?INOEOOO AIOAI?EE ?i. I.A. OIEIAeIIAI

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

Ea?iaiei TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 502.75 + 581.526 (282.247.32)

AeEOA?AIOe?AOe?ss ?INEEIIINO? IEAEIUeI? *ANOEIE

IAAEE??**ss AeANIA-NAEI, ?? OEI?ENOE*IA OA NICIEIA?*IA

Oe?II?NOUe

03.00.05 — aioai?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie,

cane. ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

Oaeya-Niniiei TH??e ?iiaiiae/,

?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAIO,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aaiaioai?ee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?eai?a ?aai Ieoaeeiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e aioai?ee;

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Iinye?i Na?a?e Eaii?aeiae/,

?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAIO,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo nenoaiaoeee oa oei?enoeee noaeeiieo ?ineei.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i. I.I. A?eoea IAIO,
a?aeae?e i?e?iaeii? oei?e, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 24 » o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 12-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.211.01 i?e ?inoeooo? aioai?ee ?i.
I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252601, Ee?a — 4, aoe.
Oa?auaie?anueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aioai?ee
?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie (252025, Ee?a — 25, aoe. Aaeeea
AEeoiie?nueea, 28).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 20 » ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiae. a?ie. iaoe ?EUe?INUeEA
A.I.3

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ineeiiiai na?oo ie?aieo
i?e?iaeieo ?aa?ii?a aeicaieythoue anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? aoaeiae,
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa aeeiai?eo aeinenoai c iaoith ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?o i?e?iaeieo aaaaonoa, caa?aaeaiiy a?ieia?/iiai
??ciiiai?ooy, yea ia? nicieia?/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

I?iaeaia i?ciaiiy caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy oa aeeiai?ee i?e?iaeieo
aeinenoai ? iaei??th c iniiaieo o no/ani?e aioai?/i?e iaooe? ? noai?th?
oiiae aeey ae??oaiiy ieoaiue i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy, ioi?iie i?e?iaeieo
eiiieaen?a, noai?aiiy aeieia?/ii? ia?aae?. Aea/aiiy no/aniiai noaio
?ineeiiiai na?oo ?aa?iio ? iaiao?aeiei ? aaaeeeaei aeey ?ic?iaee
iaoeiaeo iniia ?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoeia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei aoee iia’ycai? c
I?ia?aiith ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo caiia?aeii? ni?aae a Oe?a?i?
(«Caiia?aeieee»), i?eeiyoith Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie (Iinoaiiaa A?
Oe?a?ie ? 177/94 -A? a?ae 22 aa?aniy 1994 ?.), c iaoeiaith oaiaoeeith
?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, cie?aia c
aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith ? 287 «Iioei?caoe?y nenoaie eaoaai??e
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo Oe?a?ie a aniaeo? ioi?iie a?ieia?/iiai
??ciiiai?ooy oa eaiaeoaoo?a» (aea?ae?a?no?aoe?eiee ? 0198U003035) oa
aea?aeathaeaeaoiith oaiith ? 16/95 I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie «??aee?ni? ?
ei?eni? ?ineeie oei?e *a?i?a?aueie a i?e?iae? oa eoeueoo??», yea
aeeiioaaeany ia eaoaae?? a?ieia?? *AeIO ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
aea/eoe no/aniee noai ?ineeiiino? oa ?? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th a caeaaeiino?
a?ae i?ia?aeieo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a. Aei eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue ?iaioe
aoiaeeei:

— aea/eoe no/aniee noai ?ineeiiino? ?aa?iio, ?? aeeiai?/i? ci?ie oa
iniiai? aeieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ui iaoiiaeththoue ?? ?iciiae?e;

— neeanoe eeaneo?eaoe?eio noaio ?ineeiiino? ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei;

— c’ynoaaoe caeiiii??iino? ?ici?uaiiy ?ineeiiiai iie?eao oa eiai
?iciiae?eo a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeieia?/ieo oiia;

— c’ynoaaoe oei?enoe/i? iniaeeaino? ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue;

— aeaoe nicieia?/io ioe?ieo ?ineeiiiio na?oo ?aa?iio;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe no/aniee noai ioi?iie a?i??ciiiai?ooy a ?aa?ii? oa
cai?iiiioaaoe caoiaee ii iioei?caoe?? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae?;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoeia? iniiae noai?aiiy aeieia?/ii? ia?aae? ieaeiuei?
/anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeey oa?eoi???, yea yaey?
niaith aaaeeeaee a?ae?ieia?/iee aocie a Oe?a?i?, c’yniaai? iniiai?
aeieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ui iaoiiaeththoue ?iciiae?e oa?oiiaaiue ?ineeiiino?.
Aia?oa anoaiiaeaiee neioaeniiii?/iee neeaae ?ineeiiino? ?aa?iio, yeee
aeeth/a? 189 anioe?aoe?e, ui iaeaaeaoue aei 59 oi?iaoe?e ? 4 oei?a.
Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? 18 ??aee?nieo neioaenii?a, ye? iio?aaothoue ioi?iie ia
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. Anoaiiaeaiee iiaiee
oei?enoe/iee neeaae oa no?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? oei?e aeueo noaeeiieo
?ineei ?aa?iio, yea ia?aoiao? 786 aeae?a, ui iaeaaeaoue aei 425 ?iae?a,
105 ?iaeei oa 5 a?aeae?e?a. Aeyaeai? i?noeac?inoaiiy 54 ??aee?nieo
aeae?a. C’yniaai? iniiai? aeeiai?/i? oaiaeaioe?? ?ineeiiino? ?aa?iio,
ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a iai?yieo aeaiooaoe?? oa aeaa?aaeaoe??. Aia?oa
iaa?oioiaaia ? ?ic?iaeaia aeieia?/ia ia?aaea ieaeiuei? /anoeie
iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei oa i?iaaaeaia ioe?iea i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai
oiiaeo ?aa?iio c iaoith eiai iioei?caoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae iiaeo
ia?niaeoeaieo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo ia’?eo?a, ye? ioiieththoue ana
?icia?ooy i?e?iaeieo eiiieaen?a ?aa?iio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee ii noai?aiith 8
iiaeo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e aoee ia?aaeai? aei
Aea?aeoi?aae?iiy aeiaaciaee a *a?i?a?anuee?e iaeano?. Neeaaeai? nienee
??aee?nieo aeae?a ? ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue ?aa?iio, ui iio?aaothoue
ioi?iie ia oa?eoi??? *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?, ? ia?aaeai? aei
Aea?aeoi?aae?iiy aeiaaciaee a *a?i?a?anuee?e iaeano?. Aa?aa?i? c?acee
??aee?nieo aeae?a aeueo noaeeiieo ?ineei ia?aaeai? aei Aa?aa??th
?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie (KW) oa *AeIO ?i.
O.A. Oaa/aiea. Iaoa??aee i?i iioe?aiiy ??aee?nieo aeae?a oa oeaiic?a
aoaeooue aeei?enoai? i?e aaaeaii? *a?aiii? oa Caeaii? eiea Oe?a?ie.
Aeai? aace «Desna-Seim» aoaeooue aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? «Eiiniaeoo
oei?e *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?». Iaea?aeai? iaoeia? iaoa??aee
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a aioai?ee c iniiaaie
o?oiaaia?ao??, caaaeueii? aeieia?? ? ioi?iie i?e?iaee oa i?ae /an
iieueiaeo i?aeoee c aioai?ee ? aeieia?? *a?i?a?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea oa *a?i?a?anueeiai
iaeaniiai iaaeaaia?/iiai e?oeath.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?iaioa ? naiino?eiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi
caeiaoaa/a, yeei i?iaaaeaii 9 aeniaaeeoe?e, aeeiiaii 500 iiaieo
aaiaioai?/ieo iien?a, c?a?aii 600 aa?aa?ieo a?eoo?a aeueo noaeeiieo ?
nii?iaeo ?ineei, neeaaeaii 15 ea?o ? ea?oinoai ??ciiai ianooaao,
caeeaaeaii 30-ei aeieiai-o?oioeaiioe/iee i?io?eue «Aeania-Naei»,
i?iaaaeaii eiai o?oi?iaeeeaoe?eio ia?iaeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?icaeyaeaeenue ia
can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo aeieia?? o?oinenoai ?inoeoooo aioai?ee ?i. I.A.
Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a (N.-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997;
Iaeana, 1997; Oa?nii, 1998), ia i?aeaoc?anueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo (*a?i?a?a, 1995; I?aeei, 1996; Iaeana, 1996; Aiiaeue,
1998; *a?eane, 1998; Oa?iii?eue, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 16 ?ia?o, c ieo 8
noaoae (4 — a «Oe?a?inueeiio aioai?/iiio aeo?iae?», 2 — o ca??ieeo
iaoeiaeo noaoae, 2 — o i?ai?eio?) oa 8 oac.

Ianya ?iaioe oa ?? no?oeoo?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
noaiiaeoue 190 noi??iie, c ieo iniiaiiai oaenoo 142. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (240
iaeiaioaaiue, c yeeo 220 ia ee?eeeoe?, 20 ia eaoeieoe?), 4 aeiaeaoe?a,
?ethno?iaaia 9 oaaeeoeyie oa 7 ?enoieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

?ICAe?E 1

I?E?IAeI? OIIAE IEAEIUeI? *ANOEIE IAAEE??**ss AeANIA-NAEI

?aa?ii aeine?aeaeaiue aeeth/a? oa?eoi??th iiiaae 120000 aa ieaeiuei?
/anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei a?ae cao?aeieo a?ae?ia?a
Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? aeni/eie aei ae?ea ?. Naei. A?i ciaoiaeeoueny ia
e?aeiueiio i?aaeaiiiio noiae? *a?i?a?anueeiai Iie?nny, ia?aaaaeii a
Ei?iinueeiio, /anoeiai a Aaoiaoeueeiio ? Ninieoeueeiio ?aeiiao
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?. A ?icae?e? iaaiaeeoueny oa?aeoa?enoeea
ee?iaoe/ieo, aaieiai-aaiii?oieia?/ieo oiia, a?ae?ia?ao??, ?aeue?oo ?
a?oio?a ?aa?iio.

