Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 338.242.4:338.43:620.9

Ooaea?a Aeieo?i Aaneeueiae/

Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy

a n?euenueeiio ?aeii?

/ia iaoa??aeao A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio

Aaeai?iaenueei? iaeano?/

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.03 I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy,

ieaioaaiiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe AIOIIAIEI Eaii?ae Aieneiiae/, Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?AEAA? Aeaaeae Eania?iae/,
I?i?noa?noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? AO?EAAEE Aieiaeeie? Eocueie/,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
noaoenoeee ? aiae?co, I?i?noa?noai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y:

Oa?e?anueeee o?e?ae Aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaioia?
Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 25 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 1700 aiaeei? ia can?aeaie?
Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.05 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310002, Oa?e?a, aoe. Ie?iiineoeueea, 1,
aoae. 3-23.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
310077, Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee,4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 25 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Noi?iaeaiei I.A.

10

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?eii? ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
a?o/eciyii? i?iaeoeoe?? ia aioo??oi?o oa ciai?oi?o ?eieao iio?aao? a?ae
?in?enueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a cia/iiai nei?i/aiiy an?o aeae?a cao?ao ia
iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??. Ii ieoii?e aia?ai?ieino? i?iaeoeoe?y ?in?enueei?
Oaaea?aoe?? oa e?a?i NIAe a 2,5 — 4 ?ac?a ia?aaeuo? e?au? na?oia?
aiaeiae. Oiio i?iaeaia aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy aenooia? aeiaaino?ieiaith, a?ae
ae??oaiiy yei? aoaea caeaaeaoe aeiiii?/iee noai e?a?ie oa nioe?aeueia
noaa?euei?noue.

Ana oea iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue inieneaiiy i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny o na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? c ieoaiue aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy oa
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, ?ic?iaee i?eioeeiiai iiaeo eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae,
ye? a ioiiethaaee an? aniaeoe ? noa?e.

?iaioe a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a ?in??, Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo e?a?i, ye?
aeine?aeaeoaaee oe? i?iaeaie, a iniiaiiio i?enay/ai? ?ic?iaoe? ieoiieo
aaeocaaeo ii?iaoea?a aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy oa cae?eniaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
oa aeiiii?/ieo naieoe?e a oiiaao oeaio?ae?ciaaii? ieaiiai? aeiiii?ee.
?eieiaa ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee iio?aao? i?eioeeiiai iiaeo i?aeoiae?a o
ae??oaii? i?iaeaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ia an?o
??aiyo oi?aae?iiy. Na?aae iaea?eueo aaaiieo ?ia?o c ieoaiue oai??? oa
i?aeoeee aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy oa aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy iiaeia iacaaoe i?aoe?
Aoeaoe?ia A.A., Aoaeiain? ?.A., ?aoaiei A.A., AEo/aiei A.A.,
Iaaeaaaeianueeiai I.E., Iaeoi A., I?oueeiaa A.?., C?iiaa A.A. oa ?i.

?iaioe oeeo oa ?ioeo a/aieo i?enay/ai? aena?oeaiith ie?aieo noi??i
aia?aaoe/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee a aeiiii?/i?e iaooe?. ?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo canaae
uiaei aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio
??ai?, cie?aia aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a, caeeoa?oueny ia
a?aei?aoeueiaaiith.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a
iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a a oi?ioaaii? iaoai?ci?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e
aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie
«Iniiai? iai?yiee ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?», iiia?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0197U009318.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe ?ic?iaea eiioeaiooaeueieo
iniia oi?aae?iiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiyi ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oe??? iaoe a i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ae??oai? oae? caaea/?:

· ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaiooaeueia iiaeaeue aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy iniiaieo aeae?a
aia?ai?ano?n?a ia ??ai? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio;

· aeyaeaii aieea iiaei?iae/aiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a ia nioe?aeuei? i?ioeane ?
no?oeoo?i? ci?ie n?iaeiiai athaeaeaoo ianaeaiiy;

· aeine?aeaeaii aieea aia?ai?ano?n?a ia eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue
aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy;

· aeeiiaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iniiaieo oei?a aia?ainiiaeeaa/?a ii naie a?oiao
oaeoi??a, ye? iaoiiaeththoue ?o aaeaioaoe?th aei ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a
oi?aae?iiy aia?aicaa??aaiiyi;

· aeeiiaii aiae?c iaoai?ci?a aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy a iniiaieo aaeocyo
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ia?a?iaee aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno;

· i?aeaioiaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ii aa?oeeae?: iaeanoue ?aeii ainiiaea?/ee noa’?eo
ianaeaiiy.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiiii?/i? i?ioeane oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiyi ia ??ai? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? niiaeeaa/? aia?ai?ano?n?a oa i?aaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ia iaeaniiio oa ioi?oeeiaeueiiio ??aiyo.

Oai?aoe/io oa iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao ?iaioe neeaaeathoue Caeiie
?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? ii ?aoi?ioaaiith iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiai
eiiieaeno, aia?aicaa?aaeaiith, iinoaiiae oa ?icii?yaeaeaiiy
Aaeai?iaenueei? Iaeanii? Aeoie ii aia?aicaa?aaeaiith, oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy oa iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee a/aieo ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??,
Oe?a?ie ? ?ioeo aea?aeaa ii ?eieiaiio ?aoi?ioaaiith aeiiii?ee, cie?aia
?aa?iiaeueiiio oi?aae?iith aia?aicaa?aaeaiiyi.

