IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO O?CE*IIAI

Aeoiaaiiss ? NII?OO OE?A?IE

?ai? Naeao Iioae OAEAAA

OAeE: 796.422.071.5

AeEIAI?EA OOIEOe?IIAEUeII? I?AeAIOIAEAIINO? A?AOI?A

IA NA?AAeI? AeENOAIOe?? a?EII 13-14 ?IE?A

C I?ENEI?AIEI A?IEIA?*ieI ?iCAEOeiI

O ??*IIIO OeEEE? I?AeAIOIAEE

24.00.01- Ie?ii?enueeee ? i?ioan?eiee nii?o

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?aaioa aeeiiaia o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
nii?oo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I?UAIEI A?EOI? NA?A?EIAE*, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo
aeenoeeie?i.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
EAIOO?I AIAOIE?E IEEIEAEIAE*, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e e?iac?ieia??,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? EAI?OAANUeEEE NOAI?NEAA
IEOAEEIAE*, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, Ee?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
nii?oo, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 22 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. 30 oa. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.829.01 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, i. Ee?a-150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, i. Ee?a-150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ac?neaiee “ 17 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

E. ss. ?aauaiei

CAAAeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue. A?aeiii, ui nii?oeaia o?aioaaiiy o iieiaeiio a?oe?
iio?aao? niaoe?aeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei ?aaoethaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo
iaaaioaaeaiue. Oea iia’ycaia c? cia/ieie iniaeeainoyie ?o aieeao ia
i?aai?ci ca ii?aeiaiiy c i?ioeanaie ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo. Iniaeeaiai
cia/aiiy oea iaaoaa? i?ae /an ?icaeoeo aeo?eaaeino? thieo nii?oniai?a o
aeaeao nii?oo, aea aiia ? i?aea?oioyi nii?oeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo
[I.ss.Iaaaoi?eiaa, 1982; A.I.Ieaoiiia, 1987; A.I.O?e?i, 1995;
E.A.Aieeia, 1996 oa ?i.]. O oeeo aeaeao nii?oo i?aea?oioyi
caeiiii??iino? aaaaoi??/ii? iiaoaeiae i?ioeano o?aioaaiiy ?, ia?aae
on?i, iioei?caoe?y ?icaeoeo oeo noi??i ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
i?aai?cio thieo nii?oniai?a, ye? aecia/athoue o? aai ?io? noi?iie
aeo?eaaeino? [I.AE.Aoeaaeiaa,1986; O.N.Oeiaeiaa, 1985; A.N. I?uaiei,
1992]. Ia eiaeiiio ianooiiiio aoai? aaaaoi??/ii? i?aeaioiaee oa?aeoa?
o?aioaaeueieo aieea?a ia i?aai?ci noa? aeaaeae? a?eueo niaoe?ae?ciaaiei
a?aeiinii eiie?aoii? nii?oeaii? aeenoeeie?ie, aeenoaioe?? a?ao oiui.
[O.I.Noneia, 1982; A.I.Caii?iaeaiia, 1994; E.I.Naoiianueeee,1995 oa
?i.].

Ana oea aeiaaa? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo i?aeoiae?a aei ?acaeoeo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae thieo nii?oniai?a ca iaeii/aniiai
a?aooaaiiy caeiiii??iinoae a?eiaiai ?icaeoeo. ?acii c oei, aaaaoi c oeeo
ieoaiue aei iaoiai /ano aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiueith i??ith.

Ia aeeeeea? noii?ao oie oaeo, ui aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai ??aiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iiaeeeaa eeoa o?eueee ca oiia
iiaoaeiae o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ia canaaeao a?aooaaiiy caeiiii??iino?
oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? no?oeoo?e ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. A
ia?oo /a?ao oea noino?oueny ieaioaaiiy ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee ye
aaciaiai aeaiaioo aaaaoi??/ii? i?aeaioiaee [A.I.Ieaoiiia,1997 oa ?i.].
Aaeeea e?euee?noue aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaea, ui ni?yiiaaia oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae o a?aoi?a ia na?aaei?
aeenoaioe?? aeioe?eueii ii/eiaoe aaea o a?oe? 13-14 ?ie?a
[A.I.Iaeneiaiei, 1978; TH.A.O?aa?i, 1989; A.I.N??aiei, A.I.A?o?iia,
1990]. ?acii c oei a?aeiii, ui naia o oeueiio a?oe? niinoa??aa?oueny
“ioaa?oaoiue no?eaie” i?ioeano ?icaeoeo. A oie aea /an, ye
a?aecia/athoue /eneaii? aaoi?e, ?icoiaeaeaiiy o?iiieia?/iiai oa
a?ieia?/iiai a?eo o oeae ia??iae iiaeooue aeinyaaoe 2–4 ?ie?a
[?.?.Aao?ao, 1991; A.A.Ieeeothe, 1998 oa ?i.]. Eiia??ii, ui oea iiaea
nooo?ai a?aeaeoeny ia iniaeeainoyo oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. Iiaeeeaith noa? aeoiea, ui iiaoaeiaa
o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano aac o?aooaaiiy oeueiai oaeoo nooo?ai ciaioo?
eiai aoaeoeai?noue. A oie aea /an o oai??? oa iaoiaeeoe? nii?oeaiiai
o?aioaaiiy a?aenooi? aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?e
ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o i?ioean? ??/iiai oeeeeo o?aioaaiiy o
thieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei
?icaeoeii, ui ciaioo? aoaeoeai?noue eiai ieaioaaiiy.

Aac ?ica’ycaiiy oeeo ieoaiue iaiiaeia iioei?coaaoe o?aioaaeueiee i?ioean
thieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? ia aoai? a?eiaiai ?icaeoeo, yeee
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ae?aaeaiith ia??aiii??i?noth aeic??aaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue o iaaeao oaie 1.7.5. “Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
o?aioaaeueiiai aoaeoo ??cii? ni?yiiaaiino? o ??/iiio oeeee? o?aioaaiiy o
a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? a?eii 13 -14 ?ie?a” (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U010537) ieaio IAe? Eii?oaoo c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e
oa nii?oo ca 1999 ??e.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee o a?aoi?a ia na?aaei?
aeenoaioe?? a?eii 13 -14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Aecia/eoe aeeiai?eo oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
i?aai?cio a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? a?eii 13 –14 ?ie?a c
ii?iaeueiei oaiiii a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo o i?ioean? ??/iiai oeeeeo
i?aeaioiaee.

