EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAOO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

EACA?AIEI Ea?ena Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 576.3+575.224.23

OeEOIAAIAOE*IA IOe?IEA IOOAA?EUeIINO?

Allium fistulosum L. (Liliacea, Magnoliophyta)

I?E NOA??II? IAN?IIss

14.03.09 – a?noieia?y, oeeoieia?y, aia??ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aieeaeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeai?aeia Na?a?e
A?eoi?iae/, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoth/ee
eaoaae?ith caaaeueii? oa iieaeoey?ii? aaiaoeee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?eeye ?ai? ?iiaiiae/, Oe?a?inueeee
iaoeiaee oeaio? iaaee/ii? aaiaoeee IIC ? IAI Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe E?aa/oe Ieaenaiae? Iaaeiae/, IAe? aeia?a??ie ?
oieneeieia?? ?i. E.?. Iaaeaaaey IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th
iooaaaiaco

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

?inoeooo ee?oeiii? a?ieia?? oa aaiaoe/ii? ?iaeaia??? IAI Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e oeeoio?c?ieia?? oa aaiaoe/ii? ?iaeaia???, i. Ee?a – 143, aoe.
Caaieioiiai, 148

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «20» aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.38 a Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252022, Ee?a – 22, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64, a?ieia?/iee oaeoeueoao

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a – 33,
aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «03» aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aeaaeaeianueea O.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iooaaaiac caaaeaee iaa noaoon i?iaeaie: aeey
a?ieia?? acaaae? e aaiethoe?eiiai a/aiiy cie?aia, aeey naeaeoe?eii?
i?aeoeee e iaaeeoeeie (Aoy?aao, 1978). ?nioaaea iaa?oue i?iaeaia iiooeo
iiaeo iooaaai?a – aeey iio?aa naeaeoe?? (Oeaa?ieeia, 1966; Eiaaeaiei,
1967; ?aiiii?o e ae?., 1980). Iaeiae nueiaiaei?, o ca’yceo c
caa?oaeiaiiyi i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua aaiioiene/ieie ?a/iaeiaie,
i?iaeaia iooaaaiaco aaea iaa?aeae?eueia aioeiooaaaiaco – ye i?iaeaie
caoenoo a?ae iooaaai?a (AIC, 1989; Aa?eeye, 1998). Iniaeeai aino?i
i?iaeaia oey noino?oueny Oe?a?ie, aea aeieia?/ia neooaoe?y
oneeaaeith?oueny ?aae?aoe?eiei caa?oaeiaiiyi aiane?aeie aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN (Iaoe. aeiiia., 1993). Ine?eueee iaoa??aeueio
iniiao iooaoe?e neeaaeathoue o?i?/i? ci?ie a no?oeoo?? aaia,
niiioaii?noue i?e?iaeiiai iooaoe?eiiai i?ioeano acaaae? oiiaia, ?
??aaiue i?e?iaeiiai ioooaaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio ioi/oth/iai
na?aaeiaeua, ye uiaei eiai o?i?/iiai ai?noo, oae ? a?aeiinii
?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy (Aeaeia?ia, 1984; Ei?iaiaeei, 1995). Ia
ee?oeiiiio ??ai? iieacieeii iooaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ? o?iiiniii? aaa?aoe??
(OA), i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue yeeo ?icaeyaea?oueny ye o?iiiniiia
ianoaa?euei?noue ( Oiaaeue, Iiooeuenee, 1989; Aeeaaa e ae?., 1996).
O?iiiniiia ianoaa?euei?noue, a?ia?iooaa?euei?noue, ia? i?noea i?e
?icaeoeo ceiye?nieo iiaiooai?aiue (Jackson, Loeb, 1998; Strauss, 1998).
A oie aea /an aiia i?e?iaeiuei i?aeaeuo?oueny i?e noa??ii? (I?eiaa,
1972). Noai?aiiy iiai? eiioeaioe?? a?a??i?/iiai ii?ioaaiiy iioaioe?eii
iooaaaiieo ?a/iaei, ui iaaeoiaeyoue o na?aaeiaeua (E?aa/oe, 1998),
aeiaaa? ciaiue i?i iniaeeaino? oa caeiiii??iino? i?e?iaeiiai,
niiioaiiiai ioooaaiiy. Oiio iooaoe?eiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi iei? iaaea?oueny
aaeeea cia/aiiy (Drake, 1998).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue a ?aieao aeaio i?ia?ai AeEIO: «Aea/aiiy aioeiooaaaiieo oa
aaiii?ioaeoi?ieo aeanoeainoae a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei i?e?iaeiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy» (N aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0194U031070, oeo? 01.01.01/021
/005E-95) oa » ?ic?iaea iaoeiaeo iniia oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e canoinoaaiiy
?iaeoeoi??a oa i?ieiiaaoi??a ae?? ?ioa?oa?iio c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy eiai
ye aioeiooaaaio» (N aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0194U031071, oeo?
01.01.05/005 /005E-95), ye? aoiaeeee aei eiiieaenii? Aea?aeaaii?
I?ia?aie «Caoeno aaiioiiaeo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaaea o aea/aii?
oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae a?eiai? aeeiai?ee iooaa?eueiino? Allium
fistulosum L. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ae??ooaaeenue oae? caaea/?:

1. Oeeoiaaiaoe/iee aiae?c a?eiai? aeeiai?ee niiioaiii? iooaa?eueiino?
ee?oei o ian?ii? Allium fistulosum L.

2. Aea/aiiy iiaeeo?eoth/iai aoaeoo aeiaenia?aiaioaeueii? ia?iaee
ian?iiy.

3. Aiae?c ci?i /anoioe aaa?aioieo aiaoac o Allium fistulosum L. i?ae
ae??th iiaeaeueiiai iooaaaia.

4. Aiae?c /ooeeaino? ee?oei ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie Allium fistulosum L.
aei aieeao a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii
oeeoiaaiaoe/iee aiae?c aeeiai?ee niiioaiii? iooaa?eueiino? ee?oeie o
Allium fistulosum L. i?e noa??ii? i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano. Anoaiiaeaii
ia??aiii??ii eieeaaeueiee oa?aeoa? oa iaiaeiaeiao oaeaee?noue a?eiai?
aeeiai?ee niiioaiii? iooaa?eueiino? ee?oei o ian?ii? ??cieo ia?o?e.

Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue o ian?ii?a?e oe??oe? iieiaeiai ian?iiy ?a/iaei,
ye? i?ioyaii iaaiiai /ano ia yaeythoueny aooiiooaaaiaie, a iaaoaathoue
iooaaaiii? aeoeaiino? caiaeii, i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy. Aeaeaeaiiy oeeo
?a/iaei i?eaiaeeoue aei aaeueioaaiiy a?eiaiai i?enei?aiiy iooaaaiaco.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oaeaee?noue a?eiaeo ci?i
oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo iieaciee?a iooaa?eueiino? ee?oei ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie o
i?i?inoath/iio ian?ii? ??cieo ia?o?e ??cia, ui iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe
i?e aeei?enoaii? Allium fistulosum L. ye oano-ia’?eoo o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, iia’ycaieo c oanooaaiiyi ?a/iaei. Iieacaia iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (i???ioiaii? eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,00004 %) ye
iiaeaeueiiai iooaaaio a ?ineeiieo oano-nenoaiao. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o i?aeoeeoi? c oeeoiaaiaoeee ia
eaoaae?? caaaeueii? oa iieaeoey?ii? aaiaoeee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iiooeoaa/ aoea a?aeiia?aeaeueiei
aeeiiaaoeai ieaiiai? IAe? (? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 0194U031070, oeo?
01.01.01/021 /005E-95) «Aea/aiiy aioeiooaaaiieo oa aaiii?ioaeoi?ieo
aeanoeainoae a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei i?e?iaeiiai iioiaeaeaiiy», yea
aoiaeeea aei eiiieaenii? Aea?aeaaii? I?ia?aie «Caoeno aaiioiiaeo
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie»; i?eeiaea o/anoue o aecia/aii? iaoe oa eiie?aoieo
caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iath aen?yii ia ae?eyioe? ian?iiy, iaea?aeaii
o?iaeae ian?iiy a 1994 oa ?ioeo ?ieao aeey iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iinoaaeaii 58 na??e aenia?eiaio?a ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??, aeanii?o/ii
aeaioiaeaii oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aeecueei 4600 i?aia?ao?a, i?iaaaeaii
i?e?ioioiceiiee i?aia?ao?a, ii?aoeueiaaii ?acoeueoaoe oa iioae?eiaaii
iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ii?eethaeiai? ia I?aeia?iaeieo
neiiic?oiao «A?ieia?/i? iaoai?cie noa??iiy» (Oa?e?a, 1996; Oa?e?a, 1998)
oa ia «Iaoeiaeo /eoaiiyo», i?enay/aieo 100-??//th a?aee?eooy iiaea?eiiai
caie?aeiaiiy o iie?eoiian?iieo ?ineei i?ioani?ii oi?aa?neoaoo Nayoiai
Aieiaeeie?a N.A. Iaaaoeiei (Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o: 4 ?iaioe
o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 – a ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 2 – a
oacao neiiic?oi?a.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a, ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. ?iaioa
aeeeaaeaia ia 120 noi??ieao, i?noeoue 37 ?enoie?a oa 25 oaaeeoeue.
Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 161 aeaea?aei.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

