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Діагностика інфекційного ринотрахеїту-пустульозного вульвовагініту великої рогатої худоби за показниками антитіл в носовому, піхвовому секретах та сль

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?INOEOOO AENIA?EIAIOAEUeII? ? EE?I?*II? AAOA?EIA?II?

IAAeEOeEIE OAAI

IAOEIANUeEA NA?OEAIA A?EAI??AIA

OAeE 619:616.98:578.825.15:616-076:636.2

Ae?AAIINOEEA ?IOAEOe?EIIAI ?EIIO?AOA?OO-IONOOEUeICIIAI

AOEUeAIAAA?I?OO AAEEEI? ?IAAOI? OOAeIAE CA IIEACIEEAIE

AIOEO?E A IINIAIIO, I?OAIAIIO NAE?AOAO oa NEUeIC?.

16.00.03. – aaoa?eia?ia i?e?ia?ieia?y oa a??onieia?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

OA?E?A – 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio ciiaaoa?eia?iiio ?inoeooo? I?i?noa?noaa
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AIAOAIEI
Aieiaeeie? Iaeneiiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee
?inoeooo,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?e?ia?ieia??,

a??onieia?? oa ?ioiieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, aeaaeai?e OAAI

?IIAIAIEI Aieiaeeie? Ieeeiiae/,

?inoeooo aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie
OAAI,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? aaiaoeee

oa ?ioiieia??;

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EIAAEUeIA Aaneeue Eueaiae/,

E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?e?ia?ieia??
oa a??onieia??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, eaoaae?a i?e?ia?ieia?? oa a??onieia??.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 9 00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.359.01, i?e ?inoeooo?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI ca
aae?anith: 310023, Oa?e?a – 23, aoe.Iooe?inueea, 83.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI, i. Oa?e?a,
aoe.Iooe?inueea,83.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “21” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Eiia?aeaanueeee E.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?aeiii, ui caoaeieeaie a??onieo caoai?thaaiue
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae c ia?oi/a?aiaei o?aaeaiiyi ?ani??aoi?ieo i?aai?a
? a??one ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo-ionooeueiciiai aoeueaiaaa?i?oo
(??O-?IA), ia?aa?eio-3 (IA-3), ?ani??aoi?ii-neioeeo?aeueii? ?ioaeoe??
(?N?), aaeaiia??onii? ?ioaeoe?? (AAeA), a??onii? ae?a?a?-oai?iae
neeciaeo iaieiiie (AAe-AN). Aiie o?aaeathoue iie?eaiee ai?oae?e ? oei
naiei noai?ththoue ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey ?iciiiaeaiiy aaeoa??aeueii?
i?e?ioei?e, yea coiiaeth? aaaeeee ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy ( I.O.
Oo?aoa, 1981; I.I. E?theia, C.O. Coae?e?ia, 1985; A.A.
Aoaianue,1986; ?.A. Aoiaieia, I.E. Nooa?iaa, 1987; ss. E. Aeooia,
1988; I. A. E?ani/ei, 1993; Z. Pos?ilis, 1983; M. Ackermann,1990;
El. Savalchy, 1995).

O ainiiaea?noaao Oe?a?ie na?aae aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ia? ??O-?IA ( ?.A.Aiae???a,1978; I.I. Ooen, 1990; I.I.
*a/ioe?ia,1995). sse i?aaeei, ae?aaiic ia oea caoai?thaaiiy
anoaiiaeth?oueny ia i?aenoaa? aeyaeaiiy a??ono a iaoieia?/iiio iaoa??ae?
iaoiaeaie ?O, ?AeI, ?CE, ?OA, aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??; aeae?eaiiy
caoaeieea a eoeueoo?? ee?oei (IAE, IO, OA, i?aaiieo eoeueoo?ao aa?oi?o
aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a) oa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? eiai a na?ieia?/ieo ?aaeoe?yo
(?I, ?IAA, ?CE, ??O); aeyaeaiiy aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oai?eo ?
ia?aoai??eeo oaa?ei (?ao?iniaeoeaia ae?aaiinoeea) a na?ieia?/ieo
?aaeoe?yo (?I, ?IAA, ?CE) (A.?. Aioiiia, 1987). I?ioa aeey aeae?eaiiy
ae?ono ca?aeii c oe??th noaiith iaiao?aeii 30-45 aei?a, a aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ?ao?iniaeoeaii? ae?aaiinoeee iio??aiee iiaoi?iee a?aea??
ne?iaaoee e?ia? c ?ioa?aaeii 21 aeaiue. Ethi?ianoeaioiee iaoiae ?
oaeaeeei ? iaae?eiei, aea i?e oeueiio iio?aao? niaoe?aeueiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy e aenieii/euaii? aioene?iaaoee, iii?/aii? oethi?io?iiii.

O oe?e noai? ia a?aeaaaeaii i?noey aeine?aeaeaiith ??cieo a?ieia?/ieo
??aeei i?aai?cio, ie??i ne?iaaoee e?ia?, oi/a inoaii?i /anii aaaaoueia
a/aieie i?eae?ey?oueny aaeeea oaaaa aea/aiith ?ie? aioeo?e, ye?
i?noyoueny o oeeo ??aeeiao oa a?aeiinyoueny aei ??cieo eean?a
?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a (Ig M, G, A), a oiio /ene? e sIg A.

Oaeeie ??aeeiaie iiaeooue aooe nae?aoe i?aai?cio: iieiceai, neeia,
neueica, neec eeoeiaiai o?aeoo, iina, noaoaaeo i?aai?a (ss.N.
Oaa?oeiai, 1978; A.A. Na?a??a, O. ?. Ae?ia?,1988). O ca’yceo c
aaaeeeaith a?ieia?/iith ooieoe??th, yeo aeeiiothoue ?ioiiaeiaoe?ie
nae?ao?a ii caoenoo i?aai?cio oaa?ei a?ae iaoiaaiieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a,
aeyaeaiiy inoaii?o oa aecia/aiiy ?o eiioeaio?aoe?? ? aeoaea nooo?aei,
aea, ia iao iiaeyae, iaeiaiao?aei?oei ia? aooe ia no?eueee aeyaeaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? eiaeiiai eeano ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, ne?eueee aecia/aiiy
niaoeeo?/iino? oeeo aioeo?e i?e eiaeiiio ?ioaeoe?eiiio caoai?thaaii? c
iaoith iinoaiiaee ae?aaiico.

A oie aea /an, iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii a no/ani?e noai?, ia iao iiaeyae,
a?aeia?aaeaia ?ieue oeeoiii?oieia?/iiai iaoiaeo ae?aaiinoeee i?e
aeyaeaii? a??ono ??O-?IA. Aaaaoi a/aieo, ye? aea/aee oea ieoaiiy,
aianee aaaiiee aianie o ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ?acii
c? ca?aii a aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e a?aeiinii oeeoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i, ye?
aeieeathoue i?ae ae??th a??ona ??O-?IA, ?niothoue aeaye? ?ica?aeiino? a
oeoia/aii? ie?aieo iiiyoue (Oo. I?eieao,1965; ?.A. Aaa?eiaa,1974; A.Ae.
Nieiaeia oa ?i.,1979; Ae.A. Aeai?oaanueeee, 1981; N.O. *?a?e?a oa
?i.,1984; M. Begawi, 1988; V. Palfi, 1989; J. Viskers, 1993; H.
Weissenbock, 1995).