?ICAe?E 2

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe. E?OA?AOO?IEE IAEssAe

A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai? iaoa??aee iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii i?ioyaii 1994-1998 ??. ia oa?eoi??? ieaeiuei?
/anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei. Io?eiai? iaie iaoa??aee aeeth/athoue 500
iiaieo aaiaioai?/ieo iien?a, 600 aa?aa?ieo c?ace?a aeueo noaeeiieo ?
nii?iaeo ?ineei, 15 ea?o ??ciiai ianooaao, 30-ei aeieiai-o?oioeaiioe/iee
i?io?eue «Aeania-Naei», iaoa??aee eiai o?oi?iaeeeaoe?eii? ia?iaee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie, iniiaieie
na?aae yeeo aoee aeaoaeueiiia?o?ooiee oa iai?anoaoe?iia?iee («Iieaaay
aaiaioaieea», oo. 1-5., 1959, 1960, 1964, 1972, 1976;
«Enneaaeiaaiey…», 1973). I?e aaiaioai?/iiio aea/aii? ?aa?iio
i?iaiaeeeeny aaiaioai?/i? iiene ia i?iaieo ae?eyieao ??cieo oei?a
?ineeiiino? ca?aeii caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee (Oaiieeia, 1964). Aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?iciiae?eo ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue a
caeaaeiino? a?ae a?oioiai-a?ae?ieia?/ieo oiia oa ?aeue?oo
aeei?enoiaoaaany iaoiae caeeaaeaiiy aeieiai-o?oioeaiioe/ieo i?io?e?a
(«Iieaaay aaiaioaieea», 1964). Aeey ioe?iee aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a,
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa?oiiaaiue ?ineeiiino? aeei?enoiaoaaany
iaoiae o?oi?iaeeeaoe?? (Ae?aeoo, Iethoa, 1994).

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy aeeiai?ee ?ineeiiino?, ianaiia?aae aio?iiiaaiieo ci?i,
aeei?enoiaoaaany iaoiae ii??aiyiiy, yeee aeicaieea iai?oeoe oaiaeaioe??
aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a ?aa?ii? aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?e aea/aii? aeaeiai? ??ciiiai?oiino? oei?e canoiniaoaaany eeane/iee
ii?oieiai-aeieiai-aaia?ao?/iee iaoiae («Iieaaay aaiaioaieea», 1959).
A?iii?oieia?/ia no?oeoo?a oei?e aecia/aeany ca?aeii nenoaie aeeoo?aeo
oi?i A.I. Aieoa?aa (1968, 1972).

Iiiaieeaoo?a oaenii?a aeueo noaeeiieo ?ineei iiaeaia ca «Ii?aaeaeeoaeai
aunoeo ?anoaiee Oe?aeiu» (1987).

I?e ia?iaoe? iaoa??ae?a ia IAII 486 AeO, noai?aia aaca aeaieo
«Desna-Seim» ii oei?? ? ?ineeiiino? ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aei i?iaaaeaiiy
iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue oei?a ? ?ineeii?noue ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei aoee aea/ai? eeoa ai?ciaee/ii ? o?aaiaioa?ii. I?aeoe/ii
a?aenooi? niaoe?aeuei? ioae?eaoe?? i?i oeae nai???aeiee oa oe?eaaee o
aaiaioai?/iiio oa aeieia?/iiio aniaeoao ?aa?ii, a iayai? iaoa??aee
ia??aeei ? canoa??eeie. O aaiaioai?/iiio aniaeo? aea/aeanue ia?aaaaeii
eo/ia ?ineeii?noue. O?aaiaioa?ii oei?enoeei-aaiaioai?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei i?iaiaeeeeny ia oii? a?eueo
caaaeueieo ieoaiue ?ic?iaee aaiaioai?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy Oe?a?ie (1977) oa
i?aeaioiaee /ioe?eoiiii? ooiaeaiaioaeueii? ?iaioe «?ineeii?noue O?N?»
(1968, 1969, 1971, 1973).

?ICAe?E 3

OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?INEEIIINO? IEAEIUeI? *ANOEIE

IAAEE??**ss AeANIA-NAEI

3.1. No/aniee noai ?ineeiiino?, ?? caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea oa iniiai?
aeieia?/i? oaeoi?e, ui iaoiiaeththoue ?? ?iciiae?e. Aaia?ao?/ia
iieiaeaiiy ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei iaoiiaeth?
??ciiiai?oi?noue ?ineeiieo oa?oiiaaiue oa oi?ioaaiiy no?ieaoiai
?ineeiiiai iie?eao. ?aa?ii aeine?aeaeaiue ciaoiaeeoueny ia i?aaeaii?e
iaae? Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny oa aaciina?aaeiuei iaaeo? ?c cao?aeieie
a?ae?iaaie Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? aeni/eie, ui iaoiiaeth? nai???aei?noue
eiai ?ineeiiiai iie?eao.

Ciiaeueiei aeey ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue, ye ? aeey Iie?nny a oe?eiio, ?
e?niaee oei ?ineeiino?. Ia?aaaaeaiiy ia ai?iaeo oa?anao Aeanie ? Naeio
oetha?iaeyoe?aeueieo a?aeeeaae?a iaoiiaeth? aeii?ioaaiiy Pinus
sylvestris L. na?aae e?niooai?thth/eo ii??ae. Iioe?aiiy eenoyieo e?n?a
iia’ycaia c aaeao?/ieie oa ee?iaoe/ieie oaeoi?aie. Oae, ia eaniaeo
ino?iaao oeaio?aeueii? oa no?aeii? /anoeie iaaee??//y, ia n??eo e?niaeo
a?oioao ia?aaaaeath/eie ii?iaeaie aenooiathoue Quercus robur L. c
aeii?oeaie Fraxinus exnelsior L., Tilia cordata Mill..

Oaeiae cia/ii iioe?ai? eo/ia oa aieioia ?ineeii?noue, ye? iia’ycai? c
ae?eyieaie caieaae Aeanie, Naeio oa ?o i?eoie. Na?aae oa?oiiaaiue eo/ii?
?ineeiiino? ia?aaaaeathoue ni?aaaei? oa aieioeno? eoee, ye? oa?aeoa?i?
aeey caieaa ??/ie E?ninoaio. ?c neeaaeo ni?aaaei?o eoe iaee?aua
i?aaenoaaeai? ae??aiiceaeia? eoee oi?iaoe?e Festuceta pratensis oa Poeta
pratensis. ?c neeaaeo aieioenoeo eoe — e?oiiiceaeia? aieioeno? eoee
oi?iaoe?e Glycerieta fluitantis, G. maximae, Phalaroideta arundinaceae,
Beckmannieta eruciformis oa aaeeeiinieia? aieioeno? eoee oi?iaoe??
Cariceta acutae. Aeey caieaa Aeanie oa Naeio oa?aeoa?i? iciaee
ena?io?oecaoe?? oa oi?ioaaiiy ae?eyiie inoaiiaieo eoe, ye? i?aaenoaaeai?
oa?oiiaaiiyie oi?iaoe?? Agrostideta vinealis.

Aieioia ?ineeii?noue ?aa?iio ? ?ai?acaioaoeaiith aeey
i?aaeaiii-no?aeii? /anoeie *a?i?a?anueeiai Iie?nny, ?? oa?aeoa?ieie
iciaeaie ? ia?aaaaeaiiy inieiaeo aao?ioieo aie?o, ui aeanoeaa
iie?nueeiio ?aa?iio, oa a iaio?e i??? aieioieo oa?oiiaaiue aenieio?aa’y,
ui aeaco? ia aaciina?aaeith aeecuee?noue aei E?ninoaio. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe
iayai?noue iacio?ioieo oa ie?aio?ioieo aie?o-«aethaeaoeue», ye?
oi?iothoueny a oiiaao a?aeiiai i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy ai?iaeo oa?an
Aeanie ? Naeio.

Aiaei? oa i?eaa?aaeiiaiaei? oeaiice aeineoue iioe?ai? ? i?eo?i/ai? aei
?onae ?. Aeanie oa ?. Naeio, ?o i?eoie, caoie, caieaaieo ica? oa
noa?eoeue. O neeaae? aiaeii? ?ineeiiino? aeii?iothoue oeaiice c Nuphar
lutea (L.) Smith., Ceratophyllum demersum L., a i?eaa?aaeiiaiaeii? —
inieia? oa ?iaicia? oa?oiiaaiiy.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iniiaieie aeieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie
?iciiae?eo ?ineeiiino? a ?aa?ii? ? ?aeue?o (?iciiae?e oa?oiiaaiue ia
eaoai? a?ae caieaae aei ieaei?o), aaeao?/iee oaeoi? (no?ieao?noue
a?oio?a a?ae aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo aei aieioieo ? oi?oiai-aieioieo) oa
oa?aeoa? caieiaeaiiy a?oio?a, yeee oaeiae aecia/a? oiiae ?nioaaiiy.

