OA?E?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? A.I. EA?AC?IA

No?eia Aiaoie?e Ieaen?eiae/

OAeE 338.436.33: 338.5

Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiss oe?iiooai?aiiss a AIE

(ia iaoa??aeao A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio A?eai?iaenueei? iaeano?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.03 i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy ?
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a-1999

13

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.I.
Ea?ac?ia. I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

AIOIIAIEI Eaii?ae Aieneiiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.I. Ea?ac?ia, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo.Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi?
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI

AIA?INIA Aieiaeeie? sseiae/,

?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI, caa?aeoaa/ Oa?e?anueeiai a?aeae?eo
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo oi?ioaaiue, i. Oa?e?aeaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

AI?EAAEE Aieiaeeie? Eocueie/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
noaoenoeee ? aiae?co, I?i?noa?noai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaenoI?ia?aeia
onoaiiaa Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaiaaeaeiaioo, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 1515 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.64.051.01 Oa?e?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.I. Ea?ac?ia ca aae?anith:

310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4, aoae. 5-67.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.I. Ea?ac?ia
ca aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4, 8 iiaa?o, Oeaio?aeueia
iaoeiaa a?ae?ioaea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “16” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee A.I. Niaie?a

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. E?aa?ae?caoe?y oe?i o 1992 ?. nooo?ai ci?ieea
oe?iiooai?aiiy a on?o aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ?in?enueei?
Oaaea?aoe?? ? e?a?i NIAe. I?e oeueiio a?aei?aoeueiaai? a oiiaao
oeaio?ae?ciaaii-ieaiiai? aeiiii?ee i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy oe?i aeyaeeenue
iai?eaeaoieie, a ia?eoao oe?i ia i?iaeoeoe?th i?iieneiaino? oa
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ia?anoaa oi?aaeyoeny aea?aeaaith. A oeeo
oiiaao aeiiii?/iee ci?no oe?ie ye ?ino?oiaio oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieie
i?ioeanaie a iaaeao oiaa?i-a?ioiaeo a?aeiinei noaa i?iyaeyoeny a iia?e
yeino?.

Oi?ie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, ye
na?ae/eoue aiae?c na?oiaiai aeina?aeo, o?nii iia’ycai? c
ieaoini?iiiaeiei iiieoii ianaeaiiy, oi?iaie iae?iaeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee a oe?eiio, no?oeoo?ith niiaeeaaiiy i?iaeiaieue/eo
oiaa??a ? eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noth iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? AIE.
Aaeeea /anoeia i?iiiceoe?e o/aieo ? ae?iaie/iee?a caiaeeoueny aei
iaaeaiiy i?yii? athaeaeaoii? i?aeo?eiee aaeoc? oiaa?eiieoeoaa ?
?icoe?aiiy oa?eoieo aa?’???a ia ?iii?oio i?iaeoeoe?th. Iaeiae, ii
ie?aieo aeaeao i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a neooaoe?y nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny,
ui ia?aaeaa/a? a?eueo eiie?aoia aea/aiiy no?oeoo?ieo ci?i nia?aa?oino?
iniiae oe?ie ? oe?iiooai?thth/eo oaeoi??a ia aaeocaaiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio
??aiyo.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie. I?iaeaia oe?iiooai?aiiy o AIE
ia ? iiaith aeey aeiiii?/ii? iaoee. Ieoaiiyi iaoiaeieia??
oe?iiooai?aiiy, aeine?aeaeaiith oe?ie a i?aeaaeocaaiio ? na?oiaiio
iai?i? i?enay/ai? ?iaioe Aaaee?ia E., Cieiooo?ia A., ?ea??iiiaa A.,
Eoe?iiaa ?., Naaeoea I., *oaaeiaa A., Oie/aea I. Ie?aiei ieoaiiyi
oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE i?enay/ai? ?iaioe Aia?iniaa A., Aioiiaiea E.,
?ecaa?aa A., Oieiaea Ae., Ooeyea I. Iaeiae ?iaioe oeeo oa ?ioeo a/aieo
ioiieththoue eeoa iniiai? ieoaiiy oai??? oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
iae?iaeiiii?/iiio ??ai? ? ia aeathoue a?aeiia?ae? ia ieoaiiy i?aeoe/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy AIE a iei?oi?o e?eciaeo oiiaao. Aei oiai ae a?eueoa /anoeia
?ia?o a?aeaeaa? ii/aoie ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue, eiee a noni?euenoa? eeoa
caeeaaeaeeny iniiae aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee, a
e?aa?ae?caoe?y oe?i aeaeaaaeanue ca ni?aaaei? ?eieia? ia?aoai?aiiy.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aea/ai? e ocaaaeueiai? i?aoe?
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a a iaeano? oe?iiooai?aiiy. Ii?yae c
oeei aoee i?iaiae?ciaai? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe I?aceaeaioa e?a?ie, Iinoaiiae
o?yaeo c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo AIE, iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, a oaeiae
ii?iaoeaii-iaoiaee/ia aeieoiaioaoe?y.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee ? iaiaaeaeiaioo Oa?e?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.I. Ea?ac?ia ? ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe “Iniiai? iai?yiee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei Oe?a?ie”. Iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U009318.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? no/ani? i?ioeane oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th a eiioaeno? oi?ioaaiiy
aaaaoioeeaaeiiai n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
iniiaieo aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a a oe?e aaeoc?. Eeth/iaei iai?yieii a
aeine?aeaeaii? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy aoei aea/aiiy
iiaeeeainoae cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ia i?e?iaeiiii?/iiio ??ai? aeey
i?aeaeuaiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? a?o/eciyii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia
aioo??oiueiio ?eieo.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iniiai? oeie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?
ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa AIE A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio A?eai?iaenueei?
iaeano?. Aieea aeoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ia oi?ioaaiiy
nia?aa?oino? ? ?aae?caoe?eii? oe?ie aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? AIE iiiia?ao?/ii
aeine?aeaeoaaeiny ia i?eeeaae? AO “A?eueoiaee”, AO “Ne?caaiae”, AO
“A?aeai?iinueeee oeoe?iaee caaiae”.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy, aeyaeaiiy ?
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?aae?iiy oe?iiooai?aiiyi ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th aeey caaacia/aiiy no?eeiai
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa AIE a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee. O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oe??? iaoe a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ae??oaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeeiiaia eeaneo?eaoe?y oaeoi??a aioo??oiueiai aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua
aeoe?iiiaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, ye? caaacia/othoue
o no/anieo oiiaao cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ae?iaieoeoaa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ne?iaeie;

aea/aii aieea aee?aeoeaieo ? caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a, iaoiae?a e
?ino?oiaio?a oi?aae?iiy oe?iiooai?aiiyi ia iniiai? aeaee ne?iaeie ?
i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a;

aeeiiaii aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeainoae ia?iaanoeoe?eiiai
?icaeoeo aaeoc? oaa?eiieoeoaa c aeei?enoaiiyi i?aiaeiiai iaoai?cio
oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie;

c?iaeaii aiae?c aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? nia?aa?oino? ? ?aae?caoe?eii? oe?ie
??cieo oei?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeioe?eueiino? ?aaeueieo ?aca?a?a;

noi?ioeueiaaii aeiiae aei ainiiaea?nueeeo noa’?eo?a ia aac? eieaini?a
? aea?aeaini?a i?ney ?o ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/iai
iioaioe?aeo ? ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e, ui oi?io?oueny c iaoith cieaeaiiy
ia?aoe?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a ?icae??aieo oe?i;

iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaiooaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei ?eieiaiai oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
noaae?yo oi?ioaaiiy nia?aa?oino?, aeo?ao ii ?aae?caoe?? c i???ioaoe??th
ia iinooiiaa aeo?niaiiy c aioo??oiueiai i?iaeiaieue/iai ?eieo ?iii?oii?
i?iaeoeoe??;