A?aoiaoth/e aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie oa iaaeinoaoi? aea/aiiy
?ioiieia?/iiai oa oeeoiii?oieia?/iiai iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee i?e oeueiio
caoai?thaaii?, aoee i?iaaaeai? a?aeiia?aei? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
i?enay/aia ae?iaie/?e ae?aaiinoeoe? ?ioaeoe?eiiai
?eiio?aoa?oo-ionooeueiciiai aoeueaiaaa?i?oo (??O-?IA) aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae oa a?aeiineoueny aei aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie: “Anioe?eiaai?
?ioaeoe?? ? iia? i?aeoiaee aei no/anii? i?iaeaie ?ioaeoe?eii?
iaoieia?? oaa?ei”, ? 0194e027849.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei aea/eoe iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy iiniaiai, i?oaiaiai nae?ao?a oa neueice aeey aeyaeaiiy
niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e, a oaeiae iieacaoe cia/aiiy oa i?noea
?ioiieia?/iiai oa oeeoiii?oieia?/iiai iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee ??O-?IA.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeoe iayai?noue niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e i?ioe a??ono ??O-?IA a

iiniaiio, i?oaiaiio nae?aoao oa neueic? ca aeiiiiiaith ?IAA oa ?IAA.

2. Aea/eoe aeeiai?eo aioeo?e i?ioe a??ono ??O-?IA o oeeo ??aeeiao
i?aai?cio oaa?ei ?c ??cieo ainiiaea?noa.

3. I?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy c ca?aaeaiiyi eoeueoo?e ee?oei aeey ooi/iaiiy
aoai?a ? oa?i?i?a ?icaeoeo OeIAe i?e ?ai?iaeoeoe?? a??ono ??O-?IA.

4. Aeyaeoe i?enooi?noue a??ono a ee?oeiao neeciaeo iaieiiie iina oa
i?oae ca aeeooy aai i?ney caaeaae? oaa?ei oeyoii aeyaeaiiy
o?eaoeue-aeeth/aiue i?ney ioa?aeaiiy ?o ca iaoiaeaie Naee??na, Aa?eaoa,
Iae-A?thiaaeueaea, A?aoa oa Oueieueaaia.

5. Aecia/eoe ae?aaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo aeaieo ii aeyaeaiith
aioeo?e a nae?aoao, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeenue, a oaeiae oeeoieia?/ieo ci?i
aeey ae?aaiinoeee caoai?thaaiiy ca aeeooy oaa?ei oa i?ney ?o caaeaae?,
aeey aeae?eaiiy a??ono ia eoeueoo?? ee?oei i?e i?iaaaeaii? caoiae?a ii
icaei?iaeaiith ainiiaea?noa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa aei?iaoaai? ??ci?
nae?aoe i?aai?cio (iiniaee, i?oaiaee oa neueica ) aeey aeyaeaiiy a ieo
niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e i?ioe a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo a ?IAA oa
?IAA a yeino? aeiaeaoeiaiai oanoo i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? ??O-?IA. Anoaiiaeaia
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiniaiai nae?aoo ye ae?aaiinoe/iiai iaoa??aeo
i?e aeyaeaii? oaa?ei, ?io?eiaaieo a??onii ??O-?IA. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
aeei?enoaiiy iiniaiai nae?aoo aeicaiey? ?a?no?oaaoe aino?o ?ioaeoe?th
i?e aeyaeaii? aioeo?e a oeo?ao a?ae 4 aei 7 log2, a oaeiae oee?eoeyoe?th
a??ono a ainiiaea?noaao i?e ??ai? aioeo?e a?ae 1 aei 3 log2. Iieacaii,
ui ??ciee ??aaiue aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? oa ne?iaaooe? e?ia? iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaiee ye e?eoa??e i?e anoaiiaeaii? ae?aaiico ia ??O-?IA.
Aea/ai? iieacieee aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? i?e aaeoeeiaoe?? aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae a??on-aaeoeeiith i?ioe ??O-?IA. Anoaiiaeaii, ui no?iee
iiyae aioeo?e oa ?o ??aaiue a iiniaiio nae?ao? oa ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
caeaaeaoue a?ae niiniao aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie. I?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai
aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie “A?aae” ??aaiue aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? ??cei
c?inoa? a?ae 0 aei 7 log2, a iio?i cieaeo?oueny, a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiaa ca?eueoaiiy oeo??a aioeo?e, a ?o ??aaiue
ieae/ee, i?ae a iiniaiio nae?ao? ia 3-4 log2. I?ney i?aeoe??ii?
?ioi?caoe?? oeo?e aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? e ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
ca?eueooaaeenue iinooiiai, a ?o ??aaiue aoa aeuei a ne?iaaooe? a
na?aaeiueiio ia 1 log2.

Iieacaii oaeiae, ui i?e eiioaeo? aaeoeeiiaaieo oaeyo c iaaaeoeeiiaaieie
iiaeeeaa o?aaeaiiy inoaii?o, ui anoaiiaeaii oeyoii aeyaeaiiy aioeo?e a
iiniaiio nae?ao?, ??aaiue yeeo /a?ac 7 aei?a i?ney eiioaeoo c?inoa? a?ae
0 aei 4 log2.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?ioean? ?ai?iaeoeoe?? a??on ??O-?IA ooai?th?
aacio?euei? o?eueoey-aeeth/aiiy, ye? iio?i iaaoaathoue ieneo?eueieo
aeanoeainoae ye a eoeueoo?? ee?oei, oae ? a i?aai?ci? ?io?eiaaieo
oaa?ei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeaioiaeai?, ?icaeyioo?
oa caoaa?aeaeai? IO? I?iaa?ii?iio Oe?a?ie iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei aeei?enoaiiy iiniaiai, i?oaiaiai nae?ao?a oa neueice aeey
ae?aaiinoeee ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo-ionooeueiciiai aoeueaiaaa?i?oo
ca aeiiiiiaith ?IAA oa ?IAA” (i?ioieie ? 1, a?ae 18 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei i?aai?cio aea? aeiaeaoeiao
?ioi?iaoe?th, yea ?icoe?th? oyaeaiiy i?i iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao
?ioaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano i?e ??O-?IA o oaa?ei a ??cieo ainiiaea?nueeeo
oiiaao, a oaeiae i?e ??ci?e ai?ciioe/i?e neooaoe??. ?ioiieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy oeeo ??aeei i?aai?cio aeathoue iiaeeea?noue iinoaaeoe
i???ioiaiee ae?aaiic ia ??O-?IA o ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. A iaeaooiueiio
aeioe?eueiei aoaea aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieacieee aioeo?e a nae?aoao i?e
i?iaaaeaii? iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith ae?? aaeoeei ia
i?aai?ci oaa?ei (?ioiiaaiiino?, caeeoeiai? a??oeaioiino?,
?aaeoiaaiiino?).

I?iaaaeai? oeeoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeacothoue ia iayai?noue
oa?aeoa?ieo oeeoiiaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae a??ono ??O-?IA.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e i?iaaaeaii?
eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue ia eaoaae?? ai?ciioieia?? oaeoeueoaoo
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai?
caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi i?e aeeiiaii? ani??aionueeeo caaaeaiue, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ia?aeiiith aeieoiaioaoe??th, ui??/ieie ca?oaie i?i
o?ae aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe, i?iaaaeaiith noaoenoe/iith ia?iaeith io?eiaieo
aeaieo, a oaeiae ioae?eaoe?yie o a?aee?eo?e i?an?. O ?iaioao,
iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, caeiaoaa/ aoea aieiaiei aeeiiaaoeai
aenia?eiaio?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? i?e aeoeai?e o/ano?
ni?a?ia?oiee?a eaai?aoi??? aea/aiiy a??onieo oai?ia iieiaeiyeo oa
a??onieia?/iiai a?aeae?eo ?A?EAI.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? ia
??/ieo ca?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo OCA? ca 1988-1998 ?.?.; ia i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaiu iao/iiai iaania/aiey aeeaioiiaiaenoaa Iieaeaaee”
(Eeoei?a,1990); ia c’?cae? oa eiioa?aioe?yo ia?aceoioeaiieia?a Oe?a?ie
(Oa?e?a, Eoaainuee, 1995-1997); ia ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
i?e?ia?ieia?? OCA? (Oa?e?a, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeai? o 7 ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a?: anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e,
aeani? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiaee
oa i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe??, aeiaeaoee. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 136
noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 21 ?enoieii
oa 12 oaaeeoeyie, a oaeiae ia? 11 aeiaeaoe?a, ye? ?ici?uai? ia 25
noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 363 i?aoe?, ?c ieo 145
caei?aeiiieo aaoi??a oa caeia? 42 noi??iee.