3.2. Eeaneo?eaoe?y ?ineeiiino?. ?ineei?noue ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei yaey? niaith eiiieaen ??cieo ?? oei?a. A ?iaio? iaaiaeeoueny
eeaneo?eaoe?eia noaia ?ineeiiino?, iiaoaeiaaia ca aeieiai-oeaiioe/iei
i?eioeeiii ia iniia? eeaneo?eaoe?? ?ineeiiino? Oe?a?ie (Aoaianue?a oa
?io., 1956), yea aoea aeei?enoaia o /ioe?eoiii?e iiiia?ao??
«?ineeii?noue O?N?» (1968, 1969, 1971, 1973). A?eueo?noue neioaenii?a
iaaiaeyoueny ca?aeii «I?iae?iiona ?anoeoaeueiinoe Oe?aeiu» (1991).
Ca?aeii eeaneo?eaoe?eii? noaie ?ineeii?noue ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei i?aaenoaaeaia 59 oi?iaoe?yie, ye? neeaaeathoue 13 eean?a
oi?iaoe?e ? iaeaaeaoue aei 4 oei?a (189 anioe?aoe?e).

3.3. Oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaieo neioaenii?a. Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? an? oeie
?ineeiiino? ia ??ai? eean?a oi?iaoe?e, oi?iaoe?e, noaoi?iaoe?e, a?oi
anioe?aoe?e oa iaea?eueo iioe?aieo anioe?aoe?e c iienii no?oeoo?e
oeaiic?a, ?o oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo oa iaaaaeaiiyi aeieia?/ieo oiia
c?inoaiiy. Neeaaeaia ea?oinoaia ?ici?uaiiy oi?iaoe?e e?nia? ?ineeiiino?
(?en. 3.1).

?en. 3.1. Ea?oinoaia ?ici?uaiiy oi?iaoe?e e?niai? ?ineeiiino? o ieaei?e
/anoei? iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei ( I 1: 300000) Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: 1a —
Pineta sylvestris, noaoi?i. Pineta sylvestris; 1a — Pineta sylvestris,
noaoi?i. Querceto-Pineta; 2 — Querceta roboris; 3 — Tilieta cordatae; 4
— Fraxineta excelsioris; 5 — Alneta glutinosae.

3.4. Iniaeeaino? ?ici?uaiiy neioaenii?a ?ineeiiiai iie?eao a caeaaeiino?
a?ae iniiaieo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a. C iaoith ioe?iee ci?i aeieia?/ieo
/eiiee?a ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei iaie aoa caeeaaeaiee
aeieiai-o?oioeaiioe/iee i?io?eue «Aeania-Naei», yeee ia? aeiaaeeio
aeecueei 30 ei, ioiieth? an? aeaiaioe eaoaie ? a?aeaeaa? caaaeueiee
oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo ?ineeiiino? a ?aa?ii?.

Aiae?c i?io?eth, o?oi?iaeeeaoe??eia ioe?iea iieaciee?a ??cieo
aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, iieaco? cia/io aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue oa?oiiaaiue
?ineeiiino?. Iaie aeae?eaii o?noue oei?a aeinenoai, o?nii iia’ycaieo c
aeaiaioaie ?aeue?oo oa no?ieao?noth a?oio?a.

1. Eenoyi? e?ne, ui caeiathoue ae?eyiee ieaei?o ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
a??aiiaaaeai?noth i?ioean?a aeoioeyoe?? oa aeano?oeoe?? i?aai?/ieo
?a/iaei, aenieith ?ie?noth a?ieia?/iiai e?oaiia?ao, aetha?aeueiei oeiii
i?ioean?a a?oioiooai?aiiy.

2. Niniia? e?ne ia ai?iaeo oa?anao Aeanie, Naeio oa ?o i?eoie, yeei
aeanoeaee e?oaiia?a, ui ia? iaaaeeeo ?ie?noue ? i?io?ea? oaeaeei.
Ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?i oeiii aeinenoai ooo cieaeothoueny aieia?noue ?
eeneioi?noue a?oioo, ai?no a ieo acioo, iia?iee?iaoe/i? iieacieee;
iieacieee ae nieueiaiai ?aaeeio, oa?iiee?iaoo ? eiioeiaioaeueiino?
c?inoathoue.

3. A?eueoia? e?ne caieaa oa i?eoa?anny oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iineaaeaiith
aeaioiaeaoe??th ? ia?aaaaeaiiyi aeoioeyoeaieo i?ioean?a, aiane?aeie /iai
ooo oi?iothoueny oi?oiai-aieioi? aeaeia? oa noaeeieno? a?oioe. Ooo
niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy iieaciee?a aieiaino?, canieaiino?, ai?noo
acioo, i?e?iee?iaoe/ieo iieaciee?a a?oioo.

4. Caieaai? eoee Aeanie ? Naeio a oiiaao naciiii? ??cei? ci?ie
caieiaeaiiy, yea oiia?eueith? aeano?oeoeai? i?ioeane ? ni?e/eiy? aei
aeoioeyoe?? i?aai?ee, oi?iothoueny ia eo/ieo aea?iiai-aeaeiaeo a?oioao.
Eoee iathoue na?aaei? iieacieee ai?noo nieae, acioo, aeu? iieacieee
iia?iee?iaoo a?oio?a.

5. Aieioa a oiiaao ia?acaieiaeaiiy oa naciiii? ci?ie iaaiaeiaiiy,
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?ioeanaie aeoioeyoe?? i?aai?ee, ooai?aiiyi
oi?oiai-aieioieo aai aea?iiai-aeaeiaeo a?oio?a, iecueeith ?ie?noth oa
iia?eueiei i?io?eaiiyi a?ieia?/iiai e?oaiia?ao. Aao?ioi? a?ioiie iathoue
i?aeaeuaiee ai?no nieae, acioo, aeu? iieacieee iia?iee?iaoo, ieae/? —
oa?iiee?iaoo a?oio?a.

6. I?eaa?aaeiiaiaeia oa aiaeia ?ineeiiinoue, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
aenieeie iieacieeaie aieiaino?, eeneioiino?, iecueeith ?ie?noth oa
i?ioeanaie ooai?aiiy ioeo.

?ICAe?E 4

AeEIAI?EA ?INEEIIIAI IIE?EAO IEAEIUeI? *ANOEIE IAAEE??**ss AeANIA-NAEI

Ci?ie ?ineeiiiai iie?eao a ?aa?ii? aeine?aeaeaiue eaeooue a iai?yieo
aeaiooaoe?? oa aeaa?aaeaoe??, aiane?aeie ?oaie, aeianaiiy, aeeiooaaiiy
oa ?ae?aaoe??. A iniiao eeaneo?eaoe?? aeciaaiieo ci?i ?ineeiiiai ii?eao
iaie iieeaaeai? ?ic?iaee A..I. Noea/iaa (1954), I.Ae. ss?ioaiea (1961),
O. E. Aiae???iei (1986).

4.1. Iniiai? iai?yiee noeoean?eieo ci?i ?ineeiiino?. A ?iaio? iaaaaeaia
aeaoaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea neiaaiaoe/ieo ci?i i?e ca?inoaii? aiaeiei oa
i?ne?a.

4.1.1. Neiaaiaoe/i? ci?ie i?e ca?inoaii? aiaeiei. Aiae?c neiaaiaoe/ieo
ci?i, ye? niinoa??aathoueny i?e ca?inoaii? aiaeiei a ?aa?ii?, aeaco? ia
cia/io ?ieue a oeueiio i?ioean? aeae?a aiea?eoe/iiai a?aaeo (Glyceria
maxima (N.Hartm.) Holmb., Carex acuta L., C. omskiana Meinsh.), aeae?a,
ye? ciaoiaeyoueny ia i?aaeaii?e iaae? naiai a?aaeo (Eriophorum vaginatum
L., Nymphaea candida J. et C. Presl). Iacia/ia ?ieue o ca?inoaii?
aiaeiei ?aa?iio iaeaaeeoue aeaeai ?iaeo Typha, iaioa o/anoue, o
ii??aiyii? c i?aaeaieie ?aa?iiaie, Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex
Steud.

4.1.2. Neiaaiaoe/i? ci?ie i?e ca?inoaii? i?ne?a. I?ioean ca?inoaiiy
i?ne?a ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue ni?aa?aeiineoueny c i?ioeanaie ca?inoaiiy
i?ne?a, oa?aeoa?ieie aeey No?aeiiai Iie?nny a oe?eiio, i?e oeueiio
cia/ia ?ieue o ca?inoaii? nooeo i?ne?a iaeaaeeoue Calamagrostis epigeios
(L.) Roth, Koeleria glauca (Spreng.) DC.. Ocaaaeueiaiee
aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee ?yae ca?inoaiiy ia? oaeee aeeyae: oa?oiiaaiiy
iaei??/iee?a —> oa?. Calamagrostis epigeios + Koeleria glauca —> oa?.
Calamagrostis epigeios c iieiaeith Pinus sylvestris —>oa?. Pinetum
calamagrostidosum (epigeioris) —>oa?. Pinetum hylocomiosum. Oa?oiiaaiiy
Pinetum calamagrostidosum (epigeioris), ye? aeineoue iioe?ai? a ?aa?ii?,
? noeoean?eieie noaae?yie oi?ioaaiiy oeaiic?a niniiaeo e?n?a
caeaiiiioiaeo.

4.1.3. Aio?iiiaaiii-i?e?iaei? ci?ie ?ineeiiino?. A ?iaio?
?icaeyaeathoueny aio?iiiaaiii-i?e?iaei? ci?ie, ye? iia’ycai? c
a?aeiiaeaiiyi e?n?a eoeueoo?aie, o aeanoeaeo aeey ieo oiiaao oa
oi?ioaaiiyi eo/ieo oeaiic?a i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy iae?i?aoeaieo ?ia?o.

4.2. Aio?iiiaaii? ci?ie ?ineeiiino?.

Aieea aeianaiiy oa ?ae?aaoe??. A ?iaio? ?icaeyioo? aa??aioe ianiaeuii?
aeea?an?? ni?aaaei?o, aieioenoeo oa oi?o’yienoeo eoe. Aiae?c
ianeaaeueii? aeea?an?? ??cieo a?oi eoe a ?aa?ii? iieacaa, ui oeae
i?ioean i?ecaiaeeoue a oe?eiio aei ni?iuaiiy eo/ieo oeaiic?a, ni?ey?
ena?io?oecaoe?? o?aainoith oa aeiaaeaiith oe?iieo o ei?iiaiio
a?aeiioaiith aeae?a.