2. Aeae?eeoe iniaeeaino? ci?ie ??aiy oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? i?aai?cio a?aoi?a ia 800 oa 1500 i a?eii 13 – 14 ?ie?a
c i?enei?aiei oaiiii a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee.

3. Anoaiiaeoe aeeiai?eo oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
i?aai?cio 15 – 16-??/ieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? c ii?iaeueiei
oaiiii a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo o i?ioean? ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee.

4. Aea/eoe a?aei?iiino? o ni?yiiaaiino? ci?i ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? nii?oniai?a a?eii 13 – 14 ?ie?a, ye? niaoe?ae?cothoueny
o a?c? ia 800-1500 i, c ??cieie oaiiaie a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo o ??/iiio
oeeee? i?aeaioiaee oa ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c eiai
ieaioaaiiy o 13 – 14-??/ieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o c’ynoaaii?
iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa e?eoa???a ??
iioei?caoe?? o i?ioean? ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee o a?aoi?a ia na?aaei?
aeenoaioe?? a?eii 13 – 14 ?ie?a c ??cieie oaiiaie a?ieia?/iiai
aeic??aaiiy.

Aia?oa aecia/aii oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? aeeiai?ee oaeoi??a
ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiiino? a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? a?eii
13 – 14 ?ie?a a?ae oaii?a ?? a?ieia?/iiai aeic??aaiiy. Io?eiaei
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aecia/aiiy aieeao aoai?a ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee
ia oa?aeoa? oa ni?yiiaai?noue aeeiai?ee ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino?. Iaa?oioiaaia i?eioeeiiaa iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ye e?eoa??y
aoaeoeaiino? iiaoaeiae ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny ?ic?iaeith ii?iaoeaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o i?ioean? ??/iiai
oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? a?eii 13 – 14 ?ie?a c
i?enei?aieie oaiiaie a?ieia?/iiai aeic??aaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaai? e?eoa???
eiio?ieth iioeiaeueiino? ??aiy ?icaeoeo oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? thieo nii?oniai?a aeaii? eaoaai??? oa ?ic?iaeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c iniaeeaino? ieaioaaiiy ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee.

Aaaeeeaei iai?yieii i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ?
aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo o ?iaio? aeaieo c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? o?aia?nueeiai neeaaeo, a oaeiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oeeo
?acoeueoao?a o i?ia?aio iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i o iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao
c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa nii?oo. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
ai?iaaaeaeai? o i?aeoeeo ?iaioe NAeTHOI? c eaaei? aoeaoeee
Oeaio?aeueiiai eeoao ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 17
aa?aciy 1999 ?.), a oaeiae o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy).

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a aecia/a?oueny oi?ioethaaiiyi i?iaeaie,
a?iioace, aaciina?aaei?i aeeiiaiiyi iniiaiiai ianyao oai?aoe/ii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, ocaaaeueiaiiyi oa aiae?cii io?eiaieo aeaieo.
*anoeiith ?iaioe ? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? io?eiai? ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio
noaiae? AeIAe?OEN eiai ni?a?ia?oieeaie. O oe?e /anoei? aeine?aeaeaiue
aaoi? a?aeiia?aeaa ca i?aea?? oa oi?ioaaiiy ania?eiaioaeueieo a?oi, a
oaeiae ca ca??, ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?c aeeiai?ee iaaeaaia?/ieo
iieaciee?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? oa?eoee
aei aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aeiiia?aeaeenue ia I?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio
eiia?an? “No/aniee ie?ii?enueeee nii?o” (Ee?a,1997), ia ???
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o
oa caei?ia’y iaoe??” (A?iieoey, 1998), ia ? Caaaeueiioe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo (Euea?a,
1997), ia aeaio iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo IOOANO (Ee?a, 1996,
1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? 10 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o. C
ieo 2 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 3 noaoo? o ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
5 noaoae o iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia 196 noi??ieao oa
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a. Nienie
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e ai?uo? 281 iaeiaioaaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
?ethno?iaai? 48 oaaeeoeyie oa 18 iaethieaie.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy i?aeaioiaee thieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei?
aeenoaioe??” aoa i?enay/aiee aiae?co iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeaioiaee thieo nii?oniai?a ye aaaaoi??/iiai i?ioeano, yeee aeiaaa?
a?aooaaiiy caeiiii??iinoae oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae
a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Aiae?c i?iaiaeeany o oaeeo iai?yieao: eeth/ia?
oa?aeoa?enoeee o?aioaaiiy a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? a?eii 13 –14
?ie?a ye aeaiaio i?ioeano aaaaoi??/ii? i?aeaioiaee, ioaa?oaoiee
“no?eaie” oa i?enei?aiee a?ieia?/iee ?icaeoie, e?eoa??e aeic??aaiiy
i?aee?oe?a, ooieoe?iiaeueia i?aeaioiaeai?noue ye ?ioaa?aeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea ia?aaeoiia niaoe?aeueii? aeo?eaaeino? nii?oniai?a. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co noi?iiaai? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ?noaa
a?aeiia?aeiino? o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue iiaeeeainoyi i?aai?cio, yeee
?inoa. Aeei?enoiaoaai? iaaaioaaeaiiy iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe i?e?iaei?e
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e aeeiai?oe? oi?ioaaiiy oeo noi??i ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae, ye? ? i?aea?oioyi niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? o a?c? ia
na?aaei? aeenoaioe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue”
iaa?oioiaothoueny iaoiaee, iaoiaeeee oa niiniae ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?aie
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue:

1.Aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? oa niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e.

2.Ii??aiyeueia aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano
thieo a?aoi?a ??ciiai a?eo oa nooiaiy a?ieia?/iiai aeic??aaiiy
(iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio).

3. Eiiieaeniee iaoiae ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiiino?, oano?a
oa e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy (ca A.N.I?uaieii,1990).