AEANI? AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue ia eaoaae?? i?e?ia?ieia??, a??onieia?? oa
?ioiieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo, a Eoaainuee?e
aea?aeaai?e eaai?aoi??? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, a oaeiae ia aac?
ainiiaea?noa Oa?e?anueei?, Eoaainueei?, Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeanoae.

Iaoiaeeea io?eiaiiy nae?ao?a ? i?aeaioiaee ?o aei aeei?enoaiiy aoea
a?aei?aoeueiaaia ia oaeyoao ? ei?iaao, ye? iaeaaeaee o/ainio “I?ia?an”
Aea?aa/?anueeiai ?aeiio Oa?e?anueei? iaeano?, aea aoei aeine?aeaeaii 18
ei??a 5-6-??/iiai a?eo oa 5–6 oaeyo 2,5-3-i?ny/iiai a?eo, ye?
oo?eioaaeenue a ie?aiiio i?ei?uaii? a /ioe?ueio a?oiiaeo ee?oeao.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeyaeaiith niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e a iiniaiio, i?oaiaiio
nae?aoao oa neueic? i?iaiaeeee ia aaeoeeiiaaiiio iiaie?a’?, yea
iaeaaeaei ENI ?i. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai I?eiiieuenueeiai ?aeiio
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeano?, aea canoiniaoaaee aaeoeeio “A?aae”,
ae?iaieeii yei? ? Noaa?iiieuenueea a?ioaa?eea (na??y ?8, aea?aeeiio?ieue
?8). Ca?aeii c ianoaiiaith aaeoeeio aaiaeeee ?io?aiacaeueii ii 1 ni3 a
eiaeio i?cae?th. Iaoa??ae a?aeae?aee a?ae 16 aaeoeeiiaaieo oaeyo /a?ac
14 aei?a i?ney ?ioi?caoe??.

Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy niaoeeo?/iino? aioeo?e, ye? aeyaeyee a ?IAA ? ?IAA
i?e aeei?enoaii? iiniaiai, i?oaiaiai nae?ao?a oa neueice aoei i?iaaaeaii
aeniaaeaiiy ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a a cacia/aieo ia,?eoao oeyoii aeiaeaiiy aei
ieo ??aeei, ye? oo?eioaaee aiiieia?/iee oa aaoa?ieia?/iee (??O-?IA ?
IA-3) a??one, ?iaeoeaaoe?th ia,?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e O-560N i?ioyaii
30 oaeeei. Iaeaea? ?aaeoe?? oaeiae noaaeee c eiio?ieueieie
ae?aaiinoeeoiaie, ye? ia i?noeee aioeaaio.

Iiniaee, i?oaiaee nae?aoe oa neueica aeei?enoai? aeey aea/aiiy no?ie?a
oi?ioaaiiy ?ioiii? a?aeiia?ae? a caeaaeiino? a?ae niiniao ?ioi?caoe?? o
aaeoeeiiaaieo i?ioe ??O-?IA oaa?ei. Io?eiai? aeai? ni?anoaaeai? c?
no?ieaie iiyae aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?. C oe??th iaoith aoei
i?iaaaeaii aeine?ae, aeey yeiai a?ae?a?ai? na?iiaaaoeai? oaeyoa
1,5-i?ny/iiai a?eo, i?ecia/ai? aeey a?aeaiae?ae?. A ENI
?i.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai I?eiiieuenueeiai ?aeiio Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaeano? aoee noi?iiaai? o?e a?oie oaa?ei (aea? – aeine?aei?, iaeia –
eiio?ieueia). Oaeyoai aeine?aeieo a?oi aaiaeeee aaeoeeio “A?aae”: ia?o?e
a?oi?, ca?aeii c ianoaiiaith, ?io?aiacaeueii, ae?oa?e – i?aeoe??ii.
Iaoa??ae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeae?aee /a?ac 3, 7, 15, 30 ? 45 aei?a
i?ney ?ioi?caoe?? ? aecia/aee ??aaiue aioeo?e a ?IAA.

O ae?iaie/eo oiiaao aeei?enoaiiy iiniaiai nae?aoo ye ae?aaiinoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo aoei ai?iaiaaii ia ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo oaeyoao, ye? aoee
ia?iaeaeai? a?ae ei??a, ?c ainiiaea?noa c ??ciith ai?ciioe/iith
neooaoe??th c a??onieo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue, a a 25-aeaiiiio
a?oe? ia?aaiaeeeenue a ainiiaea?noaa, ye? caeiathoueny a?aeaiae?aeath
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae. Aeey aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee i?ioeano
aioeo?eiooai?aiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy ?ie? i?noeaaiai ?ioi?oaoo i?e ??O-?IA
aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeyaeaiith aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao?
oa ne?iaaooe? e?ia? o oaeeo oaeyo a ainiiaea?noaao-iinoa/aeueieeao, a
oaeiae i?e oo?eiaii? ?o a niaoeainiao ii a?aeaiae?ae?. Iaoa??ae
a?aeae?aee o oaeyo 5-, 25-aeaiiiai a?eo a
ainiiaea?noaao-iinoa/aeueieeao, a a ainiiaea?noaao ii a?aeaiae?ae? – a
45-, 60- oa 90-aeaiiii? a?oe? i?e noi?niiio oo?eiaii? caaacaieo oaa?ei.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee a Eoaainuee?e iaeano? a aeaio
ainiiaea?noaao-iinoa/aeueieeao: ENI “Oe?a?ia” Naao?anueeiai ?aeiio
(ainiiaea?noai ?1) ? AAO “I?aaaea” Iiai-Aeaea?nueeiai ?aeiio
(ainiiaea?noai ?2) ? a iaeiiio niaoeaini? – ENI ?i. Eai?ia Naao?anueeiai
?aeiio.

Aeey c,ynoaaiiy ieoaiiy i?i iiaeeea?noue ia?aaea/? aaeoeeiiiai a??ono
iaaaeoeeiiaaiei oaa?eiai a oiiaii aeaaiiieo/iiio c ??O-?IA ainiiaea?noa?
– ENI “Oe?a?ia”, yea ? iinoa/aeueieeii aeey ENI ?i. Eai?ia, aoei
i?iaaaeaii aeine?ae ?2. Aeey oeueiai ia IOO ?3, aea oo?eioaaeenue 98
aie?a iieiaeiyea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a?eii a?ae 3 aei 14 i?nyoe?a,
i?iaaaeaia ?ioi?caoe?y 18 oaeyo 3,5-i?ny/iiai a?eo, ye? aoee a o?niiio
eiioaeo? c 21 aieiaith iaaaeoeeiiaaieo oaeyo oiai ae a?eo. Oaa?eie
oo?eioaaeenue a non?aei?o a?oiiaeo ee?oeao, ye? iaee caaaeueio
aiae?aieoeth. Aaeoeeio “A?aae” o aeic? 1 ni3 canoiniaoaaee
?io?aiacaeueii ca?aeii c ianoaiiaith. Aei aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie, a oaeiae
/a?ac iaeei ? aeaa oeaei? i?ney ?iieoeyoe?? a?ii?aia?aoo, nae?ao ?c
iiniai? ii?iaeieie ? ne?iaaoeo e?ia? a?ae aaeoeeiiaaieo, a oaeiae
iaaaeoeeiiaaieo oaa?ei, ui ciaoiaeeeenue c ieie a eiioaeo?,
aeine?aeaeoaaee a ?IAA.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeyaeaiith aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? c aeei?enoaiiyi
?IAA oa ?IAA i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii c ?nioth/eie ?ino?oeoe?yie, a a nae?aoao
– ca?aeii c oaeineiiaeaiith iaie iaoiaeeeith. A aeine?aeieo oa
ae?iaie/eo oiiaao aoei aeei?enoaii 395 oaeyo ??ciiai a?eo ? 18 ei??a
5-6-??/iiai a?eo. ?I, ??O oa a??onieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee
ca?aeii c ?nioth/eie ?ino?oeoe?yie (A.?. Aioiiia, 1986,1987); a oaeiae
iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie (?.A. Aiae???a, I.I. *a/ioe?ia, I.I. Ooen,
1990).