?ic?iaeaii ? iaa?oioiaaii i?iiiceoe?? c oaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy oe?iiooai?aiiy ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

1. Eiiieaeniiio i?aeoiae? aei aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeiaeo ?eieiai? oe?ie
iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a.

2. Aeyaeaii? i?e/eii-iane?aeeiaeo ca’yce?a i?ae i?ioeanaie
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? iiaeeeaei
iaoai?ciii cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ia iniia? ?inoo o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe??
ae?iaie/iai e oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo.

3. ?ic?iaoe? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii cieaeaiith nia?aa?oino? ye
aeiiii?/ii? aace oe?ie.

4. Iaa?oiooaaii? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy ia iniia? aeyaeaieo i?ioe??/ i?ae oe?iaie i?iieneiaeo
iiiiiie?e ? iecueeith eoi?aaeueiith ni?iiiaei?noth ianaeaiiy
i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a.

5. Eeaneo?eaoe?? i?e?iaeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a oe?iiooai?aiiy ia iniiai?
aeaee oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee c
ia?icaeiaiith ?eieiaith ?io?ano?oeoo?ith.

6. ?ice?eoo? iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?cio
ca?iiaeo aaenae?a ye oi?ie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i a iniiaieo
aeieao AIE ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oaeineiiaeaiith
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE ai?iaaaeaeaii o
ae?iaieoeoai, ui iiaea i?aeaeueoe oe?iiao eiieo?aioe?th a?o/eciyii?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeieia?/ieo ?
i?aeoe/ieo aniaeo?a cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? iniiaieo aeae?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? aeiiii?/ii? aace oe?ie.
I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy, ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaiooaeueio iiaeaeue cieaeaiiy
nia?aa?oino? iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? ia iniia? i?aiaeieo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? o aeiiia?aeyo ? aenooiao aaoi?a ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (Oa?e?a, 1996, 1997, 1998 ??.),
ae?iaie/eo ia?aaeao ? nai?ia?ao ??cieo ??ai?a o A?eai?iaenuee?e iaeano?
(1994-1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 5 iaoeiaeo
?ia?o caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,4 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a, ianya ? ci?no ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? 177 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 33 oaaeeoe?, 6
?enoie?a oa 23 aeiaeaoee. Nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae aeeth/a? 167
iaeiaioaaiue.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeth/a?:

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Nooi?noue oe?ie oa ?? ooieoe?? a ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?. 1.1.
Oe?ia ye aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y. 1.2. Ooieoe?? oe?ie a ?eieia?e
aeiiii?oe?.

?icae?e 2. Oi?ie ? iaoiaee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy.
2.1. Oaeoi?e oe?iiooai?aiiy ? aeaee oe?i. 2.2. Iniiai? oaeoi?e
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th.

?icae?e 3. Aiae?c oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio
A?eai?iaenueei? iaeano?. 3.1. Iaoai?ci oe?iiooai?aiiy ia iaoa??aeuei?
oaeoi?e ae?iaieoeoaa. 3.2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a, ui
aecia/athoue ??aaiue nia?aa?oino?. 3.2.1. ?ineeiieoeueeee i?aeeiiieaen.
3.2.2. Oaa?eiieoeueeee i?aeeiiieaen. 3.3. Aieea aeoe?iioaaiiy
aea?aeaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia oe?iiooai?aiiy.

?icae?e 4. Oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy
ia i?iaeiaieue/? oiaa?e. 4.1. Aiae?c oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th a NOA. 4.2. Aea?aeaaia
?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy ia i?iaeiaieue/? oiaa?e a e?a?iao c
?eieiaith aeiiii?eith. 4.3. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy ia iniiai?
aeaee i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a ? eeaneo?eaoe?y oe?iiooai?thth/eo oaeoi??a.
4.3.1. Oe?iiooai?aiiy ia iniiai? aeaee i?iaeiaieuenoaa a ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe?. 4.3.2. Eeaneo?eaoe?y i?e?iaeiiii?/ieo oe?iiooai?thth/eo
oaeoi??a ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo ne?iaeio. 4.4. Iaa?oiooaaiiy
eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a oe?iiooai?aiiy.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeiaeaoee.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O “Anooi?” iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??,
iaiao?aei?noue o/ano? ?aa?iiaeueieo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy a
aeeoa?aioe?eiiio i?aeoiae? aei aeai?o aaaeae?a ? iaoai?ci?a ?aaoethaaiiy
c o?aooaaiiyi niaoeeo?ee iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeiaieuenoaa.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Nooi?noue oe?ie oa ?? ooieoe?? a ?eieia?e
aeiiii?oe?” ?icaeyaeathoueny oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe oe?ie ye aeiiii?/ii?
eaoaai???.

A AIE ?eieiai? ? ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee oe?ia ye aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y
aeeiio? oae? ooieoe??:

Aei??thaaeueia ooieoe?y oe?ie aeicaiey? aenooieoe “caaaeueiei
ciaiaiieeii”, yeee i?eaiaeeoue aei ?aeeiiai aa?o?niiai ?aiao
??ciiaaeocaao ??ciiiai?oi?noue an?o oiaa?ieo ?eie?a.

Iae?eiaa ooieoe?y oe?ie aeicaiey? aei??thaaoe e?euee?noue aeeai? oa
iaoa??ae?ciaaii? i?aoe?, ui i?noeoueny o eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio oiaa??. A
?eieia?e ? ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? iaoa??ae?ciaaia i?aoey o aeaeyae?
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a aoiaeeoue o nia?aa?o?noue ca oe?iith i?eaeaaiiy.

?aaoethth/a ooieoe?y oe?ie caaacia/o? ii/aoeia? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
i?aeo?eiaiiy i?iii?oe?eiino? oa ??aiiaaae a aeiiii?oe? a oe?eiio. Oea
aeicaiey? oe?i? ci?ithaaoe ianyae oa no?oeoo?o ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a ?
iineoa a?aeiia?aeii aei ?aaeueieo iio?aa.

