Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

AeA?AA* Ia?aa?eoa Aeueo?eo?aia

OAeE 371.315.7

AeEAeAEOE*I? OIIAE CANOINOAAIIss A?IA?OAENOIAEO I?IA?AI O I?IOeAN?
AEA*AIIss AOIAI?OA?IEO AeENOeEIE?I

(ia iaoa??ae? ?noi??? ioceee)

13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iae?oiiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio

iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ai?aie/e?i
Aiaoie?e ?aaiiae/, caa. eaoaae?ith oai??? oa ?noi??? ioceee
Iae?oiiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — AEaeaeae Ie?ineaa ?aaiiae/, aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe, aeaaeai?e AII Oe?a?ie;

— THoeaae/ TH??e ?aaaiiae/, eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee ?inoeoooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — I?aeainueeee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.Aiaiey.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.2600116 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea /252001, I.Ee?a, aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 60,
aoae.303./.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea /252601, I.Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e?i.10/.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «17» eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Ieaoioi?e I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OA NOOI?IUe AeINE?AeAEAIINO? I?IAEAIE. No/ani?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa coiiaeee ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe, yea
ia?aaeaa/a? ii?aeiaiiy aeinyaiaiue iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano c
aeooiaiei ?icaeoeii ethaeeie, oi?ioaaiiy ?? iaoeiaiai na?oiaeyaeo,
iino?eia aeooiaia aaeineiiaeaiiy. A oeueiio eiioaeno? aoiai?oa?i?
aeenoeeie?ie ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai oeeeeo, cie?aia, ioce/i?,
iaaoaathoue iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy. Ioceea iiaea noaoe caniaii oi?ioaaiiy
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai iioaioe?aeo o/i?a oiae?, eiee a/eoaeue
?icaeyaea? ?? ye can?a aeaniiai ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/iiai ieneaiiy.

?noi??y ioceee caaaeaee aoea aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a
ioceee, aea inoaii?i /anii aiia iaaoaa? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy. Oea
iiynith?oueny oei, ui ye a?aeiia?aeue ia nioe?aeueia caiiaeaiiy
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeianaiiy eoeueoo?ieia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? aoiai?oa?ieo
aeenoeeie?i, oaiaeaioe??th no/anii? oe?eueii? aeeaeaeoeee ? iineeaiiy
?icaeoeo naiino?eii? ?icoiiai?, ?ioaeaeooaeueii? aeoeaiino? o/i?a
cai?noue o?aaeeoe?eiiai ia?aaaioaaeaiiy iai’yo? oaeoieia?/iei
iaoa??aeii; oe?euei? iaoiaeeee oyae?thoue aei anoaiiaeaiiy aeaaeae?
a?eueo aeeaieeo i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca’yce?a. Ana oea noa? i?ae??oioyi aeey
na?eiciiai ia?aaeyaeo aeeaeaeoe/ieo iiceoe?e ? a aaeoc? ?noi??? ioceee.

I?iaeaie i?ioan?eii? ni?yiiaaiino? ioce/ieo aeenoeeie?i ?icaeyaeaeeny
aaaaoueia a/aieie, ye? aena?oethaaee niaoeeo?eo i?aeaioiaee ia
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoaoao (A.N. ?eena?aa, C.N. Eaanieoey, E.I.
O?eiiaiei, E.I. sseiaaiei oa ?i.), i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a c
ie?aieo aeenoeeie?i (I.I. Ieeiea?iei, O.I. Iiey/aiei, A.I. Naaaeaeae,
I.I. Oaaoeue, TH.?. THoeaae/ oa ?i.), ?icaeoie anoaoe/ieo niae?a oa
?aeaae?a (A.E. A?ee?ia, E.A.Eiaaeue, A.A.Eie??aa, A.I.Iaaeaeea oa ?i.),
oi?ioaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? eoeueoo?e a/eoaey ioceee (A.I.?ano?ea?ia,
I.I.?oaeieoeueea).

Iaeiaio ?ic?iaeaiith ? aaeocue i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iaaeaaia?a-ioceeaio?a c aeenoeeie?i ioce/ii-?noi?e/iiai oeeeeo.
Aeine?aeaeai? eeoa ie?ai? aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaie: aeoiai? oa
i?ciaaaeuei? caaaeaiiy aea/aiiy i?aaeiaoo, niaoeeo?ea oa iaoiaeeea
aaaaeaiiy aei eo?no ?noi??? ioceee o?eaaeiai, iino?eiiai neooaiiy
ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo, ?ieue ?ioiiaoe?eii-ci?noiaiai aiae?co ioce/ieo
oai??a, aieea aeai?iai-noeeueiaiai i?eioeeio no?oeoo?oaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo ia oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo ciaiue (A.?. Ai?aie/e?i, A.I.
Eaioi?, A.E. E?yaeaanueeeo, I.I. I?iaic?ia, E.I. ?eoe?ia, AE.?.
Nieieuenueea oa ?i.).

«?noi??y ioceee» ii??aiyii c ?ioeie aoiai?oa?ieie eo?naie ? iaea?eueo
??ciiieaiiaith, aaaaoineeaaeiaith iaa/aeueiith aeenoeeie?iith.
Caaaeueiee ianya ?ioi?iaoe??, yeee neeaaea? niaoeeo?/iee ci?no naii?
?noi??? ioceee, ? iaoa??ae noi?aeieo aeenoeeie?i, iaa?ae?eaii iia’ycaieo
c iath aeeaieeie i?e/eiii-iane?aeeiaeie ca’yceaie, iano?eueee aaeeeee,
ui iaa?oue o oai?aoe/iiio ieai? ia iiaea aooe ae/a?iaiei i?yeeie
aaciaeie, ?aaeaiaioiaaieie eo?naie, ine?eueee o?ce/ii ia iiaea a ieo
?ici?noeoeny. Iaeiei c oeyo?a, yeee aeicaieeoue ia iaiaaeoaaoe icia/aiee
iaa/aeueiee eo?n aoaeue-yeeie aei?noeeie, oi?iae?ciaaieie ?aieaie, a
caeeoeoe eiai ye a?aee?eoo nenoaio iiaea noaoe iine?aeiaia,
oe?eani?yiiaaia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean eiii’thoa?ii?
oaoiieia??, cie?aia, a?ia?oaenoiaeo iaa/ath/eo i?ia?ai.

?nio? aaeeea eiei ?ia?o iaoeiaoe?a (A.N. Aa?ooinueeee, I.?. AEaeaeae,
TH.?. Iaoaeoeue, I.I.Oiiaiei oa ?i.), o yeeo cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iei i?iaeaiai canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee o
iaa/aii?, ?ic?iaoe? caaaeueieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei nenoaiaoecaoe??,
noai?aii? oa aeei?enoaii? eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai o o?aaeeoe?eiiio
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?. A ?iaioao ?.I.Oea/oe oa O.A. Aieiao?ai?
eiii’thoa? ?icaeyaea?oueny ye can?a ?icaeoeo ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae oa
i?aeaeuaiiy oai?/i? aeoeaiino?. I?ioa i?iaeaia aeei?enoaiiy IE ye iiaiai
eiiiiiaioo a nenoai? aeeaeaeoe/ieo oiia acaaae? ? eiie?aoii a?ia?oaeno?a
o aea/aii? ?noi??? ioceee aeaoaeueii? ?ic?iaee ua ia iaa. Iiaeeea?noue
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo nenoai ?icaeyaeaeany o
Ee?anueeiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (I.?. Aaeee, N.I. Eouaaee, TH.N.
?ainueeee). Aieiaio oaaao iaoeiaoe?a aoei cina?aaeaeaii ia ieoaiiyo
aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo nenoai i?ae /an aea/aiiy nooaeaioaie
a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?e?a eo?no «?ioi?iaoeea».