A?eiao aeeiai?eo ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e (OA) aeine?aeaeoaaee
ia 5 ia?o?yo ian?iiy: ian?iiy o?iaeath 1990 ?.; ian?iiy o?iaeath 1994 oa
1995 ??., iaea?aeaia c ian?iiy 1990 ?.: 1994 oa 1995-A – ian?iiy,
ae?iuaia a *a?i?a?anuee?e iae., 1995-A oa 1995-N – ae?iuaia a?aeiia?aeii
o Aaneeuee?anueeiio oa Aa?eo?anueeiio ?aeiiao Ee?anueei? iae. Ian?iiy
caa??aaee a neeyiiio iinoae? a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao.

Ian?iiy i?i?iuoaaee a oa?iinoao? i?e oaiia?aoo?? 24N. Noiae?noue
aecia/aee /a?ac 72 aiae i?ney caii/oaaiiy ian?iiy. Aeey i?e?ineii?/iiai
aiae?co aiooaaee oei/ania? aeaaeai? i?aia?aoe, oa?aiaai? aoeaoi?na?iii
(Aea?eeiaoii, 1980). Ee?oeie ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie i?i?inoe?a A.
fistulosum L. aiae?coaaee aiaoaciei iaoiaeii (Iaooaaa, 1988).
Ia/enethaaee /anoioo aaa?aioieo aiaoac (*AA) – /anoeo aiaoac c
aaa?aoe?yie a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aiaoac, ae?aaeaio a %;
iioeiaeaeai?noue aaa?aioii? ee?oeie (IAE) – e?euee?noue aaa?aoe?e, ui
i?eiaaea? ia 1 aaa?aioio ee?oeio (a %); /anoeo iino?a a?ae caaaeueii?
e?eueeino? aaa?aoe?e (*I, %), oa /anoeo iino?a o?iiiniiiiai oeio –
aeeoeaio?ee?a, a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iino?a (*Ae, %). Iaoaiaoe/io
ia?iaeo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii caaaeueiiaeciaieo iaoiaeee (Eaeei,
1990), iiia?io ei?aeyoe?th oa ?aa?an?eiee aiae?c i?iaiaeeee c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo i?ia?ai «STATISTIKA» (Ai?iaeeia, 1998).

Aeiaenia?eiaioaeueia ia?iaea ian?iiy iieyaaea o i?iieaaii? eiai
?ic/eiaie KMnO4 (0,05 %), NaHCO3 (0,3 %) oa aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith ca
iienaiith iaoiaeeeith (Eaca?aiei e ae?., 1995). I?iieoa ian?iiy
caa??aaeinue oaeiae o neeyiiio iinoae? a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao.

Aeey aea/aiiy /ooeeaino? ee?oei aaooia aei oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (OA) oa
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (AA?) ?eaioeaa?io e oeiiaaio, ian?iiy
i?i?iuoaaee o ?ic/ei? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ?a/iaei oa a noi?o? OA oa
?eaioeaa?io /e oeiiaaio aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e.

Aaoi? ae?aaea? aeeaieo iiaeyeo N??aieo ?.I. ca aeiiiiiao a
eiiiuethoa?i?e ia?iaoe? aeaieo.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

A?eia? iniaeeaino? niiioaiii? iooaa?eueiino? ee?oei ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie
Allium fistulosum L. A?eia? ci?ie an?o oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo iieaciee?a o
ian?ii? an?o aeine?aeaeaieo ia?o?e a?aeaoaathoueny ia??aiii??ii (oaae. 1
– 4). Ia caaaeaee aenieei cia/aiiyi *AA a?aeiia?aeathoue aenie? cia/aiiy
IAE ? iaaiaee. ? eeoa i?ney 3-o ?ie?a caa??aaiiy ian?iiy 1994 ?. oa ia
3-iio ?ioe? caa??aaiiy ian?iiy ia?o?? 1995-A aenie? cia/aiiy *AA
noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aenieith iioeiaeaeai?noth aaa?aioii? ee?oeie (oaae.
1, 3).

Oaaeeoey 1

Ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e a ee?oeiao ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie

Allium fistulosum L. i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy (o?iaeae 1994 ?ieo)

A?e ian?iiy

(i?n)Noiae?noue

(%)Aea/aii aiaoac, n*AA

(%)IAE

(%)*I

(%)*Ae

(%)1 37 682 5,13 0,83 126 8830 1,5 60
853 2,34 0,48 100 955 2 27 780 2,81 0,61
109 5857 4 49544 2,21 0,60 117 430 6 56
613 4,08 0,79 104 5429 9 24 395 0,76
0,45 100 670 12 54 337 6,82 1,39 109
5629 13 58 553 6,51 1,08 108 8758 14 64
450 4,22 0,92 100 7920 18 52 508 10,63
1,39 135 5239 19 55 523 11,09 1,37 129 5330
22 24 224 6,70 1,70 113 7150 26 62
386 9,07 1,46 109 6148 27 47 382 8,64 1,46
112 6235 28 42 473 10,36 1,38 123 6738 30
60 756 8,86 1,04 124 4026 31 66 495
7,47 1,15 105 5922 32 48 1459 11,79 0,85 115
6036 38 42 322 13,04 1,87 114 7555 42
39 236 36,02 3,12 128 4747 43 38 296
33,78 2,75 180 4771 47 28 404 25,00 2,15 159
5257 52 35 199 25,63 3,11 145 3541 53
37 216 48,61 3,40 151 4158

Iieaciee *AA aeey 1-i?ny/iiai ian?iiy ia?o?e 1994 oa 1995-A ??.,
ae?iuaiiai ca iaeieo ? oeo aea aaia?ao?/ieo oiia, nooo?ai
a?ae??ciy?oueny (oaae. 1, 2).

Ia?inoaiiy iieacieea *AA a ee?oeiao ian?iiy o?ueio ia?o?e iaeiiai e
oiai ae, 1995 ?ieo a?iaeath a?aeaoaathoueny c ??ciith oaeaee?noth (oaae.
2 – 4). O ian?ii? 1995-N, iacaaaeath/e ia iaeaeua aeo?aeia cia/aiiy *AA
(oaae. 4), c?inoaiiy eiai a?aeaoaa?oueny iaea?eueo iia?eueii. Naia oe?
aeai? niiioeaee ian aei ?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co, yeee aeicaieea e?euee?nii
ioe?ieoe oaeaee?noue oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo ci?i iooaa?eueiino? oa aianie a?eo
ye oaeoi?o a ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e.

