4

Eueaianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao iiaii Iaaia O?aiea

IA?OA* IENAIA ?IIAI?AIA

OAeE 911.37 (477.83)

AeAIIAAIA?AOIss ?AAIIIO A OIIAAO AeAIIIOEssOeI? IANAEAIIss (IA
IAOA?IAEAO EUeAIANUeEI? IAEANOI)

11.00.02 — aeiiiii/ia oa nioeiaeueia aaia?aoiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoi/ieo iaoe

Eueaia — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aiiae Ieoaeei ?ee?/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? aaia?ao??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Canoaaaoeueea
Ieueaa Aieiaeeie??aia,
Oa?iii?euenueeee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aaia?ao?? Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioAeaeaiai Aaneeue Ieaen?eiae/,

*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? TH??y Oaaeueeiae/a,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aaia?ao?? oa ea?oia?ao?? Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa —
Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?ee? Ia/ieeiaa,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.
Iaeana.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee E 35.051.05 o Euea?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?ne-oao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea ca aae?anith: 290000,
i. Euea?a, aoe. Aei?ioaiea, 41.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (290005,
i. Euea?a, aoe. Ae?aai-iaiiaa, 5).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 15 aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe  Aeoa?n E.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeaiiaaia?ao?y (aaia?ao?y ianaeaiiy) —
oeaio?aeue-ia, a?/ia ? aeeaeiii iaae/a?iia /anoeia
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai oeeeeo iaoe. ?? ea?ioanaioe??th ? ethaeeia a
/aniai-i?inoi?iaiio eiioeiooi? c? nai?ie ?icia?oeie aeooiaieie,
iaoa??aeueieie e aeieia?/ieie ?ioa?anaie.

Iieiaea iacaeaaeia Oe?a?ia iei? ia?aaeeaa? neeaaeiee ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae
nai?? ?noi??? ia oeyoo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. ?? ioiieee aeeaie?
aeiiii?/ia, nioe?aeueia, aeaiia?ao?/ia, aeieia?/ia e?ece. An? aiie
aaeueie caoaii iicia/athoueny ia ianaeaii?, coiiaethth/e iecueeee
??aaiue aeeooy, aac?ia?ooy, caoai?thaaiiy, aeaiiioeyoe?th, aino?o
nioe?aeueio iai?oao oiui. Oe? iaaaoeai? i?iyae iathoue ye
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiee, oae ? niaoeeo?/iee ?aa?iiaeueiee i?iya. O
eiioaeno? iaaaaeaiiai i??eoaaiiy i?aaeiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeineoue aeooaeueiei.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee no/anii? aeaiiaaia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? Euea?anueei?
ia-eano? aaaeeeaei ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/ieo iniaeeainoae
oi?io-aaiiy ianaeaiiy. Aeeiai?ea e?eueeino? ianaeaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?aeoeio a?aeoai?aiiy, i?a?aoe?e ianaeaiiy. I?iaeaie a?aeoai?aiiy
ianaeaiiy o?nii iia’ycai? c aeine?aeaeaiiyi oeio eiai a?eiai-noaoaai?
no?oeoo?e, n?iaeiiai, nioe?aeueiiai, ina?oiueiai, iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?
?ae?a?eiiai neeaae?a ianaeaiiy.

A oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, iii?oiiai cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeeooy
ianaeaiiy iinoaei ieoaiiy aea/aiiy caeiyoino? oa aac?ia?ooy.

Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny aeine?aeaeaiith iaeanii? nenoaie
?icnaeai-iy, aecia/aiith ?? ???a?o?/ieo ??ai?a. Ia?niaeoeaia cia/aiiy
ia? ?ic?iaea oeiieia?? iinaeaiue c iaoith aecia/aiiy i??i?eoao?a ?o
?icaeoeo.

Aaaeeeaei ? aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia ?aeiioaaiiy Euea?aueie, ine?eueee c eiai
aeiiiiiaith iiaeia a?aaoethaaoe ? aeaui ae??aiyoe aeaiia?ao?/io
neooaoe?th.

Aeooaeueiei ? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia ia/eneaiiy ia?niaeoeaii? /enaeueiino?
ianaeaiiy a iaeano? oa ?? aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeiiao. Iaiao?aeiei ?
i?iaiic a?eiai-noaoaaiai neeaaeo ianaeaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? cae?eniaieo
i?iaiic?a iiaeia iae?aneeoe eiie?aoi? caoiaee uiaei caiia?aaiiy
aeaiia?ao?/ii? e?ece.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie, ?? oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iaaeinoaoi?noue
aea/aiiy i?iaeai aeaiiaaia?ao?? o Euea?anuee?e iaeano? a oiiaao
oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai na?aaeiaeua aecia/eee ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?th ? iaoiaeeeo aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiai? oaie eaoaae?e aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii?
aaia?a-o?? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea —
“Aeiiii?ei-, nioe?aeue-ii- ? aeieiai-aaia?ao?/i? i?iaeaie
cao?aeiioe?a?inueeiai i?eei?aeiiiy”.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei?
iaeano? oa eiai aeaiia?ao?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — oea oa?eoi??aeueia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ianaeaiiy
Euea?aueie oa /eiieee, ui ?? coiiaeththoue.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaee iiooe ia? ia iao? iiaeeaeoe ?
?icaeiooe oai??th ?aa?iiaeueii? aeaiiaaia?ao??, oai?/i aeei?enoaoe
iaeiia?oee iaoiaee/iee ?ino?oiaioa??e aeine?aeaeaiiy, nooi?nii i?ciaoe
no/anio aaia?ao?th ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei? iaeano?, aeyaeoe iaeaieiai?o?
?? i?iaeaie, cai?iiiioaaoe ?o eiino?oeoeaia e aoaeoeaia ?ica’ycaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy: 1. C’ynoaaoe iiiyooy
aeaiiaaia?ao??, ?? no?oeoo?o oa i?noea a nenoai? noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/ieo
iaoe; 2. Iiaeeaeoe iaoiaee/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiiaaia?ao??
?aa?iio; 3. Aecia/eoe aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia iieiaeaiiy iaeano?; 4. ?ice?eoe
ae?th /eiiee?a ia eiiiiiaioio oa oa?eoi??aeueio no?oeoo?o ianaeaiiy;
5. Aeaoe ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee aiae?c ianaeaiiy Euea?aueie; 6. I?iaanoe
eiiieaeniee aiae?c no/anii? aeaiiaaia?ao?/ii? neooaoe?? Euea?anueei?
iaeano? oa ea?oia?ao?/ii a?aeia?aceoe ?? oa?eoi??aeuei? iniaeeaino?;
7. I?iaanoe aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia ?aeiioaaiiy ?aa?iio; 8. Cae?enieoe
i?iaiicio ioe?ieo /enaeueiino? oa a?eiai-noaoaaiai neeaaeo ianaeaiiy
iaeano? a oe?eiio ? a iaaeao aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeii?a ia 2010 ?.

Iaoiaeieia?y, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee.
Iaoiaeieia?/iith canaaeith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee iniiai? oai?aoe/i?
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/i? oa aeaiia?ao?/i? ?aea? i?ia?aeieo oe?a?inueeeo ?
ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo c ieoaiue aaia?ao?? ianaeaiiy oa aeaye? ii?iaoeai?
aeieoiaioe.

