Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?n?oao

?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa

Ii?icia TH??e ieaenaiae?iae/.

OAeE 539.374

Aeeiai?/i? caaea/? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey aeaoaeo?a,
ui eaaeaoue ia oeee?iae?e/ieo iiaa?oiyo

01.02.04( iaoai?ea aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Iaeana 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Iiiia Aaiaae?e
sseiae/

Iaeanueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa,

caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e (iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? o?ceee(.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

Oae Ie?ineaa
Aaneeueiae/,

Euea?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

(Euea?anueea
iie?oaoi?ea (,

caa?aeoaa/
eaoaaee (iii?oiaoa??ae?a(

eaiaeeaeao
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

E?eaee Ieaenaiae?
Oaaei?iae/

Iaeanueea
aea?aeaaia ii?nueea aeaaeai?y

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi(aa?neoao, eaoaae?a

( oai?aoe/ii? oa
i?eeeaaeii? iaoai?ee (,

I?i?noa?noai
ina?o? Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny (____( _______1999 ?. i_______ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.051.05 i?e Iaeanueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith: 270026, i.
Iaeana, Aeai?yinueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa (270026, i. Iaeana, aoe.
I?aia?aaeainueea, 24).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee (_____( ________1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A?othe I.I.

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie Aiae?c e?eoeiai ?oeioaaiiy aa?aoe?eieo, aia?aaoe/ieo
aoae?aaeueieo oa ?ioeo eiino?oeoe?e, iieaco?, ui a ia?aaaaei?e
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a i?e/eiith ?o aoei ooai?aiiy o??ueiiiiae?aieo
aeaoaeo?a o ciiao eiioeaio?aoe?? iai?oaeaiue. Aeaaeae? neeaaei?o? oiiae
aenieoaoaoe?? eiino?oeoe?e ?, ia?aaeon?i, aeeiai?/iee oa?aeoa? aieeao
iaaaioaaeaiue, noai?ththoue ia?aaeoiiae aeey aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
o??uei.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo caaaeaiiue, ui iinoathoue i?ae /an noai?aiiy no/anieo
iaoei ? nii?oae, ? caaacia/aiiy i?oeiino?, iaae?eiino? ? aeiaaia?/iino?
ca iayaiino? o??uei (ai yei? a iiia?aaeiuei? oaoiieia?/ii? ia?iaee ia
caciaaaa iaoa??ae, o iueiio ia iaoiaeeoueny aac aeaoaeo?a oeio o??uei).
Oiae i?iaeooaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e c iaeyaeo ia iayai?noue o ieo o??uei
iio?aao? e?eoa???a, ye?a caaacia/oaaee a?aie/io ??aiiaaao o?ea n
o??ueiaie aeey caaeaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Iaeei c oaeeo e?eoa???a, ui
a?oioo?oueny ia aiae?c? iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?i?aiiai noaio a ieie? aa?o?aee
o??ueie oa aecia/aii? oae caaiiai eiao?oe??ioa ?ioaineaiino? iai?oaeaiue
(E?I), aea? iaoai?ea ?oeioaaiiy. I?ioa aecia/aiiy E?I iio?aao?
?ica(ycaiiy i?oaieo caaea/ oai??? i?oaeiino?, ye? ? aeaaeae?
neeaaei?oeie, eiee iinoa? iio?aaa ?icaeyaeaoe i?inoi?ia? caaea/? oai???
i?oaeiino?. Oey i?iaeaia ua aeoae/a oneeaaeith?oueny, yeui aeiaiaeeoueny
?ica(ycoaaoe aeeiai?/i? caaea/?. Aa?o/e aei oaaae oa, ui a a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a caaaioaaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?e ia? aeeiai?/iee oa?aeoa?, o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c?iaeaii ni?iao ?ica(ycaoe i?iaeaio a?aeooeaiiy
E?I aeey i?inoi?iaeo caaea/ oai??? i?oaeiino? a aeeiai?/i?e iinoaiiaoe?.
Oe? ? aecia/a? aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii
ia aac? oaiaoe/ieo ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o (IAe?) 248-31,
?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia? 0196U023205 (Iiaeaethaaiiy oa caaacia/aiiy
iaae?eiino? ? aeiaaia?/iino? oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai(, Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ia 1997-1999 ?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?oith aeaii? ?iaioe ? ?ica(ycaiiy
o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ oai??? i?oaeiino? aeey iaiaiaaeaiiai
i?oaeiiai na?aaeiaeua ? i?ai?inoi?o, ui iathoue oeee?iae?e/iee aeaoaeo o
aeaeyae? o??ueie, oa ?ic?iaeoe aoaeoeaiee iaoiae ?ica(ycaiiy
?ioaa?aeueieo ??aiyiue caaea/ eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey
oeee?iae?e/iiai aeaoaeoo (o??ueie) ? ia/eneaiiy E?I.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio,ui:

Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo
caaea/ eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey aeaoaeo?a, ui eaaeaoue
ia oeee?iae?e/ieo iiaa?oiyo, ui aac?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? ?ic?eaieo
?ica(yce?a.

Iiaoaeiaaii ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ oai???
i?oaeiino? aeey iaeanoae, ui i?noyoue oeee?iae?e/i? aeaoaeoe, i?ae yeeie
ne?ae ?icoi?oe aai o??ueio, aai oiiea aei?noea aeeth/aiiy, ui eaaeaoue
ia oeee?iae?e/ieo iiaa?oiyo.

