiio
aieeaa? i iia?aoeieia o?aaia,ui i?iyaey?oueny caieueoaiiyi AOI aei 2-?
aeiae c iineiaeoth/ei cieaeaiiyi ia 4-oo,6-oo aeiao (1,4%,0,5%,-1,8%).
I?e oeaaiiiiciiio i aaia?aiiciiio aiaiaeeoeeoi o oi?ioaaiii oaieiaiai
aaeaino i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie /ieueia iinoea caeia? nooiiiue
aeano?oeoei? /a?aiiiaeiaiiai aiae?inoeo i ae?aciinoue caiaeueiiai
i?ioeano. A ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaii? iia?aoei? i naiaoei? /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai aei?iiiithaaiiy o i?aaie
caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi cieaeo?oueny. ?icieoey ? o aaee/eii i oaeaeeinoi
cieaeaiiy,ui iiaeeeai iaa?oiooaaoe ?iciei nooiaiai caiaeueiiai i?ioeano.
Aaee/eia aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy neeaea (-0,9%), (-4,5%),
(-9,0%); aiae eiai? caeooiaeiii? iaeanoi11,6%,2,2%,1,3%; aiae
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii- 10,0%,5,4%,2,7% ia 2,4,6 aeiao,
aiaeiiaiaeii. Iaoneeaaeiaiee oa?aeoa? caaithaaiiy ?aie i?e ?icieo oi?iao
aino?iai aiaiaeeoeeoo oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?inoii iioaineaiinoi oaieiaiai
iioieo ic iaeanoi iia?aoeieii? ?aie aei 2-ai aeiy iiney iia?aoei? c
iineiaeoth/ei cieaeaiiyi.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy neeaei
aiaeiiaiaeii 9,5%, 1,1%, -1,4%; aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii-
16,7%, 6,6%, 3,4%.

I?e oneeaaeiaiii iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo o aeaeyaei iioieueo?aoo
oaeiae i?ineiaeaeothoueny caaaeueii caeiiiii?iinoi aeey onio oi?i
aino?iai aiaiaeeoeeoo.Ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii AOI iaea oaiaeaioeith aei
iiaeaeuaiiy,aeinyaath/e iaeneiaeueieo iieacieeia ia 2-ao aeiao,c
ianooiiei cieaeaiiyi iiae aei?th eieoaaeueieo caoiaeia(3,2%,3,0%-0,3%).O
i?aaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy caieueooaaeinue aei 2-?
aeiae iiney iia?aoei?,a iioii cieaeoaaeinue.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI o i?aaie
caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy i?e oeueiio noaiiaeei
10,3%,4,7%,-0,9%;aiae eiai? caeooiaeiii?23,6%,21,9%,13,6%; aiae
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii- 20,1%,22,6%,12,9%,aiaeiiaiaeii ia
2-ao,4-oo,6-oo aeiao. I?e ?icaeoeo iioieueo?aoo o iia?aoeieiie ?aii
iioaineaiinoue oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy ?icei c?inoa? aei 2-? aeiae,ui aea?
iiaeeeainoue caiiaeic?eoe oneeaaeiaiiy oa canoinoaaoe nai?/anii iiaiee
ia’?i eieoaaeueieo caoiaeia.O iineiaeoth/iio aaee/eia oaieiaiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy c i?iaeoei? ?aie cieaeo?oueny. Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI c
i?iaeoei? iia?aoeieii? ?aie aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy o aeeiaiioei
niinoa?aaeaiiy aei?iaithaaei 21,3%,16,3%,7,8%;aiae na?aaeiuei? ii
/a?aaiie ii?iaeieii- 19,2%,23,1%,16,4% aiaeiiaiaeii ia 2-ao,4-oo,6-oo
aeiao iiney iia?aoei?.