Cia/iee aieea aeianaiiy oa ?ae?aaoe?? cae?enith?oueny ia niniia? e?ne
caeaiiiioia?, ?icoaoiaai? a?ey aaeeeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a. Aeey
noeoean?eieo i?ioean?a oaeiai oeio oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino?, iia’ycai? c
caa?aaeaiiyi neeaaeo aea?aainoaio, aea c??aeaeaiiyi iioiaiai iie?eao,
aoi?aiaiiyi inaiio?oieo ceae?a (Agrostis tenuis Sibth., A. canina L.,
Anthoxanthum odoratum L.), aeae?a-aae?io?o?a (Helichrysum arenarium (L.)
Moench., Jasione montana L.).

Aeianaiiy oa ?ae?aaoe?y i?ecaiaeyoue aei iinooiiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??
oeaiic?a — /anoeiai? ci?ie oei?enoe/iiai neeaaeo, i?e ye?e i?ia?aeia
?ieue o o?aainoi? iaeaaeeoue ao?’yiai oa aeaeai aa??oiiii? aeieia??,
no?eeei aei aeoiiooaaiiy.

A?aeiiaeaiiy e?no eoeueoo?aie o iaaeanoeaeo aeey ieo oiiaao. Aoee
aeyaeai? ae?eyiee (Ei?iinueea ? Aaoo?einueea e?nieoeoaa), ia yeeo i?ney
ae?oaoaaiiy Pinus sylvestris aoee aenaaeaeai? eoeueoo?e Quercus robur.
I?e ?o i?ae?inoaii? niinoa??aa?oueny oiia?eueiaiee ??no aeoaa, /anoeiaa
eiai i?eai?/aiiy. Iinooiiai ia ae?eyieao oi?iothoueny oei?enoe/ii
ca?aeiai?, iane/ai? caeaa?eueoiai aa??oiiieie aeaeaie, oeaiice.

Ci?ie eo/ieo oeaiic?a, iia’ycai? c aa?ioaoi?eith. A ?aa?ii? na?aae
caoiae?a iiaa?oiaaiai iie?auaiiy eoe ? i?aen?aaiiy n/a i?aei?e?inoaaie
ceaeiaeo (Festuca pratensis Huds., Dactylis glomerata L.) ? aiaiaeo
(Trifolium pratense L.) c ?ioaineaiei oa?aeoa?ii ?inoo. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue
aei i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei?iiaeo oa?aeue, aea noeioeth?
oeaiioe/io oa oei?enoe/io a?aei?noue oa neiaio?ii?caoe?th oei?e.

Aieea inoooaaeueii? iae?i?aoe??. A ?iaio? ?ice?eo? aieeae inoooaaeueii?
iae?i?aoe?? ia aieioa oa caaiei/ai? e?ne ?aa?iio. A?eueo?noue o?aa’yieo
aao?ioieo aie?o i?e inooaii? o?ainoi?iiaai? a oi?o’yieno? eoee c
aeii?ioaaiiyi Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) Beauv. ? aeei?enoiaothoueny ye
n?iieine ? ianiaeua. I?ae aieeaii inooaiiy a oeaiicao caaiei/aieo e?n?a
ci?ith?oueny aeieia?/iee ?aaeei, cieaeo?oueny ??aaiue a?oioiaeo aiae, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ?o no?oeoo?e oa i?iaeoeoeaiino?, cie?aia c iueiai
aeiaaeathoue a?ae?io?euei? aeaee.

?ICAe?E 5

OEI?A IEAEIUeI? *ANOEIE IAAEE??**ss AeANIA-NAEI

5.1. Nenoaiaoe/iee aiae?c. Caaaeueiee oei?enoe/iee nienie noaeeiieo
?ineei ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei ia?aoiao? 786 aeae?a, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei 425 ?iae?a, 105 ?iaeei oa 5 a?aeae?e?a. Aeey oei?e
?aa?iio e?euee?nia oa?aeoa?enoeea oa iniiaia i?iii?oe?y noaiiaeoue 1 : 4
: 7,5, oiaoi na?aaeiy e?euee?noue aeae?a o ?iaeei? neeaaea? 7,5,
?iaeiaee eiao?oeaio neeaaea? 1,9. Noaeeii? nii?ia? ? aieiian?ii? ?ineeie
a?ae?a?athoue iacia/io ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? oei?e ?aa?iio, noaiiaey/e 25
aeae?a (3,2 %), ui ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey an?o ?aa?iiaeueieo oei? ? oei?e
caiii? eoe? a oe?eiio (A?inaaei, 1936).

Iai?aiei a aoaeia? nenoaiaoe/ii? no?oeoo?e oei?e ieaeiuei? /anoeie
iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei ? a?aeae?e Magnoliophyta (761 aeae, 96,8 %).
Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eean?a Liliopsida (174 aeaee; 22,1 %) oa Magnoliopsida
(587; 74,7 %) o a?aeae?e? Magnoliophyta noaiiaeoue 1 : 3,4. Aeaiee
iieaciee ni?aa?aeiineoueny c iieacieeaie, oa?aeoa?ieie aeey aiaeia?/ieo
oei? Na?aaeiuei? ?a?iie (1 : 2,9-3,6) (Oieia/ia, 1974; Oieaeo, 1980).

Aeanyoue i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei ioiieththoue 417 aeae?a (53,3 %) ? 206
?iae?a (48,5 %). Inoaii? ?iaeeie i?aaenoaaeai? 369 aeaeaie (46,7 %) ?
219 ?iaeaie (51,5 %). Iniiaieie ?iaeeiaie ? Asteraceae (47 ?iae?a, 100
aeae?a), Poaceae (38; 62), Rosaceae (18; 43), Cyperaceae (8; 36),
Fabaceae (16; 35), Lamiaceae (18; 34), Caryophyllaceae (19; 32),
Scrophulariaceae (11; 27), Apiaceae (20; 24), Ranunculaceae (11; 24).

Aiae?c ?iaeiaiai niaeo?o oei?e iieaco? cia/ia iaioaaiiy iie?ii?oieo
ai?aaeueieo ?iae?a Carex (26 aeae?a) ? Salix (14) oa
?a?iiaenueei-ac?enueeiai ?iaeo Viola (12). A neeaae aeanyoe i?ia?aeieo
?iae?a oaeiae aoiaeyoue: Galium, Veronica, Juncus, Potentilla,
Ranunculus, Campanula, Trifolium, iath/e a nai?io neeaae? ii 9-11
aeae?a. Niaeo? i?ia?aeieo ?iae?a oei?e oaeiae a?aeia?aaeo? ?? i?ii?aeiee
oa?aeoa?.

5.2. A?iii?oieia?/iee aiae?c. Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee a?iii?oieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae oei?e ye iniiai?, iaie acyo? oae? a?iii?oieia?/i?
iieacieee: aeeoo?aee oeeee ? iniiaia a?iii?oa, iniiai? oeie aaaaoaoe??,
oeie iaaecaiieo iaaii?a, oeie ei?aiaai? nenoaie ? i?aecaiieo iaaii?a. O
aeine?aeaeoaai?e oei?? ia?aaaaeathoue o?aa’yi? ?ineeie — 688 aeae?a
(87,6 %); ?aooa aeae?a neeaaea? 12,4 %: /aaa?ieee ? /aaa?ie/ee — 9,0 %
(71 aeae), aea?aaa — 3,4 % (27 aeae?a). Iaioth/ith ca oeiaie aaaaoaoe??
a?oiith ? a?oia e?oiueicaeaieo ?ineei, yea aeeth/a? 537 aeae?a (68,3 %).
Oea iaoiiaeaii ai?aaeueiei oa?aeoa?ii ee?iaoo ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue.
E?oiuei-ceiiaicaeai? aeaee o neeaae? oei?e ?aa?iio noaiiaeyoue 125
aeae?a (15,9 %). A?/iicaeai? ?ineeie i?aaenoaaeai? iacia/iith
e?euee?noth aeae?a (36; 4,6 %). Ee?iaoe/i? oiiae oa iayai?noue
oe?ieieenoyieo e?n?a a ?aa?ii? aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiiaeththoue
i?aaenoaaeai?noue o oei?? aoaia??a (46 aeae?a; 5,9 %) ? aoaia?i?ae?a
(42; 5,3 %). Iniiao oei?e ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei
neeaaeathoue aeaee c iai?a?icaoeiaeie (367 aeae?a; 46,7 %) oa
aac?icaoeiaeie iaaiiaie (355; 45, 2 %). E?euee?noue ?icaoeiaeo aeae?a
iacia/ia (64; 8,1 %), ui ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey oei? iii??ii? ciie
Aiea?eoeee. O oei?? ia?aaaaeathoue ie/eoaaoiei?aiaa? (414 aeae?a; 52,7
%) oa no?eaeiaaiei?aiaa? (343; 43,6) aeaee, ui a oe?eiio neeaaea? 757
aeae?a (96,3 %).

5.3. Aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee aiae?c. Oei?a ?aa?iio i?iaiae?ciaaia ii
a?aeiioaiith aeae?a aei aieiae oa oaieiaiai ?aaeeio, i?e oeueiio iaie
aeae?eai? a?aeiia?aei? a?a?iii?oe oa ee?iaoiii?oe. A?a?iii?oe
i?aaenoaaeai? iacio?oaie (341 aeae; 43,4 %), a?a?io?oaie ( 206; 26,2 %),
ena?iiacio?oaie (122; 15, 5 %), iaciena?io?oaie (62; 7,9 %), ena?io?oaie
(21; 2,7 %) ? a?ae?io?oaie (34; 4,3 %). ?iciiae?e a?a?iii?o
aecia/a?oueny ia?aaaaeaiiyi a ?aa?ii? aeioii?a iacio?eueii? oa
a?a?io?eueii? aeieia??, iacia/iei iioe?aiiyi ena?io?eueieo oeaiic?a.