I?e aeeiiaii? iinoaaeaieo a ?iaio? caaea/ aeei?enoiaoaaeenue nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae, ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niee aiae?c, iaoiaee eia?/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy noaoenoe/ieo a?oioaaiue, iiiia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
?i.

Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?
caeiiiaeaa/a aaca ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? c ieoaiue aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy,
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo, ye? aea/aee
i?iaeaio aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy oa aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe canoiniaoaaeeny caaaeueii-iaoeia? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue: niinoa?aaeaiiy, aiae?c, eia?/ia iiaeaethaaiiy,
noaoenoe/ieo a?oioaaiue, iiiia?ao?/i?, a?ao?/iee iaoiae oa ?i.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeeiiaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
caeeth/a?oueny a ianooiiiio:

· iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaiooaeueii? iiaeae? aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? o ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?;

· eeaneo?eoaaii? aia?ainiiaeeaa/?a ii naie a?oiao iciae, ye?
caaacia/othoue ?o aaeaioaoe?th aei ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy;

· a aeaoaeueiiio ?icaeyae? noaio aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy a iniiaieo aaeocyo oa
ianaeaiiyi, aeyaeaii? no?eioth/eo oaeoi??a ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?;

· iaa?oiooaaii? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
??cieo iaoai?ci?a iioeaaoe?? cieaeaiiy ??aiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy;

· ?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii noai?aiith a?eueo aoaeoeaieo iaoai?ci?a
oi?aae?iiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiyi ia i?noeaaiio oa ?aeiiieo ??aiyo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny oei, ui ?ic?iaeaia
eiioeaioe?y ? i?ia?aia aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, a oaeiae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
oaeineiiaeaiith iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy ni?eythoue
i?aeoe/iiio cae?eniaiith aaeocaaeie oa ioi?oeeiaeueieie i?aaiaie
oi?aae?iiy Aaeai?iaenueei? iaeano? cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao a ae?iaie/?e ?
nioe?aeuei?e noa?ao.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoai? a aeiiia?aeaeyo ? aenooiao aaoi?a ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo (Oa?e?a, 1997, 1998 ??.), i?aeia?iaeiiio
oe?a?inueei-i?iaoeueeiio nai?ia?? c i?iaeai aeieia?/ii? ina?oe ianaeaiiy
(i. Iieiae Caii??cueei? iaeano?, 1997 ?.) oa ae?iaie/eo ia?aaeao ?
nai?ia?ao ??ciiai ??aiy o Aaeai?iaenuee?e iaeano? (1994-1998 ??.).

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 4 iaoeia? ?iaioe
caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,2 ae?. a?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. No?oeoo?a ?iaioe aecia/aia eia?eith
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, oaenoo o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, ui
neeaaea?oueny c 154 iaeiaioaaiue.

?iaioa ia? iiaiee ianya 152 noi??iee iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 29
oaaeeoeue, 6 iaethie?a oa aeiaeaoe?a.

Caaaeueiee ci?no ?iaioe

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/a?oueny iaoa, caaaeaiiy, ia’?eo oa i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aena?oeaii iaoeiao iiaecio, iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao ?iaioe, ?ioi?iaoe?eio
aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy oa ai?iaaoe?th io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O IA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? «Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia nooi?noue aia?ai?ano?n?a»
?ice?eaa?ouey nooue aia?aaoe/ii? i?iaeaie ia no/aniiio ??ai? ?icaeoeo,
aieea aia?ai?ano?n?a ia aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy noni?eueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
oa nioe?aeueiee i?ia?an.

O Ae?OAIIO ?ICAe?E? «Aiae?c aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy a A?aeai?iinueeiio
?aeii?» i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c no?oeoo?e aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy A?aeai?iinueeiai
?aeiio Aaeai?iaenueei? iaeano?, aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo aia?ai?ano?n?a ia aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? oa ci?ie a n?iaeiiio
athaeaeao? ianaeaiiy.

O O?AOUeIIO ?ICAe?E? «Iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueieo i?aeoiae?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy» aeeiiaii eeaneo?eaoe?th
aia?ainiiaeeaa/?a ca iniiaieie iciaeaie, ui coiiaeththoue aaeaioaoe?th
aei ?eieiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa iaa?oioiaaii eiioeaiooaeueio
iiaeaeue aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ia ??ai? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio,
cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe ciaioaiiy ia?aoe?iiaeueieo aia?aiaeo?ao c
canoinoaaiiyi iioeaaoe?? aia?ainiiaeeaa/?a ??cieo ??ai?a.

O CAEETH*I?E *ANOEI? aeeeaaeaii iniiai? aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe??, ui
aeieeaathoue c i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa aiae?co aea/aii?
e?oa?aoo?e.

INIIAI? iieiaeaiiy

N?euenuee? ?aa?iie ? niaoeeo?/ieie niiaeeaa/aie aia?ai?ano?n?a
aiane?aeie aeae?eueeio i?e/ei. Ii-ia?oa, aa?ii?iieneiaee eiiieaen
ae?iaey? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo ne?iaeio a oiiaao aei?noiei?
iaea?iaaii? caeaaeiino? a?ae i?e?iaeieo iaeoiiaaieo ?ano?n?a: aia?a??
niioey, aia?a?? i?e?iaeiuei? ?iaeth/ino?, i?e?iaeieo iiaae?a. C oe???
i?e/eie niiaeeaai? aia?ai?ano?ne caaaeaee ? iniiaieie, ye? iiaeii?
niieo/aoeny c aia?aaoe/ieie ?ano?naie i?e?iaee iaeoiiaaieie.