I?e oneeaaeiaiiio ia?aaiao iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo o aeaeyaei
iaaii?iiy iia?aoeieii? ?aie iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai iioieo ii /a?aaiie
ii?iaeieii o oeieiio c?inoa?,aeinyaath/e aiaeoeeaiue AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai
?iaiy ia 2-ao aeiao 3,9%,ia 4-oo- 4,1%,ia 6-oo- 2,1%.O i?aaie
caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi aiaeii/a?oueny aiaeiai/ia neooaoeiy.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI
aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy neeaei 11,8%,14,4%,-0,6%;aiae eiai?
caeooiaeiii?25,6%,24,1%,17,9%;aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie
ii?iaeieii23,4%,24,7%,13,4%, aiaeiiaiaeii o oiae no?iee
niinoa?aaeaiiy.I?e ?icaeoeo iaaii?iiy o ?aii oaieiaee iioie i?iaeiaaeo?
i?ia?aneaii c?inoaoe ia oiii caaaeueii? e eieaeueii? oa?aii? aei 4-?
aeiae,a iioii cieaeo?oueny.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy
?iaiyeinue 23,1%,40,2%,16,7%;aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii
22,2%,24,9%,18,4%,aiaeiiaiaeii ia 2-ao,4-oo,6-oo aeiao iiney iia?aoei?.

Oaeei /eiii,o iioa?aaei iaeneiaeueieo aaee/ei aiaeoeeaiiy oaieiaiai
iioieo ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii o oeieiio,o i?aaie caeooiaeiiie iaeanoi oa
iia?aoeieiie ?aii ia?aaia iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo i caaithaaiiy
iia?aoeieii? ?aie i?e iia?aoeiyo c i?eaiaeo aino?iai aiaiaeeoeeoo
ia?aaiaa? aac oneeaaeiaiue,c ooai?aiiyi iioieueo?aoo,iaaii?iiyi
iia?aoeieii? ?aie.

O iineyiia?aoeieiiio ia?iiaei ianoaaeaii iaoiaeii Ae?AeO 38
oai?eo,iia?iaaieo c iaaiaee ?icieo oi?i oieaoeenoeoo.O 22 iaoei?ioia
iineyiia?aoeieiee ia?iiae ia?aaiaaa aac oneeaaeiaiue,o 10-c ooai?aiiyi
iioieueo?aoo,o 6- c iaaii?iiyi iia?aoeieii? ?aie.

I?e iaoneeaaeiaiiio ia?aaiao iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo iiney
oieaoeenoaeoiii? AOI ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii cieaeo?oueny o aeeiaiioei
niinoa?aaeaiiy (1,9%,1,8%,-0,9%,-1,2%,-2,1%), aiaeiiaiaeii ia 2,4,6,8,10
aeiao. O i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’? aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy
aei?iaithaaei 6,9%, 6,4% 3,9%, 3,0%, 1,9%; aiae eiaiai iiae?aaa?’y-
6,2%, 6,0%, 6,0%, 6,6%, 6,4%; aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii-
7,3%, 7,0%, 6,9%, 6,8%, 6,7% o oiae oa?iiie niinoa?aaeaiiy.Iaoneeaaeiaia
caaithaaiiy iia?aoeieii? ?aie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny c?inoaiiyi oaieiaiai
aei?iiiithaaiiy ia i?ioyci ia?oeo 2-o aeia c iineiaeoth/ei
cieaeaiiyi,aeinyaath/e iieacieeia aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy
17,4%, 7,1%, 2,7%, 1,8%, -0,4%; aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii-
16,9%, 6,9%, 5,4%, 4,9%, 3,6%, aiaeiiaiaeii ia 2,4,6,8,10 aeiao iiney
iia?aoei?.

I?e ?icaeoeo iioieueo?aoo a iia?aoeieiie ?aii oa?aeoa? ciii oaieiaiai
aaeaino o oeieii ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii aoa noiaeee i?e iaoneeaaeiaiiio
ia?aaiao,aea c aeuei nooiaiai ae?aciinoi.I?inoaaeoaaeanue ianooiia
aeeiaiiea aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy:2,5%,2,2%,-0,2%,-1,1%,
-2,1% o aecia/aii oa?iiie niinoa?aaeaiiy.O i?aaiio iiae?aaa?’?
aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy neeaei 5,0%, 3,4%, 0,9%, -1,6%,
-2,5%; aiae eiaiai iiae?aaa?’y- 8,9% 6,9%, 7,1%,6,3%,4,2%;aiae
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii- 8,2%, 6,9%, 6,0%, 5,2%,
5,3%,aiaeiiaiaeii.I?e ?icaeoeo iioieueo?aoo a ?aii o i?i?eoei? ?aie
iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai iioieo iiaeaeuoaaeanue ia i?ioyci ia?oeo 4-o
aeia,a iioii iiae aei?th eieoaaiiy cieaeoaaeanue.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI a
i?iaeoei? ?aie aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy aei?iaithaaei
19,1%,21,1%,4,2%,2,8%,0,6%;aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii-
17,5%,19,4%,5,8%,5,4%,4,2% caiaeii oa?iiio niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Iaaii?iiy iia?aoeieii? ?aie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny oa?aeoa?ieie ciiiaie
oaieiaiai aaeaino c aieo /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie o oeieiio,i?aaiio
iiae?aaa?’?, i?iaeoei? iia?aoeieii? ?aie o aeaeyaei iiaeaeuaiiy ?iaiy
oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy o i?iaeiaae ia?oeo 4-o aeia c ianooiiei eiai
cieaeaiiyi aei 1-? aeiae.Ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae
aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy neeaei 3,0%,3,3%,-0,3%,-2,9%,-4,6%. O i?aaiio
iiae?aaa?’? aaee/eia aiaeoeeaiiy aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy aei?iaithaaea
9,9%, 12,0%, 4,6%, 0,9%, -0,8%; aiae eiaiai iiae?aaa?’y- 10,2%, 11,5%,
8,9%,8,2%,7,9%;aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii- 8,7%, 10,2%,
6,9%, 6,0%, 6,1%.O i?iaeoei? iia?aoeieii? ?aie aaee/eia aiaeoeeaiiy
aeicaieeea caiiaeic?eoe iaaii?iiy o ?aii oaea ia 2-ao aeiao oa
canoinoaaoe iaiaoiaeii eieoaaeueii caoiaee:aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy-
28,7%,35,4%,2,4%,-1,5%,-3,5%;aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie
ii?iaeieii27,1%,32,6%,5,9%,4,8%,4,7%,aiaeiiaiaeii ia 2,4,6,8,10 aeiao
niinoa?aaeaiiy.

O 7 oai?eo c iaie?aiiae?icii i?inoaaeaii ia?aaia iineyiia?aoeieiiai
ia?iiaeo c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo Ae?AeO. Iioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai iioieo
ic i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo c?inoaea aei
eiioey 4-? aeiae,a iioii iinooiiai cieaeoaaeanue.Aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae
aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy i?e oeueiio neeaaeaei 4,2%,6,7%,5,2%,1,1%,-4,6%,
aiaeiiaiaeii ia 2,4,6,8,10 aeiao.O i?iaeoei? iiaeoeoieiai? caeice
ciaioaiiy ?iaiy oaieiaiai iioieo ii/eiaeinue c 4-? aeiae caiaeii aeaiei
aiaeoeeaiiy AOI aiae aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy(5,1%,6,0%,4,3%,3,7%,-7,9%) oa c
2-? ca aeaieie aiae na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii (19,6%, 17,9%,
17,6%, 15,2%,14,6%). Caaithaaiiy iia?aoeieii? ?aie ia?aaiaaei aoi?eiiei
iaoyaii.Aeinoiai?ia caieueoaiiy AOI ic i?iaeoei? ?aie aiaeiinii