O oei?? na?aae aeeoo?aeo oi?i, aeae?eaieo ca E. ?aoie???ii, iniiao
neeaaeathoue aai?e?eioio?oe (407 aeae?a; 51,8 %). Oeae iieaciee ?
oa?aeoa?iei aeey ?aa?iiaeueieo iii??iioe?ioieo oei? Aiea?eoeee. A?oia
e?eioio?o?a i?aaenoaaeaia oaeei neeaaeii: aaio?oe (113 aeae?a; 15,3 %),
aaeio?oe (18; 2,3 %) ? a?ae?io?oe (28; 3,5 %). I?aaenoaaeai?noue
oaiao?o?a ? oaia?io?o?a — a?aeiia?aeii 20 (2,5 %) ? 80 (10,2 %).

Aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee aiae?c oei?e iieaco? ?? aaoa?iaaiiee oa?aeoa?, ui
aecia/a?oueny ??ciiiai?oiei niaeo?ii aeieia?/ieo oiia a?ioii?a ?aa?iio.
O neeaae? oei?e ?aa?iio cia/ia e?euee?noue aeae?a o a?oiao, ui
iaeaaeaoue aei ciiaeueieo oei?a ?ineeiiino? — iaii?aeueii-e?niai? (10,2
%) ? ai?aaeueii-e?niai? (8,3 %).

Aeineoue oe?iei i?aaenoaaeai? a?oie oce?nieo aeae?a (16,2 %) oa eo/ia
(14,6 %). Eo/ii-noaiiaa (8,6 %), eo/ii-aieioia (12,4 %), aieioia (5,3
%), i?eaa?aaeiiaiaeia (1,8 %) oa aiaeia (4,1 %) aeieiai-oeaiioe/i? a?oie
iia’ycai? ?c niaoeeo?/ieie oiiaaie ??cieo a?ioii?a. Cia/ia /anoea aeae?a
?oaea?aeueii? (9,5 %) ? naaaoaeueii? (3,1 %) a?oi.

Aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee aiae?c oei?e cia/ii a?aeaeaa? niaoeeo?eo ?ineeiiiai
iie?eao ?aa?iio. Oe?iea i?aaenoaaeai?noue oce?nii?, iaii?aeueii-e?niai?,
ai?aaeueii-e?niai? aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo a?oi na?ae/eoue i?i a?aeiinii
aeia?o caa?aaeai?noue oeaiic?a ciiaeueieo oei?a ?ineeiiino?, a cia/ia
o/anoue aeae?a eo/ii?, eo/ii-aieioii? ? aieioii? a?oi na?ae/eoue i?i
a?ae?io?eueiee oa?aeoa? oei?e ?aa?iio a oe?eiio.

?ICAe?E 6

NICIEIA?*IA Oe?II?NOUe ?INEEIIIAI NA?OO ?AA?IIO

6.1. Ieoaiiy caa?aaeaiiy a?i??ciiiai?ooy a ?aa?ii?. I?eaiaeeoueny aiae?c
?nioth/i? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae? ?aa?iio, ca?aeii ioe?iee ia?aae
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e (Aiae?eaiei e ae?., 1991), cae?eniaiee
ca e?eoa??yie iaoeiai? oe?iiino?, oa ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy ioi?iie
a?i??ciiiai?ooy a ?aa?ii?. Oae, caaaeueia ieiua ?nioth/eo ICI (ca
aeaieie Aea?aeoi?aae?iiy aeiaaciaee a *a?i?aanuee?e iaeano? ia 01.05.98)
neeaaea? 16 ia’?eo?a caaaeueiith ieiuath 2121 aa, ui noaiiaeoue 1,76 %
oa?eoi??? ?aa?iio. Oeae iieaciee ? iecueeei o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiia?aeiei
iieacieeii aeey *a?i?a?anueei? iaeano? (3,25 %) oa Oe?a?ie (3,7 %). A
?aa?ii? a?aenooi? ia’?eoe caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy oa
iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia’?eoe.

Eaiaeoaooia ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae? ?aa?iio
iacaaeia?eueia, aiia ia aeeth/a? aaeeeeo ca ieiuath oa?eoi??e oa
ia’?eo?a iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiiai cia/aiiy. ?nioth/? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei?
oa?eoi??? i?aaenoaaeai? ciiaeueiei e?niaei oeiii oa aciiaeueieie —
aieioiei ? aiaeiei.

Oeaiioe/ia oi?eaeuei?noue ? aeinoaoiueith, ine?eueee ia
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi?yo i?aaenoaaeai? ??aee?ni? oeaiice,
caianai? aei Caeaii? eieae Oe?a?ie oa oeaiice, ye? iio?aaothoue ioi?iie
ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Oei?enoe/ia ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue ICI ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue aeniea. C
786 aeae?a, ui c?inoathoue a ?aa?ii?, ioi?iiith ioiieai? 60—70 %.
E?euee?noue ?a?eoaoieo aeae?a, ye? ioiieai? ioi?iiith noaiiaeoue
iieiaeio. Ia caaacia/aia ioi?iiith /anoeia aeae?a c *a?aiii? eieae
Oe?a?ie, cie?aia aeaee ?iaeo Diphasiastrum Holub., Trapa natans L. s.
l., Nymphoides peltata (S. G. Gmel.) O. Kuntre, Gladiolus tenuis Bieb.,
?yae aeae?a ?iaeeie Orchidaceae. Ia caaacia/aiee ioi?iiith ?yae
?aa?iiaeueii ??aee?nieo aeae?a. Oei?enoe/ia ??aee?ni?noue ICI ?
caaeia?eueiith.

Aiae?c iieaciee?a aioai?/ii? oe?iiino? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e
?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue iieaco?, ui aiia ia no/aniiio aoai? ?
caaeia?eueii ?ai?acaioaoeaiith. ?nioth/a ia?aaea i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo
ia’?eo?a ia a?aeia?aaeo? an??? ??ciiiai?oiino? oei?a ?ineeiiino? ?
iio?aao? iioei?caoe??.

6.2. ??aee?ni? aeaee oei?e. O neeaae? oei?e ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei aeyaeaii 54 ??aee?ni? aeaee, ye? noaiiaeyoue 6,8 % a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? oei?e. Na?aae ieo aei ?a?iiaenueeiai *a?aiiiai
nieneo iaeaaeaoue 4 aeaee, 20 aeae?a — aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie
(1996), 30 aeae?a ? ?aa?iiaeueii ??aee?nieie. C a?oie aeae?a, ye?
ioi?iiythoueny ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ??ai?, iaea?eueo i?aaenoaaeaieie
? i?o?aei? (9 aeae?a). Na?aae oe??? a?oie iaea?eueo ??aee?nieie a
?aa?ii? ? Epipactis palustris (L.) Grantz. oa Orchis militaris L.. Ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe iacia/ia iioe?aiiy (1-3 i?noeac?inoaiue) oaeeo aeae?a ye
Diphasiastrum zeilleri (Rouy) Holub., Salix myrtilloides L., Trapa
natans, Galanthus nivalis L., Gladiolus tenuis.

C a?oie ?aa?iiaeueii ??aee?nieo aeae?a ie i?iiiio?ii oae? aeaee ye
Dryopteris austriaca (Jac.) Waynar ex Schenz/ et Thell, Polypodium
vulgare L., Potamogeton alpinus Balb., Adenophora liliifolia (L.) A. DC.
caianoe aei nieneo ??aee?nieo aeae?a Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny.

Ca iioeaaie ioi?iie ??aee?ni? aeaee iiae?eythoueny ia oae? a?oie:
?ae?eoe (Salix myrtilloides, S. lapponum, Salvinia natans, Trapa natans,
Nymphoides peltata), iia?aie/ii-a?aaeuei? (38 aeae?a), iaeiiioe?ai? c
i?e?iaeieo i?e/ei (i?o?aei?), iaeiiioe?ai? aiane?aeie aio?iiiaaiiiai
aieeao.

6.3. ??aee?ni? ?ineeii? oa?oiiaaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ineeiiiai iie?eao ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei iaie
aeae?eai? 18 neioaenii?a, ui iio?aaothoue ioi?iie ye ia
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio, oae ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. Aei Caeaii? eieae
Oe?a?ie (1987) caianaii 11 neioaenii?a (oa?oiiaaiiy oi?iaoe?e Salvinieta
natantis, Trapeta natantis, Ceratophylleta submersi, Sparganieta minimi,
Nymphaeeta candida, N. albae, Nuphareta luteae; a?oie anioe?aoe?e
Pineta hylocomiosa, Querceto-Pineta corylosa, Querceta corylosa,
Tilieto-Querceta caricosa, T.-Q. aegopodiosa). E??i oiai, ia iao
iiaeyae, 2 neioaeniie iio?aaothoue ioi?iie ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio
??ai? — oea oeaiice /i?iia?eueoiye?a ia?aceiaeo (an. Alnetum
(glutinosae) callosum (palustris)) ? oa?oiiaaiiy oi?iaoe??
Potamogetoneta alpini (an. Potamogetonetum alpini (purum)) oa 5
oeaiic?a, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue ?ineeii?noue noaaiiaeo
aie?o-«aethaeaoeue», aiaei? ? i?eaa?aaeiiaiaei? oeaiice, ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Iaea?eueo caaacia/ai? a ?aa?ii? ioi?iiith oeaiice e?niai? ?ineeiiino?.
Iacaaacia/ai? oa iaeicaaacia/ai? ioi?iiith oeaiice iathoue oa?eoe aei
iiaeo cai?iiiiiaaieo ia’?eo?a i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?.