Ii-ae?oaa, n?euenueea ianaeaiiy, ia a?aei?io a?ae i?nueeiai, ia?aaaaeii
ia? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee aeeoeiaee naeoi? ? aeei?enoaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a
aeey iiaeaiiy aeeoea, i?eaiooaaiiy ?ae? ? ?ioeo iiaooiaeo iio?aa
(iniaeeai aeey i?aeniaiiai ainiiaea?noaa) nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
i?nueeiai ye ii no?oeoo?? aeei?enoaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a ii ni?iiiaeiino?
?o iae?eo, oae ? oi?i? iieaoe ?o.

Ii-o?ao?, ainiiaea?thth/? noa’?eoe, ye? niiaeeaathoue aia?ai?ano?ne ia
ae?iaie/? iio?aae, i?aaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy (n?euenuee? ?
naeeui? aaei?ii?aaie ? i?aaie ?aa?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy)
iaeani? aaei?i?no?aoe?? ? ?o ooieoe?iiaeuei? neoaeae ii ??cieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ciao aeei?enoiaothoue ??ci? aeaee
aia?ai?ano?n?a (aac, oaa?aea iaeeai, aeaeo?iaia?a?th) ? ?ic?aoiaothoueny
ca ieo c iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iei eiiieaenii aea?aeaae.

Aiae?c, aeeiiaiee aaoi?ii ii iniiaieo oiaa?ieo i?iaeoeoao
aa?iae?iaieoeoaa a aeeiai?oe?, aeicaiey? i?inoaaeeoe aieea aa?oino?
aia?aiiin??a ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??
?aeiio.

Aeo?aoe ia aia?aiiin?? a ?ic?aooieo ia oeaioia? i?iaeoeoe?? caeaaeaoue
a?ae e?eueeio /eiiee?a. A ia?oo /a?ao, a?ae nooiaith o/ano? iaoai?ci?a
o noai?aii? iiai? aa?oino?. Oae, o nia?aa?oino? iaeiiai oeaioia?a ca?ia
aeo?aoe ia aia?ai?ano?ne a 1990 ?. neeaee 24,2% (2 e?a. c 8,26 e?a.), ii
niiyoieeo 31,6% (5 e?a. c 15,9 e?a.), ii oeoe?iaiio ao?yeo 33,6% (2
e?a. c 4,72 e?a.). Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaieo aeaieo, iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie i?i iaaeoi ?noioio ?ieue aa?oino? aia?aiiin??a a caaaeueieo
aeo?aoao. Ca aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae ieoiia aaaa aa?oino? aia?aiiin??a
i?aeaeuaeany ii ca?io aei 35%, ii niiyoieeo aei 41%, ii oeoe?iaiio
ao?yeo aei 30% .

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aa?o?noue aia?aiiin??a oa aoaeoeai?noue
ae?iaieoeoaa oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iayai?noth ?noioieo ca’yce?a. I?e
caiaaeoi aenieeo oaiiao c?inoaiiy aeo?ao ?aae?caoe?ei? oe?ie ia aeacai?
i?iaeoeoe oaeiae c?inoaee. Iaeiae oaiie aoee aeae?eueea ieae/?: cie?aia
ii ca?io nia?aa?o?noue c?inea a 4,2 oen. ?ac, ?aae?caoe?eia oe?ia a
3,2 oen. ?ac. Oea i?ecaaei aei nei?i/aiiy i?eaooeiaino?,
?aioaaaeueiino?, yea ciaioeeanue iaeaea aaea?/?. Aiane?aeie
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? (aeenia?eoaoo) oe?i, ae?iaieoeoai oeoe?o a ?aeii? a
1996-1997 ??. noaei caeoeiaei. Ii oeoe?o aeo?aoe c?inee a 6 oen. ?ac?a,
a oe?ie a 3 oen. ?ac?a.

Ii an?i i?iaeoeoai, ui aiae?cothoueny, aeenia?eoao oe?i ii aia?aiiin?yi
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ceiai cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa, a ca?aene,
aei iaiiaeeeaino? a oaeeo oiiaao aanoe ?aioaaaeueii ae?iaieoeoai.

Aeo?aoe ia aia?aiiin?? ? aeaeaoee ii ca?ieao? ? iniiaieie (ii cia/aiith
? ieoii?e aac?) aeaiaioaie aeo?ao, naia aiie aecia/athoue ??aaiue
ae?iaie/i? nia?aa?oino?. A?ae oiai, ye i?iythoueny oe? noaoo? aeaeaoe?a,
«aaaeooue naaa» nia?aa?o?noue ? oe?ia ?aae?caoe??. Ia aeoieo aeayeeo
a/aieo, naia c?inoaiiy ca?ieaoe a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? noaei iniiaiith
i?e/eiith ?ioeyoe??. Iaeiae, oeae aeniiaie aeyaey?oueny ia ne??cue ? ia
caaaeaee. C i’yoe i?iaeoeo?a, ui aiae?cothoueny (ca?ii, niiyoiee oa
?i.), o 1990-1996 ??. oaiie c?inoaiiy ca?ieaoe aoee aeu?, i?ae aeo?aoe
ia iieaoo aia?aiiin??a, ii aeaii i?iaeoeoai (oeoe?iaee ao?ye ? oeoei?)
oaiaeaioe?y cai?ioiy, ii ne?o oaiie c?inoaiiy iaeiaeia?.Oaaeeoey 1.
Aieea aa?oino? aia?ai?ano?n?a ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa iniiaieo
aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? AIE o A?aeai?iinueeiio ?aeii? Aaeai?iaenueei? iaeano?