4. Iaoiaee ioe?iee a?ieia?/iiai a?eo ca noaiaea?oaie W.Greulich,
J.Pyle,1959, Y.Tanner, 1975.

5. Iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee: aeenia?n?eiee oa ei?aeyoe?eiee
aiae?c ia i?aenoaa? iia?aoe?eii? nenoaie Windows’95 i?ia?aie Microsoft
Exel 97.

Ca oiia aenia?eiaioaeueii? eaai?aoi??? AeIAeOOEN o i.Ee?a?
canoiniaoaaeenue iaoiaeeee:

— oanooaaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi oano?a noaiaea?oiiai (1,5
Ao ia ea), nooi?i/aoi-c?inoath/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy, iaaaioaaeaiiy
iaeneiaeueii? ?ioaineaiino? (60n) oa 1,1 e?eoe/ii? iiooaeiino?;

— aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueii? aa?iaii? oa aiaa?iaii? iiooaeiino?,
niiaeeaaiiy eenith (NE), aeae?eaiiy aeaeaeeneioe, aaioeeyoe?y eaaai?a,
“eeniaaiai ioeueno”, “o?iiio?iiiiai ?aca?ao” i?iea?aea oa iaeneiaeueii?
eiioeaio?aoe?? eaeoaoa o e?ia?. Aeei?enoaaoaaeanue ni??ia?aiiao?e/ia
aia?aoo?a o??ie “Aaeiai”;

— ioeueniiao??y ca oiia oano?a ca i?e?iaeieo oiia ? o eaai?aoi??yo ca
aeiiiiiaith nii?ooanoa??a “Iiea?” IA-3000;

— iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a a aeiiii?/iino?, ?ooeeaino?, no?eeino? oa
?aae?caoe?? aa?iaiiai iioaioe?aeo ca oiia ?iaioe ia?aaaaeii aiaa?iaiiai
ae?eie?oe/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

Aecia/aiiy a?ieia?/iiai a?eo i?iaiaeeeinue oao?aoeai-e?ea?ai ia aac?
e?ea?nueei-o?ce/iiai aeeniaina?o.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia oanoe aoaiao ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee.
O aeine?aeaeaiiyo acyee o/anoue thi? a?aoie ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??
caaaeueiith e?euee?noth 98 in?a c AeTHNO i.Ee?aa c? noaaeai nii?oeaiiai
o?aioaaiiy 1-5 ?ie?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Ci?ie oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? 13 – 14 oa 15 – 16 ?ie?a o ??/iiio
oeeee? i?aeaioiaee” iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ca o?ueiia
aieiaieie iai?yieaie. Ii-ia?oa, aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? (OI) thieo a?aoi?a 13-14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei
a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii i?ae /an aeinyaiaiiy iaea?eueo aeniei?
niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Ii-ae?oaa, iieacaia ??/ia aeeiai?ea OI,
yea oa?aeoa?ia aeey thieo a?aoi?a 13-14 ?ie?a c ??cieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo
? 15-16-??/ieo a?aoi?a c “ii?iaeueieie” oaiiaie ?icaeoeo. Aeae?
i?iaaaeaiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aeeiai?ee OI o thieo a?aoi?a aeacaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee.

O ia?o?e /anoei? aeine?aeaeaiue aoei i?iaaaeaia aecia/aiiy a?ieia?/iiai
a?eo thieo a?aoi?a oa oi?ioaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiae?e thieo a?aoi?a ca a?oiaie, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny ca a?ieia?/iei

oa o?iiieia?/iei a?eii

Iiia?e a?oiO?iiieia?/iee a?eA?ieia?/iee a?e113,6 (13,0-14,2)15,6213,5
(13,0-14,1)13,6315,8 (15,1-16,0)15,7

?c caaaeueii? e?eueeino? i?iaiae?ciaaieo ca a?ieia?/iei a?eii thieo
a?aoi?a i?eaeecii 30% oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii.

Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i ieceo iniaeeainoae OI thieo a?aoi?a c
i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii. Oea aeaeii c iecee iieaciee?a aa?iaii? oa
aiaa?iaii? iiooaeiino? (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Iniaeeaino? ??aiy aa?iaii? oa aiaa?iaii? iiooaeiino?, a oaeiae
?aae?caoe?? aa?iaiiai iioaioe?aeo o thieo a?aoi?a 13-14 ?ie?a c
i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii (a?oia1), IoSmx

IieacieeeA?oie thieo a?aoi?aAeinoia??i?noue a?aei?iiinoae,

? 0,05123Aa?iaia iiooaei?noue:

INE, ieoa-1ea-1

56,10,43

53,10,40

58,60,34 1-2

2-3“O?iiio?iiiee ?aca?a” i?iea?aea, oi.iae.

3817

3586

4059

2-3Iaeneiaeueiee I2-ioeuen, ieoa-1oae-1

17,10,14

14,80,16

19,30,141-2

2-3Aiaa?iaia iiooaei?noue:

*an a?ao ia 400 i, n

54,30,18

55,40,17

53,50,141-2,1-3

2-3Iaeneiaeueiee eaeoao e?ia?, iiieuee-1

15,50,22

13,90,17

16,50,231-2

2-3?AI, %54,50,4050,40,3557,10,311-2,2-3

I?ei?oea: INE – iaeneiaeueia niiaeeaaiiy eenith;

?AI – ?aae?caoe?y aa?iaiiai iioaioe?aeo i?ae /an 60 n

iaaaioaaeaiiy iaeneiaeueii? ?ioaineaiino?.

Iaaaaeai? aeai? aeacothoue ia oa, ui aeey i?enei?aiiai a?ieia?/iiai
?icaeoeo thieo a?aoi?a oa?aeoa?ia c?inoaiiy aa?iaii? iiooaeiino? aei
??ai?a, ye? i?eoaiaii? 15 – 16-??/iei nii?oniaiai, ia aeeaey/enue ia
iaioee noaae caiyoue nii?oii. Oea, iiaeeeai, iia’ycaia c a?eueo oaeaeeei
?icaeoeii i?aai?a aeeoaiiy oa oeaio?aeueii? oee?eoeyoe?? e?ia?. Iiae?aia
caeiiii??i?noue a?aei?iiinoae aoea iayaia ? c aiaa?iaii? iiooaeiino?.
A?aecia/aeany eeoa oaiaeaioe?y aei a?eueoi? aaee/eie o 15 – 16-??/ieo
nii?oniai?a.