6.4. Ia?niaeoeai? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? ia’?eoe, ?o eaiaeoaooia oa
oeaiioe/ia ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue
?ineeiiiai na?oo ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei (1994-1998),
cai?iiiiiaaii 8 iiaeo, ia?niaeoeaieo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo ia’?eo?a, ye?
ioiieththoue ana ?icia?ooy i?e?iaeieo eiiieaen?a ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue.
Na?aae ia?niaeoeaieo ia’?eo?a — 1 eaiaeoaooiee caeaciee
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy «Aeaniyinueei-Naeinueeee»,
Aeaniyinueei-Ei?iinueeee eaiaeoaooiee ?aa?iiaeueiee ia?e, 4 aioai?/ieo
caeacieea i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy oa 2 aioai?/i? iai’yoee i?noeaaiai
cia/aiiy. Iioei?ciaaiee i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiee oiiae ?aa?iio aeicaieeoue
i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue eiai oei?enoe/ii?, oeaiioe/ii? oa eaiaeoaooii?
?ai?acaioaoeaiino?.

6.5. Iaoeiaa, i?e?iaeiioi?iiia oa nioe?aeueia cia/ou?noue
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeii? ia?aae? ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei.
A ?iaio? aena?oeaia iaoeiaa, i?e?iaeiioi?iiia oa nioe?aeueia cia/ou?noue
iioei?ciaaii? ICI ?aa?iio. I?aai?caoe?y i?e?iaeiina?oiuei? oa
i?e?iaeiaeoiaii? ?iaioe iia’ycaia c nenoaiith i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo
oa?eoi??e, cie?aia c noai?aiiyi Aeaniyinueei-Ei?iinueeiai ?EI, yeee
noaia oaeiae oeaio?ii aeieia?/ii? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy. Iaaiei iane?aeeii
oe??? ?iaioe ? aeo?ae a na?o iaoeiai-iiioey?ii? eieae «Iaeueiaie/eie
noaaeeaie I?enaei?a’y» ca o/anoth aaoi?a.

6.6. Aeieia?/ia ia?aaea ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??///y Aeania-Naei. A
?iaio? iaa?oioiaothoueny ieoaiiy noai?aiiy aeieia?/ii? ia?aae?, a ?aieao
yei? i?iiiio?oueny aeae?eaiiy aeaio aeieia?/ieo aoce?a —
Aeaniyinueei-Ei?iinueeiai oa Aeaniyinueei-Naeinueeiai, ye?
neeaaeathoueny c yaea? oa aooa?ieo cii. ssae?aie aenooiaoeiooue
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? oa?eoi??? (?nioth/? oa ia?niaeoeai?); aooa?i? ciie
caoeuaoeiooue aeiia?aaeo a?ae oaeoi??a iaaaoeaiiai aio?iiiaaiiiai
aieeao. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeieia?/i? aocee c’?aeiothoueny i?ae niaith aeaiia
aeieia?/ieie ei?eaei?aie. Ia?oee, yeee ia? iaea?eueo caa?aaeaio
i?e?iaeio ?ineeii?noue, i?ioiaeeoue ii caieaa? ?. Aeanie oa /anoei? ??
ai?iai? oa?ane, ae?oaee — ii oeaio?aeueieo ae?eyieao ieaeiuei? /anoeie
iaaee??//y. E??i i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e, aei neeaaeo
aeieia?/ieo ei?eaei??a aoiaeeoue a?aeiinii caa?aaeaia i?e?iaeia
?ineeii?noue.

?ic?iaeaia aeieia?/ia ia?aaea ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei
ye ooieoe?iiaeueii ?aeeia oa?eoi??aeueia iniiaa nenoaie ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua a ?aa?ii? ? aoaea /anoeiith aeieia?/ieo
ei?eaei??a aeieia?/ii? ia?aae? Iie?nny — Aeaniyinueeiai ? Naeinueeiai.

?en.6.1. Aeieia?/ia ia?aaea ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei ( I
1:300000) Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: 1 — aeieia?/i? aocee; 2 — aeieia?/i?
ei?eaei?e; 3 — ?nioth/? i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? ia’?eoe; 4 — a?ae?ieia?/iee
caeaciee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy; 5 — aioai?/iee caeaciee i?noeaaiai
cia/aiiy; 6 — eaiaeoaooiee caeaciee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy; 7 — aioai?/ia
iai’yoea i?e?iaee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy; 8 — a?ae?ieia?/ia iai’yoea
i?e?iaee i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy; 9 — caiia?aeia o?i/eua; 10 — ia?niaeoeai?
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aei? ia’?eoe; 11 — Aeaniyinueei-Ei?iinueeee
?aa?iiaeueiee eaiaeoaooiee ia?e; 12 — Aeaniyinueei-Naeinueeee
eaiaeoaooiee caeaciee caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ?ineeiiino? ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei
iaoiiaeaia eiiieaenii i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia, iia’ycaiei c
?icoaooaaiiyi ?aa?iio ia i?aaeaii?e iaae? Oe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny oa
aaciina?aaei?i eiai iaaeoaaiiyi ?c cao?aeieie a?ae?iaaie
Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? aeni/eie.

2. ?ineeii?noue ca aeii?iaioiith eeaneo?eaoe??th i?aaenoaaeaia 59
oi?iaoe?yie, ye? neeaaeathoue 13 eean?a oi?iaoe?e ? iaeaaeaoue aei 4
oei?a (189 anioe?aoe?e). Ciiaeueiei aeey ?aa?iio, ye ? aeey Iie?nny a
oe?eiio, ? e?niaee oei ?ineeiino?. A iueiio ia?aaaaeathoue oi?iaoe??
Pineta sylvestris oa Querceta roboris. A oeaio?aeueieo oa no?aeieo
/anoeiao ?aa?iio aeyaeai? e?ne noaoi?iaoe?? Fraxineto-Querceta,
Tilieto-Querceta, ye? oa?aeoa?i? aeey Na?aaeiuei?in?enueei? aeni/eie.

3. Eo/ia ?ineeii?noue iia’ycaia c oeaio?aeueieie oa i?e?oneiaeie
/anoeiaie caieaa Aeanie, Naeio oa ?o i?eoie. Na?aae ia? ia?aaaaeathoue
ni?aaaei? oa aieioeno? eoee oi?iaoe?e Festuceta pratensis, Poeta
pratensis oa Glycerieta fluitantis, G. maximae, Phalaroideta
arundinaceae, Beckmannieta eruciformis, Cariceta acutae. Aeey caieaa
Aeanie oa Naeio oa?aeoa?i? iciaee ena?io?oecaoe?? oa oi?ioaaiiy
inoaiiaieo eoe oi?iaoe?? Agrostideta vinealis.

4. Aieioia ?ineeii?noue iia’ycaia c i?eoa?anieie /anoeiaie oa noa?eoeyie
aeuacaaaeaieo ??/ie. Na?aae oeaiic?a aieioii? ?ineeii?no? ?aa?iio
ia?aaaaeathoue inieia? aao?ioi? aie?oa, ui aeanoeaa iie?nueeiio ?aa?iio
oa a iaio?e i??? aieioi? oa?oiiaaiiy aenieio?aa’y, ui aeaco? ia
aaciina?aaeith aeecuee?noue aei E?ninoaio.

5. Aeae?eaii o?noue oei?a aeinenoai, o?nii iia’ycaieo c aeaiaioaie
?aeue?oo oa no?ieao?noth a?oio?a. Iniiaieie aeieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie
?iciiae?eo ?ineeiiino? a ?aa?ii? ? ?aeue?o (?iciiae?e oa?oiiaaiue ia
eaoai? a?ae caieaae aei ieaei?o), aaeao?/iee oaeoi? (no?ieao?noue
a?oio?a a?ae aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo aei aieioieo ? oi?oiai-aieioieo) oa
oa?aeoa? caieiaeaiiy a?oio?a, yeee oaeiae aecia/a? oiiae ?nioaaiiy.

6. Ci?ie ?ineeiiiai iie?eao a ?aa?ii? eaeooue a iai?yieo aeaiooaoe?? oa
aeaa?aaeaoe?? aiane?aeie ?oaie, aeianaiiy, aeeiooaaiiy oa ?ae?aaoe??.
Aiae?c aio?iiiaaiieo ci?i ?ineeiiiai iie?eao aeaco? ia oaiaeaioe?? aei
ni?iuaiiy no?oeoo?e oeaiic?a an?o oei?a ?ineeiiino?, ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? ianoaa?eueieo oa?oiiaaiue, nei?i/aiiy ieiu oe?iieo o
aioai?/iiio oa ainiiaea?nueeiio a?aeiioaii? oeaiic?a.

7. O oei?? ?aa?iio aeyaeaii 786 aeae?a, ui iaeaaeaoue aei 425 ?iae?a,
105 ?iaeei oa 5 a?aeae?e?a. Aeanyoue i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei ioiieththoue 417
aeae?a (53,3 %) ? 206 ?iae?a (48,5 %). I?ia?aeieie ?iaeeiaie ?
Asteraceae (47 ?iae?a, 100 aeae?a), Poaceae (38; 62), Rosaceae (18; 43).
Ca a?iii?oieia?/iith no?oeoo?ith oei?a ? oeiiaith aeey ?aa?iiaeueieo
oei? iii??ieo oe?io Aiea?eoeee.