Noeioethth/a ooieoe?y oe?ie cae?enith?oueny o ??cieo oi?iao:

oe?ia i?aeaeuo? caoe?eaaeai?noue oiaa?iae?iaieea o ca?eueoaii? aeioneo
i?iaeoeoe?? aeey ca?eueoaiiy aeanii? ae?o/ee ? i?eaooeo a?ae i?iaeaaeo;

/a?ac i?eaooeia?noue i?aei?e?inoaa oe?ia aieeaa? ia ?aioaaaeuei?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa.

?ioi?iaoe?eia ooieoe?y oe?ie i?iyaey?oueny o oiio, ui ii oe?i?
?aae?caoe?? aeanii? i?iaeoeoe?? oiaa?iae?iaiee caaaeaee cia? aeeiai?eo
iiieoo ia naith i?iaeoeoe?th.

?iciiae?eue/a ooieoe?y oe?ie aeieea? i?e aea?aeaaiiio aieea? ia oe?ie.
Oi?iaie ?aae?caoe?? oe??? ooieoe?? oe?ie a AIE ?in?? ?:

caaacia/aiiy aea?aaeaioiiai oiaa?iiai iai?io /a?ac ??aiiaaaei? oe?ie;

oi?ioaaiiy i?iii?oe?e i?e ?iciiae?eo iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?eaooeo ia
oiiaee niiaeeaaiiy ? iaeiie/aiiy;

?ici?uaiiy a?iiaaenueeiai e ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oaeoi?e oa iaoiaee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy” aeeiiaii aiae?c iaiao?aeiino? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy.

Nenoaia oe?i ? oe?iiooai?aiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? o?eaaeee /an
aacoaaeany ia aeo?aoiiio i?aeoiae?. I?eioeeiaie ? oaeoi?aie anoaiiaeaiiy
caeoi?aaeueieo oe?i aoee ciiaeueia aa?o?noue, i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ia
ciioaaiiy, ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??, nacii ?aae?caoe??, ieai aea?aecaeoiie ?
noaa?euei?noue oe?ie i?ioyaii iaaiiai ia??iaeo.

Iaoai?ci aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy caeoi?aaeueieo oe?i ca ciiaie iaa
i?eioeeiia? iaaeie?ee. A?i ia ni?eya i?aeaeuaiith caaaeueii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, aaeueioaaa
no?oeoo?i? c?ooaiiy a aeiiii?oe?. Iaoiae ciioaaiiy oe?i noeioethaaa
ae?iaieoeoai aei?iai? i?iaeoeoe??, yea ae?iaeyeany o iaeiaio ni?eyoeeaeo
oiiaao.

Iieacaii, ui a ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe? caeoi?aaeuei? oe?ie ia iaeiieiaii?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?iaeoeoe, ui ae?iaeythoueny a ??cieo ?aa?iiao
e?a?ie, i?aeoe/ii ae??aiththoueny: ??cieoey coiiaeth?oueny o?ainii?oieie
aeo?aoaie ia ia?aaacaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? c iaeiiai ?aa?iio a ?ioee. sseui ae
oe?ie a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueoa, i?ae o?ainii?oi? aeo?aoe, oi oaea
iieiaeaiiy oaeaeei ae??aith?oueny oi?aiaaeueieie iia?aoe?yie, ye? a NOA
iaceaathoueny a?a?o?aaeieie.

Ei?enoue iina?aaeieoeoaa, ui ae??aith? caeoi?aaeuei? oe?ie i?ae ??cieie
?aa?iiaie, i?iyaey?oueny, ianaiia?aae, o ??aiii??iiio ?iciiae?e?
i?eaooe?a i?ae ?aa?iiaie, i?aeneeaiiyi eiieo?aioe?? i?ae i?iaeaaoeyie oa
iieoioeyie, a aoaeoeai?e niaoe?ae?caoe?? aaeoc?, a ia?aaaaeiino? ianiaeo
i?iaeoeoiaeo ?eie?a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE A?aeai?iinueeiai
?aeiio A?eai?iaenueei? iaeano?” ?ice?eoi iaoai?ci oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
iaoa??aeuei? oaeoi?e ae?iaieoeoaa, aeine?aeaeai? i?e?iaeiiii?/i?
oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia ??aaiue nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??, a oaeiae
?icaeyiooi aieea aeoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa ia oe?iiooai?aiiy.

A ianooaaao aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio onoaiiaeaia nooo?aa
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y nia?aa?oino? ca?iiaeo ? oaoi?/ieo eoeueoo?, yea
aecia/a?oueny ia i?e?iaeiiii?/ieie oaeoi?aie, a eoeueoo?ith
caiea?ianoaa, ui neeaeany o?aaeeoe?eii a ainiiaea?noa?, eaae?o?eaoe?? oa
o?oaeiaith iioeaaoe??th ae?iaie/iai oa oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo.

Ii ??cieo aeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a ?aeii?
iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy aeo?ao ia iaeeieoeth ieiu? aai iaeio aieiao
a?aeoeeythoueny a?ae i?i?iaeueieo: ii ca?io a 2 c eeoeii ?ace, ii
oeoe?iaiio ao?yeo a 7 c eeoeii ?ace, ii niiyoieeo a 4 c eeoeii ?ace.
Ana oea ca iaeieo ? oeo aea oe?iao ia niiaeeaai? iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne.

Ua a?eueo nooo?aa ??cieoey niinoa??aa?oueny a i?iaeoeoeaiino?
oaa?eiieoeoaa. I?e/iio no?ieao?noue o iaaeao ainiiaea?noa ia ia?
ia’?eoeaieo aeiiii?/ieo i?e/ei ye ca oaiiaie niaaeo iiaie?a’y, iiei/ii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a, oa ? ca nia?aa?o?noth 1 oe iieiea. A na?aaeiueiio
ii ainiiaea?noaao ?aeiio i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a ca?eueoeeanue ia 295 ea,
a oie /an ye a AICO “A?eueoiaee” aiia ae?inea ia 1409 ea.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii, ui ia ?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a ia
iaeaniiio ? ?aeiiiiio ??ai? (ae?iaieoeoai eiia?ei?i?a, na?a?nia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa?i, ??aaiue ciiaaoa?eia?iiai caaacia/aiiy oa ?i.), a
i?e?iaeiiii?/ia na?aaeiaeua a eiaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? ? aecia/ath/ei
oaeoi?ii i?e aeai?? no?oeoo?e oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ni?yiiaoaaiiy eiai
?ioain?o?eaoe??, ??ai? ? oi?i o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? i?ia?aeieo eaoaai??e
i?aoe?aiee?a.

Aeina?ae ?iaioe AICO “A?eueoiaee”, ia aac? yeiai c?iaeaii iiiia?ao?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ca 1991-1998 ??., iieacaa iayai?noue /ioe?ueio
aca?iiiia’ycaieo i?ia?aeieo oaeoi??a ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe??, yea
caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino?.