Noaiiaeua oneeaaeith?oueny ua e oei, ui oaaaa a?eueoino? oao?aoe?a c
eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? iaa/aiiy ni?yiiao?oueny ia noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo
iaa/ath/eo nenoai c aeaiaioaie ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo, oae caaieo aenia?oieo
oa aaia?oth/eo iaa/ath/eo i?ia?ai (I.I. Aeiaayeei, A.?. Ei?iae/oe, A.I.
Iao?oo?i, TH.N. ?ainueeee, ?.E. THuaiei oa ?i.), aea a?ia?oaenoe ye
can?a iaa/aiiy /a?ac oyaio i?inoioo caeeoa?oueny iica oaaaith.
Iaaeaaiae-i?aeoeee, a ca’yceo c no/anieie oaiaeaioe?yie ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueeiai eiii’thoa?iiai ?eieo, iaeaea iaia?ciai? c iaa/aeueieie
?inooiaioaeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieie na?aaeiaeuaie, ye? aeicaieythoue
noai?thaaoe a?ia?oaenoia? i?ia?aie aeey i?aeo?eiee ci?noo iaa/aeueieo
aeenoeeie?i.

Iaiaaeai?noue iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? cia/ouino?
a?ia?oaeno?a ooo/ii aeeo/a? ?o c caaaeueiiai a?naiaeo eiii’thoa?ieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a iaa/aiiy, caeeoath/e iica oaaaith
iaaeaaia?a-i?aeoee?a.

Aaea aeiaaaeaii, ui canoiniaoaaiiy eiii’thoa??a o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
iiaea iaaiith i??ith ci?ieoe eiai ia?aa?a. Eiii’thoa?i? oaoiieia??
iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoeny ye iaeei c oaeoi??a, ye? ooai?ththoue eiiieaen
aeeaeaeoe/ieo oiia ? ni?eythoue ?nioaaiith oa ooieoe?iioaaiith oe?e?nii?
iaaeaaia?/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy. Ia no/aniiio aoai? iiiyooy «aeeaeaeoe/i?
oiiae» ?icaeyaeaee A.A. Aooaiei, E.A. Eiaaeue, ?.I. Ea?iaiei, I.ss.
?inoianueeee, TH.?. THoeaae/, i?ioa ooiaeaiaioaeueii? ?ic?iaee aiii ua
ia io?eiaei.

? i?aenoaae aaaaeaoe, ui ?aaeueiee noai aeeeaaeaiiy ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo
aeenoeeie?i ia a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a ioceee, a noai
? ??aaiue oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e o iaa/aii? – ia’?eoeaiei iio?aaai aoiai?oa?ieo
aeenoeeie?i, cie?aia, ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo. Iniaeeai? aino?ioe oeei
noia?a/iinoyi iaaea? oa, ui aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo oaoiieia?e
aeicaieeoue cia/ii i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe, oa
aiaeii/an caaacia/eoe aeiiii?th iaa/aeueiiai /ano.

Aeooaeuei?noue ? iaaeinoaoiy ?ic?iaeai?noue cacia/aii? i?iaeaie coiiaeee
aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy «Aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae canoinoaaiiy
a?ia?oaenoiaeo i?ia?ai o i?ioean? aea/aiiy aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i (ia
iaoa??ae? ?noi??? ioceee)», aecia/eoe eiai i?aaeiao, iaoo ? caaaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? /anoeiith eiiieaenii? oaie
“Aaeineiiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? oa iaoiae?a aeeeaaeaiiy aeenoeeie?i
ioce/ii-oai?aoe/iiai oeeeeo”, yea aeine?aeaeo?oueny eaoaae?ith oai??? oa
?noi??? ioceee Iae?oiiieuenueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — iniaeeaino? canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e o aea/aii? ?noi??? ioceee ia ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaeoeueoaoao.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaoe?? a?ia?oaenoiai?
oaoiieia?? a i?oean aea/aiiy ?noi??? ioceee oa oiia ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
i?ae /an i?ioan?eii-iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a.

Nie?ath/enue ia iiia?aaei?e aiae?c i?aeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae IE oa ?o
i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, aoea aecia/aia oaea ?iai/a a?iioaca:
aoaeoeai?noue canai?iiy aeenoeeie?i ioce/ii-?noi?e/iiai oeeeeo iiaea
c?inoaoe, yeui o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? oe?eani?yiiaaii
canoiniaoaaoeiooueny oaiaoe/i? a?ia?oaenoe ye caniae canai?iiy,
iiiaeaiiy, ii?aoeueiaoaaiiy, a?aeoai?aiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo oa
eiio?ieth ca eiai aea/aiiyi.

I?ia?aeieie oiiaaie oe??? i?aai?caoe?? ?:

— iiaeaethaaiiy aeeeaaea/ai iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano, ui ii?aeio?
o?aaeeoe?ei? oa a?ia?oaenoia? caniae iaa/aiiy;

— iaieiae?iiy aeeeaaea/ai i?eioeeiaie no?oeoo?oaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo ye ci?noo a?ia?oaeno?a oa oaoiieia??th anoaiiaeaiiy
anioe?aoeaieo ca’yce?a i?ae ?ioi?iaoe?eieie aeieaie oaenoo;

— oi?ioaaiiy o nooaeaio?a iaae/ie ?iaioe c a?ia?oaenoaie ye caniaaie
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ? a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iinoaaeai? oae?
caaaeaiiy:

— ia iniia? aiae?co no?oeoo?ieo oa iaoiaee/ieo aniaeo?a aeeeaaeaiiy
?noi??? ioceee ye aoiai?oa?ii? aeenoeeie?ie aeyaeoe aieiai? i?iaeaie,
ae??oaiiy yeeo iio?aao? aaaaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy;

— c o?aooaaiiyi no/anieo iiaeyae?a ia canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo
oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy iaa?oiooaaoe aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
a?ia?oaeno?a a i?ioean aea/aiiy ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo aeenoeeie?i;

— ia i?ae??oio? aecia/aieo oi?i ? iai?yie?a aeei?enoaiiy iaa/aeueieo
a?ia?oaeno?a ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaoaaoe aeeaeaeoe/io iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe??
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, a yeiio ii?aeiothoueny o?aaeeoe?ei? oa
a?ia?oaenoia? caniae iaa/aiiy; aecia/eoe iiaeeea?noue ?? aeno?aiieyoe??
ia ?io? aeenoeeie?ie aoiai?oa?iiai oeeeeo.

Aoaie oa aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ioiieei o?e aoaie.

Ia?oee, oai?aoe/iee aoai (1992-1994 ??.) aoa i?enay/aiee aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie, aea/aiith iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo, ?ic?iaoe?
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, oi?ioethaaiith oa ooi/iaiith i?aaeiaoo, iaoe oa
caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee, iiooeiai-eiinoaooth/ee (1994-1995 ??.) — aoa ni?yiiaaiee ia
?ic?iaeo ? cae?eniaiiy i?ia?aie aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, aecia/aiith
e?eoa???a oa iieaciee?a ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?icaeoeo
nooaeaio?a, c’ynoaaiith ??ai?a noi?iiaaiino? iaae/ie iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe.