Eiao?oe??io ?aa?an?? /anoioe aaa?aioieo aiaoac ca a?eii ian?iiy – b*AA,
aei??aith? na?aaei?e oaeaeeino? ia?inoaiiy iieacieea *AA — % i?n.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e a ee?oeiao ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie

Allium fistulosum L. i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy (o?iaeae 1995-A ?.)

A?e ian?iiy

(i?n)Noiae?noue

(%)Aea/aii

aiaoac, n*AA

(%)IAE

(%)*I

(%)*Ae

(%)1 56 445 0,90 0,47 100 10025 2 67 687
1,31 0,38 111 9033 3 60 475 1,05 0,46 120
10017 8 59 478 4,81 1,00 117 5221 14 65
414 5,80 1,78 100 7916 16 80 379 5,80 1,22
109 7533 19 74 566 7,95 1,40 109 7639 20
78 484 7,44 1,16 108 7926 21 75 1297 13,63
0,92 132 6532 22 70 503 3,18 0,76 106 8229
23 75 303 9,90 1,72 130 8238 25 64 421
10,69 1,52 109 5548 29 78 588 11,05 1,29 120
6448 31 60 349 12,89 1,80 113 5326 32 88
390 9,23 1,52 139 6748 34 66 883 16,19 1,23
120 5639 38 58 412 24,76 2,13 127 4647

Oaaeeoey 3

Ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e Allium fistulosum L.

i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy (o?iaeae 1995 – A ?.)

A?e ian?iiy

(i?n)Noiae?noue

(%)Aea/aii

aiaoac, n*AA

(%)IAE

(%)*I

(%)*Ae

(%)1515110,590,3413310002624830,620,36100100333726773,250,66105612156617
13,511,411006707744425,201,0411358219664224,030,951358740145247112,311,4
91177233185858913,921,431237249197045712,251,5213058332077103517,871,191
395438216753532,522,031494952277249723,141,891435561283238936,502,451325
153317635516,621,991097051346818622,583,091386950356131231,732,641306771
385832728,752,511664758

Oaaeeoey 4

Ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e Allium fistulosum L.

i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy (o?iaeae 1995 – N ?.)

A?e ian?iiy

(i?n)Noiae?noue

(%)Aea/aii

aiaoac, n*AA

(%)IAE

(%)*I

(%)*Ae

(%)1544652,15+0,6511073382733682,99+0,89118771014584202,14+0,38111402518
734614,99+1,02122751419823526,53+1,36113732620623476,34+1,27109421021572
354,26+1,291148433278051413,04+1,48119605431843095,18+1,2410065834875978
,88+1,171138555386538910,28+1,52108 9133

Eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe?? R2 – iieaciee o?niioe ei?aeyoe?eiiai
ca’yceo, ui iieaco?, yea /anoea aa??aoe?? iaei??? iciaee caeaaeeoue a?ae
aa??thaaiiy ?ioi? iciaee, oiaoi iane?eueee ci?ie /anoioe aaa?aioieo
aiaoac coiiaeththoueny a?eii ian?iiy (Eaeei, 1990). C ?enoie?a 1 – 4
aeaeii oa?aeoa? oa oaeaee?noue a?eiai? aeeiai?ee *AA a ei?aiaa?e
ia?enoai? ian?iiy A. fistulosum L. 1994 oa 1995 (A,A,N).

?en. 1. A?eiaa aeeiai?ea /anoioe aaa?aioeo aiaoac o ian?ii? A.
fistulosum L. 1994 ?. ?en. 2. A?eiaa aeeiai?ea /anoioe aaa?aioeo aiaoac
o ian?ii? A. fistulosum L. 1995 ?. -A

?en. 3. A?eiaa aeeiai?ea /anoioe aaa?aioeo aiaoac o ian?ii? A.
fistulosum L. 1995 — A. ?en. 4. A?eiaa aeeiai?ea /anoioe aaa?aioeo
aiaoac o ian?ii? A. fistulosum L. 1995 -N

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ian?iiy 1995 (A,A,N) ?. iaea?aeaia c iaei???
ia?o?? ian?iiy 1990 ?., a?eia? ci?ie *AA a?aeaoaathoueny ii ??ciiio a
on?o o?ueio ia?o?yo, ye ca oaeaee?noth (eiao?oe??io ?aa?an?? b), oae ?
ca oa?aeoa?ii ia?inoaiiy. O ian?ii? 1995-A oaeaee?noue oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo
ci?i iaeaeua, eieeaaiiy *AA iaea?eueo ae?aaeai?, aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue
i?e ia?inoaii? *AA oaeiae ca?eueoo?oueny.

??cia na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue iaea i?noea oaeiae a aeeiai?oe? ?ioeo
oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo iieaciee?a. Aeey ii??aiyiiy oaeaeeino? a?eiai? aeeiai?ee
iooaa?eueiino? ae??oaii nei?enoaoenue oiiaiith eeaneo?eaoe??th, ca yeith
iecueea oaeaee?noue – i?e b= 0 – 0,3; na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue — eiee
b = 0,3 – 0,7; aeniea oaeaee?noue – eiee b = 0,7 – 1,0 ca aaniethoiith
aaee/eiith (oaae. 5).

Oaaeeoey 5

Oeeoiaaiaoe/i? iieacieee iooaa?eueiino? ee?oei ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie

o ian?ii? Allium fistulosum L. ??cieo ia?o?e

Ian?iiy,

??e o?iaeathb*AA

(R2)bIAE

(R2)b*I

(R2)b*Ae

R2)19940,63 ** (0,699)0,80*** (0,394)-0,53**
(0,299)0,64** (0,280)1995-A0,46** (0,737)0,47**
(0,231)-1,07*** (0,550)0,64** (0,457)1995-A0,84***
(0,754)0,89*** (0,372)-0,72*** (0,313)1,37***
(0,722)1995-N0,22* (0,557)-0,16* (0,099)-0,11*
(0,003)0,81*** (0,299)1994 (3 ?iee)0,25* (0,693)0,19*
(0,049)-0,29* (0,055)0,56** (0,138)19900,72***
(0,509)0,70*** (0,421)0,31** (0,211)0,33** (0,146)

I?ei?oee:

b- eiao?oe??io ?aa?an?? (oaeaee?noue a?eiai? aeeiai?ee — %/i?n);

R2 — eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe??;

(*) – iecueea oaeaee?noue; (**) – na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue; (***) – aeniea
oaeaee?noue.

Ca ??cieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy ian?iiy aianie a?eo, ye oaeoi?a, o ?icaeoie
?ioeo oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo iieaciee?a (IAE, *I, *Ae) oaeiae iaiaeiaeiaee, ye
i?i oea na?ae/eoue eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe??. I?ioa a iniiaiiio /anoioa
aaa?aioieo aiaoac aecia/a?oueny a?eii o ian?ii? an?o ia?o?e ( R2 0,5).
Ci?ie ?ioeo oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo iieaciee?a (IAE, *I, *Ae) o ian?ii? ??cieo
ia?o?e a a?eueoino? aecia/athoueny ?ioeie, iaa?aoiaaieie, oaeoi?aie.

Aiae?c iiia?ii? ei?aeyoe?? iieacaa, ui a?e ian?iiy 1994 oa 1995-A
iiceoeaii ei?aeth? c iieacieeaie *AA oa IAE. O ian?ii? 1995-A a?e ia
ei?aeth? c IAE, oi/a neeueii ei?aeth? c *AA, yea c IAE aeinoia??ii
ei?aeth? (? 0,05). Iaaaoeaia ei?aeyoe?y i?ae a?eii oa *I ? iiceoeaia –
i?ae a?eii oa *Ae iaea i?noea o ian?ii? 1994, 1995-A oa 1995-A. O
ian?ii? 1995-N ?aeeia noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia (iiceoeaia) ei?aeyoe?y
niinoa??aaeanue eeoa i?ae a?eii ian?iiy oa *AA. I?eaa?oa? oaaao
a?aenooi?noue ei?aeyoe?? i?ae noiae?noth ian?iiy oa aoaeue-yeei c
oeeoiaaiaieo iieaciee?a, a oaeiae i?ae a?eii oa noiae?noth ian?iiy an?o
aeine?aeaeaieo ia?o?e.