Ia?oei oaeoi?ii oni?oii? ?iaioe ? inai?iiy i?aiaeieo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a iaaeao aaeeeeo ia?aeiieo i?ae?icae?e?a, ui neeaeeny.
Naia i?aiaeiee iaoai?ci aeaa iiaeeea?noue oeueiio ainiiaea?noao
i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a ? i?aeiyoe ?aioaaaeuei?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea ? ainiiaea?noaa o oe?eiio.

Ae?oaei oaeoi?ii, ui caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia iaeeieoeth
i?iaeoeoe??, ? aeei?enoaiiy aeoe?iia?iiai iaoai?cio ainiiaea?thaaiiy
aeey iino?eiiai iiiaeaiiy iniiaieo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa (o?aeoi??a ?
cae?aeueii? oaoi?ee) ia oeiaeo i?yiei ?ioa?anai aeoe?iia??a a oiiaao
oe?iiaiai aeenia?eoaoo ia i?iieneiao ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th.

O?ao?i oaeoi?ii oni?oii? ?iaioe ? oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo
?ioaineaieo oaeoi??a: ii??aiyii aenieeo aeic aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo ?
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea (4,5 o i?aai?ee ia 1 aa ??ee? i?e na?aaeiueiio
iieacieeo ii ?aeiio 1,7 o oa 3,5 oe i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea o o?ce/iiio
ia/eneaii? i?e na?aaeiueiio ii ?aeiio 1,2 oe), canoinoaaiiy cania?a
caoenoo ?ineei, iino?eiiio ni?oiiiiaeaiith, aeio?eiaiiy iioeiaeueieo
no?ie?a i?iaaaeaiiy iniiaieo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e ii eiaei?e
eoeueoo??.

*aoaa?oei oaeoi?ii, ui caaacia/o? c?inoaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?
oo?aioa ea??aieoeoaa AO i?i nioe?aeuei? iio?aae, i?aeaeuaiiy
eiioi?oiino? aeeoea, ?iaio? an?o ia’?eo?a nioe?aeueii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e,
i?aeaeuaii? eaae?o?eaoe?? ae?iaie/iai ? oi?aae?inueeiai ia?niiaeo,
cie?aia aeiiii?/iiai anaiao/o ?eieiai? i???ioaoe??.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy ia i?iaeiaieue/? oiaa?e” ?icaeyaea?oueny aeina?ae e?a?i c
?eieiaith aeiiii?eith a?aeiinii oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th, aeine?aeaeaii iaoai?ci
oe?iiooai?aiiy ia iniiai? aeaee i?iaeiaieue/eo oiaa??a a ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe?, iaa?oioiaai? i?aeoiaee oe?iiooai?aiiy.

I?aeo?eiea oa?ia??a NOA caaacia/o?oueny oe?ieith ia?aaeath i?aaiaeo e
aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a, ui caaacia/o? oe?iiaee ia?eoao ia i?iieneiao ?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th.

Aeey i?aeo?eiee a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieea n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
i?iaeoeoe?? A?eai?iaenueea iaeania aaei?i?no?aoe?y ooaaeeea ?yae
iinoaiia, ui ?aaoeththoue i?ioean oe?iiooai?aiiy. Iaeiei ?c aaeeoeo
caoiae?a aoei aaaaeaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oe?i ia ne?iaeio ? aioiao
i?iaeoeoe?th (oaae. 1).

A iaeani?e aaei?i?no?aoe?? noai?aii oi?aae?iiy oe?i, yea cae?enith?
eiio?ieue ca ci?iith oe?i ca oaeeie iai?yieaie: iioiaa oe?ia (noa?a ?
iiaa, a?aeoeeaiiy, iethn, i?ion); ?aioaaaeuei?noue, i?eaooie ca noa?i? ?
iiai? oe?ie; ieoiia aaaa i?iaeoeoe??, ui aeaeea?o?oueny a caaaeueiiio
ianyc? ae?iaieoeoaa; nia?aa?o?noue aeaeea?iaaii? i?iaeoeoe?? a oiio
/ene? iniiai? aeo?aoe (ne?iaeia, iaoa??aee, iaeeai, aia?a?y, ca?ieaoa oa
?io?).

Oaaeeoey 1

Eiao?oe??ioe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?aeioneii? oe?ie i?aei?e?inoa-ae?iaiee?a
aei caeoi?aaeueii? oe?ie ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th
(iieiea)*

? i/i

I?iaeoeoe?yEiao?oe??ioe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a?aeioneieo oe?i aei
caaio?aaeueieo1.Ianei oaa?eiia aaaiaa17,632.Ianei oaa?eiia
oaniaaia17,913.Iieiei ianoa?eciaaia, 2,5% aee?iino?, oeyaeia1,134.Iieiei
ianoa?eciaaia, 2,5% aee?iino?, oaniaaia1,805.Niaoaia, 15% aee?iino?,
aaaiaa6,706.Niaoaia, 20% aee?iino?, oaniaaia10,377.Ne?, 9% aee?iino?,
aaaiaee7,798.Ne?, 9% aee?iino?, oaniaaiee8,209.Ne? oaa?aeee14,8710.
Aa?oee, 10% aee?iino?, oaniaai?6,4411.Eao??, 2,5% aee?iino?,
oaniaaiee1,80*Ca aaciaee iieaciee acyoi caeoi?aaeueio oe?io iieiea
ia?oiai aaooieo,

ioieiaeaeaiiai, aaciai? aee?iino?, i?e oeueiio aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y
caeoi?aaeueieo oe?i ii yeino?, ni?oiino? oa ?ioeo ia?aiao?ao ioe?iee
ne?iaeie caa??aa?oueny.

Aeacaiee cao?ae aea?oue iiaeeea?noue cae?enieoe ae??aee eiio?ieue c
aieo aea?aeaaieo oe?iiaeo i?aai?a ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi i?ae
caeoi?aaeueieie ? ?icae??aieie oe?iaie, ia aeiioneath/e i?e oeueiio
iaiaa?oioiaaiiai ia?a?iciiae?eo o noa?ao AIE.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaei??? ?c
niaoeeo?/ieo oi?i aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy o ca’ycaieo
aeieao AIE a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?, a naia aaenaeueiee ia?a. Nooue
eiai iieyaa? a onoaiiaeaii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? iaeano? oe?iiaiai
aea?aaeaioo i?ae eiia?ei?iii ? i?iaeoeoe??th oaa?eiieoeoaa. Aea?aaeaioia
aa?o?noue ca?iiaiai aaenaey a?aeiia?aea? 1 oii? y/iaith ?yaeiaiai.

O aea/aieo iaie aeaea?aeao iaei? aaoi?e i?iiiiothoue, aeoiaey/e c
aeina?aeo ?icaeiaieo e?a?i, onoaiiaeoe o?eniaai? aeioaoe?? ia iaeeieoeth
?aae?ciaaii? aea?aeaa? i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa. Aieiaiei a?aoiaioii
oaei? iiceoe?? aenooia? aaaaoie?oiy i?aeoeea aea?aeaeioaoe?e o
?icaeiaieo e?a?iao c ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith.