8. Aeieiai-oeaiioe/iee niaeo? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oe?ieith
i?aaenoaaeai?noth iaii?aeueii-e?niai? (10,2 %), ai?aaeueii-e?niai? (8,3
%), oce?nii? (16,2 %) aeieiai-oeaiioe/ieo a?oi, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
a?aeiinii aeia?o caa?aaeai?noue oeaiic?a ciiaeueiiai oeio ?ineeiiino?.
Cia/ia o/anoue aeae?a eo/ii?, eo/ii-aieioii? ? aieioii? a?oi na?ae/eoue
i?i a?ae?io?eueiee oa?aeoa? oei?e ?aa?iio a oe?eiio.

9. Ia iniia? nicieia?/ii? ioe?iee ?ineeiiiai na?oo o neeaae? oei?e
aeyaeai? 54 ??aee?nieo aeaee. C ieo 4 — caianai? aei ?a?iiaenueeiai
*a?aiiiai nieneo, 20 — aei *a?aiii? eieae Oe?a?ie, 30 — ? ?aa?iiaeueii
??aee?nieie. Aeae?eai? 18 neioaenii?a, c yeeo 11 — caianai? aei Caeaii?
eieae Oe?a?ie, 2 — iio?aaothoue ioi?iie ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ??ai?,
5 — ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio.

10. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieaciee?a aioai?/ii? oe?iiino?
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo oa?eoi??e ?aa?iio iieacaa, ui oey ia?aaea ia
no/aniiio aoai? ? caaeia?eueii ?ai?acaioaoeaiith. ?nioth/a ia?aaea
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo ia’?eo?a ia a?aeia?aaeo? an??? ??ciiiai?oiino?
oei?a ?ineeiiino? ? iio?aao? iioei?caoe??. Cai?iiiiiaaii 8 iiaeo,
ia?niaeoeaieo i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeieo ia’?eo?a, ye? ioiieththoue ana
?icia?ooy i?e?iaeieo eiiieaen?a ?aa?iio.

11. Iaa?oioiaaia ? ?ic?iaeaia aeieia?/ia ia?aaea ?aa?iio aeine?aeaeaiue
ye ooieoe?iiaeueii ?aeeia oa?eoi??aeueia iniiaa nenoaie ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aiia aoaea iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith
aeieia?/iiai ei?eaei?o aeiia?aae? Iie?nny.

IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ea?iaiei TH.I. Aeieia?/i? oa oei?enoe/i? iniaeeaino? /i?iia?eueoiye?a
iiieccy ?.Naei //No/aniee noai oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy aeieia. i?iaeai
*a?i?a?anueei? iae-o?: Iao-ee iaoeiai-i?aeo. eiio. — I?aeei, 1996. -N.
117-119.

2. Ea?iaiei TH.I. Oei?enoe/i? ciao?aeee a ieaei?e /anoei? iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei //No/aniee noai oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai
*a?i?a?anueei? iaeano?: Iao-ee iaoeiai-i?aeo. eiio. -I?aeei, 1996. -N.
119-120.

3. Ea?iaiei TH.I. ?iciiae?e ?ineeiiino? a aeieei? ?. Naei // Aeieia?y.
Ioi?iia i?e?iaee. Aeieia?/ia ina?oa ? aeoiaaiiy. Ca. noaoae. — *a?i?a?a,
1996. — N. 84-92.

4. Eoeao I.A., Ea?iaiei TH.I. Iia? i?noeac?inoaiiy aeae?a c *a?aiii?
eieae Oe?a?ie ia *a?i?a?auei? // Aeieia?y. Ioi?iia i?e?iaee. Aeieia?/ia
ina?oa ? aeoiaaiiy. Ca. noaoae. — *a?i?a?a, 1996. — N. 73-78.

5. Ea?iaiei TH.I. ?iciiae?e ?ineeiiino? aeieeie Aeanie a ieaei?e
/anoei? iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei // Oe?. aioai. aeo?i. — 1998. -55, ?2. —
N. 145-150.

6. Ea?iaiei TH.I. E?niaa ?ineeii?noue ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei // Oe?. aioai. aeo?i. — 1998. -55, ?3. — N. 257-262.

7. Ea?iaiei TH.I. Aieioa-«aethaeoey» a ieaei?e /anoei? iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei // Oe?. aioai. aeo?i. — 1998. -55, ?5. — N. 528-532.

8. Eoeao I.A., Ea?iaiei TH.I., I?yaeei I.?. Diphasiastrum complanatun
(L.) Holub oa D. zeilleri (Rouy) Holub ia E?aiaa?aaeiiio Iie?nn? // Oe?.
aioai. aeo?i. — 1998. — 55, ?4. — N. 410-413.

9. Ea?iaiei TH.A. ?aaeeea aeaeu oei?u ieaeiae /anoe iaaeaeo?a/uey
Aeania-Naei (*a?ieaianeia Iieanuea, Oe?aeia) //(Enneaaeiaaiea yeinenoai
a oneiaeyo ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu): Iao-eu I Iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio. — Aiiaeue, 1998.
-/.1.- N. 19-20.

10. Ea?iaiei TH.A. ?anoeoaeueiua niiauanoaa ieaeiae /anoe iaaeaeo?a/uey
Aeania-Naei, ioaeaeathueany a io?aia. // (Enneaaeiaaiea yeinenoai a
oneiaeyo ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai caa?yciaiey ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu): Iao-eu I Iaaeaeoia?. iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio. — Aiiaeue, 1998.
-/.1.- N. 20-21.

11. Ea?iaiei TH.I. Aeeiai?ea ?ineeiiiai iie?eao ieaeiuei? /anoeie
iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei // Aeieia?/iee no?an ? aaeaioaoe?y a a?ieia?/ieo
nenoaiao: Iao-ee I Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe. eiio. — Oa?iii?eue, 1998. — N.
98-99.

12. Karpenko Yu. O. The macrovegetation as an index of condition of
situation // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiy aioai?ee oa aeieia??: Iao-ee eiio.
iieiaeeo a/aieo-aioai?e?a. — Oa?nii, 1998. — N. 120-121.

13. Ea?iaiei TH.I., Eoeao I.A. Ioi?iia ??aee?nieo aeae?a ia
*a?i?a?auei? oa ?o aaaaeaiiy a eoeueoo?o. // ??aee?ni? oa ei?eni?
?ineeie oei?e *a?i?a?aueie a i?e?iae? oa eoeueoo??. — Ee?a, 1997. — N.
19-29.

14. Ea?iaiei TH.I., Na?a?eei I.I. Aeieia?/i? ei?eaei?e ieaeiuei?
/anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy aioai?ee oa
aeieia??: Iao-ee eiio. iieiaeeo a/aieo-aioai?e?a. — Oa?nii, 1998. — N.
120-121.

15. Eoeao A.A., Ea?iaiei TH.A. ?ani?ino?aiaiea ?aaeeeo ai?aaeueiuo
aeaeia ia Eaaiaa?aaeiii Iieanuea Oe?aeiu // Oacenu VI Iieiaeaaeiie eiio.
aioaieeia. — N.-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997. — N. 9.

16. Eoeao I.A., Ea?iaiei TH.I. No/ania iioe?aiiy ??aee?nieo aeae?a
oei?e *a?i?a?aueie // ??aee?ni? oa ei?eni? aeaee oei?e *a?i?a?aueie a
i?e?iae? oa eoeueoo??. — E., 1997. — N. 9-19.

Ea?iaiei TH.I. Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ?ineeiino? ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei, ?? oei?enoe/ia oa nicieia?/ia oe?ii?noue. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.05 — aioai?ea. — ?inoeooo aioai?ee ?i.
I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

I?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy ?ineeiiino? ? oei?e ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y
Aeania-Naei (*a?i?a?anueea Iie?nny). Ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ?iciiae?e
?ineeiiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iniiaieo aeieia?/ieo oaeoi??a,
anoaiiaeai? iniiai? aeeiai?/i? oaiaeaioe?? ?ineeiiiai iie?eao. Aecia/aii
neioaeniiii?/iee neeaae ?ineeiiino?, yeee aeeth/a? 189 anioe?aoe?e c 59
oi?iaoe?e oa 4 oei?a. Aeae?eaii 18 ??aee?nieo neioaenii?a. Oei?a ?aa?iio
ia?aoiao? 786 aeae?a, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei 425 ?iae?a, 105 ?iaeei.
Aeyaeai? i?noeac?inoaiiy 54 ??aee?nieo aeae?a. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy
?ineeiiiai iie?eao ieaeiuei? /anoeie iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei noi?iiaaia
i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeia ia?aaea ?aa?iio oa i?iaaaeaia ?? ioe?iea.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ieaeiy /anoeia iaaee??//y Aeania-Naei, ?ineeii?noue,
?iciiae?e ?ineeiiino?, aeieia?/i? oaeoi?e, no?oeoo?a oei?e, ??aee?ni?
aeaee oei?e, ??aee?ni? neioaeniie, nicieia?y, aeieia?/ia ia?aaea.

Ea?iaiei TH.A. Aeeooa?aioeeaoeey ?anoeoaeueiinoe ieaeiae /anoe
iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania-Naei, aa oei?enoe/aneay e nicieiae/aneay
oeaiiinoue. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.05 — aioaieea. — Einoeooo aioaieee ei.
I.A. Oieiaeiiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

?aaeii enneaaeiaaiee aeeth/aao oa??eoi?eth aieaa 1200000 aa ieaeiae
/anoe iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania-Naei io caiaaeiuo io?iaia N?aaeia?onneie
aicauoaiiinoe aei onouey ?. Naei. Ii iaoiaeeony ia e?aeiai thai-ainoiea
*a?ieaianeiai Iieanuey, a iniiaiii a Ei?iineii ?aeiia *a?ieaianeie
iaeanoe. Aaia?aoe/aneia iieiaeaiea aai iaoneaaeeaaao ?aciiia?acea
?anoeoaeueiuo niiauanoa e oi?ie?iaaiea iicae/iiai ?anoeoaeueiiai
iie?iaa.