Ca ?ioeie oaeoi?aie OI oa?aeoa? a?aei?iiinoae aoa aeaui ?ioei. Oae,
iaea?eueoa «?ooeea?noue» a?aei?/aeanue o thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a c
«ii?iaeueieie» oaiiaie ?icaeoeo. Iaea?eueo iecueeith aiia aoea o ?o
iaeiie?oe?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii (?en.1).

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000000000000

?en. 1. Oa?aeoa? a?aei?iiinoae oaeoi??a OI, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
no?ee?noue, ?ooeea?noue oa aeiiii?/i?noue ooieoe?e ? iaoaaie?cio o
thieo a?aoi?a c ??cieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo.

— No?ee?noue (/an 1,1 Wkp).

— ?ooeea?noue (oaeaee?noue c?inoaiiy NE ia ii/aoeo iaaaioaaeaiiy).

— Aeiiii?/i?noue (NE noaiaea?oiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy).

C?inoaiiy «?ooeeaino?» iiaea aenooiaoe ye oaeoi? eiiiainaoe?? ciaioaii?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? no?eeino? o 13 – 14-??/ieo a?aoi?a.

Iaeiae, oea iayaia eeoa o nii?oniai?a oeueiai a?eo c “ii?iaeueieie”
oaiiaie ?icaeoeo. «No?ee?noue» oa «aeiiii?/i?noue» o a?aoi?a 13 – 14
?ie?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii aoee aeinoia??ii a?eueo iecueeeie, i?ae o
15 – 16-??/ieo nii?oniai?a iaeiaeiaiai c ieie a?ieia?/iiai a?eo, a
«?ooeea?noue» – iaea?eueo iecueeith na?aae ianoaaeoaaieo a?oi.

Io?eiai? aeai? iieacothoue, ui iiooaei?noue oa?aeoa?enoeee ooieoe?? oa
iaoaaie?cio ca?eueoothoueny ?acii c? c?inoaiiyi a?ieia?/iiai a?eo. A oie
aea /an ?io? oaeoi?e OI, ye? aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? ?aae?caoe?? iayaiiai
aia?aaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo oa aoaeoeai?noue ?aaoeyoe?? ooieoe?e,
a?aenoathoue o nai?io ?icaeoeo. O ca’yceo c oeei ii?ioaaiiy ianyao oa
?ioaineaiino? o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue o i?aee?oe?a c i?enei?aiei
?icaeoeii iiaeiia aeeeth/aoe ?o oi?noaaiiy oa aooe a?eueo i???ioiaaiei
ia ii?iaoeae aeey 13 –14, i?ae aeey 15 – 16 ?ie?a.

Aeeiai?ea OI o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee thieo a?aoi?a c i?enei?aiei
?icaeoeii oaeiae iaea ieceo caeiiii??ieo iniaeeainoae. Aieiai? c oeeo
iniaeeainoae iieyaaee o oiio, ui ??aaiue niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?
o a?aoi?a aeinyaaa oaeeo aea aenieeo ??ai?a, ye ? o 15 – 16-??/ieo
a?aoi?a, iaeiae, a?i ia i?a i?aeo?eioaaoeny ne?eueee-iaaoaeue o?eaaeee
/an. Oea aaaaoi a /iio iiynith?oueny aeeiai?eith ie?aieo oaeoi??a OI.
Oae, ca iieacieeaie aa?iaii? iiooaeiino? i?e aeinyaaany oaea ia 3 aoai
oanooaaiiy, i?ney /iai a?aeaoaaeiny ?o ciaioaiiy ua aei i?eoiaeo e?oi?o
noa?o?a (?en.2).

A oie aea /an aiaa?iaia ae?eie?oe/ia iiooaei?noue 13 – 14-??/ieo
a?aoi?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii i?ioyaii ??/iiai oeeeeo c?inea, ye ? o
a?aoi?a 15 –16 ?ie?a. O ca’yceo c oeei aei ciaaaeueiiai ia??iaeo o
no?oeoo?? aia?aaoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae o ieo iineethaaeanue ?ieue
aeeeie?oe/ieo oaeoi??a, /iai ia niinoa??aaeiny o ?o ?iaaniee?a c
ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo. Ca ?nioth/eie oyaeaiiyie oae? ci?ie
aia?aicaaacia/aiiy na?ae/aoue i?i a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae iioeiaeueiiai aeey
oeueiai a?eo i?ioeano aaeaioaoe?? /a?ac c?inoaiiy iai?oaeaiino?
?aaoeyoi?ieo i?ioean?a. Niaaea? ia aeoieo oa, ui a?aenooi?noue
a?aooaaiiy oeueiai oaeoi?o ? iaei??th c i?e/ei /anoeo aeiaaee?a
ciaioaii? aoaeoeaiino? aaaaoi??/ii? i?aeaioiaee thieo a?aoi?a c
i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii.