I?eoeeueieee oaeiai i?aeoiaeo aaaaeathoue, ui n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai
aaea aeaaii ia?aoai?eeiny a aaeocue aea ia ni?aoeueiaothoue aeiiii?/i?
iaoai?cie cieaeaiiy aeo?ao, oiio aeioaoe?? ? oi?iith caii?iaeoaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? a?aenoaeino?. sse a?aoiaio oe??? iiceoe??
aeei?enoiao?oueny oaiaeaioe?y cieaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee a
ssiii??, NOA oa ?ioeo e?a?iao.

Iaoa iiceoe?y c oeueiai ieoaiiy caeeth/a?oueny a ianooiiiio:

ii-ia?oa, ia i?aaii??ii ? ia ei?aeoii ioioiaeithaaoe ??aaiue
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace AIE ?icaeiooeo e?a?i ? ?in??, oiaoi
?icaeioo? e?a?ie ia ii/aoeo noai?eee ?eieiao ?io?ano?oeoo?o ? i?oeio
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/io aaco, a iio?i aea??eiai ia?aeoee aei
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iae?iaieea;

ii-ae?oaa, a ?icaeiaieo e?a?iao canoiniao?oueny nenoaia
aioeaeaii?iaiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea caoeua? aioo??oi?e ?eiie
i?iaeiaieuenoaa a?ae ?iii?oo;

ii-o?ao?, aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a iei?oi?o oiiaao
?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? ia iiaea eii?thaaoe aeina?ae ?icaeiooeo e?a?i
/a?ac iecueeee ieao?aeiini?iiiaeiee iiieo ianaeaiiy, ia ?icaeiooo
?eieiao ?io?ano?oeoo?o aioo??oiueiai ?eieo, aaeeeo no?ieao?noue ii
??aith nia?aa?oino? iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeiaieue/iai iiieoo a iaaeao
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a.

Ana aeuacacia/aia cioneei ian ?ic?iaeoe o?e??aiaao eiioeaiooaeueio
iiaeaeue. A i?e ?ice?eoi iniiaiee niaeo? iaoai?ci?a aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE a iei?oi?o oiiaao.

I?e?iaeii, a cai?iiiiiaai?e iiaeae? ia ioiieaiee aanue niaeo?
aeiiii?/iiai aeeooy AIE. Iaeiae, a cai?iiiiiaaiiio aeaeyae?, ia iao
iiaeyae, aecia/ai? eiioo?e ??ai?a oi?aae?iiy, ia eiaeiiio c yeeo
ae??oothoueny nai? i?iaeaie oe?iiooai?aiiy. Ie oio?ee i?aee?aneeoe, ui
iaeia c eeth/iaeo i?e/ei iaaaea/ ?eieiaiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy AIE a ?in?? ?
non?aei?o c iath aea?aeaa, ia iao iiaeyae, naia ? iieyaa? a oiio, ui
iiee ua ia noai?aia iie?oeea oe?iiooai?aiiy AIE, yea a a?aeaeaaea
?ioa?ane i?iieneiaino?, n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? ianaeaiiy. Oiio ia
??ai? eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a iaiao?aeii /?oei ?iciaaeoaaoe i?iaeaie
? oi?ie ?o ae??oaiiy ia eiaeiiio ?c ??ai?a oi?aae?iiy. A oeueiio e
neeaaea?oueny a?aei?ii?noue iaoeo i?aeoiae?a aei ieoaiue aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE a?ae aeei?enoaieo a oe?e ?iaio?
aeaea?ae.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??

1. Ia nueiaiaei? i?aaenoaaieee ??cieo iaoeiaeo oe?e ? iai?yie?a
aeio?eiothoueny iaiaeiaeiaeo oi/ie ci?o a ?icoi?ii? ?ie? oe?ie a
?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?, ?? ooieoe?e a AIE, oi?i ? iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy.

Ia iei?oiueiio aoai? ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? AIE ?in?? ooieoe?? oe?i ia
aeeiiothoue naiai i?ecia/aiiy /a?ac:

iaa?aeiia?aei?noue oei?a ?eie?a ia i?iieneiao i?iaeoeoe?th, aea
caa??aa?oueny iiiiiie?y, ? ?eie?a ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th, oe?ie ia yeo iaiaaeai? ieaoini?iiiaeiei iiieoii ianaeaiiy;

iaaea?aaeaioiee i?aeaaeocaaee oiaa?iiai?i, yeee nooo?ai c?ooea
aeenia?eoao oe?i ia ei?enoue i?iieneiaino?.

2. Iniiaieie oe?iiooai?thth/eie oaeoi?aie ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th ?ineeiieoeoaa a oeae /an aenooiathoue:

ii oaoi?/iei eoeueoo?ai: ian?iiy, caniae caoenoo ?ineei, i?ia?aeuei?
aeia?eaa, aia?ai?ano?ne;

ii ca?iiaei eoeueoo?ai: aia?ai?ano?ne, i?ia?aeuei? aeia?eaa, caniae
caoenoo ?ineei;

ii i?iaeoeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa: ei?ie, iieaoa i?aoe?, aia?ai?ano?ne.

Oiio ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy ia i?iaeiaieuenoai, yea neeaaea? 60% ?
a?eueoa aeo?aoii? /anoeie n?iaeiiai athaeaeaoo ianaeaiiy, ia iiaea aooe
caaacia/aia yeeiinue iaeiei oe?iiooai?thth/ei aeieoiaioii.

3. Iei?oi? caoiaee aea?ae?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo ne?iaeio ? i?iaeiaieuenoai iathoue a iniiaiiio
aaei?i?no?aoeai? iaiaaeaiiy aa?oiueiai ??aiy ?icae??aieo oe?i. Oae, ca
1995-1998 ??. a A?eai?iaenuee?e iaeano? aoei i?eeiyoi 5 iinoaiia Aieiae
iaeanii? aaei?i?no?aoe??, ye? aecia/aee aa?oi?e ??aaiue ?icae??aieo oe?i
ia iniiai? i?iaeoeoe oa?/oaaiiy (oe?ai-aoei/i? ae?iae, iieiei ? iiei/i?
i?iaeoeoe, oeoei? oa ?io.).

4. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii, ui ia ?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a ia
iaeaniiio ? ?aeiiiiio ??aiyo (ae?iaieoeoai eiia?ei?i?a, na?a?nia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa?i, ??aaiue ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?io.), a
i?e?iaeiiii?/ia na?aaeiaeua a eiaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? ? aecia/ath/ei
oaeoi?ii i?e aeai?? no?oeoo?e oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, iai?yieo eiai
?ioaineo?eaoe??, ??aiy oa oi?i o?oaeiai? iioeaaoe?? i?ia?aeieo eaoaai??e
?ia?oiee?a.Oaaeeoey 2

O?e??aiaaa eiioeaiooaeueia iiaeaeue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE A?eai?iaenueei? iaeano? (aaoi?nueea ?ic?iaea)

??ai?I?aaie oi?aae?iiyI?iaeaie, ye? ae??oothouenyOi?ie ??oaiiyI?noeaaee
(?aeiiiee)I?aaie oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa,
aea?aeaai? i?aaie oi?aae?iiy ?aeiio1.Anoaiiaeaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo
noaaie i?iaeiiaeaoeo c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeth/ino? caiaeue.

2. Cieaeaiiy na?aaei?o aeo?ao ae?ia-ieoeoaa ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe?? a
?aeii?.

3. Aea?? iioeiaeueii? no?oeoo?e oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa c o?aooaaiiyi
?eieiaiai iiieoo.

4. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ia iniia? cieaeaiiy oe?ie
i?eaeaaiiy ?ano?n?a ? i?aeaeuaiiy oe?ie ?aae?caoe??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.1. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aace
iiiaeao-eoaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ii? ?iaeth/ino? caiaeue
ainiiaea?noa.

2. ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo c iaoith cieaeaiiy
nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??.

3. Oi?ioaaiiy ai?eciioaeueieo oa aa?oeeaeueieo oi?i eiiia?aoe?? c
aeei?enoaiiyi ca?iiaiai aaenaey.

4. Iiooe eaiae?a i?eaeaaiiy e aea?? eaiae?a ?aae?caoe?? aeanii?
i?iaeoeoe?? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa.Iaeaniee
(?aa?iiaeueiee)I?aaie aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy iaeanieo
aaei?i?no?aoe?e1.Nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ?eieo.

2. Iaaeiiouaiiy iaiaa?oioiaaiiai iaea?aeaiiy i?eaooeo a oi?a?ae? ?
ia?a?iai?e noa?? ca ?aooiie ae?iaiee?a ne?iaeie.

3. Noai?aiiy ??aieo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy a ?aeiiao c ??ciei ??aiai
aeiiii?/ii? ?iaeth/ino? caiaeue.

1.Anoaiiaeaiiy a?aie/ieo ??ai?a oe?i o ?icae??ai?e oi?a?ae? ia
i?iaei-aieue/? oiaa?e ia?oi? iaiao?aeiino? c iaoith nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

2. Caoaa?aeaeaiiy eiao?oe??io?a ni?aa?aeiioaiue a?aeioneii? oe?ie
ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa AIE aei caeoi?aaeueii? oe?ie
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? c iaoith caaacia/aiiy oe?iiaiai
ia?eoaoo a iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeieao iaeaniiai AIE.

I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaae. 2

3. Anoaiiaeaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiiai i?iaeiaieue/iai iiaeaoeo c o?aooaaiiyi
yeino? caiaeue aeey ae??aithaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.Oaaea?aeueiee (oeaio?aeueiee)Aea?aeaai? oaaea?aeuei?
i?aaie oi?aae?iiy AIE1.Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? ?io?a-no?oeoo?e aioo??oiueiai
?eieo ia an? aeaee iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo ?ano?n?a aeey AIE c
aeio?eiaiiyi oe?iiaiai ia?eoaoo ia n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th.

2. Onoaiiaeaiiy iniiaieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a a?aeoai?thaaiiai
oeeeeo a aaeocyo AIE c o?aooaaiiyi na?aaei?o aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai oa
eoi?aaeueiiai iiieoo ianaeaiiy.

3. Caoeno aioo??oiueiai i?iaei-aieue/iai ?eieo a?ae ?iii?oii?
eiieo?aioe??.

4. Caoeno aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a a?o/eciyieo aea?aeieaicaaiae?a,
ian?iiaaeo ainiiaea?noa, ye naeaeoe?eii-aaiaoe/ii? aace a?o/eciyiiai
AIE.

5. Caaacia/aiiy on?o aeie?a AIE cai?ioieie eiooaie.

1. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i ia iniiai? aeaee i?iieneiai? i?iaeoeoe??
c o?aooaaiiyi oe?i, ui neeaeeny, ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th.

2. ?ic?iaea ? ?aae?caoe?y aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo AIE.

3. Onoaiiaeaiiy ieoieo oa?eo?a ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th
iae?eoe/iiai ?iii?oo. I?eiyooy aioeaeaii?iaiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

4. Anoaiiaeaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eieo aeioaoe?e ia i?iaeoeoe?th ieaiaiieo
caaiae?a, ian?iiaaeo ainiiaea?noa oa ?ioeo o/aniee?a ?iiaaoe?eiiai
oeeeeo.

5. Anoaiiaeaiiy a?aie/ieo a?aenioe?a aaie?anueeeo e?aaeeo?a aeey AIE.

5. Aaaeeea?oei oaeoi?ii, ui aieeaa? ia nooi?iue aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee
??aiy oe?i ia i?iaeiaieuenoai ? caaaeueiee ??aaiue aeeooy ia?iaeo,
o?aaeeoe?eia no?oeoo?a niiaeeaaiiy ? oa?/oaaiiy.

I?iaeoeoe ?ineeiieoeoaa ? a?eueo aeinooii? aeey an?o i?ioa?e?a
noni?euenoaa, oiio aieiaiith oi?iith oo?aioe aea?aeaae i?i caei?ia’y
naiai ia?iaeo ? iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo aeanieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
a AIE, ye? ioiieththoue aanue oeeee noai?aiiy i?iaeoeoo: ne?iaeia
oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa caa??aaiiy ?aae?caoe?y oi?ia aaeeaaiiy a
?aeo.

6. ?aeiii? aaei?i?no?aoe?? ia iathoue ?aaoethth/iai aieeao ia
oe?iiooai?aiiy. ?o coneeey ni?yiiaai? ia cieaeaiiy oeo aeaiaio?a
nia?aa?oino?, ye? iathoue cia/i? ?aca?ae aeey cieaeaiiy oe?i. Oae,
iai?eeeaae, eeoa aeo?aoe ia 1 oe ca?ia ii aia?ai?ano?nai iathoue
eieeaaiiy a?ae 37 aei 42 ?oa.

7. C iaoith iaiaaeaiiy iaiaa?oioiaaiiai i?eaooeo ia?a?iaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, aaei?i?no?aoe??th A?eai?iaenueei? iaeano? a 1998 ?.
i?eeiyoi iinoaiiao, a ye?e onoaiiaeaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae oe?iaie
ne?iaeie ? aioiaith i?iaeoeoe??th ia ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoaao.
Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo iaiaaeaiiy ?aioaaaeueiino? o noa?? ia?a?iaee ?
oi?a?ae? ia ? aoaeoeaiei caniaii caoenoo ianaeaiiy a?ae caaeoaieo oe?i,
ai i?e oeueiio caa??aathoueny iiaeeeaino? a iaaeao ii?iaoeaii?
?aioaaaeueiino? ia caeiaoeny aaeineiiaeaiiyi oaoiieia?? ? cieaeaiiyi
ieoiieo aeo?ao ia iaeeieoeth ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe??.