(ii ?ic?aooieo ia 1 oe e?a.)

Ca?ii

Niiyoiee

Oeoei?

Ne? oaa?aeee

?? i/i

Iieacieee

1990

19961996 aei 1990 (?ac)

1990

19961996 aei 1990 (?ac)

1990

19961996 aei 1990 (?ac)

1990

19961996 aei 1990 (?ac)1.Ae?iaie/a nia?aa?o?noue

8,2

35466

4293

15,9

46628

4424

0,7

3476

5000

2,0

12844

60001.1.aia?ai?ano?ne212413620651678633570,03730240000,1473250001.2.ca?i
eaoa1744874482932646630,02382190000,1689950002.?aae?caoe?eia
oe?ia18,3560467329529,88560628720,8230030002,51455250003.I?eaooie10,4725
437242913,0363882799+0,1- 1737- 17370,238520004.
?aioaaaeuei?noue,%1337378741035.

5.1.Ieoiia aaaa aia?ai?ano?n?a:

o ae?iaie/?e nia?aa?oino?

25

35

30

36

4

21

7,0

5,7

— 1,35,2.o ?aae?caoe?ei?e oe?i?1121+101720+3331+285,65,0- 0,6

Aa?o?noue aia?aiiin??a a no?oeoo?? aeo?ao caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee a?ae
oe?i ia ieo. Iathoue cia/aiiy ? ieoii? iieacieee aeo?ao ?o, cie?aia,
aeo?aoe aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??. A oaaeeoe? 1
iaaaaeai? aeai? ii iiei/iiio oaa?eieoeoao o ainiiaea?noaao
A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio. Aeoiaey/e c ia? iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooii?
aeniiaee.

Ca 1990-1996 ??. iiaie?a’y ei??a a ?aeii? nei?ioeeiny ia 43%. Ca
cacia/aiee ia??iae i?iaeoeoeai?noue ae?eii? /a?aaee oaeiae cieceeany ia
414 ea, aai ia 15%. Aei inoaiiueiai /ano a ?aeii? caa??aa?oueny
no?ieao?noue a i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiei/iiai noaaea: i?i?iaeueiee iaae?e
1387 ea ia 1 ei?iao, iaeneiaeueiee 3505 ea, oiaoi ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
1:2,5. Oey ianoaaeia ? aecia/aeueiith aeey aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee aeo?ao
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??. I?e oeueiio aeo?aoe
aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 1 ei?iao

ca oeae ia??iae ca?eueoeeeny ia 38% (c 456 eAo/ aiaeei a 1990 ?. aei 630
eAo/aiaeei a 1996 ?.).

Aiae?coth/? aeai? aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? a iiei/iiio oaa?eiieoeoa? ii
ainiiaea?noaao A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui oi/a a
oe?eiio ii ?aeiio aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? a iiei/iiio oaa?eiieoeoa? ca
aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae cieceany ia 7,9%, iaeiae o ?ic?aooieo ia 1 aieiao ?
1 oe iieiea aiie caeeoathoueny aeineoue aenieeie.

A on?o ainiiaea?noaao ciaioeeiny iiaie?a’y ooaeiae a iaaeao 33-64%,
cieceany iaae?e. Oae, ii eieainio «Eii?ioa?i» iiaie?a’y ei??a cieceeiny
ia 34,4%, iaae?e aiaa ia 15%, a aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 1 aieiao
ca?eueoeeenue ia 57%, ia 1 oe iieiea ia 59%. Ii eieainio «Ae?oaeaa»
iiaie?a’y ciaioeeiny ia 41%, iaae?e ia 20%, a aeaeaoie aeaeo?iaia?a??
ca?eueoeany a ?ic?aooieo ia aieiao ia 32% ? ia 1 oe iieiea ia 57%.
I?aeoe/ii ia ci?ieany aeaeaoie aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 1 aieiao ii oaeei
ainiiaea?noaai, ye ?i. ?ee?/a, AO «?in?y» (103%), AO «Aaouee?aueia»
(105%). A a AO «Ainoiae» cieceany ia 5%. E?euee?noue iiaie?a’y a oeeo
ainiiaea?noaao ciaioeeiny iaeaea aaea?/?. Ii AO «E?aniee Ieoya?ue» ca
ia??iae, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, iiaie?a’y ei??a ciaioeeiny ia 57%, iaae?e
cieceany ia 22%, a aeaeaoie aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 1 aieiao ia 63%, ia 1 oe
iieiea ia 44%.

A oe?eiio ii ?aeiio ia 1 oe iieiea aeo?a/a?oueny ca?ac a 1,38 ?ac
a?eueoa aeaeo?iaia?a??, i?ae o 1990 ?., a a ie?aieo ainiiaea?noaao (AO
«Ieaa») ia 1 oe iieiea aeo?a/a?oueny aeaeo?iaia?a?? a 1,8 ?ac?a
a?eueoa.