I?e i?iaaaeaii? oeeoiii?oieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaee
iaoiaeeee, iienai? A. ?iiaenii (1954), C.Ey?ne?, (1980), A.I. Nth??iei
(1972-1991). I?e?ioioiiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith
ieoey?-i?e?iiao?a IIA-1-1,5o, a?aaeoeiaaii? oeaee ieoey?a 7o.
Ia,?eo-i?e?iiao? aeei?enoiaoaaee aeey ia?a?aooieo ?ici???a ia,?eo?a, ye?
ae?aaeaee a i?e?iiao?ao (iei). I?e?ioioia?aooaaiiy aoei i?iaaaeaii ia
i?e?ineii? “A?ieai-212” c i?e?ioioiianaaeeith IOIA -1O4.2.

Caaaeueiee a?eie a a?ieia?/ieo ??aeeiao i?aai?cio aeyaeyee ca
a?o?aoiaith ?aaeoe??th (A.A. Eiea,1982). Ciiaeueiee aeaeo?ioi?ac
i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith I. A?aaa?a oa I. Ao?oaia (1963).

?ACOEUeOAOE AEANIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei i?aai?cio

aeey ae?aaiinoeee ??O-?IA

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? ia oaeyoao 1,5-i?ny/iiai a?eo, ee?i?/ii
caei?iaeo ? aaeoeeiiaaieo i?ioe ??O-?IA a??on-aaeoeeiith “A?aae”.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ??ci? nae?aoe i?aai?cio (iiniaee, i?oaiaee, oa neueica)
iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey aeyaeaiiy a ieo aioeo?e. O aaeoeeiiaaieo
oaeyo oeo? aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? a ?I aoa 3,06 log2, a iiniaiio
nae?ao? – 3,25 log2, a i?oaiaiio nae?ao? oa neueic? aioeo?ea ia
aeyaeyeenue. A ?IAA aioeo?ea a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aoee aeyaeai? a oeo?ao
5,3 log2, a iiniaiio nae?ao? – 7,36 log2, a neueic? oa i?oaiaiio nae?ao?
eieeaaeenue a iaaeao a?ae 1 aei 2 log2. A ?IAA a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aoee
aioeo?ea a oeo?ao 6,3 log2, a iiniaiio nae?ao? – 5,1 log2, a i?oaiaiio
nae?ao? oa neueic? aei – 1log2.

I?ae /an aeaeo?ioi?aoe/iiai ?iciiae?eo a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei ia o?aeoe??, a
ieo aeyaeai? aeueaoi?ie ? aaoa-, aaiaaeiaoe?ie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy c
aea/aiiy niaoeeo?/iino? aioeo?e iieacaee, ui a i?iaao, acyoeo a?ae
aaeoeeiiaaieo oaeyo ? i?aeaeaieo aeniaaeaiith ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a oeyoii
aeiaeaiiy aei ieo aiiieia?/iiai aioeaaio (a??ono ??O-?IA), aoeo?ea ia
aeyaeyeenue, a i?e aeiaeaaaii? aei ieo aaoa?ieia?/iiai aioeaaio (a??ono
IA-3) oeo? aioeo?e ia ci?ithaaany. I?ney ?iaeoeaaoe?? cacia/aieo
ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e oaiia?aoo?? 560N i?ioyaii 30 oaeeei
a?aeaoaaeiny iacia/ia cieaeaiiy oeo??a aioeo?e ( ia 0,2-0,5 log2) a
ii??aiyii? c aecia/aiiyi ?o a iaoeaieo i?ici?eo i?iaao. I?e
aeine?aeaeaii? a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei c eiio?ieueieie ae?aaiinoeeoiaie, ye?
ia oo?eioaaee aioeaaio, niiioaiii? (ianiaoeeo?/ii?) aaethoeiaoe?? ia
niinoa??aaeinue.

Ia?aa??ea niaoeeo?/iino? aioeo?e, ye? aeyaeyeenue a ?IAA oa ?IAA,
i?aeoaa?aeeea i?eaeaoi?noue aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ye iaoeaieo, oae ?
?iaeoeaiaaieo i?ia, ine?eueee cieaeaiiy oeo??a aioeo?e a inoaii?o aoei
iacia/iei, a cao?aoe /ano ia i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaeoeaaoe?? c ianooiiei
iiaoi?iei oeaio?eooaoaaiiyi c iaoith ina?oeaiiy ??aeeie aeineoue aaeee?,
ie aaaaea?ii iiaeeeaei aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoeai?
i?iae, aea i?e oeueiio ??aeeie iaia’yceiai iiaeii? aooe i?ici?eie.

I?e ii??aiyii? ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ?IAA oa ?IAA anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e
aeei?enoaii? iaio ?aaeoe?e aeey aeyaeaiiy aioeo?e a iaeieo ? oeo aea
i?iaao, ?IAA iieacaea a?eueo aenie? oeo?e aioeo?e, i?ae ?IAA o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ia 1,5-2,0 log2, a i?e aeyaeaii? aioeo?e a a?ieia?/ieo
??aeeiao, iaaiaee, a ?IAA aoee io?eiai? aeu? ?acoeueoaoe (a na?aaeiueiio
ia 2 log2).

Aea/aiiy no?ie?a oi?ioaaiiy ?ioiii? a?aeiia?ae? i?e

??cieo niiniaao ?ioi?caoe?? i?ioe ??O-?IA oeyoii aeyaeaiiy

aioeo?e a nae?aoao i?aai?cio

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? iaie, aoee ni?yiiaai? ia aeyaeaiiy aioeo?e a
iiniaiio, i?oaiaiio nae?aoao oa neueic? o oaeyo, aaeoeeiiaaieo i?ioe
??O-?IA a??on-aaeoeeiith “A?aae” ?io?aiacaeueii oa i?aeoe??ii. Oaeyoa
aei ?ioi?caoe?? aoee ee?i?/ii caei?iaeie ? iaee aioeo?ea a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? a iaaeao a?ae 0,8 aei 1,2 log2. A nae?aoao i?aai?cio aioeo?ea aoee
a?aenooi?. I?ney ?ioi?caoe?? i?iae a?aeae?aee /a?ac iaai? i?ii?aeee /ano
( 3, 7, 15, 30, 45 aei?a) ? ii??aithaaee no?iee iiyae oa ??aaiue aioeo?e
a aeaieo a?ieia?/ieo ??aeeiao c oeo?aie inoaii?o o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?.

Io?eiai? iaie aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a iiniaiio nae?ao? ia 3-e
aeaiue i?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie a?aeaoaaeinue ??cea
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy oeo??a aioeo?e c 0 aei 5,1 log2, aei 15 aeiae ??aaiue
aioeo?e iaeneiaeueii ca?eueooaaany aei 7,33 log2, a aei 45 aeiy ( no?ie
niinoa?aaeaiiy) iinooiiai cieaeoaaany aei 4,46 log2. I?ney i?aeoe??iiai
aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo ??aaiue aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? ca?eueooaaany
iinooiiai aae aei 15 aeiy c iiiaioo ?iieoeyoe?? aaeoeeie a?aeiia?aeii
aei no?ie?a ia 0,85, 2,07, 4,28 log2 , a iio?i iinooiiai cieaeoaaany
aei 3,64 log2 ia 30-e aeaiue ? aei 3,35 log2 ia 45 aeaiue.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeai? ia ?en. 1.