Ia o?aoueiio, aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aoai? (1995-1996 ??.)
cae?eniaii ?ic?iaeo oa ia?aa??eo aeeaeaeoe/ii? iiaeae?, ui ii?aeioaaea,
?nioth/? oiiae iaa/aiiy oa a?ia?oaenoia? i?ia?aie, ei?eaoaaiiy ci?noo,
oeyo?a oa iaoiae?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aieeao c o?aooaaiiyi io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ia ??cieo aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aei o/anoue 622 nooaeaioe. A
eiinoaooth/iio aenia?eiaio? — 368 nooaeaio?a ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a E??iaia?aaenueeiai, A?iieoeueeiai oa Iae?oiiieuenueeiai
iaae?inoeooo?a, I?eea?iaonueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Caii??cueeiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai o/eeeua oa o/i?a ueiee-eiiieaeno ? 9 i. Iae?oiiiey, oa o
oi?ioth/iio — 254 nooaeaioe ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiai oa
i?e?iaeie/i-aaia?ao?/iiai oaeoeueoao?a Iae?oiiieuenueeiai iaae?inoeoooo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o:

— iaaeaaia?/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? aeioe?eueiino? ii?aeiaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo
oaoiieia?e c o?aaeeoe?eieie oi?iaie aea/aiiy ?noi??? ioceee;

— aeyaeaii? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ai?iaaoe?? aeeaeaeoe/ieo oiia
canoinoaaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo i?ia?ai ia ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaeoeueoaoao;

— aeie?aieaii? ca aeeaeaeoe/iei i?ecia/aiiyi oei?a a?ia?oaenoiaeo
i?ia?ai.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny oei, ui ieoaiiy
«eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y iaa/aiiy» aeiiiaith?oueny ? caaaa/o?oueny iaoeiaeie
ciaiiyie i?i nooi?noue iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaenoiaeo i?ia?ai oa
iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae i?aeoe/ii? eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? aoiai?oa?ieo
iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe oa iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a noai?aii?
aeeaeaeoe/ii? iiaeae?, ui ii?aeio? a?ia?oaenoia? oa o?aaeeoe?ei? caniae
iaa/aiiy o aoc?, ?ic?iaoe? caaaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei iiaoaeiae
a?ia?oaenoiaeo i?ia?ai. Oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue ciaeoe aeei?enoaiiy o i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? a/eoae?a
aoaeue-yeiai nooiaith iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo, o noai?aii? aeeaeaeoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue canoiniaoaaoeny o aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a
«?noi??y ioceee», «Ioce/ia e?oa?aoo?a», «Iaaeaaia?ea», «Eiii’thoa?i?
oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy» oa «?ioi?iaoeea» o iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao; a «?inoeoooao i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe», ia eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a; i?ae /an ?ic?iaee iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo
iin?aiee?a oa iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e noiniaii eiii’thoa?ecaoe??
aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii ia eaoaae?? eoeueoo?ieia??
Iae?oiiieuenueeiai iaae?inoeoooo (Aeia?aeea ? 3 i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae
18.09.97?.); o Oaa??enueeiio iaa/aeueiiio eiiieaen? “Oeiea-Aoc”
(Aeia?aeea i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ? 7 a?ae 20.11.97 ?.).

A??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa c?iaeaieo
aeniiae?a caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeieia?/iith iaa?oioiaai?noth aeo?aeieo
iiceoe?e, aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiae?a aaeaeaaoieo i?aaeiaoo, iao?
oa caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth aea??ee, ii?aeiaiiyi
e?euee?nii? ? ye?nii? ia?iaee io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeaoaaeany a i?ioean?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe aaoi?a ia aac? ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiai oa
i?e?iaeie/i-aaia?ao?/iiai oaeoeueoao?a Iae?oiiieuenueeiai iaae?inoeoooo;
/a?ac ioae?eaoe??, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue aieiai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??; oeyoii aenooi?a ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?
iaaeaaia?ee, oai??? oa ?noi??? ioceee Iae?oiiieuenueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
?inoeoooo, eaoaae? iaaeaaia?ee Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo eoeueoo?e. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeaieioai? ? iaaiai?ai? ia ui??/ieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo IAeI?, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
«Iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? o iaaeaaia?oe?» (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1995?.), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aacia?a?ai?noue
?icaeoeo i?ioan?eii-oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a oa nooaeaio?a o nenoai?
ina?oe» (Ee?a-Iae?oiiieue, 1997?.), ia can?aeaii? ae?cii? nan?? OAI II
(Oa?iii?eue, 1997 ?.), a oaeiae aena?oeai? a 6 ioae?eaoe?yo.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 190 iaeiaioaaiue. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia ?82
noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo ? i?noeoue 11 aeiaeaoe?a, 9 oaaeeoeue, 3
noaie, 1 a?ao?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/ai?
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao ? iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeie?aieaii aieiaio i?iaeaio oa
noi?ioeueiaaii a?iioaco, aecia/aii caaaeaiiy oa ?ice?eoi aeei?enoai?
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. E??i oiai, ie?aneai? iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia
oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaeno?a o
aeeeaaeaii? aeenoeeie?i aoiai?oa?iiai oeeeeo» — a eiioaeno? no/anieo
aeiia aei i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee oe?eueieo aeeeaaea/?a ioceee
?icaeyiooi ? i?iaiae?ciaaii iiaeyaee ia niaoeeo?eo aoc?anueeiai iaa/aiiy
oa iiaeeeaino? eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee o i?ioean? eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy;
iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaeno?a o aeeeaaeaii?
aeenoeeie?i aoiai?oa?iiai oeeeeo, cie?aia ?noi??? ioceee.

Iaaeaaiae an?o /an?a iaiaeii?aciai i?aee?anethaaee, ui ioceea ye can?a
aoiai?caoe?? ina?oe ia? i?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy a nenoai?
aeoiaaiiy ethaeeie. Aiae?c iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai aeia?a, ui a oe?eueiiio
ioce/iiio aeoiaaii? niinoa??aa?oueny ooiaeaiaioaeueia ia?ai???ioaoe?y
aieiaieo oe?iiinoae: i?ei??oaoia oaaaa iaaea?oueny ?icaeoeo
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo iiaeyae?a, oyaeaiue oa niae?a oeiey??a /a?ac
ni?eeiaiiy ioceee ye anoaoe/iiai yaeua, ? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iath ye ca
yaeuai nioe?aeueiei. A ca’yceo a oeei aea/aiiy aeenoeeie?i
ioce/ii-?noi?e/iiai oeeeeo noa? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei ? iaaoaa?,
iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy a i?aeaioiaoe? a/eoae?a ioceea.

I?ina?oieoeueea ni?yiiaai?noue ioce/ii-?noi?e/ii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey
aeiaaa? ciaiiy ?noi??? ioceee a oe?ieiio eiioaeno? caaaeueieo oyaeaiue
i?i oeyoe ?icaeoeo ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e ethaenoaa. Oaeee eo?n ia?
a?ae??ciyoeny, ia?o ca ana, aenieei ??aiai ocaaaeueiaiiy ciaiue,
noai?thaaoe aaco aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oi?oeo i?aei?aaeiaoieo
ia?aeaeae, ai?uoaaoe /?oeo e eiiiaeoio oa?aeoa?enoeeo eiaeiiai c?aceo
ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa.