A?aeiinia ciaioaiiy noaa?eueiino? aeinyaiooeo aenieeo ??ai?a ie?aieo
oaeoi??a OI o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee ciaeoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ? ca
iieacieeii “no?eeino?”. Oae, iaeaeuee ?? ??aaiue o a?aoi?a c i?enei?aiei
?icaeoeii (oaeee aea, ye ? o a?aoi?a 15 – 16 ?ie?a) aeinyaaany o ia?o?e
iieiaei? i?aeaioia/iai ia??iaeo. Iaeiae, oaea ia ii/aoeo ciaaaeueiiai
ia??iaeo a?aei?/aeinue nooo?aa eiai ciaioaiiy. Iiae?ai? aeai? aoee
io?eiai? c aeiiii?/iino? oa nooiaiy ?aae?caoe?? aa?iaiiai iioaioe?aeo ca
oiia ?iaioe ia?aaaaeii aiaa?iaiiai oa?aeoa?o. Aeeiai?ea “?ooeeaino?”
a?aoi?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii aeae?eyeanue ia eeoa iaea?eueo iecueeei
?? caaaeueiei ??aiai, aea ? a?aenooi?noth nooo?aeo ci?i o ??/iiio oeeee?
i?aeaioiaee. Iaea?eueoee aieea ??/iiai o?aioaaiiy ia iieacieee
“?ooeeaino?” aeyaeyany o 13 –14-??/ieo a?aoi?a c “ii?iaeueieie” oaiiaie
?icaeoeo.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aoee i?iaiae?ciaai? iieacieee OI. Iieacaii, ui o
thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a, ye ? o nii?oniai?a 15 – 16 ?ie?a,
aeeiai?ea “?ooeeaino?” a?eueoith i??ith iia’ycaia c aeeiai?eith
niaoe?aeueii? aeo?eaaeino?. Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui
a?aooaaiiy ??aiy aeeiai?ee oa ni?yiiaaia aaeineiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii?
?ooeeaino? o i?ioean? ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee ? aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii
iioei?caoe?? i?aeaioiaee i?aee?oe?a c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii.
Aeiiii?/i?noue iiceoeaii iia’ycoaaeanue c? niaoe?aeueiith
i?aoeacaeaoi?noth eeoa o a?aoi?a 15 –16 ?ie?a. Oiaoi oaeoi?
aeiiii?/iino? iaaoaa? nooo?aiai cia/aiiy c iaoith aeyao niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? eeoa o 15 – 16 ?ie?a ca oiia c?inoaiiy noaaeo
o?aioaaiiy ? ia aoa iia’ycaiee c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii.
Aeiiii?/i?noue iiceoeaii iia’ycoaaeanue c? niaoe?aeueiith
i?aoeacaeaoi?noth eeoa o a?aoi?a 15 – 16 ?ie?a. Oiaoi oaeoi?
aeiiii?/iino? iaaoaa? nooo?aiai cia/aiiy c iaoith aeyao niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? eeoa o 15 – 16 ?ie?a ca oiia c?inoaiiy noaaeo
o?aioaaiiy ? ia aoa iia’ycaiee c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii. Oiio
iieacieee aeiiii?/iino? iaaeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe c iaoith ea?oaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueiith i?aeaioiaeai?noth a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a.

A oe?eiio, ii/eiath/e c e?ioey i?aeaioia/iai oa ii/aoeo ciaaaeueiiai
ia??iae?a, ia aeae?eyeenue ie?ai? i?ia?aei? oaeoi?e OI thieo a?aoi?a ia
na?aaei? aeenoaioe??. Aianie on?o oaeoi??a OI, ye? aiae?cothoueny, o
c?inoaiiy niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? o ae?oa?e iieiaei? ??/iiai
oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaee ?, iiaeeeai, aecia/a?oueny ?o
?iaeea?aeoaeueiith aca?iiae??th. Oea aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo
aeeaieiai aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e OI ia oeeo aoaiao ??/iiai oeeeeo
i?aeaioiaee thieo a?aoi?a.

O caaa?oaeuei?e /anoei? iieacaii, ui i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieeee aecia/eoe aeiaeaoeia? e?eoa??? aeey ea?oaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueiith i?aeaioiaeith thieo a?aoi?a c i?enei?aieie oa
“ii?iaeueieie” oaiiaie a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Aiie ?aeiiaiaeoaaeeny aeey
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?ioean i?aeaioiaee thieo nii?oniai?a.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe aeicaieeei c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. ?nioth/? oyaeaiiy i?i iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy ieaioaaiiy aaaaoi??/ii?
i?aeaioiaee a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? oa e?eoa??? iiaoaeiae
??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee iieacothoue, ui o a?oe? 13 –14 ?ie?a o
no?oeoo?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae oa aeyaao niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? thieo nii?oniai?a iayai? aenieicia/ei? a?ieia?/i?
ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?ic?iaee niaoe?aeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei e?eoa???a
ioe?ithaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa ?? ni?yiiaaiiai
oi?ioaaiiy. Aiie iaoiiaeai? oei, ui o oeae a?eiaee ia??iae iiaeooue
niinoa??aaoeny iaea?eueo? ?icoiaeaeaiiy eaeaiaea?iiai oa a?ieia?/iiai
a?eo, c iaeiiai aieo, ? c?inoaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? o?aioaaeueieo
iaaaioaaeaiue, c ?ioiai aieo.

2. A?aei?iiino? oaii?a a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14
?ie?a (aeenoaioe?? 800 ? 1500 i) cae?eniththoue aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy
no?oeoo?e ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa aecia/athoue ieceo
iniaeeainoae ??aiy oa aeeiai?ee ?? eiiiiiaio?a (oaeoi??a) i?ioyaii
??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee.

3. ??aaiue niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? a on?e ?? aeeiai?oe? o
??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee (ca ?acoeueoaoaie eiio?ieueieo oano?a o a?c?
ia 400 oa 800 i) thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei
?icaeoeii ia?aaeuo? iieacieee ?o ?iaaniee?a c ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie
?icaeoeo oa ia? cia/i? ?ene iiae?aiino? c iayaieie o thieo a?aoi?a
a?eueo noa?oiai a?eo ca a?eueo iecueei? caeaoiino? caa??aaoe aenieo
niaoe?aeueio i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ? caeiiii??ieo a?aei?iiinoyo ??ai?a ?
aeeiai?ee oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

4. Ooieoe?iiaeueia i?aeaioiaeai?noue ca a?eueo?noth oaeoi??a o thieo
a?aoi?a 13 — 14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii ? a?eueo
aenieith, i?ae o iaeiie?oe?a c ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo, ? ia?
nooo?a? ?ene iiae?aiino? aeeiai?ee ?o ci?ie o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee
c iayaiith o thieo a?aoi?a a?eueo noa?oiai a?eo (15 – 16 ?ie?a) eeoa o
i?ioean? i?aeaioia/iai oa ia ii/aoeo ciaaaeueiiai ia??iae?a.

O ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae? o thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei
a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii iayaia iaeiaioa noaa?euei?noue ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? – a?aei?/a?oueny iaea?eueoa na?aae ianoaaeoaaieo thieo
a?aoi?a ciaioaiiy oaeoi?o no?eeino? oa aeiiii?/iino? ca caa?aaeaiiy
?ooeeaino?, yea ciaiooaaeanue o ?ioeo ianoaaeoaaieo thieo a?aoi?a.