?ic?iaea oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo iniia aeena?oaoe?? aaco?oueny ia iniiaieo
iieiaeaiiyo, aeeeaaeaieo o iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?ei-aaia?ao?a oa aeaiia?ao?a — A. Ai?n?iiai?,
A. Aauaiea, A. Aeoiaanueeiai, I. Aiiaea, A. Aeaaeaeiae/a,
I. Aeieueieoeueeiai, A. Aeioeaiea, A. Canoaaaoeueeiai,
I. Canoaaaoeue-ei?, O. Canoaaiiai, N. Eiaaeueiaa, I. Eiaaeuenueei?,
A. Eoa?eiae/a, A. Iaiiia-nueeiai, I. Iaeaia?/oea, N. Iena?aiei,
I. I?nooia, TH. I?oth?aiea, A. Iieoe-oaanueeiai, I. Iieyia,
?. I?eaeoeiai?, E. ?oaeaiea, N. ?oaeieoeueeiai, I. Neoee, I. Oii/??aa,
A. O?eai?na, I. Oauaanueeiai, I. Oii?e, I. Oaae?y oa ?ioeo.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeenue oae? iaoiaee: nenoaiiiai
aiae?co, noaoenoe/iee, ii??aiyeueiee, ea?oia?ao?/iee, aeno?aiieyoe?eiee
(i?iaiiciee), iaoaiaoe/iee, ?aeiiiee, iiaeaethaaiiy, e?oa?aoo?iee,
?ioa?a’th oa ?io?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? ??oioothoueny
ia aiae?c? e ocaaaeueiaii? iaoa??ae?a Euea?anueeiai iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy
noa-oenoeee, Euea?anueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe?? oa ?ioeo
onoaiia ? i?aai?-caoe?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O ?iaio? iiaeeaeaii iiaeyaee
ia nenoaio iiiyoue oa eaoaai??e o aeaiiaaia?ao??, aeaii nai? ?icoi?iiy
no?oeoo?e aeaiiaaia?ao??, ?? ca’yce?a c ?ioeie iaoeaie; ?ic?iaeaii
iiiyooy aeaiiaaia?ao?/iiai iieiaeaiiy iaeano? oa eiai i?noey a nenoai?
noni?eueii-aaia?ao?/iiai iieiaeaiiy; aia?oa aeaii ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee
aiae?c /enaeueiino? oa ?icnaeaiiy ianaeaiiy iaeano? a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo
/an?a; c?iaeaia caaaeueia eiiieaenia aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
Euea?aueie; aeae?eaii oace aeaiia?ao?/iiai ?icaeoeo ianaeaiiy
Euea?anueei? iaeano? ai?iaeiaae OO no., iniaeeai eiai ae?oai? iieiaeie;
aeine?aeaeaii oa?eoi??aeuei? a?aei?ie o ??ai? aeeooy ianaeaiiy iaeano?;
aia?oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aaia?ao?th u?eueiino? ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei?
iaeano? ca iaeieae/eie aaei?i?no?aoeaieie iaeeieoeyie (n?euenueeeie,
naeeuieie oa i?nueeeie ?aaeaie); ?ic?iaeaii aeaniee aa??aio iii?iiai
ea?eano ?icnaeaiiy ianaeaiiy ?aa?iio; cae?eniaii ?ioaa?aeueia
aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia ?aeiioaaiiy Euea?aueie; ?ic?aoiaaia i?iaiicia
/enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy iaeano? a oe?eiio oa ?? aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
?aeii?a ia 2010 ?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei?
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoeiaeo iniia oa?eoi??aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy, neeaaeaiiy
iiaeo noai ?aeiiiiai ieaioaaiiy, oa?eoi??aeueieo ?iaeeeaoeaieo ieai?a
Euea?aueie oa aeey i?aeaioiaee ? i?iaaaeaiiy Ia?oiai Anaoe?a?inueeiai
ia?aieno ianaeaiiy.

?yae aeniiae?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaii iaeaniiio
oi?aae?iith noaoenoeee (a?aeae?e aeaiia?ao?/ii? noaoenoeee) aeey
i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Ia iniia? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii ?icae?e
“Ianaeaiiy iaeano?” iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiai iin?aieea “Aaia?ao?y.
Euea?anueea iaeanoue.” aeey o/i?a 8–9 eean?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e ?
ea?oo “Ianaeaiiy” a iaa/aeueii-e?a?ciaa/iio aoean? Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? iaeiiin?aii
iaienaiith iaoeiaith i?aoeath caeiaoaa/a, a ye?e aeeeaaeaii aaoi?nueeee
i?aeo?ae aei ae??oaiiy aaaeeeaiai iaoeiaiai caaaeaiiy — aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaiiaaia?ao?? Euea?anueei? iaeano?, oaeoi??a ?? oi?ioaaiiy oa
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo.

Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiai? ?ica?aeee caaacia/aii aeieeaaeiith
noaoenoe/iith ?ioi?iaoe??th, a??ia?aeieie iaoiaeaie ?? ia?iaee,
a?oioiaiith oai?aoe/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aaia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (noai, i?iaeaie, iai?yiee)”
(Ee?a, aa?anaiue 1994 ?.); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aaia?ao??
Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, aeiaoaiue 1994 ?.); VII c’?cae? OAO (30 o?aaiy —
1/a?aiy 1995 ?., Ee?a); Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-e?a?ciaa/?e eiioa?aioe??
“Cayaaeue ae?aai?e ? a?/ii iieiaeee” (Iiaia?aae-Aieeinueeee, aa?anaiue
1995 ?.); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “?a?i?aa?ii Aoa: i?iaeaie
o?ainei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa” (Eooeuee, aa?anaiue 1995 ?.);
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “?noi??y oe?a?inueei? aaia?ao?? ? ea?oia?ao??”
(Oa?iii?eue, a?oaeaiue 1995 ?.); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y a Ea?iaonueeiio ?aa?ii?:
?aaeuei?noue, i?iaeaie, i?iaiice ia XXI noie?ooy” (*a?i?aoe?, o?aaaiue
1996 ?.); 4-e i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie oe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? oa?i?iieia??” (Euea?a, a?oaeaiue 1996 ?.); 45 c’?cae?
Iieuenueeiai aaia?ao?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (aa?anaiue 1996 ?.,
Neoinuee-Onoea).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 20 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue (a o./. o?e o ni?aaaoi?noa?) caaaeueiei ianyaii 3,8 ae. a. O
noaooyo ?c ni?aaaoi?aie iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeai?
o oa?aeoa?enoeoe? aeaiiaaia?ao?? i?no Eueaiaa oa *a?aiiia?aaea.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 150 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, o oiio /ene? 19 ?enoie?a. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
(140 iiceoe?e). Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? oaeiae 48 aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooii aenaioeaii aeooaeueiinoue oaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao ?
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy, cacia/aii iaoeiao
iiaecio, aeaeieaii iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a o aeeiiaiiy
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe i ?aaeicaoeith ?? ?acoeueoaoia.

O ia?oiio ?icaeiei — “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ii i iaoiaee/ii canaaee
aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai aea/aiiy ?aa?iio” — ?ic?iaeaii
iiiyoieii-oa?iiiiei-ai/io nenoaio ia iniiai aaciai? eaoaai?i?
“aeaiiaaia?aoiy”, aecia/aii ?? caeiiiii?ii ca’ycee, iienaii iniiaii
iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy i i?iaiaeiciaaii i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy noai?aiiy
aace aeaieo aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai aeieo iioi?iaoeieii? nenoaie.

A no/anieo oiiaao aeaiiioeyoei? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a oeieiio i
Eueaianueei? iaeanoi cie?aia, iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaei ? aea/aiiy
aeaiiaaia?aoi?. Ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeoiae?a oe?a?inueeeo oa
ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo-aaia?aoia o aeena?oaoei? aea?oueny aecia/aiiy
aeaiiaaia?aoi? ye noniieueii-aaia?aoi/ii? iaoee, ui aea/a?
oa?eoi?iaeueii iniaeeainoi /enaeueiinoi oa aeeiaiiee ianaeaiiy, i?ioeano
eiai aiaeoai?aiiy, neeaaeo i no?oeoo?e, o?oaeiai? aeiyeueiinoi, a oaeiae
?icnaeaiiy ianaeaiiy o oinieo ca’yceao c aeiaeieeyi i eoeueoo?iei
na?aaeiaeuai. Oa?i?i “aeaiiaaia?ao?y” a?aecia/a?oueny aea?eaaoeai?noth,
oiaoi aea? iiaeeea?noue ooai?thaaoe iio?aei? neiaa (aeaiiaaia?ao?/iee,
aeaiiaaia?a-o?/ii), ui ia neaaeao i?i neiainiieo/aiiy “aaia?ao?y
ianaeaiiy”. ? e ?io? eiai ia?aaaae.