Caaaeuei? oaiaeaioe?? aeeeaaeaiiy ?noi??? ioceee aaea noi?ioaaeeny c
aeinoaoiueith /?oe?noth; aea iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy oeueiai eo?no ia
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oaeoeueoaoao ia a?aoiao? ?o niaoeeo?ee. Ca?aene
c’yaey?oueny iecea na?eicieo noia?a/iinoae i?ae iaiao?aeiei ianyaii
ciaiue c ?noi??? ioceee oa oeie ciaiiyie, ye? aeeeaaea/ iiaea iiaeaoe a
aeineoue iaiaaeaiee aeaaeai?/iee /an; ci?noii ?nioth/eo i?ae?o/iee?a,
ye? noai?thaaeeny aeey i?ioan?eieo ioce/ieo caeeaae?a, oa iio?aaaie
eo?no «?noi??y ioceee», ?ic?aoiaaiiai ia i?aeaioiaeo oao?aoe?a
ina?oyinueeiai i?io?eth; iaiao?aei?noth iiaiiai a?aei?aoeueiaoaaiiy
?noi?eei-anoaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo oa caaaeueiith iaiaaeai?noth iaa/aeueiiai
/ano. Aeey ae??oaiiy cacia/aieo noia?a/iinoae, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aea/aiiy iaoa??aeo c ?noi??? ioceee aeioe?eueiei ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo, iaoeiaeo, oaoi?/ieo oa
iaoiaee/ieo caoiae?a.

C oe??th iaoith a aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaiae?ciaaii ?iaioe c aeeaeaeoeee
(A.I.Aeaenthe, A.I.A?eo?i, A.?.Ei?ioy?a, I.A.Eocuei?ia, I.A.Onaiei oa
?i.), iaaeaaia?ee aeui? oeiee (N.?. A?oaiaaeuenueeee, I.A.?aooo, ?.?.
Eiaeeyoeueeee, A.E.Iaeai?iaea oa ?i.), ineoieia?? (A.A. Aiaiue?a, ?.N.
Eii, A.O. E?nianueeee oa ?i.).

Ia aeoieo iaoeiaoe?a, aoc?anueea nenoaia ina?oe iiaeiia ia o?eueee
aeaaaoe nooaeaioai iaaio nenoaio ciaiue, oi?ioaaoe a ieo i?ioan?ei?
ai?iiy oa iaae/ee, ?icaeaaoe oai?/a ieneaiiy, a e ica?ithaaoe
iaoiaeeeith naiino?eiiai iiooeo ? caeiaoooy ?ioi?iaoe??, iaiao?aeii?
aeey iiaeaeueoi? ae?yeueiino?. Oaea ei?eaoaaiiy caaaeaiue aoc?anueei?
ina?oe nie?a?oueny ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoieia?a c i?iaeai iaoai?cio
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? (E.N. Aeaionueeee, I.ss. Aaeueia??i, A.A.
Aeaaeaeia, Ae.A. Aeueeii?i, A.N. Einothe, I.I. Eaiioue?a, A.O.
E?nianueeee, I.I. Iai/einueea, A.A. Iao?ianueeee, I.O. Oaeec?ia oa ?i.).

Iaa/aeueia ae?yeuei?noue nooaeaio?a caaaeii i?ioiaeeoue ca aecia/aieie
caaaeueieie ineoieia?/ieie caeiiii??iinoyie (aeania aeoeai?noue i?ae /an
iaa/aiiy, aca?iica’ycie i?ae canai?iiyi iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo ?
no?oeoo?ith i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, iaia’yceiaa aeeiiaiiy e
canai?iiy iaaieo ae?e-aoai?a, naiino?ei?noue o ae??ooaaii? i?ciaaaeueieo
caaea/ oa o.?i.), ye?, ii?yae c ineoieia?/ieie iniaeeainoyie
nooaeaionueeiai a?eo, noathoue iniiaith aeey iiaoaeiae iaa/aeueiiai
i?ioeano.

Oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie aoc?anueeiai iaa/aiiy iiaeia aaaaeaoe aenieee
??aaiue aano?aeoiiai ieneaiiy, aeeaiea ocaaaeueiaiiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo, i?iaaaeaiiy iane??cieo i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?ieo ia?aeaeae, iii?e
ia canai?i? i?eioeeiia? iieiaeaiiy i?ae /an aiae?co oa ioe?ioe? iiaeo
eiie?aoieo yaeu ? oaeo?a, oi?ioaaiiy aeanieo noaeaeaiue, iiaeyae?a,
aeoiie c i?iaeai, ye? aea/athoueny. Noiniaii ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaeoeueoao?a aeieea? iio?aaa ?icaeoeo ioce/iiai ieneaiiy — ai?iiy
?icaeyaeaoe ioceeo ye caoeiaee oaiiiai, ? a?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai
oi?ioaaoe a niaoeeo?/iiio iai?yieo ?icoiiaee aia?ao nooaeaio?a.

A iaaeao aeui? oeiee noi?ioaaeeny i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie iaa/aeueiiai
i?ioeano, ye? ca?ac o?aaeeoe?eii ni?eeiathoueny ye aacia?; oea —
eaeoe??, nai?ia?e, eaai?aoi?i? oa i?aeoe/i? caiyooy, eiinoeueoaoe??
oiui. Iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? naiino?eia ?iaioa nooaeaio?a a
iicaaoaeeoi?iee /an, ine?eueee aiie na?aeiii ia?aee iaeaooith i?ioan?th
? iathoue no?eeo iioeaaoe?th aeey iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?. E??i oiai,
nooaeaioe aaea iathoue iaai? niaoe?aeuei? ciaiiy c ??cieo iaoe, a aeaooi
— ? i?ioan?eio i?aeaioiaeo. Caaaeath/e ia oea, cia/io /anoeio
oaeoieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo aiie iiaeooue naiino?eii ii?aoeueiaoaaoe.

Iiooe iiaeo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy iaoiiaea iiyao iecee iiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo
oaoiieia?e, oaeeo, ye «aio/e? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy», «iiaeoeueia
iaa/aiiy», «eiii’thoa?ia iaa/aiiy» oa ?i. An? aiie iieeeeai? yeiiiaa
i?oei?oa ii?aeiaoe niaoeeo?eo aoc?anueeiai ?iaioe c ineoieia??th
iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? aei?inei? ethaeeie. Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiith
aaaaea?oueny eiii’thoa?ia oaoiieia?y iaa/aiiy.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeaie eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? iaa/aiiy
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny aaaaoueia a/aieie. Aieiai? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?
iieiaeaiiy aaaaeaiiy eiii’thoa?a aei iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? (A.?.Aa?a,
I.?.??oia, I.?.AEaeaeae, TH.?. Iaoaeoeue oa ?i.) ? aeie?aieai?
?.ss.Ea?ia?ii aoaie oe??? ae?yeueiino? noaee i?aea?oioyi aeey aecia/aiiy
?ie? oa aeeaeaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy eiii’thoa?a, ie?aneaiiy oeyo?a eiai
aeei?enoaiiy a iaa/aeuei?e ?iaio?. Iiia?aaei?e iaeyae i?aeoe/ieo
iiaeeeainoae eiii’thoa?a aea? i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a?i iiaea
nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue iaa/aiiy, ? aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ia an?o
aoaiao iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano. Na?aae eiea, ?nioth/eo i?ia?aiieo cania?a,
ye iieacaii a aeine?aeaeaii?, aoaeoeaieie ? a?ia?oaenoia? iaa/aeuei?
i?ia?aie.