C 13-oe ainiiaea?noa ?aeiio o?eueee a iaeiiio c ieo (AO «Ii?ic»)
aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia oeaioia? iieiea ca oeae ia??iae ciaioeeeny ia
22%. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui a oiiaao iei?oiuei? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece
i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? caoiaee uiaei aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, naiei nooo?aei
/eiieeii nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??
? c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a. Iieaciaei o oeueiio a?aeiioaii? ? AO
«A?eueoiaee», a yeiio i?e na?aaei?e i?iaeoeoeaiino? ae?eii? /a?aaee a
?aeii? 2384 ea, io?eiaii 3505 ea iieiea ia 1 ei?iao. A ?acoeueoao? aoee
iaea?aeai? aeaui ieae/? aeo?aoe aia?a?? ia 1 oe iieiea.

Oaeei /eiii, aea?aeaaiiio ?aaoethaaiith oe?i ia aia?ai?ano?ne iiaeiai
ia?aaeoaaoe aeeaieee aaeocaaee aiae?c aeeiai?ee aia?aii?noeino? ii
niiaieo aaeocyo AIE o ?ic??c? ainiiaea?noa. Ni?iaa c oeaio?o ae??oeoe
oeth caaea/o aac o?aooaaiiy ?aaeueieo a?aei?iiinoae ?aa?iiaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o, ia iao iiaeyae, ia iiaea ae??oeoe oeth i?iaeaio aac oeiaee
aeey aea?aeaae.

Aiae?c niiaeeaaiiy oaieiai? oa aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? a ii??aiyii? c
aaeocaaeie ii?iaie iieaco?, ui ca inoaii? 2 ?iee an? aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa
caaaeyee ai?iaaaeaeaiith nenoaie eiiieaeniiai aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy aeinyaee
aeayeith i??ith nei?i/aiiy ieoiieo aeo?ao aia?a?? ia iaeeieoeth
i?iaeoeoe?? (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2. Iio?aaa a aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa oaieiaia?a?? ia iaeeieoeth
i?iaeoeoe??

Aeaeo?iaia?a?y, eAo//Oaieiaia?a?y, Aeae?? i/iIieacieeeii ii?i?oaeoe/iiii
ii?i?oaeoe/ii1997 ?.1998 ?. (9 i?n.)1997 ?.1998 ?. (9 i?n.)1.Ia 1 o.
oeoe?o60,460,260,61,31,21,22.Ia 1 o aaioaaeo (o?ainii?o)

16,0

14,0

18,0

0,1

0,1

0,13.Ia 1 oen. e?a. (aoae?aieoeoai)

120

2014. Ia 1 o iieiea1351431390,370,40,55.Ia 1 o i?e?inoo aeeai? aaae A?O

391

401

390

0,64

0,5

0,66.Ia 1 o ianea1,51,31,60,10,10,17.Ia 1 o ne?o1,71,51,80,10,10,1

Aaoi?ii aeeiiaia eeaneo?eaoe?y n?euenueeeo aia?ainiiaeeaa/?a iniiaieie
oaeoi?aie ?eieiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy. Ia oe?e iniia?
?ic?iaeai? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? caoiaee ciaioaiiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy
n?euenueeeo ?aeii?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy.

sse iniiai? ia’?eoe niiaeeaaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a iaie acyo? an? iniiai?
oeie aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy n?euenueeeo ?aeii?a. Iioeaaoe?y aia?aicaa??aaiiy,
ia iaoo aeoieo, ia an?o o?ueio ??aiyo (i?noeaaiio, ?aeiiiiio, iaeaniiio)
oi/ ? iathoue caaaeueio aeiiii?/io ni?yiiaai?noue, aea ana ae nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoueny. Iniiaieie iaoai?ciaie aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy a iao?e
eiioeaiooaeuei?e iiaeae? ia?oiai ??aiy ?:

1. Aeei?enoaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo (i?eueaiaeo, cieaeaieo oa ?i.)
?icoe?iie ia an? aeaee niiaeeaaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a.2. Ciaioaiiy iio?aae a
aia?ai?ano?nao ia iniia? inai?iiy aia?aicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e.

3. Cieaeaiiy ??aiy niiaeeaaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy
ia?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeo?a/aiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, a cai?iiiiiaai?e iaie iiaeae? ia an?o ??aiyo aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy, aeae?eai? iniiai? noa’?eoe aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy ? i?aaie
oi?aae?iiy. Eiaeiee c ieo ia? naith iioeaaoe?th aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ?
iniiai? iaoai?cie ?aae?caoe?? aeanii? iioeaaoe??. A oeueiio
caeeth/a?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia aaoi?nueeiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy
i?iaeaie.

Aiae?coth/e no?oeoo?o eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ii aaceo?eaoe?? a ?ic??c?
aaeocae c 1994 ii 1998 ??., iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae? oaiaeaioe??:

· ca ia??iae, ui aiae?co?oueny, aeiey ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ii
i?iieneiaino? cia/ii c?inea: c 5,1% a 1994 ?. aei 15% a 1996 ?., aea
??cei cieceeany o 1998 ?. (aei 2,6%);

· ii aoae?aieoeoao c 1996 ?. ?iaanooaaiiy ia i?iaiaeeeiny acaaae?;

· ii o?ainii?oo aa/eii oaeo ae neooaoe?th i?eieiaiiy ?iaanooaaiiy c
1997 ?.;

· ii AIE /?oei? oaiaeaioe?? ca ia??iae, ui aiae?co?oueny iaia?: yeui c
1994 ii 1996 ??. iiaeia aa/eoe ciaioaiiy c 77,1% aei 69,4%, oi c 1997 ?.
niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia c?inoaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue aei 92,7% a
1997 ?. oa 91,8% a 1998 ?.