I?iaiaeiith eiino?oeoeaiith eiioeaioei?th aeineiaeaeaiiy ?
iiiyoieii-oa?iiiieiai/ia nenoaia (ION). ION aeaiiaaia?ao?? ?aa?iio
aeeth/a? a naaa oae? iaeaaaeeea?o? eaoaai???: aeaiiaaia?aoi/i? i?ioeane;
caeiiii??i? ca’ycee a aeaiiaaia?ao??; no?oeoo?o aeaiiaaia?ao??; iaoiaee
aeaiiaaia?ao??; oaeoi?e aeaiiaaia?ao??; aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia iieiaeaiiy oa
aeaiiaaia?aoi/ia ?aeiioaaiiy. Aea?oueny iioa?i?aoaoeiy aeayeeo c oeeo
eaoaai?ie.

Aeaiiaaia?aoiy caeia? oeaio?aeueia iinoea a noniieueiie aaia?aoi? ii?yae
c aeiiiii/iith oa nioeiaeueiith aaia?aoi?th. Aiia noi?ioaaeanue ia
ia?aoeii nioeiaeueii-aeiiii?/ii? aaia?aoi?, aeaiia?aoi? oa nioeiieiai?.
O no?oeoo?i aeaiiaaia?aoi? aeaeiey?oueny i’youe iiaenenoai: a) aaia?aoiy
/enaeueiinoi oa aeeiaiiee ianaeaiiy; a) ?ici?uaiiy aiaeoai?aiiy
ianaeaiiy; a) oa?eoi??aeueia i?aai?caoe?y neeaaeo i no?oeoo?e ianaeaiiy;
a) i?inoi?iaa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ?iaiy aeeooy oa caeiyoinoi ianaeaiiy;
ae) oa?eoi??aeueia no?oeoo?a ?icnaeaiiy ianaeaiiy. Aiaeiioaiiy
caeaaeiino? iiae iiaenenoaiaie aeaiiaaia?aoi?, ?o neeaaeiaeie oa
ie?aieie aeaiiaaia?aoi/ieie yaeuaie, ?oiueiai aca?iiaieeao ? aca?iiae??,
oaeoi?ii? coiiaeaiino? noaiiaeyoue eaoaai?ith “ca’ycee”. Caaaeuei?,
nooi?ni?, iaiaoiaeii, noieei oa aeeaeiii ca’ycee iiae yaeuaie i
i?ioeanaie — oea caeiiiii?ii ca’ycee. Iniiaiee caeiiii??iee ca’ycie o
aaia?ao?? ianaeaiiy — aeaiiaaia?aoi/iee ?icaeoie ?aaiiio ?, o cia/iie
ii?i, iioiaeiei aiae oeio eiai aeiiii?/ii? aeeiai?ee. Oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iaenooo?aioi aeaee aca?iicoiiaea-ieo ca’yceia iiae aeaiiaaia?aoi?th i
oa?eoi?iaeueiith i?aaiicaoei?th ainiiaea?noaa (OIA), yei
i?ineiaeeiaothoueny ia o?ueio ?iaiyo: a) iiae iiaenenoaiaie
aeaiiaaia?aoi? i OIA o oeieiio; a) iiae iiaenenoaiaie aeaiiaaia?aoi? i
ieiueiieie oi?iaie OIA; a) iiae iiaenenoaiaie aeaiiaaia?aoi? i oi/eiaeie
oi?iaie OIA.

I?iaaaeaia o ia?oiio ?icaeiei aeena?oaoei? aeineiaeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui
aeaiiaaia?aoiy caeia? aaaeeeaa iinoea na?aae aaia?aoi/ieo aeenoeeieii.
?? aea/aiiy ? aieiaiei, iniaeeai ia no/aniiio aoaii aeaiiioeyoei?
ianaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icaeie — “Iaeaaaeeeaioi oaeoi?e aeaiiaaia?aoi? iaeaniiai
?aaiiio” — i?enay/aiee aiaeico aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai iieiaeaiiy iaeanoi,
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo /eiieeia, i?e?iaeieo ia?aaeoiia i aeieiai/iiai
oaeoi?a, a oaeiae inoi?eei-aaia?aoi/iei aniaeoai, yei ia ?icieo aoaiao
i?iyaeythoue aieiaiee aieea ia aeaiiaaia?aoith Eueaiaueie.

Aeaiiaaia?aoi/ia iieiaeaiiy (AeAI) — oea ?iciiai/ia aiaeiioaiiy
(?aaeueia /e iioaioeieia) ianaeaiiy iaaii? oa?eoi?i? aei aeaiaio?a
(i?e?iaeieo /e noniieueieo), ui ciaoiaeyoueny iica oei?th oa?eoi?i?th.
Caiaeii c iaoei iiaeoiaeii, aeaeiey?oueny iae?i-, iaci- i
iie?iiieiaeaiiy. AeAI Eueaiaueie a ?a?iii ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
iae?iiieiaeaiiy, a Oe?a?ii — ye iaciiieiaeaiiy i a Caoiaeiiio ?? ?aa?ii?
(C?O) — ye iie?iiieiaeaiiy. Iaeaieueo c?o/iei ? iie?iaeaiiaaia?aoi/ia
iieiaeaiiy ?aa?iio. Iaeanoue aeaiiaaia?aoi/ii i?ae aeiiiio? iaae iioeie
iaeanoyie C?O ca aieueoinoth iieaciee?a.

A ?iaioi aea?oueny aiaeic nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo /eiieeia oa ?o aieeao
ia aeaiiaaia?aoith iaeano?. C 1994 ?. caaaeii ciaioo?oueny
na?aaeiuei?i/ia eieueeinoue ?iaioieeia i neoaeaiaoeia, caeiyoeo o
aaeocyo aeiiiiiee Euea?aueie. Iniaeeai nei?i/o?oueny ooo eieueeinoue ?o
ia iiaei?e?inoaao aea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniinoi, eieaeoeaii? ae iaaiaee
c?inoa?. Ciiith?oueny no?oeoo?a caeiyoeo ca aaeocyie ainiiaea?noaa,
ciaioo?oueny ?o /enei o noa?i iaoa?iaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa i
ca?eueoo?oueny o noa?i iineoa.

Eiaeia iiaenenoaia aeaiiaaia?aoi? ii-?iciiio ca’ycaia c
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieie /eiieeaie. Ia oaei iieacieee ye i?e?iaeiee i
iaoaii/iee ?oo ianaeaiiy, ?iaaiue o?aaiicaoei?, nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii
oaeoi?e ni?aaeythoue aaeeeee aieea. O Eueaianueeie iaeanoi aeiiiii/ia
e?eca i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiinoi, ui, a naith /a?ao,
aaaea aei aiae’?iiiai i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo.

Ia aeaiiaaia?aoi? iicia/athoueny i?e?iaeii oiiae. Aeaeiey?oueny /ioe?e
i?e?iaeii ?aeiie Eueaiaueie (Iaea, aai Eueaianueea Iieinny, ?icoi//y i
Iiaeieuenueea aeni/eia, Ia?aaeea?iaooy i Ea?iaoe), a iaaeao yeeo
niinoa-?iaathoueny aiaeiiie a aaia?aoi? ianaeaiiy, coiiaeaii
oiceei-aaia?aoi/ieie /eiieeaie. Ae?y i?e?iaeieo oiia ia aeaiiaaia?aoith
?icaeyaea?oueny caaaeueii, eiiieaenii i iiaeaiaioii. Aeaiiaaia?aoiy
caeaaeeoue ? a?ae aeieiai/ii? neooaoei?.

Aiaeic no/anii? aeaiiaaia?aoi/ii? neooaoei? iaiiaeeeai aeaoe aac
iiia?aaeiueiai aea/aiiy ?? inoi?eei-aaia?aoi/ieo iniaeeainoae. O ?iaioi
aea?oueny aiaeic aeeiaiiee ianaeaiiy, eiai ?icnaeaiiy aiae iaeaeaaiioeo
/ania. I?e aiaeici aeei?enoaii ?acoeueoaoe anio ia?aienia ianaeaiiy, ui
i?iaiaeeeenue ia oa?eoi?i? iaeanoi: aano?i-oai?nueeeo o 1857, 1869,
1880, 1890 i 1910 ??., iieuenueeeo — o 1921 i 1931 ??., ?aaeyinueeeo —
1959, 1970, 1979, 1989 ??. Aeeiaiiea ianaeaiiy Eueaianueei? iaeanoi o
na?aaeeii oa ae?oaie iieiaeii OO no. aiaeia?aaeaia ia a?aoieo (?en.1). A
?acoeueoaoi aiaeico aeaeiey?oueny o?e ia?iiaee c?inoaiiy e?eueeino?
ianaeaiiy (1857–1910 ??.; 1921–1939 ??.; 1946–1994 ??.) i o?e ia?iiaee
eiai ciaioaiiy (na?aaeeia 1910–1921 ??.; 1939–1946 ??.; 1994 – 1998
??.).