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701ffff030000001e00040000002d010200040000002d010700040000002d01050005000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?en.1. Aeeiai?ea oeo??a aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oa nae?aoao

i?aai?cio i?ney ?io?aiacaeueii? oa i?aeoe??ii? ?ioi?caoe??.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ne?iaaoee e?ia? anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue aioeo?e
iinooiiai ca?eueooaaany aae aei 30 aeiy, a iio?i cieaeoaaany aei 45
aeiae ye i?ney i?oe??iiai, oae ? i?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai aaaaeaiiy
i?aia?aoo. Iaeiae i?ney i?aeoe??iiai aaaaeaiiy oeo? aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? aoa cia/ii aeuee ( ia 2,95 log2 ), i?ae i?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai
aaaaeaiiy.

Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui i?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai
aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie oeo?e aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? aoee aeu?, i?ae o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? c 3-ai ii 45-e aeaiue niinoa?aaeaiiy ia 2,88, 3,75,
3,53, 2,16, 0,55 log2 , a oie /an ye i?ney i?aeoe??iiai aaaaeaiiy
aaeoeeie ??aaiue aioeo?e aoa aeuee a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? c 3-ai ii 45-e
aeaiue ia 1,0, 1,28, 0,86, 2,5, 2,65 log2. Oeo?e aioeo?e a iiniaiio
nae?ao? i?ney ??ceiai i?aeaeuaiiy ia 3-e aeaiue i?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai
aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo aei 45-ai aeiy caa??aaeenue ia a?eueo aenieiio ??ai?
– (4,46 log2), i?ae i?ney i?aeoe??iiai aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie – (3,91 log2).

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?ia i?oaiaiai nae?aoo iaeneiaeueia i?aeaeuaiiy
oeo??a aioeo?e i?eoiaeeeinue ia 15-e aeaiue i?ney aaeoeeiaoe?? ?
noaiiaeei 2,0 ? 1,4 log2 a?aeiia?aeii i?ney i?aeoe??ii? oa
?io?aiacaeueii? ?ioi?caoe??. A neueic? niinoa??aaeanue i?yia ei?aeyoe?y
i?ae c?inoaiiyi oeo??a aioeo?e aei a??ono ??O-?IA i?ney i?aeoe??iiai oa
?io?aiacaeueiiai aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie. Iaeiae e?euee?noue ?o aei 45-ai
aeiy i?ney aie?eaoe?? i?aia?aoo ia neeciao iaieiieo iina caa??aaeanue ia
??ai? -1,8 ? 1,2 log2. Oea a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue, i?ae i?e i?aeoe??i?e
?iieoeyoe?? iaoa??aeo. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aoei
c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i a??ia?aei?noue aeaieo. I?e ii??aiyii? oeo??a
aioeo?e o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ? iiniaiio nae?ao? i?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai oa
i?aeoe??iiai aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie a aeeiai?oe? ??cieoey a ??ai? ?o aoea
aeinoia??ia ( ? > 0,999). I?e ii??aiyii? ??aiy aioeo?e a iiniaiio
nae?ao? a caeaaeiino? a?ae niiniao aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo /a?ac 45 aei?a
iieacieee oaeiae aoee aeinoia??ieie ( ?> 0,95), aea ia an?. Oae, i?e
ni?anoaaeaii? ??aiy aioeo?e a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ? iiniaiio nae?ao? /a?ac
15 aei?a i?ney i?aeoe??iiai aaaaeaiiy aaeoeeie ? /a?ac 45 aei?a
i?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo iieacieee aoee
iaaeinoia??ieie ( ? 0,999).

O ee?oei ii?iaeueiiai iiiioa?o a?aeiioaiiy yae?a aei ee?oeie
aei??aithaaei 0,21, a yae?a aei oeeoiieacie – 0,28. O ee?oei o?aaeaiiai
iiiioa?o a?aeiioaiiy yae?a aei ee?oeie aei??aithaaei 0,53, a yae?a aei
oeeoiieacie – 1,23. Ae?oaee aoai oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ooai?aiiyi neiieano?a
c 2-5 oa 6-10 yae?aie, a?ia?o?io??th ? e?cenii yaea?aoeue, ooai?aiiyi
aacio?eueieo, a iio?i ieneo?eueieo o?eaoeue-aeeth/aiue, iiaiei
o?iiaoie?cii yaea?.

Aacio?euei? aeeth/aiiy, ye? aeyaeyeenue a o?aaeaieo ee?oeiao /a?ac 9-16
aiaeei i?ney aianaiiy a??ono, iaee ieiuo a?ae 3 aei 13 iei2 , a yaea?oey
– a?ae 37 aei 54 iei2 . Ieneo?euei? aeeth/aiiy aeyaeyeenue /a?ac 24
aiaeeie a yae?ao ee?oei, i?e oeueiio aiie caeiaee ieiuo a?ae 54 aei 130
iei2 , a yaea?oey a oeae /an aaea ia aeyaeyeenue. ssae?a a aaaaoueio
ee?oeiao aoee i?eiioeciaai?.

No?oeoo?i? ci?ie, ye? aeyaeyeenue i?e ioa?aeaii? i?aia?ao?a ca
Naee??nii, Aa?eaoii, Iae-A?thiaaeueaeii, aoee iaeiioeiieie, aea
a?ae??ciyeeny eieuei?ii (aeaeeoii-?iaeaaee i?e aeei?enoaii? iaoeeaiiai?
nei? ? ooeneio, ei?e/iaai-aoceiaee i?e aeei?enoaii? iaoeeaiiaiai
neiueiai ? aiceio) ? aoee i?aei?oi? no?oeoo?e i?e ioa?aeaii? ca
Iae-A?thiaaeueaeii. I?e aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? yaea?aoeue a?ae aacio?eueieo
aeeth/aiue c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aaeoe?? A?aoa anoaiiaeaii, ui /a?ac 9-16
aiaeei i?ney aianaiiy a??ono a yae?ao ee?oei aeyaeyeenue no?oeoo?e,
caaa?aeai? a ?iaeaaee eie??, ? c ieie ii?yae – ae??ai? ooai?aiiy,
a?aeie?aieai? ciiith i?ina?oeaiiy. *a?ac 24 aiaeeie i?ney ii/aoeo
?icaeoeo OeIAe ?ioaineai?noue caaa?aeaiiy oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie yae?a,
aea oo?eioaaeenue aaeee? ieneo?euei? aeeth/aiiy, ciaiooaaeanue. Aeey
aeyaeaiiy o aeeth/aiiyo iaoa??aeo, ui i?noeoue AeIE, i?aia?aoe
ioa?aethaaeenue ii Oueieueaaio ? a ieo aoee aeyaeai? ae??ai? e?oaeyno?
ooai?aiiy ii 2-4 a yae??, ye? ni?eeiaee oa?ao ?ioaineai?oa, i?ae
o?iiaoei. A o?eueoey-aeeth/aiiy, ye? aeyaeyeenue /a?ac 24 aiaeeie ?
?icoaoiaoaaeenue a oeaio?? yae?a, caaa?aethaaeenue iaio ?ioaineaii, i?ae
o?iiaoei. Oeeoiii?oieia?/iee iaoiae ae?aaiinoeee aoa aeei?enoaiee iaie
i?e aea/aii? iieueiaeo ooai?a a??ono ??O-?IA. Iieacaii, ui inoaoi/iee
ae?aaiic ia ??O-?IA aoei anoaiiaeaii a AAO “I?aaaea” a ?acoeueoao?
aeae?eaiiy a??ono c aeei?enoaiiyi eoeueoo?e ee?oei IO.

Aeyaeaiiy i?enooiino? a??ono a o?aaeai?e eoeueoo?? ee?oei o?aaeeoe?eiei
iaoiaeii – oeyoii aecia/aiiy OeIAe ia 3-4 o?anoa i?ae iaeei ca?eueoaiiyi
i?e?ineiio c ianooiiith ?aeaioeo?eaoe??th aeae?eaiiai aaaioo a ?I ia
eoeueoo?? ee?oei – aeiaaaei ia 7 aei?a a?eueoa /ano, i?ae
oeeoiii?oieia?/iee iaoiae aeey ?iaeeeaoe?? a??ono c ianooiiith
?aeaioeo?eaoe??th eiai a ??O.