na?aaeiuei? ii /a?aaiie ii?iaeieii(? iia?aoei? oieueee o iiaeaeueoiio iaiioeeanue oaiaeaioeiy aei cieaeaiiy oaieiaiai iioieo (10,7%,14,6%,17,1%,18,0%,18,4%,12,7% aiaeiiaiaeii oa?iiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy). Ii aiaeiioaiith aei aeoiaeiiai ?iaiy iiaeaeuaiiy oaieiaei?iiiithaaiiy o i?iaeoei? ?aie i?iaeiaaeoaaeinue aei eiioey 4-? aeiae(13,0%),a iioii cieaeoaaeinue,iniaeeai ii/eiath/e c 10-? aeiae(-2,6%). Oaeei /eiii,aea/eaoe oa?aeoa? ia?aaiao iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo iiney a?eaeini/aiue,aiaiaeaeoiiie,oieaoeenoaeoiiie,i?ia?aiiaaieo eaia?aoiiie i?e iaie?aiiae?ici o ?iaioieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo oa oai?eo,ia iia’ycaieo c ii?nueeeie i?ioaniyie (oaae.4), eiiieaeniei iaoiaeii, aeeth/eaoe aei eiai iaoiae Ae?AeO,aeiaaiinoe/io oeiiiinoue yeiai iiaeoaa?aeaeaii ia iniiai no?oeoo?iiai aiaeico ii i?ia?aii ia?ieo ei?aeyoeie c aenieei eia-oioei?ioii i?yiiai ei?aeyoeieiiai ca’yceo(r=1-0,8;pIiuaiei A.A. Aeenoaioeieia ?aaeiaoeieia aeeiaii/ia oaieiiao?iy o aeiaaiinoeoei aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie(aiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo) o i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo.-?oeiien.Aee-na?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 14.01.34-aaiaoeieia,einii/ia i ii?nueea iaaeeoeeia.Oe?a?inueeee IAeI ii?nueei? iaaeeoeeie,Iaeana,1999. Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoei iaoiaee/ieo iiaeoiaeia oa aea/aiith oaieiaiai aaeaino i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,oaeineiiaeaiith aeiaaiinoeee aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie( aiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo),ioeiioei ia?aaiao iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo i caiaeueiiai i?ioeano o ?aii iaoiaeii aeenoaioeieii? ?aaeiaoeieii? aeeiaii/ii? oaieiiao?i?(Ae?AeO).Aea/aii aonoeio oaieiaiai iioieo ic aeeaieeo no?oeoo? i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie ia ia?aaeith /a?aaio noiieo a caeaaeiinoi aiae eiinoeoooei?,noaoi,aieo,naciiia ?ieo,/ano aeiae,aaeeaaiiy ?aei,i?ioani?,aaia?aoi/ii? aeiaaioe,oe?ioe,oaeethaaiiy ieaaio o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae-i?aoeiaieeia ii?nueeiai o?ainii?oo i aeeoaeia aa?aaiai? ciie;o oai?eo c a?eaeaie ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? noiiee;i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie(aiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo) c iaoith aeiaaiinoeee i eiio?iey ca ia?aaiaii iineyiia?aoeieiiai ia?iiaeo,ioeiiee ?aaaia?aoei? e nooiaiy ae?aciinoi caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a iia?aoeieiie ?aii . Aecia/aii iiaeeeainoi Ae?AeO o oiciieiai/ieo aeineiaeaeaiiyo o ii?nueeie iaaeeoeeii oa aeiaaiinoe/iiio aeai?eoii i?e aino?eo caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo i?aaiia /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie. Eeth/iai neiaa: aeenoaioeieia, ?aaeiaoeieia, aeeiaii/ia, oaieiiao?iy, aiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo, ii?nueeee o?ainii?o.  Ieuaiei A.A. Aeenoaioeeiiiay ?aaeeaoeeiiiay aeeiaie/aneay oaieiiao?ey a aeeaaiinoeea ino?uo ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaiee i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe(aiiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo) o ?aaioieeia ii?neiai o?ainii?oa.-?oeiienue.Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.34-aaeaoeeiiiay,einie/aneay e ii?neay iaaeeoeeia.