?icaeoie iooaa?eueiino? o A. fistulosum L. i?e noa??iiy ian?iiy,
i?iieoiai ?ic/eiii ia?iaiaaiaoo eae?th. Neeaaeiee oa?aeoa? a?eiai?
aeeiai?ee ooai?aiiy OA oa iioeiaeaeai?noue ee?oei (?en. 5) o ian?ii?
1990 ?. ia 2 ?ioe? caa??aaiiy cioneee ian i?eionoeoe, ui , iiaeeeai,
ian?iiy aoei ia?iaeaia ooia?oeeaeii, yeee, ?ic/eiyth/enue o aiae? i?e
i?i?inoaii? ian?iiy, i?iieea? a ee?oeie ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie.

?en.5. O?iiiniii? aaa?aoe?? a ee?oeiao ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie Allium
fistulosum L. : a – aiaoaca c iiaea?eiei iinoii; a – aiaoaca c
e?eueoeai oa iiiaeeiieie o?aaiaioaie e iinoaie. Oa?aoaaiiy
aoeaoii?na?iii. Ca. ie. 10, ia. 40.

Ni?iaa aeaeaeeoe ooia?oeeae oeyoii i?iieaaiiy ian?iiy ia?iaiaaiaoii
eae?th (0,05 %), aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith oa a?ea?aiiaoii iao??th (0,03
%) aeyaeea cia/iee aioeiooaaaiiee aoaeo ia?iaiaaiaoo eae?th (?en. 6).

?en.6. Oeeoiaaiaoe/iee aoaeo i?iieaee ian?iiy aaooia: 2 – ia?iaiaaiaoii
eae?th (0,05 %); 3 – aeenoeeueiaaiith aiaeith; 4 – a?ea?aaiaoii iao??th
(0,03 %); 1 — ian?iiy iai?iieoa.

I?ioyaii ianooiieo 10-oe i?nyoe?a o i?iieoiio ia?iaiaaiaoii eae?th
ian?ii? niinoa??aaeenue cia/ii ieae/? cia/aiiy oa a?aenooi?noue
ia?inoaiiy /anoioe aaa?aioieo aiaoac, i?i ui na?ae/eoue eiao?oe??io
?aa?an?? b (?en. 7, 8). Cia/aiiy *AA i?ioyaii 1 ?ieo i?ney i?iieaee
ian?iiy eieeaaeenue a iaaeao 10 — 13 %.

?en. 7. Ci?ie /anoioe aaa?aioieo aiaoac o ian?ii? 1990 ?. i?ioyaii 2-ai
?ieo caa??aaiiy.?en. 8. Ooai?aiiy *AA o ian?ii? 1990 ?. i?ioyaii ?ieo
i?ney i?iieaee ia?iaiaaiaoii eae?th (0,05 %)

Aeae? ooai?aiiy OA i?enei?th?oueny, aea aaniethoia cia/aiiy *AA – a
a?eueoino? noaoenoe/ii ieae/? ii??aiyii c oaeeie o iai?iieoiio ian?ii?.

O ian?ii? 1994 ?., i?iieoiio o a?oe? 1,5 i?n., i/?eoaaiee
aioeiooaaaiiee aoaeo ia?iaiaaiaoo eae?th aoa a?aenooi?e, ye ? a uieii
i?iieoiio ian?ii?, ui iaei ia /an i?iieaee 9 i?n. Aioeiooaaaiiee aoaeo
KMnO4 aeyaeany, eiee ian?iiy aeinyaei 18 i?nyoe?a: o i?iieoiio ian?ii?
*AA, ia?inoath/e, ana ae aoea ia ??ai?, ui aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciyany a?ae
oaeiai o iai?iieoiio ian?ii? (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6

Ci?ie o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e o Allium fistulosum L.

i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy (o?iaeae 1994 ?ieo)

A?e ian?iiy

(i?n.)*anoioa aaa?aioieo aiaoac, %Iai?iieoa

ian?iiyIan?iiy,

i?iieoa o 1,5 i?n.Ian?iiy,

i?iieoa o 9
i?n.15,130,83—1,52,340,482,520,54-22,810,613,580,73-64,080,79—90,760,4
5-1,740,651810,631,393,300,982,000,581911,091,37—216,691,702,440,66-259
,071,465,931,095,401,112810,361,38—308,861,046,820,864,890,93317,471,15
-5,891,133813,041,87-6.181,874236,023,12—4333,782,75-25,151,93

?aa?an?eiee aiae?c *AA ca a?eii ian?iiy iieacaa, ui e oaeaee?noue
ia?inoaiiy o?iiiniiii? i?ieeaino? a ee?oeiao i?iieoiai ian?iiy oaeiae
iaioa, i?ae o iai?iieoiai ian?iiy (oaae. 7).

Oaaeeoey 7

Aeeiai?ea /anoioe aaa?aioieo aiaoac o Allium fistulosum L.

i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy 1994 ?.

Iai?iieoa

ian?iiy

(i?ioyaii 2,5 ?.)Ian?iiy,

i?iieoa o 1,5 i?n

(i?ioyaii 2,5 ?.)Iai?iieoa

ian?iiy

(i?ioyaii 3 ?.)Ian?iiy,

i?iieoa a 9 i?n. (i?ioyaii 3
?.)b*AA0,2980,1050,2730,176R20,6670,4650,4430,848

I?ei?oee:

b*AA – na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue ci?i /anoioe aaa?aioieo aiaoac %/i?n;

R2 – eiao?oe??io aeaoa?i?iaoe?? (iieaciee aianeo a?eo ian?iiy ye oaeoi?o
a ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e).

*ooeea?noue ee?oei ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie aaooia aei oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo. Aeey
aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii iooaaaiii? eiioeaio?aoe?? oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (OA)
ian?iiy 1990 ?. (a?eii 18 – 19 i?n.) i?i?iuoaaee o 0,04 %; 0,004 %;
0,0004 %; 0,00002 %; 0,00004 %; 0,00008 % ?ic/eiao, ye? aiooaaee c
aeo?aeiiai 40 % ?ic/eio OA. Iaeneiaeueio iooaaaio aeoeai?noue
oi?iaeueaeaa?ae aeyaea o eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,00004 %. *AA neeaaeaea 26,99
1,57 % i?e eiio?ie? 12,46 1,36 % oa 27,96 1,45 % i?e eiio?ie? 22,72
1,15 %; IAE – 146 % i?e eiio?ie? 110 % oa 132 % i?e eiio?ie? 115 %.
Iioeiaeaeai?noue ee?oei aoea iano?eueee cia/ia, ui OA niinoa??aaeenue ia
eeoa a aiaoacieo, aea ? a iaoaoacieo ee?oeiao. *anoi niinoa??aaeenue
iiiaeeii? aaa?aoe??, iaiiaeeeai aoei aecia/eoe oei oa eaoaai??th
aaa?aoe?e (?en. 9).

?en. 9. O?iiiniii? aaa?aoe?? a ee?oeiao ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie Allium
fistulosum L. i?e i?i?iuoaaii? ian?iiy o oi?iaeueaeaa?ae? (0,00004%): a
– aiaoaca c aeaiia o?aaiaioaie; a – aiaoaca c aaa?aoe?yie iaaecia/aiiai
oeio e eaoaai??e.