A oe?eiio, iniiai? oaeoi?e — AeAI, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee,
i?e?iaeii-aeieia?/iee oa ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee a?ae?a?athoue cia/io
?ieue o aeaiiaaia?ao?? Euea?anueei? iaeano?. ?o ae?y ? aecia/aeueiith
aeey ?yaeo aeaiiaaia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a oa yaeu iaeano?.

O o?aoueiio ?icaeiei — “Iniaeeainoi no/anii? aeaiiaaia?aoi/ii?
neooa-oei? oa?aio a oiiaao aeaiiioeyoe?? ianaeaiiy” — i?iaiaeiciaaii
eieueeinoue i aeeiaiieo ianaeaiiy, aeaii aiaeic eiai aiaeoai?aiiy oa
oa?aeoa?enoeeo neeaaeo i no?oeoo?e ianaeaiiy, i?inoi?iai?
aeeoa?aioeiaoei? ?iaiy aeeooy ethaeae, caeiyoinoi oa aac?iaiooy,
aeaeieaii i??a?oi/ii ?iaii iaeanii? nenoaie

?icnaeaiiy (N?) i ia iniiai oeeo oa ?ioeo /eiiee?a i?iaaaeaii
aeaiiaaia?a-oi/ia ?aeiioaaiiy Eueaianueei? iaeanoi.

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yy????y?y?y??yy?yyy????4?????5????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????u?y???????en. 1. Aeeiai?ea /enaeueiino?
ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei? iaeano? o 1857–1997 ??., oen. in?a

Ia 1.01.1999 ?. o Eueaianueeie iaeanoi i?iaeeaaei 2728,6 oen. inia, aai
5,4% ianaeaiiy e?a?ie oa 24,1% ianaeaiiy Cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie
(C?O). Ca eiai /enaeuei?noth aiia caeia? /aoaa?oa iinoea na?aae iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie i ia?oa a iaaeao C?O. Ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic aeaiiaaia?ao?/ieo
iieaciee?a i?iaaaeaii ca 1959–1997 ??. Aeeiaiiea /enaeueiinoi ianaeaiiy
caeaaeeoue aiae iniaeeainoae eiai aiaeoai?aiiy.

O Eueaianueeie iaeanoi ia?iaeaeoaaiinoue aoea i ? aeuith, iiae a Oe?a?ii
a oe?eiio. O 1997 ?. iieaciee ia?iaeaeoaaiinoi a Oe?a?ii aei?iaithaaa
8,7‰, a o Eueaianueeie iaeanoi — 10,2‰. I?ioyaii inoaiiio aeanyoeeioue
oeae iieaciee ia Eueaiaueii ciaioo?oueny. Nia?oiinoue a iaeanoi ?
ieae/ith (12,1‰), iiae a Oe?a?ii caaaeii (15,2‰). ?iaaiue nia?oiinoi a
iaeano? caieueoo?oueny. Oea coiiaeaia ciiiith aieiai-noaoaaiai neeaaeo,
ciaioaiiyi na?aaeiuei? o?eaaeinoi aeeooy ianaeaiiy, iiai?oaiiyi
aeieiai/ii? neooaoei?.

A ?acoeueoaoi ciaioaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiinoi i caieueoaiiy nia?oiinoi
i?e?iaeiee i?e?ino noaa iaaaoeaiei o e?a?ii c 1991 ?., a ia Eueaiaueii —
c 1994 ?. A iaeaniiio ?aa?ii? a?i iinooiiai cieaeo?oueny. Iniiaia
i?e/eia no/aniiai aiae’?iiiai i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo aoea caeeaaeaia a
caeiiiii?iiio ia?aaiao oac aeaiia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo. I?e?iaeiee i?e?ino
o 1997 ?. aoa aeiaeaoiee o ai?nueeie (2,5‰ o Oo?e?anueeiio ?aeii?) ?
na?aaeeiii-cao?aei?e (0,0 – 2,5‰ a ssai??anueeiio, Ieeiea?anueeiio ?
Ae?iaiaeoeueeiio ?aeiiao) /anoeiao iaeanoi. Oea iiynith?oueny aieeaii
eiiieaeno ?iciiiaiioieo oaeoi?ia, iniiaiei c yeeo ? aieiai-noaoaaa
no?oeoo?a ?aeiiia oa eoeueoo?ii-aoiia?aoi/ia niaoeeoiea ai?nueeiai
?aeiio. Iaeaieueoa i?e?iaeia ciaioaiiy ianaeaiiy (iaioa -5,0‰) ? ia
noiaei iaeanoi (Ia?aieoeyinueeee, Aonueeee, Ciei/ianueeee,
AEeaea/ianueeee ?aeiie). Oei ?aeiie a iniiaiiio aa?a?ii, a ieo o aieiaie
no?oeoo?i ia?aaaaeathoue noa?oi aieiai a?oie.

Iaoaii/iee i?e?ino anueiai ianaeaiiy aei 1992 ?. aoa oieueee aeiaeaoiei.
C 1992 ?. i aei oaia? a?i caeeoa?oueny aiae’?iiei (-5,7 oen. inia o
1997 ?.). Aiae’?iia naeueaei iia?aoeie ?aaiii ia? c iioeie iaeanoyie
Oe?a?ie (-3,6 oen. inia). Iaeaieueo iioaineaii ianaeaiiy iia?o? o
iiaii/ii-caoiaeieo (Nieaeuenueeiio i ssai?ianueeiio) ?aeiiao
(eiaoioei?io iia?aoeieii? ?ooeeainoi (EI?I) aieueoa 4,0%). Iaeiaioa
(iaioa 2%) o noiaeiiio Ia?aieoeyinueeiio oa ai?nueeeo Neieianueeiio i
Oo?eianueeiio ?aeiiao. Oea ca’ycaii c ?iaiai o?aaiicaoei?. Iaeaieueoa
iayoieeiaa iia?aoeiy aoea o Eueaiai (70,0 oen. inia) oa iiaeono?iaeueieo
?aeiiao Eueaiaueie — Ae?iaiaeoeueeiio (42,8), No?eenueeiio (29,2),
Nieaeuenueeiio (24,1), ssai?ianueeiio (19,7 oen. in?a), iaeiaioa — o
noiaeieo i iiaaeaiieo ?aeiiao.

Ia iniiai i?iaiaeiciaaieo aeeiaiiee i?e?iaeiiai ?ooo oa iieacieeia
oethaiinoi i ?iceo/aiinoi, a oaeiae iaoaii/iiai ?ooo ianaeaiiy aecia/aii
iiaeoei aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy ?aaiiio. Aeey oeueiai ia/eneththoueny
oaei iieacieee: eiaoioei?io noia?ii? ieiaeiaeoinoi, a?oooi-eiaoioei?io
aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy i iaooi-eiaoioei?io aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy. C
oeeo eiaoioei?ioia aeieeaa?, ui aei 1979 ?. inioaaa i?inoee iiaeoei
no/aniiai oeio aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy, a c 1980 ?. — caoaeaiee, ai
iaeaieueo ocaaaeueiaiee iaooi-eiaoioei?io noaa aei?iaithaaoe aieueoa 1.
Eiaeia aeiiea a iaeano? a na?aaeiueiio ia? 1,6 aeeoeie (a Oe?a?ii —
1,4).

Aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai aieiai-noaoaai? no?oeoo?e.
Aeey ?? aiaeico aaaeeeaei ? aeaeieaiiy o?ueio aieiaeo a?oi: 1) aei 15 ?.
— iieieiiiy aeioae, aai aei?iai/iai aieo; 2) 15–54 (59) ?. — iieieiiiy
aaoueeia, aai ?iai/iai aieo; 3) 55 (60) ?. ? a?eueoa — iieie?iiy
i?aaaouee?a, aai iain?eiiai a?eo. Aeaeiey?oueny oaeiae a?oia aeiiie o
oa?oeeueiiio aioei (15–49 ?.). Aieiai-noaoaai ii?aiiaee neeaaeaii ca
ia?aienii oa ca 1996 ?. Oa?eoi?iaeueii a iaeanoi iaeni?eyoeeaioith uiaei
aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy ? eiai aieiai-noaoaaa no?oeoo?a ia oeaio?aeueiiio
caoiaei (Eueaianueea iinuee?aaea, ssai?ianueeee, Ieeiea?anueeee ?aeiie)
oa ia iiaaeii (Oo?eianueeee ?aeii) ?aa?iio. Caeaaeii aiae ieoiii? aaae
aeioae, aaoueeia i i?aaaoueeia aecia/aii oeie aieiai-noaoaai? no?oeoo?e
ianaeaiiy Eueaianueei? iaeanoi.

Aeey aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy aaaeeeaei ? inaioiie ?iaaiue, ai eiai
iiaeaeuaiiy a aeiiee aaaea aei c?inoaiiy oethaiiai aieo, ui nei?i/o?
o?eaaeinoue ?? oa?oeeueiiai aieo. Ieoiia aaaa ienueiaiieo o ianaeaiii
aieii 15 ?. i noa?oa noaiiaeoue 94,8%. Oa?eoi?iaeueii a iaeanoi iaeneioi
inia ic na?aaeiueith inaioith ia 1000 inia ianaeaiiy (250 i aieueoa) ? o
Nieaeuenueeiio, AEiaeianueeiio, Ionoiieoianueeiio, Ieeiea?anueeiio,
Ae?iaiaeoeueeiio ?aeiiao oa ia oa?eoi?i? Eueaianueei? iinueei? ?aaee;
i?i?ioi (iaioa 225 inia) o noiaeieo Ia?aieoeyinueeiio i AEeaea/ianueeiio
oa iiaaeaiii-caoiaeieo Iinoenueeiio, Noa?inaiai?nueeiio i Oo?eianueeiio
?aeiiao.

Ia aeaiia?aoi/ii i?ioeane cia/iee aieea ni?aaey? iaoeiiiaeueiee neeaae
ianaeaiiy. Iaeanoue ? iaeii?iaeia ca iaoeiiiaeueiei neeaaeii,
ia?aaaaeathoue oe?a?ioei (90,4%). Na?aae aoii/ieo iaioei aeaeieythoueny
?iniyie (7,2%), iieyee (1,0%) oa ?a?a? (0,5%).

Aeey eiiieaenii? ioeiiee ?iaiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy canoiniaaii iaoiae
aaaaoiaeii?iiai aiaeico. Aeae?eaii /ioe?e oeie ?aeiiia c ?iciei ?iaiai
aeeooy ianaeaiiy: ia?oee — Oeaio?aeueiee c iaeaeuei, ae?oaee — Caoiaeiee
c aenieei, o?aoie — Noiaeiee c na?aaeiii i /aoaa?oee — ai?nueeee c
iecueeei.

O ia?iiae ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiiiiee ? i?iaeaie c? caeiyoinoth
ianaeaiiy. O 1997 ?. a iaeanoi o ?iai/iio aioei aoei 1573,6 oen. inia, a
i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy o ?iai/iio aioei eeoa 1482,3 oen. inia.
O?oaeiai ?ano?ne iaeanoi noaiiaeyoue 1521,4 oen. inia, c ieo 1197,1 oen.
— aeiiiii/ii aeoeaia ianaeaiiy. Iaeiaioa aeiiiii/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy ? ia
oa?eoi?i? Eueaianueei? iinuee?aaee oa ia noiaei iaeanoi a
?aaeaoianueeiio, AEeaea/ianueeiio i Ciei/ianueeiio ?aeiiao (iaioa 700
in?a-oo?eiaioeia ia 100 caeiyoeo); iaeaieueoa — o oeaio?aeueii-caoiaeieo
oa noiaeieo (ssai?ianueeee, Ia?aieoeyinueeee, Neieianueeee, Naiai?nueeee
i Ai?iaeioeueeee) ?aeiiao (1300 i aieueoa).

Aeineiaeaeaii nenoaie ?icnaeaiiy (N?) oa?eoi?i? iaeanoi — aaaeeeao
neeaaeiao /anoeio aeaiiaaia?aoi?. Noaiii ia 1997 ?. ia Eueaiaueii
iaei/oaaeinue 1931 ianaeaiee ioieo, c ieo 77 iinueeeo oa 1854
nieuenueeeo. Caaaeueia eieueeinoue iinaeaiue ca 37-?i/iee ia?iiae
ciaioeeanue ia 221 ( c 2152 aei 1931).

Ana ianaeaiiy iaeanoi i?iaeeaa? o ianaeaieo ioieoao ?icii? aaee/eie. O
?iaioi ?ic?iaeaii a?oioaaiiy iinaeaiue ca /enaeueiinoth aeeoaeia
iaeanoi. Aeaeieythoueny 8 ?o a?oi. A iaeanoi, ye i a Oe?a?ii
ia?aaaaeathoue iaei iinoa aei 20 oen. in?a (44,2% aiae eieueeinoi iino),
a ca ethaeiinoth aeii?io? iaaeaaeeea i. Eueaia (47,6% aiae eieueeinoi
iinueeiai ianaeaiiy). Iaeaieueo iioe?aieie o ?aa?ii?, ye ? a Oe?a?ii, ?
iaei naea (0,1–0,5 oen. inia), yei aiaeiiaiaeii noaiiaeyoue 45% oa 57,7%
aiae ani?? eieueeinoi nie. Iaeaieueoa eieueeinoue ianaeaiiy i?iaeeaa? o
aaeeeeo naeao.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee aaia?ao?? ianaeaiiy ia? eiai
uieueiinoue. Eueaianueea iaeanoue ca uieueiinoth ianaeaiiy (125
in?a/ei2) ciaoiaeeoueny ia o?aoueiio iinoei a Oe?a?ii iiney Aeiiaoeueei?
(202,0 inia/ei2) oa Ee?anueei? (158,8 inia/ei2) i ia ia?oiio na?aae
iaeanoae C?O. Uieueiinoue nieuenueeiai ianaeaiiy iaeanoi — 51 iniaa/ei2
(ii Oe?a?ii — 28 inia/ei2). Oa?eoi?iaeueiee ?iciiaeie u?eueiinoi
ianaeaiiy iaee?aua i?ineiaeeiao?oueny ca iaeieae/eie aaeiiiino?aoeaieie
iaeeieoeyie (nieuenueeeie, naeeuieie oa iinueeeie ?aaeaie). Ia ea?oi
aeaeieythoueny i’youe a?aaeia c iaeaieueoith uieueiinoth ianaeaiiy:
1) Eueaianueeee (iaeneiaeueia uieueiinoue ianaeaiiy i?eiaaea? ia
oa?eoi??th Euea?anueei? i?nuee?aaee ? nyaa? 5139 inia/ei2),
2) *a?aiiia?aaenueei-Aocueeee (5106 inia/ei2 o *a?aiiia?aaenuee?e
i?nuee?aae?), 3) No?eenueeee (3825 inia/ei2 o No?eenuee?e i?nuee?aae?),
4) Ae?iaiaeoeueei-Oeniaieoeueeee (3199 inia/ei2 o O?oneaaaoeuee?e
i?nuee?aae?), 5) Naiai?nueei-Aa?oiuei-Aeiino?ianueeee (2714 inia/ei2 o
Naia??nuee?e i?nuee?aae?), a oaeiae aeaa a?aaee c iaeieae/ith
uieueiinoth ianaeaiiy: 1) ai?nueei-Ea?iaonueeee; 2) Noiaeii-
Iaeiiieinueeee.