· ?ic?iaea nenoaie iae?eo ? eiio?ieth ca aeo?aoaie an?o aeae?a
aia?ai?ano?n?aEaai?aoi?iee aiae?c yeino? III ? ? i?e?iaeiiai
aaco?ic?iaea nenoaie aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiey cieaeaiey niiaeeaaiiy
aia?ai?ano?n?a I?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? ae?iaie/eo ? oi?aae?inueeeo
?ia?oiee?aI?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? caoiaeeNenoaia

aia?aicaa??aaiiy

1. Aeie cieaeaiiy niiaeeaaiiy III2. Aeie cieaeaiiy niiaeeaaiiy
i?e?iaeiiai aaco3. Aeie cieaeaiiy niiaeeaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??1.1. Cai?ia
ea?ath?aoi?ieo aeaeaoi?a ia aeecaeuei?.

1.2. Cai?ia aeaeaoi?a ia c??aeaeoaaeueiee aac.

1.3. Cai?ia i?/iiai iaeeaa ? iacooa i?e?iaeiui aacii.

1.4. ?icoe?aiiy iiiaieeaoo?e a?ociaeo ? niaoe?aeueieo aaoiiia?e?a c
iaoith ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?o aaioaaeii?aeeiiiino?.

1.5. Aeei?enoaiiy a ianaaee?nueeeo aaoiia?aaiceao i?e?iaaoiaon?a.2.1.
Inai?iiy iiaiai iieie?iiy aia?aiaaia?oth/eo i?eai??a ? aa?aaao?a c
i?aeaeuaieie EEAe.

2.2. Onoaiiaea i?eai??a ?icae?eueiiai iae?eo niiaeeaaiiy aaco.

2.3. Inai?iiy a?ioaoiieia?e, ye? caaacia/othoue cieaeaiiy iio?aae a
i?e?iaeiiio aac? oa ?ioeo aeae?a aia?ai?ano?n?a.

2.4. Inai?iiy oaoi?/ieo cania?a aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
niiaeeaaiiy aaco a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao.3.1. Onoaiiaea i?eai??a
?icae?eueiiai iae?eo aeaeo?iaia?a?? ii aeaeai ae?yeueiino?, noa’?eoao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? aeaeao i?iaeoeoe??.

3.2. Ia?ao?ae ia aaoiiaoeciaai? nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ? nioe?aeueii? noa?e.

3.3. Iai?iiy iiaeo aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ? i?iaeo?a ae?iaie/eo
nii?oae, ia’?eo?a nioe?aeueii-iiaooiaiai i?ecia/aiiy c iiieaeaieie
ieoiieie aeo?aoaie.

3.4. Inai?iiy aia?aicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e a on?o aaeocyo ? noa?ao
ianeoaiaoaaiiy.?en.1. Noaia eiioeaioe?? aia?aicaa??aaiiy ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? (aaoi?nueea ?ic?iaea)

Iniiaia aea?aeaaia ?iaanooaaiiy ii iie?auaiith aia?aiiinoa/aiiy eaea o
nioe?aeueio ?io?ano?oeoo?o, ui coiiaeth?oueny oa?eoi??aeueiith
?iccina?aaeaeai?noth ia’?eo?a aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy. C ?ioiai aieo,
ciaioaiiy eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ii aaceo?eaoe?? a i?iieneia?noue,
o?ainii?o oa aoae?aieoeoai, iia’ycaii c oei, ui oe? aaeoc? ca inoaii?
?iee ia ?icaeaaeeny ? a ieo oaea aeinyaiooee aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue
aaceo?eaoe??.

Aiae?coth/e no?oeoo?o eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue ia ??ai? «iaeanoue
?aeii», iiaeia aeae?eeoe iaeio caaaeueio oaiaeaioe?th: ca ia??iae, ui
aiae?co?oueny, aeiey ?aeiio cia/ii ciaioeeany, a a 1998 ?. oea aeaea?aei
aoei a?aenooi? cian?i.

AENIIAEE OA I?IIICEOe??

A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy ia
nia?aa?o?noue iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? oa ci?ie a n?iaeiiio
athaeaeao?, ui aeeeeeai? a?aenooi?noth iaa?oioiaaii?
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee uiaei

n?euenueeeo oa?eoi??e. Caeiaoo? ?ic?iaee aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iia?
eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ia ??ai? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
?aeiio.

Iniiai? aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio:

1. ?nioth/e iaoiaee aea?ae?aaoethaaiiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy a n?euenueeeo
?aeiiao ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? a oaia??oi?e /an ia niieo/ai? ii ??aiyo
oi?aae?iiy. Ae?th/a ii?iaoeaii-?aaoethth/a aaca ia a?aoiao? iioeaaoe?th
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, a nie?a?oueny ia aaei?i?no?aoeai? iaoiaee ? oi?ie
i?yiiai a?aeeeth/aiiy aia?ainiiaeeaa/?a, ui i?eiineoue aaeeeee
aeiiii?/iee ? nioe?aeueiee caeoie an?i aaeocyi ae?iaieoeoaa ?
n?euenueeiio ianaeaiith.

2. Ae??aithaaiiy oa?eo?a ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th aeey n?euenueeiai ?
i?nueeiai ianaeaiiy ia ia? aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy, oae ye ?ic?ea o
??ai? aeioiae?a i?nueeiai ? n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy ca ?iee ?eieiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy ia caeaaeaeo?oueny, a ia?inoa?.