Ca aeiiiiiaith io?eiaiiai ?ic?eaiiai ?ica(yceo iiaoaeiaaii aoaeoeaiee
iaaeeaeaiee ?ica(ycie caaea/? aeeo?aeoe?? oaeeue e?o/aiiy ia e?ioeaa?e
oeee?iae?e/i?e o??uei? oa ia/eneaii eiao?oe??io ?ioaineaiino? ia iaio
e?ayo o??ueie, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaii oaeeueiaa iiea a aeaeuei?e cii?
(ae?aa?aia ni?yiiaaiino?).

Aeacaii oeyo aei iiaoaeiae oi/iiai ?ica(yceo aeeiai?/ii? caaea/?
eiioeaio?aoe?? iai?oaeaiue a?ey e?ath iai?aiane?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii?
o??ueie, ui i?noeoueny a iaiaiaaeaiiio i?oaeiueiio na?aaeiaeu?,
caaaioaaeaiiio ia ii/aoeo eii?aeeiao oeaio?ii iaa?oaiiy. Iiaoaeiaaii
oi/iee ?ica(ycie ?? noaoe/iiai aiaeiao, i?e oeueiio canoiniaoaaeenue
ianoaiaea?oi? iaoiaee ?ica(ycaiiy, a oaeiae aeaaaeaii oi?ioeo aeey E?I ?
c?iaeaii a?aeiia?aei? ia/eneaiiy.

Iiaoaeiaaii aneiioioe/iee ?ica(ycie (aeey aaeeeeo cia/aiue ia?aiao?o
ia?aoai?aiiy Eaieana), caaea/? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey
iai?aiane?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie, i?ae /an oaea?iiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ?? aa?aa?a ? ia eiai iniia? caeiaooi oi?ioee aeey
i?ae?aooieo E?I a?ey e?ath o??ueie aeey iaeeo cia/aiue /ano.

Iiaoaeiaaii ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ oai???
i?oaeiino? aeey i?ai?inoi?o, ui i?noeoue oeee?iae?e/i? aeaoaeoe. Oea
aeaei ciiao caiaeeoe ??ci? caaea/? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue
a?ey oeee?iae?e/ieo aeaoaeo?a ?, cie?aia, oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie aei
?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy (nenoaie).

Ca aeiiiiiaith io?eiaiiai ?ic?eaiiai ?ica(yceo caaea/o i?i
eiioeaio?aoe?th i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey ne?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii?
o??ueie, ui aeoiaeeoue ia iaaeo i?ai?inoi?o, caaaeaii aei
?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy, aeey yeiai iiaoaeiaaii aoaeoeaiee
iaaeeaeaiiee ?ica(ycie. Ia/eneaiii E?I.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui c
?oiueith aeiiiiiaith iiaeia ia/enethaaoe E?I ?, aeei?enoiaoth/e a?aeii?
e?eoa??? ?oeioaaiiy, aecia/aoe ??aiiaaaeiee noai aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e
c aeacaieie aeaoaeoaie i?e caaeaiiio iaaaioaaeaii?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a O ioae?eaoe?yo, i?aeaioiaeaiieo o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, caeiaoaa/ii aeeiiaii aea?ae iniiaieo ??aiyiue oa
ni?aa?aeiioaiue, aiae?oe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy oa /enaeueia ?aae?caoe?y.
Ni?aaaoi?ai iaeaaeeoue iinoaiiaea caaea/ oa ?aeay ?o ?ica(ycaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee i?aaeiaoii
aeiiia?aeae ia VIII iaaeaeoia?iaeiii iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio neiiic?oi?
(Aunieea oaoiieiaee a iaoeiino?iaiee( (Oa?e?a-Aeoooa, 20-25 a?oaeiy
1998), oa VIII iaaeaeoia?iaeiii neiiic?oi? (Iaoiaeu aeene?aoiuo
iniaaiiinoae a caaea/ao iaoaiaoe/aneie oeceee( (Oa?e?a-E?ei, 1999).
Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo a oe?eiio aoei ?icaeyiooi ? noaaeaii ia
?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e «aeui? iaoaiaoeee ?2» Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo; ?icaeyiooi ? noaaeaii ?iaioo
oaeiae ia iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? c iaoaiaoe/ii? o?ceee Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. ?. Ia/ieeiaa.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeeeaaeaii a 4-o noaooyo,
iaae?oeiaaiieo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao.

No?oeoo?a ? ci?no ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?inoaieo aeaea?ae, ui i?noeoue
o nia? 63 iaeiaioaaiue; ia? 140 noi??iie ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe??

A anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ? aaaeeea?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiy,
iiaeaii ei?ioeee iaeyae i?aoeue, aeecueeeo aei oaie aeena?oaoe??,
i?iaiioiaaii an? ?icae?ee i?iiiiiaaii? ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaoaeiaaii ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie o?eaei??ieo ??aiyiue
?ooo i?oaeiiai na?aaeiaeua aeey oeee?iae?e/iiai aeaoaeoo, i?ae yeei
ne?ae ?icoi?oe /anoeio oeee?iae?e/ii? iiaa?oi?