-Oe?aeineee IEE ii?neie iaaeeoeeiu,Iaeanna,1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea iiaiai iaoiaee/aneiai iiaeoiaea aeenoaioeeiiiie ?aaeeaoeeiiiie aeeiaie/aneie oaieiiao?ee(Ae?AeO) n eniieueciaaieai eioi?iaoeeiiii-aeeaaiinoe/aneiai eiiieaena"Oa?iiaeei" e eco/aieth n aai iiiiuueth oaieiaiai aaeaina i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe aeey ioeaiee eo ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey a aa?aaiauo oneiaeyo e ai a?aiy ieaaie/aneiai ?aena,oniaa?oainoaiaaieth ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeee,auai?a oaeoeee ea/aiey i?e ino?uo ainiaeeoaeueiuo oe?o?ae/aneeo caaieaaaieyo i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe(ino?ue aiiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo),ioeaiea oa/aiey iineaiia?aoeeiiiiai ia?eiaea e noaiaie oyaeanoe ainiaeeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a ?aia o ?aaioieeia ii?neiai o?ainii?oa e aa?aaiaie ciiu. A ?aaioa ?ac?aaioai e i?eiaiai iiaue iaoiaee/aneee iiaeoiae a oa?iiaeeaaiinoeea n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaea Ae?AeO eioi?iaoeeiiii-aeeaaiinoe/aneei eiiieaenii "Oa?iiaeei" aeey ?aaeno?aoeee ieioiinoe oaieiaiai iioiea(IOI) ec i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe ia ia?aaeithth a?thoioth noaieo. Eco/aia IOI ec i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe ia ia?aaeithth a?thoioth noaieo a caaeneiinoe io eiinoeoooeee,iiea,aic?anoa,naciiia aiaea,a?aiaie nooie,i?eaia ieue,i?ioannee,aaia?aoe/aneie aeieaiou,oe?iou,aieiaiey ieaaia o i?aeoe/anee caei?iauo ethaeae-?aaioieeia ii?neiai o?ainii?oa e aeeoaeae aa?aaiaie ciiu e ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiuo aeaiuo ?ac?aaioaiu on?aaeiaiiua iieacaoaee oaieiaiai aaeaina i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe e eo oa?iioiiia?aoey ia ia?aaeithth a?thoioth noaieo. Aia?aua iieacai oa?aeoa? e noaiaiue aeeyiey oaeoi?ia noaeiaie e ?aeniaie n?aaeu a oneiaeyo Ie?iaiai ieaaia ia oi?ie?iaaiea o?iaiy oaieiaiai aaeaina a oneiaeyo ieaaie/aneiai ?aena. I?iaaaeaia Ae?AeO ia?aaeiae a?thoiie noaiee i?e ?acee/iuo aeaeao a?uae ia?aaeiae a?thoiie noaiee,iieo/aiu iauaeoeaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee eioaineaiinoe oaieiaiai eceo/aiey a caaeneiinoe io eieaeecaoeee a?uaee,eco/aii oa?aeoa? aeeyiey ouaieaiey ia oaieiaie aaeain i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe.Ii?aaeaeaia eioaineaiinoue oaieiaiai eceo/aiey ec iaeanoae ia?aaeiae a?thoiie noaiee i?e ino?uo ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaieyo i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe(aiiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo) o ?aaioieeia ii?neiai o?ainii?oa e aa?aaiaie ciiu,?ac?aaioaiu oeeo?iaua oa?aeoa?enoeee oaieiaiai aaeaina i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe.O aieueiuo n iiaeic?aieai ia ino?ue aiiaiaeeoeeo i?iaaaeaii aeeiaie/aneia iaaethaeaiea iaoiaeii Ae?AeO,ia iniiaaiee /aai i?iaaaeaia aeeooa?aioeeaeueiay aeeaaiinoeea n caaieaaaieyie ii/aauaeaeeoaeueiie nenoaiu,aeaineeo iieiauo i?aaiia,ae?oaeo caaieaaaiee i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe.Iieo/aiu oa?iiaeeaaiinoe/aneea aeaiiua,oa?aeoa?ecothuea eciaiaiey a oaieiaii aaeaina i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe i?e noa?oie eeeie/aneie ea?oeia ino?iai aiiaiaeeoeeoa.O aieueiuo n oieaoeenoeoii,iaie?aaoeoii i?iaaaeai eiio?ieue yooaeoeaiinoe i?iaiaeeiie eiina?aaoeaiie oa?aiee e iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue i?eiaiaiey Ae?AeO a eiiieaeniii aeeaaiinoe/aneii aeai?eoia aeaiiai aeaea iaoieiaee,i?e auai?a oaeoeee ea/aiey. I?eiaiaia Ae?AeO aeey eiio?iey ca oa/aieai iineaiia?aoeeiiiiai ia?eiaea i?e a?uaeao ia?aaeiae a?thoiie noaiee, ino?ie oe?o?ae/aneie iaoieiaee i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe(aiiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo) o ?aaioieeia ii?neiai o?ainii?oa e aa?aaiaie ciiu,iieo/aiu iiaua aeaiiua i oi?ie?iaaiee oaieiaiai