Iiaii? ? caaa?oaii? eeaneo?eaoe?? eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?ecia/aiiy, yea a ioiiethaaea ana eiei ?nioth/eo i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeo?a
? iiaea a aaaaeaoeny caaaeueiii?eeiyoith, ua ia ?nio?. I?ioa, TH.?.
Iaoaeoeue aeie?aiea ieceo oaeoi??a, ye? o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe i?e noai?aii?
?o eeaneo?eaoe??. Nie?ath/enue ia oe? oaeoi?e-e?eoa???, aoei ?ic?iaeaii
?iai/o eeaneo?eaoe?eio oaaeeoeth, aeei?enoaio aeey aeyaeaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ii? cia/ouino? iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaenoiaeo i?ia?ai. ?acoeueoaoe
oe??? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii o aeaeyae? noaie-«aea?aaa», aea aieiai? aocee
— oea e?eoa??? ioe?iee i?ia?aie, a a?eee — ie?ai? ?ene, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaa/aeueiee a?ia?oaeno.

Noaia 1

Iciaee a?ia?oaenoo ye caniao iaa/aiiy

Ni?yiiaai?noue ia ei?enooaa/?a

Oei i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo ? ?iaioe o/iy

?icaaeoaeai?
aaeaioiaai?

Nooi?iue ?icaeioiino? ae?aeiaiaiai ?ioa?oaeno

na?aaei?e ??aaiue
?icaeioiino? ae?aeiao

aenieee ??aaiue
?icaeioiino? ae?aeiao

Oei ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iaiiaiaiiy

iiii —
?ioi?iaoe?ei?

oaenoia?

eiia?iiaai?

Ooieoe?iiaeueia ni?yiiaai?noue IIC

iie?oe?eueia?

iiiioe?eueia?

Oei iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino?

i?ia?aie aocueei?
ni?yiiaaiino?

ae?aaiinoeei-eiio?iethth/?

?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoeai?

o?aiaaea?e

eiia?iiaai?
i?ia?aie

Cacia/ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe, ui iaa/aeuei?
a?ia?oaenoe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ye
oe?iiee aeeaeaeoe/iee can?a.

Iiiyooy «a?ia?oaeno» a iaaeaaia?oe? ua e aein? ni?eeia?oueny ye
iiaaoe?y, oi/a aiii ia? aeaaith ?noi??th, ine?eueee aeieeei e
noi?ioaaeiny a ?aieao o?einio??, aea a ?iaioao c i?iaeai n?ia?aaoeee
?icaeyaea?oueny oai??y oa i?aeoeea oae caaiiai iae?i?eiiai ienueia
(A.Aoo). C iiyaith iiaiai oaoi?/iiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caniao —
eiii’thoa?a — oe? ?aea? ciaeoee ?aaeueia ao?eaiiy (O.Iaeuenii,
Ae.Aiaaeueaa?o). I?ae /an ?iaioe c «aieiaiei» (ca ci?noii) oaenoiaei
ianeaii ethaeeia iiaea iia?aoeaii caa?oaoeny aei aoaeue-yeiai
«aeiiii?aeiiai» oaenoiaiai o?aaiaioo, ui iia’ycaiee c «aieiaiei»
??ciiiai?oieie anioe?aoeaieie ca’yceaie.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui iiiyooy «a?ia?oaeno» ? aeineoue niaoeeo?/iei ?
ia? oe?eeii eiie?aoiee ci?no, a oiiaao no/anieo eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e
oaeaeeiai, iano?eiiiai ?icaeoeo oaoi?/ii? oa i?ia?aiii? iniiae, aiii ia
aeaeue, ua e aein? ia io?eiaei iaeiicia/iiai, io?oe?eii aeciaiiai
o?aeooaaiiy. No/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? «Multimedia» aeicaieythoue
neioacoaaoe ? iaeii/anii i?aae’yaeyoe oaenoiao, a?ao?/io,
aoae?i?ioi?iaoe?th, ye? oaeiae ii?aeiothoueny anioe?aoeaieie ca’yceaie.
Oea iaaiith i??ith ?icieaa? ia?aeii? iaae? iiiyooy ? iicaaaey? eiai
iaiao?aeii? /?oeino?. A aeine?aeaeaii? cai?iiiiiaaii ye ?iai/ee aa??aio
oaea oi?ioethaaiiy: a?ia?oaeno — oea ?ioa?aeoeaia i?ia?aia, aea ia?aeiia
i?noea iaeaaeeoue oaiaoe/ii ni?yiiaaiiio oaenoo, eio?ee i?noeoue a nia?
caniae iia?aoeaiiai aeoiaeo o aeiiii?aei? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ianeae
aoaeue-yeiai oeio.

Aeie?aieaiiy iiaeeeaeo ooieoe?e ? iaae aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo
i?ia?ai o iaa/aii?, ?icaeyae ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo c oe??? i?iaeaie
noai?ea ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeae? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, aea
ii?aeiai? o?aaeeoe?ei? oa a?ia?oaenoia? oi?ie ? iaoiaee iaa/aiiy.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aea/aiiy aeina?aeo aeeeaaeaiiy aoiai?oa?ieo
aeenoeeie?i, cie?aia ?noi??? ioceee cae?eniaii iiaeeaeaiee aiae?c
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ieo aniaeo?a ?? aea/aiiy ia
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiio oaeoeueoao?.

Ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio noi?iiaaiino? o nooaeaio?a iaae/ie
ii?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaoa??aeo c ?noi??? ioceee cae?eniaii o ia?aa?ao
eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo, a yeiio aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaoiaee
oanooaaiiy, iieooaaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’thaaiiy, aea/aiiy
«i?iaeoeoe??» nooaeaio?a, aiae?c ?ioaineaiino? ? ia??iaee/iino? ?o
caa?iaiiy aei a?ae?ioaee oa oiiioaee.

Eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio iieacaa, ui iiia?aaeiy ioce/ii-?noi?e/ia
i?aeaioiaea nooaeaio?a caaaeii ? iaaeinoaoiueith iiaiioe?iiiio
canai?iith ioce/ii-?noi?e/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee caaaaea? neaaea ciaiiy
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, cie?aia — nooi ioce/iiai (60,8%); a?eueoino?
nooaeaio?a a?aeo? iaae/ie ?aoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iniaenoi?
iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe ? i?aeoe/iiai ai?iiy i?aoethaaoe c? niaoe?aeueiith
e?oa?aoo?ith oa ?ioeie aeaea?aeaie ?ioi?iaoe?? (62,7%).

?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/eee ?aaeueiee noai
aea/aiiy e iiaeaeueoi? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ciaiue c ?noi??? ioceee, aeyaeee
i?e/eie oaeiai noaiiaeua, a oaeiae aeicaieeee ie?aneeoe oeyoe
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ia?oaeno?a.