A iniiao aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou iieiaeaiu iaoa?eaeu iieaauo
enneaaeiaaiee, i?iaaaeaiiuo aaoi?ii a 1994-1998 aa. ia oa??eoi?ee
ieaeiae /anoe iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania-Naei. Iieo/aiiua iaoa?eaeu aeeth/atho
500 iieiuo aaiaioaie/aneeo iienaiee, 600 aa?aa?iuo ia?acoeia aunoeo
ninoaeenouo e nii?iauo ?anoaiee, 30-ei yeieiai-oeoioeaiioe/aneee
i?ioeeue «Aeania-Naei», iaoa?eaeu aai oeoieiaeeeaoeeiiiie ia?aaioee,
ea?oinoaiu e iainiiaaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiuo i?e?iaeii-caiiaaaeiuo iauaeoia.
Enneaaeiaaiey i?iaiaeeeenue eeanne/aneeie iaoiaeaie aaiaioaieee e
oei?enoeee n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaeia oeoieiaeeeaoeee, n?aaiaiey,
ea?oe?iaaiey. I?e ia?aaioea iaoa?eaeia ia IYAI 486 AeO nicaeaia aaca
aeaiiuo «Aeania-Naei» ii oei?a e ?anoeoaeueiui niiauanoaai ieaeiae /anoe
iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania-Naei.

A ?aaioa iieacaii, /oi aeeooa?aioeeaoeey ?anoeoaeueiinoe ieaeiae /anoe
iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania-Naei iaoneiaeaia eiiieaenii i?e?iaeii-eeeiaoe/aneeo
oneiaee, naycaiiuo n ?aciauaieai ?aaeiia ia thaeiie a?aieoea Oe?aeineiai
Iieanuey e iaiin?aaenoaaiiie aeecinoueth e caiaaeiui io?iaai
N?aaeia?onneie aicauoaiiinoe.

Enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi ciiaeueiui aeey ?aaeiia yaeyaony eaniie oei
?anoeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ue i?aaenoaaeai eae oeaiicaie niniiauo eania ia
ai?iauo oa??anao Aeaniu e Naeia oae e oeaiicaie oe?ieieenoaaiiuo eania
(aeoaiauo, eeaiiai-eeiiai-aeoaiauo, ynaiiai-aeoaiauo) ia eanniauo
ino?iaao oeaio?aeueiie /anoe iaaeaeo?a/uey. Eoaiaay e aieioiay
?anoeoaeueiinoue iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiu a iieiao Aeaniu, Naeia, eo
i?eoieia e i?aaenoaaeaiu ianoiyueie e aieioenouie eoaaie oi?iaoeee
Festuceta pratensis, Poeta pratensis e Glycerieta fluitantis, G.
maximae, Phalaroideta arundinaceae, Beckmannieta eruciformis, Cariceta
acutae e inieiauie aao?ioiuie aieioaie. Ninoaaeaia eeanneoeeaoeeiiiay
noaia ?anoeoaeueiinoe (ia aeiieiaioiie iniiaa), eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeaia 59
oi?iaoeeyie, ninoaaeythueie 13 eeannia oi?iaoeee e 4 oeia (189
annioeeaoeee).

A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi iniiaiuie
yeieiae/aneeie oaeoi?aie ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?anoeoaeueiinoe a ?aaeiia
yaeythony ?aeueao (?ani?aaeaeaiea niiauanoa ia eaoaia io iieiu aei
ieaei?a), yaeaoe/aneee (iicae/iinoue ii/a io aea?iiai-iiaecieenouo aei
aieioiuo e oi?oyii-aieioiuo) e oaeoi? oaeaaeiaiey ii/a, eioi?ue oaeaea
ii?aaeaeyao oneiaey iaeoaiey. Ia iniiaa ioeaiee iieacaoaeae ?aciuo
yeieiae/aneeo oaeoi?ia iieacaia cia/eoaeueiay aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiinoue
?anoeoaeueiinoe ?aaeiia. Auaeaeaii oanoue oeiia yeinenoai, oanii
naycaiiuo n yeaiaioaie ?aeueaoa e iicae/iinoueth ii/a.

Enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi eciaiaiey ?anoeoaeueiiai iie?iaa a ?aaeiia
eaeoo a iai?aaeaiee aeaiooaoeee e aeaa?aaeaoeee aneaaenoaea ?oaie,
auianaiey, naiieioaiey e ?ae?aaoeee. Aiaeec aio?iiiaaiiuo eciaiaiee
?anoeoaeueiiai iie?iaa iieacae oaiaeaioeee e oi?iuaieth no?oeoo?u
oeaiicia anao oeiia ?anoeoaeueiinoe, oaaee/aieth eiee/anoaa
ianoaaeeueiuo niiauanoa, nieaeaieth i?iaeoeoeaiinoe e noieeinoe
yeinenoai, nie?auaieth ieiuaaeae oeaiiuo a aioaie/aneii e oicyenoaaiiii
ioiioaieyo oeaiicia.

A oei?a ?aaeiia auyaeaii 786 aeaeia, eioi?ua ioiinyony e 425 ?iaeai,
105 naiaenoaai e 5 ioaeaeai. Aeanyoue aaaeoueo naiaenoa ioaaouaatho 417
aeaeia (53,3 %) e 206 ?iaeia (48,5 %). Aaaeoueie naiaenoaaie yaeythony
Asteraceae (47 ?iaeia, 100 aeaeia), Poaceae (38; 62), Rosaceae (18; 43).
Aeiii?oieiae/aneay no?oeoo?a oei?u ?aaeiia yaeyaony oeie/iie aeey
?aaeiiaeueiuo oei? Aiea?eoeee.

Yeieiai-oeaiioe/aneee niaeo? oei?u oa?aeoa?ecoaony oe?ieie
i?aaenoaaeaiiinoueth iaii?aeueii-eaniie (10,2 %), ai?aaeueii-eaniie (8,3
%), iiooa/iie (16,2 %) yeieiai-oeaiioe/aneeo a?oii, /oi ii?aaeaeyaony
/anoe/ii nio?aiiinoueth oeaiicia ciiaeueiiai oeia ?anoeoaeueiinoe.
Cia/eoaeueiia o/anoea aeaeia eoaiaie, eoaiai-aieioiie e aieioiie a?oii
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aeae?ioeeueiii oa?aeoa?a oei?u ?aaeiia a oeaeii.

I?iaaaeaia nicieiae/aneay ioeaiea ?anoeoaeueiiai ie?a ?aaeiia
enneaaeiaaiee. A ninoaaa oei?u auyaeaiu 54 ?aaeeeo aeaea, ec ieo 4 —
caianaiu a Aa?iiaeneee E?aniue nienie, 20 — a E?anioth eieao Oe?aeiu, 30
— yaeythony ?aaeiiaeueii ?aaeeeie. Auaeaeaii 18 ?aaeeeo neioaeniiia, ec
ieo 11 — caianaiu a Caeaioth eieao Oe?aeiu, 2 — o?aaotho io?aiu ia
iauaainoaea?noaaiiii o?iaia, 5 — ia ?aaeiiaeueiii.

I?iaaaeai aiaeec iieacaoaeae aioaie/aneie oeaiiinoe
i?e?iaeii-caiiaaaeiuo iauaeoia, eioi?ue iieacae, /oi yoa naoue ia
nia?aiaiiii yoaia ia io?aaeaao anaai ?aciiia?acey oeiia ?anoeoaeueiinoe
e o?aaoao iioeiecaoeee. I?aaeeiaeaii 8 iiauo, ia?niaeoeaiuo
i?e?iaeii-caiiaaaeiuo iauaeoia, eioi?ua ioaaouaatho ana ?aciiia?acea
i?e?iaeiuo eiiieaenia ?aaeiia.

A ?aaioa ?ac?aaioaia yeieiae/aneay naoue ieaeiae /anoe iaaeaeo?a/uey
Aeania-Naei, eioi?ay yaeyaony ooieoeeiiaeueii aaeeiie oa??eoi?eaeueiie
iniiaie nenoaiu io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e /anoueth yeieiae/aneiai
ei?eaei?a Iieanuey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieaeiyy /anoue iaaeaeo?a/uey Aeania-Naei,
?anoeoaeueiinoue, ?ani?aaeaeaiea ?anoeoaeueiinoe, yeieiae/aneea oaeoi?u,
no?oeoo?a oei?u, ?aaeeea aeaeu oei?u, ?aaeeea neioaeniiu, nicieiaey,
yeieiae/aneay naoue.

Karpenko Yu. O. The differentiation of vegetation in the lower part of
the Desna — Seim interfluve, it’s floristic and sozological value. —
Manuscript.

Ph. D. thesis. Speciality 03.00.05 — Botany. — M.H. Kholodny Institute
of Botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The work is devoted of vegetation and flora in the lower part of the
Desna—Seim interfluve (Chernigiv Polissia). The dependence of vegetation
in ecological factors is analysed, the main dynamic trends of this
vegetation are characterized. Syntaxonomical composition of vegetation
of this region is determined. It includes 189 associations and 59
formations. 18 rare syntaxa are desciibed. The flora of the region is
represented by 786 species belonging 425 genera and 105 families. 54
rare species are present in the regional flora. On the basis of
investigation of vegetation and flora in the lower part of the Desna —
Seim interfluve, protected area have been established and evalution of
it has been carried out.

Key words: lower part of the Desna — Seim interfluve, vegetation,
dependence of vegetation, ecological factors, structure of flora, rare
species, rare syntaxa, sozology, ecological area.

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I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 13.04.99 ?. Oi?iao 60o84/ 16

Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0.

Iaeeaae 100. Cai. 132.

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A?aeae?e iia?aoeaii? iie?a?ao??

i.i. «Ao?aa?e», 15-06-71

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