Ia oa?eoi?i? iaeanoi noi?ioaaeany iiiioeaio?e/ia Eueaianueea oa
oi?io?oueny iieioeaio?e/ia Ae?iaiaeoeueei-O?oneaaaoeueea aaeiia?aoei?.
Aaeiia-?aoei? oa iinoa ?acii ic iieiiaaino?aeyie ? iniiaieie aeaiaioaie
oi?ioaaiiy iii?iiai ea?eano ?icnaeaiiy. A?i ? iaeiei ic /eiieeia
iiaeaeueoiai oi?io-aaiiy N?. Aiia ia? i??a?oi/io no?oeoo?o. Ia oa?eoi?i?
Eueaiaueie noi?ioaa-eanue Eueaianueea iaeania N?. Aeey aeaeieaiiy
aioo?ioiueiiaeanieo (iiae-?aeiiieo) N? aoee a?aoiaai? aeaiia?aoi/iee
iioaioeiae iinueeeo iinaeaiue, ??ciia?/i? ca’ycee, aeiiiii/ia
?aeiiiooai?aiiy ia Eueaiauei? oa iioi /eiieee. Iiae?aeiiii N?
aeeth/athoue iaaio eieueeinoue ?aeiiieo, yei aecia/athoueny ia iniiai
aaeiiiino?aoeaii-oa?eoi?iaeueiiai iiaeieo, eiiiaeo-iinoi oa?eoi?i?,
a?aooaaiiy “ciie oyaeiiiy”. Eiaeia ?aeiiia N? aeeth/a? a naaa eouiai N?,
a oeaio?i yeeo ? iaei iinoa i nio.

Ioaea, o Eueaianueeie iaeano? aeaeieythoueny oae? ???a?o?/i? eaiee N?:
iaeania, aioo?ioiueiiaeanii (iiae?aeiiii), ?aeiiii oa eouiai, iiae yeeie
iniothoue oinii ca’ycee.

Caaa?oaeueiei ? aieiaiei aoaiii aoaeue-yeiai aaia?ao?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?aeiioaaiiy. Aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia ?aeiioaaiiy — oea
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y noa’?eoii oa?eoi??? ?acii c ianaeaiiyi, yea i?iaeeaa?
ia i?e, ia ie?ai? ?aeiie (?aa?iie). Aeaiiaaia?ao?/iee ?aeii —
oa?eoi??aeueia /anoeia ianaeaiiy c iiae?aieie aeaiiaaia?ao?/ieie
iieacieeaie oa i?ia-eaiaie, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny nooi?nieie
i?aeiinaeainueeeie ca’yceaie, iayai?noth yae?a (yaea?) ? ia?eoa???,
ea?iaai?noth oa noi?ioaaeanue o i?ioean? ia’?eoeaiiai aeaiiaaia?ao?/iiai
?aeiiiooai?aiiy. Iniiaith, ea?eanii aeaiiaaia?ao?/iiai ?aeiio ? nenoaia
?icnaeaiiy ianaeaiiy. Aeey aeaiiaaia?a-oi/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy Eueaiaueie ia
ia?oiio aoaii aeei?enoaii iaoiae aaaaoiaeii?iiai aiaeico. Aeae? aoei
aeiaeaoeiai i?iaiaeiciaaii eieueeinii aeaiiaaia?aoi/ii oa?aeoa?enoeee
oeiia ?aeiiia oa ie?aieo aaeiiiino?aoeaieo ?aeiiia. A?aoiaoaaeanue oaea
oiiaa ye oa?eoi?iaeueia oeieiniinoue oa eii-iaeoiinoue ?aeiiia, ui aeaei
ciiao aeyaeoe ia oieueee i?inoi?iai oa?oiiaaiiy ?aeiiia, aea i aecia/eoe
?iaaiue ?o ?icaeoeo. A ?acoeueoaoi aeyaeaii o?noue iioaa?aeueieo
aeaiiaaia?aoi/ieo ?aeiiia: 1) Oeaio?aeueii-Caoiaeiee c aenieei ?iaiai
aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo; 2) Iiaii/ii-Caoiaeiee c na?aaeiii ?iaiai
aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo; 3) Iiaaeaiiee c na?aaeiii ?iaiai
aeaiiaaia?a-oi/iiai ?icaeoeo; 4) Iiaaeaiii-Caoiaeiee c iecueeei ?iaiai
aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo; 5) Noiaeiee c iecueeei ?iaiai
aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo; 6) Iia-aeaiiee ai?nueeee c iaeieae/ei
?iaiai aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icaeiei —“Iniiaii i?iaeaie i ia?niaeoeae aeaiiaaia?a-oi?
iaeanoi” — aeaeieaii aieiai? i?iaeaii? ieoaiiy aaia?ao?? ianaeaiiy,
iae?aneaii oeyoe ?o ?ica’ycaiiy, a oaeiae aeaii i?iaiic /enaeueiinoi
ianaeaiiy oa eiai aieiai-noaoaai? no?oeoo?e ia ia?iiae aei 2010 ?.

Na?aae iniiaieo i?iaeai o ?iaioi aeaeieythoueny oaei:

1. Aeaiiioeyoeiy ianaeaiiy. Aieiaiee oeyo ae??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie —
oea ca?eueoaiiy i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo, noeioethaaiiy ia?iaeaeoaaiino?,
iie?ioaiiy ioi?iie caei?ia’y, aeiiii?/ii? e aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??
?aa?iio. Aeioe?eueii caioi/oaaoe oi?ioaaiiy na?aaeiueiae?oieo n?iae o
neeaae? aeaio-o?ueio ae?oae.

2. Aeaoi?iaoeiy aieiai? no?oeoo?e ianaeaiiy. Ae??oaiiy ia?oi? i?iaeaie
ni?ey? ?ica’ycaiith ae?oai?, aaeaea ca?eueoaiiy i?e?iaeiiai i?e?inoo
ianaeaiiy aaaea aei iinooiiaiai ?icoe?aiiy iniiae i??ai?ae, oiaoi
e?eueeino? in?a o aei?iai/iio a?oe?.

3. Iaaaoeaiee iaoaii/iee i?e?ino. Aaaeeeaei caoiaeii ae??oaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie ? aeoea?caoe?y aeiiii?ee ? noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, a
oaeiae iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeey aeeooy ianaeaiiy o aoaeue-yeeo
ianaeaieo ioieoao aeaiiai ?aa?iio, ui iiiaeoue i?eaaaeea?noue
Euea?aueie.

4. Cieaeaiiy ?iaiy aeeooy ianaeaiiy. Aeo?ae c aeeaiei? ? caoyaeii?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece — aieiaiee aaae?eue i?aeaeuaiiy
iaoa??aeueiiai ? eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy ethaeae iaoi? iaeano?. Oey
ianoaaeia oiiaeeeaeoue ca?eueoeoe ?ici?? ca?ieaoe ? iain?e, aeaeaaaoe ?o
?aaoey?ii.

5. C?inoaiiy aac?iaiooy. Iiieo ia ?iai/o neeo a iaeano? iiaeia
ia?iuoaaoe a?aeiiaeaiiyi ?iaioe ?nioth/eo i?aei?e?inoa /a?ac ?o
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th, ?icaeoeii iaeiai ? na?aaeiueiai a?ciano.
Aaaaea?ii ca

aeioe?eueia ?ic?iaeo ? ?aae?caoe?th eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo
ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei? iaeano? ia 2000 – 2010 ??.

I?iaiicoaaiiy /enaeueiinoi ianaeaiiy aei 2010 ?. caeienithaaeinue ia
iniiai ia?niaeoeaiiai aeno?aiiethaaiiy na?aaei?o oaii?a c?inoaiiy
ianaeaiiy. Ia/eneaii, ui i?e inioth/eo na?aaeiuei??/ieo oaiiao c?inoaiiy
(niaaeaiiy), i?e iaciiiieo iieacieeao ia?iaeaeoaaiinoi oa nia?oiinoi
ianaeaiiy, /enaeueiinoue eiai a iaeanoi ia 2010 ?. aoaea i?eaeecii
noaiiaeoe 2668,3 oen. inia (o iinueeeo iinaeaiiyo — 1639,0 oen., a
nieuenueeeo — 1029,3 oen.). I?iaiic aieiai-noaoaai? no?oeoo?e ianaeaiiy
a?oiooaaany ia canoinoaaii? iaoiaeo “ia?anoaaiiy aieia”. A?i naiae/eoue
i?i ?? iiaeaeueoo aeaoi?iaoeith.