A II ?icae?e? — «Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea iaaeaaia?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
a?ia?oaenoiaee aeeaeaeoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a» — ?ic?iaeaia, aenia?eiaioaeueii
ia?aa??aia oa a?aeei?eaiaaia aeeaeaeoe/ia iiaeaeue; yea eiioeaio?iaaii
aecia/a? iaaeaaia?/i? ae??, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iei
iniaeeainoyi iaa/aiiy aei?inei? ethaeeie, caaacia/othoue iiaoaiia
aeeth/aiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee aei o?aaeeoe?eiiai iaa/aeueiiai
i?ioeano; aeeeaaeaii i?aai?caoe?th, ia?aa?a ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee cai?iiiiiaaii? iiaeae?;
cae?eniaii e?euee?niee aiae?c oa ye?nio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ui aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aoaeoeai?noue noai?aii?
iiaeae? oa iiaeeea?noue ?? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ianiao i?aeoeeo ioce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo c aeiiiiiaith
?ino?oiaioaeueii-iaaeaaia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua «A?ia?oaeno» aoee noai?ai?
i?ia?aie «Oano-o?aiaaea?» oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeia? a?ia?oaenoia?
i?ia?aie; a na?aaeiaeu? «LinkWay» — iaa/aeueia i?ia?aia «Iana»;
eiio?iethth/a i?ia?aia a?eueiiai iaiiaiaiiy «Eiio?ieue» noai?thaaeany ia
caiiaeaiiy eaoaae?e o?aaeeoe?eiei oeyoii, oiaoi ia iia? i?ia?aioaaiiy
«Ianeaeue».

An? ia?ae?/ai? iaoa??aee a noeoiiino? neeaee cae?i/aiee eiiieaen
a?ia?oaenoiaeo cania?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia eiie?aoi? aeiiae, oiiae ?
oaiaoeeo ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo aeenoeeie?i. Ca nai?i i?noeai o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? ia ieo aoei iieeaaeaii oae? ooieoe??:

— iaa/aeueia i?ia?aia «Iana» oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeia? i?ia?aie —

io?eiaiiy aai iiiaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo i?ae /an canai?iiy iiaeo
oai oa naiii?aeaioiaee;

— i?ia?aie «Oano-o?aiaaea?» — a?aei?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo
i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee aei nai?ia?nueeeo caiyoue, ??ciiiai?oieo
eiio?ieueieo caoiae?a;

— i?ia?aia «Eiio?ieue» — iia?aoeaia i?iaaaeaiiy iioi/iiai oa
i?aenoieiaiai eiio?ieth ca ye?noth canai?iiy ciaiue.

A oeueiio aoai? aenia?eiaioo a?aee o/anoue nooaeaioe ?-ai, ???-ai, ?V-ai
oa V-ai eo?n?a ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo. Ca?aeii c oaiaoeeith
eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai oa ?o aeeaeaeoe/iei i?ecia/aiiyi, oeae aoai
aenia?eiaioo i?iaiaeeany ca oaeei ieaiii: a) ?-e eo?n (63 iniae) —
?iaioa c oanoaie-o?aiaaea?aie oa iaa/ath/ith i?ia?aiith c aeenoeeie?ie
«?noi??y cao?aeii-?a?iiaenueei? ioceee»; a) III-e eo?n (52 iniae) —
aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeiaeo a?ia?oaeno?a c ?noi???
?in?enueei? ioceee; a) ?V-e, V-e eo?n (39 in?a) — aeei?enoaiiy
a?ia?oaenoiaeo eiii’thoa?ieo iaoa??ae?a c ?noi??? ?in?enueei? ioceee oa
?noi??? na?oiai? eoeueoo?e ye caniao i?aeaioiaee aei ?nieo?a. Aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a ae?oaiai aoaio aenia?eiaioo aeyaea, ui aaaaeaiiy ??cieo ca
aeeaeaeoe/iei i?ecia/aiiyi iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaeno?a iii?oii i?aeaeuo?
noai canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, ye?noue i?aeaioiaeaiino? aei
iioi/ieo eiii’thoa?ieo eiio?ieae ca?eueoeeanue ia 4,6 aaee ? ia 0,9 —
i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee aei ?nieo?a. Aoaeoeai?noue canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo i?aeaeueeanue ia 0,7 aaee. Ca aeneiaethaaiiyie nooaeaio?a,
aaaaeaiiy iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaeno?a aeeeeea? a ieo caoe?eaaeai?noue,
nei?i/o? oa?i?i ? iieaaoo? i?ioeaaeo?o i?aeaioiaee aei nai?ia??a oa
eiio?ieueieo caoiae?a, a aeieaeoe?eia iiiaeaiiy ciaiue a aeiiiiiaith
a?ia?oaeno?a noai?th?, oiiae aeey iiaiioe?iii? ?iaioe i?ae /an eaeoe??.

Io?eiai? i?ae /an oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee
aeyaeoe oeyoe aaaaeaiiy iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaeno?a o o?aaeeoe?eio
no?oeoo?o iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, ye? caaaeii neeaaeathoue aeeaeaeoe/io
iiaeaeue (Oaaeeoey 1.).

Oaaeeoey 1.

Aeeaeaeoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui ii?aeio? o?aaeeoe?ei? oa a?ia?oaenoia? caniae
iaa/aiiy

Aeae iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? O?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie ?iaioe Oa ae, c
a?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeainoae eiii’thoa?ii? aace

Aeieaeoe?eia iiiaeaiiy ciaiue Ia aeei?enoiao?oueny
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeia? oa iaa/ath/? a?ia?oaenoe ye can?a
aeieaeoe?eiiai iiiaeaiiy ciaiue

Iia?aeiieaiiy iaa/aeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? Eaeoe?y Eaeoe?y, ?iaioa c
iaa/ath/eie a?ia?oaenoiaeie i?ia?aiaie

Naiino?eia a?aei?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaoa??aeo Naiii?aeaioiaea ca
o?aaeeoe?eiith iaoiaeeeith Oa ae, iethn:

?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeia? a?ia?oaenoe, a?ia?oaenoia? o?aiaaea?e aace
ciaiue oa iia? oeie eiii’thoa?iiai aeaeaiiy.

Iioi/iee eiio?ieue Nai?ia?e Oa ae, iethn oano-eiio?ieue

I?aenoieiaee eiio?ieue Cae?ee, ?nieoe Oa ae, iethn i?aenoieiaee
oano-eiio?ieue

Caaaeaiiyi caeeth/iiai aoaio aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei i?iaanoe i?aeoe/io
ai?iaaoe?th ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano oa ia?aa??eoe
iiaeeea?noue ?? aeno?aiieyoe?? ia ?ioo aoiai?oa?io aeenoeeie?io. Oiio
oeae aoai aenia?eiaioo i?iaiaeeany ia aac? i?e?iaeie/i-aaia?ao?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo, nooaeaioe yeiai aea/athoue caaaeuei? ieoaiiy ioce/ii?
eoeueoo?e a aeenoeeie?i? «Oe?a?inueea oa ca?oa?aeia eoeueoo?a».
A?aoiaoth/e niaoeeo?eo aenia?eiaioaeueiiai eiioeiaaioo, a?ia?oaenoia?
i?ia?aie, ui i?ecia/aeeny naia aeey ieo, aoee aeayeith i??ith ci?iai? ?
aaeaioiaai? aei eiie?aoii? aoaeeoi???.