Ine?eueee o ian?ii?, i?iieoiio KMnO4, ooai?aiiy OA i?ioyaii ianooiiiai
?ieo a?aeaoaaeinue a iaaeao 10-13%, aeieeei ieoaiiy, ye oea iicia/eoueny
ia iooaaaiiiio aoaeo? oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo, anoaiiaeaiiio iaie ?ai?oa? Ia
?enoieo 10 iieacaii, ui iooaaaiiee aieea OA ia aeo?ae OA o aa??aio? c
i?iieoei ian?iiy cia/ii ae?aaeai?oee (? 0,01), i?ae o aa??aio? c
iai?iieoei ian?iiyi, aea *AA c?inea noaoenoe/ii ia cia/eii. Ia oeae /an
ian?iiy iaei 27-28 i?n.

?en. 10. Aieea oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo ia ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e a
ee?oeiao aaooia iai?iieoiai (1) oa i?iieoiai ia?iaiaaiaoii eae?th
(2,3,4) ian?iiy. A – aeenoeeyo; A – oi?iaeueaeaa?ae.

A ee?oeiao ian?iiy 1994 ?. i?ioyaii 1–ai ?ieo caa??aaiiy oi?iaeueaeaa?ae
ia i?aeaeuoaaa *AA. Noaoenoe/ii cia/eiee iooaaaiiee aoaeo OA aeyaeaii ia
3-io ?ioe? caa??aaiiy ian?iiy (oaae. 8).

Oaaeeoey 8

Aieea oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (0,00004 %) ia ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e

o Allium fistulosum L. i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy o?iaeath 1994 ?ieo

A?e ian?iiy, i?n.Aa??aio aeine?aeoAea/aii aiaoac*AA, %22Aeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae780

7902,830,61

4,05 0,62-

1,454Aeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae544

5322,210,60

3,200,74-

0,666Aeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae613

3444,080,79

5,521,28-

0,7528Aeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae473

65310,361,38

15,931,43-

11,531Aeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae495

2907,471,15

13,101,97-

6,0732Aeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae1459

127211,790,85

17,060,85-

15,0

I?ei?oea: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 3,84;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 6,63

Oaaeeoey 9

Aieea oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (0,00004 %) ia ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e

o Allium fistulosum L. i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy o?iaeath 1995 ?ieo

Aa??aio aeine?aeoAea/aii aiaoac*AA, %21995 — AAeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae484

5857,441,16

7,351,11-

0,0041995 — AAeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae613

62811,911,31

22,131,65-

22,181995 — NAeenoeeyo

Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae352

3336,531,36

4,221,08-

1,39

I?ei?oea: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 3,84;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 6,63

*ooeea?noue ee?oei aei iooaaaiiiai aieeao oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (0,00004 %)
o ian?ii? iaeiiai a?eo (19 i?n.), aea ??cieo ia?o?e (1995-A, 1995-A,
1995-n), aeyaeeanue caeaaeiith a?ae a?eiai? aeeiai?ee iooaa?eueiino?
(oaae. 9). Oae, noaoenoe/ii cia/eiee iooaaaiiee aoaeo oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo
aeyaeaii o aa??aio? c aenieith oaeaee?noth a?eiaeo ci?i *AA – ian?iiy
ia?o?? 1995- A (?en. 3).

*ooeea?noue ee?oei Allium fistulosum L. aei aieeao a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo
?a/iaei. Oeeoiaaiaoe/iee aieea AA? ia ee?oeie aaooia aea/aee ia ian?ii?
1990 ?ieo, i?iieoiio ?ic/eiii KMnO4. Ia oeae /an ian?iiy aaea iaei a?e
30 – 32i?n. A oie /an ye ii a?aeiioaiith aei iooaaaiiiai aieeao
oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo ?eaioeaa?i aeyaea cia/io aaiii?ioaeoi?io aeoeai?noue,
ia oii? niiioaiiiai iooaaaiaco eiai aieea aeyaeany iooaaaiiei (oaae. 10,
11).

Oaaeeoey 10

Aieea ?eaioeaa?io ia niiioaiia ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo

aaa?aoe?e o Allium fistulosum L.

Eiioeaio?aoe?e ?eaioeaa?io, ia/ieAea/aii aiaoac*AA
(%)20160712.13+0.81-5151419.88+1.0334,4210137619.62+1.0831,0220140920.51
+1.0938,4840161818.29+0.9623,23

I?ei?oea: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 3,84;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 6,63

Oaaeeoey 11

Aieea ?eaioeaa?io ia ??aaiue ?iaeoeiaaieo oi?iaeueaeaa?aeii (0,00004 %)

o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e o Allium fistulosum L.

Eiioeaio?aoe?e ?eaioeaa?io, ia/ieN?/NoAea/aii aiaoac*AA ,
%20-158124.541,09-51,15129522.241,151,97102,38155719.591,0110,89204,7713
1611.700,8977,00409,46124912.570,9563,54

I?ei?oee:

N?/No – a?aeiioaiiy iiey?ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e ?eaioeaa?io e
oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo (/enei iieaeoe ?eaioeaa?io, ui i?eiaaea? ia iaeio
iieaeoeo oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo a ?ic/ei?);
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 3,84;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 6,63

Aeai? uiaei aieeao oeiiaaio ia niiioaiia ooai?aiiy OA a ee?oeiao
ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 12. sse aeaeii, ca aeeeth/aiiyi
2-o aa??aio?a, an? aeine?aeaeoaai? eiioeaio?aoe?? oeiiaaio aeyaeeenue
iooaaaiieie. I?e oeueiio, a ae?aiacii? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e
ca’ycie i?ae eiioeaio?aoe??th oeiiaaio oa aoaeoii oeiiaaio ia
niinoa??aa?oueny.

Uiaei ?iaeoeiaaiiai oi?iaeueaeaa?aeii ooai?aiiy OA oeiiaai aeyaeany
aaiii?ioaeoi?ii, cieaeoth/e *AA aei niiioaiieo cia/aiue. O aa??aioao c
eiioeaio?aoe??th oeiiaaio 0,001 oa 1000 iea/ie ??aaiue OA aeyaeany
ieae/ei a?ae niiioaiiiai (oaae. 13).

*ooeea?noue ee?oei iieiaeiai ian?iiy Allium fistulosum L. aei aieeao
?eaioeaa?io e oeiiaaio aeine?aeaeoaaee ia ian?ii? ia?o?? 1995-A (oaae.
14). A?e ian?iiy noaiiaea 4 i?nyoe?. Aeei?enoiaoaaee eiioeaio?aoe??
?eaioeaa?io e oeiiaaio, ye? aoee aoaeoeai? ia noa?iio ian?ii?.

Oaaeeoey 12

Aieea oeiiaaio ia niiioaiia ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e

o Allium fistulosum L.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y oeiiaaio iea/ieAea/aii aiaoac*AA, %2Ae?aiacii iecueeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e060510,081,220,00168614,581,365,540,016299,861,190,0010,15
3019,251,7018,55176016,451,3311,22Ae?aiacii aenieeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e0171713,690,841132116,731,035,1810103813,601,080,000410010
4417,721,897,88100079015,951,302,07

I?ei?oea: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 3,84;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 6,63

Oaaeeoey 13

Aieea oeiiaaio ia ooai?aiiy ?iaeoeiaaieo oi?iaeueaeaa?aeii

o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e o Allium fistulosum L.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y oeiiaaio iea/ieAea/aii aiaoac*AA, %2Ae?aiacii iecueeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e059823,24+1,720,0017187,66+1,0161,810,0154811,49+1,3426,35
0,166714,09+1,3416,97167113,11+1,2921,40Ae?aiacii aenieeo
eiioeaio?aoe?e0170024,76+1,05158410,10+1,2455,411069311,83+1,2348,821004
7312,68+1,5530,6310005909,32+1,7891,56

I?ei?oea: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 3,84;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 6,63

Oaaeeoey 14

*ooeea?noue ee?oei ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie iieiaeiai ian?iiy Allium
fistulosum L.