(1)

?c caaeaieie no?eaeaie

(2)

.

Aeey oeueiai iaii/aoeo aoaeothoue ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie oaeeueiaeo
??aiyiue o oeee?iae?e/i?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao

, (3)

aea

.

oaeaeeino? iioe?aiiy iicaeiaaeieo ? iiia?a/ieo oaeeue o i?oaeiiio
na?aaeiaeu?.

I?ae ?ic?eaiei ?ica(yceii ??aiyiue (3) ne?ae ?icoi?oe oaeee ?ica(ycie,
ui caaeiaieueiy? oeei ??aiyiiyi ne??cue ca aeiyoeii iiaa?oi? (1), aea
a?i ? eiai ii?iaeueia (aei iiaa?oi? aeaoaeoo) iio?aeia caciathoue
?ic?ea?a ia?oiai ?iaeo ?c caaeaieie no?eaeaie

(4)

.

), a aeae? aeei?enoiaoaaee ?ioaa?aeueia ia?aoai?aiiy Oaieaey ca
?aaeeaeueiith eii?aeeiaoith, canoiniaoth/e ocaaaeueiaio noaio iaoiaeo
?ioaa?aeueieo ia?aoai?aiue. Iio?i, iaa?oath/e ia?aoai?aiiy Oaieaey, o
o?ainoi?iaioao Oo?(?-Eaieana caeiaoee iaiao?aeiee ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie
aeey oaeeueiaeo ??aiyiue (1)

(5)

aea

,

ooieoe?y Iaeaeiiaeueaea.

. Ioaea, ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie o oeueiio aeiaaeeo cai?noue (5), iaoeia
aeaeyae

(6)

aea

,

ooieoe?y Oaieaey.

C aeaio ooieoe?e Oaieaey a ?ica(ycoaaii? aeei?enoiaothoue ia?oo,
ine?eueee aeey ia?aii? /aniai? caeaaeiino? iioaioe?aeo o?eueee aiia
caaeiaieueiy? oiia? aei?ii?ithaaiiy Ciiia?oaeueaea ia iane?i/aiiino?.

) oa aeaoaeo?a oeio o??ueie, eiee

.

A oeueiio aeiaaeeo aeacaiee ca’ycie i?ae caaeaieie no?eaeaie oa
no?eaeaie oaeeueiaeo ooieoe?e aoaea iaoe aeaeyae

(7)

(8)

, a ca ieie c aeiiiiiaith a?aeiieo oi?ioe iaoeiaii o?ainoi?iaioe
ooeaiiai ?ic?eaiiai ?ica(yceo c? no?eaeaie (2). Uia io?eiaoe naia
?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie ne?ae iaa?iooe io?eiai? o?ainoi?iaioe, oiaoi
nei?enoaoeny c a?aeiieo oi?ioe iaa?iaiy ia?aoai?aiue Oo?(? ? Eaieana.
Iai?eeeaae, aeey e?o/aiiy ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie o o?ainoi?iaioao Eaieana
ia? aeaeyae

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aia?oa iinoaaeaii ? ?ica(ycaii caaea/? aeeo?aeoe??
oaee? e?o/aiiy ia ne?i/aii?e ? iai?aiane?i/aii?e oeee?iae?e/i?e
o??uei?, a oaeiae eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey e?ath
iai?aiane?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie ca oaea?iiai caaaioaaeaiiy ??
aa?aa?a e?ooeeueiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

? ?ica(ycie iinoaaeaii? caaea/? aoaeoaaoeiaii o aeaeyae?

, (9)

— ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie ??aiyiue i?oaeiino? aeey ?icaeyaeoaaiiai
aeaoaeoo, iiaoaeiaaiee aeua.

?ioaa?aeueia ??aiyiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/? iaea?aeo?oueny i?e aeeiiaii?
oiiae a?aenooiino? iai?oaeaiue ia aa?aaao o??ueie

. (10)

?aae?coth/e aeacaio oiiao ia o??uei?, io?eiaii ianooiia
?ioaa?iaeeoa?aioe?aeueia ??aiyiiy

, (11)

aea

.

Canoiniaoth/e oaeo cai?io ci?iieo

(12)

? aeaeie?aiethth/e c yae?a io?eiaiiai ??aiyiiy ia?aaoey?io /anoeio,
iaoeiaii, cai?noue (11) oaea ??aiyiiy

. (13)

Aeey eiai iaaeeaeaiiai ?ica(ycaiiy canoiniaaii iaoiae i?oiaiiaeueieo
iiiai/eai?a c aeei?enoaiiyi niaeo?aeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy1)

, (14)

iiiai/eai *aaeoaaa ae?oaiai ?iaeo. ?ica(ycie ??aiyiiy (13) ooeo?ii o
aeaeyae?

.
(15)

O ?acoeueoao? noaiaea?oieo iia?aoe?e iaoiaeo i?oiaiiaeueieo iiiai/eai?a
io?eiaii iane?i/aiio nenoaio aeaaa?a?/ieo ??aiyiue.

(16)

________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________

1) Iiiia A.ss. Eiioeaio?aoeey oi?oaeo iai?yaeaiee aicea ooaiiia,
?ac?acia, oiieeo aeeth/aiee e iiaee?aieaiee, ( I,: Aeaaiay ?aaeaeoeey
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneie eeoa?aoo?u, 1982. ( 344 n.

aea

.