5. THieo a?aoi?a c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii oa?aeoa?eco?
a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aa?iaii? iiooaeiino? (ci?ia INE c 50,12,8 aei
57,82,6 ieoa-1ea-1) oa aiaa?iaii? ae?eie?oe/ii? iiooaeiino? (ci?ia La
iaen. c 14,00,22 aei 15,70,20 Iiieuee-1) ii??aiyii c ?o ?iaanieeaie c
ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo – ci?ia, a?aeiia?ii, ca INE c 49,02,2 aei
53,12,4 ieoa-1ea-1 ? aeey La iaen. c 12,2 0,2 aei 13,30,2 aei 13,30,11
Iiieuee-1.

?acii c oei, caeaoi?noue oo?eioaaoe INE, aoaeo/e a?eueo aenieith, o
thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii i?ioyaii
i?aeaioia/iai oa ia ii/aoeo ciaaaeueiiai ia??iae?a aeae? ciaiooaaeanue ?
aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae iayaii? o ?o ?iaaniee?a c
ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo.

6. Iniaeea?noth ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? thieo a?aoi?a ia
na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? 13 – 14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii ?
oaeiae a?aeiinii a?eueo iecueeee ??aaiue ?ooeeaino? (ci?ia c 7,20,4 aei
7,70,3 oi.iae.) ca aeniei? eiai noaa?eueiino? o i?ioean? ??/iiai oeeeeo
i?aeaioiaee ii??aiyii c ?o ?iaanieeaie c ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo
(ci?ia c 7,20,6 aei 9,30,5 oi.iae.) aai thieie a?aoiaie 15 – 16 ?ie?a
(ci?ia c 7,00,2 aei 8,40,17 oi.iae.).

O thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a iayaia oaiaeaioe?y aei cai?ioiueiai
ca’yceo oaeoi?o aeiiii?/iino? oa ?ooeeaino? o ??/iiio oeeee?
i?aeaioiaee.

7. Aeiiii?caoe?y ca ??aiai ieoiiiai niiaeeaaiiy eenith noaiaea?oiiai
niieith o thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii aoea
ae?aaeaia a?eueo (ci?ia c 3,910,03 aei 3,520,02 ieoa-1ea-1) ii??aiyii c
?o ?iaanieeaie c ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo (ci?ia c 4,120,03 aei
3,680,02 ieoa-1ea-1) ? iaaeeaeaeany aei iayaii? o thieo a?aoi?a 15 – 16
?ie?a (ci?ia c 3,91 aei 3,40 ieoa-1ea-1). Ca aeyaaie aeiiii?caoe?? i?ae
/an o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iiae?aia ea?oeia niinoa??aaeany eeoa o
i?aeaioia/iio ia??iae? i?aeaioiaee. O ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae? o thieo
a?aoi?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii niinoa??aaeiny ciaioaiiy aeiiii?/iino?
ia a?aei?io a?ae a?aoi?a 15 – 16 ?ie?a, o yeeo aiia a oeae ia??iae
c?inoaea.

8. Aeiiii?caoe?y oa ?aae?caoe?y, ye oaeoi?e ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino?, ia a?ae?a?athoue nooo?ai? ?ie? o c?inoaii? caaaeueiiai
?? ??aiy oa niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? o thieo a?aioi?a 13 – 14
?ie?a, ui iniaeeai iii?oia o a?aoi?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii. ?ieue oeeo
oaeoi??a ii?yae c aa?iaiith iiooaei?noth iaaoaa? cia/eiino? o thieo
a?aoi?a 15 — 16 ?ie?a.

9. Iaea?eueo cia/eieie oaeoi?aie ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? c
iaoith aecia/aiiy ?? caaaeueiiai ??aiy oa niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?
o thieo a?aoi?a 13 – 14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei ?icaeoeii ? aa?iaia
iiooaei?noue (o i?aeaioia/iio ia??iae?) oa ?ooeea?noue, ui ia?aaeaa/a?
iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue oaei?
ni?yiiaaiino? o ca?eueoaiiio ianyc?. O ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae? i?aeaioiaee
i?ae /an caaaeueiiai ciaioaiiy o ieo aca?iica’yce?a oaeoi??a
ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ii??aiyii c ?o ?iaanieeaie c
ii?iaeueieie oaiiaie ?icaeoeo i?ia?aeieie oaeoi?aie i?aeo?eiee aenieiai
??aiy niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? iiaeooue noaoe no?ee?noue aei
eaeoaoaoeeaeico oa ?ooeea?noue.

10. O ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae? ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee ciaioo?oueny
iiaeeea?noue aeae?eaiiy ie?aieo i?ia?aeieo oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? thieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??. Oea iia?/ii
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o ciaaaeueiiio ia??iae? i?aeaioiaee caaaeueiee
??aaiue ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa niaoe?aeueia
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue cia/iith i??ith aecia/athoueny oaeiae oa?aeoa?ii
aca?iiae?? ie?aieo oaeoi??a oa ?ioeie i?e/eiaie, ui aeaco? ia
iaiao?aei?noue a?eueo iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy no?oeoo?e ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? thieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??.

11. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo anoaiiaeaieo e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy
aeeiai?ee ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee
aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue aeai?o aa??aio?a eiai iiaoaeiae o
thieo a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
oaii?a a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

IA?AE?E ?IA?O, ssE? IIOAE?EIAAI? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. ?aie Naeao Oaeaaa. Iniaaiiinoe aeeiaieee oaeoi?ia ooieoeeiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe o 13 – 14 eaoieo aaaoiia ia n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee
?aciiai aeieiae/aneiai aic?anoa a aiaee/iii oeeeea iiaeaioiaee //
Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / I?ae ?aae. N.N.??iaeiaa. —
Oa?e?a: OO???, 1999. — ?4. – N.38—45.

2. ?aie Naeao Oaeaaa. Aeeiaieea iniiaiuo aeey aaaoiia ia 800 i oaeoi?ia
ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe a aiaee/iii oeeeea o?aie?iaee
13–16-eaoieo nii?oniaiia ?aciiai aeieiae/aneiai aic?anoa // Iaaeaaia?ea,
ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo:
Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / I?ae ?aae. N.N.??iaeiaa. — Oa?e?a: OO???, 1999. —
?5. – N.41—46.