aaeaina i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe,ia iniiaaiee eioi?uo ?ac?aaioai oa?iiaeeaaiinoe/aneee aeai?eoi oa/aiey iineaiia?aoeeiiiiai ia?eiaea aac e n iaee/eai ineiaeiaiee. Niiinoaaeaiu aeaiiua Ae?AeO n ?acoeueoaoaie eeeie/aneeo,eaai?aoi?iuo,eino?oiaioaeueiuo e iaoiii?oieiae/aneeo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey o aieueiuo n ino?uie ainiaeeoaeueiuie caaieaaaieyie i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe(aiiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo), iieacaia eo aeeaaiinoe/aneay ?ieue. Eniieueciaaia Ae?AeO aeey ioeaiee ?aaaia?aoeee e noaiaie au?aaeaiiinoe ainiaeeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a iia?aoeeiiiie ?aia iinea oe?o?ae/aneeo aiaoaoaeuenoa ii iiaiaeo a?uae ia?aaeiae a?thoiie noaiee,ino?uo ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaiee i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe(aiiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo).Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiuo aeaiuo ?ac?aaioai oa?iiaeeaaiinoe/aneee aeai?eoi caaeeaeaiey iia?aoeeiiiie ?aiu eae ii?ia,n ia?aciaaieai eioeeueo?aoa,n iaaiiaieai iia?aoeeiiiie ?aiu. Ii?aaeaeaia e iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey Ae?AeO a aeeaaiinoe/aneii aeai?eoia i?e ino?uo ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaieyo i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe (aiiaiaeeoeeo,oieaoeenoeo,iaie?aaoeo). Iiaue iaoiae Ae?AeO aiaae?ai a oeceieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey ii?neie iaaeeoeeiu,a oaeaea a eeeieeo i?e ino?uo ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaieyo i?aaiia a?thoiie iieinoe.  Eeth/aaua neiaa:aeenoaioeeiiiay, ?aaeeaoeeiiiay, aeeiaie/aneay, oaieiiao?ey, aiiaiaeeoeeo, oieaoeenoeo, iaie?aaoeo, ii?neie o?ainii?o.  Mishchenko V.V.Proximity radiative dynamic heat-flowmetry in diagnosis of acute inflammatory diseases of abdominal cavity organs (appendicitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis) in water transport workers.-Manuscript.Thesis for the competition of doctorate degree in medicine.Speciality 14.01.34.-aircraft,space and maritime medicine.-Ukrainian scientific research institute of the maritime medicine,Odessa,1999. Thesis is devoted to the diagnosis of acute inflammatory diseases of the abdominal cavity organs (appendicitis,cholecystitis,pancreatitis),estimation of the postoperative period course and inflamatory process in the wound with proximity radiative dynamic heat-flowmetry.The autor has studied the density of heat flow from the deep structures of abdominal cavity organs upon the front abdominal wall depending on constitution,sex,age,seasons,time,food habits,occupation,latitude,longitude,rough sea in practically healthy persons,workers of water transport and inhabitans of the coast regions;in the patients with the front abdominal wall hernia;in acute inflammatory diseases of abdominal cavity (appendicitis,cholecystitis,pancreatitis) with the aim to diagnose and control the course of postoperative period,estimation of regeneration and manifestation of inflammatory process in operative wound.The possibilities of heat flow density in diagnostic algorythm of inflammatory diseases of abdominal cavity organs had been determined. Key words: proximity,radiative,dynamic heat-flowmetry, appendicitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, water transport.

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