Nenoaio ??aiyiue (16) ?ica(ycoaaee iaaeeaeaii iaoiaeii ?aaeoeoe??,
iaa?oiooaaiiy yeiai iaaaaeaii. Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaiiai ?ica(yceo
iiaoaeiaaii ae?aa?aio ni?yiiaaiino? a aeaeuei?e cii? ca o??ueiith oa
ia/eneaii eiao?oe??io ?ioaineaiino? iai?oaeaiue. Aeey ia/eneaiiy E?I ia
iaio e?ayo o??ueie aeaaaeaii oi?ioee

(17)

. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo canoinoaaee oaeo cai?io ci?iieo

. (18)

A ?acoeueoao? cai?noue (13) io?eiaii ??aiyiiy

. (19)

Aoei iieacaii, ye iiaeii iiaoaeoaaoe oi/iee ?ica(ycie ??aiyiiy (19)
iaoiaeii oaeoi?ecaoe??. Aea ine?eueee a noaoe/i?e iinoaiiaoe? oeth
caaea/o oaae ia ?ica(ycaii ? aiia aeiaaa? aeei?enoaiiy ianoaiaea?oieo
i?aeoiae?a, aei naiai ?ica(ycaiiy, oiio oaaao cina?aaeaeaii ia oeueiio
aeiaaeeo. Oiae cai?noue (19) ia?ii

, (20)

aea

.

, oiaoi cai?noue ??aiyiiy (20) ia?ii

. (21)

Ca?aeii c iaoai?/iei ci?noii iio?aei? ?ica(yceo iathoue oae? aneiioioeee

(22)

? ?ica(ycaiiy ?ioaa?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy ne?ae aoaeoaaoe a eean? ooieoe?e c
ia?ioaa?iaaieie iniaeeainoyie, ?icoi?th/e ?ica?aei? ?ioaa?aee a
ocaaaeueiaiiio (?aaoey?eciaaiiio) nain?, yeee aaco?oueny ia aiae?oe/iiio
i?iaeiaaeaii? ia?aiao??a, ye? aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? iniaeeaino? ooeaiiai
?ica(yceo. A oeueiio ?icoi?ii? a?aoeiaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy

(23)

I?e ia?aoiae? a?ae (20) aei (21) aeeiioaaeiny ?ioaa?oaaiiy ii /anoeiai
?c aeei?enoaiiyi (23), aaaaeath/e, ui ?ica(ycie ??aiyiiy aoaeo?oueny a
eean? ooieoe?e, ye? niaaeathoue ia iane?i/aiiino? ?acii c? nai?ie
ia?oeie iio?aeieie.

Ine?eueee ?ioaa?aeueia ??aiyiiy (21) io?eiaii c
?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy (20), oi aeey ?aeeiino? ?ica(yceo
o?aaa aei ??aiyiiy (21) aeiaeaoe aeiaeaoeiao oiiao. sse ae ?ica(ycaiiy
aoaeoaaeiny o eean? ?ioaa?iaaieo ooieoe?e, oi oaeith aeiaeaoeiaith
oiiaith aoea a oiiaa caieiaiino? o??ueie

. (24)

, io?eiaii ??ai?noue

. (25)

yae?a ??aiyiiy (21) iiaeaii o aeaeyae?

(26)

Canoiniaoth/e noaiaea?oi? iia?aoe?? iaoiaeo oaeoi?ecaoe?? aei ??aiyiiy
(21) ? a?aoiaoth/e i?e oeueiio, ui ?ioaa?aee ne?ae ?icoi?oe a
ocaaaeueiaiiio (?aaoey?eciaaiiio) nain?, i?eeaeaii aei caaea/? ??iaia
(ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ??aiyiiy A?ia?a-Oiioa caaeaiiio ia ae?eni?e in?)

, (27)

.

i?iaaaeaii ca oi?ioeaie

.

?ica(ycie caaea/? ??iaia (27) io?eiaii o aeaeyae?

ciaeaeaii c oiiae (25)

. (28)

Iai?oaeaiiy ia i?iaeiaaeaii? o??ueie ciaeaeaii ii oi?ioe?

(29)

? a?aeiia?aeii eiao?oe?aio ?ioaineaiino? iai?oaeaiue

. (30)

I?aenoaaeyth/e (29) o (30), ia?ii

. (31)

Ii io?eiai?e oi?ioe? aoei i?iaaaeaii /enaeueiee aiae?c.

O aeiaaeeo oaea?iiai caaaioaaeaiiy aa?aa?a iai?aiane?i/aiii?
oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie, aeioe/i? (e?ooeeuei?) iai?oaeaiiy caaeai? o
aeaeyae?

. (32)

?ioaa?aeueia ??aiyiiy caaea/? io?eiaii c oiiae ia o??uei?

.
(33)

, io?eia?ii ??aiyiiy

, (34)

,

. (35)

?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?aeueia ??aiyiiy (34) ?ica(ycoaaeiny iaoiaeii
i?oiaiiaeueieo iiiai/eai?a ca aeiiiiiaith niaeo?aeueiiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy2)

. (36)

?aae?coaaaoe noaiaea?oio i?ioeaaeo?o iaoiaeo i?oiaiiaeueieo iiiai/eai?a,
io?eiaii iane?i/aiio nenoaio aeaaa?a?/ieo ??aiyiue

(37)

aea

,

.

aaeaeiny ia/eneeoe a caieiaiiio aeaeyae?