Aoei i?iaaaeaii oaeiae aea/aiiy oeeoiii?oieia?/ieo ci?i ai?oae?th
?ani??aoi?iiai o?aeoo i?e ??O-?IA o oaeyo c ??ciei ?ioiiei oiiii.
Iae/?oe?o? ci?ie a ee?oeiao neeciai? iaieiiee iina, ye? aecia/aee /a?ac
7 oa 14 aei?a i?ney ?ioi?caoe??, aoee aeyaeai? o oaeyo, ?io?aiacaeueii
aaeoeeiiaaieo i?ioe ??O-?IA a??on-aaeoeeiaie.

Ci?ie, ye? aeieeaee /a?ac 7 aei?a i?ney aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo,
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeenue oa?aeoa?iith ae??th a??ono ia ee?oeie. I?e oeueiio
aeyaeyee 54% ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei, ye? aoee ii?oieia?/ii ci?iai?.
Aacio?euei? ooai?aiiy aeyaeyeenue a yae?ao 3% oeeo ee?oei, a 15%
?ici?uoaaeenue ieneo?euei? o?eueoey-aeeth/aiiy, a o?iiaoie?c yaea? ?
caaeaaeue o 12% ee?oei a?ae /enea iaoieia?/ii ci?iaieo aoee e?ioeaaei
aoaiii ?ai?iaeoeoe?? a??ono.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? iaoa??aeo /a?ac 15 aei?a i?ney ?ioi?caoe?? oaeyo,
c,ynoaaee, ui ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ee?oei aoei o?ioe ?ioa: aeyaeyee 35%
ii?oieia?/ii ii?iaeueieo ? 28% ci?iaieo ee?oei. Aacio?euei?
o?eueoey-aeeth/aiiy aoee aeyaeai? o 15% ee?oei, ieneo?euei? – o 8%,
o?iiaoie?c yae?a – o 5% ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei.

A E N I I A E E

1. ?ioaeoe?eiee ?eiio?aoa?o-ionooeueiciee aoeueaiaaa?i?o oe?iei
?iciianthaeaeaiee na?aae iiaie?a,y aaeeeie ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a
ainiiaea?noaao Oa?e?anueei?, Eoaainueei? oa Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaeanoae. ?aiiy ae?aaiinoeea ??O-?IA oeyoii aeyaeaiiy aioeo?e ia
?ic?iaeaia, a aeei?enoaiiy aeni?an-iaoiae?a ca ciaoiaeaeaiiyi caoaeieea
aaciina?aaeiuei a iaoieia?/iiio iaoa??ae? a ca,yceo c iiaeeeaith
ia?nenoaioe??th a??ono ia caaaeaee aeicaiey? oaeaeei noaaeoe ae?aaiic,
ui no?eio? i?iaaaeaiiy caoiae?a.

2. Aea/aia oa anoaiiaeaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiniaiai, i?oaiaiai
nae?ao?a oa neueice aeey aeyaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e ca aeiiiiiaith
?IAA oa ?IAA o oaeyo, aaeoeeiiaaieo a??on-aaeoeeiith, a oaeiae
?io?eiaaieo iieueiaeie ooaiaie a??ono ??O-?IA aeey ?ai?oiuei?
ae?aaiinoeee oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy.

3. O aaeoeeiiaaieo oaa?ei no?iee iiyae aioeo?e a aeine?aeieo a?ieia?/ieo
??aeeiao i?aai?cio oa ?o ??aaiue caeaaeaoue a?ae niiniao aaaaeaiiy
aaeoeeie. I?ney ?io?aiacaeueiiai aaaaeaiiy a??on-aaeoeeie i?ioe ??O-?IA
??aaiue aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? c?inoa? ia 3-e aeaiue aei 5,0 log2 ,
ia 14-e aeaiue – aei 7,0 log2 , a iio?i cieaeo?oueny ia 45-e aeaiue aei
3,0 log2 . A ne?iaaooe? e?ia? a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy oeo??a
aioeo?e, aea ?o ??aaiue ieae/ee, i?ae a iiniaiio nae?ao? ia 3-e ? 14-e
aei? ia 3,0-4,0 log2. I?ney i?aeoe??iiai niiniao ?ioi?caoe?? aioeo?ea a
iiniaiio nae?ao? aeyaeai? a oeo?ao a?ae 1,0 aei 4,2 log2 , a o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ?o ??aaiue aoa aeuee ia 1,0-2,0 log2.

4. Niaoeeo?/i? aioeo?ea a iiniaiio nae?ao? o oaeyo ?c ainiiaea?noa,
iaaeaaiiieo/ieo c ??O-?IA, aeyaeyee ca aeiiiiiaith ?IAA a oeo?ao a?ae 1
aei 7,0 log2 , a neueic? oa i?oaiaiio nae?ao? a?ae 1,0 aei 2,0 log2, a
i?e aeei?enoaii? ?IAA – a?ae 1,0 aei 5,0 log2 a iiniaiio nae?ao? ?
a?ae 0,2 aei 1,0 log2 – a i?oaiaiio nae?ao? ? neueic?.

5. Aeyaeaiiy aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? aeicaiey? ?ici?ciaaaoe aino?ee
ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy i?e oeo?ao a?ae 4,0 aei 7,0 log2 ? eaoaioio
oee?eoeyoe?th a??ono a ainiiaea?noa? i?e ??ai? aioeo?e a?ae 1,0 aei 3,0
log2 . A?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? ( 4,0 log2 ?
aeua) a ii??aiyii? c ne?iaaoeith e?ia? ( aei 4,0 log2 ) na?ae/eoue i?i
na?ae? aeiaaeee caoai?thaaiiy, ine?eueee oeo? aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao?
i?aeaeuo?oueny /a?ac 3 -7 aei?a i?ney i?iieeiaiiy a??ono a i?aai?ci ?
ciaoiaeeoueny ia aenieiio ??ai? aei 21 aeiy.

6. I?e eiioaeo? oaeyo, ye? aoee aaeoeeiiaai? a??on-aaeoeeiith “A?aae”,
c iaaaeoeeiiaaieie oaa?eiaie anoaiiaeaia ia?aaea/a a??ono. I?e oeueiio a
iiniaiio nae?ao?, oeo? aioeo?e /a?ac 7 aei?a i?ney eiioaeoo c?inoaa aei
3,5 log2 , a o aaeoeeiiaaieo ca?eueooaaany aei 6,0 log2 .

7. A??on ??O-?IA aeeeeea? ae?aaeaio oeeoiiaoiaaiio ae?th ia ee?oeie
ia?auaiethaaieo e?i?e ie?ee oaeyoe (IO), yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
aeac?ioaa?aoeaiei iaa?yeaiiyi yaea?, cae?oaeaiiyi ee?oei, ooai?aiiyi
neiieano?a c ianooiiith iiaiith aeano?oeoe??th ee?oeiiiai iiiioa?o.

8. O?eueoey-aeeth/aiiy i?e ?icaeoeo OeIAe a eoeueoo?? ee?oei IO
aeyaeythoueny o aeaeyae? aacio?eueieo aioo??oiueiyaea?ieo ooai?aiue
/a?ac 9 aiaeei, a ieneo?eueieo – /a?ac 20 aiaeei i?ney aie?eaoe?? a??ono
??O-?IA ia ee?oeiiee iiiioa?. Aeey aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aacio?eueieo
aeeth/aiue a?ae yaea?aoeue iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe ioa?aeaiiy ca A?aoa, a
aeey aeyaeaiiy AeIE-oo?eioth/iai iaoa??aeo o aeeth/aiiyo aeei?enoiaoaaoe
?aaeoe?th Oueieueaaia.

9. Canoinoaaiiy oeeoiii?oieia?/iiai iaoiaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?auaiethaaii? eoeueoo?e ee?oei IO ii aeyaeaiith OeIAe a??ono oaea
/a?ac 16-36 aiaeei i?ney eiaeiiai ianaaeo aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe no?ie
iinoaiiaee ae?aaiico ia ??O-?IA.