8. Aeeiiaia eeaneo?eaoe?y i?e?iaeiiii?/ieo oaeoi??a iieaco?, ui ia ??ai?
noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiaiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy iaa??
aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a oe?iiooai?aiiy aeiei??iii ci?ieany. Oea
a?aeiineoueny ia?o ca ana aei aeai?o eaiae?a iaea?aeaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a,
oaoi?ee, i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea ? cania?a caoenoo ?ineei. I?e oeueiio
eaiaee ?aae?caoe?? aioiai? i?iaeoeoe?? a oiiaao canoinoaaiiy ?aeeiiai
i?iaeiaieue/iai iiaeaoeo ia iathoue cia/ieo oe?iiaeo a?aei?iiinoae.

Onoaiiaeaiith oe?iiaiai ia?eoaoo i?ae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeith ?
i?iieneiaith i?iaeoeoe??th, ia iaoo aeoieo, iiaea ni?eyoe:

?iciiae?eaiiy ca ??aiai oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ? oi?i ?o
ae??oaiiy;

eiioeaio?aoe?y coneeue i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?aeiiiiai
??aiy ? i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ia
cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? aeiiii?/ii? iniiae iioiaeo ?
?icae??aieo oe?i ia i?iaeiaieuenoai;

aeaeaiiy iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c aeeeaaeaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo
ii?iaoea?a aeo?ao ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe?? a ii??aiyii? c ia?aaeiaeie
ainiiaea?noaaie ciie ? ca?oa?aeieie iieacieeaie;

onoaiiaeaiiy i?eueaiaiai e?aaeeooaaiiy AIE aeey oi?ioaaiiy iai?ioieo
eioo?a ? oiiaeo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, a?aenooi?noue yeeo /a?ac aenie?
aaie?anuee? a?aenioee ii e?aaeeoao ?oeio? aanue a?aeoai?thaaiee oeeee;

aea??eiaa aeiooaaiiy iaeaniei ? oaaea?aeueiei athaeaeaoaie
?iiaaoe?eii? i?iaeoeoe?? na?oiaiai ??aiy (ieaiooaeiae, ian?iiy aenieeo
?ai?iaeoeoe?e oa ?i.) ia noaae?? inai?iiy oaoiieia?e ca oe?eueiaeie
i?ia?aiaie. Aeoeaii ?iciianthaeaeoaaoe aeina?ae ?iaioe aeoe?iiiaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa, cie?aia AO “A?eueoiaee”, yeee iieacaa, ui iniiaieie
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieie oi?iaie cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? an?o aeae?a
ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? ? ia?ao?ae ia i?aiaeii-eaieia? oi?ie iieaoe
i?aoe? ca e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii. Ca oeae /an nia?aa?o?noue iieiea
cieceeanue ia 3%, ui caaacia/eei ca inoaii? 3 ?iee ?aioaaaeuei?noue
17-24%.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy caaeainiaaiiai ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai i?iaeiaieue/iai
?eieo ia iei?oiueiio aoai? iaiao?aeii iine?aeiaii caaacia/eoe
a?aeiia?aei?noue ?eieiaiai iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?? c aea?aeaaiei
?aaoethaaiiyi oe?i ia oaaea?aeueiiio ? iaeaniiio ??aiyo c iaeii/aniei
eiio?ieai ia i?iieneia? caniae ae?iaieoeoaa a iaaeao oaaea?aeueii?
aeino?ieiai? i?ia?aie, yea aecia/a? caaeainiaaiee ?icaeoie
iae?iaeiiii?ee e?a?ie.

Aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e c oe?iiooai?aiiyi ia iniia?
iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe?? iaiao?aeii onoaiiaeoe ia iaiueo i?ae ia 5-7 ?ie?a
oe?iia? aea?aaeaioe i?ae i?ia?aeueieie aeia?eaaie (ia ae?th/o ?a/iaeio)
? oe?iaie ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th, aa?o?noth iaei???
e?inueei? neee o?aeoi??a ? i?iaeoeoeai?noth oaoi?ee ia iniiaieo aeaeao
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ia?o. A eiiieaen? c ?ioeie caoiaeaie oea
iiaea noai?eoe i?inoee ? iaae?eiee iaoai?ci noeioethaaiiy inai?iiy
?iiaaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
ne?iaeie oa ?? ia?a?iaee.

Iniiaieie iai?yieaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE ?:

ia oaaea?aeueiiio ??ai? anoaiiaeaiiy i?aeaaeocaaiai oe?iiaiai
ia?eoaoo, ui caaacia/eoue ?icoe?aiiy a?aeoai?aiiy an?o aeae?a
i?iaeoeoe??;

ia iaeaniiio ??ai? i?aeo?eiea /a?ac ?aeeiee i?iaeiiaeaoie ciiaeueieo
eiao?oe??io?a on?o aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a
? ciiaeueieo iniaeeainoae;

ia ?aeiiiiio ??ai? caaacia/aiiy cieaeaiiy ia?aoe?iiaeueieo aeo?ao ia
iniia? oe?iiai? eiieo?aioe?? oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o

1. No?eia A.A. Oeaiiia?aciaaiea ia i?iaeiaieuenoaea // Aecian-eioi?i.
1997. ? 7. N. 25-28.

2. No?eia A.A. Oeaiiia?aciaaiea ia i?iaeiaieuenoaea // Aecian-eioi?i.
1997. ? 8. N. 26-28.

3. No?eia A.A. Eeanneoeeaoeey iee?iyeiiiie/aneeo oaeoi?ia
oeaiiia?aciaaiey // Aeiiii?ea AIE. 1997. ? 11. N. 37-39.

4. No?eia A.A. Oeaiiia?aciaaiea ia iniiaiua aeaeu i?iaeiaieuenoaey a
ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieea // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
1998. ? 404. *. 3. N. 101-106.

5. No?eia A.A. Oeaiiaie ia?eoao e oiaa?iue e?aaeeo // A?niee
Oa?e?anueeiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. 1998. ? 3. N. 72-75.

AIIOAOe?ss

No?eia A.I. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE (ia
iaoa??aeao A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio A?eai?iaenueei? iaeano?). ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.03 i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy
oa ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith, Oa?e?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
A.I. Ea?ac?ia, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aieiaiei ci?noii ?iaioe ? aea/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy a AIE ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? ? ?ic?iaea eiioeaiooaeueieo
i?aeoiae?a eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?.