. (38)

. Aeey oeueiai ?ica(ycie aoaeoaaee o aeaeyae?

(39)

.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aia?oa iinoaaeaii ? ?ica(ycaii caaea/o
eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey ne?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii?
o??ueie, ?icoaoiaaii? ana?aaeei? i?oaeiiai i?ai?inoi?o. Aeey oeueiai
iiaoaeiaaii ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie ??aiyiue ?ooo aeey iai?ai?ino??o. I?e
oeueiio iaaeo i?ai?inoi?o

________________________________________________________________________
_____________

2) Iiiia A.ss.Ia iaeiii niaeo?aeueiii niioiioaiee aeey iiiai/eaiia
*aauoaaa-Eaaaa?a e aai i?eeiaeaiea e aeeiaie/aneei caaea/ai iaoaieee
?ac?ooaiey \\ III. (1999. ( Oii 63. Aui. 1. ( N. 71-79.

iiaeaethaaee o?eoeaiei aeaoaeoii (o??ueiith) o oi?i? ieiueie

(41)

oiio aeey iiaoaeiae icia/aiiai ?ic?eaiiai ?ica(yceo, aoaeoaaee nii/aoeo
?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie ??aiyiue ?ooo iaiaiaaeaiiai i?oaeiiai na?aaeiaeua
aeey aeaoaeoo (49), a aeae? no?eaee oaeeueiaeo ooieoe?e ia ieineiio
(o?eoeaiiio) aeaoaeo? ae?aaeaii /a?ac a?aeiia?aei? no?eaee ia
oeee?iae?e/iiio aeaoaeo? (1)

, (42)

aea

Ooo ? ieae/a ana, ui noino?oueny ieineiai aeaoaeoo iicia/aii aai??
?eneith a aeey oeee?iae??/iiaiaeaoaeoo ( oaeeath.

Oea aeaei ciiao iaaeae? iicaooeny ?ioaa?oaaiiy ii iaae? iai?ai?inoi?o ?
caanoe caaea/? aei ?ioaa?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy (nenoaie) c ?ioaa?oaaiiyi ii
iiaa?oi? oeee?iae?e/iiai aeaoaeoo.

, o oi?ioee ca’yceo eiiiiiaio aaeoi?a ia?ai?uaiue ? oaici?a iai?oaeaiue
c oaeeueiaeie ooieoe?yie, iiaeia io?eiaoe o?ainoi?iaioo ooeaiiai
?ic?eaiiai ?ica(yceo ??aiyiue ?ooo aeey iai?ai?inoi?o, ui i?noeoue
oeee?iae?e/iee aeaoaeo. Oeth i?ioeaaeo?o aeeiiaii aeey inaneiao?e/iiai
aeiaaeeo. Cie?aia aeey e?o/aiiy io?eiaii oaeee ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie

, (43)

aea

.

Aeey ?ethno?aoe?? canoinoaaiiy io?eiaiiai ?ic?eaiiai ?ica(yceo
?icaeyiooi oaeo caaea/o. Ia iaae? i?oaeiiai iai?ai?inoi?o c aeaoaeoii
(1) o aeaeyae? o??ueie, aeieeaaeaii iaaaioaaeaiiy ii aa?iii?eiiio
caeiio, oiaoi

(44)

?ioaa?aeueia ??aiyiiy caaea/? io?eiaii c oiiae ia o??uei?

). Oiae? i?ney cai?ie ci?iieo

? a?aeie?aieaiiy ia?aaoey?ii? /anoeie, ??aiyiiy iaaoei aeaeyaeo

, (45)

aea

,

.

Aeey ?ica(yceo ??aiyiiy (45), canoiniaaii iaoiae i?oiaiiaeueieo
iiiai/eai?a c aeei?enoaiiyi niaeo?aeueiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (14).
?ica(ycie aoaeoaaany o aeaeyae? (15). I?ney ?aae?caoe?? noaiaea?oii?
noaie iaoiaeo i?oiaiiaeueieo iiiai/eai?a io?eiaii oaeo iane?i/aiio
nenoaio aeaaa?a?/ieo ??aiyiue

. (51)

caeaaeaoue a?ae ciai?oiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, a a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ?
iiaea?ei? ?ioaa?aee, ye? oae naii aoei caaaeaii aei iaeiie?aoieo oa
ia/eneaii /enaeueii. Aeei?enoiaoth/e iaea?aeaiee ?ica(ycie
?ioaa?i-ae?ooa?ai?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy (45), ia/eneaii ei?o?oe??io
?ioaineaiino? iai?oaeaiue caeaaeii a?ae oaeeueiaiai /enea (aeeiai?ea) oa
?ici???a ieiueie, ia yeo iieeaaeaii iaaaioaaeaiiy, a oaeiae a?ae
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a o??ueie (a noaoe/iiio aeiaaeeo).

AENIIAEE

.

, a a i??o c?inoaiiy oaeeueiaiai /enea ia?ai?uaiiy ca?eueoothoueny.