3. ?aie Naeao Oaeaaa. Aeeyiea onei?aiiiai aeieiae/aneiai nic?aaaiey ia
aeeiaieeo ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe aaaoiia ia n?aaeiea
aeenoaioeee 13 – 14 eao a aiaee/iii oeeeea iiaeaioiaee // O?ce/ia
aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a oai?/eo niaoe?aeueiinoae: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue / I?ae
?aae. N.N.??iaeiaa. — Oa?e?a: OO???, 1999. — ?6. – N. 27—34.

4. ?aie Naeao Oaeaaa. Iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe
thiuo aaaoiia ia n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee 13 – 14 eao n onei?aiiuie oaiiaie
aeieiae/aneiai nic?aaaiey // Iaoea a ieeiieeneii nii?oa. — E.:
Ieeiieeneay eeoa?aoo?a, ? 1, 1999. — N. 103-108.

5. A?oeiia A.I., ?aie Naeao Oaeaaa. Iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe o aaaoiia ia n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee a aic?anoa 14 – 15
eao a aiaee/iii oeeeea o?aie?iaea i?e ?acee/iuo aa?eaioao aai iino?iaiey
// ?aca?aiua aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oainoaiaaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe i?e aieueoeo o?aie?iai/iuo iaa?oceao. Iao. ?aa.
niaauaiey ii iaiauaiiie oaia IE?. — E.: OAOOAN, 1996. — N. 4-9.

6. A?oeiia A.I., ?aie Naeao Oaeaaa. Oi?ie?iaaiea no?oeoo?u
ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe aaaoiia ia n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee a
aic?anoa 13 – 14 eao n onei?aiiui aeieiae/aneei ?acaeoeai a
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiii ia?eiaea aiaee/iiai oeeeea o?aie?iaee // ?aca?aiua
aiciiaeiinoe niaa?oainoaiaaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe i?e
aieueoeo o?aie?iai/iuo iaa?oceao. Iao. ?aa. niaauaiey ii iaiauaiiie oaia
IE?. — E.: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia oeiainiaia aaaionoai, *. 2,1998. — 13 — 19
n.

7. ?aie Naeao Oaeaaa. Iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey no?oeoo?u
ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe aaaoiia ia n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee a
aic?anoa 13 – 14 eao // Iaoa??aee ??? I?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. —
A?iieoey, 1998. — *. 1. — 199—204.

8. ?ai? Naeao Oaeaaa. Aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo aa??aio?a iiaoaeiae ??/iiai
oeeeeo o?aioaaiiy o a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? a?eii 14 ?ie?a //
Iaoa??aee ? Anaoe?. eiio. ani??aio?a aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo
“Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie”. – Euea?a, 1997. — *. 1. — N. 129—131.

9. ?ai? Naeao Oaeaaa. Aeeiai?ea iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa niaoe?aeueii? aeo?eaaeino? o ??/iiio oeeee?
o?aioaaiiy 13 –16-??/ieo a?aoi?a ia aeenoaioe?th 800 i.//Oai??y ?
iaoiaeeea o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo.-1999.- ?1. — n.35-40.

10. Rami Saleh Moh`d Halaweh. Organizational peculiarities of annual
training cycle for middle distance runners at the age of 13 – 14 years
// Proceedings of International scientific congress THE MODERN OLYMPIC
SPORT. — Kyiv, 1997. (May 16-19, 1997). — ?. 100—101.

?ai? Naeao Iioae Oaeaaa. Aeeiai?ea ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
a?aoi?a ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe??? a?eii 13-14 ?ie?a c i?enei?aiei
a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii o ??/iiio oeeee? i?aeaioiaee. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 24.00.01 – Ie?ii?enueeee oa
i?ioan?eiee nii?o, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aecia/aiith iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiiino? i?aee?oe?a 13-14 ?ie?a, ye? niaoe?ae?cothoueny o a?c?
ia na?aaei? aeenoaioe?? o i?ioean? ??/iiai oeeeeo i?aeaioiaee oa
i???ioiaaia ia oi?ioaaiiy e?eoa???a iioei?caoe?? ea?oaaiiy oeei
i?ioeanii c o?aooaaiiyi oaii?a a?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Aia?oa aeyaeaii
?yae iniaeeainoae ??ai?a oa aeeiai?ee oaeeo oaeoi??a ooieoe?iiaeueii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? i?aee?oe?a c i?enei?aiei a?ieia?/iei ?icaeoeii, ye
aa?iaia oa aiaa?iaia iiooaei?noue, ooieoe?iiaeueia oa iaoaaie?/ia
aeiiii?/i?noue, no?ee?noue, ?ooeea?noue oa ?aae?caoe?y aa?iaiiai
iioaioe?aeo. A?aooaaiiy oeeo iniaeeainoae ? iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo oiia
caiia?aaiiy iaaei??iiio iai?oaeaiith aaeaioaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o oe???
eaoaai??? i?aee?oe?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ooieoe?iiaeueia i?aeaioiaeai?noue, i?aee?oee,
a?ieia?/iee ?icaeoie, aa?iaia oa aiaa?iaia iiooaei?noue, ooieoe?iiaeueia
no?ee?noue ? ?ooeea?noue, aeiiii?/i?noue ooieoe?e.