AENIIAEE

1. Iioeiaeueiee ?icaeoie e?a?ie (?aaiiio) cia/iith ii?ith caeaaeeoue
aiae /enaeueiinoi ianaeaiiy, eiai aiaeoai?aiiy i neeaaeo, ?iaiy aeeooy i
caeiyoinoi oa ?icnaeaiiy. C 1995 ?. aiaeaoeeny aeaiiioeyoe?ei? ciiie o
ianaeaii? Eueaianueei? iaeanoi, ?o aeineiaeaeaiiy ? aaaeeeaei aeey
noniieueii? aaia?aoi?.

2. O ?iaioi aecia/aii aeoiaeii oai?aoe/ii oa iaoiaeieiai/ii iieiaeaiiy
aea/aiiy aeaiiaaia?aoi? ?aaiiio. Aeaiiaaia?aoiy ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
ie?aia iaoeiaa aeenoeeieiia a oeeeei noniieueii-aaia?aoi/ii? iaoee.

3. Iaeaieueo aaaeeeaeie /eiieeaie, yei aieeaathoue ia aaia?ao?th
ianaeaiiy Eueaiaueie, ?: aeaiiaaia?aoi/ia iieiaeaiiy ?aaiiio,
nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii oaeoi?e, i?e?iaeii ia?aaeoiiae oa
inoi?eei-aaia?aoi/iee /eiiee.

4. O ?acoeueoaoi i?iaaaeaiiai eiiieaeniiai aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai aiaeico
Eueaianueei? iaeanoi aeyaeaii, ui: a) aeaiiioeyoeiy ianaeaiiy
caeaaeeoue, a ia?oo /a?ao, aiae ciiie oac aeaiia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo;
a) i?e?iaeia caieueoaiiy ethaeae ? eeoa ia iiaaeaiiiio caoiaei
(Oo?eianueeee, Ae?iaiaeoeueeee ?aeiie) oa iiaii/iiio caoiaei
(ssai?ianueeee, Nieaeuenueeee ?aeiie) ?aa?iio; a) a iaeanoi inio?
caoaeaiee iiaeoei no/aniiai oeio aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy; a)
aieiai-noaoaaa no?oeoo?a ianaeaiiy aiaeiiaiaea? eiioeth aeaiia?aoi/iiai
ia?aoiaeo; noiniaii aiaeoai?aiiy ianaeaiiy iaeni?eyoeeaioith ?
aieiai-noaoaaa no?oeoo?a ia iiaii/iiio caoiaei (ssai?ianueeee,
Ieeiea?anueeee ?aeiie), iiaaeii (Oo?e?anueeee ?aeii) iaeano? oa ia
oa?eoi??? Euea?anueei? i?nueei? ?aaee; ae) cieceany ??aaiue aeeooy
ianaeaiiy.

5. Aeaeieaii iaeania, iiae?aeiiii, ?aeiiii oa eouiai nenoaie ?icnaeaiiy,
iiae yeeie iniothoue oinii ca’ycee. ?ic?iaeaii aeaiiaaia?aoi/ia
?aeiioaaiiy iaeanoi ? aeaii aeao?i?oe?th aeaiiaaia?ao?/iiai ?aeiio. A
?acoeueoaoi aeaeieaii oinoue aeaiiaaia?aoi/ieo ?aeiiia:
Oeaio?aeueii-Caoiaeiee c aenieei ?iaiai aeaiiaaia?ao?/iiai ?icaeoeo,
I?ai?/ii-Cao?aeiee oa I?aaeaiiee c na?aaei?i ??aiai aeaiiaaia?ao?/iiai
?icaeoeo, I?aaeaiii-Cao?aeiee ? No?aeiee c iecueeei ?iaiai
aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo oa Iiaaeaiiee ai?nueeee c iaeieae/ei ?iaiai
aeaiiaaia?aoi/iiai ?icaeoeo.

6. Aianeiaeie ?ic?aoiaaiiai i?iaiico /enaeuei?noue ianaeaiiy
Eueaianueei? iaeanoi o 2010 ?. aoaea aei?iaithaaoe 2668,3 oen. inia,
oiaoi ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ciaioaiiy ii?iaiyii c 1997 ?. ia 71,3 oen. inia.

NIENIE INIIAIEO IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iniaeeainoi i?ioeano o?aaiicaoei? o Eueaianueeie iaeanoi //
Aaia?aoi/ii i?iaeaie caoiaeiiai iia?aie//y Oe?a?ie: Ainiee Eueaianueeiai
oiiaa?neoaoo. Na?iy aaia?aoi/ia.— Eueaia: Naio, 1997.— Aei. 20.— N.
70–73.

2. Aaii?inoi?iaee aiae?c iinaeainueei? ia?aae? Euea?anueei? iaeano? /
A?niee Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y aaia?ao?/ia.— Euea?a: I?ino??
I, 1998.— Aei. 22.— N. 136–141.

3. Aeaiiaaia?aoi/ia ?aeiioaaiiy Eueaianueei? iaeanoi // Iaoeiai caienee
Oa?iiiieuenueeiai iaaeoiiaa?neoaoo. Na?iy aaia?aoiy.— Oa?iiiieue, 1998.—
N 2. — N. 63–67.

4. Aeeiai?ea oa i?iaiic /enaeueiino? ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei? iaeano? //
A?niee Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y aaia?ao?/ia.— Euea?a, 1999.—
Aei. 24.— N. 41–46.

5. Iniiai? i?iaeaie aeaiiaaia?ao?? Euea?anueei? iaeano? // Iaoeia?
caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai iaaeoi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: aaia?ao?y.—
Oa?iii?eue, 1999.— ? 1.— N. 50–53.

6. Aoii/iee neeaae ianaeaiiy Eueaianueei? iaeanoi ia eiiaoeue 80-o ??.
OO no. // Aeiiiiiei-, nioeiaeueii- i aeieiai-aaia?aoi/ii i?iaeaie
caoiaeii-oe?a?inueeiai i?eei?aeiiiy: Oaiao. cai?iee iaoe. i?aoeue.—
Eueaia: EAeO, 1997.— N. 59–69.

7. Ianaeaiiy iaeanoi // Aaia?aoiy. Eueaianueea iaeanoue 8–9 eean:
Iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee iiniaiee.— Eueaia: I?ieia, 1998.— N. 58–66.

8. ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? aeaiiioeyoe?? ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei? iaeano?
// ?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea.— Euea?a, 1999.— ? 1.— N. 109–115.

9. Ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic aeeiaiiee ianaeaiiy iino Iiaia?aaea-
Aieeinueeiai oa *a?aiiia?aaea ca inoaiii 100 ?ieia // Oace Anaoe?. iaoe.
— e?a?ciaa. eiio. “Cayaaeue ae?aaiie i ai/ii iieiaeee”
(Iiaia?aae-Aieeinueeee, 13–16 aa?aniy 1995 ?.).— Iiaia?aae-Aieeinueeee,
1995.— N. 182–183 (niiaaaoi? I. I. Aiiae). Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a:
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeeiai?ee ianaeaiiy i?noa *a?aiiia?aaea.

10. Ianaeaiiy. I 1:1 500 000 // Iaa/aeueii-e?a?ciaa/ee aoean
Euea?anueei? iaeano?.— Euea?a: AIOE, 1999.— N. 14.

11. Osobliwosci historyczno-geograficzne zmian liczby ludnosci w
obwodzie Lwowskim // Acta universitatis Wratislaviensis. Prace instytutu
geograficznego.— Wroclaw: WUW, 1998.— T. XVII.— S. 69–73.

12. Zmiany w obrazie etnodemograficznym Lwowa w XIX i XX w. //
Kwartalnik geograficzny.— Gdansk: M. Rozak, 1997.— N 4.— S. 12–16
(niiaaaoi? I.I.?iaai/ae). Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: oa?aeoa?enoeea
aoiiaeaiia?ao?? Eueaiaa a O?O ? OO no.