(4 i?n.) aei aieeao a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei

Aa??aio aeine?aeoAea/aii aiaoac*AA, %2Aeenoeeyo11242,670,51-?eaioeaa?i,
0,002 %7811,540,503,10?eaioeaa?i, 0,004 %4581,750,650,82Oeiiaai, 0,001
%5652,120,590,26Oeiiaai, 0,01 %2604,621,352,97

I?ei?oea: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 3,84;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 6,63

sse aeaeii c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 14, ?eaioeaa?i oa oeiiaai ia ?iaeoeothoue
ooai?aiiy o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e a ee?oeiao iieiaeiai ian?iiy.

Iaaiai?aiiy. O ian?ii? i?e caa??aaii? ooai?ththoueny iaoaaie?oe c
iooaaaiiith aeoeai?noth – aooiiooaaaie, caeaoi? iioeiaeaeoaaoe
o?iiiniiiee iaoa??ae (Aeoaeiei, Ua?aaeia, 1964). Ioaea, iooaoe?eiee
i?ioean i?enei?th?oueny ye ca ?aooiie iaeiie/aiiy aooiiooaaai?a, ye?
?iaeoeothoue ioooaaiiy i?e i?i?inoaii? ian?iiy, oae ? ca ?aooiie
iaeiie/aiiy iioaioe?eieo ci?i i?e caa??aaii? ian?iiy. Iaiaeiaeiaa
eiia??i?noue ?aae?caoe?? iioaioe?eieo ci?i a iooaoe?? noai?th? ea?oeio
oaeeueiai? e?iaoeee iooaoe?eiiai i?ioeano (Aeoaeiei, 1978). Na?aae
oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ??aaiue niiioaiiiai ioooaaiiy ee?oei o
ian?ii?, — ee?iaoe/ii-iiaiaei? oiiae, ca yeeo aiii oi?io?oueny e
aeinoeaa? (Eaca?aiei, Aac?oeia, 1998); oiiae caa??aaiiy, a?e oa oiiae
i?i?iuoaaiiy ian?iiy (I?eiaa, 1972; Eaca?aiei e ae?., 1995, 1996, 1997).
*ei a?eueo iooaa?eueiei ? ia’?eo, oei a?eueo eiia??ia ia??aiii??i?noue
ia?inoaiiy o?iiiniiii? ianoaa?eueiino? i?e noa??ii? oa i?e ae??
noi?iii?o oaeoi??a, noia?ia ae?y yeeo cae/aeii ia ? noaa?eueiith.
I/aaeaeii, naia oeei iiynith?oueny oie oaeo, ui i?e iaio?e oaeaeeino?
ia?inoaiiy iieacieea *AA aiie?ooaea eieeaaiue oaeiae iaioa, ye oea
iieacaii ia o?ueio ??cieo ia?o?yo ian?iiy iaeiiai ?ieo a?iaeath.
Cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo ?aa?an?? *AA ca a?eii ian?iiy ( b*AA), ui
a?aeiia?aea? na?aaei?e oaeaeeino? ia?inoaiiy *AA (%/i?n) a i??o noa??iiy
ian?iiy, iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye oeeoiaaiaoe/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo a?eiai?
aeeiai?ee iooaa?eueiino?. Oi/a a e?oa?aoo?? iooaa?euei?noue c oaei?
oi/ee ci?o ia ?icaeyaeaeanue, iao? aeai? iieacothoue ca’ycie i?ae
oaeaee?noth a?eiai? aeeiai?ee niiioaiii? iooaa?eueiino? oa /ooeea?noth
ee?oei aei iioeiaeaeoth/eo aieea?a. Oae, i?e aenieiio cia/aii? b (
b1995-A= 0,84) ee?oeie iieiaeiai ian?iiy aaea /ooeea? aei iooaaaiiiai
aieeao oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo. A oie /an ye i?e na?aaeiueiio oa iecueeiio
cia/aii? b ( b1995-A= 0,46; b1995-N= 0,22; b1994(3) = 0,46) a
ee?oeiao ian?iiy oaeiai ae a?eo iooaaaiiee aoaeo oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo ia
niinoa??aaany.

Aeey A.fistulosum L. eieae?caoe?y aooiiooaaai?a c iaai?noth ia aoea
anoaiiaeaia (Aeoaeiei, Ua?aaiea, 1964; I?eiaa, 1972). Oie oaeo, ui o
ian?ii? 1990 ?., i?iieoiio ia 27-iio i?nyoe? caa??aaiiy, aioeiooaaaiiee
aoaeo ia?iaiaaiaoo eae?th aeyaeany iaaaeii, na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui
aooiiooaaaie aaea aoee i?enooi? o ian?ii?a?e oe??oe?. O ian?ii? 1994 ?.
aoaeo i?iieaee 1,5-i?ny/iiai oa 9-i?ny/iiai ian?iiy aeyaeany eeoa ia
18-iio i?nyoe? caa??aaiiy. Ioaea, aei iaaiiai a?eo ian?iiy aooiiooaaaie
ia iiaa?oi? ian?ii?ai? oe??ee a?aenooi?. A?aenooi?noue iiaeaeueoiai
(i?ney 18 i?nyoe?a) ia?inoaiiy iooaaaiaco o i?iieoiio ian?ii?, ia
a?aei?io a?ae oaeiai o iai?iieoiio, aeaco? ia aeaeaeaiiy c ian?ii?ai?
oe??ee ?a/iaei, ye? ia /an i?iieaee oa i?ioyaii iaaiiai /ano ia iaee
iooaaaiii? aeoeaiino?. Oiio oea, nei??oa, ua ia aooiiooaaaie, a
«i?iaooiiooaaaie», ye? eeoa caiaeii, /a?ac iaoaaie?/i? ia?aoai?aiiy,
iaaoaathoue iooaaaiii? aeoeaiino?. I/aaeaeii ia?iaiaaiao eae?th, ye
neeueiee ieeniee, aeaeaey? /anoeio ?a/iaei-i?iaooiiooaaai?a (ieenethth/e
?o aei ?a/iaei, ?ic/eiieo o aiae?), aiane?aeie /iai eiioeaio?aoe?y
ooai?thaaieo i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy aooiiooaaai?a aanue /an (o anyeiio
?ac?, i?ioyaii aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo) caeeoa?oueny ieae/ith a?ae
oaei? a iai?iieoiio ian?ii?.

Aaiii?ioaeoi?iee aieea ?eaioeaa?io e oeiiaaio iiaea /anoeiai
coiiaethaaoenue aeaciooaaaiiei aoaeoii. Iaeiae iooaaaiiee aieea oeeo
?a/iaei ia oii? niiioaiiiai iooaaaiaco na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue ?ioeo,
aioo??oi?o iaoai?ci?a. Oi?iaeueaeaa?ae, ye ? ?eaioeaa?i oa oeiiaai,
i/aaeaeii, ia yaeythoueny i?yieie iooaaaiaie a ee?oeiao A. fistulosum
L., a ae?thoue /a?ac i?iaeoeoe aca?iiae?? c iaoaaie?oaie. O?oaeiiu?
uiaei ioe?iee iaoai?ci?a ae?? aoaeue-yeiai oaeoi?a iieyaathoue o
neeaaeiino? oa ??ciiiai?oiino? oiia eiai ae??, iaiiaeeeaino?
ia?aaeaa/eoe an? aeaiaioe eiiieaeno, o neeaae? yeiai ae??
aeine?aeaeoaaiee oaeoi?, oa o?c?ieia?/i?noue eiai eiioeaio?aoe?e (
Aoy?aao, 1978; Aeaeia?ia, 1984; Ii?ioaiei, 1995). A?aenooi?noue
iooaaaiiiai aieeao oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo oa a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei ia
ee?oeie iieiaeiai ian?iiy iiaeia iiynieoe oei ui iaoaaie?oe, c yeeie
aiie ?aaaothoue a ee?oeiao iieiaeiai ian?iiy, o?i?/ii a?ae??ciythoueny
a?ae iaoaaie?o?a noa?iai ian?iiy. E??i oiai, i?ioeane ?aia?aoe?? a
iieiaeiio ian?ii? oaeiae a?aeaoaathoueny ia a?eueo aenieiio ??ai?, i?i
ui na?ae/eoue iayai?noue iaaaoeaii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae a?eii ian?iiy oa
ooai?aiiyi iino?a.