Aeine?aeaeaii ooieoe?? oe?ie a oiiaao ianoaa?eueiiai iae?iaeiiii?/iiai
na?aaeiaeua, aeyaeaii aeiiii?/i? iniiae oe?iiaiai aeenia?eoaoo ia
i?iaeoeoe?th i?iieneiaino? ? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aeyaeaii iniiai? oaeoi?e oe?iiooai?aiiy ia iniiai? aeaee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??, iieacaii aieea nia?aa?oino? ia
oi?ioaaiiy a?aeioneieo oe?i. C?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i iaiiaeeea?noue
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy /a?ac aeaie?aoio a?aei?ii?noue
nia?aa?oino? a iaaeao aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nia?aa?o?noue, oe?ia, oe?iiooai?aiiy, oaeoi?e, oeie
?eie?a, aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy, caeoi?aaeuei? oe?ie,
no?oeoo?a oe?ie, oe?iiaee ia?eoao, eiio?ieue ca oe?iaie.

AIIIOAOeEss

No?eia A.A. Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea oeaiiia?aciaaiey a AIE (ia
iaoa?eaeao A?aeai?iineiai ?aeiia Aaeai?iaeneie iaeanoe). ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.03 i?aaiecaoeey, oi?aaeaiea, ieaie?iaaiea
e ?aaoee?iaaiea yeiiiieeie. Oa?ueeianeee Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao
ei. A.I. Ea?aceia, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeaaiui niaea?aeaieai ?aaiou yaeyaony eco/aiea ainoaea?noaaiiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey oeaiiia?aciaaiey a AIE ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e ?ac?aaioea
eiioeaiooaeueiuo iiaeoiaeia aai niaa?oainoaiaaiey a ia?aoiaeiie
yeiiiieea.

Enneaaeiaaiu ooieoeee oeaiu a oneiaeyo ianoaaeeueiie iae?iyeiiiie/aneie
n?aaeu, auyaeaiu yeiiiie/aneea iniiau oeaiiaiai aeenia?eoaoa ia
i?iaeoeoeeth i?iiuoeaiiinoe e naeueneiai oicyenoaa.

Auaeaeaiu iniiaiua oaeoi?u oeaiiia?aciaaiey ia iniiaiua aeaeu
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, iieacaii aeeyiea naaanoieiinoe ia
oi?ie?iaaiea ioioneiuo oeai. Naeaeai auaiae i iaaiciiaeiinoe
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey oeaiiia?aciaaiey ec-ca aeaooe?aoiuo
?acee/ee naaanoieiinoe a ianooaaao aaeieieno?aoeaiiai ?aeiia.

Iniiaiuie oi?iaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey oeaiiia?aciaaiey a
AIE a ianoiyuaa a?aiy aunooiatho:

aaeieieno?aoeaiia onoaiiaeaiea aa?oieo o?iaiae ioioneiie oeaiu ia
i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiua oiaa?u ia?aie iaiaoiaeeiinoe;

oeene?iaaiiia niioiioaiea ioioneiuo oeai ia i?iaeoeoeeth
ia?a?aaaouaathuae noa?u e nu?uea.

Onoaiiaeaiiua eiyooeoeeaiou niioiioaiey iaaeaeo ?anoaieaaiae/aneie e
aeeaioiiaiae/aneie i?iaeoeoeeae iaania/eaatho nioeeaeueioth caueoo
ianaeaiey e nicaeaiea ?aaiuo oneiaee aeey ?anoe?aiiiai aini?iecaiaenoaa
a iniiaiuo noa?ao AIE: i?iecaiaenoaa nu?uey e aai ia?a?aaioea.

Iniiaiie i?e/eiie, ia?ooathuae ?uii/iia oeaiiia?aciaaiea, a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy aunooiaao i?ioeai?a/ea iaaeaeo oeiaie ?uieia ia
naeueneioicyenoaaiioth e i?iiuoeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth. Oeaiu ia
i?iiuoeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth (oaoieeo, yia?ai?ano?nu, ieia?aeueiua
oaeia?aiey, caianiua /anoe e ae?.) onoaiiaeaiu caaiaeaie-iiiiiieenoaie,
aaea a oneiaeyo iaaeia?ocee i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae cia/eoaeueii
au?inea naaanoieiinoue. Naeueneia oicyenoai ia iiaeao iiaeaea?aeeaaoue
oeaiiaie ia?eoao ia naith i?iaeoeoeeth ec-ca ieceiai ieaoaaeaniiniaiiai
ni?ina ianaeaiey e oeaiiaie eiieo?aioeee ia eiii?oiia i?iaeiaieuenoaea.
Aai aeiey a 1997 a. i?aauneea ii?iaiaia cia/aiea e au?inea aei 50%.

Auiieiaia eeanneoeeaoeey iee?iyeiiiie/aneeo oeaiiia?acothueo oaeoi?ia
ia i?eia?a iiei/iiai i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiiai iiaeeiiieaena.

Iieacaii aeeyiea aeoeeiie?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiuo naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee ia ?ino yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe ia i?eia?a AI
“Aieueoaaee” A?aeai?iineiai ?aeiia. A yoii i?aaei?eyoee ca aiaeu
?uii/iiai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey ?aioaaaeueiinoue iieiea au?inea aei 24% i?e
i?iaeoeoeaiinoe ieiei 4000 ea ia ei?iao.

Ia iniiaaiee auiieiaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey ?ac?aaioaiu eiioeaiooaeueiua
iiaeoiaeu ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey oeaiiia?aciaaiey a AIE n
auaeaeaieai iniiaiuo caaea/ ii o?iaiyi oi?aaeaiey: oaaea?aeueiii,
iaeanoiii, ?aaeiiaeueiii (ianoiii).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naaanoieiinoue, oeaia, oeaiiia?acothuea oaeoi?u, oeiu
?uieia, ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea oeaiiia?aciaaiey, caeoii/iua
oeaiu, no?oeoo?a oeaiu, oeaiiaie ia?eoao, eiio?ieue ca oeaiaie.

Annotation

Surkov A.A. State Regulation of Price Formation in Agro-Industrial
Complex (on the Materials of Graivoron district of Belgorod region).
Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Economy by speciality 08.02.03
Organization of management, planning and control of economy. Kharkov
National University named after V.N. Karazin, Kharkov, 1999.

The main contents of the thesis is the study of State regulation of
Price Formation in Agro-Industrial Complex of Russian Federation and the
working out of conceptual approaches of its improvement in the
transitional economy.

Price functions under conditions of unstable macroeconomic environment
are studied; economic roots of price disparity for industrial and
agricultural production are found.

Main factors of price formation for essential types of agricultural
production are found; influence of cost price on the formation of retail
prices is shown. Conclusion is made as to the impossibility of State
Regulation of price formation due to two-fold differences in cost prices
in the framework of the administrative region.

Key words: cost price, price, price formation, factors, market types,
State regulation of price formation, purchase price, structural prices,
price disparity, price control.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione E.A. Aioiiaiei

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 13.10.99 ?. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. 17 a?e. Cai. ?
.

Iaae?oeiaaii I?iieneiai-?iaanoeoe?eiith o??iith “AEA”, eoae;

310022, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee 5, Aea?aei?ii, 6 i?ae’?cae, e. 581

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