3. I?aaeiaoii aea?ae?aaoethaaiiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy a n?euenueeeo
?aeiiao ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiiieoe? c iiceoe?e
aeiaaioa?i?iiai? ia?ai???ioaoe?? aea?aeaae ? ?iiaaoe?ei?
aia?aicaa??aath/? oaoiieia??, a ia iaoai?/ia anoaiiaeaiiy e?i?o?a ?
aeiiii?/ieo naieoe?e ca ?o ia?aaeuaiiy.

4. ?aaeueieie oeyoaie aeiiii?/iiai aieeao ia cieaeaiiy aia?ai?ieino?
aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??, yea aeionea?oueny a AIE, ?:

cai?ia oaa?aeiai ? ??aeeiai iaeeaa (aoa?ey, iacooo) ia aac;

ia?ao?ae aei aia?aicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e i?e ae?iaieoeoa? oeoe?o oa
?ioeo i?iaeoeo?a;

aaaaeaiiy nenoaie i?yieo aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo aaeocaaeo ii?iaoea?a
aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy ca ii?aie ?ieo ? aiaeeiaie aeiae;

aaaaeaiiy a iino?eio i?aeoeeo ?aaoey?ii? aoanoaoe?? ae?iaie/eo ?
oi?aae?inueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a ii ?aoe?iiaeueiiio aia?ainiiaeeaaiith ?
a?aooaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aia?aiaoanoaoe?? i?e i?enai?ii? eaae?o?eaoe?eieo
?ic?yae?a, i?aeaeuaiiy a iinaae? oi?aae?inueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a.

5. Cieaeaiiy ieoiii? aia?ai?ieino? i?iaeoeoe??, ui ae?iaey?oueny a on?o
aaeocyo ?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ? eeth/iaith iniiaiith eaieith
?aa?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, a?ae yei? caeaaeeoue eiieo?aioicaeaoi?noue, a
cia/eoue ? ia?iuoaaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa.

6. A iaaeao Iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie aia?aicaa??aaiiy a eiaeiiio
?aa?ii?, a o./. ia ?aeiiiiio ??ai?, iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeyoe aeani?
i?ia?aie ia ?aeei?e eiioeaiooaeuei?e iniia?. Oea i?aaeaa/a?
iaa?oiooaaiiy eiioeaiooaeueii? iiaeae? aia?aicaa??aaiiy ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? oi?aae?iiy. No?oeoo?a niiaeeoeo aia?ai?ano?n?a
iieaco? i?yiee aieea ia o?eueee ia nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe??,
aea ? ia aeieia?/io neooaoe?th a ?aa?ii?, oiio cai?ia iaeieo aeae?a
aia?ai?ano?n?a ?ioeie iiaeiia aacoaaoenue ia o?eueee ia aeiiii?/iiio
aiae?c?, aea ? ia ?acoeueoaoao aeieia?/ii? ioe?iee.

7. Iniiai? aeaee aia?ai?ano?n?a iathoue a?aeiniaeai? oi?ie
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, ui ia?aaeaa/a? i?e ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aie
aia?aicaa??aaiiy ia ??ai? ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a eiie?aoecoaaoe
aia?ainiiaeeaa/?a ca aeaeaie aia?ai?ano?n?a, ye? niiaeeaathoueny,
iacaeaaeii a?ae oeio ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? aaeocaai? iaeaaeiino?.

8. Caoiaee i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o caaacia/othoue a
cai?iiiiiaai?e eiioeaiooaeuei?e iiaeae? aeoea?caoe?th ethaenueeiai
oaeoi?o ia oaoiieia?/iiio ??ai?. I?e oeueiio oaeoi?aie
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ye? iiaeooue caaacia/eoe oea,
aenooiathoue:

i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? an?o eaoaai??e ?ia?oiee?a ? ianaeaiiy, ??no
iioeaaoe?? cieaeaiiy niiaeeaaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a;

aeei?enoaiiy i?eeaae?a ?icae?eueiiai iae?eo;

aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie aeiiii?/ieo naieoe?e ca iaaeii?iaoeaia
niiaeeaaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a;

canoinoaaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo ?icoe?iie ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th, yea
niiaeeaa?oueny a aeaiiee ? i?/iee /an aeiae, aeey caeaaeaeoaaiiy
iai?oaeaieo oeeee?a.

9. A?aoiaoth/e, ui ii?ie oaoiieia?/iiai i?iaeooaaiiy a?aeaeaathoue
oaoi?/ia a?aenoaaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ? aoae?aaeueii?
?iaeono???, iac??ea iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaenieo
aeieiai-aia?aaoe/ieo aenia?oec o ?ic??c? iniiaieo aeie?a aaeocaaeo
i?ia?ai «Ca?ii», «Oeoe?ia? ao?yee», «Iieiei» oa ?i.

?aae?caoe?y oeeo i?iiiceoe?e iiaea ciaioeoe ao?aoe, ye? caaaeathoueny
n?euenueeei ?aeiiai i?e aeei?enoaii? iaoiaeo i?yieo a?aeeeth/aiue ?
iaiaa?oioiaaieo oo?aoieo naieoe?e.

I?e oeueiio iiaea oi?ioaaoeny ia an?o ??aiyo nenoaia ye?nii ?ioiai
a?aeiioaiiy aei aia?ai?ano?n?a, ye? a ia?niaeoea? caeaoi? caaacia/eoe ?
cae?enieoe cieaeaiiy ieoiiiai aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy a on?o aaeocyo
ae?iaieoeoaa ? nioe?aeuei?e noa??.