I?iaaaeaiith oe??? /anoeie aenia?eiaioo ia?aaeoaaea ia?aa??ea
?ai?acaioaoeaiino? aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
oni?oiino? nooaeaio?a c aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i, oanooaaiiy, iieooaaiiy
aeyaeee, ui nooo?ai? ?ica?aeiino? i?ae eiio?ieueiith oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiith a?oiaie iaia?.

Iieacieeaie aoaeoeaiino? aeeaeaeoe/ii? iiaeae? aoee caaaeuei? aaee, ui
io?eiaee aeine?aeaeoaai? i?ae /an ?iaioe c iieooaaeueieie eenoaie.
Aiae?c oeeo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui ye?noue i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a
aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ia 0,88 aaea a?eueoa, i?ae eiio?ieueii?.

I?aenoieia? aeniiaee ?iaeeeny ia iniia? noaoenoe/iiai ii?aoethaaiiy
io?eiaieo aeaieo c canoinoaaiiyi iaia?aiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a –
aeainoi?iiiueiai e?eoa??y A?eeieniia — Iaiia — O?oi?.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy tniinoa?aaeoaaiiai = 359 c e?eoe/iei cia/aiiyi noaoenoeee
O = 527, na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ?ica?aei?noue o ciaiiyo nooaeaio?a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oi ae?enii ?nio? ? ia ? aeiaaeeiaith. Oea aeicaiey?
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui a?ia?oaeno iiaea ?iceyaeaoeny ye aoaeoeaiee can?a
aeeeaaeaiiy aeenoeeie?i aoiai?oa?iiai oeeeeo.

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeai iaa/aiiy o aoc?, cie?aia ia
ioce/ii-iaaeaaia?/iiio oaeoeueoao?, oa ?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai
aenia?eiaioo aeiaaee, ui a?ia?oaenoia? iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie ? aoaeoeaiei
aeeaeaeoe/iei caniaii aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano aea/aiiy ?noi??? ioceee ye
iaei??? c aeenoeeie?i aoiai?oa?iiai oeeeeo, ? aeaee i?aenoaae aeey oaeeo
iniiaieo aeniiae?a:

1. A?ia?oaeno ye can?a i?aai?caoe?? ? i?aae’yaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo aeoeaii aieeaa? ia ??ci? oi?ie iaa/aeueii? ae?yeueiino? e
nooo?ai iie?ioo? aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae aeeeaaeaiiy aoiai?oa?ieo
aeenoeeie?i, yeui eiai i?aenoieiao cia/ou?noue ioe?ithaaoe noia?ii, ca
anoaiiaeaieie a aeine?aeaeai? iieacieeaie.

2. Eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy i?ia?aiiiai eiii’thoa?iiai caaacia/aiiy
nooo?ai i?aeaeuo? ye?noue iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ? noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae
aeey aeeth/aiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai a eiai no?oeoo?o.

3. Oaiaoe/ii oe?eani?yiiaai? a?ia?oaenoe aeicaieythoue cai?iaaaeeoe
iiaee aoai iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe — ia?aaeeaeoe?eia iiiaeaiiy oai?aoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo. Oea iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aeeeaaea/aa? caa?iooe oaaao ia
aeiaeaoeiaa aiioe?eia caaa?aeaiiy ci?noo eaeoe?e ? noai?th? ni?eyoeea?
ia?aaeoiiae aeey eiai e?auiai canai?iiy; aiii ae aeicaiey? i?eae?eyoe
a?eueoa oaaae oi?ioaaiith iaaeaaia?/ii i???ioiaaii? ineoieia?/ii?
aeii?iaioe oa ?icaeoeo ieneaiiy nooaeaio?a.

4. Aaaaeaiiy iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaeno?a aei eiiieaeno aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a, yeeie iiaeooue ei?enooaaoeny nooaeaioe i?ae /an
naiii?aeaioiaee, aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe oa?i?i aeeiiaiiy oe??? oi?ie
?iaioe, /a?ac ui o nooaeaio?a iii?oii cieaeo?oueny ??aaiue ia?aiai?
iai?oae ? noai?ththoueny a?eueo ni?eyoeea? ineoieia?/i? oiiae aeey
iaa/aiiy.

5. Aeyaeaii, ui aieiaieie aeeaeaeoe/ieie oiiaaie canoinoaaiiy
a?ia?oaeno?a o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ?: a) ona?aeiieaiiy iaaeaaiaaie
iaiao?aeiino? aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo oaoiieia?e c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? canai?iiy nooaeaioaie iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo;
a) iiaeaethaaiiy iaaeaaiaaie iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, ui ii?aeio?
o?aaeeoe?ei? oa a?ia?oaenoia? caniae iaa/aiiy oa oi?ioaaiiy iio?aae aei
naiiaiae?co e aaeineiiaeaiiy oe??? iiaeae?; a) cae?eniaiiy aeeeaaea/aie
(c iaoith noai?aiiy noeaia???a a?ia?oaenoiai? i?aeo?eiee iaa/aeueieo
eo?n?a): — no?oeoo?oaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo; — aecia/aiiy eeth/iaeo
ne?a, caaaeyee yeei anoaiiaethaaoeiooueny anioe?aoeai? ca’ycee i?ae
?ioi?iaoe?eieie aeieaie; — eii?aeeioaaiiy iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaeno?a c?
ci?noii eo?no; a) ?ic?iaeaiiy iaaeaaiaaie noaiaea?oeciaaiiai ?ioa?oaeno
iaa/aeueieo a?ia?oaeno?a, ui ni?eyoeia ?iaio? nooaeaio?a c i?ia?aiaie
??ciiai aeeaeaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy; ae) iaieiae?iiy nooaeaioaie
iaae/eaie ?iaioe c eiii’thoa?iith oaoi?eith oa iayai?noue o ieo no?eei?
iioeaaoe?? uiaei nenoaiaoe/ii? ?iaioe c a?ia?oaenoiaeie i?ia?aiaie
??ciiai aeeaeaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy ia aoaiao canai?iiy, iiiaeaiiy,
a?aei?aoeueiaoaaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo oa i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy
eiio?ieueieo caoiae?a.

6. A?ia?oaenoe ??ciiai aeeaeaeoe/iiai i?ecia/aiiy, acyo? o eiiieaen?
(a?ia?oaenoia? iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeia?
a?ia?oaenoe), aeicaieythoue ia?aianoe cia/io e?euee?noue oaeoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo ia naiino?eia ii?aoethaaiiy a iicaaoaeeoi?iee /an; oea
caa??aa? cia/io /anoeio eaeoe?eiiai /ano aeey i?eioeeiiaeo
ocaaaeueiaiue, ooaeiaeiuei-?noi?e/ieo oa o?einionueei-anoaoe/ieo
ia?aeaeae.

7. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii, ui ??ci? aeaee a?ia?oaeno?a
iathoue ??cio aoaeoeai?noue ia ie?aieo aoaiao iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano: a)
iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie a?ia?oaenoiaiai oeio — i?ae /an naiino?eiiai
ii?aoeueiaoaaiiy iiaiai iaoa??aeo; c iaoith a?eueo aeeaieiai aea/aiiy
eiie?aoieo ?icae?e?a i?ia?aie; ia aoai? ia?aaeoth/iai iiiaeaiiy
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, a) ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aeia?aeeia? a?ia?oaenoe — ia
aoaiao iiiaeaiiy iiia?aaei?o ciaiue (ye iiaeeeaee aa??aio aeieaeoe?eiiai
iiaoi?aiiy ciaeiieo oaeo?a); i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee aei iioi/iiai oa
i?aenoieiaiai oi?i eiio?ieth, a) a?ia?oaenoe-o?aiaaea?e — aeey
aoaeoeaiiai oa c?o/iiai ii?aoethaaiiy oaeoieia?/iiai ? i?aeoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo; aeey nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io i?aeaioiaee aei eiio?ieueieo
iieooaaiue; aeey iia?aoeaiiai aeyaeaiiy oa onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a ?
i?iaaeei o i?aeaioiaoe? nooaeaio?a, a) oanooth/a-eiio?iethth/?
a?ia?oaenoe — i?ae /an i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoeaiiai eiio?ieth ca ye?noth
canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo; ye can?a ia’?eoea?caoe?? ioe?iie, ye?
io?eiothoue nooaeaioe ia an?o a?ae??ceao iaaeaaia?/iiai eiio?ieth.

8. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaei, ui a?ia?oaeno ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye aaciao
oaoiieia?/io iniiao aeey noai?aiiy eiiieaeno aeeaeaeoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a,
yeee iiaea ia’?aeioaaoe ??ci? eiiiiiaioe iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano,
neeaaeath/e caaa?oaio nenoaio aeeaeaeoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy. A?ia?oaenoia?
i?ia?aie iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a
i?ioean? aea/aiiy aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i a iaaeao aoaeue-yei? oaoiai?
i?aeaioiaee.

9. I?iaaaeaia ?iaioa ia ae/a?io? an?o aniaeo?a i?iaeaie canoinoaaiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e ye caniao aea/aiiy aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i.
Iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iio?aaothoue
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeaie ?iaioe nooaeaio?a c a?ia?oaenoii,
?iciiae?eo ?ioi?iaoe?? i?ae o?aaeeoe?eieie oa a?ia?oaenoiaeie oi?iaie
iiaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo; ?ic?iaee ? iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaoiaeeee iiaoaeiae oe?e?nieo a?ia?oaenoiaeo iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a;
oaoiieia?? no?oeoo?oaaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo iaoa??ae?a; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
a?ia?oaenoiaeo oaoiieia?e a i?ioean aeeeaaeaiiy ia o?eueee
ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo oa ioce/ii-oai?aoe/ieo aeenoeeie?i, a e i?aaeiao?a
aeeiiaanueeiai ni?yioaaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Iaaeaaia?/i? i?aeaaeeie aeei?enoaiiy iaa/aeueiiai a?ia?oaenoo.// Aoc
nueiaiaeaiiy: I?aeaoc. ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.- O.3.- Iae?oiiieue,
1996.-N.225 – 227.

2. No/ani? aeiiae aei i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey ioceee c
aeenoeeie?i ioce/ii-?noi??/iiai oeeeeo. // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?: 3a. iaoe. i?aoeue.-
Iae?oiiieue, 1997.-N. 82-88.

3. A?ia?oaeno ye no/aniee can?a iaa/aiiy // Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y. —
1997. — ? 4. — N.95-103.

4. I?i aeaye? i?iaeaie aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
i?ia?aiii-iaaeaaia?/ieo cania?a a iaoiaee/i?e ?iaio? aeeeaaea/?a.//
Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy eoeueoo?ieia??: Ca. iaoe.- iaoiae.
i?aoeue.- Ee?a, 1997. -N.177-179.

5. A?ia?oaeno o nenoai? eiii’thoa?ieo cania?a iaa/aiiy // Caniae
iaa/aeueii? oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe: 3a. iaoe. i?aoeue.-
Oa?e?anueeee aea?ae. iaae. oi-o. – Aei. 6.- 1998.- N. 69-77.

6. I?e iii?/iee — a?ia?oaeno. // Ienoaoeoai oa ina?oa. — 1998. — ? 1. —
N. 53-57.

Aea?aa/ I.A. Aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae canoinoaaiiy a?ia?oaenoiaeo i?ia?ai o
i?ioean? aea/aiiy aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01. — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee. —
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi aeei?enoaiiy a?ia?oaeno?a o
aeeeaaeaii? ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo aeenoeeie?i. A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii
caeiiii??iino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ci?no ? i?ecia/aiiy a?ia?oaeno?a a
o?aaeeoe?eiiio iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiiieaenia
canoinoaaiiy a?ia?oaeno?a nooo?ai i?aeaeuo? ye?noue aea/aiiy
aoiai?oa?ieo eo?n?a a iaaeao aoaeue-yei? nenoaie iaa/aiiy.
Cai?iiiiiaaii, oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii oa i?aeoe/ii ai?iaiaaii
aeeaeaeoe/io iiaeaeue, ui ii?aeio? a?ia?oaenoia? oa o?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie ?
caniae iaa/aiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ia?oaeno, iaa/aeueiee i?ioean, aoiai?oa?i?
aeenoeeie?ie, iaaeaaia?/ia aeii?iaioa.

AeA?AA* I.A. Aeeaeaeoe/aneea oneiaey i?eiaiaiey aeia?oaenoiauo i?ia?aii
a i?ioeanna eco/aiey aoiaieoa?iuo aeenoeeieei (ia iaoa?eaea enoi?ee
iocuee). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey a aeaea ?oeiiene ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey
iaaeaaiaeee Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai eniieueciaaiey aeia?oaenoia a
i?aiiaeaaaiee iocueaeueii-enoi?e/aneeo aeenoeeieei. A ?aaioa
enneaaeiaaiu caeiiiia?iinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, niaea?aeaiea e iacia/aiea
aeia?oaenoia a o?aaeeoeeiiiii o/aaiii i?ioeanna. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
eiiieaeniia eniieueciaaiea aeia?oaenoia nouanoaaiii iiauoaao ea/anoai
eco/aiey aoiaieoa?iuo aeenoeeieei a ethaie nenoaia iao/aiey.
I?aaeeiaeaia, oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia e i?aeoe/anee ai?iae?iaaia
aeeaeaeoe/aneay iiaeaeue, a eioi?ie eiae/ii ni/aoathony aeia?oaenoiaua e
o?aaeeoeeiiiua oi?iu e n?aaenoaa iao/aiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeia?oaeno, o/aaiue i?ioeann, aoiaieoa?iua
aeenoeeieeiu, iaaeaaiae/aneay aeiieiaioa.

Dergach M.A. The didactic conditions of the usage of hypertext
programmes in the process of studying the humanities. – Manuscript.

The Thesis for a candidates degree in pedagogics speciality – 13. 00.
01. – The theory and the history of Pedagogic. – Kiev Shevchenko
University, Kiev, 1998.

The Thesis is devoted to the questions of the usage of hypertext
programmes in the process of studing the humanities.

In the Thesis the regularities oh functioning, the contents and role of
educational hypertexts in the traditional process of teaching’ the
history of music at the music-pedagogical faculties have been
re-searched. It has been determined that the complex usage of hypertexts
improves essentially the quality of the traditional educational process
of studing any humanities within any specialist training.

The didactic model which combines hypertext and traditional forms and
methods of studying has been offered. It is efficiency has been proved
theoretically proved and practically confirmed.

Key words: hypertext, educational process, the humanities, pedagogical
dominating idea.

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