Iiaoaeiaaii oi/iee ?ica(ycie noaoe/iiai aiaeiaa aeeiaie/ii? caaea/?
eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey e?ath iai?aiane?i/aiii?
oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie, ui ia?aaoaa? a i?oaeiiio na?aaeiaeu?,
caaaioaaeaiiio ia ii/aoeo eii?aeeiao oeaio?ii iaa?oaiiy, a eean?
ooieoe?e, ui iathoue ia?ioaa?iaai? iniaeeaino?.

Iiaoaeiaaiee ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie, aeei?enoaii aeey caaaeaiy caaea/?
eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey iai?aiane?i/aiii?
oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie, ca oaea?iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ?? aa?aa?a, aei
?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aoe?aeueiiai ??aiyiiy. Iiaoaeiaaia eiai aneiioioe/iee
?ica(ycie (aeey aaeeeeo cia/aiue ia?aiao?a ia?aoai?aiiy Eaieana) ? ia
eiai iniia? io?eiaii oi?ioee aeey ia/eneaiiy EEI o e?ath o??ueie aeey
iaeeo cia/aiue /ano. sse c(ynoaaeiny, ci?ia aaiiao?e/iiai ia?aiao?a
(?aae?ono o??ueie) ia ia? ?noioiiai aieeao ia aaee/eio E?I.

Iiaoaeiaaii ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ oai???
i?oaeiino? aeey i?ai?ino??o ui i?noeoue oeee?iae?e/i? aeaoaeoe, yeee
aea? ciiao caiaeeoe caaea/? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue o
i?oaeiiio iai?ai?ino??o, ui i?noeoue oeee?iae?e/i? aeaoaeoe, aei
?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue; oea i?iaeaiiino?iaaii ia caaea/?
e?o/aiiy i?oaeiiai i?ai?ino??o, ui i?noeoue ne?i/aiio oeee?iae?e/io
o??ueio.

Iiaoaeiaaiai aoaeoeaiee iaaeeaeaiee ?ica(ycie caaea/? eiioeaio?aoe??
iai?oaeaiue eiei ne?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie, ui aeoiaeeoue ia
i?aeo i?ai?ino??o.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a ianooiieo ?iaioao:

Iiiia A.ss., Ii?icia TH.A., Aaenoaeueae I.Ae. E ?aoaieth aeeiaie/aneeo
caaea/ i eiioeaio?aoeee oi?oaeo iai?yaeaiee aicea aeaoaeoia ia
oeeeeiae?e/aneeo iiaa?oiinoyo. // I?eeeaaeiay iaoaieea.( 1999. ( Oii 35,
?1 ( N. 28-36, 1999 a.

. Ii?icia TH.A, Iiiia A.ss. Aiaeec aieiiaiai iiey, eceo/aaiiai oeaio?ii
a?auaiey a iaia?aie/aiiie oi?oaie n?aaea ineaaeaiiie eiia/iie
oeeeeiae?e/aneie o?aueiie. // Aeonoe/iee a?niee. ( 1999. ( Oii2, ?1. (
N. 50-59

Iiiia A.ss., Ii?icia TH.A., Onia A.A. I eiyooeoeeaioa eioaineaiinoe
eanaoaeueiuo iai?yaeaiee o e?ay iieoaaneiia/iie oeeeeiae?e/aneie o?aueiu
i?e oaea?iii caa?oaeaiee aa aa?aaia // I?iaeaiu i?i/iinoe ( 1999. ( ?3.
( N. 63-72.

Ii?icia TH.I., Iiiia A.ss. Caaea/a i?i eiioeaio?aoe?th iai?oaeaiue a?ey
iai?aiane?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie // Iaoeiiciaanoai ( 1999. ( ?5.
( N. 28-32.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ii?icia TH. I. Aeeiai?/i? caaea/? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue
a?ey aeaoaeo?a, ui eaaeaoue ia oeee?iae?e/i iiaa?oiyo — ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.02.04 iaoai?ea
aeaoi?iiaaiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea. Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
?.?. Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeana, 1999

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeaii aeooaeueiei i?iaeaiai: iaoaieoe? e?eoeiai
?oeioaaiiy o?e c iayaieie a ieo o??ueiaie ? i?iaeai? ae?aaiinoeee
iayaiino? oaeeo a o?eao. O ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii iiaee i?aeo?ae aei
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo
iai?oaeaiue a?ey aeaoaeo?a, ui eaaeaoue ia oeee?iae?e/ieo iiaa?oiyo,
iniiaaiee ia aeei?enoaii? ?ic?eaieo ?ica(yce?a. Iiaoaeiaaii ?ic?eaiee
?ica(ycie o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ oai??? i?oaeiino? aeey
iaeanoae, ui i?noyoue oeee?iae?e/i? aeaoaeoe. Oea aeicaieeei caaea/?
eiioeaio?aoe?? i?oaeieo iai?oaeaiue a?ey oeee?iae?e/ieo aeaoaeo?a
caiaeeoe aei ?ioaa?i-aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue, ui aoei
i?iaeaiiino?iaaia ia caaea/? e?o/aiiy. Io?eiaii aoaeoeaiee iaaeeaeaiee
?ica(ycie caaea/? aeeo?aeoe?? oaee? e?o/aiiy ia ne?i/aii?e
oeee?iae?e/i?e o??uei?, a oaeiae aeacaii oeyo aei ?? ?ica(ycaiiy a ?ac?
iai?aiane?i/aiii? o??ueie. Aeei?enoaiiy ia?ioaa?iaaieo ?ica(yce?a ?
caeo/aiiy aia?aoo ?aaoey?ecaoe?? ?ica?aeieo ?ioaa?ae?a, aeicaieeei
?ica(ycoe ?? noaoe/iee aiaeia. Io?eiaii aneiioioe/iee ?ica(ycie caaea/?
eiioeaio?aoe?? iai?oaeaiue a?ey e?ath iai?aiane?i/aiii? oeee?iae?e/ii?
o??ueie ca oaea?iiai caaaioaaeaiiy ?? aa?aa?a.