NIENIE iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith

aeena?oaoe??

1. Ooaeaaa Ae.A. Yeaeo?iniaaaeaiea naeueneeo ?aeiiia o?aaoao
ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeee // Yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa ?innee.
1998. ? 1. N. 12-13.

2. Ooaeaaa Ae.A. Yia?ai?ano?nu e athaeaeao ?aeiia // AIE: Yeiiiieea,
oi?aaeaiea. 1998. ? 4. N. 59-62.

3. Ooaeaaa Ae.A. Aeeiaieea iio?aaeaiey yia?ai?ano?nia ia ?aaeiiaeueiii
o?iaia // I?iaeaiu noaaeeecaoeee e yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey // Aanoi.
Oa?uee. ain. oi-oa. ? 404. *. 3. Oa?ueeia: Iniiaa, 1998. N. 25-28.

4. Ooaeaaa Ae.A. Aeeyiea yia?ai?ano?nia ia ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou AIE //
Aecianeioi?i. 1998. ? 19.

AIIOAOe?y

Ooaea?a Ae.A. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy a n?euenueeiio
?aeii? /ia iaoa??aeao A?aeai?iinueeiai ?aeiio Aaeai?iaenueei? iaeano?/.
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.03 — I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iey, ieaioaaiiy ?
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith. — Oa?uee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeaiai aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy ia ??ai? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai ?aeiio a ia?ao?aei?e
aeiiii?oe?. A ?iaio? aiae?co?oueny nooi?noue aia?aaoe/ii? i?iaeaie a
na?oia?e aeiiii?oe?, cie?aia aieea aia?aii?noeino? ia nia?aa?o?noue
iniiaieo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? AIE oa ia no?oeoo?o n?iaeiiai athaeaeaoo
ianaeaiiy. Aea/a?oueny aieea oe?iiaiai aeenia?eoaoo ia aia?aiiin?? oa ia
i?iaeoeoe?th AIE. I?iaiae?ciaaiee noai ii?ioaaiiy ieoiieo aeo?ao
iniiaieo aeae?a aia?aiiin??a oa ?aaoethth/eo ae?e iaeanii?
aaei?i?no?aoe?? a oe?e noa??. Iieacai? iaaeineiiae?noue oa
iaiaa?oioiaai?noue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy.

Iaa?oioiaai? eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy oa iai?yiee
cae?eniaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo i?iiiceoe?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?aeaaia oi?aae?iiy, aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy,
i?aai?caoe?y aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, ieoii? aia?aiaeo?aoe,
eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ooaeaaa Ae.A. Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea yia?ainaa?aaeaiey a
naeueneii ?aeiia /ia iaoa?eaeao A?aeai?iineiai ?aeiia Aaeai?iaeneie
iaeanoe/. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.03 — I?aaiecaoeey oi?aaeaiey, ieaie?iaaiea
e ?aaoee?iaaiea yeiiiieeie. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao
Ieienoa?noaa ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
yia?ainaa?aaeaiey ia o?iaia aaeieieno?aoeaiiai ?aeiia a ia?aoiaeiie
yeiiiieea. A ?aaioa aiaeece?oaony nouiinoue yia?aaoe/aneie i?iaeaiu a
ie?iaie yeiiiieea, a ioaeaeueiinoe aeeyiea yia?aiaieinoe ia
naaanoieiinoue iniiaiuo aeaeia i?iaeoeoeee AIE e ia no?oeoo?o naiaeiiai
athaeaeaoa ianaeaiey. Eco/aaony aeeyiea oeaiiaiai aeenia?eoaoa ia
yia?aiiineoaee e ia i?iaeoeoeeth AIE. I?iaiaeece?iaaii ninoiyiea
ii?ie?iaaiey oaeaeueiuo cao?ao iniiaiuo aeaeia yia?aiiineoaeae e
?aaoee?oaiua aeaenoaey iaeanoiie aaeieieno?aoeee a yoie noa?a. Iieacaiu
ianiaa?oainoai e iaiainiiaaiiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
yia?ainaa?aaeaiey.

Iainiiaaiu eiioeaiooaeueiua iniiau yia?ainaa?aaeaiey e iai?aaeaiey
inouanoaeaiey i?aaeeaaaaiuo i?iiiceoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainoaea?noaaiiia oi?aaeaiea, ainoaea?noaaiiia
?aaoee?iaaiea, i?aaiecaoeey yia?ainaa?aaeaiey, oaeaeueiua yia?aicao?aou,
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue i?iaeoeoeee.

A N N O T A T I O N

Hudaev D.V. State regulation of power savings in the rural area.
Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Economy by speciality 08.02.03 —
Organization of management, planning and control of economy. — Kharkiv
State University of the Ministry of education of Ukraine, Kharkiv, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to the problems of state regulation of power
savings on the level of an administrative district during the
transitional period. In this work the essense of the energetical problem
in the world economy is analysed, the influence of the holding power on
the cost price of the main kinds of the agro-industrial complex
production and on the structure of family budget of the population each
taken separately. The influence of the price disparity on the power
carriers and the AIC production is studied. The analysed state of the
normalization of the relative expenditures of the main sorts of power
carriers and regulated actions of the local authority in this sphere.
The imperfection and groundlessnes of the state regulation of power
savings are shown. The conceptual bases of power savings and trends of
realization of the given proposals are grounded.

Key words: state management, state regulation, the organization of
power savings, relative energy expenses, the competibility of the
production.

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