Ia?oa/ I.?. Aeaiiaaia?aoiy ?aaiiio a oiiaao aeaiiioeyoei? ianaeaiiy (ia
iaoa?iaeao Eueaianueei? iaeanoi). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoi/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 11.00.02 — aeiiiii/ia i nioeiaeueia aaia?aoiy.
— Eueaianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao iiaii Iaaia O?aiea, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeine?aeaeaii nenoaio iiiyoue ? eaoaai??e aeaiiaaia?ao??, iiaeeaeaii
iiaeyaee ia ?o ci?no ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy. Aea?oueny nai? ?icoi?iiy
no?oeoo?e aaia?ao?? ianaeaiiy, ?? ca’yce?a c ?ioeie iaoeaie. ?ice?eoi
aieea oaeoi??a ia eiiiiiaioio oa oa?eoi??aeueio no?oeoo?o ianaeaiiy
?aa?iio. I?iaaaeaii ?noi?eei-aaia?ao?/iee aiae?c ianaeaiiy Euea?aueie. O
?acoeueoao? eiiieaeniiai aiae?co no/anieo aeaiiaaia?ao?/ieo i?ioean?a
iaeano? a oiiaao aeaiiioeyoe?? ianaeaiiy aeyaeaii ? ea?oia?aoiaaii ?o
oa?eoi??aeuei? iniaeeaino?. ?ic?iaeaii aeao?i?oe?th eaoaai???
“aeaiiaaia?ao?/iee ?aeii”. Cae?eniaii aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia ?aeiioaaiiy
?aa?iio. Aeaii i?iaiic e?eueeino? ianaeaiiy Euea?anueei? iaeano? oa eiai
ie?aieo no?oeoo?ieo eiiiiiaio?a. Aecia/ai? iniiai? i?iaeaie
aeaiiaaia?ao?? iaeano?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaiiaaia?ao?y, aeaiiioeyoe?y ianaeaiiy,
aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia iieiaeaiiy, oaeoi?e aeaiiaaia?ao??, nenoaie ?icnaeaiiy,
iii?iee ea?ean ?icnaeaiiy, aeaiiaaia?ao?/iee ?aeii, aeaiiaaia?ao?/ia
?aeiioaaiiy, aeaiiaaia?ao?/i? i?iaeaie.

Perkhach O.R. Demogeography of the region during depopulation (based on
materials taken in L’viv region). — Manuscript.

Dissertation to receive the degree of a candidate of science in
Geography in speciality 11.00.02 — economical and social Geography. —
Ivan Franko State University in L’viv, 1999.

A system of demogeographical concepts and categories has been studied
with a deeper insight into their content and relationship. A novel
approach to the understanding of the structure of population geography
as well as its links with the other sciences is presented. The main
regular dependences in population geography are delimited. Essential
types of interdependancies between demogeography and spatial
organisation of economy. It is proposed a new understanding of research
methods, particularly mutual determination of the research “method” and
the research “approach”. The practical significance of the created data
bases belonging to the demogeographical block of an information system
is analysed.

An impact of the social and economic factors is shown, of the natural
background and of the ecological factor on the component and on the
territorial structure of the population as far as these factors have
been the major influences upon the demogeography in L’viv region
(oblast’) in different periods of social and economic development. The
demogeographical location of the region is analysed. Its macro-, meso-
and microlocations are delimited. The demogeographical location of L’viv
region within Europe is considered as the macrolocation within Ukraine —
as the mesolocation, and within the Western Ukraine — as the
microlocation. It is defined that the microgeographical location of the
region is the most convenient. A historical and geographical analysis of
the population of the region has been accomplished. L’viv region
population had three periods of growth (1857–1910; 1921–1939; 1946–1994)
and three periods of decline (mid. 1910s – 1921; 1939–1946; 1994 –
present) are determined.

A many-sided analysis of the present demogeographical situation in
L’viv region in the situation of depopulation has been done. Spatial
regularities of population dynamics and number, as well as its growth
pace during 1959–1997 are determined. Spatial differences of population
reproduction and structure are analysed. A multidimensional analysis was
used to delimit intra-regional zones with similar living standards of
population. A spatial scope on the processes of employment and
unemployment is given. The settlement network of the region is analysed.
The settlements are characterised according to population and
morphology. The density of the region’s population is analysed on the
basis of the smallest territorial units (municipalities — village,
settlement and town councils). A new version of the population
distribution frame is worked out. The system of population distribution
within the region is studied, and these hierarchical levels are
distinguished: region (oblast), inter-districtal (inter-rayon), district
(rayon) and bunch. Close links exist between these levels. Spatial
peculiarities of the main demogeographical processes are elucidated and
mapped.

The category “demogeographical region” is defined. A demogeographical
area distribution of the region has been accomplished which resulted by
singling out the six demogeographical regions: Central-Western (high
level of demogeographic development), North-Western and Southern
(moderate level of demogeographic development), South-Western and
Eastern (low level of demogeographic development), and Southern
Mountainous (lowest level of demogeographic development). A definition
and a description of the demogeographical region concept has been given.
All demogeographical region are characterised.

The forecast for the number of the population in L’viv region as well as
of its separate structural components is given. The main problems
relating to the demogeography in the region have been determined.

Both theoretical and applied conclusions made in the dissertation paper
may be used for the purpose of improving the scientific fundamentals for
the territorial control and forecasting, to create new schemes of
regional planning, territorial indicative plans and the purposeful
manysided programme for the development of the L’viv region as well as
for getting ready for and holding the first all-Ukrainian census.

Key terms: demogeography, depopulation, demogeographical situation,
demogeographical factors, systems of population area distribution,
reference framework of population distribution, demogeographical region,
demogeographical area distribution, demogeographical problems.

Ia?oa/ I.?. Aeaiiaaia?aoey ?aaeiia a oneiaeyo aeaiiioeyoeee ianaeaiey
(ia iaoa?eaeao Eueaianeie iaeanoe). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.02 — yeiiiie/aneay e nioeeaeueiay
aaia?aoey. — Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Eaaia O?aiei,
Eueaia, 1999.

Enneaaeiaaia nenoaia iiiyoee e eaoaai?ee aeaiiaaia?aoee, oaeoaeaiu
acaeyaeu ia eo niaea?aeaiea e niioiioaiea. Eceiaeaii naia iiieiaiea
no?oeoo?u aaia?aoee ianaeaiey, aa naycae n eiuie iaoeaie. ?ane?uaaaony
aeeyiea oaeoi?ia ia eiiiiiaioioth e oa??eoi?eaeueioth no?oeoo?o
ianaeaiey ?aaeiia. I?iaaaeai enoi?eei-aaia?aoe/aneee aiaeec ianaeaiey
Eueaiaueiu. A eoiaa eiiieaeniiai aiaeeca nia?aiaiiuo aeaiiaaia?aoe/aneeo
i?ioeannia iaeanoe a oneiaeyo aeaiiioeyoeee ianaeaiey auyaeaiu e
ea?oia?aoe?iaaiu eo oa??eoi?eaeueiua iniaaiiinoe. ?ac?aaioaia
aeaoeieoeey eaoaai?ee “aeaii-aaia?aoe/aneee ?aeii”. Inouanoaeaii
aeaiiaaia?aoe/aneia ?aeiie?iaaiea ?aaeiia. Aeai i?iaiic /eneaiiinoe
ianaeaiey Eueaianeie iaeanoe e aai ioaeaeueiuo no?oeoo?iuo eiiiiiaioia.
Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua i?iaeaiu aeaiiaaia?aoee iaeanoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaiiaaia?aoey, aeaiiioeyoeey ianaeaiey,
aeaii-aaia?aoe/aneia iieiaeaiea, oaeoi?u aeaiiaaia?aoee, nenoaiu
?annaeaiey, iii?iue ea?ean ?annaeaiey, aeaiiaaia?aoe/aneee ?aeii,
aeaiiaaia?aoe/aneia ?aeiie?iaaiea, aeaiiaaia?aoe/aneea i?iaeaiu.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 28.09.1999 ?. Oi?iao 6084/16.

Iai?? ae?oe. ? 1. Iae. aeae. a?e. 1.0, Oe?aae 100. Cai. ? 250.

Aeaeaaie/ee oeaio? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea.

290000 Euea?a, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1.

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