Iiaoaeiaaii ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie o?eaei??ieo aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ oai???
i?oaeiino? aeey i?ai?inoi?o ui i?noeoue oeee?iae?e/i? aeaoaeoe. Io?eiaii
aoaeoeaiee iaaeeaeaiee ?ica(ycie caaea/? eiioeaio?aoe?? iai?oaeaiue a?ey
e?ioeaai? oeee?iae?e/ii? o??ueie ui aeoiaeeoue ia iaaeo i?ai?inoi?o.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ic?eaiee ?ica(ycie, oai??y i?oaeiino?, oeee?iae?e/ia
o??ueia, eiioeaio?aoe?y iai?oaeaiue, aneiioioe/iee ?ica(ycie.

Morozov Yu.A. Dynamic problems of elastic chess concentration near the
defects, that are situated on the cylindrical surfaces ( Manuscript

Thesis for the candidat degree in speciality 01.02.04 ( mechanics of a
deformable solid (Physics-mathemstics scince) ( Odessa state Mechnicov
university, Odessa, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the two actual problems. These problems are
following: the fracture destruction mechanics of the bodies with cracks
and problem of the last ones diagnostic in the bodies. The new approach
to the researching of the three-dimensional dynamic problems of the
elastic stress concentration near the defect, that are situated on the
cylindrical surfaces, basing on the near discontinuous solutions using,
is worked out in the thesis. The discontinuous solution of the
three-dimensional dynamic problems of elasticity for the areal with
cylindrical cracks is constructed. It permitted to reduce the problems
of the elastic stress concentration near the cylindrical defects to the
integro-differential equations. It was demonstrated on the torsion
problem. The effective approximate solution of the problem on the
torsion wave diffraction on the finite cylindrical crack is obtained.
The way of its solution in the case of the halfinfinit crack is
mentioned also. The using of the nonintegralle solutions and the
apparatus of the divergence integral regularization permitted to solve
its static analog. The asymptotic solution of the stress concentration
problem near the edge of the halfinfinit cylindrical crack by the
impulse loading on its breuchs is obtained.

The discontinuous solution of the three-dimensional dynamic problems of
elasticity the halfspace with the cylindrical cracks is constructed. The
effective approximate solution of the stress concentration problem near
the finite cylindrical crack going on the bound of the halfspace is
obtained.

Keywords: discontinuous solutions, cylindrical crack, elastic stress
concentration, halfspace, asymptotic solution.

Ii?icia TH.A. Aeeiaie/aneea caaea/e eiioeaio?aoeee oi?oaeo iai?yaeaiee
aicea aeaoaeoia, eaaeaueo ia oeeeeiae?e/aneeo iiaa?oiinoyo — ?oeiienue

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.01.04- iaoaieea
aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai oaa?aeiai oaea. — Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue
oieaa?neoao eiaie E.E. Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aeaoi aeooaeueiui i?iaeaiai: iaoaieea o?oieiai
?ac?ooaiey oae n eiathueieny a ieo o?aueiaie e i?iaeaia aeeaaiinoeee
iaee/ey oaeiauo a oaeao. A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioai iiaue iiaeoiae e
enneaaeiaaieth o?aoia?iuo aeeiaie/aneeo caaea/ eiioeaio?aoeee oi?oaeo
iai?yaeaiee aicea aeaoaeoia eaaeaueo ia oeeeeiae?e/aneeo iiaa?oiinoyo,
iniiaaiiue ia eniieueciaaiee ?ac?uaiuo ?aoaiee. Iino?iaii ?ac?uaiia
?aoaiey o?aoia?iuo aeeiaie/aneeo caaea/ oai?ee oi?oainoe aeey iaeanoae,
niaea?aeaueo oeeeeiae?e/aneea aeaoaeou. Iieo/aiiia ?ac?uaiia ?aoaiea
iicaieyao naiaeeoue caaea/e eiioeaio?aoeee oi?oaeo iai?yaeaiee aicea
oeeeeiae?e/aneeo aeaoaeoia naiaeeoue e eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiui
o?aaiaieyi. Yoi auei i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaii ia caaea/a e?o/aiey
iaia?aie/aiiie oi?oaie n?aaeu, niaea?aeauae eiia/ioth (iieoaaneiia/ioth)
oeeeeiae?e/aneoth o?aueio. A neo/aa eiia/iie o?aueiu aeey yooaeoeaiiai
i?eaeeaeaiiiai ?aoaiey iieo/aiiiai eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiia o?aaiaiea
aue i?eiaiai iaoiae i?oiaiiaeueiuo iiiai/eaiia. Iieo/aiiia i?eaeeaeaiiia
?aoaiea iicaieeei eaaei iaeoe eiyooeoeeaio eioaineaiinoe iai?yaeaiee
aicea iaieo e?aaa o?aueiu a oaeaea aneiioioe/aneea oi?ioeu aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey ia?aiauaiee, aucaaiiuo io?aaeaiiie io aeaoaeoa aieiie. Ii
?acoeueoaoai /eneaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iino?iaia aeeaa?aiia
iai?aaeaiiinoe. A neo/aa iieoaaneiia/iie o?aueiu auei iieacaii, eae
iiaeii iino?ieoue oi/iia ?aoaiea iieo/aiiiai
eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiiai o?aaiaiey iaoiaeii oaeoi?ecaoeee. Iaeiaei
o/eouaay, /oi a noaoe/aneie iinoaiiaea yoa caaea/a ia auea ?aoaia e aa
?aoaiea, o?aaiaaei eniieueciaaiey ianoaiaea?oiuo iiaeoiaeia, iiyoiio
aieiaiea auei nin?aaeioi/aii ia yoii neo/aa. Eniieueciaaiea
iaeioaa?e?oaiuo ?aoaiee e i?eaea/aiea aiia?aoa ?aaoey?ecaoeee
?anoiaeyueony eioaa?aeia iicaieeei ?aoeoue aa oi/iia ?aoaiea iaoiaeii
oaeoi?ecaoeee.