?aie Naeao Iioae Oaeaaa. Aeeiaieea ooeioeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe
aaaoiia ia n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee a aic?anoa 13-14 eao n onei?aiiui
aeieiae/aneei ?acaeoeai a aiaee/iii oeeeea iiaeaioiaee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.01 –
Ieeiieeneee e i?ioanneiiaeueiue nii?o, Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao
oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e nii?oa Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ii?aaeaeaieth iniaaiiinoae ooieoeeiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe iiae?inoeia 13-14 eao, niaoeeaeece?othueony a aaaa ia
n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee, a i?ioeanna aiaee/iiai oeeeea iiaeaioiaee.
Iaiaoiaeeiinoue niaoeeaeueiiai eco/aiey yoeo aii?inia ii?aaeaeyaony oai,
/oi a yoii aic?anoiii ia?eiaea iaaethaeathony cia/eoaeueiua (aei 2-4
eao) ?anoiaeaeaiey o?iiieiae/aneiai e aeieiae/aneiai aic?anoa. A
iai?yaeaiiua i?ia?aiiu nii?oeaiie iiaeaioiaee aiaeaeaaony cia/eoaeueiia
/enei iiae?inoeia n onei?aiiui aeieiae/aneei ?acaeoeai, eioi?ua aieaa
auno?i oaaee/eaatho naie nii?oeaiua ?acoeueoaou. Enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee
aia?aua iieacaoue ?yae iniaaiiinoae o?iaiae e aeeiaieee iniiaiuo
oaeoi?ia ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe yoie eaoaai?ee iiae?inoeia,
eioi?ua aeieaeiu o/eouaaoueny a i?ioeanna eo o?aie?iaee, aeey iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe yoiai i?ioeanna eae yeaiaioa iiiaieaoiae iiaeaioiaee.

Auyaeaiu iniaaiiinoe o?iaiae e aeeiaieee oaeeo oaeoi?ia, eae ay?iaiay e
aiay?iaiay iiuiinoue, ooieoeeiiaeueiay e iaoaaiee/aneay onoie/eainoue,
iiaeaeaeiinoue, yeiiiie/iinoue e noaiaiue ?aaeecaoeee ay?iaiiai
iioaioeeaea a oneiaeyo ?aaiou i?aeiouanoaaiii aiay?iaiiai
aeeeieeoe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a. Ii?aaeaeai oa?aeoa? caaeneiinoe aeeiaieee
oeacaiiuo oaeoi?ia ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe thiuo aaaoiia ia
n?aaeiea aeenoaioeee 13-14 eao io oaiiia eo aeieiae/aneiai nic?aaaiey.

Iieacaii, /oi, ia niio?y ia oi, /oi ooieoeeiiaeueiay iiaeaioiaeaiiinoue
o iiae?inoeia 13-14 eao n onei?aiiui ?acaeoeai ii aieueoeinoao oaeoi?ia
(iniaaiii ii iiuiinoiui oa?aeoa?enoeeai) aeinoeaaea aieaa aunieeo
aaee/ei, /ai o eo naa?noieeia, a ni?aaiiaaoaeueiii ia?eiaea eiaea ianoi
iaeiaiueoay eo noaaeeueiinoue. Iaaethaeaeinue nieaeaiey ay?iaiie
iiuiinoe e ooieoeeiiaeueiie onoie/eainoe aua aei iniiaiuo ni?aaiiaaiee.

I?e yoii oi?ie?iaaeanue oaiaeaioeey oaaee/aiey aeiee aiay?iaiuo
aeeeieeoe/aneeo i?ioeannia a yia?aiiaania/aiee ?aaiou, /oi a yoii
aic?anoa iiaeao auoue oaeoi?ii, ii?aaeaeythuei nieaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
?aaoeyoi?iuo i?ioeannia. N yoei auee naycaiu iaeaieaa ieceee o?iaaiue e
ionoonoaea iieiaeeoaeueiie aeeiaieee nei?inoe oaaee/aiey iio?aaeaiey
eenei?iaea e ae?oaeo iieacaoaeae oa?aeoa?enoeee ooieoeeiiaeueiie
iiaeaeaeiinoe o aeaiiie eaoaai?ee iiae?inoeia. Iaaieueoaa
iieiaeeoaeueiia aeeyiea o?aie?iaee ia “iiaeaeaeiinoue” iaia?oaeeaaeinue
o 13-14-eaoieo iiae?inoeia n “ii?iaeueiuie” oaiiaie ?acaeoey.
Yeiiiie/iinoue ooieoeee e iaoaaieecia i?eia?aoaea nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea
aeey i?iyaeaiee niaoeeaeueiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe eeoue a 15-16 eao i?e
oaaee/aiee noaaea o?aie?iaee e ia auea naycaia n onei?aiiui
aeieiae/aneei ?acaeoeai. Iiyoiio iieacaoaee yeiiiie/iinoe
iaoeaeaniia?acii eniieueciaaoue aeey oi?aaeaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoueth aaaoiia 13-14 eao.

A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee iainiiaaia i?eioeeieaeueiay aiciiaeiinoue
eniieueciaaiey caeiiiia?iinoae oi?ie?iaaiey ooieoeeiiaeueiie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe eae iniiau e?eoa?eaa yooaeoeaiinoe iino?iaiey
aiaee/iiai oeeeea iiaeaioiaee iiae?inoeia n onei?aiiui aeieiae/aneei
?acaeoeai. Ii?aaeaeaiu ia/aeueiua ii?iaoeaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
ooieoeeiiaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu
aeey eiio?iey yoiai i?ioeanna.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ooieoeeiiaeueiay iiaeaioiaeaiiinoue, iiae?inoee,
aeieiae/aneia ?acaeoea, aiaee/iue oeeee iiaeaioiaee, ay?iaiay e
aiay?iaiay iiuiinoue, ooieoeeiiaeueiay onoie/eainoue e iiaeaeaeiinoue,
yeiiiie/iinoue ooieoeee.

Rami Saleh Halaweh. Dynamics of Functional Preparedness of
Middle-Distance Runners of 13-14 Years Old with Accelerated Biological
Development in a Year Cycle of Preparation. – Manuscripte.

Thesis for obtaining the scientific degree of Candidate of Science in
Physical Education and Sport in 24.00.01. – Olympic and Professional
Sport, National University of Physical Education and Sport of Ukraine,
Kyiv,1999.

The subject of this thesis is a determination of the particularities of
the functional preparation at 13-14 years old juveniles specialized with
middle distances running during the annual preparation cycle, and is
oriented for the formation of the criterions of this process control
optimization with consideration of the biological development rate. For
the first time, we have been detected a range of the particularities of
levels and dynamics of these factors of functional preparation of
juveniles with accelerated biological development such as aerobic and
anaerobic power, functional and metabolic economy, resistance, mobility
and aerobic potential realization. Considering of these particularities
is one of the main conditions to avoid the excessive efforts of the
adaptive process with this category of juveniles.

Key words: functional preparedness, tunageres, biological development,
aerobic and anaerobic power, functional stability and mobility,
economic functions.

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