AENIIAEE

1. A aaiaoe/ii iaeii??aeiiio ian?ii? A. fistulosum L. ??cieo ia?o?e
a?eiaa aeeiai?ea niiioaiii? iooaa?eueiino? a?aeaoaa?oueny c ??ciith
oaeaee?noth oa ia? oa?aeoa? ia??aiii??ii ia?inoath/eo eieeaaiue.

2. O ian?ii?a?e oe??oe? iieiaeiai ian?iiy A. fistulosum L. i?noyoueny
?a/iaeie, aeaeaeaiiy yeeo i?eaiaeeoue aei aaeueioaaiiy ?icaeoeo
iooaoe?eiiai i?ioeano i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy ia 10-19%, ? ye? i?ioyaii
ia?oiai ?ieo noa??iiy ian?iiy ia a?ae?a?athoue iniaeeai? ?ie? o a?eiaiio
i?enei?aii? iooaoe?eiiai i?ioeano, a caeo/athoueny aei iueiai i?ci?oa.

3. *ooeea?noue ee?oei ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie aaooia aei aieeao a?ieia?/ii
aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (?eaioeaa?io e oeiiaaio) caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia ?o ae??,
a naia: a?ae ?o eiioeaio?aoe??, a?eo ian?iiy oa iayaiino? iooaaaiiiai
aieeao oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo.

IA?AE?E IOAE?EAOe?E CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Eaca?aiei E.I., Aac?oeia A.O., O?aioiia N.I. Eoe aaooi (Allium
fistulosum L.) eae oano-nenoaia aeey ioeaiee aioeiooaaaiiinoe //
Oeeoieiaey e aaiaoeea. — 1995. – O.29, ?4. – N. 66-70.

2. Eaca?aiei E.I., Aac?oeia A.O., O?aioiia N.I. Aieea oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo
ia ??aaiue o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e o oeeaoe? aaooi (Allium fistulosum L.)
// A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1996. — Aeione 26. — N. 96-101.

3. Eaca?aiei E.I., Aac?oeia A.O., O?aioiia N.I. Aeeyiea ?eaioeaaeia ia
o?iaaiue o?iiiniiiuo aaa??aoeee o eoea aaooia (Allium fistulosum L.) //
Oeeoieiaey e aaiaoeea. — 1997. – O.31, ?1. – N. 3-6.

4. Eaca?aiei E.I., Aeai?aeia N.A. Aieea oeiiaaio ia ooai?aiiy
o?iiiniiieo aaa?aoe?e o oeeaoe? aaooi (Allium fistulosum L.) // A?niee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – 1998. – Aeione 27. – N. 42 – 45.

5. Eaca?aiei E.I., Aac?oeia A.O. Aiae?c o?iiiniiii? ianoaa?eueiino? a
ee?oeiao ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie Allium fistulosum L // A ei.: «Iaoeia?
/eoaiiy, i?enay/ai? 100-??//th a?aee?eooy iiaea?eiiai caie?aeiaiiy o
iie?eoiian?iieo ?ineei i?ioani?ii oi?aa?neoaoo Nayoiai Aieiaeeie?a N.A.
Iaaaoeiei». – Ee?a, 1998. – N. 29 – 33.

6. Eaca?aiei E.I., Aac?oeia A.O., O?aioiia N.I. Ci?ie ??aiy o?iiiniiieo
aaa?aoe?e o oeeaoe? aaooia, iia’ycai? c? noa??iiyi ian?iiy //
I?aeia?iaeiee neiiic?oi «A?ieia?/i? iaoai?cie noa??iiy». – Oa?e?a. –
1996. – N. 88.

7. Eaca?aiei E.I., Aac?oeia A.O A?eia? iniaeeaino? iooaaaiaco a ee?oeiao
ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie Allium fistulosum L .// ??? Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue
neiiiceoi «Aeieiae/aneea iaoaieciu noa?aiey». – Oa?ueeia. – 1998. – N.
79.

Eaca?aiei E.I. Oeeoiaaiaoe/ia ioe?iea iooaa?eueiino? Allium fistulosum
L. (Liliacea, Magnoliophyta) i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
c? niaoe?aeueiino? 14.03.09 – a?noieia?y, oeeoieia?y, aia??ieia?y.
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oeeoiaaiaoe/iei iniaeeainoyi a?eiai? aeeiai?ee
iooaa?eueiino? ei?aiaai? ia?enoaie Allium fistulosum L . Aeine?aeaeaii
ci?ie oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo iieaciee?a i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy ??cieo ia?o?e oa
i?ae aieeaii oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo, ?eaioeaa?io e oeiiaaio. Iieacaii. ui
oaeaee?noue a?eiai? aeeiai?ee iooaa?eueiino? ee?oei, yea aei??aith?
eiao?oe??ioo ?aa?an?? /anoioe aaa?aioieo aiaoac ca a?eii, o ian?ii?
??cieo ia?o?e – ??cia ? aecia/a? /ooeea?noue ee?oei aei
iioeiaeaeoth/iai aieeao oi?iaeueaeaa?aeo oa aenieeo eiioeaio?aoe?e
a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei. I?e aenie?e oaeaeeino? a?eia? ci?ie /anoioe
aaa?aioieo aiaoac o A. fistulosum L. iathoue oa?aeoa? ia??aiii??ii
ia?inoath/eo eieeaaiue. Aeine?aeaeaii aeeiai?eo /anoioe aaa?aioieo
aiaoac i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy A. fistulosum L. , ia?iaeaiiai ia?iaiaaiaoii
eae?th. Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue o ian?ii?a?e oe??oe? ?a/iaei, ye? aei
iaaiiai /ano ia yaeythoueny aooiiooaaaiaie, a iaaoaathoue iooaaaiii?
aeoeaiino? caiaeii, i?e noa??ii? ian?iiy. Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? ne?ae
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e aeei?enoaii? A. fistulosum L. ye oano-ia’?eoo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iooaa?euei?noue, a?eiaa aeeiai?ea, ee?oeie ei?aiaai?
ia?enoaie, Allium fistulosum L., aaa?aoe?? o?iiinii , oi?iaeueaeaa?ae,
?eaioeaa?i, oeiiaai.

Eaca?aiei E.I. Oeeoiaaiaoe/aneay ioeaiea iooaaeeueiinoe Allium
fistulosum L. (Liliacea, Magnoliophyta) i?e noa?aiee naiyi. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.09 – aenoieiaey, oeeoieiaey, yia?eieiaey.
Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oeeoiaaiaoe/aneei iniaaiiinoyi aic?anoiie
aeeiaieee iooaaeeueiinoe eeaoie ei?iaaie ia?enoaiu Allium fistulosum L.
Enneaaeiaaiu eciaiaiey oeeoiaaiaoe/aneeo iieacaoaeae iooaaeeueiinoe i?e
noa?aiee naiyi a oa/aiea aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie e iiae aeeyieai
oi?iaeueaeaaeaea, ?eaioeaaeia e oeiiaaia.