Eniieuecoy iino?iaiiia ?ac?uaiia ?aoaiea, caaea/a eiioeaio?aoeee
iai?yaeaiee aicea e?ay iieoaaneiia/iie oeeeeiae?e/aneie o?aueiu i?e
oaea?iii caa?oaeaiee aa aa?aaia auea naaaeaia e
eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiiio o?aaiaieth. I?aaenoaaeai yooaeoeaiue
i?eaeeaeaiiue iaoiae ?aoaiey eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiiai o?aaiaiey
aeaiiie caaea/e, iniiaaiiue ia eniieueciaaiea iiaiai niaeo?aeueiiai
niioiioaiey aeey iiiai/eaiia *aauoaaa-Eaaa??a. I?eaaaeaiu iaoiaeeea
auaeaeaiey eiyooeoeeaioa eioaineaiinoe iai?yaeaiee e aai /eneaiiia
ii?aaeaeaiea aeey neo/ay iaeuo a?aiai.

Iino?iaii ?ac?uaiia ?aoaiea o?aoia?iuo aeeiaie/aneeo caaea/ oai?ee
oi?oainoe aeey iieoi?ino?ainoaa, niaea?aeauaai oeeeeiae?e/aneee aeaoaeo.
A?aieoea iieoi?ino?ainoaa iiaeaee?oaony oeeoeaiui aeaoaeoii (o?aueiie) a
aeaea ieineinoe, iiyoiio aia/aea no?ieeinue ?ac?uaiia ?aoaiey
aeeiaie/aneeo o?aaiaiee aeaeaeaiey oi?oaie n?aaeu aeey ieineiai
aeaoaeoa. Aeey iino?iaiey ?ac?uaiiai ?aoaiey o?aaiaiee aeaeaeaiey aeey
iieoi?ino?ainoaa, ieacaeinue oeaeaniia?aciui au?aceoue nea/ee aieiiauo
ooieoeee ia ieineii (oeeoeaiii) aeaoaeoa /a?ac niioaaonoaothuea nea/ee
ia oeeeeiae?e/aneii aeaoaeoa. Yoei aeinoeaaaony aiciiaeiinoue
ecaaaeoueny io eioaa?e?iaaiey ii a?aieoea iieoi?ino?ainoaa e naanoe
iinoaaeaiioth caaea/o e eioaa?aeueiiio o?aaiaieth (nenoaia) n
eioaa?e?iaaieai ii iiaa?oiinoe oeeeeiae?e/aneiai aeaoaeoa. Iieo/aiiia
?ac?uaiia ?aoaiea iicaieyao naiaeeoue ethaoth caaea/o i eiioeaio?aoeee
iai?yaeaiee aicea oeeeeiae?e/aneiai aeaoaeoa i?iecaieueiie i?e?iaeu e
eioaa?aeueiui eee eioaa?i-aeeooa?aioeeaeueiui o?aaiaieyi, caaeaiiui a
iaeanoe oeacaiiiai aeaoaeoa.

Aeey eeethno?aoeee i?eiaiaiey iieo/aiiiai ?ac?uaiiai ?aoaiey ?anniio?aia
caaea/a eiioeaio?aoeee iai?yaeaiee aicea eiia/iie oeeeeiae?e/aneie
o?aueiu auoiaeyuae ia a?aieoeo iieoi?ino?ainoaa. Iaoiaeii i?oiaiiaeueiuo
iiiai/eaiia iieo/aii yooaeoeaiia i?eaeeaeaiiia ?aoaiea iinoaaeaiiie
caaea/e.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?ic?uaiia ?aoaiea, oai?ey oi?oainoe, oeeeeiae?e/aneay
o?aueia, eiioeaio?aoeey iai?yaeaiee, iieoi?ino?ainoai, aneiioioe/aneia
?aoaiea.

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