10. Oeeoiii?oieia?/iee iaoiae ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
eiio?ieth aaeoeei, ui ?ic?iaeythoueny, aaaaeaieo ?io?aiacaeueii, oae ye
/a?ac 7 ? 15 aei?a i?ney ?ioi?caoe?? i?ae ae??th a??ono a yae?ao
ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei neeciai? iaieiiee iina iiaeia aeyaeoe aacio?euei?
(a?ae 3 aei 15%) ? ieneo?euei? (a?ae 15 aei 8%) aeeth/aiiy.

Nienie iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith

aeena?oaoe??.

1. Iaoeianueea N.A., Aiaoaiei A.I. Iiaa a ae?aaiinoeoe? oa e?eoaaii?
anioe?eiaaii? ?ani??aoi?ii? ?ioaeoe?? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae //
Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie. – E., 1998. – ? 6. – N. 25.

2. Iaoeianeay N.A. Eniieueciaaiea oeeoiii?oieiae/aneiai iaoiaea a
ae?onieiae/aneie aeeaaiinoeea eioaeoeeiiiiai ?eiio?aoaeoa // Aaoa?eia?ia
iaaeeoeeia: I?aea?ae. oaiao. iaoe. ca. – Oa?e?a, 1998. – N. 61-67.

3. Iaoeianeay N.A. Iaia?oaeaiea aioeoae e ae?ono eioaeoeeiiiiai
?eiio?aoaeoa a iiniaii nae?aoa n iiiiuueth ?IAA e ?IAA // Aaoa?eia?ia
iaaeeoeeia: I?aea?ae. oaiao. iaoe. ca. – Oa?e?a, 1998. – N. 67-71.

4. Iaoeianeueea N.A. Aea/aiiy oeeoiiaoiaaiii? ae?? a??ono ?ioaeoe?eiiai
?eiio?aoa?oo a eoeueoo?? ee?oei ie?ee oaeyoe // I?iaeaie cii?iaeaia???
oa aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue Oa?e. ciiaao. ?i-oo. –
Oa?e?a: ?AA OCA?, 1998. – Aei. 3 (27). – N. 256-259.

5. Oiiaiei N.A. Ioeaiea iaoiaeia eiaeeeaoeee aioo?eyaea?iuo
oaeaoe-aeeth/aiee i?e eioaeoeeiiiii ?eiio?aoaeoa e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa
// Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ia? ai?ueau e i?ioeeaeoeee n.-o. aeeaioiuo: Na.
iao/. o?. / Oa?ueeia. n.-o. ei-o ei. A.A. Aeieo/aaaa. – Oa?ueeia, 1990.
– N. 37-41.

6. Oiiaiei N.A. E ioeaiea iaoiaee/aneeo iiaeoiaeia a aeeaaiinoeea
eioaeoeeiiiiai ?eiio?aoaeoa e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa // I?iaeaiu iao/iiai
iaania/aiey aeeaioiiaiaenoaa Iieaeaaee: Oac. aeiee. eiio. / Iieae. IEE
aeeaioiiaiaenoaa e aaoa?eia?ee. – Eeoeiaa, 1990. – N. 96.

7. Iaoeianeay N.A. Oeeoieiae/aneee iaoiae aeeaaiinoeee ae?oniuo
?anie?aoi?iuo caaieaaaiee oaeyo // I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau
ia?acaoioeaiieiaee: Iaoa?. V iaaenuacae. eiio. ia?aceoioeaiieiaia
Oe?aeiu 29-30 ieo.1997. – Eoaaine, 1997. – N. 105.

Iaoeianueea N.A. Ae?aaiinoeea ?ioaeoe?eiiai ?eiio?aoa?oo-ionooeueiciiai
aoeueaiaaa?i?oo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ca iieacieeaie aioeo?e a
iiniaiio, i?oaiaiio nae?aoao oa neueic?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.03 – aaoa?eia?ia i?e?ia?ieia?y oa
a??onieia?y. – ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ? ee?i?/ii? aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie OAAI, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith iiaeeeaino? aeyaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ieo
aioeo?e a nae?aoao i?aai?cio (iiniaiio, i?oaiaiio, ne?ciiio) i?ioe
a??ono ??O-?IA, ?ie? iieaciee?a aioeo?e ? oeeoiii?oieia?/ieo aeaieo
aeae?eaiiy a??ono i?e i?iaaaeaii? caoiae?a ii icaei?iaeaiith
ainiiaea?noa a?ae ??O-?IA.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue aioeo?e a nae?aoao ?
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy oeeo a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei i?aai?cio aeey
ae?aaiinoeee ??O-?IA oeyoii aeyaeaiiy a ieo niaoeeo?/ieo aioeo?e a ?IAA
oa ?IAA.

Cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieacieee aioeo?e a iiniaiio nae?ao? aeey
aea/aiiy ae?? aaeoeei i?e ??cieo niiniaao ?o aaaaeaiiy, a oaeiae aeey
aeyaeaiiy ia?aaea/? oeueiai a??ono iaaaeoeeiiaaiei oaa?eiai i?e eiioaeo?
c ?ioi?ciaaieie.

Oeeoiii?oieia?/iee iaoiae aea? iiaeeea?noue ?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
a??oeaioi?noue iieueiaeo ooai?a a??ono ??O-?IA, a oaeiae i?i
aoaeoeai?noue ?io?aiacaeueii? ?ioi?caoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy c
aeei?enoaiiyi oeeoiii?oieia?/iiai iaoiaeo aeiaaee iiaeeea?noue aeyaeaiiy
i?ieeaino? oeieoi??aeueieo aeanoeainoae aioo??oiueiyaea?ieo
o?eaoeue-aeeth/aiue i?e ??O-?IA: nii/aoeo aiie aacio?euei?, a a i?ioean?
?icaeoeo iaaoaathoue ieneo?eueieo aeanoeainoae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioaeoe?eiee ?eiio?aoa?o-ionooeueiciee aoeueaiaaa?i?o
(??O-?IA), a?ieia?/i? ??aeeie i?aai?cio (iiniaee, i?oaiaee, ne?ciee
nae?aoe), niaoeeo?/i? aioeo?ea, ?aaeoe?y iai?yii? (ianeaii?)
aaiaaethoeiaoe?? (?IAA), ?aaeoe?y iai?yii? aaeoa??aeueii? aaethoeiaoe??
(?IAA), aacio?euei? oa ieneo?euei? aioo??oiueiyaea?i?
o?eueoey-aeeth/aiiy, eiio?ieue aeoeaiino? aaeoeeie.

Iaoeianeay N.A. Aeeaaiinoeea eioaeoeeiiiiai ?eiio?aoaeoa-ionooeaciiai
aoeueaiaaaeieoa (E?O-EIA) e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa ii iieacaoaeyi aioeoae
a iiniaii, aeaaaeeuiii e neaciii nae?aoao. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.03 – aaoa?eia?iay iee?iaeieiaey e ae?onieiaey.-
Einoeooo yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu OAAI,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth aiciiaeiinoe auyaeaiey niaoeeoe/aneeo
aioeoae a ?acee/iuo nae?aoao i?aaiecia (iiniaii, aeaaaeeuiii e neaciii)
e ae?ono E?O-EIA, ?iee iieacaoaeae aioeoae e oeeoiii?oieiae/aneeo
aeaiiuo auaeaeaiey ae?ona i?e i?iaaaeaiee ia?ii?eyoee ii icaei?iaeaieth
oicyenoa io E?O-EIA.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i iaee/ee aioeoae a nae?aoao e
i aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey yoeo aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae i?aaiecia,
(a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue iiniaiai nae?aoa), aeey aeeaaiinoeee E?O-EIA iooai
auyaeaiey a ieo niaoeeoe/aneeo aioeoae a ?IAA e ?IAA. Auyaeaiiua
aioeoaea a iiniaii nae?aoa a oeo?ao io 4 aei 7 log2 iiaoo
naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue ia ino?ie eioaeoeee, a a oeo?ao io 1 aei 4 log2 –
i ia?aaieaaaiee aeeaioiuo a i?ioeii eee i oee?eoeyoeee neaaiae?oeaioiiai
ae?ona E?O-EIA a oicyenoaa. I?e n?aaiaiee o?iaiy aioeoae, auyaeyaiuo a
nuai?ioea e?iae e iiniaii nae?aoa, iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue
aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey ino?ie eioaeoeee, a neo/aa anee oeo?u aioeoae a
nae?aoa auoa, /ai a nuai?ioea e?iae. Aeaiiua nae?aou iiaoo auoue
eniieueciaaiu a ea/anoaa aeiiieieoaeueiiai oanoa i?e aeeaaiinoeea e
i?iaaaeaiee ia?ii?eyoee i?e E?O-EIA.