I?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec aic?anoiie aeeiaieee niiioaiiie
iooaaeeueiinoe a aaiaoe/anee iaeii?iaeiuo naiaiao ?aciuo ia?oee:
iieo/aiiuo a iaeieo e oao aea aaia?aoe/aneeo oneiaeyo a ?aciua aiaeu
(1994 e 1995) e a naiaiao, iieo/aiiuo a iaeiii aiaeo (1995) a ?aciuo
aaia?aoe/aneeo oneiaeyo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi nei?inoue iooaoeeiiiiai
i?ioeanna a eeaoeao aaiaoe/anee iaeii?iaeiuo naiyi ?aciuo ia?oee –
?acee/ia. Aic?anoiay aeeiaieea iooaaeeueiinoe eiaao oa?aeoa?
ia?aaiiia?ii ia?anoathueo eieaaaiee, /oi iniaaiii caiaoii i?e aunieie
nei?inoe ia?anoaiey /anoiou aaa??aioiuo aiaoac. N?aaeiyy nei?inoue
iooaoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna ii /anoioa aaa??aioiuo aiaoac ?aaia
eiyooeoeeaioo ?aa?annee b *AA ii aic?anoo naiyi. I?aaeeiaeaia
eeanneoeeaoeey nei?inoe ia?anoaiey iooaaeeueiinoe eeaoie ii /anoioa
aaa??aioiuo aiaoac, niaeanii eioi?ie ieceay nei?inoue – i?e b = 0 – 0,3;
n?aaeiyy i?e b = 0,3 – 0,7; aunieay nei?inoue – i?e b = 0,7 –1,0 e auoa
(ii aaniethoiie aaee/eia).

I?iaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec aic?anoiie aeeiaieee iooaaeeueiinoe
eeaoie ii /anoioa aaa??aioiuo aiaoac a naiaiao, ia?aaioaiiuo e
iaia?aaioaiiuo ia?iaiaaiaoii eaeey (0,05%). A naiaiao 1990 a.,
ia?aaioaiiuo ia 27-i ianyoea o?aiaiey, aioeiooaaaiiue yooaeo iaia?oaeai
iaiaaeeaiii, /oi iiaeao naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue i iaee/ee a naiaiiie
eiaeo?a ia iiiaio i?iiuaee aauanoa n iooaaaiiie aeoeaiinoueth
(aooiiooaaaiia). A naiaiao ae?oaie ia?oee (1994 a.), ia?aaioaiiuo a 1.5
e ia 9-ii ianyoea o?aiaiey, aioeiooaaaiiue yooaeo iaia?oaeeeny ia 18-oii
ianyoea o?aiaiey naiyi. Iioiaea, aei ii?aaeaeaiiiai aic?anoa naiyi
aooiiooaaaiu ia iiaa?oiinoe naiaiiie eiaeo?u ionoonoaotho, iineieueeo
/anoioa aaa??aioiuo aiaoac i?iiuouo ia?iaiaaiaoii eaeey naiaiao ia
ioee/aaony io oaeiaie a iai?iiuouo ia i?ioyaeaiee iaeioi?iai a?aiaie.
Eee aea oaeaeaiiua aauanoaa ia a?aiy i?iiuaee, a oaeaea a oa/aiea
iaeioi?iai a?aiaie ia eiaee iooaaaiiie aeoeaiinoe, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ia
auee aua aooiiooaaaiaie. E eeoue ni a?aiaiai, ii ia?a iaoaaiee/aneeo
i?aia?aciaaiee, yoe aauanoaa – «i?iaooiiooaaaiu», i?eia?aoatho
iooaaaiioth aeoeaiinoue, i?aa?auaynue a aooiiooaaaiu.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi nei?inoue aic?anoiuo eciaiaiee niiioaiiie
iooaaeeueiinoe ii?aaeaeyao /oanoaeoaeueiinoue eeaoie ei?iaaie ia?enoaiu
Allium fistulosum L. e iia?aaeaeathuei aicaeaenoaeyi. Oae, i?e aunieeo
cia/aieyo eiyooeoeeaioa ?aa?annee b (b1990= 0,72; b1994=0,63;
b1995-B=0,84) eeaoee aeaaea iieiaeuo naiyi /oanoaeoaeueiu e iooaaaiiiio
aeeyieth oi?iaeueaeaaeaea (0,00004 %). A oi a?aiy eae i?e ieceie e
n?aaeiae nei?inoe ia?anoaiey /anoiou aaa??aoiuo aiaoac (b1995-A= 0,46;
b1995-N=0,22 oa b1994(3)=0,25) iooaaaiiue yooaeo oi?iaeueaeaaeaea ia
iaaethaeaeny.

Eco/aiea aeeyiey aeieiae/anee aeoeaiuo aauanoa ia ia?aciaaiea
o?iiiniiiuo aaa??aoeee iieacaei, /oi /oanoaeoaeueiinoue eeaoie ei?iaaie
ia?enoaiu A. fistulosum L. e aicaeaenoaeth ?eaioeaaeia e oeiiaaia
caaeneo io oneiaee eo aeaenoaey, a eiaiii: io eiioeaio?aoeee oiiiyioouo
aauanoa, io aic?anoa naiyi, a oaeaea io iaee/ey iooaaaiiiai aeeyiey
oi?iaeueaeaaeaea. Oae, ia oiia niiioaiiiai iooaaaiaca aunieea
eiioeaio?aoeee ?eaioeaaeia e oeiiaaia ieacuaaee iooaaaiiue yooaeo,
noaoenoe/anee aeinoiaa?ii eiaeooee?oy ia?aciaaiea o?iiiniiiuo aaa??aoeee
a ia?enoaiiuo eeaoeao iaiieiaeuo naiyi. Eeaoee iieiaeuo naiyi A.
fistulosum L. ieacaeenue ia/oanoaeoaeueiuie e eiioeaio?aoeeyi
?eaioeaaeia e oeiiaaia, yooaeoeaiui ii ioiioaieth e eeaoeai noa?uo
naiyi. I?e iaee/ee iooaaaiiiai aeeyiey oi?iaeueaeaaeaea (0,00004 %)
eco/aiiua aeieiae/anee aeoeaiua aauanoaa ieacaee aaiii?ioaeoi?iia
aicaeaenoaea ia eeaoee ei?iaaie ia?enoaiu iaiieiaeuo naiyi.

Onoaiiaeaiiua iniaaiiinoe aic?anoiie aeeiaieee oeeoiaaiaoe/aneeo
iieacaoaeae iooaaeeueiinoe eeaoie ei?iaaie ia?enoaiu A. fistulosum L.
iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue i?e eniieueciaaiee aaooia a ea/anoaa
oano-iauaeoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iooaaeeueiinoue, aic?anoiay aeeiaieea, eeaoee ei?iaaie
ia?enoaiu, Allium fistulosum L., aaa??aoeee o?iiinii, oi?iaeueaeaaeae,
?eaioeaaei, oeiiaai.

Lazarenko L.M. Cytogenetical evaluation of mutability of Allium
fistulosum L. (Liliacea, Magnoliophyta) during aging of seeds. —
Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree in biology by speciality 14.03.09 —
histology, cytology, embryology. — Taras Shevchenko Kyiv University,
Kyiv, 1999.

The object of our study was the age-related dinamics of spontaneous
mutability of meristemal cells in seeds of welsh onion (Allium
fistulosum L.). We studied dependence of spontaneous level of
chromosomal aberrations in cells of welsh onion on conditions and term
of keeping of seeds. Spontaneous and formaldehyde induced level of
mutagenesis, influence of riboflavin and timogen on spontaneous and
formaldehyde induced frequency of aberration’s anaphases in meristemal
cells was studied.

Our research have shown different age-related dynamics of mutability of
cells in seeds of different origine. Age-related dinamics of spontaneous
mutability of cells of A. fistulosum L. increases with. A sensitiveness
of cells to the damaging influences is dependent on the speed of
age-related dinamics of spontaneous mutability.

Key words: mutability, age-related dynamics, meristemal cells, Allium
fistulosum L., chromosomal aberrations, formaldehyde, riboflavin,
timogen.

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