I?aaeeiaeaii eniieueciaaoue iieacaoaee aioeoae a iiniaii nae?aoa aeey
eco/aiey aeaenoaey aaeoeei i?e ?acee/iuo niiniaao eo aaaaeaiey, a oaeaea
aeey auyaeaiey ia?aaea/e aaeoeeiiiai ae?ona iai?eaeoui aeeaioiui io
aaeoeeie?iaaiiuo. Iinea eio?aiacaeueiiai aaaaeaiey aaeoeeiu o?iaaiue
aioeoae a iiniaii nae?aoa aic?anoaao ia 3-e aeaiue aei 7 log2, a caoai
nieaeaaony, a oi a?aiy eae a nuai?ioea e?iae i?ienoiaeeo iinoaiaiiia
ia?anoaiea oeo?ia aioeoae, a eo o?iaaiue ieaea, /ai a iiniaii nae?aoa ia
3-4 log2. I?e eiioaeoa oaeyo eio?aiacaeueii aaeoeeie?iaaiiuo n
iaeiioiece?iaaiiuie, o iineaaeieo onoaiiaeaia ia?aaea/a aaeoeeiiiai
ae?ona iooai ii?aaeaeaiey aioeoae a iiniaii nae?aoa. Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua
iiaeii a aoaeouai eniieueciaaoue i?e eco/aiee aeaenoaey aaeoeei ia
i?aaieci aeeaioiuo i?e ii?aaeaeaiee eiioiiaaiiinoe, inoaoi/iie
ae?oeaioiinoe, ?aaeoiaaiiinoe eo.

Oeeoiii?oieiae/aneee iaoiae iicaieyao aiai?eoue i ae?oeaioiinoe
auyaeyaiuo iieaauo ooaiiia ae?ona E?O-EIA, a oaeaea ia yooaeoeaiinoe
eio?aiacaeueiie eiioiecaoeee. I?e aeaenoaee ae?ona E?O-EIA ia
ia?aaeaaaioth eoeueoo?o eeaoie ii/ee oaeaiea (IO) auei auaeaeaii aeaa
yoaia ?acaeoey oeeoiiaoiaaiiiai aeaenoaey (OeIAe) aai ia eoeueoo?o
eeaoie: ianiaoeeoe/aneee e niaoeeoe/aneee. Aeaceioaa?aoeaiia iaaooaiea
yaea?, eciaiaiea yaea?ii-eeaoi/iiai e yaea?ii-oeeoiieaciaoe/aneiai
ioiioaiey auee oa?aeoa?iu aeey I-ai yoaia. Ia?aciaaiea neiieanoia,
iaoieiae/aneea ieoicu, oi?ie?othueany oaeueoea-aeeth/aiey, iieiue
o?iiaoieec yaea? oa?aeoa?eciaaee II-e yoai OeIAe ae?ona. Enneaaeiaaieyie
n eniieueciaaieai oeeoiii?oieiae/aneiai iaoiaea aeieacaia aiciiaeiinoue
auyaeaiey eciai/eainoe oeieoi?eaeueiuo naienoa aioo?eyaea?iuo
oaeaoe-aeeth/aiee i?e E?O-EIA: aia/aea iie aacioeeueiu, a ii ia?a
?acaeoey i?ioeanna i?eia?aoatho ieneoeeueiua naienoaa. Aeeooa?aioeeaoeey
yae?uoae io aacioeeueiuo aeeth/aiee i?iaaaeaia n eniieueciaaieai ie?anee
ii A?aoa, a aeey auyaeaiey iaoa?eaea, niaea?aeauaai AeIE ai aeeth/aieyo,
i?eiaiyeanue ?aaeoeey O?eueaaia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioaeoeeiiiue ?eiio?aoaeo-ionooeaciue aoeueaiaaaeieo
(E?O-EIA), aeieiae/aneea aeeaeeinoe i?aaiecia (iiniaie, aeaaaeeuiue,
neaciue nae?aou), niaoeeoe/aneea aioeoaea, ?aaeoeey iai?yiie
aaiaaaethoeiaoeee (?IAA), ?aaeoeey iai?yiie aaeoa?eaeueiie
aaaethoeiaoeee (?IAA),oeeoiiaoiaaiiia aeaenoaea (OeIAe) ae?ona;
aacioeeueiua e ieneoeeueiua aioo?eyaea?iua oaeueoea-aeeth/aiey,
eiio?ieue aeaenoaey aaeoeeiu.

Matkovskaya S.G. Diagnosis of bovine infectious rhynotracheitis –
pustulous vulvovaginitis (IRT-IPV) by antibody indices in nasal,
vaginal secretions and tear.- Manuscript.

The dissertation for competing the academis degree of Candidate of
Veterinary Sciences on speciality 16.00.03 – Veterinary Microbiology
and Virology.- Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary
Medicine, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is focus in: The study of the possibility of detection
of specific antibodies in different secretions ( nasal, vaginal and
tear) of the organism of IBR-IPV-infected cattle, and the role of
antibodyes’ indices and cytomorphological data of the isolated virus
during the realization of the control measures against IBR-IPV in the
farms.

The results of this study dive evidence of the presence of antibodies in
the secretions and the possibility of the use of biological liquids of
the organism (nasal secretion primarily) for the diagnosis of IBR-IPV by
Indirect Hemagglutination and Indirect Bacterial Agglutination tests
(determination of specific antibodies).

The detected antibodies in nasal secretion at the titres 4 to 7 log2
indicate the presence of an acute infection, and the titres 1 to 4
log2 give evidence of a post-infection (recovery) stage or circulation
of a weak virulent IBR-IPV virus in the farm. The comparison of
antibodies revealed in blood serum and nasal secretion help to diagnose
acute infection if the antibodies’ titres in the nasal secretion are
higher than the ones in the blood serum.

1t has been proposed to use the indices of the antibodies in the nasal
secretion to determine the action of vaccines administrated by
different ways, and also for the detection of the transmission of the
vaccine virus from vaccinated to unvaccinated animals.

Cytomorphological methods help to determine the virulence of the
revealed field-strains of IBR-IPV virus a the efficiency of intranasal
immunization. Researches by using cytomorphologycal method proved the
possibility to reveal the variability of tinctirial properties of the
intranuclear inclusions in case of IBR-IPV. At the beginning they are
basophilic and in their development process the acquire oxyphilic
properties.

Key-words: Infectious Bovine Rhynotracheitis-Pustular Vulvovaginitis
(IBR-IPV); Biological liquids of the organism (nasal, vaginal secretion
and tear); Specific antibodies; Indirect Hemagglutination Inhibition
Test; Indirect Bacterial Agglutination Inhibition Test; Basophilic and
Oxyphilic intranuclear inclusions; Control of vaccine, action.

Naeaii a iaai? 07.05.99 a. Iiaeienaii a ia/aoue 11.05.99 a. Oi?iao 84 O
1/32.

Aa?ieoo?a eeoa?aoo?iay. Oe?aae 100 yec. Caeac 0182.

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